CHAPTER 446d

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 22a-208a. Permit for construction, alteration or operation of solid waste facility. Application, fee. Unpermitted solid waste disposal areas. Modified permits. Hearing. General permits: Procedures, regulations. Approval for demonstration project.

Sec. 22a-208cc. Certain anaerobic digestion facilities operating without certain permits. Regulations.

Sec. 22a-246a. Single-use checkout bags. Definitions. Fee for provision by stores. Report of fees collected. Regulations. Prohibition on provision of single-use checkout bags by stores. Preemption of less restrictive municipal ordinances.


Sec. 22a-208a. Permit for construction, alteration or operation of solid waste facility. Application, fee. Unpermitted solid waste disposal areas. Modified permits. Hearing. General permits: Procedures, regulations. Approval for demonstration project. (a) The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may issue, deny, modify, renew, suspend, revoke or transfer a permit, under such conditions as he may prescribe and upon submission of such information as he may require, for the construction, alteration and operation of solid waste facilities, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the commissioner shall not issue (1) a permit for a solid waste land disposal facility on former railroad property until July 1, 1989, unless the commissioner makes a written determination that such facility is necessary to meet the solid waste disposal needs of the state and will not result in a substantial excess capacity of solid waste land disposal areas or disrupt the orderly transportation of or disposal of solid waste in the area affected by the facility, or (2) an operational permit for a resources recovery facility unless the applicant has submitted a plan pursuant to section 22a-208g for the disposal or recycling of ash residue expected to be generated at the facility in the first five years of operation. In making a decision to grant or deny a permit to construct a solid waste land disposal facility, including a vertical or horizontal landfill expansion, the commissioner shall consider the character of the neighborhood in which such facility is located and may impose requirements for hours and routes of truck traffic, security and fencing and for measures to prevent the blowing of dust and debris and to minimize insects, rodents and odors. In making a decision to grant or deny a permit to construct or operate a new transfer station, the commissioner shall consider whether such transfer station will result in disproportionately high adverse human health or environmental effects. In making a decision to grant or deny a permit to construct an ash residue disposal area, the commissioner shall consider any provision which the applicant shall make for a double liner, a leachate collection or detection system and the cost of transportation and disposal of ash residue at the site under consideration.

(b) Except as provided in section 22a-208cc, no person or municipality shall establish, construct or operate a solid waste facility without a permit issued by the commissioner under this section. An application for such permit shall be submitted on a form prescribed by the commissioner, include such information as the commissioner may require, including, but not limited to, a closure plan for such facility, and be accompanied by a fee prescribed in regulations adopted in accordance with chapter 54. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or any regulation adopted pursuant to said statutes, references to a permit to construct or a permit to operate in a regulation adopted pursuant to section 22a-209 shall be deemed to mean a permit as required by this subsection. The applicant shall send a written notification of any application for such permit to the chief elected official of each municipality in which the proposed facility is to be located, within five business days of the date on which any such application is filed.

(c) Upon written notice from the commissioner and in accordance with a schedule specified by the commissioner in such written notice, any person or municipality that owns an unpermitted solid waste disposal area shall (1) submit a closure plan for the commissioner's review and written approval, provide public notice of such proposed plan in a manner prescribed by regulations adopted pursuant to section 22a-133k and close and maintain such area after closure in accordance with the approved closure plan, or (2) remediate such disposal area in accordance with a remediation plan approved by the commissioner or verified by a licensed environmental professional pursuant to section 22a-133x, 22a-133y or 22a-134a or pursuant to an order of the commissioner. A fee of three thousand dollars shall accompany any closure plan submitted pursuant to this subsection. The commissioner may require the owner of a solid waste disposal area to post sufficient performance bond or other security to ensure compliance with the approved closure plan. The commissioner may approve a modification to a closure plan for a solid waste disposal area. A fee of five hundred dollars shall accompany the request for such modification. The commissioner may reduce or waive the fees required by this subsection in cases of financial hardship and may modify such fees in regulations adopted in accordance with chapter 54. The commissioner may require a person or municipality to provide public notice of a proposed modification of a closure plan if the modification involves any activity that would disrupt the solid waste or change the use of the solid waste disposal area. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the commissioner may order a person or municipality that establishes or constructs a solid waste disposal area without first obtaining a permit as required by subsection (b) of this section to remove any solid waste disposed at such area, to remediate any pollution caused by such waste, and to properly dispose of such waste at a lawfully operated solid waste facility.

(d) (1) No person or municipality that holds a permit issued under this section shall alter the design or method of operation of the permitted facility without first obtaining a modified permit. For the purposes of this section and sections 22a-208, 22a-208b, 22a-220a, 22a-225 and 22a-226, “alter” means to change to any substantive degree the design, capacity, volume process or operation of a solid waste facility and includes, but is not limited to, changes in the approved capacity or composition of solid waste disposed of, processed, reduced, stored or recycled at the facility. For purposes of this section, “alter” does not include the addition of not more than seventy-five tons per day of mattresses and items designated by the commissioner for recycling pursuant to section 22a-241b and any regulation adopted pursuant to said section, except storage batteries and waste oil, provided the permitted storage capacity of such solid waste facility is not exceeded. The owner or operator of any such facility shall, not later than thirty days after adding such recyclable items, submit a written notification to the commissioner describing such addition. The commissioner may approve, in writing, a modification of a closure plan for a closed permitted solid waste disposal area without modifying the permit for such area. The commissioner may require a person who, or a municipality that, requests such modification to provide public notice of a proposed modification of a closure plan if the modification involves any activity that would disrupt the solid waste or change the use of the solid waste disposal area. A fee of five hundred dollars shall accompany any request for such modification of a closure plan. The commissioner may reduce or waive such fee in cases of financial hardship and may modify such fee in accordance with regulations adopted in accordance with chapter 54.

(2) Changes in design, processes or operations, including the addition of thermal oxidizers or other air pollution control equipment, made to mitigate, correct or abate odors from a solid waste facility that is owned or operated by the Materials Innovation and Recycling Authority and that contracts with more than fifty municipalities, shall not be considered an alteration requiring a modified permit or minor permit amendment under this chapter. In addition, notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or regulation adopted pursuant to said statutes, any such change shall not be considered a modification or new stationary source requiring a permit to construct or operate under chapter 446c or under any regulation adopted pursuant to chapter 446c, unless such change is a major modification or a major stationary source requiring a permit under the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Any person making any such change to an odor control system at such a facility shall, not more than thirty days after making such change, submit a written report to the commissioner fully describing the changes made and the reason for such changes for the commissioner's review and comment. Nothing in this subdivision shall affect the commissioner's authority to take any other action to enforce the requirements of this title.

(e) The commissioner may hold a public hearing prior to approving or denying an application if in his discretion the public interest will be best served thereby, and shall hold a hearing upon receipt of a petition signed by at least twenty-five persons. The commissioner may amend a permit to construct or to operate, without hearing, for minor changes in the facility design, practices or equipment that would not in his judgment significantly change the nature of the facility or its impact on the environment. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the commissioner shall conduct a public hearing on an application for a permit to construct a new solid waste disposal area. Such public hearing shall be commenced in the municipality in which the facility is to be located or a location in close proximity to said municipality. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, if a hearing has been held on and after July 1, 1993, on an application for a permit to construct or alter a solid waste facility, the commissioner shall not hold a hearing on an application for a permit to operate such facility.

(f) The qualifications of the operator or operators of any solid waste facility and any person other than a municipality owning such a facility shall be subject to the approval of the commissioner. The commissioner shall establish requirements for the presence of approved operators at solid waste facilities. The commissioner may develop, offer or sponsor training programs for operators of solid waste facilities and require participation therein.

(g) Whenever the commissioner issues a permit to construct a solid waste facility, he shall cause a certified copy thereof to be filed on the land records in the town wherein the facility will be located.

(h) On and after July 1, 1996, fees required pursuant to this section shall be as prescribed by regulations adopted by the commissioner in accordance with chapter 54. In adopting regulations pursuant to this section, the commissioner shall perform an evaluation of the actual costs necessary to process, review and render a decision on permit applications reflecting the time, resource commitments and expenses to the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. A similar review shall be performed for annual fees sufficient to represent the actual time to perform and review routine inspections, perform general monitoring of activities and perform appropriate follow-up on results of such activities. For both application fees and annual fees, the commissioner shall include a description of methods used to calculate the costs associated with similar categories of activities in order to demonstrate that the fees for activities within any category are equitable.

(i) (1) The commissioner may issue a general permit for a category of activities which require a permit under this section, except for an activity which is already covered by an individual permit, provided the issuance of the permit is not inconsistent with the requirements of the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. The commissioner's authority to issue a general permit for certain categories of solid waste facilities shall not include the authority to issue a general permit for resources recovery facilities, biomedical waste facilities, solid waste disposal areas or municipal solid waste composting facilities. Any person or municipality conducting an activity for which a general permit has been issued shall not be required to obtain an individual permit under this section, except as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection. The general permit may regulate a category of activities which (A) involve the same or substantially similar types of operations, (B) involve the transfer, storage, processing or disposal of the same types of substances, (C) require the same operating conditions or standards, and (D) require the same or similar monitoring, and which in the opinion of the commissioner are more appropriately controlled under a general permit than under an individual permit. The general permit may require any person or municipality proposing to conduct any activity under the general permit to register such activity with the commissioner before it is covered by the general permit. Registration shall be on a form prescribed by the commissioner.

(2) Notwithstanding any provisions of this section, or any regulations adopted thereunder, or of chapter 54, the following procedures shall apply to the issuance, renewal, modification, revocation or suspension of a general permit. (A) A general permit shall be issued for a term specified by the permit and shall clearly define the activity covered thereby and may include such conditions and requirements as the commissioner deems appropriate, including but not limited to, operation and maintenance requirements, management practices, and reporting requirements; (B) the commissioner shall publish notice of intent to issue a general permit in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the affected area; (C) there shall be a comment period of thirty days following publication of such notice during which interested persons may submit written comments to the commissioner; and (D) the commissioner shall publish notice of the issuance or decision not to issue a general permit in a newspaper having substantial circulation in the affected area. The commissioner may revoke, suspend or modify a general permit in accordance with the notice and comment procedures for issuance of a general permit specified in this subsection. Any person may request that the commissioner issue, modify, suspend or revoke a general permit in accordance with this subsection.

(3) Subsequent to the issuance of a general permit, the commissioner may require a person or municipality whose activity is or may be covered by the general permit to apply for and obtain an individual permit pursuant to subsections (a), (b), (c) and (d) of this section if he determines that an individual permit would better protect the land, air and waters of the state from pollution. The commissioner may require an individual permit under this subdivision in cases including, but not limited to the following: (A) When the owner or operator is not in compliance with the conditions of the general permit; (B) when a change has occurred in the availability of demonstrated technology or practices for the control or abatement of pollution applicable to the activity; (C) when circumstances have changed since the time of the issuance of the general permit so that the activity is no longer appropriately controlled under the general permit, or either a temporary or permanent reduction or elimination of the authorized activity is necessary; or (D) when a relevant change has occurred in the applicability of the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. In making the determination to require an individual permit, the commissioner may consider the location, character and size of the activity, and any other relevant factors. The commissioner may require an individual permit under this subdivision only if the affected person or municipality covered by the general permit has been notified in writing that a permit application is required. This notice shall include a brief statement of the reasons for this decision, an application form, a statement setting a time for the person or municipality to file the application, and a statement that on the effective date of the individual permit the general permit as it applies to the individual permittee shall automatically terminate. The commissioner may grant an extension of time upon the request of the applicant. The applicant shall use his best efforts to obtain the individual permit. Any interested person or municipality may petition the commissioner to take action under this subdivision.

(4) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this subsection.

(j) The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may issue an approval for a demonstration project for any activity regulated by the commissioner under this chapter provided the commissioner determines that such demonstration project (1) is necessary to research, develop or promote methods and technologies of solid waste management which are consistent with the goals of the state-wide solid waste management plan; (2) does not pose a significant risk to human health or the environment; and (3) is not inconsistent with the federal Water Pollution Control Act, the federal Rivers and Harbors Act, the federal Clean Air Act or the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. An application for such approval shall be on a form prescribed by the commissioner, be accompanied by a fee of one thousand dollars and shall provide such information as the commissioner deems necessary. Any person applying for such approval shall not commence the project prior to the commissioner's written approval. The commissioner may impose conditions upon such approval as deemed necessary to adequately protect human health and the environment or to ensure project success and such approval shall be valid for a period of not more than two years. The commissioner may renew such approval provided the total period of approval does not exceed five years. The commissioner may order summary suspension of any such approval in accordance with subsection (c) of section 4-182. Notwithstanding the renewal process, any person may seek, or the commissioner may require, that the project obtain a general or individual permit pursuant to this chapter.

(P.A. 85-334, S. 2, 8; 85-613, S. 147, 154; P.A. 86-403, S. 51, 132; P.A. 87-465, S. 2, 3; 87-531, S. 2, 6; 87-556, S. 1, 2; P.A. 89-386, S. 3, 24; P.A. 90-231, S. 8, 28; P.A. 91-251, S. 1, 3, 4; 91-369, S. 14, 15, 36; P.A. 92-162, S. 6, 25; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11, S. 48, 70; P.A. 93-428, S. 14, 39; P.A. 94-205, S. 3; P.A. 95-99, S. 1, 5; P.A. 97-124, S. 1, 16; 97-300, S. 2, 4; P.A. 00-23, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 50; P.A. 06-76, S. 24; P.A. 08-124, S. 21; 08-186, S. 4; P.A. 11-80, S. 1; P.A. 14-94, S. 1, 16, 69; P.A. 19-35, S. 16.)

History: P.A. 85-613 amended Subsec. (b) to replace “for which a permit to construct is required” with “without a permit to construct”; P.A. 86-403 made several technical changes and added Subsec. (h) concerning the denial of permits to violators of state or federal environmental laws; P.A. 87-465 amended Subsec. (a) to require the commissioner until July 1, 1989, to make a written determination of the need for a solid waste land disposal facility on former railroad property and amended Subsec. (h) to extend provisions re conviction of violations to agent responsible for management practices and to require consideration of applicants' and agents' compliance with environmental laws; P.A. 87-531 amended Subsec. (a) to require the commissioner to consider the character of the neighborhood in granting or denying permits, amended Subsec. (e) to require a public hearing on applications to construct solid waste land disposal facilities and amended Subsec. (h) to extend provisions re conviction of violation of environmental laws to applications for the transfer of a permit; P.A. 87-556 added Subsec. (i) requiring the commissioner to make a written determination that a facility is necessary to meet state solid waste disposal needs; P.A. 89-386 amended Subsec. (a) to require that resources recovery facilities have a plan for disposal or recycling of ash residue and deleted Subsec. (i) concerning written determination of need by the commissioner; P.A. 90-231 amended Subsec. (a) to establish a schedule of application fees, provided that on and after July 1, 1995, the fees shall be prescribed by regulations, added Subsecs. (i) to (p), inclusive, re payment of annual fees by resources recovery facilities, transfer stations, volume reduction plants, biomedical waste treatment facilities, wood-burning facilities, solid waste disposal areas, solid waste disposal areas accepting bulky waste and generators of biomedical waste, respectively, and added Subsec. (q) re regulations establishing fees on and after July 1, 1995; P.A. 91-251 amended Subsec. (e) to replace reference to “solid waste land disposal facility” with reference to “new solid waste disposal area”, and to provide for commencement of public hearings conducted under this section in the affected municipality or a location in close proximity thereto and added Subsec. (r) concerning general permits for certain categories of activities; P.A. 91-369 amended Subsec. (a) to restate commissioner's authority to adopt regulations setting the fees required by this section and amended Subsec. (p) to modify the amount of biomedical waste generated annually which requires reporting under this section; P.A. 92-162 amended Subsec. (e) to delete requirement that hearing be held on applications under this section for landfill expansions; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11 amended Subsec. (a) to require the commissioner, in making a decision to grant or deny a permit to construct an ash residue disposal area, to consider any provision for a double liner, leachate collection or detection system and the cost of transportation and disposal of ash residue at the site under consideration; P.A. 93-428 amended Subsec. (e) to delete a requirement for hearings on permits to operate for facilities which have had a hearing on a permit to construct on or after July 1, 1993, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-205 amended Subsec. (c) to include provision re ash landfill in Hartford and deleted former Subsec. (h) re review of permit applicant's compliance history, relettering remaining Subsecs. as necessary; P.A. 95-99 amended Subsec. (p) to delay until July 1, 1996, a provision authorizing fees to be set by regulation and to require an evaluation of the costs of rendering decisions on permit applications and an evaluation of annual fees, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-124 deleted provisions in Subsec. (a) and former Subsecs. (h) to (o), inclusive, re amounts of fees for permits under this section and redesignated Subsecs. (p) and (q) as Subsecs. (h) and (i), effective June 6, 1997; P.A. 97-300 amended Subsec. (a) to prohibit establishment or construction of a new volume reduction plant or transfer station within one-quarter mile of a child day care center in a municipality with a population greater than 100,000 persons, effective July 8, 1997; P.A. 00-23 amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing language as Subdiv. (1), making conforming changes therein, and inserting new Subdiv. (2) re changes to mitigate, correct or abate odors from solid waste facility owned or operated by the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, effective April 25, 2000; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (a) to require commissioner to consider whether new transfer station will result in disproportionately high adverse human health or environmental effects and to make a technical change; P.A. 06-76 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision re prohibition on permits to establish or construct new volume reduction plant or transfer station within one-quarter mile of certain child day care centers and to delete provision re modification or renewal of permit of existing volume reduction plant or transfer station without regard to location, replaced former provisions of Subsec. (b) re permit approval by commissioner and safeguarding localities' right to zone for solid waste disposal with new permitting requirements for establishing, constructing or operating a solid waste facility, and amended said Subsec. to replace “commissioner” with “applicant” and make technical changes, replaced former provisions of Subsec. (c) with new provisions re submission of closure plan and remediation in accordance with such plan, and amended Subsec. (d)(1) to rephrase requirement for modified permit for an altered solid waste facility, to redefine “alter” and to add provision re commissioner's approval of modification of closure plan for a closed permitted solid waste disposal area; P.A. 08-124 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b), (c) and (d)(1), effective June 2, 2008; P.A. 08-186 added Subsec. (j) re Commissioner of Environmental Protection's approval for demonstration projects, subject to certain conditions; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” and “Department of Environmental Protection” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection” and “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection”, respectively, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 14-94 amended Subsec. (d)(1) by adding provisions re addition excluded from term “alter” and re notification to commissioner describing addition, and amended Subsec. (j) by replacing reference to state solid waste management plan with reference to state-wide solid waste management plan, effective June 6, 2014; pursuant to P.A. 14-94, “Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Materials Innovation and Recycling Authority” in Subsec. (d)(2), effective June 6, 2014; P.A. 19-35 amended Subsec. (b) by adding “Except as provided in section 22a-208cc,” and making a technical change, effective June 28, 2019.

Sec. 22a-208cc. Certain anaerobic digestion facilities operating without certain permits. Regulations. (a) For the purposes of this section:

(1) “Farm-generated organic waste” means waste associated with animal feeding operations including, but not limited to, animal bedding, manure, urine, silage, leachate, wastewaters associated with egg or dairy production, animal feed waste and barnyard runoff; and

(2) “Animal feeding operation” means a lot or facility on a farm, other than an aquatic animal production facility, where animals have been, are currently, or will be stabled or confined and fed or maintained for a total of forty-five days or more in any twelve-month period and where crops, vegetation, forage growth or post-harvest residues are not sustained in the normal growing season over any portion of such lot or facility.

(b) An anaerobic digestion facility shall not be required to obtain a permit to construct and operate pursuant to section 22a-208a if such facility is collocated with an animal feeding operation conducted on land used for the purpose of farming, as defined in section 1-1:

(1) The feed stock for such anaerobic digestion facility is at least fifty per cent by volume farm-generated organic waste from an animal feeding operation and not more than five per cent by volume food scraps, food processing residuals and soiled or unrecyclable paper;

(2) The discharge of such anaerobic digestion facility that is not energy end products shall be beneficially used in accordance with the following: (A) The solid material end products are used for (i) animal bedding, (ii) soil or soil amendment, (iii) fertilizer, or (iv) other value-added products; and (B) the liquid material end products are used as fertilizer. Any land application in the state of any such discharge, including, but not limited to, phosphorus, shall be applied at an agronomic rate that is consistent with the nutrient management plan of the farm on which such anaerobic digestion facility is located; and

(3) Annually, on or before July thirty-first of each year, each animal feeding operation, that is collocated with an anaerobic digestion facility that is operating pursuant to this section without the permit that would otherwise be required pursuant to section 22a-208a, shall submit to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, in a form prescribed by the commissioner, the amount of farm-generated organic waste that is processed by such anaerobic digestion facility and shall indicate the amount of waste processed from such animal feeding operation and from other sources.

(c) The Commissioner of Agriculture may inspect anaerobic digestion facilities that are operating pursuant to this section without the permit that would otherwise be required pursuant to section 22a-208a to ensure that such anaerobic digestion facilities are in compliance with subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of this section. If, in the course of conducting such inspection, the commissioner finds that any such facilities are not in compliance with such subdivision, the commissioner shall report such findings to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection.

(d) If the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection determines that (1) an anaerobic digestion facility that is operating pursuant to this section without the permit that would otherwise be required pursuant to section 22a-208a is not collocated with the operation of an animal feeding operation conducted on land used for the purpose of farming, or (2) such anaerobic digestion facility is processing more than five per cent by volume food scraps, food processing residuals and soiled or unrecyclable paper, the operator of such anaerobic digestion facility shall apply for a permit from the commissioner pursuant to section 22a-208a not later than five days after receiving notice of the commissioner's determination pursuant to this subsection. If such application for a permit pursuant to section 22a-208a is denied, such anaerobic digestion facility shall close not later than five days after receiving notice of such denial.

(e) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

(P.A. 19-35, S. 15.)

History: P.A. 19-35 effective June 28, 2019.

Sec. 22a-246a. Single-use checkout bags. Definitions. Fee for provision by stores. Report of fees collected. Regulations. Prohibition on provision of single-use checkout bags by stores. Preemption of less restrictive municipal ordinances. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Single-use checkout bag” means a plastic bag with a thickness of less than four mils that is provided by a store to a customer at the point of sale. “Single-use checkout bag” does not include: (A) A bag provided to contain meat, seafood, loose produce or other unwrapped food items; (B) a newspaper bag; or (C) a laundry or dry cleaning bag;

(2) “Store” means any retailer, as defined in section 12-407, that maintains a retail store within the state and sells tangible personal property directly to the public.

(b) (1) For the period commencing August 1, 2019, and ending June 30, 2021, each store shall charge a fee of ten cents for each single-use checkout bag provided to a customer at the point of sale. The store shall indicate the number of single-use checkout bags provided and the total amount of the fee charged on any transaction receipt provided to a customer. Any fees collected pursuant to this subsection shall be excluded from gross receipts under chapter 219.

(2) Each store shall report all fees collected pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection to the Commissioner of Revenue Services with its return due under section 12-414 and remit payment at the same time and in the same form and manner required under section 12-414.

(3) Any fees due and unpaid under this subsection shall be subject to the penalties and interest established under section 12-419 and the amount of such fee, penalty or interest, due and unpaid, may be collected under the provisions of section 12-35 as if they were taxes due to the state.

(4) The provisions of sections 12-415, 12-416 and 12-421 to 12-428, inclusive, shall apply to the provisions of this section in the same manner and with the same force and effect as if the language of said sections had been incorporated in full into this section and had expressly referred to the fee imposed under this section, except to the extent that any such provision is inconsistent with a provision of this section.

(5) The Commissioner of Revenue Services, in consultation with the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, may adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of this section.

(6) At the close of each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 2020, and June 30, 2021, the Comptroller is authorized to record as revenue for such fiscal year the amount of the fee imposed under the provisions of this section that is received by the Commissioner of Revenue Services not later than five business days from the last day of July immediately following the end of such fiscal year.

(c) On and after July 1, 2021, no owner or operator of a store shall provide or sell a single-use checkout bag to a customer.

(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a municipality from enacting or enforcing an ordinance concerning single-use checkout bags made of plastic, provided such ordinance is as restrictive or more restrictive as the provisions of this section concerning the provision or selling of such bags to customers by stores. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a municipality from enacting or enforcing an ordinance concerning single-use checkout bags made of paper, including, but not limited to, enabling each store to charge a fee for any such bag distributed to a customer.

(P.A. 19-117, S. 355.)

History: P.A. 19-117 effective August 1, 2019.