OLR Bill Analysis
sHB 6702 (as amended by House “A”)*
AN ACT CONCERNING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT.
This bill makes several modifications to the domestic violence and sexual assault laws. It:
1. revises the protocol for surrendering a firearm by a person who is subject to a restraining or protective order or a foreign order of protection;
2. requires probation officers to provide notice of suspected probation violations to assigned victim advocates, if the officer has the advocate's contact information;
3. requires the chief court administrator to maintain a separate, secure room in certain courthouses for family violence victims and their advocates, if such room is available and its use practical;
4. permits a sexual assault victim to terminate a rental agreement without penalty under some circumstances;
5. requires the chief court administrator to develop a plan to include temporary financial support as relief available to an applicant for a restraining order;
6. requires the chief court administrator to assess the effectiveness of family violence training programs for judges and Judicial Branch staff;
7. establishes a task force to study the feasibility of permitting a sexual assault victim who is not a perpetrator's family or household member to apply for a restraining order;
8. requires that the family violence training program for judges, Judicial Branch personnel, and court clerks be available to guardians ad litem; and
9. increases, from two to three, the number of Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission members who represent community-based offender and victim services providers.
The bill also updates statutory references to “battered women” and “batterers” to be consistent with current terminology (i.e., “domestic violence victims” and “persons who commit acts of family violence”).
*House Amendment “A” (1) eliminates a provision in the underlying bill that permitted a restraining order to require the person being restrained to provide temporary financial assistance to the applicant, and instead requires the chief court administrator to develop a plan to make such relief available in restraining orders; (2) removes the provisions that require assessments of the effectiveness of family violence and intervention programs provided by the Department of Correction (DOC) and the Judicial Branch's Court Support Services Division (CSSD); (3) makes the requirement to provide a separate waiting area for victims in a courthouse conditional on whether such a room is available and its use practical; and (4) makes technical changes.
EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2013, except (1) the provision on victims' waiting areas in courthouses is effective July 1, 2013, and (2) the sections on the development of the temporary financial support plan, the family violence training program assessment, and the feasibility study are effective upon passage.
§§ 17 & 18 — PROTOCOL FOR TRANSFER OR SURRENDER OF FIREARMS
The law requires people who become ineligible to possess pistols, revolvers, or firearms due to the issuance of a restraining or protective order or a foreign order of protection for acts involving physical force to, within two business days, transfer them to a federally licensed firearms dealer or surrender them to the emergency services and public protection commissioner (see BACKGROUND).
The law, unchanged by the bill, requires the commissioner, in conjunction with the chief state's attorney and the Connecticut Police Chiefs Association, to develop a protocol to ensure that people who become ineligible to possess pistols or revolvers transfer, deliver, or surrender them as appropriate. The bill adds “other firearms” to the required protocol and update, conforming those provisions to the existing firearm transfer and surrender laws. The bill requires that the protocol include provisions to ensure that a person who becomes ineligible to possess one of these weapons, due to the issuance of one or more of the types of protective orders listed above, makes advance arrangements with the appropriate police department before he or she transfers, delivers, or surrenders his or her weapon or weapons to the local police department or the Division of State Police.
§§ 1 & 2 — NOTIFYING VICTIM ADVOCATES ABOUT SUSPECTED PROBATION VIOLATION
The bill requires a probation officer to notify the victim advocate assigned to assist a crime victim, rather than only the victim, when the offender has been released on probation and his or her probation officer has notified the police that there is probable cause to believe that the offender has violated the terms of his release. Under the bill, the probation officer need only do this if he or she has the advocate's name and contact information.
§ 16 — SEPARATE WAITING AREA FOR VICTIMS
The bill requires the chief court administrator, for each court where family, family violence, or domestic violence matters are heard, to provide a secure room for family violence crimes victims and their advocates, if such a room is available and its use practical. The room must be separate from (1) any area that accommodates respondents, defendants, their families, friends, attorneys, or witnesses and (2) the prosecutor's office.
§ 4 — TERMINATION OF RENTAL AGREEMENT BECAUSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT
The bill extends to sexual assault victims the right currently possessed by those victimized by family violence crimes, to terminate a rental agreement without penalty. The bill applies to the following crimes:
1. 1st, 2nd, or 4rd degree sexual assault or 3rd degree sexual assault with a firearm;
2. sexual assault in a spousal or cohabiting relationship; and
3. when the victim is the tenant's child, aggravated sexual assault of a minor.
The bill covers agreements entered into or renewed on or after January 1, 2014. Tenants who have been sexually assaulted or are custodial parents or guardians of a child who has been the victim of such crimes must also reasonably believe that it is necessary to move because of fear of imminent harm.
Under the bill, tenants must comply with the notice requirements currently applicable to family violence victims. Among other things, victims must give landlords 30 days' advance notice.
§ 19 — TEMPORARY FINANCIAL SUPPORT RELIEF PLAN
The bill requires the chief court administrator, in consultation with state agencies, private organizations, and advocates who have experience filing restraining orders or advocates for or providing services to domestic violence victims, to develop a plan to make temporary financial support part of the relief available to a person who applies for a restraining order. The plan must include:
1. an assessment of best practices in other states related to temporary financial support;
2. recommended procedures for determining the (a) assets available to an applicant and respondent, (b) respondent's ability to pay, and (c) amount necessary to maintain the applicant's safety and basic needs, if the respondent has a duty to support the applicant or the respondent's dependent children;
3. recommended procedures for collecting temporary financial support owed by a respondent;
4. strategies for establishing the court procedures needed to include temporary financial support in court orders;
5. an assessment of the feasibility of making temporary financial support available to people eligible to apply for restraining orders as family or household members, but for whom the respondent is not obligated to provide support; and
6. recommendations for legislation and implementation.
The plan must be submitted to the House Speaker's Task Force on Domestic Violence and the Judiciary Committee by January 15, 2014.
§ 20 — ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDGES AND JUDICIAL BRANCH STAFF
The bill requires the chief court administrator to (1) conduct an assessment of the family violence training programs for judges and Judicial Branch staff, including the training on family violence intervention units program; (2) compare Connecticut's programs with those in other northeastern states; and (3) submit a report on her assessment to the Judiciary Committee by December 31, 2013.
§ 21 — RESTRAINING ORDER FEASIBILITY STUDY TASK FORCE
The bill establishes a task force to study the feasibility of amending the state's restraining order laws to permit victims who are not an offender's family or household member, but who have been subjected to crimes such as sexual assault and stalking, to apply for a restraining order against the offender.
Task Force Members and Appointments
Under the bill, the task force consists of the following 11 members:
1. the Judiciary Committee's co-chairpersons and ranking members, or their designees, who must be chosen from among the committee members;
2. the chief court administrator, who must serve as the task force's chairperson;
3. the chief state's attorney, or his designee;
4. three members, appointed by the chief justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court, one each representing the court's civil, criminal, and family divisions; and
5. two representatives of Connecticut Sexual Assault Crisis Services, Inc., appointed by its executive director.
All appointments must be made within 30 days of the bill's effective date. Appointing authorities must fill vacancies.
The chief court administrator must schedule the task force's first meeting, which must be held within 60 days of passage. The Judiciary Committee's administrative staff must serve as the task force's administrative staff.
Reporting Requirement and Termination
The task force must report its findings and recommendations to the Judiciary Committee by February 5, 2014. It terminates when it submits its report or on February 5, 2014, whichever is later.
§ 3 — GUARDIAN AD LITEM TRAINING
The bill extends eligibility for participating in the Judicial Branch's family violence training program to guardians ad litem (see BACKGROUND). By law, the branch is required to provide ongoing training on matters including family relations, family violence intervention units, the use of restraining and protective orders, and statistics on family violence cases to (1) judges, (2) CSSD personnel, and (3) court clerks.
§ 15 — CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY ADVISORY COMMISSION (CJPAC)
The bill adds an additional member to CJPAC. Under current law, the commission has 20 members, two of whom represent community-based offender and victim services providers. The bill adds a third representative of such providers. CJPAC analyzes the criminal justice system, determines the system's long-term needs, recommends policy priorities, and advises and assists the governor and General Assembly in developing plans, policies, programs, and legislation to improve the system's effectiveness.
Person Subject to a Restraining Order, Protective Order, or a Foreign Order of Protection
A person who can be charged with violating a “restraining or protective order or a foreign order of protection” is one who knows about the order and had the opportunity to contest its validity at a court hearing. Judges can issue them in cases involving the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against another person.
Restraining or Protective Orders
Restraining and protective orders are court-issued orders typically issued to protect victims of family violence crimes from threatened or further harm. These orders may, among other things, prohibit the respondents from restraining, threatening, harassing, assaulting, molesting, sexually assaulting, or attacking the victim, or entering the victim's home. Restraining orders are generally effective for six months. Protective orders are a condition of bail or other release from incarceration. Criminal violation of a restraining order or protective order is a class D felony.
Foreign Order of Protection
“Foreign order of protection” means any protection order or similar restraining or protective order issued by a court of another state, the District of Columbia, a commonwealth, territory or possession of the United States or an Indian tribe.
Family Violence Crime
“Family violence crimes” are felonies and misdemeanors, other than delinquent acts, which, in addition to their other elements, are directed at a family or household member.
By law “family or household members” are any of the following people, regardless of their ages:
1. spouses or former spouses;
2. parents or their children;
3. people related by blood or marriage;
4. people other than those related by blood or marriage presently living together or who have lived together;
5. people who have a child in common, regardless of whether they are or have been married or have lived together; and
6. people in, or who have recently been in, a dating relationship (CGS § 46b-38a).
Guardian Ad Litem (GAL)
A guardian ad litem (GAL) is a person the court can appoint during any proceeding in which (1) a minor child, (2) an undetermined or unborn or class of people, (3) a person whose identity or address is unknown, or (4) an incompetent person is either a party or may have an interest in the outcome of the proceeding. The GAL's primary role is to gather information at the court's request and to report on what he or she believes to be in the client's best interests.
Joint Favorable Substitute