PA 11-146—sHB 6565

Judiciary Committee

Appropriations Committee


SUMMARY: This act makes a number of changes regarding business entity filings with the secretary of the state.

For domestic and out-of-state stock and non-stock corporations, limited partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and limited liability partnerships (LLPs), the act:

1. requires filing annual reports with the secretary electronically but allows the secretary, on request, to exempt an entity from electronic filing if it is not capable of electronic filing, it cannot pay in an authorized manner by electronic means, or good cause is shown;

2. requires their annual reports to include the entity's email address if there is one;

3. requires the secretary to deliver or e-mail a notice to each entity that its annual report is due, rather than mail a form for the annual report; and

4. allows the secretary to require or permit any document required by law or regulation governing the particular entity to be filed by electronic transmission or new technology, as it develops (prior law allowed corporations to deliver documents by electronic transmission to the extent permitted by the secretary).

For limited partnerships, LLPs, and statutory trusts, the act allows the secretary, in her discretion and for good cause, to permit use of a photostatic or photographic copy, instead of the original, of any document required or permitted to be filed or recorded under the laws governing the entity. The act gives the copy the same force and effect as the original. The law already applies these provisions to corporations and LLCs.

The act also adds and changes definitions related to documents for several entities, makes changes for certain documents from LLCs and statutory trusts, and makes technical and conforming changes.

By law, certain LLPs must have a statutory agent for service of process. The act adds provisions on replacing an agent, notifying the secretary of address changes, and agent resignations.

EFFECTIVE DATE: January 1, 2012


The act adds and changes certain definitions in the laws that apply to particular entities. As a result, these terms will have the same definitions as they do when applied to corporations, limited partnerships, LLCs, and LLPs.

The act adds the following definitions to the laws governing limited partnerships and LLPs:

1. “deliver” or “delivery” is any method used in conventional commercial practice, including by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and electronic transmission;

2. a “document” includes anything delivered to the secretary for filing under the entity's laws;

3. “electronic transmission” is any process of communication not directly involving the physical transfer of paper that is suitable for the recipient retaining, retrieving, and reproducing information; and

4. “sign” or “signature” includes any manual, facsimile, conformed, or electronic signature.

The act extends these and other definitions to all of the provisions on LLPs.

For LLCs, it adds the same definitions of “deliver” and “document” and changes the definition of “sign” to include electronic signatures.

The act also adds the definitions for “document” and “sign” to the laws on statutory trusts but it does not add the other terms.


Prior law required articles of organization and documents required to be filed under the LLC law to be typed, printed, or, if authorized by the secretary, electronically transmitted. The act requires them to be in a format that can be retrieved or reproduced in a typed or printed form if electronically transmitted.


Prior law required a statutory trust to file the original, signed copy of its certificate of trust with the secretary. The act eliminates the requirement that the copy be the original document and only requires a signed copy. The act makes conforming changes. It requires the secretary to endorse, accept for filing, and retain signed documents instead of signed original documents.

Similarly, for a foreign statutory trust, the act requires filing only a signed copy rather than an original, signed copy of an application for registration.


By law, a LLP that does not have its principal office in the state and a foreign LLP must appoint a statutory agent for service of process in the state by filing a written appointment with the secretary.

The act:

1. requires the partnership to appoint another agent “forthwith” when its statutory agent dies, dissolves (a statutory agent can be a person or business entity), leaves the state, or resigns;

2. requires the partnership to “forthwith” file notice of an agent's new address with the secretary if the agent changes its address in the state from the one in the secretary's records;

3. allows an agent to resign by filing a signed statement in duplicate with the secretary, requires the secretary “forthwith” to file one copy and mail the other to the partnership's principal office, and makes the resignation effective and terminates the agent's authority 30 days after filing; and

4. allows a partnership to revoke an appointment by making a new appointment.

OLR Tracking: CR: KM: PF: df