Location:
WEAPONS - FIREARMS;
Scope:
Connecticut laws/regulations;

OLR Research Report


March 5, 2013

 

2013-R-0174

CASE STATISTICS FOR FIREARMS-RELATED OFFENSES

By: Christopher Reinhart, Chief Attorney

You asked for case statistics for firearms-related offenses. This report updates OLR Report 2007-R-0442.

SUMMARY

Using information provided by the Judicial Branch to the Office of Fiscal Analysis, we (1) identified 50 firearms-related offenses and (2) compiled statistics on these offenses for the last five fiscal years (2008 to 2012). With one exception, we did not include hunting offenses.

These 50 offenses range from permitting violations to committing manslaughter with a firearm. The total number of charges for these offenses ranges from a low of 4,326 in fiscal year (FY) 2012 to a high of 5,119 in FY 08.

For individual offenses, the number of charges varies greatly over this five year period. There are very few charges for some offenses, such as failing to surrender a revoked pistol permit (two charges in FY 08 and one charge each in FY 09 and FY 10). For some offenses, such as carrying a pistol without a permit, there are a large number of charges in each year. This offense saw a high of 681 charges in FY 08.

BACKGROUND-UNDERSTANDING THE STATISTICS

The data used in this report is based on individual charges disposed by the courts, not individual cases. An individual may (1) be charged with multiple offenses in the same case and (2) have multiple charges and cases during a year. The data shows initial charges for crimes and does not include any substitute charges that prosecutors might add later in a case.

Offenses can be disposed of in a number of ways. In some cases, an initial charge may be dismissed when a substitute charge is added. In many cases, an individual is charged with multiple offenses in the same case and some charges will be dismissed or nolled (the prosecutor declines to prosecute the charge) as part of an agreement to plead guilty to other charges. We do not have data on individual cases and the impact plea bargaining has on charges. In addition, some charges may be dismissed when an offender satisfactorily completes a diversionary program. For example, an offender who is allowed to participate in accelerated rehabilitation and successfully completes the program can have his or her charges dismissed (CGS 54-56e).

STATISTICS ON FIREARM-RELATED OFFENSES

Table 1 provides the number of charges and their disposition for firearm-related offenses in fiscal years 2008 to 2012, listed in order by statutory citation. For each statute, the table only includes those fiscal years in which a charge was reported.

Table 1: Firearms-Related Offenses, Case Information from FY 08 to FY 12

Fiscal Year

Charges

Convictions

Not Guilty

Nolle

VIOLATING PISTOL PERMITTING REQUIREMENTS (CGS 29-28)

2008

7

0

0

7

2009

1

0

0

1

2010

10

3

0

7

2011

8

1

0

7

2012

5

0

0

5

FAILING TO SURRENDER REVOKED PERMIT TO CARRY A PISTOL OR REVOLVER (CGS 29-32)

2008

2

1

0

1

2009

1

0

0

1

2010

1

1

0

0

ILLEGALLY TRANSFERRING A PISTOL OR REVOLVER (CGS 29-33)

2008

107

34

0

73

2009

71

24

0

47

2010

99

42

0

57

2011

206

38

0

168

2012

60

22

0

38

MAKING FALSE STATEMENTS RELATED TO A PISTOL OR REVOLVER TRANSFER (CGS 29-34(a))

2008

1

0

0

1

2009

1

0

0

1

2012

2

0

0

2

TRANSFERRING A PISTOL OR REVOLVER TO SOMEONE UNDER AGE 21 (CGS 29-34(b))

2008

7

1

0

6

2011

1

0

0

1

2012

2

0

0

2

CARRYING A PISTOL WITHOUT A PERMIT (CGS 29-35(a))

2008

681

312

3

366

2009

649

344

5

300

2010

675

327

6

342

2011

655

307

3

345

2012

652

306

6

340

FAILING TO CARRY A PISTOL PERMIT (CGS 29-35(b))

2008

7

1*

0

5

2009

9

3

0

6

2010

12

3*

0

8

2011

9

2

0

7

2012

8

2

0

6

*Violating this statute is an infraction. In addition to the convictions under this statute, one charge in 2008 and one in 2010 was disposed of by paying a mail-in fine for the infraction, like paying the fine for a motor vehicle moving violation.

ALTERING FIREARM IDENTIFICATION MARK, NUMBER, OR NAME (CGS 29-36)

2008

103

21

0

82

2009

102

19

0

83

2010

90

20

0

70

2011

110

13

0

97

2012

78

15

0

63

FAILING TO SURRENDER A REVOKED GUN ELIGIBILITY CERTIFICATE (CGS 29-36i)

2009

1

1

0

0

2010

3

3

0

0

FAILING TO TRANSFER OR SURRENDER A FIREARM—PERSON INELIGIBILE TO POSSESS FIREARMS (CGS 29-36k)

2008

4

0

0

4

2009

1

0

0

1

2010

2

1

0

1

2012

1

0

0

1

RETAILERS—FAILING TO PROVIDE GUN LOCKING DEVICES

(CGS 29-37b)

2008

1

0

0

1

2009

1

0

0

1

2010

3

0

0

3

2011

2

0

0

2

2012

1

0

0

1

MAKING A FALSE STATEMENT RELATED TO TRANSFERRING A FIREARM OTHER THAN A PISTOL OR REVOLVER (CGS 29-37e)

2008

8

5

0

3

2009

22

9

0

13

2010

9

4

0

5

2011

5

1

0

4

2012

6

3

0

3

VIOLATING LOADED FIREARM SAFE STORAGE REQUIREMENTS WITH RESPECT TO MINORS (CGS 29-37i)

2008

17

0

0

17

2009

7

0

0

7

2010

26

1

0

25

2011

20

0

0

20

2012

12

0

0

12

PURCHASING A FIREARM FOR TRANSFER TO A PROHIBITED PERSON (CGS 29-37j(a))

2009

8

0

0

8

2010

8

4

0

4

2011

7

0

0

7

2012

3

0

0

3

SOLICITING PURCHASE OF A FIREARM TO TRANSFER TO A PROHIBITED PERSON (CGS 29-37j(b))

2008

1

0

0

1

PURCHASING OR SOLICITING PURCHASE OF A FIREARM TO TRANSFER TO A PROHIBITED PERSON WITHIN FIVE YEARS AFTER A PRIOR FELONY CONVICTION (CGS 29-37j(c))

2012

2

0

0

2

USING A MACHINE GUN IN A VIOLENT CRIME (CGS 53-202(b))

2008

2

0

0

2

2009

1

0

0

1

2012

1

0

0

1

USING A MACHINE GUN FOR AN AGGRESSIVE PURPOSE OR GIVING ONE TO SOMEONE UNDER AGE 16 (CGS 53-202(c))

2008*

3

1

1

1

2010*

5

0

0

5

2012*

4

0

0

4

*Prior to October 1, 2009, this statute only punished using a machine gun for an offensive purpose. Since then, it covers both use for an offensive purpose and giving a machine gun to someone under age 16.

MANUFACTURER-FAILING TO KEEP MACHINE GUN REGISTER

(CGS 53-202(f))

2009

1

0

0

1

ILLEGALLY TRANSFERRING AN ASSAULT WEAPON

(CGS 53-202b(a)(1))

2008

9

1

0

8

2009

7

1

0

6

2010

5

1

0

4

2011

5

2

0

3

2012

6

0

0

6

ILLEGALLY POSSESSING AN ASSAULT WEAPON (CGS 53-202c)

2008

23

11

0

12

2009

7

1

0

6

2010

11

8

0

3

2011

16

6

0

10

2012

13

8

0

5

ILLEGALLY POSSESSING AN ASSAULT WEAPON—1ST TIME VIOLATOR WHOSE POSSESSION WAS PREVIOUSLY LEGAL

(CGS 53-202c)

2008

32

9

0

23

2009

25

10

0

15

2010

18

8

0

10

2011

34

10

0

24

2012

31

8

0

23

ILLEGALLY TRANSPORTING AN ASSAULT WEAPON (CGS 53-202f)

2009

1

0

0

1

2010

3

0

0

3

FAILING TO REPORT A LOST OR STOLEN ASSAULT WEAPON

(CGS 53-202g)

2008

3*

0**

0

1

2009

6*

0**

0

2

2011

2*

0**

0

0

2012

7*

0**

0

4

*In each year, one charge was disposed of through bond forfeiture.

 **First unintentional violations of this statute are infractions. One charge in 2008, three in 2009, one in 2011, and two in 2012 were disposed of by paying a mail-in fine for the infraction, like paying the fine for a motor vehicle moving violation.

USING AN ASSAULT WEAPON TO COMMIT A CLASS A, B, OR C FELONY (CGS 53-202j)

2008

1

0

0

1

USING A FIREARM TO COMMIT A CLASS A, B, OR C FELONY

(CGS 53-202k)

2008

12

2

0

10

2009

13

2

0

11

2010

19

4

0

15

2011

14

3

0

11

2012

16

2

1

13

TRANSFERRING AMOR PIERCING OR INCENDIARY AMMUNITION

(CGS 53-202l)

2012

1

0

0

1

TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS

(CGS 53-202aa)

2012

4

0

0

4

ILLEGALLY DISCHARGING A FIREARM

(CGS 53-203)

2008

171

29

1

141

2009

174

25

1

148

2010

190

39

3

148

2011

192

36

0

156

2012

173

39

1

133

HUNTING OR DISCHARGING A FIREARM FROM A PUBLIC HIGHWAY (CGS 53-204)

2008

9*

1

0

7

2009

5

0

0

5

2010

1

0

0

1

2011

2

0

0

2

2012

2

0

0

2

*In 2008, one charge was disposed of through bond forfeiture.

CARRYING A LOADED SHOTGUN, RIFLE, OR MUZZLELOADER IN A VEHICLE OR SNOWMOBILE (CGS 53-205)

2008

12

1

0

11

2009

6

3

0

3

2010

18

3

0

15

2011

10

0

0

10

2012

11

4

0

7

TRANSFERRING A FACSIMILE FIREARM (CGS 53-206c(b))

2008

1

1

0

0

2009

2

1

0

1

2010

2

1

0

1

2011

5

1

0

4

2012

2

0

0

2

CARRYING OR USING A FACSIMILE FIREARM (CGS 53-206c(c))

2008

71

15

0

56

2009

65

12

0

53

2010

61

16

0

45

2011

57

9

0

48

2012

56

11

0

45

USING A FACSIMILE FIREARM NEAR EMERGENCY PERSONNEL

(CGS 53-206c(d))

2008

2

0

0

2

2010

3

0

0

3

2012

3

1

0

2

CARRYING A LOADED FIREARM UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS OR ALCOHOL (CGS 53-206d(a))

2008

37*

6

0

31*

2009

39

8

0

31

2010

82

11

0

71

2011

77

8

0

69

2012

72

11

0

61

*One additional charge under this statute was dismissed but it is unclear whether the charge involved carrying under the influence or hunting under the influence, which is punished under (b) of this statute.

1ST DEGREE MANSLAUGHTER WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-55a)

2008

13

12

0

1

2009

21

19

2

0

2010

14

11

2

1

2011

16

12

2

2

2012

14

14

0

0

2ND DEGREE MANSLAUGHTER WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-56a)

2009

3

3

0

0

2012

2

2

0

0

2ND DEGREE ASSAULT WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-60a)

2008

29

7

0

22

2009

24

2

0

22

2010

16

5

0

11

2011

14

4

0

10

2012

34

13

0

21

2ND DEGREE ASSAULT OF AN ELDERLY, BLIND, DISABLED, PREGNANT, OR INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED PERSON WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-60c)

2008

3

0

0

3

2009

3

0

0

3

2010

3

0

0

3

2011

4

1

0

3

2012

1

0

0

1

3RD DEGREE SEXUAL ASSAULT WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-72b)

2009

1

0

0

1

2010

1

0

0

1

2011

1

0

0

1

1ST DEGREE KIDNAPPING WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-92a)

2008

21

9

1

11

2009

36

4

0

32

2010

19

2

0

17

2011

29

8

1

20

2012

37

5

3

29

2ND DEGREE KIDNAPPING WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-94a)

2008

4

3

0

1

2009

13

7

0

6

2010

3

2

0

1

2011

6

4

1

1

2012

1

0

0

1

2ND DEGREE BURLARY WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-102a)

2008

10

4

0

6

2009

1

1

0

0

2010

2

1

0

1

2011

4

2

0

2

2012

3

2

0

1

3RD DEGREE BURGLARY WITH A FIREARM (CGS 53a-103a)

2008

9

6

0

3

2009

8

1

0

7

2010

9

6

0

3

2011

5

3

0

2

2012

5

2

0

3

POSSESSING A SAWED-OFF SHOTGUN OR SILENCER (CGS 53a-211)

2008

63

30

0

33

2009

38

16

0

22

2010

46

21

1

24

2011

49

20

0

29

2012

34

15

0

19

STEALING A FIREARM (CGS 53a-212)

2008

392

119

1

272

2009

395

114

0

281

2010

400

121

0

279

2011

448

115

2

331

2012

357

106

2

249

CRIMINAL USE OF A FIREARM OR ELECTRONIC DEFENSE WEAPON (CGS 53a-216)

2008

55

2

1

52

2009

71

1

1

69

2010

54

1

0

53

2011

54

3

1

50

2012

57

4

0

53

CRIMINAL POSSESSION OF A FIREARM OR ELECTRONIC DEFENSE WEAPON (CGS 53a-217)

2008

506

224

10

272

2009

417

179

2

236

2010

409

191

3

215

2011

454

203

7

244

2012

442

216

2

224

CRIMINALLY NEGLIGENT STORAGE OF A FIREARM (CGS 53a-217a)

2008

11

2

0

9

2009

8

1

0

7

2010

17

1

0

16

2011

8

1

0

7

2012

10

1

0

9

CRIMINAL POSSESSION OF A PISTOL OR REVOLVER (CGS 53a-217c)

2008

371

167

2

202

2009

339

168

2

169

2010

335

164

0

171

2011

372

167

3

202

2012

343

144

2

197

Three other statutes punish possessing or carrying a variety of weapons including metal knuckles, certain knives, and firearms. We include these offenses separately, in Table 2, because it is likely that some of these charges involve firearms but it is unclear how many.

Table 2: Weapons-Related Offenses that May Include Firearms, Case Information

from FY 08 to FY 12

Fiscal Year

Charges

Convictions

Not Guilty

Nolle

POSSESSING A WEAPON IN A VEHICLE (CGS 29-38)

2008

1,273

310

0

963

2009

1,073

248

0

825

2010

1,026

222

0

804

2011

1,089

235

3

851

2012

945

224

6

715

CARRYING A DANGEROUS WEAPON (CGS 53-206)

2008

1,001

280

2

719

2009

953

254

0

699

2010

1,010

238

3

769

2011

876

206

1

669

2012

790

197

0

593

POSSESSING A FIREARM OR DEADLY WEAPON ON SCHOOL GROUNDS (CGS 53a-217b)

2008

24

7

0

17

2009

20

7

0

13

2010

20

4

0

16

2011

29

5

0

24

2012

17

2

0

15

CR:ts