CHAPTER 16*

GENERAL ASSEMBLY

*See Sec. 5-259 re hospitalization and medical and surgical insurance.

Table of Contents

Sec. 2-1. Regular sessions; organization.

Sec. 2-1a. Adoption of rules and regulations.

Sec. 2-1b. Unlawful interference with the General Assembly; injunctive relief.

Sec. 2-1c. Contempt of the General Assembly; penalty.

Sec. 2-1d. Interference with the General Assembly; misdemeanor.

Sec. 2-1e. Interference with the legislative process; firearms; dangerous or deadly weapons; explosives; felony.

Sec. 2-1f. Office of State Capitol Police.

Sec. 2-1g. Indemnification of legislative personnel.

Sec. 2-1h. Compensatory time for permanent full-time employees.

Sec. 2-1i. Compensatory time for permanent full-time employees.

Sec. 2-2. Election by illegal practices.

Sec. 2-3. Allowance to contestants.

Sec. 2-3a. Employer not to discriminate against candidate for, member-elect of or member of the General Assembly. Employee permitted choice of shifts.

Sec. 2-3b. Members not eligible for unemployment compensation during regular session.

Sec. 2-4. Joint convention to elect state officers.

Sec. 2-5. Holding of office by members of the General Assembly.

Sec. 2-6. Convening of sessions by action of members.

Sec. 2-7. Notice of special and reconvened sessions.

Sec. 2-8. Salary and expenses of members and officers of the General Assembly.

Sec. 2-8a. Compensation for interim committees and study commissions.

Secs. 2-8b to 2-8p. General Assembly pension system.

Sec. 2-8q. General Assembly Pension Fund abolished. Moneys transferred to State Employees Retirement Fund.

Sec. 2-8r. Options of General Assembly members and former members re participation in state employees retirement system.

Sec. 2-9. Salary and transportation allowance for General Assembly officers and employees.

Sec. 2-9a. Compensation Commission for elected state officers and General Assembly members.

Sec. 2-9b. Compensation increases to be approved by Federal Pay Board.

Sec. 2-10. Clerks’ office; assistants; records; duties.

Sec. 2-11. Stenographers for General Assembly committees.

Sec. 2-12. Bonus to employees of General Assembly prohibited. Overtime and meritorious service payments permitted.

Sec. 2-12a. Temporary legislative employees, reduction of salary for absence.

Sec. 2-13. Records of legislative proceedings. Legislative record index.

Sec. 2-14. Initiation of local legislation in General Assembly.

Sec. 2-14a. Legislation affecting municipal retirement systems.

Sec. 2-15. Transportation allowance for General Assembly members and members-elect.

Sec. 2-15a. Annual informational mailing by General Assembly members.

Sec. 2-16. Members as attorneys before the General Assembly.

Sec. 2-16a. Restriction on former members becoming lobbyists.

Sec. 2-17. Presession introduction of bills.

Sec. 2-18. Form of bills amending statutes and resolutions amending Constitution; ballot designation of proposed constitutional amendments.

Sec. 2-19. Preliminary printing and franchise fees for special charters. Engrossing fees.

Sec. 2-20. Certain charters granted only on petition.

Sec. 2-20a. Bills seeking incorporation and franchise for water companies.

Sec. 2-21. Notice of claims against the state.

Sec. 2-22. Numbering of bills and joint resolutions.

Sec. 2-23. Copies of bills, resolutions, calendars, journals and other legislative publications. Furnishing of publications to public and municipalities.

Sec. 2-23a. Alkaline paper for legislative documents.

Sec. 2-24. Style of printing bills; endorsements; file number; fiscal note.

Sec. 2-24a. Fiscal note required for action upon bill.

Sec. 2-24b. Racial and ethnic impact statement required for certain bills and amendments.

Sec. 2-25. Printing to be done at one establishment.

Sec. 2-26. Printing and electronic availability of bills prior to passage.

Sec. 2-27. Printing and distribution of file bills.

Sec. 2-27a. Fiscal review of bills.

Sec. 2-27b. Review of bond acts.

Sec. 2-28. Time limit on favorable reports of bills. Submission to Legislative Commissioners’ Office. Action upon bills not in the files.

Sec. 2-29. Engrossing of bills and amendments; correction of errors after passage. Presentation to the Governor.

Sec. 2-30. Engrossing bills after adjournment. Vetoed bills.

Sec. 2-30a. Explanatory texts concerning proposed constitutional amendments; preparation, approval, printing, distribution, posting at polls.

Sec. 2-30b. Construction of multiple amendments.

Sec. 2-31. Numbering of public and special acts.

Sec. 2-32. Effective date of public and special acts.

Sec. 2-32a. Effective date of public acts imposing state mandate.

Sec. 2-32b. State mandates to local governments. Definitions. Cost estimate required. Procedures re bills creating or enlarging mandates.

Sec. 2-32c. Submission to General Assembly of list of state mandates.

Sec. 2-33. Specific appropriations. Recurring appropriations.

Sec. 2-33a. Limitation on expenditures authorized by General Assembly.

Sec. 2-34. Title of appropriation bills.

Sec. 2-35. Requirements for appropriation bills and acts. Requirements for revenue estimates. State budget act to specify budgeted reductions by branch of government.

Sec. 2-35a. Government organization and reorganization.

Sec. 2-35b. Legislative involvement in Job Training Partnership Act. Recommendations. Reports from Governor.

Sec. 2-35c. Funds appropriated to Judicial Department for specified purposes included in current expense account.

Sec. 2-36. Deficiency bills.

Sec. 2-36a. Legislative committee to meet re potential deficiency in state agency appropriated account.

Sec. 2-36b. Legislative committees to meet with Secretary of Office of Policy and Management re report on various state revenue and expenditure issues. Report on nonappropriated moneys held by budgeted state agencies.

Sec. 2-36c. Consensus revenue estimates.

Sec. 2-37. Contingent expenses of General Assembly.

Sec. 2-38. Bill re person’s service as teacher or public employee.

Sec. 2-39. Time within which Senate shall act on nominations.

Sec. 2-40. Nomination of judges. Action by the judiciary committee.

Sec. 2-40a. Disclosure of performance evaluations of judges and judge trial referees.

Sec. 2-41. Nomination of judges of municipal courts.

Sec. 2-42. Appointment of judges.

Sec. 2-43. When further nomination required.

Sec. 2-44. Withdrawal of nomination by Governor.

Sec. 2-44a. Notice of appointments by president pro tempore, speaker or minority leaders. Vacancies; notice by chairman.

Sec. 2-45. Legislative appearances.

Sec. 2-46. Investigations by the General Assembly and Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee; procedure. Witness’ rights.

Sec. 2-46a. Investigations and inquiries pursuant to Article Ninth of the Constitution commenced after January 1, 2004. Disclosure of information obtained during investigation or inquiry.

Sec. 2-47. Witness not privileged.

Sec. 2-48. Prosecution of witness.

Sec. 2-49. Preparation, printing and distribution of assembly journals.

Sec. 2-50. Legislative identification plates.

Sec. 2-50a. Motor vehicle number plates for legislators.

Sec. 2-51. Admittance to floor of House and Senate.

Sec. 2-52. Display of United States and state flags at sessions of the General Assembly.

Sec. 2-53. Faith and credit of acts passed by General Assembly.

Secs. 2-53a to 2-53c. Legislative Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities.

Sec. 2-53d. “Program review” and “investigation” defined.

Sec. 2-53e. Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee.

Sec. 2-53f. Meetings of committee.

Sec. 2-53g. Duties. Confidentiality of information.

Sec. 2-53h. Corrective action by agency officials. Report to General Assembly.

Sec. 2-53i. Studies by committee.

Sec. 2-53j. Reports.

Sec. 2-53k. Energy management program compliance review; report and recommendations.

Sec. 2-53l. Electronic databases showing state expenditures.

Sec. 2-53m. Annual report card on policies and programs affecting children.


Sec. 2-1. Regular sessions; organization. There shall be a regular session of the General Assembly held at Hartford in each year. In the odd-numbered years, such session shall commence on the Wednesday following the first Monday of January. The Senate and House of Representatives, when any such session is to be held, shall convene at their respective chambers in the Capitol on the day named, at ten o’clock in the forenoon, when the secretary shall call the Senate to order and administer the official oath to the senators present. The speaker of the preceding House of Representatives shall, at the same hour, call the House of Representatives to order and administer the official oath to the members present. In the absence of such speaker, the House of Representatives shall be called to order and said oath administered by the member present who was the senior member of any previous House of Representatives. The secretary, and the person calling the House of Representatives to order, shall have the powers of the president of the Senate and speaker of the House of Representatives, respectively, until said officers have been elected. In the even-numbered years, such session shall commence on the Wednesday following the first Monday of February on which day the Senate and House of Representatives shall convene at their respective chambers in the Capitol at ten o’clock in the forenoon.

(1949 Rev., S. 1; 1972, P.A. 76.)

History: 1972 act provided for annual sessions of general assembly and established opening dates for odd and even-year sessions.

Sec. 2-1a. Adoption of rules and regulations. (a) Each house of the General Assembly shall have the power to adopt rules for the orderly conduct of its affairs and to preserve and protect the health, safety and welfare of its members, officers and employees in the performance of their official duties, as well as that of the general public in connection therewith, and to preserve and protect property and records under the jurisdiction of the General Assembly, consistent with public convenience and the public’s rights of freedom of expression, to peaceably assemble and petition government.

(b) In lieu of or in addition to the adoption of such rules each house may authorize its presiding officer to promulgate regulations for any or all such purposes.

(c) Rules or regulations may be adopted with respect to the following matters, among others, without limitation by reason of such specification: (1) Regulating admission to the legislative chambers, galleries, lobbies, offices and other areas of the buildings wherein they are located which provide access thereto; (2) limiting the size of groups of persons permitted within such areas, for reasons of health and safety and in case of fire or other emergency; (3) prohibiting or restricting the bringing of signs, banners, placards or other display materials into any such areas, or possessing them therein, without proper authorization; (4) prohibiting or restricting the bringing of radio or television equipment, recording equipment, sound-making or amplifying equipment and photographic equipment into any such areas, or possessing them therein, without proper authorization; (5) prohibiting or restricting the bringing of packages, bags, baggage or briefcases into any such areas, or possessing them therein, without proper authorization; (6) establishing rules of conduct for visitors to the galleries; (7) authorizing the clearing of the public from the chambers, lobbies and galleries, or from any room in which a public legislative hearing or meeting is being conducted, in the event of any disturbance therein which disrupts legislative proceedings or endangers any member, officer or employee of the General Assembly or the general public, except that duly accredited representatives of the news media not participating in any such disturbance shall be permitted to remain therein. The closing of such areas to the public shall continue only as long as necessary to avoid disruption of the legislative proceedings or to preserve and protect the safety of the members, officers or employees of the General Assembly or the general public; (8) authorizing the construction of safety barriers and other protective measures for the galleries and other areas under the jurisdiction of the General Assembly and the acquisition of security equipment, all from the funds made available therefor; (9) protecting the records and property of the General Assembly from unlawful damage or destruction; and (10) any and all other matters which may be necessary or appropriate to the orderly conduct of the affairs of the General Assembly and the protection of the health, safety and welfare of the members, officers and employees of the General Assembly and the general public in connection therewith.

(d) In lieu of or in addition to the adoption of separate rules each house may adopt joint rules applicable to both houses.

(e) In lieu of or in addition to the promulgation of separate regulations the presiding officers of each house may promulgate joint regulations applicable to both houses.

(f) All such rules of the General Assembly or either house and regulations of the presiding officer of each house shall be filed in the offices of the clerks thereof and a copy of such rules and regulations shall be made available to any person upon request, without charge.

(g) Such rules and regulations shall have the force and effect of law and the violation of any such rule or regulation shall constitute an offense punishable by imprisonment for not more than thirty days, a fine of not more than one hundred dollars, or both.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 5; P.A. 06-196, S. 20.)

History: P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective June 7, 2006.

Cited. 11 CA 342.

Subsec. (a):

Cited. 232 C. 345.

Sec. 2-1b. Unlawful interference with the General Assembly; injunctive relief. (a) If the presiding officer of either house of the General Assembly has reasonable grounds to believe that any person or persons are then committing an unlawful act or are about to do so, which act is interfering, or will interfere, with any proceedings or other business of the General Assembly, either house thereof or any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof, he may petition any court of competent jurisdiction for an order directing any person or persons to cease and desist from the commission of such unlawful act or restraining such person or persons from committing such an act in the future.

(b) Such petition shall be verified and shall set forth the facts upon which it is based. Either house may empower the presiding officer thereof to designate one or more members or officers of such house to make such a petition on his behalf. Any such designation shall be filed with the clerk of such house and, if a petition is made by any person named in such designation, a certified copy of such designation shall be submitted to the court, together with the petition.

(c) If a court to which such a petition is presented is satisfied that the petition sets forth a prima facie case for the granting of the relief requested and that interference with the proceedings or other business of the General Assembly may occur unless such relief is granted, the court may forthwith grant a temporary injunction granting the relief requested, in whole or in part, pending the ultimate determination of the matter after due notice and hearing. A copy of such temporary order and of the petition upon which it is based, together with notice of the date and place of a hearing to be held thereon, shall be given to such persons within such time and in such manner as the court shall direct.

(d) Such temporary injunction and any preliminary or permanent injunction which thereafter may be granted on the petition following a hearing thereon shall be enforceable by contempt proceedings, or other enforcement proceedings, in the same manner as other orders of such court.

(e) Except as otherwise specified herein, all of the provisions of law applicable to the granting of injunctive relief by the court to which a petition hereunder is presented shall apply to proceedings instituted under this section.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 6.)

Sec. 2-1c. Contempt of the General Assembly; penalty. Either house of the General Assembly may determine by majority vote that a person is guilty of contempt of the General Assembly, after a hearing before an appropriate committee appointed by the presiding officer at which the person shall be entitled to give evidence and be represented by counsel. Said house may refer such matter to the Chief State’s Attorney. Contempt of the General Assembly shall be punishable by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars or imprisonment for not more than six months or both.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 7.)

Sec. 2-1d. Interference with the General Assembly; misdemeanor. (a) A person is guilty of interfering with the legislative process when he:

(1) Alone or in concert with others, either by force, physical interference, fraud, intimidation or by means of any unlawful act, with intent to do so, prevents or attempts to prevent the General Assembly, either house thereof, or any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof, from meeting;

(2) Alone or in concert with others, with intent to do so, disturbs, disrupts or interferes with, or attempts to disturb, disrupt or interfere with, any session, meeting or proceeding of the General Assembly or either house thereof or any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof, whether within or outside the presence of said General Assembly, either house thereof or any such committee by (A) engaging in violent, tumultuous or threatening behavior; or (B) using abusive or obscene language or making an obscene gesture; or (C) making unreasonable noise; or (D) refusing to comply with a lawful order of the police or a member of the Office of State Capitol Police to disperse; or (E) performing any other act which disturbs, disrupts or interferes with any such session, meeting or proceeding;

(3) Alone or in concert with others, without legal authority takes, obtains, withholds, destroys, defaces or alters any official document or record of the General Assembly, either house thereof or any committee of the General Assembly, or either house thereof, which disrupts or interferes with the functioning of said General Assembly or committee or either house thereof;

(4) Alone or in concert with others, and without legal authority, takes, obtains, withholds, destroys or defaces any real or personal property owned or used by the General Assembly, either house thereof or any committee or agency of the General Assembly or either house thereof;

(5) Alone or in concert with others, and without legal authority or proper authorization, refuses to leave any part of the chamber, galleries or offices of the General Assembly or either house thereof, or the building in which such chamber, galleries or any such office is located, or within or upon any office or residence of any member of the General Assembly, or within or upon any room or building in which a legislative hearing or meeting is being conducted, upon a lawful order of the police or a member of the Office of State Capitol Police to disperse, leave or move to an area he designates;

(6) Alone or in concert with others, pickets inside any building in which the chamber, galleries or offices of the General Assembly or either house thereof is located, or in which the office or residence of any member of the General Assembly is located, or in which a legislative hearing or meeting is being conducted.

(b) Interference with the legislative process under the provisions of this section is a class A misdemeanor.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 1; P.A. 83-13, S. 1; P.A. 96-219, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 83-13 changed references to security officers to members of the office of state capitol security throughout the section; P.A. 96-219 amended Subsecs. (a)(2) and (a)(5) by changing the name of the “Office of State Capitol Security” to the “Office of State Capitol Police”.

Cited. 228 C. 907; 232 C. 345; 242 C. 211.

Subsec. (a):

Subdiv. (2)(E): Section held constitutional; judgment of appellate court in 32 CA 656 reversed in part pertaining to section. 232 C. 345.

Cited. 32 CA 656; judgment reversed in part, see 232 C. 345. Subdiv (2)(E): Section void for overbreadth; overbreadth and vagueness discussed. Id. Subdiv. (2)(C): Does not involve protected speech; overbreadth and vagueness discussed. Id.

Sec. 2-1e. Interference with the legislative process; firearms; dangerous or deadly weapons; explosives; felony. (a) A person is guilty of interfering with the legislative process when he, alone or in concert with others, either by force, physical interference, fraud, intimidation or by means of any independently unlawful act, prevents or attempts to prevent any member, officer or employee of the General Assembly, either house thereof or any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof, from performing any of his official functions, powers or duties.

(b) A person is guilty of coercing performance when he, alone or in concert with others, either by force, physical interference, fraud, intimidation or by means of any unlawful act, compels or induces any member, officer or employee of the General Assembly, either house thereof or any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof to perform any acts as a member, officer or employee against his will.

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 29-35 and 53-206, (1) a person, other than a state or local police officer, a member of the Office of State Capitol Police or a police officer of any other state or of the federal government, who is carrying out official duties in this state, or any person summoned by any such officer to assist in making arrests or preserving the peace while he is actually engaged in assisting such officer, while such officer is in the performance of his official duties or any member of the armed forces of the United States, as defined by section 27-103, or of this state, as defined by section 27-2, in the performance of official duties, or any veteran, as defined by section 27-103, performing in uniform as a member of an official ceremonial unit, is guilty of interfering with the legislative process when he, alone or in concert with others, brings into, or possesses within, any building in which the chamber of either house of the General Assembly is located or in which the official office of any member, officer or employee of the General Assembly or the office of any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof is located or any building in which a committee of the General Assembly is holding a public hearing, any weapon, whether loaded or unloaded, from which a shot may be discharged, or a billy; and (2) any person is guilty of interfering with the legislative process when he, alone or in concert with others, brings into, or possesses within, any such building, a switchblade, gravity knife, blackjack, bludgeon, metal knuckles or any other dangerous or deadly weapon or instrument, or any explosive or incendiary or other dangerous device.

(d) The violation of any provision of this section is a class D felony.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 2; P.A. 82-264; P.A. 83-13, S. 2; P.A. 93-435, S. 25, 95; P.A. 96-219, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 82-264 expanded prohibition against firearms to include any weapon from which a shot may be discharged, a billy, switchblade, gravity knife, blackjack, bludgeon, metal knuckles or other dangerous weapon, or any explosive or incendiary device, included as exempt persons members of armed forces performing duties and veterans performing ceremonies and included as buildings subject to provisions those where general assembly committee is holding public hearing; P.A. 83-13 changed a reference to “security officer” in Subsec. (c) to “member of the office of the state capitol security”; P.A. 93-435 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 96-219 amended Subsec. (c) by changing the name of the “Office of State Capitol Security” to the “Office of State Capitol Police”.

Sec. 2-1f. Office of State Capitol Police. (a) There is established an Office of State Capitol Police within the Legislative Department which shall ensure the orderly operation of the House and Senate, the joint standing committees thereof and the security of the State Capitol building and grounds, the Legislative Office Building and parking garage and related structures, grounds and parking facilities and other buildings, facilities and areas under the supervision and control of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management.

(b) State Capitol police officers shall be certified as provided in section 7-294d, shall have the same duties, responsibilities and authority under sections 7-281, 14-8 and 54-1f, and title 53a as members of a duly organized local police department and shall have jurisdiction to act in the performance of their duties anywhere within the state.

(c) The joint committee may adopt rules regarding the organization, supervision and operations of the Office of State Capitol Police, prescribing the qualifications, training and duties of the State Capitol police officers and all other matters relating to the performance of their responsibilities.

(d) State Capitol police officers shall be subject to the provisions of chapter 67. The provisions of part V of chapter 104 and section 7-433c shall not apply to such officers.

(e) The Office of State Capitol Police shall have access to, and use of, the Connecticut on-line law enforcement communications teleprocessing system without charge.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 3; P.A. 83-13, S. 3; P.A. 89-82, S. 1, 11; P.A. 96-219, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 83-13 created an office of state capitol security under the aegis of the joint committee on legislative management, replacing provisions whereby house speaker and senate president pro tempore appointed security officers; P.A. 89-82 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that areas to be secured include legislative office building and parking garage and related structures, grounds and parking facilities and other buildings and facilities under supervision and control of joint committee; P.A. 96-219 amended Subsec. (a) by changing the name of the “Office of State Capitol Security” to the “Office of State Capitol Police”, placing the office under the sole control of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management and deleting reference to the chief security officer, amended Subsec. (b) by adding the provision that State Capitol police officers shall have the same duties, responsibilities and authority under Secs. 7-281, 14-8 and 54-1f and title 53a as members of local police departments, amended Subsec. (c) by deleting reference to the Commissioner of Public Safety, deleted former Subsec. (d) re the submission of names of state police officers qualified to be chief security officer, added new Subsec. (d) making State Capitol police officers subject to chapter 67 and providing that part V of chapter 104 shall not apply to such officers and added new Subsec. (e) giving the office access to, and use of, the Connecticut on-line law enforcement communications teleprocessing system without charge (Revisor’s note: A reference in Subsec. (c) to the “Office of State Capitol Security” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Office of State Capitol Police” for consistency with customary statutory usage).

Sec. 2-1g. Indemnification of legislative personnel. (a) The state shall save harmless and indemnify all members, officers and employees of the General Assembly, either house thereof or committees of the General Assembly or either house thereof from financial loss arising out of any claim, demand, suit or judgment by reason of alleged negligence or other act by such member, officer or employee, provided such member, officer or employee, at the time damages were sustained, was performing duties relating to the maintenance of order in connection with the operation of the General Assembly, either house thereof or any committee of the General Assembly or either house thereof, or involving the security, health or safety of any member, officer or employee of the General Assembly, either house thereof, or committee, or the general public, and provided such damage did not result from the wilful and wrongful act or gross negligence of such member, officer or employee and provided such member, officer or employee shall, within five days of the time he is served with any summons, complaint, process, notice, demand or pleading, deliver the original or a copy thereof to the Attorney General.

(b) Upon such delivery the Attorney General may assume control of the representation of such member, officer or employee. Such member, officer or employee shall cooperate fully with the Attorney General’s defense.

(c) This section shall not in any way impair, limit or modify the rights or obligations of any insurer under any policy of insurance.

(d) The benefits of this section shall inure only to such members, officers and employees and shall not enlarge or diminish the rights of any other party.

(e) The Joint Committee on Legislative Management may insure against the liability of the state imposed by subsection (a) of this section utilizing funds in the General Assembly budget therefor.

(P.A. 73-516, S. 4.)

Sec. 2-1h. Compensatory time for permanent full-time employees. Section 2-1h is repealed, effective May 26, 2006.

(P.A. 00-231, S. 7, 10; P.A. 06-187, S. 97.)

Sec. 2-1i. Compensatory time for permanent full-time employees. To the extent that a permanent full-time employee of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management received one hour of compensatory time for each two hours of overtime worked by such employee prior to May 26, 2006, such employee shall receive, on and after January 1, 2006, one hour of compensatory time for each one hour of overtime worked by such employee after January 1, 2006. On and after May 26, 2006, each such permanent full-time employee shall receive one hour of compensatory time for each one hour of overtime worked.

(P.A. 06-187, S. 72.)

History: P.A. 06-187 effective May 26, 2006.

Sec. 2-2. Election by illegal practices. Each person elected to either house of the General Assembly by any illegal practice shall be incapable of holding his seat unless he can show to the satisfaction of such house that he was not directly or indirectly concerned in such illegal practice.

(1949 Rev., S. 47; 1953, S. 4d.)

Sec. 2-3. Allowance to contestants. No contestants for seats in either house of the General Assembly shall be allowed more than one hundred dollars for attorney fees and expenses, together with the legal fees of witnesses summoned with the approval of the committee on contested elections.

(1949 Rev., S. 46.)

Cited. 23 CA 579.

Sec. 2-3a. Employer not to discriminate against candidate for, member-elect of or member of the General Assembly. Employee permitted choice of shifts. (a) No employer of twenty-five or more persons shall discriminate against, discipline or discharge any employee because such employee (1) is a candidate for the office of representative or senator in the General Assembly, (2) holds such office, (3) is a member-elect to such office, or (4) loses time from work in order to perform duties as such representative, senator or member-elect, provided the failure of such employer to pay wages or salaries for any such time lost shall not be considered a violation of this section. Such employee shall solely determine the activities which constitute duties as such representative, senator or member-elect, as applicable, as provided in this section. No employee under this section shall lose any seniority status which may have accrued to him. Where the function of such employee is performed in work shifts, such employee shall be given a choice of shifts, provided such choice of shifts shall be given at a time that reasonably allows adjustment of the schedules of the employee and employer to accommodate both the duties of such employee as a representative, senator or member-elect and the proper functioning of the employer’s operations, taking into account the timeframes within which meetings and hearings of the General Assembly are scheduled. During any regular legislative session, the employee shall not be required to choose a shift more than two weeks in advance of the time such shift is to be worked and, during any special legislative session, the employee shall not be required to choose a shift more than one week in advance of the time such shift is to be worked.

(b) Any employer violating the provisions of this section shall reinstate any employee so discriminated against, disciplined or discharged to his full status as an employee as of the date of such violation and shall pay him any wages withheld or diminished retroactive to the date of such violation. In addition, such employee may recover costs and a reasonable attorney’s fee in any action brought under this section. Any employee nominated to such office shall, within thirty days following his nomination, give written notice thereof to his employer.

(1959, P.A. 234, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 671, S. 1; P.A. 91-194; P.A. 97-74; P.A. 06-102, S. 11.)

History: 1971 act protected employee from loss of seniority and allowed him choice of work shifts when running for general assembly seat or serving term as representative or senator; P.A. 91-194 added provision authorizing recovery of costs and reasonable attorney’s fee in any action brought under section; P.A. 97-74 divided section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), clarified that members-elect are included within scope of statute, added provisions re employee determination of activities which constitute duties as representative, senator or member-elect, and made technical changes; P.A. 06-102 amended Subsec. (a) to require choice of shifts to be given at time that reasonably allows adjustment of schedules and provide that shift selection shall not be required more than two weeks in advance during a regular legislative session, and one week in advance during a special legislative session.

Cited. 217 C. 490.

Sec. 2-3b. Members not eligible for unemployment compensation during regular session. No member of the General Assembly shall, during the regular session of the General Assembly, be deemed to be available for work within the meaning of subdivision (2) of section 31-235.

(1967, P.A. 245, S. 1.)

Sec. 2-4. Joint convention to elect state officers. When the Senate and House of Representatives join in convention for the election of any state officer, the roll of each house shall, before any ballot is taken, be called by its clerk, and each member shall rise and answer to his name; and the names of those absent shall be entered on the journal of the house to which they belong. If, on any ballot, the whole number of votes exceeds the number of persons who have answered to their names, the president shall, before declaring the ballot, cause the names of absentees to be called and, if any answer, shall inquire if they have voted; and if the number of votes still exceeds the number of persons who have answered to their names, and if such excess of votes, subtracted from the highest number given for either candidate, is sufficient to change the result, the convention shall order another ballot.

(1949 Rev., S. 3.)

Sec. 2-5. Holding of office by members of the General Assembly. No member of the General Assembly shall, during the term for which he is elected, be nominated or appointed by the Governor, the General Assembly or any other appointing authority of this state or serve or be elected to any position in the Judicial, Legislative or Executive Department of the state government including any commission established by any special or public act of the General Assembly, except that the provisions of this section shall not apply where it is expressly provided by law that a member of the General Assembly as such shall be nominated or appointed to any board, commission, council or other agency in the legislative department, and except that the provisions of this section shall not apply to a member-elect.

(1953, S. 2d; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 162; 152, S. 3; 1963, P.A. 452; P.A. 78-331, S. 52, 58; P.A. 85-489, S. 4.)

History: 1959 acts eliminated references to positions in county government, trial justices and prosecuting grand jurors and limited exception to positions in legislative department; 1963 act removed restrictions on candidacy for, or service as, judge of probate; P.A. 78-331 included commissions established by the general assembly in general prohibition of section; P.A. 85-489 exempted members-elect from provisions of section.

Statute prohibits appointment of one already a state legislator to position in any department of state government. 175 C. 586.

Sec. 2-6. Convening of sessions by action of members. After the adjournment sine die of a regular or a special session of the General Assembly, if the members judge it necessary to meet again, as provided in article third of the amendments to the Constitution of Connecticut, they may so notify the Secretary of the State in writing. No such notice shall be valid as to any member for more than thirty days after its execution by such member. Said secretary, upon receiving valid notices from a majority of the members of each house, shall forthwith notify all members of said assembly to meet in their respective chambers in the Capitol at ten o’clock in the forenoon on a date not less than ten nor more than fifteen days thereafter. Said secretary shall give notice in the manner customarily followed by the Governor in calling special sessions. When so assembled, if a majority of the members of the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, judge, by vote taken by yeas and nays and recorded in the journals, that the convening of the General Assembly is necessary, specifying in such vote the facts constituting such necessity, the two houses shall then complete their organization and proceed to the consideration of matters proper for legislative action. Nothing herein shall limit the power of the General Assembly to convene in any other constitutional manner when it judges necessary.

(1953, S. 5d; P.A. 84-546, S. 1, 173; P.A. 89-349, S. 2, 4; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 1, 130.)

History: P.A. 84-546 made technical change; P.A. 89-349 provided for the exception in Sec. 5-278(b); May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 eliminated obsolete reference to Subsec. (b) of Sec. 5-278, effective July 1, 1994.

Sec. 2-7. Notice of special and reconvened sessions. (a) Whenever the Governor, the members of the General Assembly or the president pro tempore of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Representatives call a special session of the General Assembly, the Secretary of the State shall give notice thereof by mailing a true copy of the call of such special session, by first class mail, evidenced by a certificate of mailing, to each member of the House of Representatives and of the Senate at his or her address as it appears upon the records of said secretary not less than ten nor more than fifteen days prior to the date of convening of such special session or by causing a true copy of the call to be delivered to each member by a state marshal, constable, state policeman or indifferent person at least twenty-four hours prior to the time of convening of such special session.

(b) Whenever the Secretary of the State is required to reconvene the General Assembly pursuant to article third of the amendments to the Constitution of Connecticut, said secretary shall give notice thereof by mailing a true copy of the call of such reconvened session, by first class mail, evidenced by a certificate of mailing, to each member of the House of Representatives and of the Senate at his or her address as it appears upon the records of said secretary not less than five days prior to the date of convening of such reconvened session or by causing a true copy of the call to be delivered to each member by a state marshal, constable, state policeman or indifferent person at least twenty-four hours prior to the time of convening of such reconvened session.

(June, 1955, S. 6d; 1967, P.A. 361; 1971, P.A. 236, S. 1; P.A. 84-186, S. 1, 2; 84-546, S. 2, 173; P.A. 89-349, S. 3, 4; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 2, 130; P.A. 00-99, S. 16, 154.)

History: 1967 act added Subsec. (b) containing provisions for notice of reconvened session of general assembly; 1971 act changed “first class mail” to “registered or certified mail, return receipt requested”; P.A. 84-186 provided that a copy of the call shall be mailed by first class mail, evidenced by a certificate of mailing, rather than by registered or certified mail; P.A. 84-546 made technical change to Subsec. (b); P.A. 89-349 provided for the calling of a special session by the president of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (a) by eliminating obsolete reference to Subsec. (b) of Sec. 5-278, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 00-99 changed references to sheriff and deputy sheriff to state marshal, effective December 1, 2000.

Sec. 2-8. Salary and expenses of members and officers of the General Assembly. (a) Each member of the General Assembly shall receive twenty-eight thousand dollars for each year of the term for which such member is elected, to be paid as follows: In each year of the term, one-fifth within the first ten days of February and thereafter one-fifth within the first ten days of each succeeding month until total compensation for the year is paid. Any member may elect to receive one-twelfth of the total compensation to which such member is entitled under the provisions of this section in any year, payable in equal monthly installments during such year commencing in the month of January. If any such member resigns for reasons of health or dies before receiving the full compensation to which such member is entitled for such year, the balance of such compensation shall be immediately payable to such member or to such member’s estate.

(b) Each member shall receive, in addition to the compensation payable under subsection (a) of this section and the transportation allowance payable under section 2-15, the sum of four thousand five hundred dollars if a member of the House of Representatives or the sum of five thousand five hundred dollars if a member of the Senate for each year of the term for which such member is elected as reimbursement for expenses, payable as follows: One-half within the first ten days of February and one-half within ten days after final adjournment of the regular session in each year of the term. If any member resigns for reasons of health or dies before receiving the full amount to which such member is entitled for the year of such member resignation or death, the balance of the amount shall be immediately payable to such member or to such member’s estate.

(c) In lieu of the compensation payable under subsection (a) of this section, the speaker of the House of Representatives and the president pro tempore of the Senate shall each receive thirty-eight thousand six hundred eighty-nine dollars for each year of the term for which said officer so serves, the majority and minority leaders of the House of Representatives and of the Senate shall each receive thirty-six thousand eight hundred thirty-five dollars for each year of the term for which said officer so serves, the deputy speaker and the deputy majority and minority leaders of the House of Representatives and of the Senate shall each receive thirty-four thousand four hundred forty-six dollars for each year of the term in which said officer so serves, each assistant majority and minority leader and majority and minority whip of the House and Senate and the chairpersons of each joint standing committee, except the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, shall each receive thirty-two thousand two hundred forty-one dollars for each year of the term in which said chairperson so serves and the ranking members of each joint standing committee, except the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, shall each receive thirty thousand four hundred three dollars for each year of the term in which said officer so serves to be paid as provided in subsection (a) of this section. Each of said officers shall receive as reimbursement for expenses for each year of the term for which the officer is elected five thousand five hundred dollars if the officer is a senator and four thousand five hundred dollars if the officer is a representative, payable as provided in subsection (b) of this section. Each of said officers shall have the same option to elect payment of one-twelfth of the officer’s compensation for each year of the term for which the officer is elected payable in equal monthly installments in such year as is provided for other members under the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

(d) In lieu of the compensation provided by subsections (a) and (b) of this section, any member elected to fill any unexpired term shall receive the following: (1) For less than a full year of a term, a pro rata amount of the compensation payable under said subsection (a) and, in addition to the transportation allowance payable under section 2-15, a pro rata amount of the sum payable under subsection (b) as reimbursement for expenses, both payable upon certification of such member’s election; (2) for a full year of a term, the compensation and expenses provided in subsections (a) and (b), both payable upon certification of such member’s election.

(e) No person who is elected to serve in one house of the General Assembly and is thereafter elected to fill a vacancy in the other house for the unexpired portion of the same term shall receive total compensation or total reimbursement for expenses for such term in an amount greater than that to which such person was entitled on such person’s election to the first house.

(f) Any member who resigns for reasons other than health or election to the other house prior to the expiration of any year of the term for which such member was elected, and who has received the total compensation and reimbursement for expenses provided under subsections (a) and (b) of this section for that year, shall reimburse the state in an amount equal to that portion of such total compensation and expense reimbursement attributable to the remainder of the year in which such member resigns.

(1949 Rev., S. 3594; 1959, P.A. 552; 1961, P.A. 195; 247; 328; 1963, P.A. 138, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 458, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 22; 281, S. 1; P.A. 77-576, S. 57, 65; P.A. 79-432, S. 1, 2, 4; 79-608, S. 5–7, 10; P.A. 80-483, S. 5, 186; P.A. 82-365, S. 1, 8; 82-472, S. 177, 183; P.A. 84-114, S. 2; 84-345, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-375, S. 7, 9; P.A. 88-349, S. 1, 5; P.A. 91-56, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-227, S. 7, 9; P.A. 00-231, S. 6, 10; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 33.)

History: 1959 act increased salary payable from $600 to $2,000, authorized payment either in year of session or one-half that year and balance next year in equal installments and added expense allowance; 1961 acts authorized split payment of expense allowance of $500 and added a Subsec. (c), now Subsec. (d); 1963 act clarified in Subsec. (a) that unpaid balance is payable on final adjournment of regular session and authorized second payment in lump sum under optional provisions; 1965 act raised members’ salaries and expense allowances, provided for salaries in event of annual or special sessions and added present subsection (c); 1972 P.A. 22 replaced “ceases to hold such office” with “resigns for reasons of health or dies”, changed terms of compensation for members elected to fill unexpired terms, created Subsec. (e) from part of Subsec. (d) and added Subsecs. (f) and (g) concerning members’ switching from one house to the other during a term and reimbursements of compensation and expenses required because of resignation for other than health reasons or election to other house, effective with respect to members elected to unexpired terms after June 9, 1971; 1972 P.A. 281 raised compensation and expense allowances of general assembly members and repealed Subsec. (e), renumbering remaining Subsecs. accordingly, effective January 3, 1973; P.A. 77-576 raised compensation of members, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-432 specified time within which payments for expenses of assembly members are to be paid and increased amount of such payments, effective January 7, 1981; P.A. 79-608 increased compensation for members, effective January 7, 1981; P.A. 80-483 made technical changes; P.A. 82-365 increased compensation of members from $9,500 for first year of term and $7,500 for second year to $10,500 for each year of term; increased yearly expenses of members and officers from $2,000 to $2,500; increased compensation of speaker and senate president from $12,000 for first year of term and $9,000 for second year to $15,500 for each year of term; increased compensation of leaders from $11,500 for first year of term and $8,500 for second year to $14,500 for each year; increased compensation of deputy speaker from $11,500 for first year of term and $8,500 for second year to $13,500 for each year; increased compensation of deputy leaders from $11,000 for first year and $8,000 for second year to $13,500 for each year; increased compensation of assistant leaders from $10,500 for first year and $7,500 for second year to $12,500 for each year; increased compensation of committee chairmen from $9,500 for first year and $7,500 for second year to $11,500 for each year; prorated compensation and expenses payable to members elected to fill unexpired terms; P.A. 82-472 deleted references to certification of election “to the comptroller” in Subsec. (d); P.A. 84-114 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that the method of payment of each member’s compensation shall be the same in both odd and even-numbered years and amended Subsec. (b) to provide that each member shall receive one-half of his expense payments in February of each year rather than in the second month of each regular session; P.A. 84-345 increased each member’s annual compensation from $10,500 to $13,000; increased annual expense payments from $2,500 to $3,500; increased compensation of the speaker and president pro tempore from $15,500 to $18,000; increased compensation of the leaders from $14,500 to $17,000; increased compensation of the deputy speaker and deputy leaders from $13,500 to $16,000; increased compensation for committee chairmen from $11,500 to $15,000; increased compensation of ranking members of each committee to $14,000; increased prorated compensation for members filling an unexpired term from a pro rata amount of $1,250 to a pro rata amount of $1,750; P.A. 86-375 amended Subsec. (a) to increase each member’s annual compensation from $13,000 to $15,200; amended Subsec. (b) to increase annual expense payments for members of the senate from $3,500 to $4,500 and amended Subsec. (c) to increase compensation of: The speaker and president pro tempore from $18,000 to $21,000; the leaders from $17,000 to $20,000; the deputy speakers and deputy leaders from $16,000 to $18,700; committee chairmen from $15,000 to $17,500, and ranking members from $14,000 to $16,500; P.A. 88-349 amended Subsec. (a) to increase each member’s annual compensation from $15,200 to $15,960, beginning January 4, 1989, and from $15,960 to $16,760, beginning January 1, 1990, and amended Subsec. (c) to increase compensation of: The speaker and president pro tempore from $21,000 to $22,050, beginning January 4, 1989, and from $22,050 to $23,160, beginning January 1, 1990; the leaders from $20,000 to $21,000, beginning January 4, 1989, and from $21,000 to $22,050, beginning January 1, 1990; the deputy speakers and deputy leaders from $18,700 to $19,635, beginning January 4, 1989, and from $19,635 to $20,620, beginning January 1, 1990; assistant leaders and committee chairmen from $17,500 to $18,375, beginning January 4, 1989, and from $18,375 to $19,300, beginning January 1, 1990, and ranking members from $16,500 to $17,325, beginning January 4, 1989, and from $17,325 to $18,200, beginning January 1, 1990; P.A. 91-56 amended Subsec. (d) to change amount of reimbursement for expenses, for less than a full year of a term, from a pro rata amount of $1,750 to a pro rata amount of the sum payable under Subsec. (b); P.A. 98-227 amended Subsec. (a) to increase each member’s annual compensation from $16,760 to $21,788, amended Subsec. (b) to increase annual expense payments for members of the House from $3,500 to $4,500 and to increase annual expense payments for members of the Senate from $4,500 to $5,500, amended Subsec. (c) to increase annual compensation of: The speaker and president pro tempore from $23,160 to $30,108, the leaders from $22,050 to $28,665, the deputy speaker and deputy leaders from $20,620 to $26,806, assistant leaders and joint standing committee chairmen from $19,300 to $25,090, joint standing committee ranking members from $18,200 to $23,260, to add provision that whips receive annual compensation of $25,090, and to increase annual expense payments for each of said officers from $3,500 to $5,500 for senators and from $3,500 to $4,500 for representatives, effective January 6, 1999; P.A. 00-231 increased each member’s annual compensation from $21,788 to $28,000, increased compensation of speaker and president pro tempore from $30,108 to $38,689, increased compensation of leaders from $28,665 to $36,835, increased compensation of deputy speaker and deputy leaders from $26,806 to $34,446, increased compensation of assistant leaders, whips and committee chairpersons from $25,090 to $32,241, increased compensation of ranking members from $23,660 to $30,403 and made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective January 3, 2001; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 amended Subsec. (c) to delete “Standing” re Joint Committee on Legislative Management.

See Sec. 2-15 re transportation allowance.

Sec. 2-8a. Compensation for interim committees and study commissions. Section 2-8a is repealed.

(1967, P.A. 719, S. 1; June, 1972, P.A. 1, S. 16.)

Secs. 2-8b to 2-8p. General Assembly pension system. Sections 2-8b to 2-8p, inclusive, are repealed.

(1972, P.A. 281, S. 4–18; P.A. 75-37; 75-628, S. 2–5; P.A. 76-238; 76-407, S. 1–3; P.A. 77-238; P.A. 79-106, S. 1–3; 79-631, S. 42, 111; P.A. 81-343, S. 1, 7; 81-456, S. 1, 2, 6–8; P.A. 84-546, S. 6, 173; P.A. 85-502, S. 8, 9.)

Sec. 2-8q. General Assembly Pension Fund abolished. Moneys transferred to State Employees Retirement Fund. The General Assembly Pension Fund, established under section 2-8o of the general statutes, revised to 1985, is abolished and all moneys in said fund on July 1, 1985, shall be transferred to the State Employees Retirement Fund, except that a reserve, to be determined on an actuarial basis, shall be retained for payments to participants in the General Assembly Pension Fund who are no longer members but are receiving retirement benefits under the General Assembly pension system as defined in section 2-8c of the general statutes, revised to 1985.

(P.A. 85-502, S. 1, 9.)

Sec. 2-8r. Options of General Assembly members and former members re participation in state employees retirement system. (a) Any participant in the General Assembly pension system on July 1, 1985, may elect to (1) transfer to membership in tier I of the state employees retirement system, part A or part B, and receive a refund of the difference between his contributions to the General Assembly Pension Fund and the contributions required for the tier I plan selected by such participant, or (2) receive a lump-sum payment of his total contributions to the General Assembly Pension Fund, plus accumulated interest at six per cent per annum, and transfer to membership in tier II of the state employees retirement system. Such election shall be made not later than December 31, 1985. Any participant electing to transfer to tier I of the state employees retirement system shall receive credit for each year of credited service accrued as a member of the General Assembly pension system as of the date of such transfer. Any participant who elects to receive a lump-sum payment of his total contributions, plus accumulated interest, shall forfeit permanently his accrued rights and accrued credited service under tier I of the state employees retirement system, but such accrued credited service shall be considered as vesting service in tier II of the state employees retirement system.

(b) Any member of the General Assembly on July 1, 1985, who is not a participant in the General Assembly pension system may elect to become a member of tier I in the state employees retirement system, part A or part B, provided the member makes application to the State Employees Retirement Commission not later than December 31, 1985. Any such member may obtain credit for any credited past service for which such member would have been eligible as a member of the General Assembly pension system provided such member makes the required contributions to the State Employees Retirement Fund in accordance with section 5-181. Failure to make such application by December 31, 1985, shall result in forfeiture of the member’s right to participate in tier I of the state employees retirement system, and the member shall become a member of tier II of the state employees retirement system and eligible for vesting service as provided in subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Members of the General Assembly who take office on or after July 1, 1985, and who were members of the General Assembly and the General Assembly pension system prior to that date, shall be eligible to become members of tier I in the state employees retirement system, and may obtain credit for past service in the General Assembly as provided in section 5-181, provided application is made to the State Employees Retirement Commission not later than December 31, 1990, or in accordance with subsection (a) of section 5-192e.

(d) Members of the General Assembly who take office on or after July 1, 1985, and who were not members of the General Assembly prior to that date or who were members but elected not to become members of tier I, shall become members of tier II in the state employees retirement system.

(e) Former members of the General Assembly who elected Option 1 under section 2-8l or 2-8m of the general statutes, revised to 1985, shall not be eligible to become members of the state employees retirement system, unless reelected to serve on or after July 1, 1985, in which case they shall be eligible to become members as provided in subsection (c) of this section.

(f) Former members of the General Assembly who elected Option 2 under section 2-8l or 2-8m of the general statutes, as revised to 1985, and, on July 1, 1985, are receiving the benefits provided under sections 2-8g to 2-8k, inclusive, of the general statutes, revised to 1985, shall continue to receive those benefits.

(g) Former members of the General Assembly who elected Option 2 under section 2-8l or 2-8m of the general statutes, as revised to 1985, and who, on July 1, 1985, are not receiving the benefits provided under section 2-8g to 2-8k, inclusive, of the general statutes, revised to 1985, shall receive the benefits provided in chapter 66 upon meeting the eligibility requirements under that chapter.

(h) Any member of the General Assembly who was a member of both the General Assembly pension system and the teachers’ retirement system on July 1, 1985, and who was not eligible to transfer to membership in the state employees retirement system pursuant to this section, shall be refunded from the State Employees Retirement Fund his total contributions to the General Assembly Pension Fund plus accumulated interest.

(i) Any member of the General Assembly who, prior to such membership, had completed service requirements for eligibility for retirement benefits from the state employees retirement system, may, upon attaining the necessary age for commencement of benefits, make a one-time election to receive retirement benefits. Upon making such election, such member may no longer accrue additional service credit for service in the General Assembly. The amount of such retirement benefits shall be determined in accordance with section 5-162.

(P.A. 85-502, S. 2, 9; P.A. 87-484, S. 7, 10; P.A. 90-308, S. 8, 15; P.A. 07-217, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 87-484 added Subsecs. (h) and (i); P.A. 90-308 amended Subsec. (c) to add membership in the general assembly pension system prior to July 1, 1985, as a requirement for tier I membership, and to extend application deadline from December 31, 1985, to December 31, 1990; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

Sec. 2-9. Salary and transportation allowance for General Assembly officers and employees. The clerk of the Senate shall receive a salary of twenty-five thousand dollars for each regular session of the General Assembly and sixty dollars per day for each day the General Assembly is convened in special session; the assistant clerk of the Senate, twenty-three thousand three hundred fifty dollars for each regular session of the General Assembly and forty-eight dollars per day for each day the General Assembly is convened in special session; the clerk of the House of Representatives, twenty-five thousand dollars for each regular session of the General Assembly and sixty dollars per day for each day the General Assembly is convened in special session; the assistant clerk of the House of Representatives, twenty-three thousand three hundred fifty dollars for each regular session of the General Assembly and forty-eight dollars per day for each day the General Assembly is convened in special session; the chaplains of the Senate and the House of Representatives, ten thousand dollars each for each regular session of the General Assembly and thirty dollars per day for each day the General Assembly is convened in special session; the messengers of the Senate and of the House of Representatives, five thousand four hundred twenty-five dollars each for each regular session and twenty-four dollars per day for each day the General Assembly is convened in special session; which salaries shall be full payment for the performance of all services required of said officers in the discharge of their duties, and for all assistance and all expenses and disbursements not otherwise provided for. The Comptroller shall draw his order on the Treasurer for transportation for said officers, and for the messengers assigned to the speaker of the House, the president pro tempore of the Senate and the minority and majority leaders of the House and Senate and the sergeants-at-arms and assistant sergeants-at-arms of the House and the Senate, between their respective homes and Hartford during the session of the General Assembly at such sum per mile as shall from time to time be determined by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management. The clerk of the Senate and the clerk of the House of Representatives shall, with the approval and consent of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, obtain such suitable offices and, with the approval of said committee, such office fixtures and supplies, including telephone, as may be necessary to the performance of their respective duties. The Comptroller is directed to draw his order on the Treasurer in payment for the same. The salaries of the clerks and employees of the General Assembly for a regular session shall be paid as follows: In each year, one-fifth of such compensation in the month of February and thereafter one-fifth of such compensation within each succeeding month until such compensation is paid in full or such employee may elect in each year to receive the compensation for such year in twelve monthly installments of substantially equal amount. Compensation for any special session shall be payable monthly during such session.

(1949 Rev., S. 3595; 1949, S. 1964d; November, 1955, S. N193; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 17; 9, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 138, S. 2; 370; 1969, P.A. 158, S. 1; 749, S. 3; 1972, P.A. 281, S. 40; P.A. 77-576, S. 58, 65; P.A. 78-299, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-365, S. 2, 8; P.A. 84-345, S. 2, 3; P.A. 85-470, S. 1, 4; 85-613, S. 5, 154; P.A. 86-375, S. 8, 9; P.A. 88-349, S. 2, 5; P.A. 98-227, S. 8, 9; P.A. 06-187, S. 71.)

History: 1963 acts increased salaries of clerks and assistant clerks and changed method of payment of salaries of clerks and employees; 1969 P.A. 158 raised compensation for house and senate chaplains to $1,000 for each regular session, effective retroactive to January 8, 1969; 1969 P.A. 749 provided that the treasurer be responsible for travel reimbursement and that the joint committee on legislative management be the approving agency for offices and office fixtures and supplies rather than the public works commissioner and the comptroller; 1972 act increased salaries of clerks and assistant clerks of senate and house and revised schedule of payment, effective January 3, 1973; P.A. 77-576 increased salaries for clerks and assistant clerks, chaplains, doorkeepers and messengers of general assembly, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-299 increased salaries for clerks and assistant clerks of house and senate, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-365 increased salary of senate and house clerks from $9,500 for session in odd-numbered year and $7,500 for session in even-numbered year to $9,500 for each session; increased salary of assistant clerks from $8,500 for session in odd-numbered year and $6,500 in even-numbered year to $8,500 for each session; increased salary of chaplains from $2,000 per session to $3,000; increased salary of messengers and doorkeepers from $1,000 per session to $2,000; P.A. 84-345 increased the salaries of the clerks of the senate and house from $9,500 to $12,000 and the salaries of the assistant clerks of the house and senate from $8,500 to $11,000; increased the salaries for the chaplains of the senate and house from $3,000 to $4,000 per regular session, plus $25, instead of $15, per day of each special session; increased salaries of messengers and doorkeepers from $2,000 to $2,500 per regular session, plus $20 per day, instead of $15, for any special session day and standardized the payment of salaries for clerks and employees during a regular session for both odd and even-numbered years; P.A. 85-470 deleted provision re salaries of doorkeepers, added provision requiring payment of transportation allowance for messengers assigned to speaker, president pro tempore and minority and majority leaders and sergeants-at-arms, and added provision that amount of transportation allowance for officers, such messengers and sergeants-at-arms shall be determined by legislative management committee; P.A. 85-613 made technical change; P.A. 86-375 increased salaries: Of the clerks of the senate and house from $12,000 to $13,500; of the assistant clerks of the senate and house from $11,000 to $12,500; of the chaplains of the senate and house from $4,000 to $5,500, and of the messengers of the senate and house from $2,500 to $3,000; P.A. 88-349 increased salaries of: The clerks of the senate and house from $13,500 to $15,000; the assistant clerks of the senate and house from $12,500 to $14,000; the chaplains of the senate and house from $5,500 to $6,000, and the messengers of the senate and house from $3,000 to $3,250; P.A. 98-227 increased salaries: Of the clerks of the Senate and House from $15,000 to $18,000 per regular session and from $50 to $60 per each day of special session, of the assistant clerks of the Senate and House from $14,000 to $16,800 per regular session and from $40 to $48 per each day of special session, of the chaplains of the Senate and House from $6,000 to $7,200 per regular session and from $25 to $30 per each day of special session, and of the messengers of the Senate and House from $3,250 to $3,900 per regular session and from $20 to $24 per each day of special session, effective January 6, 1999; P.A. 06-187 increased salaries of clerks of Senate and House of Representatives from $18,000 to $25,000, of assistant clerks of Senate and House of Representatives from $16,800 to $23,350, of chaplains of Senate and House of Representatives from $7,200 to $10,000 and of messengers of Senate and House of Representatives from $3,900 to $5,425 for each regular session of the General Assembly, effective January 3, 2007.

See Sec. 2-12 re prohibition against payment of bonuses.

See Sec. 2-15 re transportation allowance.

Sec. 2-9a. Compensation Commission for elected state officers and General Assembly members. (a)(1) There is created a Compensation Commission consisting of eleven members, three of whom shall be appointed by the Governor, two of whom shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, two of whom shall be appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, two of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and two of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives. All members of said commission shall be appointed on or before July 1, 1971, and quadrennially thereafter, to serve for a term of four years. No person shall be appointed to said commission who is an official or employee of the state of Connecticut or any department, agency or political subdivision thereof, or who is an official or employee of any agency or institution more than ten per cent of the gross annual income of which is from state funds. Members shall not be compensated for their services as such but shall be reimbursed for all necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.

(2) On or before July 15, 1971, and biennially thereafter, the commission shall elect a chairman from its members. A majority of the members of said commission shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business. Any action taken by said commission shall be by majority vote of those present.

(b) The Compensation Commission shall recommend to the General Assembly, on or before February fifteenth, in odd-numbered years, legislative proposals for salary, expenses, pension, workers’ compensation and any other benefits to be paid to the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Attorney General, Treasurer, Comptroller and members of the General Assembly. In its discretion, the commission also may submit its recommendation for such legislative proposals, on or before February fifteenth in even-numbered years. The General Assembly shall take action on such proposals at the session to which they are submitted. No proposals for legislative salary, if enacted by the General Assembly, shall become effective until the first Wednesday following the first Monday of the January succeeding the next election of members of the General Assembly. No proposals for salaries shall be effective as to the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Attorney General, Treasurer and Comptroller until the first Wednesday following the first Monday of the January succeeding the next election of said officers. Any other proposals of benefits, if enacted, shall be applicable with respect to the incumbents in the offices covered. Said commission may recommend different rates of salary, expenses and allowances for members of the General Assembly for session and interim periods and may recommend rates of salary, expenses and allowances for members of the General Assembly who are officers which are different from that established for other members.

(1971, P.A. 636, S. 1–3; P.A. 79-376, S. 1; P.A. 84-546, S. 7, 173; P.A. 88-349, S. 4, 5; P.A. 12-93, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 79-376 changed “workmen’s” to “workers’” compensation; P.A. 84-546 repealed obsolete former Subsec. (c) re appropriation to carry out the purposes of the section; P.A. 88-349 required commission to recommend legislative proposals in odd-numbered years, provided for discretionary rather than mandatory submittal of recommendation for proposals in even-numbered years and made technical change re effective date of legislative salary proposals; P.A. 12-93 amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision re judges, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 2-9b. Compensation increases to be approved by Federal Pay Board. Section 2-9b is repealed.

(1972, P.A. 281, S. 42; P.A. 73-1, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-271, S. 23, 24.)

Sec. 2-10. Clerks’ office; assistants; records; duties. The House and Senate clerks shall continue in office during the term of the General Assembly by which they were appointed. The Joint Committee on Legislative Management shall provide space in a building under the supervision and control of said committee for the clerks’ office. In addition to such assistants as the clerks require for the performance of their duties during sessions of the General Assembly, each clerk may, subject to the approval of said committee, appoint and fix the compensation of a permanent full-time assistant, whose term of office shall not be limited by that of the clerk first appointing him. Records and indexes of the proceedings of the current or last-preceding regular session and of any special sessions held following such regular session and before the convening of the next regular session shall be kept in the clerks’ office, which shall be open at regular hours on all business days, whether or not the General Assembly is in session. When the General Assembly is not in session, the services of the full-time assistants may, with the approval of the clerks, be made available to said committee and to any committee of the General Assembly functioning between sessions.

(1957, P.A. 1, S. 18; 29, S. 1; March, 1958, P.A. 15, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 749, S. 4; P.A. 84-48, S. 3, 17.)

History: 1969 act replaced references to public works commissioner and the legislative council with references to the joint committee on legislative management; P.A. 84-48 provided that offices be in a building under the supervision and control of joint committee on legislative management rather than in state capitol.

Sec. 2-11. Stenographers for General Assembly committees. The Joint Committee on Legislative Management shall employ all stenographers required by the joint standing and joint special committees of the General Assembly. It shall provide for and furnish to the State Library one original copy of all such reports of committee hearings as any of the several committees shall require to be made and transcribed by the stenographer of such committee for its use.

(1949 Rev., S. 193; P.A. 82-472, S. 149, 183; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 34.)

History: P.A. 82-472 provided that the legislative management committee, rather than the comptroller, shall employ all necessary stenographers for general assembly committees and removed all references to the joint and house committees on constitutional amendments; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 deleted “Standing” re Joint Committee on Legislative Management.

Sec. 2-12. Bonus to employees of General Assembly prohibited. Overtime and meritorious service payments permitted. No bonus, gratuity or extra payment of any sort over and above the amount agreed upon as the salary or wage for each employee at the time of hiring or thereafter shall be voted or paid to any employee of the General Assembly or of either house thereof from public funds. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit (1) the payment of extra or overtime pay for extra or overtime work in accordance with a regularly established policy of any department, or (2) the award of specified annual lump sum payments for meritorious service, in accordance with an incentive plan established by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management or any subcommittee of said committee having cognizance of matters relating to personnel policies and based on annual performance appraisals made by office directors, or their designees, to nonpartisan employees of the General Assembly whose salaries equal the maximum salary for their job classification under the compensation plan for nonpartisan employees of the General Assembly. The amount of any such lump sum payment shall not be deemed an increase in salary.

(June, 1955, S. 17d; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 18.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 made a technical change and inserted Subdiv. (1) designator and new Subdiv. (2) re award of specified annual lump sum payments for meritorious service, effective October 6, 2007.

Sec. 2-12a. Temporary legislative employees, reduction of salary for absence. Legislative employees hired on a temporary basis for a fixed salary shall have such salary reduced by a per diem amount for those days on which their job would normally require them to be present, but for which they are absent.

(S.A. 74-31, S. 20, 22.)

Sec. 2-13. Records of legislative proceedings. Legislative record index. (a) The clerk of either house may employ such number of qualified persons as are necessary to make a record of the proceedings in the Senate and the House of Representatives and to transcribe the same without unnecessary delay. A copy of such record of each day’s proceedings shall be filed in the State Library not later than two days after the transcript has been completed and shall be available to the public.

(b) The clerks of the Senate and House shall, during sessions of the General Assembly, publish at such times during the session, as may be determined by said clerks, a legislative record index which shall report the status of each bill and resolution pending in or acted upon by the General Assembly. Said clerks shall make not more than twenty-five printed copies of the legislative record index and shall make the legislative record index available electronically to representatives of the press, the State Library, the Governor, the Secretary of the State, the Attorney General and such other persons as the speaker of the House or the president of the Senate may designate.

(1949 Rev., S. 19, 36; March, 1950, 1951, 1955, S. 8d; 1961, P.A. 2; P.A. 76-188, S. 1, 2; P.A. 11-150, S. 1.)

History: 1961 act eliminated requirement of weekly publication of legislative record and added requirement publication include status of bills and resolutions acted upon as well as pending; P.A. 76-188 changed “legislative record” to “legislative record index” and gave clerks power to publish it “at such times” as they determine during a session, deleting requirement that it be published at least nine but no more than twelve times; P.A. 11-150 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) and amended Subsec. (b) to require not more than 25 printed copies of the index and that the index be made available electronically, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-14. Initiation of local legislation in General Assembly. The General Assembly shall enact no special legislation relative to the powers, organization and form of government of any town, city, borough or other unit of local government unless requested by a town, city, borough or other unit of local government, in the manner hereinafter prescribed, to enact such special legislation. A resolution requesting the General Assembly to enact special legislation and specifying the purpose of such legislation shall be adopted: (1) By a two-thirds vote of the council or board of directors in any town having such a body; of the board of aldermen, council or body charged with the duty of making annual appropriations in any city or consolidated town and city; of the board of burgesses in any borough or consolidated town and borough; or of the board of directors or district committee in any district; or (2) by the board of selectmen or by a majority vote of the town meeting or representative town meeting in any town not having a council or board of directors. A request for the enactment of special legislation by the General Assembly may also be initiated by a petition specifying the purpose of such legislation and signed by not less than ten per cent of the electors of the town, city, borough or other unit of local government as determined by the last-completed registry list and filed with the clerk of such town, city, borough or other unit of local government. Upon the filing of such petition, such clerk shall proceed forthwith to determine its sufficiency by comparing the names thereon with those contained in such registry list and shall certify its sufficiency or insufficiency. Such clerk shall file with the Secretary of the State, not later than ten days prior to the convening of any session of the General Assembly in which such proposed legislation is to be introduced, a certified copy of the resolution as adopted or the text of the petition as signed.

(1957, P.A. 465, S. 19.)

History: (Revisor’s note: In 1995 the Revisors editorially substituted Subdiv. indicators (1) and (2) for (a) and (b) for consistency with statutory usage).

See Conn. Const. Art. X and chapter 99.

When section is read in connection with Home Rule Act, chapter 99, it becomes clear legislature intended to provide two separate methods–one with, one without, action by general assembly–for inaugurating and securing adoption or amendment of municipal charter. 150 C. 24. Cited. 182 C. 93; 185 C. 88; 234 C. 217.

Cited. 43 CS 470.

Sec. 2-14a. Legislation affecting municipal retirement systems. The General Assembly shall enact no legislation which diminishes or eliminates the rights or benefits granted to any individual under any municipal retirement or pension system. Nothing contained herein shall prevent any municipality, covered under the Connecticut Municipal Employees Retirement Act, from becoming a member of the Old Age and Survivors Insurance System under Title 2 of the Social Security Act.

(1963, P.A. 619.)

Sec. 2-15. Transportation allowance for General Assembly members and members-elect. The Comptroller shall draw his order on the Treasurer for a transportation allowance for each member or member-elect of the General Assembly, and the Treasurer shall pay to such member as an allowance for transportation, such rate per mile as shall from time to time be determined by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management. The allowance shall be paid for each mile on each day that such member is required to travel: (1) From his home to the State Capitol and return therefrom to attend a session of the General Assembly or a meeting of a committee of the General Assembly or a public hearing held by any such committee or for other official legislative business, or (2) from his home to such other location within the state at which any such committee meeting or public hearing is held and return therefrom.

(1949 Rev., S. 198; 1949, S. 68d; 1957, P.A. 3, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 749, S. 5; P.A. 74-242, S. 2, 4; P.A. 79-102, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-470, S. 2, 4; P.A. 86-304, S. 1, 2; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 35.)

History: 1969 act made the treasurer responsible for payment of transportation allowances rather than the comptroller; P.A. 74-242 raised transportation allowance to $0.12 per mile, effective January 8, 1975; P.A. 79-102 provided that amount of transportation allowance be determined by legislative management committee; P.A. 85-470 deleted provision requiring payment of transportation allowance for clerks and assistant clerks of senate and house of representatives and deleted provision prohibiting payment of other transportation allowance to clerk pursuant to Sec. 2-9; P.A. 86-304 rephrased section and added provisions re allowance for travel from home to state capitol and return therefrom to attend “public hearing” or for “other official legislative business” and allowance for travel from “home to such other location within the state at which any such committee meeting or public hearing is held and return therefrom”; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 deleted “Standing” re Joint Committee on Legislative Management.

Sec. 2-15a. Annual informational mailing by General Assembly members. (a) Each member of the General Assembly shall be entitled to send an annual mailing to each household in such member’s district, for informational purposes. The mailing shall be conducted under the supervision of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management and in accordance with rules adopted by the committee.

(b) In even-numbered years, no such mailing may be sent after July fifteenth. A member shall be deemed in compliance with this subsection if the member delivers the mailing to the offices of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management no later than said July fifteenth.

(P.A. 87-583, S. 1, 4; P.A. 99-43.)

History: P.A. 99-43 divided existing section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), and amended Subsec. (b) to provide that a member shall be deemed in compliance if the member delivers the mailing to the offices of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management no later than July fifteenth.

Sec. 2-16. Members as attorneys before the General Assembly. No member of the General Assembly shall appear as an attorney before it, or before any committee thereof, or of either house, unless in his own cause, or that of the town which he represents or of some public corporation therein, or where there is so near a relation between such member and either of the parties as between parent and child, brothers, sisters, brother and sister, uncle and nephew or niece, aunt and nephew or niece, by nature or marriage, or landlord and tenant.

(1949 Rev., S. 15; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 1.)

Sec. 2-16a. Restriction on former members becoming lobbyists. No state representative or state senator who is elected at the 1994 state election or any election thereafter shall engage in the profession of lobbyist, as that term is defined in subsection (l) of section 1-91, until one year after the expiration of the term for which such state representative or state senator was elected.

(P.A. 80-462, S. 3; P.A. 93-156; P.A. 02-89, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 93-156 extended period during which former legislators are prohibited from engaging in profession of lobbyist, applicable to legislators elected at 1994 state election or thereafter; P.A. 02-89 deleted as obsolete former Subsec. (a) prohibiting a state representative or state senator whose term expires on January 4, 1995, and who resigns before the expiration of such term, from engaging in the profession of lobbyist until the expiration of the term, deleted Subsec. (b) designator and made a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality.

Sec. 2-17. Presession introduction of bills. Any member-elect of either house of the General Assembly, prior to the beginning of the regular session in the January following such member’s election, may introduce any bill for a public or special act by filing the same with the clerk of the House or Senate, who shall assign to each such bill a House or Senate serial number and shall cause to be made a sufficient number of photo-offset copies of such bill. Each such bill shall be filed in triplicate and shall be typewritten or printed, without interlineation or erasure, on paper eight and one-half by thirteen inches or eight and one-half by fourteen inches in size, the second and third copies to be on yellow-colored and blue-colored paper, respectively, of the same size and format as the original. Any member-elect offering such bill shall endorse by signing thereon such member-elect’s name in some conspicuous place and shall attach thereto a statement of its purpose in not more than one hundred and fifty words, which are to be typewritten or printed at the end of the bill under the caption “statement of purpose”. The head of each state department, board, commission or other state agency shall file such head’s requests for legislative enactment in the form of bills, appended to each a summary and a fiscal note containing the information required pursuant to section 2-24a, with the clerk of the House or Senate on or before January fifteenth of the odd-numbered year and on or before February eighth in the even-numbered year. Such head of each state department, board, commission or other state agency requiring assistance from the Legislative Commissioners’ Office in the preparation of such bills shall submit requests for such assistance on or before December first of each year.

(1949 Rev., S. 17; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 2; 1959, P.A. 1, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 80; 1971, P.A. 167; 709; P.A. 05-262, S. 3.)

History: 1959 act made presession filing actual introduction of bill, required duplicate on yellow paper, same size and format as original, and required endorsement of name by actual signature; 1965 act required bills to be in triplicate; 1971 acts removed from comptroller the responsibility to make photo-offset copies of bills and permitted use of paper 8 1/2 by 14 inches for bills and added provisions re deadlines for submission of bill requests and requests for assistance in preparing bills; P.A. 05-262 added requirement that state agency attach summary and fiscal note to bill request and made technical changes for gender neutrality.

Sec. 2-18. Form of bills amending statutes and resolutions amending Constitution; ballot designation of proposed constitutional amendments. Each bill for a public act amending any statute, each special act amending any special act and each resolution proposing an amendment to any provision of the Constitution shall set forth in full the act or constitutional provision, or the section or subsection thereof, to be amended. Matter to be omitted or repealed shall be surrounded by brackets and new matter shall be indicated by underscoring or, where an electric magnetic tape typewriter or other electronic equipment or device is used, by capitalization or underscoring of all words in the manuscript bill and by underscoring, capitalization or italics in its printed form. Each resolution proposing an amendment to any provision of the Constitution shall also include the designation of such proposed amendment to be used on the voting tabulator ballots and absentee ballots in the event such amendment is approved by the General Assembly. Such designation shall be a question, commencing with the words “shall the Constitution of the state be amended to” and ending with a statement of the intended objective addressed by the amendment. Nothing in this section shall preclude the General Assembly from adopting rules authorizing the introduction by members of bills, special acts or resolutions which set forth only a statement of purpose or of intent and do not set forth the statute or constitutional provision to be amended.

(1949 Rev., S. 34; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 9; February, 1965, P.A. 1, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 274; 1969, P.A. 156, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 175, S. 1; 610, S. 1; P.A. 83-335, S. 1; P.A. 11-20, S. 1.)

History: 1965 act authorized use of capitalization to indicate new material; 1967 act amended to include resolutions proposing constitutional amendments; 1969 act authorized assembly to adopt rules allowing bills or resolutions containing statement of purpose which do not fully set out statute or constitutional provision to be amended; 1971 acts amended section to include special acts, to permit use of any electronic equipment and to permit use of underscoring in manuscript bill and underscoring and capitalization in printed bill to indicate new material and provided that resolutions for constitutional amendments include designation to be used on voting ballots; P.A. 83-335 set forth the form in which proposed amendments to the constitution are designated on voting machine labels and absentee ballots; pursuant to P.A. 11-20, “machine” and “ballot labels” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “tabulator” and “ballots”, respectively, effective May 24, 2011.

Validating acts of 1929 not in conflict with former section. 112 C. 140. Cited. 165 C. 338; 199 C. 667; 215 C. 701.

Sec. 2-19. Preliminary printing and franchise fees for special charters. Engrossing fees. Section 2-19 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 9; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 350, S. 1.)

Sec. 2-20. Certain charters granted only on petition. No act of incorporation or alteration thereof shall be granted by the General Assembly, except upon a petition therefor, when the law requires that notice of such petition shall be given by advertisement. Each charter of any railroad company shall confine the road within the limits indicated by such notice, specify the towns through which it may pass, and otherwise designate the route on which the respective roads may be authorized to be made.

(1949 Rev., S. 12; P.A. 85-246, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 85-246 deleted reference to street railway company charters.

Sec. 2-20a. Bills seeking incorporation and franchise for water companies. No bill for the incorporation and franchise of a water company shall be heard by the General Assembly, or any committee thereof, unless the applicant has filed with the bill written reports from each of the following: The Public Utilities Regulatory Authority, the Department of Public Health and the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Such report of the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority shall set forth the results of investigation by said authority with respect to the financial condition of the proposed company, the nature of the system and the adequacy of the water supply, together with its recommendations and such other information as it deems pertinent. The report of the Department of Public Health shall set forth the results of investigation by said department with respect to the potability of the water supply and such other information as it deems pertinent. The report of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection shall set forth the result of investigation by said department with respect to the adequacy of the water supply to serve present and future customers, the effect on water supplies of other systems and such other information as it deems pertinent. Each request for a report required by this section shall be accompanied by a fee of fifty dollars. The General Assembly shall enact no legislation granting a franchise to a water company unless a public hearing is held by a committee of the General Assembly on the proposed bill, and unless at least five days before such hearing, proponents of the bill publish notice of such proposed bill and the hearing to be held thereon in a newspaper having general circulation in the area affected.

(February, 1965, P.A. 336; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 155; P.A. 75-486, S. 22, 69; P.A. 77-614, S. 162, 323, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 2, 348; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1971 act replaced references to “water resources commission” with “department of environmental protection”; P.A. 75-486 changed “public utilities commission” to “public utilities control authority”; P.A. 77-614 changed “public utility(ies) control authority” to “division of public utility control within the department of business regulation” and “department of health” to “department of health services”, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 abolished the department of business regulation and its divisions and created the department of public utility control; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Department of Public Utility Control” and “Department of Environmental Protection” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Public Utilities Regulatory Authority” and “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection”, respectively, effective July 1, 2011.

See Sec. 25-33 re Public Health Department’s oversight of water companies.

Sec. 2-21. Notice of claims against the state. Section 2-21 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 13; 1959, P.A. 685, S. 26.)

Sec. 2-22. Numbering of bills and joint resolutions. Each bill and joint resolution shall be numbered by the clerk of the house in which it was presented, in the order of presentation, and shall be designated in the journal as “Senate Bill”, “House Bill”, “Senate Joint Resolution” or “House Joint Resolution”, as the case may be, with the addition of its proper number; and each bill or resolution reported as a substitute for another shall be endorsed with the number of the original bill or resolution.

(1949 Rev., S. 20.)

Acts passed in form of resolutions prior to 1911 validated by Public Acts of 1911, chapter 297. 87 C. 508. See 133 C. 130.

Sec. 2-23. Copies of bills, resolutions, calendars, journals and other legislative publications. Furnishing of publications to public and municipalities. The Joint Committee on Legislative Management shall provide for the printed and electronic reproduction of copies of each bill and each resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution and other substantive resolutions introduced in both houses, the calendars and journals of both houses on regular session days and other legislative publications, in number sufficient to supply the needs of the legislature and the public. Such reproduction shall be under the supervision of the clerks of the Senate and the House. To carry out the provisions of this section, said committee is authorized to hire necessary personnel and acquire supplies and equipment. The Joint Committee on Legislative Management shall set aside in a building under the supervision and control of the Joint Committee on Legislative Management a room for use as a legislative bill room for distribution of printed and electronic copies under the supervision of the clerks of the Senate and House. The clerks of the Senate and House shall, during each session of the General Assembly, keep copies of all bills and resolutions reproduced as above provided, in such room, for the convenience of the members of the legislature and the public. A file of such bills and resolutions and the records of hearings of committees and the proceedings of each house, suitably indexed, shall be kept in the State Library for public inspection, and the clerks of the Senate and House shall furnish copies of such bills and resolutions for this purpose. The State Librarian is authorized to hire not more than two additional employees and to secure supplies and equipment necessary to make said index. Copies of bills and resolutions printed after favorable report by a committee or the amendment on the third reading, i.e., files, not needed by members of the General Assembly or for other official use shall be delivered to the legislative bill room for distribution. After adjournment of the General Assembly, distribution of such bills, resolutions and files shall be made from the office of the clerks. To carry out the provisions of this section, said clerks are authorized to hire additional employees for distribution of such copies. The public may obtain printed or electronic copies of bills, resolutions, journals, bulletins, legislative indexes and other legislative publications by calling for the same at the State Capitol or the Legislative Office Building, provided the clerks may, in their discretion, limit the number of printed copies to be furnished to any one person and may, with the approval of the committee, fix reasonable charges for furnishing printed copies in quantities which the clerks believe cannot be furnished free of charge without undue expense to the state. The clerks shall, at the request of the chief executive officer of any town, city or borough, send an electronic copy of each legislative bulletin and of the legislative record index to such office of such municipality as such chief executive officer shall designate. A limited number of printed copies of engrossed bills and resolutions shall be distributed from the Legislative Commissioners’ Office.

(1949 Rev., S. 18; 1953, 1955, S. 7d; November, 1955, S. N1; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 1, S. 4; 4, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 113; P.A. 73-394; P.A. 78-237, S. 1, 5; P.A. 79-631, S. 25, 111; P.A. 84-48, S. 4, 17; P.A. 89-82, S. 2, 11; P.A. 90-17, S. 1, 4; P.A. 11-150, S. 2.)

History: 1959 acts added provision specifying method by which the public may obtain copies of bills, resolutions journals, etc.; 1961 act provided for distribution of engrossed bills and resolutions by legislative commissioners rather than from legislative bill room during session and from clerks’ office thereafter; P.A. 73-394 replaced reference to public works commissioner with “joint committee on legislative management” and required clerks to send copies of bulletin and legislative record index to town offices upon request; P.A. 78-237 transferred duties of comptroller under section to the joint committee on legislative management; P.A. 79-631 amended section to include resolutions proposing constitutional amendments and other substantive resolutions and provided that required reproduction of bills and resolutions be supervised by house and senate clerks; P.A. 84-48 provided the bill room shall be in a building under the supervision and control of the joint committee on legislative management rather than in state capitol; P.A. 89-82 provided for furnishing of legislative publications at legislative office building; P.A. 90-17 deleted provision requiring bill and resolution reproduction process to be by photo-offset and added provision requiring legislative management committee to provide process for reproduction of copies of calendars, journals and other legislative publications; (Revisor’s note: In 1995 the phrase “office of the legislative commissioners” was replaced editorially by the Revisors with “Legislative Commissioners’ Office” to conform section with Sec. 2-54); P.A. 11-150 deleted language requiring a contract, purchase or lease for reproduction of copies of each bill and resolution, required printed and electronic reproduction of such copies, limited printing of calendars and journals to regular session days, added references to printed or electronic copies throughout, required clerks to send an electronic copy of bulletin or index to a municipality, rather than a copy by first class mail, and required a limited number of printed copies of engrossed bills to be available from the Legislative Commissioners’ Office, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-23a. Alkaline paper for legislative documents. All bills and joint resolutions, the calendar and journal of each house of the General Assembly, including the journal printed in accordance with the provisions of section 2-49, the legislative record index published in accordance with the provisions of section 2-13, the public and special acts published in accordance with the provisions of section 2-58, all stationery and all other publications, reports, records and documents of the General Assembly and its committees, commissions, task forces and offices, shall be printed on paper that meets or exceeds the American National Standards Institute standards for permanent paper. All photocopies made by the General Assembly and its committees, commissions, task forces and offices shall be made using paper that meets or exceeds such standards. The provisions of this section shall not apply if such paper is not available.

(P.A. 91-144, S. 2.)

Sec. 2-24. Style of printing bills; endorsements; file number; fiscal note. The words “State of Connecticut” shall be printed at the head of each bill and document printed by order of the General Assembly, or either house thereof, and on its title page or cover, if any. Before printed, electronic or photographic copies of an original bill are made, the bill shall be endorsed with (1) the date of its introduction; (2) its number; (3) the name of the member or committee introducing it; and (4) the name of the committee to which it was referred. Copies of bills or resolutions printed or produced electronically after favorable report by a committee or reprinted or produced electronically after amendment on the third reading, i.e., files, shall bear the file number of such bill or resolution, placed conspicuously at the head of the same, which file number shall be assigned by the Legislative Commissioners’ Office in the order printed or produced, the number and title of the bill, the name of the committee to which it was referred, the date and nature of the committee’s report, and, in any case where the bill, if passed, would require the expenditure of state or municipal funds or affect state or municipal revenue, a fiscal note, including an estimate of the cost or of the revenue impact shall be appended thereto. When a bill or resolution is accompanied with a report of a committee, other than a recommendation that it ought or ought not to pass, it shall then have an additional endorsement, as follows: “Accompanied by special report, No.-”. Bills shall be designated in the calendar of each house by their file numbers, as well as by the titles and numbers of the bills.

(1949 Rev., S. 21, 22; 1953, S. 9d; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 4; P.A. 74-108, S. 1; P.A. 78-176, S. 1, 4; P.A. 11-150, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 74-108 required fiscal notes on bills affecting state revenue; P.A. 78-176 further required fiscal notes on bills affecting municipal revenue; P.A. 11-150 added references to electronic production of bills or resolutions, replaced reference to “printer” with “Legislative Commissioners’ Office” re assigning of file number and deleted “printed” re calendar of each house, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-24a. Fiscal note required for action upon bill. No bill without a fiscal note appended thereto which, if passed, would require the expenditure of state or municipal funds or affect state or municipal revenue in the current fiscal year or any of the next ensuing five fiscal years shall be acted upon by either house of the General Assembly unless said requirement of a fiscal note is dispensed with by a vote of at least two-thirds of such house. Such fiscal note shall clearly identify the cost and revenue impact to the state and municipalities in the current fiscal year and in each of the next ensuing five fiscal years.

(P.A. 78-176, S. 2, 4; P.A. 05-262, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 05-262 added requirement that fiscal note include costs and revenues for five fiscal years, effective July 1, 2005.

Sec. 2-24b. Racial and ethnic impact statement required for certain bills and amendments. (a) Beginning with the session of the General Assembly commencing on January 7, 2009, a racial and ethnic impact statement shall be prepared with respect to certain bills and amendments that could, if passed, increase or decrease the pretrial or sentenced population of the correctional facilities in this state.

(b) Not later than January 1, 2009, the joint standing committee of the General Assembly on judiciary shall make recommendations for a provision to be included in the joint rules of the House of Representatives and the Senate concerning the procedure for the preparation of such racial and ethnic impact statements, the content of such statements and the types of bills and amendments with respect to which such statements should be prepared.

(P.A. 08-143, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 08-143 effective June 5, 2008.

Sec. 2-25. Printing to be done at one establishment. Section 2-25 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 23; February, 1965, P.A. 382, S. 1; P.A. 78-237, S. 2, 5; P.A. 90-17, S. 3, 4.)

Sec. 2-26. Printing and electronic availability of bills prior to passage. At each regular or special session of the General Assembly no bill shall be passed or become a law unless it has been printed in its final form, as prescribed by section 2-24, with the exception of germane amendments, and made available in electronic version on the Internet web site of the General Assembly at least two legislative days prior to its final passage, unless the president pro tempore of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Representatives have certified, in writing, the facts which in their opinion necessitate an immediate vote on such bill, in which case it shall nevertheless be upon the desks of the members or available electronically to the members in final form, accompanied by the fiscal note required by section 2-24 when applicable, with the exception of germane amendments, but not necessarily printed, before its final passage.

(1955, June, 1955, S. 10d; P.A. 74-108, S. 2; P.A. 11-150, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 74-108 amended section to include fiscal notes where applicable; P.A. 11-150 replaced requirement that bills be upon desks of the members prior to passage with requirement that bills be available electronically on the Internet prior to passage and added provision re bills available electronically to members, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-27. Printing and distribution of file bills. Copies of each bill for an act reported favorably by a committee shall be made available electronically on the Internet web site of the General Assembly and shall be printed in sufficient numbers, as determined by the clerks of the House and Senate, for use by the General Assembly. A greater number of copies of any bill shall be printed upon order of either legislative commissioner. Two copies of each printed bill shall be reserved for the use of the Secretary of the State who shall distribute one copy to the State Library and one to the law library of The University of Connecticut.

(1949 Rev., S. 32; 1957, P.A. 368; 627; 1959, P.A. 478, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 285; P.A. 93-180; P.A. 11-150, S. 5.)

History: 1959 act made technical change required by appointment of two legislative commissioners instead of one; 1961 act removed mandatory quantities of file copies to be printed and left the number within the discretion of the clerks and reduced from 20 to 7 the number of copies to be given the secretary; P.A. 93-180 deleted provision requiring that private-nature bills be printed at the expense of the party applying therefor before being finally considered and substituted reference to “Quinnipiac College” for reference to “the University of Bridgeport”; P.A. 11-150 required copies of bills to be available electronically on the Internet, reduced number of copies distributed and deleted requirements that Secretary bind bills in volumes and that copies be distributed to certain libraries, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-27a. Fiscal review of bills. (a) The speaker of the House, the president pro tempore of the Senate, the minority leader of the House or Senate, the House or Senate chairman or ranking minority member of any committee or the director of the Office of Fiscal Analysis may request the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to review any bill to provide the General Assembly with information as to its fiscal effect. The secretary, after consultation with any state agency affected by such bill or having special knowledge or information as to its fiscal effect, shall report his estimate of the change in revenue, the amount required to provide for increased liability or the amount of decrease of liability, as the case may be. Such report shall be made to the General Assembly within seven days after the request for review is received.

(b) This section shall not apply to (1) any appropriation or revenue bill included in the budget document as provided by section 4-74 or (2) any bill making supplemental appropriations as provided by section 4-82.

(1963, P.A. 561; February, 1965, P.A. 166; P.A. 74-108, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 610.)

History: 1965 act authorized minority leaders and ranking minority committee members to request fiscal review; P.A. 74-108 included director of office of fiscal analysis among those empowered to request review of bill; P.A. 77-614 changed “commissioner of finance and control” to “secretary of the office of policy and management”.

Sec. 2-27b. Review of bond acts. (a) Each bond act, as defined in section 3-20, shall be reviewed by the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to state finance, revenue and bonding no later than five years following the effective date of such act. Such review shall include, but not be limited to, consideration of the amount expended prior to such review on any project provided for in such act and the total cost for completion of such project. Said committee may request whatever information is required to conduct such review from any state official, board, commission or department and such information shall be provided to said committee within fourteen days following receipt of such request. Upon completion of its review, said committee shall recommend to the General Assembly whatever legislation it shall deem necessary with respect to such project.

(b) The Treasurer shall compute the aggregate amount of indebtedness in accordance with section 3-21 as of January first and July first each year and shall certify the results of such computation to the Governor and the General Assembly. If the aggregate amount of indebtedness so computed reaches ninety per cent of the limit set forth in said section, the Governor shall review each bond act, as defined in section 3-20, for which, at the time of such certification, no bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness have been issued, and recommend to the General Assembly priorities for repealing authorizations for remaining projects. Such review shall include, but not be limited to, consideration of the amount expended prior to such review on any such project and the total cost for completion of such project. Such recommendations shall be referred to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to capital bonding, which shall consider such recommendations. Said committee may request whatever information is required to conduct such review from any state official, board, commission or department and such information shall be provided to the committee within fourteen days following receipt of such request. Upon completion of its review, the committee shall propose whatever legislation it shall deem necessary with respect to such project.

(P.A. 76-349, S. 2, 3; P.A. 79-31, S. 1, 17; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 128, 168.)

History: P.A. 79-31 changed formal designation of finance committee; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 added Subsec. (b), concerning times of computation, review by the governor if 90% of limit is reached and consideration of such review by the general assembly.

Sec. 2-28. Time limit on favorable reports of bills. Submission to Legislative Commissioners’ Office. Action upon bills not in the files. Section 2-28 is repealed.

(June, 1955, S. 11d; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 6; 1959, P.A. 1, S. 2; 478, S. 2; P.A. 78-139, S. 1, 2.)

Sec. 2-29. Engrossing of bills and amendments; correction of errors after passage. Presentation to the Governor. Immediately upon the passage of any bill, the clerk of the house last taking action thereon shall cause a copy thereof to be sent to the Governor. All bills and proposed amendments to the Constitution shall be engrossed in print as soon as passed, under the direction of the legislative commissioners, on suitable paper of uniform size, with wide margins; and the commissioners shall carefully compare all engrossed bills and amendments with the bills and amendments as finally passed and one of them shall certify by his signature to the correctness of the engrossed copies. As soon as engrossed and certified, as herein provided, such bills and amendments shall be presented to the House and Senate clerks, who shall sign such engrossed and certified copies. The house last taking action on any bill may, before engrossing, order its immediate presentation to the Governor for his approval. If either commissioner or the clerk of the House or Senate, after the final passage of any bill or proposed amendment and prior to its certification, finds that an error of form has been made in its text, he shall deliver the bill or proposed amendment to the Joint Committee on Legislative Management with a written statement as to the error. If the committee believes that no correction should be made, it shall so inform the commissioner or the clerk. If the committee believes that a correction should be made, it shall, within five calendar days, Sundays and holidays excepted, after its passage, report the bill or proposed amendment with the proposed correction in the form of an amendment to the house which last took action thereon. Each such bill and proposed amendment, with the engrossed copy thereof, shall be transmitted by the clerks of the House and Senate to the secretary as soon as it has been signed, as herein provided, and not later than the twelfth day after the expiration of the time allowed for reconsideration under the rules of the General Assembly, Sundays and legal holidays excepted; and the secretary shall forthwith present the engrossed copy of each such bill to the Governor for his approval. The secretary shall give the clerks a receipt for each such bill and proposed amendment and shall notify them of the date and hour at which each bill was presented to the Governor. The secretary shall give the Governor a receipt showing the date and hour at which the Governor approved it or returned it to the secretary with a statement of his objections and shall notify the clerks of such dates and hours. The clerks shall record such dates and hours of presentation and approval or return in the journals of the House and Senate.

(1949 Rev., S. 41; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 10; 1959, P.A. 478, S. 3; 1961, P.A. 350, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 254, S. 1; P.A. 76-198, S. 1, 2.)

History: 1959 act made technical changes necessary because of appointment of two legislative commissioners instead of one; 1961 act extended, from five to twelve days after time for reconsideration, mandatory date for transmittal of engrossed bills to secretary; 1967 act replaced “resolution” with “proposed amendment” and removed language providing that constitutional amendments proposed by house be signed only by the house clerk; P.A. 76-198 changed reference to “committee on rules” to “committee on legislative management” and time limit for making correction before engrossing; (Revisor’s note: In 1995 the word “Joint” was added editorially by the Revisors in the phrase “Committee on Legislative Management” to conform section with Sec. 2-71a).

See Conn. Const. Art. IV, Sec. 15; Conn. Const. Amdts. Art. III.

Governor may withdraw approval of bill improperly placed before him. 79 C. 151. History of section. 87 C. 515.

Sec. 2-30. Engrossing bills after adjournment. Vetoed bills. Each bill for an act passed by the General Assembly, but not engrossed prior to the final adjournment thereof, shall be engrossed, signed and presented to the Governor in the same manner as during the session of the General Assembly, such presentation to be not later than the twenty-fifth calendar day after its passage by the General Assembly. The Governor shall, within fifteen days from its receipt by him, either sign the same, endorsing his approval thereon, and transmit it to the Secretary of the State or transmit the same without his signature to said secretary. If any such unsigned bill is accompanied by a statement of the Governor’s objections thereto, it shall not become a law unless such bill is reconsidered and repassed by the General Assembly by at least a two-thirds vote of the members of each house of the General Assembly at the time of its reconvening; if not accompanied by such a statement, it shall, at the expiration of the constitutional limit of fifteen days after receipt by the Governor, become a law.

(1949 Rev., S. 43; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 12; 1961, P.A. 350, S. 3; 1967, P.A. 222, S. 1.)

History: 1961 act extended period for presentation to governor from 15 to 25 days after passage; 1967 act added provisions for passing bill over governor’s veto.

See Conn. Const. Art. IV, Sec. 15; Conn. Const. Amdts. Art. III.

Former section cited. 79 C. 153. Under former constitutional provision and statute, bills became law when signed and approved by governor and before being engrossed; essential that presentment to governor be made forthwith following adjournment of general assembly. 112 C. 134.

Sec. 2-30a. Explanatory texts concerning proposed constitutional amendments; preparation, approval, printing, distribution, posting at polls. (a) At such time as a proposed constitutional amendment and its concomitant ballot question are approved by the General Assembly for presentation to the electors of the state for their consideration at a general election, the Office of Legislative Research shall prepare a concise explanatory text as to the content and purpose of the proposed constitutional amendment subject to the approval of the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of constitutional amendments. Upon such approval, the Secretary of the State shall cause such proposed amendment and such explanatory text to be printed and transmitted to the town clerk, and to the registrars of voters in each town in the state in sufficient supply for public distribution.

(b) The Secretary of the State shall print the explanations of proposed constitutional amendments, as required by subsection (a) of this section, on posters of a size to be determined by said Secretary and shall mail at least three such posters for every polling place within a town, to the registrars of voters. Said registrars shall cause at least three such posters to be posted at each polling place at which electors shall be voting on such proposed constitutional amendments. Any posters received by the registrars in excess of the number required by this subsection to be so posted may be displayed by said registrars at their discretion at locations which are frequented by the public. No expenditure of state funds shall be made to influence electors to vote for or against any such proposed constitutional amendment.

(1967, P.A. 303, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 610, S. 2; P.A. 73-404; P.A. 79-31, S. 8, 17; P.A. 82-314, S. 7, 63; P.A. 83-335, S. 2; P.A. 84-94, S. 1; P.A. 11-173, S. 53.)

History: 1971 act deleted reference to the committee on constitutional amendments, giving the secretary of the state responsibility for preparing explanation of amendment, subject to approval of committee on government administration and policy; P.A. 73-404 added Subsec. (b) concerning poster-sized copies of the explanations for display at polling places; P.A. 79-31 changed committee name to committee on government administration and elections; P.A. 82-314 transferred responsibility for approval of constitutional amendments from government administration and elections committee to committee having cognizance of constitutional amendments; P.A. 83-335 transferred the responsibility for preparing an explanatory text for proposed constitutional amendments from the office of the secretary of state to the office of legislative research; P.A. 84-94 prohibited expenditure of state funds to influence vote on constitutional amendments; P.A. 11-173 added language re concomitant ballot question and registrars in Subsec. (a) and replaced references to clerks with references to registrars in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2011.

Sec. 2-30b. Construction of multiple amendments. (a) When two or more acts passed at the same session of the General Assembly amend the same section of the general statutes, or the same section of a public or special act, and reference to the earlier adopted act is not made in the act passed later, each amendment shall be effective except in the case of irreconcilable conflict, in which case the act which was passed last in the second house of the General Assembly shall be deemed to have repealed the irreconcilable provision contained in the earlier act, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) In the case of an irreconcilable conflict between an act adopted earlier in the same session and an amendment in the legislative commissioners’ revisor’s bill to a section of the general statutes or to a section of any public or special act made solely for the purposes of correcting a clerical defect or imperfection such as, but not limited to, a grammatical, spelling or computer or data processing error or mistake as to form, and which amendment does not alter the substance of the section, such amendment shall not be deemed to have repealed the irreconcilable provision in the earlier act, and the conflicting provision in the legislative commissioners’ revisor’s bill shall not be effective.

(P.A. 74-15, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-403, S. 109, 132.)

History: P.A. 86-403 added “except as provided in subsection (b) of this section” and added Subsec. (b) concerning irreconcilable conflict between act adopted earlier in same session and amendment in legislative commissioners’ revisor’s bill.

Legislature intended word “amendment” used in section to apply to all acts expressly changing existing legislation regardless of specific prefatory language used, and amendments to Sec. 14-227a in public acts 85-387 and 85-590 are entitled to concurrent effect. 199 C. 667.

Sec. 2-31. Numbering of public and special acts. The numbers of the public and special acts of the General Assembly shall be designated by Arabic numerals.

(1949 Rev., S. 35.)

Sec. 2-32. Effective date of public and special acts. All public acts, except when otherwise therein specified, shall take effect on the first day of October following the session of the General Assembly at which they are passed, and special acts, unless otherwise therein provided, from the date of their approval.

(1949 Rev., S. 8891.)

Former statute cited. 108 C. 77; 131 C. 714. Cited. 143 C. 152; 144 C. 27; 147 C. 358; 180 C. 545; 184 C. 51; 196 C. 53; 199 C. 496; 233 C. 243; 240 C. 658.

Cited. 3 CA 201.

Cited. 18 CS 162. Provision that special act shall take effect upon approval at annual town meeting in 1935, held to be directory only and not mandatory where act was approved a year later. 19 CS 250. Unless there is a plain indication of an intent that a general statute will supersede a special act, the special act will continue in effect. 26 CS 262. Cited. 44 CS 207.

Cited. 4 Conn. Cir. Ct. 471; 6 Conn. Cir. Ct. 462.

Sec. 2-32a. Effective date of public acts imposing state mandate. No public act which imposes a state mandate on any political subdivision of this state which requires the appropriation of funds for the budget of such political subdivision in order to comply with the provisions of such act shall be effective as to such political subdivision earlier than the first fiscal year of such political subdivision beginning after five months following the date of passage of such act.

(1972, P.A. 234, S. 1; P.A. 93-434, S. 15, 20.)

History: P.A. 93-434 changed the term “duty” to “state mandate”, effective June 30, 1993.

Cited. 197 C. 554.

Sec. 2-32b. State mandates to local governments. Definitions. Cost estimate required. Procedures re bills creating or enlarging mandates. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Local government” means any political subdivision of the state having power to make appropriations or to levy taxes, including any town, city or borough, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, any village, any school, sewer, fire, water or lighting district, metropolitan district, any municipal district, any beach or improvement association, and any other district or association created by any special act or pursuant to chapter 105, or any other municipal corporation having the power to issue bonds;

(2) “State mandate” means any constitutional, statutory or executive action that requires a local government to establish, expand or modify its activities in such a way as to necessitate additional expenditures from local revenues, excluding any order issued by a state court and any legislation necessary to comply with a federal mandate;

(3) “Local government organization and structure mandate” means a state mandate concerning such matters as: (A) The form of local government and the adoption and revision of statutes on the organization of local government; (B) the establishment of districts, councils of governments, or other forms and structures for interlocal cooperation and coordination; (C) the holding of local elections; (D) the designation of public officers, and their duties, powers and responsibilities; and (E) the prescription of administrative practices and procedures for local governing bodies;

(4) “Due process mandate” means a state mandate concerning such matters as: (A) The administration of justice; (B) notification and conduct of public hearings; (C) procedures for administrative and judicial review of actions taken by local governing bodies; and (D) protection of the public from malfeasance, misfeasance, or nonfeasance by local government officials;

(5) “Benefit spillover” means the process of accrual of social or other benefits from a governmental service to jurisdictions adjacent to or beyond the jurisdiction providing the service;

(6) “Service mandate” means a state mandate as to creation or expansion of governmental services or delivery standards therefor and those applicable to services having substantial benefit spillover and consequently being wider than local concern. For purposes of this section, applicable services include but are not limited to elementary and secondary education, community colleges, public health, hospitals, public assistance, air pollution control, water pollution control and solid waste treatment and disposal. A state mandate that expands the duties of a public official by requiring the provision of additional services is a “service mandate” rather than a “local government organization and structure mandate”;

(7) “Interlocal equity mandate” means a state mandate requiring local governments to act so as to benefit other local governments or to refrain from acting to avoid injury to, or conflict with neighboring jurisdictions, including such matters as land use regulations, tax assessment procedures for equalization purposes and environmental standards;

(8) “Tax exemption mandate” means a state mandate that exempts privately owned property or other specified items from the local tax base;

(9) “Personnel mandate” means a state mandate concerning or affecting local government: (A) Salaries and wages; (B) employee qualifications and training except when any civil service commission, professional licensing board, or personnel board or agency established by state law sets and administers standards relative to merit-based recruitment or candidates for employment or conducts and grades examinations and rates candidates in order of their relative excellence for purposes of making appointments or promotions to positions in the competitive division of the classified service of the public employer served by such commission, board or agency; (C) hours, location of employment, and other working conditions; and (D) fringe benefits including insurance, health, medical care, retirement and other benefits.

(b) The Office of Fiscal Analysis shall append to any bill before either house of the General Assembly for final action which has the effect of creating or enlarging a state mandate to local governments, an estimate of the cost to such local governments which would result from the passage of such bill. Any amendment offered to any bill before either house of the General Assembly which has the effect of creating or enlarging a state mandate to local governments shall have appended thereto an estimate of the cost to such local governments which would result from the adoption of such amendment.

(c) The estimate required by subsection (b) of this section shall be the estimated cost to local governments for the first fiscal year in which the bill takes effect. If such bill does not take effect on the first day of the fiscal year, the estimate shall also indicate the estimated cost to local governments for the next following fiscal year. If a bill is amended by the report of a committee on conference in such a manner as to result in a cost to local governments, the Office of Fiscal Analysis shall append an estimate of such cost to the report before the report is made to either house of the General Assembly.

(d) On and after January 1, 1985, (1) any bill reported by a joint standing committee of the General Assembly which may create or enlarge a state mandate to local governments, as defined in subsection (a) of this section, shall be referred by such committee to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, unless such reference is dispensed with by a vote of at least two-thirds of each house of the General Assembly, and (2) any bill amended by either house of the General Assembly or by the report of a committee on conference in such a manner as to create or enlarge a state mandate shall be referred to said committee, unless such reference is dispensed with by a vote of at least two-thirds of each house of the General Assembly. Any such bill which is favorably reported by said committee shall contain a determination by said committee concerning the following: (A) Whether or not such bill creates or enlarges a state mandate, and, if so, which type of mandate is created or enlarged; (B) whether or not the state shall reimburse local governments for costs resulting from such new or enlarged mandate, and, if so, which costs are eligible for reimbursement, the level of reimbursement, the timetable for reimbursement and the duration of reimbursement.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-12, S. 1, 2, 5; P.A. 84-124; 84-546, S. 149, 173; P.A. 93-434, S. 16, 20; P.A. 05-288, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 84-124 amended Subsec. (d) to delete requirement that estimate appended to each bill shall indicate type of mandate contained in bill and whether mandate results in no new governmental duties, provides clarifying, nonsubstantive changes, imposes duties which can be accomplished without appreciable cost increase, provides savings which offset costs, imposes cost recoverable from financial aid sources or imposes cost less than $1,000 for a single local government or less than $50,000 state-wide, inserting new provisions to require that on and after January 1, 1985, any bill reported by a joint standing committee or amended by either house, which may create mandate, shall be referred to committee with cognizance of appropriations and state agency budgets unless reference is dispensed with by a two-thirds vote of each house, and that any such bill reported by said committee shall contain determination re type of mandate, if any, created, and whether or not state shall reimburse for resulting costs, and, if so, the level, timetable and duration of reimbursement for eligible costs; P.A. 84-546 made technical changes in Subsec. (d), substituting “house” for “branch” in references to general assembly; P.A. 93-434 amended Subsec. (a)(2), defining “state mandate”, to delete “state-initiated” before “constitutional”, effective June 30, 1993; (Revisor’s note: In 1995 the Revisors substituted editorially the Subdiv. designators (A) and (B) for (1) and (2) in Subsec. (d) for consistency with statutory usage); P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective July 13, 2005.

Sec. 2-32c. Submission to General Assembly of list of state mandates. Not more than ninety days after adjournment of any regular or special session of the General Assembly or September first immediately following adjournment of a regular session, whichever is sooner, the Connecticut Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, established pursuant to section 2-79a, shall submit to the speaker of the House of Representatives, the president pro tempore of the Senate, the majority leader of the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the Senate, the minority leader of the House of Representatives and the minority leader of the Senate a report which lists each state mandate enacted during said regular or special session of the General Assembly. Within five days of receipt of the report, the speaker and the president pro tempore shall submit the report to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and refer each state mandate to the joint standing committee or select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of the subject matter of the mandate. The secretary shall provide notice of the report to the chief elected official of each municipality.

(P.A. 93-434, S. 17, 20; P.A. 97-243, S. 64, 67.)

History: P.A. 93-434 effective June 30, 1993; P.A. 97-243 deleted requirement for committee public hearing and report to speaker and president pro tempore, effective June 24, 1997.

Sec. 2-33. Specific appropriations. Recurring appropriations. The General Assembly shall make appropriations of specific sums of money for purposes for which appropriations are authorized by law to be made by the state, and shall specify the amount thereof to be made available for expenditure in each fiscal year. No statutory provision requiring a recurring appropriation for aid to or in support of a state institution or agency shall specify the amount to be appropriated.

(1949 Rev., S. 25, 28; 1971, P.A. 1, S. 1.)

History: 1971 act changed “biennial” to “recurring”.

Scope of section. 89 C. 562. Cited. 163 C. 537.

Sec. 2-33a. Limitation on expenditures authorized by General Assembly. The General Assembly shall not authorize an increase in general budget expenditures for any fiscal year above the amount of general budget expenditures authorized for the previous fiscal year by a percentage which exceeds the greater of the percentage increase in personal income or the percentage increase in inflation, unless the Governor declares an emergency or the existence of extraordinary circumstances and at least three-fifths of the members of each house of the General Assembly vote to exceed such limit for the purposes of such emergency or extraordinary circumstances. Any such declaration shall specify the nature of such emergency or circumstances and may provide that such proposed additional expenditures shall not be considered general budget expenditures for the current fiscal year for the purposes of determining general budget expenditures for the ensuing fiscal year and any act of the General Assembly authorizing such expenditures may contain such provision. As used in this section, “increase in personal income” means the average of the annual increase in personal income in the state for each of the preceding five years, according to United States Bureau of Economic Analysis data; “increase in inflation” means the increase in the consumer price index for urban consumers during the preceding twelve-month period, according to United States Bureau of Labor Statistics data; and “general budget expenditures” means expenditures from appropriated funds authorized by public or special act of the General Assembly, provided (1) general budget expenditures shall not include expenditures for payment of the principal of and interest on bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness, expenditures pursuant to section 4-30a, or current or increased expenditures for statutory grants to distressed municipalities, provided such grants are in effect on July 1, 1991, and (2) expenditures for the implementation of federal mandates or court orders shall not be considered general budget expenditures for the first fiscal year in which such expenditures are authorized, but shall be considered general budget expenditures for such year for the purposes of determining general budget expenditures for the ensuing fiscal year. As used in this section, “federal mandates” means those programs or services in which the state must participate, or in which the state participated on July 1, 1991, and in which the state must meet federal entitlement and eligibility criteria in order to receive federal reimbursement, provided expenditures for program or service components which are optional under federal law or regulation shall be considered general budget expenditures.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 30, 168.)

Cited. 236 C. 1.

Sec. 2-34. Title of appropriation bills. The title of the biennial budget bill shall be “An Act Concerning the State Budget for the Biennium Ending June Thirtieth”, (here insert the calendar year) “and Making Appropriations Therefor”. The title of the deficiency bill shall be “An Act Making Deficiency Appropriations for the Fiscal Year Ending June Thirtieth”, (here insert the calendar year). The title of all other bills making appropriations from the treasury shall be “An Act Concerning” (here insert the purpose) “and Making an Appropriation Therefor”.

(1949 Rev., S. 26; 1971, P.A. 1, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 31, 168; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14, S. 29, 30.)

History: 1971 act deleted language concerning appropriations bills spanning more than one year; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 deleted requirements re title of “each bill for an act making appropriations from the treasury” and substituted requirements re title of biennial budget bill, deficiency bill and all other bills making appropriations; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14 changed effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 31 from August 22, 1991, to July 1, 1992, and first applicable to biennium commencing July 1, 1993.

Sec. 2-35. Requirements for appropriation bills and acts. Requirements for revenue estimates. State budget act to specify budgeted reductions by branch of government. (a) All bills carrying or requiring appropriations and favorably reported by any other committee, except for payment of claims against the state, shall, before passage, be referred to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, unless such reference is dispensed with by a vote of at least two-thirds of each house of the General Assembly. Resolutions paying the contingent expenses of the Senate and House of Representatives shall be referred to said committee. Said committee may originate and report any bill which it deems necessary and shall, in each odd-numbered year, report such appropriation bills as it deems necessary for carrying on the departments of the state government and for providing for such institutions or persons as are proper subjects for state aid under the provisions of the statutes, for the ensuing biennium. In each even-numbered year, the committee shall originate and report at least one bill which adjusts expenditures for the ensuing fiscal year in such manner as it deems appropriate. Each appropriation bill shall specify the particular purpose for which appropriation is made and shall be itemized as far as practicable. The state budget act may contain any legislation necessary to implement its appropriations provisions, provided no other general legislation shall be made a part of such act.

(b) The state budget act passed by the legislature for funding the expenses of operations of the state government in the ensuing biennium shall contain a statement of estimated revenue, based upon the most recent consensus revenue estimate or the revised consensus revenue estimate issued pursuant to section 2-36c, itemized by major source, for each appropriated fund. The statement of estimated revenue applicable to each such fund shall include, for any fiscal year, an estimate of total revenue with respect to such fund, which amount shall be reduced by (1) an estimate of total refunds of taxes to be paid from such revenue in accordance with the authorization in section 12-39f, and (2) an estimate of total refunds of payments to be paid from such revenue in accordance with the provisions of sections 3-70a and 4-37. Such statement of estimated revenue, including the estimated refunds of taxes to be offset against such revenue, shall be supplied by the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to state finance, revenue and bonding. The total estimated revenue for each fund, as adjusted in accordance with this section, shall not be less than the total net appropriations made from each fund plus, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014, and each fiscal year thereafter, the amount necessary to extinguish any unreserved negative balance in each fund as reported in the most recently audited comprehensive annual financial report issued by the Comptroller prior to the start of the fiscal year. On or before July first of each fiscal year said committee shall, if any revisions in such estimates are required by virtue of legislative amendments to the revenue measures proposed by said committee, changes in conditions or receipt of new information since the original estimate was supplied, meet and revise such estimates and, through its cochairpersons, report to the Comptroller any such revisions.

(c) If the state budget act passed by the legislature for funding the expenses of operations of the state government in the ensuing biennium or making adjustments to a previously adopted biennial budget contains state-wide budgeted reductions not allocated by a budgeted agency, such act shall specify the amount of such budgeted reductions to be achieved in each branch of state government.

(1949 Rev., S. 27; 1955, S. 12d; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 8; 1971, P.A. 1, S. 3; P.A. 74-174; P.A. 79-31, S. 2, 17; P.A. 82-227, S. 2, 3; 82-314, S. 1, 63; 82-470, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-546, S. 150, 173; P.A. 85-356, S. 2, 9; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 32, 168; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14, S. 29, 30; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 47, 48, 59; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 7, 85; P.A. 09-214, S. 4; P.A. 10-179, S. 32; P.A. 11-6, S. 122; 11-48, S. 43.)

History: 1971 act limited appropriation bill to one year; P.A. 74-174 required that appropriations act for funding state government contain statements of estimated revenue for appropriated funds and that appropriations not exceed estimated revenue; P.A. 79-31 changed formal designation of finance committee; P.A. 82-227 replaced provision that no general legislation shall be made a part of the appropriation bill with provision that such bill may contain any legislation necessary to implement its appropriations provisions; P.A. 82-314 deleted specific reference to appointment of appropriations committee and changed formal committee name; P.A. 82-470 added provision requiring chairpersons of committee having cognizance of finance, revenue and bonding to report to comptroller any revisions in the committee’s revenue estimates due to amendments to committee’s proposed revenue measures; P.A. 84-546 made technical change, substituting “house” for “branch” in reference to general assembly; P.A. 85-356 added provision requiring that the estimate of total revenue applicable to each fund be reduced by an estimate of total refunds of taxes to be paid from such revenue; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 amended language to reflect change from annual to biennial budget, required committee to report budget bill in odd-numbered year and to report at least one bill adjusting expenditures in even-numbered year and replaced reference to “appropriations act” with reference to “state budget act”; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14 changed effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 32 from August 22, 1991, to July 1, 1992, and first applicable to biennium commencing July 1, 1993; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 included changes in conditions or receipt of new information as reasons for a revision and clarified that the committee must meet in order to make such a revision; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 made a technical change and provided that revenue estimates in the budget act be reduced by an estimate of total refunds of payments to be paid in accordance with Sec. 4-37, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 09-214 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) and (b) and added requirement in Subsec. (b) that estimated revenue be based upon consensus revenue estimate, effective July 20, 2009; P.A. 10-179 added Subsec. (c) re budgeted reductions, effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 11-6 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that revenue estimates in budget be reduced by claims for abandoned property in accordance with Sec. 3-70a, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (b) by requiring that, for fiscal year ending June 30, 2014, and each fiscal year thereafter, the amount necessary to extinguish unreserved negative balances, plus appropriations, not exceed estimated revenue, effective July 1, 2011.

Statute cannot bind subsequent general assembly. 152 C. 431. Governor has no constitutional power of partial veto even if sections of bill are in violation of this statute. 164 C. 299.

Sec. 2-35a. Government organization and reorganization. The joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to government administration, organization and reorganization shall be charged with the duty and responsibility of overseeing all government organization and reorganization and in particular any transfer, allocation or consolidation of any state department or agency. The committee shall have responsibility for continuing review of the organization and reorganization of state departments and agencies and may from time to time make recommendations to the General Assembly with regard to government organization and reorganization.

(P.A. 77-614, S. 15, 584, 587, 610; P.A. 79-31, S. 9, 17; P.A. 82-314, S. 6, 63.)

History: P.A. 79-31 changed committee name from “committee on government administration and policy” to “committee on government administration and elections”; P.A. 82-314 changed formal designation of committee.

Sec. 2-35b. Legislative involvement in Job Training Partnership Act. Recommendations. Reports from Governor. (a) Any proposed plan to implement the provisions of the Job Training Partnership Act (P.L. 97-300) in this state which shall be made available to the General Assembly for comment, as required in Section 105 of the act, shall be referred to the joint standing committee or committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to labor, economic development and job training. Such committee or committees shall make recommendations, in writing, which shall be submitted to the Governor within thirty days of such referral, concerning the purpose and content of any such plan.

(b) The committee or committees shall provide the Governor with written recommendations concerning possible procedures to be used to identify “dislocated workers” for purposes of applying for employment and training assistance for such workers under the provisions of Section 301 of the act.

(c) The Governor shall forward, to such committee or committees on a timely basis, a copy of each report submitted to him pursuant to the requirements of the Job Training Partnership Act.

(P.A. 83-19, S. 1, 3.)

Sec. 2-35c. Funds appropriated to Judicial Department for specified purposes included in current expense account. Funds appropriated to the Judicial Department for purposes of implementing subsection (a) of section 17a-77, subsection (c) of section 17a-78, subsection (d) of section 17a-274, subsection (b) of section 17a-498, subsection (b) of section 45a-716, sections 45a-717, 46b-172a and 45a-654, subsection (h) of section 19a-265, subsection (g) of section 17a-498, subsection (c) of section 17a-502, section 17a-510, subsection (c) of section 45a-111, sections 45a-132a and 45a-620, subsection (b) of section 45a-649, subsection (c) of section 45a-660, section 45a-673, subsection (a) of section 45a-681 and section 45a-708 shall be appropriated to a specific “other current expense” account.

(P.A. 96-170, S. 22, 23; P.A. 97-90, S. 5, 6.)

History: P.A. 96-170 effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 97-90 revised effective date of P.A. 96-170 but without affecting this section.

Sec. 2-36. Deficiency bills. (a) On or before the twenty-fifth day of each month, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall submit to the Governor, the Comptroller and the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, through the Legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis, a list of appropriation accounts in which a potential deficiency exists. Such list shall be accompanied by a statement which explains the reasons for each such potential deficiency.

(b) On the day the Governor submits a budget document to the General Assembly, or a report on the status of the budget enacted in the previous year, pursuant to section 4-71, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall submit to the Treasurer and said joint standing committee, through the Office of Fiscal Analysis, any items to be included in a deficiency bill, which may be passed by the General Assembly to pay expenses of the current fiscal year of the biennium. Each such item shall be accompanied by a statement which explains the need for a deficiency appropriation. Any agency which has an item to be included in the deficiency bill shall, on such day, submit a report to said joint standing committee, through the Office of Fiscal Analysis, concerning any steps taken by the agency to reduce or eliminate the deficiency.

(1949 Rev., S. 30; 1971, P.A. 1, S. 4; P.A. 82-314, S. 2, 63; P.A. 83-488, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 33, 168; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14, S. 29, 30.)

History: 1971 act changed deficiency appropriations to cover one year instead of two; P.A. 82-314 changed formal designation of appropriations committee; P.A. 83-488 repealed prior provisions that (1) the general assembly may pass deficiency bills for current year expenses provided estimates are referred to committee having cognizance of appropriations and state agency budgets on or before opening of fifth week of session; (2) any person authorized to make estimates for appropriations for next fiscal year may, any time prior to opening of such fifth week, furnish treasurer with estimate of amount needed for a deficiency in the appropriation for the current fiscal year; (3) no deficiency bill other than for expenses connected with general assembly session shall be passed unless based on an estimate as herein provided, substituting new Subsecs. (a) and (b); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 amended language to reflect change from annual to biennial budget; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14 changed effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 33 from August 22, 1991, to July 1, 1992, and first applicable to biennium commencing July 1, 1993.

Sec. 2-36a. Legislative committee to meet re potential deficiency in state agency appropriated account. On or before November 15, 1991, and annually thereafter, the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies shall hold a public hearing and shall meet concerning any state agency which has a potential deficiency in an appropriated account included on the list submitted to said committee pursuant to section 2-36.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 45, 168; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14, S. 29, 30.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14 changed effective date of June Sp. Sess. 91-3, S. 45 from July 1, 1992, and applicable to biennium commencing July 1, 1993, to August 22, 1991.

Sec. 2-36b. Legislative committees to meet with Secretary of Office of Policy and Management re report on various state revenue and expenditure issues. Report on nonappropriated moneys held by budgeted state agencies. (a) No later than November thirtieth each year, the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies and finance, revenue and bonding shall meet with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, the director of the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis, and such other persons as they deem appropriate, to consider the items submitted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.

(b) On or before November fifteenth, annually, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the director of the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis shall each submit the following to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies and finance, revenue and bonding: (1) A consensus estimate of state revenues developed in accordance with subsection (a) of section 2-36c, an estimate of expenditures and ending balance for each fund, for the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years, and the assumptions on which such estimates are based; (2) the projected tax credits to be used in the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years, and the assumptions on which such projections are based; (3) a summary of any estimated deficiencies in the current fiscal year, the reasons for such deficiencies, and the assumptions upon which such estimates are based; (4) the projected balance in the Budget Reserve Fund at the end of each uncompleted fiscal year of the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years; (5) the projected bond authorizations, allocations and issuances in each of the next ensuing five fiscal years and their impact on the debt service of the major funds of the state; (6) an analysis of revenue and expenditure trends and of the major cost drivers affecting state spending, including identification of any areas of concern and efforts undertaken to address such areas, including, but not limited to, efforts to obtain federal funds; and (7) an analysis of possible uses of surplus funds, including, but not limited to, the Budget Reserve Fund, debt retirement and funding of pension liabilities.

(c) On or before November 15, 2010, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall submit to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies and finance, revenue and bonding for the biennium commencing July 1, 2011, and each biennium thereafter, a summary in electronic database format of all nonappropriated moneys held by each budgeted agency, which shall be an accounting of moneys received or held by the agency that are authorized or received by any manner other than as an appropriation, at the end of the last-completed fiscal year in a form consistent with accepted accounting practice.

(P.A. 05-262, S. 1; P.A. 09-214, S. 1; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 05-262 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 09-214 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to add reference to consensus revenue estimate, effective July 20, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 added Subsec. (c) requiring annual report by Secretary of Office of Policy and Management re nonappropriated moneys held by agency, effective October 5, 2009.

Sec. 2-36c. Consensus revenue estimates. (a) Not later than November tenth annually, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the director of the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis shall issue the consensus revenue estimate for the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years. If no agreement on a revenue estimate is reached by November tenth, (1) the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the director of the Office of Fiscal Analysis shall each issue an estimate of state revenues for the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years, and (2) the Comptroller shall, not later than November twentieth, issue the consensus revenue estimate for the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years. In issuing the consensus revenue estimate required by this subsection, the Comptroller shall consider such revenue estimates provided by the Office of Policy and Management and the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis, and shall issue the consensus revenue estimate based on such revenue estimates, in an amount that is equal to or between such revenue estimates.

(b) Not later than January fifteenth annually and April thirtieth annually, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the director of the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis shall issue revisions to the consensus revenue estimate developed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, or a statement that no revisions are necessary. If no agreement on revisions to the consensus revenue estimate revenue estimate is reached by the required date, (1) the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the director of the Office of Fiscal Analysis shall each issue a revised estimate of state revenues for the current biennium and the next ensuing three fiscal years, and (2) the Comptroller shall, not later than five days after the failure to issue revisions to the consensus revenue estimate, issue the revised consensus revenue estimate. In issuing the revised consensus revenue estimate required by this subsection, the Comptroller shall consider such revised revenue estimates provided by the Office of Policy and Management and the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis, and shall issue the revised consensus revenue estimate based on such revised revenue estimates, in an amount that is equal to or between such revised revenue estimates.

(c) If (1) a revised consensus revenue estimate pursuant to subsection (b) of this section is issued in January or April of any fiscal year, (2) such revised consensus revenue estimate has changed from the previous consensus revenue estimate or revised consensus revenue estimate to forecast a deficit or an increase in a deficit either of which is greater than one per cent of the total of General Fund appropriations for the current year, (3) a budget for the prospective fiscal year has not become law, and (4) the General Assembly is in session, then the General Assembly and the Governor shall take such action as provided in subsection (d) of this section.

(d) (1) The joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and finance, revenue and bonding shall, on or before the tenth business day after a revised consensus revenue estimate is issued in April pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, prepare and vote on adjusted appropriation and revenue plans, if necessary to address such revised consensus revenue estimate.

(2) The Governor shall provide the General Assembly with a budget document, prepared in accordance with the requirements of section 4-74, if necessary to address the most recent consensus revenue estimate or revised consensus revenue estimate issued pursuant to subsection (b) or (c) of this section. The budget document required by this subdivision shall be issued not later than twenty-five calendar days after a revised consensus revenue estimate is issued in January, and not later than ten calendar days after a revised consensus revenue estimate is issued in April.

(e) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section, if any deadline imposed pursuant to said subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, such deadline shall be extended to the next business day.

(P.A. 09-214, S. 2; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 09-214 effective July 20, 2009; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 amended Subsec. (a) to change estimate due date from October 15 to November 10 and issuance date from October 25 to November 20, and added Subsec. (e) re deadline extension after weekends and holidays, effective June 15, 2012.

Sec. 2-37. Contingent expenses of General Assembly. The Comptroller shall draw his order on the Treasurer in payment of the contingent expenses of each house of the General Assembly upon certification to him by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management.

(1949 Rev., S. 31, 197; 1969, P.A. 749, S. 6.)

History: 1969 act made legislative management committee responsible for certifying contingent expense payments.

History of this section. 78 C. 558. See 85 C. 657.

Sec. 2-38. Bill re person’s service as teacher or public employee. When any bill is introduced in the General Assembly on behalf of any person by reason of such person’s service as a teacher or as an employee of the state or any political subdivision thereof, the Teachers’ Retirement Board, if such service was as a teacher, or the State Employees Retirement Commission, if such service was as an employee of the state or such subdivision, shall prepare a record of pertinent facts regarding such person and such person’s service, including any action previously taken by the General Assembly, and shall transmit such record to the chairman of the committee to which such bill has been referred.

(1949 Rev., S. 37; P.A. 10-32, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 10-32 made technical changes, effective May 10, 2010.

Sec. 2-39. Time within which Senate shall act on nominations. Except as provided in sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive, pertaining to department heads, including the State Board of Education, the Senate shall act finally upon each nomination or appointment made by the Governor and requiring the advice or consent of the Senate, within fifteen session days from the date on which such nomination or appointment has been communicated to it by the Governor, or before adjournment of the General Assembly sine die, whichever is sooner. If the Senate fails to act finally upon any such nomination or appointment within the time herein limited, the Governor may fill such office without Senate confirmation until the sixth Wednesday of the next session of the General Assembly and until a successor is elected or appointed and has qualified.

(1949 Rev., S. 4; P.A. 92-262, S. 1, 42.)

History: P.A. 92-262 added the description of the subject matter of Secs. 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive.

See Sec. 4-2 re time for making nominations.

Purpose is to permit governor, if nomination is not confirmed, to name another person. 132 C. 535.

Sec. 2-40. Nomination of judges. Action by the judiciary committee. (a) Each nomination made by the Governor to the General Assembly for the Chief Justice or a judge of the Supreme Court, Appellate Court or Superior Court shall be referred, without debate, to the committee on the judiciary, which shall report thereon within thirty legislative days from the time of reference, but no later than seven legislative days before the adjourning of the General Assembly.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4-19, no vacancy in the position of Chief Justice or judge of the Supreme Court, Appellate Court or Superior Court shall be filled by the Governor when the General Assembly is not in session unless, prior to such filling, the Governor submits the name of the proposed vacancy appointee to the committee on the judiciary. Within forty-five days, the committee on the judiciary may, upon the call of either chairman, hold a special meeting for the purpose of approving or disapproving such proposed vacancy appointee by majority vote. The Governor shall not administer the oath of office to such proposed vacancy appointee until the committee has approved such proposed vacancy appointee. If the committee determines that it cannot complete its investigation and act on such proposed vacancy appointee within such forty-five-day period, it may extend such period by an additional fifteen days. The committee shall notify the Governor in writing of any such extension. Failure of the committee to act on such proposed vacancy appointee within such forty-five-day period or any fifteen-day extension period shall be deemed to be an approval.

(c) Prior to a public hearing on a judicial nomination, the judiciary committee may employ a person to investigate, at the request of the cochairpersons of said committee, any judicial nominee with respect to the suitability of such nominee for judicial office. Such investigator shall report his findings to said committee and any such report shall be confidential and shall not be subject to public disclosure. Such person shall receive such compensation as may be fixed by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management for each day he is engaged in his duties as an investigator.

(1949 Rev., S. 71; September, 1950, S. 21d; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 45; 1969, P.A. 403, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 280; P.A. 74-183, S. 3, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 352, 681; P.A. 83-353, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 63, 82; P.A. 85-503, S. 1, 3; P.A. 88-84.)

History: 1959 act added circuit court judges to section; 1969 act changed provisions for judiciary committee’s reporting on nominations; 1971 act deleted tabling and printing requirement for nominations; P.A. 74-183 included nominations for chief justice and chief court administrator, deleted reference to circuit court and added juvenile court; P.A. 76-436 deleted references to the chief court administrator, court of common pleas and juvenile court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 83-353 added Subsec. (b) re the procedure for the nomination and appointment of judges while the general assembly is not in session; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 included reference to appellate court in Subsec. (a); P.A. 85-503 added Subsec. (c) re investigation of judicial nominee by judiciary committee, employment and compensation of investigator and confidential report to committee; P.A. 88-84 amended Subsec. (b) to increase from 10 to 45 days the time limitation on the judiciary committee to approve or disapprove a proposed vacancy appointee, to authorize the committee to extend such 45-day period by an additional 15 days when it cannot complete its investigation and act within such period, to require the committee to notify the governor in writing of any such extension, to provide that failure of the committee to act within any extension period shall be deemed to be an approval, and to prohibit the governor administering the oath of office to a proposed vacancy appointee until approval by the committee.

See Sec. 4-2 re referral of judicial nominations to committee on the judiciary.

Sec. 2-40a. Disclosure of performance evaluations of judges and judge trial referees. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of section 1-210 and chapter 55, (1) any performance evaluation of any judge or judge trial referee made by the Judicial Department shall be made available to the members of the joint standing committee on judiciary prior to any public hearing on the nomination of any such judge or judge trial referee, and (2) any performance evaluation of any judge by the Judicial Department shall be made available to the members of the Judicial Selection Commission in the performance of their duties as set forth in section 51-44a. Any information disclosed to such members shall be used by such members only for the purpose for which it was given and shall not be disclosed to any other person.

(P.A. 86-211; P.A. 89-238, S. 3, 4; P.A. 12-133, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 89-238 required judicial department to make performance evaluation of judges available to members of judicial selection commission; P.A. 12-133 added Subdiv. (1) and (2) designators, required that performance appraisal of a judge trial referee be made available to joint standing committee on judiciary prior to any public hearing on the nomination of such judge trial referee in Subdiv. (1) and made a technical change in Subdiv. (2), effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 2-41. Nomination of judges of municipal courts. Section 2-41 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 72; 1953, S. 22d; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 204.)

Sec. 2-42. Appointment of judges. Each appointment of the Chief Justice or a judge of the Supreme Court, Appellate Court or Superior Court shall be by concurrent resolution. The action on the passage of each such resolution in the House and in the Senate shall be by vote taken on the electrical roll-call device. No resolution shall contain the name of more than one nominee.

(1949 Rev., S. 73; 1953, S. 24d; 1963, P.A. 383; February, 1965, P.A. 5, S. 1; P.A. 74-183, S. 4, 291; P.A. 76-435, S. 69, 82; 76-436, S. 161, 681; P.A. 77-331; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 64, 82.)

History: 1963 act substituted “circuit court” for “town, city, borough or police court”; 1965 act added separate provision for votes taken in the house; P.A. 74-183 included nominations for chief justice and chief court administrator, deleted reference to circuit court and added juvenile court; P.A. 76-435 deleted special balloting for action on nominations in the senate; P.A. 76-436 deleted references to the chief court administrator, court of common pleas and juvenile court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-331 deleted provisions for balloting other than by roll call machine; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 included reference to appellate court.

Sec. 2-43. When further nomination required. The Governor shall, within five days after he has notice that any judicial nomination made by him has failed to be approved by the affirmative concurrent action of both houses of the General Assembly, make another nomination to such office.

(1949 Rev., S. 74; P.A. 84-546, S. 151, 173.)

History: P.A. 84-546 made technical change, substituting “houses” for “branches” of general assembly.

Sec. 2-44. Withdrawal of nomination by Governor. The Governor may withdraw any nomination made by him for appointment by the General Assembly to any office at any time before a vote thereon has been taken in either house of the General Assembly.

(1949 Rev., S. 75; 1969, P.A. 375, S. 1; P.A. 84-546, S. 152, 173.)

History: 1969 act expanded section to apply to appointments to any office, removing previous limitation to judicial appointments; P.A. 84-546 made technical change, substituting “house” for “branch” of general assembly.

Sec. 2-44a. Notice of appointments by president pro tempore, speaker or minority leaders. Vacancies; notice by chairman. (a) Whenever the president pro tempore of the Senate or the speaker of the House of Representatives, or a minority leader of the Senate or House of Representatives, in accordance with the provisions of any public or special act or resolution of the General Assembly, makes an appointment other than to a standing committee of the General Assembly, he shall forthwith, in writing, notify the appointee of such appointment and of his term of office and shall forward a copy thereof to the Governor and the Secretary of the State, together with a statement of the authority under which such appointment was made. Each such officer shall fill any vacancy occurring in any office for which he has the original power of appointment.

(b) Whenever a vacancy occurs in the office of any such appointee, the chairman or acting chairman of the committee or commission of which he was a member shall forthwith notify, in writing, the Governor, the Secretary of the State, and the appointing officer, as the case may be.

(1967, P.A. 63, S. 1, 2; P.A. 73-616, S. 45.)

History: P.A. 73-616 included minority leaders of house and senate among those with power to make appointments.

Sec. 2-45. Legislative appearances. Section 2-45 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 40; 1955, S. 14d; 1969, P.A. 197; P.A. 75-272; P.A. 77-605, S. 20, 21.)

Sec. 2-46. Investigations by the General Assembly and Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee; procedure. Witness’ rights. (a) The president of the Senate, the speaker of the House of Representatives, or a chairman of the whole, or of any committee of either house, of the General Assembly, or either of the chairmen of the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee shall have the power to compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses by subpoena and capias issued by any of them, require the production of any necessary books, papers or other documents and administer oaths to witnesses in any case under their examination including any program review or investigation, as defined in section 2-53d. Any person, summoned as a witness by the authority of either house of the General Assembly or said Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee to give testimony or to produce books, papers or other documents upon any matter under inquiry before either house, or any committee of either house, of the General Assembly, or a joint committee of both houses, who wilfully makes default or, having appeared, refuses to be sworn or to answer any question pertinent to the question under inquiry, shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(b) Any individual who is subpoenaed to appear and testify before a committee of the General Assembly or the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee shall have the right to review a copy of the transcript of his or her testimony and a reasonable amount of time to question its accuracy prior to the public release of said transcript or its permanent filing.

(1949 Rev., S. 51; 1957, P.A. 231; P.A. 73-397; P.A. 75-388, S. 8; P.A. 93-250, S. 2, 5; P.A. 12-80, S. 159.)

History: P.A. 73-397 added Subsec. (b) giving those who testify before committees in executive session the right to review testimony; P.A. 75-388 included the chairmen of the legislative program review and investigations committee among those with subpoena power; P.A. 93-250 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the power to compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses by subpoena and capias to include any program review or investigation, as defined in Sec. 2-53d, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 12-80 amended Subsec. (a) to change penalty from a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 and imprisonment of not less than 1 month nor more than 12 months to a class A misdemeanor.

Sec. 2-46a. Investigations and inquiries pursuant to Article Ninth of the Constitution commenced after January 1, 2004. Disclosure of information obtained during investigation or inquiry. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, during any inquiry, investigation, impeachment or other proceeding conducted pursuant to Article Ninth of the Connecticut Constitution that is commenced on or after January 1, 2004, by the House of Representatives, all information, records of interviews, reports, statements, depositions, notes, memoranda or other data in the custody of or obtained or prepared by the House of Representatives, any committee established by the House of Representatives in furtherance of the purposes of said Article Ninth, the staff of the House of Representatives or the staff of any such committee shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 until such committee transmits its final report to the House of Representatives, provided the committee shall have discretion to disclose any such information prior to the transmittal of the final report. Information provided to the committee by a public agency that is otherwise disclosable by the public agency pursuant to the provisions of section 1-210 shall at all times be disclosable by the originating public agency. Nothing in this section shall be construed to mean that any individual waives any privilege provided by law when providing a document or any other information to any such committee.

(b) Not later than ninety days after the conclusion of the last occurring inquiry, investigation, impeachment, trial or other proceeding conducted pursuant to Article Ninth of the Connecticut Constitution that is commenced on or after January 1, 2004, by the House of Representatives or the Senate, any document, recorded data, information or other tangible materials of any kind prepared, received, owned, used or retained in the course of said inquiry, investigation, impeachment, trial or other proceeding, except those items that have been exempted from disclosure pursuant to state or federal law, shall be delivered to the State Library for preservation and archiving, provided an electronic version of such materials shall be provided to the clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

(P.A. 04-37, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 04-37 effective April 20, 2004.

Sec. 2-47. Witness not privileged. No witness shall be privileged to refuse to testify to any fact, or to produce any paper, respecting which he is examined by either house of the General Assembly, or by any committee of either house or any joint committee of both houses, or by the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee in any program review or investigation, as defined in section 2-53d, upon the ground that his testimony to such fact or his production of such paper may tend to disgrace him or otherwise render him infamous.

(1949 Rev., S. 52; P.A. 75-388, S. 9; P.A. 93-250, S. 3, 5.)

History: P.A. 75-388 included the legislative program review and investigations committee among examining bodies listed; P.A. 93-250 amended section to provide that witnesses are not privileged when they are being examined by the legislative program review and investigations committee “in any program review or investigation, as defined in section 2-53d”, effective June 23, 1993.

Sec. 2-48. Prosecution of witness. Whenever a witness summoned fails to testify and the fact is reported to either house, the president of the Senate or the speaker of the House, as the case may be, shall certify to the fact under the seal of the state to the state’s attorney for the judicial district of Hartford, who shall prosecute therefor.

(1949 Rev., S. 53; P.A. 78-280, S. 6, 127; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4–6.)

History: P.A. 78-280 changed “Hartford county” to “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain”; P.A. 88-230 replaced “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain” with “judicial district of Hartford”, effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

Sec. 2-49. Preparation, printing and distribution of assembly journals. Not later than three months after the adjournment of each General Assembly, the clerk of the Senate and the clerk of the House of Representatives shall prepare a full and accurate alphabetical subject-index to the journals, and shall cause to be printed copies of each of said journals with the index, in sufficient numbers, as determined by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, in consultation with the clerks of the Senate and the House. One copy of each journal so indexed shall be certified by the clerk of the Senate or the clerk of the House, as the case may be, to be a true record of the proceedings of such house and shall be deposited in the office of the Secretary as the official journal thereof. They shall cause to be transmitted directly to the Secretary and to the State Library copies of each journal, in sufficient numbers, as determined by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, in consultation with the clerks of the Senate and the House, to each incorporated or associated library in the state, to each county bar library, to each state officer and to each member of the General Assembly requesting the same, one copy and to each town, at the request of the town clerk of such town, one copy, and the remainder shall be deposited with the Secretary, who, upon receiving the certified copies as above provided, shall certify to the Comptroller that said journals have been indexed and distributed in accordance with this section; and the Comptroller shall thereupon draw an order on the Treasurer in favor of the persons whose duty it is to index and distribute the same, for the sum of three hundred dollars each for their services and expenses.

(1949 Rev., S. 48; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 2; P.A. 76-306, S. 1, 2; P.A. 11-150, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 76-306 changed number of copies to be printed and to be distributed to state library and provided that journals be provided to towns at request of town clerk; P.A. 11-150 made technical changes, deleted requirements for a specific number of copies to be printed or distributed, required Joint Committee on Legislative Management, in consultation with clerks, to determine number of copies made and distributed to the State Library and provided that copies be distributed upon request, effective July 1, 2011.

See Sec. 3-86 re distribution of legislative documents to free public libraries.

See Sec. 7-35 re requirement that town clerks preserve certain legislative documents.

Sec. 2-50. Legislative identification plates. Section 2-50 is repealed.

(1955, S. 16d; 1957, P.A. 1, S. 13; 1959, P.A. 68, S. 2.)

Sec. 2-50a. Motor vehicle number plates for legislators. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall issue, in respect to not more than two motor vehicles owned or regularly used by each member of the General Assembly, on application by such member, on or before January fifteenth in the odd-numbered years, number plates bearing the assembly district number or the senatorial district number, as the case may be, of the member, and a distinguishing mark indicating his or her membership in either house of the General Assembly; and the commissioner shall issue a certificate of registration, as provided in section 14-12, in connection therewith. Such registration shall be valid, subject to renewal, as long as the member remains a member of the General Assembly, and thereafter the registration number and number plates, if any, which were assigned to such motor vehicle before a registration and number plates were issued under this section, shall be in effect. The provisions of this section shall apply to not more than two motor vehicles regularly used by a member who is the president or a vice president of a person, firm or corporation to which a license was issued in accordance with section 14-52, even if such member does not own a motor vehicle that is registered with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles in accordance with section 14-12.

(1959, P.A. 68, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 58; 1971, P.A. 649, S. 6; P.A. 84-429, S. 47; P.A. 93-341, S. 37, 38; P.A. 06-196, S. 21.)

History: 1967 act replaced “seat” with “assembly district” number and deleted the words “in the house of representatives”; 1971 act limited the number of cars allowed special number plates to two per member; P.A. 84-429 substituted reference to Sec. 14-12 for reference to Sec. 14-13; P.A. 93-341 amended section by adding provision limiting applicability to not more than two motor vehicles regularly used by a member of the general assembly even if the member does not own the motor vehicles, provided the member is the president or vice president of a person, firm or corporation to which a license was issued in accordance with Sec. 14-52, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006.

Sec. 2-51. Admittance to floor of House and Senate. No persons, except members of the General Assembly, its officers and employees, authorized members of the press and radio, and such other persons as either house of the General Assembly may authorize from time to time, shall be allowed upon the floor of either house of the General Assembly while such house is in session.

(June, 1955, S. 18d.)

Sec. 2-52. Display of United States and state flags at sessions of the General Assembly. The United States flag and the state flag shall be displayed in the Senate chamber and in the hall of the House during each daily session of the General Assembly. The Joint Committee on Legislative Management shall provide for the installation of flagstaffs in said chamber and in said house for the display of said flags and defray the expense thereof from the appropriation for expenses of the General Assembly.

(1949 Rev., S. 2; March, 1950, S. 1d; P.A. 77-614, S. 73, 610; P.A. 82-472, S. 1, 183.)

History: P.A. 77-614 changed “public works commissioner” to “commissioner of administrative services”; P.A. 82-472 required joint committee on legislative management instead of commissioner of administrative services to provide for installation of flagstaffs.

Sec. 2-53. Faith and credit of acts passed by General Assembly. The official record of the acts passed by the General Assembly on file in the office of the secretary shall be presumptive evidence that all constitutional requirements essential to the valid enactment of the several acts therein contained have been complied with; and the faith and credit of such record shall not be attacked save by an action of mandamus against the secretary to compel him to correct the record.

(1949 Rev., S. 45.)

Secs. 2-53a to 2-53c. Legislative Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities. Sections 2-53a to 2-53c, inclusive, are repealed.

(1967, P.A. 636, S. 1–3; P.A. 78-3; 78-280, S. 2, 127.)

Sec. 2-53d. “Program review” and “investigation” defined. As used in sections 2-53e to 2-53j, inclusive:

(1) “Program review” means an examination of state government programs and their administration to ascertain whether such programs are effective, continue to serve their intended purposes, are conducted in an efficient and effective manner, or require modification or elimination; and

(2) “Investigation” means the investigation of any matter which is referred to the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee as provided in section 2-53g.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 2; P.A. 75-388, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 75-388 defined “investigation”.

Sec. 2-53e. Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee. There is hereby created a Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee which shall be a permanent standing committee of the General Assembly, consisting of six members of the Senate, three appointed by the president pro tempore and three appointed by the minority leader, and six members of the House of Representatives, three appointed by the speaker of the House and three appointed by the minority leader. Members shall serve for a term of two years from date of appointment. The appointments shall be made at the beginning of each regular session of the General Assembly in the odd-numbered year. The terms of all members appointed to the committee shall end with the termination of each member’s term or holding of office, whichever occurs first. Vacancies shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointments. The committee shall select cochairpersons and such other officers as it may deem necessary from among its membership. A majority of the membership shall constitute a quorum and all actions of the committee shall require the affirmative vote of a majority of the full committee membership. The cochairpersons and ranking minority members of the joint standing committee requesting an investigation shall serve as nonvoting, ex-officio members of the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee during the course of such investigation.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 1; P.A. 75-388, S. 2; P.A. 79-31, S. 10, 17; P.A. 82-314, S. 3, 63; P.A. 89-142, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 75-388 added words “and investigations” to committee name, deleted obsolete provisions for initial appointments and provided for ex-officio members; P.A. 79-31 replaced the word “policy” with “elections” in the committee name and changed “co-chairmen” to “cochairpersons”; P.A. 82-314 changed formal designations of committees; P.A. 89-142 deleted provision requiring appointment by each appointing authority of member from committees having cognizance of appropriations and government administration.

Sec. 2-53f. Meetings of committee. The Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee shall meet as often as may be necessary, during legislative sessions and during the periods between sessions, to perform its duties and functions.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 3; P.A. 75-388, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 75-388 included the words “and investigations” in the committee name.

Sec. 2-53g. Duties. Confidentiality of information. (a) The Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee shall: (1) Direct its staff and other legislative staff available to the committee to conduct program reviews and investigations to assist the General Assembly in the proper discharge of its duties; (2) produce its reports electronically and post such reports on the Internet web site of the committee; (3) review staff reports submitted to the committee and, when necessary, confer with representatives of the state departments and agencies reviewed in order to obtain full and complete information in regard to programs, other activities and operations of the state, and may request and shall be given access to and copies of, by all public officers, departments, agencies and authorities of the state and its political subdivisions, such public records, data and other information and given such assistance as the committee determines it needs to fulfill its duties. Any statutory requirements of confidentiality regarding such records, data and other information, including penalties for violating such requirements, shall apply to the committee, its staff and its other authorized representatives in the same manner and to the same extent as such requirements and penalties apply to any public officer, department, agency or authority of the state or its political subdivisions. The committee shall act on staff reports and recommend in its report, or propose, in the form of a raised committee bill, such legislation as may be necessary to modify current operations and agency practices; (4) consider and act on requests by legislators, legislative committees, elected officials of state government and state department and agency heads for program reviews. The request shall be submitted in writing to the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee and shall state reasons to support the request. The decision of the committee to grant or deny such a request shall be final; (5) conduct investigations requested by joint resolution of the General Assembly, or, when the General Assembly is not in session, (A) requested by a joint standing committee of the General Assembly or initiated by a majority vote of the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee and approved by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, or (B) requested by the Joint Committee on Legislative Management. In the event two or more investigations are requested, the order of priority shall be determined by the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee; (6) retain, within available appropriations, the services of consultants, technical assistants, research and other personnel necessary to assist in the conduct of program reviews and investigations; (7) originate, and report to the General Assembly, any bill it deems necessary concerning a program, department or other matter under review or investigation by the committee, in the same manner as is prescribed by rule for joint standing committees of the General Assembly; and (8) review audit reports after issuance by the Auditors of Public Accounts, evaluate and sponsor new or revised legislation based on audit findings, provide means to determine compliance with audit recommendations and receive facts concerning any unauthorized, illegal, irregular or unsafe handling or expenditures of state funds under the provisions of section 2-90.

(b) The identity of a public employee providing information to the committee shall not be disclosed. In the course of an investigation, all information, records of interviews, reports, statements, notes, memoranda or other data in the custody of or obtained or prepared by the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee or its staff shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 until the investigation is completed.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 4; P.A. 75-388, S. 4; P.A. 82-472, S. 2, 183; P.A. 85-559, S. 7; P.A. 93-250, S. 1, 5; P.A. 11-150, S. 7; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 36.)

History: P.A. 75-388 included “and investigations” in committee name and added conducting investigations to committee’s duties accordingly; P.A. 82-472 corrected a reference to program review and investigations committee; P.A. 85-559 designated prior provisions as Subsec. (a), authorized committee to propose, in the form of a raised committee bill, agency modifications, added Subdivs. (7) and (8) regarding programs, departments or other matters under investigation and audits and added Subsec. (b) concerning confidentiality of information; P.A. 93-250 amended Subsec. (a)(3) to provide that committee be given access to and copies of public records and other information and given such assistance as it determines it needs to fulfill its duties, and also provided that the committee, its staff and its other authorized agents are subject to any statutory requirements of confidentiality re records, data and other information, including penalties for violating such requirements in the same manner and to the same extent as any public officer, department, agency or authority of the state or its political subdivisions, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 11-150 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to replace requirement for establishing procedures re printing and distribution of reports with requirement for committee to produce electronic reports and to post them on the Internet, effective July 1, 2011; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 amended Subsec. (a) to add “Legislative” re Program Review and Investigations Committee in Subdivs. (4) and (5)(A) and delete “Standing” re Joint Committee on Legislative Management in Subdiv. (5)(B).

Sec. 2-53h. Corrective action by agency officials. Report to General Assembly. (a) In any instance in which a program review cites inadequate operating or administrative system controls or procedures, inaccuracies, waste, extravagance, unauthorized or unintended activities or programs, or other deficiencies, the head of the state department or agency or the appropriate program officer or official to which the report pertained shall take the necessary corrective actions and when the committee deems the action taken to be not suitable, the committee shall report the matter to the General Assembly together with its recommendations.

(b) The committee shall report electronically the results of each investigation together with its recommendations for any further action to the General Assembly.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 5; P.A. 75-388, S. 5; P.A. 11-150, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 75-388 added Subsec. (b) requiring report to general assembly; P.A. 11-150 amended Subsec. (b) to require report to be electronic, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-53i. Studies by committee. The Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee may, at any time, take under study any matter within the scope of a completed or partially completed staff report then being conducted or may at its discretion study and consider any matter relative to program activities of state departments and agencies.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 6; P.A. 75-388, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 75-388 added “and investigations” to committee name.

Sec. 2-53j. Reports. The Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee shall report electronically annually to the General Assembly on or before February fifteenth and may, from time to time, make additional electronic reports.

(1972, P.A. 90, S. 7; P.A. 75-388, S. 7; P.A. 11-150, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 75-388 added “and investigations” to committee name; P.A. 11-150 required reports to be electronic, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 2-53k. Energy management program compliance review; report and recommendations. Section 2-53k is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

(P.A. 81-376, S. 9, 11; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

Sec. 2-53l. Electronic databases showing state expenditures. (a) On or before July 1, 2011, the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis shall establish and maintain searchable electronic databases on the Internet and located on said office’s Internet web site for purposes of posting state expenditures, including state contracts and grants.

(b) Each budgeted agency, as defined in section 4-69, shall submit, in a timely manner, any information requested by the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis for the purpose of establishing and maintaining the electronic databases.

(c) On or before January 15, 2013, and annually thereafter, the legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies on the establishment and maintenance of the electronic databases, with any recommendations for improving or expanding the operation or capacity of such databases.

(d) Following the establishment of the electronic databases, the Auditors of Public Accounts shall review the procedures and security used to develop the electronic databases and report, in accordance with section 11-4a, any findings or recommendations based on such review to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies.

(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require a state agency to: (1) Create unavailable financial or management data or an information technology system that does not exist, or (2) disclose consumer, client, patient or student information otherwise protected by law from disclosure.

(P.A. 10-155, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 71; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 97.)

History: P.A. 10-155 effective June 5, 2010; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 22, 2010; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 amended Subsec. (c) by changing reporting date from November 1, 2010, and quarterly thereafter to January 15, 2013, and annually thereafter, effective June 15, 2012.

Sec. 2-53m. Annual report card on policies and programs affecting children. (a) The select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children, in consultation with the Office of Fiscal Analysis, the Office of Legislative Research and the Commission on Children, shall maintain an annual report card that evaluates the progress of state policies and programs in promoting the result that all Connecticut children grow up in a stable living environment, safe, healthy and ready to lead successful lives. Progress shall be measured by primary indicators of progress, including, but not limited to, indicators established in the final report of the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee prepared pursuant to the provisions of section 1 of public act 09-166*, of state-wide rates of child abuse, child poverty, low birth weight, third grade reading proficiency, and the annual social health index developed pursuant to section 46a-131a. For each indicator, the data shall also be presented according to ethnicity or race, gender, geography and, where appropriate, age and other relevant characteristics. Said committee shall prepare the report card on or before January 15, 2012, and annually thereafter. On or before January 15, 2012, and annually thereafter, said committee shall make the report card available to the public on the Internet and on the web site of the General Assembly and shall transmit the report card electronically to (1) members of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies and human services, (2) the Commissioners of Children and Families, Education and Public Health, (3) the Child Advocate, (4) the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, and (5) the Chief Court Administrator.

(b) On or before January 15, 2012, the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children, in consultation with a working group of representatives of state agencies and departments, community organizations, private provider agencies operating programs that impact the well-being of children and families, parents and other caretakers of children, child advocacy organizations, health care professionals that serve children and families, schools, and child care providers, shall identify or develop (1) an indicator for measuring whether children are living with their families and have stability in their living environments, (2) secondary indicators for measuring progress within each area of children’s well-being related to measuring progress in their health, safety, stability, education and future success, including, but not limited to, food security, and (3) key measures of performance of the state child welfare system, including, but not limited to, (A) rates of repeat maltreatment among victims of child abuse and neglect; (B) placement in out-of-home care among children at risk of abuse and neglect; (C) child fatalities involving child abuse or neglect; (D) rates of reunification and permanency for children removed from their homes; and (E) the developmental and health status and educational progress of children served by the child welfare system and other appropriate measures of well-being and preparation for success in life. Not less than annually, said committee shall: (i) With the assistance of the working group, review the adequacy of primary and secondary indicators, system-level performance measures, and related data resources for such indicators and measures, and determine whether there are more appropriate alternatives to monitoring progress in achieving the result that all Connecticut children grow up in a stable living environment, safe, healthy and ready to lead successful lives, and (ii) in consultation with the results-based accountability subcommittee of the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, identify programs within the child welfare system that make a significant contribution to achieving such result and require the entities administering such programs to prepare annual report cards employing the results-based format developed by said subcommittee.

(P.A. 11-109, S. 1.)

*Note: Section 1 of public act 09-166 is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.

History: P.A. 11-109 effective July 1, 2011.