PA 13-138—sHB 6380

Insurance and Real Estate Committee


SUMMARY: This act prohibits an insurer from declining, cancelling, or failing to renew a homeowners policy or increasing its cost in several circumstances.

It requires that insurance policies covering real property ensure that the surroundings of a damaged item that is replaced match the quality and kind of the replaced item.

By law, when an insured hires a public adjuster they must enter into an employment contract. For contracts signed on or after October 1, 2013, the act increases, from three to five calendar days, the time the insured has to rescind the contract. Under prior law, if the contract was signed on a Friday, Saturday, or Sunday, the insured had until midnight on the following Tuesday to cancel the contract; the act extends this to midnight on Thursday. By law, the contract must have a provision specifying the insured's right to cancel. The act requires that this provision be on the contract's first page in at least 12-point bold type.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2013


The act prohibits an insurer from declining, cancelling, or failing to renew a homeowners insurance policy solely due to a loss incurred as a result of a catastrophic event, as declared by a nationally recognized catastrophic loss index provider. However, it may offer coverage through an affiliated insurer. The act prohibits an insurer from declining or failing to renew a homeowners policy, adding a surcharge on a claim, or increasing the policy premium if this action is based on any claim filed on the covered property while anyone, other than the current applicant or insured, owned the property, unless the risk from which the claim originated has not been mitigated.

The act prohibits an insurer from (1) cancelling or failing to renew a homeowners policy or (2) increasing its premium, if this action is based solely on inquiries made on the policy or a claim filed under it that resulted in a payment by the insurer of less than $500 or in no payment. The prohibition does not apply if the insured filed more than one claim resulting from a non-catastrophic event in the three immediately preceding policy years that resulted in a loss coverage payment by the insurer.


Under the act, when a loss covered under a policy for real property requires replacing a damaged item that will not match the quality, color, or size of adjacent items, the insurer must replace these items with materials of like kind and quality to provide a reasonably uniform appearance. This requirement applies to both interior and exterior covered losses. These provisions do not (1) impose liability on an insurer as a warrantor of any of the work or (2) authorize or preclude enforcement of policy provisions relating to settlement disputes.

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