CHAPTER 228b

CONTROLLING INTEREST TRANSFER TAX

Table of Contents

Sec. 12-638a. Definitions.

Sec. 12-638b. Tax on transfer of controlling interest in entity possessing real property. Rate of tax applied to the value of the real property.

Sec. 12-638c. Filing return and payment of tax. Penalty and waiver provisions. Regulations.

Sec. 12-638d. Examination of records. Deficiency assessment. Penalty. Limitation of assessment period.

Sec. 12-638e. Excess payments.

Sec. 12-638f. Claims for refund.

Sec. 12-638g. Wilful violations. Penalties.

Sec. 12-638h. Records. Examinations. Hearings. Testimony.

Sec. 12-638i. Application to commissioner for hearing.

Sec. 12-638j. Collection of tax. State lien against real estate as security for tax.

Sec. 12-638k. Certain portion of tax collected to be remitted to town in which the real property is located.

Sec. 12-638l. Additional tax imposed with that under section 12-638b when the real property conveyed is classified as open space, maritime heritage, farm or forest land at the time of transfer.

Sec. 12-638m. Payment of tax imposed by section 12-638l. Classification of the land terminates automatically.

Sec. 12-638n. Transfers not subject to the tax under section 12-638l.

Sec. 12-638o. Filing and collection provisions related to the tax under sections 12-638l to 12-638n, inclusive.

Sec. 12-638p. Certain records to be kept by any entity with respect to which a sale or transfer of controlling interest in such entity is subject to tax under this chapter.

Sec. 12-639. Reserved


Sec. 12-638a. Definitions. As used in this chapter, (1) “commissioner” means the Commissioner of Revenue Services, and (2) “controlling interest” means (A) in the case of a corporation, more than fifty per cent of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of such corporation, and (B) in the case of a partnership, association, trust or other entity, more than fifty per cent of the capital, profits or beneficial interest in such partnership, association, trust or other entity.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 38, 203; P.A. 90-315, S. 2, 6.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 38 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 90-315 amended the definition of controlling interest to mean in the case of a corporation “more than 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of such corporation” and including deletion of the alternative “fifty per cent or more of the capital, profits or beneficial interest in the voting stock of such corporation” and in the case of a partnership, association, trust or other entity “more than fifty per cent of the capital, profits or beneficial interest in such entity”, effective June 12, 1990, and applicable to any sale or transfer of a controlling interest in any entity occurring on or after July 1, 1989.

Sec. 12-638b. Tax on transfer of controlling interest in entity possessing real property. Rate of tax applied to the value of the real property. (a)(1) There is hereby imposed a tax on the sale or transfer of a controlling interest in any entity which possesses, directly or indirectly, an interest in real property in this state when the present true and actual value of the interest in real property equals or exceeds two thousand dollars, payable by the person selling or transferring such controlling interest, at the rate of one and eleven one-hundredths of one per cent of the present true and actual value of the interest in real property possessed, directly or indirectly, by such entity.

(2) A taxable sale or transfer of a controlling interest may occur in one transaction or in a series of transactions. Transactions which occur within six months of each other are presumed, unless shown to the contrary, to be a series of transactions.

(3) A taxable sale or transfer of a controlling interest may be made by one seller or transferor or may be made by a group of sellers or transferors acting in concert. Sellers or transferors who are related to each other by blood or marriage are presumed, unless shown to the contrary, to be acting in concert.

(b) The tax imposed by subsection (a) of this section (1) shall not apply to any sale or transfer of a controlling interest in any entity to the extent such entity possesses, directly or indirectly, an interest in real property located in an area of any municipality designated as an enterprise zone in accordance with section 32-70, but shall apply to the extent such entity possesses, directly or indirectly, an interest in real property in this state located outside such area designated as such an enterprise zone, and (2) shall not apply to any sale or transfer of a controlling interest in any entity to effectuate a mere change of identity or form of ownership or organization where there is no change in beneficial ownership.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 39, 203; P.A. 90-315, S. 3, 6; P.A. 00-174, S. 36, 83; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1, S. 100.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 39 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 90-315 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting reference to the conveyance of such controlling interest and the real property possessed by such entity and substituted in lieu thereof “selling or transferring such controlling interest” and a description of the real property as “possessed by” such entity and amended Subsec. (b) by deleting the description of two types of transfers that would be exempt from the tax without inclusion in Subsec. (b) and by adding clarifying language to the exemption for real property located in an enterprise zone; P.A. 00-174 amended Subsec. (b) to designate existing exemption as Subdiv. (1) and to add Subdiv. (2) re exemption for transfers for purpose of change of identity or form of ownership, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to sales or transfers occurring on or after July 1, 2000; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1 added provisions re the degree of property interest subject to tax and re transactions and persons subject to tax, effective August 1, 2003, for sales or transfers of a controlling interest occurring on or after that date.

Sec. 12-638c. Filing return and payment of tax. Penalty and waiver provisions. Regulations. (a) On or before the last day of the month following the month in which the sale or transfer of a controlling interest in an entity which is subject to the tax imposed by section 12-638b, a return shall be filed with the commissioner by the person conveying the controlling interest, in such form as the commissioner may prescribe. Payment of the tax shall accompany such return. Returns shall be signed by the person required to file the return for such entity or by the authorized agent of such person but need not be verified by oath. If any entity fails to pay the amount of tax reported to be due on its return within the time specified under the provisions of this section, there shall be imposed a penalty equal to ten per cent of such amount due and unpaid or fifty dollars, whichever is greater. Such amount shall bear interest at the rate of one per cent per month or fraction thereof, from the due date. Subject to the provisions of section 12-3a, the commissioner may waive all or part of the penalties provided under this chapter when it is proven to the commissioner’s satisfaction that the failure to pay any tax was due to reasonable cause and was not intentional or due to neglect.

(b) The provisions of this chapter shall be administered by the Commissioner of Revenue Services. All forms necessary or convenient for the enforcement of this chapter shall be prescribed, printed and furnished by said commissioner. The commissioner may adopt and enforce rules and regulations relating to the administration and enforcement of this chapter.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 40, 203; P.A. 95-26, S. 32, 52; P.A. 99-121, S. 21, 28.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 40 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 95-26 amended Subsec. (a) to lower interest rate from 1.25% to 1%, effective July 1, 1995, and applicable to taxes due and owing on or after July 1, 1995, whether or not those taxes first became due before said date; P.A. 99-121 amended Subsec. (a) to allow commissioner to waive all or part of the penalties for reasonable cause, effective June 3, 1999.

Sec. 12-638d. Examination of records. Deficiency assessment. Penalty. Limitation of assessment period. (a) The commissioner may examine the records of any entity subject to a tax imposed under this chapter, as he may deem necessary. If he shall determine therefrom that there is a deficiency with respect to the payment of any such tax due under the provisions of this chapter, he shall assess or reassess the deficiency in tax, give notice of such deficiency assessment or reassessment to the taxpayer and make demand upon him for payment. Such amount shall bear interest at the rate of one per cent per month or fraction thereof from the date when the original tax was due and payable. When it appears that any part of the deficiency for which a deficiency assessment is made is due to negligence or intentional disregard of the provisions of this chapter or regulations promulgated thereunder, there shall be imposed a penalty equal to ten per cent of the amount of such deficiency assessment, or fifty dollars, whichever is greater. When it appears that any part of the deficiency for which a deficiency assessment is made is due to fraud or intent to evade the provisions of this chapter or regulations promulgated thereunder, there shall be imposed a penalty equal to twenty-five per cent of the amount of such deficiency assessment. No taxpayer shall be subject to more than one penalty under this subsection in relation to the same tax period. Any decision rendered by any federal court holding that a taxpayer has filed a fraudulent return with the Director of Internal Revenue shall subject the taxpayer to the penalty imposed by this section without the necessity of further proof thereof, except when it can be shown that the return to the state so differed from the return to the federal government as to afford a reasonable presumption that the attempt to defraud did not extend to the return filed with the state. Within thirty days of the mailing of such notice, the taxpayer shall pay to the commissioner, in cash, or by check, draft or money order drawn to the order of the Commissioner of Revenue Services, any additional amount of tax, penalty and interest shown to be due.

(b) Except in the case of a wilfully false or fraudulent return with intent to evade the tax, no assessment of additional tax shall be made after the expiration of more than three years from the date of the filing of a return or from the original due date of a return, whichever is later. If no return has been filed as provided under the provisions of this chapter, the commissioner may make such return at any time thereafter, according to the best information obtainable and according to the form prescribed. To the tax imposed upon the basis of such return, there shall be added an amount equal to ten per cent of such tax, or fifty dollars, whichever is greater. The tax shall bear interest at the rate of one per cent per month or fraction thereof from the due date of such tax to the date of payment. No person shall be subject to a penalty under both this subsection and section 12-638c. If, before the expiration of the period prescribed herein for the assessment of an additional tax, a taxpayer has consented in writing that such period may be extended, the amount of such additional tax due may be determined at any time within such extended period. The period so extended may be further extended by subsequent consents in writing before the expiration of the extended period.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 42, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 65, 85; P.A. 95-26, S. 33, 52; 95-160, S. 64, 69.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 42 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 in Subsec. (b) reduced interest rate from 1.25% to 1% provided that interest may only be applied on the tax rather than on the tax and any penalty, effective July 1, 1995, and applicable to taxes due and owing on or after said date; P.A. 95-26 amended Subsec. (a) to lower interest rate from 1.25% to 1%, effective July 1, 1995, and applicable to taxes due and owing on or after July 1, 1995, whether or not those taxes first became due before said date; P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 but without affecting this section.

Sec. 12-638e. Excess payments. Section 12-638e is repealed, effective April 13, 1995.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 43, 203; P.A. 95-4, S. 7, 8.)

Sec. 12-638f. Claims for refund. (a) Any person believing that he has overpaid any taxes due under this chapter may file a claim for refund in writing with the commissioner within three years from the due date for which such overpayment was made stating the specific grounds upon which the claim is founded. Failure to file a claim within the time prescribed in this section constitutes a waiver of any demand against the state on account of overpayment. The commissioner shall review such claim within a reasonable time and, if he determines a refund is due, he shall credit the overpayment against any amount then due and payable from the person under this chapter, or any other act administered by the commissioner and the balance shall be refunded, upon order of the Comptroller, to the person. If the commissioner determines that such claim is not valid, either in whole or in part, he shall mail notice of the proposed disallowance to the claimant, which notice shall set forth briefly the commissioner’s findings of fact and the basis of disallowance in each case decided in whole or in part adversely to the claimant. Sixty days after the date on which it is mailed, a notice of proposed disallowance shall constitute a final disallowance except only for such amounts as to which the claimant has filed, as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a written protest with the commissioner.

(b) On or before the sixtieth day after the mailing of the proposed disallowance, the claimant may file with the commissioner a written protest against the proposed disallowance in which he sets forth the grounds on which the protest is based. If a protest is filed, the commissioner shall reconsider the proposed disallowance and, if the claimant has so requested, may grant or deny the claimant or the claimant’s authorized representatives an oral hearing.

(c) The commissioner shall mail notice of his determination to the claimant, which notice shall set forth briefly the commissioner’s findings of fact and the basis of decision in each case decided in whole or in part adversely to the claimant.

(d) The action of the commissioner on the claimant’s protest shall be final upon the expiration of one month from the date on which he mails notice of his action to the claimant unless within such period the claimant seeks judicial review of the commissioner’s determination pursuant to subsection (b) of section 12-638i.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 44, 203; P.A. 95-4, S. 6, 8; P.A. 97-243, S. 62, 67.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 44 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 95-4 permitted commissioner to credit overpayments against any other amounts due to the department and to refund balance, replacing authority to “act in accordance with section 12-638e”, effective April 13, 1995; P.A. 97-243 divided section into Subsecs. (a) to (d) and added provision for an administrative hearing with the department before taking an appeal to the Superior Court, established the time for filing a claim and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1997, and applicable to claims for refund filed on or after said date.

Sec. 12-638g. Wilful violations. Penalties. (a) Any entity required under this chapter to pay any tax, or required under this chapter or by regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of this chapter to make a return, keep any records or supply any information, who wilfully fails to pay such tax, make such return, keep such records, or supply such information, at the time required by law or regulations, shall, in addition to any other penalty provided by law, be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than one year or both. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 54-193, no person shall be prosecuted for a violation of the provisions of this subsection committed on or after July 1, 1997, except within three years next after such violation has been committed. As used in this section, “entity” includes any officer or employee of a corporation or a member or employee of a partnership under a duty to pay such tax, to make such return, keep such records or supply such information.

(b) Any entity which wilfully delivers or discloses to the commissioner or his authorized agent any list, return, account, statement, or other document, known by it to be fraudulent or false in any material matter, shall, in addition to any other penalty provided by law, be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than five years nor less than one year or both. No entity shall be charged with an offense under both subsections (a) and (b) of this section in relation to the same tax period but such entity may be charged and prosecuted for both such offenses upon the same information.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 45, 203; P.A. 97-203, S. 12, 20.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 45 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 97-203 amended Subsec. (a) to extend to three years the time within which persons wilfully failing to file tax returns or pay taxes may be criminally prosecuted, effective July 1, 1997.

Sec. 12-638h. Records. Examinations. Hearings. Testimony. (a) The Commissioner of Revenue Services may require all entities subject to a tax imposed under this chapter to keep such records as he may prescribe, and he may require the production of books, papers, documents and other data, to provide or secure information pertinent to the determination of the taxes imposed by this chapter and the enforcement and collection thereof.

(b) The commissioner or any person authorized by him may examine the books, papers, records and equipment of any entity liable under the provisions of this chapter and may investigate the character of the business of the entity in order to verify the accuracy of any return made or, if no return is made by the entity, to ascertain and determine the amount required to be paid.

(c) The commissioner and any representative of the commissioner authorized to conduct any inquiry, investigation or hearing hereunder may administer oaths and take testimony under oath relative to the matter of inquiry or investigation. At any hearing ordered by the commissioner, the commissioner or his representative authorized to conduct such hearing and to issue such process may subpoena witnesses and require the production of books, papers and documents pertinent to such inquiry. No witness under subpoena authorized to be issued by the provisions of this chapter shall be excused from testifying or from producing books or other documentary evidence on the ground that such testimony or the production of such books or other documentary evidence would tend to incriminate him, but such evidence or the books or other documentary evidence so produced shall not be used in any criminal proceeding against him. If any person disobeys such process or, having appeared in obedience thereto refuses to answer any pertinent question put to him by the commissioner or his authorized representative, or to produce any books and other documentary evidence pursuant thereto, the commissioner or such representative may apply to the superior court for the county wherein the taxpayer resides or wherein the business has been conducted, or to any judge of said court if the same is not in session, setting forth such disobedience to process or refusal to answer, and said court or such judge shall cite such person to appear before said court or such judge to answer such question or to produce such books and documentary evidence and, upon his refusal so to do, shall commit such person to a community correctional center until he testifies, but not for a longer period than sixty days. Notwithstanding the serving of the term of such commitment by any person, the commissioner may proceed in all respects with such inquiry and examination as if the witness had not previously been called upon to testify.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 46, 203.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 46 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date.

Sec. 12-638i. Application to commissioner for hearing. (a) Any taxpayer, aggrieved by the action of the commissioner or his authorized agent in fixing the amount of any tax, penalty or interest provided for by this chapter may apply to the commissioner, in writing, within sixty days after notice of such action is delivered or mailed to him, for a hearing and a correction of the amount of the tax, penalty or interest so fixed, setting forth the reasons why such hearing should be granted and the amount of the tax, penalty or interest should be reduced. The commissioner shall promptly consider each such application and may grant or deny the hearing requested. If the hearing is denied, the applicant shall be notified thereof forthwith. If it is granted, the commissioner shall notify the applicant of the time and place fixed for such hearing. After such hearing the commissioner may make such order in the premises as appears to him just and lawful and shall furnish a copy of such order to the applicant. The commissioner may, by notice in writing, at any time within three years after the date when any return of any taxpayer has been due, order a hearing on his own initiative and require the taxpayer or any other individual whom he believes to be in possession of relevant information concerning the taxpayer to appear before him or his authorized agent with any specified books of account, papers or other documents, for examination under oath.

(b) Any taxpayer aggrieved because of any order, decision, determination or disallowance of the Commissioner of Revenue Services under the provisions of this chapter may, within one month after service upon the taxpayer of notice of such order, decision, determination or disallowance, take an appeal therefrom to the superior court for the judicial district of New Britain, which shall be accompanied by a citation to the Commissioner of Revenue Services to appear before said court. Such citation shall be signed by the same authority and such appeal shall be returnable at the same time and served and returned in the same manner, as is required in case of summons in a civil action. The authority issuing the citation shall take from the appellant a bond or recognizance to the state of Connecticut with surety to prosecute the appeal to effect and to comply with the orders and decrees of the court in the premises. Such appeals shall be preferred cases to be heard, unless cause appears to the contrary, at the first session by the court or by a committee appointed by it. Said court may grant such relief as may be equitable and, if such tax has been paid prior to the granting of such relief, may order the Treasurer to pay the amount of such relief, with interest at the rate of two-thirds of one per cent per month or fraction thereof, to the aggrieved taxpayer. If the appeal has been taken without probable cause, the court may tax double or triple costs, as the case demands and, upon all such appeals which may be denied, costs may be taxed against the appellant at the discretion of the court, but no costs shall be taxed against the state.

(P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-251, S. 47, 203; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-236, S. 18, 25; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-26, S. 34, 52; 95-220, S. 4–6; P.A. 99-215, S. 24, 29.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 47 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 91-236 provided for 60, rather than 30, days to request a hearing, effective July 1, 1991, and applicable to taxes due on or after that date; P.A. 95-26 amended Subsec. (b) to establish a process for appeal of actions by the commissioner, effective July 1, 1995, and applicable to taxes due and owing on or after July 1, 1995, whether or not those taxes first became due before said date (Revisor’s note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of “judicial district of Hartford” for “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain” in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 99-215 replaced “judicial district of Hartford” with “judicial district of New Britain” in Subsec. (b), effective June 29, 1999.

Sec. 12-638j. Collection of tax. State lien against real estate as security for tax. The amount of any tax, penalty or interest due and unpaid under the provisions of this chapter may be collected under the provisions of section 12-35. The warrant therein provided for shall be signed by the Commissioner of Revenue Services or his authorized agent. The amount of any such tax, penalty and interest shall be a lien, from the last day of the month next preceding the due date of such tax until discharged by payment, against all real estate of the taxpayer within the state, and a certificate of such lien signed by the commissioner may be filed for record in the office of the clerk of any town in which such real estate is situated, provided no such lien shall be effective as against any bona fide purchaser or qualified encumbrancer of any interest in any such property. When any tax with respect to which a lien has been recorded under the provisions of this section has been satisfied, the commissioner, upon request of any interested party, shall issue a certificate discharging such lien, which certificate shall be recorded in the same office in which the lien is recorded. Any action for the foreclosure of such lien shall be brought by the Attorney General in the name of the state in the superior court for the judicial district in which the property subject to such lien is situated, or, if such property is located in two or more judicial districts, in the superior court for any one such judicial district, and the court may limit the time for redemption or order the sale of such property or make such other or further decree as it judges equitable.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 48, 203.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 48 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date.

Sec. 12-638k. Certain portion of tax collected to be remitted to town in which the real property is located. (a) On or before the first day of the fourth month following the end of each calendar quarter, the commissioner shall certify to the State Comptroller an amount equal to eleven one hundredths of one per cent of the present true and actual value of the interest in real property conveyed in each town which has been collected pursuant to this chapter for such quarter, which amount shall be remitted to the town in which such real property is located. The State Comptroller shall draw his order on the State Treasurer not later than fifteen days following the date on which the commissioner certifies an amount to the State Comptroller. The State Treasurer shall pay the amount to be paid to each town in accordance with this section not later than five days from the date on which the State Comptroller draws his order on the State Treasurer.

(b) If the interest in real property conveyed is located in more than one town, the tax shall be allocated between or among the towns in proportion to the assessed value of the real property located in each town.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 49, 203; P.A. 97-243, S. 40, 67.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 49 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 97-243 amended Subsec. (a) to extend time within which department pays municipalities to quarterly payments, effective July 1, 1997.

Sec. 12-638l. Additional tax imposed with that under section 12-638b when the real property conveyed is classified as open space, maritime heritage, farm or forest land at the time of transfer. (a) Any land which has been classified by the record owner thereof as open space land pursuant to section 12-107e or as maritime heritage land pursuant to section 12-107g, shall, if a controlling interest in the entity which possesses an interest in such land is sold within a period of ten years from the time the owner first caused such land to be so classified, be subject to a tax applicable to the present true and actual value of such land, which tax shall be in addition to the tax imposed under this chapter. Said tax shall be at the following rate: (1) Ten per cent of said present true and actual value if sold within the first year following the date of such classification; (2) nine per cent if sold within the second year following the date of such classification; (3) eight per cent if sold within the third year following the date of such classification; (4) seven per cent if sold within the fourth year following the date of such classification; (5) six per cent if sold within the fifth year following the date of such classification; (6) five per cent if sold within the sixth year following the date of such classification; (7) four per cent if sold within the seventh year following the date of such classification; (8) three per cent if sold within the eighth year following the date of such classification; (9) two per cent if sold within the ninth year following the date of such classification; and (10) one per cent if sold within the tenth year following the date of such classification. No tax shall be imposed on such record owner by the provisions of this chapter following the end of the tenth year after the date of such classification by such record owner.

(b) Any land which has been classified by the record owner thereof as farm land pursuant to section 12-107c or as forest land pursuant to section 12-107d shall, if a controlling interest in the entity which possesses an interest in such land is sold within a period of ten years from the time the owner acquired title to such land or from the time he first caused such land to be so classified, whichever is earlier, be subject to a tax applicable to the present true and actual value of such land, which tax shall be in addition to the tax imposed under this chapter. Said conveyance tax shall be at the following rate: (1) Ten per cent of said present true and actual value if sold within the first year of ownership by such record owner; (2) nine per cent if sold within the second year of ownership by such record owner; (3) eight per cent if sold within the third year of ownership by such record owner; (4) seven per cent if sold within the fourth year of ownership by such record owner; (5) six per cent if sold within the fifth year of ownership by such record owner; (6) five per cent if sold within the sixth year of ownership by such record owner; (7) four per cent if sold within the seventh year of ownership by such record owner; (8) three per cent if sold within the eighth year of ownership by such record owner; (9) two per cent if sold within the ninth year of ownership by such record owner; and (10) one per cent if sold within the tenth year of ownership by such record owner. No conveyance tax shall be imposed by the provisions of this chapter following the end of the tenth year of ownership by such record owner.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 50, 203; P.A. 07-127, S. 11.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 50 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 07-127 added reference to Sec. 12-107g and maritime heritage land in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 12-638m. Payment of tax imposed by section 12-638l. Classification of the land terminates automatically. The tax imposed by section 12-638l shall be due and payable by the particular grantor who caused such classification to be made in the same manner as the tax imposed by this chapter. The total amount of the tax shall be paid to the town in the same manner as the municipal portion is paid to towns under section 12-638k. Upon the receipt of such payment, such land shall be automatically declassified and the assessor shall forthwith record with the town clerk a certificate setting forth that such land has been declassified. Thereafter, such land shall be assessed at its fair market value as determined by the assessor under the provisions of section 12-63 for all other property, until such time as a record owner may reclassify such land.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 51, 203.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 51 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date.

Sec. 12-638n. Transfers not subject to the tax under section 12-638l. The provisions of section 12-638l shall not be applicable to any sale having any of the following underlying characteristics: (1) Transfers of land resulting from eminent domain proceedings; (2) mortgage deeds; (3) deeds to or by the United States of America, state of Connecticut or any political subdivision or agency thereof; (4) strawman deeds and deeds which correct, modify, supplement or confirm a deed previously recorded; (5) deeds between husband and wife and parent and child when no consideration is received, except that a subsequent nonexempt transfer by the grantee in such cases shall be subject to the provisions of section 12-638l as it would be if the grantor were making such nonexempt transfer; (6) tax deeds; (7) deeds releasing any property which is a security for a debt or other obligation; (8) deeds of partition; (9) property transferred as a result of death by devise or otherwise and in such transfer the date of acquisition or classification of the land for purposes of this chapter, whichever is earlier, shall be the date of acquisition or classification by the decedent; (10) deeds to any corporation, trust or other entity, of land to be held in perpetuity for educational, scientific, aesthetic or other equivalent passive uses, provided such corporation, trust or other entity has received a determination from the Internal Revenue Service that contributions to it are deductible under applicable sections of the Internal Revenue Code; and (11) land subject to a covenant specifically set forth in the deed transferring title to such land, which covenant is enforceable by the town in which such land is located, to refrain from selling or developing such land in a manner inconsistent with its classification as farm land pursuant to section 12-107c, forest land pursuant to section 12-107d, open space land pursuant to section 12-107e or maritime heritage land pursuant to section 12-107g, for a period of not less than eight years from the date of transfer, if such covenant is violated the tax set forth in this chapter shall be applicable at the rate which would have been applicable at the date the deed containing the covenant was delivered and, in addition, the town or any taxpayer therein may commence an action to enforce such covenant. If such action is taken by such a taxpayer, the town shall be served as a necessary party.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 52, 203; P.A. 07-127, S. 12.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 52 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date; P.A. 07-127 made technical changes and added reference to Sec. 12-107g and maritime heritage land, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 12-638o. Filing and collection provisions related to the tax under sections 12-638l to 12-638n, inclusive. The provisions of sections 12-638a to 12-638k, inclusive, pertaining to the filing of returns, declarations, assessment and collection of taxes and penalties shall be applicable to the tax imposed by sections 12-638l to 12-638n, inclusive.

(P.A. 89-251, S. 53, 203.)

History: P.A. 89-251, S. 53 effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to sales or transfers of real property occurring on or after that date.

Sec. 12-638p. Certain records to be kept by any entity with respect to which a sale or transfer of controlling interest in such entity is subject to tax under this chapter. Any entity with respect to which there is a sale or transfer of a controlling interest in such entity, which sale or transfer is subject to the tax imposed by section 12-638b, shall keep a record of and report every transfer of a controlling interest in its stock or in its capital, profits or beneficial interests, as the case may be, and such other information as the Commissioner of Revenue Services may require to enforce this chapter. Such report shall be filed annually or more often as may be required under regulations adopted by said commissioner in accordance with chapter 54.

(P.A. 90-315, S. 1, 6.)

History: P.A. 90-315 effective June 12, 1990, and applicable to any sale or transfer of a controlling interest in any entity occurring on or after July 1, 1990.

Sec. 12-639. Reserved for future use.