OLR Bill Analysis

sHB 5394

AN ACT CONCERNING SMOKE AND CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS AND ALARMS IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS.

SUMMARY:

This bill requires all one-family dwellings, instead of only those issued new occupancy building permits after on or after October 1, 1978, to be equipped with smoke detection and warning equipment. It also requires all one- and two-family dwellings, instead of only those issued new occupancy building permits on or after October 1, 2005, to be equipped with carbon monoxide (CO) detection and warning equipment, unless they do not contain a fuel burning appliance, fireplace, or attached garage. (Under the state Fire Safety Code, post 2005 buildings also do not have to meet the CO detection requirement if they do not contain a fuel burning appliance, fireplace, or attached garage. )

The bill requires building owners to install the equipment, as applicable, in the basement and on each level of a building used for human occupancy, as follows: outside in the immediate vicinity of each separate sleeping area and on the ceiling of each stairway between levels.

The bill requires CO and smoke detectors in any residential building while it undergoes interior construction or alteration under a building permit.

It also set standards the equipment must meet, which are the same as those set in regulations for existing dwellings.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2012

BUILDINGS UNDERGOING REPAIRS

The bill establishes CO and smoke detection requirements for residential buildings occupied during interior alterations, additions, or construction requiring a building permit. It requires, while work is in progress, installation of a battery-operated (1) smoke detector and (2) if there is a combustion source present, CO detector in the vicinity of the work area.

EQUIPMENT STANDARDS

The bill requires CO and smoke detectors to be tested and certified under standards issued by the American National Standards Institute and Underwriters Laboratories. They (1) may be powered solely by battery, (2) may be installed as separate devices or as a single device providing protection from both CO and smoke, and (3) must be readily available at retail.

COMMITTEE ACTION

Public Safety and Security Committee

Joint Favorable Substitute

Yea

18

Nay

5

(03/15/2012)