CHAPTER 104

MUNICIPAL POLICE AND FIRE PROTECTION

Table of Contents

Sec. 7-274. Establishment by ordinance of town police commissions; adoption by ordinance of special act provisions when police commission established thereby.

Sec. 7-277b. Reimbursement for body-worn or electronic defense weapon recording equipment, data storage devices or services and dashboard cameras with a remote recorder.

Sec. 7-282e. Recording of incidents of use of physical force, discharge of a firearm or engagement of a pursuit. Reporting.

Sec. 7-291d. Employment protection of police officer who seeks or receives mental health care services. Return to duty. Law enforcement unit liability.

Sec. 7-294h. State and local police training programs to provide training on the handling of juvenile matters and adults with autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment or nonverbal learning disorder.

Sec. 7-294ff. Development of model critical incident and peer support policy. Policy adoption. Provision of peer support and mental health referral services.

Sec. 7-294gg. State and local police training programs to provide training on resilience and self-care techniques.

Sec. 7-313l. Firefighter training on resilience and self-care techniques.

Sec. 7-314a. Death, disability and injury benefits. Presumption.

Sec. 7-323l. Duties of Commission on Fire Prevention and Control. Regulations.


PART I

POLICE DEPARTMENTS

Sec. 7-274. Establishment by ordinance of town police commissions; adoption by ordinance of special act provisions when police commission established thereby. (a) Any town may, by ordinance, establish a board of police commissioners to be elected, in accordance with the provisions of section 9-201 or to be appointed by the council or board of directors of a town, the common council or other body empowered to make ordinances of a city, the board of burgesses of a borough or the board of selectmen of a town not having a council or board of directors, provided in a town having both a board of selectmen and a representative town meeting such ordinance may designate the representative town meeting as the appointing authority, for the purpose of organizing and maintaining a police department in such town. Such board shall consist of three, five or seven electors, all of whom shall be resident taxpayers of such town. Such commissioners shall be sworn to the faithful performance of their duties and shall serve without compensation, but their actual expenses and disbursements incurred in the performance of their duties shall be paid from the town treasury.

(b) For any town in which a board of police commissioners has been established pursuant to a special act, such town may, by ordinance, adopt the provisions of such special act and any amendment to such act.

(1949 Rev., S. 656; 1953, S. 260d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 19; P.A. 73-138, S. 1, 2; P.A. 74-209; P.A. 19-104, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 73-138 permitted board to be appointed as well as elected; P.A. 74-209 clarified appointment provisions by listing specific appointing authorities; P.A. 19-104 designated existing provisions re establishment of board of police commissioners as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re boards established pursuant to special act.

Sec. 7-277b. Reimbursement for body-worn or electronic defense weapon recording equipment, data storage devices or services and dashboard cameras with a remote recorder. (a) The Office of Policy and Management shall, within available resources, administer a grant program to provide grants-in-aid to reimburse (1) each municipality for the costs associated with the purchase by such municipality of body-worn recording equipment or electronic defense weapon recording equipment for use by the sworn members of such municipality's police department or for use by constables, police officers or other persons who perform criminal law enforcement duties under the supervision of a resident state trooper serving such municipality, and digital data storage devices or services, provided such equipment and device or service conforms to the minimal technical specifications approved pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29-6d, if applicable, and (2) any municipality making a first-time purchase of one or more dashboard cameras with a remote recorder or replacing one or more dashboard cameras purchased prior to December 31, 2010, with one or more dashboard cameras with a remote recorder. Any such municipality may apply for such grants-in-aid to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management in such manner as prescribed by said secretary. Such grants-in-aid shall be distributed as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) (1) (A) Any municipality that purchased such body-worn recording equipment, electronic defense weapon recording equipment or digital data storage devices or services, made a first-time purchase of one or more dashboard cameras with a remote recorder or replaced one or more dashboard cameras purchased prior to December 31, 2010, with one or more dashboard cameras with a remote recorder during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2017, and June 30, 2018, shall, within available resources, be reimbursed for up to one hundred per cent of the costs associated with such purchases, provided the costs of such digital data storage services shall not be reimbursed for a period of service that is longer than one year, and provided further that in the case of reimbursement for costs associated with the purchase of body-worn recording equipment, such body-worn recording equipment is purchased in sufficient quantity, as determined by the chief of police in the case of a municipality with an organized police department or, where there is no chief of police, the warden of the borough or the first selectman of the municipality, as the case may be, to ensure that sworn members of such municipality's police department or constables, police officers or other persons who perform criminal law enforcement duties under the supervision of a resident state trooper serving such municipality are supplied with such equipment while interacting with the public in such sworn members', such constables', such police officers' or such persons' law enforcement capacity.

(B) Any municipality that purchased such body-worn recording equipment during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2017, and June 30, 2018, and paid for such purchase not later than August 31, 2018, shall, within available resources, be reimbursed for up to one hundred per cent of the costs associated with such purchase in accordance with subparagraph (A) of this subdivision.

(C) Any municipality that purchased such body-worn recording equipment or digital data storage devices or services on or after January 1, 2012, but prior to July 1, 2016, shall be reimbursed for costs associated with such purchases, but not in an amount to exceed the amount of grant-in-aid such municipality would have received under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision if such purchases had been made in accordance with said subparagraph (A).

(D) Any municipality that was reimbursed under subparagraph (C) of this subdivision for body-worn recording equipment and that purchased additional body-worn recording equipment during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2017, and June 30, 2018, shall, within available resources, be reimbursed for up to one hundred per cent of the costs associated with such purchases, provided such equipment is purchased in sufficient quantity, as determined by the chief of police in the case of a municipality with an organized police department or, where there is no chief of police, the warden of the borough or the first selectman of the municipality, as the case may be, to ensure that sworn members of such municipality's police department or constables or other persons who perform criminal law enforcement duties under the supervision of a resident state trooper serving such municipality are supplied with such equipment while interacting with the public in such sworn members', such constables', such police officers' or such persons' law enforcement capacity.

(2) Any municipality that was not reimbursed under subdivision (1) of this subsection and that purchased such body-worn recording equipment or electronic defense weapon recording equipment, digital data storage devices or services, made a first-time purchase of one or more dashboard cameras with a remote recorder or replaced one or more dashboard cameras purchased prior to December 30, 2010, with one or more dashboard cameras with a remote recorder during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, shall, within available resources, be reimbursed for up to fifty per cent of the costs associated with such purchases, provided the costs of such digital data storage services shall not be reimbursed for a period of service that is longer than one year.

(c) For the purposes of this section, “electronic defense weapon recording equipment” means an electronic defense weapon that is equipped with electronic audio and visual recording equipment, “electronic defense weapon” has the same meaning as provided in section 53a-3, “dashboard camera with a remote recorder” means a camera that affixes to a dashboard or windshield of a police vehicle that electronically records video of the view through the vehicle's windshield and has an electronic audio recorder that may be operated remotely.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-4, S. 8; P.A. 17-225, S. 2; P.A. 18-107, S. 1; P.A. 19-11, S. 1.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-4 effective January 1, 2016; P.A. 17-225 added provisions re electronic defense weapon recording equipment and re constables, police officers or other persons who perform criminal law enforcement duties under supervision of resident state trooper, amended Subsec. (a) by designating provisions re costs associated with equipment and devices as Subdiv. (1) and amending same by adding “if applicable” re Sec. 29-6d and adding Subdiv. (2) re first-time purchase of dashboard cameras, amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re first-time purchase of dashboard cameras during fiscal years ending June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2018 in Subdiv. (1)(A), adding “within available resources” re reimbursement for costs and adding provisions re purchase of equipment in sufficient quantity determined by chief of police or warden of borough or first selectman in Subdivs. (1)(A) and (1)(C), adding “and June 30, 2018” in Subdiv. (1)(C), adding provision re first-time purchase of dashboard cameras, replaced “June 30, 2018” with “June 30, 2019” and added “within available resources” re reimbursement for costs, added Subsec. (c) re definitions, and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 10, 2017; P.A. 18-107 added provisions re replacement of dashboard cameras purchased prior to December 31, 2010, amended Subsec. (b)(1)(A) by deleting provision re digital data storage devices or services to be purchased during fiscal year ending June 30, 2017, and made technical and conforming changes, effective June 7, 2018; P.A. 19-11 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding new Subpara. (B) authorizing reimbursement for body-worn recording equipment purchased during fiscal years ending June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2018 and paid for not later than August 31, 2018, redesignating existing Subparas. (B) and (C) as Subparas. (C) and (D) and making a conforming change, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 7-282e. Recording of incidents of use of physical force, discharge of a firearm or engagement of a pursuit. Reporting. (a) Each law enforcement unit, as defined in section 7-294a, shall create and maintain a record detailing any incident during which a police officer, as defined in section 7-294a, (1) uses physical force that is likely to cause serious physical injury, as defined in section 53a-3, to another person or the death of another person, including, but not limited to, striking another person with an open or closed hand, club or baton, kicking another person, using pepper spray or an electroshock weapon on another person or using a chokehold or other method of restraint applied to the neck area of another person, (2) discharges a firearm, except during a training exercise or in the course of dispatching an animal, or (3) engages in a pursuit, as defined in subsection (a) of section 14-283a. Such record shall include, but not be limited to: The name of the police officer, the time and place of the incident, a description of what occurred during the incident and, to the extent known, the names of the victims and witnesses present at such incident.

(b) Not later than February 1, 2020, and annually thereafter, each law enforcement unit shall prepare and submit a report concerning incidents described in subsection (a) of this section during the preceding calendar year to the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management. Such report shall include (1) the records described in subsection (a) of this section, (2) summarized data compiled from such records, and (3) statistics on each use of force incident, including, but not limited to, (A) the race and gender of such person upon whom force was used, provided the identification of such characteristics shall be based on the observation and perception of the police officer, (B) the number of times force was used on such person, and (C) any injury suffered by such person against whom force was used. Each law enforcement unit shall, prior to submission of any such report pursuant to this subsection, redact any information from such report that may identify a minor, witness or victim.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-4, S. 5; P.A. 19-90, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 19-90 designated existing provisions re record of certain incidents as Subsec. (a) and amended same by adding provision re chokehold or other method of restraint applied to neck area in Subdiv. (1), adding Subdiv. (3) re engaging in pursuit, and making technical changes, and added Subsec. (b) re reporting.

Sec. 7-291d. Employment protection of police officer who seeks or receives mental health care services. Return to duty. Law enforcement unit liability. (a) No law enforcement unit, as defined in section 7-294a, shall discharge, discipline, discriminate against or otherwise penalize a police officer, as defined in section 7-294a, who is employed by such law enforcement unit solely because the police officer seeks or receives mental health care services or surrenders his or her firearm, ammunition or electronic defense weapon used in the performance of the police officer's official duties to such law enforcement unit during the time the police officer receives mental health care services. The provisions of this subsection shall not be applicable to a police officer who (1) seeks or receives mental health care services to avoid disciplinary action by such law enforcement unit, or (2) refuses to submit himself or herself to an examination as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Prior to returning to a police officer his or her surrendered firearm, ammunition or electronic defense weapon used in the performance of the police officer's official duties, such law enforcement unit shall request the police officer to submit himself or herself to an examination by a mental health professional, as defined in section 31-294k. The examination shall be performed to determine whether the police officer is ready to report for official duty and shall be paid for by such law enforcement unit.

(c) No civil action may be brought against a law enforcement unit for damages arising from an act or omission of a police officer employed by the unit with respect to the officer's use of his or her personal firearm, if (1) the officer seeks or receives mental health care services and surrenders to such unit his or her firearm, ammunition or electronic defense weapon used in the performance of the police officer's official duties, and (2) such act or omission occurs during the time period the officer has surrendered his or her firearm, ammunition or electronic defense weapon or within six months of the date of surrendering his or her firearm, ammunition or electronic defense weapon, whichever is longer.

(P.A. 19-17, S. 4.)

Sec. 7-294h. State and local police training programs to provide training on the handling of juvenile matters and adults with autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment or nonverbal learning disorder. On and after January 1, 2017: (1) Each police basic or field training program conducted or administered by the Division of State Police within the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection shall provide a minimum of twenty-seven hours of training relative to the handling of juvenile matters which includes, but is not limited to, the following: (A) Techniques for handling incidents involving juveniles; (B) information relative to the processing and disposition of juvenile matters; (C) applicable procedures in the prosecution of cases involving juveniles; (D) information regarding resources of the juvenile justice system in the state; (E) the use of graduated sanctions; (F) techniques for handling trauma; (G) restorative justice practices; (H) adolescent development; (I) risk-assessment and screening tools; (J) emergency mobile psychiatric services; and (K) on and after January 1, 2020, techniques for handling incidents, such as wandering, that involve juveniles and adults with autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment or nonverbal learning disorder, provided the curriculum for such techniques is available at no cost to the division from (i) institutions of higher education, health care professionals or advocacy organizations that are concerned with juveniles and adults with autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment or nonverbal learning disorder, or (ii) a collaboration of such institutions, professionals or organizations; (2) each police basic or field training program conducted or administered by the Police Officer Standards and Training Council established under section 7-294b or by a municipal police department in the state shall provide a minimum of fourteen hours of training relative to the handling of juvenile matters as provided in subdivision (1) of this section; and (3) each police review training program conducted or administered by the Division of State Police within the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection, by the Police Officer Standards and Training Council established under section 7-294b or by a municipal police department in the state shall provide a minimum of one hour of training relative to the handling of juvenile matters as provided in subdivision (1) of this section.

(P.A. 89-273, S. 12; P.A. 95-108, S. 8; P.A. 11-51, S. 134; P.A. 16-147, S. 10; P.A. 17-166, S. 1; P.A. 19-147, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 95-108 renamed Municipal Police Training Council as Police Officer Standards and Training Council; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Department of Public Safety” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 16-147 replaced “July 1, 1990” with “January 1, 2017”, amended Subdiv. (1) to add reference to field training and to add Subparas. (E) to (J) re additional training relative to juvenile matters, and amended Subdiv. (2) to add reference to field training, effective January 1, 2017; P.A. 17-166 amended Subdiv. (1) by adding Subpara. (K) re techniques for handling incidents involving juveniles with autism spectrum disorder or nonverbal learning disorder; P.A. 19-147 amended Subdiv. (1)(K) by replacing “January 1, 2018” with “January 1, 2020” and adding references to adults and cognitive impairment, effective January 1, 2020.

Sec. 7-294ff. Development of model critical incident and peer support policy. Policy adoption. Provision of peer support and mental health referral services. (a) Not later than January 1, 2020, the Police Officer Standards and Training Council, established under section 7-294b, the Department of Correction and the Commission on Fire Prevention and Control shall develop and promulgate a model critical incident and peer support policy to support the mental health care and wellness of police officers, as defined in section 7-294a, parole officers, as defined in section 31-294k, and firefighters, as defined in section 31-294k.

(b) Not later than July 1, 2020, each law enforcement unit as defined in section 7-294a, the Department of Correction as employer of parole officers, each municipal or state paid or volunteer fire department and each municipal entity employing a fire marshal, deputy fire marshal, fire investigator, fire inspector or other class of investigator or inspector for whom the State Fire Marshal and the Codes and Standards Committee, acting jointly, have adopted minimum standards of qualification pursuant to section 29-298, shall (1) adopt and maintain a written policy that meets or exceeds the standards of the model policy developed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section; (2) make peer support available to such officers and firefighters; and (3) refer an officer or firefighter, as appropriate, seeking mental health care services to a mental health professional, as defined in section 31-294k.

(P.A. 19-17, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 19-17 effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 7-294gg. State and local police training programs to provide training on resilience and self-care techniques. Each police basic training program conducted or administered by the Division of State Police within the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection, the Police Officer Standards and Training Council established under section 7-294b or a municipal police department in this state shall provide, in consultation with the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, resilience and self-care technique training for any individual who begins basic training as a police officer, as defined in section 7-294a, on or after January 1, 2020.

(P.A. 19-17, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 19-17 effective July 1, 2019.

PART III

FIRE DEPARTMENTS

Sec. 7-313l. Firefighter training on resilience and self-care techniques. In consultation with the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, the State Fire Marshal and the Codes and Standards Committee and any other state or municipal entity providing training to a firefighter, as defined in section 31-294k, shall provide resilience and self-care technique training for any individual who begins initial training as a firefighter on or after January 1, 2020.

(P.A. 19-17, S. 10.)

History: P.A. 19-17 effective July 1, 2019.

PART IV

VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTERS
AND VOLUNTEER AMBULANCE SERVICE MEMBERS

Sec. 7-314a. Death, disability and injury benefits. Presumption. (a) Except as provided in subsections (e) and (f) of this section, active members of volunteer fire departments and active members of organizations certified as a volunteer ambulance service in accordance with section 19a-180 shall be construed to be employees of the municipality for the benefit of which volunteer fire services or such ambulance services are rendered while in training or engaged in volunteer fire duty or such ambulance service and shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Workers' Compensation Commission and shall be compensated in accordance with the provisions of chapter 568 for death, disability or injury incurred while in training for or engaged in volunteer fire duty or such ambulance service.

(b) For the purpose of this section, the average weekly wage of a volunteer fireman or volunteer ambulance service member shall be construed to be the average production wage in the state as determined by the Labor Commissioner under the provisions of section 31-309.

(c) For the purpose of this section, there shall be no prorating of compensation benefits because of other employment by a volunteer fireman or volunteer ambulance service provider.

(d) For the purpose of adjudication of claims for the payment of benefits under the provisions of chapter 568, any condition of impairment of health occurring to an active member of a volunteer fire department or organization certified as a volunteer ambulance service in accordance with section 19a-180 while such member is in training for or engaged in volunteer fire duty or such ambulance service, caused by hypertension or heart disease resulting in death or temporary or permanent total or partial disability, shall be presumed to have been suffered in the line of duty and within the scope of his employment, provided such member had previously successfully passed a physical examination by a licensed physician appointed by such department or ambulance service which examination failed to reveal any evidence of such condition.

(e) Any member of a volunteer fire company or department or organization certified as a volunteer ambulance service in accordance with section 19a-180 performing fire duties or such ambulance service pursuant to a mutual aid understanding between municipalities shall be entitled to all benefits pursuant to this section and shall be construed to be an employee of the municipality in which his fire company or department or such ambulance service is located.

(f) Any member of a volunteer fire company or department and any temporary emergency worker utilized under subsection (d) of section 23-37, who performs fire duties under the direction of the State Forest Fire Warden, state forest fire personnel or district or deputy fire warden under the supervision of the State Forest Fire Warden pursuant to section 23-37, shall be construed to be an employee of the state for the purpose of receiving compensation in accordance with the provisions of chapter 568 for death, disability or injury incurred while performing such fire duties under such direction.

(1967, P.A. 892, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 464, S. 1; P.A. 79-376, S. 10; P.A. 89-22, S. 2, 3; P.A. 95-243, S. 1; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 84, 88; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-10, S. 4, 7; P.A. 19-37, S. 2.)

History: 1969 act deleted provision distinguishing state and municipal employees acting as volunteer firemen from others in Subsec. (a) and added Subsecs. (c) and (d) prohibiting prorating of compensation benefits and making provisions concerning hypertension and heart disease; P.A. 79-376 substituted “workers' compensation” for “workmen's compensation”; P.A. 89-22 added Subsec. (e) concerning liability for workers' compensation coverage for firemen injured while performing duties pursuant to a mutual aid agreement, amending Subsec. (a) to reflect its inclusion; P.A. 95-243 added Subsec. (f) to include members of a volunteer fire company or department and any person summoned by the State Forest Fire Warden who performs fire fighting duty under such authority as an employee of the state for workers'compensation purposes and amended Subsec. (a) to refer to said subsection; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 added volunteer and municipal ambulance service members as employees, effective July 1, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-10 deleted references to municipal ambulance service members as employees, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 19-37 amended Subsec. (f) by deleting provision re person summoned by State Forest Fire Warden or state forest fire personnel, adding reference to temporary emergency worker and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 2019.

PART VI

COMMISSION ON FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL.
STATE FIRE ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 7-323l. Duties of Commission on Fire Prevention and Control. Regulations. (a) The commission shall:

(1) Recommend minimum standards of education and physical condition required of each candidate for any firefighter position;

(2) Establish standards for a fire service training and education program, on a voluntary basis, and develop and conduct an examination program to certify those fire service personnel who satisfactorily demonstrate their ability to meet the requirements of the fire service training and education program standards;

(3) Establish an optional fire service training and education program in the handling of incidents, such as wandering, that involve juveniles and adults with autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment or nonverbal learning disorder, provided the curriculum for such techniques is made available at no cost from (A) institutions of higher education, health care professionals or advocacy organizations that are concerned with juveniles and adults with autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment or nonverbal learning disorder, or (B) collaborations of such institutions, professionals or organizations;

(4) Conduct fire fighting training and education programs designed to assist firefighters in developing and maintaining their skills and keeping abreast of technological advances in fire suppression, fire protection, fire prevention and related fields;

(5) Recommend standards for promotion to the various ranks of fire departments;

(6) Be authorized, with the approval of the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection, to apply for, receive and distribute any state, federal or private funds or contributions available for training and education of fire fighting personnel;

(7) Recommend that the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection approve or reject the establishment of, or, when appropriate, suspend or revoke the approval of, regional fire schools in accordance with section 7-323u; and

(8) Submit to the Governor, the Joint Legislative Management Committee of the General Assembly and the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection an annual report relating to the activities, recommendations and accomplishments of the commission.

(b) The commission may recommend, and the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection may adopt, regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 as necessary to implement the provisions of this section.

(P.A. 73-649, S. 3, 5; P.A. 75-617, S. 3, 8; P.A. 80-169, S. 2; P.A. 83-566, S. 3, 6; P.A. 98-226, S. 2; P.A. 11-51, S. 151; 11-243, S. 4; P.A. 19-147, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 75-617 deleted reference to standards of temperament in Subsec. (a) and changed effective date of standards for use in hiring from January 1, 1975, to January 1, 1976; P.A. 80-169 replaced provisions of Subsec. (a) with requirement to recommend minimum standards of education and physical condition, replaced provisions for in-service training with new provisions for voluntary training and education program and reworded Subsecs. (c) and (d), removing from Subsec. (d) requirement for consultation with technical colleges' committee of fire technology and administration; P.A. 83-566 amended Subsec. (b), replacing references to “fire fighting” with “fire service” and amended Subsec. (e), authorizing commission to receive and distribute private funds or contributions for training and education of fire fighting personnel; P.A. 98-226 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), replacing alphabetic Subdivs. (a) to (f) with Subdivs. (1) to (6) and added Subsec. (b) giving the commission authority to adopt regulations; P.A. 11-51 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “with the approval of the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection” in Subdiv. (5) and by requiring annual report to be submitted to Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection in Subdiv. (6), amended Subsec. (b) by removing commission's authority to adopt regulations, authorizing Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection to adopt regulations, and authorizing commission to recommend regulations, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-243 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “state,” re funds available for training and education of fire fighting personnel in Subdiv. (5), adding new Subdiv. (6) re recommendation of approval or rejection of regional fire schools and redesignating existing Subdiv. (6) as Subdiv. (7); P.A. 19-147 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdiv. (3) re optional fire service training and education program and redesignating existing Subdivs. (3) to (7) as Subdivs. (4) to (8), effective July 1, 2019.