CHAPTER 15

CONNECTICUT UNIFORM ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ACT

Table of Contents

Secs. 1-260 to 1-265. Definitions. Exemptions. Electronic records. Electronic signatures. Regulations. Reports.

Sec. 1-266. Short title: Connecticut Uniform Electronic Transactions Act.

Sec. 1-267. Definitions.

Sec. 1-268. Scope.

Sec. 1-269. Prospective application.

Sec. 1-270. Use of electronic records and electronic signatures. Variation by agreement.

Sec. 1-271. Construction and application.

Sec. 1-272. Legal recognition of electronic records, electronic signatures and electronic contracts.

Sec. 1-273. Provision of information in writing. Presentation of records.

Sec. 1-274. Attribution and effect of electronic record and electronic signature.

Sec. 1-275. Effect of change or error.

Sec. 1-276. Notorization and acknowledgment.

Sec. 1-277. Retention of electronic records; originals.

Sec. 1-278. Admissibility in evidence.

Sec. 1-279. Automated transaction.

Sec. 1-280. Time and place of sending and receipt.

Sec. 1-281. Transferable records.

Sec. 1-282. Creation and retention of electronic records and conversion of written records by governmental agencies.

Sec. 1-283. Acceptance and distribution of electronic records by governmental agencies. Interoperability. Regulations.

Sec. 1-284. Electronic record presumed not sent to or received by a consumer.

Sec. 1-285. Severability clause.

Sec. 1-286. Operation of Connecticut Uniform Electronic Transactions Act with respect to federal act.

Secs. 1-287 to 1-299. Reserved


Secs. 1-260 to 1-265. Definitions. Exemptions. Electronic records. Electronic signatures. Regulations. Reports. Sections 1-260 to 1-265, inclusive, are repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

(P.A. 99-155, S. 1–6; P.A. 00-66, S. 8; 00-134, S. 2–4; P.A. 02-68, S. 22.)

Sec. 1-266. Short title: Connecticut Uniform Electronic Transactions Act. Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, shall be known and may be cited as the “Connecticut Uniform Electronic Transactions Act”.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 1.)

History: (Revisor’s note: Quotation marks were inserted editorially by the Revisors for consistency and proper form).

See Secs. 7-35aa to 7-35gg, inclusive, re Uniform Real Property Electronic Recording Act.

Sec. 1-267. Definitions. As used in sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive:

(1) “Agreement” means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances and from rules, regulations and procedures given the effect of agreements under laws otherwise applicable to a particular transaction.

(2) “Automated transaction” means a transaction conducted or performed, in whole or in part, by electronic means or electronic records in which the acts or records of one or both parties are not reviewed by an individual in the ordinary course of forming a contract, performing under an existing contract or fulfilling an obligation required by the transaction.

(3) “Computer program” means a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in an information processing system in order to bring about a certain result.

(4) “Contract” means the total legal obligation resulting from the parties’ agreement as affected by sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, and other applicable law.

(5) “Electronic” means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical or electromagnetic capabilities or similar capabilities.

(6) “Electronic agent” means a computer program or an electronic or other automated means used independently to initiate an action or respond to electronic records or performances, in whole or in part, without review or action by an individual.

(7) “Electronic record” means a record created, generated, sent, communicated, received or stored by electronic means, including, but not limited to, facsimiles, electronic mail, telexes, Internet messaging and an electronic delivery service that delivers communications to their intended recipients while using a security procedure.

(8) “Electronic signature” means an electronic sound, symbol or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record.

(9) “Governmental agency” means an executive, legislative or judicial agency, department, board, commission, authority, institution or instrumentality of a state or of a county, municipality or other political subdivision of a state.

(10) “Information” means data, text, images, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases or the like.

(11) “Information processing system” means an electronic system for creating, generating, sending, receiving, storing, displaying or processing information.

(12) “Person” has the same meaning as provided in subsection (k) of section 1-1.

(13) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

(14) “Security procedure” means a procedure employed for the purpose of verifying that an electronic signature, record or performance is that of a specific person or for detecting changes or errors in the information in an electronic record, including a method that matches an electronic mail address to a person’s United States Postal Service physical address and a procedure that requires the use of algorithms or other codes, identifying words or numbers, encryption or callback or other acknowledgment procedures.

(15) “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, including an Indian tribe or band, or an Alaskan native village, that is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.

(16) “Transaction” means an action or set of actions occurring between two or more persons relating to the conduct of business, consumer, commercial, charitable or governmental affairs.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 2; P.A. 12-185, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 12-185 redefined “electronic record” in Subdiv. (7) and “security procedure” in Subdiv. (14).

Sec. 1-268. Scope. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) or (c) of this section, sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, apply to electronic records and electronic signatures relating to a transaction.

(b) Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, do not apply to a transaction to the extent it is governed by:

(1) A law governing the creation and execution of wills, codicils or testamentary trusts; or

(2) Except to the extent provided in section 1-281, the Uniform Commercial Code, other than section 42a-1-306 and articles 2 and 2A of title 42a.

(c) (1) Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, apply to a transaction governed by the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7001 et seq., but are not intended to limit, modify or supersede the provisions of 15 USC 7001(c); and

(2) Unless a notice is subject to the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7003, sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, do not apply to a notice to the extent that it is governed by a law requiring the furnishing of:

(A) Notice of the cancellation or termination of utility services, including water, heat, gas, cable television or other services, oil, telephone and electric power;

(B) Notice of default, acceleration, repossession, foreclosure or eviction, or the right to cure, under a credit agreement secured by, or a rental agreement for, a primary residence of an individual;

(C) Notice of the cancellation or termination of health insurance or benefits or life insurance benefits, excluding annuities;

(D) Notice of the recall of a product, or the material failure of a product, that risks endangering health or safety; or

(E) Any document required to accompany any transportation or handling of hazardous materials, pesticides or other toxic or dangerous materials.

(d) Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, do not apply to any of the rules of court practice and procedure under the Connecticut Practice Book.

(e) Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, apply to an electronic record or electronic signature otherwise excluded from the application of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, under subsection (b), (c) or (d) of this section to the extent that the electronic record or electronic signature is governed by a law other than those specified in subsection (b), (c) or (d) of this section.

(f) A transaction subject to sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, is also subject to other applicable substantive law.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 3; P.A. 03-278, S. 4; P.A. 05-109, S. 41; P.A. 08-56, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 03-278 added reference to article 2A in Subsec. (b)(2), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 05-109 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by replacing reference to Secs. 42a-1-107 and 42a-1-206 with reference to Sec. 42a-1-306; P.A. 08-56 deleted Subsec. (b)(3) re certain conveyance documents, effective October 1, 2009.

Sec. 1-269. Prospective application. Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, apply to any electronic record or electronic signature created, generated, sent, communicated, received or stored on or after October 1, 2002.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 4.)

Sec. 1-270. Use of electronic records and electronic signatures. Variation by agreement. (a) Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, do not require a record or signature to be created, generated, sent, communicated, received, stored or otherwise processed or used by electronic means or in electronic form.

(b) Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, apply only to transactions between parties each of which has agreed to conduct transactions by electronic means. Whether the parties agree to conduct a transaction by electronic means is determined from the context of the transaction and surrounding circumstances, including the parties’ conduct.

(c) A party that agrees to conduct a transaction by electronic means may refuse to conduct other transactions by electronic means. The right granted by this subsection may not be waived by agreement.

(d) Except as otherwise provided in sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, the effect of any provision of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, may be varied by agreement. The presence in certain provisions of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, of the words “unless otherwise agreed”, or words of similar import, does not imply that the effect of other provisions may not be varied by agreement.

(e) Whether an electronic record or electronic signature has legal consequences is determined by sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, and other applicable law.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 5.)

Sec. 1-271. Construction and application. Sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, shall be construed and applied:

(1) To facilitate electronic transactions consistent with other applicable law;

(2) To be consistent with reasonable practices concerning electronic transactions and with the continued expansion of such practices; and

(3) To effectuate their general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, among states enacting such law.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 6.)

Sec. 1-272. Legal recognition of electronic records, electronic signatures and electronic contracts. (a) A record or signature may not be denied legal effect or enforceability solely because the record or signature is in electronic form.

(b) A contract may not be denied legal effect or enforceability solely because an electronic record was used in the formation of the contract.

(c) If a law requires a record to be in writing, an electronic record satisfies the law.

(d) If a law requires a signature, an electronic signature satisfies the law.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 7.)

Sec. 1-273. Provision of information in writing. Presentation of records. (a) If the parties to a transaction have agreed to conduct the transaction by electronic means and a law requires a person to provide, send or deliver information in writing to another person, the requirement is satisfied if the information is provided, sent or delivered, as the case may be, in an electronic record capable of retention by the recipient at the time of receipt. An electronic record is not capable of retention by the recipient if the sender or the sender’s information processing system inhibits the ability of the recipient to print or store the electronic record.

(b) If a law other than sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, requires a record to (1) be posted or displayed in a certain manner, (2) be sent, communicated or transmitted by a specified method, or (3) contain information that is formatted in a certain manner, the following rules apply:

(A) The record shall be posted or displayed in the manner specified in the other law.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (2) of subsection (d) of this section, the record shall be sent, communicated or transmitted by the method specified in the other law.

(C) The record shall contain the information formatted in the manner specified in the other law.

(c) If a sender inhibits the ability of a recipient to store or print an electronic record, the electronic record is not enforceable against the recipient.

(d) The requirements of this section may not be varied by agreement, except that:

(1) To the extent a law other than sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, requires information to be provided, sent or delivered in writing but permits such requirement to be varied by agreement, the requirement under subsection (a) of this section that the information be in the form of an electronic record capable of retention may also be varied by agreement; and

(2) A requirement under a law other than sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, to send, communicate or transmit a record by a specified means of delivery may be varied by agreement to the extent permitted by the other law.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 8.)

Sec. 1-274. Attribution and effect of electronic record and electronic signature. (a) An electronic record or electronic signature is attributable to a person if it was the act of the person. The act of the person may be shown in any manner, including a showing of the efficacy of any security procedure applied to determine the person to which the electronic record or electronic signature was attributable.

(b) The effect of an electronic record or electronic signature attributed to a person under subsection (a) of this section is determined from the context and surrounding circumstances at the time of its creation, execution or adoption, including the parties’ agreement, if any, and otherwise as provided by law.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 9.)

Sec. 1-275. Effect of change or error. If a change or error in an electronic record occurs in a transmission between parties to a transaction, the following rules apply:

(1) If the parties have agreed to use a security procedure to detect changes or errors and one party has conformed to the procedure, but the other party has not, and the nonconforming party would have detected the change or error had that party also conformed, the conforming party may avoid the effect of the changed or erroneous electronic record.

(2) In an automated transaction involving an individual, the individual may avoid the effect of an electronic record that resulted from an error made by the individual in dealing with the electronic agent of another person if the electronic agent did not provide an opportunity for the prevention or correction of the error and, at the time the individual learns of the error, the individual:

(A) Promptly notifies the other person of the error and that the individual did not intend to be bound by the electronic record received by the other person;

(B) Takes reasonable steps, including steps that conform to the other person’s reasonable instructions, to return to the other person or, if instructed by the other person, to destroy the consideration received, if any, as a result of the erroneous electronic record; and

(C) Has not used or received any benefit or value from the consideration, if any, received from the other person.

(3) If neither subdivision (1) nor (2) of this section applies, the change or error shall have the effect provided by other applicable law, including the law of mistake, and the parties’ contract, if any.

(4) Subdivisions (2) and (3) of this section may not be varied by agreement.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 10.)

Sec. 1-276. Notorization and acknowledgment. If a law requires a signature or record to be notarized, acknowledged, verified or made under oath, the requirement is satisfied if the electronic signature of the person authorized to perform such acts, together with all other information required to be included by other applicable law, is attached to or logically associated with the signature or record.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 11.)

Sec. 1-277. Retention of electronic records; originals. (a) If a law requires that a record be retained, the requirement is satisfied by retaining an electronic record of the information in the record that:

(1) Accurately reflects the information set forth in the record after it was first generated in its final form as an electronic record or otherwise; and

(2) Remains accessible for later reference.

(b) A requirement to retain a record in accordance with subsection (a) of this section does not apply to any information the sole purpose of which is to enable the record to be sent, communicated or received.

(c) A person may satisfy subsection (a) of this section by using the services of another person if the requirements of said subsection are satisfied.

(d) If a law requires a record to be presented or retained in its original form, or provides consequences if the record is not presented or retained in its original form, such law is satisfied by an electronic record retained in accordance with subsection (a) of this section.

(e) If a law requires retention of a check, the requirement is satisfied by retention of an electronic record of the information on the front and back of the check in accordance with subsection (a) of this section.

(f) A record retained as an electronic record in accordance with subsection (a) of this section satisfies a law requiring a person to retain a record for evidentiary, audit or like purposes, unless a law enacted after October 1, 2002, specifically prohibits the use of an electronic record for the specified purpose.

(g) This section does not preclude a governmental agency in this state from specifying additional requirements for the retention of a record subject to the agency’s jurisdiction, except as otherwise required by the State Librarian or the Public Records Administrator in accordance with sections 11-8 and 11-8a.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 12.)

Sec. 1-278. Admissibility in evidence. In a proceeding, evidence of a record or signature may not be excluded solely because such record or signature is in electronic form.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 13.)

Sec. 1-279. Automated transaction. In an automated transaction, the following rules apply:

(1) A contract may be formed by the interaction of electronic agents of the parties, even if no individual was aware of or reviewed the electronic agents’ actions or the resulting terms and agreements.

(2) A contract may be formed by the interaction of an electronic agent and an individual, acting on the individual’s own behalf or for another person, including by an interaction in which the individual performs actions that the individual is free to refuse to perform and which the individual knows or has reason to know will cause the electronic agent to complete the transaction or performance.

(3) The terms of the contract are determined by the substantive law applicable to the contract.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 14.)

Sec. 1-280. Time and place of sending and receipt. (a) Unless otherwise agreed between the sender and the recipient, an electronic record is sent when it:

(1) Is addressed properly or otherwise directed properly to an information processing system that the recipient has designated or uses for the purpose of receiving electronic records or information of the type sent and from which the recipient is able to retrieve the electronic record;

(2) Is in a form capable of being processed by such system; and

(3) Enters an information processing system outside the control of the sender or of a person that sent the electronic record on behalf of the sender or enters a region of the information processing system designated or used by the recipient that is under the control of the recipient.

(b) Unless otherwise agreed between the sender and the recipient, an electronic record is received when it:

(1) Enters an information processing system that the recipient has designated or uses for the purpose of receiving electronic records or information of the type sent and from which the recipient is able to retrieve the electronic record; and

(2) Is in a form capable of being processed by such system.

(c) Subsection (b) of this section applies even if the place where the information processing system is located is different from the place where the electronic record is deemed to be received under subsection (d) of this section.

(d) Unless otherwise expressly provided in the electronic record or agreed between the sender and the recipient, an electronic record is deemed to be sent from the sender’s place of business and to be received at the recipient’s place of business. For the purposes of this subsection, the following rules apply:

(1) If the sender or the recipient has more than one place of business, the place of business of the sender or the recipient, as the case may be, is the sender’s or recipient’s place of business having the closest relationship to the underlying transaction.

(2) If the sender or the recipient does not have a place of business, the place of business of the sender or the recipient, as the case may be, is the sender’s or recipient’s residence.

(e) An electronic record is received under subsection (b) of this section even if no individual is aware of its receipt.

(f) Receipt of an electronic acknowledgment from an information processing system described in subsection (b) of this section establishes that an electronic record was received but, by itself, does not establish that the content sent corresponds to the content received.

(g) If a person is aware that an electronic record purportedly sent under subsection (a) of this section, or purportedly received under subsection (b) of this section, was not actually sent or received, the legal effect of the sending or receipt is determined by other applicable law. Except to the extent permitted by the other law, the requirements of this subsection may not be varied by agreement.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 15.)

Sec. 1-281. Transferable records. (a) As used in this section, “transferable record” means an electronic record that:

(1) Would be a note under article 3 of title 42a, or other similar law, or a document under article 7 of title 42a, or other similar law, if the electronic record were in writing; and

(2) The issuer of the electronic record expressly has agreed is a transferable record.

(b) A person has control of a transferable record if a system employed for evidencing the transfer of interests in the transferable record reliably establishes such person as the person to which the transferable record was issued or transferred.

(c) A system satisfies subsection (b) of this section, and a person is deemed to have control of a transferable record, if the transferable record is created, stored and assigned in such a manner that:

(1) A single authoritative copy of the transferable record exists that is unique, identifiable and, except as otherwise provided in subdivisions (4), (5) and (6) of this subsection, unalterable;

(2) The authoritative copy identifies the person asserting control as:

(A) The person to which the transferable record was issued; or

(B) If the authoritative copy indicates that the transferable record has been transferred, the person to which the transferable record was most recently transferred;

(3) The authoritative copy is communicated to and maintained by the person asserting control or such person’s designated custodian;

(4) Copies or revisions that add or change an identified assignee of the authoritative copy can be made only with the consent of the person asserting control;

(5) Each copy of the authoritative copy, and any copy of a copy, is readily identifiable as a copy that is not the authoritative copy; and

(6) Any revision of the authoritative copy is readily identifiable as authorized or unauthorized.

(d) Except as otherwise agreed, a person having control of a transferable record is the holder, as defined in subdivision (21) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201, or other similar law, of the transferable record and has the same rights and defenses as a holder of an equivalent record or writing under the Uniform Commercial Code, or other similar law, including, if the applicable statutory requirements under subsection (a) of section 42a-3-302 or section 42a-7-501 or 42a-9-308, or other similar law, are satisfied, the rights and defenses of a holder in due course, a holder to which a negotiable document of title has been duly negotiated or a purchaser, respectively. Delivery, possession and endorsement are not required to obtain or exercise any of the rights under this subsection.

(e) Except as otherwise agreed, an obligor under a transferable record has the same rights and defenses as an equivalent obligor under equivalent records or writings under the Uniform Commercial Code, or other similar law.

(f) If requested by a person against which enforcement is sought, the person seeking to enforce the transferable record shall provide reasonable proof that the person seeking enforcement is in control of the transferable record. Such proof may include access to the authoritative copy of the transferable record and related business records sufficient to review the terms of the transferable record and to establish the identity of the person having control of the transferable record.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 16; P.A. 05-109, S. 42.)

History: P.A. 05-109 amended Subsec. (d) by replacing reference to Sec. 42a-1-201(20) with reference to Sec. 42a-1-201(b)(21).

Sec. 1-282. Creation and retention of electronic records and conversion of written records by governmental agencies. Except as otherwise required by the State Librarian or the Public Records Administrator in accordance with sections 11-8 and 11-8a, each governmental agency in this state shall determine whether, and the extent to which, it will create and retain electronic records and convert written records to electronic records.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 17.)

Sec. 1-283. Acceptance and distribution of electronic records by governmental agencies. Interoperability. Regulations. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f) of section 1-277, each governmental agency in this state shall determine whether, and the extent to which, it will send and accept electronic records and electronic signatures to and from other persons and otherwise create, generate, communicate, store, process, use and rely upon electronic records and electronic signatures.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, to the extent that an executive branch governmental agency of this state uses electronic records and electronic signatures under subsection (a) of this section, the Department of Administrative Services, giving due consideration to the security of such electronic records and electronic signatures, may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, specifying:

(1) The manner and format in which such electronic records shall be created, generated, sent, communicated, received and stored and the systems established for such purposes;

(2) If such electronic records may be signed by electronic means, the type of electronic signature required, the manner and format in which the electronic signature shall be affixed to the electronic record and the identity of, or criteria that shall be met by, any third party used by a person filing a document to facilitate the electronic signature and filing process;

(3) Processes and procedures as appropriate to ensure adequate control, preservation, disposition, integrity, security and confidentiality of such electronic records and adequate ability to audit such electronic records; and

(4) Any other required attributes for such electronic records that are specified for corresponding nonelectronic records or reasonably necessary under specific circumstances.

(c) Any regulations adopted by the Department of Administrative Services pursuant to subsection (b) of this section may promote consistency and interoperability with any similar requirements adopted by governmental agencies in this state, of other states and of the federal government, and by nongovernmental persons, interacting with executive branch governmental agencies of this state. If appropriate, such regulations may specify differing levels of standards from which executive branch governmental agencies of this state may choose in implementing the most appropriate standard for a particular application.

(d) Any regulations adopted by the Department of Administrative Services pursuant to subsection (b) of this section shall not apply to the offices of the State Treasurer, Comptroller, Secretary of the State and Attorney General. Each of said offices may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of subsections (b) and (c) of this section with regard to said office.

(e) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f) of section 1-277, section 17b-242 and section 19a-25b, sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, do not require a governmental agency in this state to use or permit the use of electronic records or electronic signatures.

(f) This section is subject to any requirements established by the State Librarian or the Public Records Administrator in accordance with sections 11-8 and 11-8a.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 18; P.A. 05-118, S. 2; 05-168, S. 2; P.A. 11-51, S. 76.)

History: P.A. 05-118 amended Subsec. (e) by adding reference to Sec. 17b-242; P.A. 05-168 amended Subsec. (e) by adding reference to Sec. 19a-25b; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Department of Information Technology” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Department of Administrative Services”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 1-284. Electronic record presumed not sent to or received by a consumer. (a) As used in this section, “consumer” means (1) an individual who obtains, through a transaction, products or services that are used primarily for personal, family or household purposes, and (2) the legal representative of such an individual.

(b) For the purposes of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, it is presumed that an electronic record is not sent to or received by a consumer if the sender of the electronic record is aware that the consumer (1) did not receive the electronic record, or (2) did not receive the electronic record in a manner allowing the record to be opened and read by the consumer. The provisions of this section may not be varied by agreement.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 19.)

Sec. 1-285. Severability clause. If any provision of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid or inconsistent with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7001 et seq., as from time to time amended, such invalidity or inconsistency does not affect other provisions or applications of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, which can be given effect without the invalid or inconsistent provision or application, and to this end the provisions of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, are severable.

(P.A. 02-68, S. 20.)

Sec. 1-286. Operation of Connecticut Uniform Electronic Transactions Act with respect to federal act. The provisions of sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, governing the legal effect, validity or enforceability of electronic records or signatures, and of contracts formed or performed with the use of such records or signatures, conform to the requirements of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7002, and supersede, modify and limit said federal act as provided in 15 USC 7002, except that sections 1-266 to 1-286, inclusive, shall not supersede, modify or limit the provisions of 15 USC 7001(c).

(P.A. 02-68, S. 21.)

Secs. 1-287 to 1-299. Reserved for future use.