CHAPTER 155
ELECTIONS: CAMPAIGN FINANCING

Table of Contents

Sec. 9-601. (Formerly Sec. 9-333a). General definitions.
Sec. 9-601a. (Formerly Sec. 9-333b). "Contribution" defined.
Sec. 9-601c. "Independent expenditure" defined.
Sec. 9-603. (Formerly Sec. 9-333e). Filing of statements and certification. Transfer of administration of campaign finance reporting to State Elections Enforcement Commission.
Sec. 9-606. (Formerly Sec. 9-333h). Duties and qualifications of campaign treasurers. Appointment and duties of solicitors.
Sec. 9-607. (Formerly Sec. 9-333i). Making of expenditures.
Sec. 9-608. (Formerly Sec. 9-333j). Statements to be filed by campaign treasurers. Treatment of surplus or deficit.
Sec. 9-609. (Formerly Sec. 9-333k). Party committees; designation as campaign treasurer. Limitation on multiple committees. Fund-raising events and testimonial affairs.
Sec. 9-610. (Formerly Sec. 9-333l). Expense sharing by committees. Candidate's expenditures. Use of public funds by incumbent or for promotional campaign or advertisement. Restrictions on lobbyist contributions and solicitations.

      Sec. 9-601. (Formerly Sec. 9-333a). General definitions. As used in this chapter and chapter 157:

      (1) "Committee" means a party committee, political committee or a candidate committee organized, as the case may be, for a single primary, election or referendum, or for ongoing political activities, to aid or promote the success or defeat of any political party, any one or more candidates for public office or the position of town committee member or any referendum question.

      (2) "Party committee" means a state central committee or a town committee. "Party committee" does not mean a party-affiliated or district, ward or borough committee which receives all of its funds from the state central committee of its party or from a single town committee with the same party affiliation. Any such committee so funded shall be construed to be a part of its state central or town committee for purposes of this chapter and chapter 157.

      (3) "Political committee" means (A) a committee organized by a business entity or organization, (B) persons other than individuals, or two or more individuals organized or acting jointly conducting their activities in or outside the state, (C) an exploratory committee, (D) a committee established by or on behalf of a slate of candidates in a primary for the office of justice of the peace, but does not mean a candidate committee or a party committee, (E) a legislative caucus committee, or (F) a legislative leadership committee.

      (4) "Candidate committee" means any committee designated by a single candidate, or established with the consent, authorization or cooperation of a candidate, for the purpose of a single primary or election and to aid or promote such candidate's candidacy alone for a particular public office or the position of town committee member, but does not mean a political committee or a party committee. For purposes of this chapter, "candidate committee" includes candidate committees for participating and nonparticipating candidates, unless the context of a provision clearly indicates otherwise.

      (5) "Exploratory committee" means a committee established by a candidate for a single primary or election (A) to determine whether to seek nomination or election to (i) the General Assembly, (ii) a state office, as defined in subsection (e) of section 9-610, or (iii) any other public office, and (B) if applicable, to aid or promote such candidate's candidacy for nomination to the General Assembly or any such state office.

      (6) "National committee" means the organization which according to the bylaws of a political party is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the party at the national level.

      (7) "Organization" means all labor organizations, (A) as defined in the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959, as from time to time amended, or (B) as defined in subdivision (9) of section 31-101, employee organizations as defined in subsection (d) of section 5-270 and subdivision (6) of section 7-467, bargaining representative organizations for teachers, any local, state or national organization, to which a labor organization pays membership or per capita fees, based upon its affiliation or membership, and trade or professional associations which receive their funds exclusively from membership dues, whether organized in or outside of this state, but does not mean a candidate committee, party committee or a political committee.

      (8) "Business entity" means the following, whether organized in or outside of this state: Stock corporations, banks, insurance companies, business associations, bankers associations, insurance associations, trade or professional associations which receive funds from membership dues and other sources, partnerships, joint ventures, private foundations, as defined in Section 509 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended; trusts or estates; corporations organized under sections 38a-175 to 38a-192, inclusive, 38a-199 to 38a-209, inclusive, and 38a-214 to 38a-225, inclusive, and chapters 594 to 597, inclusive; cooperatives, and any other association, organization or entity which is engaged in the operation of a business or profit-making activity; but does not include professional service corporations organized under chapter 594a and owned by a single individual, nonstock corporations which are not engaged in business or profit-making activity, organizations, as defined in subdivision (7) of this section, candidate committees, party committees and political committees as defined in this section. For purposes of this chapter, corporations which are component members of a controlled group of corporations, as those terms are defined in Section 1563 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, shall be deemed to be one corporation.

      (9) "Individual" means a human being, a sole proprietorship, or a professional service corporation organized under chapter 594a and owned by a single human being.

      (10) "Person" means an individual, committee, firm, partnership, organization, association, syndicate, company trust, corporation, limited liability company or any other legal entity of any kind but does not mean the state or any political or administrative subdivision of the state.

      (11) "Candidate" means an individual who seeks nomination for election or election to public office whether or not such individual is elected, and for the purposes of this chapter and chapter 157, an individual shall be deemed to seek nomination for election or election if such individual has (A) been endorsed by a party or become eligible for a position on the ballot at an election or primary, or (B) solicited or received contributions, made expenditures or given such individual's consent to any other person to solicit or receive contributions or make expenditures with the intent to bring about such individual's nomination for election or election to any such office. "Candidate" also means a slate of candidates which is to appear on the ballot in a primary for the office of justice of the peace. For the purposes of sections 9-600 to 9-610, inclusive, and section 9-621, "candidate" also means an individual who is a candidate in a primary for town committee members.

      (12) "Campaign treasurer" means the individual appointed by a candidate or by the chairperson of a party committee or a political committee to receive and disburse funds on behalf of the candidate or committee.

      (13) "Deputy campaign treasurer" means the individual appointed by the candidate or by the chairperson of a committee to serve in the capacity of the campaign treasurer if the campaign treasurer is unable to perform the campaign treasurer's duties.

      (14) "Solicitor" means an individual appointed by a campaign treasurer of a committee to receive, but not to disburse, funds on behalf of the committee.

      (15) "Referendum question" means a question to be voted upon at any election or referendum, including a proposed constitutional amendment.

      (16) "Lobbyist" means a lobbyist, as defined in section 1-91, and "communicator lobbyist" means a communicator lobbyist, as defined in section 1-91, and "client lobbyist" means a client lobbyist, as defined in section 1-91.

      (17) "Business with which he is associated" means any business in which the contributor is a director, officer, owner, limited or general partner or holder of stock constituting five per cent or more of the total outstanding stock of any class. Officer refers only to the president, executive or senior vice-president or treasurer of such business.

      (18) "Agent" means a person authorized to act for or in place of another.

      (19) "Entity" means the following, whether organized in this or any other state: An organization, corporation, cooperative association, limited partnership, professional association, limited liability company, and limited liability partnership.

      (20) "Federal account" means a depository account that is subject to the disclosure and contribution limits provided under the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, as amended from time to time.

      (21) "Public funds" means funds belonging to, or under the control of, the state or a political subdivision of the state.

      (22) "Legislative caucus committee" means a committee established under subdivision (2) of subsection (e) of section 9-605 by the majority of the members of a political party who are also state representatives or state senators.

      (23) "Legislative leadership committee" means a committee established under subdivision (3) of subsection (e) of section 9-605 by a leader of the General Assembly.

      (24) "Immediate family" means the spouse or a dependent child of an individual.

      (25) "Organization expenditure" means an expenditure by a party committee, legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee for the benefit of a candidate or candidate committee for:

      (A) The preparation, display or mailing or other distribution of a party candidate listing. As used in this subparagraph, "party candidate listing" means any communication that meets the following criteria: (i) The communication lists the name or names of candidates for election to public office, (ii) the communication is distributed through public advertising such as broadcast stations, cable television, newspapers or similar media, or through direct mail, telephone, electronic mail, publicly accessible sites on the Internet or personal delivery, (iii) the treatment of all candidates in the communication is substantially similar, and (iv) the content of the communication is limited to (I) for each such candidate, identifying information, including photographs, the office sought, the office currently held by the candidate, if any, the party enrollment of the candidate, a brief statement concerning the candidate's positions, philosophy, goals, accomplishments or biography and the positions, philosophy, goals or accomplishments of the candidate's party, (II) encouragement to vote for each such candidate, and (III) information concerning voting, including voting hours and locations;

      (B) A document in printed or electronic form, including a party platform, a copy of an issue paper, information pertaining to the requirements of this title, a list of registered voters and voter identification information, which document is created or maintained by a party committee, legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee for the general purposes of party or caucus building and is provided (i) to a candidate who is a member of the party that has established such party committee, or (ii) to a candidate who is a member of the party of the caucus or leader who has established such legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee, whichever is applicable;

      (C) A campaign event at which a candidate or candidates are present;

      (D) The retention of the services of an advisor to provide assistance relating to campaign organization, financing, accounting, strategy, law or media; or

      (E) The use of offices, telephones, computers and similar equipment which does not result in additional cost to the party committee, legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee.

      (26) "Solicit" means (A) requesting that a contribution be made, (B) participating in any fund-raising activities for a candidate committee, exploratory committee, political committee or party committee, including, but not limited to, forwarding tickets to potential contributors, receiving contributions for transmission to any such committee or bundling contributions, (C) serving as chairperson, treasurer or deputy treasurer of any such committee, or (D) establishing a political committee for the sole purpose of soliciting or receiving contributions for any committee. "Solicit" does not include (i) making a contribution that is otherwise permitted under this chapter, (ii) informing any person of a position taken by a candidate for public office or a public official, (iii) notifying the person of any activities of, or contact information for, any candidate for public office, or (iv) serving as a member in any party committee or as an officer of such committee that is not otherwise prohibited in this subdivision.

      (27) "Bundle" means the forwarding of five or more contributions to a single committee by a communicator lobbyist, an agent of such lobbyist, or a member of the immediate family of such lobbyist, or raising contributions for a committee at a fund-raising affair held by, sponsored by, or hosted by a communicator lobbyist or an agent of such lobbyist, or a member of the immediate family of such lobbyist.

      (28) "Slate committee" means a political committee formed by two or more candidates for nomination or election to any municipal office in the same town, city or borough, or in a primary for the office of justice of the peace or the position of town committee member, whenever such political committee will serve as the sole funding vehicle for the candidates' campaigns.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 2, 34; P.A. 87-264, S. 2; 87-524, S. 1; 87-576, S. 1, 6; P.A. 89-211, S. 16; P.A. 91-351, S. 2, 28; P.A. 95-79, S. 18, 189; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5, S. 11, 19; P.A. 98-7, S. 1, 4; P.A. 99-12, S. 1, 3; P.A. 03-241, S. 10; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 18; P.A. 07-1, S. 4; P.A. 10-187, S. 1; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 7, 8; P.A. 11-48, S. 298.)

      History: P.A. 87-264 amended Subdiv. (10) to include in definition of "candidate", in sections indicated, candidates in convention delegate or town committee member primaries; P.A. 87-524 added Subdivs. (15) and (16), defining "lobbyist" and "business with which he is associated"; P.A. 87-576 amended Subdiv. (7) to exclude professional service corporations from definition of "business entity" and amended Subdiv. (8) to include a professional service corporation in definition of "individual"; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 91-351 amended Subdiv. (1) to include a committee to aid or promote success or defeat of candidate for position of convention delegate or town committee member in definition of "committee", added Subpara. (D) to Subdiv. (3) to include committee established by or on behalf of slate of candidates in primary for position of convention delegate to definition of "political committee", amended Subdiv. (4) to include committee to aid or promote candidacy for position of town committee member to definition of "candidate committee" and amended Subdiv. (10) to include slate of candidates to appear on ballot in primary for position of convention delegate in definition of "candidate" for entire chapter; P.A. 95-79 redefined "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5 added Subdiv. (17) defining "independent expenditure", effective July 1, 1997, and applicable to elections and primaries held on or after January 1, 1998; P.A. 98-7 added Subdiv. (18) defining "federal account", effective January 1, 1999, and applicable to elections and primaries held on or after that date; P.A. 99-12 added Subdiv. (19) defining "public funds", effective January 1, 2000; P.A. 03-241 amended Subdiv. (1) by deleting candidates for position of convention delegate from definition of "committee", amended Subdivs. (3) and (10) by substituting "office of justice of the peace" for "position of convention delegate" and making technical changes in definitions of "political committee" and "candidate", and amended Subdiv. (17) by making a technical change in definition of "independent expenditure", effective January 1, 2004, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 applied section to Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, redefined "political committee" in Subdiv. (3) by substituting "exploratory committee" for former provision in Subpara. (C) and adding Subparas. (E) and (F) re legislative caucus committee and legislative leadership committee, redesignated existing Subdivs. (5) to (17) as Subdivs. (6) to (18) and existing Subdivs. (18) and (19) as Subdivs. (20) and (21), defined "exploratory committee" in new Subdiv. (5), added definition of "communicator lobbyist" in redesignated Subdiv. (16), redefined "independent expenditure" in redesignated Subdiv. (18) by excluding coordinated expenditure and deleting provision specifying expenditures excluded from "independent expenditure", added new Subdiv. (19) defining "coordinated expenditure" and new Subdivs. (22) to (27) defining "legislative caucus committee", "legislative leadership committee", "immediate family", "organization expenditure", "solicit" and "agent", and made technical changes, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (19)(C) the words "expenditure by made" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "expenditure be made"); Sec. 9-333a transferred to Sec. 9-601 in 2007; P.A. 07-1 amended Subdiv. (26) to make technical changes in Subpara. (C) and add clause (iv) re serving as member or officer of party committee not otherwise prohibited, effective February 8, 2007; P.A. 10-187 deleted former Subdivs. (18) and (19) defining "independent expenditure" and "coordinated expenditure", deleted former Subdiv. (27) defining "agent", redefined "agent" in new Subdiv. (18), added new Subdiv. (19) defining "entity" and made technical changes, effective June 8, 2010; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subdiv. (16) to define "client lobbyist" and added new Subdivs. (27) and (28) defining "bundle" and "slate committee", effective August 13, 2010; P.A. 11-48 amended Subdiv. (4) by redefining "candidate committee" to include committees for participating and nonparticipating candidates, effective January 1, 2012, and applicable to primaries and elections held on and after that date.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-601a. (Formerly Sec. 9-333b). "Contribution" defined. (a) As used in this chapter and chapter 157, "contribution" means:

      (1) Any gift, subscription, loan, advance, payment or deposit of money or anything of value, made for the purpose of influencing the nomination for election, or election, of any person or for the purpose of aiding or promoting the success or defeat of any referendum question or on behalf of any political party;

      (2) A written contract, promise or agreement to make a contribution for any such purpose;

      (3) The payment by any person, other than a candidate or campaign treasurer, of compensation for the personal services of any other person which are rendered without charge to a committee or candidate for any such purpose;

      (4) An expenditure that is not an independent expenditure; or

      (5) Funds received by a committee which are transferred from another committee or other source for any such purpose.

      (b) As used in this chapter and chapter 157, "contribution" does not mean:

      (1) A loan of money made in the ordinary course of business by a national or state bank;

      (2) Any communication made by a corporation, organization or association to its members, owners, stockholders, executive or administrative personnel, or their families;

      (3) Nonpartisan voter registration and get-out-the-vote campaigns by any corporation, organization or association aimed at its members, owners, stockholders, executive or administrative personnel, or their families;

      (4) Uncompensated services provided by individuals volunteering their time on behalf of a party committee, political committee, slate committee or candidate committee, including any services provided for the benefit of nonparticipating and participating candidates under the Citizens' Election Program and any unreimbursed travel expenses made by an individual who volunteers the individual's personal services to any such committee. For purposes of this subdivision, an individual is a volunteer if such individual is not receiving compensation for such services regardless of whether such individual received compensation in the past or may receive compensation in the future for such services;

      (5) The use of real or personal property, and the cost of invitations, food or beverages, voluntarily provided by an individual to a candidate, including a nonparticipating or participating candidate under the Citizens' Election Program, party, political or slate committee, in rendering voluntary personal services at the individual's residential premises or a community room in the individual's residence facility, to the extent that the cumulative value of the invitations, food or beverages provided for any single event by an individual on behalf of any candidate or committee does not exceed four hundred dollars with respect to any calendar year or primary or general election, as the case may be, and does not exceed eight hundred dollars for any such event hosted by two or more individuals, provided at least one such individual owns or resides at the residential premises, and further provided the cumulative value of the invitations, food or beverages provided by an individual on behalf of any such candidate or committee does not exceed eight hundred dollars in any calendar year or single election, as the case may be;

      (6) The sale of food or beverage for use by a party, political, slate or candidate committee, including those for a participating or nonparticipating candidate, at a discount, if the charge is not less than the cost to the vendor, to the extent that the cumulative value of the discount given to or on behalf of any single candidate committee does not exceed four hundred dollars with respect to any single primary or election, or to or on behalf of any party, political or slate committee, does not exceed six hundred dollars in a calendar year;

      (7) The display of a lawn sign by a human being or on real property;

      (8) The payment, by a party committee or slate committee of the costs of preparation, display, mailing or other distribution incurred by the committee or individual with respect to any printed slate card, sample ballot or other printed list containing the names of three or more candidates;

      (9) The donation of any item of personal property by an individual to a committee for a fund-raising affair, including a tag sale or auction, or the purchase by an individual of any such item at such an affair, to the extent that the cumulative value donated or purchased does not exceed one hundred dollars;

      (10) (A) The purchase of advertising space which clearly identifies the purchaser, in a program for a fund-raising affair sponsored by the candidate committee of a candidate for an office of a municipality, provided the cumulative purchase of such space does not exceed two hundred fifty dollars from any single such candidate or the candidate's committee with respect to any single election campaign if the purchaser is a business entity or fifty dollars for purchases by any other person;

      (B) The purchase of advertising space which clearly identifies the purchaser, in a program for a fund-raising affair or on signs at a fund-raising affair sponsored by a town committee, provided the cumulative purchase of such space does not exceed two hundred fifty dollars from any single town committee in any calendar year if the purchaser is a business entity or fifty dollars for purchases by any other person. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subparagraph, the following may not purchase advertising space in a program for a fund-raising affair or on signs at a fund-raising affair sponsored by a town committee: (i) A communicator lobbyist, (ii) a member of the immediate family of a communicator lobbyist, (iii) a state contractor, (iv) a prospective state contractor, or (v) a principal of a state contractor or prospective state contractor. As used in this subparagraph, "state contractor", "prospective state contractor" and "principal of a state contractor or prospective state contractor" have the same meanings as provided in subsection (g) of section 9-612;

      (11) The payment of money by a candidate to the candidate's candidate committee, provided the committee is for a nonparticipating candidate;

      (12) The donation of goods or services by a business entity to a committee for a fund-raising affair, including a tag sale or auction, to the extent that the cumulative value donated does not exceed two hundred dollars;

      (13) The advance of a security deposit by an individual to a telephone company, as defined in section 16-1, for telecommunications service for a committee or to another utility company, such as an electric company, provided the security deposit is refunded to the individual;

      (14) The provision of facilities, equipment, technical and managerial support, and broadcast time by a community antenna television company, as defined in section 16-1, for community access programming pursuant to section 16-331a, unless (A) the major purpose of providing such facilities, equipment, support and time is to influence the nomination or election of a candidate, or (B) such facilities, equipment, support and time are provided on behalf of a political party;

      (15) The sale of food or beverage by a town committee to an individual at a town fair, county fair, local festival or similar mass gathering held within the state, to the extent that the cumulative payment made by any one individual for such items does not exceed fifty dollars;

      (16) An organization expenditure by a party committee, legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee;

      (17) The donation of food or beverage by an individual for consumption at a slate, candidate, political committee or party committee meeting, event or activity that is not a fund-raising affair to the extent that the cumulative value of the food or beverages donated by an individual for a single meeting or event does not exceed fifty dollars; or

      (18) The value associated with the de minimis activity on behalf of a party committee, political committee, slate committee or candidate committee, including for activities including, but not limited to, (A) the creation of electronic or written communications created on a voluntary basis without compensation, including, but not limited to, the creation and ongoing content development and delivery of social media on the Internet or telephone, including, but not limited to, the sending or receiving of electronic mail or messages, (B) the posting or display of a candidate's name or group of candidates' names at a town fair, county fair, local festival or similar mass gathering by a party committee, or (C) the use of personal property or a service that is customarily attendant to the occupancy of a residential dwelling, or the donation of an item or items of personal property that are customarily used for campaign purposes, by an individual, to a candidate committee, provided the cumulative fair market value of such use of personal property or service or items of personal property does not exceed one hundred dollars in the aggregate for any single election or calendar year, as the case may be. For purposes of this subdivision, "social media" means an electronic medium where users may create and view user-generated content, such as uploaded or downloaded videos or still photographs, blogs, video blogs, podcasts or instant messages.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 3, 34; P.A. 87-576, S. 2, 6; P.A. 91-407, S. 35, 42; P.A. 92-246, S. 2, 5; P.A. 95-144, S. 5, 11; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5, S. 9, 19; P.A. 99-264; P.A. 02-130, S. 4; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 19; P.A. 10-187, S. 3; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 13; P.A. 11-48, S. 286; 11-61, S. 101; 11-139, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 87-576, in Subsec. (b)(9), changed $30 to $50 and, in Subsec. (b)(10), changed from purchase of single ticket to fund-raising affair to extent purchase price of ticket does not exceed $15 to purchase of "tickets" to any "single" fund-raising affair to extent "aggregate" purchase price of "all" such "tickets" does not exceed $30; P.A. 91-407 added Subsec. (b)(14) excluding advance of security deposit to telephone company from definition of "contribution"; P.A. 92-246 amended Subsec. (b)(11) to revise the exception from "contribution" for purchase of advertising space in a fund-raising affair program; P.A. 95-144 made technical changes; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5 repealed Subsec. (b)(10) re purchase of tickets to single fund-raising affair when aggregate price does not exceed $30, and renumbered remaining Subdivs., effective July 1, 1997, and applicable to elections and primaries held on or after January 1, 1998; P.A. 99-264 added Subsec. (b)(14) re the provision of facilities, equipment, support and broadcast time by a community antenna television company for community access programming unless the purpose is to influence the nomination or election of a candidate or the facilities, equipment, support and time are provided on behalf of a political party; P.A. 02-130 amended Subsec. (b) by making technical changes in Subdivs. (7), (10), (11) and (14) and by adding Subdiv. (15) re sale of food or beverage by town committee at a fair or similar mass gathering, effective January 1, 2003, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after said date; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 applied provisions to Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, amended Subsec. (a)(4) by adding "including a coordinated expenditure", amended Subsec. (b)(10) by designating existing provisions as Subpara. (A), limiting same to program for fund-raising affair sponsored by candidate committee of candidate for office of a municipality and adding Subpara. (B) re purchase of advertising space in program for fund-raising affair sponsored by town committee, and added Subsec. (b)(16) re organization expenditure by party committee, legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; Sec. 9-333b transferred to Sec. 9-601a in 2007; P.A. 10-187 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing language re coordinated expenditure with exception for independent expenditure in Subdiv. (4) and by making a technical change, effective June 8, 2010; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsec. (b) by adding Subdiv. (17) re donation of food or beverage by an individual, Subdiv. (18) re value associated with de minimis campaign activity and Subdiv. (19) re display of a lawn sign, effective August 13, 2010, and applicable to primaries and elections held on and after that date; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (b)(4) by adding provisions stating on behalf of whom the services are provided and describing an individual, amended Subsec. (b)(5) by replacing "or on behalf of a state central or town committee" with language re nonparticipating or participating candidate, party, political or slate committee, including community room, and limiting restriction to single event not to exceed $400 in the case of an individual hosting, or in the case of two or more individuals hosting, $800, amended Subsec. (b)(6) by replacing language re use in a candidate's campaign or by state central or town committee with language re party, political, slate or candidate committee, and by changing $200 limitation to $400 and $400 limitation to $600, amended Subsec. (b)(7) by replacing language re unreimbursed payment for travel with language re lawn sign, amended Subsec. (b)(8) by replacing "political committee or an individual" with "or slate committee", amended Subsec. (b)(9) by replacing "fifty dollars" with "one hundred dollars", amended Subsec. (b)(10) by adding language re signs at a fund-raising affair, amended Subsec. (b)(11) by adding proviso re committee for nonparticipating candidate, amended Subsec. (b)(12) by replacing "one hundred dollars" with "two hundred dollars", amended Subsec. (b)(13) by adding language re another utility company, amended Subsec. (b)(15) by adding "local festival", amended Subsec. (b)(17) by replacing "legislative caucus, legislative leadership" with "political committee", amended Subsec. (b)(18) by replacing "de minimis campaign activity" with "de minimis activity", by deleting language re legislative caucus and legislative leadership committees and language re activity undertaken for the benefit of a participating or nonparticipating candidate, by replacing language re sending of messages from an individual's computer or cellular phone with Subparas. (A), (B) and (C) re electronic or written communications, posting or display of names and use of personal property or service, and by defining "social media", deleted former Subsec. (b)(19) re lawn sign and made technical changes, effective January 1, 2012, and applicable to primaries and elections held on and after that date; P.A. 11-61 amended Subsec. (b)(7) by adding "on" re real property, effective January 1, 2012, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date; P.A. 11-139 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 8, 2011.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-601c. "Independent expenditure" defined. (a) As used in this chapter and chapter 157, the term "independent expenditure" means an expenditure, as defined in section 9-601b, that is made without the consent, coordination, or consultation of, a candidate or agent of the candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee.

      (b) When the State Elections Enforcement Commission evaluates an expenditure to determine whether such expenditure is an independent expenditure, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the following expenditures are not independent expenditures:

      (1) An expenditure made by a person in cooperation, consultation or in concert with, at the request, suggestion or direction of, or pursuant to a general or particular understanding with (A) a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, or (B) a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee;

      (2) An expenditure made by a person for the production, dissemination, distribution or publication, in whole or in substantial part, of any broadcast or any written, graphic or other form of political advertising or campaign communication prepared by (A) a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, or (B) a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee;

      (3) An expenditure made by a person based on information about a candidate's, political committee's, or party committee's plans, projects or needs, provided by (A) a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, or (B) a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, with the intent that such expenditure be made;

      (4) An expenditure made by an individual who, in the same election cycle, is serving or has served as the campaign chairperson, campaign treasurer or deputy treasurer of a candidate committee, political committee or party committee benefiting from such expenditure, or in any other executive or policymaking position, including as a member, employee, fundraiser, consultant or other agent, of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee;

      (5) An expenditure made by a person whose officer, director, member, employee, fundraiser, consultant or other agent who serves the person in an executive or policymaking position also serves as or has served in the same election cycle as the candidate or the campaign chairperson, campaign treasurer or deputy treasurer of a candidate committee, political committee or party committee benefiting from such expenditure, or in any other executive or policymaking position of the candidate committee, political committee or party committee;

      (6) An expenditure made by a person for fundraising activities (A) with or for a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, or a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, or (B) for the solicitation or receipt of contributions on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, or a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee;

      (7) An expenditure made by a person based on information about a candidate's campaign plans, projects or needs, that is directly or indirectly provided by a candidate, the candidate's candidate committee, a political committee or a party committee, or a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of such candidate, candidate committee, political committee or party committee, to the person making the expenditure or such person's agent, with an express or tacit understanding that such person is considering making the expenditure;

      (8) An expenditure made by a person for a communication that clearly identifies a candidate during an election campaign, if the person making the expenditure, or such person's agent, has informed the candidate who benefits from the expenditure, that candidate's candidate committee, a political committee or a party committee, or a consultant or other agent acting on behalf of the benefiting candidate or candidate committee, political committee, or party committee, concerning the communication's contents, or of the intended audience, timing, location or mode or frequency of dissemination. As used in this subdivision, a communication clearly identifies a candidate when that communication contains the name, nickname, initials, photograph or drawing of the candidate or an unambiguous reference to that candidate, which includes, but is not limited to, a reference that can only mean that candidate; and

      (9) An expenditure made by a person or an entity for consultant or creative services, including, but not limited to, services related to communications strategy or design or campaign strategy, to be used to promote or oppose a candidate's election to office if the provider of such services is also providing consultant or creative services to such candidate, such candidate's candidate committee, or to any opposing candidate in the same primary or election, or to such opposing candidate's candidate committee. For purposes of this subdivision, communications strategy or design does not include the costs of printing or costs for the use of a medium for the purpose of communications.

      (P.A. 10-187, S. 2; P.A. 11-139, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 10-187 effective June 8, 2010; P.A. 11-139 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(8), effective July 8, 2011.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-603. (Formerly Sec. 9-333e). Filing of statements and certification. Transfer of administration of campaign finance reporting to State Elections Enforcement Commission. (a) Statements filed by party committees, political committees formed to aid or promote the success or defeat of a referendum question proposing a constitutional convention, constitutional amendment or revision of the Constitution, individual lobbyists, and those political committees and candidate committees formed to aid or promote the success or defeat of any candidate for the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Attorney General, judge of probate and members of the General Assembly, shall be filed with the State Elections Enforcement Commission. A political committee formed for a slate of candidates in a primary for the office of justice of the peace shall file statements with the town clerk of the municipality in which the primary is to be held.

      (b) Statements filed by political committees formed solely to aid or promote the success or defeat of a referendum question to be voted upon by the electors of a single municipality and those political committees or candidate committees formed to aid or promote the success or defeat of any candidate for public office, other than those enumerated in subsection (a) of this section, or the position of town committee member shall be filed only with the town clerk of the municipality in which the election or referendum is to be held. Each unsalaried town clerk shall be entitled to receive ten cents from the town for the filing of each such statement.

      (c) A certification of a candidate who is exempt from the requirement of subsection (a) of section 9-604 to form a candidate committee shall be filed with the State Elections Enforcement Commission if the candidate seeks an office enumerated in subsection (a) of this section, or with the town clerk of the municipality in which the election is to be held if the candidate seeks an office other than those enumerated. A certification of a group of individuals who have joined solely to aid or promote a referendum question and who are exempt from the requirement to form a political committee under section 9-605 shall be filed with the town clerk of each municipality in which the referendum is to be held.

      (d) On December 31, 2006, the duties of the Secretary of the State concerning the administration of campaign finance reporting under this chapter shall be transferred to the State Elections Enforcement Commission.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 6, 34; P.A. 88-364, S. 15, 123; P.A. 91-351, S. 4, 28; P.A. 93-251, S. 2, 5; P.A. 00-99, S. 33, 154; P.A. 03-241, S. 11; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 21; P.A. 11-48, S. 287.)

      History: P.A. 88-364 added language describing the candidate committee as one formed to aid or promote the success or defeat of any candidate for the office of governor or lieutenant governor, which had been omitted due to a composition error; P.A. 91-351 added provisions in Subsec. (a) re filing requirements for statements by a town committee and by a political committee formed for a slate of convention delegate candidates, amended Subsec. (b) to require statements filed by committees formed to aid or promote success or defeat of candidate for position of town committee member to be filed in municipality in which election held and added Subsec. (c) re filing requirements for certifications; P.A. 93-251 required statements by individual lobbyists to be filed with office of the secretary of the state, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 00-99 deleted reference to sheriff in Subsec. (a), effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 03-241 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "office of justice of the peace" for "position of convention delegate", effective January 1, 2004, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 substituted "State Elections Enforcement Commission" for "Secretary of the State" in Subsecs. (a) and (c), added Subsec. (d) re transfer of duties of Secretary of the State re administration of campaign finance reporting to State Elections Enforcement Commission, and made technical changes, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; Sec. 9-333e transferred to Sec. 9-603 in 2007; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting language re town committee statement filing with town clerk and deleting language re slate in primary for office of justice of the peace filing with commission, effective June 13, 2011.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-606. (Formerly Sec. 9-333h). Duties and qualifications of campaign treasurers. Appointment and duties of solicitors. (a) The campaign treasurer of each committee shall be responsible for (1) depositing, receiving and reporting all contributions and other funds in the manner specified in section 9-608, (2) making and reporting expenditures, (3) reporting expenses incurred but not yet paid, (4) filing the statements required under section 9-608, and (5) keeping internal records of each entry made on such statements. The campaign treasurer of each committee shall deposit contributions in the committee's designated depository within fourteen days after receiving them. The campaign treasurer of each political committee or party committee which makes a contribution of goods to another committee shall send written notice to the campaign treasurer of the recipient committee before the close of the reporting period during which the contribution was made. The notice shall be signed by the campaign treasurer of the committee making the contribution and shall include the full name of such committee, the date on which the contribution was made, a complete description of the contribution and the value of the contribution. Any dispute concerning the information contained in such notice shall be resolved by the campaign treasurer of the recipient committee. Such resolution shall not impair in any way the authority of the State Elections Enforcement Commission under section 9-7b. The campaign treasurer of the recipient committee shall preserve each such notice received for the period prescribed by subsection (f) of section 9-607.

      (b) A contribution in the form of a check drawn on a joint bank account shall, for the purpose of allocation, be deemed to be a contribution made by the individual who signed the check. If a check is signed by more than one individual, the total amount of the check shall be divided equally among the cosigners for the purpose of allocation, except such contribution shall be allocated in accordance with the provisions of a written statement, if any, from the holders of such joint bank account that indicates how such contribution should be differently allocated. If a committee receives an anonymous contribution, the campaign treasurer shall immediately remit the contribution to the State Elections Enforcement Commission for deposit in the General Fund.

      (c) The campaign treasurer of each committee, other than a political committee established by an organization which receives its funds from the organization's treasury, may appoint solicitors. If solicitors are appointed, the campaign treasurer shall receive and report all contributions made or promised to each solicitor. Each solicitor shall submit to the campaign treasurer a list of all contributions made or promised to him. The list shall be complete as of seventy-two hours immediately preceding midnight of the day preceding the dates on which the campaign treasurer is required to file a sworn statement as provided in section 9-608. Lists shall be received by the campaign treasurer not later than twenty-four hours immediately preceding each required filing date. Each solicitor shall deposit all contributions with the campaign treasurer, within seven days after receipt. No solicitor shall expend any contributions received by him or disburse such contributions to any person other than the campaign treasurer.

      (d) No person shall act as a campaign treasurer or deputy campaign treasurer unless the person is an elector of this state, and a statement, signed by the chairman in the case of a party committee or political committee or by the candidate in the case of a candidate committee, designating the person as campaign treasurer or deputy campaign treasurer, has been filed in accordance with section 9-603. In the case of a political committee, the filing of a statement of organization by the chairman of the committee, in accordance with the provisions of section 9-605, shall constitute compliance with the filing requirements of this section. No provision of this subsection shall prevent the campaign treasurer, deputy campaign treasurer or solicitor of any committee from being the campaign treasurer, deputy campaign treasurer or solicitor of any other committee or prevent any committee from having more than one solicitor, but no candidate shall have more than one campaign treasurer. A candidate shall not serve as the candidate's own campaign treasurer or deputy campaign treasurer, except that a candidate who is exempt from forming a candidate committee under subsection (b) of section 9-604 and has filed a certification that the candidate is financing the candidate's campaign from the candidate's own personal funds or is not receiving or expending in excess of one thousand dollars may perform the duties of a campaign treasurer for the candidate's own campaign.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 9, 34; P.A. 91-351, S. 7, 28; P.A. 94-143, S. 2, 6; P.A. 96-119, S. 12, 14; P.A. 02-130, S. 8; P.A. 03-223, S. 1; P.A. 04-112, S. 1; P.A. 11-48, S. 288.)

      History: P.A. 91-351 added provisions to Subsec. (a) re notice of contribution of goods from political or party committee to another committee and added conditions at end of Subsec. (d) for candidate to perform duties of campaign treasurer for his own campaign; P.A. 94-143 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdiv. designations, adding "depositing" and "and other funds in the manner specified in section 9-333j" in Subdiv. (1), and adding Subdivs. (3) and (5) re reporting of expenses not yet paid and keeping internal records, effective January 1, 1995, and applicable to elections conducted on or after that date; P.A. 96-119 amended Subsec. (d) to delete provision requiring the designation statement to include the period for which the appointment is made, effective January 1, 1997; P.A. 02-130 amended Subsec. (d) by changing expenditure limit in cases where candidate serves as his or her own campaign treasurer from $500 to $1,000 and by making technical changes, effective January 1, 2003, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after said date; P.A. 03-223 amended Subsec. (c) by shortening deadline for solicitor to deposit contributions with campaign treasurer from 10 to 7 days after receipt, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-112 amended Subsec. (a) by changing deadline for campaign treasurer to deposit contributions from 7 to 14 days after receipt, effective July 1, 2004; Sec. 9-333h transferred to Sec. 9-606 in 2007; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (b) by adding language re joint bank account and by providing that all anonymous donations, rather than those over $15, be remitted to the State Elections Enforcement Commission, rather than the State Treasurer, effective January 1, 2012, and applicable to primaries and elections held on and after that date.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-607. (Formerly Sec. 9-333i). Making of expenditures. (a) Authorization by campaign treasurer. No financial obligation shall be incurred by a committee unless authorized by the campaign treasurer, except that certain expenditures of a candidate's personal funds may be reimbursed as provided in subsection (k) of this section.

      (b) Nonliability for unauthorized debts. No candidate, campaign treasurer, or committee shall be liable for any debt incurred in aid of or in opposition to any political party, referendum question or the candidacy of any person or persons for said offices or positions unless such debt was incurred pursuant to an authorization issued under subsection (a) of this section.

      (c) Election day expenditures. On any day on which an election or primary is being held, the campaign treasurer of any committee which functions as a town committee may give a check to one individual in each voting district of the municipality in which the election or primary is being held. The check shall be drawn by the campaign treasurer against the committee's depository institution account to the order of such individual in an amount not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars. Such individual may use the proceeds of the check to make cash expenditures in such voting district for per diem allotments to campaign workers, or expenses incurred by campaign workers on election or primary day, including but not limited to, food, beverages, gasoline and other similar ordinary and necessary expenses. Such individual shall submit to the campaign treasurer, within forty-eight hours after the closing of the polls, a detailed accounting of all such expenditures. The campaign treasurer shall report the names of all such individuals and the expenditures made by them in accordance with the provisions of section 9-608.

      (d) Payment by treasurer. Except as provided in subsections (j) and (k) of this section, no payment in satisfaction of any financial obligation incurred by a committee shall be made by or accepted from any person other than the campaign treasurer and then only according to the tenor of an authorization issued pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (e) Method of payment. Petty cash fund. (1) Any such payment shall be by check drawn by the campaign treasurer, on the designated depository. Any payment in satisfaction of any financial obligation incurred by a committee may also be made by debit card or credit card. In the case of payment made under a contract between a committee and a community antenna television company, as defined in section 16-1, for the purchase of advertisement space, the campaign treasurer of such committee may pay for such services using a bank or cashier's check, as defined in section 42a-3-104, if so required by the contract, provided the campaign treasurer maintains documentation substantiating that the funds used to pay for such advertising space were expended from the committee's funds. (2) The campaign treasurer of each committee may draw a check, not to exceed one hundred dollars, to establish a petty cash fund and may deposit additional funds to maintain it, but the fund shall not exceed one hundred dollars at any time. All expenditures from a petty cash fund shall be reported in the same manner as any other expenditure.

      (f) Preservation of internal records, credit card statements and receipts, checks and bank statements. The campaign treasurer shall preserve all internal records of transactions required to be entered in reports filed pursuant to section 9-608 for four years from the date of the report in which the transactions were entered. Internal records required to be maintained in order for any permissible expenditure to be paid from committee funds include, but are not limited to, contemporaneous invoices, receipts, bills, statements, itineraries, or other written or documentary evidence showing the campaign or other lawful purpose of the expenditure. If a committee incurs expenses by credit card, the campaign treasurer shall preserve all credit card statements and receipts for four years from the date of the report in which the transaction was required to be entered. If any checks are issued pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, the campaign treasurer who issues them shall preserve all cancelled checks and bank statements for four years from the date on which they are issued. If debit card payments are made pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, the campaign treasurer who makes said payments shall preserve all debit card slips and bank statements for four years from the date on which the payments are made. In the case of a candidate committee, the campaign treasurer or the candidate, if the candidate so requests, shall preserve all internal records, cancelled checks, debit cards slips and bank statements for four years from the date of the last report required to be filed under subsection (a) of section 9-608.

      (g) Permissible expenditures. (1) As used in this subsection, (A) "the lawful purposes of his committee" means: (i) For a candidate committee or exploratory committee, the promoting of the nomination or election of the candidate who established the committee, except that after a political party nominates candidates for election to the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor, whose names shall be so placed on the ballot in the election that an elector will cast a single vote for both candidates, as prescribed in section 9-181, a candidate committee established by either such candidate may also promote the election of the other such candidate; (ii) for a political committee, the promoting of the success or defeat of candidates for nomination and election to public office or position subject to the requirements of this chapter, or the success or defeat of referendum questions, provided a political committee formed for a single referendum question shall not promote the success or defeat of any candidate, and provided further a legislative caucus committee may expend funds to defray costs of its members for conducting legislative or constituency-related business which are not reimbursed or paid by the state; and (iii) for a party committee, the promoting of the party, the candidates of the party and continuing operating costs of the party, and (B) "immediate family" means a spouse or dependent child of a candidate who resides in the candidate's household.

      (2) Unless otherwise provided by this chapter, any campaign treasurer, in accomplishing the lawful purposes of his committee, may pay the expenses of: (A) Advertising in electronic and print media; (B) any other form of printed advertising or communications including "thank you" advertising after the election; (C) campaign items, including, but not limited to, brochures, leaflets, flyers, invitations, stationery, envelopes, reply cards, return envelopes, campaign business cards, direct mailings, postcards, palm cards, "thank you" notes, sample ballots and other similar items; (D) political banners and billboards; (E) political paraphernalia, which is customarily given or sold to supporters including, but not limited to, campaign buttons, stickers, pins, pencils, pens, matchbooks, balloons, pads, calendars, magnets, key chains, hats, tee shirts, sweatshirts, frisbees, pot holders, jar openers and other similar items; (F) purchasing office supplies for campaign or political purposes, campaign photographs, raffle or other fund-raising permits required by law, fund-raiser prizes, postage, express mail delivery services, bulk mail permits, and computer supplies and services; (G) banking service charges to maintain campaign and political accounts; (H) subscriptions to newspapers and periodicals which enhance the candidacy of the candidate or party; (I) lease or rental of office space for campaign or political purposes and expenses in connection therewith including, but not limited to, furniture, parking, storage space, utilities and maintenance, provided a party committee or political committee organized for ongoing political activities may purchase such office space; (J) lease or rental of vehicles for campaign use only; (K) lease, rental or use charges of any ordinary and necessary campaign office equipment including, but not limited to, copy machines, telephones, postage meters, facsimile machines, computer hardware, software and printers, provided a party committee or political committee organized for ongoing political activities may purchase office equipment, and provided further that a candidate committee or a political committee, other than a political committee formed for ongoing political activities or an exploratory committee, may purchase computer equipment; (L) compensation for campaign or committee staff, fringe benefits and payroll taxes, provided the candidate and any member of his immediate family shall not receive compensation; (M) travel, meals and lodging expenses of speakers, campaign or committee workers, the candidate and the candidate's spouse for political and campaign purposes; (N) fund raising; (O) reimbursements to candidates and campaign or committee workers made in accordance with the provisions of this section for campaign-related expenses for which a receipt is received by the campaign treasurer; (P) campaign or committee services of attorneys, accountants, consultants or other professional persons for campaign activities, obtaining or contesting ballot status, nomination, or election, and compliance with this chapter; (Q) purchasing campaign finance reports; (R) repaying permissible campaign loans made to the committee that are properly reported and refunding contributions received from an impermissible source or in excess of the limitations set forth in this chapter; (S) conducting polls concerning any political party, issue, candidate or individual; (T) gifts to campaign or committee workers or purchasing flowers or other commemorative items for political purposes not to exceed one hundred dollars to any one recipient in a calendar year or for the campaign, as the case may be; (U) purchasing tickets or advertising from charities, inaugural committees, or other civic organizations if for a political purpose, for any candidate, a candidate's spouse, a member of a candidate's campaign staff, or members of committees; (V) the inauguration of an elected candidate by that candidate's candidate committee; (W) hiring of halls, rooms, music and other entertainment for political meetings and events; (X) reasonable compensation for public speakers hired by the committee; (Y) transporting electors to the polls and other get-out-the-vote activities on election day; and (Z) any other necessary campaign or political expense.

      (3) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a candidate from purchasing equipment from his personal funds and leasing or renting such equipment to his candidate committee or his exploratory committee, provided the candidate and his campaign treasurer sign a written lease or rental agreement. Such agreement shall include the lease or rental price, which shall not exceed the fair lease or rental value of the equipment. The candidate shall not receive lease or rental payments which in the aggregate exceed his cost of purchasing the equipment.

      (4) As used in this subdivision, expenditures for "personal use" include expenditures to defray normal living expenses for the candidate, the immediate family of the candidate or any other individual and expenditures for the personal benefit of the candidate or any other individual having no direct connection with, or effect upon, the campaign of the candidate or the lawful purposes of the committee, as defined in subdivision (2) of this section. No goods, services, funds and contributions received by any committee under this chapter shall be used or be made available for the personal use of any candidate or any other individual. No candidate, committee, or any other individual shall use such goods, services, funds or contributions for any purpose other than campaign purposes permitted by this chapter.

      (h) Honoraria, gifts or compensation for elected public officials. No campaign treasurer of a political committee may provide an honorarium to, compensate or make a gift to, any elected public official who is subject to the provisions of this chapter, for any speaking engagement or other services rendered on behalf of such committee, except that the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to: (1) Reimbursement for actual travel expenses or food and beverage for the personal consumption of such public official or members of his immediate family, in connection with the rendering of any such services by the public official; or (2) any contribution made to such public official in connection with his campaign for nomination or election to an office or position included in this chapter, which is reported in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Except as provided in this subsection, no such elected public official may receive any gift, honorarium or compensation from a political committee.

      (i) Expenses for election or primary contest. The right of any person to expend money for proper legal expenses in maintaining or contesting the results of any election or primary shall not be affected or limited by the provisions of this chapter or chapter 157, provided only sources eligible to contribute to the candidate for the campaign may contribute to the payment of legal expenses.

      (j) Reimbursements to candidates and committee workers. A candidate or his committee worker shall be reimbursed by the campaign treasurer for any permissible expenditure which the candidate or committee worker has paid from his own personal funds if (1) the campaign treasurer authorized the expenditure, (2) the candidate or worker provides the campaign treasurer with a written receipt or other documentary evidence from the vendor proving his payment of the expenditure, and (3) in the case of a reimbursement to the candidate, a detailed accounting of the expenditure is included in the report of the campaign treasurer. Internal records required to be maintained in order for any candidate or committee worker to be reimbursed from committee funds include, but are not limited to, contemporaneous invoices, receipts, bills, statements, itineraries, or other written or documentary evidence showing the campaign or lawful purpose of the expenditure. The campaign treasurer shall preserve all such internal records for the same period of time as required in the case of cancelled checks, except that the campaign treasurer of a candidate committee may, upon request of the candidate, give such internal records to the candidate to keep for such period.

      (k) Campaign expenses paid by candidate. A candidate shall report to his campaign treasurer each campaign expenditure of more than fifty dollars which he has made directly from his own personal funds, except those expenditures for his own telephone calls, travel and meals for which the candidate does not seek reimbursement from his committee, by the close of the reporting period in which the expenditures were made. The candidate shall indicate whether or not he expects reimbursement by the committee. The campaign treasurer shall report all such reimbursed and nonreimbursed expenditures as "campaign expenses paid by the candidate" on the sworn financial statements he is required to file in accordance with section 9-608 and in the same manner as committee expenditures.

      (l) Political committee checks to committees. Each check issued by the campaign treasurer of a political committee to a candidate committee, party committee or another political committee (1) shall have typed, stamped, or printed other than by hand, on its face, the name and address of the political committee making the contribution and (2) shall legibly indicate the name of the campaign treasurer of the political committee.

      (m) Obligations and restrictions imposed on certifying candidates. Any obligation or restriction imposed by this section and sections 9-608, 9-610, 9-611, 9-613, 9-615, 9-616, 9-618, 9-620, 9-621, 9-622 and 9-623 on a campaign treasurer or a candidate committee shall be deemed to be imposed on any candidate who is exempt from forming a candidate committee and has filed a certification pursuant to subsection (b) of section 9-604 with the proper authority.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 10, 34; P.A. 91-351, S. 8-10, 28; P.A. 94-143, S. 3, 6; P.A. 95-276, S. 1, 3; P.A. 02-130, S. 9; P.A. 03-241, S. 61; P.A. 04-91, S. 1; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 24; P.A. 06-137, S. 15; P.A. 08-2, S. 5; P.A. 11-48, S. 297.)

      History: P.A. 91-351 inserted "or positions" in Subsec. (b) and "or position" in Subsec. (h), added Subsec. (m) re checks issued by political committee treasurer (formerly Subsec. (d) of Sec. 9-333g) and added Subsec. (n) re obligations and restrictions imposed on candidate who is exempt from forming candidate committee and has filed certification; P.A. 94-143 amended Subsec. (f) by adding provisions re internal records and bank statements, amended Subdiv. (1) of Subsec. (g) by adding "leasing" and provisions re purchasing space or equipment in Subpara. (D), deleting "or supplies" from Subpara. (D) and adding new Subpara. (M) re supplies, amended Subsec. (g)(2) by adding provision re candidate leasing or renting equipment to committee, amended Subsec. (j) by expanding subsection to candidate reimbursement, changing "committee expenditure" to "permissible expenditure", and adding subdivision designations and Subdiv. (3), deleted Subsecs. (k) and (l) re candidate reimbursement, added new Subsec. (k) re reporting of campaign expenses paid by the candidate, and relettered former Subsecs. (m) and (n) as (l) and (m), effective January 1, 1995, and applicable to elections conducted on or after that date; P.A. 95-276 amended Subsec. (g) by designating former provisions as Subdivs. (2) and (3), adding Subdiv. (1) defining "the lawful purposes of his committee" and "immediate family", revising list of items in Subdiv. (2) for which campaign treasurers may pay expenses, and adding Subdiv. (4) re restrictions on use of goods, services, funds and contributions received by committees, effective January 1, 1996; P.A. 02-130 amended Subsec. (e) by allowing party committee to make payments by debit card and inserting Subdiv. designators and amended Subsec. (f) by requiring preservation of debit card slips and bank statements when debit card payments are made and making technical changes, effective January 1, 2003, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after said date; P.A. 03-241 amended Subsec. (e)(1) to allow payment by any committee, instead of only by party committee, to be made by debit card, amended Subsec. (f) to require preservation of candidate committee debit card slips, and amended Subsec. (g) by adding provision in Subdiv. (1)(A)(i) re expenditures by candidate committees established by candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor who are nominated by same party and making a technical change in Subdiv. (2)(Y), effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-91 amended Subsec. (e)(1) by allowing payment to be made by credit card, amended Subsec. (f) by inserting "required to be" re reporting of records of transactions, adding provision re types of internal records required to be maintained and requiring campaign treasurer to preserve credit card statements and receipts for four years, amended Subsec. (g)(4) by redefining expenditures for "personal use", applying provisions to individual noncandidates, substituting "committee" for "candidate committee" and deleting "expenses incurred in preparation for taking office", and amended Subsec. (j) by adding "or other documentary evidence" in Subdiv. (2), adding provision re types of internal records required to be maintained and substituting "internal records" for "receipts", effective July 1, 2004; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 amended Subsec. (g)(1)(A)(ii) by substituting "legislative caucus committee" for provision re political committee designated by majority of members of political party who are also members of House of Representatives or Senate, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; P.A. 06-137 amended Subsec. (g)(2) to increase from $50 to $100 the maximum value of gifts to campaign or committee workers or for purchasing flowers or other commemorative items for political purposes and make a technical change, effective June 6, 2006; Sec. 9-333i transferred to Sec. 9-607 in 2007; P.A. 08-2 amended Subsec. (i) to include references to primaries and chapter 157 and provide that only sources eligible to contribute to campaign may contribute to legal expenses, effective April 7, 2008; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (e)(1) by adding language re payment made under contract with community antenna television company, effective July 1, 2011.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-608. (Formerly Sec. 9-333j). Statements to be filed by campaign treasurers. Treatment of surplus or deficit. (a) Filing dates. (1) Each treasurer of a committee, other than a state central committee, shall file a statement, sworn under penalty of false statement with the proper authority in accordance with the provisions of section 9-603, (A) on the tenth calendar day in the months of January, April, July and October, provided, if such tenth calendar day is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, the statement shall be filed on the next business day, (B) on the seventh day preceding each regular state election, except that (i) in the case of a candidate or exploratory committee established for an office to be elected at a municipal election, the statement shall be filed on the seventh day preceding a regular municipal election in lieu of such date, (ii) in the case of a town committee, the statement shall be filed on the seventh day preceding each municipal election in addition to such date, and (iii) in the case of a candidate committee in a state election that is required to file any supplemental campaign finance statements pursuant to subdivisions (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of section 9-712, such supplemental campaign finance statements shall satisfy the filing requirement under this subdivision, and (C) if the committee has made or received a contribution or expenditure in connection with any other election, a primary or a referendum, on the seventh day preceding the election, primary or referendum, except that in the case of a candidate committee in a primary that is required to file statements pursuant to subdivisions (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of section 9-712, such statements shall satisfy the filing requirement under this subdivision. The statement shall be complete as of eleven fifty-nine o'clock p.m. of the last day of the month preceding the month in which the statement is required to be filed, except that for the statement required to be filed on the seventh day preceding the election, primary or referendum, the statement shall be complete as of eleven fifty-nine o'clock p.m. of the second day immediately preceding the required filing day. The statement shall cover a period to begin with the first day not included in the last filed statement. In the case of a candidate committee, the statement required to be filed in January shall be in lieu of the statement formerly required to be filed within forty-five days following an election.

      (2) Each campaign treasurer of a candidate committee, within thirty days following any primary, and each campaign treasurer of a political committee formed for a single primary, election or referendum, within forty-five days after any election or referendum not held in November, shall file statements in the same manner as is required of them under subdivision (1) of this subsection. If the campaign treasurer of a candidate committee established by a candidate, who is unsuccessful in the primary or has terminated his candidacy prior to the primary, distributes all surplus funds within thirty days following the scheduled primary and discloses the distribution on the postprimary statement, such campaign treasurer shall not be required to file any subsequent statement unless the committee has a deficit, in which case he shall file any required statements in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (3) of subsection (e) of this section.

      (3) In the case of state central committees, (A) on the tenth calendar day in the months of January, April and July, provided, if such tenth calendar day is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, on the next business day, and (B) on the twelfth day preceding any election, the campaign treasurer of each such committee shall file with the proper authority, a statement, sworn under penalty of false statement, complete as of the last day of the month immediately preceding the month in which such statement is to be filed in the case of statements required to be filed in January, April and July, and complete as of the nineteenth day preceding an election, in the case of the statement required to be filed on the twelfth day preceding an election, and in each case covering a period to begin with the first day not included in the last filed statement.

      (b) Exemption from filing requirements. The statements required to be filed under subsection (a) of this section and subdivisions (2) and (3) of subsection (e) of this section, shall not be required to be filed by: (1) A candidate committee or political committee formed for a single primary or election until such committee receives or expends an amount in excess of one thousand dollars for purposes of the primary or election for which such committee was formed; (2) a political committee formed solely to aid or promote the success or defeat of any referendum question until such committee receives or expends an amount in excess of one thousand dollars; or (3) a party or political committee organized for ongoing political activities until such committee receives or expends an amount in excess of one thousand dollars for the calendar year except the statements required to be filed on the tenth calendar day in the month of January and on the seventh day preceding any election shall be so filed. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to state central committees or to the statement required to be filed by an exploratory committee upon its termination. A committee which is exempted from filing statements under the provisions of this subsection shall file in lieu thereof a statement sworn under penalty of false statement, indicating that the committee has not received or expended an amount in excess of one thousand dollars.

      (c) Content of statements. (1) Each statement filed under subsection (a), (e) or (f) of this section shall include, but not be limited to: (A) An itemized accounting of each contribution, if any, including the full name and complete address of each contributor and the amount of the contribution; (B) an itemized accounting of each expenditure, if any, including the full name and complete address of each payee, including secondary payees whenever the primary or principal payee is known to include charges which the primary payee has already paid or will pay directly to another person, vendor or entity, the amount and the purpose of the expenditure, the candidate supported or opposed by the expenditure, whether the expenditure is made independently of the candidate supported or is an in-kind contribution to the candidate, and a statement of the balance on hand or deficit, as the case may be; (C) an itemized accounting of each expense incurred but not paid, provided if the expense is incurred by use of a credit card, the accounting shall include secondary payees, and the amount owed to each such payee; (D) the name and address of any person who is the guarantor of a loan to, or the cosigner of a note with, the candidate on whose behalf the committee was formed, or the campaign treasurer in the case of a party committee or a political committee or who has advanced a security deposit to a telephone company, as defined in section 16-1, for telecommunications service for a committee; (E) for each business entity or person purchasing advertising space in a program for a fund-raising affair or on signs at a fund-raising affair, the name and address of the business entity or the name and address of the person, and the amount and aggregate amounts of such purchases; (F) for each individual who contributes in excess of one hundred dollars but not more than one thousand dollars, in the aggregate, to the extent known, the principal occupation of such individual and the name of the individual's employer, if any; (G) for each individual who contributes in excess of one thousand dollars in the aggregate, the principal occupation of such individual and the name of the individual's employer, if any; (H) for each itemized contribution made by a lobbyist, the spouse of a lobbyist or any dependent child of a lobbyist who resides in the lobbyist's household, a statement to that effect; and (I) for each individual who contributes in excess of four hundred dollars in the aggregate to or for the benefit of any candidate's campaign for nomination at a primary or election to the office of chief executive officer or a slate or town committee financing the nomination or election or a candidate for chief executive officer of a town, city or borough, a statement indicating whether the individual or a business with which he is associated has a contract with said municipality that is valued at more than five thousand dollars. Each campaign treasurer shall include in such statement (i) an itemized accounting of the receipts and expenditures relative to any testimonial affair held under the provisions of section 9-609 or any other fund-raising affair, which is referred to in subsection (b) of section 9-601a, and (ii) the date, location and a description of the affair, except that a campaign treasurer shall not be required to include the name of any individual who has purchased items at a fund-raising affair or food at a town fair, county fair or similar mass gathering, if the cumulative value of items purchased by such individual does not exceed one hundred dollars, or the name of any individual who has donated food or beverages for a meeting. A campaign treasurer shall not be required to report or retain any receipts or expenditures related to any de minimis donations described in subdivision (17) of subsection (b) of section 9-601a.

      (2) Each contributor described in subparagraph (F), (G), (H) or (I) of subdivision (1) of this subsection shall, at the time the contributor makes such a contribution, provide the information that the campaign treasurer is required to include under said subparagraph in the statement filed under subsection (a), (e) or (f) of this section. Notwithstanding any provision of subdivision (2) of section 9-7b, any contributor described in subparagraph (F) of subdivision (1) of this subsection who does not provide such information at the time the contributor makes such a contribution and any treasurer shall not be subject to the provisions of subdivision (2) of section 9-7b. If a campaign treasurer receives a contribution from an individual which separately, or in the aggregate, is in excess of one thousand dollars and the contributor has not provided the information required by said subparagraph (G) or if a campaign treasurer receives a contribution from an individual to or for the benefit of any candidate's campaign for nomination at a primary or election to the office of chief executive officer of a town, city or borough, which separately, or in the aggregate, is in excess of four hundred dollars and the contributor has not provided the information required by said subparagraph (I), the campaign treasurer: (i) Not later than three business days after receiving the contribution, shall send a request for such information to the contributor by certified mail, return receipt requested; (ii) shall not deposit the contribution until the campaign treasurer obtains such information from the contributor, notwithstanding the provisions of section 9-606; and (iii) shall return the contribution to the contributor if the contributor does not provide the required information not later than fourteen days after the treasurer's written request or the end of the reporting period in which the contribution was received, whichever is later. Any failure of a contributor to provide the information which the campaign treasurer is required to include under said subparagraph (F) or (H), which results in noncompliance by the campaign treasurer with the provisions of said subparagraph (F) or (H), shall be a complete defense to any action against the campaign treasurer for failure to disclose such information.

      (3) In addition to the requirements of subdivision (2) of this subsection, each contributor who makes a contribution to a candidate or exploratory committee for Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Comptroller, Secretary of the State, State Treasurer, state senator or state representative, any political committee authorized to make contributions to such candidates or committees, and any party committee that separately, or in the aggregate, exceeds fifty dollars shall provide with the contribution: (A) The name of the contributor's employer, if any; (B) the contributor's status as a communicator lobbyist, as defined in section 1-91, a member of the immediate family of a communicator lobbyist, a state contractor, a prospective state contractor or a principal of a state contractor or prospective state contractor, as defined in section 9-612; and (C) a certification that the contributor is not prohibited from making a contribution to such candidate or committee. The State Elections Enforcement Commission shall prepare a sample form for such certification by the contributor and shall make it available to campaign treasurers and contributors. Such sample form shall include an explanation of the terms "communicator lobbyist", "principal of a state contractor or prospective state contractor", "immediate family", "state contractor" and "prospective state contractor". The information on such sample form shall be included in any written solicitation conducted by any such committee. If a campaign treasurer receives such a contribution and the contributor has not provided such certification, the campaign treasurer shall: (i) Not later than three business days after receiving the contribution, send a request for the certification to the contributor by certified mail, return receipt requested; (ii) not deposit the contribution until the campaign treasurer obtains the certification from the contributor, notwithstanding the provisions of section 9-606; and (iii) return the contribution to the contributor if the contributor does not provide the certification not later than fourteen days after the treasurer's written request or at the end of the reporting period in which the contribution was received, whichever is later. No treasurer shall be required to obtain and keep more than one certification from each contributor, unless information certified to by the contributor, other than the amount contributed, changes. If a campaign treasurer deposits a contribution based on a certification that is later determined to be false, the treasurer shall have a complete defense to any action, including but not limited to, any complaint investigated by the State Elections Enforcement Commission or any other investigation initiated by said commission, against such campaign treasurer for the receipt of such contribution.

      (4) Contributions from a single individual to a campaign treasurer in the aggregate totaling fifty dollars or less need not be individually identified in the statement, but a sum representing the total amount of all such contributions made by all such individuals during the period to be covered by such statement shall be a separate entry, identified only by the words "total contributions from small contributors".

      (5) Each statement filed by the campaign treasurer of a party committee, a legislative caucus committee or a legislative leadership committee shall include an itemized accounting of each organization expenditure made by the committee. Concomitant with the filing of any such statement containing an accounting of an organization expenditure made by the committee for the benefit of any candidate for the office of state senator, state representative, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of the State, State Comptroller or State Treasurer such campaign treasurer shall provide notice of the organization expenditure to the candidate committee of such candidate.

      (6) The commission shall post a link on the home page of the commission's Internet web site to a listing of all organizational expenditures reported by a party, legislative leadership or caucus committee under subdivision (5) of this subsection. Such information shall include reported information on the committee making the expenditure, the committee receiving the expenditure and the date and purpose for the expenditure.

      (7) Statements filed in accordance with this section shall remain public records of the state for five years from the date such statements are filed.

      (d) Duplicate statement for candidate or chairman. Timely filing. At the time of filing statements required under this section, the campaign treasurer of each candidate committee shall send to the candidate a duplicate statement and the campaign treasurer of each party committee and each political committee other than an exploratory committee shall send to the chairman of the committee a duplicate statement. Each statement required to be filed with the commission under this section, subsection (e) of section 9-612, section 9-706 or section 9-712 shall be deemed to be filed in a timely manner if: (1) For a statement filed as a hard copy, including, but not limited to, a statement delivered by the United States Postal Service, courier service, parcel service or hand delivery, the statement is received by the commission by five o'clock p.m. on the day the statement is required to be filed, (2) for a statement authorized by the commission to be filed electronically, including, but not limited to, a statement filed via dedicated electronic mail, facsimile machine, a web-based program created by the commission or other electronic means, the statement is transmitted to the commission not later than eleven fifty-nine o'clock p.m. on the day the statement is required to be filed, or (3) for a statement required to be filed pursuant to subsection (e) of section 9-612, section 9-706 or section 9-712, by the deadline specified in each such section. Any other filing required to be filed with a town clerk pursuant to this section shall be deemed to be filed in a timely manner if it is delivered by hand to the office of the town clerk in accordance with the provisions of section 9-603 before four-thirty o'clock p.m. or postmarked by the United States Postal Service before midnight on the required filing day. If the day for any filing falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, the statement shall be filed on the next business day thereafter.

      (e) Distribution or expenditure from surplus funds. Reporting re deficits. (1) Notwithstanding any provisions of this chapter, in the event of a surplus the campaign treasurer of a candidate committee or of a political committee, other than a political committee formed for ongoing political activities or an exploratory committee, shall distribute or expend such surplus not later than ninety days, or for the purposes of subparagraph (H) of this subdivision, one hundred twenty days after a primary which results in the defeat of the candidate, an election or referendum not held in November or by March thirty-first following an election or referendum held in November, or for the purposes of subparagraph (H) of this subdivision, June thirtieth following an election or referendum held in November, in the following manner:

      (A) Such committees may distribute their surplus to a party committee, or a political committee organized for ongoing political activities, return such surplus to all contributors to the committee on a prorated basis of contribution, distribute all or any part of such surplus to the Citizens' Election Fund established in section 9-701 or distribute such surplus to any charitable organization which is a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, provided (i) no candidate committee may distribute such surplus to a committee which has been established to finance future political campaigns of the candidate, (ii) a candidate committee which received moneys from the Citizens' Election Fund shall distribute such surplus to such fund, and (iii) a candidate committee for a nonparticipating candidate, as described in subsection (b) of section 9-703, may only distribute any such surplus to the Citizens' Election Fund or to a charitable organization;

      (B) Each such political committee established by an organization which received its funds from the organization's treasury shall return its surplus to its sponsoring organization;

      (C) (i) Each political committee formed solely to aid or promote the success or defeat of any referendum question, which does not receive contributions from a business entity or an organization, shall distribute its surplus to a party committee, to a political committee organized for ongoing political activities, to a national committee of a political party, to all contributors to the committee on a prorated basis of contribution, to state or municipal governments or agencies or to any organization which is a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended. (ii) Each political committee formed solely to aid or promote the success or defeat of any referendum question, which receives contributions from a business entity or an organization, shall distribute its surplus to all contributors to the committee on a prorated basis of contribution, to state or municipal governments or agencies, or to any organization which is tax-exempt under said provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, a committee formed for a single referendum shall not be required to expend its surplus not later than ninety days after the referendum and may continue in existence if a substantially similar referendum question on the same issue will be submitted to the electorate within six months after the first referendum. If two or more substantially similar referenda on the same issue are submitted to the electorate, each no more than six months apart, the committee shall expend such surplus within ninety days following the date of the last such referendum;

      (D) The campaign treasurer of the candidate committee of a candidate who is elected to office may, upon the authorization of such candidate, expend surplus campaign funds to pay for the cost of clerical, secretarial or other office expenses necessarily incurred by such candidate in preparation for taking office; except such surplus shall not be distributed for the personal benefit of any individual or to any organization;

      (E) The campaign treasurer of a candidate committee, or of a political committee, other than a political committee formed for ongoing political activities or an exploratory committee, shall, prior to the dissolution of such committee, either (i) distribute any equipment purchased, including, but not limited to, computer equipment, to any recipient as set forth in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, or (ii) sell any equipment purchased, including but not limited to computer equipment, to any person for fair market value and then distribute the proceeds of such sale to any recipient as set forth in said subparagraph (A);

      (F) The campaign treasurer of a qualified candidate committee may, following an election or unsuccessful primary, provide a post-primary thank you meal or a post-election thank you meal for committee workers, provided such meal (i) occurs not later than fourteen days after the applicable election or primary day, and (ii) the cost for such meal does not exceed thirty dollars per worker;

      (G) The campaign treasurer of a qualified candidate committee may, following an election or unsuccessful primary, make payment to a campaign treasurer for services rendered to the candidate committee, provided such payment does not exceed one thousand dollars; and

      (H) The campaign treasurer of a candidate committee may, following an election or unsuccessful primary, utilize funds for the purpose of complying with any audit conducted by the State Elections Enforcement Commission pursuant to subdivision (5) of subsection (a) of section 9-7b.

      (2) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, the campaign treasurer of the candidate committee of a candidate who has withdrawn from a primary or election may, prior to the primary or election, distribute its surplus to any organization which is tax-exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, or return such surplus to all contributors to the committee on a prorated basis of contribution.

      (3) Not later than seven days after such distribution or not later than seven days after all funds have been expended in accordance with subparagraph (D) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the campaign treasurer shall file a supplemental statement, sworn under penalty of false statement, with the proper authority, identifying all further contributions received since the previous statement and explaining how any surplus has been distributed or expended in accordance with this section. No surplus may be distributed or expended until after the election, primary or referendum.

      (4) In the event of a deficit, the campaign treasurer shall file a supplemental statement ninety days after an election, primary or referendum not held in November or on the seventh calendar day in February, or the next business day if such day is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, after an election or referendum held in November, with the proper authority and, thereafter, on the seventh day of each month following if on the last day of the previous month there was an increase or decrease in the deficit in excess of five hundred dollars from that reported on the last statement filed. The campaign treasurer shall file such supplemental statements as required until the deficit is eliminated. If any such committee does not have a surplus or a deficit, the statement required to be filed not later than forty-five days following any election or referendum not held in November or on the seventh calendar day in January, or the next business day if such day is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, following an election or referendum held in November, or not later than thirty days following any primary shall be the last required statement.

      (f) Dissolution of exploratory committee. If an exploratory committee has been established by a candidate pursuant to subsection (c) of section 9-604, the campaign treasurer of the committee shall file a notice of intent to dissolve it with the appropriate authority not later than fifteen days after the candidate's declaration of intent to seek nomination or election to a particular public office, except that in the case of an exploratory committee established by a candidate for purposes that include aiding or promoting the candidate's candidacy for nomination or election to the General Assembly or a state office, the campaign treasurer of the committee shall file such notice of intent to dissolve the committee not later than fifteen days after the earlier of: (1) The candidate's declaration of intent to seek nomination or election to a particular public office, (2) the candidate's endorsement at a convention, caucus or town committee meeting, or (3) the candidate's filing of a candidacy for nomination under section 9-400 or 9-405. The campaign treasurer shall also file a statement identifying all contributions received or expenditures made by the exploratory committee since the previous statement and the balance on hand or deficit, as the case may be. In the event of a surplus, the campaign treasurer shall, not later than the filing of the statement, distribute the surplus to the candidate committee established pursuant to said section, except that (A) in the case of a surplus of an exploratory committee established by a candidate who intends to be a participating candidate, as defined in section 9-703, in the Citizens' Election Program, the campaign treasurer may distribute to the candidate committee only that portion of such surplus that is attributable to contributions that meet the criteria for qualifying contributions for the candidate committee under section 9-704 and shall distribute the remainder of such surplus to the Citizens' Election Fund established in section 9-701, and (B) in the case of a surplus of an exploratory committee established for nomination or election to an office other than the General Assembly or a state office (i) the campaign treasurer may only distribute to the candidate committee for nomination or election to the General Assembly or state office of such candidate that portion of such surplus which is in excess of the total contributions which the exploratory committee received from lobbyists or political committees established by lobbyists, during any period in which the prohibitions in subsection (e) of section 9-610 apply, and (ii) any remaining amount shall be returned to all such lobbyists and political committees established by or on behalf of lobbyists, on a prorated basis of contribution, or distributed to any charitable organization which is a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended. If the candidate decides not to seek nomination or election to any office, the campaign treasurer shall, within fifteen days after such decision, comply with the provisions of this subsection and distribute any surplus in the manner provided by this section for political committees other than those formed for ongoing political activities, except that if the surplus is from an exploratory committee established by the State Treasurer, any portion of the surplus that is received from a principal of an investment services firm or a political committee established by such firm shall be returned to such principal or committee on a prorated basis of contribution. In the event of a deficit, the campaign treasurer shall file a statement thirty days after the decision or declaration with the proper authority and, thereafter, on the seventh day of each month following if on the last day of the previous month there was an increase or decrease in such deficit in excess of five hundred dollars from that reported on the last statement filed. The campaign treasurer shall file supplemental statements until the deficit is eliminated. If the exploratory committee does not have a surplus or deficit, the statement filed after the candidate's declaration or decision shall be the last required statement. If a candidate certifies on the statement of organization for the exploratory committee pursuant to subsection (c) of section 9-604 that the candidate will not be a candidate for the office of state representative and subsequently establishes a candidate committee for the office of state representative, the campaign treasurer of the candidate committee shall pay to the State Treasurer, for deposit in the General Fund, an amount equal to the portion of any contribution received by said exploratory committee that exceeded two hundred fifty dollars. As used in this subsection, "principal of an investment services firm" has the meaning set forth in subsection (f) of section 9-612 and "state office" has the same meaning set forth in subsection (e) of section 9-610.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 11, 34; P.A. 87-161; 87-524, S. 3, 7; 87-576, S. 4, 6; P.A. 88-83, S. 2, 3; P.A. 89-211, S. 17; P.A. 90-267, S. 3; P.A. 91-351, S. 11, 28; 91-407, S. 36, 42; P.A. 92-246, S. 3, 5; P.A. 93-251, S. 3, 5; P.A. 94-143, S. 4, 6; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5, S. 8, 16, 19; P.A. 02-130, S. 18; P.A. 03-223, S. 3-5; 03-241, S. 60, 62; P.A. 04-91, S. 2; P.A. 05-235, S. 24; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 25, 26; P.A. 06-137, S. 18, 30; P.A. 07-1, S. 3; P.A. 08-2, S. 6, 7; P.A. 11-48, S. 289, 290.)

      History: P.A. 87-161 amended Subsec. (e)(1)(A) to allow committees included under Subdiv. (1) to distribute their surpluses to tax-exempt charitable organizations; P.A. 87-524, in Subsec. (c), added Subsec. (c)(1)(F), re an individual who contributes in excess of $1,000 in the aggregate, and (c)(1)(G), re itemized contributions by a lobbyist, added new Subsec. (c)(2) requiring contributors described in said Subparas. (F) and (G) to provide required information to campaign treasurer and providing that failure to do so is complete defense to action against campaign treasurer, and renumbered remaining Subdivs. accordingly; P.A. 87-576 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to set forth conditions under which campaign treasurer of candidate committee established by candidate shall not be required to file any subsequent statement; P.A. 88-83 amended Subsec. (b) to raise the filing threshold for statements from $500 or, in the case of a referendum question, from $0.10 for each resident of the voting district or districts, to $1,000; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 90-267 added provisions in Subsec. (f) re distribution of surplus of an exploratory committee established for nomination or election to an office other than the general assembly; P.A. 91-351 divided Subsec. (a) into Subparas. and added Subpara. (B)(i) and (ii) re exceptions to requirement that committees file on seventh day preceding an election, amended Subsec. (c)(2) by adding provisions re failure to provide required information in case of contribution in excess of $1,000, designated former Subsec. (e)(1)(C) as clause (i) and limited its application to political committee which does not receive contributions from a business entity or an organization and added clause (ii) re political committee which receives such contributions, added new Subsec. (e)(2) re distribution of surplus by candidate who withdraws prior to primary or election and renumbered former Subdivs. (2) and (3) as (3) and (4); P.A. 91-407 amended Subsec. (c) to require name and address of person who has advanced security deposit to telephone company to be included in statement; P.A. 92-246 added Subsec. (c)(1)(F) requiring reporting of purchases of advertising space in a fund-raising affair program and relettered former Subparas. (F) and (G) accordingly; P.A. 93-251 inserted reference to Subsec. (g) of Sec. 9-333l(g) in Subsec. (d), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-143 added Subsec. (e)(1)(E) re distribution and sale of purchased equipment, effective January 1, 1995 and applicable to elections conducted on or after that date; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5 amended Subsec. (c)(1)(C) by requiring statement to include candidate supported or opposed by expenditure and whether expenditure is independent or in-kind, added new Subsec. (c)(1)(G) re reporting of occupation and employer of certain contributors and relettered remaining Subparas. and amended Subsec. (c)(2) by exempting from Sec. 9-7b(2) any contributor who does not provide information required by Subsec. (c)(1)(G), effective July 1, 1997, and applicable to elections and primaries held on or after January 1, 1998 and added provisions in Subsec. (f) re surplus of an exploratory committee established for nomination or election to a state office, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 02-130 amended Subsec. (f) by adding exception re distribution of surplus from exploratory committee established by State Treasurer and defining "principal of an investment services firm", effective January 1, 2003, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after said date; P.A. 03-223 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to require that January, April, July and October statements be filed on seventh calendar day of month instead of second Thursday, that statements be complete as of last day of preceding month, except for statements required to be filed on seventh day preceding election, primary or referendum and that January candidate committee statement be in lieu of statement formerly required to be filed within 45 days following election, and to eliminate exception re period covered by January party or political committee statement, amended Subsec. (a)(2) to eliminate statement required within 45 days following election and to require political committee statement to be filed only after election or referendum "not held in November", amended Subsec. (c)(1)(F) by eliminating requirement that statement include name of chief executive officer of business entity purchasing advertising space in fund-raising affair program and further amended Subsec. (c)(1) by adding ", which is referred to in subsection (b) of section 9-333b, and (ii) the date, location and a description of the affair", amended Subsec. (e)(1) by applying 90-day deadline for distribution or expenditure of surplus to an election or referendum "not held in November" and providing for January thirty-first deadline for election or referendum held in November, and amended Subsec. (e)(4) by applying 90 and 45-day deadlines to elections, primaries and referenda "not held in November" and providing February or January deadlines for elections and referenda held in November, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 03-241 added Subsec. (c)(1)(J) re disclosure of certain municipal contracts by certain contributors to candidates for office of chief executive officer of a city, town or borough, amended Subsec. (c)(2) to extend provisions to contributors and contributions described in Subsec. (c)(1)(J) and made technical changes, and, effective July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (e)(1) to allow continuation of committee formed for a single referendum if a substantially similar referendum question will be submitted to electorate within six months in Subpara. (C) and to make technical changes; P.A. 04-91 amended Subsec. (c)(1)(C) and (D) by adding provisions requiring accounting to include secondary payees, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-235 amended Subsec. (a)(1)(A) to change deadlines for filing statements for a committee, other than a state central committee, from seventh to tenth calendar day in January, April, July and October and amended Subsec. (a)(3) to insert subpara. designators and change deadlines for filing statements for state central committee from January thirtieth, April tenth and July tenth to "the tenth calendar day in the months of January, April and July, provided, if such tenth calendar day is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, on the next business day", effective July 1, 2005; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 amended Subsec. (c) by redesignating existing Subdivs. (3) and (4) as Subdivs. (4) and (6), respectively, adding new Subdiv. (3) re requirement of certification that contributor is not a principal of a state contractor or prospective state contractor, changing $30 to $50 in redesignated Subdiv. (4) and adding Subdiv. (5) requiring statement filed by party committee, legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee to include accounting of each organization expenditure made by the committee, amended Subsec. (e) to make technical changes and, in Subdiv. (1)(A), to authorize committees to distribute surplus to Citizens' Election Fund and require candidate committee receiving moneys from the fund to distribute surplus to the fund, and amended Subsec. (f) to require separate deadline for filing notice of intent to dissolve exploratory committee established by candidate for purposes including aiding or promoting candidate's candidacy for nomination or election to General Assembly or a state office, to provide exception for distribution of surplus of exploratory committee established by candidate who intends to be participating candidate in Citizens' Election Program, to add provision re candidate who certifies on exploratory committee statement of organization that candidate will not be candidate for office of state representative and subsequently establishes candidate committee for said office, to define "state office" and to make technical changes, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; P.A. 06-137 amended Subsec. (c)(5) to add requirement re notice to be given of organization expenditure made by the committee for the benefit of a participating candidate for the office of state senator or state representative to the candidate committee of such candidate, and added new Subsec. (c)(6) re notice by candidate committee who received benefit of organization expenditure to the State Elections Enforcement Commission, redesignating existing Subdiv. (6) as Subdiv. (7), and amended Subsec. (e)(1)(A) by adding provision re surplus distribution restrictions applicable to candidate committee for a nonparticipating candidate, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; Sec. 9-333j transferred to Sec. 9-608 in 2007; P.A. 07-1 amended Subsec. (c)(3) to indicate to whom contributions are made, change "one hundred dollars" to "fifty dollars", include provision re preparation of sample form for certification by State Elections Enforcement Commission and make technical changes, effective February 8, 2007; P.A. 08-2 amended Subsec. (b)(3) to change "second Thursday" to "tenth calendar day" and amended Subsec. (c)(1)(H) to eliminate provision re statement indicating whether individual or business with which he is associated has contract with the state valued at $5,000 or more, effective April 7, 2008; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by replacing "campaign treasurer" with "treasurer", by adding provision in Subpara. (B) re candidate required to file a statement pursuant to Sec. 9-712(a)(1) and (2), by adding exception re statements filed pursuant to Sec. 9-712(a)(1) and (2) in Subpara. (C), by specifying that statement shall be complete as of eleven fifty-nine o'clock p.m. on the last day of month preceding month in which statement is required to be filed, and by changing "seven days immediately preceding" to "eleven fifty-nine o'clock p.m. of the second day immediately preceding", amended Subsec. (c) by making technical changes throughout, amended Subsec. (c)(1) by deleting former Subpara. (B) re anonymous contributions, by redesignating Subparas. (C) to (J) as Subparas. (B) to (I), by adding language re signs in Subpara. (E), by adding language re slate or town committee in Subpara. (I), and by adding exception re items purchased that do not exceed $100 cumulatively, amended Subsec. (c)(3) by replacing language re certification that contributor is not a communicator lobbyist, a communicator lobbyist's family member or a principal or prospective state contractor with Subparas. (A) to (C) re names, status and certification that contributor is not prohibited, by replacing "principal of a state contractor or principal of a prospective state contractor" with "principal of a state contractor or prospective state contractor", by adding "immediate family", "state contractor" and "prospective state contractor" re explanation of terms, by redesignating Subparas. (A) to (C) as clauses (i) to (iii), by adding language permitting retention of one certification from each contributor and by replacing "not be in violation of this subdivision" with language re complete defense, amended Subsec. (c)(5) by replacing "a participating candidate" with "any candidate", by including candidates for offices of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of the State, State Comptroller and State Treasurer and by deleting "the amount and purpose of", amended Subsec. (c)(6) by replacing language re filing a statement if benefit of an organization expenditure has been received with language re posting a link on commission's home page to a listing of organizational expenditures, amended Subsec. (d) by making technical changes, by replacing "and subsection (g) of section 9-610" with "subsection (e) of section 9-612, section 9-706 or section 9-712" and by adding provisions re when statements deemed filed in a timely manner with commission or town clerk, and amended Subsec. (e)(1) by adding provisions re purposes of Subpara. (H), by adding Subparas. (F) to (H), and by making a technical change, effective January 1, 2012, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-609. (Formerly Sec. 9-333k). Party committees; designation as campaign treasurer. Limitation on multiple committees. Fund-raising events and testimonial affairs. (a) The chairman of each party committee shall designate a campaign treasurer and may designate a deputy campaign treasurer, or in the case of a state central committee, not more than two deputy campaign treasurers. The campaign treasurer and any deputy campaign treasurers so designated shall sign a statement accepting the designation, which shall be filed with the proper authority with the statement of designation required under subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 9-602. No state central committee or town committee shall establish a committee other than a single party committee for purposes of this chapter. A party committee or a political committee organized for ongoing political activities shall form no other political committees, except that two or more such committees may join to form a political committee for the purpose of a single fund-raising event.

      (b) As used in this subsection, "testimonial affair" means an affair held in honor of an individual who holds, or who is or was a candidate for nomination or election to, an office subject to this chapter. No testimonial affair shall be held without the consent of such person. No testimonial affair shall be held for a candidate, or for an individual who holds any such office during the term of such office, except to raise funds on the candidate's behalf, or on behalf of a party committee, for purposes authorized in this chapter. A testimonial affair which is held by an organization duly organized for charitable purposes shall be exempt from the provisions of this chapter. A testimonial affair which is held for an individual upon his retirement from public office shall also be exempt from the provisions of this chapter unless a deficit exists from any such individual's campaigns for election or nomination to an office subject to this chapter. Any fund-raising affair for any candidate or individual who holds any such office for any purposes other than those authorized in this chapter shall be prohibited. Any person who organizes such a fund-raising affair shall be in violation of this section.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 12, 34; 86-240, S. 5, 12; P.A. 95-144, S. 8; P.A. 96-119, S. 9, 14; P.A. 11-48, S. 296.)

      History: P.A. 86-240 amended Subsec. (a) to permit chairman of state central committee to appoint two deputy campaign treasurers; P.A. 95-144 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision that deputy campaign treasurer or treasurers serve only in event that campaign treasurer unable to perform his duties; P.A. 96-119 added provisions in Subsec. (a) to require the designated campaign treasurer and deputy campaign treasurer to sign and file a statement accepting designation, effective January 1, 1997; Sec. 9-333k transferred to Sec. 9-609 in 2007; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing "his behalf" with "the candidate's behalf, or on behalf of a party committee", effective January 1, 2012, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 9-610. (Formerly Sec. 9-333l). Expense sharing by committees. Candidate's expenditures. Use of public funds by incumbent or for promotional campaign or advertisement. Restrictions on lobbyist contributions and solicitations. (a) Any provision of this chapter to the contrary notwithstanding, a candidate committee may join with one or more candidate committees to establish a political committee for the purpose of sponsoring one or more fund-raising events for those candidates. Any individual, other than a candidate benefited, who is eligible and qualifies to serve in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of section 9-606 may serve as the campaign treasurer or deputy campaign treasurer of such a political committee. The statements required to be filed by a political committee under this chapter shall apply to any political committee established pursuant to this subsection. After all expenses of the political committee have been paid by its campaign treasurer for each event, he shall distribute all remaining funds from such event to the campaign treasurers of each of the candidate committees which established the political committee. The distribution to each candidate committee shall be made not later than fourteen days after the event, either in accordance with a prior agreement of the candidates or, if no prior agreement was made, in equal proportions to each candidate committee. Any contribution which is made to such political committee shall, for purposes of determining compliance with the limitations imposed by this chapter, be deemed to have been made in equal proportions to each candidate's campaign unless (1) a prior agreement was made by the candidates as to the disposition of remaining funds, and (2) those who contributed to the political committee were notified of such disposition, in which case the contribution shall be deemed to have been made to each candidate's campaign in accordance with the agreement.

      (b) A candidate committee may pay its pro rata share of the expenses of operating a campaign headquarters and of preparing, printing and disseminating any political communication on behalf of that candidate and any other candidate or candidates. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 9-616, a candidate committee may reimburse a party committee for any expenditure such party committee has incurred for the benefit of such candidate committee.

      (c) A candidate may make any expenditure permitted by section 9-607 to aid or promote the success of his campaign for nomination or election from his personal funds, or the funds of his immediate family, which for the purposes of this chapter shall consist of the candidate's spouse and issue. Any such expenditure shall not be deemed a contribution to any committee.

      (d) (1) No incumbent holding office shall, during the three months preceding an election in which he is a candidate for reelection or election to another office, use public funds to mail or print flyers or other promotional materials intended to bring about his election or reelection.

      (2) No official or employee of the state or a political subdivision of the state shall authorize the use of public funds for a television, radio, movie theater, billboard, bus poster, newspaper or magazine promotional campaign or advertisement, which (A) features the name, face or voice of a candidate for public office, or (B) promotes the nomination or election of a candidate for public office, during the twelve-month period preceding the election being held for the office which the candidate described in this subdivision is seeking.

      (3) As used in subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection, "public funds" does not include any grant or moneys paid to a qualified candidate committee from the Citizens' Election Fund under this chapter.

      (e) For purposes of this subsection and subsection (f) of this section, the exclusions to the term "contribution" in subsection (b) of section 9-601a shall not apply; the term "state office" means the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer or Secretary of the State; and the term "state officer" means the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer or Secretary of the State. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter to the contrary, during any regular session of the General Assembly, during any special session of the General Assembly held between the adjournment of the regular session in an odd-numbered year and the convening of the regular session in the following even-numbered year or during any reconvened session of the General Assembly held in an odd-numbered year to reconsider vetoed bills, (1) no lobbyist or political committee established by or on behalf of a lobbyist shall make or offer to make a contribution to or on behalf of, and no lobbyist shall solicit a contribution on behalf of, (A) a candidate or exploratory committee established by a candidate for nomination or election to the General Assembly or a state office, or (B) a political committee (i) established for an assembly or senatorial district, (ii) established by a member of the General Assembly or a state officer or such member or officer's agent, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, any such member, officer or agent, or (iii) controlled by such member, officer or agent, to aid or promote the nomination or election of any candidate or candidates to the General Assembly or a state office, and (2) no such candidate or political committee shall accept such a contribution. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to a candidate committee established by a member of the General Assembly or a candidate for nomination or election to the General Assembly, at a special election for the General Assembly, from the date on which the candidate or the chairman of the committee files the designation of a campaign treasurer and a depository institution under section 9-602 with the State Elections Enforcement Commission, to the date on which the special election is held, inclusive, or to an exploratory committee established by a member of the General Assembly to promote his candidacy for an office other than the General Assembly.

      (f) (1) A political committee established by two or more individuals under subparagraph (B) of subdivision (3) of section 9-601, other than a committee established solely for the purpose of aiding or promoting any candidate or candidates for municipal office or the success or defeat of a referendum question, shall be subject to the prohibition on acceptance of lobbyist contributions under subsection (e) of this section unless the campaign treasurer of the committee has filed a registration statement as described in subsection (b) of section 9-605 with the State Elections Enforcement Commission, on or before November 15, 2012, for all such political committees in existence on such date, or, if the committee is not in existence on such date, not later than ten days after the organization of the committee pursuant to subsection (a) of section 9-605, and on or before November fifteenth of each even-numbered year thereafter. Such statements shall be filed even if there are no changes, additions or deletions to the registration statement previously filed with the commission.

      (2) A political committee established for ongoing political activities and required pursuant to subsection (a) of section 9-603 to file statements with the commission shall be subject to the prohibition on making contributions under subsection (e) of this section unless the campaign treasurer of the committee has filed a registration statement as described in subsection (b) of section 9-605 with the commission, on forms prescribed by the commission, on or before November 15, 2012, for all such political committees in existence on such date, or, if the committee is not in existence on such date, not later than ten days after the organization of the committee pursuant to subsection (a) of section 9-605, and on or before November fifteenth of each even-numbered year thereafter. Such statements shall be filed even if there are no changes, additions or deletions to the registration statement previously filed with the commission.

      (3) The commission shall prepare a list of all such committees subject to the prohibitions under subsection (e) of this section, based upon an evaluation of registrations filed pursuant to this subsection and subsection (b) of section 9-605. Such list shall be available prior to the opening of each regular session of the General Assembly, and shall provide a copy of the list to the president pro tempore of the Senate, the speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the Senate, the minority leader of the House of Representatives and each state officer. During each such regular session, the commission shall prepare a supplemental list of committees that register after November fifteenth and are subject to such prohibitions, and the commission shall provide the supplemental list to such legislative leaders and state officers. The filing of the registration statement by the campaign treasurer of the committee shall not impair the authority of the commission to act under section 9-7b. Any lobbyist or campaign treasurer who acts in reliance on such lists in good faith shall have an absolute defense in any action brought under subsection (e) and this subsection, subsection (c) of section 9-604, and subsection (f) of section 9-608.

      (g) No communicator lobbyist, member of the immediate family of a communicator lobbyist, or political committee established or controlled by a communicator lobbyist or a member of the immediate family of a communicator lobbyist shall make a contribution or contributions in excess of one hundred dollars to, or for the benefit of (1) an exploratory committee or a candidate committee established by a candidate for nomination or election to the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer, Secretary of the State, state senator or state representative, (2) a political committee established or controlled by any such candidate, (3) a legislative caucus committee or a legislative leadership committee, or (4) a party committee.

      (h) On and after January 1, 2011, no communicator lobbyist, immediate family member of a communicator lobbyist, agent of a communicator lobbyist, or political committee established or controlled by a communicator lobbyist or any such immediate family member or agent shall knowingly solicit from any individual who is a member of the board of directors of, an employee of or a partner in, or who has an ownership interest of five per cent or more in, any client lobbyist that the communicator lobbyist lobbies on behalf of pursuant to the communicator lobbyist's registration under chapter 10 (1) a contribution on behalf of a candidate committee or an exploratory committee established by a candidate for the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer, Secretary of the State, state senator or state representative, a political committee established or controlled by any such candidate, a legislative caucus committee, a legislative leadership committee or a party committee, or (2) the purchase of advertising space in a program for a fund-raising affair sponsored by a town committee, as described in subparagraph (B) of subdivision (10) of subsection (b) of section 9-601a.

      (i) No communicator lobbyist or agent of such lobbyist, or member of the immediate family of a communicator lobbyist shall bundle contributions to, (1) an exploratory committee or a candidate committee established by a candidate for nomination or election to the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer, Secretary of the State, state senator or state representative, (2) a political committee established or controlled by any such candidate, (3) a legislative caucus committee or a legislative leadership committee, or (4) a party committee.

      (j) The provisions of subsections (g), (h) and (i) of this subsection shall not apply to the campaign of a communicator lobbyist, immediate family member of a communicator lobbyist or agent of a communicator lobbyist who is a candidate for public office or to an immediate family member of a communicator lobbyist who is an elected public official.

      (k) Any person who violates any provision of subsections (g), (h) and (i) of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty, imposed by the State Elections Enforcement Commission, of not more than five thousand dollars or twice the amount of any contribution donated, solicited or bundled in violation of subsection (g), (h) or (i) of this section, whichever is greater.

      (P.A. 86-99, S. 13, 34; P.A. 90-267, S. 1 P.A. 91-351, S. 12, 28; P.A. 93-251, S. 1, 5; P.A. 94-132, S. 10; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5, S. 10, 14, 19; P.A. 99-12, S. 2, 3; P.A. 03-223, S. 8; 03-241, S. 63; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 27-29; P.A. 06-137, S. 24, 25; P.A. 08-2, S. 8, 9; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 9; P.A. 11-139, S. 5; 11-173, S. 55.)

      History: P.A. 90-267 added Subsec. (e) re prohibitions on certain contributions and the soliciting of such contributions by lobbyists and political committees established by or on behalf of lobbyists, and Subsec. (f) re the implementation of such prohibitions; P.A. 91-351 amended Subsec. (a) to allow political committee to be established for one or more fund-raising events instead of a single event; P.A. 93-251 amended Subsec. (e) to provide that exclusions to term "contribution" in Sec. 9-333b(b) shall not apply for purposes of Subsecs. (e) and (f), amended Subsec. (f) to require that secretary prescribe political committee certification forms by November 15, 1994, instead of December 1, 1990, that certifications be filed by November fifteenth biennially instead of December first annually, that secretary provide political committee registration reports and copies of registrations and certifications to commission and that commission prepare supplemental list of committees registering after November fifteenth instead of December first, and added Subsec. (g) re lobbyist statements, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-132 deleted Subsec. (g)(1) which had required statement to include name and address of persons on whose behalf one was a lobbyist and renumbered Subdivs. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2); June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-5 amended Subsec. (e) by defining "state office" and "state officer" and applied provisions of Subsecs. (e) and (f) to state officers, effective July 1, 1997, and amended Subsec. (g)(1) by repealing reporting of ticket purchases in connection with fund-raising events, effective July 1, 1997, and applicable to elections and primaries held on or after January 1, 1998; P.A. 99-12 amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and adding Subdiv. (2) prohibiting authorization of use of public funds for candidate promotional campaigns or advertisements, effective January 1, 2000; P.A. 03-223 amended Subsec. (a) to require distribution of funds to be made to each candidate committee not later than 14 days after the event, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 03-241 amended Subsec. (d)(2) by inserting "movie theater, billboard, bus poster," and by making a technical change, effective July 1, 2003; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 amended Subsec. (d)(2) by changing "five-month" to "twelve-month" and added Subsec. (d)(3) re exclusion from term "public funds", effective January 1, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date, and amended Subsec. (g) by deleting definition of "immediate family" and changing "Secretary of the State" to "State Elections Enforcement Commission", and added Subsecs. (h) and (i) prohibiting contributions by communicator lobbyists, their immediate family members and political committees established or controlled by communicator lobbyists or such immediate family members, and prohibiting solicitations by such lobbyists, family members and political committees and agents of such lobbyists and political committees established or controlled by such agents, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; P.A. 06-137 amended Subsec. (i) to designate Subdiv. (2) as new Subsec. (j) re exceptions to prohibition, inserting therein "or to an immediate family member of a communicator lobbyist who is an elected public official", and Subdiv. (3) as new Subsec. (k) re civil penalty for violation of prohibition, inserting therein "donated or", and made technical changes, effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date, and further amended section to delete former Subsec. (g) and redesignate Subsecs. (h) to (k), inclusive, as Subsecs. (g) to (j), inclusive, and make technical changes, effective October 1, 2007; Sec. 9-333l transferred to Sec. 9-610 in 2007; P.A. 08-2 amended Subsec. (h) to designate existing provisions re contribution solicitation as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re purchase of advertising space in program for a fund-raising affair sponsored by a town committee, effective April 7, 2008, and amended Subsecs. (e) and (f) to change references from "lobbyist" to "client lobbyist" and "Secretary of the State" to "State Elections Enforcement Commission" and, in Subsec. (f), to replace "on behalf of" with "controlled by" and "1994" with "2008" and eliminate requirement for Secretary of the State to provide political committee registration report to State Elections Enforcement Commission, effective October 1, 2008; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsecs. (e) and (f) by replacing references to client lobbyists with references to lobbyists, amended Subsec. (g) by permitting contributions by communicator lobbyists that do not exceed $100, amended Subsec. (h) by eliminating prohibition on solicitation and adding solicitation restrictions effective on and after January 1, 2011, added new Subsec. (i) prohibiting bundling, redesignated existing Subsecs. (i) and (j) as Subsecs. (j) and (k) and added references to bundling and Subsec. (i) therein, and made technical changes in Subsecs. (d) and (h), effective August 13, 2010; P.A. 11-139 made a technical change in Subsec. (e), effective July 8, 2011; P.A. 11-173 amended Subsec. (f) by dividing existing provisions into Subdivs. (1) to (3) and by making technical changes, amended Subsec. (f)(1) and (3) by replacing language re certification with language re registration and amended Subsec. (f)(2) by adding language re filing of statements, effective July 13, 2011.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)