CHAPTER 325
DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTION

Table of Contents

Sec. 18-78. Composition of department.
Sec. 18-78a. Applicability of Uniform Administrative Procedure Act to department. Exceptions.
Sec. 18-78b. Victim Services Unit. Duties and responsibilities.
Sec. 18-79. Council of Correction.
Sec. 18-80. Commissioner.
Sec. 18-81. Duties of commissioner.
Sec. 18-81a. Habeas corpus for person in custody of commissioner.
Sec. 18-81b. Informational and educational experiences for the public.
Sec. 18-81c. Connecticut Prison Association: Office space and telephone service.
Sec. 18-81d. Medical and dental treatment of inmates under age of eighteen.
Sec. 18-81e. Notification of victim of release of inmate from correctional facility.
Sec. 18-81f. Notification of municipal official concerning status of temporary detention facility.
Sec. 18-81g. (Formerly Sec. 17a-645). Community-based treatment facility for female offenders.
Sec. 18-81h. Public safety committees established in municipalities with correctional facilities. Report.
Sec. 18-81i. Storage of weapons.
Sec. 18-81j. Annual notification of municipal official in municipalities with correctional facilities concerning capacity and inmate population in facility.
Sec. 18-81k. Maintenance of good relations between department and communities surrounding correctional facilities.
Sec. 18-81l. Criminal history records checks of correctional personnel.
Sec. 18-81m. Notification re existence of standing criminal protective order upon release.
Sec. 18-81n. Notification of municipal official concerning agreement for medical care of inmates.
Sec. 18-81o. Notification of municipal official and public safety committee concerning agreement for placement of persons in correctional facility.
Sec. 18-81p. Review of substance abuse detoxification and treatment programs. Reintegration of drug-dependent inmates into community.
Sec. 18-81q. Return of unused prescription drugs dispensed in correctional facilities to vendor pharmacies. Requirements. Regulations.
Sec. 18-81r. Ombudsman services.
Sec. 18-81s. Pilot program for debit account telephone system.
Sec. 18-81t. Quarterly report on disciplinary reports, inmate assaults, workers' compensation claims and inmate population density for each correctional facility.
Sec. 18-81u. Use of computer with Internet access by certain inmates prohibited.
Sec. 18-81v. Procedures for conducting metal detector searches of visitors.
Sec. 18-81w. Development and implementation of reentry strategy.
Sec. 18-81x. Funds for inmate educational services and reentry program initiatives.
Sec. 18-81y. Lost property board.
Sec. 18-81z. Development of risk assessment strategy.
Sec. 18-81aa. Secure video connections for parole release hearings.
Sec. 18-82. Administrators of correctional institutions: Appointment, removal and qualifications.
Sec. 18-83. Acceptance of bequests, devises and gifts.
Sec. 18-84. "Inmate" and "prisoner" defined.
Sec. 18-84a. Discharge savings accounts. Regulations.
Sec. 18-85. Compensation of inmates. Deposit in inmate's account. Disbursement priorities.
Sec. 18-85a. Assessment of inmates for costs of incarceration. State's claim against inmate's property for repayment of costs of incarceration. Exempt property. Regulations.
Sec. 18-85b. State's claim against proceeds of person's cause of action or person's inheritance for repayment of costs of incarceration.
Sec. 18-85c. State's claim against person's estate for repayment of costs of incarceration.
Sec. 18-86. Transfers between institutions of department.
Sec. 18-86a. Contracts with other states for confinement of Connecticut inmates.
Sec. 18-86b. Contracts with governmental and private vendors for supervision of state inmates outside the state.
Sec. 18-86c. Contracts re release of inmates.
Sec. 18-87. Transfers to other state institutions and to the Commissioner of Children and Families.
Secs. 18-87a to 18-87f. Contracts with private agencies for: Halfway house handling of prerelease inmates; reentry services for paroled or discharged offenders. Early release: Pretrial inmates; sentenced inmates. Prison overcrowding emergency: Definitions; construction program, release of prisoners.
Secs. 18-87g and 18-87h.
Sec. 18-87i. Emergency correctional facility projects and large increases in correctional facility inmate populations: Notices, negotiated agreements between state and municipalities, arbitration.
Sec. 18-87j. Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission.
Sec. 18-87k. Powers and duties of commission.
Sec. 18-87l. New Haven Armory not to be used to house prisoners or other detainees.
Sec. 18-87m. Alternatives to Incarceration Advisory Committee: Membership, duties, report. Commissioner to implement alternatives to incarceration initiatives to reduce prison population.
Sec. 18-88. (Formerly Sec. 18-14). Industrial activities. State agencies required to purchase necessary products from institution industries. Retail hobby stores.
Sec. 18-88a. Correction Industries Revolving Fund, charge for fringe benefits prohibited.
Sec. 18-89. (Formerly Sec. 18-9). Contracts for labor; public institutions.
Sec. 18-90. (Formerly Sec. 18-10). Prisoners; employment restricted.
Sec. 18-90a. Employment of inmates.
Sec. 18-90b. Pilot program for inmate labor in private industry.
Sec. 18-90c. Investigation of certain inmates re child support orders and arrearages.
Sec. 18-91. (Formerly Sec. 18-16). Use of correctional institutions by United States. Removal of inmates to federal institutions.
Sec. 18-91a. International transfer or exchange of prisoners.
Sec. 18-92. Expiration of term on Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday.
Sec. 18-93. Rules re clothing, transportation, grants and loans to discharged persons.
Sec. 18-94. (Formerly Sec. 17-16). Retention of diseased inmates in correctional or charitable institutions.
Sec. 18-95. (Formerly Sec. 17-18). Compensation for injuries of inmates of state correctional and reformatory institutions.
Sec. 18-96. (Formerly Sec. 18-22). Proceedings on discharge of mentally ill prisoners.
Sec. 18-96a. Consideration of psychiatrist diagnosis in assessment of and providing mental health services to inmate with a mental illness. Mental health issues training for custodial staff. Agency collaboration re assistance to inmate with a mental illness upon release. Report re mental health services.
Sec. 18-97. Confinement under a mittimus: Presentence confinement credit prior to July 1, 1981.
Sec. 18-98. Confinement where bail unobtainable: Presentence confinement credit prior to July 1, 1981.
Sec. 18-98a. Deduction of time for periods of employment.
Sec. 18-98b. Outstandingly meritorious performance award.
Sec. 18-98c. Good conduct credit for presentence confinement prior to July 1, 1981.
Sec. 18-98d. Credit for presentence confinement.
Sec. 18-99. Camp for community correctional center, Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire, and School for Boys inmates.
Sec. 18-99a. Creation and administration of school district within the Department of Correction. Unified School District #1.
Sec. 18-99b. Powers of district. Cooperation with federal government.
Sec. 18-100. Work-release and education-release programs. Transfer to correctional institution, halfway house, group home, mental health facility or community or private residence.
Secs. 18-100a and 18-100b. Petty cash fund for loans for work-release program. Release of prisoners to an approved community residence; eligibility.
Sec. 18-100c. Release of prisoners with definite sentences of two years or less to halfway house, group home, mental health facility or other approved community correction program.
Sec. 18-100d. Supervision of persons convicted of a crime committed on or after October 1, 1994, required until expiration of sentence.
Sec. 18-100e. Pilot zero-tolerance drug supervision program.
Sec. 18-100f. Release of certain arrested persons being held pretrial.
Sec. 18-100g. Release of aliens to immigration authorities.
Sec. 18-101. Disposition of compensation.
Sec. 18-101a. Furloughs.
Sec. 18-101b. Residential stays at correctional facilities. Continuation in programs beyond discharge date.
Sec. 18-101c. Special alternative incarceration unit. Program activities.
Sec. 18-101d. Donald T. Bergin Correctional Institution.
Sec. 18-101e. Calculation of disability retirement income for correction officers upon designation of extraordinary circumstances.
Sec. 18-101f. Prohibition against disclosure of certain employee files to inmates under the Freedom of Information Act.
Sec. 18-101g.
Sec. 18-101h. Definitions.
Sec. 18-101i. Community-based service programs established.
Sec. 18-101j. Community correction service areas established.
Sec. 18-101k. Funding.

PART I
GENERAL PROVISIONS

      Sec. 18-78. Composition of department. There is established a state Department of Correction which shall consist of all correctional institutions under its jurisdiction, the regional community services facilities and the community correctional centers.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 297; P.A. 77-614, S. 269, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 86-186, S. 15; P.A. 87-282, S. 12; P.A. 92-108; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11, S. 59, 70; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 113, 130; P.A. 01-20, S. 2; P.A. 03-106, S. 1.)

      History: 1969 act replaced jails with community correctional centers; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to department as "single budgeted agency", removed council of correction as part of department and included Connecticut Correctional Institution, Enfield in department, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 86-186 changed the name of the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Enfield to the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Enfield-Medium, added the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Enfield-Minimum and the Connecticut Correctional Center, Cheshire and changed the name of the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire; P.A. 87-282 changed the name of the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Enfield-Minimum to the Carl Robinson Correctional Institution, Enfield; P.A. 92-108 added the Daniel Webster Correctional Institution, Cheshire, the William Willard Correctional Institution, Enfield, the Hartell DWI Correctional Institution, Windsor Locks, the J. Bernard Gates Correctional Institution, Niantic, the Western Substance Abuse Treatment Correctional Institution, Newtown, and the regional community services facilities, as part of the department; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11 added "Noah" before "Daniel Webster"; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 removed board of parole as agency within the department, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 01-20 substantially revised the list of correctional institutions, correctional centers, units and offices that comprise the department; P.A. 03-106 replaced provisions specifying name and location of each correctional institution, correctional center and reception and special management unit and providing that department consists of those institutions and the community enforcement offices in Bridgeport, Hartford, New Haven, Norwich and Waterbury with provision that department consists of "all correctional institutions under its jurisdiction, the regional community services facilities and the community correctional centers".

      Cited. 158 C. 439. Cited. 171 C. 691.

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      Sec. 18-78a. Applicability of Uniform Administrative Procedure Act to department. Exceptions. (a)(1) The provisions of chapter 54 shall apply to the Department of Correction, except that in adopting regulations in regard to riot control procedures, security and emergency procedures, disciplinary action or classification the Department of Correction shall not be required to follow the procedures in sections 4-168, 4-168a, 4-168b, 4-172, 4-173, 4-174 and 4-176. The Attorney General, the legislative regulation review committee and the General Assembly, in complying with their duties in accordance with sections 4-169, 4-170 and 4-171, shall not make such regulations in regard to riot control procedures and security and emergency procedures public.

      (2) Not later than January 1, 1998, the Commissioner of Correction shall submit all regulations, as defined in section 4-166, concerning disciplinary action or classification adopted prior to October 1, 1997, to the legislative regulation review committee at the designated office of the committee, and such regulations shall be available for public inspection at said office.

      (3) The Commissioner of Correction shall submit all regulations concerning disciplinary action or classification adopted on or after October 1, 1997, to the legislative regulation review committee at the designated office of the committee not later than seven business days after the adoption thereof, and such regulations shall be available for public inspection at said office.

      (4) Any regulation, as defined in section 4-166, concerning riot control, security and emergency procedures, disciplinary action, classification or out-of-state transfers which was adopted by the Department of Correction prior to October 1, 1997, and which is otherwise valid except that such regulation was not adopted in accordance with chapter 54, is validated, and shall be deemed to have been adopted in compliance with chapter 54.

      (b) In cases involving disciplinary action, classifications and out-of-state transfers, the Department of Correction shall not be required to follow the procedures of sections 4-176e to 4-182, inclusive, provided all procedural safeguards are afforded at such hearings to insure due process of law.

      (c) The Department of Correction may, in granting an opportunity for hearing requested by any prisoner or inmate pursuant to section 4-168, reasonably restrict the time, location and frequency of such hearings.

      (P.A. 74-177, S. 1-3; P.A. 88-317, S. 77, 107; P.A. 97-168.)

      History: P.A. 88-317 amended references in Subsec. (a) to Ch. 54 and Secs. 4-168, 4-172, 4-173, 4-174 and 4-176 and amended reference in Subsec. (b) to Secs. 4-177 to 4-182, to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; P.A. 97-168 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), amending said Subdiv. (1) to exempt the adoption of regulations in regard to "security and emergency procedures, disciplinary action or classification" from the specified statutory procedures, add the reference to Sec. 4-168b and provide that the prohibition on making the regulations public is applicable to regulations "in regard to riot control procedures and security and emergency procedures", adding new Subdiv. (2) to require the submission of regulations concerning disciplinary action or classification adopted prior to October 1, 1997, to the legislative regulation review committee, adding new Subdiv. (3) to require the submission of regulations concerning disciplinary action or classification adopted on or after October 1, 1997, to the legislative regulation review committee, and adding new Subdiv. (4) to validate regulations concerning riot control, security and emergency procedures, disciplinary action, classification or out-of-state transfers adopted prior to October 1, 1997.

      Cited. 171 C. 691.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 186 C. 153.


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      Sec. 18-78b. Victim Services Unit. Duties and responsibilities. There is established a Victim Services Unit within the Department of Correction. The duties and responsibilities of the unit shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Receiving notices pursuant to section 54-227 from inmates applying for release or sentence reduction or review, persons applying for exemption from the registration requirements of section 54-251 and persons filing a petition for an order restricting the dissemination of registration information or removing such restriction pursuant to section 54-255, (2) receiving requests for notification from victims of crime or members of an inmate's immediate family pursuant to section 54-228, and receiving notices of changes of address from victims pursuant to said section, (3) receiving requests for notification from prosecuting officials pursuant to section 54-229, and (4) notifying persons pursuant to section 54-230a who have requested to be notified pursuant to section 54-228 or 54-229.

      (P.A. 05-146, S. 7.)

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      Sec. 18-79. Council of Correction. Section 18-79 is repealed.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 2; P.A. 74-150, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 609, 610.)

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      Sec. 18-80. Commissioner. In accordance with the provisions of sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive, the Governor shall appoint a Commissioner of Correction who shall be the administrative head of the department. Said commissioner shall be an experienced correctional administrator. He shall devote his entire time to the duties of his office.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 270, 610.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 deleted reference to consultation with council of correction, effective January 1, 1979.

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      Sec. 18-81. Duties of commissioner. The Commissioner of Correction shall administer, coordinate and control the operations of the department and shall be responsible for the overall supervision and direction of all institutions, facilities and activities of the department. The commissioner shall establish rules for the administrative practices and custodial and rehabilitative methods of said institutions and facilities in accordance with recognized correctional standards. The commissioner shall establish, develop and maintain noninstitutional, community-based service programs. The commissioner shall be responsible for the supervision of persons released on parole by the Board of Pardons and Paroles and shall act as administrator of the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision. The commissioner shall be responsible for establishing disciplinary, diagnostic, classification, treatment, vocational and academic education, research and statistics, training and development services and programs throughout the department. Subject to the provisions of chapter 67, the commissioner shall appoint such professional, technical and other personnel as may be necessary for the efficient operation of the department. The commissioner shall organize and operate interinstitutional programs for the development and training of institution and facility staffs. The commissioner shall provide for the services of such chaplains as are necessary to minister to the needs of the inmates of department institutions and facilities. The commissioner shall, within available appropriations for such purpose, arrange for provision of legal assistance of a civil nature to indigent inmates of department institutions and facilities and legal representation for such inmates before administrative boards where permitted or constitutionally required.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 5; P.A. 77-24; 77-526, S. 1, 2; 77-614, S. 271, 610; P.A. 80-200, S. 2, 7; P.A. 93-219, S. 9, 14; P.A. 04-234, S. 2, 33.)

      History: P.A. 77-24 allowed commissioner to appoint designees to act for him; P.A. 77-526 added commissioner's duty to arrange for legal assistance for indigent inmates; P.A. 77-614 deleted reference to consultation with council of correction in establishing rules, effective July 1, 1979; P.A. 80-200 required commissioner to establish, develop and maintain noninstitutional, community-based service programs; P.A. 93-219 deleted responsibility of commissioner to supervise parolees and act as administrator of the interstate compact for parole and probation supervision, reflecting transfer of said responsibilities to board of parole, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 04-234 added provision requiring commissioner to be responsible for the supervision of persons released on parole and to act as administrator of the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective June 8, 2004, and replaced Board of Parole with Board of Pardons and Paroles, effective July 1, 2004.

      See Secs. 20-14h to 20-14j, inclusive, re administration of medication in day and residential programs and facilities.

      Commissioner's extremely broad discretion under this section must be accommodated with rule that prisoner retains basic constitutional rights; habeas corpus provides only practical access of prisoner to courts. 34 CS 89.

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      Sec. 18-81a. Habeas corpus for person in custody of commissioner. Whenever any writ of habeas corpus ad testificandum or ad prosequendum or ad respondendum has been issued at the request of a prosecuting attorney or state's attorney for any person in the custody of the Commissioner of Correction, said commissioner shall either arrange to transport, produce and maintain custody of such person, or said commissioner, with the consent of another state or municipal agency, may arrange to place the person in the charge of such other state or municipal agency which will transport, produce and maintain custody of such person, to, from and at the place specified in such writ.

      (1971, P.A. 49, S. 2.)

      Cited. 229 C. 125.

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      Sec. 18-81b. Informational and educational experiences for the public. The Commissioner of Correction may provide to the public such informational and educational experiences as are consonant with the department's mission and goals and when such experiences necessitate the expending of funds said commissioner shall require the recipients of said informational and educational experiences to compensate the department.

      (P.A. 76-119.)

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      Sec. 18-81c. Connecticut Prison Association: Office space and telephone service. The Commissioner of Correction shall provide office space and telephone service for the Connecticut Prison Association.

      (P.A. 81-99.)

      See Sec. 54-131 re duties of the Connecticut Prison Association.

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      Sec. 18-81d. Medical and dental treatment of inmates under age of eighteen. (a) When he deems it in the best interest of any inmate under the age of eighteen committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Correction, the commissioner or his designee may authorize medical or dental treatment, including surgery and oral surgery, to insure the continued good health of such inmate. Any such authorization for medical treatment or surgery shall be made on the advice of a physician licensed to practice in the state under the provisions of chapter 370, except that if any such surgery is not of an emergency nature, the advice of two such physicians shall be required. Any such authorization for dental treatment or oral surgery shall be made on the advice of a dentist licensed to practice in the state under the provisions of chapter 379, except that if any such oral surgery is not of an emergency nature the advice of two such dentists shall be required.

      (b) Prior to such authorization, the commissioner shall exercise due diligence to obtain the consent of the parents or guardian of such inmate for such treatment or surgery, and in all cases shall send notice to the parents or guardian by letter to their last-known address informing them of the actions taken, of their necessity and of the outcome. In any case where the commissioner fails to notify such parents or guardian, such failure will not affect the validity of the authorization. All costs incurred for any such treatment or surgery shall be paid by the state.

      (P.A. 85-295.)

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      Sec. 18-81e. Notification of victim of release of inmate from correctional facility. (a) For the purposes of this section, "victim" includes the legal representative of the victim or a member of the deceased victim's immediate family.

      (b) Upon the release of any person from a correctional facility, whether at the scheduled termination date of a determinate sentence or prior to such date on account of the transfer of such person to a public or private nonprofit halfway house, group home or mental health facility or approved community residence pursuant to section 18-100, the reduction of such sentence due to good conduct and obedience to rules or receipt of an outstandingly meritorious performance award, or any other early release provision, the Commissioner of Correction or his designee shall notify any victim of the crime for which such person is incarcerated of such person's release if such victim has requested notification and provided the commissioner with a current address.

      (P.A. 85-566, S. 3; P.A. 88-278, S. 2; P.A. 95-152, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 88-278 added provision in Subsec. (b) re release of person prior to scheduled date as result of prison overcrowding emergency, transfer to halfway house, group home, mental health facility or community residence, reduction of sentence due to good conduct or meritorious service award or other early release provision; P.A. 95-152 amended Subsec. (b) to delete the provision re the release of a person on account of "the declaration of a prison overcrowding emergency pursuant to section 18-87f", reflecting the repeal of said section by the same public act.

      See Secs. 54-226 to 54-231, inclusive, re procedure for notification of victim when inmate seeks release or is scheduled to be released from correctional institution.

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      Sec. 18-81f. Notification of municipal official concerning status of temporary detention facility. The Commissioner of Correction or his designee shall provide written notice to the chief executive officer of any municipality not less than sixty days prior to: (1) The effective date of any new agreement or renewal of an existing agreement between the Department of Correction and a public agency concerning a temporary detention facility located in such municipality, and (2) the effective date of any new or additional terms to any existing agreement between the Department of Correction and a public agency concerning a temporary detention facility located in such municipality. The commissioner shall specify in such notice the action taken or planned under subdivision (1) or (2) of this section which necessitated the giving of such notice. For the purposes of this section, "temporary detention facility" means any correctional center, institution or facility operated for a specific period of time by the Department of Correction for the confinement of inmates or prisoners.

      (P.A. 87-538, S. 4, 5.)

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      Sec. 18-81g. (Formerly Sec. 17a-645). Community-based treatment facility for female offenders. The Department of Correction shall, within the available appropriations of the Department of Correction, establish a fifteen-bed segregated, community-based alcohol and drug treatment facility targeted solely for female offenders.

      (P.A. 89-390, S. 33, 37; P.A. 93-381, S. 23, 39.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 deleted reference to Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission, and added the words "of correction" in the phrase "within the available appropriations of the department of correction" effective July 1, 1993; Sec. 17a-645 transferred to Sec. 18-81g in 1995.

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      Sec. 18-81h. Public safety committees established in municipalities with correctional facilities. Report. (a) The Department of Correction shall establish a public safety committee in each municipality in which a correctional facility is located. Each committee shall be composed of the warden or superintendent of the correctional facility and representatives appointed by the chief elected official of the municipality. Each committee shall meet not less than quarterly to review correctional safety and security issues which affect the host municipality.

      (b) On or before November 1, 1995, and annually thereafter, each public safety committee shall submit a report to the chairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public safety which outlines issues of concern in each municipality in which a correctional facility is located and makes recommendations to mitigate such concerns.

      (P.A. 93-219, S. 12, 14; P.A. 95-251, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 93-219 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-251 amended Subsec. (b) to change report deadline from July 1, 1994, to November 1, 1995, and to require reports by public safety committees rather than Department of Correction.

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      Sec. 18-81i. Storage of weapons. (a) Any firearm, ammunition or deadly weapon owned by the Department of Correction shall be stored in a secure location on Department of Correction property.

      (b) The Commissioner of Correction shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section including, but not limited to, defining "secure location".

      (July Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 18; P.A. 01-51.)

      History: P.A. 01-51 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended it to replace requirement that any firearm, ammunition or deadly weapon "only be stored in a secure location on the grounds of a correctional facility with a security rating of level three or higher" with requirement that any such weapon "be stored in a secure location on Department of Correction property" and added Subsec. (b) re the adoption of regulations to implement section.

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      Sec. 18-81j. Annual notification of municipal official in municipalities with correctional facilities concerning capacity and inmate population in facility. On or before November 1, 1995, and annually thereafter, the Commissioner of Correction shall notify the chief elected official in each municipality in which a correctional facility is located of the actual capacity and inmate population of such facility at that time.

      (P.A. 95-251, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 18-81k. Maintenance of good relations between department and communities surrounding correctional facilities. The Commissioner of Correction shall develop a policy to ensure that the maintenance of good relations between the department and the communities surrounding correctional facilities is a high priority of the Department of Correction. The policy shall require the periodic conduct of educational programs and forums in the host communities to address the concerns of the communities.

      (P.A. 95-251, S. 5.)

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      Sec. 18-81l. Criminal history records checks of correctional personnel. The Department of Correction shall (1) require each applicant for a position that will involve direct contact with inmates to state whether such person has ever been convicted of a crime or whether criminal charges are pending against such person at the time of such person's application, and (2) require each applicant to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. The criminal history records checks required pursuant to this section shall be conducted in accordance with section 29-17a.

      (P.A. 95-251, S. 4; P.A. 96-180, S. 133, 166; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 48, 121; P.A. 01-175, S. 13, 32.)

      History: P.A. 96-180 made a technical change, effective June 3, 1996; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change, effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 01-175 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, replaced provisions re criminal history records checks conducted by the department, fingerprinting and fee with provision re state and national criminal history records checks pursuant to Sec. 29-17a, effective July 1, 2001.

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      Sec. 18-81m. Notification re existence of standing criminal protective order upon release. When any person against whom a standing criminal protective order has been issued pursuant to subsection (a) of section 53a-40e is released from confinement in a correctional institution, the Commissioner of Correction shall notify such person of the existence of the standing criminal protective order against him, the terms of the order and the penalty for violation of the order and the commissioner shall provide such person with a copy of the order. If such person is released on parole or probation, the parole or probation officer shall, at the end of such term of parole or probation, remind such person of the existence of the standing criminal protective order against him, the terms of the order and the penalty for violation of the order and the parole or probation officer shall provide such person with a copy of the order.

      (P.A. 96-228, S. 3; P.A. 10-144, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 10-144 substituted "standing criminal protective order" for "standing criminal restraining order".

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      Sec. 18-81n. Notification of municipal official concerning agreement for medical care of inmates. The Commissioner of Correction, or his designee, shall provide written notice to the chief executive officer of a municipality not less than sixty days prior to: (1) The effective date of any new agreement or renewal of an existing agreement between the Department of Correction and a public or private hospital or other health care facility located in such municipality concerning the ongoing provision of inpatient or outpatient nonemergency medical services to inmates or prisoners; and (2) the effective date of any new or additional terms to any such existing agreement. The notice required pursuant to this section shall specify the action taken or planned under subdivision (1) or (2) of this section, including security measures and procedures for cooperation with local police officials. The chief executive officer may hold a public hearing on any notice pursuant to this section, file written comments with the commissioner and designate a representative of the municipality who shall act as liaison to the department for the period of time that any agreement subject to this section remains in effect.

      (P.A. 97-245, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 18-81o. Notification of municipal official and public safety committee concerning agreement for placement of persons in correctional facility. The Commissioner of Correction or his designee shall provide written notice to the chief executive officer of a municipality and any public safety committee established pursuant to section 18-81h not less than sixty days prior to: (1) The effective date of any new agreement or renewal of an existing agreement between the Department of Correction and any public agency other than a state agency concerning the placement, custody or care in a correctional facility in such municipality of persons under the jurisdiction of such agency, and (2) the effective date of any new or additional terms to any such existing agreement. The notice required pursuant to this section shall specify the action planned under subdivision (1) or (2) of this section, including security measures and procedures for cooperation with local police officials. The chief executive officer or public safety committee may hold a public hearing on any notice provided pursuant to this section and may file written comments with the commissioner.

      (P.A. 97-245, S. 4.)

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      Sec. 18-81p. Review of substance abuse detoxification and treatment programs. Reintegration of drug-dependent inmates into community. The Commissioner of Correction, in consultation with the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services and the Judicial Department, shall review, evaluate and make recommendations concerning substance abuse detoxification and treatment programs for drug-dependent pretrial and sentenced inmates of correctional facilities and the reintegration of such inmates into the community. The commissioner shall examine various options for the detoxification and treatment of drug-dependent inmates including, but not limited to, methadone maintenance treatment and other therapies or treatments, and the reintegration of drug-dependent inmates into the community upon their release from incarceration, including the transfer of inmates to community-based methadone or other therapy or treatment programs. The commissioner shall report his findings and recommendations and submit a proposal for detoxification, treatment and reintegration programs including, if appropriate, the establishment of one or more pilot programs for methadone maintenance or other therapy or treatment for drug-dependent inmates to the General Assembly not later than February 1, 1998.

      (P.A. 97-248, S. 2, 12.)

      History: P.A. 97-248 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 18-81q. Return of unused prescription drugs dispensed in correctional facilities to vendor pharmacies. Requirements. Regulations. (a) Each correctional institution shall return to the vendor pharmacy which shall accept, for repackaging and reimbursement to the Department of Correction, drug products that were dispensed to a patient and not used if such drug products are (1) prescription drug products that are not controlled substances, (2) sealed in individually packaged units, (3) returned to the vendor pharmacy within the recommended period of shelf life for the purpose of redispensing such drug products, (4) determined to be of acceptable integrity by a licensed pharmacist, and (5) oral and parenteral medication in single-dose sealed containers approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration, topical or inhalant drug products in units of use containers approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration or parenteral medications in multiple-dose sealed containers approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration from which no doses have been withdrawn.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section:

      (1) If such drug products are packaged in manufacturer's unit-dose packages, such drug products shall be returned to the vendor pharmacy for redispensing and reimbursement to the Department of Correction if such drugs may be redispensed for use before the expiration date, if any, indicated on the package.

      (2) If such drug products are repackaged in manufacturer's unit-dose or multiple-dose blister packs, such drug products shall be returned to the vendor pharmacy for redispensing and reimbursement to the Department of Correction if (A) the date on which such drug product was repackaged, such drug product's lot number and expiration date are indicated clearly on the package of such repackaged drug; (B) ninety days or fewer have elapsed from the date of repackaging of such drug product; and (C) a repackaging log is maintained by the pharmacy in the case of drug products repackaged in advance of immediate needs.

      (3) No drug products dispensed in a bulk dispensing container may be returned to the vendor pharmacy.

      (c) The Department of Correction shall establish procedures for the return of unused drug products to the vendor pharmacy from which such drug products were purchased.

      (d) The Department of Correction shall reimburse to the vendor pharmacy the reasonable cost of services incurred in the operation of this section, as determined by the Commissioner of Correction.

      (e) The Department of Consumer Protection, in consultation with the Department of Correction, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, which shall govern the repackaging and labeling of drug products returned pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section. The Department of Consumer Protection shall implement the policies and procedures necessary to carry out the provisions of this section until January 1, 2003, while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures in regulation form, provided notice of intent to adopt the regulations is published in the Connecticut Law Journal within twenty days after implementation.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 27, 131; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(d); P.A. 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Department of Consumer Protection with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-81r. Ombudsman services. Section 18-81r is repealed, effective May 7, 2010.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 76, 131; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 105; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 60; P.A. 06-196, S. 145; P.A. 10-179, S. 158.)

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      Sec. 18-81s. Pilot program for debit account telephone system. The Commissioner of Correction shall establish a pilot program to allow an option, to be made available to inmates of a unit under said commissioner's control, for payment of telephone service by use of a debit account system or other similar system, in lieu of collect calls, under which funds may be deposited into an inmate's account in order to pay for station-to-station telephone service for such inmate. Said commissioner shall post notice of such option to the inmates and their families. The commissioner, in consultation with the Chief Information Officer of the state, shall make every effort to have a pilot program for a debit account system, or similar system, in place not later than June 3, 2004.

      (P.A. 02-104, S. 1; P.A. 03-106, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 02-104 effective June 3, 2002; P.A. 03-106 extended the date by which the pilot program should be in place from "within one year of June 3, 2002" to "not later than June 3, 2004", effective June 18, 2003.

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      Sec. 18-81t. Quarterly report on disciplinary reports, inmate assaults, workers' compensation claims and inmate population density for each correctional facility. (a) Not later than thirty days after September 30, 2009, and not later than thirty days after the close of each calendar quarter of each fiscal year thereafter, the Commissioner of Correction shall submit, to the Governor and to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the judiciary and labor and public employees, a report containing: (1) The number of inmate disciplinary reports for each correctional facility filed during such calendar quarter; (2) the number of inmate assaults on custodial staff reported for each correctional facility during such calendar quarter; (3) the number of inmate assaults on other inmates reported for each correctional facility during such calendar quarter; (4) the number of workers' compensation claims filed by custodial staff for each correctional facility during such calendar quarter; (5) the average number of inmates for each correctional facility during such calendar quarter; (6) the average number of permanent beds for each correctional facility during such calendar quarter; and (7) the inmate population density for each correctional facility during such calendar quarter. Said committees may hold a public hearing on any such report.

      (b) If, during any calendar quarter, (1) the number of disciplinary reports, assaults or workers' compensation claims reported in accordance with subsection (a) of this section has increased by more than five per cent from the number of such disciplinary reports, assaults or workers' compensation claims reported for the preceding calendar quarter or for the same calendar quarter of the preceding fiscal year, or (2) the inmate population density for a correctional facility reported in accordance with subsection (a) of this section has increased by more than ten per cent from the inmate population density reported for the preceding calendar quarter or for the same calendar quarter of the preceding fiscal year, the commissioner shall include in the report submitted in accordance with subsection (a) of this section an explanation for such increase and a general description of the measures to be taken by the Department of Correction to address such increase.

      (c) For the purposes of this section, "inmate population density" means the average number of inmates for a correctional facility divided by the average number of permanent beds for such correctional facility.

      (P.A. 04-146, S. 1; P.A. 09-39, S. 1; P.A. 10-36, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-146 effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 09-39 amended Subsec. (a) to change "June 30, 2005" to "June 30, 2009", require in Subdivs. (1) to (4) that the numbers reported be "for each correctional facility", add Subdivs. (5), (6) and (7) re average number of inmates, average number of permanent beds and inmate population density, and make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to designate existing provision re increase in disciplinary reports, assaults or workers' compensation claims as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re increase in inmate population density, and added Subsec. (c) to define "inmate population density", effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 10-36 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute "September 30, 2009" for "the close of the first calendar quarter of the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009" re due date and, in Subdiv. (1), replace "disciplinary reports" with "inmate disciplinary reports", effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 18-81u. Use of computer with Internet access by certain inmates prohibited. The Commissioner of Correction shall prohibit any person who has been convicted of a crime that requires registration pursuant to chapter 969 from using a computer with Internet access while such person is in the custody of the commissioner and confined in a correctional facility.

      (P.A. 04-139, S. 13; 04-257, S. 126.)

      History: P.A. 04-139 effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 04-257 replaced prohibition of "having access to a computer" with "using a computer with Internet access", effective June 14, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-81v. Procedures for conducting metal detector searches of visitors. (a) The Commissioner of Correction shall ensure that the following procedures are implemented at each correctional institution in the state:

      (1) Any visitor who activates a walk-through metal detector shall be given the opportunity to submit to a search with a portable or hand-held metal detector in order to gain entrance into the correctional institution. If the visitor consents to a search with a portable or hand-held metal detector, the visitor shall be escorted by a correction officer of the same sex to a separate room, restroom or other private location within the correctional institution, where the visitor shall first remove any object or article of clothing that activated the walk-through metal detector and then submit to a portable or hand-held metal detector search. If the portable or hand-held metal detector is not activated during such search, the visitor shall be allowed to reapply the object or article of clothing that activated the walk-through metal detector before exiting the separate room, restroom or other private location where the portable or hand-held metal detector search is conducted and shall be allowed to enter the correctional institution. If the portable or hand-held metal detector is activated during such search, the visitor shall be escorted out of the correctional institution.

      (2) Any visitor who consents to a portable or hand-held metal detector search pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection in order to visit an inmate of the correctional institution shall be afforded the entire time allotted for such visit, commencing from the time such search is completed and the visitor is cleared for entrance into the correctional institution, except that (A) this subdivision shall not be construed to require a correctional institution to extend or change its regular visiting hours, and (B) the amount of time afforded to any such visitor shall be reduced by the amount of time the visitor is late in arriving for a scheduled visit at the correctional facility.

      (b) For purposes of this section, "correctional institution" means the facilities defined in section 1-1 and any other correctional facility established by the Commissioner of Correction.

      (P.A. 04-162, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-162 effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-81w. Development and implementation of reentry strategy. (a) The Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management shall develop and implement a comprehensive reentry strategy that provides a continuum of custody, care and control for offenders who are being supervised in the community, especially those offenders who have been discharged from the custody of the Department of Correction, and assists in maintaining the prison population at or under the authorized bed capacity. The reentry strategy shall support the rights of victims, protect the public and promote the successful transition of offenders from incarceration to the community by (1) maximizing any available period of community supervision for eligible and suitable offenders, (2) identifying and addressing barriers to the successful transition of offenders from incarceration to the community, (3) ensuring sufficient criminal justice resources to manage offender caseloads, (4) identifying community-based supervision, treatment, educational and other services and programs that are proven to be effective in reducing recidivism among the population served by such services and programs, and (5) establishing employment initiatives for offenders through public and private services and partnerships by reinvesting any savings achieved through a reduction in prison population.

      (b) The success of the reentry strategy shall be measured by: (1) The rates of recidivism and community revictimization, (2) the number of inmates eligible for release on parole, transitional supervision, probation or any other release program, (3) the number of inmates who make the transition from incarceration to the community in compliance with a discharge plan, (4) prison bed capacity ratios, (5) the adequacy of the network of community-based treatment, vocational, educational, supervision and other services and programs, and (6) the reinvestment of any savings achieved through a reduction in prison population into reentry and community-based services and programs.

      (c) Not later than February 15, 2008, and annually thereafter, the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management shall submit a report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, on the success of the reentry strategy based on the measures set forth in subsection (b) of this section to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to corrections, public safety and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies.

      (P.A. 04-234, S. 2, 29; P.A. 06-193, S. 1; P.A. 07-217, S. 201.)

      History: P.A. 04-234 effective June 8, 2004, except that substitution of "Board of Pardons and Paroles" for "Board of Parole" is effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 06-193 amended Subsec. (a) to transfer responsibility for development and implementation of reentry strategy from "Departments of Correction, Mental Health and Addiction Services and Social Services and the Labor Department, the Board of Pardons and Paroles and the judicial branch" to "Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management", provide that the strategy is for "offenders who are being supervised in the community, especially those offenders who have been discharged from the custody of the Department of Correction" rather than "offenders who are discharged from the custody of the Department of Correction" and add Subdivs. (1) to (5), inclusive, re manner in which goals of reentry strategy shall be achieved and amended Subsec. (c) to transfer responsibility for submitting report from Department of Correction to Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management and change reporting date from not later than January 1, 2005, and annually thereafter, to not later than January 1, 2007, and annually thereafter, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-217 amended Subsec. (c) to change the reporting date from not later than January 1, 2007, and annually thereafter, to not later than February 15, 2008, and annually thereafter, effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 18-81x. Funds for inmate educational services and reentry program initiatives. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, and each fiscal year thereafter, the sum of $350,000 from revenue derived by the Department of Information Technology from the contract for the provision of pay telephone service to inmates of correctional facilities shall be transferred to the Department of Correction, for Other Current Expenses, for expanding inmate educational services and reentry program initiatives.

      (P.A. 06-119, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 06-119 effective July 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 18-81y. Lost property board. The Commissioner of Correction shall establish a lost property board within the Department of Correction to hear and determine any claim by an inmate of a correctional facility who seeks compensation not exceeding three thousand five hundred dollars for lost or damaged personal property. The board shall hear and determine each such claim and may, if it determines the claim is one which in equity and justice the state should pay, award damages. If the board denies a claim in whole or in part, the inmate may, not later than sixty days after such decision, present the claim to the Claims Commissioner in accordance with section 4-147. The filing of a claim with the lost property board shall toll the time limit for presenting a claim to the Claims Commissioner pursuant to section 4-148. The Commissioner of Correction shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 05-170, S. 5.)

      History: This section was originally published as Sec. 18-81x in the 2006 Supplement to the General Statutes.

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      Sec. 18-81z. Development of risk assessment strategy. The Department of Correction, the Board of Pardons and Paroles and the Court Support Services Division of the Judicial Branch shall develop a risk assessment strategy for offenders committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Correction that will (1) utilize a risk assessment tool that accurately rates an offender's likelihood to recidivate upon release from custody, and (2) identify the support programs that will best position the offender for successful reentry into the community. Such strategy shall incorporate use of both static and dynamic factors. In the development of such risk assessment strategy, the department, board and division may partner with an educational institution in this state that has expertise in criminal justice and psychiatry to evaluate risk assessment tools and customize a risk assessment tool to best meet the state's needs. On or before January 1, 2009, and annually thereafter, the department, board and division shall report to the Governor and the joint standing committee of the General Assembly on judiciary, in accordance with section 11-4a, on the development, implementation and effectiveness of such strategy.

      (Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1, S. 37.)

      History: Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 effective January 25, 2008.

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      Sec. 18-81aa. Secure video connections for parole release hearings. Not later than January 1, 2009, the Department of Correction shall provide in each correctional facility a secure video connection to the Board of Pardons and Paroles for the purpose of permitting the board to conduct parole release hearings of offenders by videoconference.

      (Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1, S. 15.)

      History: Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 effective January 25, 2008.

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      Sec. 18-82. Administrators of correctional institutions: Appointment, removal and qualifications. The Commissioner of Correction shall appoint and may remove the following administrators, all of whom shall serve at the pleasure of the commissioner and shall be exempt from the classified service: All correctional wardens, including any warden with oversight of a district, a correctional institution, parole and community services, population management, programs and treatment, security and academy training or staff development. Such wardens shall possess skill and experience in correctional administration.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 7; 1969, P.A. 300; 1971, P.A. 154, S. 3; P.A. 75-85; P.A. 77-614, S. 272, 610; P.A. 85-397; P.A. 87-282, S. 13; P.A. 94-193, S. 4; P.A. 03-90, S. 1; P.A. 07-158, S. 7.)

      History: 1969 act replaced deputy commissioners for disciplinary and treatment services and for field services with deputy commissioners of institution services and of community services, replaced State Farm and State Prison for Women with Connecticut Correctional Institution, Niantic, replaced State Prison with Connecticut Correctional Institution, Somers, replaced reformatory with Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire and jails with community correctional centers; 1971 act replaced Osborn correctional institution with Enfield correctional institution; P.A. 75-85 replaced provisions re appointment of specific deputy commissioners and re duties of deputy commissioner of women's services with statement that there shall be three deputy commissioner's; P.A. 77-614 deleted references to council of correction, removed deputy commissioners entirely and included appointment of community correctional center wardens, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 85-397 revised language re administrative heads of state correctional institutions; P.A. 87-282 deleted references to "superintendents" of institutions; P.A. 94-193 clarified the meaning of "administrative heads of state institutions" as "administrators, all of whom shall serve at the pleasure of the commissioner and shall be exempt from the classified service" and made other technical corrections for clarity; P.A. 03-90 deleted "all correctional service directors and all regional support services administrators" from list of administrators the commissioner shall appoint and may remove; P.A. 07-158 revised provisions re types of wardens appointed as administrators, effective July 1, 2007.

      Cited. 195 C. 303.

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      Sec. 18-83. Acceptance of bequests, devises and gifts. The Commissioner of Correction may accept and receive, on behalf of the department or any institution or facility thereof, any bequest or gift of personal property and, subject to section 4b-22, any devise or gift of real property made to the department or any institution thereof, and may hold and use such property for the purposes specified in such bequest, devise or gift.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 8.)

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      Sec. 18-84. "Inmate" and "prisoner" defined. The terms "inmate" and "prisoner", as used in this title and sections 54-125 to 54-129, inclusive, and 54-131, include any person in the custody of the Commissioner of Correction or confined in any institution or facility of the Department of Correction until released from such custody or control, including any person on parole.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 12; P.A. 79-194; 79-631, S. 14, 111; P.A. 82-472, S. 154, 183.)

      History: P.A. 79-194 deleted reference to Sec. 17-194a and replaced "sentenced or transferred to" with "in the custody of the commissioner ... or confined in" any institution or facility; P.A. 79-631 made technical changes; P.A. 82-472 removed the reference to Sec. 17-246.

      Cited. 45 CS 57.

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      Sec. 18-84a. Discharge savings accounts. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Correction shall require each inmate to accumulate savings to be paid to the inmate on the inmate's discharge by establishing a discharge savings account on behalf of the inmate.

      (b) For the purpose of establishing such discharge savings account, the commissioner may impose a deduction of up to ten per cent on all deposits made to the inmate's individual account, provided the commissioner (1) transfers such deduction to the inmate's discharge savings account, and (2) ceases imposition and transfer of such deduction whenever the amount in the inmate's discharge savings account is equal to one thousand dollars.

      (c) If the amount in the inmate's discharge savings account is equal to one thousand dollars, the commissioner shall impose a deduction of ten per cent on all deposits made to the inmate's individual account to the extent necessary to reimburse the state for the costs of the inmate's incarceration pursuant to section 18-85a and the regulations adopted pursuant to said section 18-85a.

      (d) Disbursement to the inmate from the inmate's discharge savings account shall be reduced by any disbursement required by sections 18-85, 18-85b, 18-85c and 18-101.

      (e) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement this section.

      (P.A. 07-158, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 07-158 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 18-85. Compensation of inmates. Deposit in inmate's account. Disbursement priorities. (a) The Commissioner of Correction, after consultation with the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall establish a schedule of compensation for services performed on behalf of the state by inmates of any institution or facility of the department. Such schedule shall recognize degrees of merit, diligence and skill in order to encourage inmate incentive and industry.

      (b) Compensation so earned shall be deposited, under the direction of the administrative head of such institution or facility, in an inmate's individual account in a savings bank or state bank and trust company in this state, and funds from such account may be transferred to the inmate's discharge savings account pursuant to section 18-84a. Any amount in such accounts shall be paid to the inmate on the inmate's discharge, except that the warden or Community Correctional Center Administrator may, while the inmate is in custody, disburse any compensation earned by such inmate in accordance with the following priorities: (1) Federal taxes due; (2) restitution or payment of compensation to a crime victim ordered by any court of competent jurisdiction; (3) payment of a civil judgment rendered in favor of a crime victim by any court of competent jurisdiction; (4) victims compensation through the criminal injuries account administered by the Office of Victim Services; (5) state taxes due; (6) support of the inmate's dependents, if any; (7) the inmate's necessary travel expense to and from work and other incidental expenses; (8) costs of such inmate's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section; and (9) payment to the clerk of the court in which an inmate of a community correctional center, held only for payment of a fine, was convicted, such portion of such compensation as is necessary to pay such fine. Any interest that accrues shall be credited to any institutional fund established for the welfare of inmates. Compensation under this section shall be in addition to any compensation received or credited under section 18-50.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 13; 1969, P.A. 297; P.A. 77-614, S. 126, 273, 610; P.A. 87-282, S. 14; P.A. 88-300, S. 1; P.A. 93-310, S. 26, 32; P.A. 04-234, S. 16; P.A. 07-158, S. 1.)

      History: 1969 act replaced jails with community correctional centers; P.A. 77-614 required consultation with commissioner of administrative services and secretary of the office of policy and management rather than with council of correction and personnel policy board; P.A. 87-282 deleted reference to "superintendent"; P.A. 88-300 amended provision re disbursement of compensation by requiring following priorities as Subdivs. (1) to (9): Federal taxes due, restitution or compensation to crime victim, payment of civil judgment, victims compensation, state taxes due, support of dependents, travel expense to and from work, costs of board and payment of fine; P.A. 93-310 changed commission on victim services to office of victim services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 04-234 amended Subdiv. (8) to replace "costs of his board as determined by the commissioner" with "costs of such inmate's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section" and made a technical change, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 07-158 inserted Subsec. designators (a) and (b), amended Subsec. (b) to substitute "compensation" for "sums", add "in an inmate's individual account" and provide that funds from such account may be transferred to the inmate's discharge savings account, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 18-85a. Assessment of inmates for costs of incarceration. State's claim against inmate's property for repayment of costs of incarceration. Exempt property. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Correction shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, concerning the assessment of inmates of correctional institutions or facilities for the costs of their incarceration.

      (b) The state shall have a claim against each inmate for the costs of such inmate's incarceration under this section, and regulations adopted in accordance with this section, for which the state has not been reimbursed. Any property owned by such inmate may be used to satisfy such claim, except property that is: (1) Exempt pursuant to section 52-352b or 52-352d, except as provided in subsection (b) of section 52-321a; (2) subject to the provisions of section 54-218; (3) acquired by such inmate after the inmate is released from incarceration, but not including property so acquired that is subject to the provisions of section 18-85b, 18-85c or 52-367c, and except as provided in subsection (b) of section 52-321a; (4) acquired by such inmate for work performed during incarceration as part of a program designated or defined in regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Correction, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, as a job training, skill development or career opportunity or enhancement program; or (5) deposited in a discharge savings account pursuant to section 18-84a, not in excess of one thousand dollars. In addition to other remedies available at law, the Attorney General, on request of the Commissioner of Correction, may bring an action in the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such claim, provided no such action shall be brought but within two years from the date the inmate is released from incarceration or, if the inmate dies while in the custody of the commissioner, within two years from the date of the inmate's death, except that such limitation period shall not apply if such property was fraudulently concealed from the state.

      (P.A. 95-235; P.A. 04-234, S. 17; P.A. 07-158, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 04-234 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) to grant the state a claim against each inmate for the unreimbursed costs of such inmate's incarceration, provide that any property owned by such inmate may be used to satisfy the claim, specify the types of property that may not be used to satisfy the claim, authorize the Attorney General to bring an action to enforce a claim and specify the time limitation on bringing such action, effective June 8, 2004, and applicable to actions or proceedings pending or commenced on or after that date; P.A. 07-158 inserted Subsec. (b)(5) re deposits in a discharge savings account, not to exceed $1,000, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 18-85b. State's claim against proceeds of person's cause of action or person's inheritance for repayment of costs of incarceration. (a) In the case of causes of action of any person obligated to pay the costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section brought by such person within twenty years from the date such person is released from incarceration, the claim of the state shall be a lien against the proceeds therefrom in the amount of the costs of incarceration or fifty per cent of the proceeds received by such person after payment of all expenses connected with the cause of action, whichever is less, for repayment under said section, and shall have priority over all other claims, including any lien of the state for repayment of public assistance, except (1) attorney's fees for the cause of action, (2) expenses of suit, (3) costs of hospitalization connected with the cause of action by whomever paid over and above hospital insurance or other such benefits, and, for such period of hospitalization as was not paid for by the state, physicians' fees for services during any such period as are connected with the cause of action over and above medical insurance or other such benefits, (4) child support obligations pursuant to subsection (d) of section 17b-93, (5) restitution or payment of compensation to a crime victim ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction, and (6) payment of a civil judgment rendered in favor of a crime victim by a court of competent jurisdiction; and such claim shall consist of the total amount of the costs of incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section. The proceeds of such causes of action shall be assignable to the state for payment of the amount due under section 18-85a, and regulations adopted in accordance with said section, irrespective of any other provision of law. The state's lien shall constitute an irrevocable direction to the attorney for such person to pay the Commissioner of Correction or the commissioner's designee in accordance with its terms, except if, after written notice from the attorney for such person informing the commissioner or the commissioner's designee of the settlement of the cause of action or judgment thereon and requesting the amount of the lien to be paid to the commissioner or the commissioner's designee, the commissioner or the commissioner's designee does not inform such attorney of the amount of the state's lien within forty-five days of receipt of the written request of such attorney for such information, such attorney may distribute such proceeds to such person and shall not be liable for any loss the state may sustain thereby.

      (b) In the case of an inheritance of an estate by any person who is obligated to pay the costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section that is received by such person within twenty years from the date such person is released from incarceration, the claim of the state shall be a lien against such inheritance in the amount of the costs of incarceration or fifty per cent of the assets of the estate payable to such person, whichever is less. The Court of Probate shall accept any such lien notice filed by the commissioner or the commissioner's designee with the court prior to the distribution of such inheritance, and to the extent of such inheritance not already distributed, the court shall order distribution in accordance therewith.

      (P.A. 01-129, S. 1, 3; P.A. 04-234, S. 18.)

      History: P.A. 01-129 effective June 28, 2001; P.A. 04-234 amended Subsec. (a) to limit the claim of the state to proceeds of a cause of action brought by such person within 20 years from the date such person is released from incarceration, added "and regulations adopted in accordance with said section" after "section 18-85a" where appearing, amended Subsec. (b) to limit the claim of the state to an inheritance that is received within 20 years from the date person is released from incarceration, replaced "inmate" with "person" where appearing and made technical changes, effective June 8, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-85c. State's claim against person's estate for repayment of costs of incarceration. Upon the death of any person obligated to pay the costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section that occurs within twenty years from the date such person is released from incarceration, the state shall have a claim against such person's estate for all costs of incarceration under the provisions of said section and such regulations for which the state has not been reimbursed, to the extent that the amount which the surviving spouse, parent or dependent children of the decedent would otherwise take from such estate is not needed for their support. Such claim shall have priority over all other unsecured claims against such estate, including any lien of the state for repayment of public assistance, except (1) expenses of last sickness not to exceed three hundred seventy-five dollars, (2) funeral and burial expenses in accordance with that allowed under section 17b-84 upon the death of a beneficiary of aid, (3) child support obligations pursuant to subsection (d) of section 17b-93, (4) restitution or payment of compensation to a crime victim ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction, (5) payment of a civil judgment rendered in favor of a crime victim by a court of competent jurisdiction, and (6) administrative expenses, including probate fees and taxes, and including fiduciary fees not exceeding the following commissions on the value of the whole estates accounted for by such fiduciaries: On the first two thousand dollars or portion thereof, five per cent; on the next eight thousand dollars or portion thereof, four per cent; on the excess over ten thousand dollars, three per cent. Upon petition by any fiduciary, the Court of Probate, after a hearing thereon, may authorize compensation in excess of the above schedule for extraordinary services. Notice of any such petition and hearing shall be given to the Commissioner of Correction at least ten days in advance of such hearing. The allowable funeral and burial payment authorized by this section shall be reduced by the amount of any prepaid funeral arrangement. Any amount paid from the estate under this section to any person that exceeds the limits provided in this section shall be repaid to the estate by such person, and such amount may be recovered in a civil action with interest at the legal rate from the date of demand.

      (P.A. 01-129, S. 2, 3; P.A. 04-234, S. 19.)

      History: P.A. 01-129 effective June 28, 2001; P.A. 04-234 limited the claim of the state to the estate of a person whose death occurs within 20 years from the date such person is released from incarceration, effective June 8, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-86. Transfers between institutions of department. The commissioner may transfer any inmate of any of the institutions or facilities of the department to any other such institution or facility, irrespective of the institution to which the inmate was originally committed or the length of his sentence, when it appears to the commissioner that the best interests of the inmate or the other inmates will be served by such action.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 14.)

      Transfer of inmate from state prison at Wethersfield to new prison at Somers and Enfield legitimized by former section 18-1. Convict sentenced to one penal institution can be transferred or taken to another with statutory or judicial authority. 156 C. 339. Cited. 195 C. 303. Cited. 196 C. 309.

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      Sec. 18-86a. Contracts with other states for confinement of Connecticut inmates. The Commissioner of Correction may enter into one or more contracts, with the appropriate official or officials of any state which is not a party to the New England Interstate Corrections Compact or the Interstate Corrections Compact, for the confinement of Connecticut inmates in correctional facilities located in such state. Any such contract shall provide for: (1) Its duration; (2) payments to be made by the state of Connecticut to the state to which the inmates are sent, for inmate maintenance, extraordinary medical and dental expenses, and any participation in or receipt by inmates of rehabilitative or correctional services, facilities, programs or treatment not reasonably included as part of normal maintenance; (3) participation in programs of inmate employment, if any, the disposition or crediting of any payments received by inmates on account thereof, and the crediting of proceeds from or disposal of any products resulting therefrom; (4) delivery and retaking of inmates; and (5) such other matters as may be necessary and appropriate to fix the obligations, responsibilities and rights of the state of Connecticut and the state to which the inmates are sent. The Commissioner of Correction shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to implement the provisions of this section. Such regulations shall include, but not be limited to, limitations on the length of time that inmates may be confined in correctional facilities of other states, the types of inmates eligible to be sent, the types of services, facilities, programs and treatment furnished by other states for which payment will be made, and limitations on the amount of payments to be made to other states to which inmates are sent.

      (P.A. 90-250, S. 1, 3.)

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      Sec. 18-86b. Contracts with governmental and private vendors for supervision of state inmates outside the state. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 18-105 to 18-107, inclusive, the Commissioner of Correction is authorized to improve the operation of the state's correctional facilities by entering into contracts with any governmental or private vendor for supervision of not more than five hundred inmates outside the state. Any such governmental or private vendor shall agree to be bound by the provisions of the Interstate Corrections Compact, and any governmental or privately-operated facility to which state inmates are transferred pursuant to a contract under this subsection shall be located in a state which has enacted and entered into the Interstate Corrections Compact.

      (b) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 18-105 to 18-107, inclusive, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, the Commissioner of Correction is authorized to improve the operation of the state's correctional facilities by entering into contracts in accordance with this subsection with any governmental or private vendor for the supervision of not more than an additional two thousand inmates outside the state.

      (2) If the governmental vendor with which the commissioner has a contract under subsection (a) of this section on August 20, 2003, for the supervision of inmates outside this state is willing to accept additional inmates for supervision, the Commissioner of Correction may, notwithstanding the provisions of section 4a-57, enter into a contract with such governmental vendor for the supervision of such number of additional inmates as such governmental vendor is willing to accept. If the commissioner does not enter into such a contract with such governmental vendor or if, after contracting for the supervision of additional inmates by such governmental vendor, the number of inmates authorized to be supervised outside this state under subdivision (1) of this subsection has not been attained, the commissioner may enter into contracts with any governmental or private vendor for the supervision of all or part of the remaining number of inmates authorized to be supervised outside this state under said subdivision (1).

      (3) Any such governmental or private vendor shall agree to be bound by the provisions of the Interstate Corrections Compact, and any governmental or privately-operated facility to which state inmates are transferred pursuant to a contract under this subsection shall be located in a state which has enacted and entered into the Interstate Corrections Compact.

      (4) Prior to entering into any contract under this subsection, the commissioner shall submit such proposed contract to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies and to the judiciary for their review and comment.

      (c) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 18-105 to 18-107, inclusive, during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2005, June 30, 2006, and June 30, 2007, the Commissioner of Correction is authorized to improve the operation of the state's correctional facilities by entering into contracts in accordance with this subsection with any governmental or private vendor for the supervision of not more than an additional one thousand inmates outside the state.

      (2) Any such governmental or private vendor shall agree to be bound by the provisions of the Interstate Corrections Compact, and any governmental or privately-operated facility to which state inmates are transferred pursuant to a contract under this subsection shall be located in a state which has enacted and entered into the Interstate Corrections Compact.

      (3) Prior to entering into any contract under this subsection, the commissioner shall submit such proposed contract to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies and to the judiciary for their review and comment.

      (d) A state inmate confined in any governmental or privately-operated facility pursuant to the terms of any contract with the state shall at all times be subject to the authority of the Commissioner of Correction who may at any time remove the inmate for transfer to a state correctional facility or other institution, for transfer to another governmental or privately-operated facility, for release on probation or parole, for discharge or for any other purpose permitted by the laws of this state.

      (P.A. 95-229; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 156; P.A. 04-234, S. 11; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 89.)

      History: June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change, added new Subsec. (b) to authorize the commissioner during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, to contract for the supervision of an additional 2,000 inmates out of state and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-234 added Subsec. (b)(4) requiring commissioner to submit a proposed contract to the appropriations and judiciary committees for their review and comment, effective June 8, 2004; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to authorize commissioner to contract for the supervision of an additional 2,000 inmates outside the state during "the fiscal year ending June 30, 2004," rather than during "the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005," added new Subsec. (c) to authorize the commissioner during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2005, June 30, 2006, and June 30, 2007, to contract for the supervision of an additional 1,000 inmates outside the state, and redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d), effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-86c. Contracts re release of inmates. Any contract entered into between the Commissioner of Correction and a provider operating a halfway house, group home, mental health facility or other community residence to which the commissioner may release inmates, shall specify whether such provider refuses to accept certain inmates and, if so, shall specify the types of inmates such provider refuses to accept.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 35, 46.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 effective July 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 18-87. Transfers to other state institutions and to the Commissioner of Children and Families. The Commissioner of Correction may transfer any inmate of any of the institutions of the Department of Correction to any other appropriate state institution with the concurrence of the superintendent of such institution or to the Department of Children and Families when the Commissioner of Correction finds that the welfare or health of the inmate requires it. When an inmate, after the expiration of his sentence, is committed to or otherwise remains in the institution to which he was transferred, the expense of his treatment and support shall be paid as provided by sections 17b-122, 17b-124 to 17b-132, inclusive, 17b-136 to 17b-138, inclusive, 17b-194 to 17b-197, inclusive, 17b-222 to 17b-250, inclusive, 17b-256, 17b-263, 17b-340 to 17b-350, inclusive, 17b-689b, and 17b-743 to 17b-747, inclusive. No transfer of any person who has attained the age of eighteen years shall be made to the Department of Children and Families. No transfer of any person who has not attained the age of eighteen years shall be made to the Department of Children and Families unless the Commissioner of Children and Families finds that such person would benefit from a transfer to the Department of Children and Families and agrees to accept such person and such person has given his written consent to such transfer. Such person transferred to the Department of Children and Families shall be deemed to be committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Children and Families. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall have the power to terminate the commitment and release such person at any time he determines such termination and release would be in such person's best interest, and shall have the power to return such person to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Correction. The transfer of any person under this section to the Department of Children and Families shall not result in the person so transferred being in the custody of the Commissioner of Correction and the Commissioner of Children and Families for a total of less than the minimum or more than the maximum term he would have been in the custody of the Commissioner of Correction had he not been so transferred.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 15; 1969, P.A. 664, S. 13; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 35; P.A. 93-91, S. 1. 2; P.A. 96-180, S. 53, 166; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 97; P.A. 04-76, S. 54; P.A. 05-288, S. 73.)

      History: 1969 act added provisions re transfers from correctional institution to department of children and youth services, required that superintendent of institution from which transfer to be made concur in decision and placed responsibility of determination of suitability of transfer on commissioner of correction rather than on wardens, superintendents or jail administrators; 1972 act forbade transfer of those reaching 18 rather than 20, reflecting changed age of majority; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 96-180 made technical grammatical change, effective June 3, 1996 (Revisor's note: The references to "17b-115 to 17b-138" and "17b-689 to 17b-693, inclusive," were changed editorially by the Revisors to "17b-116 to 17b-138" and "17b-689, 17b-689b", respectively, to reflect the repeal of certain sections by section 164 of June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, in repealing Secs. 17b-19, 17b-62 to 17b-65, inclusive, 17b-116, 17b-116a, 17b-116b, 17b-117, 17b-120, 17b-121, 17b-123, 17b-134, 17b-135, 17b-220, 17b-259 and 17b-287, authorized deletion of internal references to said subsections in this section, effective March 1, 2004; P.A. 04-76 deleted references to Secs. 17b-118b and 17b-221 that were repealed by the same act; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes, effective July 13, 2005.

      See Sec. 17a-10 re custody of committed children.

      See Sec. 17b-250 re payment of hospital expenses of inmate transferred from correctional institution.

      See Sec. 18-52a re hospitalization of prisoners for surgery or other care.

      See Sec. 18-94 re retention of diseased inmates in correctional or charitable institutions.


      Cited. 158 C. 439. Cited. 195 C. 303. Cited. 201 C. 115.

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      Secs. 18-87a to 18-87f. Contracts with private agencies for: Halfway house handling of prerelease inmates; reentry services for paroled or discharged offenders. Early release: Pretrial inmates; sentenced inmates. Prison overcrowding emergency: Definitions; construction program, release of prisoners. Sections 18-87a to 18-87f, inclusive, are repealed.

      (1972, P.A. 11, S. 1; P.A. 78-1, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-200, S. 6, 7; P.A. 80-442, S. 24, 25, 28; P.A. 81-437, S. 6, 7, 12; P.A. 82-472, S. 56, 183; P.A. 84-505, S. 1, 2, 5, 6; P.A. 87-538, S. 2, 3, 5; P.A. 88-244, S. 2; 88-317, S. 78, 107; P.A. 89-353, S. 5, 8; P.A. 95-152, S. 3.)

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      Secs. 18-87g and 18-87h. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 18-87i. Emergency correctional facility projects and large increases in correctional facility inmate populations: Notices, negotiated agreements between state and municipalities, arbitration. Section 18-87i is repealed, effective October 1, 1999.

      (P.A. 89-353, S. 7, 8; P.A. 99-75, S. 13.)

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      Sec. 18-87j. Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission. There is established a Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission which shall be within the Office of Policy and Management for administrative purposes only. The commission shall consist of the undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management, the Chief Court Administrator, the Commissioner of Correction, the Commissioner of Public Safety, the Chief State's Attorney, the Chief Public Defender, the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services and the chairperson of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, or their designees, the executive director of the Court Support Services Division or other designee of the Chief Court Administrator and the following members, each of whom shall be appointed by the Governor: Three government officials, a police chief, two persons representing offender and victim services within the private community and two public members. In addition, the Labor Commissioner and the Commissioner of Social Services, or their designees, shall be members of the commission with authority to deliberate and vote on matters concerning employment and entitlement programs available to adult and juvenile offenders who are reentering the community, and the Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Education, or their designees, shall be members of the commission with authority to participate and vote on matters concerning juvenile justice. The undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division shall serve as chairperson of the commission. The commission shall meet at such times as it deems necessary.

      (P.A. 81-437, S. 1, 12; P.A. 82-472, S. 168, 183; P.A. 84-27, S. 2; P.A. 02-132, S. 11; P.A. 04-234, S. 2, 14; P.A. 05-249, S. 5; P.A. 06-193, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 82-472 made a technical change by eliminating the director of the justice commission from the commission on prison and jail overcrowding and adding one more government official; P.A. 84-27 deleted the requirement that the commission meet at least once each month; P.A. 02-132 replaced "the Chief Bail Commissioner" with "the executive director of the Court Support Services Division" and made technical changes; P.A. 04-234 added the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services and the chairperson of the Board of Parole as members of the commission and authorized the designees of those individuals and of the Commissioner of Correction and the Commissioner of Public Safety to serve, effective June 8, 2004, and replaced Board of Parole with Board of Pardons and Paroles, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-249 added the undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division within the Office of Policy and Management as a member of the commission and replaced provision requiring the Governor to appoint a chairperson from among the members of the commission with provision requiring said undersecretary to serve as chairperson, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-193 changed name of Commission on Prison and Jail Overcrowding to Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission, added Labor Commissioner and Commissioner of Social Services, or their designees, as members with respect to matters concerning employment and entitlement programs available to adult and juvenile offenders reentering the community and added Commissioner of Children and Families and Commissioner of Education, or their designees, as members with respect to matters concerning juvenile justice, effective July 1, 2006.

      See Sec. 4-38f for definition of "administrative purposes only".

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      Sec. 18-87k. Powers and duties of commission. (a) The Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission shall: (1) Develop and recommend policies for preventing prison and jail overcrowding; (2) examine the impact of statutory provisions and current administrative policies on prison and jail overcrowding and recommend legislation to the Governor and the General Assembly; (3) research and gather relevant statistical data and other information concerning the impact of efforts to prevent prison and jail overcrowding and make such information available to criminal justice agencies and members of the General Assembly; (4) advise the undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division on policies and procedures to promote more effective and cohesive state criminal justice and juvenile justice systems and to develop and implement the offender reentry strategy as provided in section 18-81w; (5) monitor developments throughout the state's criminal justice system and, not later than February 15, 2009, and annually thereafter, report to the Governor and the General Assembly on the effectiveness of the state's reentry strategy, outcomes achieved under the reentry strategy and the level of integration and coordination of the information technology systems used by the criminal justice agencies and other system-wide issues identified by the commission; (6) not later than February 15, 2009, and annually thereafter, sponsor for all members of the criminal justice community a full-day review of the criminal justice system in the state including progress that has been made within the past year and challenges to be met, which review shall be facilitated by the undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division; (7) identify specific needs for reentry services in geographic areas throughout the state; (8) identify institution-based and community-based programs and services that effectively address offender needs and reduce recidivism including, but not limited to, education and training, employment preparation and job bank, transitional health care, family support, substance abuse, domestic violence and sexual offender programs and services; (9) develop a guide to best practices in the provision of reentry services; (10) develop and annually update a plan to ensure the availability of reentry services, which plan may include establishment of community reentry centers; and (11) assist the undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division in developing the recommendations included in the report and presentation made by the division pursuant to section 4-68p.

      (b) The commission shall establish a subcommittee on corrections behavioral health composed of the Commissioner of Correction, the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services and a representative of The University of Connecticut Health Center having responsibility for the administration of the contract with the Department of Correction concerning the provision of health care services to inmates of the department. The subcommittee shall make recommendations to the commission concerning the provision of behavioral health services to inmates of the Department of Correction.

      (c) The commission shall establish a subcommittee on correctional staff health and safety composed of the Commissioner of Correction, the Commissioner of Public Safety and the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, or their designees, eight persons appointed one each by the chairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the judiciary and public safety, one representative from each of the three local chapters of labor organizations representing correction officers appointed by such local chapter and one representative from each of the labor organizations representing hazardous duty staff of the Department of Correction appointed by such labor organization. The subcommittee shall review the policies and procedures of the Department of Correction with respect to staff health and safety including, but not limited to, the manner in which: (1) Inmate assaults are investigated, classified and assigned points, (2) data on inmate assaults is collected and compiled, and (3) data on inmate assaults is reported to persons and agencies outside the department. The subcommittee shall submit any recommendations it may have to the commission concerning revisions to such policies and procedures.

      (P.A. 81-437, S. 2, 12; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 159; P.A. 04-234, S. 34; P.A. 05-249, S. 6; P.A. 06-193, S. 5; Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1, S. 38; P.A. 09-223, S. 1.)

      History: June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 required the commission to take into account the report of the Alternatives to Incarceration Advisory Committee established under Sec. 18-87m in the development of the plan, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-234 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re establishment, membership and duties of a subcommittee on corrections behavioral health, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 05-249 amended Subsec. (a) to delete former Subdiv. (3) re annual preparation and distribution of a comprehensive state criminal justice plan for preventing prison and jail overcrowding and redesignate existing Subdiv. (4) as new Subdiv. (3), effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-193 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "commission" with "Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission", add new Subdiv. (4) re advising undersecretary of the Criminal Justice Policy and Planning Division on policies and procedures to promote more effective and cohesive state criminal justice and juvenile justice systems and to develop and implement the offender reentry strategy as provided in Sec. 18-81w and add new Subdiv. (5) re assisting said undersecretary in developing recommendations in the report and presentation made pursuant to Sec. 4-68p, effective July 1, 2006; Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 amended Subsec. (a) to add new Subdiv. (5) re monitoring developments throughout state's criminal justice system and annually reporting on reentry strategy, outcomes achieved under reentry strategy, level of integration and coordination of information technology systems and other system-wide issues, add new Subdiv. (6) re annually sponsoring a full-day review of the criminal justice system, add new Subdiv. (7) re identifying specific needs for reentry services in geographic areas, add new Subdiv. (8) re identifying institution-based and community-based programs and services that effectively address offender needs and reduce recidivism, add new Subdiv. (9) developing a guide to best practices in provision of reentry services, add new Subdiv. (10) re developing and annually updating a plan to ensure availability of reentry services and redesignate existing Subdiv. (5) as Subdiv. (11), effective January 25, 2008; P.A. 09-223 added Subsec. (c) re establishment, membership and duties of subcommittee on correctional staff health and safety.

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      Sec. 18-87l. New Haven Armory not to be used to house prisoners or other detainees. The New Haven Armory may not be used in any part or at any time for the incarceration or holding of persons charged with, or convicted of, a crime, including, but not limited to, any temporary housing of prisoners or detainees on an emergency basis.

      (P.A. 00-192, S. 18, 102.)

      History: P.A. 00-192 effective July 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 18-87m. Alternatives to Incarceration Advisory Committee: Membership, duties, report. Commissioner to implement alternatives to incarceration initiatives to reduce prison population. Section 18-87m is repealed, effective July 1, 2006.

      (June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 158; P.A. 04-234, S. 2; P.A. 06-119, S. 4.)

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      Sec. 18-88. (Formerly Sec. 18-14). Industrial activities. State agencies required to purchase necessary products from institution industries. Retail hobby stores. (a) The commissioner shall use the industrial fund for the institutions of the department as a revolving fund for the maintenance and continuance of such productive industries as the commissioner directs and for the purchase of supplies, stock, tools, machinery and other equipment to promote in any way the industrial activities, including agricultural activities, of the institutions. The proceeds from all sales resulting from such activities shall be paid to the Treasurer and credited to said fund.

      (b) The commissioner shall approve the establishment and maintenance of any and all such industrial activities, including, but not limited to, an optical shop to produce prescription eyeglasses for inmates of correctional institutions, for persons under state care in other institutions and for other persons receiving or eligible to receive benefits under Title XIX of the federal Social Security Act, as amended, provided such optical shop is under the direct supervision of an optician licensed under chapter 381, and provided further such eyeglasses are prescribed by an optometrist licensed under chapter 380, and are fitted by such licensed optometrist or by an optician licensed under chapter 381, after considering and determining the extent, if any, to which each industry may compete with private industry and, as far as possible, shall encourage a diversified program. If said optical shop is unable to fill the prescription for such eyeglasses for any reason, within the two-week period from its receipt of such prescription, said shop shall notify the person who prescribed such eyeglasses within ten days after receipt of such prescription.

      (c) The commissioner may, by regulation, provide, for any injury suffered by any inmate arising out of and in the course of his employment in such industries, a compensation award not covered under section 4-165b. Such payments shall not exceed the sum of one dollar and fifty cents per week and shall be payable solely from profits from such industries.

      (d) The commissioner may appoint, in accordance with chapter 67, a superintendent of institution industries and such assistants and employees as he deems necessary to (1) manage the industries, (2) market and deliver the products and (3) investigate complaints. The compensation of such appointees shall be paid from the industrial fund.

      (e) The commissioner shall cause such articles, materials and products as are used by state agencies and political subdivisions to be produced by the labor of prisoners and sold at prices comparable with the lowest market prices for such articles and materials sold or offered for sale outside the institutions.

      (f) Any political subdivision of the state or federal government or any private nonprofit entity, including one which receives all or part of its revenues from any political subdivision of the state or federal government, may purchase any articles, materials or products required by it which are produced or manufactured by the institution industries, and any person may purchase products and by-products of farming operations in accordance with section 53-329. The commissioner may promulgate and circulate at sufficiently frequent intervals for distribution to the Commissioner of Administrative Services, the Comptroller and such political subdivisions a catalog showing styles, designs, sizes and varieties of all articles, materials and products manufactured and produced at the institutions and periodical price lists for all such articles.

      (g) Each state department, agency, commission or board shall purchase its necessary products and services from the institution industries if such products and services are produced or manufactured and made available by such industries, provided such products and services are of comparable price and quality and in sufficient quantity as may be available for sale or offered for sale outside the institutions.

      (h) The commissioner shall file an annual report of the industrial operations with the Governor and a balance sheet and statement of operations with the Comptroller at such times as he requests. The commissioner shall determine at the end of each fiscal year the amount of cash working capital necessary to be retained in the industrial fund and the excess of the amount so determined shall be transferred to the General Fund.

      (i) The Commissioner of Correction may establish retail hobby stores for the purpose of the sale to the public, but not for resale, of articles made by inmates of any of the institutions of the department. The proceeds of such sales, less a charge to defray the cost of the sales as determined by the commissioner, shall be deposited in the inmate's institutional account. Such hobby products shall be subject to approval by the Commissioner of Correction.

      (j) Any person who sells or offers for sale on the open market, to any person other than as specified in this section, any articles, materials or products manufactured or produced by institution inmates, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars or be imprisoned not more than six months, or be both fined and imprisoned.

      (k) The Commissioner of Correction may establish, within the industrial fund, commissaries to be operated for the purpose of sale to inmates of items authorized by the commissioner. The cost of the commissary operation shall be charged to the fund and the proceeds of such sales shall be deposited in the fund. The commissioner is authorized to transfer a portion of the profits from the operation of the commissaries to the Correctional General Welfare Fund established under section 4-57a.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3017; 1957, P.A. 657, S. 1-11, 14; 1961, P.A. 45, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 28, S. 3; 1967, P.A. 152, S. 33; 1969; P.A. 470; P.A. 77-614, S. 274, 610; P.A. 78-293, S. 1, 2, 6; P.A. 79-151; P.A. 84-236, S. 2; P.A. 88-1, S. 5, 13; 88-116, S. 10; P.A. 90-74; P.A. 91-406, S. 6, 29; P.A. 98-263, S. 16, 21; P.A. 01-106, S. 1, 6.)

      History: 1961 act deleted provision in Subsec. (a) that members be appointed in odd-numbered years for two-year terms and provided for staggered terms of five years each; 1963 act deleted stipulation in Subsec. (b) that industrial fund be used for State Prison and State Prison farm and substituted Osborn Division for State Prison farm in same subsection; 1967 act substituted "The Correction" for "State Prison" in name of Commission (Subsec. (a)), "institution" for "prison," "State Prison" and "Osborn division" (Subsecs. (b), (d), (f), (g) and (h)), "commissioner of correction" for "directors" (Subsecs. (a), (d), (g) and (i), "commissioner" for "warden of the State Prison" (Subsec. (f)), and "institution inmates" for "prisoners" to conform with new terminology of title 18, further deleted obsolete provision re staggered terms of appointment and substituted provision authorizing governor to appoint member annually for five-year term to replace member whose term expires (Subsec. (a)), added provisions for use of industrial fund for "institutions of the department" (Subsec. (b)), deleted provisions for incentive wages for meritorious service and the grading of inmates according to skill and work habits (Subsec. (d)) and provision that section "shall not apply to State Prison for Women" (Subsec. (d)(1)); Sec. 18-14 transferred to Sec. 18-88 in 1968; 1969 act inserted new Subsec. (j) re retail hobby stores and redesignated former Subsec. (j) as Subsec. (k); P.A. 77-614 deleted Subsec. (a) which had described organization of Correction Industries Advisory Commission, redesignating remaining Subsecs. accordingly, transferred duties of commission to commissioner of correction and replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-293 added provisions re production of eyeglasses in optical shop in Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 79-151 authorized federal government and private nonprofit entities to purchase products in Subsec. (f) and required state agencies to purchase products and services from institution industries as specified in Subsec. (g); P.A. 84-236 amended Subsec. (a) to allow use of funds for agricultural activities; P.A. 88-1 amended Subsec. (h) to eliminate involvement of secretary of the office of policy and management in determination of amount of cash working capital to be retained in fund; P.A. 88-116 substituted "commissioner of administrative services" for "director of purchasing" in Subsec. (f); P.A. 90-74 amended Subsec. (f) by permitting any person to purchase products and by-products of farming operations in accordance with Sec. 53-329; P.A. 91-406 corrected an internal reference in Subsec. (c), substituting Sec. 4-165b for Sec. 18-95; P.A. 98-263 added Subsec. (k) re establishment and operation of commissaries, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 01-106 amended Subsec. (g) to eliminate provision prohibiting Comptroller's approval of certain purchases that are not from institution industries, effective July 1, 2001.

      See Sec. 53-329 re deposit of proceeds from sale of prison labor products in industrial fund.

      Former statute cited. 130 C. 111.

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      Sec. 18-88a. Correction Industries Revolving Fund, charge for fringe benefits prohibited. The Comptroller shall not charge the Correction Industries Revolving Fund for the cost of fringe benefits for employees of said fund paid by the Comptroller.

      (P.A. 86-312, S. 18, 21.)

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      Sec. 18-89. (Formerly Sec. 18-9). Contracts for labor; public institutions. No contract or agreement shall be made for the labor or services of inmates of any correctional or other state institution in the manufacture of goods or any portion of such manufacture, or for the product of such labor or services, except after public notice, by advertising in at least three daily papers having a circulation in different sections of the state, calling for sealed proposals or bids for such labor, or the product thereof, and such proposal or bid, received in accordance with such notice, as is by its terms most advantageous to the state shall be accepted by the authorities in charge of the disposal of such labor, or the product thereof, and such contract or agreement shall be made in accordance with the terms of such notice and such proposal or bid. No such contract or agreement shall be made for any period exceeding four years. The provisions of this section shall not apply to section 18-88.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3004; 1957, P.A. 657, S. 12; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 56; 1967, P.A. 152, S. 31.)

      History: 1961 act deleted obsolete references to county institutions; 1967 act substituted "correctional" for "penal"; Sec. 18-9 transferred to Sec. 18-89 in 1968.

      See Sec. 18-7 re powers and duties of warden.

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      Sec. 18-90. (Formerly Sec. 18-10). Prisoners; employment restricted. Section 18-90 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3005; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-14.)

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      Sec. 18-90a. Employment of inmates. The Commissioner of Correction may permit any inmate of a correctional facility under his jurisdiction to be employed by any department or agency of the state, any political subdivision of the state or federal government or any private, nonprofit entity which desires to make use of the services of such inmates, provided participation by such inmates shall be voluntary. The employment of any inmate pursuant to this section shall not result in the displacement of employed workers, and shall not impair existing contracts for services. Any inmate employed under this section shall receive the same compensation he would receive if he worked within the correctional institution to which he is confined.

      (P.A. 73-277; P.A. 86-421, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 86-421 authorized employment of an inmate by any political subdivision of the state or federal government or any private, nonprofit entity and provided that the employment of an inmate shall not result in the displacement of employed workers or impair existing contracts for services.

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      Sec. 18-90b. Pilot program for inmate labor in private industry. (a) The Commissioner of Correction is authorized to establish a pilot program involving the use of inmate labor in private industry.

      (b) The commissioner may enter into such contracts as may be necessary to fully implement the pilot program. Such contractual agreements may include rental or lease agreements for state buildings or portions thereof on the grounds of any institution or facility of the Department of Correction and for any real property needed for reasonable access to and egress from any such building for the purpose of establishing and operating a factory for the manufacturing and processing of goods, wares or merchandise or the provision of service or any other business or commercial enterprise deemed by the commissioner to enhance the general welfare of the inmate population.

      (c) An inmate may participate in the program established pursuant to this section only on a voluntary basis and only after he has been informed of the conditions of his employment.

      (d) No inmate participating in the program shall be paid less than the prevailing wage for work of similar nature in private industry.

      (e) Inmate participation in the program shall not result in the displacement of employed workers and shall not impair existing contracts for services.

      (f) Nothing contained in this section shall be deemed to restore in whole or in part the civil rights of any inmate. No inmate compensated for participation in the program shall be considered an employee of the state.

      (g) The provisions of subsection (j) of section 18-88 shall not apply to any articles, materials or products manufactured or produced by institutional inmates pursuant to this section.

      (P.A. 86-349; P.A. 88-300, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 88-300 amended Subsec. (f) by deleting "or any person, firm or corporation, and no such compensation shall be considered wages for purposes of chapter 567".

      Cited. 225 C. 528.

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      Sec. 18-90c. Investigation of certain inmates re child support orders and arrearages. When any person is committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Correction as a result of a criminal conviction and such person receives compensation under the pilot program established pursuant to section 18-90b, the commissioner shall investigate whether (1) the Superior Court or a family support magistrate has issued an order of support of a minor child or children against such person and (2) such person is delinquent on such support payments.

      (P.A. 88-300, S. 4.)

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      Sec. 18-91. (Formerly Sec. 18-16). Use of correctional institutions by United States. Removal of inmates to federal institutions. (a) Any institution of the department may be used, for confining any person held under the authority of any United States statute including persons detained as aliens. The Commissioner of Correction may contract with the United States for the use of such institution, for confining any person held under such authority; but the expense of supporting and confining such person shall be paid by the United States. The commissioner may enter into and execute a contract or contracts with the United States for the removal of any inmate from any institution of the department to a federal correctional institution or medical center when, in his opinion, the inmate needs particular treatment or special facilities available at such correctional institution or medical center, or it is in the best interest of the state. When required as part of the contract the Commissioner of Correction or any person authorized by him may personally deliver such inmate to the particular federal authorities involved, and the state may, in the manner provided in section 4-165b, compensate such prisoner for personal injury or damages sustained by him while being removed to a federal institution for which no other compensation is available, unless such injury or damage was sustained in an attempt at escape or as the result of other misconduct of the prisoner.

      (b) The authority of the Commissioner of Correction to contract with the United States pursuant to this section includes but is not limited to the authority to agree to indemnify and hold harmless the United States against any loss or damage to persons or property incurred because of the confinement of any prisoner so transferred.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3010; 1957, P.A. 179, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 152, S. 34; 1971, P.A. 189; P.A. 73-251; P.A. 90-230, S. 27, 101.)

      History: 1967 act substituted "any institution of the department" for "prison" and "State Prison," and "commissioner of correction" for "warden and directors of the prison", deleted references to federal "penitentiary" and substituted federal "correctional institution or medical center"; Sec. 18-16 transferred to Sec. 18-91 in 1968; 1971 act rephrased provision re confinement of persons under U.S. statutes and included confinement of aliens, deleted provision under which prisoners of war could be confined in state facilities, allowed transfer from state to federal facility when "in the best interest of the state" and added provisions re personal delivery to federal authorities and compensation for damages; P.A. 73-251 added Subsec. (b) re hold harmless clause in contracts between state and federal authorities; P.A. 90-230 corrected an internal reference.

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      Sec. 18-91a. International transfer or exchange of prisoners. (a) If a treaty between the United States and a foreign country provides for the transfer or exchange of convicted offenders to the country of which they are citizens or nationals, the Commissioner of Correction may, on behalf of the state and subject to the terms of the treaty, consent to the transfer or exchange of offenders and take any other action necessary to initiate the participation of the state in the treaty. No offender shall be transferred or exchanged under this section unless he consents to such transfer or exchange.

      (b) In the event that a foreign national, incarcerated pursuant to the laws of the state, is barred from transferring pursuant to such a treaty due to the indeterminate nature of his sentence, the Board of Pardons and Paroles may, after full review of the foreign national's record, set a determined date. This date shall be considered only for purposes of facilitating international transfer of the foreign national and shall not be considered viable or actionable for any other purpose nor shall such date create any expectation or guarantee of release.

      (c) The Commissioner of Correction may designate a person to administer the program for the international transfer of prisoners pursuant to this section.

      (P.A. 93-85, S. 1, 2; P.A. 04-234, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 93-85 effective June 2, 1993; P.A. 04-234 replaced Board of Pardons with Board of Pardons and Paroles, effective July 1, 2004.

      See Sec. 54-130b re deportation of alien inmates.

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      Sec. 18-92. Expiration of term on Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday. When the term of any inmate of any institution of the Department of Correction expires on a Saturday, a Sunday or a legal holiday, he shall be discharged on the last business day preceding.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 38.)

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      Sec. 18-93. Rules re clothing, transportation, grants and loans to discharged persons. The Commissioner of Correction may make rules for the furnishing of clothing, transportation, grants or loans to persons discharged from his custody.

      (1967, P.A. 152, S. 47.)

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      Sec. 18-94. (Formerly Sec. 17-16). Retention of diseased inmates in correctional or charitable institutions. When the medical officer of, or any physician employed in, any correctional or charitable institution reports in writing to the warden, superintendent or other officer in charge of such institution that any inmate thereof committed thereto by any court or supported therein in whole or in part at public expense is afflicted with any venereal disease so that his discharge from such institution would be dangerous to the public health, such inmate shall, with the approval of such warden, superintendent or other officer in charge, be detained in such institution until such medical officer or physician reports in writing to the warden, superintendent or officer in charge of such institution that such inmate may be discharged therefrom without danger to the public health. During detention the person so detained shall be supported in the same manner as before such detention.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2850; P.A. 87-282, S. 15.)

      History: Sec. 17-16 transferred to Sec. 18-94 in 1968; P.A. 87-282 added reference to the "warden" of an institution.

      See Sec. 19a-103 re control of communicable diseases in institutions.

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      Sec. 18-95. (Formerly Sec. 17-18). Compensation for injuries of inmates of state correctional and reformatory institutions. Section 18-95 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2853; 1961, P.A. 580, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 110; P.A. 76-136, S. 3, 4.)

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      Sec. 18-96. (Formerly Sec. 18-22). Proceedings on discharge of mentally ill prisoners. Section 18-96 is repealed, effective October 1, 2007.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3016; 1961, P.A. 580, S. 10; 1969, P.A. 297; P.A. 86-186, S. 16; P.A. 87-282, S. 16; P.A. 07-158, S. 8.)

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      Sec. 18-96a. Consideration of psychiatrist diagnosis in assessment of and providing mental health services to inmate with a mental illness. Mental health issues training for custodial staff. Agency collaboration re assistance to inmate with a mental illness upon release. Report re mental health services. (a) When assessing and subsequently providing mental health services to any inmate confined in a correctional facility of the Department of Correction who has been diagnosed with a mental illness by a psychiatrist licensed pursuant to chapter 370, and such psychiatrist has informed the department that such inmate is currently diagnosed by such psychiatrist to be a danger to himself or herself or others, the department shall consider the diagnosis of such psychiatrist in order to appropriately assess such inmate and provide individualized, clinically appropriate and culturally competent mental health services to treat such inmate's condition.

      (b) (1) The Department of Correction shall, within available appropriations, develop a program for custodial staff members to receive not less than four hours and not more than eight hours of training on mental health issues each year. Such training shall consist of classroom instruction and written materials provided by a qualified mental health professional in conjunction with a training academy accredited by the American Correctional Association, and shall include, at a minimum: (A) Prevention of suicide and self-injury; (B) recognition of signs of mental illness; (C) communication skills for interacting with inmates with mental illness; and (D) alternatives to disciplinary action and the use of force when dealing with inmates with mental illness. Such program shall be offered: (i) Commencing on July 1, 2009, to all custodial staff members at one or more correctional facilities designated by the Commissioner of Correction; (ii) on and after July 1, 2010, to all custodial staff members at one or more additional correctional facilities designated by the commissioner; and (iii) on and after July 1, 2011, to all custodial staff members at one or more additional correctional facilities designated by the commissioner. Such program shall terminate on July 1, 2012.

      (2) In addition to the requirements of subdivision (1) of this subsection, all custodial staff members at each correctional facility of the Department of Correction in which female inmates are confined may, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2008, and within available appropriations, receive not less than four hours and not more than eight hours of training on mental health issues, including gender-specific and trauma-related mental health issues faced by female inmates.

      (c) Before the planned release of any inmate diagnosed with a mental illness as provided in subsection (a) of this section from a correctional facility, the Department of Correction shall collaborate with the Judicial Department, the Department of Social Services and the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, as deemed necessary and within available appropriations, to assist such inmate in obtaining housing, mental health treatment services, any public benefits for which the inmate is eligible and employment counseling upon the inmate's release.

      (d) On February first of each year, the Commissioner of Correction shall submit a report to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the judiciary, public health and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a. Such report shall set forth (1) the number of inmates who have been determined to require mental health services during the previous calendar year, and (2) a description of program services provided by the Department of Correction and, if applicable, its contracted health services provider.

      (P.A. 07-216, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 18-97. Confinement under a mittimus: Presentence confinement credit prior to July 1, 1981. Any person receiving a fine or a sentence to a correctional institution or a community correctional center for an offense committed prior to July 1, 1981, shall receive credit towards any portion of such fine as is not remitted or any portion of such sentence as to which execution is not suspended for any days spent in custody under a mittimus as a result of any court proceeding for the offense or acts for which such fine or sentence is imposed, provided he shall conform to the rules of the institution. Upon notification from the Commissioner of Correction, the clerk of the court shall enter such credit upon the order in the case of a fine, and upon the mittimus in the case of a sentence and it shall be the duty of the agency or person that held such person under such mittimus to inform the clerk of the court of the proper amount of such credit. In the case of a fine each credit day shall be computed at the rate of ten dollars. In no event shall credit be allowed in excess of the fine or sentence actually imposed.

      (1967, P.A. 549, S. 15; 1969, P.A. 735, S. 1; P.A. 75-355, S. 2, 3; P.A. 80-442, S. 5, 28.)

      History: 1969 act replaced "prison or jail" with "correctional institution or community correctional center", allowed credit for days in custody under mittimus if person conforms to institution rules and required commissioner's notification for entering credit on order; P.A. 75-355 raised equivalency of credit day from $3 to $10; P.A. 80-442 specified that provisions applicable to offenses committed before July 1, 1981.

      Cited. 168 C. 389. Cited. 169 C. 247. "Jailtime" credit given only for time served by detainee prior to sentencing. Id., 540. In order for inmate to be entitled to presentence credit for time served pursuant to this section, it must appear he was being confined under mittimus which resulted from offense for which sentence was imposed. 173 C. 312. Cited. 184 C. 434. Cited. 196 C. 309. Cannot be applied with Sec. 18-98 cumulatively to the same sentence. 201 C. 115. Cited. 202 C. 343. Cited. 215 C. 695.

      Cited. 30 CA 190.

      Inapplicable to life sentences. 30 CS 20.


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      Sec. 18-98. Confinement where bail unobtainable: Presentence confinement credit prior to July 1, 1981. Any person who has been denied bail or who has been unable to obtain bail and who is subsequently imprisoned for an offense committed prior to July 1, 1981, is entitled to commutation of his sentence by the number of days which he spent in a community correctional center from the time he was denied or was unable to obtain bail to the time he was so imprisoned. The Commissioner of Correction shall, if such person has conformed to the rules of the institution, credit such person with the number of days to which the supervising officer of the correctional center where such person was confined while awaiting trial certifies such person was confined between the denial of bail to him or his inability to obtain bail and his imprisonment.

      (1967, P.A. 869; 1969, P.A. 735, S. 2; P.A. 80-442, S. 6, 28.)

      History: 1969 act replaced "jail" and "deputy jailer" with community correctional center and its supervising officer and allowed credit be given if person has conformed to institution rules; P.A. 80-442 made provisions applicable for offenses committed before July 1, 1981.

      Cited. 168 C. 389. Section applies only to any person "who has been denied bail or who has been unable to obtain bail and who is subsequently imprisoned." 169 C. 247. "Jailtime" credit given only for time served by detainee prior to sentencing. Id., 540. Cited. 173 C. 312. Section does not entitle petitioner to credit on Connecticut sentence for time he was incarcerated in Florida awaiting extradition to Connecticut. 196 C. 309. Does not apply to time spent in confinement out of state awaiting extradition. Id., 572. Cited. 198 C. 542. Cannot be applied with Sec. 18-97 cumulatively to the same sentence. 201 C. 115. Cited. 202 C. 343. Cited. 215 C. 695. Cited. 217 C. 568.

      Cited. 24 CA 612. Cited. 30 CA 190.

      Cited. 41 CS 229.

      Subsec. (d):

      Allocation of credit under subsec. does not implicate fundamental right or burden a suspect class, and is rationally related to legitimate public purpose of ensuring that convicted offenders serve the full term of their sentences. 90 CA 460.


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      Sec. 18-98a. Deduction of time for periods of employment. Each person committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Correction who is employed within the institution to which he was sentenced, or outside as provided by section 18-100, for a period of seven consecutive days, except for temporary interruption of such period as excused by the commissioner for valid reasons, may have one day deducted from his sentence for such period, in addition to any other earned time, at the discretion of the Commissioner of Correction.

      (1969, P.A. 298, S. 1; P.A. 73-42.)

      History: P.A. 73-42 allowed 1-day deduction for 7 consecutive days served rather than 26 days for 180 consecutive days served.

      The commissioner of correction, provided he does not act illegally, arbitrarily or in abuse of discretion, need not deduct time to be served from prisoner's sentence under statute if prisoner fails to observe rules incident to requisite job assignment. 181 C. 286. Cited. 207 C. 412. Cited. 209 C. 191. Cited. 216 C. 220. Cited. 219 C. 269.

      Cited. 17 CA 827. Cited. 24 CA 612. Cited. 39 CA 455.


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      Sec. 18-98b. Outstandingly meritorious performance award. In addition to any commutation or diminution of sentence or any meritorious time service award which may have been granted under section 18-7 or 18-7a any inmate committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Correction for a definite term, or for a term with a minimum sentence imposed, may have not more than one hundred and twenty days deducted from any one continuous term of imprisonment as an outstandingly meritorious performance award in the discretion of the Commissioner of Correction for exceptional personal achievement, accomplishment and other outstandingly meritorious performance, provided any serious act of misconduct or insubordination or refusal to conform to institution regulations occurring at any time during his confinement shall subject the prisoner, at the discretion of the warden and the commissioner, to the loss of all, or any portion, of any time awarded under this section. When any prisoner is held under more than one conviction the several terms of imprisonment imposed thereunder shall be construed as one continuous term for purposes of determining eligibility for any outstandingly meritorious performance award authorized by this section.

      (1971, P.A. 162; P.A. 75-36; P.A. 88-244, S. 1; P.A. 91-406, S. 7, 29.)

      History: P.A. 75-36 increased percentage of those awarded from maximum of 5% to maximum of 10%; P.A. 88-244 deleted provision re maximum number of inmates who may receive awards; P.A. 91-406 corrected an internal reference, substituting Sec. 18-7a for Sec. 18-53.

      Cited. 216 C. 220. Cited. 217 C. 568. Cited. 219 C. 269.

      Cited. 24 CA 612. Cited. 34 CA 503. Cited. 36 CA 440. Cited. 39 CA 455.


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      Sec. 18-98c. Good conduct credit for presentence confinement prior to July 1, 1981. In addition to the time credits provided for in sections 18-97 and 18-98, any person who has been denied bail or who has been unable to obtain bail and who subsequently is fined or sentenced to a correctional institution or a community correctional center shall receive a good conduct credit towards any portion of such fine as is not remitted or any portion of such sentence as to which execution is not suspended, such credit to be at the rate of ten days for each month of presentence confinement and such credits to be awarded only for prompt obedience to the rules of the correctional institution or community correctional center wherein the person is confined. The provisions of this section allowing credit at the rate of ten days for each month of presentence confinement shall apply to those periods of time spent in presentence confinement pursuant to sections 18-97 and 18-98, which occur after October 1, 1976, for an offense committed prior to July 1, 1981.

      (P.A. 75-222; P.A. 76-358, S. 3; P.A. 80-442, S. 7, 28.)

      History: P.A. 76-358 changed credit from 5 to 10 days per month of presentence confinement and added provision specifying applicability of 10-day credit rate; P.A. 80-442 stated that credit rate applies to offenses committed before July 1, 1981.

      Cited. 196 C. 309.

      Cited. 24 CA 612. Cited. 30 CA 190.


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      Sec. 18-98d. Credit for presentence confinement. (a)(1) Any person who is confined to a community correctional center or a correctional institution for an offense committed on or after July 1, 1981, under a mittimus or because such person is unable to obtain bail or is denied bail shall, if subsequently imprisoned, earn a reduction of such person's sentence equal to the number of days which such person spent in such facility from the time such person was placed in presentence confinement to the time such person began serving the term of imprisonment imposed; provided (A) each day of presentence confinement shall be counted only once for the purpose of reducing all sentences imposed after such presentence confinement; and (B) the provisions of this section shall only apply to a person for whom the existence of a mittimus, an inability to obtain bail or the denial of bail is the sole reason for such person's presentence confinement, except that if a person is serving a term of imprisonment at the same time such person is in presentence confinement on another charge and the conviction for such imprisonment is reversed on appeal, such person shall be entitled, in any sentence subsequently imposed, to a reduction based on such presentence confinement in accordance with the provisions of this section. In the case of a fine, each day spent in such confinement prior to sentencing shall be credited against the sentence at a per diem rate equal to the average daily cost of incarceration as determined by the Commissioner of Correction.

      (2) (A) Any person convicted of any offense and sentenced on or after October 1, 2001, to a term of imprisonment who was confined to a police station or courthouse lockup in connection with such offense because such person was unable to obtain bail or was denied bail shall, if subsequently imprisoned, earn a reduction of such person's sentence in accordance with subdivision (1) of this subsection equal to the number of days which such person spent in such lockup, provided such person at the time of sentencing requests credit for such presentence confinement. Upon such request, the court shall indicate on the judgment mittimus the number of days such person spent in such presentence confinement.

      (B) Any person convicted of any offense and sentenced prior to October 1, 2001, to a term of imprisonment, who was confined in a correctional facility for such offense on October 1, 2001, shall be presumed to have been confined to a police station or courthouse lockup in connection with such offense because such person was unable to obtain bail or was denied bail and shall, unless otherwise ordered by a court, earn a reduction of such person's sentence in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection of one day.

      (C) The provisions of this subdivision shall not be applied so as to negate the requirement that a person convicted of a first violation of subsection (a) of section 14-227a and sentenced pursuant to subparagraph (B)(i) of subdivision (1) of subsection (h) of said section serve a term of imprisonment of at least forty-eight consecutive hours.

      (b) In addition to any reduction allowed under subsection (a) of this section, if such person obeys the rules of the facility such person may receive a good conduct reduction of any portion of a fine not remitted or sentence not suspended at the rate of ten times the average daily cost of incarceration as determined by the Commissioner of Correction or ten days, as the case may be, for each thirty days of presentence confinement; provided any day spent in presentence confinement by a person who has more than one information pending against such person may not be counted more than once in computing a good conduct reduction under this subsection.

      (c) The Commissioner of Correction shall be responsible for ensuring that each person to whom the provisions of this section apply receives the correct reduction in such person's sentence; provided in no event shall credit be allowed under subsection (a) of this section in excess of the sentence actually imposed.

      (P.A. 80-442, S. 2, 28; P.A. 81-472, S. 41, 159; P.A. 01-78; P.A. 02-18, S. 2; P.A. 04-234, S. 13; P.A. 06-119, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; P.A. 01-78 amended Subsec. (a) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), redesignate former Subdivs. (1) and (2) as Subparas. (A) and (B), respectively, and add new Subdiv. (2) re credit for presentence confinement in a police station or courthouse lockup and made technical changes throughout section; P.A. 02-18 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to increase from $10 to $50 the credit against a fine for each day spent in presentence confinement and amended Subsec. (b) to increase from $100 to $500 the good conduct reduction in an unremitted fine for each 30 days of presentence confinement; P.A. 04-234 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to replace the rate of $50 with "a per diem rate equal to the average daily cost of incarceration as determined by the Commissioner of Correction", effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 06-119 amended Subsec. (b) to replace $500 with "ten times the average daily cost of incarceration as determined by the Commissioner of Correction" as the amount of the good conduct reduction of an unremitted fine that a person may receive for each 30 days of presentence confinement, effective July 1, 2006.

      Cited. 184 C. 434. Cited. 196 C. 309. Cited. 201 C. 115. Cited. 205 C. 27. Cited. 209 C. 23. Cited. 215 C. 695. Presentence credit not authorized for persons awaiting or contesting extradition. 259 C. 855 Presentence credit not authorized when prisoner not in custody or control of Commissioner of Correction. Id. Regarding claim that incarceration in another state while contesting extradition made this section applicable, court held that persons who are confined in another state pending extradition are not similarly situated to persons who are confined in this state pending trial. 266 C. 596.

      Cited. 30 CA 190. Cited. 36 CA 440. Cited. 39 CA 455; Id., 473. Cited. 45 CA 566. Presentence credit not authorized for persons awaiting or contesting extradition. 54 CA 11. Respondent's allocation of pretrial confinement credit pursuant to section did not violate separation of powers doctrine; because legislature plays substantial role, in conjunction with the judiciary, in sentencing those convicted of criminal offenses, court could not conclude that statute, as applied by respondent, significantly interfered with judiciary's role in sentencing. 90 CA 460.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 219 C. 269. Municipal police department "is neither a community correctional center nor a correctional institution". 258 C. 394. When concurrent sentences are imposed on different dates, presentence confinement days accrued simultaneously on more than one docket are utilized fully on the date they are applied to first sentence. Hence, they cannot be counted a second time to accelerate discharge date of any subsequent sentence without violating language of Subdiv. (1)(A). 271 C. 808. Section clearly requires that in order for a petitioner to receive jail credit, he must request the credit from the sentencing court at the time of sentencing, and such timely request is thus a condition precedent to the court's ability to grant the credit. 294 C. 165.

      Court reiterated holding that each day of presentence confinement, regardless of the number of informations under which such confinement accrues, should be counted only once and credited to only one day of sentenced confinement. 80 CA 574. Each day of presentence confinement, regardless of the number of informations under which such confinement accrues, should be counted once and credited to only one day of sentenced confinement. Id., 580. Petitioner cannot earn presentence confinement credit while serving sentence. 83 CA 77. Pretrial confinement credit shall be used only once. 94 CA 283. Recalculation of petitioner's presentence confinement credit in wake of Harris v. Commissioner of Correction did not violate petitioner's right to equal protection, constitute an ex post facto violation or violate the separation of powers doctrine. 104 CA 793.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 219 C. 269. "One continuous term" language of Sec. 18-7 is applicable to presentence good time credit earned under this Subsec. and presentence good time credits earned on one sentence may be credited toward a subsequent, controlling concurrent sentence. 254 C. 214.


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      Sec. 18-99. Camp for community correctional center, Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire, and School for Boys inmates. Section 18-99 is repealed.

      (1967, P.A. 651, S. 1-3; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 410; P.A. 76-324, S. 1, 2.)

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      Sec. 18-99a. Creation and administration of school district within the Department of Correction. Unified School District #1. (a) The Commissioner of Correction may establish a school district within the Department of Correction for the education or assistance of any person confined in any institution of the department. The school district shall be known as State of Connecticut-Unified School District #1.

      (b) The Commissioner of Correction shall administer, coordinate and control the operations of the school district and shall be responsible for the overall supervision and direction of all courses and activities of the school district and shall establish such vocational and academic education, research and statistics, training and development services and programs as he considers necessary or advisable in the best interests of the persons benefiting therefrom.

      (1969, P.A. 636, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 275, 610; P.A. 83-169, S. 2; P.A. 96-180, S. 54, 166; P.A. 98-263, S. 17, 21.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 deleted reference to consultation with council of correction in Subsec. (b), effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 83-169 changed name designation of school district to State of Connecticut-Unified School District #1; P.A. 96-180 made technical change in Subsec. (a), effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 98-263 amended Subsec. (a) to replace reference to persons sentenced or transferred to any institution of the department, including but not limited to any person on parole, with reference to persons confined in any institution of the department, effective July 1, 1998.

      See Sec. 10-15d re applicability of education general statutes to special school district.

      Section places responsibility of tending to educational needs of those incarcerated with the special school district within Department of Correction and requires that it identify students in need of special education. 64 CA 273.

      Cited. 45 CS 57.


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      Sec. 18-99b. Powers of district. Cooperation with federal government. (a) The school district acting by the Commissioner of Correction shall have the power to (1) establish and maintain within the Department of Correction such schools of different grades as the commissioner may from time to time require and deem necessary in the best interests of those persons confined in any institution of the department, (2) establish and maintain within the department such school libraries as may from time to time be required in connection with the educational courses, services and programs authorized by section 18-99a and this section, (3) purchase, receive, hold and convey personal property for school purposes and equip and supply such schools with necessary furniture and other appendages, (4) make agreements and regulations for the establishing and conducting of such schools as are authorized under said sections and employ and dismiss, in accordance with the applicable provisions of section 10-151, such teachers as are necessary to carry out the intent of said sections, and to pay their salaries, (5) receive any federal funds or aid made available to the state for rehabilitative or other programs and shall be eligible for and may receive any other funds or aid whether private, state or otherwise, to be used for the purposes of said sections.

      (b) The school district acting by the Commissioner of Correction may, pursuant to agreements, cooperate with the federal government in carrying out the purposes of any federal acts pertaining to vocational rehabilitation, and may adopt such methods of administration as are found by the federal government to be necessary for the proper and efficient operation of such agreements or plans for vocational or other rehabilitation in correctional institutions, and may comply with such conditions as may be necessary to secure the full benefit of all such federal funds available.

      (1969, P.A. 636, S. 3, 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 276, 610; P.A. 82-472, S. 57, 183; P.A. 83-169, S. 3; P.A. 98-263, S. 18, 21.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 deleted reference to commissioner's consultation with council of correction in Subsec. (a), effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-472 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting the requirement that the commissioner of correction consult with the council of correction; P.A. 83-169 made technical changes; P.A. 98-263 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to replace reference to persons sentenced or transferred to any institution of the department, including but not limited to any person on parole, with reference to persons confined in any institution of the department, effective July 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 18-100. Work-release and education-release programs. Transfer to correctional institution, halfway house, group home, mental health facility or community or private residence. (a) The Commissioner of Correction, or such person as said commissioner delegates, may, at his discretion arrange for the continuation of the employment of any person committed to the custody of said commissioner in accordance with the provisions of section 54-92a, including persons committed for contempt of court, who is self-employed or who has been regularly employed. If such person has not been so employed the commissioner or his delegate or any suitable person or agency designated by the commissioner shall attempt to secure suitable employment for such person or provide for his attendance at an educational institution if his prior education, aptitude and ability indicate he would profit by such instruction.

      (b) Before securing employment for any prisoner under the provisions of this section the commissioner shall determine (1) that such paid employment will not result in the displacement of employed workers, or be applied in skills, crafts or trades in which there is a surplus of available gainful labor in the locality, or impair existing contracts for services; and (2) that the rates of pay and other conditions of employment will not be less than those paid or provided for work of similar nature in the locality in which the work is performed.

      (c) Each person accorded the privileges of this section shall be confined in the institution to which he was sentenced during such time as he is not actually at his employment or is not in attendance at an educational institution.

      (d) The Commissioner of Correction shall establish such regulations as he deems necessary for the administration of this section and section 18-101 and for the conduct of persons granted the privileges of this section; and he may suspend the privileges of any persons who violate such regulations or whose conduct he believes is unsuitable for the continuation of such privileges.

      (e) If the Commissioner of Correction deems that the purposes of this section may thus be more effectively carried out, the commissioner may transfer any person from one correctional institution to another or to any public or private nonprofit halfway house, group home or mental health facility or, after satisfactory participation in a residential program, to any approved community or private residence. Any inmate so transferred shall remain under the jurisdiction of said commissioner.

      (1967, P.A. 773, S. 1-4, 6; P.A. 78-92, S. 1; P.A. 82-383, S. 2; P.A. 87-282, S. 17; P.A. 89-383, S. 1, 16; P.A. 90-261, S. 2, 19; P.A. 04-234, S. 30.)

      History: P.A. 78-92 added provisions in Subsec. (e) re transfers to public or private nonprofit halfway houses, group homes or mental health facilities; P.A. 82-383 amended Subsec. (e) by authorizing the commissioner to transfer an inmate to an approved community residence and providing that personnel of the department of correction will supervise such inmate; P.A. 87-282 amended Subsec. (e) to add reference to "warden" of an institution; P.A. 89-383 amended Subsec. (d) to make technical changes and authorize the commissioner to implement the provisions of Subsec. (f) notwithstanding the absence of regulations and any other provision of the general statutes and added Subsec. (f) to authorize the commissioner to release persons charged with certain class D felonies and misdemeanors to their place of abode and impose conditions on their release, and to prohibit the receipt of good conduct credit or presentence confinement credit for any period that the person is not confined in a correctional institution or community correctional center, effective July 5, 1989, to July 1, 1994 (Revisor's note: The amendments to this section contained in P.A. 89-383 were deleted by the Revisors following their expiration on July 1, 1994); P.A. 90-261 amended Subsec. (e) to eliminate the authority of the commissioner to transfer an inmate to an approved community residence and the provision that personnel of the department of correction will supervise such inmate, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 04-234 amended Subsec. (e) to authorize the commissioner to transfer a person, "after satisfactory participation in a residential program, to any approved community or private residence", delete requirement that a transfer be "with the concurrence of the warden, superintendent or person in charge of the facility to which said person is being transferred" and make a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality, effective June 8, 2004.

      See Sec. 53a-169 re penalty imposed for felony of escape in the first degree.

      Cited. 216 C. 402. Cited. 221 C. 402.

      Cited. 26 CA 48. P.A. 89-383 Sec. 1. cited. Id.

      Subsec. (d):

      Cited. 213 C. 38. Does not authorize prosecution of single failure to report as "escape" under Sec. 53a-169(a)(2). 216 C. 402. Cited. 234 C. 301.

      Subsec. (e):

      Cited. 185 C. 517. Cited. 213 C. 38. Cited. 234 C. 301.

      Cited. 35 CA 1; see also 234 C. 301. Cited. 39 CA 407.


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      Secs. 18-100a and 18-100b. Petty cash fund for loans for work-release program. Release of prisoners to an approved community residence; eligibility. Sections 18-100a and 18-100b are repealed.

      (1969, P.A. 609, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-244, S. 3; P.A. 89-39; 89-383, S. 13, 16; P.A. 90-261, S. 3; P.A. 95-152, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 18-100c. Release of prisoners with definite sentences of two years or less to halfway house, group home, mental health facility or other approved community correction program. A person convicted of a crime who is incarcerated on or after July 1, 1993, who received a definite sentence of two years or less, and who has been confined under such sentence for not less than one-half of the sentence imposed by the court, less such time as may have been earned under the provisions of section 18-7, 18-7a, 18-98a, 18-98b or 18-98d, may be released pursuant to subsection (e) of section 18-100 or to any other community correction program approved by the Commissioner of Correction.

      (P.A. 90-261, S. 4; P.A. 93-219, S. 1, 14.)

      History: P.A. 93-219 expanded release eligibility to include prisoners who received a definite sentence of two years or less, rather than one year or less, and added references to Secs. 18-7a, 18-98a, 18-98b and 18-98d, effective July 1, 1993.

      See Sec. 54-125a re release on parole of inmates with sentences of more than two years.

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      Sec. 18-100d. Supervision of persons convicted of a crime committed on or after October 1, 1994, required until expiration of sentence. Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, any person convicted of a crime committed on or after October 1, 1994, shall be subject to supervision by personnel of the Department of Correction until the expiration of the maximum term or terms for which such person was sentenced.

      (P.A. 93-219, S. 10, 14; P.A. 04-257, S. 116.)

      History: P.A. 93-219 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 04-257 deleted provision re supervision by personnel of "the Board of Parole" and made a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality, effective June 14, 2004.

      Section may be harmonized with Sec. 53a-38(b)(1) re determining controlling sentence where prisoner serving concurrent sentences for crimes committed both on or after October 1, 1994 and before October 1, 1994, and where pre-October 1, 1994 sentence subject to good time credit under Sec. 18-7a(c). Determination of controlling sentence not a static concept. 261 C. 806. Where petitioner was convicted for offenses that occurred from 1993 to 1995, which therefore occurred both before and after October 1, 1994, petitioner was not eligible for good time credits under section or Sec. 18-7a. 290 C. 653.

      Habeas court found to have improperly determined that petitioner was not eligible for good time credits. Court's interpretation of good time statutes has the potential of burdening defendant in such a manner so as to conclude that the statutes are penal in nature. In resolving a latent ambiguity as to whether defendant was eligible for good time credits the rule of lenity applied. 101 CA 52.


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      Sec. 18-100e. Pilot zero-tolerance drug supervision program. (a) Not later than October 1, 1998, the Commissioner of Correction shall establish a pilot zero-tolerance drug supervision program. Eligibility for participation in the program shall be limited to individuals who are eligible for participation in a community release program pursuant to section 18-100c and shall be based upon criteria, including a limit on the maximum number of eligible participants, established by the Commissioner of Correction.

      (b) Any person entering such program shall, as a condition of participating in such program, agree to: (1) Submit to periodic urinalysis drug tests, (2) detention in a halfway house facility for a period of two days each time such test produces a positive result, and (3) comply with all rules established by the halfway house if detained in such facility.

      (c) Participants in the zero-tolerance drug supervision program shall submit to periodic urinalysis drug tests. If the test produces a positive result, the participant may be detained in a halfway house facility for a period of two days.

      (d) Any person who has submitted to a urinalysis drug test pursuant to subsection (c) of this section that produced a positive result may request that a second urinalysis drug test be administered, at such person's expense, to confirm the results of the first test, except that if the participant is determined to be indigent, based upon financial affidavits, the Department of Correction shall pay the cost of the test. The second drug test shall be a urinalysis drug test, separate and independent of the initial test. The participant may be detained in a halfway house pending the results of the second test. If such second test does not produce a positive result, the participant, if detained in a halfway house, shall be released from such halfway house and the fee, if paid by the participant, shall be refunded to the participant.

      (e) If at any time during participation in the zero-tolerance drug supervision program, the Commissioner of Correction determines that the conduct of the participant is unsuitable for continuation in such program, such participant may be returned to a correctional facility.

      (P.A. 98-145, S. 2, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 93, 121; P.A. 02-89, S. 33.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 02-89 deleted as obsolete Subsec. (f) re submission of a report on the program by January 1, 2000.

      See Sec. 54-125f re pilot zero-tolerance drug supervision program.

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      Sec. 18-100f. Release of certain arrested persons being held pretrial. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, whenever an arrested person charged with the commission of no crime other than a class D felony or a misdemeanor, except a violation of section 53a-60a, 53a-60b, 53a-60c, 53a-60d, 53a-72a, 53a-73a or 53a-181c, is committed by the court to the custody of the Commissioner of Correction pursuant to section 54-64a, the commissioner may release such person to a residence approved by the Department of Correction subject to such conditions as the commissioner may impose including, but not limited to, participation in a substance abuse treatment program and being subject to electronic monitoring or any other monitoring technology or services. Any person released pursuant to this section shall remain in the custody of the commissioner and shall be supervised by employees of the department during the period of such release. Upon the violation by such person of any condition of such release, the commissioner may revoke such release and return such person to confinement in a correctional facility.

      (P.A. 04-234, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 04-234 effective June 8, 2004.

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      Sec. 18-100g. Release of aliens to immigration authorities. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any alien convicted of a crime who received a definite sentence of five years or less and has been confined under such sentence for not less than one-half of the sentence imposed may be released by the Commissioner of Correction pursuant to subsection (e) of section 18-100 to United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

      (Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 94.)

      History: Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 18-101. Disposition of compensation. (a) When any person to whom privileges have been granted under section 18-90b or 18-100 is employed for compensation, the Commissioner of Correction or the commissioner's designee shall collect such compensation or require such person to deliver to the commissioner the full amount of such compensation when received. The commissioner or such designee shall deposit such funds in trust in an account and shall keep a record showing the status of the account of each person. Compensation received by such person during such person's term of imprisonment shall not be subject to levy or attachment.

      (b) On granting privileges to any person under section 18-90b or 18-100, the commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall disburse any compensation earned by such person in accordance with the following priorities: (1) Federal taxes due; (2) restitution or payment of compensation to a crime victim ordered by any court of competent jurisdiction; (3) payment of a civil judgment rendered in favor of a crime victim by any court of competent jurisdiction; (4) victims compensation through the criminal injuries account administered by the Office of Victim Services; (5) state taxes due; (6) support of such person's dependents, if any; (7) such person's necessary travel expense to and from work and other incidental expenses; and (8) costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section. The commissioner shall pay any balance remaining to such person upon the person's discharge including any amount transferred to a discharge savings account pursuant to section 18-84a. Each person gainfully self-employed shall pay to the commissioner the costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section, and on default in payment thereof the person's participation under section 18-100 shall be revoked.

      (c) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall notify the Commissioner of Social Services and the welfare department of the town where the dependents of any person employed under the provisions of section 18-100 reside of the amounts of any payments being made to such dependents.

      (1967, P.A. 773, S. 5; P.A. 75-420, S. 4, 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 521, 610; P.A. 79-560, S. 5, 39; P.A. 88-300, S. 3; P.A. 90-230, S. 85, 101; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-310, S. 27, 32; P.A. 04-234, S. 20; P.A. 07-158, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 75-420 replaced welfare commissioner with commissioner of social services; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of social services with commissioner of human resources, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-560 replaced commissioner of human resources with commissioner of income maintenance; P.A. 88-300 amended Subsection (a) by adding reference to Sec. 18-90b and amended Subsec. (b) re disbursement of compensation by requiring disbursement in accordance with the following priorities: Federal taxes due, restitution or compensation to crime victim, payment of civil judgment, victims compensation, state taxes due, support of dependents, necessary travel expenses and costs of board; P.A. 90-230 added reference to Sec. 18-90b in Subsec. (b); P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-310 changed commission on victim services to office of victim services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 04-234 amended Subsec. (b) to replace "costs of his board as determined by said commissioner" with "costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section" where appearing, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 07-158 amended Subsec. (b) to add provision re amount transferred to a discharge savings account, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 18-101a. Furloughs. The Commissioner of Correction, at the commissioner's discretion, may extend the limits of the place of confinement of an inmate as to whom there is reasonable belief he or she will honor his or her trust, by authorizing the inmate under prescribed conditions to visit a specifically designated place or places, within or without the state, for periods not exceeding forty-five days and return to the same or another institution or facility. Such periods may be renewed at the discretion of the commissioner. Such furlough may be granted only to permit a visit to a dying relative, attendance at the funeral of a relative, the obtaining of medical services not otherwise available, the contacting of prospective employers or for any compelling reason consistent with rehabilitation. Any inmate who fails to return from furlough as provided in the furlough agreement shall be guilty of the crime of escape in the first degree.

      (1969, P.A. 272; P.A. 73-639, S. 13; P.A. 74-87; P.A. 04-234, S. 31; Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1, S. 16; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 35.)

      History: P.A. 73-639 made failure to return from furlough the crime of escape in the first degree; P.A. 74-87 allowed furloughs "within or without the state" and deleted penalty provision, i.e. the furlough violator is subject to penalty provided in Sec. 53a-169; P.A. 04-234 increased the maximum period of a furlough from 15 days to 30 days, replaced "a prisoner" with "an inmate" and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective June 8, 2004; Jan. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 deleted authority to grant a furlough "for any compelling reason consistent with rehabilitation" and, with respect to authority to grant a furlough to contact prospective employers, added proviso that "the commissioner has confirmed that an employment opportunity exists or an employment interview is scheduled", effective January 25, 2008; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 increased maximum period of furlough from 30 to 45 days, deleted proviso that, with respect to a furlough to contact prospective employers, "the commissioner has confirmed that an employment opportunity exists or an employment interview is scheduled" and restored authority to grant a furlough "for any compelling reason consistent with rehabilitation", effective October 5, 2009.

      Cited. 184 C. 222.

      Furlough extends limit of confinement; equating failure to return from furlough with escape is not violation of constitutional rights to equal protection and due process. 36 CS 71.


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      Sec. 18-101b. Residential stays at correctional facilities. Continuation in programs beyond discharge date. (a) Any inmate of a correctional facility under the authority of the Department of Correction, involved in a departmental program for drug dependent inmates or in a departmental work or education release program, may request that he be allowed to remain in a correctional facility for up to ninety days beyond his parole release or discharge date.

      (b) Any person under the jurisdiction of the Department of Correction, involved in a program operated by a state department other than the Department of Correction, may request that he be allowed to remain in such program for up to ninety days beyond his parole release or discharge date.

      (c) Any inmate requesting permission to remain in a correctional facility, as provided in subsection (a) of this section, or any person requesting permission to remain in a program, as provided in subsection (b) of this section, shall submit such request, in writing, to the Commissioner of Correction not later than one week prior to the scheduled date for the inmate's parole or discharge.

      (d) Any inmate receiving permission to remain in a correctional facility or any person receiving permission to remain in a program operated by a state department other than the Department of Correction beyond his scheduled date for parole or discharge may be charged a reasonable daily fee by the appropriate department while said inmate is housed in a facility of said department.

      (1972, P.A. 58; P.A. 73-243; P.A. 07-217, S. 78; P.A. 10-32, S. 71.)

      History: P.A. 73-243 inserted new Subsec. (b) re continuance in program outside correction department beyond release or discharge date, redesignated former Subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d) and amended them to include persons permitted to remain in such outside programs; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective July 12, 2007; P.A. 10-32 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 18-101c. Special alternative incarceration unit. Program activities. Section 18-101c is repealed.

      (P.A. 89-390, S. 17, 37; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-9, S. 9, 10.)

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      Sec. 18-101d. Donald T. Bergin Correctional Institution. Section 18-101d is repealed, effective October 1, 2001.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 39, 46; P.A. 01-20, S. 3.)

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PART Ia
EMPLOYEES

      Sec. 18-101e. Calculation of disability retirement income for correction officers upon designation of extraordinary circumstances. (a) Whenever a correction officer who is a member of a state employee organization and a member of the state employees retirement system, as a result of a special hazard inherent in the duties of a correction officer, becomes (1) permanently disabled or permanently unable to render service as a correction officer, and (2) permanently unable to engage in other suitable, comparable employment, the state employee organization representing such member may, but is not required to, petition the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management on behalf of such member for a designation of extraordinary circumstances for the purpose of calculating such member's disability retirement income.

      (b) If such petition is granted by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or a designee, or as a result of an arbitration conducted pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, the Department of Correction shall (1) elevate such correction officer to the highest pay grade in the member's bargaining unit, effective not later than the member's last day of active state service, and (2) prepare an application for disability retirement benefits under the state employees retirement system that reflects the salary of such highest pay grade. The Retirement Commission shall use the salary of such highest pay grade in determining such member's disability retirement income in accordance with the provisions of chapter 66.

      (c) (1) If such petition is denied by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or a designee, the state employee organization representing such member may initiate arbitration by filing with the State Board of Mediation and Arbitration the sole issue of whether such member is entitled to a designation of extraordinary circumstances for the purpose of calculating such member's disability retirement income. A copy of the filing shall be served on the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Not later than seven days after such copy has been served, the parties shall jointly select an arbitrator. The person selected shall have substantial, current experience as an impartial arbitrator of labor-management disputes. Persons who serve partisan interests as advocates or consultants for labor or management in labor-management relations or who are associated with or are members of a firm that performs such advocate or consultant work may not be selected. If the parties fail to agree on an arbitrator within the seven-day period, the selection shall be made using the procedures under the voluntary labor arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association.

      (2) In any arbitration proceeding initiated under this section, the sole issue before the arbitrator shall be whether such member is entitled to a designation of extraordinary circumstances for purposes of calculating such member's disability retirement income. The arbitrator's decision shall be final and binding on all parties and shall not be subject to appeal under any provision of the general statutes or under any collectively bargained agreement.

      (d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter the amount of compensation due any member of a correctional institution pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of section 5-142 or chapter 568.

      (P.A. 05-284, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 18-101f. Prohibition against disclosure of certain employee files to inmates under the Freedom of Information Act. A personnel or medical file or similar file concerning a current or former employee of the Department of Correction or the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, including, but not limited to, a record of a security investigation of such employee by the department or an investigation by the department of a discrimination complaint by or against such employee, shall not be subject to disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in section 1-200, to any individual committed to the custody or supervision of the Commissioner of Correction or confined in a facility of the Whiting Forensic Division of the Connecticut Valley Hospital. For the purposes of this section, an "employee of the Department of Correction" includes a member or employee of the Board of Pardons and Paroles within the Department of Correction.

      (P.A. 10-58, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 10-58 effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 18-101g. Reserved for future use.

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PART II
COMMUNITY CORRECTION SERVICES

      Sec. 18-101h. Definitions. As used in this part:

      (a) "Department" means the Department of Correction.

      (b) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Correction.

      (c) "Community-based service programs" means residential or nonresidential programs provided by private, nonprofit community or locally based organizations, state agencies or units of local government including the public-private resource expansion project, which offer housing, transportation, employment and counseling services to incarcerated, paroled or discharged offenders, victims of crime, persons charged with a crime, persons diverted from the criminal process and families of offenders.

      (d) "Residential programs" means those offered in "halfway houses," providing twenty-four hour care, supervision, and supportive services to pretrial, incarcerated, paroled or discharged offenders.

      (e) "Nonresidential programs" means those programs providing daytime or episodic community correction services to pretrial, incarcerated, paroled or discharged offenders and their families, or victims of crime and programs involving restitution or community service to pretrial offenders. For the purposes of this subsection, "community service" means the placement of offenders in unpaid positions with nonprofit or tax-supported agencies for the performance of a specified number of hours of work or service within a given period of time, and "restitution" means the restoration by an offender of a victim's losses through either payment of money or provision of services to the victim or, with the concurrence of the victim, to a third party.

      (P.A. 80-200, S. 1, 7; P.A. 82-383, S. 4, 7.)

      History: P.A. 82-383 amended Subsec. (c) by adding "state agencies" and amended Subsec. (e) by including programs involving restitution or community service in the definition of "nonresidential programs" and defining "community service" and "restitution".

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      Sec. 18-101i. Community-based service programs established. (a) To establish and develop noninstitutional, community-based service programs, the commissioner shall award grants or purchase of service contracts in accordance with the plan developed under subsection (b) of this section to private, nonprofit organizations, state agencies or units of local government, provided such grants shall not be subject to the formula funding requirements of section 18-101k. Such grants or contracts shall be the predominant method by which the department develops, implements and operates community correction programs. In addition, the commissioner may administer community-based service programs under the direct control of the department.

      (b) To carry out the purposes of subsection (a) of this section, the commissioner shall:

      (1) Develop and revise annually a comprehensive state community correction plan for the delivery of services in each of the service areas established by section 18-101j. The department shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 by January 1, 1981, providing for community input into such plan;

      (2) Report annually to the Governor and the General Assembly regarding its community correction activities. At a minimum, such report shall include the number of clients served, services offered and prevailing concerns of the service areas;

      (3) Research and gather relevant statistical data concerning the impact of community correction services and make such data available to the service areas and community correction program providers on a monthly and annual basis;

      (4) Establish a mechanism to monitor and evaluate on a regular basis all community correction programs and report their findings in writing to each agency in a timely and regular manner; and

      (5) Solicit and accept for use any gift of money or property made by will or otherwise, and any grant of money, services or property from the federal government, in accordance with the state community correction plan.

      (c) The department shall include in its budget a separate allocation for the provision of community-based service programs as required by this part.

      (P.A. 80-200, S. 3, 7; P.A. 82-383, S. 5, 7; P.A. 05-288, S. 74.)

      History: P.A. 82-383 amended Subsec. (a) by adding "state agencies"; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 18-101j. Community correction service areas established. There shall be five community correction service areas corresponding to the health systems agency regions established pursuant to the National Health Planning and Resources Development Act, Public Law 93-641. These areas shall be used by the department in the data collection concerning community correction programs and the planning, delivery and evaluation of community correction programs and for the purpose of providing funds under purchase of service contracts for community correction programs of the department.

      (P.A. 80-200, S. 4, 7.)

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      Sec. 18-101k. Funding. (a) In establishing the level of funds in each service area, and funds available for each service contract, the department shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 by February 1, 1981, providing a formula and procedures for the application, review and award or denial of requests for funds, and providing for the waiver or amendment of such formula as provided in subsection (c) of this section.

      (b) Such formula shall provide for: (1) Private sector match; (2) client population ratio; (3) nonclient criteria; (4) residential facility criteria; and (5) nonresidential facility criteria.

      (c) Such formula may be amended or waived by the department when, after due consideration, it finds that services for such area are not needed or that such area fails to have existing private, nonprofit organizations or units of local government to carry out the purposes of this part.

      (P.A. 80-200, S. 5, 7; P.A. 05-288, S. 75.)

      History: P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective July 13, 2005.

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