CHAPTER 541
BUILDING, FIRE AND DEMOLITION CODES.
FIRE MARSHALS AND FIRE HAZARDS.
SAFETY OF PUBLIC AND OTHER STRUCTURES

Table of Contents

Sec. 29-250. Office of the State Fire Marshal. Office of the State Building Inspector.
Sec. 29-251a. Review of regulations. Report.
Sec. 29-251c. Development of training and educational programs. Code Training and Education Board of Control. Regulations. Reporting of funds received; expenditures.
Sec. 29-252a. Code applicable to all state agencies. Building permit, education fee and certificate of occupancy required for state buildings. Appeal. Exemptions.
Sec. 29-256. (Formerly Sec. 19-395q). Revision of Building and Fire Safety Codes. Rehabilitation subcode. Regulations.
Sec. 29-256c. Revision of code. Bed and breakfast establishments.
Sec. 29-256d. Revision of code. Path marking systems.
Sec. 29-259. (Formerly Sec. 19-395t). Exemption from code for urban homesteading property and historic structures.
Sec. 29-263. (Formerly Sec. 19-398). Permit to construct or alter. Education fee. Exemption for Class I renewable energy source projects.
Sec. 29-291. (Formerly Sec. 29-39). Commissioner to appoint State Fire Marshal.
Sec. 29-292. (Formerly Sec. 29-40). Fire Safety Code. Carbon monoxide and smoke detection and warning equipment. Certificate of occupancy. Liability.
Sec. 29-296a. Fire Safety Code: Variations, exemptions, equivalent or alternate compliance.
Sec. 29-302. (Formerly Sec. 29-49). Investigations.
Sec. 29-305. (Formerly Sec. 29-52). Inspections by local fire marshals. Reports. Schedule of inspections.
Sec. 29-306. (Formerly Sec. 29-53). Abatement of fire hazards: Order to remove or remedy; penalties; notification of officials; order to vacate; review by State Fire Marshal.
Sec. 29-308a. State Fire Marshal to set priorities for state residential facility improvement projects.
Sec. 29-309. (Formerly Sec. 29-56). Procedure for appeal.
Sec. 29-310. (Formerly Sec. 29-57). Investigation of origin of fires or explosions. Order to remove combustible material or remedy flammable condition or fire hazard. Penalty.
Sec. 29-311. Fire investigations. Warrant requirements. Reports to Insurance Commissioner.
Sec. 29-312. (Formerly Sec. 29-58). Deputy State Fire Marshal.
Sec. 29-315a. Submission of plan for fire safety training and education for employees of nursing homes and rest homes.
Sec. 29-381a. Sufficiency of main entrances in places of public assembly. Variations or exemptions. Appeal.
Sec. 29-406. (Formerly Sec. 19-403g). Permit for demolition of particular structure. Exemption. Waiting period.

PART I
OFFICES OF THE STATE FIRE MARSHAL AND THE STATE BUILDING INSPECTOR

      Sec. 29-250. Office of the State Fire Marshal. Office of the State Building Inspector. There shall be (1) an Office of the State Fire Marshal, and (2) an Office of the State Building Inspector, within the Department of Construction Services. The head of each such office shall report to the Commissioner of Construction Services.

      (P.A. 88-256, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-337, S. 4, 8; P.A. 93-206, S. 15, 16; P.A. 95-11; P.A. 99-190, S. 8, 9; P.A. 11-51, S. 94.)

      History: P.A. 90-337 amended Subsec. (a) to establish division of fire and building safety, deleting reference to office thereof, to require commissioner to serve as administrative head of division, and to permit commissioner to delegate jurisdiction of division affairs to civilian deputy commissioner and Subsec. (b) to require bureaus of the state fire marshal and state building inspector to be in said division and the head of each bureau to report to administrative head of division; P.A. 93-206 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to substitute division of fire, emergency and building services for division of fire and building safety, and Subsec. (b) to substitute office for bureau of the state fire marshal and bureau of the state building inspector and to require office of emergency management and office of state-wide emergency telecommunications to be in division, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-11 deleted former Subsecs. (c) and (d) requiring the Public Safety Commissioner and the General Assembly's joint standing committee having cognizance of public safety matters to report every six months on and monitor the status of implementation of the recommendations of the Governor's Building Construction Advisory Committee; P.A. 99-190 amended Subsec. (b) by removing the Office of Emergency Management from within the Division of Fire, Emergency and Building Services and renumbering the Subdivs. accordingly, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 11-51 deleted former Subsec. (a) re Division of Fire, Emergency and Building Services and amended existing provisions to delete Subsec. (b) designator, to delete references to Division of Fire, Emergency and Building Services, to place offices within Department of Construction Services, to delete provision re Office of State-Wide Emergency Telecommunications, to delete reference to State Building Inspector as administrative head of office, and to require office heads to report to Commissioner of Construction Services, effective July 1, 2011.

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PART Ia
STATE BUILDING CODE

      Sec. 29-251a. Review of regulations. Report. As used in this section, "program requirements" means any program or part of a program which is required by law. The Commissioner of Construction Services, in consultation with the Codes and Standards Committee, shall conduct a review of existing regulations of each state agency to determine whether any provision of such regulations conflicts with the State Building Code, the Fire Safety Code, the State Fire Prevention Code or any other fire safety regulation adopted under this chapter. The commissioner shall make recommendations to the department head of any state agency which has regulations that are in conflict with the State Building Code, the Fire Safety Code, the State Fire Prevention Code or any other fire safety regulation adopted under this chapter for the amendment of such regulations so they no longer are in conflict with said codes or any such fire safety regulations. Not later than ninety days following receipt of such recommendations, the department head of such state agency shall initiate the process under chapter 54 to amend or repeal such regulation in order to bring such regulation into compliance with the State Building Code, the Fire Safety Code, the State Fire Prevention Code or any other fire safety regulation adopted under this chapter as the case may be, unless the amendment or repeal of such regulation would result in a conflict with the applicable agency's program requirements. The Commissioner of Construction Services, in consultation with the Codes and Standards Committee, shall report such recommendations to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public safety.

      (P.A. 97-308, S. 1; P.A. 09-177, S. 1; P.A. 11-8, S. 10; 11-51, S. 90.)

      History: P.A. 09-177 added references to "the State Fire Prevention Code or any other fire safety regulation adopted under this chapter" and made conforming changes; P.A. 11-8 made technical changes, effective May 24, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, "Commissioner of Public Safety" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Construction Services", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-251c. Development of training and educational programs. Code Training and Education Board of Control. Regulations. Reporting of funds received; expenditures. (a) As used in subsections (a) to (c), inclusive, of this section "prior approval of the Code Training and Education Board of Control" means approval by the board of a fiscal year budget prepared by the Commissioner of Construction Services. The commissioner shall develop a program to sponsor (1) training and educational programs in the mechanics and application of the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code conducted for any municipal or state code official, or any candidate for such positions, and (2) continuing educational programs in the mechanics and application of the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code for any architect, engineer, landscape architect, interior designer, builder, contractor or superintendent of construction doing business in this state, and shall determine the equipment necessary to sponsor such training and educational programs.

      (b) There is established the Code Training and Education Board of Control which shall promote code training and education. No funds shall be expended for the purposes listed in subsection (a) of this section without prior approval of the Code Training and Education Board of Control. The board shall consist of seven members as follows: (1) Three members of the Building Code Training Council, one each of whom shall be appointed by the speaker, majority leader and minority leader of the House of Representatives, (2) three members of the Fire Marshal Training Council, one each of whom shall be appointed by the president pro tempore, majority leader and minority leader of the Senate, and (3) one architect, engineer, landscape architect, interior designer, builder, contractor or superintendent of construction doing business in this state, who shall be appointed by the Commissioner of Construction Services. The members of the board shall continue in office for the term of three years from the first day of July next succeeding their appointment. Vacancies on the board shall be filled by the original appointing authority for the balance of the unexpired term.

      (c) The commissioner shall establish a program of education and training in the mechanics and application of the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code conducted for any municipal or state code official, or any candidate for such positions, and a continuing educational program in the mechanics and application of the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code for any architect, engineer, landscape architect, interior designer, builder, contractor or superintendent of construction doing business in this state.

      (d) The Commissioner of Construction Services may apply for any federal or private funds or contributions available for training and education of code officials or other persons eligible to receive training under subsections (a) to (c), inclusive, of this section. Not later than July 1, 2000, the Commissioner of Construction Services, with the approval of the Building Code Training Council and the Fire Marshal Training Council, shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to establish an administrative process to adjust as necessary (1) the amount of the education fee to be assessed by the State Building Inspector pursuant to section 29-252a and each municipal building official pursuant to section 29-263, and (2) the portion of the fees collected which may be retained by each municipal building department for administrative costs. The education fee shall be adjusted downward or upward, as the case may be, when necessary, but not more than annually, to reflect the actual cost of the training and educational programs and the continuing educational programs established in subsections (a) to (c), inclusive, of this section and the educational programs required in subsections (a) and (b) of section 29-262, except that no such fee may be increased by more than four cents in any one year. The portion of fees which may be retained for administrative costs shall be adjusted downward or upward, as the case may be, when necessary, but not more than annually, to reflect the actual costs incurred in collecting such fees, except that the fees to be retained for administrative costs may not be less than one cent or greater than three cents per thousand dollars of the value of the construction declared in the building permit application.

      (e) The Commissioner of Construction Services shall annually submit a report of the amount of funds received pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, or of any other funds received by the commissioner for the purposes of code training and education under this section, to the cochairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to finance, revenue and bonding and appropriations. All direct expenses incurred in the conduct of the code training and educational programs, or of the operation, maintenance and repair of facilities, food services and other auxiliary services incurred in the conduct of the code training and educational programs, shall be charged, and any cost of equipment for code training and educational programs may be charged, against the funds appropriated for the code training and educational programs on order of the Comptroller. Any balance of receipts after expenditures shall be retained by the commissioner and shall be used solely for the code training and educational programs under this section and for the acquisition, as provided in section 4b-21, alteration and repairs of real property for educational facilities, provided repairs, alterations or additions to educational facilities costing fifty thousand dollars or less shall require the approval of the Commissioner of Construction Services and capital projects costing over fifty thousand dollars shall require the approval of the General Assembly, or when the General Assembly is not in session, of the Finance Advisory Committee. Funds appropriated to or received by the Commissioner of Construction Services for the code training and educational programs shall also be used for (1) (A) the operation, maintenance and repair of auxiliary services facilities, and (B) any other activities related to training and educational programs in the mechanics and application of the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code conducted for any municipal or state code official, or any candidate for such positions, and (2) continuing educational programs in the mechanics and application of the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code for any architect, engineer, landscape architect, interior designer, builder, contractor or superintendent of construction doing business in this state. No funds shall be used for the purposes of this section without prior approval of the Code Training and Education Board of Control, established pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.

      (P.A. 98-233, S. 1, 2, 8; P.A. 99-209, S. 1, 4; P.A. 04-150, S. 3; P.A. 07-110, S. 2; P.A. 11-8, S. 11-13; 11-51, S. 90.)

      History: P.A. 98-233 effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 99-209 added Subsec. (e), requiring annual report of funds received and setting forth authorized expenditures, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 04-150 amended Subsec. (d) to require that education fee be adjusted downward or upward to reflect the actual cost of the educational programs required in Sec. 29-262(a) and (b); P.A. 07-110 amended Subsec. (d) to change references from a percentage of the fee to a certain number of cents of the fee, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 11-8 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (c) and (e), effective May 24, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, "Commissioner of Public Safety" and "Commissioner of Public Works" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Construction Services", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-252a. Code applicable to all state agencies. Building permit, education fee and certificate of occupancy required for state buildings. Appeal. Exemptions. (a) The State Building Code, including any amendment to said code adopted by the State Building Inspector and Codes and Standards Committee, shall be the building code for all state agencies.

      (b) (1) No state building or structure or addition to a state building or structure: (A) That exceeds the threshold limits contained in section 29-276b and requires an independent structural review under said section, or (B) that includes residential occupancies for twenty-five or more persons, shall be constructed until an application has been filed by the commissioner of an agency authorized to contract for the construction of buildings under the provisions of section 4b-1 or 4b-51 with the State Building Inspector and a building permit issued by the State Building Inspector. Two copies of the plans and specifications for the building, structure or addition to be constructed shall accompany the application. The commissioner of any such agency shall certify that such plans and specifications are in substantial compliance with the provisions of the State Building Code and, where applicable, with the provisions of the Fire Safety Code. The State Building Inspector shall review the plans and specifications for the building, structure or addition to be constructed to verify their compliance with the requirements of the State Building Code and, not later than thirty days after the date of application, shall issue or refuse to issue the building permit, in whole or in part. The State Building Inspector may request that the State Fire Marshal review such plans to verify their compliance with the Fire Safety Code.

      (2) On and after July 1, 1999, the State Building Inspector shall assess an education fee on each building permit application. During the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1999, the amount of such fee shall be sixteen cents per one thousand dollars of construction value as declared on the building permit application, and the State Building Inspector shall remit such fees, quarterly, to the Department of Construction Services, for deposit in the General Fund. Upon deposit in the General Fund, the amount of such fees shall be credited to the appropriation to the Department of Construction Services and shall be used for the code training and educational programs established pursuant to section 29-251c. On and after July 1, 2000, the assessment shall be made in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (d) of section 29-251c.

      (c) All state agencies authorized to contract for the construction of any buildings or the alteration of any existing buildings under the provisions of section 4b-1 or 4b-51 shall be responsible for substantial compliance with the provisions of the State Building Code, the Fire Safety Code and the regulations lawfully adopted under said codes for such building or alteration to such building, as the case may be. Such agencies shall apply to the State Building Inspector for a certificate of occupancy for all buildings or alterations of existing buildings for which a building permit is required under subsection (b) of this section and shall certify compliance with the State Building Code, the Fire Safety Code and the regulations lawfully adopted under said codes for such building or alteration to such building, as the case may be, to the State Building Inspector prior to occupancy or use of the facility.

      (d) (1) No state building or structure erected or altered on and after July 1, 1989, for which a building permit has been issued pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, shall be occupied or used in whole or in part, until a certificate of occupancy has been issued by the State Building Inspector, certifying that such building or structure substantially conforms to the provisions of the State Building Code and the regulations lawfully adopted under said code and the State Fire Marshal has verified substantial compliance with the Fire Safety Code and the regulations lawfully adopted under said code for such building or alteration to such building, as the case may be.

      (2) No state building or structure erected or altered on and after July 1, 1989, for which a building permit has not been issued pursuant to subsection (b) of this section shall be occupied or used in whole or in part, until the commissioner of the agency erecting or altering the building or structure certifies to the State Building Inspector that the building or structure substantially complies with the provisions of the State Building Code, the Fire Safety Code and the regulations lawfully adopted under said codes for such building or alteration to such building, as the case may be.

      (e) The State Building Inspector or said inspector's designee may inspect or cause to be inspected any construction of buildings or alteration of existing buildings by state agencies, except that said inspector or designee shall inspect or cause an inspection if the building being constructed includes residential occupancies for twenty-five or more persons. The State Building Inspector may order any state agency to comply with the State Building Code. The commissioner may delegate such powers as the commissioner deems expedient for the proper administration of this part and any other statute related to the State Building Code to The University of Connecticut, provided the commissioner and the president of The University of Connecticut enter into a memorandum of understanding concerning such delegation of powers in accordance with section 10a-109ff.

      (f) The joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the Department of Construction Services may annually review the implementation date in subsection (b) of this section to determine the need, if any, for revision.

      (g) Any person aggrieved by any refusal to issue a building permit or certificate of occupancy under the provisions of this section or by an order to comply with the State Building Code or the Fire Safety Code may appeal, de novo, to the Codes and Standards Committee not later than seven days after the issuance of any such refusal or order.

      (h) State agencies shall be exempt from the permit requirements of section 29-263 and the certificate of occupancy requirement under section 29-265.

      (P.A. 85-195, S. 1; P.A. 88-359, S. 2, 12; P.A. 89-255, S. 2, 7; P.A. 90-153, S. 1, 4; P.A. 91-84, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-55; P.A. 93-200, S. 1, 2; 93-288, S. 5, 7; P.A. 95-157, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-273, S. 1, 2; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 29, 65; P.A. 98-233, S. 3, 8; 98-263, S. 5, 21; P.A. 99-206, S. 1, 4; 99-209, S. 2, 4; P.A. 04-150, S. 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 110; P.A. 06-134, S. 11; P.A. 11-8, S. 14-16; 11-51, S. 90.)

      History: P.A. 88-359 inserted new provisions in Subsec. (b), prohibiting construction or alteration of state buildings or structures on and after July 1, 1989, until state building inspector issues building permit, requiring public works commissioner to certify that plans comply with codes and state building inspector to review plans to verify compliance with building code, relettered remaining Subsecs., inserting in Subsec. (c) requirement that agencies apply to state building inspector for a certificate of occupancy, inserted new provisions in Subsec. (d), requiring certificate of occupancy for state buildings or structures erected or altered on and after July 1, 1989, amended Subsec. (e), formerly (c), to require state building inspector to inspect construction or alteration of buildings by state agencies and amended Subsec. (f), formerly (d), to delete reference to any person aggrieved by "a certificate of compliance" and insert in lieu thereof reference to "any refusal to issue a building permit or certificate of occupancy under the provisions of this section"; P.A. 89-255 amended Subsec. (b) to require two copies of plans and specifications to accompany application, Subsec. (c) to require state agencies to give written notice to state building inspector of intent to apply for certificate of occupancy prior to advertisement for a construction contract and Subsec. (e) to permit state building inspector to appoint a designee to inspect or cause to be inspected any construction or alteration of buildings by state agencies; P.A. 90-153 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that no state building or structure that exceeds threshold limits in Sec. 29-276b and on and after July 1, 1991, no other such building or structure shall be constructed or altered until filing of application by commissioner of agency authorized to contract under provisions of Sec. 4b-1 or 4b-51, and to specify that state building inspector may issue or refuse to issue building permit "in whole or in part" after his review, amended Subsec. (c) to delete requirement that agencies give written notice to state building inspector of intent to apply for certificate of occupancy prior to advertisement for construction contract and to require agencies to apply to state building inspector for certificate of occupancy for all buildings or alterations for which a building permit is required under Subsec. (b) and inserted new Subsec. (f) re review of implementation date in Subsec. (b), relettering remaining Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 91-84 amended Subsec. (b) to delay, from July 1, 1991, to July 1, 1993, requirement for building permit for construction or alteration of a nonthreshold state building; P.A. 92-55 divided Subsec. (d) into two Subdivs., placing existing language in Subdiv. (1) and amending same by limiting applicability of provisions concerning the issuance of certificate of occupancy to buildings or structures "for which a building permit has been issued pursuant to subsection (b) of this section", and adding new language as Subdiv. (2) prohibiting use of certain state buildings or structures erected or altered on and after July 1, 1989, until commissioner of agency erecting or altering the building or structure certifies to state building inspector that same substantially complies with state building code; P.A. 93-200 amended Subsec. (b) to delay, from July 1, 1993, to July 1, 1995, requirement for building permit for construction or alteration of a nonthreshold state building, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-288 amended Subsec. (b) requiring the commissioner of contracting agency to include on contractors' and subcontractors' applications Connecticut tax registration numbers and federal Social Security number or federal identification number and requiring state building inspector to furnish application copies to revenue services commissioner, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-157 amended Subsec. (b) to delay, from July 1, 1995, to July 1, 1997, requirement for building permit for construction or alteration of a nonthreshold state building, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-273 amended Subsec. (c) to require state agencies that contract to construct or alter state buildings for which a building permit is required to be responsible for and certify compliance with Fire Safety Code, amended Subsec. (d)(1) to require that State Fire Marshal verify substantial compliance with Fire Safety Code prior to use of state buildings or structures erected or altered on and after July 1, 1989 for which a building permit has been issued, and amended Subsec. (d)(2) to require that commissioner of agency erecting or altering state buildings or structures erected or altered on and after July 1, 1989 for which a building permit has not been issued certify to State Building Inspector that same substantially complies with Fire Safety Code prior to use, and amended Subsec. (g) by authorizing state agencies to appeal Fire Safety Code compliance orders to Codes and Standards Committee and by making a technical change, effective June 26, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 amended Subsec. (b) by changing scope and timing of certain permit requirements and repealing provisions re reporting of contractor and subcontractor tax registration, Social Security and federal employer identification numbers, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-233 amended Subsec. (b) to add assessment of education fees, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 98-263 amended Subsec. (b) to delay, from July 1, 1999, to July 1, 2000, requirement for building permit for construction, alteration or addition to a state building or structure, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-206 divided Subsec. (b) into Subdivs. (1) and (2), deleted requirement from Subdiv. (1) that no state building or structure or addition thereto be constructed or altered until an application has been filed with the State Building Inspector and building permit issued, moved provision that said inspector may request the State Fire Marshal to review plans to verify their compliance with the State Fire Safety Code from end of section and made technical changes for consistency and clarity, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 99-209 divided Subsec. (b) into Subdivs. (1) and (2) and added requirement to Subdiv. (2) that the education fees deposited in the General Fund be credited to the Department of Public Safety for code training and educational programs, and moved provision that the State Building Inspector may request the State Fire Marshal to review plans to verify their compliance with the State Fire Safety Code from the end of Subdiv. (2) to the end of Subdiv. (1), effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 04-150 amended Subsec. (e) to make a technical change; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to insert Subpara. (A) designator before existing provision re exceeding threshold limits contained in Sec. 29-276b and requiring independent structural review and to insert Subpara. (B) designator and "that includes residential occupancies for twenty-five or more persons,", to delete references to "or altered" and to make technical changes, and amended Subsec. (e) to substitute "may" for "shall" re inspection of any construction or alteration and to add exception from inspection provision, requiring inspector or designee to inspect or cause inspection if building being constructed includes residential occupancies for twenty-five or more persons, and to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-134 amended Subsec. (e) by adding language re delegation of powers to The University of Connecticut and memorandum of understanding, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 11-8 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b)(1), (c), (d) and (g), effective May 24, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, "Department of Public Safety" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Construction Services" in Subsecs. (b)(2) and (f), effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-256. (Formerly Sec. 19-395q). Revision of Building and Fire Safety Codes. Rehabilitation subcode. Regulations. (a) In order to make the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code more responsive to present economic conditions, to promote reduction in the cost of construction of homes and other buildings, thereby creating more jobs in the construction industry and promoting home ownership, as well as to enable the citizens of the state to realize the benefits of the latest technology in energy conservation in the design and construction of homes and other buildings, the State Building Inspector and Codes and Standards Committee, in conjunction with the Commissioner of Construction Services, shall thoroughly review and revise the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code, with an emphasis on performance rather than design specifications. In the course of such review, the State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee shall develop a rehabilitation subcode. The provisions of such subcode shall include, but not be limited to, the identification and standardization of economically feasible rehabilitation standards and modifications that ensure the public health, safety and welfare, and protect the environment. Such subcode shall be included in any revision of the State Building Code.

      (b) Not later than January 1, 2005, the commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 77-512, S. 1, 5; 77-614, S. 73, 486, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 80-417; P.A. 82-432, S. 7, 19; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 59, 121; P.A. 03-184, S. 8; P.A. 11-8, S. 17; 11-51, S. 90.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of public works with commissioner of administrative services, but reference was dropped altogether in 1979 edition of statutes, presumably by authority of P.A. 78-303 to achieve conformity with Secs. 19-395, 19-395f and 19-395g, and, effective January 1, 1979, replaced commissioner of state police with commissioner of public safety; P.A. 80-417 required development of separate standards by building inspector and code standards committee and required their inclusion in building code revisions; P.A. 82-432 amended section to reflect merger of fire safety code standards committee and state building code standards committee into single codes and standards committee; Sec. 19-395q transferred to Sec. 29-256 in 1983; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change, effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 03-184 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended said Subsec. by replacing requirement for separate Building Code standards for rehabilitation of buildings with provisions re rehabilitation subcode, and added Subsec. (b) re adoption of regulations; P.A. 11-8 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective May 24, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, "Commissioner of Public Safety" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Construction Services" in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-256c. Revision of code. Bed and breakfast establishments. Not later than January 1, 2000, the State Building Inspector and the State Fire Marshal, in conjunction with the Codes and Standards Committee, shall make amendments to the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code concerning bed and breakfast establishments. Such amendments shall: (1) Be adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54; (2) define the term "bed and breakfast"; and (3) be designed to preserve the unique character of such establishments, contain the cost of conversion of a home to such an establishment and support the tourism industry in the state, provided such amendments shall not affect the safe design, use or construction of such establishments.

      (P.A. 98-6, S. 1, 2; P.A. 11-8, S. 18.)

      History: P.A. 98-6 effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 11-8 made a technical change, effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-256d. Revision of code. Path marking systems. Not later than January 1, 2008, the State Building Inspector and the State Fire Marshal, in conjunction with the Codes and Standards Committee, shall make amendments to the State Building Code and the Fire Safety Code concerning floor proximity path marking devices or related devices intended for installation as a system to identify the path of emergency egress. The amendments shall require that a path marking system be installed within eighteen inches of the floor, provide a visible delineation of the path of travel along the designated exit access and be essentially continuous, except as interrupted by doorways, hallways, corridors or other such architectural features. The amendments shall provide which materials may be used for path marking, and such materials shall include, but not be limited to, electrical photo luminescent or self-luminous material. The amendments shall require installation of a path marking system in new construction in (1) Group A occupancies with an occupant load of more than three hundred persons, (2) Group B medical occupancies, (3) Group E occupancies, (4) Group I-1 occupancies, (5) Group I-2 occupancies, (6) Group R-1 hotels and motels, and (7) Group R-2 dormitories.

      (P.A. 06-162, S. 1; P.A. 11-8, S. 19.)

      History: P.A. 11-8 made a technical change, effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-259. (Formerly Sec. 19-395t). Exemption from code for urban homesteading property and historic structures. (a) The State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee shall revise the State Building Code to allow exemptions from the State Building Code for property acquired by an urban homesteading agency, pursuant to section 8-169r, and transferred to a qualified applicant pursuant to section 8-169s, and for historic structures, as defined in section 10-410, which have been classified as such in the state register of historic places, to encourage participation in urban homesteading programs and the restoration and preservation of historic places; provided such exemptions shall not affect the safe design, use or construction of such property.

      (b) Any person, agent of the state, municipality or any other political subdivision of the state may apply to the State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee to modify or set aside standards for historic buildings incorporated in the State Building Code. The State Building Inspector shall, within seven days of receipt of any such application, forward a copy of such application to the director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities and to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development. Said director and commissioner shall, within thirty days of receipt, review such application and make such written recommendations as each deems appropriate to the State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee concerning the disposition of such application. The recommendations of said director and commissioner shall be part of the records and documents of the State Building Inspector concerning such application. The State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee shall consider such written recommendations when acting upon such application and may set aside or modify an individual standard or specification when they jointly determine that it would not be feasible or would unreasonably complicate the construction, alteration or repair in question and where alternative methods and materials have been proposed to maintain certain features. Such determination shall be in writing, shall state the reasons therefor and if it sets aside any such standard of specification, a copy of such determination shall be sent to each of said director and commissioner.

      (c) Regulations or codes made or amended by authority of this section shall, after a public hearing called for that purpose by the State Building Inspector not less than thirty days before the date of such hearing, be filed by the State Building Inspector with the Secretary of the State in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 and he shall thereafter make copies available to persons having an interest therein.

      (d) If any regulation made or amended by authority of this section is set aside by a court, such ruling shall affect only the regulation, standard or specification included in the ruling and all other regulations, standards or specifications shall remain in effect.

      (P.A. 77-318; P.A. 79-607, S. 14; P.A. 80-483, S. 82, 186; P.A. 82-432, S. 8, 19; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 60, 121; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 210(e); P.A. 04-20, S. 3; 04-205, S. 5; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 30; P.A. 11-48, S. 172.)

      History: P.A. 79-607 inserted new Subsec. (b) re modification or setting aside of standards and redesignated former Subsecs. (b) and (c) accordingly; P.A. 80-483 made technical change; P.A. 82-432 replaced state building code standards committee with codes and standards committee; Sec. 19-395t transferred to Sec. 29-259 in 1983; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 changed reference in Subsec. (b) from "advocacy for the handicapped and developmentally disabled" to "advocacy for persons with disabilities", effective June 24, 1998; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-20 replaced the Connecticut Historical Commission with the Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-205, effective June 3, 2004, and May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, effective May 12, 2004, both replaced Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film with Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes and replace "director of the Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism" with "Commissioner of Economic and Community Development", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-263. (Formerly Sec. 19-398). Permit to construct or alter. Education fee. Exemption for Class I renewable energy source projects. (a) Except as provided in subsection (h) of section 29-252a and the State Building Code adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of section 29-252, after October 1, 1970, no building or structure shall be constructed or altered until an application has been filed with the building official and a permit issued. Such permit shall be issued or refused, in whole or in part, within thirty days after the date of an application. No permit shall be issued except upon application of the owner of the premises affected or the owner's authorized agent. No permit shall be issued to a contractor who is required to be registered pursuant to chapter 400, for work to be performed by such contractor, unless the name, business address and Department of Consumer Protection registration number of such contractor is clearly marked on the application for the permit, and the contractor has presented such contractor's certificate of registration as a home improvement contractor. Prior to the issuance of a permit and within said thirty-day period, the building official shall review the plans of buildings or structures to be constructed or altered, including, but not limited to, plans prepared by an architect licensed pursuant to chapter 390, a professional engineer licensed pursuant to chapter 391 or an interior designer registered pursuant to chapter 396a acting within the scope of such license or registration, to determine their compliance with the requirements of the State Building Code and, where applicable, the local fire marshal shall review such plans to determine their compliance with the Fire Safety Code. Such plans submitted for review shall be in substantial compliance with the provisions of the State Building Code and, where applicable, with the provisions of the Fire Safety Code.

      (b) On and after July 1, 1999, the building official shall assess an education fee on each building permit application. During the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1999, the amount of such fee shall be sixteen cents per one thousand dollars of construction value as declared on the building permit application and the building official shall remit such fees quarterly to the Department of Construction Services, for deposit in the General Fund. Upon deposit in the General Fund, the amount of such fees shall be credited to the appropriation to the Department of Construction Services and shall be used for the code training and educational programs established pursuant to section 29-251c and the educational programs required in subsections (a) and (b) of section 29-262. On and after July 1, 2000, the assessment shall be made in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (d) of section 29-251c. All fees collected pursuant to this subsection shall be maintained in a separate account by the local building department. During the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1999, the local building department may retain two per cent of such fees for administrative costs incurred in collecting such fees and maintaining such account. On and after July 1, 2000, the portion of such fees which may be retained by a local building department shall be determined in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (d) of section 29-251c.

      (c) Any municipality may, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body, exempt Class I renewable energy source projects from payment of building permit fees imposed by the municipality.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4109; 1969, P.A. 443, S. 8; 1971, P.A. 802, S. 6; P.A. 82-432, S. 10, 19; P.A. 85-195, S. 2; P.A. 86-372, S. 3; P.A. 90-230, S. 51, 101; P.A. 93-435, S. 9, 23, 95; P.A. 98-233, S. 4, 8; P.A. 99-209, S. 3, 4; P.A. 00-60; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(d); P.A. 04-150, S. 2; 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 07-110, S. 5; P.A. 11-8, S. 20; 11-51, S. 90; 11-80, S. 128.)

      History: 1969 act initiated permit requirement "after October 1, 1970" rather than "after the adoption of the state building code by any municipality" and added provisions requiring action on application within 30 days of its submission and requiring application by builder except where owner or his agent is applicant; 1971 act required application by owner or his agent in all cases, builder no longer acceptable as applicant; P.A. 82-432 added provisions re review of building plans by building official and local fire marshal prior to issuance of permit; Sec. 19-398 transferred to Sec. 29-263 in 1983; P.A. 85-195 exempted state agencies from permit requirement; P.A. 86-372 specifically required review of plans within 30-day period and required plans to substantially comply with state building and fire codes; P.A. 90-230 corrected an internal reference; P.A. 93-435 provided that plans to be reviewed include plans prepared by architects, professional engineers or interior designers and made a technical change in reference to Sec. 29-252a to correct subsection cite, effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 98-233 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) adding reference to the State Building Code adopted pursuant to Sec. 29-252(a), and added new Subsec. (b) re assessment of education fees, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 99-209 amended Subsec. (b) by specifying that the education fees deposited in the General Fund be credited to the Department of Public Safety for code training and educational programs, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-60 amended Subsec. (a) by adding requirements for application information and for proof of contractor's certificate of registration to be presented prior to permit issuance and by making technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Department of Consumer Protection with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-150 amended Subsec. (b) to require education fee to be used for the educational programs required in Sec. 29-262 (a) and (b); P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 07-110 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 11-8 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective May 24, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, "Department of Public Safety" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Construction Services" in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-80 added Subsec. (c) re fee exemption for Class I renewable energy source projects, effective July 1, 2011.

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PART II
FIRE MARSHALS AND FIRE HAZARDS.
STATE FIRE PREVENTION CODE.
FIRE SAFETY CODE

      Sec. 29-291. (Formerly Sec. 29-39). Commissioner to appoint State Fire Marshal. For the purposes of this part and any other statute related to fire prevention and safety, the Commissioner of Construction Services shall appoint a person to serve as the State Fire Marshal. The commissioner may delegate such powers as the commissioner deems expedient for the proper administration of this part and any other statute related to fire prevention and safety to any employee of (1) the Department of Construction Services, and (2) The University of Connecticut at Storrs Division of Public Safety, provided the commissioner and the president of The University of Connecticut enter into a memorandum of understanding concerning such delegation of powers in accordance with section 10a-109ff.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3664; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 90-337, S. 7, 8; P.A. 00-220, S. 36, 43; P.A. 06-134, S. 10; P.A. 11-51, S. 106.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of state police with commissioner of public safety, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 29-39 transferred to Sec. 29-291 in 1983; P.A. 90-337 deleted reference to "member of the division of state police" and inserted "employee" in lieu thereof; P.A. 00-220 added provision re The University of Connecticut at Storrs Division of Public Safety and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 06-134 added language concerning memorandum of understanding and reference to Sec. 10a-109ff and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 11-51 replaced provisions re Commissioner of Public Safety serving as the State Fire Marshal with provisions re Commissioner of Construction Services appointing a person to serve as the State Fire Marshal and, in Subdiv. (1), changed "Department of Public Safety" to "Department of Construction Services", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-292. (Formerly Sec. 29-40). Fire Safety Code. Carbon monoxide and smoke detection and warning equipment. Certificate of occupancy. Liability. (a)(1) The State Fire Marshal and the Codes and Standards Committee shall adopt and administer a Fire Safety Code and at any time may amend the same. The code shall be based on a nationally recognized model fire code and shall be revised not later than January 1, 2005, and thereafter as deemed necessary to incorporate advances in technologies and improvements in construction materials and any subsequent revisions to the code not later than eighteen months following the date of first publication of such revisions to the code, unless the State Fire Marshal and the committee certify that a revision is not necessary for such purpose. The regulations in said code shall provide for reasonable safety from fire, smoke and panic therefrom, in all buildings and areas adjacent thereto except in private dwellings occupied by one or two families and upon all premises, and shall include provision for (A) carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment in (i) new residential buildings not exempt under regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection and designed to be occupied by one or two families for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after October 1, 2005, and (ii) all public or nonpublic school buildings, and (B) smoke detection and warning equipment in (i) residential buildings designed to be occupied by two or more families, (ii) new residential buildings designed to be occupied by one family for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after October 1, 1978, requiring equipment complying with the Fire Safety Code, and (iii) new residential buildings designed to be occupied by one or more families for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after October 1, 1985, requiring equipment capable of operation using alternating current and batteries.

      (2) Said regulations shall provide the requirements for markings and literature which shall accompany such equipment sufficient to inform the occupants and owners of such buildings of the purpose, protective limitations and correct installation, operating, testing, maintenance and replacement procedures and servicing instructions for such equipment and shall require that smoke detection and warning equipment which is installed in such residential buildings shall be capable of sensing visible or invisible smoke particles, that the manner and location of installing smoke detectors shall be approved by the local fire marshal or building official, that such installation shall not exceed the standards under which such equipment was tested and approved and that such equipment, when activated, shall provide an alarm suitable to warn the occupants, provided each hotel, motel or inn shall install or furnish such equipment which, when activated, shall provide a visible alarm suitable to warn occupants, in at least one per cent of the units or rooms in such establishment having one hundred or more units or rooms and in establishments having less than one hundred units or rooms, it shall install or furnish at least one such alarm.

      (3) Said regulations shall (A) provide the requirements and specifications for the installation and use of carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment and shall include, but not be limited to, the location, power requirements and standards for such equipment and exemptions for buildings that do not pose a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning due to sole dependence on systems that do not emit carbon monoxide; (B) provide the requirements for testing and inspecting carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment installed in public or nonpublic school buildings and shall include, but not be limited to, the frequency with which such equipment shall be tested and inspected; (C) require that, for a public or nonpublic school building, (i) any carbon monoxide detection equipment installed in any such building meet or exceed the Underwriter's Laboratories Standard Number 2075, or (ii) any carbon monoxide warning equipment installed in any such building meet or exceed the Underwriter's Laboratories Standard Number 2034; (D) require the installation and maintenance of such detection or warning equipment to comply with the manufacturer's instructions and with the standards set forth by the National Fire Protection Association; and (E) prohibit, for public and nonpublic school buildings for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after January 1, 2012, the installation of any battery-operated carbon monoxide warning equipment or any plug-in carbon monoxide warning equipment that has a battery as its back-up power source.

      (b) (1) No certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any residential building designed to be occupied by two or more families, or any new residential building designed to be occupied by one or more families for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after October 1, 1978, unless the local fire marshal or building official has certified that such building is equipped with smoke detection and warning equipment complying with the Fire Safety Code.

      (2) No certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any (A) new residential building not exempt under regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of this section and designed to be occupied by one or two families for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after October 1, 2005, or (B) public or nonpublic school building for which a building permit for new occupancy is issued on or after January 1, 2012, unless the local fire marshal or building official has certified that such residential or school building is equipped with carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment complying with the Fire Safety Code.

      (c) (1) No municipality, local or regional board of education, or supervisory agent of a nonpublic school, and (2) no employee, officer or agent of such municipality, board of education or supervisory agent acting without malice, in good faith and within the scope of his or her employment or official duties shall be liable for any damage to any person or property resulting from the failure to detect carbon monoxide within a public school building, provided carbon monoxide detection equipment is installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions and with the regulations established pursuant to this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3665; 1971, P.A. 802, S. 11; P.A. 73-95, S. 1; P.A. 76-78; P.A. 77-334, S. 1, 2; 77-604, S. 65, 84; P.A. 80-297, S. 11, 20; P.A. 81-381, S. 1, 4; P.A. 82-344, S. 1, 3; 82-432, S. 11, 19; 82-472, S. 179 (Void), 183; P.A. 84-178; P.A. 85-321, S. 1; P.A. 86-327, S. 3; P.A. 87-186; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 87-2, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-364, S. 46, 123; P.A. 97-25; P.A. 04-59, S. 3; P.A. 05-161, S. 1; P.A. 09-35, S. 3; P.A. 11-248, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act substituted "adopt, promulgate and administer" for "establish"; P.A. 73-95 required that regulations provide reasonable safety from fire, smoke, etc. in areas adjacent to buildings as well as in buildings themselves; P.A. 76-78 added provisions re regulations concerning smoke detection systems in residential buildings and added Subsec. (b) requiring that buildings contain smoke detection systems before certificates of occupancy issued if building permit issued on or after October 1, 1976; P.A. 77-334 substituted "smoke detection and warning equipment" for "smoke detection systems" and required their installation in residential buildings to be occupied by one or more families after October 1, 1978, where previously they were required in buildings to be occupied by two or more families and required that regulations provide requirements for markings and literature which should accompany smoke detection and warning equipment; P.A. 77-604 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); P.A. 80-297 added Subsec. (c) re review of plans and specifications of structures subject to fire safety code to determine whether or not the structures comply with code requirements; P.A. 81-381 amended Subsec. (a) to require the installation of smoke detection and warning equipment in student dormitories at all colleges and universities not later than September 1, 1982; P.A. 82-344 repealed mandate for installation of smoke detection devices in student dormitories at all colleges and universities by September 1, 1982; P.A. 82-432 added reference to codes and standards committee in Subsec. (a); P.A. 82-472 attempted to make technical change in section 1 of vetoed public act 82-64 and therefore was without effect; Sec. 29-40 transferred to Sec. 29-292 in 1983; P.A. 84-178 amended Subsec. (a), adding a proviso requiring hotels, motels or inns to install or furnish visible fire alarm signals as specified; P.A. 85-321 amended Subsec. (a) to delete language requiring provision of Level Four Protection and require that smoke detection and warning equipment comply with fire safety code, and to require equipment capable of operation using current and batteries in one-family or multifamily new residential buildings; P.A. 86-327 amended Subsec. (a) to require revision of code not later than January 1, 1987, and every four years thereafter to incorporate certain advances and improvements; P.A. 87-186 amended Subsec. (c), exempting municipalities from payment of fees for plan review to determine fire safety code compliance; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 87-2 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to require smoke detection and warning equipment in all residential buildings designed to be occupied by two or more families by deleting provision which limited requirement to such buildings "for which a building permit is issued on or after October 1, 1976", amended Subsec. (a)(2) to change "one or more families" to "one family" and amended Subsec. (b) to prohibit the issuance of a certificate of occupancy for any residential building designed to be occupied by two or more families, unless it is equipped with smoke detection and warning equipment by deleting provision which limited prohibition to any such building "for which a building permit is issued on or after October 1, 1976"; P.A. 88-364 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 97-25 deleted former Subsec. (c) which authorized submission of plans and specifications of structures subject to State Fire Safety Code to State Fire Marshal for determination re compliance with code requirements; P.A. 04-59 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change, require that code be based on a nationally recognized model fire code and be revised not later than January 1, 2005, and thereafter as deemed necessary to incorporate subsequent revisions to the code not later than 18 months following the date of first publication of such revisions to the code, and delete provision requiring revision by January 1, 1987, and every four years thereafter, effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 05-161 amended Subsec. (a) to insert new Subdiv. (1) requiring installation of carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment in certain new residential buildings, designate provisions re smoke detection and warning equipment as Subdiv. (2) and redesignate existing Subdivs. (1) to (3) as Subparas. (A) to (C) of said Subdiv. (2), and to require that regulations provide requirements and specifications for installation and use of carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment and exemptions for buildings that do not pose a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning due to sole dependence on systems that do not emit carbon monoxide, and amended Subsec. (b) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and to add Subdiv. (2) prohibiting issuance of certificate of occupancy for certain new residential buildings unless equipped with carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 09-35 amended Subsec. (a) to delete exception re premises used for manufacturing; P.A. 11-248 amended Subsec. (a) to divide existing provisions into Subdivs. (1) to (3), added provisions requiring public and nonpublic schools to have carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment installed and requiring State Fire Marshal and Codes and Standards Committee to include provisions re such schools in regulations, added Subsec. (c) re immunity from liability for failure to detect carbon monoxide within a public school building, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-296a. Fire Safety Code: Variations, exemptions, equivalent or alternate compliance. Not later than January 1, 2003, the State Fire Marshal and the Codes and Standards Committee shall create a list of variations or exemptions from, or equivalent or alternate compliance with, the Fire Safety Code granted relative to existing buildings in the last two calendar years and shall update such list biennially. Not later than April 1, 2003, the State Fire Marshal shall, within available appropriations, (1) send such list to all local fire marshals, (2) take appropriate actions to publicize such list, and (3) educate local fire marshals and the public on how to use the list.

      (P.A. 02-72, S. 2; P.A. 11-8, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 11-8 made a technical change, effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-302. (Formerly Sec. 29-49). Investigations. The local fire marshal shall, in accordance with the provisions of section 29-311, investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire or explosion within his jurisdiction, by reason of which property has been destroyed or damaged, or any person injured or killed, or any incidents which threatened any property with destruction or damage or any person with injury or death by reason of fire or explosion, and shall especially investigate whether such fire was the result of an incendiary device or the result of carelessness, design or any criminal act; and the State Fire Marshal, or the deputy fire marshal under his direction, may supervise and direct such investigation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3672; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 81-429, S. 1; 81-472, S. 154, 159; P.A. 11-51, S. 107.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of state police with commissioner of public safety, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-429 required that fire marshal investigate specifically listed types of fires and explosions rather than "any fire by reason of which property has been destroyed or damaged" and deleted two-day limit for initiation of investigation following fire; P.A. 81-472 made technical corrections; Sec. 29-49 transferred to Sec. 29-302 in 1983; P.A. 11-51 deleted provision re Commissioner of Public Safety serving as State Fire Marshal, effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-305. (Formerly Sec. 29-52). Inspections by local fire marshals. Reports. Schedule of inspections. (a) Each local fire marshal and the State Fire Marshal, for the purpose of satisfying themselves that all pertinent statutes and regulations are complied with, may inspect in the interests of public safety all buildings, facilities, processes, equipment, systems and other areas regulated by the Fire Safety Code and the State Fire Prevention Code within their respective jurisdictions.

      (b) Each local fire marshal shall inspect or cause to be inspected, at least once each calendar year or as often as prescribed by the State Fire Marshal pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, in the interests of public safety, all buildings and facilities of public service and all occupancies regulated by the Fire Safety Code within the local fire marshal's jurisdiction, except residential buildings designed to be occupied by one or two families which shall be inspected, upon complaint or request of an owner or occupant, only for the purpose of determining whether the requirements specified in said codes relative to smoke detection and warning equipment have been satisfied. In the case of a school building, each local fire marshal shall submit a written report to the local or regional board of education documenting each such inspection.

      (c) Upon receipt by the State Fire Marshal of information from an authentic source that any other building or facility within the State Fire Marshal's jurisdiction is hazardous to life safety from fire, the State Fire Marshal shall inspect such building or facility.

      (d) Upon receipt by the local fire marshal of information from an authentic source that any other building or facility within the local fire marshal's jurisdiction is hazardous to life safety from fire, the local fire marshal shall inspect such building or facility. In each case in which the local fire marshal conducts an inspection, the local fire marshal shall be satisfied that all pertinent statutes and regulations are complied with, and shall keep a record of such investigations. Such local fire marshal or a designee shall have the right of entry at all reasonable hours into or upon any premises within the local fire marshal's jurisdiction for the performance of the fire marshal's duties except that occupied dwellings and habitations, exclusive of common use passageways and rooms in tenement houses, hotels and rooming houses, may only be entered for inspections between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., except in the event of any emergency requiring immediate attention for life safety, or in the interests of public safety. Each local fire marshal shall make a monthly report to the authority which appointed the local fire marshal and shall be paid for his or her services in making such inspections of buildings, facilities, processes, equipment, systems and other areas the compensation agreed upon with such appointing authority.

      (e) The State Fire Marshal may adopt amendments to the Fire Safety Code and the State Fire Prevention Code regarding requirements for the frequency of inspections of different building uses regulated by the codes and set forth a schedule of inspections, except for inspections of residential buildings designed to be occupied by three or more families, that are less frequent than yearly if the interests of public safety can be met by less frequent inspections.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3675; 1957, P.A. 516, S. 2; P.A. 83-511, S. 3, 4; P.A. 89-42, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-84, S. 4; P.A. 08-65, S. 2; P.A. 09-7, S. 4; 09-227, S. 1; P.A. 11-8, S. 21, 22.)

      History: Sec. 29-52 transferred to Sec. 29-305 in 1983; P.A. 83-511 included manufacturing establishments within the types of buildings and facilities which local and state fire marshals may inspect in the interests of public safety, effective July 1, 1984; P.A. 89-42 added an exception to requirement that local fire marshal inspect all buildings and occupancies each year for one and two-family residential buildings which shall be inspected for smoke detection and warning equipment upon complaint or request of an owner or occupant; P.A. 07-84 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), made technical changes therein and added Subsec. (b) permitting State Fire Marshal to adopt amendments to Fire Safety and Fire Prevention Codes re schedule of inspections; P.A. 08-65 divided existing Subsec. (a) into new Subsecs. (a) to (d), redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (e), amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to public service and manufacturing facilities, to add reference to "processes, equipment, systems and other areas" and to add reference to the State Fire Prevention Code, made technical changes in new Subsec. (b), amended new Subsec. (d) to require local fire marshals to conduct inspections of certain reported fire hazards and to add reference to "processes, equipment, systems and other areas", and made technical changes in Subsec. (e); P.A. 09-7 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective May 4, 2009; P.A. 09-227 amended Subsec. (b) to require each local fire marshal to submit an inspection report for school buildings to local or regional board of education; P.A. 11-8 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (b) and (e), effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-306. (Formerly Sec. 29-53). Abatement of fire hazards: Order to remove or remedy; penalties; notification of officials; order to vacate; review by State Fire Marshal. (a) When the local fire marshal ascertains that there exists in any building, or upon any premises, (1) combustible or explosive matter, dangerous accumulation of rubbish or any flammable material especially liable to fire, that is so situated as to endanger life or property, (2) obstructions or conditions that present a fire hazard to the occupants or interfere with their egress in case of fire, or (3) a condition in violation of the statutes relating to fire prevention or safety, or any regulation made pursuant thereto, the remedy of which requires construction or a change in structure, the local fire marshal shall order such materials to be immediately removed or the conditions remedied by the owner or occupant of such building or premises. Any such removal or remedy shall be in conformance with all building codes, ordinances, rules and regulations of the municipality involved. Any person, firm or corporation which violates any provision of this subsection shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or be imprisoned not more than three months, or both, and, in addition, may be fined fifty dollars a day for each day's continuance of each violation, to be recovered in a proper action in the name of the state.

      (b) Upon failure of an owner or occupant to abate a hazard or remedy a condition pursuant to subsection (a) of this section within a reasonable period of time as specified by the local fire marshal, such local fire marshal shall promptly notify in writing the prosecuting attorney having jurisdiction in the municipality in which such hazard exists of all the facts pertaining thereto, and such official shall promptly take such action as the facts may require, and a copy of such notification shall be forwarded promptly to the State Fire Marshal. The local fire marshal may request the chief executive officer or any official of the municipality authorized to institute actions on behalf of the municipality in which the hazard exists, or the State Fire Marshal, for the purpose of closing or restricting from public service or use such place or premises until such hazard has been remedied, to apply to any court of equitable jurisdiction for an injunction against such owner or occupant; or the State Fire Marshal, on his own initiative, may apply to such court for such injunction. When such hazard is found to exist upon premises supervised or licensed by a state department or agency, the State Fire Marshal shall promptly notify the administrator of such department or agency of his findings and shall issue orders for the elimination of such hazard.

      (c) If the local fire marshal or a local police officer determines that there exists in a building a risk of death or injury from (1) blocked, insufficient or impeded egress, (2) failure to maintain or the shutting off of any fire protection or fire warning system required by the Fire Safety Code or State Fire Prevention Code, (3) the storage of any flammable or explosive material without a permit or in quantities in excess of any allowable limits pursuant to a permit, (4) the use of any firework or pyrotechnic device without a permit, or (5) exceeding the occupancy limit established by the State Fire Marshal or a local fire marshal, such fire marshal or police officer may issue a verbal or written order to immediately vacate the building. Such fire marshal or police officer shall notify or submit a copy of such order to the State Fire Marshal if such marshal or officer anticipates that any of the conditions specified in subdivisions (1) to (5), inclusive, of this subsection cannot be abated in four hours or less from the time of such order. Upon receipt of any such notification or copy, the State Fire Marshal shall review such order to vacate, and after consultation with the local fire marshal or local police officer, determine whether to uphold, modify or reverse such order, with any further conditions the State Fire Marshal deems appropriate to protect any person from injury. A violation of such order shall be subject to the penalties under section 29-295.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3676; 1957, P.A. 516, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 233, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 388; P.A. 83-47; P.A. 85-276; P.A. 03-231, S. 1; P.A. 04-27, S. 5; P.A. 08-65, S. 3; P.A. 09-177, S. 4; P.A. 11-8, S. 23.)

      History: 1959 act broadened conditions for ordering removal of materials or remedying of conditions and authorized application for injunction; 1967 act provided that owner or occupant of building is subject to penalties under Sec. 29-43 and penalty of $10 per day for each day he neglects to remedy hazardous conditions after he is ordered to do so; Sec. 29-53 transferred to Sec. 29-306 in 1983; P.A. 83-47 permitted the local fire marshal to request the chief executive officer of the municipality in which a fire hazard exists to apply for an injunction against an owner or occupant of a building and allowed the state fire marshal on his own initiative to seek such injunction; P.A. 85-276 increased the penalty from $10 to $50 a day for each day of neglect for each violation; P.A. 03-231 authorized local fire marshal or local police officer to issue a verbal or written order to immediately vacate a building if such fire marshal or police officer determines that there exists in the building a risk of death or injury from overcrowding, blockage of required exiting or from indoor use of pyrotechnics and authorized imposition of Sec. 29-295 penalties for a violation of such verbal or written order, effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-27 made technical changes, effective April 28, 2004; P.A. 08-65 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) to (c), amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. designators (1) to (3), to make technical changes and to add penalty provision, amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes and to delete manufacturing building exemption, amended Subsec. (c) to add Subdivs. (1) to (5) listing hazardous conditions, and to require notification of State Fire Marshal if conditions cannot be abated in 4 hours or less; P.A. 09-177 amended Subsec. (c) to require local fire marshal or police officer to notify or submit a copy of order to vacate to State Fire Marshal and to require State Fire Marshal to review such order; P.A. 11-8 made a technical change in Subsec. (c)(2), effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-308a. State Fire Marshal to set priorities for state residential facility improvement projects. The State Fire Marshal shall set priorities for projects funded by the proceeds of the sale of bonds of the state authorized for the improvement or renovation of state residential facilities or institutions in compliance with the Fire Safety Code.

      (P.A. 84-357, S. 1; P.A. 85-613, S. 68, 154; P.A. 11-8, S. 24.)

      History: P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 11-8 made a technical change, effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-309. (Formerly Sec. 29-56). Procedure for appeal. The Codes and Standards Committee shall establish a procedure whereby any person determined to have the right to appeal may appeal a decision of the local fire marshal or State Fire Marshal relating to the enforcement of any provision of the general statutes concerning the Fire Safety Code not more than thirty days after the receipt of notice of the decision by the person aggrieved by such decision. Such procedure shall include the committee and shall be established in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. Any person aggrieved by a decision made in accordance with such procedure may appeal therefrom to the superior court for the judicial district wherein the premises concerned are located.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3679; 1957, P.A. 516, S. 5; 1959, P.A. 233, S. 3; P.A. 76-436, S. 611, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 82-432, S. 15, 19; P.A. 96-14; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 65, 121; P.A. 08-65, S. 4; P.A. 11-8, S. 25.)

      History: 1959 act removed reference to appeal from order of building inspector; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 82-432 entirely replaced previous appeal provisions; Sec. 29-56 transferred to Sec. 29-309 in 1983; P.A. 96-14 limited right to appeal to 30 days; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made technical changes, effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 08-65 deleted reference to "fire prevention and safety" re grounds for appeal; P.A. 11-8 made a technical change, effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-310. (Formerly Sec. 29-57). Investigation of origin of fires or explosions. Order to remove combustible material or remedy flammable condition or fire hazard. Penalty. (a) The Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection shall thoroughly investigate the cause, circumstances and origin of all fires or explosions to which his attention has been called, in accordance with the provisions of this part, by reason of which any property has been destroyed or damaged, or any person injured or killed, and shall especially examine and decide as to whether such fire was the result of carelessness, design, an incendiary device or any other criminal act. He may take the testimony under oath of any person supposed to be cognizant of or to have means of knowledge in relation to the matters as to which an examination is being made, and shall cause the same to be reduced to writing and filed in his office; and if, in his opinion, there is sufficient evidence to warrant that any person should be charged with the crime of arson or any other crime, he shall forthwith submit such evidence, together with the names of the witnesses and all other information obtained by him, to the proper prosecuting officer. He may, in any investigation, issue subpoenas for the purposes of summoning and compelling the attendance of witnesses before him to testify. He may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses before him, and false swearing therein shall be perjury. He may, in the performance of his duties, enter, by himself or his assistants, into and upon the premises or building where any fire or explosion has occurred and premises thereto adjacent in accordance with the provisions of section 29-311.

      (b) Whenever it comes to his knowledge or to the knowledge of any local fire marshal that there exists in any building or upon any premises combustible material or flammable conditions dangerous to the safety of such building or premises or dangerous to any other building or property, or conditions that present a fire hazard to the occupants thereof, the State Fire Marshal, or any local fire marshal, obtaining such knowledge, shall order such material to be forthwith removed or such conditions remedied by the owner or occupant of such building or premises, and such owner or occupant shall be subject to the penalties prescribed by section 29-295 and, in addition thereto, shall suffer a penalty of one hundred dollars a day for each day of neglect, to be recovered in a proper action in the name of the state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3680; 1957, P.A. 516, S. 6; 1959, P.A. 560; 615, S. 23; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 81-429, S. 2; P.A. 88-130; P.A. 11-51, S. 108; 11-61, S. 91.)

      History: 1959 acts clarified subpoena power of commissioner, changed "inflammable" to "flammable" and added conditions presenting a fire hazard to the grounds on which commissioner may order remedies; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of state police with commissioner of public safety, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-429 added provision requiring investigation of explosions in addition to fires, investigation where personal injury or death results and determination of whether the fire was the result of design, an incendiary device or other criminal act and whether any person should be charged with any crime, and deleted provision permitting state fire marshal to enter premises at any time of day or night, replacing it with provision allowing entry in accordance with Sec. 29-311; Sec. 29-57 transferred to Sec. 29-310 in 1983; P.A. 88-130 inserted Subsec. indicators and amended Subsec. (b) to increase the penalty from $10 to $100 a day; P.A. 11-51 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to Commissioner of Public Safety serving as State Fire Marshal and amended Subsec. (b) to change "commissioner" to "State Fire Marshal", effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-61 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "State Fire Marshal" with "Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-311. Fire investigations. Warrant requirements. Reports to Insurance Commissioner. (a) The State Fire Marshal, any local fire marshal within the local fire marshal's jurisdiction, and all duly authorized fire and police personnel acting within their jurisdiction may enter into and upon any premises or building where any fire or explosion has occurred and premises adjacent thereto, without liability for trespass or damages reasonably incurred, to conduct investigations in accordance with sections 29-302 and 29-310, under the following circumstances and conditions:

      (1) During an emergency by reason of fire or explosion on any premises, they or any of them may, without a warrant, enter such premises during the suppression of the fire or explosion or within a reasonable period of time following the suppression thereof and remain for a reasonable period of time following the suppression of the fire or explosion to: (A) Investigate in order to determine the cause and origin of the fire or explosion, (B) prevent the intentional or unintentional destruction of evidence, and (C) prevent a rekindling of the fire.

      (2) After expiration of a reasonable period of time following the suppression of the fire or explosion, they or any of them shall apply in writing under oath to any judge of the Superior Court for a warrant to enter upon the premises to determine the cause and origin of the fire or explosion, if such cause or origin has not been previously determined. The application shall describe: (A) The premises under investigation, (B) the owner or occupant of the premises, if reasonably ascertainable, (C) the date and time the fire or explosion which is the subject of the investigation was reported to a police or fire agency, and (D) the dates and times during which the investigative activities to determine the cause and origin of such fire or explosion are to be conducted. The judge to whom an application for a warrant is made may issue such a warrant upon finding that the requirements of this subsection have been met, and that the proposed activities are a reasonable intrusion onto the private premises to determine the cause and origin of the fire or explosion.

      (b) The Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection shall, within available appropriations, provide quarterly reports to the Insurance Commissioner detailing all cases in which it has been determined that a fire or explosion was the result of arson.

      (P.A. 81-429, S. 3; P.A. 84-229; P.A. 00-211, S. 1; P.A. 11-51, S. 109; 11-61, S. 92.)

      History: P.A. 84-229 rephrased section, amended Subsec. (a) by providing that entry may be made without a warrant during the suppression of the fire or explosion or within a reasonable period of time thereafter rather than within 48 hours "immediately following the time such emergency is brought under control" and by specifying the reasons allowing such entry, and amended Subsec. (b) by requiring a warrant to enter after a reasonable period of time following the suppression of the fire or explosion rather than after a 48-hour period and by specifying that the purpose of such entry is to determine the cause and origin of the fire or explosion; P.A. 00-211 designated existing language as Subsec. (a), redesignated former Subsecs. (a) and (b) as Subdivs. (1) and (2), respectively, made technical changes, and added new Subsec. (b) requiring the Commissioner of Public Safety to make quarterly reports re arson to the Insurance Commissioner, within available appropriations; P.A. 11-51 deleted references to Commissioner of Public Safety as State Fire Marshal, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-61 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing "State Fire Marshal" with "Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-312. (Formerly Sec. 29-58). Deputy State Fire Marshal. The Commissioner of Construction Services may appoint a Deputy State Fire Marshal who shall be subject to the supervision and direction of the Commissioner of Construction Services and be vested with all the powers conferred upon said commissioner by section 29-310.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3681; 1961, P.A. 565, S. 2; 1972, P.A. 294, S. 29; P.A. 73-88, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 11-51, S. 110.)

      History: 1961 act authorized promotion of deputy to major; 1972 act replaced civil service commission with personnel policy board; P.A. 73-88 deleted provision which had allowed deputy fire marshal to attain rank of major in state police by promotional appointment; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of state police with commissioner of public safety, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 29-58 transferred to Sec. 29-312 in 1983; P.A. 11-51 added provision re Commissioner of Construction Services appointing a Deputy State Fire Marshal, deleted reference to Sec. 29-4 and changed "Commissioner of Public Safety" to "Commissioner of Construction Services", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 29-315a. Submission of plan for fire safety training and education for employees of nursing homes and rest homes. On or before July 1, 2005, each chronic and convalescent nursing home or rest home with nursing supervision licensed pursuant to chapter 368v shall submit a plan for employee fire safety training and education to the Departments of Public Health and Construction Services and the Labor Department. Such plan shall, at a minimum, comply with standards adopted by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, including, but not limited to, standards listed in 29 CFR 1910.38, 1910.39 and 1910.157, as adopted pursuant to chapter 571, or 29 USC Section 651 et seq., as appropriate. The commissioners shall review each such plan and may make recommendations they deem necessary. Once approved or revised, such plan shall not be required to be resubmitted until further revised or there is a change of ownership of the nursing or rest home.

      (P.A. 05-187, S. 2; 05-272, S. 38; P.A. 11-51, S. 95.)

      History: P.A. 05-187 effective June 30, 2005; P.A. 05-272 mandated submission of employee fire safety training and education plans to Departments of Public Health and Public Safety and Labor Department, rather than to Commissioners of Public Health and Public Safety, and compliance with federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards, as appropriate, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 11-51 changed "Department of Public Safety" to "Department of Construction Services", effective July 1, 2011.

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PART III
SAFETY OF PUBLIC AND OTHER BUILDINGS

      Sec. 29-381a. Sufficiency of main entrances in places of public assembly. Variations or exemptions. Appeal. (a) Each place of public assembly, as defined in the Fire Safety Code, constructed under a building permit application filed on or after June 8, 2004, or renovated under a building permit application filed on or after said date to increase capacity or change its occupancy, as defined in the State Building Code, that has a single main entrance shall have such main entrance sufficient to allow the emergency exit of two-thirds of the capacity of such place of assembly.

      (b) The State Fire Marshal or the State Building Inspector may grant variations or exemptions from, or approve equivalent or alternate compliance with, the requirement in subsection (a) of this section where strict compliance with such requirement would entail practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship, or is otherwise adjudged unwarranted, provided the intent of the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall be observed and public welfare and safety be assured. Any such determination by the State Fire Marshal or the State Building Inspector shall be in writing. Any person aggrieved by any decision of the State Fire Marshal or the State Building Inspector may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee within fourteen days after mailing of the decision. Any person aggrieved by any ruling of the Codes and Standards Committee may appeal to the superior court for the judicial district wherein the place of assembly concerned is located.

      (P.A. 03-231, S. 3; P.A. 04-237, S. 8; P.A. 11-8, S. 26.)

      History: P.A. 03-231 effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-237 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to require each place of public assembly constructed under building permit application filed on or after June 8, 2004, or renovated under building permit application filed on or after said date that has a single main entrance to have such entrance sufficient to allow emergency exit of two-thirds of capacity, and added Subsec. (b) authorizing State Fire Marshal or State Building Inspector to grant variations or exemptions from or approve equivalent or alternate compliance with requirement in Subsec. (a), requiring any determination by such official to be in writing and authorizing appeal to Codes and Standards Committee and to superior court, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 11-8 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective May 24, 2011.

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PART IV
STATE DEMOLITION CODE

      Sec. 29-406. (Formerly Sec. 19-403g). Permit for demolition of particular structure. Exemption. Waiting period. (a) No person shall demolish any building, structure or part thereof without obtaining a permit for the particular demolition undertaking from the building official of the town, city or borough wherein such building or part thereof is located. No person shall be eligible to receive a permit under this section unless such person furnishes written notice to the building official (1) of financial responsibility in the form of a certificate of insurance specifying demolition purposes and providing liability coverage for bodily injury of at least one hundred thousand dollars per person with an aggregate of at least three hundred thousand dollars, and for property damage of at least fifty thousand dollars per accident with an aggregate of at least one hundred thousand dollars; each such certificate shall provide that the town or city and its agents shall be saved harmless from any claim or claims arising out of the negligence of the applicant or his agents or employees in the course of the demolition operations; (2) in the form of a certificate of notice executed by all public utilities having service connections within the premises proposed to be demolished, stating that such utilities have severed such connections and service; and (3) that he is the holder of a current valid license issued under the provisions of section 29-402, except in the case of (A) a person who is engaged in the disassembling, transportation and reconstruction of historic buildings for historical purposes or who is engaged in the demolition of farm buildings or in the renovation, alteration or reconstruction of a single-family residence, or (B) an owner who is engaged in the demolition of a single-family residence or outbuilding, as provided in subsection (c) of section 29-402. No permit shall be issued under this section unless signed by the owner and the demolition contractor. Each such permit shall contain a printed intention on the part of the signers to comply with the provisions of this part.

      (b) In addition to the powers granted pursuant to this part, any town, city or borough may impose, by ordinance, a waiting period of not more than one hundred eighty days before granting any permit for the demolition of any building or structure or any part thereof, except when the demolition permit is required for the removal of a structure acquired by the Department of Transportation for a transportation project.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 551, S. 7, 8; P.A. 73-595, S. 2; P.A. 77-177, S. 2; P.A. 78-288, S. 2; P.A. 82-451, S. 5, 9; P.A. 83-187, S. 1; P.A. 87-263, S. 4; P.A. 95-8; P.A. 07-26, S. 1; P.A. 09-35, S. 8; P.A. 11-256, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 73-595 made provisions applicable to cities and boroughs in addition to towns; P.A. 77-177 added exception in Subdiv. (3) for persons engaged in disassembly, transportation and reassembly of historic buildings for historical purposes; P.A. 78-288 extended exception in Subdiv. (3) to include persons engaged in farm building demolition or in renovation, alteration or reconstruction of single-family residences; P.A. 82-451 changed "license" to "certificate of registration"; Sec. 19-403g transferred to Sec. 29-406 in 1983; P.A. 83-187 added Subsec. (b) allowing municipalities to impose a waiting period of not more than 90 days; P.A. 87-263 amended Subsec. (a), substituting "building official" for "administrative officer"; required in Subdiv. (2), written evidence in the form of a certificate of notice executed by public utilities, and added an exemption in Subpara. (B) for owners engaged in the demolition of single-family residences or outbuildings; P.A. 95-8 amended Subsec. (a)(3)(A) to delete reference to "demolition" of single-family residences; P.A. 07-26 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) and amended Subsec. (b) to increase maximum waiting period from 90 to 180 days; P.A. 09-35 amended Subsec. (a)(3) to replace "certificate of registration" with "license"; P.A. 11-256 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "written evidence" with "written notice", amended Subsec. (b) to exempt transportation project permits from waiting period, and made technical changes, effective July 13, 2011.

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