CHAPTER 164

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

Table of Contents

Sec. 10-16b. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Prescribed courses of study.

Sec. 10-16l. Establishment of graduation date.

Sec. 10-16n. Head Start and Early Head Start grant program. Grant allocation. Advisory committee.

Sec. 10-16p. Definitions. Lead agency for school readiness; standards. Grant programs; eligibility. Unexpended funds. Salaries increase.

Sec. 10-16q. School readiness program requirements. Per child cost limitation. Sliding fee scale. Waiver from schedule requirements.

Sec. 10-16v. After school committee established. Appointment of members. Reports and recommendations. Acceptance of funding. Reports to General Assembly.

Sec. 10-16x. After school program grant.

Sec. 10-16z. Early Childhood Cabinet. Members. Duties.

Sec. 10-16ss. African-American and black studies and Puerto Rican and Latino studies instruction.

Sec. 10-16tt. Development of Black and Latino studies course. Audit to ensure course being offered.

Sec. 10-16uu. Black and Latino studies course to be offered in grades nine to twelve.

Sec. 10-17g. Grants for the provision of programs of bilingual education. Annual evaluation report.

Sec. 10-18b. Development of guides for firearm safety programs.

Sec. 10-18c. Firearm safety programs. Exemption from participation.

Sec. 10-19m. (Formerly Sec. 17a-39). Youth service bureaus. Report. Regulations.

Sec. 10-19n. (Formerly Sec. 17a-40). State aid for establishment and expansion of youth service bureaus.

Sec. 10-19o. (Formerly Sec. 17a-40a). Youth service bureau grant program.

Sec. 10-19p. (Formerly Sec. 17a-41). Assistance to youth service bureaus.

Sec. 10-19q. Enhancement grant program for youth service bureaus.

Sec. 10-19r. Department of Children and Families. Youth service bureau grant program and enhancement grant program. Successor department.

Sec. 10-21j. Connecticut Apprenticeship and Education Committee.

Sec. 10-21l. Computer science education account.

Sec. 10-29a. Certain days, weeks and months to be proclaimed by Governor. Distribution and number of proclamations.

Sec. 10-71. State grants for adult education programs.

Sec. 10-76d. Duties and powers of boards of education to provide special education programs and services. Medicaid enrollment, participation and billing requirements. Development of individualized education program. Planning and placement team meetings. Public agency placements; apportionment of costs. Relationship of insurance to special education costs. Prohibition on punishing members of planning and placement teams for certain behavior during meetings.

Sec. 10-76g. State aid for special education.

Sec. 10-76i. Advisory Council for Special Education.

Sec. 10-76y. Assistive devices.

Sec. 10-76jj. Language and communication plans for children identified as deaf or hard of hearing.

Sec. 10-76xx. Notification of student identified as gifted and talented.

Sec. 10-91g. Audits of private providers of special education services.

Sec. 10-91j. Agreements and contracts between boards of education and private providers of special education services.

Sec. 10-91m. Private providers of special education services to notify boards of education of all complaints, resolutions or outcomes, corrective actions and programming or service changes for students resulting from such complaints.

Sec. 10-95. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Technical Education and Career School System. Board. Chairperson. Superintendent. Accreditation status. Accountability. Receipt of gifts and donations.

Sec. 10-95i. Long-range plan of priorities and goals for the Technical Education and Career System. Trade programs. Capital improvement and capital equipment plan.

Sec. 10-95q. Superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System.

Sec. 10-95r. (Note: This section is effective July 1, 2022.) Executive Director of the Technical Education and Career System.

Sec. 10-95s. (Note: This section is effective July 1, 2022.) Technical Education and Career System board.

Sec. 10-95u. Identification and creation or expansion of programs in critical construction trades.

Sec. 10-98a. Workforce needs.

Sec. 10-99f. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Budget for Technical Education and Career System.

Sec. 10-99g. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Budget development and approval process for technical high school system.

Sec. 10-99h. List re inventory of technical and vocational equipment, supplies and materials.

Sec. 10-99i. (Note: This section is effective July 1, 2022.) Audits of the Technical Education and Career System.


PART I

GENERAL

Sec. 10-16b. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Prescribed courses of study. (a) In the public schools the program of instruction offered shall include at least the following subject matter, as taught by legally qualified teachers, the arts; career education; consumer education; health and safety, including, but not limited to, human growth and development, nutrition, first aid, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16qq, disease prevention and cancer awareness, including, but not limited to, age and developmentally appropriate instruction in performing self-examinations for the purposes of screening for breast cancer and testicular cancer, community and consumer health, physical, mental and emotional health, including youth suicide prevention, substance abuse prevention, including instruction relating to opioid use and related disorders, safety, which shall include the safe use of social media, as defined in section 9-601, and may include the dangers of gang membership, and accident prevention; language arts, including reading, writing, grammar, speaking and spelling; mathematics; physical education; science, which may include the climate change curriculum described in subsection (d) of this section; social studies, including, but not limited to, citizenship, economics, geography, government, history and Holocaust and genocide education and awareness in accordance with the provisions of section 10-18f; computer science, including, but not limited to, computer programming instruction; and in addition, on at least the secondary level, one or more world languages and vocational education. For purposes of this subsection, world languages shall include American Sign Language, provided such subject matter is taught by a qualified instructor under the supervision of a teacher who holds a certificate issued by the State Board of Education. For purposes of this subsection, the “arts” means any form of visual or performing arts, which may include, but not be limited to, dance, music, art and theatre.

(b) If a local or regional board of education requires its pupils to take a course in a world language, the parent or guardian of a pupil identified as deaf or hard of hearing may request in writing that such pupil be exempted from such requirement and, if such a request is made, such pupil shall be exempt from such requirement.

(c) Each local and regional board of education shall on September 1, 1982, and annually thereafter at such time and in such manner as the Commissioner of Education shall request, attest to the State Board of Education that such local or regional board of education offers at least the program of instruction required pursuant to this section, and that such program of instruction is planned, ongoing and systematic.

(d) The State Board of Education shall make available curriculum materials and such other materials as may assist local and regional boards of education in developing instructional programs pursuant to this section. The State Board of Education, within available appropriations and utilizing available resource materials, shall assist and encourage local and regional boards of education to include: (1) Holocaust and genocide education and awareness; (2) the historical events surrounding the Great Famine in Ireland; (3) ­African-American history; (4) Puerto Rican history; (5) Native American history; (6) personal financial management, including, but not limited to, financial literacy as developed in the plan provided under section 10-16pp; (7) training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of automatic external defibrillators; (8) labor history and law, including organized labor, the collective bargaining process, existing legal protections in the workplace, the history and economics of free market capitalism and entrepreneurialism, and the role of labor and capitalism in the development of the American and world economies; (9) climate change consistent with the Next Generation Science Standards; (10) topics approved by the state board upon the request of local or regional boards of education as part of the program of instruction offered pursuant to subsection (a) of this section; and (11) instruction relating to the Safe Haven Act, sections 17a-57 to 17a-61, inclusive. The Department of Energy and Environmental Protection shall be available to each local and regional board of education for the development of curriculum on climate change as described in this subsection.

(P.A. 78-218, S. 11; 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-128, S. 13, 36; P.A. 80-166, S. 2; P.A. 89-133, S. 1, 2; 89-185, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-416, S. 6, 10; P.A. 95-101, S. 1; P.A. 97-45, S. 1; 97-61, S. 1; P.A. 08-153, S. 8; P.A. 11-136, S. 1; P.A. 12-198, S. 4; P.A. 15-17, S. 1; 15-94, S. 1; 15-138, S. 1; P.A. 16-188, S. 4; P.A. 17-202, S. 13, 102; P.A. 18-24, S. 1; 18-181, S. 8; 18-182, S. 2; P.A. 19-128, S. 1.)

*Note: On and after July 1, 2021, this section, as amended by section 1 of public act 19-12, is to read as follows:

Sec. 10-16b. Prescribed courses of study. (a) In the public schools the program of instruction offered shall include at least the following subject matter, as taught by legally qualified teachers, the arts; career education; consumer education; health and safety, including, but not limited to, human growth and development, nutrition, first aid, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16qq, disease prevention and cancer awareness, including, but not limited to, age and developmentally appropriate instruction in performing self-examinations for the purposes of screening for breast cancer and testicular cancer, community and consumer health, physical, mental and emotional health, including youth suicide prevention, substance abuse prevention, including instruction relating to opioid use and related disorders, safety, which shall include the safe use of social media, as defined in section 9-601, and may include the dangers of gang membership, and accident prevention; language arts, including reading, writing, grammar, speaking and spelling; mathematics; physical education; science, which may include the climate change curriculum described in subsection (d) of this section; social studies, including, but not limited to, citizenship, economics, geography, government, history and Holocaust and genocide education and awareness in accordance with the provisions of section 10-18f; African-American and black studies in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16ss; Puerto Rican and Latino studies in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16ss; computer programming instruction; and in addition, on at least the secondary level, one or more world languages; vocational education; and the black and Latino studies course in accordance with the provisions of sections 10-16tt and 10-16uu. For purposes of this subsection, world languages shall include American Sign Language, provided such subject matter is taught by a qualified instructor under the supervision of a teacher who holds a certificate issued by the State Board of Education. For purposes of this subsection, the “arts” means any form of visual or performing arts, which may include, but not be limited to, dance, music, art and theatre.

(b) If a local or regional board of education requires its pupils to take a course in a world language, the parent or guardian of a pupil identified as deaf or hard of hearing may request in writing that such pupil be exempted from such requirement and, if such a request is made, such pupil shall be exempt from such requirement.

(c) Each local and regional board of education shall on September 1, 1982, and annually thereafter at such time and in such manner as the Commissioner of Education shall request, attest to the State Board of Education that such local or regional board of education offers at least the program of instruction required pursuant to this section, and that such program of instruction is planned, ongoing and systematic.

(d) The State Board of Education shall make available curriculum materials and such other materials as may assist local and regional boards of education in developing instructional programs pursuant to this section. The State Board of Education, within available appropriations and utilizing available resource materials, shall assist and encourage local and regional boards of education to include: (1) Holocaust and genocide education and awareness; (2) the historical events surrounding the Great Famine in Ireland; (3) African-American and black studies; (4) Puerto Rican and Latino studies; (5) Native American history; (6) personal financial management, including, but not limited to, financial literacy as developed in the plan provided under section 10-16pp; (7) training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of automatic external defibrillators; (8) labor history and law, including organized labor, the collective bargaining process, existing legal protections in the workplace, the history and economics of free market capitalism and entrepreneurialism, and the role of labor and capitalism in the development of the American and world economies; (9) climate change consistent with the Next Generation Science Standards; (10) topics approved by the state board upon the request of local or regional boards of education as part of the program of instruction offered pursuant to subsection (a) of this section; and (11) instruction relating to the Safe Haven Act, sections 17a-57 to 17a-61, inclusive. The Department of Energy and Environmental Protection shall be available to each local and regional board of education for the development of curriculum on climate change as described in this subsection.”

(P.A. 78-218, S. 11; 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-128, S. 13, 36; P.A. 80-166, S. 2; P.A. 89-133, S. 1, 2; 89-185, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-416, S. 6, 10; P.A. 95-101, S. 1; P.A. 97-45, S. 1; 97-61, S. 1; P.A. 08-153, S. 8; P.A. 11-136, S. 1; P.A. 12-198, S. 4; P.A. 15-17, S. 1; 15-94, S. 1; 15-138, S. 1; P.A. 16-188, S. 4; P.A. 17-202, S. 13, 102; P.A. 18-24, S. 1; 18-181, S. 8; 18-182, S. 2; P.A. 19-12, S. 1; 19-128, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 78-303 allowed substitution of commissioner of education for secretary of state board of education in accordance with P.A. 77-614, S. 302, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-128 replaced specific subject listings with more general subject matter areas and added Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 80-166 changed initial date in Subsec. (b) from “in 1981” to “on September 1, 1982”; P.A. 89-133 in Subsec. (a) added provision that language arts may include certain sign languages, added new Subsec. (b) providing an exemption from foreign language requirements for deaf or hearing impaired pupils and relettered Subsecs. (b) and (c) as Subsecs. (c) and (d); P.A. 89-185 in Subsec. (a) added the subjects which health and safety education shall include but not be limited to; P.A. 93-416 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that “safety” may include the dangers of gang membership, effective June 29, 1993; P.A. 95-101 added provision concerning Holocaust education and awareness in Subsec. (d); P.A. 97-45 amended Subsec. (d) to add provision concerning the Great Famine in Ireland; P.A. 97-61 amended Subsec. (d) to expand the list of topics for programs of instruction to include African-American History, Puerto-Rican History, Native American History, personal financial management and topics approved by the State Board of Education at the request of local or regional boards of education; P.A. 08-153 amended Subsec. (a) to define “arts”, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 11-136 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “foreign” with “world”, replacing “language arts may” with “world languages shall” and replacing “sign language or signed English” with “Sign Language” and amended Subsec. (d)(1) by adding “and genocide”, effective July 1, 2011 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (b), a reference to “foreign language” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “world language” to conform with changes made in Subsec. (a) by P.A. 11-136); P.A. 12-198 amended Subsec. (d) by adding new Subdiv. (7) re training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of automatic external defibrillators and redesignating existing Subdiv. (7) as Subdiv. (8), effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 15-17 amended Subsec. (d) by adding new Subdiv. (8) re labor history and law and the history and economics of free market capitalism and entrepreneurialism and redesignating existing Subdiv. (8) as Subdiv. (9), effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 15-94 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that “first aid” includes cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, to provide that “safety” shall include the safe use of social media, and by adding computer programming instruction, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 15-138 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that “personal financial management” includes financial literacy developed in the plan provided under Sec. 10-16pp; P.A. 16-188 amended Subsec. (a) to add provisions re cancer awareness and instruction in performing self-examinations for breast cancer and testicular cancer, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 17-202 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “hearing impaired” with “hard of hearing”; P.A. 18-24 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision authorizing inclusion of Holocaust and genocide education and awareness in social studies instruction, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 18-181 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision authorizing inclusion of climate change curriculum in science instruction and amended Subsec. (d) by adding Subdiv. (9) re climate change consistent with Next Generation Science Standards, redesignating existing Subdiv. (9) as Subdiv. (10) and adding provision requiring Department of Energy and Environmental Protection to be available to boards of education for development of climate change curriculum; P.A. 18-182 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision authorizing inclusion of instruction relating to opioid use and related disorders in substance abuse instruction, and amended Subsec. (d) by adding provision, codified by the Revisors as Subdiv. (11), re instruction relating to Safe Haven Act, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-12 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re African-American and black studies, Puerto Rican and Latino studies and the black and Latino studies course, and amended Subsec. (d) by replacing “African-American history” with “African-American and black studies” in Subdiv. (3) and replacing “Puerto Rican history” with “Puerto Rican and Latino studies” in Subdiv. (4), effective July 1, 2021; P.A. 19-128 amended Subsec. (a) to add “computer science, including, but not limited to,”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16l. Establishment of graduation date. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, a local or regional board of education may establish for any school year a firm graduation date for students in grade twelve which is no earlier than the one hundred eightieth day noted in the school calendar originally adopted by the board for that school year.

(P.A. 87-270, S. 3, 4; P.A. 88-360, S. 54, 63; P.A. 93-353, S. 50, 52; P.A. 96-108, S. 2, 3; P.A. 19-195, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 88-360 substituted “each grade participating in graduation exercises” for “grades kindergarten to twelve, inclusive,” and “grades one to twelve, inclusive,”; P.A. 93-353 deleted the existing provisions and substituted new provisions concerning the date of graduation exercises, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 96-108 added exception for the establishment of graduation dates after April first in any school year, effective April 30, 1996; P.A. 19-195 deleted “to the contrary”, replaced “one hundred eighty-fifth” with “one hundred eightieth”, deleted “, except that a board on or after April first in any school year may establish such a firm graduation date for that school year which at the time of such establishment provides for at least one hundred eighty days of school” and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16n. Head Start and Early Head Start grant program. Grant allocation. Advisory committee. (a) The Commissioner of Early Childhood shall establish a competitive grant program to assist nonprofit agencies and local and regional boards of education, which are federal Head Start grantees, in (1) establishing extended-day and full-day, year-round, Head Start programs or expanding existing Head Start programs to extended-day or full-day, year-round programs, (2) enhancing program quality, (3) increasing the number of children served in programs that are both a Head Start program and Early Head Start grantee or delegate, (4) increasing the number of Early Head Start children served above those who are federally funded, and (5) increasing the hours for children currently receiving Early Head Start services. The commissioner, after consultation with the committee established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, shall establish criteria for the grants, provided at least twenty-five per cent of the funding for such grants shall be for the purpose of enhancing program quality. Nonprofit agencies or boards of education seeking grants pursuant to this section shall make application to the commissioner on such forms and at such times as the commissioner shall prescribe. All grants pursuant to this section shall be funded within the limits of available appropriations or otherwise from federal funds and private donations. All full-day, year-round Head Start programs funded pursuant to this section shall be in compliance with federal Head Start performance standards.

(b) The Office of Early Childhood shall annually allocate to each town in which the number of children under the temporary family assistance program, as defined in subdivision (17) of section 10-262f, equals or exceeds nine hundred children, determined for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1996, an amount equal to one hundred fifty thousand dollars plus eight and one-half dollars for each child under the temporary family assistance program, provided such amount may be reduced proportionately so that the total amount awarded pursuant to this subsection does not exceed two million seven hundred thousand dollars. The office shall award grants to the local and regional boards of education for such towns and nonprofit agencies located in such towns which meet the criteria established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section to maintain the programs established or expanded with funds provided pursuant to this subsection in the fiscal years ending June 30, 1996, and June 30, 1997. Any funds remaining in the allocation to such a town after grants are so awarded shall be used to increase allocations to other such towns. Any funds remaining after grants are so awarded to boards of education and nonprofit agencies in all such towns shall be available to local and regional boards of education and nonprofit agencies in other towns in the state for grants for such purposes.

(c) There is established a committee to advise the commissioner concerning the coordination, priorities for allocation and distribution, and utilization of funds for Head Start and Early Head Start and concerning the competitive grant program established under this section, and to evaluate programs funded pursuant to this section. The committee shall consist of the following members: (1) One member designated by the commissioner; (2) six members who are directors of Head Start programs, two from community action agency program sites or school readiness liaisons, one of whom shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and one by the speaker of the House of Representatives, two from public school program sites, one of whom shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate and one by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, and two from other nonprofit agency program sites, one of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and one by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; (3) one member designated by the Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity; (4) one member designated by the Early Childhood Cabinet, established pursuant to section 10-16z; (5) two members designated by the Head Start Association, one of whom shall be the parent of a present or former Head Start student; (6) one member designated by the Connecticut Association for Community Action who shall have expertise and experience concerning Head Start; (7) one member designated by the Region I Office of Head Start within the federal Administration of Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services; and (8) the director of the Head Start Collaboration Office.

(d) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, for purposes of this section.

(P.A. 91-269, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-222, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 33, 87; P.A. 95-266, S. 3, 5; P.A. 97-247, S. 7, 27; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 32, 46; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 48; P.A. 12-120, S. 13; P.A. 14-39, S. 12; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 325; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3, S. 139; P.A. 19-117, S. 112.)

History: P.A. 92-222 transferred the program from the department of human resources to the department of education, added Subsec. (a)(2) and (3), required 25% of the funding for grants to be used to enhance program quality, changed the applicable date in Subsec. (a) from June 25, 1991, to July 1, 1992, and increased the membership of the advisory committee from 11 to 13 by adding a member designated by the commission on children and a member designated by the Connecticut Association for Community Action; P.A. 93-262 replaced references to commissioner of income maintenance and commissioner of human resources with references to commissioner of social services, effectively reducing committee membership from 13 to 12 members, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-266 inserted new Subsec. (b) re allocation for fiscal years ending June 30, 1996, and June 30, 1997, relettering former Subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-247 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) and in Subsec. (b) provided for annual grants, provided for proportional reductions so that the total amount of grants does not exceed $2,700,000, and changed the provision dealing with how grant funds are to be used, effective July 1, 1997; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 amended Subsec. (c) to expand committee membership to include school readiness coordinators, effective June 21, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) to delete restriction that 75% of funding be allocated to Head Start programs established prior to July 1, 1992, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 12-120 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “twelve members as follows” with “the following members”, designating existing provisions re members as Subdivs. (1) to (7), replacing “coordinators” with “liaisons” and adding “public” re school program sites in Subdiv. (2), replacing “Council” with “Cabinet” in Subdiv. (4), replacing “one member” with “two members”, deleting “Directors” and making a conforming change in Subdiv. (5), replacing “Office of Human Development Services, Office of Community Programs, Region 1 of the federal Department of Health and Human Services” with “Region I Office of Head Start within the federal Administration of Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services” in Subdiv. (7) and adding Subdiv. (8) re director of Head Start Collaboration Office, effective June 15, 2012; P.A. 14-39 replaced references to Commissioners and Departments of Education and Social Services with references to Commissioner and Office of Early Childhood, amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services,” with “Early Childhood” and making a technical change, amended Subsec. (b) by replacing references to aid to dependent children program with references to temporary family assistance program and replacing “subdivision (14)” with “subdivision (17)” re Sec. 10-262f and amended Subsec. (c)(4) by replacing reference to Early Childhood Education Cabinet with reference to Early Childhood Cabinet and adding “, established pursuant to section 10-16z”, effective July 1, 2014; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “in programs that are both a Head Start program and Early Head Start grantee or delegate” in Subdiv. (3), adding Subdiv. (4) re increasing number of Early Head Start children served and adding Subdiv. (5) re increasing hours for children currently receiving Early Head Start services, and amended Subsec. (c) by adding “and Early Head Start”, effective July 1, 2015; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3 amended Subsec. (c)(3) by replacing “Commission on Children” with “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors”, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors” with “Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16p. Definitions. Lead agency for school readiness; standards. Grant programs; eligibility. Unexpended funds. Salaries increase. (a) As used in sections 10-16o to 10-16r, inclusive, 10-16u, 17b-749a and 17b-749c:

(1) “School readiness program” means a nonsectarian program that (A) meets the standards set by the Office of Early Childhood pursuant to subsection (b) of this section and the requirements of section 10-16q, and (B) provides a developmentally appropriate learning experience of not less than four hundred fifty hours and one hundred eighty days for eligible children, except as provided in subsection (d) of section 10-16q;

(2) “Eligible children” means children three and four years of age and children five years of age who are not eligible to enroll in school pursuant to section 10-15c, or who are eligible to enroll in school and will attend a school readiness program pursuant to section 10-16t;

(3) “Priority school” means a school in which forty per cent or more of the lunches served are served to students who are eligible for free or reduced price lunches pursuant to federal law and regulations, excluding such a school located in a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p or in a former priority school district receiving a grant pursuant to subsection (c) of this section and, on and after July 1, 2001, excluding such a school in a transitional school district receiving a grant pursuant to section 10-16u;

(4) “Severe need school” means a school in a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p or in a former priority school district in which forty per cent or more of the lunches served are served to students who are eligible for free or reduced price lunches;

(5) “Accredited” means accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children, a Head Start on-site program review instrument or a successor instrument pursuant to federal regulations, or otherwise meeting such criteria as may be established by the commissioner, unless the context otherwise requires;

(6) “Year-round” means fifty weeks per year, except as provided in subsection (d) of section 10-16q;

(7) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Early Childhood;

(8) “Office” means the Office of Early Childhood;

(9) “Seeking accreditation” means a school readiness program seeking accreditation by the National Association for the Education of Young Children or a Head Start on-site program review instrument or successor instrument pursuant to federal regulations, or attempting to meet criteria as may be established by the commissioner; and

(10) “Concentration in early childhood education” means a program of study in early childhood education, including, but not limited to, early childhood education, child study, child development or human growth and development.

(b) (1) The office shall be the lead agency for school readiness. For purposes of this section and section 10-16u, school readiness program providers eligible for funding from the office shall include local and regional boards of education, regional educational service centers, family resource centers and providers of child care centers, as described in section 19a-77, Head Start programs, preschool programs and other programs that meet any standards established by the commissioner. The office shall establish standards for school readiness programs. The standards may include, but need not be limited to, guidelines for staff-child interactions, curriculum content, including preliteracy development, lesson plans, parental involvement, staff qualifications and training, transition to school and administration. The office shall develop age-appropriate developmental skills and goals for children attending such programs. The commissioner, in consultation with the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, the Commissioners of Education and Social Services and other appropriate entities, shall develop a professional development program for the staff of school readiness programs.

(2) For purposes of this section:

(A) Prior to July 1, 2022, “staff qualifications” means that for each early childhood education program accepting state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program, there is in each classroom an individual who has at least the following: (i) A childhood development associate credential or an equivalent credential issued by an organization approved by the commissioner and twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, as determined by the commissioner or the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, after consultation with the commissioner, from an institution of higher education (I) accredited by the Board of Regents for Higher Education or Office of Higher Education, and (II) regionally accredited; (ii) an associate degree with twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, as determined by the commissioner or the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, after consultation with the commissioner, from such an institution; (iii) a four-year degree with twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, as determined by the commissioner or the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, after consultation with the commissioner, from such an institution; (iv) certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or special education; (v) an associate degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited; or (vi) a bachelor's degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited;

(B) From July 1, 2022, until June 30, 2025, “staff qualifications” means that for each early childhood education program accepting state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program, (i) at least fifty per cent of those individuals with the primary responsibility for a classroom of children (I) hold certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or early childhood special education, (II) have been issued an early childhood teacher credential, pursuant to section 10-520b, (III) hold at least an associate degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, or (IV) satisfy the requirements of subdivision (3), (4) or (5) of this subsection, and (ii) such remaining individuals with the primary responsibility for a classroom of children hold a childhood development associate credential or an equivalent credential issued by an organization approved by the commissioner and twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, as determined by the commissioner or the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, after consultation with the commissioner, from an institution of higher education (I) accredited by the Board of Regents for Higher Education or Office of Higher Education, and (II) regionally accredited;

(C) From July 1, 2025, until June 30, 2029, “staff qualifications” means that for each early childhood education program accepting state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program, (i) at least fifty per cent of those individuals with the primary responsibility for a classroom of children (I) hold certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or early childhood special education, (II) have been issued an early childhood teacher credential, pursuant to subdivision (2) of section 10-520b, (III) hold at least a bachelor's degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, or (IV) satisfy the requirements of subdivision (3), (4) or (5) of this subsection, and (ii) such remaining individuals with the primary responsibility for a classroom of children (I) hold an associate degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, or (II) have been issued an early childhood teacher credential, pursuant to subdivision (1) of section 10-520b; and

(D) On and after July 1, 2029, “staff qualifications” means that for each early childhood education program accepting state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program, one hundred per cent of those individuals with the primary responsibility for a classroom of children (i) hold certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or early childhood special education, (ii) have been issued an early childhood teacher credential, pursuant to subdivision (2) of section 10-520b, (iii) hold at least a bachelor's degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, or (iv) satisfy the requirements of subdivision (3), (4) or (5) of this subsection.

(3) Any individual with a bachelor's degree in early childhood education or child development or a bachelor's degree and twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, who, on or before June 30, 2015, is employed by an early childhood education program that accepts state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program shall be considered to meet the staff qualifications required under subparagraphs (B) to (D), inclusive, of subdivision (2) of this subsection. No such early childhood education program shall terminate any such individual from employment for purposes of meeting the staff qualification requirements set forth in subparagraph (B), (C) or (D) of subdivision (2) of this subsection.

(4) Any individual with an associate degree or a bachelor's degree in early childhood education or child development or an associate degree or a bachelor's degree and twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, other than an associate degree or a bachelor's degree with a concentration in early childhood education, may submit documentation concerning such degree for review and assessment by the office as to whether such degree has a sufficient concentration in early childhood education so as to satisfy the requirements set forth in subparagraphs (B) to (D), inclusive, of subdivision (2) of this subsection.

(5) Any individual with an associate degree with twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, as determined by the commissioner or the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, after consultation with the commissioner, from an institution of higher education (A) accredited by the Board of Regents for Higher Education or Office of Higher Education, and (B) regionally accredited, who has been employed in the same early childhood education program that accepts state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program since 1995 shall be considered to meet the staff qualifications required under subparagraphs (B) to (D), inclusive, of subdivision (2) of this subsection until June 30, 2025. On and after July 1, 2025, such individual shall hold a childhood development associate credential or an equivalent credential, described in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (2) of this subsection, or otherwise meet the staff qualifications required under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of subdivision (2) of this subsection. Any such individual who terminates his or her employment with such early childhood education program on or before June 30, 2025, and accepts a position at another early childhood education program accepting state funds for spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program shall submit documentation of such individual's progress toward meeting the staff qualification requirements set forth in subparagraph (B) to (D), inclusive, of subdivision (2) of this subsection in a manner determined by the office.

(c) The commissioner shall establish a grant program to provide spaces in accredited school readiness programs located in priority school districts, as described in section 10-266p, or in former priority school districts for eligible children. Under the program, the grant shall be provided, in accordance with this section, to the town in which such priority school district or former priority school district is located. Eligibility shall be determined for a five-year period based on an applicant's designation as a priority school district for the initial year of application, except that if a school district that receives a grant pursuant to this subsection is no longer designated as a priority school district at the end of such five-year period, such former priority school district shall continue to be eligible to receive a grant pursuant to this subsection. Grant awards shall be made annually contingent upon available funding and a satisfactory annual evaluation. The chief elected official of such town and the superintendent of schools for such priority school district or former priority school district shall submit a plan for the expenditure of grant funds and responses to the local request for proposal process to the commissioner. The commissioner shall review and approve such plans. The plan shall: (1) Be developed in consultation with the local or regional school readiness council established pursuant to section 10-16r; (2) be based on a needs and resource assessment; (3) provide for the issuance of requests for proposals for providers of accredited school readiness programs, provided, after the initial requests for proposals, facilities that have been approved to operate a child care program financed through the Connecticut Health and Education Facilities Authority and have received a commitment for debt service from the Department of Social Services, pursuant to section 17b-749i, on or before June 30, 2014, and on or after July 1, 2014, from the office, are exempt from the requirement for issuance of annual requests for proposals; and (4) identify the need for funding pursuant to section 17b-749a in order to extend the hours and days of operation of school readiness programs in order to provide child care services for children attending such programs.

(d) (1) The commissioner shall establish a competitive grant program to provide spaces in accredited school readiness programs or school readiness programs seeking accreditation located in (A) an area served by a priority school or a former priority school, (B) a town ranked one to fifty when all towns are ranked in ascending order according to town wealth, as defined in subdivision (26) of section 10-262f, whose school district is not a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p, (C) a town formerly a town described in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision, as provided for in subdivision (2) of this subsection, or (D) a town designated as an alliance district, as defined in section 10-262u, whose school district is not a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p. A town in which a priority school is located, a regional school readiness council, pursuant to subsection (c) of section 10-16r, for a region in which such a school is located or a town described in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision may apply for such a grant in an amount equal to the number of spaces in an accredited school readiness program or a school readiness program seeking accreditation multiplied by the per child cost set forth in subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 10-16q. Eligibility shall be determined for a three-year period based on an applicant's designation as having a priority school or being a town described in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision for the initial year of application. Grant awards shall be made annually contingent upon available funding and a satisfactory annual evaluation. The chief elected official of such town and the superintendent of schools of the school district or the regional school readiness council shall submit a plan, as described in subsection (c) of this section, for the expenditure of such grant funds to the commissioner. In awarding grants pursuant to this subsection, the commissioner shall give preference to applications submitted by regional school readiness councils and may, within available appropriations, provide a grant to such town or regional school readiness council that increases the number of spaces for eligible children who reside in an area or town described in subparagraphs (A) to (D), inclusive, of this subdivision, in an accredited school readiness program or a school readiness program seeking accreditation. A town or regional school readiness council awarded a grant pursuant to this subsection shall use the funds to purchase spaces for such children from providers of accredited school readiness programs or school readiness programs seeking accreditation.

(2) (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this subdivision, commencing with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, if a town received a grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection and is no longer eligible to receive such a grant, the town may receive a phase-out grant for each of the three fiscal years following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

(B) The amount of such phase-out grants shall be determined as follows: (i) For the first fiscal year following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount that does not exceed seventy-five per cent of the grant amount such town received for the town or school's final year of eligibility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection; (ii) for the second fiscal year following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount that does not exceed fifty per cent of the grant amount such town received for the town's or school's final year of eligibility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection; and (iii) for the third fiscal year following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount that does not exceed ­twenty-five per cent of the grant amount such town received for the town's or school's final year of eligibility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

(C) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2011, and each fiscal year thereafter, any town that received a grant pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of this subsection for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2010, shall continue to receive a grant under this subsection even if the town no longer meets the criteria for such grant pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of this subsection.

(e) (1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, and each fiscal year thereafter, priority school districts and former priority school districts shall receive grants based on the sum of the products obtained by (A) multiplying the district's number of contracted slots on March thirtieth of the fiscal year prior to the fiscal year in which the grant is to be paid, by the per child cost pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 10-16q, except that such per child cost shall be reduced for slots that are less than year-round, and (B) multiplying the number of additional or decreased slots the districts have requested for the fiscal year in which the grant is to be paid by the per child cost pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 10-16q, except such per child cost shall be reduced for slots that are less than year-round. If said sum exceeds the available appropriation, such number of requested additional slots shall be reduced, as determined by the commissioner, to stay within the available appropriation.

(2) (A) If funds appropriated for the purposes of subsection (c) of this section are not expended, the commissioner may deposit such unexpended funds in the account established under section 10-16aa and use such unexpended funds in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16aa.

(B) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, and each fiscal year thereafter, if funds appropriated for the purposes of subsection (c) of this section are not expended, an amount up to one million dollars of such unexpended funds may be available for the provision of professional development for early childhood care and education program providers, and staff employed in such programs, provided such programs accept state funds for infant, toddler and preschool slots. Such unexpended funds may be available for use in accordance with the provisions of this subparagraph for the subsequent fiscal year. The commissioner may use such unexpended funds on and after July 1, 2015, to support early childhood education programs accepting state funds in satisfying the staff qualifications requirements of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section. The commissioner shall use any such funds to provide assistance to individual staff members, giving priority to those staff members (i) attending an institution of higher education accredited by the Board of Regents for Higher Education or the Office of Higher Education, and approved by the Office of Early Childhood, and regionally accredited, at a maximum of ten thousand dollars per staff member per year for the cost of higher education courses leading to a bachelor's degree or, not later than December 31, 2015, an associate degree, as such degrees are described in said subparagraphs (B) and (C), or (ii) receiving noncredit competency-based training approved by the office, at a maximum of one thousand dollars per staff member per year, provided such staff members have applied for all available federal and state scholarships and grants, and such assistance does not exceed such staff members' financial need. Individual staff members shall apply for such unexpended funds in a manner determined by the commissioner. The commissioner shall determine how such unexpended funds shall be distributed.

(C) If funds appropriated for the purposes of subsection (c) of this section are not expended pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, deposited pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, or used pursuant to subparagraph (B) of this subdivision, the commissioner may use such unexpended funds to support local school readiness programs. The commissioner may use such funds for purposes including, but not limited to, (i) assisting local school readiness programs in meeting and maintaining accreditation requirements, (ii) providing training in implementing the preschool assessment and curriculum frameworks, including training to enhance literacy teaching skills, (iii) developing a state-wide preschool curriculum, (iv) developing student assessments for students in grades kindergarten to two, inclusive, (v) developing and implementing best practices for parents in supporting preschool and kindergarten student learning, (vi) developing and implementing strategies for children to successfully transition to preschool and from preschool to kindergarten, including through parental engagement and whole-family supports that may be utilized through the two-generational initiative, established pursuant to section 17b-112l, or through other available resources, (vii) providing for professional development, including assisting in career ladder advancement, for school readiness staff, (viii) providing supplemental grants to other towns that are eligible for grants pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, and (ix) developing a plan to provide spaces in an accredited school readiness program or a school readiness program seeking accreditation to all eligible children who reside in an area or town described in subparagraphs (A) to (D), inclusive, of subdivision (1) of subsection (d) of this section.

(3) Notwithstanding subdivision (2) of this subsection, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2015, to June 30, 2016, inclusive, the office may retain up to one hundred ninety-eight thousand two hundred dollars of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section for coordination, program evaluation and administration.

(f) Any school readiness program that receives funds pursuant to this section or section 10-16u shall not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion or disability. For purposes of this section, a nonsectarian program means any public or private school readiness program that is not violative of the Establishment Clause of the Constitution of the State of Connecticut or the Establishment Clause of the Constitution of the United States of America.

(g) Subject to the provisions of this subsection, no funds received by a town pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) of this section or section 10-16u shall be used to supplant federal, state or local funding received by such town for early childhood education, provided a town may use an amount determined in accordance with this subsection for coordination, program evaluation and administration. Such amount shall be at least five per cent of the total grant allocation, but not more than seventy-five thousand dollars and shall be determined by the commissioner based on the school readiness grant award allocated to the town pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) of this section or section 10-16u and the number of operating sites for coordination, program evaluation and administration. Such amount shall be increased by an amount equal to local funding provided for early childhood education coordination, program evaluation and administration, not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars. Each town that receives a grant pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) of this section or section 10-16u shall designate a person to be responsible for such coordination, program evaluation and administration and to act as a liaison between the town and the commissioner. Each school readiness program that receives funds pursuant to this section or section 10-16u shall provide information to the commissioner or the school readiness council, as requested, that is necessary for purposes of any school readiness program evaluation.

(h) Any town receiving a grant pursuant to this section may use such grant, with the approval of the commissioner, to prepare a facility or staff for operating a school readiness program and shall be adjusted based on the number of days of operation of a school readiness program if a shorter term of operation is approved by the commissioner.

(i) A town may use grant funds to purchase spaces for eligible children who reside in such town at an accredited school readiness program located in another town. A regional school readiness council may use grant funds to purchase spaces for eligible children who reside in the region covered by the council at an accredited school readiness program located outside such region.

(j) Children enrolled in school readiness programs funded pursuant to this section shall not be counted (1) as resident students for purposes of subdivision (22) of section 10-262f, or (2) in the determination of average daily membership pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of section 10-261.

(k) (1) Up to two per cent of the amount of the appropriation for this section may be allocated to the competitive grant program pursuant to subsection (d) of this section. The determination of the amount of such allocation shall be made on or before August first.

(2) Up to two per cent of the amount of the appropriation for this section may be used by the commissioner in a manner consistent with the provisions of section 10-509.

(l) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and each fiscal year thereafter, any school readiness program that (1) is licensed by the Office of Early Childhood pursuant to chapter 368a, (2) provides full-day and year-round child care and education programs for children, and (3) receives funds pursuant to this section or section 10-16u, shall use any amount of the per child cost as described in subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 10-16q that is over the amount of eight thousand nine hundred twenty-seven dollars, exclusively to increase the salaries of those individuals with direct responsibility for teaching or caring for children in a classroom at such school readiness program.

(P.A. 97-259, S. 2, 41; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 25, 65; P.A. 98-239, S. 30, 35; 98-252, S. 32, 80; P.A. 99-230, S. 1, 10; P.A. 00-187, S. 4, 75; P.A. 01-173, S. 48, 67; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 11-13, 54; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 10; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 15, 30, 32; P.A. 04-15, S. 1; 04-26, S. 1; 04-215, S. 2; 04-254, S. 3; P.A. 05-13, S. 5; 05-245, S. 1, 10, 28; P.A. 06-13, S. 1, 2; 06-135, S. 1, 23; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 17; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 44, 50; P.A. 08-85, S. 1; 08-170, S. 4, 35; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 31, 32; P.A. 10-151, S. 4; P.A. 11-48, S. 194, 285; 11-54, S. 1; P.A. 12-50, S. 1; 12-116, S. 41; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 286; P.A. 13-118, S. 7; 13-261, S. 2, 3; P.A. 14-39, S. 13; P.A. 15-134, S. 8; 15-227, S. 1-4, 25; P.A. 16-15, S. 3; P.A. 17-41, S. 1; 17-56, S. 7; P.A. 18-123, S. 1; 18-139, S. 1; 18-172, S. 5; 18-184, S. 4, 9; P.A. 19-34, S. 1; 19-117, S. 259; 19-121, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 97-259 effective July 1, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(3), added new Subdiv. (4) defining “severe need school” and redesignated former Subdivs. (4) to (7) as Subdivs. (5) to (8), effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-239 amended Subsec. (c)(3) to provide that, after the initial requests for proposals, facilities approved to operate a child care program financed through CHEFA and which have received a commitment for debt service pursuant to Sec. 17b-749i are exempt from the requirement for issuance of annual requests for proposals, effective June 8, 1998, and applicable to all grants submitted on and after July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-252 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to allow the commissioner to approve programs for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1998, and June 30, 1999, that are for less hours and days, amended Subsecs. (c) and (d) to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (e)(3) to remove cap of $120,000 per fiscal year, amended Subsec. (g) to allow a town to use up to 5% but no more than $50,000 for coordination, program evaluation and administration, and added new Subsec. (h) re use of grants in certain years to prepare a facility or staff for operating a program, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 99-230 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to add children attending pursuant to Sec. 10-16t, to renumber existing Subsec. (a)(7) and (8) as Subsec. (a)(8) and (9) and to add new Subsec. (a)(7) defining “year-round”, amended Subsec. (e) to change the percentages in Subdivs. (1) to (3), inclusive, and to add Subdiv. (4) re use of a percentage of grant funds not earmarked by town for expenditure, and added Subsec. (g)(2) re authorization to use increased amount of grant funds for coordination, program evaluation and administration for towns that provide $25,000 in local funding for such purposes, to require towns that receive grants to designate a person to be responsible for coordination, program evaluation and administration and to act as a liaison between the town and the departments, and to require programs to provide information for evaluation purposes, and added Subsecs. (i) re purchase of spaces in program in another town or region and (j) re children not counted as resident students for purposes of Sec. 10-262f, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-187 added provisions re transitional school districts and former priority school districts, amended Subsec. (b) to specify the standards for staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (d) to allow the awarding of grants in excess of $100,000 to towns with one or more priority schools, amended Subsec. (e) to base grants on the “average” number of enrolled kindergarten students in a priority school district for the “three years” prior to the year the grant is to be paid rather than on the number of such students for the prior year and to provide that no such district receives a grant that is less than the grant it received for the prior fiscal year, and amended Subsec. (h) to extend the provision to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2001, and add requirement for the commissioner's approval, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (j) to designate portion of existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re determination of average daily membership, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (b) to require curriculum content to include preliteracy development, amended Subsec. (c)(1) to add reference to the “regional” school readiness council, amended Subsec. (e)(1) to establish a threshold for grants of at least $150,000 and (e)(4) to increase the percentage of funds that are not earmarked that the department is able to use from 10% to 50%, amended Subsec. (g)(1) to allow a town to use the greater of the amounts pursuant to Subparas. (A) or (B), to designate the existing limit as Subpara. (B) and to add Subpara. (A) re $25,000, and amended Subsec. (h) to remove limitation on the provision for specific fiscal years and to substitute limitation for the first three years a town receives grants, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 added Subsec. (k) re appropriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2003, effective August 15, 2002 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (k) the numeric dollar amounts “$2,576,580” and “$198,199” were replaced editorially by the Revisors with “two million five hundred seventy-six thousand five hundred eighty dollars” and “one hundred ninety-eight thousand one hundred ninety-nine dollars” for consistency with customary statutory usage); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (b) to make definition of “staff qualifications” applicable beginning July 1, 2004, rather than July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), adding reference to former priority schools therein and adding Subdiv. (2) re grants for former priority schools and amended Subsec. (k) by adding provisions re appropriations for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-15 amended Subsec. (b) to change staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2005, in Subdivs. (1), (2) and (3), and to add Subdiv. (4) re endorsement in early childhood education or special education, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-26 made technical changes in Subsec. (d)(2), effective April 28, 2004; P.A. 04-215 deleted definition of “approved” in Subsec. (a), made technical changes throughout, deleted “or approved” re school readiness program throughout, amended Subsec. (d) to increase maximum grant amount from $100,000 to $107,000 and deleted Subsec. (e)(1) provision re per cent amount of appropriation for noncompetitive grant and former Subsec. (e)(2) re per cent amount of appropriation for competitive grant, and amending redesignated Subdiv. (3) by changing plan submission deadline from January first, to October first, by increasing amount of funds not earmarked for expenditure that department may use from 50% to 70%, and by adding provision re amounts that may be used for school readiness professional development, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-254 amended Subsec. (d)(1) by adding provision re towns ranked according to wealth and deleted former Subsec. (k) re appropriations for fiscal years ending June 30, 2003, June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-13 amended Subsec. (d) by extending competitive grant program and phase-out to certain towns and making conforming changes, effective May 4, 2005; P.A. 05-245 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1), amended Subsec. (b) to extend the current definition of “staff qualifications” to July 1, 2015, and to introduce new standards for staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2015, amended Subsec. (d)(1) by extending grant eligibility from the towns ranked one to twenty-eight, to the towns ranked one to fifty when all towns are ranked in ascending order according to town wealth, and amended Subsec. (e)(1) by adding language re supplemental grants received in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-13 made technical changes in Subsecs. (d) and (e)(3), effective May 2, 2006; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to delete percentage requirements and provide that Department of Education may determine the distribution of funds not earmarked for expenditure for the purposes of professional development and preschool and kindergarten assessments and added Subsec. (k) re funding for programs in certain towns, effective July 1, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to replace former provisions re use of funds not earmarked for expenditure by a town by October first for supplemental grants to other eligible towns, school readiness professional development and activities related to preschool and kindergarten student development evaluations or assessments with new provisions re use of unexpended funds to support local school readiness programs, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to add Subpara. (H) re supplemental grants to other eligible towns, and amended Sec. 48 of P.A. 05-245, added editorially by the Revisors as Subsec. (e)(4) of this section, to extend the administrative set-aside for department to the fiscal years ending June 30, 2008, and June 30, 2009, effective October 6, 2007; P.A. 08-85 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(5), effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 08-170 amended Subsec. (e) to replace former formula in Subdiv. (1) re distribution of funds with Subparas. (A) and (B) re formula for fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, based on district's program capacity, to delete former Subdiv. (2) re administrative set-aside and to redesignate existing Subdivs. (3) and (4) as Subdivs. (2) and (3), and amended Subsec. (k) to replace former provisions with provisions re allocation of up to 2% of appropriation for section to competitive grant program, effective July 1, 2008; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (e)(1) by adding “and each fiscal year thereafter,” by replacing reference re March 30, 2008, with reference re March “thirtieth of the fiscal year prior to the fiscal year in which the grant is to be paid” in Subpara. (A), and by adding “or decreased” and replacing “ending June 30, 2009” with “in which the grant is to be paid” in Subpara. (B), amended Subsec. (e)(3) by replacing “and June 30, 2009” with “to June 30, 2011, inclusive”, and amended Subsec. (g) by deleting Subdiv. (1) designator, by replacing “the greater of (A) twenty-five thousand dollars, or (B) up to five per cent but no more than fifty thousand dollars of the amount received” with “an amount determined in accordance with this subsection for coordination, program evaluation and administration. Such amount shall be at least ­twenty-five thousand dollars but not more than seventy-five thousand dollars and shall be determined by the Department of Education, in consultation with the Department of Social Services, based on the school readiness grant award allocated to the town”, by replacing “for coordination, program evaluation and administration, and (2) if a town provides twenty-five thousand dollars in” with “and the number of operating sites for coordination, program evaluation and administration. Such amount shall be increased by an amount equal to”, by adding “provided” re local funding and by replacing “such town may use up to ten per cent but no more than seventy-five thousand dollars of such amount for coordination, program evaluation and administration” with “not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars”, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 10-151 amended Subsec. (d)(2) by inserting exception re Subpara. (C) in Subpara. (A) and adding Subpara. (C) re continued receipt of grant despite ineligibility and amended Subsec. (e) by adding new Subdiv. (2)(A) re deposit of unexpended funds into account established under Sec. 10-16aa, redesignating existing Subdiv. (2) as new Subdiv. (2)(B) and amending same to add “pursuant to said subsection (c) or deposited pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this subdivision” and redesignate existing Subparas. (A) to (H) as clauses (i) to (viii), effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (e)(3) by replacing “2011” with “2013”, effective June 13, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-48, “Board of Governors of Higher Education” and “Department of Higher Education” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Board of Regents for Higher Education”, and “Commissioner of Higher Education” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-54 amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and Subdiv. (2)(A) and (B) and, in Subdiv. (2)(A), to add requirement re childhood development associate or equivalent credential and provisions re determination by Commissioner of Higher Education after consultation with Commissioners of Education and Social Services and, in Subdiv. (2)(B), to make provisions applicable from July 1, 2015, to June 30, 2020, and replace former Subparas. (A) and (B) re degree and certification requirements with provisions re certification and degree requirements applicable to each early childhood education program accepting state funds, by adding Subdiv. (2)(C) re staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2020, by adding Subdiv. (3) re individuals considered to meet staff requirements who may not be terminated from employment, and by adding Subdiv. (4) re submission of bachelor's degree documentation, amended Subsec. (e)(2) by adding new Subpara. (B) re unexpended funds appropriated for purposes of Subsec. (c) and by redesignating existing Subpara. (B) as Subpara. (C) and making conforming changes therein, and made technical changes in Subsecs. (b), (d), (e) and (g), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-50 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to “State Board of Education” in Subdiv. (2)(A), by deleting reference to “school readiness or childcare services funds and funds from the Department of Social Services” and adding references to “infant, toddler and preschool spaces”, “State Board of Education”, “regionally accredited” and “primary responsibility for a classroom of children” in Subdiv. (2)(B), by deleting reference to “school readiness or childcare services funds and funds from the Department of Social Services” and adding reference to “infant, toddler and preschool spaces”, “State Board of Education” and “regionally accredited” in Subdiv. (2)(C), and by deleting reference to “school readiness or childcare services funds and funds from the Department of Social Services”, adding reference to “infant, toddler and preschool spaces” and adding requirement that individuals terminating employment with early childhood education program and accepting teaching position at another early childhood education program accepting state funds for spaces associated with child day care or school readiness program submit documentation of progress toward meeting staff qualification requirements in Subdiv. (3), amended Subsec. (e)(2)(B) by permitting Department of Education, rather than local school readiness programs, to use unexpended funds, requiring department to give priority to staff members attending institution of higher education accredited by Board of Regents for Higher Education or State Board of Education and regionally accredited, requiring individual staff members, rather than local school readiness programs, to apply for unexpended funds and requiring application to be in a manner determined by department, rather than as part of school readiness program's application for a grant, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 12-116 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by replacing “continuing education training” with “professional development”, effective July 1, 2012; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 amended Subsec. (e)(2)(B) by adding provision re professional development for early childhood education program providers offered by a professional development and program improvement system within the Connecticut State University System, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 13-118 amended Subsec. (b)(2)(B) to replace “State Board of Education” with “Office of Higher Education”, effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 13-261 amended Subsecs. (b) and (e)(2)(B) to make technical changes, effective July 11, 2013; P.A. 14-39 replaced references to Commissioner and Department of Education with references to Commissioner and Office of Early Childhood, amended Subsec. (a) by deleting “in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services,” in Subdiv. (5), redefining “commissioner” as Commissioner of Early Childhood in Subdiv. (7), deleting former Subdiv. (8) defining “department”, adding new Subdiv. (8) defining “office” and adding Subdiv. (9) defining “seeking accreditation”, amended Subsec. (b) by adding “Commissioners of Education and” in Subdiv. (1), adding “the commissioner or”, replacing “Commissioners of Education and Social Services” with “commissioner” and replacing “State Board of Education” with “Office of Higher Education” in Subdiv. (2)(A), replacing “to” with “until” and adding “or the Office of Higher Education” in Subdiv. (2)(B), replacing “State Board of Education” with “the Office of Higher Education” in Subdiv. (2)(C), adding provision re bachelor's degree in early childhood education or child development or bachelor's degree and 12 credits or more in early childhood education or child development, deleting “as a teacher”, deleting “and meets the staff qualifications required under subparagraph (A) of subdivision (2) of this subsection” and deleting provision re individual terminating employment with an early childhood education program in Subdiv. (3), and adding provision re bachelor's degree in early childhood education or child development or bachelor's degree and 12 credits or more in early childhood education or child development, deleting “(A) and” and adding “and (C)” in Subdiv. (4), amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services,” with “commissioner”, deleting provision re Departments of Education and Social Services jointly reviewing and approving plans, adding provision re commissioner review and approval of plans, and adding “on or before June 30, 2014, and on or after July 1, 2014, from the office,”, amended Subsec. (d)(1) by replacing “Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services,” with “commissioner”, adding “or school readiness programs seeking accreditation”, deleting “as provided for in subdivision (2) of this subsection,”, adding Subpara. (D) re town designated as an alliance district whose school district is not a priority school district, replacing “to exceed” with “less than”, deleting “in excess of one hundred seven thousand dollars to towns with two or more priority schools in such district” and adding provision re grant for increase in spaces for eligible children, amended Subsec. (e)(2) by replacing “2012” with “2015”, adding “care and”, deleting “offered by a professional development and program improvement system within the Connecticut State University System”, adding provision re staff employed in programs accepting state funds for infant, toddler and preschool slots, replacing “July 1, 2012, in consultation with the president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education” with “July 1, 2015”, deleting former clause (i) and (ii) designators, designating existing provision re accreditation by Board of Regents for Higher Education as new clause (i) and amending same to delete “State Board of Education” and add “the Office of Higher Education, and approved by the Office of Early Childhood”, replacing “2013” with “2015” and deleting provision re in-state public, for-profit or non-profit institution of higher education, adding new clause (ii) re noncredit ­competency-based training in Subpara. (B) and adding clause (ix) re plan to provide spaces to eligible children in Subpara. (C), amended Subsec. (e)(3) by replacing “2008” with “2015” and “2013” with “2016”, amended Subsec. (g) by replacing “Department of Education, in consultation with the Department of Social Services,” with “commissioner” and “Departments of Education and Social Services” with “commissioner”, amended Subsec. (h) by replacing “For the first three years a town receives grants” with “Any town receiving a grant”, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2014 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a), a reference to repealed Sec. 10-16s was replaced editorially by the Revisors with a reference to Sec. 10-16r for accuracy); P.A. 15-134 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “2015” with “2017” in Subdiv. (2)(A) and (B) and adding Subdiv. (5) re individuals who have been employed in same program since 1995 considered to meet staff qualifications requirement, effective June 24, 2015; P.A. 15-227 amended Subsec. (c) by adding provision re programs located in priority school districts or former priority school districts, deleting provision re residency requirement for eligible children, and replacing “child day care services” with “child care services”, amended Subsec. (d)(1) by deleting provision re residency requirement for eligible children, making provisions applicable to a program's location, replacing “not less than one hundred seven thousand dollars per priority school or town” with “equal to the number of spaces in an accredited school readiness program or a school readiness program seeking accreditation multiplied by the per child cost set forth in subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 10-16q”, and making conforming changes, amended Subsec. (e)(2)(B) by replacing “five hundred thousand” with “one million” and, in clause (i), replacing “five” with “ten”, and made a technical change in Subsec. (e)(2)(C), effective July 1, 2015; pursuant to P.A. 15-227, “child day care centers” and “child day care program” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “child care centers” and “child care program”, respectively, in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 16-15 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education” with “president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities” and replacing “associate's degree” with “associate degree” and amended Subsec. (e)(2)(B) by replacing “associate's degree” with “associate degree”, effective May 6, 2016; P.A. 17-41 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdiv. (10) defining “concentration in early childhood education”, amended Subsec. (b)(2)(A) by replacing “2017” with “2018” and adding clauses (v) and (vi) re associate degree with concentration in early childhood education and bachelor's degree with concentration in early childhood education, respectively, amended Subsec. (b)(2)(B) by replacing “July 1, 2017, until June 30, 2020” with “July 1, 2018, until June 30, 2021”, replacing provisions re bachelor's degree with concentration in early childhood education with provision re early childhood teacher credential in clause (i)(II), adding subclauses (III) and (IV) re bachelor's degree with concentration in early childhood education and satisfying requirements of subsection, respectively, in clause (i), deleting subclause (I) re accreditation, deleting subclause (II) designator and deleting provision re associate degree program approval in clause (ii), amended Subsec. (b)(2)(C) by replacing “2020” with “2021”, replacing provisions re bachelor's degree with concentration in early childhood education with provision re early childhood teacher credential in clause (ii), adding clauses (iii) and (iv) re bachelor's degree with concentration in early childhood education and satisfying requirements of subsection, respectively, amended Subsec. (b)(4) by adding references to associate degree, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 17-56 amended Subsec. (b)(5) by making a technical change, effective June 20, 2017; P.A. 18-123 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by replacing “2018” with “2020” in Subpara. (A), replacing “July 1, 2018, until June 30, 2021” with July 1, 2020, until June 30, 2023” in Subpara. (B), and replacing “2021” with “2023” in Subpara. (C), effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 18-139 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(4), effective June 11, 2018; P.A. 18-172 amended Subsec. (g) by replacing “twenty-five thousand dollars” with “five per cent of the total grant allocation”, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 18-184 amended Subsec. (e)(2)(C)(vi) by adding “successfully” and “to preschool and” re strategies for children to transition, and adding provision re parental engagement and whole-family supports utilized through two-generational initiative or other available resources, and amended Subsec. (k) by designating existing provision re allocation of up to 2 per cent of appropriation for section to competitive grant program as Subdiv. (1) and adding Subdiv. (2) re commissioner may expend amount not to exceed 2 per cent of amount appropriated in manner consistent with Sec. 10-509, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-34 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by replacing “2020” with “2022” and adding “that for each early childhood education program accepting state funds for infant, toddler and preschool spaces associated with such program's child care program or school readiness program,” in Subpara. (A), replacing “2020” with “2022”, replacing “2023” with “2025” and replacing “a bachelor's” with “an associate”, deleting provision re associate degree with concentration in early childhood education from institution of higher education that is regionally accredited and adding provision re childhood development associate credential or equivalent credential and 12 credits or more in early childhood education or child development in Subpara. (B), adding new Subpara. (C) re staff qualifications for period July 1, 2025, until June 30, 2029, redesignating existing Subpara. (C) as Subpara. (D) and amending same to replace “2023” with “2029”, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 19-117 added Subsec. (l) re increasing salaries of individuals with direct responsibility for teaching or caring for children in a classroom at a school readiness program, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 19-121 amended Subsec. (d)(1) by replacing “five-year period” with “three-year period”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16q. School readiness program requirements. Per child cost limitation. Sliding fee scale. Waiver from schedule requirements. (a) Each school readiness program shall include: (1) A plan for collaboration with other community programs and services, including public libraries, and for coordination of resources in order to facilitate full-day and year-round child care and education programs for children of working parents and parents in education or training programs; (2) parent involvement, parenting education and outreach; (3) (A) record-keeping policies that require documentation of the name and address of each child's doctor, primary care provider and health insurance company and information on whether the child is immunized and has had health screens pursuant to the federal Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services Program under 42 USC 1396d, and (B) referrals for health services, including referrals for appropriate immunizations and screenings; (4) a plan for the incorporation of appropriate preliteracy practices and teacher training in such practices; (5) nutrition services; (6) referrals to family literacy programs that incorporate adult basic education and provide for the promotion of literacy through access to public library services; (7) admission policies that promote enrollment of children from different racial, ethnic and economic backgrounds and from other communities; (8) a plan of transition for participating children from the school readiness program to kindergarten and provide for the transfer of records from the program to the kindergarten program; (9) a plan for professional development for staff, including, but not limited to, training (A) in preliteracy skills development, and (B) designed to assure respect for racial and ethnic diversity; (10) a sliding fee scale for families participating in the program pursuant to section 17b-749d; and (11) an annual evaluation of the effectiveness of the program.

(b) (1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, the per child cost of the Office of Early Childhood school readiness program offered by a school readiness provider shall not exceed eight thousand nine hundred twenty-seven dollars. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, and each fiscal year thereafter, the per child cost of the Office of Early Childhood school readiness program offered by a school readiness provider shall not exceed nine thousand twenty-seven dollars.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (e) of section 10-16p, the office shall not provide funding to any school readiness provider that (A) for the school year commencing July 1, 2015, and each school year thereafter, is a local or regional board of education that does not collect preschool experience data using the preschool experience survey, described in section 10-515, and make such data available for inclusion in the public school information system, pursuant to section 10-10a, (B) on or before January 1, 2004, first entered into a contract with a town to provide school readiness services pursuant to this section and is not accredited on January 1, 2007, or (C) after January 1, 2004, first entered into a contract with a town to provide school readiness services pursuant to this section and does not become accredited by the date three years after the date on which the provider first entered into such a contract, except that the commissioner may grant an extension of time for a school readiness program to become accredited or reaccredited, provided (i) prior to such extension, the office conducts an on-site assessment of any such program and maintains a report of such assessment completed in a uniform manner, as prescribed by the commissioner, that includes a list of conditions such program must fulfill to become accredited or reaccredited, (ii) on or before June 30, 2014, the program is licensed by the Department of Public Health if required to be licensed by chapter 368a, and on and after July 1, 2014, the program is licensed by the office if required to be licensed by chapter 368a, (iii) the program has a corrective action plan that shall be prescribed by and monitored by the office, and (iv) the program meets such other conditions as may be prescribed by the commissioner. During the period of such extension, such program shall be eligible for funding pursuant to section 10-16p.

(3) A school readiness provider may provide child care services and the cost of such child care services shall not be subject to such per child cost limitation.

(c) A local or regional board of education may implement a sliding fee scale for the cost of services provided to children enrolled in a school readiness program.

(d) A town or school readiness council may file a waiver application to the office on forms provided by the office for the purpose of seeking approval of a school readiness schedule that varies from the minimum hours and number of days provided for in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 10-16p or from the definition of a year-round program pursuant to subdivision (6) of subsection (a) of section 10-16p. The office may approve any such waiver if the office finds that the proposed schedule meets the purposes set forth in the provisions of section 10-16o concerning the development of school readiness programs and maximizes available dollars to serve more children or address community needs.

(P.A. 97-259, S. 3, 41; P.A. 98-243, S. 11, 25; P.A. 99-230, S. 2, 10; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 14, 54; P.A. 04-215, S. 3; P.A. 05-245, S. 8; P.A. 06-135, S. 24; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 70; P.A. 08-85, S. 2; 08-170, S. 5; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 33; P.A. 14-39, S. 14; P.A. 15-227, S. 25; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 324; P.A. 18-184, S. 8; P.A. 19-117, S. 260.)

History: P.A. 97-259 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-243 amended Subsec. (a) to add “public libraries” in Subdiv. (1) and provision for the transfer of records in Subdiv. (7), effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-230 amended Subsec. (a) to make the existing Subdiv. (3) Subpara. (B) and to add Subpara. (A) re record-keeping policies, and to require the use of assessment measures developed pursuant to Sec. 10-16s for annual evaluations, effective July 1, 1999; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (a) to renumber Subdivs. (4) to (10) as Subdivs. (5) to (11), to add new Subdiv. (4) re preliteracy practices and in Subdiv. (9) to include plan requirements in Subparas. (A) and (B), effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 04-215 amended Subsec. (b) to change the maximum per child cost from foundation, as defined in Sec. 10-262f(9), to $6,400, and added Subsec. (d) re waiver from requirements of school readiness schedule, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing language re maximum per child cost as Subdiv. (1) and increasing existing per child cost to $6,650 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, by adding new Subdiv. (2) re maximum per child cost for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, and each fiscal year thereafter, and by designating existing language re child day care services as Subdiv. (3), effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by adding provisions re denial of funding for lack of accreditation, effective July 1, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (b)(2) to add language re the per child cost monthly increase beginning January 2008, effective October 6, 2007; P.A. 08-85 amended Subsec. (b) to divide existing Subdiv. (2) into Subdivs. (2) and (3), add language in new Subdiv. (3) re extension of time to become accredited or reaccredited and redesignate existing Subdiv. (3) as new Subdiv. (4), effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 08-170 amended Subsec. (b) to increase maximum per child cost of the department's program to $8,346 for fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, in Subdiv. (2) and to add reference to Ch. 368a in Subdiv. (3)(B)(ii), effective July 1, 2008; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by adding “and each fiscal year thereafter,” and making a technical change, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 14-39 replaced references to Commissioner and Department of Education with references to Commissioner and Office of Early Childhood, amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision re assessment measures in annual evaluations, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting former Subdiv. (1) re per child cost for fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, redesignating existing Subdivs. (2) to (4) as Subdivs. (1) to (3), increasing maximum per child cost of office's program from $8,346 to $8,670 for fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, in redesignated Subdiv. (1), adding new Subpara. (A) re board of education that does not collect preschool experience data, redesignating existing Subpara. (A) re provider of school readiness services that is not accredited on January 1, 2007, as Subpara. (B), redesignating existing Subpara. (B) re provider of school readiness services that does not become accredited by 3 years after date of entering into a contract as Subpara. (C) and amending same to add “on or before June 30, 2014,” and “and on and after July 1, 2014, the program is licensed by the office if required to be licensed by chapter 368a,” in clause (ii) in redesignated Subdiv. (2), amended Subsec. (d) by replacing reference to Sec. 10-16p(a)(7) with reference to Sec. 10-16p(a)(6) and deleting provision re consultation with Department of Social Services, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2014; pursuant to P.A. 15-227, “child day care services” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “child care services” in Subsec. (b)(3), effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by increasing maximum per child cost of office's program from $8,670 to $8,927, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 18-184 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by replacing “fiscal year ending June 30 2015, and each fiscal year thereafter” with “fiscal years ending June 30, 2015, to June 30, 2019, inclusive” and adding provision re commissioner may establish new rates and revise rates for program, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by replacing “fiscal years ending June 30, 2015, to June 30, 2019, inclusive” with “fiscal year ending June 30, 2020”, deleting provision re commissioner may establish new rates and revise rates for program, and adding provision re per child cost of program not to exceed $9,027 for fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, and each fiscal year thereafter, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16v. After school committee established. Appointment of members. Reports and recommendations. Acceptance of funding. Reports to General Assembly. (a) The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services, and the executive director of the Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity, shall establish an after school committee.

(b) The after school committee shall be appointed by the Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services, and the executive director of the Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity and shall include, but not be limited to, persons having expertise in after school programs, after school program providers, local elected officials, members of community agencies, members of the business community and professional educators.

(c) The after school committee may report on and make recommendations, including, but not be limited to, the following: (1) Identification of existing state, federal and private resources to support and sustain after school programs; (2) methods and practices to enhance coordination and goal setting among state agencies to achieve efficiencies and to encourage training and local technical assistance with respect to after school programs; (3) identification of best practices; (4) methods of encouraging community-based providers; (5) professional development; (6) measures to address barriers to after school programs; and (7) a private and public governance structure that ensures sustainability for after school programs.

(d) The Commissioner of Education may seek and accept funding from private organizations that do not receive grants or other funding from the Department of Education to implement the provisions of this section.

(e) The after school committee shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, its findings pursuant to this section to the General Assembly by February 1, 2004.

(f) Not later than February 1, 2019, the after school committee shall submit a report, and any recommendations for legislation, on how to better coordinate, expand, finance and improve the quality, accessibility and affordability of summer and after school programming for school-age children in all settings to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and appropriations, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(P.A. 03-206, S. 1; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3, S. 140; P.A. 18-182, S. 6; P.A. 19-117, S. 113.)

History: P.A. 03-206 effective July 9, 2003; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) by replacing “Commission on Children” with “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors”, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 18-182 added Subsec. (f) re report and recommendations on how to better coordinate, expand, finance and improve quality, accessibility and affordability of summer and after school programming, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) by replacing “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors” with “Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16x. After school program grant. (a) The Department of Education, in consultation with the after school committee established pursuant to section 10-16v, may, within available appropriations, administer a grant program to provide grants to local and regional boards of education, municipalities and not-for-profit organizations that are exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, or any combination thereof, for after school programs that provide direct services and for entities that provide support to after school programs. For purposes of this subsection, “after school program” means a program that takes place when school is not in session, provides educational, enrichment and recreational activities for children in grades kindergarten to twelve, inclusive, and has a parent involvement component.

(b) (1) Applications for grants pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be filed biennially with the Commissioner of Education at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes. As part of the application, an applicant shall submit a plan for the expenditure of grant funds.

(2) Eligibility for grants pursuant to this section shall be determined for a two-year period and shall be based on the plan for expenditure of grant funds. Prior to the payment of funds to the grant recipient for the second year of the grant, the grant recipient shall report to the Department of Education on performance outcomes of the program and file expenditure reports pursuant to subsection (f) of this section. The report concerning performance outcomes shall include, but not be limited to, measurements of the impact on student achievement, school attendance and the in-school behavior of student participants.

(c) The Department of Education and the after school committee established pursuant to section 10-16v shall develop and apply appropriate evaluation procedures to measure the effectiveness of the grant program established pursuant to this section.

(d) For purposes of carrying out the provisions of this section, the Department of Education may accept funds from private sources and from any state agency that is a member of the after school committee.

(e) The Department of Education shall provide grant recipients with technical assistance, evaluation, program monitoring, professional development and accreditation support. The department may retain up to four per cent of the amount appropriated for the grant program for purposes of this subsection.

(f) Grant recipients shall file expenditure reports with the Commissioner of Education in accordance with subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section and at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes. Grant recipients shall refund (1) any unexpended amounts at the close of the program for which the grant was awarded, and (2) any amounts not expended in accordance with the approved grant application.

(g) Not later than February 15, 2012, and biennially thereafter, the Department of Education shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education on performance outcomes of recipients of grants under this section. The report shall include, but not be limited to, measurements of the impact on student achievement, school attendance and the in-school behavior of student participants.

(h) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Department of Education shall award at least ten per cent of the funds appropriated for the grant program to municipalities with a total population of seven thousand five hundred or fewer or local or regional boards of education for towns with a total population of seven thousand five hundred or fewer, except that any such funds not awarded to such municipalities or local or regional boards of education on or before October fifteenth of the fiscal year shall be available to be awarded to any municipality or local or regional board of education.

(i) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and each fiscal year thereafter, grant recipients may expend funds for the purposes of providing transportation as part of the after school program.

(P.A. 05-245, S. 46; P.A. 06-13, S. 3; 06-192, S. 12; 06-196, S. 222; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 26; P.A. 11-136, S. 4; P.A. 12-120, S. 10; P.A. 19-117, S. 248.)

History: P.A. 05-245 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-13 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective May 2, 2006; P.A. 06-192 redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d), making a technical change therein, and added new Subsec. (c) re evaluation procedures, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective June 7, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that grants are for programs that provide direct services and for entities that provide support to after school programs and that after school programs include parent involvement, amended Subsec. (b) to change annual application to biennial application with requirement for a plan for expenditure, to designate existing language as Subdiv. (1) and to add Subdiv. (2) re eligibility, added Subsec. (e) re technical assistance, evaluation, program monitoring and accreditation support, added Subsec. (f) re expenditure reports and added Subsec. (g) re report on performance outcomes, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 11-136 amended Subsec. (g) by replacing “October 1, 2008” with “December 1, 2011”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-120 amended Subsec. (g) by replacing “December 1, 2011” with “February 15, 2012”, effective June 15, 2012; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “or any combination thereof”, added Subsec. (h) re department to award at least 10 per cent of funds to municipalities or local or regional boards of education with total population of 7,500 or fewer, and added Subsec. (i) re recipients may expend funds for transportation, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16z. Early Childhood Cabinet. Members. Duties. (a) There is established the Early Childhood Cabinet. The cabinet shall consist of: (1) The Commissioner of Early Childhood, or the commissioner's designee, (2) the Commissioner of Education, or the commissioner's designee, (3) the Commissioner of Social Services, or the commissioner's designee, (4) the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, or the president's designee, (5) the Commissioner of Public Health, or the commissioner's designee, (6) the Commissioner of Developmental Services, or the commissioner's designee, (7) the Commissioner of Children and Families, or the commissioner's designee, (8) the executive director of the Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity or the executive director's designee, (9) the project director of the Connecticut Head Start State Collaboration Office, (10) a parent or guardian of a child who attends or attended a school readiness program appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, (11) a representative of a local provider of early childhood education appointed by the minority leader of the Senate, (12) a representative of the Connecticut Family Resource Center Alliance appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, (13) a representative of a state-funded child care center appointed by the majority leader of the Senate, (14) two appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, one of whom is a member of a board of education for a town designated as an alliance district, as defined in section 10-262u, and one of whom is a parent who has a child attending a school in an educational reform district, as defined in section 10-262u, (15) two appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, one of whom is a representative of an association of early education and child care providers and one of whom is a representative of a public elementary school with a prekindergarten program, (16) eight appointed by the Governor, one of whom is a representative of the Connecticut Head Start Association, one of whom is a representative of the business community in this state, one of whom is a representative of the philanthropic community in this state, one of whom is a representative of the Connecticut State Employees Association, one of whom is an administrator of the child care development block grant pursuant to the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990, one of whom is responsible for administering grants received under section 1419 of Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1419, as amended from time to time, one of whom is responsible for administering the provisions of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, 20 USC 6301 et seq., and one of whom is responsible for coordinating education services to children and youth who are homeless, (17) the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or the secretary's designee, (18) the Lieutenant Governor, or the Lieutenant Governor's designee, (19) the Commissioner of Housing, or the commissioner's designee, and (20) the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, or the commissioner's designee.

(b) The Commissioner of Early Childhood shall serve as a cochairperson of the cabinet. The other cochairperson of the cabinet shall be appointed from among its members by the Governor. The cabinet shall meet at least quarterly. Members shall not be compensated for their services. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from the cabinet.

(c) Within available resources, the Early Childhood Cabinet shall (1) advise the Office of Early Childhood, established pursuant to section 10-500, (2) not later than December 1, 2009, and annually thereafter, develop an annual plan of action that assigns the appropriate state agency to complete the tasks specified in the federal Head Start Act of 2007, P.L. 110-134, as amended from time to time, and (3) not later than March 1, 2010, and annually thereafter, submit an annual state-wide strategic report, pursuant to said federal Head Start Act, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, addressing the progress such agencies have made toward the completion of such tasks outlined under said federal Head Start Act and this subsection to the Governor and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and human services.

(d) The Early Childhood Cabinet shall be within the Office of Early Childhood for administrative purposes only.

(Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 50; P.A. 11-48, S. 285; 11-181, S. 1; P.A. 14-39, S. 18; P.A. 15-227, S. 13; P.A. 16-15, S. 16; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3, S. 141; P.A. 19-117, S. 114.)

History: Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 effective October 5, 2009; pursuant to P.A. 11-48, “Commissioner of Higher Education” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education” in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-181 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner of Children and Families in Subdiv. (7), replacing representative from a Head Start program with a parent or guardian of a child who attends or attended a school readiness program in Subdiv. (10), redesignating existing Subdivs. (12) to (15) as Subdivs. (14) to (17), adding new Subdiv. (12) re representative of the Connecticut Family Resource Center Alliance and new Subdiv. (13) re representative of a state funded child care center, adding additional appointment in redesignated Subdiv. (16) re representative of Connecticut Head Start Association and making a conforming change, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 14-39 changed “Early Childhood Education Cabinet” to “Early Childhood Cabinet”, amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdiv. (1) re Commissioner of Early Childhood, redesignating existing Subdiv. (1) as Subdiv. (2), deleting former Subdiv. (2) re representative who is responsible for programs under federal act, deleting provision re representative from an institution of higher education in the state and adding “or the president's designee,” in Subdiv. (4), replacing appointments re member of House of Representatives and parent who has child attending school in priority school district with appointments re board of education member for an alliance district and parent who has child attending school in educational reform district in Subdiv. (14), replacing appointment re member of Senate with appointment re representative of association of early education and child care providers in Subdiv. (15), changing number of gubernatorial appointments from 2 to 4 and adding appointments re representatives of philanthropic community and Connecticut State Employees Association in Subdiv. (16) and deleting provision re chairperson appointed from among members by Governor, added new Subsec. (b) re cochairpersons, members and meetings, redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and amended same by replacing “appropriations and such private funding as may be available” with “resources” and replacing provision re coordination among state agencies and public and private partnerships with provision re advising Office of Early Childhood in Subdiv. (1), and redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d) and amended same by replacing “Department of Education” with “Office of Early Childhood”, effective July 1, 2014; P.A. 15-227 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “four” with “eight” and adding additional appointments re administrator of child care development block grant, person responsible for administering grants under section 1419 of Part B of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, person responsible for administering provisions of Title I of Elementary and Secondary Education Act and person responsible for coordinating education services to homeless children and youth in Subdiv. (16), adding Subdiv. (18) re Lieutenant Governor, adding Subdiv. (19) re Commissioner of Housing and adding Subdiv. (20) re Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 16-15 amended Subsec. (a)(4) by replacing “president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education” with “president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities”, effective July 1, 2016; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by replacing “Commission on Children” with “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors”, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by replacing “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors” with “Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16ss. African-American and black studies and Puerto Rican and Latino studies instruction. (a) For the school year commencing July 1, 2021, and each school year thereafter, each local and regional board of education shall include African-American and black studies and Puerto Rican and Latino studies as part of the curriculum for the school district, pursuant to section 10-16b. In developing and implementing the African-American and black studies and Puerto Rican and Latino studies curriculum, the board may utilize the curriculum materials made available by the State Board of Education pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-16b or other existing and appropriate public or private materials, personnel and resources, provided such curriculum is in accordance with the state-wide subject matter content standards, adopted by the state board pursuant to section 10-4.

(b) A local or regional board of education may accept gifts, grants and donations, including in-kind donations, designated for the development and implementation of the African-American and black studies and Puerto Rican and Latino studies curriculum under this section.

(P.A. 19-12, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 19-12 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-16tt. Development of Black and Latino studies course. Audit to ensure course being offered. (a)(1) Not later than January 1, 2021, the State Board of Education shall review and approve the black and Latino studies course developed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section by the State Education Resource Center, established pursuant to section 10-357a. The state board shall approve such course if, following a review of such course, the state board determines that the content of such course is rigorous, aligned with curriculum guidelines approved by the state board, and in accordance with the state-wide subject matter content standards, adopted by the state board pursuant to section 10-4.

(2) Not later than January 15, 2021, the state board, in consultation with the State Education Resource Center, shall submit a description of the black and Latino studies course, which includes the scope and sequence and course objective, and a report on the development and review of such course to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(b) The State Education Resource Center shall develop a black and Latino studies course. Such course shall be one credit and offered at the high school level. In developing such course, the State Education Resource Center may utilize existing and appropriate public or private materials, personnel and other resources, including, but not limited to, persons and organizations with subject matter expertise in African-American, black, Puerto Rican or Latino studies, and the curriculum materials made available pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-16b.

(c) For the school years commencing July 1, 2022, to July 1, 2024, inclusive, the Department of Education shall conduct an annual audit to ensure that the black and Latino studies course approved pursuant to this section is being offered by each local and regional board of education. The department shall annually submit a report on such audit to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(P.A. 19-12, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 19-12 effective June 21, 2019.

Sec. 10-16uu. Black and Latino studies course to be offered in grades nine to twelve. (a) For the school year commencing July 1, 2021, a local or regional board of education may offer the black and Latino studies course, approved pursuant to section 10-16tt, in grades nine to twelve, inclusive.

(b) For the school year commencing July 1, 2022, a local or regional board of education shall offer the black and Latino studies course in grades nine to twelve, inclusive.

(P.A. 19-12, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 19-12 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-17g. Grants for the provision of programs of bilingual education. Annual evaluation report. For the fiscal years ending June 30, 2016, to June 30, 2021, inclusive, the board of education for each local and regional school district that is required to provide a program of bilingual education, pursuant to section 10-17f, may make application to the State Board of Education and shall annually receive, within available appropriations, a grant in an amount equal to the product obtained by multiplying one million nine hundred sixteen thousand one hundred thirty by the ratio which the number of eligible children in the school district bears to the total number of such eligible children state-wide. The board of education for each local and regional school district receiving funds pursuant to this section shall annually, on or before September first, submit to the State Board of Education a progress report which shall include (1) measures of increased educational opportunities for eligible students, including language support services and language transition support services provided to such students, (2) program evaluation and measures of the effectiveness of its bilingual education and English as a second language programs, including data on students in bilingual education programs and students educated exclusively in English as a second language programs, and (3) certification by the board of education submitting the report that any funds received pursuant to this section have been used for the purposes specified. The State Board of Education shall annually evaluate programs conducted pursuant to section 10-17f. For purposes of this section, measures of the effectiveness of bilingual education and English as a second language programs include, but need not be limited to, mastery examination results, under section 10-14n, and graduation and school dropout rates. Any amount appropriated under this section in excess of one million nine hundred sixteen thousand one hundred thirty dollars shall be spent in accordance with the provisions of sections 10-17k, 10-17n and 10-66t. Any unexpended funds, as of November first, appropriated to the Department of Education for purposes of providing a grant to a local or regional board of education for the provision of a program of bilingual education, pursuant to section 10-17f, shall be distributed on a pro rata basis to each local and regional board of education receiving a grant under this section. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2009, to June 30, 2021, inclusive, the amount of grants payable to local or regional boards of education for the provision of a program of bilingual education under this section shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for such grants for such year.

(P.A. 77-588, S. 3, 7; P.A. 84-255, S. 4, 21; P.A. 99-211, S. 8, 10; P.A. 00-220, S. 4, 43; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 5; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 43; P.A. 11-48, S. 177; P.A. 13-207, S. 14; 13-247, S. 159; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 287; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 170; P.A. 19-117, S. 265.)

History: P.A. 84-255 changed the date of the report to the state board from July to September first and required the state board to evaluate the programs annually rather than biennially; P.A. 99-211 in Subdiv. (1) added references to language support services and language transition support services, in Subdiv. (2) added measures of effectiveness of bilingual education and English as a second language programs, added language specifying some measures that are effectiveness measures for purposes of the section and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-220 made a technical change, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 added language re proportional reduction of grants for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, effective July 1, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 extended proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2011, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-48 extended proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 13-207 replaced reference to “state-wide mastery examination” with reference to “mastery examination” and added reference to Sec. 10-14n, effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 13-247 extended proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, effective July 1, 2013; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 replaced “Annually” with “For the fiscal years ending June 30, 2016, and June 30, 2017”, replaced “the total appropriation available for such purpose” with “one million nine hundred sixteen thousand one hundred thirty”, added “but need not be limited to” re measures of effectiveness, added provision re spending of funds appropriated in excess of $1,916,130, added provision re pro rata distribution of unexpended funds, extended proportional reduction of grants for provision of program of bilingual education through fiscal year ending June 30, 2017, and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 replaced “and June 30, 2017” with “to June 30, 2019, inclusive”, added “, within available appropriations,”, and replaced “2017” with “2019”, effective October 31, 2017; P.A. 19-117 replaced “June 30, 2019” with “June 30, 2021” re program of bilingual education and extended proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-18b. Development of guides for firearm safety programs. The State Board of Education, within available appropriations, shall develop guides to aid local and regional boards of education in developing firearm safety programs for students in grades kindergarten to twelve, inclusive, in the public schools. The State Board of Education may consult with the Connecticut Police Chiefs Association when developing such guides. The State Board of Education shall make such guides available to local and regional boards of education.

(P.A. 90-144, S. 4, 6; P.A. 19-5, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 19-5 made development of guides mandatory for students up to grade 12 and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-18c. Firearm safety programs. Exemption from participation. (a) Any local or regional board of education may offer firearm safety programs to students in grades kindergarten to twelve, inclusive, in the public schools under its jurisdiction.

(b) No student shall be required by any local or regional board of education to participate in a firearm safety program which may be offered within the public schools. A written notification to the local or regional board by the student's parent or legal guardian shall be sufficient to exempt the student from such program in its entirety or from any portion thereof so specified by the parent or legal guardian.

(c) If a student is exempted from a firearm safety program pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the local or regional board of education shall provide, during the period of time in which the student would otherwise be participating in such program, an opportunity for other study or academic work.

(P.A. 90-144, S. 5, 6; P.A. 19-5, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 19-5 amended Subsec. (a) to extend offering of program to students up to grade 12, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-19m. (Formerly Sec. 17a-39). Youth service bureaus. Report. Regulations. (a) For the purposes of this section, “youth” means a person from birth to eighteen years of age. Any one or more municipalities or any one or more private youth-serving organizations, designated to act as agents of one or more municipalities, may establish a multipurpose youth service bureau for the purposes of evaluation, planning, coordination and implementation of services, including prevention and intervention programs for delinquent, predelinquent, pregnant, parenting and troubled youths referred to such bureau by schools, police, juvenile courts, adult courts, local youth-serving agencies, parents and self-referrals. A youth service bureau shall be the coordinating unit of community-based services to provide comprehensive delivery of prevention, intervention, treatment and follow-up services.

(b) A youth service bureau established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section may provide, but shall not be limited to the delivery of, the following services: (1) Individual and group counseling; (2) parent training and family therapy; (3) work placement and employment counseling; (4) alternative and special educational opportunities; (5) recreational and youth enrichment programs; (6) outreach programs to insure participation and planning by the entire community for the development of regional and community-based youth services; (7) preventive programs, including youth pregnancy, youth suicide, violence, alcohol and drug prevention; and (8) programs that develop positive youth involvement. Such services shall be designed to meet the needs of youths by the diversion of troubled youths from the justice system as well as by the provision of opportunities for all youths to function as responsible members of their communities.

(c) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing minimum standards for such youth service bureaus and the criteria for qualifying for state cost-sharing grants, including, but not limited to, allowable sources of funds covering the local share of the costs of operating such bureaus, acceptable in-kind contributions and application procedures. The commissioner shall, on December 1, 2011, and biennially thereafter, report to the General Assembly on the referral or diversion of children under the age of eighteen years from the juvenile justice system and the court system. Such report shall include, but not be limited to, the number of times any child is so diverted, the number of children diverted, the type of service provided to any such child, by whom such child was diverted, the ages of the children diverted and such other information and statistics as the General Assembly may request from time to time. Any such report shall contain no identifying information about any particular child.

(P.A. 76-127, S. 1-3, 5; P.A. 78-183, S. 1, 4; P.A. 89-191, S. 3; P.A. 91-146, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-432, S. 1, 6; P.A. 95-339, S. 1, 8; P.A. 06-196, S. 62; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 78; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 78, 89; P.A. 11-136, S. 5, 6; P.A. 19-117, S. 252.)

History: P.A. 78-183 replaced youth service system with youth service bureau and expanded Subsec. (c), clarifying scope of regulations and adding provisions re annual report; P.A. 89-191 added Subsec. (b)(7) and (8) to include preventive programs, including youth suicide, alcohol and drug prevention and programs that develop positive youth involvement; Sec. 17-443 transferred to Sec. 17a-39 in 1991; P.A. 91-146 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that youth service bureaus may coordinate delivery of prevention, intervention, treatment and follow-up services for all youth and made technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-432 added pregnant and parenting youth to the list of individuals who may be referred to a youth service bureau, allowed the adult courts to refer individuals to the youth service bureau, and provided that a youth service bureau shall be the coordinating unit of community-based services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-339 amended Subsec. (c) to transfer responsibility for the program from the Commissioner of Children and Families to the Commissioner of Education, effective July 1, 1995; Sec. 17a-39 transferred to Sec. 10-19m in 1997; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective June 7, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute “age of eighteen” for “age of sixteen” and delete provision re referral or diversion of children between ages of sixteen and eighteen, effective January 1, 2010; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute “age of seventeen” for “age of eighteen” and add provision re referral or diversion of children aged seventeen and eighteen, effective January 1, 2010, and further amended Subsec. (c) to substitute “age of eighteen” for “age of seventeen” and delete provision re referral or diversion of children aged seventeen and eighteen, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 11-136 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “1979” with “2011” and replacing “annually” with “biennially”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing reference to Commissioner of Education with reference to Commissioner of Children and Families and making a technical change, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-19n. (Formerly Sec. 17a-40). State aid for establishment and expansion of youth service bureaus. To assist municipalities and private youth-serving organizations designated to act as agents for such municipalities in establishing, maintaining or expanding such youth service bureaus, the state, acting through the Commissioner of Children and Families, shall provide cost-sharing grants, subject to the provisions of this section for (1) the cost of an administrative core unit and (2) the cost of the direct services unit provided by such youth service bureau. No state grant shall be made for capital expenditures of such bureaus. All youth service bureaus shall submit a request for a grant, pursuant to this section and sections 10-19m and 10-19o, on or before May fifteenth of the fiscal year prior to the fiscal year for which such grant is requested.

(P.A. 78-183, S. 2, 4; P.A. 83-78; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-432, S. 2, 6; P.A. 95-339, S. 2, 8; P.A. 96-178, S. 9, 18; P.A. 19-117, S. 253.)

History: P.A. 83-78 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to remove limitations (tying the amount of state grants to the number of children and youth in the municipality and requiring that any state administered federal funds allocated to the municipality for such units be included in determining the amount of the state grant) on state grants for an administrative core unit and for the direct services unit; Sec. 17-443a transferred to Sec. 17a-40 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-432 defined the functions of administrative core units, removed the reference to the availability of funds as related to the cost-sharing grants, established a time frame for new requests for grants and for already existing youth service bureaus and removed the mathematical formula for the distribution of grants in former Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-339 transferred responsibility for the grants from the Commissioner of Children and Families to the Commissioner of Education, effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: A reference to Sec. 54-91d, repealed by P.A. 95-225, was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 96-178 deleted a provision to give priority to certain applicants and deleted requirement for certain applicants for grants pursuant to Sec. 10-19o to submit applications on or before January thirty-first of the fiscal year prior to the fiscal year for which the grant is requested, effective July 1, 1996; Sec. 17a-40 transferred to Sec. 10-19n in 1997; P.A. 19-117 replaced reference to Commissioner of Education with reference to Commissioner of Children and Families, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-19o. (Formerly Sec. 17a-40a). Youth service bureau grant program. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall establish a program to provide grants to youth service bureaus in accordance with this section. Only youth service bureaus which (1) were eligible to receive grants pursuant to this section for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, (2) applied for a grant by June 30, 2012, with prior approval of the town's contribution pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, (3) applied for a grant during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, (4) applied for a grant during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, with prior approval of the town's contribution pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, or (5) applied for a grant during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, shall be eligible for a grant pursuant to this section. Each such youth service bureau shall receive, within available appropriations, a grant of fourteen thousand dollars. The Department of Children and Families may expend an amount not to exceed two per cent of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section for administrative expenses. If there are any remaining funds, each such youth service bureau that was awarded a grant in excess of fifteen thousand dollars in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1995, shall receive a percentage of such funds. The percentage shall be determined as follows: For each such grant in excess of fifteen thousand dollars, the difference between the amount of the grant awarded to the youth service bureau for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1995, and fifteen thousand dollars shall be divided by the difference between the total amount of the grants awarded to all youth service bureaus that were awarded grants in excess of fifteen thousand dollars for said fiscal year and the product of fifteen thousand dollars and the number of such grants for said fiscal year.

(b) In order for a youth service bureau to receive the full amount of the state grant determined pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, a town shall contribute an amount equal to the amount of the state grant. A town shall provide not less than fifty per cent of its contribution from funds appropriated by the town for that purpose, and the remaining amount in other funds or in-kind contributions in accordance with regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Children and Families in accordance with chapter 54.

(c) Any funds remaining due to a town's failure to match funds as provided in subsection (b) of this section shall be redistributed in accordance with the provisions of this section. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to coordinate the youth service bureau program and to administer the grant system established pursuant to this section and sections 10-19m and 10-19n.

(P.A. 93-432, S. 3, 6; P.A. 95-339, S. 3, 8; P.A. 96-178, S. 10, 18; 96-244, S. 58, 63; P.A. 98-186, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1, S. 32, 51; P.A. 00-187, S. 22, 75; P.A. 01-173, S. 7, 67; P.A. 03-174, S. 11; P.A. 05-245, S. 37; P.A. 06-135, S. 18; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 35; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 230; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 257; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 69; P.A. 18-182, S. 1; P.A. 19-117, S. 254.)

History: P.A. 93-432 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-339 transferred responsibility for the program from the Department of Children and Families to the Department of Education, added the limitation on eligibility for grants, provided for the $12,000 grant, added the method for distribution of any remaining funds and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: A reference to Sec. 54-91d, repealed by P.A. 95-225, was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 96-178 amended Subsec. (a) to change the date concerning eligibility from “1995” to “1996”, to remove a reference to eligibility for grants to youth service bureaus which applied to the Commissioner of Children and Families by June 11, 1995 and to make technical changes and amended Subsec. (b) to substitute “State Board” for “Commissioner”, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-244 amended Subsec. (a) to expand the number of youth service bureaus eligible for grants to include youth service bureaus which applied for a grant by May 15, 1996, and repeated changes enacted by P.A. 96-178, effective June 6, 1996; Sec. 17a-40a transferred to Sec. 10-19o in 1997; P.A. 98-186 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute 1998 for 1996 in the eligibility dates for grants, effective July 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1 amended Subsec. (a) to extend eligibility dates for grants by one year and increased grant amount from $12,000 to $14,000, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-187 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the time frames by one year from 1999 to 2000, effective June 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the time frames to 2001, and to change the date for eligibility based on an application from May 15 to June 30, effective July 6, 2001; P.A. 03-174 amended Subsec. (a) to extend time frames from 2001 to 2003, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (a) by extending time frames from 2003 to 2005, effective June 30, 2005; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (a) by extending time frames from 2005 to 2006, effective June 6, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) by extending time frames from 2006 to 2007, effective July 1, 2007; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “June 30, 2007” with “June 30, 2012” re grant application and replacing “July 1, 2007” with “July 1, 2012” re grant eligibility, effective June 15, 2012; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “or which applied for a grant during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2015,”, effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions re youth service bureaus eligible for grant as Subdivs. (1) to (3), adding Subdiv. (4) re youth service bureau that applied for grant during fiscal year ending June 30, 2017, deleting “for any fiscal year commencing on or after July 1, 2012”, adding “within available appropriations” re eligibility for grant, and making technical and conforming changes, effective October 31, 2017; P.A. 18-182 amended Subsec. (a)(4) by replacing “2017” with “2018”, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing references to Commissioner of Education and Department of Education with references to Commissioner of Children and Families and Department of Children and Families, respectively, and adding Subdiv. (5) re grant applied for during fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by replacing references to State Board of Education with references to Commissioner of Children and Families, and made a technical change, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-19p. (Formerly Sec. 17a-41). Assistance to youth service bureaus. The Department of Children and Families shall provide grant management services, program monitoring, program evaluation and technical assistance to such state-aided youth service bureaus, and the Commissioner of Children and Families may assign or appoint necessary personnel to perform such duties, subject to the provisions of chapter 67.

(P.A. 78-183, S. 3, 4; P.A. 82-63; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-339, S. 4, 8; P.A. 19-117, S. 255.)

History: P.A. 82-63 deleted the requirement that assistance be given “from funds appropriated for grants under the provisions of this section and sections 17-443 and 17-443a”; Sec. 17-443b transferred to Sec. 17a-41 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-339 transferred responsibility for the program from the Department of Children and Families to the Department of Education, effective July 1, 1995; Sec. 17a-41 transferred to Sec. 10-19p in 1997; P.A. 19-117 replaced references to Department of Education and Commissioner of Education with references to Department of Children and Families and Commissioner of Children and Families, respectively, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-19q. Enhancement grant program for youth service bureaus. (a) The Department of Children and Families shall administer, within available appropriations, an enhancement grant program for youth service bureaus. The department shall annually award grants in the amounts of: (1) Three thousand three hundred dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population of not more than eight thousand or towns with a total combined population of not more than eight thousand; (2) five thousand dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population greater than eight thousand, but not more than seventeen thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than eight thousand, but not more than seventeen thousand; (3) six thousand two hundred fifty dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with population greater than seventeen thousand, but not more than thirty thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than seventeen thousand, but not more than thirty thousand; (4) seven thousand five hundred fifty dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population greater than thirty thousand, but not more than one hundred thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than thirty thousand, but not more than one hundred thousand; and (5) ten thousand dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population greater than one hundred thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than one hundred thousand.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and each fiscal year thereafter, the amount of grants payable to youth service bureaus shall be (1) reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for such grants for such year, or (2) increased proportionately if the total of such grants in such year is less than the amount appropriated for such grants in such year.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 36; P.A. 12-120, S. 3; P.A. 19-117, S. 256.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 12-120 added “within available appropriations” and added provision re proportional reduction of grants, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 19-117 designated existing provisions re administration and grant amounts of program as Subsec. (a) and amended same by replacing reference to Department of Education with reference to Department of Children and Families, and designated remaining existing provisions as Subsec. (b) and amended same by replacing “2013” with “2020”, designating existing provision re proportional reduction of grant as Subdiv. (1) and adding Subdiv. (2) re proportional increase of grant, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-19r. Department of Children and Families. Youth service bureau grant program and enhancement grant program. Successor department. The Department of Children and Families shall constitute a successor department, in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-38d, 4-38e and 4-39, to the Department of Education for purposes of administering the youth services bureau grant program and enhancement grant program pursuant to sections 10-19m to 10-19q.

(P.A. 19-117, S. 251.)

History: P.A. 19-117 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-21j. Connecticut Apprenticeship and Education Committee. (a) The Commissioner of Education, in collaboration with the Board of Regents for Higher Education, shall establish the Connecticut Apprenticeship and Education Committee to coordinate and identify (1) potential preapprenticeship and apprenticeship training program integration, and (2) leveraged funding identification of career technical education programs within high schools and programs within higher education institutions for careers in various industries. Such committee shall include, but not be limited to, (A) representatives from the Department of Economic and Community Development, the Labor Department, the Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology, the Connecticut Manufacturers Collaborative, the Technical Education and Career System, the advanced manufacturing centers at the regional ­community-technical colleges, independent institutions of higher education in the state that offer training in the field of manufacturing, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission, companies and employee organizations that represent manufacturing workers, and (B) teachers, guidance counselors, school counselors, principals and superintendents.

(b) On or before July 1, 2020, and annually thereafter, the committee established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to commerce, higher education and workforce development and labor and public employees an analysis of whether current apprenticeship training programs available to Connecticut residents are meeting workforce needs. The committee shall consult with members of the manufacturing industry when producing such report. In addition to consulting with manufacturing industries, the committee shall consult with members of insurance, health care, financial technology, biotechnology, STEM, construction trades and hospitality industries and any other appropriate industry to coordinate and identify potential modern preapprenticeship and apprenticeship training programs and shall review and consider European apprenticeship training programs when producing such report.

(c) The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the committee established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, shall introduce middle school and high school students, their parents or guardians, guidance counselors and school counselors to careers in the industries described in subsection (b) of this section. The commissioner may enter into partnerships with one or more private sector entities to further the goals of this subsection.

(d) The Department of Education, in consultation with representatives from the industries described in subsection (b) of this section, shall develop a best practices guide to help local and regional boards of education to incorporate relationships with the industries described in subsection (b) of this section in their middle school and high school curricula.

(P.A. 16-114, S. 1; P.A. 17-237, S. 47; P.A. 18-15, S. 1, 2; P.A. 19-68, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 16-114 effective June 3, 2016; P.A. 17-237 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “technical high school system” with “Technical Education and Career System”, effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 18-15 amended Subsecs. (a)(2) and (d) by adding reference to school counselors, and making technical changes, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-68 substantially amended Subsec. (a) including by replacing “a committee” with “the Connecticut Apprenticeship and Education Committee”, replacing provision re coordination of education of middle school and high school students about careers in manufacturing with provisions re coordination and identification of potential preapprenticeship and apprenticeship training program integration and leveraged funding identification of certain programs, adding reference to Connecticut Manufacturers Collaborative and adding reference to principals and superintendents, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (b) and amended same by replacing “February 1, 2017” with “July 1, 2020”, adding provision requiring report to labor and public employees committee, replacing “students” with “residents”, and adding provision re committee consulting with members of certain industries and review of European apprenticeship training programs, redesignating existing Subsec. (d) as Subsec. (c) and amending same by deleting “develop and administer a program to”, deleting provisions re promotional items program may include and visits may be included in partnerships, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (d) and amended same by replacing provisions re representatives from manufacturing industry and Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology with reference to industries described in Subsec. (b), and made technical and conforming changes, effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-21l. Computer science education account. There is established an account to be known as the “computer science education account”, which shall be a separate, nonlapsing account within the General Fund. The account shall contain any moneys required or permitted by law to be deposited in the account and any funds received from any public or private contributions, gifts, grants, donations, bequests or devises to the account. The Department of Education may make expenditures from the account to support curriculum development, teacher professional development, capacity development for school districts, and other programs for the purposes of supporting computer science education.

(P.A. 19-128, S. 10.)

History: P.A. 19-128 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-29a. Certain days, weeks and months to be proclaimed by Governor. Distribution and number of proclamations. (a)(1) Martin Luther King Day. The Governor shall proclaim the fifteenth day of January of each year prior to 1986, and commencing on the twentieth day of January in 1986, the first Monday occurring on or after January fifteenth of each year, to be Martin Luther King Day, and the last school day before such day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day honoring Martin Luther King for his selfless devotion to the advancement of equality and the preservation of human rights.

(2) Pan American Day. The Governor shall proclaim April fourteenth of each year to be Pan American Day, which day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day honoring the Latin American republics, and shall otherwise be suitably observed by such public exercises in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates. If such schools are not in session on such day, Pan American Day shall be observed in the schools on the school day next succeeding or on a succeeding day designated by each local or regional board of education.

(3) Arbor Day. The last Friday of April in each year shall be observed in Connecticut as Arbor Day. The Governor shall annually designate this day with suitable proclamation or letter urging that on Arbor Day schools, civic organizations, governmental departments and all citizens and groups give serious thought to, and mark by appropriate exercises of a public nature, the value of trees and forests, the ornamentation of our streets, highways and parks with trees; and the economic benefits to be derived from well-cultivated orchards and forests.

(4) Loyalty Day. The Governor shall proclaim May first in each year to be Loyalty Day, which day shall be set aside as a special day for the reaffirmation of loyalty to the United States of America and for the recognition of the heritage of American freedom; and the flag of the United States shall be displayed on all state buildings on said day. Said day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state.

(5) Senior Citizens Day. The Governor shall proclaim the first Sunday in May in each year as Senior Citizens Day, in honor of the elderly citizens of the state and in recognition of their continued contribution to the state and the enrichment of the lives of all its citizens.

(6) Flag Day. The Governor shall, annually, designate by official proclamation or letter the fourteenth day of June as Flag Day and suitable exercises, having reference to the adoption of the national flag, shall be held in the public schools on the day so designated or, if that day is not a school day, on the school day preceding, or on any such other day as the local or regional board of education prescribes. On Flag Day suitable instruction in the method of displaying the flag and in the respect due the flag shall be given, based upon the flag code as adopted and revised by the National Flag Conference.

(7) School Safety Patrol Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Monday in September of each year to be School Safety Patrol Day, which shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state with a program on highway safety to call attention to the fine work of school safety patrols.

(8) Nathan Hale Day. The Governor shall proclaim September twenty-second of each year to be Nathan Hale Day, which day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day honoring Nathan Hale for his selfless patriotism.

(9) Indian Day. The Governor shall proclaim the last Friday in September in each year to be Indian Day, which day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day of commemoration of American Indians and their contribution to American life and civilization.

(10) Puerto Rico Day. The Governor shall proclaim the fourth Sunday in September in each year as Puerto Rico Day to honor the contribution to the welfare of the state made by persons of Puerto Rican ancestry, which day shall be suitably observed by such public exercises in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates. Puerto Rico Day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state on the school day next succeeding the fourth Sunday in September or on such succeeding day as may be designated by the local or regional board of education.

(11) Leif Erikson Day. The Governor shall proclaim a day within the first nine days of October of each year to be Leif Erikson Day, which day shall be suitably observed in all the public schools of the state as a day of commemoration of the Scandinavian peoples and their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country in the past and are now making, and also as a tribute to the gallant explorations of the Vikings.

(12) Fire Prevention Day. The Governor shall, also, by proclamation or letter, annually designate a day, on or about October ninth, to be known as Fire Prevention Day, which day shall be observed in the schools and in such other way as is indicated in such proclamation or letter.

(13) Columbus Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Monday in October of each year to be Columbus Day. Suitable exercises shall be held in the public schools, having reference to the historical events connected therewith and in commemoration of the Italian people, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country, such exercises to be held during the week within which Columbus Day occurs or on such other day as the local or regional board of education prescribes.

(14) Veterans' Day. The Governor shall annually issue a proclamation or letter calling for the observance of the eleventh day of November as Veterans' Day, in recognition of the service and sacrifice of the sons and daughters of Connecticut who served in the naval and military service of the United States in time of war. Suitable exercises shall be held in the public schools, having reference to the historical events connected therewith, such exercises to be held during the week within which Veterans' Day occurs or on any such other day as the local or regional board of education prescribes.

(15) St. Patrick's Day. The Governor shall proclaim March seventeenth of each year to be St. Patrick's Day to honor the Irish people, their culture and the contribution they have made to this state and country, which day shall be suitably observed by such public exercises in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates.

(16) German-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim October sixth of each year to be German-American Day to honor Americans of German ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(17) Friends Day. The Governor shall proclaim the fourth Sunday in April of each year to be Friends Day in honor of the enduring value of friendship and in recognition of the fundamental need, common to each member of our society, for a friend.

(18) Lithuanian Day. The Governor shall proclaim a date certain in each year as Lithuanian Day to honor the contribution to the welfare of the state made by persons of Lithuanian ancestry and to commemorate the culture of the Lithuanian people.

(19) Powered Flight Day. The Governor shall proclaim a date certain in each year as Powered Flight Day to honor the first powered flight by Gustave Whitehead and to commemorate the Connecticut aviation and aerospace industry.

(20) Ukrainian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim August twenty-fourth of each year to be Ukrainian-American Day to honor Americans of Ukrainian ancestry, their culture and the contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(21) Retired Teachers Day. The Governor shall proclaim the third Wednesday in February in each year as Retired Teachers Day in honor of the retired teachers of the state and in recognition of their contributions.

(22) End of World War II Day. The Governor shall proclaim August fourteenth of each year as the day to commemorate the end of World War II. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(23) Honor Our Heroes and Remembrance Day. The Governor shall proclaim September eleventh of each year as Honor Our Heroes and Remembrance Day, in memory of those who lost their lives or suffered injuries in the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and in honor of the service, sacrifice and contributions of the firefighters, police officers and other personnel who responded to such attacks. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(24) Workers' Memorial Day. The Governor shall proclaim April twenty-eighth of each year to be Workers' Memorial Day to commemorate and to honor workers who have died on the job in the state. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(25) Disability Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim July twenty-sixth of each year to be Disability Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of the needs of persons with disabilities. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(26) Volunteer Firefighter and Volunteer Emergency Medical Services Personnel Day. The Governor shall proclaim the first Saturday in August of each year to be Volunteer Firefighter and Volunteer Emergency Medical Services Personnel Day in recognition of the service, sacrifice and contributions of such volunteers to the public health and safety. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(27) Women's Independence Day. The Governor shall proclaim August twenty-sixth of each year to be Women's Independence Day to commemorate the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States granting women the right to vote. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(28) Destroyer Escort Day. The Governor shall proclaim the third Saturday in June of each year as Destroyer Escort Day to commemorate and honor the service of destroyer escort ships in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War and the sailors who served on them. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(29) Iwo Jima Day. The Governor shall proclaim February twenty-third of each year to be Iwo Jima Day to commemorate the raising of the American flag over the battlefield at Iwo Jima. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(30) Korean Armistice Day. The Governor shall proclaim July twenty-seventh of each year to be Korean Armistice Day to commemorate the signing of the armistice ending the Korean hostilities. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(31) Prudence Crandall Day. The Governor shall proclaim September third of each year to be Prudence Crandall Day in honor of her birthday. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(32) Polish-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim May third of each year to be Polish-American Day to honor Americans of Polish ancestry, their culture and the contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(33) Green Up Day. The Governor shall proclaim the last Saturday in April of each year to be Green Up Day to encourage citizens to clean up their communities, to plant trees and flowers and to otherwise enhance the physical beauty of the state's communities and countryside. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(34) Romanian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim December first of each year to be Romanian-American Day to honor Americans of Romanian ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(35) Republic of China on Taiwan-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim October tenth of each year to be Republic of China on Taiwan-American Day to honor Americans of Chinese-Taiwanese ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(36) Austrian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim May fifteenth of each year to be Austrian-American Day to honor Americans of Austrian ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(37) Greek-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim March twenty-fifth of each year, the day that Greeks celebrate as Greek Independence Day, to be Greek-American Day to honor Americans of Greek ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(38) Hungarian Freedom Fighters Day. The Governor shall proclaim October ­twenty-third of each year to be Hungarian Freedom Fighters Day to honor the bravery of the Hungarian freedom fighters during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(39) National Children's Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Sunday in October of each year to be National Children's Day. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(40) Youth to Work Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Wednesday of February of each year to be Youth to Work Day to allow an adult to bring a youth to work for the purpose of exposing such youth to the workplace. Suitable programs shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(41) Christa Corrigan McAuliffe Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-fourth of each year to be Christa Corrigan McAuliffe Day to commemorate her valor and to honor the commitment and dedication of teachers throughout the United States. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(42) Gulf War Veterans Day. The Governor shall proclaim February twenty-eighth of each year to be Gulf War Veterans Day, in recognition of the service and sacrifice of the sons and daughters of Connecticut who served in the military service of the United States in the Persian Gulf War. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(43) Long Island Sound Day. The Governor shall proclaim the Friday before Memorial Day of each year to be Long Island Sound Day to encourage citizens to acknowledge and celebrate the economic, recreational and environmental values of the Sound. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(44) A Week to Remember Persons who have a Disability or are Shut-in. The Governor shall proclaim the third week in May of each year to be A Week to Remember Persons who have a Disability or are Shut-in. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(45) Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services Personnel Week. The Governor shall proclaim the first week in August of each year to be Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services Personnel Week in recognition of the service, sacrifice and contributions of such personnel to the public health and safety. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(46) Family Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Sunday in September of each year to be Family Day. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(47) Connecticut Aviation Pioneer Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-fifth of each year to be Connecticut Aviation Pioneer Day to commemorate and to honor Igor I. Sikorsky. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(48) Juneteenth Independence Day. The Governor shall proclaim the Saturday that is closest to June nineteenth of each year to be Juneteenth Independence Day in recognition of the formal emancipation of enslaved African-Americans pursuant to General Order No. 3 of June 19, 1865, in Galveston, Texas. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(49) Corsair Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-ninth of each year to be Corsair Day, to commemorate the first flight of the F4U Corsair and to honor the achievement of Connecticut workers at United Aircraft, Pratt and Whitney, Hamilton Standard and the Vought-Sikorsky companies in the production of the F4U Corsair, the only major combat aircraft of World War II that was the product of a single state. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(50) Frederick Law Olmsted Day. The Governor shall proclaim April twenty-sixth of each year to be Frederick Law Olmsted Day to honor his legacy as the founder of American landscape architecture. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(51) Lung Cancer Awareness Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of November to be Lung Cancer Awareness Month to heighten public awareness of the fact that lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death of both men and women in the United States. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(52) Woman-Owned Business Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of May to be Woman-Owned Business Month to honor the contribution that women-owned businesses make to our state. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(53) Arnold-Chiari Malformation Awareness Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of September to be Arnold-Chiari Malformation Awareness Month to heighten public awareness of Arnold-Chiari Malformation's attendant presentations and treatments. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(54) Missing Persons Day. The Governor shall proclaim August twenty-third of each year to be Missing Persons Day to raise awareness of the plight of the families of state citizens who have been reported as missing. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(55) Fibromyalgia Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twelfth of each year to be Fibromyalgia Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for fibromyalgia disorder. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(56) Fragile X Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim September thirteenth of each year to be Fragile X Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of Fragile X's attendant presentations and treatments. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(57) Self Injury Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim March first of each year to be Self Injury Awareness Day to increase awareness of the issues surrounding self injury. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(58) Mitochondrial Disease Awareness Week. The Governor shall proclaim the third week in September of each year to be Mitochondrial Disease Awareness Week to raise awareness of Mitochondrial Disease. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(59) Thomas Paine Day. The Governor shall proclaim the twenty-ninth day of January of each year to be Thomas Paine Day to honor Thomas Paine, the author and theorist, for his instrumental role in the cause of independence leading to the American Revolution. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(60) Canada Appreciation Day. The Governor shall proclaim July first, Canada Day, of each year to be Canada Appreciation Day to honor the close ties of geography, culture and economy between our two countries. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(61) Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day. The Governor shall proclaim March thirtieth of each year to be Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day, to commemorate and honor the return home of the members of the armed forces who served in Vietnam. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(62) Irish-American Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of March of each year to be Irish-American Month to honor Americans of Irish ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(63) Italian-American Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of October of each year to be Italian-American Month to honor Americans of Italian ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(64) Native American Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of November of each year to be Native American Month to honor Americans of Native American ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(65) French Canadian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim June twenty-fourth of each year to be French Canadian-American Day to honor Americans of French Canadian ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(66) First Responder Day. The Governor shall proclaim September twenty-seventh of each year to be First Responder Day in recognition of the service, sacrifice and contribution of such personnel to the public health and safety. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(67) Are You Dense? Breast Cancer Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim October thirtieth of each year to be Are You Dense? Breast Cancer Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for breast cancer. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(68) Neurological Disorders Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim October ninth of each year to be Neurological Disorders Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for neurological disorders. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(69) Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Respiratory Distress Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim February tenth of each year to be Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Respiratory Distress Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(70) Dwarfism Awareness Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of October of each year to be Dwarfism Awareness Month to increase public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for dwarfism. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(71) Safe Haven Day. The Governor shall proclaim April fourth of each year to be Safe Haven Day to heighten public awareness of the safe haven law, sections 17a-57 to 17a-61, inclusive, concerning the voluntary surrender of infants thirty days or younger and the availability of safe havens in the state. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(72) Trigeminal Neuralgia Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim October seventh of each year to be Trigeminal Neuralgia Awareness Day to increase public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for trigeminal neuralgia. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(73) Bob Hope Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-ninth of each year to be Bob Hope Day to recognize Bob Hope's efforts across the globe in support of United States military service members. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(74) Purebred Dog Day. The Governor shall proclaim May first of each year to be Purebred Dog Day to honor purebred dogs and their breeders. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(75) Male Breast Cancer Awareness Week. The Governor shall proclaim the third week in October of each year to be Male Breast Cancer Awareness Week to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for male breast cancer. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(76) Lyme Disease Awareness Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of May of each year to be Lyme Disease Awareness Month to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for Lyme disease. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(77) PJ Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Friday in December of each year to be PJ Day to raise awareness of all of those children being treated and cared for in hospitals across the state. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(78) Patriots' Day. The Governor shall proclaim the third Monday in April of each year to be Patriots' Day to commemorate the anniversary of the Battles of Lexington and Concord during the American Revolutionary War. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(79) National K9 Veterans' Day. The Governor shall proclaim March thirteenth of each year to be National K9 Veterans' Day to honor federal, state and local law enforcement K9 Corps units and their service to our local communities, state and country. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(80) Connecticut Maple Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of March of each year to be Connecticut Maple Month to recognize the continued contribution of maple producers in the state who perpetuate a cherished New England tradition and who positively impact our economy, environment and way of life. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(81) Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim November twenty-sixth of each year to be Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva Awareness Day to raise public awareness of the rare connective tissue disease. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(82) Jewish American Heritage Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of May of each year to be Jewish American Heritage Month to honor Americans of Jewish ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

(83) Cable Technician Recognition Day. The Governor shall proclaim September eighth of each year to be Cable Technician Recognition Day to honor cable technicians. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(84) Military Spouses' Day. The Governor shall proclaim November twelfth of each year to be Military Spouses' Day to acknowledge the significant contributions, support, and sacrifices of spouses of members of the Armed Forces. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(85) Sikh Genocide Remembrance Day. The Governor shall proclaim November first of each year to be Sikh Genocide Remembrance Day to remember the lives lost on November 1, 1984, during the Sikh Genocide. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(86) Eating Disorders Awareness Week. The Governor shall proclaim the fourth week in February of each year to be Eating Disorders Awareness Week to heighten public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for eating disorders. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(87) Cadet Nurse Corps Day. The Governor shall proclaim June fifteenth of each year to be Cadet Nurse Corps Day to honor women who served during the Second World War as members of the Cadet Nurse Corps. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(88) Connecticut Older Horse Week. The Governor shall proclaim the fourth week in May of each year to be Connecticut Older Horse Week to spread awareness of the active role that horses play in farming, sports and entertainment and to recognize the retired horses of the state. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(89) Kidney Disease Awareness Week. The Governor shall proclaim the first week in September of each year to be Kidney Disease Awareness Week to raise public awareness of the associated presentation and available treatments for chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, the need for artificial filtering or dialysis, kidney donations and kidney transplants, and the diseases or conditions that impair kidney function such as diabetes and hypertension and the various types of kidney disease such as polycystic kidney disease. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

(90) 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Day. The Governor shall proclaim November ­twenty-second of each year to be 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Day to raise public awareness of this genetic disease and available treatments for it. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(91) Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Day. The Governor shall proclaim May seventeenth of each year to be Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Day to raise public awareness of this type of brain cancer. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(92) Thirteenth Amendment Day. The Governor shall proclaim December sixth of each year to be Thirteenth Amendment Day to reflect upon, remember and celebrate the ratification of the thirteenth amendment to the United States Constitution, which abolished slavery. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(93) Clubfoot Day. The Governor shall proclaim June third of each year to be Clubfoot Day to raise public awareness of this musculoskeletal birth deformity and available treatments for it. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(94) Encephalitis Day. The Governor shall proclaim February twenty-second of each year to be Encephalitis Day to raise awareness of encephalitis and acknowledge those who have been directly or indirectly affected by encephalitis. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(95) U.S.S. Indianapolis CA-35 Day. The Governor shall proclaim July thirtieth of each year to be U.S.S. Indianapolis CA-35 Day to commemorate and honor the cruiser and the service, sacrifice and bravery of the sailors of Connecticut who served aboard the ship during World War II, and in recognition of the U.S.S. Indianapolis CA-35's final sailing crew, the pilots who discovered the survivors and the rescue and recovery crews. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(96) Advance Directive Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim April sixteenth of each year to be Advance Directive Awareness Day to raise public awareness of the importance of planning ahead for health care decisions and to encourage the use of advance directives. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(97) Moyamoya Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim May sixth of each year to be Moyamoya Awareness Day to raise public awareness of the symptoms and available treatments for this cerebrovascular disease. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

(b) Distribution and number of proclamations. The number of the Governor's proclamations for the initial observance of a day under any subdivision of subsection (a) of this section that are printed, handled and mailed shall be limited to the following: (1) One copy of each proclamation issued by the Governor shall be distributed (A) to each municipality, (B) to each school in each municipality, (C) to each public and private institution of higher education and (D) to each public library. (2) One copy of those proclamations declaring a day of fasting and prayer, Independence Day, and Thanksgiving Day shall be distributed to each church and synagogue in the state. The Governor may issue either not more than one proclamation or not more than one letter to each such entity to proclaim the subsequent observance of each such day.

(P.A. 78-218, S. 26; P.A. 83-11; P.A. 84-56, S. 1; 84-546, S. 21, 173; P.A. 85-219; 85-229; P.A. 87-53, S. 1; P.A. 89-15, S. 1; 89-20, S. 1, 2; 89-118, S. 3; P.A. 90-180; P.A. 91-44; 91-130, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-117, S. 1, 2; 93-281, S. 1; P.A. 94-75, S. 2, 3; 94-88; P.A. 95-25, S. 1, 2; 95-67; P.A. 96-45; 96-84, S. 1, 2; 96-155, S. 1; 96-244, S. 50, 63; P.A. 97-75; 97-77; 97-146, S. 1, 2; 97-288, S. 5, 6; P.A. 02-126, S. 8; P.A. 03-29, S. 1; 03-79, S. 1; P.A. 05-49, S. 2; 05-179, S. 1; P.A. 06-77, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 67; P.A. 09-224, S. 1, 4; P.A. 10-40, S. 1; P.A. 13-210, S. 3, 7; P.A. 14-25, S. 1; 14-188, S. 9; P.A. 15-87, S. 1; 15-241, S. 1; P.A. 17-202, S. 15; 17-204, S. 1; P.A. 18-60, S. 1; P.A. 19-152, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 83-11 required the governor to proclaim March 17 of each year St. Patrick's Day to pay honor to the Irish people; P.A. 84-56 amended Subsec. (a) to reflect date for observance of Martin Luther King Day under federal law and added provisions re German-American Day and Friends Day as Subsecs. (p) and (q), relettering former Subsec. (p) as (r); P.A. 84-546 made technical grammatical changes in Subsec. (c); P.A. 85-219 inserted new Subsec. (r) re Lithuanian Day and P.A. 85-229 inserted new Subsec. (s) re Powered Flight Day, relettering former Subsec. (r) accordingly; P.A. 87-53 added new Subsec. (t) re proclamation of Ukrainian-American Day and relettered Subsec. (t) as Subsec. (u); P.A. 89-15 added new Subsec. re proclamation of Retired Teachers Day; P.A. 89-20 inserted new Subsec. requiring governor to proclaim August fourteenth as day to commemorate end of World War II; P.A. 89-118 inserted new Subsec. re proclamation of 911 Day, relettering Subsecs. as necessary; P.A. 90-180 inserted a new Subsec. (x) re proclamation of Workers' Memorial Day and relettered former Subsec. (x) as Subsec. (y); P.A. 91-44 inserted new Subsec. re proclamation of Disability Awareness Day and relettered former Subsec. (y) accordingly; P.A. 91-130 inserted new Subsecs. re proclamation of Volunteer Firefighter and Volunteer Emergency Medical Services Personnel Day, and re Women's Independence Day, and relettered former Subsec. (y) accordingly; P.A. 93-117 inserted new Subsec. (bb) re proclamation of Destroyer Escort Day, relettered former Subsec. (bb) accordingly and authorized governor to issue letters to proclaim observance of any day under this section after initial observance of the day, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-281 inserted new Subsec. (cc) re proclamation of Iwo Jima Day, necessitating the relettering of newly created (cc) as (dd); P.A. 94-75 inserted new Subsec. (dd) re proclamation of Korean Armistice Day and relettered former Subsec. (dd) accordingly, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 94-88 amended Subsec. (t) by changing date of Ukrainian-American Day from January twenty-second to August twenty-fourth, added new Subsec. (ee) re Prudence Crandall Day and relettered former Subsec. (dd) as (ff); P.A. 95-25 designated Subsecs. (a) to (ee), inclusive, as Subdivs. (1) to (31), inclusive, of Subsec. (a) and added Subdiv. (32) re proclamation of Polish-American Day and designated Subsec. (ff) as Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-67 added new Subdiv. (33) re Green Up Day; P.A. 96-45 added new Subdiv. in Subsec. (a), codified by the Revisors as (39), re National Children's Day; P.A. 96-84 added Subdivs. (34) to (38), inclusive, in Subsec. (a) re Romanian-American Day, Republic of China on Taiwan-American Day, Austrian-American Day, Greek-American Day and Hungarian Freedom Fighters Day, effective May 8, 1996; P.A. 96-155 added new Subdiv. in Subsec. (a), codified by the Revisors as (40), re Youth to Work Day; P.A. 96-244 added new Subdiv. in Subsec. (a), codified by the Revisors as (41), re Christa Corrigan McAuliffe Day, effective June 6, 1996; P.A. 97-75 added Subsec. (a)(42) re Gulf War Veterans Day; P.A. 97-77 added Subsec. (a)(43) re Long Island Sound Day; P.A. 97-146 added new Subdivs. (44) and (45) in Subsec. (a) re A Week to Remember Persons who are Disabled or Shut-in and Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services Personnel Week, effective June 13, 1997; P.A. 97-288 added new Subsec. (a)(46) re Family Day, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 02-126 amended Subsec. (a)(23) by proclaiming September eleventh of each year as Remembrance Day in lieu of 911 Day, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-29 added Subsec. (a)(47) re Connecticut Aviation Pioneer Day, effective April 25, 2003; P.A. 03-79 added Subsec. (a)(48) re Juneteenth Independence Day, effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 05-49 added Subsec. (a)(49) re Corsair Day, effective May 9, 2005; P.A. 05-179 added Subsec. (a)(50) re Frederick Law Olmsted Day; P.A. 06-77 added Subsec. (a)(51) re Lung Cancer Awareness Month (Revisor's note: Although when it was enacted Subdiv. (51) included the catchline “Lung Cancer Awareness Month”, the Revisors have treated that catchline as though they had added it editorially and it will therefore be printed in boldface type for consistency with the other subdivision catchlines in this section); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 added Subsec. (a)(52) re ­Woman-Owned Business Month, effective June 29, 2007; P.A. 09-224 amended Subsec. (a)(23) to redesignate September eleventh of each year as “Honor Our Heroes and Remembrance Day” and added Subsec. (a)(53) re Arnold-Chiari Malformation Awareness Month, Subsec. (a)(54) re Missing Persons Day, Subsec. (a)(55) re Fibromyalgia Awareness Day, Subsec. (a)(56) re Fragile X Awareness Day, Subsec. (a)(57) re Self Injury Awareness Day, Subsec. (a)(58) re Mitochondrial Disease Awareness Week, Subsec. (a)(59) re Thomas Paine Day and Subsec. (a)(60) re Canada Appreciation Day, effective July 8, 2009; P.A. 10-40 added Subsec. (a)(61) re Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day, effective May 18, 2010; P.A. 13-210 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing reference to the Wright Brothers with reference to Gustave Whitehead in Subdiv. (19), adding Subdiv. (62) re Irish-American Month, adding Subdiv. (63) re Italian-American Month, adding Subdiv. (64) re Native American Month and adding Subdiv. (65) re French Canadian-American Day, effective June 25, 2013; P.A. 14-25 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdiv. (66) re First Responder Day, effective May 16, 2014; P.A. 14-188 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re Are You Dense? Breast Cancer Awareness Day and re Neurological Disorders Awareness Day, codified by the Revisors as Subdivs. (67) and (68), respectively, effective June 12, 2014; P.A. 15-87 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. (69) re Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Respiratory Distress Awareness Day and Subdiv. (70) re Dwarfism Awareness Month, effective May 28, 2015; P.A. 15-241 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision, codified by the Revisors as Subdiv. (71), re Safe Haven Day, effective July 6, 2015; P.A. 17-202 amended Subsec. (a)(44) by replacing “A Week to Remember Persons who are Disabled or Shut-in” with “A Week to Remember Persons who have a Disability or are Shut-in”; P.A. 17-204 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. (72) re Trigeminal Neuralgia Awareness Day, Subdiv. (73) re Bob Hope Day, Subdiv. (74) re Purebred Dog Day, Subdiv. (75) re Male Breast Cancer Awareness Week, Subdiv. (76) re Lyme Disease Awareness Month, Subdiv. (77) re PJ Day, Subdiv. (78) re Patriots' Day, Subdiv. (79) re National K9 Veterans' Day, Subdiv. (80) re Connecticut Maple Month, Subdiv. (81) re Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva Awareness Day, and Subdiv. (82) re Jewish American Heritage Month, effective upon the passage of a biennial budget for the biennium ending June 30, 2019; P.A. 18-60 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. (83) re Cable Technician Recognition Day, Subdiv. (84) re Military Spouses' Day, Subdiv. (85) re Sikh Genocide Remembrance Day, and Subdiv. (86) re Eating Disorders Awareness Week, effective June 1, 2018; P.A. 19-152 amended Subsec. (a) to change references from November 30th to November 1st in Subdiv. (85) and to add Subdiv. (87) re Cadet Nurse Corps Day, add Subdiv. (88) re Connecticut Older Horse Week, add Subdiv. (89) re Kidney Disease Awareness Week, add Subdiv. (90) re 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Day, add Subdiv. (91) re Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Day, add Subdiv. (92) re Thirteenth Amendment Day, add Subdiv. (93) re Clubfoot Day, add Subdiv. (94) re Encephalitis Day, add Subdiv. (95) re U.S.S. Indianapolis CA-35 Day, add Subdiv. (96) re Advance Directive Awareness Day and add Subdiv. (97) re Moyamoya Awareness Day, effective July 9, 2019.

PART V

SPECIAL SCHOOLS AND CLASSES

Sec. 10-71. State grants for adult education programs. (a) Each local or regional board of education or regional educational service center which has submitted an adult education proposal to the State Board of Education pursuant to section 10-71a shall, annually, be eligible to receive, within available appropriations, a state grant based on a percentage of eligible costs for adult education as defined in section 10-67, provided such percentage shall be determined as follows:

(1) The percentage of the eligible costs for adult education a local board of education shall receive, under the provisions of this section, shall be determined as follows: (A) Each town shall be ranked in descending order from one to one hundred sixty-nine according to such town's adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as defined in section 10-261; and (B) based upon such ranking, a percentage of not less than zero or more than sixty-five shall be determined for each town on a continuous scale, except that the percentage for a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p shall not be less than twenty. Any such percentage shall be increased by seven and one-half percentage points but shall not exceed sixty-five per cent for any local board of education which provides basic adult education programs for adults at facilities operated by or within the general administrative control and supervision of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, provided such adults reside at such facilities.

(2) The percentage of the eligible costs for adult education a regional board of education shall receive under the provisions of this section shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (A) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town in the district by such town's ranking, as determined in subdivision (1) of this subsection, (B) adding together the figures for each town determined under (A), and (C) dividing the total computed under (B) by the total population of all towns in the district. The ranking of each regional board of education shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such board shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank, except that the reimbursement percentage for a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p shall not be less than twenty.

(3) The percentage of the eligible costs for adult education a regional educational service center shall receive under the provisions of this subsection and section 10-66i shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (A) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each member town in the regional educational service center by such town's ranking, as determined in subdivision (1) of this subsection, (B) adding together the figures for each town determined under (A), and (C) dividing the total computed under (B) by the total population of all member towns in the regional educational service center. The ranking of each regional educational service center shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such center shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (6) of section 10-67, a local or regional board of education or regional educational service center shall be eligible to receive an amount to be paid pursuant to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section. The amount shall equal the eligible expenditures from funds received from private sources by the local or regional board of education, regional educational service center or cooperating eligible entity multiplied by the appropriate percentage, as determined under subsection (a) of this section, provided such amount shall not exceed twenty per cent of the amount received by the local or regional board of education or regional educational service center pursuant to subsection (a) of this section for the previous fiscal year. For payments from private sources to be eligible for reimbursement pursuant to this subsection, (1) based upon estimated eligible costs approved by the Department of Education, the eligible expenditures from local taxes in a fiscal year shall not be less than seventy per cent of the eligible expenditures from local taxes for the previous fiscal year, and (2) the local or regional board of education, regional educational service center or cooperating eligible entity shall provide, not later than a date to be determined by the Commissioner of Education, evidence satisfactory to the commissioner of a written commitment of a payment from a private source. Evidence of actual payment shall be submitted to the commissioner not later than a date established by the commissioner. Upon receipt by a board of education or regional educational service center of state funds pursuant to this subsection attributable to expenditures of a cooperating eligible entity, the board or center shall provide for the distribution of such funds to the cooperating eligible entity for the provision of adult education programs and services pursuant to subparagraph (A) of subsection (a) of section 10-69.

(c) Payments pursuant to this section for each estimated total grant of fifteen hundred dollars or more shall be made during the fiscal year in which such programs are offered as follows: Two-thirds of the grant entitlement based on estimated eligible costs of adult education, included in the approved proposal, in August and the adjusted balance, based on a revised estimate of such eligible costs to be filed with the Commissioner of Education at such time as the commissioner prescribes, in May. Payments pursuant to this section for each estimated total grant of less than fifteen hundred dollars shall be made in a single installment in May of the fiscal year in which such programs are offered, based on a revised estimate of the eligible costs of adult education filed with the Commissioner of Education at such time as the commissioner prescribes. Each recipient of a grant pursuant to this section shall submit a report of actual revenue and expenditures to the Commissioner of Education in such manner and on such forms as the commissioner prescribes on or before the September first immediately following the end of the grant year. Based on the report data, the commissioner shall calculate any underpayment or overpayment of the grant paid pursuant to this section and shall adjust the grant for the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which such underpayment or overpayment occurred or any subsequent fiscal year.

(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2021, inclusive, the amount of the grants payable to towns, regional boards of education or regional educational service centers in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section for such year.

(1949 Rev., S. 1389; 1957, P.A. 581, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 512, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 166, S. 2; P.A. 74-281, S. 2; P.A. 75-479, S. 6, 25; 75-576, S. 2; P.A. 78-218, S. 55; P.A. 79-128, S. 6, 36; P.A. 81-397, S. 6; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-4, S. 5, 8; P.A. 84-325, S. 2, 7; P.A. 85-476, S. 1, 6; 85-557, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-333, S. 5, 32; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1, S. 31, 58; P.A. 87-499, S. 31, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 8, 9, 63; P.A. 89-355, S. 4, 20; P.A. 90-33, S. 2, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-7, S. 4, 22; P.A. 92-262, S. 20, 42; P.A. 93-126, S. 2, 3; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 31, 58; 95-259, S. 7, 32; P.A. 99-224, S. 8, 9; P.A. 03-76, S. 8, 9; 03-100, S. 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 10; P.A. 04-257, S. 10; P.A. 05-245, S. 16; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 3; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 42; P.A. 11-48, S. 176; P.A. 12-59, S. 4; P.A. 13-247, S. 158; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 247; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 171, 576; P.A. 19-117, S. 264.)

History: 1961 act increased rate of reimbursement from six to $0.12 per pupil clock hour and added exception for classes defined as largely recreational in nature; 1967 act required certification of attendance before August first rather than “on the first day of July”; P.A. 74-281 substituted “school district” for “town” in first sentence and deleted other references to town boards, required certification by school districts providing services to other districts, changed reimbursement from $0.12 per pupil clock hour to formula multiplying average daily membership grant by pupil clock hours and dividing by 1,260 and substituted “persons sixty-two years of age or over” for “aged persons, as defined by the state board”; P.A. 75-479 changed divisor in formula to 1,080 and excluded from payment classes or activities “offered pursuant to subdivisions (1) or (2) of section 10-69” rather than those “defined by the state board of education to be largely recreational in nature”; P.A. 75-576 added phrase specifying that approval of state board necessary for cooperative arrangements between school districts and allowed payment for classes “primarily” for handicapped or elderly persons; P.A. 78-218 referred to any local or regional board rather than the board of any school district and made other technical changes; P.A. 79-128 changed formula by substituting “product” for “sum” and “the sum of two hundred fifty dollars” for “the average daily membership grant”; P.A. 81-397 terminated previous provisions re reimbursement for adult education as of June 30, 1981, and added Subsec. (b) providing for annual grants based on eligible costs as determined by specified formula; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-4 amended Subsec. (b)(3) to clarify that population figures used in calculating grants are to be total population figures as defined in Sec. 10-261; P.A. 84-325 deleted former Subsec. (a) re reimbursement of school districts for adult education programs offered during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1981; P.A. 85-476 amended section to specify that reimbursement percentage is determined by ranking, to provide that ranking is to be rounded to next higher whole number and to provide for reimbursement at same percentage as for a town with the same rank; P.A. 85-557 amended section to provide for payment of grants of less than $1,500 in a single installment; P.A. 86-333 substituted 1986 for 1983 in the introductory paragraph, inserted “total” in Subdiv. (2)(A), and in Subdiv. (3) provided for the submission of a report and adjustments in grant amounts for overpayments and underpayments; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1 added “total” in Subdiv. (2)(A) and in Subdiv. (3) amended the payment schedules by substituting March for April and May for June and by providing that for grants of $1,500 or more, two-thirds be paid in August rather than one-third in August and one-third in December; P.A. 87-499 added new Subsec. (b) re reimbursement for payments from private sources, divided old section into Subsecs. (a) and (c) and made technical changes; P.A. 88-360 in Subsec. (b) added in Subdiv. (1) that eligible expenditures from local taxes be based on estimated eligible costs approved by the state department of education, specified that the board or center distribute state funds attributable to the expenditures of a cooperating eligible entity to the entity for providing certain adult education programs and services upon receipt of such funds and made technical changes and in Subsec. (c) substituted two-thirds of the grant entitlement based on estimated eligible costs for two-thirds of the estimated eligible costs, substituted February fifteenth for March fifteenth as the date on or before which a revised estimate is to be filed and made technical changes; P.A. 89-355 in Subsec. (a)(1) changed the reimbursement percentage sliding scale of 30% to 70% to 10% to 70% and provided for a 5% increase for boards of education which provide basic adult education programs for certain adults; P.A. 90-33 in Subsec. (b) provided that for payments from private sources to be eligible for reimbursement the eligible expenditures from local taxes be not less than 70% of the eligible expenditures from local taxes for the previous fiscal year; June Sp. Sess. 91-7 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring that grants be “within available appropriations”; P.A. 92-262 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision specifying that grants be within available appropriations and in Subdiv. (1) to change ten to zero, seventy to sixty-five and five to seven and one-half and to add the exceptions for boards serving 4,000 or 2,000 students; P.A. 93-126 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes, Subsec. (b) to change the percentage limit from 10% to 20% and Subsec. (c) to change the filing date in two places from February fifteenth to a time prescribed by the commissioner and to allow the commissioner to adjust the grant in any subsequent fiscal year for an underpayment or overpayment, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 deleted Subsec. (a)(1)(ii) re facilities operated by the former Department of Public Health and Addiction Services and replaced Department of Mental Health with Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-259 amended Subsec. (c) to extend the time for the report from “August” to “September” and made technical changes throughout the section, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-224 amended Subsec. (a) to add the requirement in Subdivs. (1) and (2) that the percentage for a priority school district be at least 20%, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a)(1) and (b), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-100 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by inserting “and” after Subpara. (A), deleting provisions in Subpara. (B) re percentage increase for service of 4,000 or more students and deleting Subpara. (C) re service of 2,000 or more students, effective July 1, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added Subsec. (d) re proportional reduction of grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-257 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1)(B), effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (d) to extend the proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, effective July 1, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2011, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-59 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective May 31, 2012; P.A. 13-247 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, effective July 1, 2013; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2017, effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “within available appropriations” re eligibility to receive state grant, and amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, effective October 31, 2017; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-76d. Duties and powers of boards of education to provide special education programs and services. Medicaid enrollment, participation and billing requirements. Development of individualized education program. Planning and placement team meetings. Public agency placements; apportionment of costs. Relationship of insurance to special education costs. Prohibition on punishing members of planning and placement teams for certain behavior during meetings. (a)(1) In accordance with the regulations and procedures established by the Commissioner of Education and approved by the State Board of Education, each local or regional board of education shall provide the professional services requisite to identification of children requiring special education, identify each such child within its jurisdiction, determine the eligibility of such children for special education pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76h, inclusive, prescribe appropriate educational programs for eligible children, maintain a record thereof and make such reports as the commissioner may require. No child may be required to obtain a prescription for a substance covered by the Controlled Substances Act, 21 USC 801 et seq., as amended from time to time, as a condition of attending school, receiving an evaluation under section 10-76ff or receiving services pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76h, inclusive, or the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as amended from time to time.

(2) Not later than December 1, 2017, each local and regional board of education shall (A) enroll as a provider in the state medical assistance program, (B) participate in the Medicaid School Based Child Health Program administered by the Department of Social Services, and (C) submit billable service information electronically to the Department of Social Services, or its billing agent. For each local or regional board of education with a student population of less than one thousand students, a cost benefit analysis may be conducted by such local or regional board of education in a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Social Services to determine whether the cost to participate in the medical assistance program exceeds the revenue that would be generated for the local or regional board of education. A local or regional board of education exempted from the requirements of this subdivision after such cost benefit analysis shall complete and submit such analysis to the commissioner every three years in order to remain exempt. Not later than September 1, 2018, the Commissioner of Social Services shall develop a cost benefit analysis model and determine the feasibility of directly certifying students as eligible for Medicaid benefits on behalf of a local or regional board of education.

(3) Any local or regional board of education may enter into an agreement with a third-party vendor or another local or regional board of education to comply with the requirements of subdivision (2) of this subsection. Such agreement may provide that costs for services provided on behalf of a local or regional board of education shall be paid from the grant received pursuant to subdivision (5) of this subsection and shall be contingent on receipt of funds from such grant in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of providing such service. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 17b-99, the Commissioner of Social Services shall not assess or extrapolate any overpayments to any third-party provider that contracts with the local or regional board of education to provide Medicaid services, when the error is determined by the department to be caused by (A) a clerical error; (B) information provided by the local or regional board of education; or (C) another third-party vendor in the submission of billable service information.

(4) Each local or regional board of education, through the planning and placement team established in accordance with regulations adopted by the State Board of Education under this section, shall determine a child's Medicaid enrollment status. In determining Medicaid enrollment status, the planning and placement team shall: (A) Inquire of the parents or guardians of each such child whether the child is enrolled in or may be eligible for Medicaid; and (B) if the child may be eligible for Medicaid, (i) request that the parent or guardian of the child apply for Medicaid, and (ii) comply with the requirements under 34 CFR 300.154, as amended from time to time, prior to billing for services under the Medicaid School Based Child Health Program administered by the Department of Social Services. For the purpose of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services based on a representative cost sampling method, the board of education shall make available documentation of the provision and costs of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for any students receiving such services, regardless of an individual student's Medicaid enrollment status, to the Commissioner of Social Services or to the commissioner's authorized agent at such time and in such manner as prescribed. For the purpose of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services based on an actual cost method, the local or regional board of education shall submit documentation of the costs and utilization of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for all students receiving such services to the Commissioner of Social Services or to the commissioner's authorized agent at such time and in such manner as prescribed. The commissioner or such agent may use information received from local or regional boards of education for the purposes of (I) ascertaining students' Medicaid eligibility status, (II) submitting Medicaid claims, (III) complying with state and federal audit requirements, and (IV) determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services. No child shall be denied special education and related services in the event the parent or guardian refuses to apply for Medicaid.

(5) Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, the Commissioner of Social Services shall make grant payments to local or regional boards of education in amounts representing fifty per cent of the federal portion of Medicaid claims processed for Medicaid eligible special education and related services provided to Medicaid eligible students in the school district. Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, the commissioner shall exclude any enhanced federal medical assistance percentages in calculating the federal portion of such Medicaid claims processed. Such grant payments shall be made on at least a quarterly basis and may represent estimates of amounts due to local or regional boards of education. Any grant payments made on an estimated basis, including payments made by the Department of Education for the fiscal years prior to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000, shall be subsequently reconciled to grant amounts due based upon filed and accepted Medicaid claims and Medicaid rates. If, upon review, it is determined that a grant payment or portion of a grant payment was made for ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims, the local or regional board of education shall reimburse the Department of Social Services for any grant payment amount received based upon ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims.

(6) Pursuant to federal law, the Commissioner of Social Services, as the state's Medicaid agent, shall determine rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection. The Commissioner of Social Services may request and the Commissioner of Education and towns and regional school districts shall provide information as may be necessary to set such rates.

(7) Based on school district special education and related services expenditures, the state's Medicaid agent shall report and certify to the federal Medicaid authority the state match required by federal law to obtain Medicaid reimbursement of eligible special education and related services costs.

(8) Payments received pursuant to this section shall be paid to the local or regional board of education which has incurred such costs in addition to the funds appropriated by the town to such board for the current fiscal year.

(9) The planning and placement team shall, in accordance with the provisions of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400, et seq., as amended from time to time, develop and update annually a statement of transition service needs for each child requiring special education. Commencing not later than the date on which the first individual education program takes effect for a child who is at least fourteen years of age and diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, such program shall include (A) appropriate measurable postsecondary goals based upon age-appropriate transition assessments related to training, education, employment and, where appropriate, independent living skills; and (B) the transition services, including courses of study, needed to assist a child in reaching those goals. The individual education program shall be updated annually thereafter in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed as requiring the Department of Rehabilitation Services to lower the age of transitional services for a child with disabilities from sixteen to fourteen years of age.

(10) (A) Each local and regional board of education responsible for providing special education and related services to a child or pupil shall notify the parent or guardian of a child who requires or who may require special education, a pupil if such pupil is an emancipated minor or eighteen years of age or older who requires or who may require special education or a surrogate parent appointed pursuant to section 10-94g, in writing, at least five school days before such board proposes to, or refuses to, initiate or change the child's or pupil's identification, evaluation or educational placement or the provision of a free appropriate public education to the child or pupil.

(B) Upon request by a parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent, the responsible local or regional board of education shall provide such parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent an opportunity to meet with a member of the planning and placement team designated by such board prior to the referral planning and placement team meeting at which the assessments and evaluations of the child or pupil who requires or may require special education is presented to such parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent for the first time. Such meeting shall be for the sole purpose of discussing the planning and placement team process and any concerns such parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent has regarding the child or pupil who requires or may require special education.

(C) Such parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent shall (i) be given at least five school days' prior notice of any planning and placement team meeting conducted for such child or pupil, (ii) have the right to be present at and participate in all portions of such meeting at which an educational program for such child or pupil is developed, reviewed or revised, and (iii) have the right to have advisors of such person's own choosing and at such person's own expense, and to have the school paraprofessional assigned to such child or pupil, if any, to be present at and to participate in all portions of such meeting at which an educational program for such child or pupil is developed, reviewed or revised.

(D) Immediately upon the formal identification of any child as a child requiring special education and at each planning and placement team meeting for such child, the responsible local or regional board of education shall inform the parent or guardian of such child or surrogate parent or, in the case of a pupil who is an emancipated minor or eighteen years of age or older, the pupil of (i) the laws relating to special education, (ii) the rights of such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil under such laws and the regulations adopted by the State Board of Education relating to special education, including the right of a parent, guardian or surrogate parent to (I) withhold from enrolling such child in kindergarten, in accordance with the provisions of section 10-184, and (II) have advisors and the school paraprofessional assigned to such child or pupil to be present at, and to participate in, all portions of such meeting at which an educational program for such child or pupil is developed, reviewed or revised, in accordance with the provisions of subparagraph (C) of this subdivision, and (iii) any relevant information and resources relating to individualized education programs created by the Department of Education, including, but not limited to, information relating to transition resources and services for high school students. If such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil does not attend a planning and placement team meeting, the responsible local or regional board of education shall mail such information to such person.

(E) Each local and regional board of education shall have in effect at the beginning of each school year an educational program for each child or pupil who has been identified as eligible for special education.

(F) At each initial planning and placement team meeting for a child or pupil, the responsible local or regional board of education shall inform the parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil of the laws relating to physical restraint and seclusion pursuant to section 10-236b and the rights of such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil under such laws and the regulations adopted by the State Board of Education relating to physical restraint and seclusion.

(G) Upon request by a parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent, the responsible local or regional board of education shall provide the results of the assessments and evaluations used in the determination of eligibility for special education for a child or pupil to such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil at least three school days before the referral planning and placement team meeting at which such results of the assessments and evaluations will be discussed for the first time.

(11) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, for purposes of Medicaid reimbursement, when recommended by the planning and placement team and specified on the individualized education program, a service eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program shall be deemed to be authorized by a practitioner of the healing arts under 42 CFR 440.130, provided such service is recommended by an appropriately licensed or certified individual and is within the individual's scope of practice. Certain items of durable medical equipment, recommended pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, may be subject to prior authorization requirements established by the Commissioner of Social Services. Diagnostic and evaluation services eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program and recommended by the planning and placement team shall also be deemed to be authorized by a practitioner of the healing arts under 42 CFR 440.130 provided such services are recommended by an appropriately licensed or certified individual and are within the individual's scope of practice.

(12) The Commissioner of Social Services shall implement the policies and procedures necessary for the purposes of this subsection while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures in regulation form, provided notice of intent to adopt the regulations is published in the Connecticut Law Journal within twenty days of implementing the policies and procedures. Such policies and procedures shall be valid until the time final regulations are effective.

(b) In accordance with the regulations of the State Board of Education, each local and regional board of education shall: (1) Provide special education for school-age children requiring special education who are described in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a. The obligation of the school district under this subsection shall terminate when such child is graduated from high school or reaches age twenty-one, whichever occurs first; and (2) provide special education for children requiring special education who are described in subparagraph (A) or (C) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a. The State Board of Education shall define the criteria by which each local or regional board of education shall determine whether a given child is eligible for special education pursuant to this subdivision, and such determination shall be made by the board of education when requested by a parent or guardian, or upon referral by a physician, clinic or social worker, provided the parent or guardian so permits. To meet its obligations under this subdivision, each local or regional board of education may, with the approval of the State Board of Education, make agreements with any private school, agency or institution to provide the necessary preschool special education program, provided such private facility has an existing program which adequately meets the special education needs, according to standards established by the State Board of Education, of the preschool children for whom such local or regional board of education is required to provide such an education and provided such district does not have such an existing program in its public schools. Such private school, agency or institution may be a facility which has not been approved by the Commissioner of Education for special education, provided such private facility is approved by the commissioner as an independent school or licensed by the Office of Early Childhood as a child care center, group child care home or family child care home, as described in section 19a-77, or be both approved and licensed.

(c) Each local or regional board of education may provide special education for children requiring it who are described by subparagraph (B) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a and for other exceptional children for whom provision of special education is not required by law.

(d) To meet its obligations under sections 10-76a to 10-76g, inclusive, any local or regional board of education may make agreements with another such board or subject to the consent of the parent or guardian of any child affected thereby, make agreements, or on and after July 1, 2019, enter into a contract with any private provider of special education services, as defined in section 10-91g, private school, or public or private agency or institution, including a group home to provide the necessary programs or services, but no expenditures made pursuant to a contract with a private provider of special education services, private school, agency or institution for such special education shall be paid under the provisions of section 10-76g, unless (1) such contract includes a description of the educational program and other treatment the child is to receive, a statement of minimal goals and objectives which it is anticipated such child will achieve, an estimated time schedule for returning the child to the community or transferring such child to another appropriate facility, and an explanation of how the tuition or costs for services provided under the agreement or contract are to be calculated, (2) subject to the provisions of this subsection, the educational needs of the child for whom such special education is being provided cannot be met by public school arrangements in the opinion of the commissioner who, before granting approval of such contract for purposes of payment, shall consider such factors as the particular needs of the child, the appropriateness and efficacy of the program offered by such private school, agency or institution, and the economic feasibility of comparable alternatives, and (3) commencing with the 1987-1988 school year and for each school year thereafter, each such private provider of special education services, private school, agency or institution has been approved for special education by the Commissioner of Education or by the appropriate agency for facilities located out of state, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection or any regulations adopted by the State Board of Education setting placement priorities, placements pursuant to this section and payments under section 10-76g may be made pursuant to such a contract if the public arrangements are more costly than the private provider of special education services, private school, institution or agency, provided the private provider of special education services, private school, institution or agency meets the educational needs of the child and its program is appropriate and efficacious. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection to the contrary, nothing in this subsection shall (A) require the removal of a child from a nonapproved facility if the child was placed there prior to July 7, 1987, pursuant to the determination of a planning and placement team that such a placement was appropriate and such placement was approved by the Commissioner of Education, or (B) prohibit the placement of a child at a nonapproved facility if a planning and placement team determines prior to July 7, 1987, that the child be placed in a nonapproved facility for the 1987-1988 school year. Each child placed in a nonapproved facility as described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subdivision (3) of this subsection may continue at the facility provided the planning and placement team or hearing officer appointed pursuant to section 10-76h determines that the placement is appropriate. Expenditures incurred by any local or regional board of education to maintain children in nonapproved facilities as described in said subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be paid pursuant to the provisions of section 10-76g. Any local or regional board of education may enter into a contract with the owners or operators of any sheltered workshop or rehabilitation center for provision of an education occupational training program for children requiring special education who are at least sixteen years of age, provided such workshop or institution shall have been approved by the appropriate state agency. Whenever any child is identified by a local or regional board of education as a child requiring special education and such board of education determines that the requirements for special education could be met by a program provided within the district or by agreement with another board of education except for the child's need for services other than educational services such as medical, psychiatric or institutional care or services, such board of education may meet its obligation to furnish special education for such child by paying the reasonable cost of special education instruction in a private provider of special education services, private school, hospital or other institution provided such board of education or the commissioner concurs that placement in such institution is necessary and proper and no state institution is available to meet such child's needs. Any such private provider of special education services, private school, hospital or other institution receiving such reasonable cost of special education instruction by such board of education shall submit all required documentation to such board of education for purposes of submitting claims to the Medicaid School Based Child Health Program administered by the Department of Social Services.

(e) (1) Any local or regional board of education which provides special education pursuant to any mandates in this section shall provide transportation, to and from, but not beyond the curb of, the residence of the child, unless otherwise agreed upon by the board and the parent or guardian of the child, tuition, room and board and other items necessary to the provision of such special education except for children who are placed in a residential facility because they need services other than educational services, in which case the financial responsibility of the school district and payment to such district shall be limited to the reasonable costs of special education instruction as defined in the regulations of the State Board of Education. If a hearing board, pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-76h, rejects the educational program prescribed by the local or regional board of education and determines that a placement by a parent or guardian was appropriate, the local or regional board of education shall reimburse the parent or guardian for the reasonable costs incurred for the provision of special education pursuant to this section from the initiation of review procedures as provided by said section 10-76h.

(2) For purposes of this subdivision, “public agency” includes the offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe. Notwithstanding any other provisions of the general statutes, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1987, and each fiscal year thereafter, whenever a public agency, other than a local or regional board of education, the State Board of Education or the Superior Court acting pursuant to section 10-76h, places a child in a foster home, group home, hospital, state institution, receiving home, custodial institution or any other residential or day treatment facility, and such child requires special education, the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child would otherwise be attending school or, if no such board can be identified, the local or regional board of education of the town where the child is placed, shall provide the requisite special education and related services to such child in accordance with the provisions of this section. Within one business day of such a placement by the Department of Children and Families or offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe, said department or offices shall orally notify the local or regional board of education responsible for providing special education and related services to such child of such placement. The department or offices shall provide written notification to such board of such placement within two business days of the placement. Such local or regional board of education shall convene a planning and placement team meeting for such child within thirty days of the placement and shall invite a representative of the Department of Children and Families or offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe to participate in such meeting. (A) The local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction such child would otherwise be attending school shall be financially responsible for the reasonable costs of such special education and related services in an amount equal to the lesser of one hundred per cent of the costs of such education or the average per pupil educational costs of such board of education for the prior fiscal year, determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 10-76f. The State Board of Education shall pay on a current basis, except as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection, any costs in excess of such local or regional board's basic contributions paid by such board of education in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision. (B) Whenever a child is placed pursuant to this subdivision, on or after July 1, 1995, by the Department of Children and Families and the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction such child would otherwise be attending school cannot be identified, the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child attended school or in whose district the child resided at the time of removal from the home by said department shall be responsible for the reasonable costs of special education and related services provided to such child, for one calendar year or until the child is committed to the state pursuant to section 46b-129 or 46b-140 or is returned to the child's parent or guardian, whichever is earlier. If the child remains in such placement beyond one calendar year the Department of Children and Families shall be responsible for such costs. During the period the local or regional board of education is responsible for the reasonable cost of special education and related services pursuant to this subparagraph, the board shall be responsible for such costs in an amount equal to the lesser of one hundred per cent of the costs of such education and related services or the average per pupil educational costs of such board of education for the prior fiscal year, determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 10-76f. The State Board of Education shall pay on a current basis, except as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection, any costs in excess of such local or regional board's basic contributions paid by such board of education in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision. The costs for services other than educational shall be paid by the state agency which placed the child. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to the school districts established within the Department of Children and Families, pursuant to section 17a-37 or the Department of Correction, pursuant to section 18-99a, provided in any case in which special education is being provided at a private residential institution, including the residential components of regional educational service centers, to a child for whom no local or regional board of education can be found responsible under subsection (b) of this section, Unified School District #2 shall provide the special education and related services and be financially responsible for the reasonable costs of such special education instruction for such children. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2007, inclusive, and for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2010, to June 30, 2021, inclusive, the amount of the grants payable to local or regional boards of education in accordance with this subdivision shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision for such year.

(3) Payment for children who require special education and who reside on state-owned or leased property, and who are not the educational responsibility of the unified school districts established pursuant to section 17a-37 or section 18-99a, shall be made in the following manner: The State Board of Education shall pay to the school district which is responsible for providing instruction for each such child pursuant to the provisions of this subsection one hundred per cent of the reasonable costs of such instruction. In the fiscal year following such payment, the State Board of Education shall deduct from the special education grant due the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child would otherwise be attending school, where such board has been identified, the amount for which such board would otherwise have been financially responsible pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection. No such deduction shall be made for any school district which is responsible for providing special education instruction for children whose parents or legal guardians do not reside within such district. The amount deducted shall be included as a net cost of special education by the Department of Education for purposes of the state's special education grant calculated pursuant to section 10-76g. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, and for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2012, and June 30, 2013, the amount of the grants payable to local or regional boards of education in accordance with this subdivision shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision for such year.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services shall provide regular education and special education and related services to eligible residents in facilities operated by the department who are eighteen to twenty-one years of age. In the case of a resident who requires special education, the department shall provide the requisite identification and evaluation of such resident in accordance with the provisions of this section. The department shall be financially responsible for the provision of educational services to eligible residents. The Departments of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Children and Families and Education shall develop and implement an interagency agreement which specifies the role of each agency in ensuring the provision of appropriate education services to eligible residents in accordance with this section. The Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services shall be responsible for one hundred per cent of the reasonable costs of such educational services provided to eligible residents of such facilities.

(5) Application for the grant to be paid by the state for costs in excess of the local or regional board of education's basic contribution shall be made by such board of education by filing with the State Board of Education, in such manner as prescribed by the Commissioner of Education, annually on or before December first a statement of the cost of providing special education, as defined in subdivision (2) of this subsection, for a child of the board placed by a state agency in accordance with the provisions of said subdivision or, where appropriate, a statement of the cost of providing educational services other than special educational services pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) or (g) of section 10-253, provided a board of education may submit, not later than March first, claims for additional children or costs not included in the December filing. Payment by the state for such excess costs shall be made to the local or regional board of education as follows: Seventy-five per cent of the cost in February and the balance in May. The amount due each town pursuant to the provisions of this subsection and the amount due to each town as tuition from other towns pursuant to this section shall be paid to the treasurer of each town entitled to such aid, provided the treasurer shall treat such grant or tuition received, or a portion of such grant or tuition, which relates to special education expenditures incurred pursuant to subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection in excess of such board's budgeted estimate of such expenditures, as a reduction in expenditures by crediting such expenditure account, rather than town revenue. The state shall notify the local or regional board of education when payments are made to the treasurer of the town pursuant to this subdivision.

(f) No children placed out primarily for special education services shall be placed in a private school, agency or institution outside of the state, except when in the opinion of the Commissioner of Education it is determined that: (1) No public or approved private facility which can reasonably provide appropriate special education programs for such children is available in the state; (2) no public or approved private facility which can reasonably provide appropriate special education programs for such children is available in the state and the out-of-state placement is required for a period of time not to exceed two years, during which time the local or regional board of education responsible for providing such children with a special education shall develop an appropriate special education program or cause such program to be developed within the state; or (3) an out-of-state placement is more economically feasible than an existing special education program in the state or any such program that could be developed within the state within a reasonable period of time. No placement in an out-of-state private special education school, agency or facility shall be approved unless such school, agency or facility first agrees in writing to submit to the state Department of Education any such financial program and student progress reports as the commissioner may require for the purpose of making an annual determination as to the economic feasibility and program adequacy of the special education program provided. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to children placed out primarily for services other than educational services as described in subsection (d) of this section.

(g) (1) Each local or regional board of education shall review annually and make a report as to the progress of each child for whom such board is obligated to provide a special education and who receives special education services in any private school, agency or institution and shall, upon request of the commissioner, submit such reports to the State Board of Education.

(2) Whenever a local or regional board of education determines that a child who has for three years received special education services in private facilities pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-76d must receive such services from private facilities for an additional period of time, the State Board of Education, shall annually thereafter review the progress of such child prior to approving or disapproving for purposes of reimbursement, pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-76d, any continuation of private placement, considering such factors as the educational and other needs of the child.

(h) The provisions of this section and sections 10-76a, 10-76b, 10-76c, 10-76f and 10-76g shall not be construed to relieve any insurer or provider of health or welfare benefits from paying any otherwise valid claim.

(i) No local or regional board of education shall discipline, suspend, terminate or otherwise punish any member of a planning and placement team employed by such board who discusses or makes recommendations concerning the provision of special education and related services for a child during a planning and placement team meeting for such child.

(1967, P.A. 627, S. 4, 11; 1969, P.A. 793, S. 2; P.A. 73-111; P.A. 75-255; 75-364; 75-521, S. 3, 6; 75-585; P.A. 76-310, S. 1, 2; 76-341; P.A. 77-36; 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 65; P.A. 79-128, S. 19, 36; P.A. 80-113, S. 1, 2; 80-138, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-187; 81-432, S. 1, 11; P.A. 82-311, S. 1, 4; P.A. 83-169, S. 8; 83-265, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-255, S. 7, 21; P.A. 85-473, S. 1, 3; 85-491, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-333, S. 6, 32; P.A. 87-324, S. 1, 2; 87-499, S. 2, 25, 26, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 11, 12, 63; P.A. 89-315, S. 1, 3; P.A. 90-230, S. 14, 101; P.A. 91-16, S. 1, 2; 91-277, S. 4, 6; P.A. 92-170, S. 8, 26; 92-262, S. 10, 11, 42; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-352, S. 1, 3; 93-353, S. 47, 52; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-245, S. 29, 41, 46; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 1, 28; P.A. 95-237, S. 1, 5, 7; 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 32, 58; 95-259, S. 10, 32; P.A. 96-146, S. 2-4, 12; P.A. 97-114, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-168, S. 2, 3, 26; 98-252, S. 8, 80; P.A. 99-279, S. 4, 45; P.A. 00-48, S. 3, 10-12; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 39, 54; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 54; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 3, 4, 244, 245; P.A. 05-141, S. 3; 05-245, S. 18; P.A. 06-13, S. 4; 06-18, S. 1-3; 06-188, S. 26; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); 07-147, S. 5; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5, S. 61; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 45; P.A. 11-48, S. 179; 11-51, S. 29; P.A. 12-116, S. 67; 12-173, S. 1; P.A. 13-40, S. 9; 13-247, S. 161; P.A. 14-39, S. 3; 14-231, S. 64; P.A. 15-141, S. 8; 15-209, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 249, 277; P.A. 16-163, S. 27; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 51, 52, 578; P.A. 18-182, S. 15; 18-183, S. 6; P.A. 19-49, S. 1; 19-117, S. 266; 19-184, S. 1.)

History: 1969 act amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to repealed Sec. 10-94a, to substitute Sec. 10-76g for 10-76h and to require school board to “prescribe suitable educational programs for eligible children”, amended Subsec. (b) to delete provisions concerning special classes for educable and trainable mentally retarded children, making former Subdiv. (2) applicable to all children requiring special education and renumbering Subdivs. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2), made minor changes to Subsecs. (c) and (d) and added provisions in Subsec. (d) concerning school board's payments to meet child's needs in private school, hospital or other institution and amended Subsec. (e) to add limitation on board's financial responsibility toward expenses of children placed in residential facilities; P.A. 73-111 amended Subsec. (a) to replace Sec. 10-76g with 10-76h reference and to require boards to inform parents of children requiring special education of special education laws; P.A. 75-255 amended Subsec. (a) to require notice to parents of meeting to prepare educational program for child and to allow parent's participation in meeting; P.A. 75-364 amended Subsec. (d) to clarify provisions concerning private schools which may supply child's needs; P.A. 75-521 added Subsecs. (f) and (g); P.A. 75-585 added provisions in Subsec. (b) concerning preschool education supplied through private school; P.A. 76-310 required that contracts between school board and private school contain program description, goals and objectives of child's progress and timetable for returning child to community or transferring him to another institution in order for expenses to be reimbursable; P.A. 76-341 added Subsec. (g)(2) re children in private facilities for more than three years; P.A. 77-36 amended Subsec. (a) to allow parents to have advisors at meetings to determine child's educational program; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 substituted “board of education” for “district” and “local” for “town”; P.A. 79-128 substituted “grant” for “reimbursement” in Subsec. (b) and “payment” for “reimbursement” in Subsecs. (d) and (e); P.A. 80-113 added Subsec. (h); P.A. 80-138 amended Subsec. (e) to provide for reimbursement of parent or guardian when parent's placement preferred to board's program by hearing board; P.A. 81-187 amended Subsec. (e) to specify transportation of children requiring special education be “curb-to-curb” transportation to and from child's residence, unless otherwise agreed upon by the board and child's parent or guardian; P.A. 81-432 added Subsec. (e)(2) and (3) clarifying educational and financial responsibility for children placed by public agencies; P.A. 82-311 amended Subsec. (e) clarifying provisions of P.A. 81-432 concerning state agency placements of children by: Limiting school board responsibility for transporting handicapped children “curb to curb” to mean not beyond the curb of their residence, clarifying that the educational and financial responsibility for children for whom no other board of education can be identified rests with the school district in which the child is placed, requiring the placing agency to provide to the district where the child is placed current and accurate information for the purpose of determining if a responsible school district exists, creating a uniform system of payments for towns which educate children who reside on state property, and clarifying that funding or tuition received by school boards for educating handicapped children placed by state agencies is credited to the school board's accounts only when such payments exceed the receiving board's budget estimates for educating these children; P.A. 83-169 amended Subsec. (e) to delete reference to “special” school districts; P.A. 83-265 clarified provisions relating to payment for children who reside on state-owned or leased property or in permanent family residences and who are not educational responsibility of unified school districts; P.A. 84-255 amended Subsec. (a) deleting obsolete provision relating to the exclusion or exemption from school privileges of any child requiring special education; P.A. 85-473 inserted new Subsec. (e)(4) re residents of department of mental health facilities who are between the ages of 18 and 21, renumbering former Subdiv. (4) accordingly; P.A. 85-491 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to provide that adoption of a child residing in a permanent family residence by a person providing foster care in the residence does not affect school district's eligibility for reimbursement; P.A. 86-333 in Subsec. (e)(2) substituted 1987 for 1982 and added placements in day treatment facilities to types of placements to which the subdivision applies, in Subsec. (e)(4) provided that boards submit reports of expenditures and that grant adjustments be made for overpayments or underpayments, in Subsec. (e)(5) substituted October for September as the time on or before which estimates of the cost of providing special education must be filed and made other technical changes; P.A. 87-324, in Subsec. (a), provided for individual transition plans commencing with the 1988-1989 school year; P.A. 87-499 amended Subsec. (b) to describe when a private facility need not be approved by the commissioner of education, added Subsec. (d)(3) requiring, with phase-in provisions, that private facilities be approved and changed a payment date in Subsec. (e)(4) from August to September and the report submission date from January to August fifteenth; P.A. 88-360 in Subsec. (a) increased the minimum number of school days for prior notice of a planning and placement team meeting from 3 to 5 and in Subsec. (e)(4) added references to the Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission; P.A. 89-315 in Subsec. (a) added provisions re reimbursement from Medicaid for special education costs and made a technical change; P.A. 90-230 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 91-16 divided Subsec. (a) into Subdivs., limited the determination of eligibility for Medicaid to towns in which the number of children receiving aid to families with dependent children exceeds 75, and added language requiring parents or guardians to be notified of the possible consequences of accessing private insurance and prohibiting the denial of special education due to refusal to access private insurance or Medicaid; P.A. 91-277 made a technical change in Subsec. (e)(1); the references in Subdivs. (2) and (3) of Subsec. (e) to “section 17a-38” were corrected editorially to “section 17a-37” in 1993; P.A. 92-170 amended Subsec. (e) to require that board of education be notified when payments are made to town treasurer; P.A. 92-262 amended Subsec. (a)(6) to add provisions concerning transition services and authorized transition services as part of a child's program before his fifteenth birthday and amended Subsec. (d) to add the reference to group homes; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-352 designated Subsec. (e)(4) as Subpara. (A) and deleted provisions dealing with the department of mental health and added separate Subpara. (B) concerning the department of mental health, effective August 15, 1993; P.A. 93-353 amended Subsec. (a) to specify in Subdiv. (7) that notice shall be given before the board proposes to or refuses to initiate or change the child's identification, evaluation, or educational placement and added requirement that each board have in effect at the beginning of the school year an educational program for each child who has been identified as eligible for special education, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services and Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission and executive director with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, respectively, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 amended Subsec. (b) to remove obsolete language concerning preschool special education, effective June 2, 1994, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to add provisions dealing with school districts which have a large number of children placed in foster homes, effective July 1, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to change the criteria for towns to be required to determine Medicaid eligibility from any town in which the number of children exceeds 75 to any town in which the “average number of children ages three to twenty-one enrolled in the Medicaid program on October first of each of the previous three years equals or exceeds one thousand”, to remove requirement for the towns to request permission of the parent or guardian of such child to access private insurance and to notify them that accessing private insurance may affect benefits available through such insurance or costs to be paid to maintain such insurance, to replace the requirement for the board of education to request written permission of the parent or guardian to request Medicaid payment and to request such payment with a requirement, upon notification by the planning and placement team that the child is a recipient, to submit documentation of the provision and costs of Medicaid eligible special education and related services to the commissioner; added Subdivs. (4) to (7), inclusive, re Medicaid eligible payments and grants and renumbered Subdivs. (8) to (11), inclusive, in Subdiv. (8) requiring that payments be made to the town or regional school district which has incurred such costs and be deemed to be appropriated to the board of education and removed language limiting the districts use of such payments and in Subdiv. (9) changing the date for notification of whether a town will be required to comply from “by August 1, 1991” and “annually thereafter” to “by July 30, 1994, and by April first annually thereafter” and making the description of the children consistent with Subdiv. (2), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-237 amended Subsec. (a)(11) to increase the requirements for notification and to make technical changes in said Subdiv. and amended Subsec. (e) to change the party who is financially liable for the cost of special education for children placed by the Department of Children and Families after July 1, 1995, in cases in which the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child would otherwise be attending school cannot be identified and to make numerous technical changes, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995 and deleted Subsec. (e)(4)(A) re services by the former Department of Public Health and Addiction Services and replaced Department of Mental Health with Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-259 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to raise the threshold for the determination of Medicaid eligibility from 1,000 to 5,000 children, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-146 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to (4), inclusive, to substitute determination of a child's Medicaid enrollment status for a determination of whether a child is eligible for Medicaid, to provide for the sharing of information with the state's Medicaid agent for specified purposes, to add references to the commissioner's authorized agent and to make technical changes and made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective July 1, 1996, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to add the notification requirements for the Department of Children and Families and the requirement for the convening of a planning and placement team meeting within 30 days of placement and participation of said department at the meeting, to remove a requirement that said department meet with representatives of the board of education under whose jurisdiction the child attended school or in whose district the child resided at the time of removal to review the child's individualized education plan, to cap the financial responsibility of a board of education during the period it is responsible for the cost of special education and related services and to provide for the payment of any costs in excess of such board's basic contributions by the State Board of Education on a current basis, and to add provision concerning the responsibility of Unified School District #2 for the provision of special education and related services and the cost of such education and services provided at a private residential institution to a child for whom no local or regional board of education can be found responsible under Subsec. (b), effective May 29, 1996; P.A. 97-114 amended Subsec. (d) to add provision that notwithstanding Subdiv. (2) and regulations concerning placement priorities, placements and payment pursuant to Sec. 10-76g may be made if public arrangements are more costly and private facilities meet the educational needs of the child and their programs are suitable and efficacious, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-168 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to change one method for determining the financial responsibility of local and regional boards of education from “two and one-half times” the average to the average per pupil educational costs, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 98-252 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to change the time frames for the original submission from October to December, for the claim for additional children or costs from April to February and for the payments from December and June to February and April, to increase the amount of the first payment from 50% to 75% and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 1998 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a)(11) a reference to “... pupil who is an emaciated minor ...” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “... pupil who is an emancipated minor ...” to correct an error in the codification of P.A. 95-237); P.A. 99-279 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by deleting requirement that local or regional board of education determine Medicaid enrollment status of children for any town in which the average number of children ages 3 to 21 enrolled in the Medicaid program equals or exceeds 5,000 and by substituting in lieu thereof that any local or regional board of education may determine a child's Medicaid enrollment status and by adding “For the purpose of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services based on an actual cost method, the local or regional board of education shall submit documentation of the costs and utilization of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for all students receiving such services to the Commissioner of Social Services or to the commissioner's authorized agent at such time and in such manner as prescribed.” and provision authorizing commissioner to use information received from local or regional boards of education for purposes of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services, deleted all provisions in former Subsec. (a)(3) and (4), adding in new Subdiv. (3) provisions as follows: “Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000, the Commissioner of Social Services shall make grant payments to local or regional boards of education in amounts representing 60% of the federal portion of Medicaid claims processed for Medicaid eligible special education and related services provided to Medicaid eligible students in the school district. Such grant payments shall be made on at least a quarterly basis and may represent estimates of amounts due to local or regional boards of education. Any grant payments made on an estimated basis, including payments made by the Department of Education for the fiscal years prior to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000, shall be subsequently reconciled to grant amounts due based upon filed and accepted Medicaid claims and Medicaid rates. If, upon review, it is determined that a grant payment or portion of a grant payment was made for ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims, the local or regional board of education shall reimburse the Department of Social Services for any grant payment amount received based upon ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims.”, deleting from the new Subdiv. (4) (formerly Subdiv. (5)) requirement that rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services be determined annually and that such rates reflect the reasonable average monthly cost per student of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for the current year, deleted all provisions in former Subsec. (a)(7), substituting in the new Subdiv. (6) (formerly Subdiv. (8)) “local or regional board of education” for “town or regional school district”, deleted all provisions in former Subdiv. (9), renumbering the remaining Subdivs. accordingly, added in new Subsec. (a)(9) provisions re regulations and made technical changes throughout, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-48 rewrote Subsec. (a)(7), changing the time frame for the development of the statement of transition service needs from age 15 to age 14 and requiring the statement to focus on courses of study, made a technical change in Subsec. (d) and amended Subsec. (e)(4) to change the time for the payment of 85% of the estimated cost from September to July, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to change the submission deadline for claims from February to March first and to change the date for the payment of the balance from April to May, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 amended Subsec. (a)(3) to provide that beginning in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, grant payments made by the Commissioner of Social Services to local or regional boards of education shall be reduced from 60% to 50% of the federal portion of Medicaid claims processed for Medicaid eligible special education and related services provided to Medicaid eligible students in the school district”, effective August 20, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by changing “school-age children” to “children”, amended Subsec. (a)(7) by adding provision re federal Individuals With Disabilities Education Act and by deleting provisions re a student's individualized education program and a detailed provision of transition services including interagency responsibilities, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) by making a technical change, adding language re proportional reductions in grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, in Subdivs. (2) and (3), effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 05-141 added new Subsec. (a)(9) re services deemed eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program, redesignating existing Subdiv. (9) as Subdiv. (10), effective June 24, 2005; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (e)(2) to include offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe as a public agency making placements and to extend the proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-13 made technical changes in Subsec. (e)(1), effective May 2, 2006; P.A. 06-18 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by replacing “suitable” with “appropriate” and adding language re the Controlled Substances Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, amended Subsec. (d) by changing “suitability” to “appropriateness” and “suitable” to “appropriate”, and amended Subsec. (f) by changing “suitable” to “appropriate”, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-188 amended Subsec. (a)(9) to insert provision notwithstanding the general statutes, provide that certain recommended items of durable medical equipment, eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program, may be subject to prior authorization requirements established by the Commissioner of Social Services, delete requirement that diagnostic and evaluation services be specified on the individualized education program for Medicaid reimbursement purposes and make a technical change, effective July 1, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Department of Mental Retardation” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Department of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-147 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by designating existing language as Subpara. (A) and adding Subpara. (B) to require local or regional boards of education at each initial planning and placement team meeting to inform the parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil of laws relating to physical restraint and seclusion; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding provision requiring Commissioner of Social Services to exclude enhanced federal medical assistance percentages in calculating federal portion of Medicaid claims processed beginning with fiscal year 2009, effective October 5, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (e)(2) to extend proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2011, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (e)(2) and (3) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-51 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to add reference to Sec. 10-253(g), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-116 amended Subsec. (e)(4) by deleting “State Board of Education shall pay to the”, adding “shall be responsible for” re Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services and deleting provision re payment schedule, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 12-173 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by adding “responsible for providing special education and related services to a child or pupil” in Subpara. (A), adding new Subpara. (B) re meeting to discuss planning and placement team process and concerns, designating existing provision re notice and participation at planning and placement team meeting as Subpara. (C), designating existing provision re board of education to provide information as Subpara. (D) and amending same to designate existing provisions re laws and rights as clauses (i) and (ii) and add clause (iii) re relevant information and resources, designating existing provision re education program in effect at beginning of school year as Subpara. (E) and making conforming changes in same, redesignating existing Subpara. (B) as Subpara. (F) and adding Subpara. (G) re results of assessments and evaluations to be provided prior to referral planning and placement team meeting, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 13-40 amended Subsec. (e)(3) by deleting provisions re permanent family residences; P.A. 13-247 amended Subsec. (e)(2) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 14-39 amended Subsec. (a)(8)(D)(ii) by adding provision re right of parent, guardian or surrogate parent to withhold enrolling child in kindergarten, effective May 28, 2014; P.A. 14-231 amended Subsec. (e) by deleting references to Department of Developmental Services and Sec. 17a-240 in provision re applicability of subdivision in Subdiv. (2) and deleting reference to Sec. 17a-240 in Subdiv. (3), effective July 1, 2014; P.A. 15-141 amended Subsec. (a) by making a technical change in Subdiv. (2) and replacing reference to Ch. 814e with reference to Sec. 10-236b in Subdiv. (8)(F), effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 15-209 amended Subsec. (a)(8)(D)(iii) by adding provision re information relating to transition resources and services for high school students, effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by designating existing language in Subpara. (C) as clauses (i) to (iii) and amending same to add “all portions of such meeting at which an educational program for such child or pupil is developed, reviewed or revised”, “have the right” and “and to have the school paraprofessional assigned to such child or pupil, if any”, designating existing language re withhold from enrolling child in kindergarten in Subpara. (D) as subclause (I) and adding subclause (II) re advisors and school paraprofessional to be present at and participate in all portions of meeting, and making conforming changes, amended Subsec. (e)(2) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2017, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 16-163 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “Department of Public Health as a day care or nursery facility” with “Office of Early Childhood as a child care center, group child care home or family child care home, as described in section 19a-77,”, effective June 9, 2016; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdivs. (2) and (3) re Medicaid School Based Child Health Program, redesignating existing Subsec. (2) as Subsec. (4) and amending same by replacing “may” with “shall” re determination of child's Medicaid enrollment status, designating existing provisions re request that parent or guardian of child apply for Medicaid as new clause (i) and adding new clause (ii) re compliance with requirements prior to billing for services, and redesignating existing clauses (i) to (iv) as subclauses (I) to (IV), redesignating existing Subdivs. (3) to (10) as Subdivs. (5) to (12), amended Subsec. (d) by adding provision re submitting claims to Medicaid School Based Child Health Program, amended Subsec. (e)(2) by replacing “June 30, 2017” with “June 30, 2019” re reduction of grants, and made technical and conforming changes, effective October 31, 2017; P.A. 18-182 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by adding provisions re cost benefit analysis and exemption for boards of education with student populations less than one thousand students, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 18-183 amended Subsec. (d) by adding provision re authorizing board of education, on and after July 1, 2019, to enter into contract with private provider of special education services, adding provision re explanation of how tuition or costs for services provided under agreement or contract are to be calculated, adding references to private provider of special education services, and making conforming changes, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-49 amended Subsec. (a)(9) by adding provisions re transitional services requirements for children with autism at least 14 years of age, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (e)(2) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 19-184 added Subsec. (i) re prohibition on disciplining, suspending, terminating or otherwise punishing member of planning and placement team for discussing or making recommendations during planning and placement team meeting, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-76g. State aid for special education. (a)(1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1984, and each fiscal year thereafter, in any case in which special education is being provided at a private residential institution, including the residential components of regional educational service centers, to a child for whom no local or regional board of education can be found responsible under subsection (b) of section 10-76d, the Department of Children and Families shall pay the costs of special education to such institution pursuant to its authority under sections 17a-1 to 17a-26, inclusive, 17a-28 to 17a-49, inclusive, 17a-52 and 17b-251. (2) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1993, and each fiscal year thereafter, any local or regional board of education which provides special education and related services for any child (A) who is placed by a public agency, including, but not limited to, offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe, in a private residential facility or who is placed in a facility or institution operated by the Department of Children and Families and who receives such special education at a program operated by a regional education service center or program operated by a local or regional board of education, and (B) for whom no local or regional board of education can be found responsible under subsection (b) of section 10-76d, shall be eligible to receive one hundred per cent of the reasonable costs of special education for such child as defined in the regulations of the State Board of Education. Any such board eligible for payment shall file with the Department of Education, in such manner as prescribed by the Commissioner of Education, annually, on or before December first a statement of the cost of providing special education for such child, provided a board of education may submit, not later than March first, claims for additional children or costs not included in the December filing. Payment by the state for such costs shall be made to the local or regional board of education as follows: ­Seventy-five per cent of the cost in February and the balance in May.

(b) Any local or regional board of education which provides special education pursuant to the provisions of sections 10-76a to 10-76g, inclusive, for any exceptional child described in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a, under its jurisdiction, excluding (1) children placed by a state agency for whom a board of education receives payment pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (2) of subsection (e) of section 10-76d, and (2) children who require special education, who reside on state-owned or leased property, and who are not the educational responsibility of the unified school districts established pursuant to sections 17a-37 and 18-99a, shall be financially responsible for the reasonable costs of special education instruction, as defined in the regulations of the State Board of Education, in an amount equal to (A) for any fiscal year commencing prior to July 1, 2005, five times the average per pupil educational costs of such board of education for the prior fiscal year, determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 10-76f, and (B) for the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2005, and each fiscal year thereafter, four and one-half times such average per pupil educational costs of such board of education. The State Board of Education shall, within available appropriations, pay on a current basis any costs in excess of the local or regional board's basic contribution paid by such board in accordance with the provisions of this subsection. Any amounts paid by the State Board of Education on a current basis pursuant to this subsection shall not be reimbursable in the subsequent year. Application for such grant shall be made by filing with the Department of Education, in such manner as prescribed by the commissioner, annually on or before December first a statement of the cost of providing special education pursuant to this subsection, provided a board of education may submit, not later than March first, claims for additional children or costs not included in the December filing. Payment by the state for such excess costs shall be made to the local or regional board of education as follows: Seventy-five per cent of the cost in February and the balance in May. The amount due each town pursuant to the provisions of this subsection shall be paid to the treasurer of each town entitled to such aid, provided the treasurer shall treat such grant, or a portion of the grant, which relates to special education expenditures incurred in excess of such town's board of education budgeted estimate of such expenditures, as a reduction in expenditures by crediting such expenditure account, rather than town revenue. Such expenditure account shall be so credited no later than thirty days after receipt by the treasurer of necessary documentation from the board of education indicating the amount of such special education expenditures incurred in excess of such town's board of education budgeted estimate of such expenditures.

(c) Commencing with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1996, and for each fiscal year thereafter, within available appropriations, each town whose ratio of (1) net costs of special education, as defined in subsection (h) of section 10-76f, for the fiscal year prior to the year in which the grant is to be paid to (2) the product of its total need students, as defined in section 10-262f, and the average regular program expenditures, as defined in section 10-262f, per need student for all towns for such year exceeds the state-wide average for all such ratios shall be eligible to receive a supplemental special education grant. Such grant shall be equal to the product of a town's eligible excess costs and the town's base aid ratio, as defined in section 10-262f, provided each town's grant shall be adjusted proportionately if necessary to stay within the appropriation. Payment pursuant to this subsection shall be made in June. For purposes of this subsection, a town's eligible excess costs are the difference between its net costs of special education and the amount the town would have expended if it spent at the state-wide average rate.

(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2007, inclusive, and for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2010, to June 30, 2021, inclusive, the amount of the grants payable to local or regional boards of education in accordance with this section, except grants paid in accordance with subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2006, and June 30, 2007, and for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2010, to June 30, 2021, inclusive, shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section for such year.

(1967, P.A. 627, S. 8, 11; 1972, P.A. 182; P.A. 75-587, S. 1, 2; P.A. 78-218, S. 66; 78-248, S. 2; P.A. 79-128, S. 17, 36; 79-408, S. 1, 2, 5; P.A. 80-154, S. 4, 5; 80-473, S. 1, 3; P.A. 81-420, S. 1, 4; 81-432, S. 9, 11; P.A. 82-91, S. 1, 38; 82-301, S. 1, 5; P.A. 83-495, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-385, S. 1, 3; P.A. 85-393, S. 1, 2; 85-476, S. 2, 6; P.A. 88-136, S. 5, 37; P.A. 89-355, S. 5, 20; P.A. 90-225, S. 1, 2, 10; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-7, S. 7, 22; P.A. 92-262, S. 12, 23, 42; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-133, S. 1, 3; 93-353, S. 9, 52; P.A. 95-226, S. 5, 30; P.A. 96-146, S. 6, 12; P.A. 98-252, S. 9, 80; P.A. 00-220, S. 40, 43; P.A. 01-173, S. 64, 67; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 5, 54; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 1; P.A. 03-76, S. 1, 10; 03-174, S. 8; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 20, 21; P.A. 05-245, S. 13, 19; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 46; P.A. 11-48, S. 180; P.A. 13-40, S. 10; 13-247, S. 162; P.A. 14-231, S. 65; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 250; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 172, 579; P.A. 19-117, S. 267.)

History: 1972 act amended Subsec. (a) to include deadlines for applications and payments and to consider private institutions as school districts in cases where no school district is responsible for a child in the institution; P.A. 75-587 deleted former Subsecs. (b) and (c) re reimbursement for education of hearing-impaired children and exclusion of costs incurred before July 1, 1967, for special education and inserted new Subsec. (b) concerning reimbursement to districts where state wards have been placed in foster or group homes; P.A. 78-218 substituted “local or regional board of education” for “school district” in Subsec. (a) and “local” for “town” school district in Subsec. (b); P.A. 78-248 made no changes; P.A. 79-128 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to repealed Sec. 10-94a, to replace reimbursement percentage formula with formula applicable only to year ending June 30, 1980, and to all 50% reimbursement for private institutions for that year, inserted new Subsecs. (b) to (e) concerning special education grants, designated former Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (f), making provisions applicable to fiscal year ending June 30, 1980, and allowing 50% rather than 66 2/3% reimbursement for education costs while child placed in health care facility or institution, and added Subsec. (g) guaranteeing payments at least equal to amount received in 1979; P.A. 79-408 excluded state-operated school districts from provisions of Subsec. (a) and (b); P.A. 80-154 deleted reference to regional educational service centers in Subsec. (g); P.A. 80-473 substituted “adopted” for “made” throughout section, amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add provisions concerning grants for excess costs and to add one year to year dates mentioned and to increase in Subsec. (a) the percentage from 20% to 25%, deleted Subsec. (d)(1) and renumbered remaining subdivs., and amended Subsecs. (e) and (f) to increase year dates by one year; P.A. 81-420 delayed current funding for one year, added Subsec. (h) making districts which incur special education costs in excess of 120% of the prior fiscal year's costs to be eligible to receive a grant for a percentage of the excess costs and authorizing the state board of education to pay its share of the special education costs of no-nexus children on a current basis; P.A. 81-432 repealed Subsecs. (e) and (f) re grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 1981, and June 30, 1982; P.A. 82-91 amended section to provide that school districts are to be reimbursed for costs of providing special education in accordance with a special formula for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1983, only, that payment to the department of children and youth services be 100% of the net cost of special education provided at private residential institutions with payment by the department to the institutions for fiscal year ending June 30, 1983, and each fiscal year thereafter and, in Subsec. (h), that grants to school districts incurring excess special education costs for fiscal year ending June 30, 1983, continue and that town treasurers be required to treat such grants as a reduction of expenditures; P.A. 82-301 repealed Subsec. (g), effective July 1, 1983, eliminating the “hold-harmless” payments to towns for special education costs, relettering former Subsec. (h) accordingly; P.A. 83-495 delayed current funding for one year and in Subsec. (d)(2) and (3) corrected reference to “total population as defined in section 10-261”; P.A. 84-385 repealed former Subsecs. (a) and (b)(1) re payment of reimbursements for special education provided during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1982, and the fiscal year ending June 30, 1983, relettered former Subsec. (b)(2) as Subsec. (a)(1), added new Subsec. (a)(2) re payment of reimbursement for special education provided during fiscal year ending June 30, 1985, relettered former Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (b) and delayed current funding for an additional year, relettered former Subsec. (d) as Subsec. (c), deleted reference to repealed Subsecs. (e) and (f), relettered former Subsec. (g) as Subsec. (d), and added new Subsec. (e) re state share of placements made in out-of-district private residential facilities; P.A. 85-393 deleted former Subsecs. (a)(1), (b)(1), (d) and (e)(2) re computation of reimbursements for special education costs for fiscal year 1983-84, re application for and disbursement of special education grants for fiscal year 1985-86 and thereafter, re grants for excess costs of special education and re education department's duty to develop data assessing costs of implementing section and to report data to special education study committee, relettering Subsecs. and deleting Subdiv. indicators as necessary, applied former Subsec. (e)(1), now (d), so as to exclude children placed by a state agency for whom a board of education receives payment under Sec. 10-76d(e)(2), deleting reference to placement of children in out-of-district private residential placements, deleted provision re adjustment of reimbursements for grants received and substituted provision disallowing reimbursement in subsequent year of amounts paid by state board on a current basis and required submission of cost estimates by October first, rather than by September first; P.A. 85-476 amended Subsec. (c) to specify that reimbursement percentage is determined by ranking, to provide that ranking is to be rounded to next higher whole number and to provide for reimbursement at same percentage as for a town with the same rank; P.A. 88-136 deleted obsolete provisions in Subsec. (a) re reimbursement received during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1986, and made a technical change; P.A. 89-355 in Subsec. (c) changed the reimbursement percentage sliding scale of 30% to 70% to 25% to 70%; P.A. 90-225 in Subsec. (c) changed the reimbursement percentage sliding scale of 25% to 70% to 10% to 70% and added new Subsecs. (e) and (f) re reimbursement for costs of providing special education to certain children requiring special education and an additional grant payment for certain towns for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1991, respectively; June Sp. Sess. 91-7 amended Subsec. (e)(1) to extend to June 30, 1992, the applicability of the method described therein for special education reimbursement; P.A. 92-262 amended Subsecs. (a), (c) and (d) to add reference to child described in Sec. 10-76a(e)(1), amended Subsec. (b) to make the existing Subsec. Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2), amended Subsec. (c)(1) to add reference to Sec. 2-32a, to substitute zero for ten and to add exception that no town receive less than 2% and deleted former Subsecs. (e) and (f) as obsolete; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-133 amended Subdiv. (1) of Subsec. (b) to remove the requirement that the state board of education pay the department of children and youth services for 100% of the net cost of special education for the children described in said Subdiv., effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-353 added Subsec. (d)(2) re children residing on state-owned property or in permanent family residences, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-226 deleted former Subsecs. (a) and (c) re special education reimbursement for any exceptional child described in Sec. 10-76a(e)(1), relettered remaining Subsecs. and added new Subsec. (c) re supplemental special education grants, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-146 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: A reference to “subdivision (2) of subsection (e)” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “subparagraph (B) of subdivision (5)” to conform with the designation changes made by said act); P.A. 98-252 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to change the time frames for ­submission of the statement from October to December, submission of claims for additional children or costs from April to February and payments from December and June to February and April, to increase the amount of the first payment from 50% to 75% and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 00-220 amended Subsec. (b) to add the requirement for the expenditure account to be credited no later than 30 days after receipt by the treasurer of the necessary documentation from the board of education, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (b) to change the time limit for the submission of claims from February to March first and to change the time for the payment of the balance from April to May, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (b) to designate provision re five times the average per pupil educational costs as Subpara. (A) and apply it to fiscal years commencing prior to July 1, 2002, and to add Subpara. (B) re four and one-half times the average per pupil educational costs, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 amended Subsec. (b) by delaying until July 1, 2003, a decrease in financial responsibility from five times to four and one-half times the average per pupil educational costs, effective August 15, 2002; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-174 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute March first for February first as the latest date boards of education may update December statements of costs of providing special education for a child, to substitute May for April for the final payment of the balance and to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (b) by delaying until July 1, 2005, a decrease in financial responsibility from five times to four and one-half times the average per pupil educational costs and added Subsec. (d) re proportional reduction of grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to replace “state agency” with “public agency” and to include offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe as a public agency making placements and amended Subsec. (d) to extend the proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, and to create an exception for grants paid in accordance with Subsec. (a)(2), effective July 1, 2005; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (d) to add provisions extending proportional reduction of grants through fiscal years ending June 30, 2010, and June 30, 2011, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 13-40 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to permanent family residences; P.A. 13-247 amended Subsec. (d) by extending proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 14-231 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to Sec. 17a-240, effective July 1, 2014; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2017, effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (b) by adding “within available appropriations” re payment of costs and amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, effective October 31, 2017; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-76i. Advisory Council for Special Education. (a) There shall be an Advisory Council for Special Education which shall advise the General Assembly, State Board of Education and the Commissioner of Education, and which shall engage in such other activities as described in this section. On and after July 1, 2012, the advisory council shall consist of the following members: (1) Nine appointed by the Commissioner of Education, (A) six of whom shall be (i) the parents of children with disabilities, provided such children are under the age of twenty-seven, or (ii) individuals with disabilities, (B) one of whom shall be an official of the Department of Education, (C) one of whom shall be a state or local official responsible for carrying out activities under Subtitle B of Title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, 42 USC 11431 et seq., as amended from time to time, and (D) one of whom shall be a representative of an institution of higher education in the state that prepares teacher and related services personnel; (2) one appointed by the Commissioner of Developmental Services who shall be an official of the department; (3) one appointed by the Commissioner of Children and Families who shall be an official of the department; (4) one appointed by the Commissioner of Correction who shall be an official of the department; (5) one appointed by the director of the Parent Leadership Training Institute within the Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity who shall be (A) the parent of a child with a disability, provided such child is under the age of twenty-seven, or (B) an individual with a disability; (6) a representative from the parent training and information center for Connecticut established pursuant to the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as amended from time to time; (7) the Commissioner of Aging and Disability Services, or the commissioner's designee; (8) five who are members of the General Assembly who shall serve as nonvoting members of the advisory council, one appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, one appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, one appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, one appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and one appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; (9) one appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate who shall be a member of the Connecticut Speech-Language-Hearing Association; (10) one appointed by the majority leader of the Senate who shall be a public school teacher; (11) one appointed by the minority leader of the Senate who shall be a representative of a vocational, community or business organization concerned with the provision of transitional services to children with disabilities; (12) one appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives who shall be a member of the Connecticut Council of Special Education Administrators and who is a local education official; (13) one appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives who shall be a representative of charter schools; (14) one appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives who shall be a member of the Connecticut Association of Private Special Education Facilities; (15) one appointed by the Chief Court Administrator of the Judicial Department who shall be an official of such department responsible for the provision of services to adjudicated children and youth; (16) seven appointed by the Governor, all of whom shall be (A) the parents of children with disabilities, provided such children are under the age of twenty-seven, or (B) individuals with disabilities; (17) the executive director of the nonprofit entity designated by the Governor in accordance with section 46a-10b to serve as the Connecticut protection and advocacy system, or the executive director's designee; and (18) such other members as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as amended from time to time, appointed by the Commissioner of Education. Appointments made pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be representative of the ethnic and racial diversity of, and the types of disabilities found in, the state population. The terms of the members of the council serving on June 8, 2010, shall expire on June 30, 2010. Appointments shall be made to the council by July 1, 2010. Members shall serve two-year terms, except that members appointed pursuant to subdivisions (1) to (3), inclusive, of this subsection whose terms commenced July 1, 2010, shall serve three-year terms and the successors to such members appointed pursuant to subdivisions (1) to (3), inclusive, of this subsection shall serve two-year terms.

(b) The advisory council shall elect annually its own chairperson and other officers as deemed necessary. The council shall meet at least once during each calendar quarter and at such other times as the chairperson deems necessary or upon the request of a majority of members in office. The State Board of Education shall meet at least annually with the council to review the state plan for the provision of special education. A majority of the members in office, but not less than ten, shall constitute a quorum. Any member who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from office. The member appointed by the Commissioner of Education who is an official of the department shall meet with and act as secretary to the advisory council. Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for all reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The Department of Education shall provide secretarial and administrative assistance to facilitate the activity of the advisory council. The Board of Regents for Higher Education shall appoint a liaison person to the advisory council.

(c) The advisory council shall: (1) Advise the Department of Education of unmet needs in educating children with disabilities and on the administration of the provisions of sections 10-94f to 10-94k, inclusive; (2) review periodically the laws, regulations, standards and guidelines pertaining to special education and recommend to the General Assembly and the State Board of Education any changes which it finds necessary; (3) comment on any new or revised regulations, standards and guidelines proposed for issuance; (4) participate with the State Board of Education in the development of any state eligibility documents for provision of special education; (5) comment publicly on any procedures necessary for distributing federal funds received pursuant to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as from time to time amended; (6) assist the Department of Education in developing and reporting such data and evaluations as may be conducted pursuant to the provisions of said act; (7) report to the General Assembly not later than January fifteenth in the odd-numbered years and not later than February fifteenth in the even-numbered years, concerning recommendations for effecting changes in the special education laws; and (8) perform any other activity that is required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400, et seq., as from time to time amended.

(1972, P.A. 167; P.A. 73-323; P.A. 77-402; 77-573, S. 24, 30; 77-614, S. 303, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 68, 69, 212; P.A. 82-218, S. 38, 46; 82-314, S. 49, 63; P.A. 84-256, S. 1, 17; P.A. 91-277, S. 3, 6; P.A. 92-262, S. 13, 42; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-245, S. 34, 46; P.A. 95-312, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-161, S. 10, 13; P.A. 97-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-168, S. 12, 26; P.A. 00-220, S. 6, 43; P.A. 01-173, S. 12, 49, 67; P.A. 03-76, S. 41; P.A. 06-18, S. 7; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); P.A. 10-175, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 41; P.A. 11-48, S. 285; 11-235, S. 2; P.A. 12-120, S. 9; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 37; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3, S. 143; P.A. 17-96, S. 5; P.A. 18-55, S. 6; P.A. 19-117, S. 115; 19-157, S. 17.)

History: P.A. 73-323 amended Subsec. (d) to require that review take place on or before February first; P.A. 77-402 required that advisory council include at least one handicapped person; P.A. 77-573 substituted board of higher education for commission for higher education; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education and replaced former provisions concerning terms of first appointees, filling of vacancies and two-term limit on service with provision calling for four-year terms and setting expiration date of February 28, 1979, for present members, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 substituted “local or regional boards of education” for “town or regional school districts” and “chairperson” for “chairman” and changed deadline for review in Subsec. (d) from February first to February fifteenth; P.A. 82-218 replaced board of higher education with department of higher education pursuant to reorganization of higher education system, effective March 1, 1983; P.A. 82-314 changed official name of education committee; P.A. 84-256 amended section to add attendance and quorum requirements and to require council to advise department re unmet needs in educating handicapped children and administration of Secs. 10-94f to 10-94k, inclusive, comment on state plan and procedures for distributing federal funds and assist department in developing and reporting data and evaluations and to delete requirements concerning annual joint review with general assembly's education committee; P.A. 91-277 added prohibition against serving more than two consecutive terms and removed obsolete language; P.A. 92-262 provided that the committee also advise the general assembly and report to the general assembly on recommendations for changing special education laws, and that the terms of members expire on June 20, 1992, and specified the membership of a new larger committee; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 deleted provision prohibiting more than two consecutive full terms, effective June 2, 1994; P.A. 95-312 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the membership from 25 to 28 and to add provisions concerning the early expiration of the terms of some members which were due to expire on June 30, 1996, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-161 amended Subsec. (c) to remove obsolete Subdiv. (5) and to renumber remaining Subdivs. accordingly, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-98 amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision that member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings is deemed to have resigned and to make technical changes, effective June 6, 1997; P.A. 98-168 amended Subsec. (a) to specify that the terms of existing members expire on June 30, 1998 and to change the membership of the council, amended Subsec. (b) to add the requirement for the State Board of Education to meet at least annually with the council, and made technical changes, effective June 4, 1998; P.A. 00-220 amended Subsec. (a)(10) to substitute person working in the field of special-education-related services for a member of the Connecticut Association of Urban Schools, and added provision for staggered terms, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2001, and amended Subsec. (c)(4) to substitute “eligibility documents” for “plan” and (c)(5) to update reference to the federal act and added Subsec. (c)(8) re other activity required by the federal act, effective July 6, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 06-18 added Subsec. (a)(13) re members required by the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, effective July 1, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Commissioner of Mental Retardation” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 10-175 amended Subsec. (a) by substantially revising the number of and requirements for appointments to the advisory council on and after July 1, 2010, and amended Subsec. (b) by making a technical change, effective June 8, 2010; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by replacing “Eight” with “Nine” and adding Subpara. (D) re representative of institution of higher education that prepares teacher and related services personnel and amended Subsec. (a)(6) by replacing former provision re such representative with “member of the Connecticut Speech-Language-Hearing Association”, effective June 22, 2010; pursuant to P.A. 11-48, “Department of Higher Education” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Board of Regents for Higher Education” in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-235 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdivs. (5) re representative from Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, (6) re representative from Parent Leadership Training Institute within Commission on Children and (7) re representative from Bureau of Rehabilitation Services within Department of Social Services and redesignating existing Subdivs. (5) to (14) as Subdivs. (8) to (17), effective July 13, 2011 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a)(7), “Bureau of Rehabilitation Services within the Department of Social Services” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Department of Rehabilitative Services” to conform with changes made by P.A. 11-44, S. 1, 4); P.A. 12-120 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2010” with “2012” re membership of council on and after July 1, replacing “a representative from” with “the director of” and adding provision re designee in Subdiv. (5), replacing “a representative from” with “one appointed by the director of” and adding Subparas. (A) and (B) re appointment criteria in Subdiv. (6), adding new Subdiv. (7) re representative from parent training and information center for Connecticut, redesignating existing Subdiv. (7) as Subdiv. (8) and replacing “a representative from” with “the director of” in same, and redesignating existing Subdivs. (8) to (17) as Subdivs. (9) to (18), effective June 15, 2012; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by replacing “director of the Bureau of Rehabilitative Services” with “Commissioner of Rehabilitation Services” and making a conforming change, effective July 1, 2012; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-3 amended Subsec. (a)(6) by replacing “Commission on Children” with “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors”, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 17-96 amended Subsec. (a) to delete former Subdiv. (5) re director of Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, redesignate existing Subdivs. (6) to (17) as Subdivs. (5) to (16), and add new Subdiv. (17) re executive director of nonprofit entity designated by the Governor in accordance with Sec. 46a-10b, effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 18-55 made a technical change in Subsec.(a)(17); P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a)(5) by replacing “Commission on Women, Children and Seniors” with “Commission on Women, Children, Seniors, Equity and Opportunity”, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 19-157 amended Subsec. (a)(7) by replacing “Commissioner of Rehabilitation Services” with “Commissioner of Aging and Disability Services”.

Sec. 10-76y. Assistive devices. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, school districts, regional educational service centers, the Department of Aging and Disability Services, and all other state and local governmental agencies concerned with education may loan, lease or transfer an assistive device for the use and benefit of a student with a disability to such student or the parent or guardian of such student or to any other public or private nonprofit agency providing services to or on behalf of individuals with disabilities including, but not limited to, an agency providing educational, health or rehabilitative services. Such device may be sold or transferred pursuant to this section regardless of whether the device was declared surplus. The sale or transfer shall be recorded in an agreement between the parties and based upon the depreciated value of the device. For the purposes of this section, “assistive device” means any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off-the-shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.

(b) Each municipality which receives funds derived from loans, leases or transfers of assistive technology under this section by a local or regional board of education shall make such funds available to its local or regional board of education in supplement to any other local appropriation, other state or federal grant or other revenue to which the local or regional board of education is entitled.

(P.A. 00-220, S. 35, 43; P.A. 11-44, S. 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 38; P.A. 19-157, S. 18.)

History: P.A. 00-220 effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 11-44 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “Board of Education and Services for the Blind” with “Bureau of Rehabilitative Services”, effective July 1, 2011; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “Bureau of Rehabilitative Services” with “Department of Rehabilitation Services”, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 19-157 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “Department of Rehabilitation Services” with “Department of Aging and Disability Services”.

Sec. 10-76jj. Language and communication plans for children identified as deaf or hard of hearing. The individualized education program or plan pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended from time to time, for any child identified as deaf or hard of hearing shall include a language and communication plan. In the case of a child with an individualized education program, the language and communication plan shall be developed by the planning and placement team for such child. Such language and communication plan shall address: (1) The primary language or mode of communication chosen for the child, (2) opportunities for direct communication with peers and professional personnel in the primary language or mode of communication for the child, (3) educational options available to the child, (4) the qualifications of teachers and other professional personnel administering such plan for the child, including such teacher's or personnel's proficiency in the primary language or mode of communication for the child, (5) the accessibility of academic instruction, school services and extracurricular activities to the child, (6) assistive devices and services for the child, (7) communication and physical environment accommodations for the child, and (8) an emergency communication plan that includes procedures for alerting the child of an emergency situation and ensuring that the specific needs of the child are met during the emergency situation.

(P.A. 12-173, S. 11; P.A. 17-202, S. 17; P.A. 19-184, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 12-173 effective June 15, 2012; P.A. 17-202 replaced “hearing impaired” with “hard of hearing”; P.A. 19-184 added “or plan pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended from time to time,” and added “In the case of a child with an individualized education program, the language and communication plan shall be”, and added Subdiv. (8) re emergency communication plan, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-76xx. Notification of student identified as gifted and talented. A local or regional board of education shall, upon the identification of a student as gifted and talented, provide electronic notice of such identification to the parent or guardian of such student. Such notice shall include, but need not be limited to, (1) an explanation of how such student was identified as gifted and talented, and (2) the contact information for (A) the employee of the school district in charge of the provision of services to gifted and talented students, or, if there is no such employee, the employee of the school district in charge of the provision of special education and related services, (B) the employee at the Department of Education who has been designated as responsible for providing information and assistance to boards of education and parents or guardians of students related to gifted and talented students, pursuant to section 10-3e, and (C) any associations in the state that provide support to gifted and talented students.

(P.A. 19-184, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 19-184 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-91g. Audits of private providers of special education services. (a) As used in this section and sections 10-91h to 10-91l, inclusive, “private provider of special education services” means any private school or private agency or institution, including a group home, that receives any state or local funds as a result of providing special education services to any student with an individualized education program or for whom an individual services plan has been written by the local or regional board of education responsible for educating such student.

(b) In accomplishing their duties as set forth in section 7-396a and in accordance with the authority granted under chapter 111, the Auditors of Public Accounts shall act as an agent of a local or regional board of education for the purposes of conducting an audit to examine the records and accounts of any private provider of special education services that (1) has entered into an agreement or contract with a local or regional board of education, pursuant to section 10-76d, or 10-91j, or (2) receives any state or local funds to provide special education and related services, in connection with any grant made by any state agency pursuant to any section of the general statutes or any public or special act. Such examination shall include a compliance audit of whether such state or local funds to provide special education and related services have been expended for allowable costs, in accordance with state and federal law and the individualized education program or individual services plan for each child receiving special education and related services from such private provider of special education services.

(c) The Auditors of Public Accounts shall conduct the audit described in subsection (b) of this section as follows: (1) The Auditors of Public Accounts, using a risk-based approach, shall audit private providers of special education services at a frequency that they deem necessary, except that no private provider of special education services shall have its records and accounts so examined more than once during such five-year period, unless the auditors have found a problem with the records and accounts of such private provider of special education services during such five-year period; (2) audits shall be of private providers of special education services approved by the Department of Education and of private providers of special education services not approved by the Department of Education; and (3) priority of conducting such audits, as practical, shall be given to those private providers of special education services (A) that receive the greatest total amount of state or local funds for the provision of special education services to students, (B) that provide special education services to the highest number of students for whom an individual services plan has been written by a local or regional board of education, and (C) that have a highest proportion of state and local funds for the provision of special education services in relation to their total operational expenses.

(d) The Auditors of Public Accounts may (1) consult the Department of Education during the course of an audit described in subsection (b) of this section for the purposes of conducting such audit, and (2) share any preliminary audit findings with the department.

(e) The Auditors of Public Accounts shall report their findings to (1) the local or regional board of education that has entered into an agreement or contract with the private provider of special education services, pursuant to section 10-76d, or 10-91j, or that has completed an individualized education program or individual services plan for a student receiving special education and related services from a private provider of special education services, (2) the Commissioner of Education, and (3) the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 278; P.A. 17-173, S. 6; P.A. 18-183, S. 3; P.A. 19-31, S. 1.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 17-173 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing provision re each private provider of special education services to be audited at least once during every seven year period with provision re Auditors of Public Accounts using risk-based approach shall audit private providers of special education services at frequency they deem necessary in Subdiv. (1), deleting provisions re approximately half of audits conducted in a year in Subdiv. (2), effective July 6, 2017; P.A. 18-183 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “and 10-91i” with “to 10-91l, inclusive”, amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding “or contract” and “or 10-91j”, and amended Subsec. (e) by adding “or contract” and “or 10-91j”, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-31 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-91j. Agreements and contracts between boards of education and private providers of special education services. (a) Any agreement entered into or amended on or after July 1, 2018, but prior to June 30, 2019, or any contract entered into or amended on or after July 1, 2019, pursuant to section 10-76d, between a local or regional board of education and a private provider of special education services, as defined in section 10-91g, shall include an explanation of how the tuition or costs for services provided under the agreement or contract are to be calculated. Any such agreement or contract may include the following provisions: (1) A requirement that such private provider of special education services submit monthly or quarterly reports to such board regarding the specific services and frequency of such services being provided by such private provider of special education services to students under the agreement or contract, and (2) authorization for such board to (A) review and reconcile such reports to the contracted services described in the agreement or contract, or (B) conduct periodic site visits at the location where such private provider of special education services provides services.

(b) On and after July 1, 2019, a local or regional board of education shall not be eligible for reimbursement pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-76g for any costs of special education paid by such board of education to a private provider of special education services unless such board of education has entered into a written contract with such private provider of special education services for the provision of such special education services. The individualized education program of a child shall not be considered a contract between a local or regional board of education and a private provider of special education services for purposes of this section. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit or interrupt the provision of special education and related services to a child by a local or regional board of education or private provider of special education services.

(P.A. 17-68, S. 7; P.A. 18-183, S. 1; P.A. 19-139, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 17-68 effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 18-183 designated existing provisions re agreement between board of education and private provider of special education services as Subsec. (a) and amended same by deleting “2017”, adding “2018, but prior to June 30, 2019, or any contract entered into or amended on or after July 1, 2019”, adding provision re agreement or contract to include explanation of how tuition or costs for services are calculated and making conforming changes, and added Subsec. (b) re board not eligible for reimbursement for special education costs unless board has entered into contract and individualized education programs not considered contracts, effective July 1, 2018; P.A. 19-139 amended Subsec. (b) by adding “subsection (b) of”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-91m. Private providers of special education services to notify boards of education of all complaints, resolutions or outcomes, corrective actions and programming or service changes for students resulting from such complaints. Any private provider of special education services, as defined in section 10-91g, that has entered into a contract with a local or regional board of education, pursuant to section 10-91j, shall inform such board of (1) all complaints received against such private provider concerning the mistreatment of students receiving special education services from such private provider, (2) the resolution or outcome of such complaints and any corrective action taken as a result of such complaints, and (3) any programming or service changes for students under the jurisdiction of such board as a result of a complaint.

(P.A. 19-184, S. 10.)

History: P.A. 19-184 effective July 1, 2019.

PART VI

TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOLS, EDUCATION AND
REHABILITATION

Sec. 10-95. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Technical Education and Career School System. Board. Chairperson. Superintendent. Accreditation status. Accountability. Receipt of gifts and donations. (a) The State Board of Education may establish and maintain a state-wide system of technical education and career schools to be known as the Technical Education and Career System. The system shall be advised by a board that shall consist of eleven members as follows: (1) Four executives of Connecticut-based employers who shall be nominated by the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission established pursuant to section 31-3h, and appointed by the Governor, (2) five members appointed by the State Board of Education, (3) the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, and (4) the Labor Commissioner. The Governor shall appoint the chairperson. The chairperson of the Technical Education and Career System shall serve as a nonvoting ex-officio member of the State Board of Education.

(b) The Technical Education and Career System board shall offer full-time comprehensive secondary education, and may offer part-time and evening, programs in vocational, technical, technological and postsecondary education and training. The board may recommend to the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System policies governing the admission of students to any technical education and career school in compliance with state and federal law. The Commissioner of Education, in accordance with policies established by the board, may appoint and remove members of the staffs of such schools and make rules for the management of and expend the funds provided for the support of such schools.

(c) The board and the Commissioner of Education shall jointly recommend a candidate for superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System who shall be appointed as superintendent by the State Board of Education. Such superintendent shall be responsible for the operation and administration of the system. The board may enter into cooperative arrangements with local and regional boards of education, private occupational schools, institutions of higher education, job training agencies and employers in order to provide general education, vocational, technical, technological or postsecondary education or work experience. The superintendent, in conjunction with the commissioner, may arrange for training to be provided to the board at such times, and on such matters, as are deemed appropriate to assist the board in the conduct of its business.

(d) If the New England Association of Schools and Colleges places a technical education and career school on probation or otherwise notifies the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System that a technical education and career school is at risk of losing its accreditation, the Commissioner of Education, on behalf of the Technical Education and Career System board, shall notify the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education of such placement or problems relating to accreditation.

(e) The Technical Education and Career System board shall establish specific achievement goals for students at the technical education and career schools at each grade level. The board shall measure the performance of each technical education and career school and shall identify a set of quantifiable measures to be used. The measures shall include factors such as the performance of students in grade ten or eleven on the mastery examination, under section 10-14n, trade-related assessment tests, dropout rates and graduation rates.

(f) The Technical Education and Career System board may accept gifts, grants and donations on behalf of the system, including, but not limited to, in-kind donations, designated for the purchase of equipment or materials, the hiring of teachers at a technical education and career school or the acquisition of real property and the construction of facilities, except no employee of the system may accept any gift, grant or donation as an individual, or on behalf of the system, that is for personal use. Any gift, grant or donation accepted on behalf of the system shall be in accordance with the state code of ethics for public officials set forth in chapter 10. The board shall submit quarterly reports to the Office of Policy and Management concerning all gifts, grants or donations received pursuant to this subsection.

(1949 Rev., S. 1404; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; 1963, P.A. 203; 1967, P.A. 751, S. 3; P.A. 75-425, S. 27, 57; P.A. 77-614, S. 73, 610; P.A. 87-496, S. 46, 110; P.A. 93-376, S. 6, 13; P.A. 98-252, S. 10, 80; P.A. 01-173, S. 59, 67; P.A. 12-116, S. 69; P.A. 13-207, S. 5; P.A. 17-237, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 72.)

*Note: On and after July 1, 2022, this section, as amended by section 2 of public act 17-237, section 73 of public act 17-2 of the June special session, section 18 of public act 18-182 and section 281 of public act 19-117, is to read as follows:

Sec. 10-95. Technical Education and Career School System. There is established a state-wide system of technical education and career schools to be known as the Technical Education and Career System. The Technical Education and Career System shall offer full-time comprehensive secondary education, and may offer part-time and evening, programs in vocational, technical, technological and postsecondary education and training.”

(1949 Rev., S. 1404; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; 1963, P.A. 203; 1967, P.A. 751, S. 3; P.A. 75-425, S. 27, 57; P.A. 77-614, S. 73, 610; P.A. 87-496, S. 46, 110; P.A. 93-376, S. 6, 13; P.A. 98-252, S. 10, 80; P.A. 01-173, S. 59, 67; P.A. 12-116, S. 69; P.A. 13-207, S. 5; P.A. 17-237, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 72, 73; P.A. 18-182, S. 18; P.A. 19-117, S. 281.)

History: 1963 act added provisions for state technical institutes; 1967 act deleted provisions regarding state technical institutes, increased period for leasing vocational school facilities from four to five years and substituted “the” for “said”; P.A. 75-425 provided that public works commissioner should handle leases upon request of state board rather than the board itself; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of administrative services for public works commissioner; P.A. 87-496 substituted public works commissioner for administrative services commissioner; P.A. 93-376 changed the description of the schools, transferred authority for the appointment and removal of staff, the management of the schools and the expending of funds for their support from the board to the commissioner “in accordance with policies established by the board”, deleted requirement for the board to include a statement of expenses for the schools in a report to the governor and changed the description of arrangements that the board may enter into for purposes of providing education and work experience, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 98-252 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) re accreditation problems, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 01-173 added Subsec. (c) re student achievement goals and school performance measures, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 12-116 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re technical high school system, board and chairperson and designating existing language re duties of board as new Subsec. (b), added new Subsec. (c) re superintendent of the technical high school system, redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c) as Subsecs. (d) and (e), amended redesignated Subsec. (e) by replacing reference to the State Board of Education with reference to the technical high school system board, and replaced references to the regional vocational-technical school system with references to the technical high school system and made conforming changes throughout, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 13-207 amended Subsec. (e) by replacing reference to state-wide tenth grade mastery examination with provision re performance of students in grade ten or eleven on the mastery examination, effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 17-237 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “governed” with “advised”, amended Subsec. (b) by adding “and may offer”, adding “and postsecondary”, replacing “make regulations controlling” with “recommend to the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System policies governing”, adding “in compliance with state and federal law” and deleting provision re cooperative arrangements, amended Subsec. (c) by adding provision re cooperative arrangements and adding provision re superintendent may arrange for training to be provided to board, added Subsec. (f) re board may accept gifts, grants and donations on behalf of system, replaced references to technical high school and technical high school system with references to technical education and career school and Technical Education and Career System, respectively, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2017, and amended former Subsec. (a) by deleting Subsec. (a) designator, replacing “The State Board of Education may establish and maintain” with “There is established” and deleting provision re board membership, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting Subsec. (b) designator, deleting provision re board may adopt policies controlling admission of students and deleting provision re Commissioner of Education may appoint and remove members of staffs of schools and make rules for management and expend funds, deleted former Subsec. (c) re superintendent and board entering into cooperative arrangements, deleted former Subsec. (d) re establishment of achievement goals for students and measurement of performance of schools, deleted former Subsec. (e) re board may accept gifts, grants and donations, effective July 1, 2019; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting “board”, amended Subsec. (b) by adding “comprehensive secondary education” and replacing “such school” with “technical education and career school”, amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “technical high school system” with “Technical Education and Career System” and deleting “technical high school”, amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision re no employee of system may accept any gift, grant or donation for personal use, adding provision re any gift, grant or donation accepted shall be in accordance with state code of ethics for public officials and adding provision re board to submit quarterly reports concerning all gifts, grants or donations received, effective October 31, 2017, and added “comprehensive secondary education”, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 18-182 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 2, from July 1, 2019, to July 1, 2020, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 2, from July 1, 2020, to July 1, 2022, effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-95i. Long-range plan of priorities and goals for the Technical Education and Career System. Trade programs. Capital improvement and capital equipment plan. (a) Not later than January 1, 2020, and every five years thereafter, the Technical Education and Career System board shall adopt a long-range plan of priorities and goals for the Technical Education and Career System. The plan shall address coordination with other providers of vocational, technical, technological or postsecondary education or training and shall include (1) an analysis of the activities described in subsections (b) and (c) of this section and how such activities relate to the long-range plan of priorities and goals, and (2) a summary of activities related to capital improvements and equipment pursuant to subsection (d) of this section. Upon adoption of the plan, the board shall file the plan directly with the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, finance, revenue and bonding and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a. The state board shall use the plan in preparing its five-year comprehensive plan pursuant to subsection (c) of section 10-4.

(b) During the five-year period beginning January 1, 2020, and during each five-year period thereafter, the board shall evaluate each existing technical education and career school trade program in accordance with a schedule which the board shall establish. A trade program may be reauthorized for a period of not more than five years following each evaluation on the basis of: The projected employment demand for students enrolled in the trade program, including consideration of the employment of graduates of the program during the preceding five years; anticipated technological changes; the availability of qualified instructors; the existence of similar programs at other educational institutions; and student interest in the trade program. As part of the evaluation, the board shall consider geographic differences that may make a trade program feasible at one school and not another and whether certain combinations of program offerings shall be required. Prior to any final decision on the reauthorization of a trade program, the board shall consult with the craft committees for the trade program being evaluated.

(c) The board shall consider the addition of new trade programs. Decisions by the board to add such programs shall at a minimum be based on the (1) projected employment demand for graduates of the program, (2) cost of establishing the program, (3) availability of qualified instructors, (4) existence of similar programs at other educational institutions, (5) interest of students in the trade, (6) need to diversify the trade with workers from underrepresented populations, and (7) workforce training needs of (A) students, graduates and residents of alliance districts, as defined in section 10-262u, and priority school districts, as described in section 10-266p, and (B) students and graduates of priority schools, as defined in section 10-265e. The board shall authorize new trade programs for a maximum of five years. The board shall provide a process for the public, including, but not limited to, employers, parents, students or teachers, to request consideration of the establishment of a new trade program.

(d) The board shall maintain a rolling three-year capital improvement and capital equipment plan that identifies: (1) Alterations, renovations and repairs that each technical education and career school is expected to need, including, but not limited to, grounds and athletic fields, heating and ventilation systems, wiring, roofs, and windows, and the cost of such projects, (2) recommendations for energy efficiency improvements to each school and the cost of such improvements, and (3) the specific equipment each technical education and career school is expected to need, based on the useful life of existing equipment and projections of changing technology and the estimated cost of the equipment. The board shall submit such plan, annually, directly to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, finance, revenue and bonding and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(P.A. 88-330, S. 2, 5; P.A. 93-376, S. 9, 13; P.A. 00-204, S. 1, 2, 13; P.A. 03-76, S. 34; P.A. 12-116, S. 78; P.A. 15-189, S. 1; 15-215, S. 14; P.A. 17-237, S. 60; P.A. 19-130, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 93-376 amended Subsec. (a) to include coordination with other providers of “technological” education, amended Subsec. (b) to delete a requirement to hold a public hearing on the reauthorization of a trade program and a requirement that the plan be updated and submitted annually to the general assembly and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 00-204 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. indicators, to include in Subdiv. (1) a summary of activities related to capital improvements, to add Subdiv. (2) re equipment and to make a technical change, and amended Subsec. (d) to make existing provision Subdiv. (3), to add Subdivs. (1) re alterations, renovations and repairs and (2) re recommendations for energy efficiency improvements, and to add the requirement that report be submitted to the committees of the General Assembly, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 12-116 replaced references to regional vocational-technical school system and schools with references to technical high school system and schools, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 15-189 amended Subsec. (d) by replacing “five-year” with “three-year” re plan, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 15-215 replaced references to “State Board of Education” and “state board” with “technical high school system board” and “board” throughout, amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “1990” with “2020” and adding “directly” and reference to Sec. 11-4a, amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “1990” with “2020”, and amended Subsec. (d) by replacing “five-year” with “three-year” re plan and adding “directly” and reference to Sec. 11-4a, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 17-237 replaced references to technical high school system and technical high school with references to Technical Education and Career System and technical education and career school, respectively, and amended Subsec. (a) by adding “or postsecondary” and making a conforming change, effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 19-130 amended Subsec. (c) by designating existing provisions re decisions by board to add new trade programs to as Subdivs. (1) to (5), adding Subdiv. (6) re need to diversify trade with workers from underrepresented populations and adding Subdiv. (7) re workforce training needs of students, graduates and residents of alliance districts, priority school districts and priority schools, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-95q. Superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System. (a)(1) On or after July 1, 2017, until June 30, 2023, the Technical Education and Career System board may recommend a candidate for superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System to the Commissioner of Education. The commissioner may hire or reject any candidate for superintendent recommended by the board. If the commissioner rejects a candidate for superintendent, the board shall recommend another candidate for superintendent to the commissioner. The term of office of the superintendent hired under this subdivision shall expire on June 30, 2023.

(2) On and after July 1, 2023, the Technical Education and Career System board shall recommend a candidate for superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System to the executive director of the Technical Education and Career System. The executive director may hire or reject any candidate for superintendent recommended by the board. If the executive director rejects a candidate for superintendent, the board shall recommend another candidate for superintendent to the executive director. The term of office of the superintendent hired under this subdivision shall be three years and may be extended for no more than three years at any one time.

(b) The superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System shall be responsible for the operation and administration of the technical education and career schools and all other matters relating to vocational, technical, technological and postsecondary education in the system.

(P.A. 17-237, S. 3; P.A. 18-182, S. 7; P.A. 19-117, S. 273.)

History: P.A. 17-237 effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 18-182 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2020” with “2021”, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2021” with “2023”, effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-95r. (Note: This section is effective July 1, 2022.) Executive Director of the Technical Education and Career System. (a) The Technical Education and Career System shall be under the direction of the executive director of the Technical Education and Career System, whose appointment shall be made by the Governor. Such appointment shall be in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive. Any person appointed to be the executive director shall have experience with educational systems. The executive director of the Technical Education and Career System shall be responsible for the operation and administration and the financial accountability and oversight of the Technical Education and Career System in matters relating to the central office, system-wide management and other noneducational matters. The executive director shall organize the Technical Education and Career System into such bureaus, divisions and other units as may be necessary for the efficient conduct of the business of the system, and may, from time to time, create, abolish, transfer or consolidate within the system any bureau, division or other unit as may be necessary for the efficient conduct of the business of the system. The executive director may appoint, and may prescribe the duties of any subordinates, agents and employees as he or she finds necessary in the conduct of the system.

(b) The executive director shall review and approve all contracts for the Technical Education and Career System.

(c) The executive director may enter into cooperative arrangements with local and regional boards of education, private occupational schools, institutions of higher education, job training agencies and employers in order to provide (1) general education, (2) vocational, technical, technological or postsecondary education, and (3) work experience.

(d) The executive director may, upon approval of the board, accept gifts, grants and donations on behalf of the system, including, but not limited to, in-kind donations, designated for the purchase of equipment or materials, the hiring of teachers at a technical education and career school or the acquisition of real property and the construction of facilities, except no employee of the system may accept any gift, grant or donation as an individual, or on behalf of the system, that is for personal use. Any gift, grant or donation accepted on behalf of the system shall be in accordance with the state code of ethics for public officials set forth in chapter 10. The executive director shall submit quarterly reports to the Office of Policy and Management concerning all gifts, grants or donations received pursuant to this subsection.

(e) The executive director shall establish a master schedule for the Technical Education and Career System and may amend such master schedule from time to time.

(f) The executive director shall communicate directly with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management when requesting the creation or filling of staff positions included in the operating budget for the Technical Education and Career System. When reviewing such requests, priority shall be given to any request for instructional staff, as identified in the statement of staffing needs submitted by the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System pursuant to section 10-99g, and every effort shall be made to avoid interruption to instructional time during such review.

(g) If the New England Association of Schools and Colleges places a technical education and career school on probation or otherwise notifies the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System that a technical education and career school is at risk of losing its accreditation, the executive director shall notify the Commissioner of Education and the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education of such placement or problems relating to accreditation.

(P.A. 17-237, S. 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 74; P.A. 18-182, S. 19; P.A. 19-117, S. 282.)

History: P.A. 17-237 effective July 1, 2019; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re any person appointed to be executive director shall have experience with educational systems and amended Subsec. (d) by adding provision re gifts, grants and donations, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 18-182 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 4, from July 1, 2019, to July 1, 2020, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 4, from July 1, 2020, to July 1, 2022, effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-95s. (Note: This section is effective July 1, 2022.) Technical Education and Career System board. (a) The Technical Education and Career System shall be advised by a Technical Education and Career System board. The board shall consist of eleven members and shall include at least the following, (1) two members with experience in manufacturing or a trade offered by the Technical Education and Career System, or who are alumni of the system, (2) two members who are executives of Connecticut-based employers and who shall be nominated by the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission, established pursuant to section 31-3h. The Commissioners of Education and Economic and Community Development and the Labor Commissioner, or their respective designees, shall serve as ex-officio members of the board. Members of the board shall be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the General Assembly, in accordance with the provisions of section 4-7. Any vacancy shall be filled in the manner provided in section 4-19. The Governor shall appoint the chairperson.

(b) The board shall advise the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System and the executive director of the Technical Education and Career System on matters relating to vocational, technical, technological and postsecondary education and training. The board may create any advisory boards or appoint any committees as it deems necessary for the efficient conduct of its business. The executive director, in conjunction with the superintendent, may arrange for training to be provided to the board at such times, and on such matters, as are deemed appropriate to assist the board in the conduct of its business.

(c) The board may recommend to the executive director and superintendent policies to attract and retain students who will pursue careers that meet workforce needs and govern the admission of students to any technical education and career school in compliance with state and federal law.

(d) The board shall establish specific achievement goals for students at the technical education and career schools at each grade level. The board shall measure the performance of each technical education and career school and shall identify a set of quantifiable measures to be used. The measures shall include factors such as the performance of students in grade ten or eleven on the mastery examination, under section 10-14n, trade-related assessment tests, dropout rates and graduation rates.

(P.A. 17-237, S. 5; P.A. 18-182, S. 17; P.A. 19-117, S. 280.)

History: P.A. 17-237 effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 18-182 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 5, from July 1, 2019, to July 1, 2020, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 5, from July 1, 2020, to July 1, 2022, effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-95u. Identification and creation or expansion of programs in critical construction trades. (a) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Technical Education and Career System board, in consultation with the Labor Department, shall identify and develop a list of careers in critical construction trades that are essential to the construction workforce needs of the state. The board shall consider the factors described in subdivisions (1) to (7), inclusive, of subsection (c) of section 10-95i when identifying such critical construction trades. The board may subsequently identify, as necessary, additional critical construction trades, and shall revise the list of critical construction trades identified pursuant to this subsection.

(b) Not later than July 1, 2020, the board shall, within available appropriations, develop a plan to create new or expand existing programs in critical construction trades identified pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. Upon the subsequent identification of additional critical construction trades, the board shall develop a plan to create new or expand existing programs for such additional critical construction trades.

(c) The board shall post, and update as necessary, a list of the critical construction trades and all programs in critical construction trades offered at technical education and career schools on the Internet web site of the Technical Education and Career System.

(P.A. 19-130, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 19-130 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 10-98a. Workforce needs. The principal of each technical education and career school, or the principal's designee, shall meet with members of the business community, representatives of electric, gas, water and wastewater utilities and representatives from state colleges and universities offering courses in public utility management within the geographic area served by the technical education and career school to develop a plan to assess workforce needs of the community and such utilities and implement curriculum modifications to address those needs.

(P.A. 01-173, S. 60, 67; P.A. 03-76, S. 43; P.A. 12-116, S. 87; P.A. 17-237, S. 70; P.A. 19-150, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 01-173 effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change, effective June 3, 2003; pursuant to P.A. 12-116, “regional vocational-technical school” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “technical high school”, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 17-237 replaced “technical high school” with “technical education and career school”, effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 19-150 replaced “director” with “principal”, added reference to principal's designee, added representatives with whom principal or designee is to meet, and added “of the community and such utilities” re workforce needs.

Sec. 10-99f. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Budget for Technical Education and Career System. (a) For the fiscal years ending June 30, 2011, to June 30, 2022, inclusive, the budget for the Technical Education and Career System shall (1) be a separate budgeted agency from the Department of Education, and (2) include a separate (A) educational account for educational and school-based accounts and expenditures, and (B) noneducational account.

(b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Governor, when considering reductions in allotment requisitions or allotments in force, shall give priority to the educational needs of the system and instructional staffing needs, as identified in the statement of staffing needs submitted by the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System pursuant to section 10-99g, and every effort shall be made to avoid impairment of the system's educational mission and interruption to instructional time during such consideration.

(P.A. 10-76, S. 7; P.A. 12-116, S. 83; P.A. 17-237, S. 8; P.A. 18-182, S. 8; P.A. 19-117, S. 274.)

*Note: On and after July 1, 2022, this section, as amended by section 9 of public act 17-237, section 9 of public act 18-182 and section 275 of public act 19-117, is to read as follows:

Sec. 10-99f. Budget for Technical Education and Career System. (a) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2023, and each fiscal year thereafter, the budget for the Technical Education and Career System shall (1) be a separate budgeted agency, and (2) include a separate (A) educational account for educational and school-based accounts and expenditures, and (B) noneducational account.

(b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Governor, when considering reductions in allotment requisitions or allotments in force, shall give priority to the educational needs of the system and instructional staffing needs, as identified in the statement of staffing needs submitted by the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System pursuant to section 10-99g, and every effort shall be made to avoid impairment of the system's educational mission and interruption to instructional time during such consideration.”

(P.A. 10-76, S. 7; P.A. 12-116, S. 83; P.A. 17-237, S. 8, 9; P.A. 18-182, S. 8, 9; P.A. 19-117, S. 274, 275.)

History: P.A. 10-76 effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 12-116 replaced “regional vocational-technical school system” with “technical high school system”, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 17-237 designated existing provisions re budget as Subsec. (a) and amended same by replacing “and each fiscal year thereafter” with “to June 30, 2019, inclusive,” replacing “technical high school system” with “Technical Education and Career System”, designating existing provision re separate budgeted agency as Subdiv. (1), adding Subdiv. (2) re separate educational account and noneducational account, and making a conforming change, added Subsec. (b) re Governor to give priority to educational needs of system and instructional staffing needs when considering reductions in allotment requisitions or allotments in force, effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 17-237 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “years ending June 30, 2011, to June 30, 2019, inclusive” with “year ending June 30, 2020, and each fiscal year thereafter”, and deleting “from the Department of Education” in Subdiv. (1), effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 18-182 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2019” with “2020”, effective June 14, 2018, and amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2020” with “2021”, effective July 1, 2020; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2020” with “2022”, effective June 26, 2019, and amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2021” with “2023”, effective July 1, 2022.

Sec. 10-99g. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Budget development and approval process for technical high school system. (a)(1) Each technical high school shall prepare a proposed operating budget for the next succeeding school year beginning July first and submit such proposed operating budget to the superintendent of the technical high school system. Such proposed operating budget shall include a statement of the staffing needs for such technical high school. The superintendent shall collect, review and use the proposed operating budget for each technical high school to guide the preparation of a proposed operating budget for the technical high school system.

(2) The superintendent of the technical high school system shall submit a proposed operating budget for the technical high school system to the technical high school system board. Such proposed operating budget shall include a statement of the staffing needs for the technical high school system. The board shall review, amend and approve such proposed operating budget and submit the approved budget to the State Board of Education. The state board shall review, but shall not amend, and submit such approved operating budget, with any comments or recommendations for revisions, to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management in accordance with the provisions of section 4-77. The superintendent shall submit a copy of (A) the proposed operating budgets for each technical high school, including the statement of the staffing needs for each technical high school, (B) the proposed operating budget for the technical high school system, including the statement of the staffing needs for the technical high school system, and (C) the approved operating budget for the technical high school system to the Office of Policy and Management and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a. The superintendent shall communicate directly with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management regarding the creation or filling of staff positions included in the approved operating budget for the technical high school system.

(b) The superintendent of the technical high school system shall semiannually submit the operating budget and expenses for each individual technical high school, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, the director of the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis and to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education.

(c) The superintendent of the technical high school system shall make available and update on the technical high school system web site and the web site of each technical high school the operating budget for the current school year of each individual technical high school.

(P.A. 10-76, S. 8; P.A. 12-116, S. 70; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 28; P.A. 16-42, S. 1.)

*Note: On and after July 1, 2022, this section, as amended by section 10 of public act 17-237, section 17 of public act 18-182 and section 276 of public act 19-117, is to read as follows:

Sec. 10-99g. Preparation and submission of operating budget for the Technical Education and Career System. (a)(1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2023, and each fiscal year thereafter, each technical education and career school shall prepare a proposed school budget for the next succeeding school year beginning July first and submit such proposed school budget to the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System. Such proposed school budget shall include a statement of the staffing needs for such technical education and career school. The superintendent shall collect, review and use the proposed school budget for each technical education and career school to guide the preparation of a proposed school budget for the Technical Education and Career System.

(2) The superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System shall prepare and submit the education budget for the Technical Education and Career System to the executive director of the Technical Education and Career System. The education budget shall include educational and school-based accounts and expenditures, the school budget for each technical education and career school, and a statement of the staffing needs for the technical education and career schools. The executive director shall review the education budget and include the education budget as part of the operating budget for the Technical Education and Career System. The executive director shall report any financial inconsistencies or irregularities discovered during the course of such review to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the Auditors of Public Accounts. For purposes of this section and section 10-99f, “educational and school-based accounts and expenditures” means funds used to (A) support instruction, programming and curriculum within the Technical Education and Career System, and (B) purchase supplies and equipment for instruction at individual technical education and career schools.

(3) The executive director shall prepare the central office budget for the Technical Education and Career System. Such central office budget shall include noneducational and central office accounts and expenditures and a statement of the staffing needs for the central office of the system. The executive director shall include the central office budget as part of the operating budget for the Technical Education and Career System.

(4) The executive director shall prepare and submit the operating budget of the Technical Education and Career System to the Office of Policy and Management in accordance with the provisions of section 4-77.

(5) The executive director shall annually submit a copy of (A) an itemized school budget for each technical education and career school, including the statement of the staffing needs for each technical education and career school, (B) the education budget, (C) the central office budget, including the statement of the staffing needs for the system, and (D) the operating budget for the Technical Education and Career System to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(b) The executive director shall semiannually submit the operating budget and expenses for each individual technical education and career school, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, the director of the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis and to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education.

(c) (1) The superintendent shall make available and update on the Technical Education and Career System Internet web site and the Internet web site of each technical education and career school the operating budget for the current school year of each individual technical education and career school.

(2) The executive director shall make available and update on the Technical Education and Career System Internet web site the operating budget for the current school year of the central office of the Technical Education and Career System and the operating budget for the Technical Education and Career System.”

(P.A. 10-76, S. 8; P.A. 12-116, S. 70; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 28; P.A. 16-42, S. 1; P.A. 17-237, S. 10; P.A. 18-182, S. 17; P.A. 19-117, S. 276.)

History: P.A. 10-76 effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 12-116 added new Subsec. (a) re proposed operating budgets for technical high schools and proposed budget for technical high school system, redesignated existing Subsecs. (a) and (b) as Subsecs. (b) and (c), replaced “biannually” with “semiannually” re submissions in redesignated Subsec. (b) and replaced references to regional vocational-technical school system with references to technical high school system, effective July 1, 2012; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by adding “amend and approve” re proposed operating budget, deleting provision re interim budget and adding provision re submission of approved budget to State Board of Education and Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 16-42 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re statement of staffing needs, and, in Subdiv. (2), adding provision re state board to review, but not amend, and submit approved operating budget with comments or recommendations, designating existing provisions re copies to be submitted by superintendent as Subparas. (A) to (C), and adding provision re superintendent to communicate directly with Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management re creation or filling of staff positions, effective July 1, 2016; P.A. 17-237 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and each fiscal year thereafter, each” and replacing references to proposed operating budget with references to proposed school budget in Subdiv. (1), replacing provisions re proposed operating budget with provisions re education budget in Subdiv. (2), adding Subdiv. (3) re central office budget, adding Subdiv. (4) re operating budget, and adding Subdiv. (5) re annual submission of school, education, central office and operating budgets to education and appropriations committees, amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “superintendent of the technical high school system” with “executive director”, amended Subsec. (c) by designating existing provisions re Internet web site as Subdiv. (1) and adding Subdiv. (2) re executive director to make central office and system operating budgets available on Internet web site, replaced references to technical high school and technical high school system with references to technical education and career school and Technical Education and Career System, respectively, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 18-182 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 10, from July 1, 2019, to July 1, 2020, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by replacing “2020” with “2023”, effective July 1, 2022.

Sec. 10-99h. List re inventory of technical and vocational equipment, supplies and materials. (a) For the fiscal years ending June 30, 2018, to June 30, 2022, inclusive, the superintendent of the Technical Education and Career System shall create and maintain a list that includes an inventory of all technical and vocational equipment, supplies and materials purchased or obtained and used in the provision of career technical education in each technical education and career school and across the Technical Education and Career System. The board shall consult such list (1) during the preparation of the budget for the Technical Education and Career System, pursuant to section 10-99g, (2) prior to purchasing or obtaining any new equipment, supplies or materials, and (3) for the purpose of sharing equipment, supplies and materials among technical education and career schools.

(b) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2023, and each fiscal year thereafter, the executive director of the Technical Education and Career System shall create and maintain a list that includes an inventory of all technical and vocational equipment, supplies and materials purchased or obtained and used in the provision of career technical education in each technical education and career school and across the Technical Education and Career System. The executive director shall consult such list (1) during the preparation of the budget for the Technical Education and Career System, pursuant to section 10-99g, (2) prior to purchasing or obtaining any new equipment, supplies or materials, and (3) for the purpose of sharing equipment, supplies and materials among technical education and career schools.

(P.A. 17-237, S. 17; P.A. 18-182, S. 10; P.A. 19-117, S. 277.)

History: P.A. 17-237 effective July 1, 2017; P.A. 18-182 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “and June 30, 2019” with “to June 30, 2020, inclusive”, and amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “2020” with “2021”, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “2020” with “2022” and amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “2021” with “2023”, effective June 26, 2019.

Sec. 10-99i. (Note: This section is effective July 1, 2022.) Audits of the Technical Education and Career System. In accomplishment of their duties as set forth in section 2-90, the Auditors of Public Accounts shall, as often as they deem necessary, examine the records and accounts of the Technical Education and Career System. Their findings shall be reported as required in section 2-90.

(P.A. 17-237, S. 20; P.A. 18-182, S. 17; P.A. 19-117, S. 280.)

History: P.A. 17-237 effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 18-182 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 20, from July 1, 2019, to July 1, 2020, effective June 14, 2018; P.A. 19-117 changed effective date of P.A. 17-237, S. 20, from July 1, 2020, to July 1, 2022, effective June 26, 2019.