OLR Bill Analysis
sHB 6689 (as amended by House “A”)*
AN ACT CONCERNING BAIL BONDS.
This bill makes a number of changes relating to bail bonds, including:
1. allowing a surety, under certain circumstances, to apply to the court to be released from a bond after a principal absconds;
2. allowing a court to extend, for good cause, the required six-month stay of execution on a bond forfeiture order;
3. automatically terminating a bond and releasing a surety when an accused voluntarily returns between five business days and six months after a bond forfeiture order;
4. requiring the court to vacate a bond and release a professional bondsman or surety bail bond agent and insurer upon satisfactory proof that the accused is held by a federal agency or is removed by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), if the prosecutor does not seek extradition; and
5. specifying that a bond that is automatically terminated when a defendant is sentenced by a court terminates when the sentence begins.
The bill also creates a nine-member task force to examine ways to reduce the costs of extraditing someone to Connecticut for criminal proceedings and the feasibility of allowing courts to vacate bond forfeiture orders when a professional bondsman, surety bail bond agent, or insurer pays the extradition costs.
*House Amendment “A” (1) eliminates a provision reducing the minimum down payment and extending the payment period for bond premium financing agreements and (2) adds the provision creating the task force.
EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2013, except the provision creating the task force is effective upon passage.
The law requires a surety to apply to the Superior Court when he or she believes the principal on the bond will abscond, and the court must issue an order to take the person into custody. The bill allows the surety to apply to the court in writing to be released from a bond after a principal absconds and within six months of a bond forfeiture order. The bill allows a judge to release a surety for good cause.
EXTENDING STAY OF FORFEITURE ORDER
When someone deposits cash or pledges real property equal to the amount of bond or a person posts a surety bond of $500 or more, the law requires the court to (1) order the bond forfeited if the accused does not appear in court and (2) issue a rearrest warrant. Currently, the court stays execution of the forfeiture for six months and, if the person is returned to custody during that period, the bond is automatically terminated, a person who offered cash bail or pledged real property on behalf of the accused is released, and the court sets the accused's new conditions of release.
The bill allows the court to extend the stay of execution for good cause and automatically terminates the bond if the person is returned during this extended period.
VOLUNTARY RETURN BY THE ACCUSED
By law, if an accused person voluntarily returns to court within five days after an order forfeiting a surety bond of $500 or more, the court can vacate the forfeiture order and reinstate the bond if the failure to appear was not willful.
If the person returns voluntarily more than five business days but less than six months after the forfeiture order, the bill requires the court to (1) automatically terminate the bond, (2) release the surety, and (3) order the person's new conditions of release.
ACCUSED HELD BY FEDERAL AGENCY OR REMOVED BY ICE
By law, the court must vacate a bond forfeiture order and release a professional bondsman or surety bail bond agent and insurer who posted a bond for the accused when (1) the accused is held in another state, territory, or country; (2) the bondsman, agent, or insurer provides proof of the accused's detention; and (3) the state's attorney prosecuting the case does not seek to extradite the accused. The bill also requires the court to vacate a bond forfeiture order and release these individuals if the accused is held by a federal agency or is removed by ICE. The bill specifies that the bondsman, agent, or insurer must provide satisfactory proof that one of these circumstances exists.
TASK FORCE ON EXTRADITIONS
The bill creates a task force to examine:
1. ways to reduce the costs of extraditing someone to Connecticut for criminal proceedings against the person and
2. the feasibility of allowing courts to vacate bond forfeiture orders when a professional bondsman, surety bail bond agent, or insurer pays the extradition costs for the principal on the forfeited bond.
Under the bill, the following are task force members:
1. a surety bail bond agent or professional bondsman in Connecticut, appointed by the House speaker;
2. a representative of an insurer qualified to conduct bail bond business in Connecticut, appointed by the Senate president pro tempore;
3. four members, who may be legislators, with the House and Senate majority and minority leaders each appointing one;
4. emergency services and public protection commissioner or his designee;
5. a representative of the U.S. Marshals Service, appointed by the U.S. marshal for the District of Connecticut; and
6. the chief state's attorney.
The bill requires appointing authorities to make their appointments within 30 days of the bill's passage and fill any vacancies. The bill designates the chief state's attorney as chairman and requires him to schedule and hold the first meeting within 60 days of the bill's passage. The Judiciary Committee's administrative staff must serve as the task force's administrative staff.
The bill requires the task force to report its findings and recommendations to the Judiciary Committee by January 15, 2014. The task force terminates on the later of that date or when it submits the report.
Joint Favorable Substitute