CHAPTER 203*
PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT

      *See Sec. 7-568 re additional property tax to pay current year's expenses.

      See Sec. 12-1d for transfer of functions, powers and duties under this chapter to Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management.

      Property in city of Stamford is subject to town taxes to meet expenses of services performed outside city and not benefiting property owners in city. 134 C. 65. Municipalities have no powers of taxation except those expressly given to them by the legislature. 145 C. 375. Strict compliance with statutory provisions is a condition precedent to the imposition of a valid tax. 147 C. 262. Cited. 149 C. 32;. Cited.158 C. 148. Cited. 195 C. 587, 593. Cited. 235 C. 637.

      Cited. 4 CA 426.


Table of Contents

Sec. 12-40. Notice requiring declaration of personal property.
Sec. 12-40a. Committee for training, examination and certification of assessment personnel. Fees. Certification by Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management.
Sec. 12-41. Filing of declaration.
Sec. 12-42. Extension for filing declaration. Assessor preparation of declaration when none filed.
Sec. 12-43. Property of nonresidents.
Sec. 12-44. Municipalities coterminous with or within towns may impose penalty.
Sec. 12-45. Return to assessors of personalty in trust.
Sec. 12-46. Penalty for neglect by trustees, guardians or conservators.
Sec. 12-47. Listing of estates of insolvent debtors and decedents.
Sec. 12-48. Tenant for life or years to list property.
Sec. 12-49. Lists to be verified.
Sec. 12-50. List may be filed by spouse, attorney or agent.
Sec. 12-51. List may be filed by holder of encumbrance.
Sec. 12-52. Assessor not to accept defective list or neglect to return list. Penalty.
Sec. 12-53. Addition of omitted property. Audits. Penalty.
Sec. 12-53a. Assessment and taxation of new real estate construction.
Sec. 12-54. Examination by assessors when declaration not filed.
Sec. 12-55. Publication of grand list. Changes in valuation. Notice of assessment increase.
Sec. 12-56. Assessors may take lists and abstract of previous year.
Sec. 12-57. Certificates of correction.
Sec. 12-57a. Leased personal property and name of owner thereof to be included for information purposes in declaration of lessee.
Sec. 12-58. Declaration of property of manufacturers and traders.
Sec. 12-59. Declaration of corporation property. Stockholders exempt.
Sec. 12-60. Correction of clerical error in assessment.
Sec. 12-61. Special assessment forms; approval of secretary.
Sec. 12-62. Revaluation of real estate. Regulations. Certain Indian lands exempt.
Sec. 12-62a. Uniform assessment date and rate.
Sec. 12-62b. The Residential Property Tax Revaluation Relief Fund. Amounts to be credited to fund.
Sec. 12-62c. Municipal option to phase in assessment increases resulting from revaluation of real property.
Sec. 12-62d. Residential property tax relief for municipalities with certain effective tax rate following revaluation: State program related to revaluations effective in 1987 and 1988; municipal option program commencing in 1989.
Sec. 12-62e. Source of funds for state payments under section 12-62d.
Sec. 12-62f. State grants-in-aid to municipalities for development or modification of computer-assisted mass appraisal systems for use in revaluation.
Sec. 12-62g. Increase in certain veteran's exemptions upon revaluation.
Secs. 12-62h and 12-62i. Stay and phase-in of implementation of revaluation. Performance-based revaluation testing standards.
Sec. 12-62j. Interlocal revaluation agreement grant.
Sec. 12-62k. Revaluation exemption review committee. Membership. Statistical measures. Certification. Penalty.
Sec. 12-62l. Option to not implement revaluation for 2003, 2004 and 2005 assessment years.
Sec. 12-62m. Reports of assessed valuation of property in towns phasing in revaluation.
Sec. 12-62n. Municipal option to adopt assessment rates limiting property tax increases on apartment and residential properties.
Sec. 12-62o. Municipal option to make annual adjustments in property values.
Sec. 12-62p. Municipal option to delay revaluation or suspend phase-in of real property assessment increase.
Sec. 12-62q. Regional revaluation program.
Sec. 12-63. Rule of valuation. Optional depreciation schedules. Depreciation rules for machinery and equipment.
Sec. 12-63a. Taxation of mobile manufactured homes and mobile manufactured home parks.
Sec. 12-63b. Valuation of rental income real property.
Sec. 12-63c. Submission of income and expense information applicable to rental income real property.
Sec. 12-63d. Change in assessed value of real estate. Relationship to sale price.
Sec. 12-63e. Valuation of property on which a polluted or environmentally hazardous condition exists.
Sec. 12-63f. Payment to state of receipts from certain properties subjected to environmental pollution remediation projects.
Sec. 12-63g. Assessment of buffers to inland wetlands or watercourses.
Sec. 12-63h. Land value taxation program.
Sec. 12-64. Real estate liable to taxation. Easements in air space. Separate assessment of the interest of a lessee. Conditions under which lessee of state-owned property is subject to tax.
Sec. 12-64a. Reduction in assessed value of real estate upon removal of damaged buildings. Municipal option to abate tax on personal property located in damaged building.
Sec. 12-65. Agreements fixing assessments on multifamily housing.
Sec. 12-65a. Approval by state referee.
Sec. 12-65b. Agreements between municipality and owner or lessee of real property or air space fixing the assessment of such property or air space.
Sec. 12-65c. Deferral of increased assessments due to rehabilitation: Definitions.
Sec. 12-65d. Designation of rehabilitation area. Criteria for deferral of assessment increase.
Sec. 12-65e. Agreements to fix assessments during, and defer increases following, rehabilitation or construction. Required provisions.
Sec. 12-65f. Appeal.
Sec. 12-65g. Agreements to fix assessments during, and defer increases following, rehabilitation to accommodate physically disabled persons. Required provisions.
Sec. 12-65h. Agreements between municipality and owner or lessee of real property or air space containing a manufacturing facility fixing the assessment of personal property in such facility.
Sec. 12-66. Property of religious, educational or charitable corporations; leasehold interests.
Sec. 12-67. Taxation of dwelling houses of railroad companies.
Sec. 12-68. Grantee failing to record deed, grantor taxed. Damages.
Sec. 12-69. Real estate liable for payment of judgment.
Sec. 12-70. Obligation of purchaser of real estate assuming payment of taxes.
Sec. 12-71. Personal property subject to tax. Computer software not subject to tax. Determination of situs of motor vehicles and snowmobiles for tax purposes.
Sec. 12-71a. List of values of vessels. Use in assessing.
Sec. 12-71b. Taxation of motor vehicles not registered on the assessment date. Assessment procedure. Tax date due.
Sec. 12-71c. Pro rata credit for property tax on motor vehicle when sold, totally damaged, stolen or registered in another state; time limit for claim.
Sec. 12-71d. Schedule of motor vehicle values.
Sec. 12-72. Assessment of certain classes of vessels.
Sec. 12-73. Taxation of municipal property used for sewage disposal.
Sec. 12-74. Municipal airports located in another town.
Sec. 12-75. Assessment of private water company property. Payments by municipal water companies on certain property.
Sec. 12-76. Assessment of water supply land. Payments in lieu of taxes by certain municipal corporations re water supply land in another municipality.
Sec. 12-76a. Taxation of land in which state or United States has easement or other right.
Sec. 12-77. Taxation of water power.
Sec. 12-78. Taxation of water power and works when power is used in another town.
Sec. 12-79. Water power used outside the state.
Sec. 12-80. Property of utility company to be taxed where located.
Sec. 12-80a. Personal property used in rendering telecommunications service. Exceptions.
Sec. 12-80b. Apportionment of property for purposes of section 12-80a.
Sec. 12-81. *(See end of section for amended version of subdivisions (59) and (60) and effective date.) Exemptions.
Sec. 12-81a. Property subject to tax exemption. Liability of purchaser.
Sec. 12-81b. Establishment by ordinance of effective date for exemption of property acquired by certain institutions.
Sec. 12-81c. Municipal option to exempt certain motor vehicles.
Sec. 12-81d. Notification of tax collector of exempt status of property.
Sec. 12-81e. Exemption for certain vans used to transport employees to and from work.
Sec. 12-81f. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for veterans or spouses eligible for exemption under section 12-81.
Sec. 12-81g. Additional exemption from property tax for veterans. State reimbursement for related tax loss.
Sec. 12-81h. Municipal option to allow exemption applicable to assessed value of a motor vehicle specially equipped for disabled veteran eligible for exemption under section 12-81 related to disability.
Sec. 12-81i. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for persons totally disabled and eligible for exemption under section 12-81.
Sec. 12-81j. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for blind persons eligible for exemption under section 12-81.
Sec. 12-81k. Extension of time to file application for exemption under subdivisions (59), (60), (70), (72) and (74) of section 12-81.
Sec. 12-81l. Uniform income requirements for exemptions from property tax under sections 12-81f, 12-81g, 12-81i and 12-81j.
Sec. 12-81m. Municipal option to abate up to fifty per cent of property taxes of dairy farm, fruit orchard, vegetable, nursery, nontraditional or tobacco farm or commercial lobstering business operated on maritime heritage land.
Sec. 12-81n. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for businesses offering child day care services to residents.
Sec. 12-81o. Municipal option to abate property taxes on certain food manufacturing plants.
Sec. 12-81p. Municipal option to abate property taxes on amusement theme parks.
Sec. 12-81q. Municipal option to abate property taxes on infrastructure of certain water companies.
Sec. 12-81r. Municipal option to abate or forgive taxes or fix assessment on contaminated real property.
Sec. 12-81s. Municipal option to exempt commercial fishing apparatus.
Sec. 12-81t. Municipal option to abate property taxes on information technology personal property.
Sec. 12-81u. Municipal option to abate property taxes on property of certain communications establishments.
Sec. 12-81v. Municipal option to abate taxes on property of electric cooperatives.
Sec. 12-81w. Municipal option to abate or exempt a portion of property taxes of local firefighters and certain emergency and civil preparedness personnel.
Sec. 12-81x. Municipal option to abate taxes of surviving spouse of police officers or firefighters.
Sec. 12-81y. Municipal option to abate property taxes on school buses.
Sec. 12-81z. Municipal option to abate taxes on property of nonstock corporation providing citizenship classes.
Sec. 12-81aa. Municipal option to abate taxes for urban and industrial reinvestment sites.
Sec. 12-81bb. Municipal option to provide property tax credits for affordable housing deed restrictions.
Sec. 12-81cc. Portability of certain veterans' property tax exemptions.
Sec. 12-81dd. Municipal option to abate real or personal property taxes paid by a nonprofit land conservation organization.
Sec. 12-81ee. Terms of stipulated judgment not affected by property tax exemption for certain open space land.
Sec. 12-82. Exemptions of veterans of allied services of First World War.
Secs. 12-83 and 12-84. Exemption of disabled veterans over sixty-five. Veterans of Second World War; establishment of right to future exemptions.
Sec. 12-85. Veterans' exemptions, residence and record ownership requirements.
Sec. 12-86. Termination date of Second World War.
Sec. 12-87. Additional report. Property, when taxable.
Sec. 12-87a. Quadrennial property tax exemption statements; extension of time to file.
Sec. 12-88. When property otherwise taxable may be completely or partially exempted.
Sec. 12-88a. Application of property tax to real property acquired by a quasi-public agency but not held or used for purposes of such quasi-public agency.
Sec. 12-89. Assessors to determine exemptions.
Sec. 12-89a. Certain organizations may be required by assessor to submit evidence of exemption from federal income tax.
Sec. 12-90. Limitation on number of exemptions allowed.
Sec. 12-91. Exemption for farm machinery, horses or ponies. Additional optional exemption for farm buildings or buildings used for housing for seasonal employees.
Sec. 12-92. Proofs to be filed by blind.
Sec. 12-93. Veterans' exemptions; proof of claim.
Sec. 12-93a. Allowance of veterans' property tax exemptions in relation to a residential dwelling on leased land and certain vehicles.
Sec. 12-94. Exemptions of servicemen, veterans and their relatives, blind and totally disabled persons, where made. List, exemptions.
Sec. 12-94a. State reimbursement in lieu of tax revenue from totally disabled persons.
Sec. 12-94b. State payment in lieu of taxes for commercial motor vehicles and manufacturing machinery and equipment. Applicable until July 1, 2013.
Sec. 12-94c. Depreciation schedule for revenue loss for certain machinery and equipment to be reimbursed by the state.
Sec. 12-94d. Payment in lieu of tax revenue from electric generation facilities.
Sec. 12-94e. Municipal option to grant certain previously waived exemptions.
Sec. 12-94f. Phase-in of one hundred per cent state payment in lieu of taxes for machinery and equipment.
Sec. 12-94g. Amount of state payment in lieu of taxes on machinery and equipment commencing July 1, 2013.
Sec. 12-95. Exemption only on submission of evidence.
Sec. 12-95a. Exemption of merchandise in transit in warehouses.
Sec. 12-96. Exemptions of tree plantations of not less than twenty-five acres. Conversion to forest land classification.
Sec. 12-97. Taxation of timber land of more than ten years' growth. Conversion to forest land classification.
Sec. 12-98. Classification of land stocked with trees not more than ten years old. Conversion to forest land classification.
Sec. 12-99. Grounds for cancellation of classification. Taxation after cancellation.
Sec. 12-100. Material cut for domestic use exempted from yield tax.
Sec. 12-101. Due date and collection of tax.
Sec. 12-102. Taxing of woodland.
Sec. 12-103. Appeals.
Secs. 12-104 to 12-107. Tree-growth land: Certificate by State Forester; taxation; revocation of certificate; when owner may cut wood.
Sec. 12-107a. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 12-107b. Definitions.
Sec. 12-107c. Classification of land as farm land.
Sec. 12-107d. Regulations re evaluation of land as forest land. Implementation of standards and procedures. Certification requirements. Fees. Notice of termination of forest land classification. Application for classification as forest land. Appeal. Report to State Forester.
Sec. 12-107e. Classification of land as open space land.
Sec. 12-107f. Open space land.
Sec. 12-107g. Classification of land as marine heritage land.
Sec. 12-108. Stored property as property in transit.
Sec. 12-109. Listing and valuation of tax-exempt property.
Sec. 12-110. Sessions of board of assessment appeals.
Sec. 12-111. Appeals to board of assessment appeals.
Sec. 12-112. Limit of time for appeals.
Sec. 12-113. When board of assessment appeals may reduce assessment.
Sec. 12-114. Adjustment of assessment by board of assessment appeals.
Sec. 12-115. Addition to grand list by board of assessment appeals.
Sec. 12-116. Assessment and taxation under special acts.
Sec. 12-117. Extension of time for completion of duties of assessors and board of assessment appeals.
Sec. 12-117a. Appeals from boards of tax review or boards of assessment appeals.
Sec. 12-118. Appeals from Connecticut Appeals Board for Property Valuation.
Sec. 12-118a. Validation of pending appeals.
Sec. 12-119. Remedy when property wrongfully assessed.
Sec. 12-119a. Waiver of addition to assessments. Municipal option to reduce addition to assessments.
Sec. 12-120. Assessor or board of assessors to send abstract of assessment lists to Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management.
Sec. 12-120a. Annual report from Office of Policy and Management to General Assembly committee on finance, revenue and bonding concerning real and personal property tax data for towns in the state.
Sec. 12-120b. Uniform administrative review procedures for certain state-reimbursed property tax exemptions, credits and rebates.
Sec. 12-121. Compensation of assessors and boards of assessment appeals.
Secs. 12-121a to 12-121d. Personal property exempt from assessment.
Sec. 12-121e. Reduction in assessment of certain rehabilitated buildings.
Sec. 12-121f. Validations re assessment lists.
Secs. 12-121g to 12-121z.

      Sec. 12-40. Notice requiring declaration of personal property. The assessors in each town, except as otherwise specially provided by law, shall, on or before the fifteenth day of October annually, post on the signposts therein, if any, or at some other exterior place near the office of the town clerk, or publish in a newspaper published in such town or, if no newspaper is published in such town, then in any newspaper published in the state having a general circulation in such town, a notice requiring all persons therein liable to pay taxes to bring in a declaration of the taxable personal property belonging to them on the first day of October in that year in accordance with section 12-42 and the taxable personal property for which a declaration is required in accordance with section 12-43.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1717; P.A. 84-146, S. 6; P.A. 99-189, S. 1, 20.)

      History: P.A. 84-146 included a reference to posting of notice on a place other than a signpost; P.A. 99-189 replaced list with declaration, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

      Personal property in hands of executors, administrators or trustees. 30 C. 402; 38 C. 443. Same in hands of receivers of insolvent corporations. 61 C. 112; 82 C. 411. Obligation to bring in list is personal to each taxpayer. 81 C. 644. Commencement of condemnation proceedings to take property no excuse for failure to file list. 88 C. 76. Cited. 147 C. 308. Cited. 210 C. 233. Cited. 240 C. 422.

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      Sec. 12-40a. Committee for training, examination and certification of assessment personnel. Fees. Certification by Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. (a) There shall be a committee for the purpose of establishing a program and procedures for the training, examination and certification of assessment personnel, appointed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and consisting of seven members, six of whom shall serve without pay and shall be appointed initially as follows: Two members for two-year terms; two members for four-year terms; and two members for six-year terms. No less than one member shall be from a municipality with a population over fifty thousand, and no less than one member shall be from a municipality with a population under five thousand. The seventh member shall be an employee of the Office of Policy and Management, who shall have demonstrated competence in Connecticut assessment practices. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall thereafter appoint two members every two years for six-year terms. Each member of the committee, other than the representative from the Office of Policy and Management, shall, on and after July 1, 1984, be a person certified pursuant to subsection (b) of this section and shall have demonstrated competence in Connecticut assessment practices. Each member of the committee, other than the representative from the Office of Policy and Management, appointed on or after July 1, 1984, shall be employed by a municipality in the state in a position relating to the assessment of property for the purposes of the property tax. Any member of the committee who ceases to be an employee of the Office of Policy and Management, or to be certified pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, as the case may be, shall cease to be a member of the committee and the secretary shall appoint a replacement to fill the remainder of the term. Said committee shall elect its own chairman and adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, for the training, fees and examination of assessment personnel including standards for the certification and recertification of assessors. Such regulations may include requirements for any type of training or experience, or combination thereof, the committee deems appropriate.

      (b) Any person may participate in training on assessment practices prescribed by said committee. Upon completion of the requirements provided for in regulations adopted under subsection (a) of this section and successful completion of any examination prescribed by said committee, any person shall be recommended to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management as a candidate for certification as a certified Connecticut municipal assessor. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall certify any qualified candidate recommended by said committee as a certified Connecticut municipal assessor and may rescind such certification for sufficient cause as said secretary may determine. Such certification shall be valid for five years from the date of issuance. Said secretary may certify a candidate who has not completed such training provided such candidate has experience in Connecticut assessment practices to such extent, determined by said secretary, as to make it unnecessary to complete such training; provided, such candidate shall be required to successfully complete any examination prescribed by said committee.

      (P.A. 74-255, S. 1-3; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 84-485, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-283, S. 1, 68; P.A. 96-224, S. 3; P.A. 97-80, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 84-485 amended Subsec. (a) to include a member from the office of policy and management, halved population requirements related to member selection, and added certification and employment qualification for other members; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to add requirement for rules and regulations to include standards for certification and recertification of assessors and Subsec. (b) to provide that certification is valid for five years, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-224 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize fees and amended Subsec. (b) to eliminate reference to training "courses"; P.A. 97-80 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change and add provision authorizing regulations to include requirements for any type of training or experience and amended Subsec. (b) to require completion of regulation requirements and successful completion of examination for recommendation, effective May 29, 1997.

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      Sec. 12-41. Filing of declaration. (a) Definition. "Municipality", whenever used in this section, includes each town, consolidated town and city, and consolidated town and borough.

      (b) Motor vehicles. No person required by law to file an annual declaration of personal property shall include in such declaration motor vehicles which are registered in the office of the state Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. With respect to any vehicle subject to taxation in a town other than the town in which such vehicle is registered, pursuant to section 12-71, information concerning such vehicle may be included in a declaration filed pursuant to this section or section 12-43, or on a report filed pursuant to section 12-57a.

      (c) Property included. Confidentiality of commercial and financial information. The annual declaration of the tangible personal property owned by such person on the assessment date, shall include, but is not limited to, the following property: Machinery used in mills and factories, cables, wires, poles, underground mains, conduits, pipes and other fixtures of water, gas, electric and heating companies, leasehold improvements classified as other than real property and furniture and fixtures of stores, offices, hotels, restaurants, taverns, halls, factories and manufacturers. Commercial or financial information in any declaration filed under this section shall not be open for public inspection.

      (d) Penalty. (1) Any person who fails to file a declaration of personal property on or before the first day of November, or on or before the extended filing date as granted by the assessor pursuant to section 12-42 shall be subject to a penalty equal to twenty-five per cent of the assessment of such property; (2) any person who files a declaration of personal property in a timely manner, but has omitted property, as defined in section 12-53, shall be subject to a penalty equal to twenty-five per cent of the assessment of such omitted property. The penalty shall be added to the grand list by the assessor of the town in which such property is taxable; and (3) any declaration received by the municipality to which it is due that is in an envelope bearing a postmark, as defined in section 1-2a, showing a date within the allowed filing period shall not be deemed to be delinquent.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1719; 1951, S. 1037d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 68; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 127; February, 1965, P.A. 461, S. 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 83-485, S. 11, 13; P.A. 87-245, S. 1, 10; P.A. 99-189, S. 2, 20; P.A. 04-228, S. 1; P.A. 08-130, S. 2.)

      History: 1961 act stated that real estate need not be included in lists in Subsec. (d) and rearranged subsections; 1965 act amended Subsec. (e) to combine elements of two separate provisions re goods on hand of merchants and traders and re goods on hand re manufacturers into one provision for both and to include reference to mechanical business; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 83-485 amended Subsec. (d) by providing that any assessor's office utilizing data processing or computer equipment for such real estate records or information shall be deemed to be in compliance with requirements in Subsec. (d), subject to provisions concerning duplicate records and capability of transfer to printed form, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-245 amended Subsec. (f) to increase penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; (Revisor's note: In 1997 the term "state Motor Vehicle Commissioner" in Subsec. (b) was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 99-189 replaced list with declaration, deleted obsolete provisions, added leasehold improvements classified as other than real property, added new Subsec. (d) re 25% penalty and deleted provision requiring Office of Policy and Management approval, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 04-228 amended Subsec. (b) to add provision re vehicle subject to taxation in town other than the one in which it is registered, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 08-130 amended Subsec. (d) by adding Subdiv. (3) re declaration postmarked within allowed filing period not deemed delinquent, effective June 5, 2008, and applicable to annual declarations due on or after November 1, 2008.

      See Sec. 12-169 re payment date for local taxes due on Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday.

      See Sec. 14-163 re duty of Motor Vehicles Commissioner to furnish lists of motor vehicle and snowmobile owners to town assessors.


      Corporation's motor vehicles properly are assessed, for purposes of personal property taxation, in the town in which corporation maintains its principal place of business, irrespective of where its motor vehicles are actually located. 266 C. 706.

      Subsec. (b):

      Motor vehicles registered in Connecticut are exempt from declaration of taxable personal property required under the general statutory scheme for taxation of personal property. 266 C. 706.


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      Sec. 12-42. Extension for filing declaration. Assessor preparation of declaration when none filed. The assessors may grant an extension of not more than forty-five days to file the declaration required pursuant to section 12-41 upon determination that there is good cause. If no declaration is filed, the assessors shall fill out a declaration including all property which the assessors have reason to believe is owned by the person for whom such declaration is prepared, liable to taxation, at the percentage of its actual valuation, as determined by the assessors in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-63 and 12-71, from the best information they can obtain, and add thereto twenty-five per cent of such assessment. When the first day of November is a Saturday or Sunday, the declaration may be filed or postmarked on the next business day following.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1718; June, 1955, S. 1036d; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 2; P.A. 87-245, S. 2, 10; P.A. 96-224, S. 1; P.A. 99-189, S. 3, 20.)

      History: P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 96-224 authorized assessors to grant an extension; P.A. 99-189 changed list to declaration and added timely filing requirement if deadline falls on Saturday or Sunday, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

      See Sec. 12-54 re assessors' examination of persons failing to return list of taxable property.

      Irregularities in perfecting grand list. 30 C. 394. One giving in list estopped from claiming listed property is not taxable. 30 C. 398; 51 C. 259. Listing of real property against nonresident bankrupt corporation before assignment recorded here, good. 36 C. 283. Assessors having information sufficient to found honest belief may fill out list for negligent taxpayer. 54 C. 436. They may do so without learning of or specifying particular property. Id., 440; 58 C. 269. Under former law, nonresidents not liable to ten per cent addition. 56 C. 351; 89 C. 437; see also 36 C. 284. Effect of assessors' action in adding property. 89 C. 438. Reference to previous list is insufficient description. 103 C. 152. Where assessors make out list, property must be listed in separate parcels; mandamus lies to compel performance of such duty. 104 C. 546, 547. Owner's valuation not required. 108 C. 125. Burden is on property owner to furnish facts. 117 C. 393. Cited. 123 C. 546. Cited. 147 C. 262. Cited. 212 C. 167; Id., 639. Cited. 232 C. 335. Cited. 240 C. 192; Id., 422.

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      Sec. 12-43. Property of nonresidents. Each owner of tangible personal property located in any town for three months or more during the assessment year immediately preceding any assessment day, who is a nonresident of such town, shall file a declaration of such personal property with the assessors of the town in which the same is located on such assessment day, if located in such town for three months or more in such year, otherwise, in the town in which such property is located for the three months or more in such year nearest to such assessment day, under the same provisions as apply to residents, and such personal property shall not be liable to taxation in any other town in this state. The declaration of each nonresident taxpayer shall contain the nonresident's post-office and street address. The assessors shall mail blank declaration forms to each nonresident, or to such nonresident's attorney or agent having custody of the nonresident's taxable property, at least fifteen days before the expiration of the time for filing such declaration. If the identity or mailing address of a nonresident taxpayer is not discovered until after the expiration of time for filing a declaration, the assessor shall, not later than ten days after determining the identity or mailing address, mail a declaration to the nonresident taxpayer. Said taxpayer shall file the declaration not later than fifteen days after the date such declaration is sent. Each nonresident taxpayer who fails to file a declaration in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be subject to the penalty provided in subsection (d) of section 12-41. As used in this section, "nonresident" means a person who does not reside in the town in which such person's tangible personal property is located on the assessment day, or a company, corporation, limited liability company, partnership or any other type of business enterprise that does not have an established place for conducting business in such town on the assessment day.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1720; P.A. 75-454, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-322, S. 20, 27; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 82-458, S. 1, 3; P.A. 99-189, S. 4, 20.)

      History: P.A. 75-454 deleted requirement that blank forms be mailed at least 15 days before expiration of filing time and inserted requirement that nonresidents file lists within 15 days after receiving blank forms; P.A. 76-322 repealed 1975 amendments, returning statute to pre-1975 status; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 82-458 amended provisions concerning period of time personal property of nonresidents of any town must be located in such town to be subject to tax therein by deleting "more than seven months during the year" and substituting "three months or more during the assessment year immediately preceding any assessment day", effective June 8, 1982 and applicable in any town with respect to assessment years commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter; P.A. 99-189 added procedure for discovery and assessment of nonresident property owner and defined nonresident, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

      See Sec. 12-71 re personal property subject to tax generally.

      This section is merely directory. 30 C. 402. Personal property of nonresidents as a general rule not taxable. 47 C. 484. Cited. 123 C. 546. Cited. 145 C. 375. Cited. 147 C. 287. Applicability to nonresident corporations and discussed in relation to Sec. 12-59. 166 C. 405. Cited. 189 C. 690. Cited. 212 C. 167; Id., 639. Cited. 227 C. 826. Cited. 240 C. 192. Corporation's motor vehicles properly are assessed, for purposes of personal property taxation, in town in which the corporation maintains its principal place of business, irrespective of where its motor vehicles are actually located. 266 C. 706. Nothing in section overrides the specific exemption from declaration of personal property provided by Sec. 12-41(b). Id.

      Cited. 29 CS 125.


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      Sec. 12-44. Municipalities coterminous with or within towns may impose penalty. Twenty-five per cent of the amount of the valuation of any property taxable by any city, borough, school district, fire district or other municipal association which bases its grand list upon that of the town in which it is situated shall be added to such amount on the assessment list of such municipal association in each case in which twenty-five per cent has been added to such amount by such town for the failure to file a list as prescribed by section 12-42 or 12-43; but such penalty shall not be in addition to that previously imposed in the town assessment.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1721; P.A. 87-245, S. 3, 10.)

      History: P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987.

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      Sec. 12-45. Return to assessors of personalty in trust. Each sole trustee residing in this state, having in his hands personal property liable to taxation belonging to the trust estate, shall make return thereof to the assessors of the town where he resides. If such personal property is in the hands of more than one trustee, if they all reside in the same town, they shall cause such return to be made by one of their number in such town; if they do not all reside in the same town, they shall cause such return to be made by one of their number, residing in the town in which the affairs of such trust are managed and administered, to the assessors of such town; but, if none of such trustees resides in such town, they shall designate one of their number who shall make such return to the assessors of the town where he resides. Each guardian or conservator shall make return of the personal estate of the guardian's ward or the conservator's conserved person to the assessors of the town in which such ward or conserved person resides.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1722; P.A. 07-116, S. 31.)

      History: P.A. 07-116 substituted "the guardian's ward or the conservator's conserved person" for "his ward" and added "or conserved person" re town in which ward resides.

      Executor or administrator, during settlement of estate, not a trustee under this statute. 38 C. 443. Nor insurance company as to "safety fund" belonging to it subject to trust for certificate holders. 61 C. 89. This section applies to investments in permanent form from which income is sought to be derived. Id., 112, 125. Applied to receivership. 82 C. 411. See note to Sec. 12-40.

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      Sec. 12-46. Penalty for neglect by trustees, guardians or conservators. If any trustee or trustees, guardian or conservator, whose duty it is to make such return or cause the same to be made, neglects so to do, he or they shall forfeit to the town in which such return should have been made, according to section 12-45, two per cent of the cash value of the property so taxable for each year of such neglect.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1723.)

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      Sec. 12-47. Listing of estates of insolvent debtors and decedents. The estate of any insolvent debtor or deceased person, not distributed or finally disposed of by the Court of Probate and which is required to be set in the list for taxation, may be set in the list in the name of such estate, or of the trustee, administrator or executor thereof, as such, at his option. Such property or any part thereof, when so set in the list, shall be liable for all taxes legally imposed thereon, for one year from the time when they become due.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1724.)

      Insolvent's estate to be classed with estates of residents though trustee a nonresident. 30 C. 402. Personal property taxable during settlement at domicile of deceased; coming to heir or legatee, where he resides; coming to trustee, where he or cestui que trust resides. 38 C. 443. Tax assessed against an estate, if still unsettled, levied on land more than year after due. 68 C. 293. Applied to ancillary receivership of corporation. 82 C. 411. Cited. 128 C. 554.

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      Sec. 12-48. Tenant for life or years to list property. When one is entitled to the ultimate enjoyment of real or personal estate liable to taxation, and another is entitled to the use of the same as an estate for life or for a term of years by gift or devise and not by contract, such estate shall be set in the list of the party in the immediate possession or use thereof, except when it is specially provided otherwise. Real estate so held shall be charged with the payment of any tax laid upon it, and the community laying such tax, or the tax collector or other authorized officer thereof, may collect or secure such tax in any manner provided by law for collection or securing of taxes on real estate; provided, upon the failure of the life tenant or person in immediate possession or use of such real estate to pay any tax laid upon it, the person or persons entitled to the ultimate enjoyment of such real estate may pay such tax and shall be subrogated to all the rights and remedies of the community laying the same for the collection or securing of such tax.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1725; 1953, S. 1038d.)

      Land in possession of tenant by curtesy should be listed in his name while wife's estate is in settlement. 67 C. 272. Provision construed. 74 C. 94. Cited. 109 C. 390. Where manufacturer had right to possession and use of materials, title to which had passed to federal government under terms of procurement contracts, such property was not taxable to plaintiff manufacturer. 156 C. 33.

      Cited. 4 CA 633.

      Lien on real property in name of life tenant, who acquired from one who acquired by devise, is valid. 9 CS 280. Owner who conveyed property but reserved life estate for herself was liable for taxes. Statute must be construed as if there were a comma after the words "an estate for life". 35 CS 101.


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      Sec. 12-49. Lists to be verified. The assessors in each town shall require each person giving in a tax list to sign, date and deliver to them a statement upon such list in the following form; and each person giving in a tax list shall sign, date and deliver to the assessors a statement upon such list in said form:

      I do hereby declare under penalty of false statement that the foregoing list, according to the best of my knowledge, remembrance and belief, is a true statement of all my property liable to taxation. I also declare under penalty of false statement that I have not conveyed or temporarily disposed of any estate for the purpose of evading the laws relating to the assessment and collection of taxes.

      Dated at .... this .... day of ...., 20...

Each person signing and delivering to the assessors a false statement of the foregoing form shall be subject to the penalty provided for false statement. Any assessor failing to comply with the provisions of this section shall be fined not more than fifty dollars for each offense.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1726; 1953, 1955, S. 1039d; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 81.)

      History: 1971 act substituted "false statement" for "perjury" and "penalty" for "punishment by law"; (Revisor's note: In 2001 the reference in this section to the date "19.." was changed editorially by the Revisors to "20.." to reflect the new millennium).

      What oath sufficient. 23 C. 148; 41 C. 206. When list made by authorized agent, valuation placed in list is not admissible in evidence as admission of owner unless special authority in agent to give valuation is shown. 106 C. 426. Oath does not embrace owner's valuation; hence false statement of valuation of property is not perjury. 108 C. 125; Nor admissible to affect credibility. Id. Cited. 127 C. 597. Cited. 240 C. 422.

      Cited. 39 CS 142.


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      Sec. 12-50. List may be filed by spouse, attorney or agent. The list of taxable property required to be filed annually by any taxpayer may be filed by the husband or wife or by an authorized agent or attorney of a taxpayer. Such husband or wife or agent or attorney shall make oath that he is authorized by the taxpayer to file such list and that he has knowledge of all taxable property of his principal subject to taxation in the town or other municipality wherein such list is filed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1727; June, 1955, S. 1040d.)

      Cited. 123 C. 546.

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      Sec. 12-51. List may be filed by holder of encumbrance. The holder of any encumbrance on, or interest in, any real estate which is subject to taxation and the owner of which has failed to give in the list thereof for the purposes of taxation, in the manner and within the time prescribed by this chapter, may, personally or by his authorized agent or attorney, file such list in the name of the record owner, within ten days after the expiration of the time limited to such record owner, and without the amount of the statutory penalty for failure to file such list being added thereto. If such list is filed by such authorized agent or attorney, such agent or attorney shall make oath that he is authorized by his principal to sign, execute and file such list and that he has knowledge of the facts therein set forth.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1728; June, 1955, S. 1041d.)

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      Sec. 12-52. Assessor not to accept defective list or neglect to return list. Penalty. Any assessor who accepts the list of any person, not made and perfected according to law, shall forfeit all compensation for acting as assessor and, for each list so accepted, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars. Any assessor who neglects to hand in a list of his taxable property to the assessors of the town in which he resides shall be fined not more than fifty dollars.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1729; June, 1955, S. 1042d.)

      Cited. 103 C. 154.

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      Sec. 12-53. Addition of omitted property. Audits. Penalty. (a) For purposes of this section: (1) "Omitted property" means property for which complete information is not included in the declaration required to be filed by law with respect to either the total number and type of all items subject to taxation or the true original cost and year acquired of all such items, (2) "books", "papers", "documents" and "other records" includes, but is not limited to, federal tax forms relating to the acquisition and cost of fixed assets, general ledgers, balance sheets, disbursement ledgers, fixed asset and depreciation schedules, financial statements, invoices, operating expense reports, capital and operating leases, conditional sales agreements and building or leasehold ledgers, and (3) "designee of an assessor" means a Connecticut municipal assessor certified in accordance with subsection (b) of section 12-40a, a certified public accountant, a revaluation company certified in accordance with section 12-2c for the valuation of personal property, or an individual certified as a revaluation company employee in accordance with section 12-2b for the valuation of personal property.

      (b) During the period prescribed by law for the completion of their duties the assessor or board of assessors of each town shall add to the declaration of each taxpayer any taxable property which they have reason to believe is owned by such taxpayer and has been omitted from such declaration. The property so added shall be assessed at the percentage of the actual valuation thereof, as determined by the assessor or board of assessors in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-63 and 12-71, from the best information the assessor or board of assessors can obtain, and twenty-five per cent of the assessment of such omitted property shall be added thereto. The assessor or board of assessors shall notify such person, in accordance with section 12-55, of any such increase in the assessed valuation.

      (c) (1) The assessor or board of assessors may perform an audit or require a designee of the assessor to perform an audit of any personal property required to be declared pursuant to section 12-40 or section 12-43. The assessor shall give notice in writing to the owner, custodian or other person having knowledge of any such property or the valuation thereof, of the time and place of such audit with respect to such property. Such notice shall be placed in the hands of such person or left at such person's usual place of residence or business or shall be sent to such person by registered or certified mail at the last-known place of residence or business not later than three years following the assessment date for which such declaration was required to be filed. Such notice shall direct the person named therein to appear before the assessor or board of assessors, or before a designee of said assessor, with books of account, papers, documents and other records for examination under oath relative to any such property or the valuation thereof. The methodologies used to determine the value of such property during such audit shall remain consistent with the methodologies requested by the assessor to determine the value of such property for the grand list year to which such audit or audits relate.

      (2) All taxable property, discovered during such audit and not declared by the owner as required by law, shall be added to the owner's declaration by such assessor or board of assessors at the percentage of its actual valuation, as determined by the assessor or board of assessors in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-63 and 12-71, and twenty-five per cent of such assessment shall be added thereto. If personal property is discovered during such audit to have been omitted, as defined in subsection (a) of this section, by the taxpayer, the difference between the value originally determined by the assessor and that determined as a result of the audit, shall be added to the taxpayer's declaration by the assessor at the percentage of its actual valuation pursuant to sections 12-63 and 12-71, plus twenty-five per cent of the assessment of such omitted property.

      (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 12-57 and 12-129, if any property is discovered during such audit to be listed in error by the owner, it shall be removed from such owner's declaration by the assessor or board of assessors.

      (4) No person shall be excused from giving testimony or producing books of account, papers, documents and other records on the ground that such testimony and such production of documents will tend to incriminate such person, but such testimony and such production of documentary evidence shall not be used in any criminal proceeding against such person. Any person who fails to appear at the time and place of such audit as designated in such notice, or, having appeared, refuses to answer any pertinent question or who fails to produce the books, papers or other documents mentioned in such notice, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both. All property which the assessor or board of assessors believes should have been declared for taxation and was not declared and concerning which sufficient information cannot be obtained by them at such hearing, or any adjournment thereof, shall be added to the list at such percentage of the actual valuation thereof from the best information obtainable by the assessor or board of assessors and twenty-five per cent shall be added to such assessment.

      (d) If the assessor or board of assessors of any town adds property to the declaration of any person or makes out a declaration for any person not filing a declaration or increases or decreases the valuation of any taxable property under the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, they shall, within thirty days of the completion of an audit under said subsection (c), give such person notice in writing by mailing the same, postage prepaid, to such person's last-known address and the same shall be held to be sufficient. Such notice shall include, but not be limited to, an accounting of the additions or deletions segregated by the categories of personal property on the declaration used by personal property owners in said town, a revised copy of the declaration reflecting the changes determined at such audit and information describing the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals.

      (e) Any person claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the assessor or board of assessors under this section may appeal the doings of the assessor or board of assessors to the board of assessment appeals and the Superior Court as otherwise provided in this chapter, provided such appeal shall be extended in time to the next succeeding board of assessment appeals if the statutory period for the meeting of such board has passed. Any person intending to so appeal to the board of assessment appeals may indicate that taxes paid by such person for any additional assessment added in accordance with this section, during the pendency of such appeal, are paid "under protest" and thereupon such person shall not be liable for any interest on the taxes based upon such additional assessment, provided (1) such person shall have paid not less than seventy-five per cent of the amount of the taxes resulting from such additional assessment within the time specified and (2) the board of assessment appeals reduces the valuation of property or removes items of property from the list of such person so that there is no tax liability related to such additional assessment.

      (f) Upon receipt of notice from the assessor or board of assessors of the addition of property to the declaration of any owner, or an increase in the assessment of any property included in such owner's declaration, the tax collector of the town shall, if such notice is received after the normal billing date, not later than thirty days thereafter mail or hand a bill to such owner based upon the addition of property to said owner's declaration or the increase in the assessment of any property that had been included in such owner's declaration added by the assessor or board of assessors. Such tax shall be due and payable and collectible as other municipal taxes and subject to the same liens and processes of collection, except that (1) such tax for the current fiscal year shall be due and payable in an initial or single installment due and payable not sooner than thirty days after the date such bill is mailed or handed to such owner and in any remaining, regular installments as the same are due and payable, and the several installments of the tax so due and payable, shall be equal, and (2) such tax for any prior fiscal year shall be payable not sooner than thirty days after the date such bill is mailed or delivered to such owner and shall include interest from the date or dates such tax for the corresponding grand list would have been due.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1730; June, 1955, S. 1043d; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 4, 5; 1963, P.A. 490, S. 8; P.A. 84-477, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-84, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-245, S. 4, 10; 87-589, S. 3, 87; P.A. 95-283, S. 33, 68; P.A. 99-189, S. 5, 20; P.A. 00-230, S. 1.)

      History: 1963 act added reference to Sec. 12-63 in Subsec. (a); P.A. 84-477 changed notice requirement from date prescribed by law for completion of assessors' duties to at least ten days prior to the end of the assessment year, included a provision for the removal of property listed in error and added Subsecs. (d) and (e) re appeal and payment of taxes on property added to list after normal billing date, effective June 8, 1984, and applicable in any town for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1984, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-84 amended Subsec. (a) to require notification in the event of an increase in assessed valuation, Subsec. (b) by adding time within which assessor must give notice of any addition to the property tax list of any person and Subsec. (c) requiring notice of the hearing concerning changes by the assessor in the list of any person, added Subsec. (d)(2) requiring that property added to the list of any person be removed by the board of tax review if such person is to avoid liability for interest on additions to the list and amended Subsec. (e) concerning interest applicable to the tax on property added to the list of any person as provided under said Subsec. (e), effective May 6, 1986, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-245 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to increase penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 87-589 made technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (d) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-189 added definitions of "omitted property", "books, papers, documents and other records" and "designee of an assessor", replaced authority to conduct hearings with authority for audits, listed who can perform audits, required auditors to use same methodologies as the assessor used for the property being audited, clarified application of penalty after audit, required notification of the taxpayer of audit results detailing all pre and post audit changes and advising the taxpayer of right to appeal and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-230 made technical changes in Subsec. (f).

      Particularity requisite in describing property added. 43 C. 309. Placing personal property on list by nonresident does not authorize assessors to add other personal property. 47 C. 477. Failure of notice waived by appeal to board of relief. 73 C. 299; 85 C. 7. List made out "same as last year" and completed by assessors considered. 76 C. 171. Applies only to property added by assessors to list; does not apply where valuation of property listed is increased. 103 C. 154. Upon failure of taxpayer to file list of taxable property, assessors are only required to act upon best information available and taxpayer cannot complain of "good faith" error in their judgment. 146 C. 165. Cited. 147 C. 308. Cited. 212 C. 639. Cited. 240 C. 192; Id., 422; Id., 469; Id., 475. Cited. 242 C. 727.

      Reduction of value of software loaded on computer not an omission from tax declaration on which a penalty may be imposed. 51 CA 508.

      Subsec. (b):

      Assessor has authority under this section to revalue previously assessed personal property. 240 C. 469.


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      Sec. 12-53a. Assessment and taxation of new real estate construction. (a) Completed new construction of real estate completed after any assessment date shall be liable for the payment of municipal taxes from the date the certificate of occupancy is issued or the date on which such new construction is first used for the purpose for which same was constructed, whichever is the earlier, prorated for the assessment year in which the new construction is completed. Said prorated tax shall be computed on the basis of the rate of tax applicable with respect to such property, including the applicable rate of tax in any tax district in which such property is subject to tax following completion of such new construction, on the date such property becomes liable for such prorated tax in accordance with this section.

      (b) The building inspector issuing the certificate shall, within ten days after issuing the same, notify, in writing, the assessor of the town in which the property is situated.

      (c) Not later than ninety days after receipt by the assessor of such notice from the building inspector or from a determination by the assessor that such new construction is being used for the purpose for which same was constructed, the assessor shall determine the increment by which assessment for the completed construction exceeds the assessment on the taxable grand list for the immediately preceding assessment date. He shall prorate such amount from the date of issuance of the certificate of occupancy or the date on which such new construction was first used for the purpose for which same was constructed, as the case may be, to the assessment date immediately following and shall add said increment as so prorated to the taxable grand list for the immediately preceding assessment date and shall within five days notify the record owner as appearing on such grand list and the tax collector of the municipality of such additional assessment. Such notice shall include information describing the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, for new construction completed after October first but before February first in any assessment year, the assessor shall, not later than ninety days after completion of the duties of the board of assessment appeals, determine the increment in accordance with this subsection.

      (d) Any person claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the assessor hereunder may appeal the doings of the assessor to the board of assessment appeals and the Superior Court as otherwise provided in this chapter; provided such appeal shall be extended in time to the next succeeding board of assessment appeals, if the statutory period for the meeting of such board has passed. Any person, intending to so appeal, may indicate that taxes paid by him upon the prorated increment herein specified during the pendency of such appeal are paid "Under Protest" and thereupon he shall not be liable for any interest on the taxes based upon such prorated increment, provided he shall have paid not less than seventy-five per cent of the amount of such taxes within the time specified.

      (e) Upon receipt of such notice from the assessor, the tax collector of the town shall, if such notice is received after the normal billing date, within thirty days thereafter mail or hand a bill to the owner based upon an amount prorated by the assessor. Such tax shall be due and payable and collectible as other municipal taxes and subject to the same liens and processes of collection; provided such tax shall be due and payable in an initial or single installment due and payable not sooner than thirty days after the date such bill is mailed or handed to the owner, and in any remaining, regular installments, as the same are due and payable, and the several installments of a tax so due and payable shall be equal.

      (f) Nothing herein shall be deemed to authorize the collection of taxes twice in respect of the land upon which the new construction is located.

      (1971, P.A. 788; P.A. 75-467, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-436, S. 299, 681; P.A. 82-226, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-283, S. 34, 68; P.A. 96-171, S. 3, 16; 96-224, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 75-467 amended Subsec. (a) to detail the calculation of the prorated tax; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas in Subsec. (d), effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 82-226 amended Subsec. (c) to increase from 15 days to 90 days the time allowed the assessor from commencement of use of new construction to the date of determination of the increased assessed value, which increase is added to the previous assessment list for purposes of imposing the pro rata tax applicable for the remaining portion of the assessment year after commencement of use; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (d) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-171 amended Subsec. (c) to add provision requiring the notice to include information describing the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 96-224 amended Subsec. (c) by adding provision re new construction completed after October first but before February first and amended Subsec. (e) to extend the time for the tax collector to mail a bill from 10 to 30 days (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (c) the references to "October 1" and "February 1" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "October first" and "February first", respectively, for consistency with customary statutory usage).

      Cited. 207 C. 250. Cited. 226 C. 92.

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      Sec. 12-54. Examination by assessors when declaration not filed. Each person liable to give in a declaration of such person's taxable tangible personal property and failing to do so may, within sixty days after the expiration of the time fixed by law for filing such declaration, be notified in writing by the assessors or a majority of them to appear before them to be examined under oath as to such person's property liable to taxation and for the purpose of verifying a declaration made out by them under the provisions of section 12-42. Any person who wilfully neglects or refuses to appear before the assessors and make oath as to such person's taxable property within ten days after having been so notified or who, having appeared, refuses to answer shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars. The assessors shall promptly notify the proper prosecuting officers of any violation of any provision of this section. Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the assessor from performing an audit of such person's taxable personal property, as provided in section 12-53.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1731; June, 1955, S. 1044d; P.A. 99-189, S. 6, 20.)

      History: P.A. 99-189 clarified right of assessor to audit property of taxpayers not filing declaration, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

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      Sec. 12-55. Publication of grand list. Changes in valuation. Notice of assessment increase. (a) On or before the thirty-first day of January of each year, except as otherwise specifically provided by law, the assessors or board of assessors shall publish the grand list for their respective towns. Each such grand list shall contain the assessed values of all property in the town, reflecting the statutory exemption or exemptions to which each property or property owner is entitled, and including, where applicable, any assessment penalty added in accordance with section 12-41 or 12-57a for the assessment year commencing on the October first immediately preceding. The assessor or board of assessors shall lodge the grand list for public inspection, in the office of the assessor on or before said thirty-first day of January, or on or before the day otherwise specifically provided by law for the completion of such grand list. The town's assessor or board of assessors shall take and subscribe to the oath, pursuant to section 1-25, which shall be certified by the officer administering the same and endorsed upon or attached to such grand list. For the grand list of October 1, 2000, and each grand list thereafter, each assessor or member of a board of assessors who signs the grand list shall be certified in accordance with the provisions of section 12-40a.

      (b) Prior to taking and subscribing to the oath upon the grand list, the assessor or board of assessors shall equalize the assessments of property in the town, if necessary, and make any assessment omitted by mistake or required by law. The assessor or board of assessors may increase or decrease the valuation of any property as reflected in the last-preceding grand list, or the valuation as stated in any personal property declaration or report received pursuant to this chapter. In each case of any increase in valuation of a property above the valuation of such property in the last-preceding grand list, or the valuation, if any, stated by the person filing such declaration or report, the assessor or board of assessors shall mail a written notice of assessment increase to the last-known address of the owner of the property the valuation of which has increased. All such notices shall be subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a notice of increase shall not be required in any year with respect to a registered motor vehicle the valuation of which has increased. In the year of a revaluation, the notice of increase sent in accordance with subsection (f) of section 12-62 shall be in lieu of the notice required by this section.

      (c) Each notice of assessment increase sent pursuant to this section shall include: (1) The valuation prior to and after such increase; and (2) information describing the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals. If a notice of assessment increase affects the value of personal property and the assessor or board of assessors used a methodology to determine such value that differs from the methodology previously used, such notice shall include a statement concerning such change in methodology, which shall indicate the current methodology and the one that the assessor or assessors used for the valuation prior to such increase. Each such notice shall be mailed not earlier than the assessment date and not later than the tenth calendar day immediately following the date on which the assessor or board of assessors signs and attests to the grand list. If any such assessment increase notice is sent later than the time period prescribed in this subsection, such increase shall become effective on the next succeeding grand list.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1734; 1957, P.A. 324; P.A. 79-149, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-95, S. 1, 2; 87-245, S. 5, 10; P.A. 95-283, S. 2, 68; P.A. 96-171, S. 4, 16; P.A. 97-68, S. 1, 3; 97-254, S. 5, 6; P.A. 99-189, S. 7, 20; P.A. 03-269, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 79-149 made notice of increased assessment mandatory at all times, rather than dependent upon request of person in cases where valuation higher than that stated by person filing, and detailed the contents of the notice, effective May 16, 1979, and applicable to the assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 87-95 added Subsec. (b) providing that written notice of assessment increases as required in Subsec. (a) shall be mailed to property owners on or before the tenth day following the date on which the grand list abstract is signed and attested to by the assessor and that if such notice of increase is mailed later than required, such increase shall not become effective until the next succeeding grand list, effective May 6, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to require assessors who sign grand list of October 1, 2000, and thereafter, to be certified and Subsec. (b) to replace on or before the tenth day with no earlier than the assessment date and no later than the tenth calendar day, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-171 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision requiring the notice to include information describing the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 97-68 amended Subsec. (a) to eliminate the notice under Sec. 12-55 in any year that a notice is sent under Sec. 12-62(f), effective May 27, 1997, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1997; P.A. 97-254 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision re notice sent in accordance with Sec. 12-62(f) in year of revaluation and deleted "or any improvement thereon" with respect to increase, effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 99-189 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that grand lists be kept in the assessor's office instead of town clerks office and that assessor required to notify taxpayer when methodology changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 03-269 substantially revised section, deleting former Subsecs. (a) and (b) and adding new Subsecs. (a) to (c), inclusive, re publication of grand lists, changes in property valuation and notices of assessment increases, effective July 1, 2003.

      See Sec. 12-117 re extension of time for assessors and boards of tax review to complete their duties.

      The law must be strictly complied with. 7 C. 550; 67 C. 528. Every article on an assessment list must appear to be legally taxable. 10 C. 127; 14 C. 72; see 30 C. 394; 39 C. 176; 43 C. 309; 44 C. 477. Omissions and mistakes can be taken advantage of only by those in whose lists they occur. 15 C. 447; see 65 C. 456. Agency of a majority of board of assessors necessary to a valid assessment. 18 C. 189. Assessors liable for altering assessment list after lodgment with town clerk. 28 C. 201. Assessment list is not a record. 30 C. 395. Assessors may consult special committee as to valuations, provided they themselves actually determine value. 83 C. 499. Power of assessors to alter lists under this section ceases when they are lodged with town clerk. 102 C. 210. List is not best evidence of existence of assessment, but if admitted without objection it may be given such weight as trial court reasonably thinks it deserves. 107 C. 134. Power of assessors exists to alter assessment during lawful period for performance of duties. 108 C. 258. Requirement that assessors be sworn is mandatory; but exact form of oath is merely directory; a substantial compliance is sufficient. 104 C. 583. Legislature may constitutionally validate abstract where assessors were not sworn. Id., 585. Cited. 117 C. 393. Failure to give notices of increase to individual taxpayers does not invalidate the grand list as a whole. 122 C. 228. Cited. Id., 403. Cited. 128 C. 649. Cited. 136 C. 32. If portion of parcel of land is sold, such portion becomes separate parcel and subsequent valuation of it is an original valuation; therefore no duty to give written notice to owner. 147 C. 262. Cited. 171 C. 372. Since tax assessments are a matter of public record, they are subject to best evidence rule. Id. Cited. 179 C. 111; Id., 712. Cited. 201 C. 1. Cited. 203 C. 425. Cited. 210 C. 233. Cited. 232 C. 335. Cited. 240 C. 422. Section cannot be used by taxpayer to compel an interim revaluation of property. 249 C. 63.

      Cited. 3 CA 393. Statute authorizes but does not compel municipal tax assessor to conduct interim revaluations of property to achieve a fair and equal assessment for all taxpayers. Thus, assessor may increase real property assessment between decennial revaluations when a sale of property in question demonstrates that the property has greatly increased in value in relation to other properties in the municipality. 70 CA 442.

      Does not limit public inspection to completed grand lists. 32 CS 583. Imposes only an affirmative duty to make completed grand lists available for public inspection and is not inconsistent with Secs. 1-19 and 1-20. Id., 590.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 241 C. 382.


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      Sec. 12-56. Assessors may take lists and abstract of previous year. The assessors, while in session to perfect the lists and make the abstract thereof, may take from the town clerk's office the lists and abstract of the town for the previous year.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1732.)

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      Sec. 12-57. Certificates of correction. (a) When it has been determined by the assessors of a municipality that tangible personal property has been assessed when it should not have been, the assessors shall, not later than three years following the tax due date relative to the property, issue a certificate of correction removing such tangible personal property from the list of the person who was assessed in error, whether such error resulted from information furnished by such person or otherwise. If such tangible personal property was subject to taxation on the same grand list by such municipality in the name of some other person and was not so previously assessed in the name of such other person, the assessor shall add such tangible personal property to the list of such other person and, in such event, the tax shall be levied upon, and collected from, such other person. If such tangible personal property should have been subject to taxation for the same taxing period on the grand list of another municipality in this state, the assessors shall promptly notify, in writing, the assessors of the municipality where the tangible personal property should be properly assessed and taxed, and the assessors of such municipality shall assess such tangible personal property and shall thereupon issue a certificate of correction adding such tangible personal property to the list of the person owning such property, and the tax thereon shall be levied and collected by the tax collector. Each such certificate of correction shall be made in duplicate, one copy of which shall be filed with the tax collector of such municipality and the other kept by the assessors in accordance with a records retention schedule issued by the Public Records Administrator.

      (b) When it has been determined by the assessors of a municipality, at any time, that a motor vehicle registered with the Department of Motor Vehicles has been assessed when it should not have been, the assessors shall issue a certificate of correction removing such vehicle from the list of the person who was assessed in error, and, if such vehicle should have been subject to taxation for the same taxing period on the grand list of another municipality in this state, the assessors shall promptly notify, in writing, the assessors of the municipality where the vehicle should be properly assessed and taxed, and the assessors of such municipality shall assess such vehicle and shall thereupon issue a certificate of correction adding such vehicle to the list of the person owning such vehicle, and the tax thereon shall be levied and collected by the tax collector.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1733; 1955, S. 1045d; 1961, P.A. 24, S. 1; P.A. 86-153, S. 3, 5; P.A. 99-189, S. 8, 20.)

      History: 1961 act extended section's application to all tangible personal property instead of only motor vehicles, extended length of time for issuing a certificate to one year subsequent to date tax was paid and made issuance of a certificate within the time limit mandatory in all situations listed, including any time when property has been mistakenly assessed; P.A. 86-153 amended the provision for removal of personal property from a person's list, in which such property is included in error, by adding the phrase that a certificate of correction shall be issued "whether such error resulted from information furnished by such person or otherwise"; P.A. 99-189 deleted a portion of existing provisions, designated remaining portion as Subsec. (a), required certificate of correction to be issued not later than three years following the tax due date, added provisions re tangible personal property subject to tax on same grand list in the name of another person, and added new Subsec. (b) re certificates of correction for motor vehicles, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

      See Sec. 12-126 re abatement or refund of tax on tangible personal property assessed in more than one municipality.

      Cited. 195 C. 587. Cited. 200 C. 697, 711. Cited. 212 C. 639.

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      Sec. 12-57a. Leased personal property and name of owner thereof to be included for information purposes in declaration of lessee. (a) Any personal property subject to a contract of lease, except any motor vehicle registered with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, which property is in the possession of the lessee on any assessment day in the municipality in which the lessee resides, shall, for information purposes only, be included in the personal property declaration of the lessee as an individual entry or as part of a list of such leased property in the possession of the lessee on such assessment day. Such entry or declaration may be in the form of an attachment or a separate category of property in such declaration and with respect to each item of such leased property, the lessee shall be required to include the name and address of the owner of such property and the term of the lease applicable thereto. In the event the lessee is not required to submit a personal property declaration in such municipality, any such items of leased personal property shall be recorded in such form as used for purposes of personal property declarations, adding thereto identification of such property as leased personal property and including with respect to each item of such property the name and address of the owner thereof.

      (b) Whenever any such lessee of personal property fails to file the information required in this section, it shall be assumed that any such property in the lessee's possession is owned by the lessee, who shall be subject to the penalty as provided in section 12-42 in the same manner as any owner of personal property who fails to file a personal property declaration as required.

      (P.A. 86-115, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-189, S. 9, 20.)

      History: P.A. 86-115 effective May 8, 1986, and applicable to the assessment list in any municipality for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 99-189 changed list to declaration and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

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      Sec. 12-58. Declaration of property of manufacturers and traders. The property of any trading, mercantile, manufacturing or mechanical business shall be assessed in the name of the owner or owners on the first day of October or such other assessment date as is specially provided by law in the town where the business is carried on; and the personal property declaration of any such owner or owners shall be given in by the person having charge of such business residing in such town, when the owner or owners do not reside therein. The amount of goods on hand for consumption in any such business, including finished and partly finished goods and raw materials and supplies, so assessed shall be the monthly average quantity of goods or supplies on hand during the year ending on the first day of October if such owner or owners has or have owned such business during the whole of such year or the monthly average quantity of goods on hand during the portion of the year ending on such date as such owner or owners has or have owned such business if such owner or owners has or have owned such business during only a portion or portions of such year, but this rule shall not apply to furniture, fixtures and machinery which are not for sale in the regular course of any such business. Furniture, fixtures and machinery on hand on the assessment date but not for sale in the regular course of business shall be listed for taxation under such of the other provisions of the general statutes and of special acts as are applicable. This section shall apply to the property of all persons, whether residents of this state or not, and to the property of all corporations, whether domestic or foreign. The word "town" as used herein includes a consolidated town and city and a consolidated town and borough.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1750; 1953, S. 1049d; February, 1965, P.A. 461, S. 1; P.A. 99-189, S. 10, 20.)

      History: 1965 act made October first the assessment date unless specially provided, deleted references to cities and boroughs, clarified provisions for calculation of assessment and defined "town"; P.A. 99-189 changed list to declaration and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

      See Sec. 12-24b re repeal of inconsistent special acts.

      Business carried on here taxable though owner is nonresident and the goods are liable to taxation in another state. 56 C. 351. Otherwise as to horse and wagon used in the business. Id. Quaere, as to limitation upon amount of deduction. 76 C. 673. Scope of words "trading or mercantile business"; lumbering. 82 C. 269. Money in hands of receiver of manufacturing concern not within this section. Id., 406. In case of fire district, taxing power is confined to value of goods actually within the district. 92 C. 676. Cited. 145 C. 375. Average amount of goods on hand at end of each month not exclusive method of determining taxable quantity. 146 C. 165. Buying groceries at wholesale for sale to retail grocers who are members of association, held to be a trading or mercantile business. 147 C. 287. Property in plaintiff's factory, title to which passed to federal government under provisions of contract of manufacturer, may not be taxed to plaintiff who had nothing except right to its use and possession. Statute does not authorize assessment of tax against possessory interests. 156 C. 33.

      Where, in action to collect taxes levied under this section, defendant asserted tax is unconstitutional, plaintiff is entitled to summary judgment since such a defense could not be properly made in such an action and there was no genuine issue as to any material fact. 25 CS 466. Taxpayer claiming to be aggrieved may seek relief as provided by section 12-118 or 12-119 or may pay the tax, under proper protest, and sue to recover such money as was illegally paid. He may not, in an action to collect the tax, contest the valuation placed on his property. Id.


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      Sec. 12-59. Declaration of corporation property. Stockholders exempt. The whole property in this state of each corporation organized under the law of this state, whose stock is not liable to taxation, and which is not required to pay a direct tax to this state in lieu of other taxes, and whose property is not expressly exempt from taxation, and the whole property in this state of each corporation organized under the law of any other state or country, including each foreign municipal electric utility, shall be set in the grand list and shall be liable to taxation in the same manner as the property of individuals. The stockholders of any corporation, the whole property of which is assessed and taxed in its name, shall be exempt from assessment or taxation for their stock therein. As used in this section, "foreign municipal electric utility" means a town, city, borough or any municipal corporation, department or agency thereof, of a state other than this state, whether or not separately incorporated, which is authorized under the laws of the state in which it is organized or resident to generate and transmit electric energy and which holds property in this state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1751; P.A. 73-442, S. 1; P.A. 82-458, S. 2, 3; P.A. 99-189, S. 11, 20; P.A. 02-103, S. 43.)

      History: P.A. 73-442 included foreign municipal electric utility under provisions of section and defined the term; P.A. 82-458 made changes concerning taxation of personal property of a corporation corresponding to those made in relation to such property of an individual in amendments to Sec. 12-43, with personal property to be subject to tax in the town in which it is located on the assessment date if located in such town for three months or more in the year immediately preceding such assessment date, effective June 8, 1982, and applicable in any town with respect to assessment years commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter; P.A. 99-189 deleted obsolete definition of "permanently located" and language re real estate and clarified reference to grand list, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 02-103 made a technical change.

      Formerly bank stock owned by corporation was not taxable. 3 C. 15. Bank stock owned by savings bank held taxable where latter is located. 20 C. 111. Deposits in savings banks are not stock. Id. The capital stock of a bank embraces all its property. 31 C. 106. What exempt under former provision, as property necessary to corporation's "appropriate business". 35 C. 7; 40 C. 498. A corporation's principal place of business is where its governing power is exercised. Id., 65. Real estate of national banking association not taxable under this section. 74 C. 449. Such deposits must be listed here. Id. Water mains. 79 C. 70; 85 C. 119. Includes cash of corporation in hands of receiver. 82 C. 409. Applies to bank deposits in N.Y. belonging to a Conn. corporation and used here for corporate purposes in connection with its local business. 92 C. 321. Application where part of a manufacturing plant is in a fire district. Id., 674. Does not apply to dam or transmission line of hydroelectric company. 101 C. 394, 400. This section does not give state power to tax the property of national banks. 135 C. 191. Average amount of goods kept in custody of mill by out-of-state owner held not "permanently located" in town. 145 C. 375. Merchandise located in warehouse in New Haven for seven months of the twelve months preceding assessment date, held permanently located there for tax purposes. 147 C. 287. Cited. Id., 308. Discussed in relation to section 12-43. 166 C. 405. Personal property "stationed" in a town for less than seven months is not taxable hereunder. Id.

      Where plaintiff's computer system was located in town for more than seven of the twelve months preceding the assessment date but was removed from the state before said date and was only partially owned by plaintiff on assessment date, held that jurisdictional basis for assessment has been provided by advantages afforded plaintiff by town during time property was in town and statute is constitutionally unassailable. 26 CS 201. Computer installations within state do not constitute "establishments" within meaning of the statute. Leasing activities do not constitute "transacting business" in Connecticut. 29 CS 129. Cited. 30 CS 318.


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      Sec. 12-60. Correction of clerical error in assessment. Any clerical omission or mistake in the assessment of taxes may be corrected according to the fact by the assessors or board of assessment appeals, not later than three years following the tax due date relative to which such omission or mistake occurred, and the tax shall be levied and collected according to such corrected assessment. In the event that the issuance of a certificate of correction results in an increase to the assessment list of any person, written notice of such increase shall be sent to such person's last-known address by the assessor or board of assessment appeals within ten days immediately following the date such correction is made. Such notice shall include, with respect to each assessment list corrected, the assessment prior to and after such increase and the reason for such increase. Any person claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the assessor under this section may appeal the doings of the assessor to the board of assessment appeals as otherwise provided in this chapter, provided such appeal shall be extended in time to the next succeeding board of assessment appeals if the meetings of such board for the grand list have passed. Any person intending to so appeal to the board of assessment appeals may indicate that taxes paid by him for any additional assessment added in accordance with this section, during the pendency of such appeal, are paid "under protest" and thereupon such person shall not be liable for any interest on the taxes based upon such additional assessment, provided (1) such person shall have paid not less than seventy-five per cent of the amount of such taxes within the time specified or (2) the board of assessment appeals reduces valuation or removes items of property from the list of such person so that there is no tax liability related to additional assessment.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1735; P.A. 90-101, S. 1; P.A. 95-283, S. 35, 68.)

      History: P.A. 90-101 added limitation that any clerical omission or mistake may not be corrected later than three years following the tax due date and related provision re increase in notice of the assessment and procedure for appeal to the board of tax review, including payment under protest during pendency of the appeal; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

      Limitations on power conferred. 102 C. 210. Clerical omissions or mistakes do not include errors of substance. 136 C. 29. Cited. 179 C. 712. Cited. 195 C. 48; Id., 587. Cited. 204 C. 336. Cited. 240 C. 469. Cited. 242 C. 727.

      Cited. 33 CA 270.

      No time limit for making correction. 4 CS 391.


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      Sec. 12-61. Special assessment forms; approval of secretary. The assessor or board of assessors of any municipality, having obtained the approval of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall have authority to use any special assessment form in lieu of any form prescribed by the secretary. In the event of such approval of any special form, such assessor or board shall not be required to use any general form prescribed by the secretary for which such special form is a substitute. No special form shall be approved by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management unless all the information which would be available on the general form is also available thereon. The secretary may, at any time, rescind approval of any special form and the regular form required by law shall be used in such municipality beginning with its next succeeding assessment date, unless in the interim another special form has been approved.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1736; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 99-89, S. 1, 10.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 99-89 specified that the special form is in lieu of the form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and made technical changes, effective June 3, 1999.

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      Sec. 12-62. Revaluation of real estate. Regulations. Certain Indian lands exempt. (a) As used in this chapter:

      (1) "Assessor" means the person responsible for establishing property assessments for purposes of a town's grand list and includes a board of assessors;

      (2) "Field review" means the process by which an assessor, a member of an assessor's staff or person designated by an assessor examines each parcel of real property in its neighborhood setting, compares observable attributes to those listed on such parcel's corresponding property record, makes any necessary corrections based on such observation and verifies that such parcel's attributes are accounted for in the valuation being developed for a revaluation;

      (3) "Full inspection" or "fully inspect" means to measure or verify the exterior dimensions of a building or structure and to enter and examine the interior of such building or structure in order to observe and record or verify the characteristics and conditions thereof, provided permission to enter such interior is granted by the property owner or an adult occupant;

      (4) "Real property" means all the property described in section 12-64;

      (5) "Revaluation" or "revalue" means to establish the present true and actual value of all real property in a town as of a specific assessment date;

      (6) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or said secretary's designee; and

      (7) "Town" means any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough.

      (b) (1) Commencing October 1, 2006, each town shall implement a revaluation not later than the first day of October that follows, by five years, the October first assessment date on which the town's previous revaluation became effective, provided, a town that opted to defer a revaluation, pursuant to section 12-62l, shall implement a revaluation not later than the first day of October that follows, by five years, the October first assessment date on which the town's deferred revaluation became effective. The town shall use assessments derived from each such revaluation for the purpose of levying property taxes for the assessment year in which such revaluation is effective and for each assessment year that follows until the ensuing revaluation becomes effective.

      (2) When conducting a revaluation, an assessor shall use generally accepted mass appraisal methods which may include, but need not be limited to, the market sales comparison approach to value, the cost approach to value and the income approach to value. Prior to the completion of each revaluation, the assessor shall conduct a field review. Except in a town that has a single assessor, the members of the board of assessors shall approve, by majority vote, all valuations established for a revaluation.

      (3) An assessor, member of an assessor's staff or person designated by an assessor may, at any time, fully inspect any parcel of improved real property in order to ascertain or verify the accuracy of data listed on the assessor's property record for such parcel. Except as provided in subdivision (4) of this subsection, the assessor shall fully inspect each such parcel once in every ten assessment years, provided, if the full inspection of any such parcel occurred in an assessment year preceding that commencing October 1, 1996, the assessor shall fully inspect such parcel not later than the first day of October of 2009, and shall thereafter fully inspect such parcel in accordance with this section. Nothing in this subsection shall require the assessor to fully inspect all of a town's improved real property parcels in the same assessment year and in no case shall an assessor be required to fully inspect any such parcel more than once during every ten assessment years.

      (4) An assessor may, at any time during the period in which a full inspection of each improved parcel of real property is required, send a questionnaire to the owner of such parcel to (A) obtain information concerning the property's acquisition, and (B) obtain verification of the accuracy of data listed on the assessor's property record for such parcel. An assessor shall develop and institute a quality assurance program with respect to responses received to such questionnaires. If satisfied with the results of said program concerning such questionnaires, the assessor may fully inspect only those parcels of improved real property for which satisfactory verification of data listed on the assessor's property record has not been obtained and is otherwise unavailable. The full inspection requirement in subdivision (3) of this subsection shall not apply to any parcel of improved real property for which the assessor obtains satisfactory verification of data listed on the assessor's property record.

      (c) The following shall be available for public inspection in the assessor's office, in the manner provided for access to public records in subsection (a) of section 1-210, not later than the date written notices of real property valuations are mailed in accordance with subsection (f) of this section: (1) Any criteria, guidelines, price schedules or statement of procedures used in such revaluation by the assessor or by any revaluation company that the assessor designates to perform mass appraisal or field review functions, all of which shall continue to be available for public inspection until the town's next revaluation becomes effective; and (2) a compilation of all real property sales in each neighborhood for the twelve months preceding the date on which each revaluation is effective, the selling prices of which are representative of the fair market values of the properties sold, which compilation shall continue to be available for public inspection for a period of not less than twelve months immediately following a revaluation's effective date. If the assessor changes any property valuation as determined by the revaluation company, the assessor shall document, in writing, the reason for such change and shall append such written explanation to the property card for the real estate parcel whose revaluation was changed. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to permit the assessor to post a plan or drawing of a dwelling unit of a residential property's interior on the Internet or to otherwise publish such plan or drawing.

      (d) (1) The chief executive officer of a town shall notify the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management that the town is effecting a revaluation by sending a written notice to the secretary not later than thirty days after the date on which such town's assessor signs a grand list that reflects assessments of real property derived from a revaluation. Any town that fails to effect a revaluation for the assessment date required by this section shall be subject to a penalty effective for the fiscal year commencing on the first day of July following such assessment date, and continuing for each successive fiscal year in which the town fails to levy taxes on the basis of such revaluation, provided the secretary shall not impose such penalty with respect to any assessment year in which the provisions of subsection (b) of section 12-117 are applicable. Such penalty shall be the forfeit of the amount otherwise allocable to such town pursuant to section 7-536, and the loss of fifty per cent of the amount of the grant that is payable to such town pursuant to sections 3-55i, 3-55j and 3-55k. Upon imposing said penalty, the secretary shall notify the chief executive officer of the amount of the town's forfeiture for said fiscal year and that the secretary's certification to the State Comptroller for the payments of such grant in said year shall reflect the required reduction.

      (2) The secretary may waive such penalty if, in the secretary's opinion, there appears to be reasonable cause for the town not having implemented a revaluation for the required assessment date, provided the chief executive officer of the town submits a written request for such waiver. Reasonable cause shall include: (A) An extraordinary circumstance or an act of God, (B) the failure on the part of any revaluation company to complete its contractual duties in a time and manner allowing for the implementation of such revaluation, and provided the town imposed the sanctions for such failure provided in a contract executed with said company, (C) the assessor's death or incapacitation during the conduct of a revaluation, which results in a delay of its implementation, or (D) an order by the superior court for the judicial district in which the town is located postponing such revaluation, or the potential for such an order with respect to a proceeding brought before said court. The chief executive officer shall submit such written request to the secretary not earlier than thirty business days after the date on which the assessor signs a grand list that does not reflect real property assessments based on values established for such required revaluation, and not later than thirty days preceding the July first commencement date of the fiscal year in which said penalty is applicable. Such request shall include the reason for the failure of the town to comply with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section. The chief executive officer of such town shall promptly provide any additional information regarding such failure that the secretary may require. Not later than sixty days after receiving such request and any such additional information, the secretary shall notify the chief executive officer of the secretary's decision to grant or deny the waiver requested, provided the secretary may delay a decision regarding a waiver related to a potential court order until not later than sixty days after the date such court renders the decision. The secretary shall not grant a penalty waiver under the provisions of this subsection with respect to consecutive years unless the General Assembly approves such action.

      (e) When conducting a revaluation, an assessor may designate a revaluation company certified in accordance with section 12-2b to perform property data collection, analysis of such data and any mass appraisal valuation or field review functions, pursuant to a method or methods the assessor approves, and may require such company to prepare and mail the valuation notices required by subsection (f) of this section, provided nothing in this subsection shall relieve any assessor of any other requirement relating to such revaluation imposed by any provisions of the general statutes, any public or special act, the provisions of any municipal charter that are not inconsistent with the requirements of this section, or any regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (g) of this section.

      (f) Not earlier than the assessment date that is the effective date of a revaluation and not later than the tenth calendar day immediately following the date on which the grand list for said assessment date is signed, the assessor shall mail a written notice to the last-known address of the owner of each parcel of real property that was revalued. Such notice shall include the valuation of such parcel as of said assessment date and the valuation of such parcel in the last-preceding assessment year, and shall provide information describing the property owner's rights to appeal the valuation established for said assessment date, including the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals.

      (g) The secretary shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, which an assessor shall use when conducting a revaluation. Such regulations shall include (1) provisions governing the management of the revaluation process, including, but not limited to, the method of compiling and maintaining property records, documenting the assessment year during which a full inspection of each parcel of improved real property occurs, and the method of determining real property sales data in support of the mass appraisal process, and (2) provisions establishing criteria for measuring the level and uniformity of assessments generated from a revaluation, provided such criteria shall be applicable to different classes of real property with respect to which a sufficient number of property sales exist. Certification of compliance with not less than one of said regulatory provisions shall be required for each revaluation and the assessor shall, not later than the date on which the grand list reflecting assessments of real property derived from a revaluation is signed, certify to the secretary and the chief executive officer, in writing, that the revaluation was conducted in accordance with said regulatory requirement. Any town effecting a revaluation with respect to which an assessor is unable to certify such compliance shall be subject to the penalty provided in subsection (d) of this section. In the event the assessor designates a revaluation company to perform mass appraisal valuation or field review functions with respect to a revaluation, the assessor and the employee of said company responsible for such function or functions shall jointly sign such certification. The assessor shall retain a copy of such certification and any data in support thereof in the assessor's office. The provisions of subsection (c) of this section concerning the public inspection of criteria, guidelines, price schedules or statement of procedures used in a revaluation shall be applicable to such certification and supporting data.

      (h) This section shall not require the revaluation of real property (1) designated within the 1983 Settlement boundary and taken into trust by the federal government for the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation before June 8, 1999, or (2) taken into trust by the federal government for the Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1737; 1949, 1951, S. 1046d; P.A. 74-253; P.A. 79-28, S. 1, 2; 79-485; P.A. 89-251, S. 190, 203; P.A. 91-296, S. 1, 5; P.A. 92-197, S. 1, 3; 92-221, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-373; P.A. 95-283, S. 3, 68; P.A. 96-171, S. 5-7, 16; 96-218, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 97-68, S. 2, 3; 97-254, S. 1, 6; P.A. 98-242, S. 4, 9; P.A. 99-108, S. 1, 2; 99-189, S. 18, 20; P.A. 00-229, S. 3, 7; P.A. 02-49, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 33; P.A. 06-148, S. 1; P.A. 07-246, S. 8; P.A. 09-196, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 74-253 replaced obsolete reference to February 1, 1930, as date for commencement of 10-year revaluations with reference to October 1, 1978, and clarified that first required revaluation after that time be no later than 10 years after last preceding revaluation; P.A. 79-28 replaced "thereafter" with "after each such revaluation" for clarity; P.A. 79-485 added Subsec. (b) requiring that criteria etc. used in revaluation be available for public inspection; P.A. 89-251 added new Subsec. (b) providing that a revaluation of all real estate within 5 years of a revaluation conducted by physical observation, may be conducted by use of a statistical method of adjustment without viewing the real estate, Subsec. (d) providing that any municipality which has not revalued all real estate in the tenth year following the last preceding revaluation, or sooner, shall be required to revalue all real estate not later than October 1, 1991, Subsec. (e) requiring filing of written notice of revaluation with the secretary of the office of policy and management not later than five business days following final action establishing a mill rate for the revalued grand list, and providing that any municipality failing to comply with this section shall forfeit 10% of total state grants-in-aid to such municipality for the fiscal year next following the assessment date on which the required revaluation was not implemented, with an additional provision allowing waiver of such forfeiture by the secretary of the office of policy and management under certain conditions and Subsec. (f) providing that any municipality which has implemented the program of property tax surcharges and credits under Sec. 12-62d shall revalue no later than 5 years following the last preceding revaluation and every 5 years thereafter, allowing revaluation by statistical adjustment in certain cases as provided in Subsec. (b) of this section; P.A. 91-296 provided that the revaluations required by this section would not be required until October 1, 1992, rather than October 1, 1991; P.A. 92-197 provided that the revaluations required by this section would not be required until October 1, 1993, rather than October 1, 1992; P.A. 92-221 added Subsec. (g) regarding designation of revaluation companies and amended Subsec. (c) to conform with its provisions, effective June 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-373 amended Subsec. (b) authorizing municipalities under certain conditions to annually conduct a revaluation by use of a statistical method; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that commencing October 1, 1996, real estate be revalued every 12 years, instead of 10 years, by physical inspection and by statistical method every 4 years following the physical revaluation, deleted portion of Subsec. (b) re 5 year physical revaluation, deleted Subsec. (f) re towns which implemented a program of property tax surcharges and credits, relettered remaining Subsecs., added new Subsec. (g) re notice of revaluation and right to appeal, and made technical changes effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-171 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize "designees" of assessors to perform statistical revaluations, amended Subsec. (c) to require criteria, guidelines, price schedules or statement of procedures to continue to be available for public inspection until the next revaluation becomes effective and replace "October 1, 1979" with "October 1, 1996", and amended Subsec. (g) to replace "appeal such revaluation" with "appeal the valuation of his property" and require the notice to include information on the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 96-218 provided a schedule for when towns must begin implementing physical and statistical revaluation cycles, added provision allowing assessor to have fulfilled the physical observation requirement if this was done within 4 years of the next scheduled physical revaluation, deleted Subsec. (d) re 10-year cycle and relettered remaining Subsecs. and made conforming and technical changes, and enacted new provision re agreements by contiguous towns which was added editorially by the Revisor as Subsec. (g), effective June 4, 1996; P.A. 97-68 amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision establishing time for mailing of the notice, effective May 27, 1997, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1997; P.A. 97-254 deleted existing Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) and inserted new provisions effective October 1, 1997, re revaluing of all real estate in accordance with new schedule in new Subsec. (b), deleted existing Subsec. (b), amended Subsec. (f) to add requirement re when written revaluation notices must be sent out and made technical changes, effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 98-242 added new Subsec. (h) to allow one-time election by a town to revalue earlier than the date required by section, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-108, designated Subsec. (i) by the Revisors, prohibited requiring a municipality to revalue prior to year of next revaluation, effective June 3, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1997; P.A. 99-189 amended Subsec. (d) to add provisions re postponement of revaluation for extraordinary circumstances and procedure and agreement with the Office of Policy and Management for waiver and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-229 added Subsec. (j) re revaluation of certain Indian land, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1998; P.A. 02-49 amended Subsec. (h)(2) to provide that, starting October 1, 2002, a town performing its revaluation before the time established in Subsec. (b) shall effect its next subsequent revaluation on the assessment date that is 4 years after the applicable date provided in Subsec. (b) instead of performing such revaluation 4 years after its early revaluation date and added Subsec. (k) exempting a municipality from conducting its next scheduled revaluation based on statistical calculations with respect to level of assessment, coefficient of dispersion and price related differential re all properties and properties in specific classes, effective May 9, 2002; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for physical inspection every 10 years and amended Subsec. (b) to delete former schedule for revaluation and to provide for revaluation every 5 years, effective October 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 06-148 entirely replaced existing section with new Subsecs. (a) to (h), inclusive, adding definitions, requiring revaluations every 5 years, providing inspection requirements, requiring certain public documents, requiring notice to the Office of Policy and Management of town revaluation, allowing use of revaluation company, specifying notice provisions, requiring regulations and exempting certain Indian tribe land from revaluation, effective June 6, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-246 amended Subsec. (c) to provide that nothing in subsection shall be construed to permit publication or posting on the Internet of a plan or drawing of certain dwelling units; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (c) by requiring assessor to document any changes in property valuation as determined by revaluation company, effective July 8, 2009.

      Failure of at least two assessors to view property in revaluation in 1928 cannot invalidate a proper valuation in 1930. 115 C. 580. Extra compensation to assessors for making revaluation. 116 C. 10. Revaluation not required to be done of all properties in same year; assistance of service company in arriving at valuations does not invalidate if assessors actually made assessments; to invalidate entire grand list, error in method of valuation must produce substantial injustice to taxpayers as a whole. 122 C. 218. Cited. 146 C. 669, 681. Cited. 149 C. 452. The duty is mandatory and its performance can be compelled by mandamus. 150 C. 439. When question is one of public right and object is to procure enforcement of public duty, the relator need not show he has any legal or special interest in the result. Id. Cited. 169 C. 663. 170 C. 477, 480. Cited. 179 C. 627. Writ of mandamus properly granted under the statutes. Id., 712. Because remedy for changing market values is set forth in this statute the use of average ratio approach is not applicable to discrepancies in valuation arising during ten-year period between valuations. 182 C. 619. Cited. 184 C. 326. Cited. 195 C. 48. Cited. 203 C. 425. Cited. 204 C. 336. Cited. 210 C. 233. Cited. 213 C. 307. Cited. 224 C. 110. Cited. 226 C. 92. Cited. 228 C. 23; Id., 476. Cited. 231 C. 731. Cited. 232 C. 335. Section does not insulate boards of tax review from appeals from over valuation during the years between decennial revaluations. 242 C. 363. Cited. Id., 550. Neither change in a property's use nor decision by a taxpayer to go out of business creates sufficient basis for mandatory interim revaluation of property. 249 C. 63.

      Cited. 3 CA 393. Cited. 21 CA 275. Cited. 38 CA 158. Cited. 41 CA 421; judgment reversed, see 242 C. 530. Cited. 43 CA 169. Town assessor's duties under statute are mandatory, not discretionary, and failure to make and complete another revaluation by statutorily mandated revaluation date constitutes a disregard of statute's mandate. 85 CA 480.

      Assessors under this section not required to reassess but rather to revalue for assessment; viewing and revaluing need not be done in the same year. 3 CS 448. Town meetings have no control over valuations or revaluations. 19 CS 218.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 241 C. 749.


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      Sec. 12-62a. Uniform assessment date and rate. (a) Each municipality, as defined in section 7-381, shall establish a uniform assessment date of October first.

      (b) Each such municipality shall assess all property for purposes of the local property tax at a uniform rate of seventy per cent of present true and actual value, as determined under section 12-63.

      (c) Repealed by P.A. 96-171, S. 15, 16.

      (d) Repealed by P.A. 96-171, S. 15, 16.

      (e) Repealed by P.A. 06-148, S. 10 and P.A. 06-176, S. 4.

      (f) Repealed by P.A. 06-148, S. 10 and P.A. 06-176, S. 4.

      (g) Repealed by P.A. 83-465, S. 3, 4.

      (P.A. 74-299, S. 1, 3, 4; P.A. 76-338, S. 4, 8; P.A. 78-256, S. 3, 4; 78-339, S. 1, 3; P.A. 79-612, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-321, S. 1, 3; 80-427, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-410, S. 2, 4; P.A. 83-465, S. 1, 3, 4; P.A. 84-428, S. 1, 4 P.A. 92-197, S. 2, 3; P.A. 96-171, S. 8, 15, 16; 96-218, S. 2, 6; P.A. 97-254, S. 2, 6; P.A. 06-148, S. 10; 06-176, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 76-338 amended Subsec. (a) to set separate commencement date for assessment of motor vehicles and amended provision concerning municipalities with assessment dates other than October first to allow them to have two assessment dates in years before their conversion to uniform date as well as in the year during which conversion takes place; P.A. 78-256 added Subsec. (c) re deferred increases, codified as Subsec. (e); P.A. 78-339 added Subsecs. (c) and (d) re effect of residential real property percentages on assessment rate; P.A. 79-612 amended Subsec. (e) to delete phrase limiting deferred assessments to cases in which overall rise is 30% or more and to add provisions re assessment of new constructions and added Subsec. (f) re continuance or discontinuance of deferred assessments of 1977 and 1978; P.A. 80-321 amended Subsec. (c) to specifically state that provisions are subject to Subsecs. (d) and (g), amended Subsec. (d) to postpone 70% rate from 1980 to 1984 to add provision governing assessments during the interim and added Subsec. (g) detailing assessments during interim, effective May 17, 1980, and applicable to municipal assessment years commencing October 1, 1980, and thereafter; P.A. 80-427 extended provisions of Subsec. (e) to include assessments up to 1981 and made changes in Subsec. (f) to reflect the broader application of Subsec. (e), effective May 20, 1980, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 1979, to October 1, 1981, inclusive; P.A. 82-410 amended Subsec. (e) to allow municipalities in assessment years commencing in 1982 and 1983 to add increased assessed values of real property, resulting from general revaluation, to the assessment list in equal increments over a period of up to five years including the year of revaluation, which option prior to this amendment was not allowed under said Subsec. (e) after the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981; P.A. 83-465 replaced previously existing Subsec. (d) with new subsection to provide that any municipality which for the 1981 assessment list has assessed property in accordance with the differential rate procedure in Subsec. (c), shall, for the assessment lists in 1982 through 1985 assess residential real property at the rates provided in said Subsec. (d) and all other property at 70% of actual value, and commencing with the 1986 assessment list, assess all property at 70% of actual value, and repealed former Subsec. (g) re 1982 and 1983 assessment lists effective June 14, 1983, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1982, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 84-428 amended Subsec. (e) to allow municipalities in assessment years commencing in 1984 and 1985 to add increased assessed values of real property, resulting from general revaluation, to the assessment list in equal increments over a period of not more than five years including the year of revaluation, which option without this amendment would not be available to municipalities after the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, effective June 12, 1984, and applicable in any municipality with a revaluation of real property effective in the assessment year commencing October 1, 1984 or October 1, 1985; P.A. 92-197 amended Subsec. (e) to provide that said Subsec. would be applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992, and to delete obsolete reference to revaluation effective "not later than 1985"; P.A. 96-171 repealed Subsecs. (c) and (d) re obsolete provisions authorizing mitigation of effects of revaluation in a municipality in which the assessed value of residential real property constitutes less than 20% of the assessed value of all property on the assessment list in the year immediately preceding revaluation and amended Subsecs. (e) and (f) to authorize a municipality commencing October 1, 1996, to defer an increased assessment from revaluation over a period not to exceed three years following the year of revaluation rather than four years following the year of such revaluation and delete obsolete provisions specifying the assessment years when option of deferment had been available, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 96-218 made same changes in Subsecs. (e) and (f) as P.A. 96-171, effective June 4, 1996; P.A. 97-254 deleted obsolete assessment year references in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and amended Subsec. (e) to delete requirement that revaluation result in an increase in total assessed value of all real property on list for preceding year, effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 06-148, effective June 6, 2006, and P.A. 06-176, effective June 9, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006, repealed Subsecs. (e) and (f).

      Cited. 228 C. 23; Id., 476.

      Cited. 7 CA 496.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 179 C. 627. Cited. 200 C. 697. Cited. 210 C. 233. Cited. 240 C. 192. Cited. 241 C. 382; Id., 749. Cited. 242 C. 343; Id., 550.

      Cited. 4 CA 106. Cited. 11 CA 566.

      Subsec. (d):

      Cited. 226 C. 92. Subdiv. (2) cited. 231 C. 731.

      Subsec. (e):

      Section does not violate equal protection clause of U.S. and Conn. constitutions. 179 C. 627.


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      Sec. 12-62b. The Residential Property Tax Revaluation Relief Fund. Amounts to be credited to fund. Section 12-62b is repealed, effective June 26, 1997.

      (July Sp. Sess. P.A. 87-1, S. 4, 9; P.A. 88-321, S. 8, 10; S.A. 88-20, S. 29, 35; P.A. 97-274, S. 6, 7.)

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      Sec. 12-62c. Municipal option to phase in assessment increases resulting from revaluation of real property. (a)(1) A town implementing a revaluation of all real property may phase in a real property assessment increase or a portion of such increase resulting from such revaluation, by requiring the assessor to gradually increase the assessment or the rate of assessment applicable to such property in the assessment year preceding that in which the revaluation is implemented, in accordance with one of the methods set forth in subsection (b) of this section. The legislative body of the town shall approve the decision to provide for such phase-in, the method by which it is accomplished and its term, provided the number of assessment years over which such gradual increases are reflected shall not exceed five assessment years, including the assessment year for which the revaluation is effective. If a town chooses to phase in a portion of the increase in the assessment of each parcel of real property resulting from said revaluation, said legislative body shall establish a factor, which shall be not less than twenty-five per cent, and shall apply such factor to such increases for all parcels of real property, regardless of property classification. A town choosing to phase in a portion of assessment increase shall multiply such factor by the total assessment increase for each such parcel to determine the amount of such increase that shall not be subject to the phase-in. The assessment increase for each parcel that shall be subject to the gradual increases in amounts or rates of assessment, as provided in subsection (b) of this section, shall be (A) the difference between the result of said multiplication and the total assessment increase for any such parcel, or (B) the result derived when such factor is subtracted from the actual percentage by which the assessment of each such parcel increased as a result of such revaluation, over the assessment of such parcel in the preceding assessment year and said result is multiplied by such parcel's total assessment increase.

      (2) The legislative body may approve the discontinuance of a phase-in of real property assessment increases resulting from the implementation of a revaluation, at any time prior to the completion of the phase-in term originally approved, provided such approval shall be made on or before the assessment date that is the commencement of the assessment year in which such discontinuance is effective. In the assessment year following the completion or discontinuance of the phase-in, assessments shall reflect the valuation of real property established for such revaluation, subject to additions for new construction and reductions for demolitions occurring subsequent to the date of revaluation and on or prior to the date of its completion or discontinuance, and the rate of assessment applicable in such year, as required by section 12-62a.

      (b) A town shall use one of the following methods to determine the phase-in of real property assessment increases or the phase-in of a portion of such increases resulting from the implementation of a revaluation:

      (1) The assessment of each parcel of real property for the assessment year preceding that in which such revaluation is effective shall be subtracted from the assessment of each such parcel in the effective year of said revaluation, and the annual amount of incremental assessment increase for each such parcel shall be the total of such subtraction divided by the number of years of the phase-in term, provided if a town chooses to phase in a portion of the assessment increase for each real property parcel, the amount of such increase that is not subject to the phase-in shall not be reflected in said calculation; or

      (2) The ratio of the total assessed value of all taxable real property for the assessment year preceding that in which a revaluation is effective and the total fair market value of such property as determined from records of actual sales in said year, shall be subtracted from the rate of assessment set forth in section 12-62a, and the annual incremental rate of assessment increase applicable to all parcels of real property shall be the result of such subtraction divided by the number of years of the phase-in term. Prior to determining such annual incremental rate of assessment increase, a town that chooses to phase in a portion of the assessment increase for each real property parcel shall multiply the result of said subtraction by the factor established in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, to determine the rate of assessment that shall not be subject to such phase-in; or

      (3) The ratio of the total assessed value of all taxable real property in each of the following property classes for the assessment year preceding that in which a revaluation is effective and the total fair market value of such property in each class as determined from records of actual sales in said year, shall be subtracted from the rate of assessment set forth in section 12-62a, and the annual incremental rate of assessment increase applicable to all parcels of real property in each such class shall be the result of such subtraction divided by the number of years of the phase-in term, where such property classes are: (A) Residential property; (B) commercial property, including apartments containing five or more dwelling units, industrial property and public utility property; and (C) vacant land. In the event the assessor determines that there are no records of actual sales of real property in any such property class in said year or that the number of such actual sales is insufficient for purposes of determining a rate of increase under this subdivision, the annual incremental rate of assessment increase determined under subdivision (2) of this subsection shall be used for said property class.

      (c) The assessment of any new construction that first becomes subject to taxation during an assessment year encompassed within the term of a phase-in shall be determined in the same manner as the assessment of all other comparable real property in said assessment year, such that the total of incremental increases applicable to such other comparable real property are reflected in the assessment of such new construction prior to the proration of such assessment pursuant to section 12-53a.

      (d) Not later than thirty business days after the date a town's legislative body votes to phase in real property assessment increases resulting from such revaluation, or votes to discontinue such a phase-in, the chief executive officer of the town shall notify the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in writing, of the action taken. Any chief executive officer failing to submit a notification to said secretary as required by this subsection, shall forfeit one hundred dollars to the state for each such failure.

      (July Sp. Sess. P.A. 87-1, S. 6, 9; P.A. 91-79, S. 3, 4; P.A. 95-283, S. 66, 68; P.A. 06-148, S. 2; 06-176, S. 3; 06-196, S. 296-298.)

      History: July Sp. Sess. 87-1, S. 6 effective July 24, 1987, and applicable in any municipality to any assessment year commencing in 1987, 1988 or 1989 in which a general revaluation of real property is effective in such municipality; P.A. 91-79 amended Subsec. (a) to make the section applicable to any assessment year commencing on or after October 1, 1987, deleting former October 1, 1989, cutoff date, and amended Subsec. (b) to set criteria for determining if increments are equal, effective April 26, 1991, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to make technical changes replacing four with three years immediately following the year of revaluation in Subsec. (a) and replacing five with four years including the year of revaluation in Subsec. (b), effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 06-148 revised section to provide for phase-in of assessment increases, implementing a revaluation over not more than five years, and discontinuance of a phase-in, specify methods to be used to determine amount of increase, provide for assessment of new construction under phase-in, require notice to the Office of Policy and Management of votes to allow phase-in or discontinuance of phase-in, and provide for a penalty of $100 for failure to submit the notification, effective June 6, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 06-176 revised section to provide for phase-in of assessment increases or portion of such increases, implementing a revaluation over not more than five years, and discontinuance of a phase-in, specify methods to be used to determine assessment increases or the phase-in of a portion of such increases, assessment of new construction and notice to the Office of Policy and Management of votes to allow phase-in or discontinuance of phase-in, and provide for a penalty of $100 for failure to submit the notification, effective June 9, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 06-196 changed effective date of P.A. 06-176, S. 3 from June 9, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006, to October 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2005, effective June 7, 2006, and amended Subsecs. (a) and (d) by deleting provisions re board of selectmen, effective October 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 12-62d. Residential property tax relief for municipalities with certain effective tax rate following revaluation: State program related to revaluations effective in 1987 and 1988; municipal option program commencing in 1989. Section 12-62d is repealed, effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2010.

      (P.A. 88-321, S. 1, 10; P.A. 89-251, S. 191, 192, 203; P.A. 90-148, S. 14, 34; 90-262, S. 2, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-14, S. 7, 30; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 10, 59; P.A. 94-175, S. 1, 32; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 80, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69; P.A. 06-183, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 12-62e. Source of funds for state payments under section 12-62d. Section 12-62e is repealed, effective June 26, 1997.

      (P.A. 88-321, S. 2, 10; P.A. 97-274, S. 6, 7.)

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      Sec. 12-62f. State grants-in-aid to municipalities for development or modification of computer-assisted mass appraisal systems for use in revaluation. (a) Secretary of OPM to establish state-wide program assisting development of mass appraisal systems. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall establish a state-wide program of financial assistance to municipalities to improve municipal assessment and tax collection practices. Such financial assistance, within the limits of funds made available for such purpose, shall be in the form of a grant-in-aid to each municipality to develop or modify a state certified computer-assisted mass appraisal system for the purpose of revaluation, as required in section 12-62, the training of municipal personnel in the proper use of such system, the acquisition of software packages, hardware, programming, data conversion or data entry. Whenever used in this section, "municipality" means any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough.

      (b) Standards to be developed for certification of computer-assisted mass appraisal system. The secretary shall, after consultation with the board created by subsection (f) of this section, on or before December 1, 1988, develop minimum standards for the certification of a computer-assisted mass appraisal system and on or before December 1, 1995, adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, setting minimum computer-assisted mass appraisal revaluation standards and computerized administrative standards. A municipality which intends to develop or modify a computer-assisted mass appraisal system as provided in subsection (a) of this section, may apply to the secretary for a grant-in-aid, on or after January 1, 1989, in such form and manner as said secretary shall prescribe. The secretary shall review each such application, and shall, after consultation with the board created by subsection (f) of this section, approve the municipality's proposed use of the grant-in-aid, provided it has been shown to his satisfaction that the intended development or modification of a computer-assisted mass appraisal system will (1) meet the minimum computer-assisted mass appraisal revaluation standards and computerized administrative standard requirements as established by the secretary, (2) ensure a more accurate revaluation and (3) serve to improve both assessment and tax collection practices in the municipality.

      (c) Grants-in-aid to municipalities. Determination of amount. (1) Each municipality whose application for state financial assistance has been approved by the secretary shall receive a grant-in-aid on the basis of its population, as determined by the most recent estimates of the Department of Public Health. The amount of such grant-in-aid to any municipality with revaluation, as required in section 12-62, becoming effective in any of the years 1987 to 1996, inclusive, shall be as follows: (A) Twenty-five thousand dollars to each municipality with a population of less than twenty thousand; (B) thirty-five thousand dollars to each municipality with a population of at least twenty thousand but less than fifty thousand; (C) fifty thousand dollars to each municipality with a population of at least fifty thousand but less than one hundred thousand; and (D) sixty thousand dollars to each municipality with a population of one hundred thousand or more. Each municipality that completed a revaluation which became effective in the years from 1987 to 1996, inclusive, and qualified for the grants-in-aid provided for in this section, shall be eligible for an additional grant-in-aid equal to an amount not to exceed ten per cent of the grant-in-aid limit of the grant for which they originally qualified provided the additional grant-in-aid shall be used for training and for installations and modifications which are acquired and certified to be in compliance with the minimum computer-assisted mass appraisal revaluation standards and computerized administrative standards developed in accordance with subsection (b) of this section.

      (2) A municipality that conducted a revaluation as required in section 12-62 without postponement or extension, but not between January 1, 1987, and December 31, 1996, shall be eligible to apply for and receive a grant and an additional grant-in-aid under subdivision (1) of this subsection.

      (3) No municipality shall be eligible to receive a grant and an additional grant-in-aid pursuant to this section more than once.

      (d) Application for assistance. Upon approval of an application for state financial assistance, the secretary shall certify to the Comptroller the amount due to the municipality. Not later than five business days after such certification, the Comptroller shall draw his or her order on the Treasurer, who shall pay the grant to the municipality.

      (e) State assistance to be monitored. The secretary shall periodically monitor a municipality's use of such grant-in-aid, to ensure full compliance with the provisions of this section. Each municipality receiving a grant-in-aid under this section shall for a period of two years following receipt of such grant-in-aid maintain all invoices, purchase orders and other evidence of expenditures related to the grant-in-aid.

      (f) Computer-assisted mass appraisal systems advisory board. There is created a computer-assisted mass appraisal systems advisory board. Said board shall consist of seven Connecticut municipal assessors, one each to be appointed by the Governor, the president pro tempore, the majority leader and the minority leader of the Senate and the speaker, the majority leader and the minority leader of the House of Representatives. The members shall choose a chairman from the membership. Said board shall have such powers and duties as are set forth in subsection (b) of this section.

      (P.A. 88-348, S. 1-3; 88-364, S. 96, 123; P.A. 90-127, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-283, S. 4, 68; P.A. 97-128, S. 1, 2; P.A. 01-187, S. 23, 25; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-7, S. 20, 28; P.A. 07-213, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 88-364 made technical changes in Subsec. (f); P.A. 90-127 amended Subsec. (c) by providing that such grants-in-aid shall be available to certain municipalities with the required revaluation becoming effective in any of the years 1987 to 1992, inclusive, in lieu of 1987 or 1988, as provided prior to this amendment; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to add the acquisition of software packages and hardware upgrading, Subsec. (b) to require regulations before December 1, 1995, re minimum computer-assisted mass appraisal revaluation standards and administrative standards and to require applicants to meet the standards, Subsec. (c) to change 1992 to 1996 and to provide that any municipality qualifying for a grant-in-aid is eligible for an additional 10% and Subsec. (e) to require municipalities receiving grants-in-aid to maintain invoices, purchase orders and other evidence of expenditures for a two-year period, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 97-128 amended Subsec. (a) to include programming, data conversion and data entry, effective June 6, 1997; P.A. 01-187, effective July 11, 2001, and June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-7, effective July 1, 2001, both identically amended Subsec. (c) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and add new Subdivs. (2) and (3) re additional grants to certain towns; P.A. 07-213 amended Subsec. (d) to change "fifteen days" to "five business days" and make conforming and technical changes, effective July 10, 2007.

      See Sec. 7-148r re municipal fee for access to computer-assisted mass appraisal system database.

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      Sec. 12-62g. Increase in certain veteran's exemptions upon revaluation. In conjunction with each municipal revaluation of property in accordance with section 12-62, each municipality shall increase (1) the amount of the exemption granted pursuant to subdivisions (19), (20), (21), (22), (23), (24), (25) and (26) of section 12-81, and (2) the amount of the exemption that each municipality may allow pursuant to section 12-81f, for such year and for each subsequent assessment year by multiplying the amount of exemption in each of said subdivisions by a multiplier determined by dividing the net taxable grand list for such year of revaluation by the net taxable grand list of the last year prior to such revaluation.

      (P.A. 88-342, S. 3, 4; P.A. 00-229, S. 4, 7; P.A. 02-103, S. 40.)

      History: P.A. 88-342, S. 3 effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1989; (Revisor's note: In 1997 the word "subsections" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "subdivisions" in reference to Sec. 12-81 to conform section with Sec. 12-81); P.A. 00-229 provided that the net taxable grand list be used to make the calculation required under this section, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1998; P.A. 02-103 made technical changes.

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      Secs. 12-62h and 12-62i. Stay and phase-in of implementation of revaluation. Performance-based revaluation testing standards. Sections 12-62h and 12-62i are repealed, effective June 6, 2006.

      (May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 51, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69; 95-283, S. 6, 8, 68; P.A. 96-218, S. 3, 6; P.A. 97-254, S. 4, 6; P.A. 06-148, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 12-62j. Interlocal revaluation agreement grant. Section 12-62j is repealed, effective July 1, 2001.

      (P.A. 96-218, S. 4, 6; P.A. 98-242, S. 3, 9; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 130, 131.)

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      Sec. 12-62k. Revaluation exemption review committee. Membership. Statistical measures. Certification. Penalty. Section 12-62k is repealed, effective June 6, 2006.

      (P.A. 02-49, S. 3; P.A. 03-269, S. 7-9; P.A. 04-257, S. 18; P.A. 06-148, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 12-62l. Option to not implement revaluation for 2003, 2004 and 2005 assessment years. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any municipal charter, any special act or any home rule ordinance, any municipality required to effect a revaluation of real property under section 12-62 for the 2003, 2004 or 2005 assessment year shall not be required to effect a revaluation prior to the 2006 assessment year provided any decision not to implement a revaluation pursuant to this subsection shall be approved by the legislative body of such town or, in any town where the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen. Any required revaluation subsequent to any delayed revaluation effected pursuant to this subsection shall be effected in accordance with the provisions of said section 12-62. The rate maker, as defined in section 12-131, in any municipality that elects, pursuant to this subsection, not to implement a revaluation may prepare new rate bills under the provisions of chapter 204 in order to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (b) The assessor or board of assessors of any municipality that elects, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, not to implement a revaluation of real property for the 2003 assessment year shall prepare a revised grand list for said assessment year, which shall reflect the assessments of real estate according to the grand list in effect for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2002, subject only to transfers of ownership, additions for new construction and reductions for demolitions. Such assessor shall send notice of any increase in the valuation of real estate over the valuation of such real estate as of October 1, 2002, or notice of the valuation of any real estate which is on the grand list to be effective for the October 1, 2003, assessment year but was not on such list in the prior assessment year, to the last-known address of the person whose valuation is so affected, and such person shall have the right to appeal such increase or valuation during the next regular session of the board of assessment appeals at which real estate appeals may be heard.

      (May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 32.)

      History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 effective May 12, 2004, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2003.

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      Sec. 12-62m. Reports of assessed valuation of property in towns phasing in revaluation. (a) If real property eligible for a grant or for reimbursement of a property tax or a portion thereof under the provisions of sections 12-19a, 12-20b and 12-129p, or any other provision of the general statutes, is located in a town that (1) elected to phase in assessment increases pursuant to section 12-62a of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to January 1, 2005, with respect to a revaluation effective on or before October 1, 2005, or (2) elects to phase in assessment increases pursuant to section 12-62c with respect to a revaluation effective on or after October 1, 2006, the assessed valuation of said property as reported to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall reflect the gradual increase in assessment applicable to comparable taxable real property for the same assessment year.

      (b) If the legislative body of a town elects to phase in real property assessment increases with respect to a revaluation effective on or after October 1, 2006, pursuant to section 12-62c, or pursuant to section 12-62a of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to January 1, 2005, with respect to a revaluation effective on or before October 1, 2005, the grand list furnished, pursuant to section 7-328, to the clerk of any district, as defined in section 7-324, shall reflect assessments based upon such phase-in for each assessment year during which such phase-in is effective.

      (P.A. 06-148, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 06-148 effective June 6, 2006.

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      Sec. 12-62n. Municipal option to adopt assessment rates limiting property tax increases on apartment and residential properties. (a) For the purposes of this section:

      (1) "Apartment property" means a building containing five or more dwelling units used for human habitation, the parcel of land on which such building is situated, and any accessory buildings or other improvements located on such parcel;

      (2) "Base year" means the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year in which a municipality levies property taxes on the basis of assessments derived from a revaluation implemented pursuant to section 12-62; and

      (3) "Residential property" means a building containing four or fewer dwelling units used for human habitation, the parcel of land on which such building is situated, and any accessory buildings or other improvements located on such parcel.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or any special act, municipal charter or any home rule ordinance, any municipality in which the provisions of section 12-62d are effective for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005, may, by ordinance, adopt the property tax system described in this section, provided the assessor of such municipality determines that without implementation of such property tax system, implementation of a revaluation for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2006, would result in an increase of twenty per cent in the share of the total grand levy for all property in the year following the base year, for the property classes composed of apartment property and residential property.

      (c) In any municipality that adopts the property tax system under this section, the assessor shall determine a rate of assessment for apartment property and residential property for the assessment year in which a revaluation is effective, that will have the effect of increasing the average property tax as a result of revaluation for the property classes composed of apartment property and residential property, by three and one-half per cent over the property tax for said property classes in the base year. Tax increases on apartment property and residential property provided for in this subsection shall be used to reduce, in the amount derived from such increases, the surcharge under section 12-62d. The assessor shall recalculate the rate of assessment for apartment property and residential property for each of the four assessment years following the assessment year in which the provisions of this section become effective such that the average property tax for the property classes composed of apartment property and residential property increases as a result of said revaluation by three and one-half per cent over the average property tax provided by this subsection for such property classes in each prior fiscal year. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of section 12-62a, the assessor shall establish a rate of assessment for all real property other than apartment property and residential property, to effectuate the provisions of this section.

      (d) Subject to the apartment and residential property tax relief described in subsection (c) of this section and concurrent with the assessment year in which a municipality adopts and implements the property tax system under this section, such municipality shall begin to phase out proportionately the impact of the property tax surcharge under section 12-62d to the extent necessary to accomplish the purposes of this section. For the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, such property tax surcharge shall not exceed seven and one-half per cent of the property tax for all property other than apartment property and residential property.

      (P.A. 06-183, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 06-183 effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006.

      Nursing homes do not contain dwelling units and therefore do not constitute "apartment property". 298 C. 191.

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      Sec. 12-62o. Municipal option to make annual adjustments in property values. Section 12-62o is repealed, effective July 1, 2009.

      (P.A. 08-185, S. 12; P.A. 09-60, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 12-62p. Municipal option to delay revaluation or suspend phase-in of real property assessment increase. (a)(1) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any municipal charter, any special act or any home rule ordinance, any municipality required to effect a revaluation of real property under section 12-62 for the 2008, 2009 or 2010 assessment year shall not be required to effect a revaluation prior to the 2011 assessment year, provided any decision not to implement a revaluation pursuant to this subsection is approved by the legislative body of such municipality. The rate maker, as defined in section 12-131, in any municipality that elects, pursuant to this subsection, not to implement a revaluation may prepare new rate bills under the provisions of chapter 204 in order to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

      (2) Any required revaluation subsequent to any delayed revaluation effected pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be effected in accordance with the provisions of section 12-62. Such subsequent revaluation shall recommence at the point in the schedule required pursuant to section 12-62 that the municipality was following prior to such delay.

      (b) (1) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any municipal charter, any special act or any home rule ordinance, any municipality that is currently in the process of phasing in a real property assessment increase, or a portion of such increase, may suspend such phase-in for a period of time, but not later than the 2011 assessment year, provided any decision to suspend a phase-in pursuant to this subsection is approved by the legislative body of such municipality. The rate maker, as defined in section 12-131, in any municipality that elects, pursuant to this subsection, to suspend a phase-in may prepare new rate bills under the provisions of chapter 204 in order to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

      (2) Any required phase-in of a real property assessment increase subsequent to any suspension of such phase-in pursuant to this subsection shall recommence at the point at which such phase-in was suspended, provided any municipality required, pursuant to section 12-62, to implement a revaluation prior to the completion of the phase-in shall implement such revaluation as required.

      (c) The assessor or board of assessors of any municipality that elects, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, not to implement a revaluation of real property for the 2008 assessment year or, pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, to suspend a phase-in of an assessment increase for the 2008 assessment year, shall prepare a revised grand list for said assessment year, which shall reflect the assessments of real estate according to the grand list in effect for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2007, subject only to transfers of ownership, additions for new construction and reductions for demolitions. Such assessor shall send notice of any increase in the valuation of real estate over the valuation of such real estate as of October 1, 2007, or notice of the valuation of any real estate that is on the grand list to be effective for the October 1, 2008, assessment year, but was not on such list in the prior assessment year, to the last-known address of the person whose valuation is so affected, and such person shall have the right to appeal such increase or valuation during the next regular session of the board of assessment appeals at which real estate appeals may be heard.

      (P.A. 09-60, S. 1; 09-196, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 09-60 effective July 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2008; P.A. 09-196 changed effective date of P.A. 09-60, S. 1, from July 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2008, to May 15, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2008, effective July 8, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-62q. Regional revaluation program. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 12-62, any two or more towns may enter into an agreement, as provided in section 7-148cc, to establish a regional revaluation program. Towns participating in such an agreement shall provide for the revaluation of all parcels of real property encompassed within such towns at the same time and not less than once every five years, or shall annually revalue approximately one-fifth of all such parcels over a five-year period.

      (b) Any agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall: (1) Establish or designate an entity, which may be a regional planning organization, as the coordinating agency for implementation of the regional revaluation program; (2) indicate how a revaluation company certified in accordance with section 12-2b will be hired and overseen by the participating towns or the coordinating agency; (3) include a revaluation schedule that lists any adjustments to the revaluation schedules for participating towns; (4) identify administrative and procedural processes that will be implemented by the participating towns to implement the program; and (5) estimate the projected savings resulting from a regional revaluation program.

      (c) (1) Prior to entering into an agreement pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the participating towns shall submit to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management proposed adjustments to the revaluation schedules for the participating towns for the secretary's review and approval. The secretary shall, not later than forty-five days after receipt of such agreement, notify all participating towns of the approval or disapproval of such proposed adjustments. If any such adjustments are disapproved, the secretary shall notify the towns of each reason for each such disapproval and make recommendations for revision.

      (2) If participation in a regional revaluation program causes a town to postpone the revaluation required by subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 12-62, such postponement shall be expressly approved by the secretary in the approval the secretary provides pursuant to this subsection.

      (d) All procedures for conducting a revaluation in accordance with section 12-62 shall be followed by all towns participating in a regional revaluation program.

      (e) If any participating town decides to withdraw from a regional revaluation program after the date on which a regional revaluation is implemented, such town shall notify the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Such town shall resume the revaluation schedule required pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 12-62 with the date of the last regional revaluation as the starting point for implementing future revaluations. If any participating town decides to withdraw from a regional revaluation program prior to the date on which a regional revaluation is implemented, such town shall notify the secretary and shall be required to resume implementation of revaluation in accordance with the provisions of section 12-62.

      (P.A. 09-60, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 09-60 effective May 15, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-63. Rule of valuation. Optional depreciation schedules. Depreciation rules for machinery and equipment. (a) The present true and actual value of land classified as farm land pursuant to section 12-107c, as forest land pursuant to section 12-107d, as open space land pursuant to section 12-107e, or as maritime heritage land pursuant to section 12-107g shall be based upon its current use without regard to neighborhood land use of a more intensive nature, provided in no event shall the present true and actual value of open space land be less than it would be if such open space land comprised a part of a tract or tracts of land classified as farm land pursuant to section 12-107c. The present true and actual value of all other property shall be deemed by all assessors and boards of assessment appeals to be the fair market value thereof and not its value at a forced or auction sale.

      (b) (1) For the purposes of this subsection, (A) "electronic data processing equipment" means computers, printers, peripheral computer equipment, bundled software and any computer-based equipment acting as a computer, as defined in Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended; (B) "leased personal property" means tangible personal property which is the subject of a written or oral lease or loan on the assessment date, or any such property which has been so leased or loaned by the then current owner of such property for three or more of the twelve months preceding such assessment date; and (C) "original selling price" means the price at which tangible personal property is most frequently sold in the year that it was manufactured.

      (2) Any municipality may, by ordinance, adopt the provisions of this subsection to be applicable for the assessment year commencing October first of the assessment year in which a revaluation of all real property required pursuant to section 12-62 is performed in such municipality, and for each assessment year thereafter. If so adopted, the present true and actual value of tangible personal property, other than motor vehicles, shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this subsection. If such property is purchased, its true and actual value shall be established in relation to the cost of its acquisition, including transportation and installation, and shall reflect depreciation in accordance with the schedules set forth in subdivisions (3) to (6), inclusive, of this subsection. If such property is developed and produced by the owner of such property for a purpose other than wholesale or retail sale or lease, its true and actual value shall be established in relation to its cost of development, production and installation and shall reflect depreciation in accordance with the schedules provided in subdivisions (3) to (6), inclusive, of this subsection. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to property owned by a public service company, as defined in section 16-1.

      (3) The following schedule of depreciation shall be applicable with respect to electronic data processing equipment:

      (A) Group I: Computer and peripheral hardware, including, but not limited to, personal computers, workstations, terminals, storage devices, printers, scanners, computer peripherals and networking equipment:

Assessment Year
Following Acquisition
Depreciated Value As Percentage
Of Acquisition Cost Basis
First yearSeventy per cent
Second yearForty per cent
Third yearTwenty per cent
Fourth year and thereafterTen per cent

      (B) Group II: Other hardware, including, but not limited to, mini-frame and main-frame systems with an acquisition cost of more than twenty-five thousand dollars:

Assessment Year
Following Acquisition
Depreciated Value As Percentage
Of Acquisition Cost Basis
First yearNinety per cent
Second yearSixty per cent
Third yearForty per cent
Fourth yearTwenty per cent
Fifth year and thereafterTen per cent

      (4) The following schedule of depreciation shall be applicable with respect to copiers, facsimile machines, medical testing equipment, and any similar type of equipment that is not specifically defined as electronic data processing equipment, but is considered by the assessor to be technologically advanced:

Assessment Year
Following Acquisition
Depreciated Value As Percentage
Of Acquisition Cost Basis
First yearNinety-five per cent
Second yearEighty per cent
Third yearSixty per cent
Fourth yearForty per cent
Fifth year and thereafterTwenty per cent

      (5) The following schedule of depreciation shall be applicable with respect to machinery and equipment used in the manufacturing process:

Assessment Year
Following Acquisition
Depreciated Value As Percentage
Of Acquisition Cost Basis
First yearNinety per cent
Second yearEighty per cent
Third yearSeventy per cent
Fourth yearSixty per cent
Fifth yearFifty per cent
Sixth yearForty per cent
Seventh yearThirty per cent
Eighth year and thereafterTwenty per cent

      (6) The following schedule of depreciation shall be applicable with respect to all tangible personal property other than that described in subdivisions (3) to (5), inclusive, of this subsection:


Assessment Year
Following Acquisition
Depreciated Value As Percentage
Of Acquisition Cost Basis
First yearNinety-five per cent
Second yearNinety per cent
Third yearEighty per cent
Fourth yearSeventy per cent
Fifth yearSixty per cent
Sixth yearFifty per cent
Seventh yearForty per cent
Eighth year and thereafterThirty per cent

      (7) The present true and actual value of leased personal property shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision. Such value for any assessment year shall be established in relation to the original selling price for self-manufactured property or acquisition cost for acquired property and shall reflect depreciation in accordance with the schedules provided in subdivisions (3) to (6), inclusive, of this subsection. If the assessor is unable to determine the original selling price of leased personal property, the present true and actual value thereof shall be its current selling price.

      (8) With respect to any personal property which is prohibited by law from being sold, the present true and actual value of such property shall be established with respect to such property's original manufactured cost increased by a ratio the numerator of which is the total proceeds from the manufacturer's salable equipment sold and the denominator of which is the total cost of the manufacturer's salable equipment sold. Such value shall then be depreciated in accordance with the appropriate schedule in this subsection.

      (9) The schedules of depreciation set forth in subdivisions (3) to (6), inclusive, of this subsection shall not be used with respect to videotapes, horses or other taxable livestock or electric cogenerating equipment.

      (10) If the assessor determines that the value of any item of personal property produced by the application of the schedules set forth in this subsection does not accurately reflect the present true and actual value of such item, the assessor shall adjust such value to reflect the present true and actual value of such item.

      (11) Nothing in this subsection shall prevent any taxpayer from appealing any assessment made pursuant to this subsection if such assessment does not accurately reflect the present true and actual value of any item of such taxpayer's personal property.

      (c) (1) For the assessment years commencing October 1, 2006, October 1, 2007, October 1, 2008, October 1, 2009, October 1, 2010, and October 1, 2011, the annual declaration of tangible personal property that a taxpayer files with the assessor of the town, shall be accompanied by a supplement to said declaration on which the taxpayer shall provide the following information for machinery and equipment eligible for a grant pursuant to section 12-94b or 12-94f: (A) The assessment year during which such property was acquired and installed; (B) the original cost of acquisition for such property, including charges for such property's transportation and installation; (C) the value of such property depreciated in accordance with the schedule provided by the assessor; (D) the total of the original cost of acquisition for all such property; and (E) the total depreciated value of such property for all such property. The assessor shall provide a declaration of tangible personal property, together with such supplement, to the owner of each manufacturing facility, as defined in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (72) of section 12-81, and to the owner of each facility engaged in biotechnology, as defined in said subparagraph.

      (2) For the assessment years commencing October 1, 2006, October 1, 2007, October 1, 2008, October 1, 2009, October 1, 2010, and October 1, 2011, the assessor of each town shall determine the depreciated value of machinery and equipment, for the purposes of this section, section 12-94b and section 12-94f, in accordance with the method said assessor used to determine the depreciated value of the same or similar machinery and equipment for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005. The supplement to the declaration of tangible personal property the assessor provides, pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2006, shall not reflect an alteration of the depreciation schedule that would result in an assessment increase for any such property, over the assessment of such property for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005, and the supplement to such declaration the assessor provides for the assessment years commencing October 1, 2007, October 1, 2008, October 1, 2009, October 1, 2010, and October 1, 2011, shall not reflect an alteration of the depreciation schedule that would result in an assessment increase for any such property, over the assessment of such property for the preceding assessment year.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1747; 1963, P.A. 490, S. 9; P.A. 96-171, S. 9, 16; P.A. 99-290, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-230, S. 2; P.A. 02-103, S. 53; P.A. 06-83, S. 11; 06-196, S. 287; P.A. 07-127, S. 2.)

      History: 1963 act made special provisions for farm, forest and open space land; P.A. 96-171 replaced "boards of tax review" with "boards of assessment appeals", effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 99-290 added new Subsec. (b) re optional depreciation schedules for personal property and designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), effective June 15, 1999; P.A. 00-230 made a technical correction in Subsec. (b)(10); P.A. 02-103 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(3)(A); P.A. 06-83 added Subsec. (c) re depreciation rules for machinery and equipment, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (c)(1), effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-127 added reference to maritime heritage land in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2007.

      Where the assessors adopt rule of valuation conflicting with statute, remedy is by appeal to board of relief. 43 C. 309. If assessors adopt rule of valuation, assessment may be reduced on appeal to conform to such rule. 63 C. 18, 322. No distinction in law between assessed and actual value of real estate. 72 C. 372. This statute does not apply unless there is a market. If no market, then fair value must be otherwise ascertained. 99 C. 336. Cited. 102 C. 210. Cited. 105 C. 581. On capitalization of income, see 119 C. 5. Where market value not ascertainable, true and actual valuation must be determined by some other method. 122 C. 230. Property may be found to have market value in the absence of evidence of other sales of like property in open market. 125 C. 172. History of statute; valuation a question of fact for trier; not erroneous to consider reproduction cost and capitalization of income as well as actual sales prices in determining fair market value. 131 C. 575. Methods of determining "true and actual value". 146 C. 578. Best test for determination of value is ordinarily that of market sales. Id., 669. Land residual method discussed. Id. Value of real estate must be gauged by conditions prevailing over a period of time. Id. Capitalization of net income method of valuation discussed. Id., 681. Cited. 149 C. 32. Fair market value can be determined from figure fixed by actual sales where there are sales, in ordinary course of business of other properties comparable in kind and location. Where property was dam and not readily marketable, proper to resort to other means of ascertaining value as replacement cost minus depreciation. Id., 453. Although present value of all other property is fair market value, value of "farmland" is based on its current use without regard to neighborhood land use, even where plaintiffs had sold adjoining land at neighborhood values. 156 C. 107. Where plaintiffs failed to apply for classification of their farm as farmland under section 12-107c, it was properly valued at its fair market value. Id., 437. Cited. 162 C. 87. Where golf course is classified as open space, it is valued on its current use and not at the highest value of farm land. In valuation of open space at current use, legislative intent is that current use value be less than what its fair market value might be. In determining "current use", no particular formula is required. 174 C. 10. Cited. Id., 380; Id., 556. Fair market value is price that would probably result from fair negotiations between willing seller and willing buyer. 175 C. 301. Cited. 178 C. 100; Id., 295. Fair market value not determined where the one sale cited was not comparable, value realized from a forced or bid sale. Id., 606. Cited. 203 C. 425. Cited. 210 C. 233. Cited. 226 C. 407. Cited. 228 C. 23. Cited. 231 C. 731. Cited. 240 C. 192; Id., 422. Cited. 241 C. 382.

      Cited. 3 CA 53. Cited. 4 CA 106. Cited. 7 CA 496. Cited. 33 CA 270. Cited. 38 CA 158. Cited. 41 CA 249.

      Market value. Methods for ascertaining. 1 CS 112. Valuation by owner placed in tax list not bar to reduction by court on appeal from board of relief. 6 CS 203. Cited. Id., 505. No other method legal for assessment if there is a market value. 8 CS 540. Cost of reproduction less depreciation proper if there is no market value. 11 CS 241. If most recent sales in same vicinity are of property held by bank, they are not a fair criterion for market value. 12 CS 47. Extensive discussion of various methods of valuation. 20 CS 476. Price index and inclusion of "factory burden" employed to determine assessment held improper. 25 CS 37.


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      Sec. 12-63a. Taxation of mobile manufactured homes and mobile manufactured home parks. (a) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires: "Mobile manufactured home" means a detached residential unit having three-dimensional components which are intrinsically mobile with or without a wheel chassis or a detached residential unit built on or after June 15, 1976, in accordance with federal manufactured home construction and safety standards, and, in either case, containing sleeping accommodations, a flush toilet, tub or shower bath, kitchen facilities and plumbing and electrical connections for attachment to outside systems, and designed for long-term occupancy and to be placed on rigid supports at the site where it is to be occupied as a residence, complete and ready for occupancy, except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations and connection to utilities systems. "Mobile manufactured home park" or "park" means a plot of ground upon which two or more mobile manufactured homes occupied for residential purposes are located.

      (b) In determining the value of a mobile manufactured home park for the purpose of real property taxation, assessors shall consider the cost of the original unimproved land and all improvements thereon, including, but not limited to, leveling, drainage, filling, paving of streets and walkways, lighting, installation of water, sewer and electrical systems, facilities for sanitation, laundering and recreation, erection of structures and landscaping.

      (c) In determining the value of a mobile manufactured home for the purpose of property taxation, beginning with the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, each assessor shall assess mobile manufactured homes connected to utilities and used as a residence in the same manner as residential real property, except that in the case of a mobile manufactured home located on leased land the sum of the assessed value of the mobile manufactured home and the assessed value of the land apportionable to the lot on which the mobile manufactured home sits shall not exceed the sum of the assessed value of the mobile manufactured home and the lot if the lot had been owned by the lessee. Any assessor who first assesses any such mobile manufactured home as residential real property on or after October 1, 1986, and which assessment would result in an increase in taxation for said assessment year of over twenty-five per cent shall phase in said increase in assessment over a five-year period, twenty per cent of the increased assessment being phased in on the list of October 1, 1986, and twenty per cent in each of the four assessment years next succeeding the list of October 1, 1986. The assessment for a mobile manufactured home shall be in the name of the owner of the mobile manufactured home and shall not alter in any way the assessment of the ground upon which the mobile manufactured home is situated, except that a mobile manufactured home situated upon land owned by the owner of the mobile manufactured home shall be assessed in the same manner as any dwelling house. In determining the value of a mobile manufactured home which is not used as a residence for the purpose of property taxation, assessors may consult authoritative handbooks listing current common prices of used mobile manufactured homes.

      (d) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section or of any other section of the general statutes or any special act to the contrary, a municipality may, by ordinance, elect to assess a mobile manufactured home, on or after October 1, 1986, but not later than the first sale of such mobile manufactured home, in the same manner in which mobile manufactured homes were assessed by such municipality for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985. On the first assessment date immediately following the first sale of such mobile manufactured home after October 1, 1986, such mobile manufactured home shall be assessed and subject to property tax pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

      (2) As used in subdivision (1) of this subsection, "first sale" means any sale or conveyance by an owner of any mobile manufactured home on or after October 1, 1986, except a sale or conveyance to (A) an owner's spouse; (B) an owner's brother or sister who actually resides in the mobile manufactured home unit being sold or conveyed; or (C) any other person if the owner makes such sale to such other person for the purpose of using the proceeds of such sale to purchase a substitute mobile manufactured home to be located on the leasehold site being occupied by such owner's existing mobile manufactured home. In the case of a sale as defined in subparagraph (C) of this subdivision, the owner's substitute mobile manufactured home subsequently located on the owner's leasehold site shall be assessed in the same manner as his original mobile manufactured home until a first sale. The original mobile manufactured home removed from the owner's leasehold site shall be assessed as provided in subsection (c) of this section, unless the new owner of such original mobile manufactured home can independently qualify to be assessed as such homes were assessed in the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, under subparagraph (C) of this subdivision. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a mobile manufactured home which is treated by a municipality as personal property in accordance with the provisions of this subsection shall continue to be treated as real property pursuant to sections 12-412c and 21-67a.

      (1961, P.A. 445, S. 1-4; 1969, P.A. 814, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 86-310, S. 1, 4; P.A. 87-447, S. 1, 2; 87-589, S. 84, 85, 87; P.A. 92-174, S. 1.)

      History: 1969 act deleted "personal" with reference to property taxation in Subsec. (c); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3 changed the terms "mobile home" and "mobile homes" to "mobile manufactured home" and "mobile manufactured homes"; P.A. 86-310 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting the definition of "mobile manufactured home" in lieu of the deleted definition of "mobile home", amended Subsec. (c) by providing for assessment of mobile manufactured homes under certain conditions in the same manner as residential real property and by adding provisions for phase-in of the amount of increase in assessment and deleted Subsec. (d) providing for a monthly fee in lieu of property tax on mobile homes, effective July 1, 1986, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-447 added Subsec. (d) authorizing municipalities to assess mobile manufactured homes as either realty or personal property under certain conditions, effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in each municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-589 made technical changes in Subsec. (d) and revised effective date of P.A. 87-447 to apply provisions to assessment year commencing October 1, 1986; P.A. 92-174 amended Subsec. (c) by adding provision re exception for mobile manufactured homes located on leased land.

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      Sec. 12-63b. Valuation of rental income real property. (a) The assessor or board of assessors in any town, at any time, when determining the present true and actual value of real property as provided in section 12-63, which property is used primarily for the purpose of producing rental income, exclusive of such property used solely for residential purposes, containing not more than six dwelling units and in which the owner resides, shall determine such value on the basis of an appraisal which shall include to the extent applicable with respect to such property, consideration of each of the following methods of appraisal: (1) Replacement cost less depreciation, plus the market value of the land, (2) capitalization of net income based on market rent for similar property, and (3) a sales comparison approach based on current bona fide sales of comparable property. The provisions of this section shall not be applicable with respect to any housing assisted by the federal or state government except any such housing for which the federal assistance directly related to rent for each unit in such housing is no less than the difference between the fair market rent for each such unit in the applicable area and the amount of rent payable by the tenant in each such unit, as determined under the federal program providing for such assistance.

      (b) For purposes of subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section and, generally, in its use as a factor in any appraisal with respect to real property used primarily for the purpose of producing rental income, the term "market rent" means the rental income that such property would most probably command on the open market as indicated by present rentals being paid for comparable space. In determining market rent the assessor shall consider the actual rental income applicable with respect to such real property under the terms of an existing contract of lease at the time of such determination.

      (P.A. 77-586, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-417, S. 1, 2; P.A. 09-196, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 84-417 added Subsec. (b) for purposes of defining the term "market rent"; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (a) by adding "at any time" re determining present true and actual value of real property, deleting provision re properties for which there is insufficient data based on current bona fide sales of comparable property, deleting former Subdiv. (2) re use of gross income multiplier method of appraisal, redesignating existing Subdiv. (3) as Subdiv. (2) and adding new Subdiv. (3) re use of sales comparison approach of appraisal, and made a conforming change in Subsec. (b), effective October 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2009.

      Cited. 220 C. 335. Cited. 226 C. 92. Cited. 228 C. 23. Cited. 231 C. 731. Cited. 240 C. 192. Cited. 242 C. 363. Assessor may require income and expense reports from property owner only when there are insufficient data re current sales of comparable properties. 292 C. 125.

      Cited. 11 CA 566. Cited. 33 CA 270. Statute requires that court give consideration to the replacement cost approach only to the extent applicable in its determination of value and does not mandate that a particular method must be utilized or otherwise serve to limit court's discretion to choose the method that it believes will result in the fairest approximation of the subject property's value. 77 CA 21.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 33 CA 511. Cited. 38 CA 158. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 165.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 33 CA 511. Cited. 38 CA 158; Id., 165. Court is required to consider both market rent and actual rent when determining fair market value using income capitalization method. 119 CA 600.


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      Sec. 12-63c. Submission of income and expense information applicable to rental income real property. (a) In determining the present true and actual value in any town of real property used primarily for purposes of producing rental income, the assessor, which term whenever used in this section shall include assessor or board of assessors, may require in the conduct of any appraisal of such property pursuant to the capitalization of net income method, as provided in section 12-63b, that the owner of such property annually submit to the assessor not later than the first day of June, on a form provided by the assessor not later than forty-five days before said first day of June, the best available information disclosing the actual rental and rental-related income and operating expenses applicable to such property. Submission of such information may be required whether or not the town is conducting a revaluation of all real property pursuant to section 12-62. Upon determination that there is good cause, the assessor may grant an extension of not more than thirty days to submit such information, if the owner of such property files a request for an extension with the assessor not later than May first.

      (b) Any such information related to actual rental and rental-related income and operating expenses and not already a matter of public record that is submitted to the assessor shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210.

      (c) If upon receipt of information as required under subsection (a) of this section the assessor finds that such information does not appear to reflect actual rental and rental-related income or operating expenses related to the current use of such property, additional verification concerning such information may be requested by the assessor. All information received by the assessor under subsection (a) of this section shall be subject to audit by the assessor or a designee of the assessor. Any person claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the assessor hereunder may appeal the actions of the assessor to the board of assessment appeals and the Superior Court as otherwise provided in this chapter.

      (d) Any owner of such real property required to submit information to the assessor in accordance with subsection (a) of this section for any assessment year, who fails to submit such information as required under said subsection (a) or who submits information in incomplete or false form with intent to defraud, shall be subject to a penalty equal to a ten per cent increase in the assessed value of such property for such assessment year. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, an assessor or board of assessment appeals shall waive such penalty if the owner of the real property required to submit the information is not the owner of such property on the assessment date for the grand list to which such penalty is added. Such assessor or board may waive such penalty upon receipt of such information in any town in which the legislative body adopts an ordinance allowing for such a waiver.

      (P.A. 84-520, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-613, S. 27, 154; P.A. 87-94, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-283, S. 36, 68; P.A. 97-254, S. 3, 6; P.A. 00-215, S. 2, 11; P.A. 09-196, S. 3; P.A. 10-152, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 84-520 effective June 11, 1984, and applicable to the assessment year in any town commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 87-94 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that income and expense information related to rental income real property be submitted to the assessor not later than the first day of June in any assessment year in lieu of the first day of November in such assessment year as provided prior to this amendment, effective April 28, 1987, and applicable to the assessment list of October 1, 1987, in any municipality and each assessment list thereafter; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (c) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 97-254 amended Subsec. (b) to remove three-year limit for request of income and expense data, effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 00-215 amended Subsec. (a) to require that the assessor provide forms under this section, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2000; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision re making information available to assessor, requiring assessor to provide form for submission of information not later than 45 days before June first, authorizing required submission of information whether or not town is conducting revaluation, providing that assessor may grant extension to file information and making a technical change, amended Subsec. (c) by subjecting information received by assessor under Subsec. (a) to audit by assessor or designee, and amended Subsec. (d) by replacing "penalty assessment" with "penalty" and adding provisions allowing assessor or board of assessment appeals to waive a penalty, effective October 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2009; P.A. 10-152 made technical changes.

      Cited. 240 C. 192. Municipal tax assessor, in determining present value of real property used primarily to produce rental income, may compel the filing of income and expense reports by property owner in years in which there is no citywide revaluation or interim revaluation of properties in the same class as owner's property, provided there is insufficient sales data as required under Sec. 12-63b. 292 C. 125.

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      Sec. 12-63d. Change in assessed value of real estate. Relationship to sale price. The assessor in any municipality may not, with respect to any parcel of real property in the assessment list for any assessment year, make a change in the assessed value of such parcel, as compared to the immediately preceding assessment list, solely on the basis of the sale price of such parcel in any sale or transfer of such parcel.

      (P.A. 88-321, S. 9, 10.)

      Cited. 44 CA 494. Enactment of statute, providing that changes in assessed value may not be made solely on basis of sale price of a parcel, did not in any way limit broad power contained in Sec. 12-55 permitting assessors to conduct interim revaluations. 70 CA 442.

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      Sec. 12-63e. Valuation of property on which a polluted or environmentally hazardous condition exists. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, and except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, when determining the value of any property, except residential property, for purpose of the assessment for property taxes, the assessors of a municipality shall not reduce the value of any property due to any polluted or environmentally hazardous condition existing on such property if such condition was caused by the owner of such property or if a successor in title to such owner acquired such property after any notice of the existence of any such condition was filed on the land records in the town where the property is located. For purposes of this section, an owner shall be deemed to have caused the polluted or environmentally hazardous condition if the Department of Environmental Protection, the United States Environmental Protection Agency or a court of competent jurisdiction has determined that such owner caused such condition or a portion of it.

      (b) If any owner of such property or if any successor in title to such owner who acquired such property after any notice of the existence of any such condition was filed on the land records in the town where the property is located (1) enters into an agreement with the department to voluntarily remediate such property, (2) files such agreement on the land records of the town where such property is located, and (3) has developed an approved remedial action plan for the property, the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply. In any such cases, the assessors of a municipality may reduce the value of any property due to any polluted or environmentally hazardous condition existing on such property. The assessors of a municipality may also raise the value of any property after remediation is completed to take into account the removal of such pollution or environmentally hazardous condition.

      (P.A. 90-270, S. 36, 38; P.A. 07-233, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 90-270, S. 36 effective June 8, 1990, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1990; P.A. 07-233 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), inserted exception re Subsec. (b) therein and added Subsec. (b) re voluntary remediation, effective July 1, 2007 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (b), a reference to "polluted of environmentally hazardous condition" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "polluted or environmentally hazardous condition", for consistency).

      Plaintiff could not prevail in its claim that trial court should have reduced value of subject property because of its contamination; although statute contains no reference to actual knowledge of contamination as a ground on which to deny reduction in property value, statute plainly indicates that constructive notice of existence of contamination is sufficient basis on which to deny reduction in property value, and because actual knowledge is superior to constructive notice and plaintiff here had actual knowledge of contamination, court would not apply statute rigidly to permit lack of constructive notice from town land records to trump plaintiff's actual knowledge of contamination when it acquired subject property. 98 CA 556.

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      Sec. 12-63f. Payment to state of receipts from certain properties subjected to environmental pollution remediation projects. Section 12-63f is repealed, effective July 13, 2005.

      (P.A. 96-250, S. 2, 7; P.A. 99-225, S. 5; P.A. 01-204, S. 25, 29; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 73, 131; P.A. 05-285, S. 4.)

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      Sec. 12-63g. Assessment of buffers to inland wetlands or watercourses. Property required as a buffer pursuant to any permit issued by an inland wetlands agency under regulations adopted under section 22a-42a shall be assessed at a value equal to the value of such property if it were an inland wetland or watercourse area.

      (P.A. 05-190, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-190 effective July 1, 2005.

      See Sec. 22a-45 re revaluation of wetlands and watercourses.

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      Sec. 12-63h. Land value taxation program. (a) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall establish a pilot program in a single municipality whereby the municipality selected shall develop a plan for implementation of land value taxation that (1) classifies real estate included in the taxable grand list as (A) land or land exclusive of buildings, or (B) buildings on land; and (2) establishes a different mill rate for property tax purposes for each class, provided the higher mill rate shall apply to land or land exclusive of buildings. The different mill rates for taxable real estate in each class shall not be applicable to any property for which a grant is payable under section 12-19a or 12-20a.

      (b) To be eligible for the program a municipality shall (1) be a distressed municipality, as defined in subsection (b) of section 32-9p; (2) have a population of not more than twenty-six thousand; and (3) have a city manager and city council form of government. The secretary shall establish an application procedure and any other criteria for the program. The secretary shall not select a municipality for the pilot program unless the legislative body of the municipality has approved the application. The secretary shall send a notice of selection for the pilot program to the chief executive officer of the municipality.

      (c) After receipt of the notice of selection provided by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the chief executive officer of such municipality shall appoint a committee consisting of relevant taxpayers and stakeholders to prepare a plan for implementation of land value taxation. Such plan shall (1) provide a process for implementation of differentiated tax rates; (2) designate geographic areas of the municipality where the differentiated rates shall be applied; and (3) identify legal and administrative issues affecting the implementation of the plan. The chief executive officer, the assessor and the tax collector of the municipality shall have an opportunity to review and comment on the plan. On or before December 31, 2009, and upon approval of the plan by the legislative body, the plan shall be submitted to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to planning and development and to finance, revenue and bonding.

      (P.A. 09-236, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 09-236 effective July 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-64. Real estate liable to taxation. Easements in air space. Separate assessment of the interest of a lessee. Conditions under which lessee of state-owned property is subject to tax. (a) All the following-mentioned property, not exempted, shall be set in the list of the town where it is situated and, except as otherwise provided by law, shall be liable to taxation at a uniform percentage of its present true and actual valuation, not exceeding one hundred per cent of such valuation, to be determined by the assessors: Dwelling houses, garages, barns, sheds, stores, shops, mills, buildings used for business, commercial, financial, manufacturing, mercantile and trading purposes, ice houses, warehouses, silos, all other buildings and structures, house lots, all other building lots and improvements thereon and thereto, agricultural lands, shellfish lands, all other lands and improvements thereon and thereto, quarries, mines, ore beds, fisheries, property in fish pounds, machinery and easements to use air space whether or not contiguous to the surface of the ground. An easement to use air space shall be an interest in real estate and may be assessed separately from the surface of the ground below it. Any interest in real estate shall be set by the assessors in the list of the person in whose name the title to such interest stands on the land records. If the interest in real estate consists of an easement to use air space, whether or not contiguous to the surface of the ground, which easement is in the form of a lease for a period of not less than fifty years, which lease is recorded in the land records of the town and provides that the lessee shall pay all taxes, said interest shall be deemed to be a separate parcel and shall be separately assessed in the name of the lessee. If the interest in real estate consists of a lease of land used for residential purposes which allows the lessee to remove any or all of the structures, buildings or other improvements on said land erected or owned by the lessee, which lease is recorded in the land records of the town and provides that the lessee shall pay all taxes with respect to such structures, buildings or other improvements, said interest shall be deemed to be a separate parcel and said structures, buildings or other improvements shall be separately assessed in the name of the lessee, provided such separate assessment shall not alter or limit in any way the enforcement of a lien on such real estate in accordance with chapter 205, for taxes with respect to such real estate including said land, structures, buildings or other improvements. For purposes of determining the applicability of the provisions of this section to any such interest in real estate, the term "lessee" shall mean any person who is a lessee or sublessee under the terms of the lease agreement in accordance with which such interest in real estate is established.

      (b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, any land, buildings or easement to use air rights belonging to or held in trust for the state, not used for purposes attributable to functions of the state government or any other governmental purpose but leased to a person or organization for use unrelated to any such purpose, exclusive of any such lease with respect to which a binding agreement is in effect on June 25, 1985, shall be separately assessed in the name of the lessee and subject to local taxation annually in the name of the lessee having immediate right to occupancy of such land or building, by the town wherein situated as of the assessment day next following the date of leasing pursuant to section 4b-38. If such property or any portion thereof is leased to any organization which, if the property were owned by or held in trust for such organization, would not be liable for taxes with respect to such property under any of the subdivisions of section 12-81, such organization shall be entitled to exemption from property taxes as the lessee under such lease, provided such property is used exclusively for the purposes of such organization as stated in the applicable subdivision of said section 12-81 and the portion of such property so leased to such exempt organization shall be eligible for a grant in lieu of taxes pursuant to section 12-19a. Whenever the lessee of such property is required to pay property taxes to the town in which such property is situated as provided in this subsection, the assessed valuation of such property subject to the interest of the lessee shall not be included in the annual list of assessed values of state-owned real property in such town as prepared for purposes of state grants in accordance with said section 12-19a and the amount of grant to such town under said section 12-19a shall be determined without consideration of such assessed value.

      (c) The provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall not be applicable to any land, building or easement belonging to or held in trust for the state of Connecticut at (1) Bradley International Airport or any other state-owned airport, and (2) any restaurant, gasoline station or other service facility or public convenience as may be deemed appropriate by the Commissioner of Transportation for state highway, mass transit, marine or aviation purposes. In the event a lessee of property, belonging to or held in trust for the state or a constituent unit of the state system of higher education, who is subject to taxation pursuant to the provisions of this subsection or pursuant to subsection (g) of section 4b-38 is delinquent in the payment of such tax, a municipal tax collector may enforce the collection of said tax by all legal means available, except for the filing of a lien on such property.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1738; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 6; 1961, P.A. 347; 1967, P.A. 829; 1969, P.A. 139, S. 1; P.A. 75-321, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-58, S. 2, 4; P.A. 85-448, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-64, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-282, S. 3, 6; P.A. 03-269, S. 2.)

      History: 1961 act added "agricultural lands" to list; 1967 act added provisions re assessments of easements to use air space; 1969 act added provision re assessment and taxation of land, buildings and easements within highway rights-of-way leased by state to nonexempt lessees; P.A. 75-321 added provisions re separate assessment of structures and improvements erected by lessee; P.A. 81-58 made provisions of section applicable to a lessee applicable also in the case of a sublessee, effective April 28, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-448 deleted provision in Subsec. (a) re taxation of certain leased land, buildings and easements for air rights within highway rights-of-way on ad valorem basis and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) in which the interest of a lessee of state-owned real property is subject to property tax under certain conditions, effective June 25, 1985, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 93-64 specified in Subsec. (a) that structures and improvements to building lots and other lands are liable to taxation, effective May 10, 1993; P.A. 97-282 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to provide that property leased to an exempt organization is eligible for grant in lieu of taxes under Sec. 12-19a and to make technical and conforming changes, effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 03-269 amended Subsec. (b) to revise provisions re the property tax liability of certain lessees of property and amended Subsec. (c) to make a technical change, add provisions re enforcement powers of tax collectors and prohibit tax collectors from filing liens on state-owned property leased for nongovernmental purposes, effective July 9, 2003.

      See Sec. 7-33 re lists of transfers of taxable property.

      Real estate is not validly listed in name of agent of owner. 59 C. 422. Joint assessment of benefits where interests are separate, irregular. 60 C. 112. Land held validly listed in name of corporation, and not in name of its receiver. 72 C. 64. Listing property to the heirs of one deceased. 79 C. 632. Refers to freeholds, not leaseholds. 75 C. 592. May include buildings. 85 C. 8. Commencement of proceedings to condemn land of no consequence. 88 C. 76. Unless land listed in name of record owner, no recovery can be had. 91 C. 595. Record to be followed though corporation has changed its name. 66 C. 475. Tenant by curtesy should list land in his name. 67 C. 272. Legislature cannot validate an assessment laid on holder of leasehold interest. 107 C. 701 ff. Leased land must be assessed against owner of fee. Ibid; 75 C. 590. Machinery in mill taxable as part thereof though owners nonresidents. 30 C. 18. Grievance merely that property is valued higher than other like property no ground for relief. 63 C. 18, 79. Water power taxable here though transmitted for use to adjoining state. 73 C. 294. Bridge structure of bridge company held not within this section. 77 C. 314. As to water mains, see 79 C. 70; 85 C. 119. Buildings apart from land may be real estate. 85 C. 6. Easements not land within this section. Id., 127. Valuation of land set in by the acre may be based on value in view of suitability for house lots. 103 C. 155. See notes to sections 12-42 and 12-63. Fair market value discussed. 105 C. 581. Methods to be used in determining "true and actual valuation." 122 C. 230. Cited. 109 C. 389. Cited. 123 C. 546. Cited. 131 C. 581. Erroneous for board of relief to use rule putting properties in list at 75% of true value. 115 C. 578. Valuation by assessors is discretionary and cannot be controlled by mandamus. 128 C. 650. Cited. 136 C. 30. Cited. 143 C. 100. General assembly provided in 1957 for "uniform percentage" of true and actual value after decision in 144 C. 374 which overruled 63 C. 321. Cited. 146 C. 578. Wide discretion in assessors and unless their action is discriminatory or unreasonable their opinion and judgment should control in determination of value for taxation purposes. Id., 669. On appeal, before court can employ another method of valuation, it must be established that method employed by assessors was not an acceptable or proper method under circumstances. Id., 681. Cited. 149 C. 32. Probative value of sale price of corporate stock for purpose of determining value of real estate depends on particular circumstances and cannot be utilized where facts indicate sale was by a corporation in financial distress. Id., 33. Fair market value as of assessment date is the criterion regardless of intended future use. Id. Cited. Id., 453. Where uniform percentage is not applied, owner is entitled to relief if assessment of property exceeds amount computed by ratio of fair value. 151 C. 79. Assessed valuations made without participation of owner are not generally admissible on issue of value of property taken by eminent domain. 159 C. 407. Cited. 162 C. 87. Cited. 163 C. 433. Unless otherwise provided, rights-of-way, which do not include public utility easements, are not taxable separate from freeholds. 165 C. 211. Cited. 169 C. 663. Cited. 170 C. 477. Cited. 171 C. 74. Cited. 172 C. 439. Cited. 174 C. 380. Amendments to section 12-75 by 1967 P.A. 439 supersede earlier enacted general provisions of this section. Id., 556. A communications tower cannot appropriately be classified as a "building" within meaning of statute and is therefore not subject to taxation. 180 C. 409, 410. Court has limited use of average ratio analysis as a remedy to cases where evidence establishes assessor failed to follow requirements of this statute. 182 C. 619. Application of fixed percentage factor by assessor to increase assessments cannot reasonably be found to fulfill statutory duty to determine "true and actual valuation" of each individual property. 184 C. 333. Cited. 195 C. 48. Cited. 203 C. 425. Cited. 210 C. 233. Cited. 220 C. 335. Cited. 226 C. 92. Cited. 232 C. 335. Cited. 240 C. 422. Cited. 242 C. 363. Assessor's goal under this section is to determine value of property as accurately as possible. 249 C. 110.

      Cited. 2 CA 152. Cited. 7 CA 496. Cited. 13 CA 393. Cited. 21 CA 275.

      On appeal, the court may consider new evidence in determining "true and actual valuation". 1 CS 112. "Present true and actual valuation" is synonymous with "fair market value". Real property is assessable according to the use adopted. 6 CS 505. If there is a market for real property, it must be assessed at fair market value. 8 CS 540. Cited. 11 CS 241. Cited. 12 CS 47. Property may be taxed although it receives no benefit from such taxes. 14 CS 258. Cited. 41 CS 457.

      Cited. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 195.

      Subsec. (c):

      Subject hangars at Brainard Airport are exempt from municipal property pursuant to subsection, which exempts from taxation property located on a state-owned airport and leased to private individuals. Plaintiffs are in possession of the hangars by virtue of the lease from the state to Connecticut Hangars, not by virtue of the warranty deeds from Connecticut Hangars. 50 CS 476.


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      Sec. 12-64a. Reduction in assessed value of real estate upon removal of damaged buildings. Municipal option to abate tax on personal property located in damaged building. (a) Whenever a building is so damaged as to require total reconstruction before it may be used for any purpose related to its use prior to such damage and following which, the owner provides for complete demolition of such building with the material from demolition being removed from the parcel of real property on which the building was situated or used as fill on such parcel for purposes of grading, such parcel shall be assessed for purposes of property tax as of the date such demolition, removal and grading are completed, to the satisfaction of the building inspector in the municipality, and such assessment shall reflect a determination of the assessed value of such parcel, exclusive of the value of the building so damaged, demolished and removed. The adjusted assessment shall be applicable with respect to such parcel from the date demolition, removal and grading are completed, as determined by said building inspector, until the first day of October next succeeding and the amount of property tax payable with respect to such parcel for the assessment year in which demolition, removal and grading are completed shall be adjusted accordingly in such manner as determined by the assessor.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, in the case of a building that sustains fire or weather-related damage that requires the building to be totally reconstructed before it may be used for any purpose related to its use prior to the damage, the assessment reduction shall be calculated from the date of such fire or weather event if the owner, within one hundred twenty days of the fire or weather event, provides for complete demolition of such building with the material from demolition being removed from the parcel of real property on which the building was situated and the parcel graded to the satisfaction of the building inspector in the municipality. If the fire or weather event occurs not more than one hundred twenty days before the next assessment date and the owner provides for such complete demolition, removal and grading to the satisfaction of the building inspector after the next assessment date and not more than one hundred twenty days after the fire or weather event, the assessment for the damaged building shall be removed for such next assessment date.

      (c) When a municipality reduces an assessment for a building pursuant to subsection (a) or (b) of this section, the municipality may, by vote of its legislative body, or in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, abate all or a portion of the property tax with respect to personal property that had been located in the building. Such abatement may be allowed if the personal property was damaged as a direct result of a fire or weather event to such an extent that the property cannot be used for any purpose related to its use prior to such fire or weather event. Any abatement provided under this subsection shall be applicable with respect to such personal property from the date of the damage to the following October first.

      (P.A. 81-21, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-231, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-120, S. 1, 13.)

      History: P.A. 81-21 effective April 7, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 93-231 designated existing section as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) requiring any municipality to reduce the assessment on a building that must be totally reconstructed due to fire or weather-related damage as of the date the building was damaged, effective June 28, 1993, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1993; P.A. 00-120 added Subsec. (c) providing a municipal option to abate the tax on personal property damaged by fire or weather event that cannot be used for its original purpose, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 1998.

      Cited. 207 C. 250.

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      Sec. 12-65. Agreements fixing assessments on multifamily housing. Any municipality acting through its board of selectmen, town council, court of common council or other governing body shall have the power to enter into a written agreement with a taxpayer fixing the assessment of real estate to be used for a housing project consisting of three or more housing units to be constructed or rehabilitated, provided: (a) The real estate to be used for said housing project is in a redevelopment area, community development area or neighborhood strategy area, included (1) in a redevelopment plan approved by a redevelopment agency pursuant to section 8-127, (2) in an urban renewal project authorized by a redevelopment agency pursuant to section 8-141 or (3) in a community development plan approved by the municipality under sections 8-169a to 8-169j, inclusive; (b) the term of such agreement shall not exceed fifteen years from the date of the completion of the housing project or completion of rehabilitation of the housing project or sixteen years from the date of the agreement, whichever is the shorter period; (c) the assessment agreed on for the real estate plus future improvements shall not be less than the assessment as of the last regular assessment date of the real estate without such future improvements. If the municipality claims that the taxpayer is not complying with the terms of such agreement, the municipality may bring an action in the superior court of the judicial district in which the municipality is located to force compliance with such agreement; but a mortgagee may loan its money in reliance on such agreement and nothing herein contained shall be construed to permit the municipality to increase the assessment during the aforesaid period beyond the amount agreed on.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1739; 1957, P.A. 163, S. 25; 1963, P.A. 615, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 335; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 79-589, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-280, S. 10.)

      History: 1963 act added provision (a), increased the term of the agreement by five years, extended the date for commencement of construction from 1949 to 1969 and deleted provisions re rental rates and preference as tenants for veterans and members of merchant marine; 1969 act extended date for commencement of construction from 1969 to 1971 in Subdiv. (c); P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 79-589 specified housing projects "consisting of three or more housing units", included rehabilitation projects, amended Subdiv. (a) to include projects in community development areas or in neighborhood strategy areas and deleted former Subdiv. (c), relettering Subdiv. (d) accordingly; P.A. 88-280 made technical change, substituting reference to Sec. 8-169j for reference to Sec. 8-169n.

      Cited. 17 CA 166.

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      Sec. 12-65a. Approval by state referee. Such written agreement shall be filed within ten days from the date of its execution in the superior court for the judicial district in which the municipality executing such agreement is located. The clerk of such court shall forthwith refer such agreement to a state referee for approval as a fair and reasonable agreement. If the referee finds such agreement fair and reasonable he shall certify to the same and the clerk of the superior court for such judicial district shall annex such certificate to such agreement and only at that time shall the agreement be binding upon the parties executing such agreement. If such referee finds said agreement not fair and reasonable, the clerk of the superior court of such judicial district shall forthwith notify the parties and such agreement shall be null and void and of no effect.

      (1963, P.A. 615, S. 2; P.A. 80-483, S. 50, 186.)

      History: P.A. 80-483 substituted "judicial district" for "county".

      Cited. 17 CA 166.

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      Sec. 12-65b. Agreements between municipality and owner or lessee of real property or air space fixing the assessment of such property or air space. (a) Any municipality may, by affirmative vote of its legislative body, enter into a written agreement with any party owning or proposing to acquire an interest in real property in such municipality, or with any party owning or proposing to acquire an interest in air space in such municipality, or with any party who is the lessee of, or who proposes to be the lessee of, air space in such municipality in such a manner that the air space leased or proposed to be leased shall be assessed to the lessee pursuant to section 12-64, fixing the assessment of the real property or air space which is the subject of the agreement, and all improvements thereon or therein and to be constructed thereon or therein, subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, (1) for a period of not more than seven years, provided the cost of such improvements to be constructed is not less than three million dollars, (2) for a period of not more than two years, provided the cost of such improvements to be constructed is not less than five hundred thousand dollars, or (3) to the extent of not more than fifty per cent of such increased assessment, for a period of not more than three years, provided the cost of such improvements to be constructed is not less than twenty-five thousand dollars.

      (b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall only apply if the improvements are for at least one of the following: (1) Office use; (2) retail use; (3) permanent residential use; (4) transient residential use; (5) manufacturing use; (6) warehouse, storage or distribution use; (7) structured multilevel parking use necessary in connection with a mass transit system; (8) information technology; (9) recreation facilities; or (10) transportation facilities.

      (1971, P.A. 471, S. 1, 2; P.A. 73-477; P.A. 75-575, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-138, S. 1, 3; 77-586, S. 2, 3; P.A. 79-78, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-414, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-573, S. 1, 18; P.A. 90-219, S. 13; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-15, S. 4, 20; P.A. 94-157, S. 3, 4; P.A. 97-235, S. 1, 4; P.A. 98-207; P.A. 01-125, S. 1; P.A. 03-19, S. 25.)

      History: P.A. 73-477 added words "an interest in" with reference to acquisition of real property and air space in Subsec. (a); P.A. 75-575 amended Subsec. (a) to include municipalities with population densities of 4,500 persons or more per square mile and those contracting with U.S. for grants of more than $10,000,000 for redevelopment and urban renewal and amended Subsec. (b) to include improvements for manufacturing use and to change cost minimum from $10,000,000 to $5,000,000; P.A. 77-138 made provisions applicable to any municipality, deleting all restrictions based on population, population density or amount of federal grant and included in Subsec. (b) improvements for warehouse storage or distribution use; P.A. 77-586 reinstated restriction on applicability of provisions, limiting provisions to municipalities with population of at least 35,000; P.A. 79-78 deleted restriction imposed by P.A. 77-586 and changed cost minimum in Subsec. (b) from $5,000,000 to $3,000,000; P.A. 82-414 amended requirements in Subsec. (b) applicable to fixed assessment agreements to permit agreements if at least one, rather than two or more as was previously the case, of the types of improvements is satisfied; and increased list by adding multilevel parking facilities as an improvement, the proposed construction of which would allow such an agreement; P.A. 85-573 provided for agreements for not more than two years on improvements of not less than $500,000, effective July 10, 1985, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and thereafter; P.A. 90-219 amended Subsec. (b) to require that improvements for structured multilevel parking use be necessary in connection with a mass transit system; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-15 added Subsec. (a)(3) re improvements of not less than $100,000, effective July 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 94-157 added Subsec. (a)(4) to (7), inclusive, effective October 1, 1994, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 97-235 added Subsec. (b)(viii) re improvements for information technology, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 98-207 reorganized and relettered Subsec. (b) and added new Subdivs. (9) and (10) re recreation facilities and transportation facilities; P.A. 01-125 amended Subsec. (a) to reduce the threshold to qualify for abatement from $100,000 to $25,000 and change the amount of the abatement from 50% to not more than 50% in Subdiv. (3) and to delete Subdivs. (4) to (7), inclusive; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective May 12, 2003.

      Cited. 228 C. 79. Cited. 235 C. 637.

      Cited. 17 CA 166.


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      Sec. 12-65c. Deferral of increased assessments due to rehabilitation: Definitions. As used in sections 12-65c to 12-65f, inclusive:

      (a) "Rehabilitation area" means any municipality, or a part thereof, which is deteriorated, deteriorating, substandard or detrimental to the safety, health, welfare or general economic well-being of the community;

      (b) "Rehabilitation" means the improvement or repair of a structure or facilities appurtenant thereto, exclusive of general maintenance or minor repairs.

      (P.A. 73-558, S. 1.)

      Cited. 17 CA 166.

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      Sec. 12-65d. Designation of rehabilitation area. Criteria for deferral of assessment increase. (a) The legislative body of any municipality may, in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-65c to 12-65f, inclusive, adopt a resolution designating such municipality, or any part thereof, as a rehabilitation area and establishing criteria for eligibility of real property within the area so designated for deferral, as provided in section 12-65e, of any increased assessment attributable to rehabilitation or new construction. Such criteria shall include the initial condition of the property, the extent and nature of improvements compatible with the plan of development of the municipality and subdivision and zoning regulations, if any, and in compliance with such state building and health codes and local housing code requirements, as may apply, and acceptable uses for such property. Such criteria shall be determined with the advice of the local building official and housing code enforcement officer or other authority designated by the municipality to enforce the provisions of sections 19a-355, 47a-14a to 47a-14g, inclusive, 47a-51, 47a-53, 47a-54, 47a-54a, 47a-55, 47a-56, 47a-56a, 47a-56d to 47a-56j, inclusive, and 47a-57 to 47a-61, inclusive.

      (b) No such resolution or criteria shall be adopted (1) until after a public hearing, notice of the time, place and purpose of which shall be given by publication in a newspaper having a general circulation in the municipality at least twice, at intervals of not less than two days, the first not more than fifteen days nor less than ten days and the last not less than two days prior to the date of such hearing; and (2) following such hearing, in any municipality having a planning commission or combined planning and zoning commission, such proposal has been referred to such commission for a report in accordance with the provisions of section 8-24, and in the event such commission disapproves the proposal, the vote on adoption by the municipality shall be in accordance with the provisions of said section 8-24.

      (c) Notice of the adoption of the resolution and criteria shall be published by the legislative body, in a newspaper having a general circulation in the municipality, not later than fifteen days after its adoption. A copy of such resolution and criteria shall be filed in the office of the town clerk of such municipality.

      (P.A. 73-558, S. 2; P.A. 74-190, S. 1, 3; P.A. 79-607, S. 20, 22.)

      History: P.A. 74-190 substituted "real" for "residential" property in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-607 included deferrals for new construction.

      Cited. 17 CA 166.

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      Sec. 12-65e. Agreements to fix assessments during, and defer increases following, rehabilitation or construction. Required provisions. Any municipality which has adopted a resolution, in accordance with the provisions of section 12-65d, designating such municipality or any part thereof as a rehabilitation area, may, upon application of the owner of any real property located in such area who agrees to rehabilitate such property or construct new multifamily rental housing or cooperative housing on such property, enter into an agreement to fix the assessment of the property, during the period of rehabilitation or construction, as of the date of the agreement, but for not longer than seven years, and upon completion of such rehabilitation or construction, to defer any increase in assessment attributable to such rehabilitation or construction for a period not to exceed eleven years, contingent upon the continued use of the property for the purposes specified in the agreement, provided such property meets the criteria established by such municipality in accordance with section 12-65d and provided further such deferral shall be determined as follows: For the first year following completion of such rehabilitation or construction, the entire increase shall be deferred; thereafter a minimum of ten per cent of the increase shall be assessed against the property each year until one hundred per cent of such increase has been so assessed. The agreement shall provide that, in the event of a general revaluation by the municipality in the year in which such rehabilitation or construction is completed resulting in any increase in the assessment on such property, only that portion of the increase resulting from such rehabilitation or construction shall be deferred; and in the event of a general revaluation in any year after the year in which such rehabilitation or construction is completed, such deferred assessment shall be increased or decreased in proportion to the increase or decrease in the total assessment on such property as a result of such general revaluation. Such agreement shall further provide that such rehabilitation or construction shall be completed by a date fixed by the municipality and that the completed rehabilitation or construction shall be subject to inspection and certification by the local building official as being in conformance with the criteria established under section 12-65d and such provisions of the state building and health codes and the local housing code as may apply. Any such tax deferral shall be contingent upon the continued use of the property for those purposes specified in the agreement creating such deferral and such deferral shall cease upon the sale or transfer of the property for any other purpose unless the municipality shall have consented thereto.

      (P.A. 73-588, S. 3; P.A. 74-190, S. 2, 3; P.A. 79-607, S. 19, 22.)

      History: P.A. 74-190 specified that deferrals for rehabilitation are contingent upon continued use for purposes specified in agreement and provided that deferral cease upon sale or transfer of property unless consent of municipality obtained, previously deferral ceased without exception; P.A. 79-607 included construction of new multifamily rental housing or cooperative housing.

      Cited. 17 CA 166.

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      Sec. 12-65f. Appeal. Any person aggrieved by any decision or action, or failure to take action, by a municipality under the provisions of sections 12-65c to 12-65e, inclusive, may appeal within fifteen days of the notice of such decision or action, or in the case of failure to take action, within fifteen days after the expiration of sixty-five days from the date of the submission of the request for action to the legislative body of the municipality, to the superior court for the judicial district in which the municipality lies.

      (P.A. 73-558, S. 4; P.A. 76-436, S. 275, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127.)

      History: P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas and included judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties.

      Cited. 17 CA 166.

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      Sec. 12-65g. Agreements to fix assessments during, and defer increases following, rehabilitation to accommodate physically disabled persons. Required provisions. The legislative body of any municipality may, by ordinance, authorize such municipality to enter into a written agreement with an owner of any real property who agrees to improve, rehabilitate or renovate any building thereon to meet the standards of design and construction of the State Building Code to accommodate physically disabled persons, as set forth in article 512 of the State Building Code, or any subsequent corresponding section of the State Building Code, as from time to time amended, to fix the assessment on such property as of the date of the agreement for a period of not longer than five years and to defer any increase in assessment attributable to such improvement, rehabilitation or renovation during such period, provided (1) the agreement shall be approved by the local building official and (2) such improvement, rehabilitation or renovation shall be completed not later than three years from the date of the agreement and, upon completion, shall be subject to inspection and certification by such local building official as being in conformance with the applicable provisions of said code.

      (P.A. 75-244; P.A. 94-175, S. 8, 32; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 80, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69.)

      History: P.A. 94-175 made a technical change in the building code reference, effective June 2, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 and P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of P.A. 94-175 but without affecting this section.

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      Sec. 12-65h. Agreements between municipality and owner or lessee of real property or air space containing a manufacturing facility fixing the assessment of personal property in such facility. Any municipality may, by affirmative vote of its legislative body, enter into a written agreement with any party owning or proposing to acquire an interest in real property in such municipality, or with any party owning or proposing to acquire an interest in air space in such municipality, or with any party who is the lessee of, or who proposes to be the lessee of, air space in such municipality in such a manner that the air space leased or proposed to be leased shall be assessed to the lessee pursuant to section 12-64, upon which is located or proposed to be located a manufacturing facility, as defined in subdivision (72) of section 12-81, fixing the assessment of the personal property located in the facility which is the subject of the agreement, (1) for a period of not more than seven years, provided the increase in the assessed value of such personal property in such facility is not less than three million dollars, (2) for a period of not more than two years, provided the increase in the assessed value of such personal property in such facility is not less than five hundred thousand dollars, or (3) to the extent of not more than fifty per cent of such increased assessment, for a period of not more than three years, provided the increase in the assessed value of such personal property in such facility is not less than twenty-five thousand dollars.

      (May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-15, S. 5, 20; P.A. 01-125, S. 2.)

      History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-15 effective July 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; (Revisor's note: In 1997 a reference to "subsection (72)" of Sec. 12-81 was changed editorially by the Revisors to "subdivision (72)" to conform section with Sec. 12-81); P.A. 01-125 amended Subdiv. (3) to reduce the threshold to qualify for abatement from $100,000 to $25,000 and change the amount of the abatement from 50% to not more than 50%.

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      Sec. 12-66. Property of religious, educational or charitable corporations; leasehold interests. (a) Lands or buildings, the title to which is in the name of any religious, educational or charitable corporation, otherwise exempt from taxation and which have been leased for a term of one hundred years or more by a lease executed with an annual rent reserved, which land and buildings are used for other than religious, educational or charitable purposes, shall, annually, be subject to local assessment and taxation in the name of the lessee, assignee or sublessee of such land on the assessment day of the town wherein situated. Except as provided in this section, all provisions of the law relating to the filing of assessment lists and appeals to the boards of assessment appeals and to the Superior Court shall, mutatis mutandis, apply to each such lessee and all provisions of the law relating to assessors and boards of assessment appeals shall, mutatis mutandis, apply to such property.

      (b) Any person who has paid the entire tax due any town for a period of twelve months on any such property may make application in writing to the tax collector of such town for a refund of the whole or such part of such tax as represents, under the terms of the lease, the amount of rent paid to such corporation for such period. Such application shall be made within three years of the due date of the whole or first installment of such tax, shall contain a recital of the facts and shall state the amount of refund requested. The collector shall, after examination of such application, refer the same, with his recommendations thereon, to the selectmen of such town and shall certify to the amount of refund to which such applicant is entitled. Upon receipt of such application and certification, the selectmen shall draw an order upon the treasurer in favor of such applicant for the amount so certified, without interest. Any action so taken by such selectmen shall be a matter of record and the tax collector shall be notified thereof in writing.

      (c) This section shall be construed to authorize taxation of leased real estate under such leases.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1740; P.A. 76-436, S. 300, 681; P.A. 95-283, S. 37, 68.)

      History: P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

      Purpose of section is to prevent property of charitable organization not used exclusively for charitable purpose from escaping taxation, and to avoid assessment of taxes from being collected twice by municipality. 172 C. 439.

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      Sec. 12-67. Taxation of dwelling houses of railroad companies. Each dwelling house belonging to any railroad company shall be set in the list and taxed in the town where such dwelling house is situated, notwithstanding the fact that the same may be rented to or occupied by an employee of such railroad company; and the amount paid for taxes on any such dwelling house shall be deducted from the sum required by law to be paid by such railroad company for taxes to the state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1741.)

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      Sec. 12-68. Grantee failing to record deed, grantor taxed. Damages. When, in consequence of the failure of the purchaser of any real estate or any interest therein to place on the land records of the town in which such real estate is situated the deed or other instrument of conveyance by which such estate or interest therein has been conveyed to him and under which he holds the same, such real estate or interest therein has been set for taxation in the list of such purchaser's grantor and any lawful tax has been assessed thereon against such grantor and has been paid by him, a right of action shall accrue to such grantor to recover from such purchaser as damages a sum double the amount of such payment.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1742.)

      Liens for water charges not within statute. 11 CS 454.

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      Sec. 12-69. Real estate liable for payment of judgment. Such real estate shall stand charged with and remain liable for the payment of any judgment recovered under the provisions of section 12-68 until such judgment is satisfied; provided such grantor shall have lodged for record with the town clerk of the town in which such real estate is situated a certificate in writing, subscribed and sworn to by such grantor, describing such real estate and giving notice of the conveyance of it by him, the character of the instrument of conveyance, the name of the grantee therein and the date on or about which such conveyance was made and that such real estate stands subject to a lien to secure all judgments recovered or to be recovered under the provisions of said section; which certificate shall be recorded by such town clerk on the land records of such town.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1743.)

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      Sec. 12-70. Obligation of purchaser of real estate assuming payment of taxes. When any person, at the time he acquires equity in real estate, expressly assumes the payment of taxes which are to become payable thereafter, he shall become liable for the payment thereof to the same extent and in the same manner as though such real estate were assessed in his name.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1744.)

      As to retroactivity, see 133 C. 242. Veteran not entitled to refund under provisions of Sec. 12-81(19). 135 C. 228; 155 C. 339. History and intent discussed. 135 C. 228; 164 C. 178. Purchaser from tax-exempt vendor assumes no liability for period prior to purchase. Id.

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      Sec. 12-71. Personal property subject to tax. Computer software not subject to tax. Determination of situs of motor vehicles and snowmobiles for tax purposes. (a) All goods, chattels and effects or any interest therein, including any interest in a leasehold improvement classified as other than real property, belonging to any person who is a resident in this state, shall be listed for purposes of property tax in the town where such person resides, subject to the provisions of sections 12-41, 12-43 and 12-59. Any such property belonging to any nonresident shall be listed for purposes of property tax as provided in section 12-43. Motor vehicles and snowmobiles shall be listed for purposes of the property tax in accordance with subsection (f) of this section.

      (b) Except as otherwise provided by the general statutes, property subject to this section shall be valued at the same percentage of its then actual valuation as the assessors have determined with respect to the listing of real estate for the same year, except that any antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, as defined in section 14-1, shall be assessed at a value of not more than five hundred dollars. The owner of such antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle may be required by the assessors to provide reasonable documentation that such motor vehicle is an antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, provided any motor vehicle for which special number plates have been issued pursuant to section 14-20 shall not be required to provide any such documentation. The provisions of this section shall not include money or property actually invested in merchandise or manufacturing carried on out of this state or machinery or equipment which would be eligible for exemption under subdivision (72) of section 12-81 once installed and which cannot begin or which has not begun manufacturing, processing or fabricating; or which is being used for research and development, including experimental or laboratory research and development, design or engineering directly related to manufacturing or being used for the significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of machinery and equipment for industrial use or the significant overhauling or rebuilding of other products on a factory basis or being used for measuring or testing or metal finishing or in the production of motion pictures, video and sound recordings.

      (c) Upon payment of the property tax assessed with respect to any property referred to in this section, owned by a resident or nonresident of this state, which is currently used or intended for use in relation to construction, building, grading, paving or similar projects, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles, bulldozers, tractors and any trailer-type vehicle, excluding any such equipment weighing less than five hundred pounds, and excluding any motor vehicle subject to registration pursuant to chapter 246 or exempt from such registration by section 14-34, the town in which such equipment is taxed shall issue, at the time of such payment, for display on a conspicuous surface of each such item of equipment for which such tax has been paid, a validation decal or sticker, identifiable as to the year of issue, which will be presumptive evidence that such tax has been paid in the appropriate town of the state.

      (d) (1) Personal property subject to taxation under this chapter shall not include computer software, except when the cost thereof is included, without being separately stated, in the cost of computer hardware. "Computer software" shall include any program or routine used to cause a computer to perform a specific task or set of tasks, including without limitation, operational and applicational programs and all documentation related thereto.

      (2) The provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be applicable (A) to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1988, and each assessment year thereafter, and (B) to any assessment of computer software made after September 30, 1988, for any assessment year commencing before October 1, 1988.

      (3) Nothing contained in this subsection shall create any implication related to liability for property tax with respect to computer software prior to July 1, 1989.

      (4) A certificate of correction in accordance with section 12-57 shall not be issued with respect to any property described in subdivision (1) of this subsection for any assessment year commencing prior to October 1, 1989.

      (e) For assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1992, each municipality shall exempt aircraft, as defined in section 15-34, from the provisions of this chapter.

      (f) (1) Property subject to taxation under this chapter shall include each registered and unregistered motor vehicle and snowmobile that, in the normal course of operation, most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in a town in this state, and any other motor vehicle or snowmobile located in a town in this state, which motor vehicle or snowmobile is not used or is not capable of being used.

      (2) Any motor vehicle or snowmobile registered in this state subject to taxation in accordance with the provisions of this subsection shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or in which it remains. It shall be presumed that any such motor vehicle or snowmobile most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in the town in which the owner of such vehicle resides, unless a provision of this subsection otherwise expressly provides. As used in this subsection, "the town in which the owner of such vehicle resides" means the town in this state where (A) the owner, if an individual, has established a legal residence consisting of a true, fixed and permanent home to which such individual intends to return after any absence, or (B) the owner, if a company, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, firm or any other type of public or private organization, association or society, has an established site for conducting the purposes for which it was created. In the event such an entity resides in more than one town in this state, it shall be subject to taxation by each such town with respect to any registered or unregistered motor vehicle or snowmobile that most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in such town.

      (3) Any motor vehicle owned by a nonresident of this state shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or in which it remains. If such vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in more than one town, it shall be set in the list of the town in which such vehicle is located for the three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, except that, if such vehicle is located in more than one town for three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, it shall be set in the list of the town where it is located for the three months or more in such year nearest to such assessment day. In the event a motor vehicle owned by a nonresident is not located in any town for three or more of the months preceding the assessment day in any year, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle is located on such assessment day.

      (4) Notwithstanding any provision of subdivision (2) of this subsection: (A) Any registered motor vehicle that is assigned to an employee of the owner of such vehicle for the exclusive use of such employee and which, in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in such employee's town of residence, shall be set in the list of the town where such employee resides; (B) any registered motor vehicle that is being operated, pursuant to a lease, by a person other than the owner of such vehicle, or such owner's employee, shall be set in the list of the town where the person who is operating such vehicle pursuant to said lease resides; (C) any registered motor vehicle designed or used for recreational purposes, including, but not limited to, a camp trailer, camper or motor home, shall be set in the list of the town such vehicle, in the normal course of its operation for camping, travel or recreational purposes in this state, most frequently leaves from and returns to or the town in which it remains. If such a vehicle is not used in this state in its normal course of operation for camping, travel or recreational purposes, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town in this state in which the owner of such vehicle resides; and (D) any registered motor vehicle that is used or intended for use for the purposes of construction, building, grading, paving or similar projects, or to facilitate any such project, shall be set in the list of the town in which such project is situated if such vehicle is located in said town for the three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, provided (i) if such vehicle is located in more than one town in this state for three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town where it is located for the three months or more in such year nearest to such assessment day, and (ii) if such vehicle is not located in any town for three or more of the months preceding the assessment day in any year, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle is located on such assessment day.

      (5) The owner of a motor vehicle subject to taxation in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (4) of this subsection in a town other than the town in which such owner resides may register such vehicle in the town in which such vehicle is subject to taxation.

      (6) Information concerning any vehicle subject to taxation in a town other than the town in which it is registered may be included on any declaration or report filed pursuant to section 12-41, 12-43 or 12-57a. If a motor vehicle or snowmobile is registered in a town in which it is not subject to taxation, pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (4) of this section, the assessor of the town in which such vehicle is subject to taxation shall notify the assessor of the town in which such vehicle is registered of the name and address of the owner of such motor vehicle or snowmobile, the vehicle identification number and the town in which such vehicle is subject to taxation. The assessor of the town in which said vehicle is registered and the assessor of the town in which said vehicle is subject to taxation shall cooperate in administering the provisions of this section concerning the listing of such vehicle for property tax purposes.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1745; 1953, S. 1047d; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 7; 1959, P.A. 239, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 668, S. 1; P.A. 73-490; 73-531, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-432, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-550, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-20, S. 1, 2; 81-423, S. 1, 25; P.A. 83-485, S. 1, 13; P.A. 89-251, S. 193, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 49, 59; P.A. 93-433, S. 8, 26; P.A. 99-189, S. 12, 20; 99-272, S. 3, 7; P.A. 00-230, S. 3; P.A. 04-228, S. 2; P.A. 08-150, S. 56; P.A. 09-187, S. 29.)

      History: 1959 act provided for listing of property of nonresident; 1971 act added provisions allowing taxation of vessels either in town of owner's residence or in town where vessel usually operated; P.A. 73-490 divided previous provisions into Subsecs. (a) to (c) and added Subsec. (d) re validation stickers on construction equipment; P.A. 73-531 provided that antique automobiles not be assessed at value of more than $500, effective June 11, 1973, and applicable to the first assessment date thereafter; P.A. 77-432 specifically included trailer-type vehicles in Subsec. (d); P.A. 79-550 removed goods, chattels and effects from exception in Subsec. (a) and added exception for farm machinery in Subsec. (b); effective June 21, 1979, and applicable to town assessment lists for 1979 and any list thereafter; P.A. 81-20 deleted special procedure for valuation of farm machinery, effective April 7, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 81-423 eliminated vessels from personal property subject to property tax, effective July 1, 1981, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter; P.A. 83-485 amended Subsec. (a) for purposes of clarification with respect to provisions applicable to listing of personal property in the town where the owner resides and the listing of such property of a nonresident, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 89-251 added Subsec. (e) providing that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1988, and thereafter computer software shall not be subject to tax as personal property, and including a definition of computer software; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 amended Subsec. (b) to set an assessment cap of $500 for aircraft manufactured prior to January 1, 1946, effective June 19, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-433 added Subsec. (f) exempting aircraft from the property tax, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 99-189 added leasehold improvements classified as other than real property, deleted former Subsec. (c) re taxation of personal property in a town having two or more taxing districts, redesignated former Subsecs. (d), (e) and (f) as Subsecs. (c), (d) and (e) and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 99-272 amended Subsec. (b) to exclude construction in progress property which is eligible for exemption under Sec. 12-81(72), effective June 15, 1999, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-230 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); P.A. 04-228 made conforming and technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and added Subsec. (f) re criteria for determining the situs of motor vehicles and snowmobiles for property tax purposes, effective June 8, 2004, and applicable to any assessment year; P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (b) to replace "motor vehicle for which number plates have been issued under section 14-20" with "antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, as defined in section 14-1"; P.A. 09-187 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that owner of antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle may be required to provide documentation that vehicle is antique, rare or special interest unless special number plates have been issued pursuant to Sec. 14-20.

      Railroad bonds taxable. 33 C. 187. Mortgage note without interest added by board of relief to creditor's list. 39 C. 176. Damages for land taken, assessed before the first day of October but not paid till after that day, not assessable. 41 C. 206. Bonds secured by mortgage on real estate in another state taxable; 42 C. 426; though this may result in larger tax than if mortgaged land lay in this state. 100 U.S. 491. Nonresident's personal property not taxable as a general rule; otherwise if given in by him. 47 C. 477. Lease of real estate not within this section. 75 C. 592. As to mortgage debt, see 76 C. 672. Burden on owner to show bonds not taxable under this section. 83 C. 497. N.Y. bank deposits owned by local corporation and used here for its corporate purposes in connection with its local business are taxable. 92 C. 319. Bond owned by person in Conn., executed by resident of N.Y., and secured by mortgage upon real estate in N.Y., is not exempt under this section. 106 C. 530. See note to section 12-40. Cited. 135 C. 89. Legislature intended to include all types of tangible and intangible personal property. 137 C. 267. Cited. 141 C. 483. General assembly provided in 1957 for "uniform percentage" of true and actual value after decision in 144 C. 374 which overruled 63 C. 321. Cited. 169 C. 663. Cited. 171 C. 74. Amendment to section 12-75 by 1967 P.A. 439 supersede earlier enacted provisions of this section. 174 C. 556. Cited. 210 C. 233. Computer software as intangible personal property not subject to provisions of statute. 212 C. 639. Cited. 240 C. 192.

      Cited. 2 CA 303. Cited. 13 CA 393. Cited. 35 CA 269.

      "Then actual valuation" synonymous with fair market value. 6 CS 505. Cited. 15 CS 237. Cited. 16 CS 261.

      Cited. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 195.

      Subsec. (a):

      Town of a corporation's principal place of business is the statutory equivalent of town of an individual's residence and therefore a corporation must file its declaration with tax assessor of the town of its principal place of business. 266 C. 706. Corporation's motor vehicles properly are assessed, for purposes of personal property taxation, in town in which the corporation maintains its principal place of business, irrespective of where its motor vehicles are actually located. Id.

      Subsec. (b):

      Towns permitted to assess personal property on basis of annual valuation. 210 C. 233.

      Nothing in language requiring interim revaluation of all classes of property if one class is revalued. 13 CA 393.


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      Sec. 12-71a. List of values of vessels. Use in assessing. Section 12-71a is repealed, effective June 3, 1999.

      (1971, P.A. 668, S. 2, 3; P.A. 73-257, S. 26, 27; P.A. 99-89, S. 9, 10.)

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      Sec. 12-71b. Taxation of motor vehicles not registered on the assessment date. Assessment procedure. Tax date due. (a) Any person who owns a motor vehicle which is not registered with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles on the first day of October in any assessment year and which is registered subsequent to said first day of October but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year shall be liable for the payment of property tax with respect to such motor vehicle in the town where such motor vehicle is subject to property tax, in an amount as hereinafter provided, on the first day of January immediately subsequent to the end of such assessment year. The property tax payable with respect to such motor vehicle on said first day of January shall be in the amount which would be payable if such motor vehicle had been entered in the taxable list of the town where such motor vehicle is subject to property tax on the first day of October in such assessment year if such registration occurs prior to the first day of November. If such registration occurs on or after the first day of November but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year, such tax shall be a pro rata portion of the amount of tax payable if such motor vehicle had been entered in the taxable list of such town on October first in such assessment year to be determined (1) by a ratio, the numerator of which shall be the number of months from the date of such registration, including the month in which registration occurs, to the first day of October next succeeding and the denominator of which shall be twelve or (2) upon the affirmative vote of the legislative body of the municipality, by a ratio the numerator of which shall be the number of days from the date of such registration, including the day on which the registration occurs, to the first day of October next succeeding and the denominator of which shall be three hundred sixty-five. For purposes of this section the term "assessment year" means the period of twelve full months commencing with October first each year.

      (b) Whenever any person who owns a motor vehicle which has been entered in the taxable list of the town where such motor vehicle is subject to property tax in any assessment year and who, subsequent to the first day of October in such assessment year but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year, replaces such motor vehicle with another motor vehicle, hereinafter referred to as the replacement vehicle, which vehicle may be in a different classification for purposes of registration than the motor vehicle replaced, and provided one of the following conditions is applicable with respect to the motor vehicle replaced: (1) The unexpired registration of the motor vehicle replaced is transferred to the replacement vehicle, (2) the motor vehicle replaced was stolen or totally damaged and proof concerning such theft or total damage is submitted to the assessor in such town or (3) the motor vehicle replaced is sold by such person within forty-five days immediately prior to or following the date on which such person acquires the replacement vehicle, such person shall be liable for the payment of property tax with respect to the replacement vehicle in the town in which the motor vehicle replaced is subject to property tax, in an amount as hereinafter provided, on the first day of January immediately subsequent to the end of such assessment year. If the replacement vehicle is replaced by such person with another motor vehicle prior to the first day of August in such assessment year, the replacement vehicle shall be subject to property tax as provided in this subsection and such other motor vehicle replacing the replacement vehicle, or any motor vehicle replacing such other motor vehicle in such assessment year, shall be deemed to be the replacement vehicle for purposes of this subsection and shall be subject to property tax as provided herein. The property tax payable with respect to the replacement vehicle on said first day of January shall be the amount by which (A) is in excess of (B) as follows: (A) The property tax which would be payable if the replacement vehicle had been entered in the taxable list of the town in which the motor vehicle replaced is subject to property tax on the first day of October in such assessment year if such registration occurs prior to the first day of November, however if such registration occurs on or after the first day of November but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year, such tax shall be a pro rata portion of the amount of tax payable if such motor vehicle had been entered in the taxable list of such town on October first in such assessment year to be determined by a ratio, the numerator of which shall be the number of months from the date of such registration, including the month in which registration occurs, to the first day of October next succeeding and the denominator of which shall be twelve, provided if such person, on said first day of October, was entitled to any exemption under section 12-81 which was allowed in the assessment of the motor vehicle replaced, such exemption shall be allowed for purposes of determining the property tax payable with respect to the replacement vehicle as provided herein; (B) the property tax payable by such person with respect to the motor vehicle replaced, provided if the replacement vehicle is registered subsequent to the thirty-first day of October but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year such property tax payable with respect to the motor vehicle replaced shall, for purposes of the computation herein, be deemed to be a pro rata portion of such property tax to be prorated in the same manner as the amount of tax determined under (A) above.

      (c) Any person who owns a commercial motor vehicle which has been temporarily registered at any time during any assessment year and which has not during such period been entered in the taxable list of any town in the state for purposes of the property tax and with respect to which no permanent registration has been issued during such period, shall be liable for the payment of property tax with respect to such motor vehicle in the town where such motor vehicle is subject to property tax on the first day of January immediately following the end of such assessment year, in an amount as hereinafter provided. The property tax payable shall be in the amount which would be payable if such motor vehicle had been entered in the taxable list of the town where such motor vehicle is subject to property tax on the first day of October in such assessment year.

      (d) Any motor vehicle subject to property tax as provided in this section shall, except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, be subject to such property tax in the town in which such motor vehicle was last registered in the assessment year ending immediately preceding the day on which such property tax is payable as provided in this section.

      (e) Whenever any motor vehicle subject to property tax as provided in this section has been replaced by the owner with another motor vehicle in the assessment year immediately preceding the day on which such property tax is payable, each such motor vehicle shall be subject to property tax as provided in this section.

      (f) Upon receipt by the assessor in any town of notice from the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in a manner as prescribed by said commissioner, with respect to any motor vehicle subject to property tax in accordance with the provisions of this section and which has not been entered in the taxable grand list of such town, such assessor shall determine the value of such motor vehicle for purposes of property tax assessment and shall add such value to the taxable grand list in such town for the immediately preceding assessment date and the tax thereon shall be levied and collected by the tax collector. Such property tax shall be payable not later than the first day of February following the first day of January on which the owner of such motor vehicle becomes liable for the payment of property tax with respect to such motor vehicle in accordance with the provisions of this section, subject to any determination in accordance with section 12-142 that such tax shall be due and payable in installments. Said owner may appeal the assessment of such motor vehicle, as determined by the assessor in accordance with this subsection, to the board of assessment appeals next succeeding the date on which the tax based on such assessment is payable, and thereafter, to the Superior Court as provided in section 12-117a. If the amount of such tax is reduced upon appeal, the portion thereof which has been paid in excess of the amount determined to be due upon appeal shall be refunded to said owner.

      (g) Any motor vehicle which is not registered in this state shall be subject to property tax in this state if such motor vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in one or more points within this state, and such motor vehicle shall be subject to such property tax in the town within which such motor vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains, provided when the owner of such motor vehicle is a resident in any town in the state, it shall be presumed that such motor vehicle most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in such town unless evidence, satisfactory to the assessor in such town, is submitted to the contrary.

      (P.A. 76-338, S. 1, 8; 76-435, S. 74, 82; P.A. 77-343, S. 1, 5; 77-452, S. 49, 72; 77-570; P.A. 78-348, S. 2, 6; P.A. 79-595, S. 1, 3; P.A. 80-430, S. 1, 3; P.A. 83-485, S. 2, 3, 13; P.A. 95-283, S. 38, 68; P.A. 98-261, S. 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 76-435 amended Subsec. (f) to add provisions concerning appeal; P.A. 77-343 substituted person for references to residents and nonresidents subject to tax, amended section re liability for tax on January first rather than on first day of month when registration expires in cases when car registered after October first but before July first of subsequent year and added in Subdivs. (2) and (3) provisions concerning replacement vehicles in Subsec. (b), effective June 6, 1977, and applicable to any motor vehicle on any town's assessment list as of October 1, 1976, and any motor vehicle registered or in use in this state thereafter; P.A. 77-452 substituted superior court for court of common pleas in Subsec. (f); P.A. 77-570 added proviso in Subsec. (g) re assumption that car usually leaves and returns or remains in town where owner resides; P.A. 78-348 included in provisions under Subsecs. (a) and (b) motor vehicles registered on or before February fifteenth but owned for less than 138 days, made allowance in Subsec. (b) for replacement vehicle having different classification than vehicle replaced and amended Subsec. (f) to substitute February first following January first when owner becomes liable as deadline for payment for the less specific "thirty days following the day on which the owner ... becomes liable", effective June 1, 1978, and applicable to any motor vehicle on any town's assessment list as of October 1, 1977, and any motor vehicle registered or in use in this state thereafter; P.A. 79-595 substituted references to end of assessment year for references to the first day of July throughout section, replaced provisions re 50% tax rate in Subsecs. (a) and (b) with provisions for pro rata assessments and amended Subsec. (f) to allow for payment in installments, effective January 1, 1980, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter except that Subsec. (f) is applicable to any tax due under section on January 1, 1980; P.A. 80-430 replaced "prior to the end of such assessment year" with "prior to the first day of August in such assessment year", effective May 28, 1980, and applicable in any town to assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-485 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting the provision that for purposes of determining property tax applicable to a motor vehicle replacing the replacement vehicle such motor vehicle shall be deemed to have been registered on the same date as the replacement vehicle, and accordingly each such motor vehicle shall be subject to tax on a pro rata basis, as provided in said Subsec. (b), for the period during which registered and amended Subsec. (e) by deleting the provision that such other motor vehicle shall be subject to property tax as if registered on the same date as the motor vehicle it replaces, and accordingly each such motor vehicle shall be subject to tax on a pro rata basis, as provided in this section, for the period during which registered, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (f) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals and made technical changes, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 98-261 added Subdiv. (2) alternative calculation of pro rata portion of tax and numbered existing calculation as Subdiv. (1), effective June 8, 1998.

      Cited. 2 CA 303.

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      Sec. 12-71c. Pro rata credit for property tax on motor vehicle when sold, totally damaged, stolen or registered in another state; time limit for claim. (a) Any person who is liable for property tax in any assessment year in respect to a motor vehicle which in such assessment year is (1) sold by such person with ownership thereof transferred to the purchaser, (2) totally damaged, (3) stolen from such person and not recovered or (4) removed from this state and registered in another state by such person who concurrently ceases to be a resident of this state, shall be entitled to a property tax credit in the town in which such person is liable for property tax in respect to such motor vehicle to be applied against any property tax for which such person is liable in such town in the assessment year in which such motor vehicle is sold, damaged, stolen or removed and registered as provided in this section, or in the assessment year next following. Such property tax credit shall be a pro rata portion of the tax payable in respect to such motor vehicle for the assessment year in which it is so sold, damaged, stolen or removed and registered to be determined by a ratio, the numerator of which shall be the number of full months from the date such motor vehicle is so sold, damaged, stolen or removed and registered, to the first day of October next succeeding and the denominator of which shall be twelve, provided (1) such credit shall not be allowed in such assessment year next following if property tax paid in respect to such motor vehicle, for the assessment year in which such motor vehicle is so sold, damaged, stolen or removed and registered, is allowed in reduction of property tax due in respect to another motor vehicle replacing such motor vehicle as provided under subsection (b) of section 12-71b or (2) in the event such credit is allowed in the assessment year in which such motor vehicle is so sold, damaged, stolen or removed and registered, the property tax paid in respect to such motor vehicle for such assessment year shall not be allowed in reduction of property tax due in respect to another motor vehicle replacing such motor vehicle as provided under subsection (b) of section 12-71b.

      (b) Any person claiming a property tax credit with respect to a motor vehicle in accordance with subsection (a) of this section for any assessment year shall, not later than the thirty-first day of December immediately following the end of the assessment year which next follows the assessment year in which such motor vehicle is so sold, damaged, stolen or removed and registered, file with the assessor in the town in which such person is entitled to such property tax credit, documentation satisfactory to the assessor concerning the sale, total damage, theft or removal and registration of such motor vehicle. Failure to file such claim and documentation as prescribed herein shall constitute a waiver of the right to such property tax credit.

      (P.A. 80-430, S. 2, 3; P.A. 82-459, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-444, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-482, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 80-430 effective May 28, 1980, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 82-459 changed provisions concerning application of the property tax credit allowed when a motor vehicle is sold, totally damaged or stolen, which credit is related to the pro rata portion of the assessment year following the date such motor vehicle is sold, totally damaged or stolen, such changes providing that the credit may be applied against taxes due in the assessment year in which such motor vehicle is sold, totally damaged or stolen; previously such credit could only be applied against property taxes due in the assessment year next following, effective June 8, 1982, and applicable to any property tax credit allowable in assessment years commencing October 1, 1982, and thereafter; P.A. 83-444 allowed the pro rata tax credit, additionally, for the assessment year in which such motor vehicle is removed from this state and registered in another by the owner who concurrently ceases to reside in this state, effective June 27, 1983, and applicable in any town for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 84-482 added Subsec. (b) re requirement concerning documentation of sale, damage, theft or removal and registration of motor vehicle and established time limit for filing thereof.

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      Sec. 12-71d. Schedule of motor vehicle values. On or before the first day of October each year, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall recommend a schedule of motor vehicle values which shall be used by assessors in each municipality in determining the assessed value of motor vehicles for purposes of property taxation. For every vehicle not listed in the schedule the determination of the assessed value of any motor vehicle for purposes of the property tax assessment list in any municipality shall continue to be the responsibility of the assessor in such municipality, provided the legislative body of the municipality may, by resolution, approve any change in the assessor's method of valuing motor vehicles. Any appeal from the findings of assessors concerning motor vehicle values shall be made in accordance with provisions related to such appeals under this chapter. Such schedule of values shall include, to the extent that information for such purpose is available, the value for assessment purposes of any motor vehicle currently in use. The value for each motor vehicle as listed shall represent one hundred per cent of the average retail price applicable to such motor vehicle in this state as of the first day of October in such year as determined by said secretary in cooperation with the Connecticut Association of Assessing Officers.

      (P.A. 85-386, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 3, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69.)

      History: P.A. 85-386 effective June 25, 1985, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1985, and thereafter; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 authorized assessors to determine the assessed value of motor vehicles not listed in the schedule and provided the legislative body of the municipality may approve any change in the assessor's method of valuing motor vehicles, effective June 9, 1994; P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 but without affecting this section.

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      Sec. 12-72. Assessment of certain classes of vessels. Section 12-72 is repealed, effective June 3, 1999.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1748; P.A. 99-89, S. 9, 10.)

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      Sec. 12-73. Taxation of municipal property used for sewage disposal. Land used and occupied by any municipality for the purpose of sewage disposal, which land is located in any other town than that in which such municipality is situated, shall be taxable in the town in which such land is located at an amount which would be its fair valuation for agricultural purposes.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1752.)

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      Sec. 12-74. Municipal airports located in another town. All property owned by any town or city, which is located in another town and used for the purposes of an airport, shall be exempt from taxation as long as it continues to be used for such purposes and as long as the town in which it is located has the same privileges as to the use of such airport as are possessed by the municipality owning the same; but, if any such airport is leased to any person, association or private corporation, or is used in such manner as to become a source of profit to the municipality owning the same, the land so occupied and situated in any adjoining town or towns shall thereupon be subject to taxation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1753; P.A. 06-196, S. 85.)

      History: P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006.

      Condition for exemption based on "use in such manner as to become a source of profit to the municipality" construed to mean that airport is being operated for the purpose of making money. 142 C. 634. Cited. 159 C. 465.

      "Privileges as to the use of such airport" refers to use by a town or city of airport for air transportation purposes, "person" connotes an individual human being, and any operating surplus, applied to operation, maintenance or improvement of airport, cannot be deemed "profit" as used in section. 47 CS 594.


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      Sec. 12-75. Assessment of private water company property. Payments by municipal water companies on certain property. Land and buildings, with their appurtenances, including dams, pipe lines and mains, pumping stations, machinery or other equipment, whether such property is considered real or personal estate, owned or taken by any person, firm or corporation except municipal corporations for the purpose of creating or furnishing a supply of water for domestic use, shall be assessed in the town in which such property is situated to such person, firm or corporation. Such personal property shall be assessed in accordance with section 12-63. Any such municipal corporation shall, with respect to any such property acquired on or after January 1, 1978, which is situated in a town other than that in which such municipal corporation is located, make annual payments to such town equal to the taxes which would otherwise be due, exclusive of any taxes on improvements made on such property subsequent to acquisition by such corporation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1754; 1967, P.A. 439; 1969, P.A. 714; P.A. 78-273, S. 1, 5.)

      History: 1967 act defined fair market value of property owned by public service companies as depreciated value listed in annual audit report; 1969 act deleted amendment introduced in 1967 and provided that personal property be assessed in accordance with Sec. 12-63; P.A. 78-273 added provision re payments to towns for property owned by municipal corporations in towns other than town where located, effective June 1, 1978, and applicable to the 1978 assessment list in any town.

      See note to section 12-81(4) re 112 C. 515. Amendments to this section by 1967 P.A. 439 supersede earlier enacted general provisions of sections 12-64 and 12-71. 174 C. 556. Cited. 178 C. 100.

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      Sec. 12-76. Assessment of water supply land. Payments in lieu of taxes by certain municipal corporations re water supply land in another municipality. (a) Land owned or taken by any municipal corporation, including any metropolitan district established under provisions of the general statutes or any special act, for the purpose of creating or furnishing a supply of water for its use shall be exempt from taxation when the inhabitants of the town in which such land is situated have the right to use, and use, such water supply upon the same terms as the inhabitants of such municipal corporation; otherwise such land shall be liable to taxation, shall be assessed in the town in which such land is situated to the corporation owning or controlling such water supply, shall be valued at what would be its fair market value were it improved farm land and shall be assessed at the uniform rate required by subsection (b) of section 12-62a, notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-63 or any special act. Any such municipal corporation shall, with respect to any such land acquired on or after January 1, 1978, which is situated in a town other than that in which such municipal corporation is located, make annual payments to such town equal to the taxes which would otherwise be due if such land were assessed in accordance with section 12-63, exclusive of any taxes on improvements made on such land subsequent to acquisition by such corporation.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any regional water district created by special act after January 1, 1977, which is required by such act to make payments in lieu of taxes to towns in which such district is located, shall not be required to make any such payments, in any manner or amount, other than as specifically provided in accordance with such special act.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1755; 1963, P.A. 490, S. 10; P.A. 78-273, S. 2, 5; P.A. 82-452, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-289, S. 1, 2.)

      History: 1963 act changed the technical language of the statute; P.A. 78-273 added provision re payments to towns by municipal corporations owning property in towns other than town where located, effective June 1, 1978, and applicable to the 1978 assessment list in any town; P.A. 82-452 amended Subsec. (a) so that land of any metropolitan district, as currently provided in the case of land owned by any municipal corporation, which is located in a town in which residents do not use the water supply shall be taxed as if it were improved farm land, notwithstanding any other provisions of general statutes or any special act and added Subsec. (b) which provides, with respect to any regional water district created after January 1, 1977 and which is required by special act to make payments in lieu of taxes, that such district shall not be required to make payments re such taxes in any manner other than as provided in said special act; P.A. 90-289 amended Subsec. (a) to insert a reference to the assessment of land at the uniform rate required by Sec. 12-62a(b), effective October 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after that date.

      For law prior to this enactment, see 44 C. 361. Right to use and actual use of water considered. 84 C. 526. Law upheld and scope defined. 85 C. 123. See notes to Sec. 12-64 and to Sec. 12-81(4) re 112 C. 515. Land located in another municipality for exclusive use of other owner municipality cannot be classified as "forest" under section 12-107d tax classification. 161 C. 396. Cited. 168 C. 319. Cited. 193 C. 342. Repeal by implication by statute of provision of charter discussed. 199 C. 294. Cited. 200 C. 697. Cited. 241 C. 382.

      "Improved farmland" discussed. 3 CA 53.


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      Sec. 12-76a. Taxation of land in which state or United States has easement or other right. Acquisition by the state or the United States, or any state or federal agency, of any easement or other right in land owned by any person, firm or corporation subject to taxation under section 12-75 or 12-76 shall not affect the valuation of such land for tax purposes if such easement or other right is acquired in connection with a flood control project from which such person, firm or corporation obtains an additional water supply.

      (1963, P.A. 324.)

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      Sec. 12-77. Taxation of water power. When water power, created or reserved in any manner by works wholly located in the same town in which it is appropriated and used, is used by its owner, the whole shall be assessed and set in the list as incidental to the machinery which is operated by it, and not separately as distinct property. When such power or any part thereof is leased from its owner, it shall, to the extent to which it is so leased, be assessed and set in his list at a valuation not exceeding one hundred-sevenths of the net revenue derived therefrom.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1756.)

      Purpose of statute; meaning of words "used by its owner". 80 C. 488. A dam and transmission line of a hydroelectric company are taxable where the power plant is. 101 C. 393. Cited. 137 C. 683.

      Cited. 6 CS 505.


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      Sec. 12-78. Taxation of water power and works when power is used in another town. When such power is appropriated and used in any other town than that in which the dam, canal, reservoir or pond creating it is located, the valuation of the land occupied by such dam, canal, reservoir or pond, and the increased flowage occasioned thereby, shall be made and set in the list in the town in which such dam, canal, reservoir or pond is located, to the owner of such power at what would be its fair market value were it improved farm land, and such power shall be assessed and set in the list in the town in which it is so used and appropriated as incidental to the machinery which is operated by it, and not separately as distinct property. The assessors shall, in estimating either the incidental value of such power to the machinery operated by it, or its net rental value, deduct from the amount which would otherwise be assessed against such power the value of the land so occupied.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1757; 1963, P.A. 490, S. 11.)

      History: 1963 act changed the technical language of the statute.

      Applies only within the state; water power created within but used without the state, how taxed. 73 C. 294. Dam located partly in one town, but power plant in another. 76 C. 173. See 80 C. 488. See note to Sec. 12-77. Property not to be taxed under this section when provisions of Sec. 12-80 are applicable. 137 C. 680.

      Cited; relation to earlier law noted. 6 CS 505.


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      Sec. 12-79. Water power used outside the state. For the purpose of taxation, water power developed in the state and used outside the state shall be assessed and set in the list of the town in which the dam, canal, reservoir or pond from which it is derived is located.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1758.)

      Cited. 137 C. 684.

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      Sec. 12-80. Property of utility company to be taxed where located. Real and tangible personal property owned by any company, including a foreign municipal electric utility as defined in section 12-59, employed in the manufacture, transmission or distribution of gas or electricity or both to be used for light, heat or motive power or in the operation of a system of water works for selling or distributing water or both for domestic or power purposes or for two or more of such purposes shall be set in the list of each town where such property is situated on its assessment day and shall be liable to taxation at such percentage of its fair market value as is determined by the assessors under the provisions of sections 12-64 and 12-71. The provisions of this section shall not affect the provisions of section 12-76. Property subject to taxation under the provisions of this section shall not be subject to taxation under the provisions of sections 12-77, 12-78 and 12-79. Railroad companies subject to taxation under the provisions of chapter 210, and express, telegraph, telephone and cable companies subject to taxation under the provisions of chapter 211, shall not be subject to the provisions of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1759; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 8; P.A. 73-442, S. 2; P.A. 85-304, S. 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 73-442 included reference to foreign municipal electric utilities; P.A. 85-304 deleted the reference to railroad car companies as one of the types of companies, which if subject to tax under chapter 211 are not subject to the provisions of this section, consistent with the repeal of the tax on railroad car companies, effective June 5, 1985, and applicable to tax years of car companies commencing on or after January 1, 1985.

      Section covers a special case carved out of the general terms of Sec. 12-78 and provides that where it is applicable the property shall not be taxed under Sec. 12-78. 137 C. 680. Court applied correct rule of valuation. 139 C. 388. Cited. 149 C. 452. Interment costs of gas line not excluded from fair value determination. 153 C. 334. Cited. 168 C. 319.

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      Sec. 12-80a. Personal property used in rendering telecommunications service. Exceptions. (a) Any (1) taxpayer which, prior to January 1, 1990, was subject to tax under chapter 211 with respect to the rendering of telecommunications service and which, on or after January 1, 1990, is subject to tax under chapter 219 for rendering telecommunications service and (2) other taxpayer that is subject to tax under chapter 219 for rendering telecommunications service and which has elected in the manner specified in this section to have personal property taxed as provided in this section, shall be required to submit to the Commissioner of Revenue Services and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, not later than the thirtieth day of November of each year during which it is subject to tax under chapter 219, a list of all personal property on a town-by-town basis that is owned by such taxpayer in this state on the first day of October of such year and that is used solely and exclusively for rendering telecommunications service, as defined in said chapter 219, including the location of each item of such property and the fair market value thereof, recognizing depreciation of such property to the maximum extent allowed for purposes of the corporation business tax in this state, as certified by the Commissioner of Revenue Services. Each such taxpayer shall also submit said list to each municipality in which such taxpayer owns property, provided the list submitted to a municipality shall contain only the personal property owned by such taxpayer that is located in, or allocated pursuant to this subsection to, said municipality. If the records of a taxpayer subject to the requirements of this subsection do not contain the data necessary to develop the list as required without undue cost, the taxpayer may, for purposes of requirements under this subsection, petition the Commissioner of Revenue Services for approval of an alternate method of determining the value of the plant used solely and exclusively to render telecommunications services, but not including central office or switching equipment of that taxpayer, located in each town in the state. If the commissioner finds that the alternative method proposed results in a reasonable approximation of the value of the property of the taxpayer located in each town and used solely and exclusively for rendering telecommunications service, the commissioner shall notify the taxpayer that the proposed alternate method is acceptable and the taxpayer shall be permitted to use the alternate method in developing the list required under this subsection.

      (b) (1) Not later than the first day of February immediately following the end of such tax year, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall determine, with respect to such company, a value for personal property equivalent to seventy per cent of the value of personal property included in the list of such property prepared and certified in accordance with subsection (a) of this section. The amount of tax applicable with respect to such personal property of any taxpayer subject to the tax imposed under this section shall be determined by multiplying the value of personal property of such company, as determined under this subsection, by a mill rate of forty-seven mills. Said secretary shall, not later than the first day of March immediately following the end of such tax year, submit a tax bill to each company stating the amount of tax payable to each town in relation to the personal property of such taxpayer located in such town. Such tax shall be due and payable to the town in which such personal property is located not later than the first day of April immediately following. Any city or borough not consolidated with the town in which it is located and any town containing such a city or borough shall receive a portion of the tax due and payable to such town on the basis of the following ratio: The total taxes levied in the previous fiscal year by such town, city or borough shall be the numerator of the fraction. The total taxes levied by the town and all cities or boroughs located within such town shall be added together, and the sum shall be the denominator of the fraction. Any such city or borough may, by vote of its legislative body, direct the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to reallocate all or a portion of the share of such city or borough to the town in which it is located.

      (2) The person responsible for the collection of taxes for each town, city or borough owed taxes under this subsection may, at such time as such tax becomes delinquent as provided in sections 12-146 and 12-169, subject such tax to interest at the rate of one and one-half per cent of such tax for each month or fraction thereof which elapses from the time when such tax becomes due and payable until the same is paid.

      (c) With respect to tangible personal property included in the list of such property submitted to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management as provided in subsection (a) of this section, any taxpayer subject to the tax imposed under this section for any tax year shall not be subject to property tax in any town applicable to such personal property for the assessment year in such town commencing on the first day of October immediately preceding the date on which the tax determined with respect to such property in accordance with this section becomes due and payable.

      (d) Any taxpayer that, on or after January 1, 1990, is subject to tax under chapter 219 for rendering telecommunications service but that, prior to January 1, 1990, was not subject to tax under chapter 211 for rendering telecommunications service may elect to have personal property taxed in the manner specified in this section. Such election shall be made in writing and filed with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and a copy thereof shall be filed with the assessor of each town in which personal property affected by such election is located. Except as provided in subsection (g) of this section, such election, once filed with the secretary, shall be irrevocable and shall, if filed on or before the date that is two months prior to the start of the assessment year, be effective for such assessment year and for all succeeding assessment years, otherwise to be effective for the next succeeding assessment year and all succeeding assessment years.

      (e) For assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1997, the provisions of this section, including informational reporting requirements imposed on owners, shall also apply, to the extent provided in section 12-80b, to property that is used both to render telecommunications service subject to tax under chapter 219 and to render community antenna television service subject to tax under chapter 219 and that is required, under subsection (a) of section 12-80b, to be taxed as provided in this section.

      (f) Any municipality may examine the Office of Policy and Management's or the Department of Revenue Services' audit of a taxpayer's submission pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (g) (1) Any election for taxation made under subsection (d) of this section on or before August 1, 2009, by a taxpayer that provides mobile telecommunications service, as defined in section 12-407a, is null and void. For the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, and for each assessment year thereafter, such taxpayer shall not be subject to taxation for personal property under subsection (b) of this section, but shall be subject to personal property taxation as otherwise provided in this chapter, subject to the provisions of subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection. No taxpayer that provides mobile telecommunications service shall be eligible to make an election as provided in subsection (d) of this section after August 1, 2009.

      (2) The personal property of any taxpayer whose election for taxation becomes null and void pursuant to this subsection that, on or before the October 1, 2009, grand list, has not been depreciated to the maximum extent allowed for purposes of the corporation business tax in this state, shall be subject to taxation by the town in which it is located as of the assessment year beginning October 1, 2010, under the provisions of this chapter that are applicable to all other taxpayers.

      (3) The personal property of any taxpayer whose election for taxation becomes null and void pursuant to this subsection that, on or before the October 1, 2009, grand list, has been depreciated to the maximum extent allowed for purposes of the corporation business tax in this state, shall be subject to taxation for assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2010, as follows: (A) In the assessment year beginning October 1, 2010, such taxpayer shall file a declaration, as required by section 12-41, in which twenty-five per cent of the total value of such taxpayer's fully depreciated personal property shall be reported for purposes of assessment; (B) in the assessment year beginning October 1, 2011, such taxpayer shall file a declaration as required by section 12-41, in which fifty per cent of the total value of such taxpayer's fully depreciated personal property shall be reported for purposes of assessment; (C) in the assessment year beginning October 1, 2012, such taxpayer shall file a declaration as required by section 12-41, in which seventy-five per cent of the total value of such taxpayer's fully depreciated personal property shall be reported for purposes of assessment; and (D) in the assessment year beginning October 1, 2013, and each assessment year thereafter, such taxpayer shall file a declaration as required by section 12-41, in which one hundred per cent of the total value of such taxpayer's fully depreciated personal property shall be reported for purposes of assessment.

      (P.A. 89-251, S. 6, 203; P.A. 90-148, S. 30, 34; P.A. 97-137, S. 1, 4; P.A. 98-262, S. 12, 22; P.A. 06-183, S. 1; P.A. 07-254, S. 1; P.A. 08-130, S. 1; P.A. 10-171, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 90-148 amended Subsec. (b) by adding the procedure for determining the distribution of the tax payable to a town when the town contains a city or borough not consolidated with the town; P.A. 97-137 added Subsec. (a)(2) re election by other taxpayers subject to tax under Ch. 219, added requirement for sole and exclusive use for telecommunications services, and added new Subsecs. (d) and (e) re requirements for election and re reporting requirements for dual use property, effective June 13, 1997, and applicable to calendar years commencing on or after January 1, 1998, and to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1997; P.A. 98-262 amended Subsec. (d) to change reference from Ch. 211 to Ch. 219 and reference from Ch. 219 to Ch. 211, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 06-183 amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and adding Subdiv. (2) re interest on delinquent taxes, effective June 7, 2006, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-254 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by replacing "The tax collector of each town" with "The person responsible for the collection of taxes for each town, city or borough", effective July 11, 2007, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 08-130 amended Subsec. (a) to specify that list of personal property required pursuant to Subdiv. (2) be presented on a town-by-town basis and that each taxpayer submit list to each municipality in which taxpayer owns property and added Subsec. (f) authorizing municipality to examine audits of taxpayer's submission pursuant to Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 10-171 amended Subsec. (d) by adding exception re Subsec. (g) and added Subsec. (g) re taxation of personal property of taxpayers that provide mobile telecommunications service, effective October 1, 2010, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

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      Sec. 12-80b. Apportionment of property for purposes of section 12-80a. (a)(1) Each taxpayer described in subsection (a) of section 12-80a that owns tangible personal property used both to render telecommunications service subject to tax under chapter 219 and to render community antenna television service or a certified competitive video service subject to tax under said chapter 219, shall have part of such property taxed as provided in said section 12-80a and part of such property exempt from property tax in accordance with section 12-268j.

      (2) The portion of such property to be taxed as provided in section 12-80a and the portion exempt under section 12-268j shall be computed, as provided in regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Revenue Services in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 on the basis of the taxpayer's gross receipts from rendering telecommunications service or a certified competitive video service, as defined in chapter 219, and from rendering community antenna television service, as defined in said chapter 219, or on some other basis permitted under such regulations.

      (b) (1) Each taxpayer not described in subsection (a) of section 12-80a that owns tangible personal property used both to render telecommunications service subject to tax under chapter 219 and to render community antenna television service or a certified competitive video service subject to tax under said chapter 219 shall have part of such property taxed as provided in this chapter, without regard to said section 12-80a, and part of such property exempt from property tax in accordance with section 12-268j.

      (2) The portion of such property to be taxed as provided in this chapter, without regard to section 12-80a and the portion exempt under section 12-268j shall be computed, as provided in regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Revenue Services in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, on the basis of the taxpayer's gross receipts from rendering telecommunications service, as defined in chapter 219, and from rendering community antenna television service or a certified competitive video service, as defined in said chapter 219, or on some other basis permitted under such regulations.

      (c) For purposes of this section, "assessment year" means the assessment year under this chapter.

      (d) For purposes of this section, "community antenna television service" shall include service provided by a holder of a certificate of cable franchise authority pursuant to section 16-331p.

      (P.A. 97-137, S. 3, 4; P.A. 07-253, S. 28.)

      History: P.A. 97-137 effective June 13, 1997, and applicable to calendar years commencing on or after January 1, 1998, and to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1997; P.A. 07-253 added certified competitive video service in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and added Subsec. (d) defining "community antenna television service".

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      Sec. 12-81. *(See end of section for amended version of subdivisions (59) and (60) and effective date.) Exemptions. The following-described property shall be exempt from taxation:

      (1) Property of the United States. Property belonging to, or held in trust for, the United States, the taxation of which has not been authorized by Congress;

      (2) State property and reservation land. Property belonging to, or held in trust for, this state and reservation land held in trust by the state for an Indian tribe;

      (3) County property. Repealed;

      (4) Municipal property. Except as otherwise provided by law, property belonging to, or held in trust for, a municipal corporation of this state and used for a public purpose, including real and personal property used for cemetery purposes;

      (5) Property held by trustees for public purposes. As long as used by the public for public purposes, property held by trustees named in a will or deed of trust and their successors for this state or its people, one of its counties or its people or one of its municipal corporations or its people;

      (6) Property of volunteer fire companies and property devoted to public use. The property of any volunteer fire company used for fire protection or for other public purposes, if such company receives any annual appropriation from the town; and, as long as the owner thereof makes only a nominal charge not in excess of twenty-five dollars annually for its use, property not owned by a Connecticut municipality wherein the same is situated, provided such property is exclusively used by the public in lieu of public property which would otherwise be required, as authorized by any general statute or special act;

      (7) Property used for scientific, educational, literary, historical, charitable or open space land preservation purposes. Exception. (A) Subject to the provisions of sections 12-87 and 12-88, the real property of, or held in trust for, a corporation organized exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes or for two or more such purposes and used exclusively for carrying out one or more of such purposes or for the purpose of preserving open space land, as defined in section 12-107b, for any of the uses specified in said section, that is owned by any such corporation, and the personal property of, or held in trust for, any such corporation, provided (i) any officer, member or employee thereof does not receive or at any future time shall not receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof, except reasonable compensation for services in effecting one or more of such purposes or as proper beneficiary of its strictly charitable purposes, and (ii) in 1965, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement shall be filed on or before the first day of November with the assessor or board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated. Such statement shall be filed on a form provided by such assessor or board of assessors. The real property shall be eligible for the exemption regardless of whether it is used by another corporation organized exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes or for two or more such purposes;

      (B) On and after July 1, 1967, housing subsidized, in whole or in part, by federal, state or local government and housing for persons or families of low and moderate income shall not constitute a charitable purpose under this section. As used in this subdivision, "housing" shall not include real property used for temporary housing belonging to, or held in trust for, any corporation organized exclusively for charitable purposes and exempt from taxation for federal income tax purposes, the primary use of which property is one or more of the following: (i) An orphanage; (ii) a drug or alcohol treatment or rehabilitation facility; (iii) housing for homeless, retarded or mentally or physically handicapped individuals, or for battered or abused women and children; (iv) housing for ex-offenders or for individuals participating in a program sponsored by the state Department of Correction or Judicial Branch; and (v) short-term housing operated by a charitable organization where the average length of stay is less than six months. The operation of such housing, including the receipt of any rental payments, by such charitable organization shall be deemed to be an exclusively charitable purpose;

      (8) College property. The funds and estate which have been or may be granted, provided by the state, or given by any person or persons to the Trustees of the Berkeley Divinity School, the board of trustees of Connecticut College for Women, the Hartford Seminary Foundation, Sheffield Scientific School, Trinity College, Wesleyan University or The President and Fellows of Yale College in New Haven, and by them respectively invested and held for the use of such institutions, with the income thereof; provided none of said corporations shall hold in this state real estate free from taxation affording an annual income of more than six thousand dollars. Such exemption shall not apply to any real estate which said Trustees of the Berkeley Divinity School own, control or hold in trust, and which is situated in the city of Middletown. No other provision of this section concerning exemption of property used for educational purposes shall be construed to affect any provision of this subdivision;

      (9) Personal property loaned to tax-exempt educational institutions. Personal property while it is loaned without charge or leased at a nominal charge of one dollar per year to any tax-exempt educational institution above secondary level and used exclusively by such institution for teaching, research or teaching demonstration purposes;

      (10) Property belonging to agricultural or horticultural societies. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-87 and 12-88, property belonging to, or held in trust for, an agricultural or horticultural society incorporated by this state which is used in connection with an annual agricultural fair held by a nonprofit incorporated agricultural society of this state or any nonprofit incorporated society of this state carrying on or promoting any branch of agriculture, provided (A) said society shall pay cash premiums at such fair amounting to at least two hundred dollars, (B) said society shall file with the Commissioner of Agriculture on or before the thirtieth of December following said fair a report in such detail as the commissioner may require giving the names of all exhibitors and the amount of premiums, with the objects for which they have been paid, which statement shall be sworn to by the president, secretary or treasurer of the society, (C) any officer, member or employee thereof does not receive or at any future time shall not receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof except reasonable compensation for services in the conduct of its affairs, and (D) in 1965, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement shall be filed on or before the first day of November with the assessor or board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated. Such statement shall be filed on a form provided by such assessor or board of assessors. For purposes of this subsection, "fair" means a bona fide agricultural exhibition designed, arranged and operated to promote, encourage and improve agriculture by offering premiums and awards for the best exhibits of two or more by the following branches of agriculture: Crops, livestock, poultry, dairy products and homemaking;

      (11) Property held for cemetery use. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, tangible property owned by, or held in trust for, a religious organization, provided such tangible property is used exclusively for cemetery purposes; donations held in trust by a municipality, an ecclesiastical society or a cemetery association, the income of which is to be used for the care or improvement of its cemetery, or of one or more private burial lots within such cemetery. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-87 and 12-88, any other tangible property used for cemetery purposes shall not be exempt, unless (a) such tangible property is exclusively so used, and (b) no officer, member or employee of the organization owning such property receives or, at any future time, shall receive any pecuniary profit from the cemetery operations thereof except reasonable compensation for services in the conduct of its cemetery affairs, and (c) in 1965, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement on forms prepared by the assessor shall be filed on or before the last day required by law for the filing of assessment returns with the local board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated;

      (12) Personal property of religious organizations devoted to religious or charitable use. Personal property within the state owned by, or held in trust for, a Connecticut religious organization, whether or not incorporated, if the principal or income is used or appropriated for religious or charitable purposes or both;

      (13) Houses of religious worship. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, houses of religious worship, the land on which they stand, their pews, furniture and equipment owned by, or held in trust for the use of, any religious organization;

      (14) Property of religious organizations used for certain purposes. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, real property and its equipment owned by, or held in trust for, any religious organization and exclusively used as a school, a daycare facility, a Connecticut nonprofit camp or recreational facility for religious purposes, a parish house, an orphan asylum, a home for children, a thrift shop, the proceeds of which are used for charitable purposes, a reformatory or an infirmary or for two or more of such purposes;

      (15) Houses used by officiating clergymen as dwellings. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, dwelling houses and the land on which they stand owned by, or held in trust for, any religious organization and actually used by its officiating clergymen;

      (16) Hospitals and sanatoriums. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, all property of, or held in trust for, any Connecticut hospital society or corporation or sanatorium, provided (A) no officer, member or employee thereof receives or, at any future time, shall receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof, except reasonable compensation for services in the conduct of its affairs, and (B) in 1967, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement shall be filed by such hospital society, corporation or sanatorium on or before the first day of November with the assessor or board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated. Such statement shall be filed on a form provided by such assessor or board of assessors;

      (17) Blind persons. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-92, property to the amount of three thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any blind person, resident of this state; or, lacking said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount;

      (18) Property of veterans' organizations. (a) Property of bona fide war veterans' organization. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, property owned by, or held in trust for, any bona fide war veterans' organization or any of its local posts, which organization shall be composed in whole or in major part of veterans of the military or naval service or both of the United States in any war, except the Civil War; provided such property shall be actually and exclusively used and occupied by such organization;

      (b) Property of the Grand Army of the Republic. Property belonging to the Grand Army of the Republic, or owned by, or held in trust for, any local post thereof, shall continue to be exempt from taxation in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (27);

      (19) Veterans. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any resident of this state who (a) is a veteran of the armed forces in service in time of war, (b) any resident of this state who was a citizen of the United States at the time of his enlistment and who was in the military or naval service of a government allied or associated with that of the United States during the Second World War and received an honorable discharge therefrom, (c) any resident of this state who served during the Second World War as a member of any armed force of any government signatory to the United Nations Declaration of January 1, 1942, and participated in armed conflict with an enemy of the United States and who has been a citizen of the United States for at least ten years and presents satisfactory evidence of such service, (d) any resident of this state who served as a member of the crew of a merchant vessel during the Second World War and is qualified with respect to such service as a member of the group known as the "American Merchant Marine in ocean-going service during the period of armed conflict, December 7, 1941, to August 15, 1945", members of which are deemed to be eligible for certain veterans benefits under a determination in the United States Department of Defense, as recorded in the Federal Register of February 1, 1988, provided such resident has received an armed forces discharge certificate from the Department of Defense on the basis of such service, (e) any member of the armed forces who was in service in time of war and is still in the service and by reason of continuous service has not as yet received a discharge, (f) any person who is retired from the armed forces after thirty years of service because he has reached the age limit prescribed by law or because he suffers from mental or physical disability, or (g) any person who is serving in the armed services in time of war; or lacking said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount. For the purposes of this subdivision, "veteran", "armed forces" and "service in time of war" have the same meaning as in section 27-103;

      (20) Servicemen and veterans having disability ratings. Subject to the provisions hereinafter stated, property not exceeding three thousand dollars in amount shall be exempt from taxation, which property belongs to, or is held in trust for, any resident of this state who has served, or is serving, in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and (1) has a disability rating by the Veterans' Administration of the United States amounting to ten per cent or more of total disability, provided such exemption shall be fifteen hundred dollars in any case in which such rating is between ten per cent and twenty-five per cent; two thousand dollars in any case in which such rating is more than twenty-five per cent but not more than fifty per cent; twenty-five hundred dollars in any case in which such rating is more than fifty per cent but not more than seventy-five per cent; and three thousand dollars in any case in which such person has attained sixty-five years of age or such rating is more than seventy-five per cent; or (2) is receiving a pension, annuity or compensation from the United States because of the loss in service of a leg or arm or that which is considered by the rules of the United States Pension Office or the Bureau of War Risk Insurance the equivalent of such loss. If such veteran lacks such amount of property in his or her name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his or her spouse, who is domiciled with him or her, as is necessary to equal such amount shall also be so exempt. When any veteran entitled to an exemption under the provisions of this section has died, property belonging to, or held in trust for, his or her surviving spouse, while such spouse remains a widow or widower, or belonging to or held in trust for his or her minor children during their minority, or both, while they are residents of this state, shall be exempt in the same aggregate amount as that to which the disabled veteran was or would have been entitled at the time of his or her death. No individual entitled to exemption under this subdivision and under one or more of subdivisions (19), (22), (23), (25) and (26) of this section shall receive more than one exemption. No individual shall receive any exemption to which he or she is entitled under this subdivision until he or she has complied with section 12-95 and has submitted proof of his or her disability rating, as determined by the Veterans' Administration of the United States, to the assessor of the town in which the exemption is sought. If there is no change to an individual's disability rating, such proof shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the exemption under this subdivision is granted initially. If the Veterans' Administration of the United States modifies a veteran's disability rating, such modification shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until proof of disability rating is submitted to the assessor and the right to such exemption is established as required initially. Any person who has been unable to submit evidence of disability rating in the manner required by this subdivision, or who has failed to submit such evidence as provided in section 12-95, may, when he or she obtains such evidence, make application to the collector of taxes within one year after he or she obtains such proof or within one year after the expiration of the time limited in section 12-95, as the case may be, for abatement in case the tax has not been paid, or for refund in case the whole tax has been paid, of such part or the whole of such tax as represents the service exemption. Such abatement or refund may be granted retroactively to include the assessment day next succeeding the date as of which such person was entitled to such disability rating as determined by the Veterans' Administration of the United States, but in no case shall any abatement or refund be made for a period greater than three years. The collector shall, after examination of such application, refer the same, with his recommendations thereon, to the board of selectmen of a town or to the corresponding authority of any other municipality, and shall certify to the amount of abatement or refund to which the applicant is entitled. Upon receipt of such application and certification, the selectmen or other duly constituted authority shall, in case the tax has not been paid, issue a certificate of abatement or, in case the whole tax has been paid, draw an order upon the treasurer in favor of such applicant for the amount without interest which represents the service exemption. Any action so taken by such selectmen or other authority shall be a matter of record and the tax collector shall be notified in writing of such action;

      (21) Disabled veteran with severe disability. (A) Disabilities. The dwelling house, and the lot whereupon the same is erected, belonging to or held in trust for any person who is a citizen and resident of this state, occupied as such person's domicile, shall be exempt from local property taxation to the extent of ten thousand dollars of its assessed valuation or, lacking said amount in property in such person's own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, such person's spouse, who is domiciled with such person, as is necessary to equal said amount, if such person is a veteran who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and has been declared by the United States Veterans' Administration or its successors to have a service-connected disability from paraplegia or osteochondritis resulting in permanent loss of the use of both legs or permanent paralysis of both legs and lower parts of the body; or from hemiplegia and has permanent paralysis of one leg and one arm or either side of the body resulting from injury to the spinal cord, skeletal structure or brain or from disease of the spinal cord not resulting from any form of syphilis; or from total blindness as defined in section 12-92; or from the amputation of both arms, both legs, both hands or both feet, or the combination of a hand and a foot; sustained through enemy action, or resulting from accident occurring or disease contracted in such active service. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to include paraplegia or hemiplegia resulting from locomotor ataxia or other forms of syphilis of the central nervous system, or from chronic alcoholism, or to include other forms of disease resulting from the veteran's own misconduct which may produce signs and symptoms similar to those resulting from paraplegia, osteochondritis or hemiplegia. The loss of the use of one arm or one leg because of service related injuries specified in this subdivision shall qualify a veteran for a property tax exemption in the same manner as hereinabove, provided such exemption shall be for five thousand dollars;

      (B) Exemptions hereunder additional to others. Surviving spouse's rights. The exemption provided for in this subdivision shall be in addition to any other exemption of such person's real and personal property allowed by law, but no taxpayer shall be allowed more than one exemption under this subdivision. No person shall be entitled to receive any exemption under this subdivision until such person has satisfied the requirements of subdivision (20) of this section. The surviving spouse of any such person who at the time of such person's death was entitled to and had the exemption provided under this subdivision shall be entitled to the same exemption, (i) while such spouse remains a widow or widower, or (ii) upon the termination of any subsequent marriage of such spouse by dissolution, annulment or death and while a resident of this state, for the time that such person is the legal owner of and actually occupies a dwelling house and premises intended to be exempted hereunder. When the property which is the subject of the claim for exemption provided for in this subdivision is greater than a single family house, the assessor shall aggregate the assessment on the lot and building and allow an exemption of that percentage of the aggregate assessment which the value of the portion of the building occupied by the claimant bears to the value of the entire building;

      (C) Municipal option to allow total exemption for residence with respect to which veteran has received assistance for special housing under Title 38 of United States Code. Subject to the approval of the legislative body of the municipality, the dwelling house and the lot whereupon the same is erected, belonging to or held in trust for any citizen and resident of this state, occupied as such person's domicile shall be fully exempt from local property taxation, if such person is a veteran who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and has received financial assistance for specially adapted housing under the provisions of Section 801 of Title 38 of the United States Code and has applied such assistance toward the acquisition or modification of such dwelling house. The same exemption may also be allowed on such housing units owned by the surviving spouse of such veteran (i) while such spouse remains a widow or widower, or (ii) upon the termination of any subsequent marriage of such spouse by dissolution, annulment or death, or by such veteran and spouse while occupying such premises as a residence;

      (22) Surviving spouse or minor child of serviceman or veteran. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any surviving spouse while such person remains a widow or widower, or a minor child or both, residing in this state, of one who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States or of any citizen of the United States who served in the military or naval service of a government allied or associated with the United States, as provided by subdivision (19) of this section, and has died either during his or her term of service or after receiving an honorable discharge therefrom, provided such amount shall be three thousand dollars if death was due to service and occurred while on active duty;

      (23) Serviceman's surviving spouse receiving federal benefits. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any surviving spouse, while such spouse remains a widow or widower, resident of this state, of one who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States, which surviving spouse is receiving or has received a pension, annuity or compensation from the United States;

      (24) Surviving spouse and minor child of veteran receiving compensation from Veterans' Administration. The exemption from taxation granted by subdivision (22) of this section, to the amount of three thousand dollars allowable to the widow or widower or minor child or both of a veteran whose death was due to service and occurred on active duty shall be granted to any widow or widower drawing compensation from the Veterans' Administration, upon verification of such fact by letter from the Veterans' Administration;

      (25) Surviving parent of deceased serviceman or veteran. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, a sole surviving parent, while such parent remains a widow or widower, resident of this state, of one who has left no widow or widower, or whose widow or widower has remarried or died, and who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States as provided by subdivision (19) of this section and has died during his or her term of service or after receiving an honorable discharge therefrom, provided, property belonging to, or held in trust for, such parent of more than one serviceman or servicewoman who has left no widow or widower, or whose widow or widower has remarried or died, and who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States as provided in subdivision (19) of this section and has died during his or her term of service shall be subject to an exemption of one thousand dollars for each such serviceman or servicewoman;

      (26) Parents of veterans. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any father or mother, resident of this state, of one who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States as long as such father or mother receives, or has received, a pension, annuity or compensation from the United States; or if such parent lacks said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount;

      (27) Property of Grand Army posts. Property owned by, or held in trust for, a Connecticut Grand Army post, provided the major use of such property shall be as a meeting place for its members or for the members of the Woman's Relief Corps or both, or provided the income from such property is being entirely devoted to its upkeep and improvement and to the relief of such soldiers of the Civil War or their dependents or both as are receiving or are entitled to receive benefits or pensions from the federal or state government or both;

      (28) Property of United States Army instructors. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars, which property belongs to, or is held in trust for, any resident or nonresident of this state who was in the regular Army of the United States on the assessment day and who has been detailed by the Secretary of the Army for duty in this state for the instruction of the Connecticut National Guard. Any person receiving the foregoing exemption shall be entitled to an additional exemption of two thousand dollars on tangible personal property belonging to, or held in trust for, him, which property is necessary or convenient for the use of such person in the performance of his official duties and which property shall consist of military equipment, horses, vehicles and furniture;

      (29) Property of American National Red Cross. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, all real estate and tangible property owned by or held in trust for the American National Red Cross;

      (30) Fuel and provisions. Fuel and provisions for the use of any family;

      (31) Household furniture. Household furniture, used by or held in storage for and belonging to any family;

      (32) Private libraries. Private libraries and books;

      (33) Musical instruments. Musical instruments, inclusive of radios and television sets, used by and belonging to any family;

      (34) Watches and jewelry. Watches and jewelry used by any individual;

      (35) Wearing apparel. All other wearing apparel of every person and family;

      (36) Commercial fishing apparatus. Fishing apparatus belonging to any person or company to the value of five hundred dollars, providing such apparatus was purchased for use in the main business of such person or company at the time of purchase;

      (37) Mechanic's tools. Tools of a mechanic, actually used by him in his trade, to the value of five hundred dollars;

      (38) Farming tools. Farming tools actually and exclusively used in the business of farming on any farm to the value of five hundred dollars;

      (39) Farm produce. Produce of a farm, actually grown, growing or produced, including colts, calves and lambs, while owned and held by the producer or by a cooperative marketing corporation organized under the provisions of chapter 596, when delivered to it by such producer;

      (40) Sheep, goats and swine. Sheep, goats and swine owned and kept in this state;

      (41) Dairy and beef cattle, oxen, asses and mules. Dairy and beef cattle, oxen, asses and mules, owned and kept in this state;

      (42) Poultry. Poultry owned and kept in this state;

      (43) Cash. Cash on hand or on deposit;

      (44) Nursery products. Produce or products growing in any nursery, and any shrub and any forest, ornamental or fruit trees while growing in a nursery;

      (45) Property of units of Connecticut National Guard. The property of any unit of the Connecticut National Guard, while being used for military purposes, or for other public purposes;

      (46) Watercraft owned by nonresident. Repealed;

      (47) Carriages, wagons and bicycles. Carriages, wagons and bicycles, owned and used by any person but not held for sale or rent in the regular course of business;

      (48) Airport improvements. Improvements on or to the landing area of a privately-owned airport, provided the owner shall grant free use of such landing area to the general public for the landing, taking off and taxiing of aircraft and such airport shall have been approved and licensed for use by the Commissioner of Transportation, if a majority of those qualified to vote as provided by section 7-6 in the town wherein such airport is located, voting at a town meeting or general or special election warned for the purpose, so determine. The question of granting such exemption shall be submitted to the voters if a petition containing the names of at least ten per cent of such voters has been presented to the town clerk, who shall determine the sufficiency of such petition;

      (49) Nonprofit camps or recreational facilities for charitable purposes. Subject to the provisions of subdivision (7) of this section and section 12-88, real property and its equipment owned by or held in trust for any charitable corporation exclusively used as a nonprofit camp or recreational facility for charitable purposes; provided at least seventy-five per cent of the beneficiaries of its strictly charitable purposes using such property and equipment in each taxable year were bona fide residents of the state at the time of such use. During the month preceding the assessment date of the town or towns where such camp or facilities are located, such charitable corporation shall submit to the assessors of such town or towns a statement under oath in respect to such residence of such beneficiaries using such facilities during the taxable year ending with the month in which such statement is rendered, and, if the number of such beneficiaries so resident in Connecticut did not equal or exceed such seventy-five per cent, such real property and equipment shall not be exempt during the next ensuing taxable year. This subdivision shall not affect the exemption of any such real property or equipment of any such charitable corporation incorporated under the laws of this state granted prior to May 26, 1961, where such property and equipment was actually in use for such recreational purposes prior to said date;

      (50) Manufacturers' inventories. The monthly average quantity of goods of any manufacturing business, comprising raw materials, purchased parts and supplies acquired for consumption during the manufacture of or for incorporation in goods to be manufactured for sale in such business, goods in process of manufacture, and finished goods manufactured in and held for sale in such business, to the extent of forty per cent of their valuation for purposes of assessment in the year 1970, fifty per cent in the year 1971, sixty per cent in the year 1972, seventy per cent in the year 1973, eighty per cent in the year 1974, ninety per cent in the year 1975, and one hundred per cent in the year 1976 and each year thereafter. As used herein the term "manufacturing business" means a business the principal activity of which is the mechanical or chemical transformation of inorganic or organic substances into new products or the assembling of component parts of manufactured products;

      (51) Water pollution control structures and equipment. (a) Structures and equipment acquired by purchase or lease after July 1, 1965, for the treatment of industrial waste before the discharge thereof into any waters of the state or into any sewerage system emptying into such waters, the primary purpose of which is the reduction, control or elimination of pollution of such waters, certified as approved for such purpose by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection. For the purpose of this subdivision "industrial waste" means any harmful thermal effect or any liquid, gaseous or solid substance or combination thereof resulting from any process of industry, manufacture, trade or business, or from the development or recovery of any natural resource;

      (b) Any owner or lessee of such structures or equipment who wishes to claim the exemption provided under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file an application for such exemption with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such structures or equipment are located, in the form and manner said assessor or assessors shall prescribe, together with such certification by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, as required under subparagraph (a) of this subdivision. Failure to file such certification within the time limitation prescribed herein shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such certification shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which initial certification is filed, provided if such structures and equipment are altered in any manner, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until such certification, applicable with respect to the altered structures and equipment, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (c) In the event there is a change in the name of the owner or lessee of any structure or equipment for which an exemption is granted pursuant to this subdivision, the new owner or lessee of such structure or equipment shall be required to file a revised application with the assessor or board of assessors on or before the first day of November immediately following the end of the assessment year during which such change occurs, except that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005, a revised application may be filed when there has been a change in the name of the owner or lessee of such structure or equipment during any assessment year and the exemption under this subdivision continued to be granted for each assessment year following such change. If such structures or equipment have not been altered in any manner, such new owner or lessee shall be entitled to a continuation of the exemption under this subdivision and shall not be required to obtain or provide a certification of approval from the Commissioner of Environmental Protection;

      (52) Structures and equipment for air pollution control. (a) Structures and equipment acquired by purchase or lease after July 1, 1967, for the primary purpose of reducing, controlling or eliminating air pollution, certified as approved for such purpose by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection. Said commissioner may certify to a portion of structures and equipment so acquired to the extent that such portion shall have as its primary purpose the reduction, control or elimination of air pollution;

      (b) Any owner or lessee of such structures or equipment who wishes to claim the exemption provided under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file an application for such exemption with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such structures and equipment are located, in the form and manner said assessor or assessors shall prescribe together with such certification by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, as required under subparagraph (a) of this subdivision. Failure to file such certification within the time limitation prescribed herein shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such certification shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which initial certification is filed, provided if such structures and equipment are altered in any manner, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until such certification, applicable with respect to the altered structures and equipment, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (c) In the event there is a change in the name of the owner or lessee of any structure or equipment for which an exemption is granted pursuant to this subdivision, the new owner or lessee of such structure or equipment shall be required to file a revised application with the assessor or board of assessors on or before the first day of November immediately following the end of the assessment year during which such change occurs, except that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005, a revised application may be filed when there has been a change in the name of the owner or lessee of such structure or equipment during any assessment year and the exemption under this subdivision continued to be granted for each assessment year following such change. If such structures or equipment have not been altered in any manner, such new owner or lessee shall be entitled to a continuation of the exemption under this subdivision and shall not be required to obtain or provide a certification of approval from the Commissioner of Environmental Protection;

      (53) Motor vehicle of member of armed forces. (a) One motor vehicle belonging to, leased to or held in trust for, any member of the United States armed forces, if such motor vehicle is garaged inside or outside the state;

      (b) Any person claiming the exemption provided under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, not later than the thirty-first day of December next following the date on which property tax is due in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors, in the town in which such motor vehicle is registered, written application claiming such exemption on a form approved for such purpose by such assessor or board. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, any person claiming the exemption under this subdivision for a leased motor vehicle shall be entitled to a refund of the tax paid with respect to such vehicle, whether such tax was paid by the lessee or by the lessor pursuant to the terms of the lease. Upon approving such person's exemption claim, the assessor shall certify the amount of refund to which the applicant is entitled and shall notify the tax collector of such amount. The tax collector shall refer such certification to the board of selectmen in a town or to the corresponding authority in any other municipality. Upon receipt of such certification, the selectmen or such other authority shall draw an order on the Treasurer in favor of such person for the amount of refund so certified. Failure to file such application as prescribed herein with respect to any assessment year shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year;

      (54) Wholesale and retail business inventory. The monthly average quantity of goods of any wholesale and retail business to the extent of one-twelfth of their valuation for purposes of assessment in the year 1971, two-twelfths in the year 1972, three-twelfths in the year 1973, four-twelfths in the year 1974, five-twelfths in the year 1975, six-twelfths in the year 1976, seven-twelfths in the year 1977, eight-twelfths in the year 1978, nine-twelfths in the year 1979, ten-twelfths in the year 1980, eleven-twelfths in the year 1981 and one hundred per cent in the year 1982 and each year thereafter. As used in this subdivision, "wholesale and retail business" means a business the principal activity of which is making sales of tangible personal property with the object of gain, benefit or advantage, either direct or indirect;

      (55) Property of totally disabled persons. Property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any resident of this state who (1) is eligible, in accordance with applicable federal regulations, to receive permanent total disability benefits under Social Security, (2) has not been engaged in employment covered by Social Security and accordingly has not qualified for benefits thereunder but who has become qualified for permanent total disability benefits under any federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan, including the Railroad Retirement Act and any government-related teacher's retirement plan, determined by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to contain requirements in respect to qualification for such permanent total disability benefits which are comparable to such requirements under Social Security, or (3) has attained age sixty-five or over and would be eligible in accordance with applicable federal regulations to receive permanent total disability benefits under Social Security or any such federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan as described in subparagraph (2) of this subdivision, except that such resident has attained age sixty-five or over and accordingly is no longer eligible to receive benefits under the disability benefit provisions of Social Security or such other plan because of payments received under retirement provisions thereof; or, lacking said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount. Each assessor shall issue a certificate of correction with respect to the property of a person who would have been eligible, except for the provisions of section 40 of public act 03-6 of the June 30 special session**, to receive the exemption under this subdivision for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2003. Such certificate shall reduce the assessment of such eligible person's property by the amount of said exemption;

      (56) Active solar energy heating or cooling systems. (a) Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality, any building, the construction of which is commenced on or after October 1, 1976, which is equipped with an active solar energy heating or cooling system, or any building to which a solar energy heating or cooling system is added on or after October 1, 1976, to the extent of the amount by which the assessed valuation of such real property equipped with such solar heating or cooling system exceeds the assessed valuation of such real property equipped with the conventional portion of the heating or cooling system, exclusive of any portion of such system related to solar energy, provided this exemption shall only apply to the first fifteen assessment years following construction of such building or addition of any such system to a building;

      (b) As used in this subdivision, "active solar energy heating or cooling system" means equipment which (1) provides for the collection, transfer, storage and use of incident solar energy for water heating, space heating or cooling which absent such solar energy system would require a conventional energy resource, such as petroleum products, natural gas or electricity, (2) employs mechanical means such as fans or pumps to transfer energy, and (3) meets standards established by regulation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (c) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such real property is located written application claiming such exemption. Failure to file such application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such solar energy heating or cooling system is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered system, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (57) Class I renewable energy sources, hydropower facilities, solar water or space heating systems and geothermal energy sources. (a) Any Class I renewable energy source, as defined in section 16-1, or any hydropower facility described in subdivision (27) of section 16-1, installed for the generation of electricity for private residential use or on a farm, as defined in subsection (q) of section 1-1, provided such installation occurs on or after October 1, 2007, and further provided such installation is for a single family dwelling, multifamily dwelling consisting of two to four units or a farm, or any passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource;

      (b) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such hydropower facility, Class I renewable energy source, or passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource is located, written application claiming such exemption. Failure to file such application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such hydropower facility, Class I renewable energy source, or passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered source, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (58) Property leased to a charitable, religious or nonprofit organization. Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality, any real or personal property leased to a charitable, religious or nonprofit organization, exempt from taxation for federal income tax purposes, provided such property is used exclusively for the purposes of such charitable, religious or nonprofit organization and not otherwise exempt under this section;

      *(59) Manufacturing facility in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone. Designated manufacturing plant. Service facility. (a) Any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, acquired, constructed, substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, as defined in said section or in a targeted investment community, as defined in section 32-222, or in an enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, and any manufacturing plant designated by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development under subsection (a) of section 32-75c as follows: To the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the manufacturing facility is completed, except that a manufacturing facility having a standard industrial classification code of 2833 or 2834 and having at least one thousand full-time employees, as defined in subsection (f) of section 32-9j, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant;

      (b) Any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, acquired, constructed, substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, as follows: (i) In the case of an investment of twenty million dollars or more but not more than thirty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of forty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (ii) in the case of an investment of more than thirty-nine million dollars but not more than fifty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (iii) in the case of an investment of more than fifty-nine million dollars but not more than seventy-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of sixty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (iv) in the case of an investment of more than seventy-nine million dollars but not more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of seventy per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; or (v) in the case of an investment of more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed, except that any financial institution, as defined in subsection (b) of section 32-236, having at least four thousand qualified employees, as determined in accordance with an agreement pursuant to subsection (c) of section 32-236, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant. In no event shall the definition of qualified employee be more favorable to the employer than the definition provided in section 32-236;

      (c) The completion date of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility will be determined by the Department of Economic and Community Development taking into account the issuance of occupancy certificates and such other factors as it deems relevant. In the case of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility which consists of a constructed, renovated or expanded portion of an existing plant, the assessed valuation of the facility or manufacturing plant is the difference between the assessed valuation of the plant prior to its being improved and the assessed valuation of the plant upon completion of the improvements. In the case of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility which consists of an acquired portion of an existing plant, the assessed valuation of the facility or manufacturing plant is the assessed valuation of the portion acquired. This exemption shall be applicable during each such assessment year regardless of any change in the ownership or occupancy of the facility or manufacturing plant. If during any such assessment year, however, any facility for which an eligibility certificate has been issued ceases to qualify as a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility, the entitlement to the exemption allowed by this subdivision shall terminate for the assessment year following the date on which the qualification ceases, and there shall not be a pro rata application of the exemption. Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 in which the manufacturing facility or service facility is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing;

      *(60) Machinery and equipment in a manufacturing facility in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone. Machinery and equipment in a service facility. (a)(1) Machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed in any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been constructed, or substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality or targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, concurrently with and directly attributable to such construction, renovation or expansion, (2) machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed, or machinery and equipment existing, in any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been acquired on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, and (3) machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 1, 1986, in a manufacturing facility that is or has at one time been certified as eligible for the exemption under this subparagraph in accordance with section 32-9r, and which continues to be used for manufacturing purposes, provided such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion program that satisfies the requirements for a manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, and is contiguous to and represents an increase in square feet of floor space of not less than fifty per cent of the floor space in the certified manufacturing facility, as follows: To the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the manufacturing facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section, except that a facility having a code classification 2833 or 2834 in the Standard Industrial Code Classification Manual, United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, wherein at least one thousand new full-time employees, as defined in subsection (f) of section 32-9j, are employed, shall be eligible to have the assessment period under this subdivision extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, provided the commissioner approves an extension of the assessment period under subdivision (59) of this section for said facility;

      (b) (1) Machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed in any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been constructed, or substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, concurrently with and directly attributable to such construction, renovation or expansion, (2) machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed, or machinery and equipment existing, in any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been acquired on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the department, and (3) machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after July 1, 1996, in a service facility that is or has at one time been certified as eligible for the exemption under this subparagraph in accordance with section 32-9r and which continues to be used for service purposes, provided such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion program that satisfies the requirements for a service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, and is contiguous to and represents an increase in square feet of floor space of not less than fifty per cent of the floor space in the certified service facility, as follows: (i) In the case of an investment of twenty million dollars or more but not more than thirty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of forty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (ii) in the case of an investment of more than thirty-nine million dollars but not more than fifty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (iii) in the case of an investment of more than fifty-nine million dollars but not more than seventy-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of sixty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (iv) in the case of an investment of more than seventy-nine million dollars but not more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of seventy per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; or (v) in the case of an investment of more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section, except that any financial institution, as defined in section 32-236, having at least four thousand qualified employees, as determined in accordance with an agreement pursuant to subsection (c) of section 32-236, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant. In no event shall the definition of qualified employee be more favorable to the employer than the definition provided in section 32-236;

      (c) This exemption shall terminate for the assessment year next following if the manufacturing facility or service facility in which such machinery and equipment is installed no longer qualifies for an exemption under said subdivision (59), and there shall not be a pro rata application of the exemption of such machinery and equipment in the assessment year of such termination. Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 in which the manufacturing facility or service facility is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing. This exemption shall not apply to rolling stock;

      (61) Vessels used primarily for commercial fishing. Any vessel as defined in section 15-127 used primarily for purposes of commercial fishing, provided in the tax year of the owner ending immediately prior to any assessment date with respect to which application is submitted for the exemption provided in this subdivision not less than fifty per cent of the adjusted gross income of such owner, as determined for purposes of the federal income tax, is derived from commercial fishing subject to proof satisfactory to the assessor in the town in which such application is submitted;

      (62) Passive solar energy heating or cooling systems and hybrid systems. (a) Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality, any building, the construction of which is commenced on or after April 20, 1977, which is equipped with a passive or hybrid solar energy heating or cooling system, or any building to which such a system is added on or after April 20, 1977, to the extent of any amount by which the assessed valuation of such real property equipped with such a system exceeds the valuation at which such real property would be assessed if built using conventional construction techniques in lieu of construction related to such a system, as determined by the assessing officer of the municipality, provided this exemption shall only apply to the first fifteen assessment years following construction of such building or addition of any such system to a building. Any portion of a hybrid solar energy heating or cooling system which is allowed an exemption under subdivision (56) of this section shall not be eligible for exemption under this subdivision;

      (b) As used in this subdivision, (A) "passive solar energy heating or cooling system" means a system which utilizes the structural elements of a building for the collection of incident solar energy and its storage and distribution for use in water heating or space heating or cooling, which building absent such system would require a conventional energy resource, such as petroleum products, natural gas or electricity, and which system meets standards established by regulation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, and (B) "hybrid system" means a solar energy heating or cooling system which consists of both active and passive elements and which meets the standards established for both;

      (c) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such real property is located written application claiming such exemption. Failure to file such application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such passive or hybrid solar energy heating or cooling system is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered system, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (63) Cogeneration systems. (a) Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality and to the provisions of subparagraph (b) of this subdivision, any cogeneration system installed on or after July 1, 2007. The ordinance shall establish the number of years that a system will be exempt from taxation, except that it may not provide for an exemption beyond the first fifteen assessment years following the installation of a system. The ordinance shall prohibit the exemption from applying to additions to resources recovery facilities operating on October 1, 1994, or to resources recovery facilities constructed on and after that date and may prohibit the exemption from applying to property acquired by eminent domain for the purpose of qualifying for the exemption;

      (b) As used in this subdivision, "cogeneration system" means equipment which is designed, operated and installed as a system which produces, in the same process, electricity and exhaust steam, waste steam, heat or other resultant thermal energy which is used for space or water heating or cooling, industrial, commercial, manufacturing or other useful purposes and which meets standards established by regulation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (c) Any municipality which adopts an ordinance authorizing an exemption provided by this subdivision may enter into a written agreement with an applicant for the exemption, which may require the applicant to make payments to the municipality in lieu of taxes. The agreement may vary the amount of the payments in lieu of taxes in each assessment year of the agreement, provided the payment in any assessment year is not greater than the taxes which would otherwise be due in the absence of the exemption. Any agreement negotiated under this subdivision shall be submitted to the legislative body of the municipality for its approval or rejection;

      (d) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year and whose application has been approved in accordance with subparagraph (c) of this subdivision shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which the system is located written application claiming the exemption. Failure to file the application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to the exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such cogeneration system is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered system, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (64) Vessels. In the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter, any vessel as defined in section 15-127;

      (65) Vanpool vehicles. Any vanpool vehicle as defined in section 14-1;

      (66) Motor vehicles leased to state agencies. Motor vehicles leased to an agency of this state on or after June 4, 1982;

      (67) Beach property belonging to or held in trust for cities. Except as otherwise provided by law, beach property belonging to, or held in trust for, a city within the territorial limits of, but not coterminous with, a town, which property is within the territorial limits of such city and is used for any public purposes of such city;

      (68) Livestock totally exempt except that exemption for horses and ponies limited to one thousand dollars in value unless used in farming. Any livestock owned and kept in this state, except that any horse or pony shall be exempt from local property tax up to the assessed value of one thousand dollars, with such exempt value applicable in the case of each such horse or pony, provided any horse or pony used in farming, in the manner required in section 12-91, shall be totally exempt from local property tax as provided in said section 12-91;

      (69) Property of Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Property belonging to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority or any of its subsidiaries, provided such property is used for the operation, maintenance, repair or improvement of the New Haven commuter railroad service or the facilities of such service;

      (70) Machinery and equipment acquired as part of a technological upgrading of a manufacturing process. (A) New machinery and equipment used directly in the manufacturing of goods or products and acquired through purchase by any business organization or any affiliate of such business organization as part of a technological upgrading of the manufacturing process at a location in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community, as defined in section 32-222, or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, which business organization (i) is engaged in the manufacturing, processing or assembling of raw materials, parts or manufactured products, (ii) has been in continuous operation in the state for a period not less than five years prior to claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision, (iii) had gross receipts in an amount less than twenty million dollars in the year prior to claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision, including receipts of any affiliates of the business organization, and (iv) has incurred costs in acquiring such machinery and equipment not less than the greater of (I) two hundred thousand dollars, or (II) two hundred per cent of the business organization's and affiliate's average expenditure for the acquisition of machinery and equipment used directly in the manufacturing of goods or products at the location in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 during the three years prior to claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision, as follows: To the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which such machinery and equipment is acquired;

      (B) Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 in which the business organization is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing. No person shall be eligible to receive the exemption provided in this subdivision if such exemption is sought for machinery and equipment located in a manufacturing facility, as defined in subsection (d) of section 32-9p, currently receiving assistance under subdivisions (59) and (60) of this section, and no person shall receive such exemption for eligible machinery or equipment at each location in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 more than once in any continuous five-year period;

      (C) The state and the municipality and district shall hold a security interest, as defined in subdivision (35) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201, in any machinery or equipment which is exempt from taxation pursuant to this subdivision, in an amount equal to the tax revenue reimbursed or lost, as the case may be, which shall be subordinate to any purchase money security interest, as defined in section 42a-9-103a. Such security interest shall be enforceable against the taxpayer for a period of five years after the last assessment year in which such exemption was received in any case in which the business organization ceases all business operations or moves its business operations entirely out of this state. Any assessor who has granted an exemption under this subdivision shall provide written notification to the secretary of the cessation of such operations or the move of such operations entirely out of this state. Such notification may be made at any time after the October first of the last assessment year in which such exemption is granted and before the September thirtieth that is five years after the conclusion of said assessment year. Upon receiving such notification and complying with the provisions of section 12-35a, the state shall have a lien upon the machinery or equipment situated in this state and owned by the person that ceased all business operations or moved such operations entirely out of this state. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-35a, the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to the person under the provisions of this subdivision, shall be deemed to be the amount of the tax which such person failed to pay. Notwithstanding said section 12-35a, the information required to be included in the notice of lien for said tax shall be as follows: (i) The owner of the property upon which the lien is claimed, (ii) the business address or residence address of such owner, (iii) the specific property claimed to be subject to such lien, (iv) the location of such property at the time it was last made tax-exempt pursuant to this subdivision, (v) the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to such owner under the provisions of this subdivision, and (vi) the tax period or periods for which such lien is claimed. If more than one agency of the state perfects such a notice of lien on the same day, the priority of such liens shall be determined by the time of day such liens were perfected, and if perfected at the same time, the lien for the highest amount shall have priority. In addition to the other remedies provided in this subdivision, the Attorney General, upon request of the secretary, may bring a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover the amount of tax revenue reimbursed by the state from any person who received an exemption under this subdivision;

      (71) Motor vehicles owned by American Indians. Any motor vehicle owned by a member of an indigenous Indian tribe or spouse and garaged on the reservation of the tribe;

      (72) Machinery and equipment in manufacturing facilities, including biotechnology and recycling industries, assessed prior to October 1, 2011. (A) Effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002, but prior to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2011, new machinery and equipment, as defined in this subdivision, acquired after October 1, 1990, and prior to October 1, 2011, and newly-acquired machinery and equipment, as defined in this subdivision, acquired on or after July 1, 1992, and prior to October 1, 2011, by the person claiming exemption under this subdivision, provided this exemption shall only be applicable in the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which such machinery or equipment is acquired, subject to the provisions of subparagraph (B) of this subdivision. Machinery and equipment acquired on or after July 1, 1996, and prior to October 1, 2011, and used in connection with biotechnology shall qualify for the exemption under this subdivision. Machinery and equipment acquired on or after July 1, 2006, and used in connection with recycling shall qualify for the exemption under this subdivision. For the purposes of this subdivision: (i) "Machinery" and "equipment" means tangible personal property which is installed in a manufacturing facility and claimed on the owner's federal income tax return as either five-year property or seven-year property, as those terms are defined in Section 168(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, and the predominant use of which is for manufacturing, processing or fabricating; for research and development, including experimental or laboratory research and development, design or engineering directly related to manufacturing; for the significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of machinery and equipment for industrial use or the significant overhauling or rebuilding of other products on a factory basis; for measuring or testing or for metal finishing; or used in the production of motion pictures, video and sound recordings. "Machinery" means the basic machine itself, including all of its component parts and contrivances such as belts, pulleys, shafts, moving parts, operating structures and all equipment or devices used or required to control, regulate or operate the machinery, including, without limitation, computers and data processing equipment, together with all replacement and repair parts therefor, whether purchased separately or in conjunction with a complete machine, and regardless of whether the machine or component parts thereof are assembled by the taxpayer or another party. "Equipment" means any device separate from machinery but essential to a manufacturing, processing or fabricating process. (ii) "Manufacturing facility" means that portion of a plant, building or other real property improvement used for manufacturing, processing or fabricating, for research and development, including experimental or laboratory research and development, design or engineering directly related to manufacturing, for the significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of machinery and equipment for industrial use or the significant overhauling or rebuilding of other products on a factory basis, for measuring or testing or for metal finishing. (iii) "Manufacturing" means the activity of converting or conditioning tangible personal property by changing the form, composition, quality or character of the property for ultimate sale at retail or use in the manufacturing of a product to be ultimately sold at retail. Changing the quality of property shall include any substantial overhaul of the property that results in a significantly greater service life than such property would have had in the absence of such overhaul or with significantly greater functionality within the original service life of the property, beyond merely restoring the original functionality for the balance of the original service life. (iv) "Fabricating" means to make, build, create, produce or assemble components or tangible personal property work in a new or different manner, but does not include the presorting, sorting, coding, folding, stuffing or delivery of direct or indirect mail distribution services. (v) "Processing" means the physical application of the materials and labor in a manufacturing process necessary to modify or change the characteristics of tangible personal property. (vi) "Measuring or testing" includes both nondestructive and destructive measuring or testing, and the alignment and calibration of machinery, equipment and tools, in the furtherance of the manufacturing, processing or fabricating of tangible personal property. (vii) "Biotechnology" means the application of technologies, including recombinant DNA techniques, biochemistry, molecular and cellular biology, genetics and genetic engineering, biological cell fusion techniques, and new bioprocesses, using living organisms, or parts of organisms, to produce or modify products, to improve plants or animals, to develop microorganisms for specific uses, to identify targets for small molecule pharmaceutical development, or to transform biological systems into useful processes and products. (viii) "Recycling" means the processing of solid waste to reclaim material, as defined in section 22a-260;

      (B) Any person who on October first in any year holds title to machinery and equipment for which such person desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file with the assessor or board of assessors in the municipality in which the machinery or equipment is located, on or before the first day of November in such year, a list of such machinery or equipment together with written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Such application shall include the taxpayer identification number assigned to the claimant by the Commissioner of Revenue Services and the federal employer identification number assigned to the claimant by the Secretary of the Treasury. If title to such equipment is held by a person other than the person claiming the exemption, the claimant shall include on such person's application information as to the portion of the total acquisition cost incurred by such person, and on or before the first day of November in such year, the person holding title to such machinery and equipment shall file a list of such machinery with the assessor of the municipality in which the manufacturing facility of the claimant is located. Such person shall include on the list information as to the portion of the total acquisition cost incurred by such person. Commercial or financial information in any application or list filed under this section shall not be open for public inspection, provided such information is given in confidence and is not available to the public from any other source. The provisions of this subdivision regarding the filing of lists and information shall not supersede the requirements to file tax lists under sections 12-41, 12-42 and 12-57a. In substantiation of such claim, the claimant and the person holding title to machinery and equipment for which exemption is claimed shall present to the assessor or board of assessors such supporting documentation as said secretary may require, including, but not limited to, invoices, bills of sale, contracts for lease and bills of lading and shall, upon request, present to the secretary or the secretary's designee a copy of each applicable federal income tax return and accompanying schedules. In lieu of submitting each applicable federal income tax return and accompanying schedules, a claimant and person holding title to machinery and equipment for which an exemption is claimed may, upon approval of said secretary, submit copies of applicable schedules accompanied by a sworn affidavit stating that such schedules were filed as part of such claimant's or person's federal income tax return. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k. If title to exempt machinery is conveyed subsequent to October first in any assessment year, entitlement to such exemption shall terminate for the next assessment year and there shall be no pro rata application of the exemption unless such machinery or equipment continues to be leased by the manufacturer who claimed and was approved for the exemption in the previous assessment year. Machinery or equipment shall not be eligible for exemption upon transfer from a seller to a related business or from a lessor to a lessee except to the extent it would have been eligible for exemption by the seller or the lessor, as the case may be. For the purposes of this subdivision, "related business" means: (i) A corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust controlled by the taxpayer; (ii) an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust that is in control of the taxpayer; (iii) a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust controlled by an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust that is in control of the taxpayer; or (iv) a member of the same controlled group as the taxpayer. For purposes of this subdivision, "control", with respect to a corporation, means ownership, directly or indirectly, of stock possessing fifty per cent or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of the stock of such corporation entitled to vote. "Control", with respect to a trust, means ownership, directly or indirectly, of fifty per cent or more of the beneficial interest in the principal or income of such trust. The ownership of stock in a corporation, of a capital or profits interest in a partnership or association or of a beneficial interest in a trust shall be determined in accordance with the rules for constructive ownership of stock provided in Section 267(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, other than paragraph (3) of said Section 267(c);

      (C) Any person claiming the exemption provided under this subdivision for machinery or equipment shall not be eligible to claim the exemption provided under subdivision (60) of this section or subdivision (70) of this section for the same machinery or equipment. The state and the municipality and district shall hold a security interest, as defined in subdivision (35) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201, in any machinery or equipment which is exempt from taxation pursuant to this subdivision, in an amount equal to the tax revenue reimbursed or lost, as the case may be, which shall be subordinate to any purchase money security interest, as defined in section 42a-9-103a. Such security interest shall be enforceable against the claimant for a period of five years after the last assessment year in which such exemption was received in any case in which such person ceases all manufacturing or biotechnology operations or moves such manufacturing or biotechnology operations entirely out of this state. Any assessor who has granted an exemption under this subdivision shall provide written notification to the secretary of the cessation of such operations or the move of such operations entirely out of this state. Such notification may be made at any time after the October first of the last assessment year in which such exemption is granted and before the September thirtieth that is five years after the conclusion of said assessment year. Upon receiving such notification and complying with the provisions of section 12-35a, the state shall have a lien upon the machinery or equipment situated in this state and owned by the person that ceased all business operations or moved such operations entirely out of this state. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-35a, the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to the person under the provisions of this subdivision, shall be deemed to be the amount of the tax which such person failed to pay. Notwithstanding said section 12-35a, the information required to be included in the notice of lien for such tax shall be as follows: (i) The owner of the property upon which the lien is claimed, (ii) the business address or residence address of such owner, (iii) the specific property claimed to be subject to such lien, (iv) the location of such property at the time it was last made tax-exempt pursuant to this subdivision, (v) the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to such owner under the provisions of this subdivision, and (vi) the tax period or periods for which such lien is claimed. If more than one agency of the state perfects such a notice of lien on the same day, the priority of such liens shall be determined by the time of day such liens were perfected, and if perfected at the same time, the lien for the highest amount shall have priority. In addition to the other remedies provided in this subdivision, the Attorney General, upon request of the secretary, may bring a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover the amount of tax revenue reimbursed by the state from any person who received an exemption under this subdivision. The following shall not be eligible for the exemption provided under this subdivision: (I) A public service company, as defined in section 16-1; and (II) any provider, directly or indirectly, of electricity, oil, water or gas;

      (D) A claim for property tax exemption under this subdivision may be denied by the assessor or board of assessors of a town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, with the consent of the chief executive officer thereof, if the claimant is delinquent in a property tax payment to such town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, pursuant to section 12-146, for property owned by such claimant. Before any such claim is denied, the assessor or board of assessors shall send written notice to the claimant, stating that the claimant may pay the amount of such delinquent tax or enter into an agreement with such town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough for the payment thereof, by the date set forth in such notice, provided, such date shall not be less than thirty days after the date of such notice. Failure on the part of the claimant to pay the amount of the delinquent tax or enter into an agreement to pay the amount thereof by said date shall result in a disallowance of the exemption being claimed;

      (E) The secretary, in the secretary's discretion, may deny any claim for exemption under the provisions of this subdivision for new machinery and equipment by a claimant who is delinquent in the payment of corporation business tax imposed under chapter 208, as reported on the list provided by the Commissioner of Revenue Services pursuant to subsection (b) of section 12-7a and who qualified for exemption under this subdivision in the preceding year. On or before September first annually, commencing September 1, 1998, the secretary shall send a written notice to any claimant identified on said list and to the assessor of the town in which the property is subject to taxation, stating that the property tax exemption allowed by this subdivision for the assessment date following the date on which such notice is sent, shall be denied by the assessor of the town in which the property of the taxpayer is subject to taxation unless the taxpayer provides written documentation from the Department of Revenue Services that the delinquency has been cleared. Such written documentation shall substantiate that the delinquency was cleared on or before the statutory date for the filing of an application for exemption under this subdivision, provided, if a taxpayer receives an extension of the filing date pursuant to section 12-81k, the date by which the taxpayer shall be required to clear such tax delinquency shall be extended for a like period of time. No assessor shall approve an application for the exemption under this subdivision that is not accompanied by the written documentation required from a claimant who was sent a notification by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (73) Temporary devices or structures for seasonal production, storage or protection of plants or plant material. Temporary devices or structures used in the seasonal production, storage or protection of plants or plant material, including, but not limited to, hoop houses, poly houses, high tunnels, overwintering structures and shade houses;

      (74) Certain vehicles used to transport freight for hire. (A)(i) For a period not to exceed five assessment years following the assessment year in which it is first registered, any new commercial truck, truck tractor, tractor and semitrailer, and vehicle used in combination therewith, which is used exclusively to transport freight for hire and: Is either subject to the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Transportation pursuant to Chapter 135 of Title 49, United States Code, or any successor thereto, or would otherwise be subject to said jurisdiction except for the fact that the vehicle is used exclusively in intrastate commerce; has a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of twenty-six thousand pounds; and prior to August 1, 1996, was not registered in this state or in any other jurisdiction but was registered in this state on or after said date. (ii) For a period not to exceed five assessment years following the assessment year in which it is first registered, any new commercial truck, truck tractor, tractor and semitrailer, and vehicle used in combination therewith, not eligible under subparagraph (A)(i) of this subdivision, that has a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of fifty-five thousand pounds and was not registered in this state or in any other jurisdiction but was registered in this state on or after August 1, 1999. As used in this subdivision, "gross vehicle weight rating" shall have the same meaning as in section 14-1;

      (B) Any person who on October first in any year holds title to or is the registrant of a vehicle for which such person intends to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file with the assessor or board of assessors in the municipality in which the vehicle is subject to property taxation, on or before the first day of November in such year, a written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Such person shall include information as to the make, model, year and vehicle identification number of each such vehicle, and any appurtenances attached thereto, in such application. The person holding title to or the registrant of such vehicle for which exemption is claimed shall furnish the assessor or board of assessors with such supporting documentation as said secretary may require, including, but not limited to, evidence of vehicle use, acquisition cost and registration. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed as provided in section 12-81k. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if the vehicle is modified, such modification shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially. With respect to any vehicle for which the exemption under this subdivision has previously been claimed in a town other than that in which the vehicle is registered on any assessment date, the person shall not be entitled to such exemption until a new application is filed and the right to such exemption is established in said town;

      (C) With respect to any vehicle which is not registered on the first day of October in any assessment year and which is registered subsequent to said first day of October but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year, the value of such vehicle for property tax exemption purposes shall be a pro rata portion of the value determined in accordance with subparagraph (D) of this subdivision, to be determined by a ratio, the numerator of which shall be the number of months from the date of such registration, including the month in which registration occurs, to the first day of October next succeeding and the denominator of which shall be twelve. For purposes of this subdivision the term "assessment year" means the period of twelve full months commencing with October first each year;

      (D) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-71d, the assessor or board of assessors shall determine the value for each vehicle with respect to which a claim for exemption under this subdivision is approved, based on the vehicle's cost of acquisition, including costs related to the modification of such vehicle, adjusted for depreciation in accordance with the schedule set forth in section 12-94c;

      (75) Certain health care institutions. Any real or personal property which (1) is owned or leased by an entity considered to be a nonprofit organization for purposes of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Service of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, and (2) is the location of or located at an institution licensed by the state pursuant to chapter 368v and described in subsection (c) of section 19a-490. This subdivision shall not affect (1) the taxability in assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000, of any such property that was taxable on the net grand list, as adjusted by the board of assessment appeals, next preceding June 1, 2000, or (2) any time-limited written agreement in existence on June 1, 2000, with any municipality regarding the taxability of any such property;

      (76) Machinery and equipment assessed commencing on or after October 1, 2011. Effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2011, new machinery and equipment or newly-acquired machinery and equipment, including machinery and equipment used in connection with biotechnology. For purposes of this subdivision, "machinery" and "equipment", and "biotechnology" shall have the same meaning as in subdivision (72) of this section. Any person claiming the exemption provided under this subdivision shall not be eligible to claim the exemption provided under subdivision (60) or (70) of this section for the same machinery and equipment;

      (77) Real property of regional council or agency. Real property belonging to, or held in trust for, a regional council of elected officials established under sections 4-124c to 4-124f, inclusive, a regional council of governments established under sections 4-124i to 4-124p, inclusive, or a regional planning agency organized under sections 8-31a to 8-37b, inclusive, provided (A) such property is used to advance the official duties of such council or agency, and (B) the exemption for such property is approved by the municipality in which such property is located.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1761, 1766, 1767, 1773, 1774, 1775; 1949, 1951, June, 1955, S. 1061d; 1951, S. 1056d, 1058d; 1951, 1953, June, 1955, S. 1054d; 1953, S. 1057d; 1953, 1955, S. 1053d; 1955, S. 1052d; 1957, P.A. 166; 388; 453; 572; September, 1957, P.A. 16, S. 8; 1959, P.A. 152, S. 99; 239, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 235, S. 1; 245; February, 1965, P.A. 461, S. 3; 465, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 57, S. 27; 425, S. 1, 2; 738; 754, S. 19; 1969, P.A. 630, S. 2; 657, S. 2; 758, S. 13; 768, S. 67; 1971, P.A. 234; 872, S. 31, 144; P.A. 73-435; P.A. 74-123, S. 1, 4; 74-207, S. 1-6; P.A. 75-483, S. 3, 4, 10; 75-500, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-409, S. 1; P.A. 77-490, S. 1, 2; 77-533, S. 1, 3; 77-614, S. 19, 139, 587, 610; P.A. 78-267, S. 2, 3; 78-296, S. 1-5; 78-303, S. 85, 136; 78-357, S. 8, 16; P.A. 79-82, S. 1, 2; 79-472, S. 1, 2; 79-479; 79-492, S. 2-4; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 80-406, S. 1; 80-412, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-333, S. 2, 3; 81-423, S. 18, 25; 81-439, S. 13, 14; P.A. 82-318, S. 2, 3; 82-382, S. 1, 4; 82-449, S. 1, 5; P.A. 83-75, S. 1, 3; 83-485, S. 4-7, 12, 13; 83-568, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-429, S. 48; 84-533, S. 1-3; P.A. 85-593, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-153, S. 1, 5; 86-273, S. 1, 2; 86-394, S. 2, 3; P.A. 87-240, S. 2-4; 87-346, S. 1, 2, 4; 87-584, S. 10, 18; P.A. 88-134, S. 1, 3; 88-287, S. 1, 5; 88-342, S. 2, 4; P.A. 89-235, S. 1, 5; 89-368, S. 25, 26, 30; P.A. 90-270, S. 19, 20, 28, 38; P.A. 91-257, S. 1, 2; 91-307, S. 1; P.A. 92-64, S. 1, 3; 92-193, S. 1, 8; P.A. 93-434, S. 5, 6, 20; P.A. 94-157, S. 1, 2, 4; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 16, 28; P.A. 95-283, S. 9, 68; P.A. 96-180, S. 18, 19, 166; 96-208, S. 1, 2; 96-222, S. 34, 41; 96-239, S. 11, 17; 96-252, S. 6, 8; 96-265, S. 1, 5; P.A. 97-193, S. 1, 5; 97-282, S. 4, 5, 6; P.A. 98-28, S. 45, 117; 98-146, S. 2, 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 98, 121; P.A. 99-272, S. 1, 7; 99-280, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-120, S. 5, 13; 00-169, S. 23, 36; 00-170, S. 27, 28, 42; 00-215, S. 3-9, 11; 00-229, S. 1, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 26, 46; P.A. 01-132, S. 156, 157; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 17, 83, 85; P.A. 02-49, S. 5; 02-143, S. 1, 2; P.A. 03-269, S. 5; 03-270, S. 1; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 40, 53, 146(e); P.A. 04-72, S. 1, 2; 04-189, S. 1; 04-240, S. 35; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 76; P.A. 05-109, S. 43, 44; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-1, S. 37, 38; P.A. 06-83, S. 9, 10; 06-186, S. 84; P.A. 07-240, S. 2; 07-242, S. 46, 47; 07-254, S. 5-7; 07-255, S. 1, 2; P.A. 08-121, S. 3; 08-174, S. 8; P.A. 09-176, S. 1; 09-226, S. 1; P.A. 10-75, S. 23, 24.)

      *Note: On and after October 1, 2011, subdivisions (59) and (60) of this section, as amended by sections 2 and 3 of public act 10-98, are to read as follows:

      "(59) Manufacturing facility in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community, enterprise zone or airport development zone. Designated manufacturing plant. Service facility. (a) Any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, acquired, constructed, substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, as defined in said section, in a targeted investment community, as defined in section 32-222, in an enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 or in an airport development zone established pursuant to section 32-75d and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, and any manufacturing plant designated by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development under subsection (a) of section 32-75c as follows: To the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the manufacturing facility is completed, except that a manufacturing facility having a standard industrial classification code of 2833 or 2834 and having at least one thousand full-time employees, as defined in subsection (f) of section 32-9j, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant;

      (b) Any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, acquired, constructed, substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, as follows: (i) In the case of an investment of twenty million dollars or more but not more than thirty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of forty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (ii) in the case of an investment of more than thirty-nine million dollars but not more than fifty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (iii) in the case of an investment of more than fifty-nine million dollars but not more than seventy-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of sixty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (iv) in the case of an investment of more than seventy-nine million dollars but not more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of seventy per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; or (v) in the case of an investment of more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed, except that any financial institution, as defined in section 12-217u, having at least four thousand qualified employees, as determined in accordance with an agreement pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection (n) of section 12-217u, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant. In no event shall the definition of qualified employee be more favorable to the employer than the definition provided in section 12-217u;

      (c) The completion date of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility will be determined by the Department of Economic and Community Development taking into account the issuance of occupancy certificates and such other factors as it deems relevant. In the case of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility which consists of a constructed, renovated or expanded portion of an existing plant, the assessed valuation of the facility or manufacturing plant is the difference between the assessed valuation of the plant prior to its being improved and the assessed valuation of the plant upon completion of the improvements. In the case of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility which consists of an acquired portion of an existing plant, the assessed valuation of the facility or manufacturing plant is the assessed valuation of the portion acquired. This exemption shall be applicable during each such assessment year regardless of any change in the ownership or occupancy of the facility or manufacturing plant. If during any such assessment year, however, any facility for which an eligibility certificate has been issued ceases to qualify as a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility, the entitlement to the exemption allowed by this subdivision shall terminate for the assessment year following the date on which the qualification ceases, and there shall not be a pro rata application of the exemption. Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community, enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 or in the town within the airport development zone established pursuant to section 32-75d in which the manufacturing facility or service facility is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing;

      (60) Machinery and equipment in a manufacturing facility in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community, enterprise zone or airport development zone. Machinery and equipment in a service facility. (a)(1) Machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed in any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been constructed, or substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community, enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 or in an airport development zone established pursuant to section 32-75d and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, concurrently with and directly attributable to such construction, renovation or expansion, (2) machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed, or machinery and equipment existing, in any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been acquired on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community, enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 or in an airport development zone established pursuant to section 32-75d and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, and (3) machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 1, 1986, in a manufacturing facility that is or has at one time been certified as eligible for the exemption under this subparagraph in accordance with section 32-9r, and which continues to be used for manufacturing purposes, provided such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion program that satisfies the requirements for a manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, and is contiguous to and represents an increase in square feet of floor space of not less than fifty per cent of the floor space in the certified manufacturing facility, as follows: To the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the manufacturing facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section, except that a facility having a code classification 2833 or 2834 in the Standard Industrial Code Classification Manual, United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, wherein at least one thousand new full-time employees, as defined in subsection (f) of section 32-9j, are employed, shall be eligible to have the assessment period under this subdivision extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, provided the commissioner approves an extension of the assessment period under subdivision (59) of this section for said facility;

      (b) (1) Machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed in any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been constructed, or substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, concurrently with and directly attributable to such construction, renovation or expansion, (2) machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed, or machinery and equipment existing, in any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been acquired on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the department, and (3) machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after July 1, 1996, in a service facility that is or has at one time been certified as eligible for the exemption under this subparagraph in accordance with section 32-9r and which continues to be used for service purposes, provided such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion program that satisfies the requirements for a service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, and is contiguous to and represents an increase in square feet of floor space of not less than fifty per cent of the floor space in the certified service facility, as follows: (i) In the case of an investment of twenty million dollars or more but not more than thirty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of forty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (ii) in the case of an investment of more than thirty-nine million dollars but not more than fifty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (iii) in the case of an investment of more than fifty-nine million dollars but not more than seventy-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of sixty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (iv) in the case of an investment of more than seventy-nine million dollars but not more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of seventy per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; or (v) in the case of an investment of more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section, except that any financial institution, as defined in section 12-217u, having at least four thousand qualified employees, as determined in accordance with an agreement pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection (n) of section 12-217u, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant. In no event shall the definition of qualified employee be more favorable to the employer than the definition provided in section 12-217u;

      (c) This exemption shall terminate for the assessment year next following if the manufacturing facility or service facility in which such machinery and equipment is installed no longer qualifies for an exemption under said subdivision (59), and there shall not be a pro rata application of the exemption of such machinery and equipment in the assessment year of such termination. Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community, enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 or the town in the airport development zone established pursuant to section 32-75d in which the manufacturing facility or service facility is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing. This exemption shall not apply to rolling stock."

      (1949 Rev., S. 1761, 1766, 1767, 1773, 1774, 1775; 1949, 1951, June, 1955, S. 1061d; 1951, S. 1056d, 1058d; 1951, 1953, June, 1955, S. 1054d; 1953, S. 1057d; 1953, 1955, S. 1053d; 1955, S. 1052d; 1957, P.A. 166; 388; 453; 572; September, 1957, P.A. 16, S. 8; 1959, P.A. 152, S. 99; 239, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 235, S. 1; 245; February, 1965, P.A. 461, S. 3; 465, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 57, S. 27; 425, S. 1, 2; 738; 754, S. 19; 1969, P.A. 630, S. 2; 657, S. 2; 758, S. 13; 768, S. 67; 1971, P.A. 234; 872, S. 31, 144; P.A. 73-435; P.A. 74-123, S. 1, 4; 74-207, S. 1-6; P.A. 75-483, S. 3, 4, 10; 75-500, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-409, S. 1; P.A. 77-490, S. 1, 2; 77-533, S. 1, 3; 77-614, S. 19, 139, 587, 610; P.A. 78-267, S. 2, 3; 78-296, S. 1-5; 78-303, S. 85, 136; 78-357, S. 8, 16; P.A. 79-82, S. 1, 2; 79-472, S. 1, 2; 79-479; 79-492, S. 2-4; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 80-406, S. 1; 80-412, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-333, S. 2, 3; 81-423, S. 18, 25; 81-439, S. 13, 14; P.A. 82-318, S. 2, 3; 82-382, S. 1, 4; 82-449, S. 1, 5; P.A. 83-75, S. 1, 3; 83-485, S. 4-7, 12, 13; 83-568, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-429, S. 48; 84-533, S. 1-3; P.A. 85-593, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-153, S. 1, 5; 86-273, S. 1, 2; 86-394, S. 2, 3; P.A. 87-240, S. 2-4; 87-346, S. 1, 2, 4; 87-584, S. 10, 18; P.A. 88-134, S. 1, 3; 88-287, S. 1, 5; 88-342, S. 2, 4; P.A. 89-235, S. 1, 5; 89-368, S. 25, 26, 30; P.A. 90-270, S. 19, 20, 28, 38; P.A. 91-257, S. 1, 2; 91-307, S. 1; P.A. 92-64, S. 1, 3; 92-193, S. 1, 8; P.A. 93-434, S. 5, 6, 20; P.A. 94-157, S. 1, 2, 4; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 16, 28; P.A. 95-283, S. 9, 68; P.A. 96-180, S. 18, 19, 166; 96-208, S. 1, 2; 96-222, S. 34, 41; 96-239, S. 11, 17; 96-252, S. 6, 8; 96-265, S. 1, 5; P.A. 97-193, S. 1, 5; 97-282, S. 4, 5, 6; P.A. 98-28, S. 45, 117; 98-146, S. 2, 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 98, 121; P.A. 99-272, S. 1, 7; 99-280, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-120, S. 5, 13; 00-169, S. 23, 36; 00-170, S. 27, 28, 42; 00-215, S. 3-9, 11; 00-229, S. 1, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 26, 46; P.A. 01-132, S. 156, 157; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 17, 83, 85; P.A. 02-49, S. 5; 02-143, S. 1, 2; P.A. 03-269, S. 5; 03-270, S. 1; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 40, 53, 146(e); P.A. 04-72, S. 1, 2; 04-189, S. 1; 04-240, S. 35; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 76; P.A. 05-109, S. 43, 44; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-1, S. 37, 38; P.A. 06-83, S. 9, 10; 06-186, S. 84; P.A. 07-240, S. 2; 07-242, S. 46, 47; 07-254, S. 5-7; 07-255, S. 1, 2; P.A. 08-121, S. 3; 08-174, S. 8; P.A. 09-176, S. 1; 09-226, S. 1; P.A. 10-75, S. 23, 24; 10-98, S. 2, 3.)

      **Note: Section 40 of public act 03-6 of the June 30 special session is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.


      History: 1959 acts repealed exemptions for county property (county government abolished) and watercraft owned by nonresidents; 1961 acts added Subdivs. (48) and (49); 1965 acts added Subdivs. (50) and (51); 1967 acts replaced former provisions of Subdiv. (51) with wholly new provisions, amended Subdivs. (19) and (21) to include references to the Vietnam era, and added Subdivs. (52) and (53); 1969 acts amended Subdiv. (50) to delete per cent figures for 1967, 1968 and 1969, to decrease by 10% the figures for 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974 and 1975 and to add "one hundred per cent in the year 1976", added Subdiv. (54), amended Subdiv. (52) to specify structures or equipment acquired "by lease or purchase", to substitute clean air commission for air pollution control commission and to allow certification of a portion of structures and equipment acquired, and substituted commissioner of transportation for Connecticut aeronautics commission in Subdiv. (48); 1971 acts deleted reference to (17) in Subdiv. (20) and substituted commissioner of environmental protection for clean air commission in Subdiv. (52); P.A. 73-435 amended Subdiv. (21) to include exemption for loss of use of one arm or one leg because of service-related injury; P.A. 74-123 added Subdiv. (55); P.A. 74-207 amended Subdivs. (20) to (25) to include both widows and widowers; P.A. 75-483 simplified reference to Vietnam era in Subdivs. (19) and (21); P.A. 75-500 excluded subsidized housing for low and moderate income persons or families from consideration as charitable purpose in Subdiv. (7); P.A. 76-409 added Subdiv. (56); P.A. 77-490 clarified Subdiv. (56)(a) by deleting reference to "addition to a building" and inserting "building to which a solar heating or cooling system is added...", deleted reference to windmills and water wheels in (b), and added Subdiv. (57); P.A. 77-533 added Subdiv. (58); P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of planning and energy policy and, effective January 1, 1979 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner; P.A. 78-267 removed requirement that veteran have served in time of war and listed eligible branches of service in Subdiv. (21); P.A. 78-296 removed "Connecticut" in Subdivs. (7), (13), (18) and (49) thus making out-of-state organizations eligible, effective May 31, 1978, and applicable to assessment list in any town for assessment date next following May 31, 1978, and each assessment date thereafter; P.A. 78-357 added Subdivs. (59) and (60); P.A. 79-82 added Subdiv. (61), effective May 3, 1979, and applicable to assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 79-472 included in Subdiv. (19) state residents who served in forces of Czechoslovakia or Poland in WWII and included parents of more than one serviceman or woman under certain conditions in Subdiv. (25); P.A. 79-479 added Subdiv. (62); P.A. 79-492 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) to detail exemptions further; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 80-406 replaced "October 1, 1980" with "April 20, 1977" in Subdiv. (61); P.A. 80-412 amended Subdiv. (55) to replace requirements for federal old-age, survivors and disability insurance with requirements for social security or other permanent total disability payments comparable with social security, effective June 6, 1980, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 81-333 amended Subdiv. (60) to allow exemption for existing machinery in newly purchased manufacturing facility in distressed municipality: P.A. 81-423 added Subdiv. (64) providing exemption for vessels, effective July 1, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter; P.A. 81-439 added Subdiv. (63), authorizing municipalities to adopt ordinance exempting from property tax solar energy electricity generating systems not eligible for exemption under Subdiv. (57), cogeneration systems or both, effective July 1, 1981; P.A. 82-318 amended Subdiv. (21) to allow municipalities to provide total exemption for the residence of a veteran with respect to which such veteran has received assistance for specially adapted housing under title 38 of United States Code, effective June 9, 1982 and applicable to assessment years in municipalities commencing October 1, 1982, and thereafter; P.A. 82-382 added Subdiv. (66) re motor vehicles leased to state agencies; P.A. 82-449 added Subdiv. (65) re exemption for certain vanpool vehicles, effective July 1, 1982 and applicable to assessment year commencing October 1, 1982, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-75 amended Subdiv. (19) to allow exemption for service during period beginning June 27, 1950, and ending January 31, 1955, in lieu of the period "between June 27, 1950 and October 27, 1953" as previously provided, effective May 10, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-485 amended Subdiv. (14) by adding exemption with respect to real property and equipment owned by any religious organization and exclusively used as a thrift shop, the proceeds of which are used for charitable purposes and amended Subdivs. (51), (52) and (53) by the addition of Subpara. (b) to each of said subdivisions, which subparagraph in Subdivs. (51) and (52) concerns requirements related to certification of the exempt property by the commissioner of environmental protection and in Subdiv. (53) concerns time requirements applicable to claims for the exemption and the result of failure to file such application as prescribed; P.A. 83-485 amended Subdivs. (56) and (57) by providing in Subpara. (c) of each of said subdivisions that application for exemption shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed unless the exempt property is altered in any manner and amended Subdivs. (62)(d) and (63)(d) to provide that application for exemption shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed unless the exempt property is altered in any manner, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-568 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) to provide that the exemptions in those Subdivs. terminate for the assessment year following the date that the facility no longer qualifies for the exemption; P.A. 84-429 made technical changes in Subdiv. (65) for statutory consistency; P.A. 84-533 amended Subdivs. (40) and (41) to remove the $50 specific exemption for swine in Subdiv. (41) and include it with sheep and goats in an exemption in Subdiv. (40) which was increased from $200 to $500 and to insert in Subdiv. (41) an exemption for dairy and beef cattle and oxen and added Subdiv. (67) re exemption of city beach property, effective June 4, 1984, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1984, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-593 added Subdiv. (55)(3), clarifying that a person who has attained age 65 or over and because of payments received as retirement benefits, is no longer eligible to receive benefits under the disability benefit provisions of Social Security or any federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan, in accordance with which such person would be eligible under such disability benefit provisions except for having attained age 65 or over, shall be eligible for the exemption provided under said Subdiv. (55), effective July 8, 1985, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-153 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) by clarifying filing requirements for the exemption under each of said subdivisions by inserting the provision that any person claiming the exemption shall file "annually" with the assessor "on or before the first day of November", effective April 28, 1986, and applicable in any municipality for purposes of the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-273 amended Subdiv. (21)(b) and (c) to provide for reinstatement of exemption of a surviving spouse after the termination of a subsequent marriage, effective June 4, 1986, and applicable for the assessment year of any municipality commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-394 amended Subdiv. (19) to eliminate reference to state residents who served in forces of Czechoslovakia or Poland in World War II and included residents who served in forces of any government signatory to United Nations Declaration of January 1, 1942, effective June 9, 1986, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-240 amended Subdiv. (59) by adding reference to the extension of time that may be allowed for filing the application for exemption as required under said Subdiv. (59), and amended Subdiv. (60) by adding provisions allowing exemption for machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 1, 1986, in a manufacturing facility eligible for exemption under Subdiv. (59), when such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion of such facility contiguous to and representing an increase of not less than 50% of the floor space in the certified manufacturing facility, and adding reference to the extension of time that may be allowed for filing the application for exemption as required under said Subdiv. (60), effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-346 amended Subdiv. (40) by allowing complete exemption for sheep, goats and swine in the state, eliminating the maximum amount of exemption previously applicable to assessed value of such livestock, except when totally exempt as a result of being used in farming, Subdiv. (41) by allowing complete exemption for dairy and beef cattle and oxen, eliminating the maximum amount of exemption previously applicable to assessed value of such livestock, except when totally exempt as a result of being used in farming, and by allowing complete exemption for asses and mules and Subdiv. (43) by allowing complete exemption for poultry, eliminating the maximum exemption previously applicable to poultry except when used in farming, and added Subdiv. (68) allowing total exemption for all livestock except that the exemption for horses and ponies shall be limited to $1,000 in assessed value unless used in farming, effective June 10, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-584 amended Subdiv. (54) by deleting reference to Sec. 12-24c and by incorporating a definition of "wholesale and retail business"; P.A. 88-134 added Subdiv. (69) exempting certain property belonging to the metropolitan transportation authority, effective May 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment year commencing October 1, 1988, and thereafter; P.A. 88-287 added Subdiv. (70) re exemption for machinery and equipment used in manufacturing goods or products and acquired as part of a technological upgrading of the manufacturing process, effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1988; P.A. 88-342 added certain members of the merchant marine to Subdiv. (19), effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1988; P.A. 89-235 amended Subdiv. (60) to require in Subparas. (1) and (2) that machinery and equipment eligible for an exemption represent an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality, and to provide in Subpara. (3) that the manufacturing facility is or has at one time been certified for an exemption, effective June 16, 1989, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1989; P.A. 89-368 amended Subdiv. (2) by exempting reservation land held in trust by the state for Indian tribes and added Subdiv. (71) allowing exemption for motor vehicles owned by member of indigenous Indian tribe or spouse and garaged on the reservation of the tribe; P.A. 90-270 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) by expanding exemption to facilities, machinery and equipment in municipalities located in a targeted investment community or enterprise zone, amended Subdiv. (70) to expand exemption to new machinery and equipment located in a targeted investment community or enterprise zone and made technical changes and added Subdiv. (72) re exemption for new machinery and equipment in manufacturing facilities, effective January 1, 1991, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 91-257 added Subdiv. (73) concerning temporary devices or structures used in the seasonal production, storage or protection of plants or plant material, effective June 19, 1991, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 91-307 amended Subdiv. (10) concerning property belonging to agricultural or horticultural societies to revise the requirements for exemption thereunder; P.A. 92-64 amended Subdiv. (39) to remove the requirement that produce be grown in the season next preceding the assessment date to qualify for the exemption, effective May 20, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 92-193 amended Subdiv. (72) by adding provisions allowing exemption for "newly-acquired machinery and equipment, as defined herein, acquired on or after July 1, 1992", substituting "fabricating" for "assembling of raw materials, parts or manufactured products" and inserting "for measuring or testing or for metal finishing" in definitions of "machinery", "equipment" and "manufacturing facility", adding further definitions of "machinery" and "equipment", deleting definition of "manufacturer" and adding definitions of "manufacturing", "fabricating", "processing" and "measuring or testing", effective July 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-434 amended Subdivs. (56)(c) and (57)(c) by deleting obsolete reference to forms prescribed by the secretary and providing that such forms be approved by the assessor, effective June 30, 1993, and amended Subdiv. (72)(a) by inserting reference to Subpara. (b) and amended Subdiv. (72)(b) by establishing a procedure to claim exemption for leased machinery or equipment, effective June 30, 1993, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 94-157 amended Subdiv. (56) by extending end date of construction or addition from 1991 to 2006, adding "active" before "solar energy heating or cooling system", dividing Subpara. (b) into numbered subparagraphs, adding Subpara. (2) re mechanical means to transfer energy in Subpara. (b), adding reference to chapter 54 in Subpara. (b)(3) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (c), amended Subdiv. (57) by extending end date of installation from 1991 to 2006, adding reference to chapter 54 in Subpara. (b) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (c), amended Subdiv. (62) by extending end date of construction or addition from 1991 to 2006, deleting Subpara. (b) re regulations to define and set standards for passive and hybrid solar energy heating or cooling systems and adding new Subpara. (b) defining "passive solar energy heating or cooling system" and "hybrid system", requiring application in manner and form as provided by assessor or board rather than on form prescribed by the office of policy and management in Subpara. (c) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (c), and amended Subdiv. (63) by extending end date of installation from 1991 to 2006, making prohibition of applicability in Subpara. (a) mandatory rather than permissive, adding provision re resources recovery facilities in Subpara. (a), adding references to chapter 54 in Subpara. (b), changing "energy which is used for heating, cooling" to "thermal energy which is used for space or water heating or cooling," in Subpara. (b), requiring application in manner and form as provided by assessor or board rather than on form prescribed by the office of policy and management in Subpara. (d) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (d), effective October 1, 1994, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6 amended Subdiv. (72)(c) to exclude public service companies defined in Sec. 16-1, effective June 21, 1994, and applicable for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1993, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 95-283 amended Subdiv. (72) to extend exemption period from four years to five years, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1996; P.A. 96-180 amended Subdivs. (59), (60) and (70) by substituting "Department of Economic and Community Development" for "department", effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 96-208 amended Subdiv. (72) to require taxpayer identification number and federal employer identification number on application and to add provision allowing denial of exemption if the claimant is delinquent in a property tax payment, effective June 4, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1996; P.A. 96-222 amended Subdiv. (60) to provide that exemption shall not apply to rolling stock, effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date; P.A. 96-239 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) by dividing the Subdivs. into Subparas., adding Subpara. (b) re tax exemption for service facilities and adding references to "service facility" in Subpara. (c) of both, effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: In Subparas. (b) of both Subdivs. (59) and (60) "department" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Department of Economic and Community Development" to mirror technical change enacted in P.A. 96-180); P.A. 96-252 amended Subdiv. (72)(a) by adding provisions re machinery and equipment used in the biotechnology industry, effective July 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1996; P.A. 96-265 added Subdiv. (74) re exemption for certain commercial motor vehicles, effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date; P.A. 97-193 added Subdiv. (72)(E) re denial of exemption if applicant delinquent in corporation business tax and to make technical and renumbering changes, effective June 24, 1997, and applicable to income years commencing on or after January 1, 1998; P.A. 97-282 amended Subdiv. (72) to make assessors instead of the Office of Policy and Management responsible for granting extensions, to provide that machinery or equipment that is transferred by sale or lease is only eligible for the exemption only to the extent it would be exempt for the seller or lessor and to make technical changes and amended Subdiv. (74) to require commercial vehicles to be valued on the basis of their acquisition costs and depreciated in accordance with the schedule in Sec. 12-94c, to provide for prorating the value of vehicles that appear on the supplemental motor vehicle list, and to make technical changes, effective June 26, 1997, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (72)(A)(vii) the phrase "to development microorganisms" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "to develop microorganisms" for grammatical accuracy); P.A. 98-28 amended Subdiv. (57) by replacing solar energy electricity generating systems with Class I renewable energy sources and certain hydropower facilities, by deleting October 1, 2006 sunset date in Subpara. (a), by deleting Subpara. (b) and by relettering former Subpara. (c) as (b), effective April 29, 1998, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 98-146 amended Subdiv. (59)(a) by applying exemption to properties designated as manufacturing plants under Sec. 32-75c and authorized extention of assessment period for manufacturing facilities with a Standard Industrial Classification Code of 2833, effective July 1, 1998, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 amended Subdiv. (59)(a) by adding reference to Standard Industrial Classification Code 2834 and making a technical change, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-272 amended Subdiv. (21)(C) to allow exemption for modification of dwelling house and made technical changes, effective June 15, 1999, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998; P.A. 99-280 amended Subdiv. (74) by requiring the five-year assessment period of a new commercial truck, truck tractor, tractor and semitrailer, and vehicle used in combination therewith, to begin following the assessment year in which such a vehicle was "first registered" in lieu of "purchased" in Subpara. (A)(i), added Subpara. (A)(ii) re vehicles not eligible under Subpara. (A)(i) and made technical changes, effective October 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 00-120 amended Subdiv. (19) to define "veteran", "service in time of war", and "armed forces" and to make technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 00-169 amended Subdiv. (74)(A) by making a technical change; P.A. 00-170 amended Subdivs. (59)(b) and (60)(b) to allow certain financial institutions receiving state assistance to extend the assessment period for five years, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 00-215 amended Subdivs. (7), (10) and (16) to require that the assessor provide the statement form under those Subdivs. and to provide that the statement is due on November first quadrennially, amended Subdivs. (59)(c), (60)(c) and (70) to provide that extensions of deadlines for applications under those Subdivs. be in accordance with Sec. 12-81k and amended Subdiv. (74)(B) to make a technical change and to modify the filing requirements for new commercial vehicles, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2000 (Revisor's note: In 2001 the word "if" in the phrase "sworn to by the president, secretary or treasurer if the society" in Subdiv. (10) was changed editorially by the Revisors to "of" to conform provision with P.A. 91-307, thereby correcting a clerical error first published in the 1993 edition of the general statutes); P.A. 00-229 provided an exemption for certain health care institutions, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998 (Revisor's note: P.A. 00-229 was designated editorially by the Revisors as Subdiv. (75) and the words "... shall be exempt from taxation under chapter 203 of the general statutes," were deleted editorially by the Revisors since they were no longer needed in the Subdiv. as codified); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 amended Subdiv. (36) to replace fishing apparatus "actually used in the main business of" with fishing apparatus "belonging to" and to add proviso that such apparatus was purchased for use in the main business of such business or company at the time of purchase, effective June 21, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-132 amended Subdivs. (70) and (72) to replace Sec. 42a-9-107 with Sec. 42a-9-103a as the statutory reference for the definition of "purchase money security interest" and to make technical changes; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subdiv. (60)(a) to provide for a five-year extension of the assessment period for facilities having code classification 2833 or 2834 in the Standard Industrial Code Classification Manual and employing at least one thousand new full-time employees and amended Subdiv. (72)(B) to provide definitions of "related business" and "control" for purposes of subdivision, to add provisions re determination of stock or interest ownership and to make technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 1, 2001 (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (75), "This section" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "This subdivision" for clarity and accuracy); P.A. 02-49 amended Subdiv. (11) to require quadrennial statements be filed with the assessor rather than the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and to make technical changes, effective May 9, 2002; P.A. 02-143 amended Subdivs. (70) and (72)(C) to add provisions re enforcement of the state's security interest established under said Subdivs. and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2002, and applicable with respect to personal property tax exemptions in which the state has a security interest for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2001, and each assessment year thereafter; (Revisor's note: In 2003 a reference in Subdiv. (59) to "Commissioner of Economic Development" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Economic and Community Development"); P.A. 03-269 amended Subdiv. (53) to provide exemption for leased vehicles and to delete requirement that vehicle be for passengers, effective October 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 03-270 amended Subdiv. (7) to make a technical change and define "housing" for purposes of that subdivision, effective July 9, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subdiv. (10) to replace Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004, and amended Subdiv. (55) to suspend the exemption for property of totally disabled persons for the 2003 assessment year and make a technical change, and amended Subdiv. (72)(A) to make Subpara. effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002, redefine "fabricating" to exclude presorting, sorting, coding, folding, stuffing or delivery of certain mail services, limit definition of "processing" to manufacturing and make technical changes, both effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; P.A. 04-72 amended Subdiv. (72)(A)(i) to provide that "machinery" and "equipment" must be claimed on the owner's federal income tax return, and amended Subdiv. (72)(B) to revise reference to certain other sections requiring lists of property to be filed and to add provisions re reporting of certain information on a claimant's federal income tax return, effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-240 amended Subdiv. (7) by making technical changes and adding provision re operation of housing by charitable organization deemed an exclusively charitable purpose, effective October 1, 2002, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subdiv. (55) to restore exemption for the 2003 assessment year and to provide for the issuance of certificates of correction, effective May 12, 2004, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2003; P.A. 05-109 amended Subdivs. (70)(C) and (72)(C) by replacing references to Sec. 42a-1-201(37) with references to Sec. 42a-1-201(b)(35); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-1 amended Subdiv. (51) to add "by purchase or lease" in Subpara. (a), to substitute "owner or lessee of such structures or equipment who wishes to claim" for "person claiming", add application requirement and make technical changes in Subpara. (b), and to add new Subpara. (c) re revised application for a change in the name of the owner or lessee, and amended Subdiv. (52)(b) to make changes identical to those in Subdiv. (51) and add identical provisions as new Subpara. (c), effective July 21, 2005; P.A. 06-83 amended Subdiv. (72)(A) by limiting applicability to assessment years commencing prior to October 1, 2011, effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006, and added Subdiv. (76) re exemption for new or newly acquired machinery and equipment effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2011, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-186 amended Subdiv. (72)(A) by allowing machinery and equipment used in recycling to qualify for exemption and adding definition of "recycling", effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-240 amended Subdiv. (57)(a) to include farms, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 07-242 amended Subdiv. (57)(a) to delete provision re authorization of exemption by ordinance, change installation date from October 1, 1977, to October 1, 2007, and add passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource, amended Subdiv. (57)(b) to add hydropower facility, passive or active solar water heating system or geothermal energy resources and amended Subdiv. (63) to delete provisions re solar energy electricity generating system and change installation date from on or after July 1, 1981, and before October 1, 2006, to on or after July 1, 2007, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 07-254 amended Subdiv. (7) by adding provision re real property eligible for exemption regardless of whether used by another corporation organized exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes or for two or more such purposes, amended Subdiv. (14) by inserting "a daycare facility," and amended Subdiv. (58) by inserting "and not otherwise exempt under this section", effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 07-255 amended Subdivs. (56)(a) and (62)(a) by deleting "and before October 1, 2006", effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-121 amended Subdiv. (53)(a) by adding provision re motor vehicle garaged inside the state, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 08-174 amended Subdiv. (7) to divide existing provisions into Subparas. (A) and (B) and, in Subpara. (A), add purpose of preserving open space land, effective June 13, 2008, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2007; P.A. 09-176 amended Subdiv. (20) to replace former provisions re submission of evidence satisfactory to assessors with provisions requiring an individual receiving exemption to submit proof of disability rating to assessor of the town for initial exemption year and when disability rating has been modified by Veterans' Administration of the United States, effective June 30, 2009; P.A. 09-226 added Subdiv. (77) re real property belonging to or held in trust for regional council of elected officials, regional council of governments or regional planning agency, effective October 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2009; P.A. 10-75 amended Subdivs. (59)(b) and (60)(b) to replace references to Sec. 12-217u with references to Sec. 32-236, effective May 6, 2010; P.A. 10-98 amended Subdiv. (59)(a) and (c) and Subdiv. (60)(a) and (c) to add provisions re airport development zone established pursuant to Sec. 32-75d, effective October 1, 2011, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2012.

      See Secs. 12-43, 12-71 re nonresidents' personal property.

      See Sec. 12-81ee re stipulated judgment with regard to imposition of property taxes.

      See Secs. 12-87, 12-88 re clarification of certain exemptions.

      See Sec. 12-90 re limitation of number of exemptions allowed.

      See Sec. 12-91(a) re farm exemptions.

      See Sec. 12-120b re uniform administrative review procedure for appeals related to state-reimbursed property tax exemptions, credits and rebates.


      Buildings taxable against lessee though land exempt. 10 C. 490; 51 C. 259. Such lands taxable in case of sale. 30 C. 160. Lease for 999 years for all practical purposes a fee. 31 C. 407. Property conveyed prior to 1821 left under act of 1702. 38 C. 274. Tax illegally assessed in part, illegal lien toto. Id. Legislature may grant exemptions. 89 C. 399; 92 C. 107; but they are to be strictly construed. 85 C. 678. Abandonment as destroying right to exemption. 91 C. 595. An assessment of benefits is not a tax under this statute. 96 C. 523. Power of legislature to repeal exemption statute. 108 C. 252. Exemption from taxation is equivalent to appropriation of public funds. 147 C. 374. Cited. 175 C. 49.

      Cited. 9 CA 448.

      Subdiv. (1):

      Property in plaintiff's plant, title to which had passed to the federal government under contracts of manufacture, was exempt hereunder. 156 C. 33.

      Subdiv. (4):

      Reservoir held by municipality for public use and necessary land for same exempt. 44 C. 361. Ferry owned by city but leased. 87 C. 231. Land used by one town for poor farm exempt, though located in another. 91 C. 589. All property of municipality held for public use is exempt though located in different towns; exemption not lost by incidental nonpublic users. 95 C. 548. Branch mains of municipal water system used to supply another community not exempt. 112 C. 515; see also 107 C. 521. Rule of strict construction against claimant for exemption does not apply with respect to property of municipal corporation. 133 C. 28. Phrase "used for a public purpose" interpreted. 148 C. 233. General municipal land tax exemption is subject to the exception of Sec. 12-76 for reservoirs maintained in another municipality. 161 C. 396. Cited. 168 C. 466. Cited. 170 C. 69. Property belonging to one town and located in another is not exempt from taxes under statute if inhabitants of town in which it is located and general public are not permitted its use. 183 C. 345. When inhabitants of a municipality in which a recreational facility exists are excluded, the facility is not "used for a public purpose" within meaning of tax exemption. 190 C. 627. Cited. 193 C. 342. Cited. 200 C. 697. "Used for a public purpose" discussed. 215 C. 68.

      Subdiv. (5):

      Property not exempt under this subdivision until actually used by public for public purposes. 125 C. 129. Cited. 168 C. 466.

      Subdiv. (7):

      Act of 1859 not unconstitutional as to lands previously given to charitable uses. 31 C. 407. Word "used" applied to corpus of real estate. 66 C. 482. Vacant lots, houses and factories of these institutions exempt unless within the proviso. Idem. Dormitories and dining halls of Yale University not taxable. 71 C. 316. "Buildings" of school held to include appurtenant lands used for playground. 87 C. 474; see 85 C. 674. Private school not exempt. 88 C. 242; 105 C. 456; 108 C. 138; 117 C. 385; but see 131 C. 179 and 134 C. 1, where exemptions were allowed private nonprofit schools whose property was sequestered for educational purposes. Property of educational institution not exempt if not so organized that future profit could not be distributed to members. 111 C. 204. This exemption distinguished from that under Sec. 12-347. 115 C. 133. History of exemption; Masonic property not exempt. 119 C. 53. What constitutes public educational or charitable purposes entitling to exemption; organization holding real property upon determinable fee can claim exemption. Id., 106. Boy Scout Council may obtain exemption if properly organized. 121 C. 466. Under doctrine of equitable conversion, college taking realty under will which directed sale of realty, not entitled to exemption from property tax until distribution. 123 C. 196. Compared with exemption under Unemployment Compensation Act. 131 C. 503. Hospital not receiving state aid not exempt by this subsection either. 133 C. 273. To qualify for exemption not necessary for school to bear some portion of public burden of education. 134 C. 1. Houses used solely as living quarters for teachers not exempt. 138 C. 347. The statutory exemption from taxation of property of a corporation organized exclusively for education purposes extends to all of the property of the corporation the use of which is incidental to education, including campuses and playing fields. The test is whether the property is set aside for educational purposes and whether the corporation or any person can secure any profit from its operations. 144 C. 206. Nonprofit camp for underprivileged, socially maladjusted persons held to qualify as corporation organized for charitable purposes. 147 C. 510. Property of local charitable corporations not to be denied tax exemption because beneficiaries of the charity are out-of-state residents. Id. See Subdiv. (49). Faculty housing for school staff was held not used exclusively for educational purposes. 160 C. 370. Cited. 168 C. 447. Cited. 169 C. 454. Cited. 170 C. 556. Cited. 172 C. 439. Requires not that corporation claiming exemption itself be an educational institution but only that it be organized exclusively for educational purposes including collegiate athletics. "Used exclusively" does not entail requirement that activities be carried out continuously. 181 C. 343. Court held that taxpayer is not organized exclusively for charitable purposes under this section. 228 C. 375. Cited. 234 C. 169. Use of property as housing for the elderly precludes tax-exempt status as a charitable purpose because plaintiff authorized under bylaws to collect rents and property must be exclusively used for tax-exempt purpose to qualify for exemption. 262 C. 213. To qualify for tax exemption under Subdiv. and Sec. 12-88, real property used for charitable purposes must fulfill the five requirements stated in Isiah v. Bridgeport, 270 C. 69; the provision of long-term health care and spiritual support to the elderly in a nonprofit, nondiscriminatory manner without regard to individual financial circumstances is a charitable purpose; broad interpretation is afforded to the meaning of "charitable"; to constitute a charitable organization, entity must be structured so that it is intended to function with the aid of at least some private charitable support and must in fact seek out and receive such support; excess revenue generated by a facility is not relevant to question of whether the facility is organized and exclusively used for a charitable purpose; that the state is not completely relieved of any obligation or may partially subsidize organization's activity is alone not sufficient to defeat a claim for tax exemption, and nonprofit skilled nursing facility's funding shortfall arising from Medicaid reimbursement levels together with risk that private and charitable payments and contributions will fail to overcome shortfall is sufficient to satisfy requirement that facility relieve a burden on society; accepting payment or charging a fee, without more, does not alter character of charitable or otherwise tax-exempt organization; exclusive use requirement must be strictly construed to require charitable organization seeking tax exemption to use its property in manner that its activities are entirely dedicated to serving its stated charitable purpose. 290 C. 695.

      Cited. 2 CA 153. Corporation formed to aid injured, distressed and mistreated horses is a charitable organization that uses its property exclusively for charitable purposes and qualified for exemption because care and protection of such horses is a charitable purpose, organization aids horses regardless of their owners' ability to pay for services, no officer or employee receives a profit from operation of the organization and its president did not receive anything other than reasonable compensation for her services by giving riding lessons for her personal income, all money generated from horse boarding is used for charitable purposes and the majority of the organization's income was derived from donations, grants and fund raisers. 57 CA 41. Charitable organizations shall pay local property taxes unless property is used exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes; the determination is governed by the specific facts in the individual case. 83 CA 124.

      When exemption is lost for late filing. 4 CS 290. Cited. Id., 459. Property purchased for ultimate charitable use but not yet so devoted, not exempt. 6 CS 250. If college has no endowment and students pay for their education, no exemption. 8 CS 120. Institution, whose charter does not preclude the possibility of the net earnings accruing to individual members, not exempt. 12 CS 292. Cited. 13 CS 372. Cited. 14 CS 444. Cited. 17 CS 178. Subsection limited to Connecticut corporations. Claim by Massachusetts corporation that this limitation is unconstitutional is not a claim under this section. 32 CS 140. Monthly payment made by inmate or Department of Correction to halfway house is not rent, but is in furtherance of charitable purpose of providing inmates transition into society. 47 CS 520. Caretaker's services furthered nonprofit corporation's charitable and educational purposes so as to qualify for a tax exemption where corporation owned a seasonal camp with cottage and had a caretaker live there year-round rent free in exchange for his services. Id., 550. Under this Subdiv., land preservation is a charitable use qualifying property for tax exemption as long as it is coupled with some minimal educational or other charitable activity on or near the property location. 50 CS 532.

      Subdiv. (8):

      Cited. 169 C. 454.

      Date of exemption period fixed not at date of gift but at date it is "invested and held for the use of" the donee. 4 CS 415. Quonset huts devoted to the housing of married veterans enrolled in Yale not taxable. 17 CS 183. Subdivision limited to named institutions. Claim by Massachusetts educational corporation that this limitation is unconstitutional is not a claim under this section. 32 CS 140.

      Subdiv. (10):

      Property of joint-stock agricultural societies is within the exemption. 88 C. 628.

      Subdiv. (11):

      Cited. 168 C. 447.

      Subdiv. (12):

      Grant to ecclesiastical society expressly, without condition, is not within statute as a grant for religious or charitable purposes. 21 C. 481. Word "use" means income. 59 C. 166; 66 C. 482. Unitarian retreat held not exempt under Subdiv. (12) or (14). 125 C. 52.

      Cited. 39 CS 142.

      Subdiv. (13):

      Statute of 1702 exempting lands given for the ministry for public or charitable uses not a contract; but, if otherwise, a lease for 999 years without reserving rent is a violation of the contract. 36 C. 116. Building earnings money applicable to secular uses not exempt as a church. 54 C. 153. Cited. 138 C. 350. History of tax exemption for church property in state discussed. 147 C. 374. To qualify as house of religious worship for tax exemption, buildings must maintain "essential characteristics of churches" as defined in Masonic Building Assn. of Stamford, Connecticut, Inc. v. Stamford, 119 C. 53; trial court improperly denied tax exemption for nonprofit skilled nursing facility's chapel where facility's organizational structure and purpose as revealed in its corporate charter, bylaws and mission statement qualified facility as religious organization organized for charitable purpose of providing long-term health care to the elderly. 290 C. 695.

      Occasional meetings at a caretaker's cottage, which had a library and was used for gatherings, study and education, at the caretakers' convenience, does not make a home a house of religious worship. 100 CA 262.

      Subdiv. (14):

      Lands given for use of the ministry taxable against lessee for 999 years where lease stipulated he should pay the taxes assessed. 14 C. 228. Land of camp meeting association conveyed by lease forfeitable may be taxed against lessee. 54 C. 153. Property of ecclesiastical society must be exclusively used for its purposes to be exempt. 61 C. 228; 66 C. 368, 476. Unitarian retreat held not exempt under Subdiv. (12) or (14). 125 C. 52. Does not, by inference, exclude tax exemption for nonprofit camp without religious purposes under Subdiv. (7) of this section. 147 C. 510. See Subdiv. (49).

      Subdiv. (16):

      Buildings used for rest-house, at which board is paid, held not exempt. 90 C. 504. History of statute; hospital not receiving support from state may not obtain exemption under Subdiv. (7) or (16). 133 C. 273. Burden is on party claiming exemption to file report to establish its right. 158 C. 138. Hospital properties owned or in trust used for hospital purposes are tax-exempt. 160 C. 370.

      Subdiv. (18):

      Subdivs. (18) to (23). Limited tax exemptions to veterans or their dependents, resident in this state, but who were not resident in this state at the time of enlistment or induction, are within meaning of statutes. 135 C. 210.

      Subdiv. (19):

      See note to Subdiv. (18) supra. Cited. 135 C. 231.

      Subdiv. (20):

      Statute is valid although veterans not resident of state at time of enlistment or induction. Grant of limited exemption held valid. 135 C. 210.

      History discussed; loss of a leg or arm or the equivalent of such a loss entitles a serviceman to the maximum exemption regardless of what disability rating he may have been given by the veterans administration. 24 CS 147.

      Subdiv. (21):

      See note to Subdiv. (18) supra.

      Subdiv. (22):

      See note to Subdiv. (18) supra.

      Subdiv. (23):

      See note to Subdiv. (18) supra.

      Subdiv. (32):

      Library and books of a private law firm held exempt from municipal taxation under this section. 31 CS 359.

      Subdiv. (39):

      One who grows hay on shares held to be producer of farm crops. 79 C. 295. Definition of "farm" is specific to this statute and not expressive of general legislative intent. 160 C. 71.

      Prior to the enactment of Subdiv. (44), nursery stock was not exempt from taxation under this subdivision. 6 CS 249.

      Subdiv. (44):

      Definition of "nursery" is specific to this statute and not expressive of general legislative intent. 160 C. 71.

      History of enactment. 6 CS 249.

      Subdiv. (49):

      See notes to Subdivs. (7), (14).

      Subdiv. (52):

      Cited. 179 C. 111.

      Subdiv. (54):

      Rental equipment in stock qualifies for exemption. 212 C. 167.

      Subdiv. (72):

      Trial court properly determined that plaintiff business organization did not qualify for tax exemption because ownership transfer was to a business organization that was related to and affiliated with seller. Court looked to common meaning of "affiliate", "control" and "related". Subsequent amendment added definitions for "related business" and "control". 268 C. 222.


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      Sec. 12-81a. Property subject to tax exemption. Liability of purchaser. (a) The purchaser, his heirs, successors or assigns, of any property which, on the assessment date prior to such sale, was tax-exempt to any extent in accordance with the provisions of section 12-81 or with respect to which taxes for the current tax year were abated to any extent in accordance with the provisions of chapter 204, shall be liable for the payment of municipal taxes on that portion of such property which was so exempt or with respect to which taxes were so abated, from the date on which the conveyance is placed on the land records of the town in which such property is situated, as provided in subsection (b) of this section, including a prorated share of taxes for the tax year in which the transfer took place. Such liability shall attach to the property as a charge thereon.

      (b) Such purchaser shall place the deed or other instrument by which such property was conveyed on the land records of the town in which it is situated within ten days after such instrument is delivered to him and, in addition, shall within the same period notify, in writing, the assessor of the town of the transfer; provided, if the purchaser fails so to record the deed or instrument, such failure shall waive rights of appeal as provided hereinafter and shall subject the purchaser to a ten per cent surtax.

      (c) Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, not later than fifteen days after receipt by the assessor of such notice of purchase, the assessor shall add such property or the exempt portion thereof, to the taxable grand list of the town in the name of the purchaser at its normal full assessment value, subject to any exemption for which such purchaser may be eligible in accordance with the provisions of section 12-81, prorated from the date of transfer to the next assessment date, and shall not later than five days thereafter notify the purchaser and the tax collector of the town of the assessment so placed upon the property.

      (d) The purchaser may appeal the doings of the assessor to the board of assessment appeals and the Superior Court as otherwise provided in this chapter; provided such appeal shall be extended in time to the next succeeding board of assessment appeals, if the statutory period for the meeting of such board has passed.

      (e) Upon receipt of such notice from the assessor, the tax collector of the town shall, if such notice is received after the normal billing date, within ten days thereafter mail or hand a bill to the purchaser based upon an amount prorated by the assessor. Such tax shall be due and payable and collectible as other municipal taxes and subject to the same liens and processes of collection; provided such tax shall be due and payable in an initial or single installment due and payable not sooner than thirty days after the date such bill is mailed or handed to the purchaser, and in any remaining, regular installments, as the same are due and payable, and the several installments of a tax so due and payable shall be equal.

      (f) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any purchaser the property of which is exempt from taxation.

      (1963, P.A. 352; 1967, P.A. 649; 1969, P.A. 382, S. 1, 2; P.A. 75-515, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-436, S. 301, 681; P.A. 95-283, S. 39, 68.)

      History: 1967 act essentially replaced former provisions; 1969 act made technical correction in Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (f); P.A. 75-515 clarified meaning of tax-exempt in Subsec. (a), included tax abatements and clarified that new exemptions may apply for purchaser in Subsec. (c); P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas in Subsec. (d) and made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (d) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

      "Tax year" means assessment year. Section discussed. 164 C. 178.

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      Sec. 12-81b. Establishment by ordinance of effective date for exemption of property acquired by certain institutions. Any municipality may, by ordinance, provide that the property tax exemption authorized by any of subdivisions (7) to (16), inclusive, (18), (27) and (29) of section 12-81 shall be effective as of the date of acquisition of the property to which the exemption applies and shall, in such ordinance, provide procedure for reimbursement of the tax-exempt organization for any tax paid by it for a period subsequent to said date and for any tax paid by the prior owner for a period subsequent to said date for which such organization reimbursed such owner on the transfer of title to such property.

      (1967, P.A. 311; P.A. 08-185, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 08-185 added Sec. 12-81 (18), (27) and (29) to list of property tax exemptions for which municipality may set effective date, effective June 12, 2008, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2007.

      Interpretation of when exemption provided for in statute takes effect with discussion of parameters of the exemption. Majority and dissenting opinion. 67 CA 505.

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      Sec. 12-81c. Municipal option to exempt certain motor vehicles. The legislative body of any municipality may, by ordinance, exempt from personal property taxation (1) any ambulance-type motor vehicle which is used exclusively for the purpose of transporting any medically incapacitated individual, except any such vehicle used to transport any such individual for profit, (2) any property owned by a nonprofit ambulance company, and (3) any motor vehicle owned by a person with disabilities, or owned by the parent or guardian of such person, which vehicle is equipped for purposes of adapting its use to the disability of such person, provided the legislative body of the municipality adopts a definition of such vehicle.

      (P.A. 75-607, S. 2; P.A. 94-208; P.A. 98-125, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-214.)

      History: P.A. 94-208 applied exemption to property owned by a nonprofit ambulance company; P.A. 98-125 added Subdiv. (3) re vehicle owned by a person with disabilities which was adapted for use by the disabled person, effective May 27, 1998, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1998; P.A. 00-214 amended Subdiv. (3) to allow an exemption for vehicles owned by parents or guardians of persons with disabilities and deleted a provision limiting the kind of equipment which qualifies under that subdivision.

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      Sec. 12-81d. Notification of tax collector of exempt status of property. When any town receives by purchase, conveyance, gift or otherwise any property that would be exempt from property taxation under subdivision (4) of section 12-81, the chief executive officer of such town shall notify the tax collector of such town of the receipt of such property. Upon such notification the tax collector shall declare such property exempt from said taxation and shall not levy any property tax against the town for such property.

      (P.A. 77-407.)

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      Sec. 12-81e. Exemption for certain vans used to transport employees to and from work. Any van owned by (1) an employer in the state, (2) a regional ride-sharing organization in the state recognized by the Commissioner of Transportation, or (3) a dealer providing vans under lease to such employer or such regional ride-sharing organization, which is used for the transportation of employees to and from a place of employment in the state shall be exempt from the assessment for property taxes permitted and required under this chapter.

      (P.A. 79-542, S. 2; P.A. 82-449, S. 2, 5.)

      History: P.A. 82-449 broadened the exemption to include vans owned by certain ride-sharing organizations and dealers who lease vans to employers or ride-sharing organizations, effective July 1, 1982 and applicable to assessment year commencing October 1, 1982, and each assessment year thereafter.

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      Sec. 12-81f. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for veterans or spouses eligible for exemption under section 12-81. (a) Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide that any veteran entitled to an exemption from property tax in accordance with subdivision (19) of section 12-81 shall be entitled to an additional exemption, provided such veteran's qualifying income does not exceed (1) the applicable maximum amount as provided under section 12-81l, or (2) an amount established by the municipality, not exceeding the maximum amount under said section 12-81l by more than twenty-five thousand dollars. The exemption provided for under this subsection shall be applied to the assessed value of an eligible veteran's property and, at the option of the municipality, may be an amount up to ten thousand dollars or an amount up to ten per cent of such assessed value.

      (b) Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide that any veteran's surviving spouse entitled to an exemption from property tax in accordance with subdivision (22) of section 12-81 shall be entitled to an additional exemption, provided such surviving spouse's qualifying income does not exceed (1) the maximum amount applicable to an unmarried person as provided under section 12-81l, or (2) an amount established by the municipality, not exceeding the maximum amount under said section 12-81l by more than twenty-five thousand dollars. The exemption provided for under this subsection shall be applied to the assessed value of an eligible surviving spouse's property and, at the municipality's option, may be in an amount up to ten thousand dollars or in an amount up to ten per cent of such assessed value.

      (c) Any such veteran or spouse submitting a claim for such additional exemption shall be required to file an application on a form prepared for such purpose by the assessor, not later than the assessment date with respect to which such additional exemption is claimed, provided when an applicant has filed for such exemption and received approval for the first time, such applicant shall be required to file for such exemption biennially thereafter, subject to the provisions of subsection (d) of this section. Each such application shall include a copy of such veteran's or spouse's federal income tax return, or in the event such a return is not filed such evidence related to income as may be required by the assessor, for the tax year of such veteran or spouse ending immediately prior to the assessment date with respect to which such additional exemption is claimed.

      (d) Any person who has submitted an application and been approved in any year for the additional exemption under subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall, in the year immediately following approval, be presumed to be qualified for such exemption. During the year immediately following such approval, the assessor shall notify, in writing, each person presumed to be qualified pursuant to this subsection. If any such person has qualifying income in excess of the maximum allowed under said subsection (a) or (b), such person shall notify the assessor on or before the next filing date for such exemption and shall be denied such exemption for the assessment year immediately following and for any subsequent year until such person has reapplied and again qualified for such exemption. Any person who fails to notify the assessor of such disqualification shall make payment to the municipality in the amount of property tax loss related to the exemption improperly taken.

      (P.A. 82-318, S. 1, 3; P.A. 83-361, S. 2, 3; P.A. 84-486, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-432, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-404, S. 2, 11; P.A. 91-400, S. 1, 5; P.A. 02-137, S. 11; P.A. 03-44, S. 1; P.A. 04-257, S. 19.)

      History: P.A. 82-318 effective June 9, 1982, and applicable to assessment years in municipalities commencing October 1, 1982, and thereafter; P.A. 83-361 increased the allowable income from $12,000 to $14,000 for a married veteran and from $10,000 to $12,000 for an unmarried veteran and deleted requirement that application be filed not later than 60 days before assessment date with respect to which exemption is claimed, allowing filing not later than such assessment date, effective July 1, 1983, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 84-486 inserted new Subsec. (b) allowing exemption at municipal option for surviving spouse of veteran, relettering and amending former Subsec. (b) accordingly, effective July 1, 1984, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1984, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-432 amended Subsec. (a) to clarify that the exemption from property tax at local option for property of veterans is an exemption of value up to $1,000 and not a reduction in tax to that amount; P.A. 87-404 deleted the specific description of qualifying income requirements and substituted in lieu thereof a reference to Sec. 12-81l as containing the qualifying income requirements, effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 91-400 amended Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) to provide for biennial reapplication, effective October 1, 1991, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after that date; P.A. 02-137 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to increase additional exemption amount from $1,000 to $10,000, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-44 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add provisions re qualifying income amount established by municipality and re municipal option for amount of exemption and make conforming changes, effective July 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2003; P.A. 04-257 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective June 14, 2004.

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      Sec. 12-81g. Additional exemption from property tax for veterans. State reimbursement for related tax loss. (a) Additional exemption commencing 1985 assessment year with maximum income requirements. Effective for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter, any person entitled to an exemption from property tax in accordance with subdivision (19), (20), (21), (22), (23), (24), (25) or (26) of section 12-81, reflecting any increase made pursuant to the provisions of section 12-62g, shall be entitled to an additional exemption from such tax in an amount equal to twice the amount of the exemption provided for such person pursuant to any such subdivision, provided such person's qualifying income does not exceed the applicable maximum amount as provided under section 12-81l, except that if such person has a disability rating of one hundred per cent as determined by the Veterans' Administration of the United States, the total of such adjusted gross income, individually, if unmarried, or jointly, if married, in the calendar year ending immediately preceding the assessment date with respect to which such additional exemption is allowed, is not more than twenty-one thousand dollars if such person is married or not more than eighteen thousand dollars if such person is not married. Any claimant who, for the purpose of obtaining an exemption under this section, wilfully fails to disclose all matters related thereto or with intent to defraud makes any false statement shall forfeit the right to claim such additional veteran's exemption.

      (b) Additional exemption commencing 1986 assessment year for veterans not eligible under subsection (a). Effective for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter, any person entitled to an exemption from property tax in accordance with subdivision (19), (20), (21), (22), (23), (24), (25) or (26) of section 12-81, reflecting any increase made pursuant to the provisions of section 12-62g, and who is not receiving or is not eligible to receive the additional exemption under subsection (a) of this section, shall be entitled to an additional exemption from such tax in an amount equal to one-half of the amount of the exemption provided for such person pursuant to any such subdivision.

      (c) State reimbursement for tax loss related to subsection (a). The state shall reimburse each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough by the last day of each calendar year in which exemptions were granted to the extent of the revenue loss represented by the additional exemptions provided for in subsection (a) of this section. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall review each claim for such revenue loss as provided in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary's review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b. In the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2003, and in each fiscal year thereafter, the amount payable to each municipality in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total amount payable to all municipalities exceeds the amount appropriated.

      (d) Regulations related to determination of eligibility under subsection (a), biennial application for exemption and application to the state for reimbursement. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing: (1) A procedure under which a municipality shall determine eligibility for the additional exemption under subsection (a) of this section, provided such procedure shall include a provision that when an applicant has filed for such exemption and received approval for the first time, such applicant shall be required to file for such exemption biennially thereafter, subject to the provisions of subsection (e) of this section; (2) the manner in which a municipality shall apply for reimbursement from the state for the revenue loss represented by the additional exemptions provided for in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, which shall provide a penalty for late filing of such application for reimbursement of two hundred fifty dollars but shall also provide that the secretary may waive such forfeiture in accordance with procedures and standards contained in such regulations; and (3) the manner in which the Office of Policy and Management may audit and make adjustments to applications for reimbursement from municipalities for a period of not more than one year next succeeding the deadline for such application.

      (e) Qualification requirements in year when application is not submitted. Any person who has submitted application and been approved in any year for the additional exemption under subsection (a) of this section shall, in the year immediately following approval, be presumed to be qualified for such exemption. If, in the year immediately following approval, such person has qualifying income in excess of the maximum allowed under said subsection (a), such person shall notify the tax assessor in the town allowing the additional exemption on or before the next filing date for such exemption and shall be denied such exemption for the assessment year immediately following and for any subsequent year until such person has reapplied and again qualified for such exemption. Any person who fails to notify the tax assessor of such disqualification shall make payment to the town in the amount of property tax loss related to the exemption improperly taken. Not more than thirty days after discovering such person's ineligibility for the exemption, the assessor shall send written notification of such person's identity to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. If any payment was remitted under subsection (c) of this section with respect to a period for which such person was not eligible for the exemption, the amount of the next payment made to the town shall be reduced by the amount of payment made erroneously.

      (P.A. 85-573, S. 2, 18; P.A. 86-133, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-115, S. 6, 8; 87-404, S. 3, 6, 11; P.A. 88-120, S. 1, 2; 88-230, S. 1, 12; 88-342, S. 1, 4; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 14, 68; P.A. 96-261, S. 3, 4; P.A. 99-89, S. 2, 10; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 47, 85; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 59.)

      History: P.A. 86-133 added Subsec. (d)(3) re audit of applications for reimbursement from municipalities; P.A. 87-115 amended Subsec. (d) to require regulations providing a penalty for late filing of the application for reimbursement and providing that the secretary of policy and management may waive such forfeiture in accordance with procedures and standards in the regulations; P.A. 87-404 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting the specific description of qualifying income requirements and substituted in lieu thereof a reference to Sec. 12-81l as containing the qualifying income requirements, effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter and added Subsec. (e) providing an appeals procedure in the event of denial of application for the additional exemption from property tax for veterans, effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to appeals in any municipality in the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 88-120 provided in Subsec. (d) that a veteran eligible for the additional exemption under Subsec. (a) of this section shall be required to file biennially after initial qualification and added Subsec. (f) concerning notice to the assessor when income exceeds the qualifying maximum in the year immediately following a year in which filing occurs; P.A. 88-342 substituted town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough for municipality in Subsec. (c), effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 95-283 changed location of appeal from the judicial district in which the application is filed to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain, effective October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 96-261 repealed changes made by P.A. 95-283, effective June 10, 1996; P.A. 99-89 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add reference to increase made pursuant to Sec. 12-62g and amended Subsec. (f) to add provision re notice by the assessor of discovery of ineligibility of a veteran, effective June 3, 1999; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for forfeiture of the additional exemption in case of failure to disclose related matters or false statement, made technical changes in Subsec. (b), (c), and (d), and provide for review by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management of claims of loss and a right to appeal such review in Subsec. (c), and deleted former Subsec. (e) re appeal of decision re exemption , redesignating former Subsec. (f) as Subsec. (e), effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (c) to delete provision re reimbursement for revenue loss under Subsec. (b) and to provide for reduction in reimbursement for fiscal years commencing July 1, 2003, and thereafter in the event total amount payable exceeds the amount appropriated, effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002.

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      Sec. 12-81h. Municipal option to allow exemption applicable to assessed value of a motor vehicle specially equipped for disabled veteran eligible for exemption under section 12-81 related to disability. Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may allow an exemption from property tax to be determined as a uniform percentage of the assessed value of any one motor vehicle owned by any veteran with a condition of disability enabling such veteran to qualify for the exemption from property tax currently allowed under subdivision (20) or subdivision (21) of section 12-81, provided such motor vehicle must be specially equipped for purposes of adapting its use to the disability of such veteran.

      (P.A. 85-432, S. 2, 3.)

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      Sec. 12-81i. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for persons totally disabled and eligible for exemption under section 12-81. (a) Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide that any person entitled to the exemption from property tax applicable to the assessed value of property up to the amount of one thousand dollars, as provided under subdivision (55) of section 12-81, shall be entitled to an additional exemption from such tax in an amount up to one thousand dollars of such assessed value, provided such person's qualifying income does not exceed the applicable maximum amount as provided under section 12-81l.

      (b) Any person submitting a claim for the additional exemption as provided under subsection (a) of this section shall be required to file an application, on a form prepared for such purpose by the assessor, not later than the date of the assessment list with respect to which such additional exemption is claimed. Each such application shall include a copy of such person's federal income tax return, or in the event a return is not filed, such evidence related to income as may be required by the assessor for the tax year of such person ending immediately prior to the approval of a claim for such additional exemption.

      (P.A. 85-294, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-404, S. 4, 11.)

      History: P.A. 85-294 effective June 4, 1985, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1985, and thereafter; P.A. 87-404 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting the specific description of qualifying income requirements and substituted in lieu thereof a reference to Sec. 12-81l as containing the qualifying income requirements, effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter.

      See Sec. 12-94a re state reimbursement for loss of tax revenue from totally disabled persons.

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      Sec. 12-81j. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for blind persons eligible for exemption under section 12-81. (a) Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide that any person entitled to the exemption from property tax applicable to the assessed value of property up to the amount of three thousand dollars, as provided under subdivision (17) of section 12-81, shall be entitled to an additional exemption from such tax in an amount up to two thousand dollars of such assessed value, provided such person's qualifying income does not exceed the applicable maximum amount as provided under section 12-81l.

      (b) Any person submitting a claim for the additional exemption as provided under subsection (a) of this section shall be required to file an application, on a form prepared for such purpose by the assessor, not later than the date of the assessment list with respect to which such additional exemption is claimed. Each such application shall include a copy of such person's federal income tax return, or in the event a return is not filed, such evidence related to income as may be required by the assessor for the tax year of such person ending immediately prior to the approval of a claim for such additional exemption.

      (P.A. 85-165, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-404, S. 5, 11.)

      History: P.A. 85-165 effective May 13, 1985, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-404 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting the specific description of qualifying income requirements and substituted in lieu thereof a reference to Sec. 12-81l as containing the qualifying income requirements, effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter.

      See Sec. 12-92 re filing of proof of blindness.

      See Sec. 12-94 re filing for exemption, preparation of list of persons found by the assessors to be entitled to exemption, and furnishing of additional evidence of eligibility.


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      Sec. 12-81k. Extension of time to file application for exemption under subdivisions (59), (60), (70), (72) and (74) of section 12-81. Whenever any person claiming the exemption from property tax under the provisions of subdivisions (59), (60), (70), (72) and (74) of section 12-81 has failed to file a claim with the assessor or board of assessors as required in said subdivisions, the assessor or board of assessors, upon receipt of a request from such person, may allow an extension of time until the fifteenth day of December for the filing of such claim, provided whenever an extension of time is so allowed, such person shall be required to pay a fee for late filing to the municipality in which the property, with respect to which such claim is submitted, is situated, unless such fee is waived by the assessor or board of assessors. Said fee shall be calculated as follows: If the assessed value of the property with respect to which such claim is submitted is one hundred thousand dollars or less, said fee shall be fifty dollars; if the assessed value of the property with respect to which such claim is submitted is greater than one hundred thousand dollars but less than two hundred fifty thousand dollars, said fee shall be one hundred fifty dollars; if the assessed value of the property with respect to which such claim is submitted is equal to or greater than two hundred fifty thousand dollars but less than five hundred thousand dollars, said fee shall be two hundred fifty dollars; if the assessed value of the property with respect to which such claim is submitted is equal to or greater than five hundred thousand dollars, said fee shall be five hundred dollars. If any person is granted an extension of the November first date for filing a tax list in accordance with section 12-42, the date by which he shall be required to claim an exemption under subdivision (59), (60), (70), (72) or (74) of section 12-81 shall be automatically extended to the fifteenth day of December and such person shall not be required to request an extension of the filing date for such claim.

      (P.A. 87-240, S. 1, 4; P.A. 88-287, S. 3, 5; 88-364, S. 18, 123; P.A. 90-270, S. 32, 38; P.A. 95-307, S. 4, 14; P.A. 96-265, S. 2, 5; P.A. 97-244, S. 8, 13.)

      History: P.A. 87-240 effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 88-287 added reference to Sec. 12-81(69), effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1988; P.A. 88-364 made technical changes; P.A. 90-270 added provisions re exemptions under Sec. 12-81(72); P.A. 95-307 reduced the time for filing an extension from 60 to 30 days and eliminated obsolete references to the 1986 assessment year, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-265 added reference to Sec. 12-81(74), effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date; P.A. 97-244 transferred authority to grant extensions for property tax exemptions from the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to tax assessors, deleted requirement of written requests, provided for extensions until December 15, rather than 30 days after the filing deadline and authorized assessors to waive the filing fee, effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 12-81l. Uniform income requirements for exemptions from property tax under sections 12-81f, 12-81g, 12-81i and 12-81j. Whenever used in sections 12-81f, 12-81g, 12-81i and 12-81j, "qualifying income" means, with respect to any person making application for exemption from property tax as provided under any of said sections, such person's total adjusted gross income as determined for purposes of the federal income tax plus any other income not included in such adjusted gross income, individually if unmarried, or jointly with spouse if married, during the calendar year ending immediately preceding the filing of a claim for any such exemption, but does not include veterans' disability payments. For purposes of determining eligibility for any of such exemptions, such qualifying income may not exceed fourteen thousand dollars, if unmarried, or sixteen thousand dollars, jointly with spouse, if married, provided in no event shall such maximum amounts of qualifying income with respect to any such person be less than the maximum amount of such qualifying income in the case of a married or unmarried person, whichever is applicable, under subsection (b) of section 12-170aa, and in the event that such maximum qualifying income under this section is less than the comparable amount under said subsection (b) of section 12-170aa for any assessment year, such amount under this section shall be made equivalent to that under said subsection (b) of section 12-170aa for purposes of determining eligibility under this section for such assessment year.

      (P.A. 87-404, S. 1, 11; P.A. 06-153, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 87-404, S. 1 effective June 26, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 06-153 redefined "qualifying income" to exclude veterans' disability payments.

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      Sec. 12-81m. Municipal option to abate up to fifty per cent of property taxes of dairy farm, fruit orchard, vegetable, nursery, nontraditional or tobacco farm or commercial lobstering business operated on maritime heritage land. A municipality may, by vote of its legislative body or, in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, and by vote of its board of finance, abate up to fifty per cent of the property taxes of any of the following properties provided such property is maintained as a business: (1) Dairy farm, (2) fruit orchard, including a vineyard for the growing of grapes for wine, (3) vegetable farm, (4) nursery farm, (5) any farm which employs nontraditional farming methods, including, but not limited to, hydroponic farming, (6) tobacco farms, or (7) commercial lobstering businesses operated on maritime heritage land, as defined in section 12-107b. Such a municipality may also establish a recapture in the event of sale provided such recapture shall not exceed the original amount of taxes abated and may not go back further than ten years. For purposes of this section, the municipality may include in the abatement for such fruit orchard any building for seasonal residential use by workers in such orchard which is adjacent to the fruit orchard itself, but shall not include any residence of the person receiving such abatement.

      (P.A. 90-270, S. 35, 38; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 42, 59; P.A. 93-254, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-201, S. 6, 7; P.A. 07-127, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 90-270, S. 35 effective June 8, 1990, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1990; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 included fruit orchards; P.A. 93-254 included vineyards used for growing wine grapes and permitted municipality to include seasonal residential buildings in the fruit orchard abatement, effective June 23, 1993, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1993; P.A. 94-201 added Subdivs. (3) to (6), inclusive, re vegetable farms, nursery farms, nontraditional farms and tobacco farmers, effective July 1, 1994 (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (6) the word "farmers" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "farms" for grammatical correctness and consistency); P.A. 07-127 added Subdiv. (7) re commercial lobstering business operated on maritime heritage land, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 12-81n. Municipal option to provide additional exemption for businesses offering child day care services to residents. Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide an exemption from property tax of property subject to taxation under chapter 208 of a business which offers child day care services to residents of the municipality, provided such business is not regularly engaged in the construction or operation of child day care facilities. Such exemption shall be in the amount of (1) up to one hundred per cent of the assessed value of the property of the business used in providing day care services; and (2) up to ten per cent of the balance of the assessed value of the property of the business.

      (P.A. 90-298, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 12-81o. Municipal option to abate property taxes on certain food manufacturing plants. Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body or in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen, abate the property taxes due for any tax year or the interest on delinquent taxes with respect to any food manufacturing plant situated on not less than one hundred acres and served by a regional sewer system whose treatment facility is in an adjacent town.

      (P.A. 94-145, S. 2, 4.)

      History: P.A. 94-145 effective May 25, 1994, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1991.

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      Sec. 12-81p. Municipal option to abate property taxes on amusement theme parks. Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body or in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen, abate the property taxes due for any tax year or the interest on delinquent taxes with respect to any amusement theme park which consists of at least two hundred acres and which has been in operation for not less than one hundred years and has been determined to be historic.

      (P.A. 94-145, S. 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 94-145 effective May 25, 1994, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1988.

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      Sec. 12-81q. Municipal option to abate property taxes on infrastructure of certain water companies. Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body or in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen, abate for a period of up to ten years all or a portion of the property taxes due on and after July 1, 1997, for property owned by an entity that has acquired a water company pursuant to the provisions of section 16-262o. The acquiring entity shall only be entitled to an abatement for those costs incurred by such entity to make improvements on the infrastructure and related property of the acquired water company, when such improvements were ordered by the Department of Public Utility Control or the Department of Public Health and necessary in order for the entity to provide continuous, adequate water service.

      (P.A. 97-275, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 97-275 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 12-81r. Municipal option to abate or forgive taxes or fix assessment on contaminated real property. (a) Any municipality may (1) enter into an agreement with the owner of any real property to abate the property tax due as of the date of the agreement for a period not to exceed seven years if the property has been subject to a spill, as defined in section 22a-452c, and the owner agrees to conduct any environmental site assessment, demolition and remediation of the spill necessary to redevelop the property. Any such tax abatement shall only be for the period of remediation and redevelopment and shall be contingent upon the continuation and completion of the remediation and redevelopment process with respect to the purposes specified in the agreement. The abatement shall cease upon the sale or transfer of the property for any other purpose unless the municipality consents to its continuation. The municipality may also establish a recapture provision in the event of sale provided such recapture shall not exceed the original amount of taxes abated and may not go back further than the date of the agreement; (2) forgive all or a portion of the principal balance and interest due on delinquent property taxes for the benefit of any prospective purchaser who has obtained an environmental investigation or remediation plan approved by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection or a licensed environmental professional under section 22a-133w, 22a-133x or 22a-133y and completes such remediation plan for an establishment, as defined in section 22a-134, deemed by the municipality to be abandoned or a brownfield, as defined in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 32-9kk; or (3) enter into an agreement with the owner of any real property to fix the assessment of the property as of the last assessment date prior to commencement of remediation activities for a period not to exceed seven years, provided the property has been the subject of a remediation approved by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection or verified by a licensed environmental professional pursuant to section 22a-133w, 22a-133x, 22a-133y or 22a-134.

      (b) Any abatement or forgiveness of taxes or fixed assessment or any combination thereof under subsection (a) of this section shall be approved by vote of the board of finance, if applicable, and the legislative body of the municipality, or by vote of the board of finance, if applicable, and the board of selectmen in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting and contingent upon any other conditions deemed appropriate by such body.

      (c) A municipality shall notify the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management not later than thirty days after granting any abatement or forgiveness of taxes or any fixed assessment under subsection (a) of this section. Such notice shall provide the owner or purchaser's name, as the case may be, and the address of the property.

      (P.A. 97-109, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-253, S. 1; P.A. 05-288, S. 51; P.A. 10-135, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 97-109 effective June 6, 1997, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1997; P.A. 98-253 entirely replaced previous provisions re property tax abatement on environmentally impacted sites with new Subsecs. (a) to (c), inclusive, adding provision in new Subsec. (a) re forgiveness of taxes, and provisions of new Subsec. (c) re notification of state officials; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 10-135 amended Subsec. (a) to include provision re brownfield in Subdiv. (2) and add Subdiv. (3) re fixed assessment and amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to include provisions re fixed assessment, effective July 1, 2010, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 12-81s. Municipal option to exempt commercial fishing apparatus. Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide an exemption from property tax of commercial fishing apparatus which is subject to taxation under chapter 208, provided the commercial fishing apparatus has a value of more than five hundred dollars.

      (P.A. 98-262, S. 18, 22.)

      History: P.A. 98-262 effective June 8, 1998, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 12-81t. Municipal option to abate property taxes on information technology personal property. Any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body or, in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, abate up to one hundred per cent of the property taxes due for any tax year with respect to information technology personal property.

      (P.A. 98-242, S. 6, 9.)

      History: P.A. 98-242 effective June 8, 1998, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 12-81u. Municipal option to abate property taxes on property of certain communications establishments. Any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body or, in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, abate up to one hundred per cent of the property taxes due for any tax year with respect to real or personal property of any communications establishment included in major group 48, in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition.

      (P.A. 98-242, S. 7, 9.)

      History: P.A. 98-242 effective June 8, 1998, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 12-81v. Municipal option to abate taxes on property of electric cooperatives. Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body or in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen, abate the property taxes due for any tax year with respect to any property of an electric cooperative organized pursuant to chapter 597 that is operating within the boundaries of the municipality.

      (P.A. 98-28, S. 76, 117.)

      History: P.A. 98-28 effective July 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 12-81w. Municipal option to abate or exempt a portion of property taxes of local firefighters and certain emergency and civil preparedness personnel. The legislative body of any municipality may establish, by ordinance, a program to provide property tax relief for the nonsalaried local director of civil preparedness and for individuals who volunteer their services as a firefighter, emergency medical technician, paramedic, civil preparedness staff, an active member of a volunteer canine search and rescue team, as defined in section 5-249, or ambulance driver in the municipality. Such tax relief may provide either (1) an abatement of up to one thousand dollars in property taxes due for any fiscal year, or (2) an exemption applicable to the assessed value of real or personal property up to an amount equal to the quotient of one million dollars divided by the mill rate, in effect at the time of assessment, expressed as a whole number of dollars per one thousand dollars of assessed value. Any ordinance may authorize interlocal agreements for the purpose of providing property tax relief to such volunteers who live in one municipality but volunteer their services in another municipality.

      (P.A. 99-272, S. 6, 7; P.A. 00-120, S. 10, 13; P.A. 01-187, S. 21, 25; P.A. 04-241, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 99-272 effective June 15, 1999, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-120 made nonsalaried local directors of civil preparedness eligible and authorized municipalities to establish a property tax exemption in lieu of an abatement, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 1999; P.A. 01-187 provided for tax relief for civil preparedness staff volunteers, effective October 1, 2001, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2001; P.A. 04-241 provided for tax relief for active members of volunteer canine search and rescue teams.

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      Sec. 12-81x. Municipal option to abate taxes of surviving spouse of police officers or firefighters. The legislative body of any municipality may establish, by ordinance, a program to abate all or a portion of the property taxes due with respect to real property owned and occupied as the principal residence of the surviving spouse of a police officer or firefighter who dies while in the performance of such officer's or firefighter's duties.

      (P.A. 00-215, S. 10, 11.)

      History: P.A. 00-215 effective June 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 12-81y. Municipal option to abate property taxes on school buses. Any municipality, by vote of its legislative body or, in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, may abate up to one hundred per cent of the property taxes due, for any assessment year commencing on or after October 1, 2001, with respect to a new school bus, as defined in section 14-275.

      (P.A. 00-192, S. 50, 102.)

      History: P.A. 00-192 effective July 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 12-81z. Municipal option to abate taxes on property of nonstock corporation providing citizenship classes. Any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body or, in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, abate up to one hundred per cent of the property taxes due for any tax year with respect to real or personal property of any nonstock corporation which provides classes on United States citizenship, provided no officer, director or member of such corporation receives, in any year for which such abatement is effective, any pecuniary profit or any distribution of profits from the operations of such corporation, except reasonable compensation for expenses or for services in effecting the purposes of such classes.

      (P.A. 00-130, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 00-130 effective October 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 12-81aa. Municipal option to abate taxes for urban and industrial reinvestment sites. (a) If the real property of an "eligible industrial site investment project" or an "eligible urban reinvestment project", each as defined in section 32-9t, which has received written approval from the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for a credit under section 32-9t, does not otherwise qualify for abatement or exemption of property taxes under any other provision of the general statutes, the municipality in which such project is located may, for a period of five assessment years following the certification of the project under section 32-9t, abate fifty per cent of the portion of the property tax due that is attributable to the increased value of such property as a result of the approved remediation, construction or other development under section 32-9t. The abatement shall cease upon the sale or transfer of the property for any other purpose unless the municipality consents to its continuation. The municipality may also establish a recapture provision in the event of sale, provided such recapture shall not exceed the original amount of taxes abated.

      (b) A municipality shall notify the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management not later than thirty days after granting any abatement of taxes under subsection (a) of this section. Such notice shall provide the owner or purchaser's name, as the case may be, and the address of the property.

      (P.A. 00-170, S. 39, 42.)

      History: P.A. 00-170 effective July 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 12-81bb. Municipal option to provide property tax credits for affordable housing deed restrictions. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Residential property" means a single parcel of property on which is situated a single-family residence or a multi-family building;

      (2) "Affordable housing deed restrictions" means deed restrictions filed on the land records of the municipality, containing covenants or restrictions that require such single-family residence or the dwelling units in such multi-family building to be sold or rented only to persons or families whose income is less than or equal to eighty per cent of the area median income or the state median income, whichever is less, and that shall constitute "affordable housing" within the meaning of section 8-39a;

      (3) "Long term" means a time period no shorter in duration than the minimum time period for affordability covenants or restrictions in deeds pursuant to subsection (a) of section 8-30g; and

      (4) "Binding" means not subject to revocation, either by the owner or a subsequent owner acting unilaterally, or by the owner or a subsequent owner acting jointly with others, until the expiration of the long-term deed restriction time period and enforceable for the duration of the long-term deed restriction time period both by the municipality and by any resident of the municipality.

      (b) Any municipality may, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body, provide property tax credits to owners of residential property who place long-term, binding affordable housing deed restrictions on such residential property in accordance with the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 00-206, S. 2; P.A. 02-87, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 02-87 amended definition of "residential property" in Subsec. (a)(1) by deleting "in which the owner is an occupant".

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      Sec. 12-81cc. Portability of certain veterans' property tax exemptions. Any person who has established his or her entitlement to a property tax exemption under subdivisions (19), (20), (22), (23), (24), (25), (26), (28) or (53) of section 12-81 for a particular assessment year shall be issued a certificate as to such entitlement by the tax assessor of the relevant municipality. Such person shall be entitled to such exemption in any municipality in this state for such assessment year provided a copy of such certificate is provided to the tax assessor of any municipality in which such exemption is claimed and further provided such person would otherwise have been eligible for such exemption in such municipality if he or she had filed for such exemption as provided under the general statutes.

      (P.A. 04-40, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-40 effective October 1, 2004, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

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      Sec. 12-81dd. Municipal option to abate real or personal property taxes paid by a nonprofit land conservation organization. Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body, abate the real or personal property taxes due for any portion of a tax year or the interest on delinquent taxes with respect to any tax paid by a nonprofit land conservation organization that was due for a period before the date of acquisition but which was paid subsequent to the date of acquisition.

      (P.A. 07-170, S. 1; P.A. 10-32, S. 33.)

      History: P.A. 07-170 effective June 29, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2007; P.A. 10-32 made technical changes, effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 12-81ee. Terms of stipulated judgment not affected by property tax exemption for certain open space land. Nothing in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (7) of section 12-81 shall be construed to affect the terms of any stipulated judgment with regard to the imposition of property taxes.

      (P.A. 08-174, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 08-174 effective June 13, 2008.

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      Sec. 12-82. Exemptions of veterans of allied services of First World War. Any person who is a citizen of the United States, was in the military or naval service of a government allied or associated with that of the United States during the First World War, was a resident of the United States at the time of enlistment or enrollment in such service, was a member of such service between April 6, 1917, and July 2, 1921, and received an honorable discharge therefrom, and who has furnished proof of his military or naval service by having had his honorable discharge certificate or a certified copy thereof recorded by the town clerk of the town of which he is a resident shall be entitled to the property exemption provided for in subdivision (19) of section 12-81.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1768; 1961, P.A. 342.)

      History: 1961 act removed minimum service requirement.

      See Sec. 12-90 re limitation on number of exemptions allowed.

      Held valid as promotion of public welfare by rewards to those who fought together in a common cause. 135 C. 210.

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      Secs. 12-83 and 12-84. Exemption of disabled veterans over sixty-five. Veterans of Second World War; establishment of right to future exemptions. Sections 12-83 and 12-84 are repealed, effective May 26, 2000.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1772; June, 1955, S. 1062d; P.A. 00-120, S. 12, 13.)

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      Sec. 12-85. Veterans' exemptions, residence and record ownership requirements. The words "any resident of this state", when used in any section of the general statutes as applied to the eligibility of veterans or their relatives for tax exemption, mean a resident on the date of assessment of the property concerning which exemption is claimed, and record ownership of the property in question by husband or wife, or other claimant, on the date of assessment shall be held necessary to the exemption of all or any part of the ensuing tax.

      (1949, S. 1051d, 1117d.)

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      Sec. 12-86. Termination date of Second World War. The Second World War, for the purpose of property tax exemptions granted under subdivision (19) of section 12-81, shall be deemed to have been terminated as of twelve o'clock midnight, December 31, 1947. No exemptions shall be granted except to those who were in service on December 31, 1947, or prior thereto.

      (1949, S. 1055d.)

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      Sec. 12-87. Additional report. Property, when taxable. During any year for which a report is not required by subdivisions (7), (10) and (11) of section 12-81, a report shall be filed during the time prescribed by law for the filing of assessment lists next succeeding the acquiring of property not theretofore made exempt by said subdivisions. Property otherwise exempt under any of said subdivisions and this section shall be subject to taxation until the requirements of said subdivisions and of this section have been complied with.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1762.)

      Cited. 144 C. 206. Cited. 169 C. 454.

      Cited. 2 CA 152.

      Educational societies must file for tax exemption under Sec. 12-81 (7). 3 CS 387. Cited. 4 CS 459.


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      Sec. 12-87a. Quadrennial property tax exemption statements; extension of time to file. Whenever any organization claiming exemption from property tax under the provisions of subdivision (7), (10), (11) or (16) of section 12-81 has not filed within the time prescribed, a quadrennial statement concerning such claim for exemption as required in said subdivisions, the assessor or board of assessors of the municipality in which the property is situated, upon receipt of proof of substantial compliance by such organization with the requirements concerning submission of such statement, may allow an extension of time not exceeding sixty days within which such statement may be filed, provided whenever an extension of time is so allowed, such organization shall pay a fee of thirty-five dollars for late-filing to the municipality in which the property with respect to which such statement is submitted is situated.

      (P.A. 79-51, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-271, S. 5, 24; P.A. 98-242, S. 2, 9.)

      History: P.A. 90-271 made a technical change; P.A. 98-242 changed requirement that the Office of Policy and Management approve extension requests to require approval by local assessors, effective June 8, 1998.

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      Sec. 12-88. When property otherwise taxable may be completely or partially exempted. Real property belonging to, or held in trust for, any organization mentioned in subdivision (7), (10), (11), (13), (14), (15), (16) or (18) of section 12-81, which real property is so held for one or more of the purposes stated in the applicable subdivision, and from which real property no rents, profits or income are derived, shall be exempt from taxation though not in actual use therefor by reason of the absence of suitable buildings and improvements thereon, if the construction of such buildings or improvements is in progress. The real property belonging to, or held in trust for, any such organization, not used exclusively for carrying out one or more of such purposes but leased, rented or otherwise used for other purposes, shall not be exempt. If a portion only of any lot or building belonging to, or held in trust for, any such organization is used exclusively for carrying out one or more of such purposes, such lot or building shall be so exempt only to the extent of the portion so used and the remaining portion shall be subject to taxation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1763.)

      Cited. 119 C. 57. Cited. 125 C. 59. Property used as residence for teachers is used for "other purposes". 138 C. 347. Cited. 144 C. 206. Burden is on claimant to file report establishing its right to exemption. 158 C. 138. Apartment used exclusively to house medical personnel in close proximity to hospital is tax-exempt despite fact rent is collected from the tenants. 160 C. 370. Cited. 169 C. 454. Cited. 172 C. 439. Prior cases misread Sec. 12-81 to require that the property for which tax exemption is sought produce no rent, profits or income, and restriction relating to "rents, profits or income" is only relevant if the property is not being used for charitable or other exempt purpose by reason of the absence of suitable buildings or improvements thereon, if construction of such buildings or improvements is in progress; property taxes may be apportioned based on the physical use of the subject property, but where charitable and noncharitable aspects of nonprofit skilled nursing facility are fully integrated and intertwined, the facility does not qualify for apportionment. 290 C. 695.

      Cited. 2 CA 152. Cited. 9 CA 448.

      Burden on plaintiff to show property used exclusively for one of the purposes specified. 4 CS 459. Monthly payment made by inmate or Department of Correction to halfway house is not rent, but is in furtherance of charitable purpose of providing inmates transition into society. 47 CS 520.


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      Sec. 12-88a. Application of property tax to real property acquired by a quasi-public agency but not held or used for purposes of such quasi-public agency. (a) As used in this section, "quasi-public agency" has the meaning as provided in subdivision (1) of section 1-120.

      (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes exempting real property owned by a quasi-public agency from municipal property taxation, any real property acquired by a quasi-public agency for future use which is not during an assessment year held or used in furtherance of one or more purposes of such quasi-public agency under any provision of the general statutes or any other public purpose shall be subject to property taxation for such assessment year in the municipality in which such property is located provided each of the following conditions is satisfied: (1) Such property has been owned of record by the quasi-public agency for a period of at least one year prior to and including the assessment date for such assessment year, (2) such property is used during such assessment year for an income producing purpose, (3) such property would be subject to real property taxation under this chapter but for its ownership by the quasi-public agency, and (4) grants or payments in lieu of property taxes are not otherwise being made to the municipality with respect to such property by the quasi-public agency, the state or any other person pursuant to law or any agreement with such municipality.

      (P.A. 03-246, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 03-246 effective October 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

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      Sec. 12-89. Assessors to determine exemptions. The board of assessors of each town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough shall inspect the statements filed with it and required by sections 12-81 and 12-87 from scientific, educational, literary, historical, charitable, agricultural and cemetery organizations, shall determine what part, if any, of the property claimed to be exempt by the organization shall be in fact exempt and shall place a valuation upon all such property, if any, as is found to be taxable, provided any property acquired by any tax-exempt organization after the first day of October shall first become exempt on the assessment date next succeeding the date of acquisition. Any organization filing a tax-exempt statement, aggrieved at the action of the assessor or board of assessors, may appeal, within the time prescribed by law for such appeals, to the board of assessment appeals. Any such organization claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the board of assessment appeals may, within two months from the time of such action, make application in the nature of an appeal therefrom to the superior court for the judicial district in which such property is situated.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1764; 1961, P.A. 367; P.A. 76-436, S. 302, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 40, 68; P.A. 99-215, S. 24, 29; P.A. 00-18, S. 1, 3.)

      History: 1961 act provided that property acquired between assessment dates by tax-exempt organization becomes exempt on list next succeeding acquisition; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas and included judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals and provided that appeals of board decisions be made to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain instead of the district in which the town or city is situated, effective July 6, 1995 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 99-215 replaced "judicial district of Hartford" with "judicial district of New Britain", effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 00-18 provided that property acquired by a tax-exempt organization after the first day of October shall first become exempt on the assessment date next succeeding the date of acquisition, and provided that appeals from action of board be taken in the judicial district where the property is situated, effective July 1, 2000.

      Cited. 135 C. 231. Legislative history of the property tax exemption statute. 158 C. 138. Cited. 192 C. 434. Cited. 234 C. 169.

      Section limited to specific types of Connecticut organizations exempted under subdivisions 12-81(7), (10) and (11) and required to file quadrennial statements, others must use other appeal procedures. 32 CS 140.


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      Sec. 12-89a. Certain organizations may be required by assessor to submit evidence of exemption from federal income tax. Any organization claiming exemption from property tax in any municipality in which real or personal property belonging to such organization is situated, which exemption is claimed with respect to all or a portion of such property under the provisions of any of the subdivisions (7), (8), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), (15), (16), (18), (27), (29), (49) or (58) of section 12-81, may be required upon request, at any time, by the assessor or board of assessors in such municipality to submit evidence of certification from the Internal Revenue Service, effective at the time of such request and in whatever form is then in use under Internal Revenue Service procedure for purposes of such certification, that such organization has been approved for exemption from federal income tax as an exempt organization under Section 501(c) or 501(d) of the Internal Revenue Code.

      (P.A. 86-101, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 86-101 effective May 6, 1986, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter.

      Cited. 228 C. 375.

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      Sec. 12-90. Limitation on number of exemptions allowed. (a) No individual entitled to exemption under two or more of subdivisions (19), (20), (22), (23), (25), (26) and (28) of section 12-81 and under section 12-82 shall receive more than one exemption.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any individual entitled to the exemption from property tax allowed in accordance with subdivision (22) of said section 12-81 for the surviving spouse of a veteran as defined therein, which individual, except for said provisions of subsection (a) hereof, would also be entitled to the exemption from property tax allowed in accordance with subdivision (19) of said section 12-81 for veterans as defined therein, shall be entitled to receive the amount of exemption allowed under said subdivision (22) as such a surviving spouse and, in addition, the amount of exemption allowed under said subdivision (19) as a veteran qualified for such exemption thereunder.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1764; 1969, P.A. 166; P.A. 83-75, S. 2, 3; P.A. 84-546, S. 31, 173.)

      History: 1969 act deleted reference to Sec. 12-81(17); P.A. 83-75 added Subsec. (b) allowing the surviving spouse of a veteran, entitled to exemption under Subdiv. (22) as a surviving spouse, to also be entitled to exemption under Subdiv. (19) if qualified as a veteran thereunder, effective May 10, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 84-546 made technical change in Subsec. (a).

      Cited. 135 C. 231.

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      Sec. 12-91. Exemption for farm machinery, horses or ponies. Additional optional exemption for farm buildings or buildings used for housing for seasonal employees. (a) All farm machinery, except motor vehicles, as defined in section 14-1, to the value of one hundred thousand dollars, any horse or pony which is actually and exclusively used in farming, as defined in section 1-1, when owned and kept in this state by, or when held in trust for, any farmer or group of farmers operating as a unit, a partnership or a corporation, a majority of the stock of which corporation is held by members of a family actively engaged in farm operations, shall be exempt from local property taxation; provided each such farmer, whether operating individually or as one of a group, partnership or corporation, shall qualify for such exemption in accordance with the standards set forth in subsection (d) of this section for the assessment year for which such exemption is sought. Only one such exemption shall be allowed to each such farmer, group of farmers, partnership or corporation. Subdivision (38) of section 12-81 shall not apply to any person, group, partnership or corporation receiving the exemption provided for in this subsection.

      (b) Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide an additional exemption from property tax for such machinery to the extent of an additional assessed value of one hundred thousand dollars. Any such exemption shall be subject to the same limitations as the exemption provided under subsection (a) of this section and the application and qualification process provided in subsection (d) of this section.

      (c) Any municipality, upon approval by its legislative body, may provide an exemption from property tax for any building used actually and exclusively in farming, as defined in section 1-1, or for any building used to provide housing for seasonal employees of such farmer. The municipality shall establish the amount of such exemption from the assessed value, provided such amount may not exceed one hundred thousand dollars with respect to each eligible building. Such exemption shall not apply to the residence of such farmer and shall be subject to the application and qualification process provided in subsection (d) of this section.

      (d) Annually, within thirty days after the assessment date in each town, city or borough, each such individual farmer, group of farmers, partnership or corporation shall make written application for the exemption provided for in subsection (a) of this section to the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such farm is located, including therewith a notarized affidavit certifying that such farmer, individually or as part of a group, partnership or corporation, derived at least fifteen thousand dollars in gross sales from such farming operation, or incurred at least fifteen thousand dollars in expenses related to such farming operation, with respect to the most recently completed taxable year of such farmer prior to the commencement of the assessment year for which such application is made, on forms to be prescribed by the Commissioner of Agriculture. Failure to file such application in said manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall be considered a waiver of the right to such exemption for the assessment year. Any person aggrieved by any action of the assessors shall have the same rights and remedies for appeal and relief as are provided in the general statutes for taxpayers claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of the assessors or board of assessment appeals.

      (September, 1957, P.A. 18; 1959, P.A. 191, S. 1, 2, 3; 1961, P.A. 477; 1963, P.A. 510; 1971, P.A. 358, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 80-393, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-572, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-346, S. 3, 4; P.A. 92-64, S. 2, 3; P.A. 94-201, S. 5, 7; P.A. 95-283, S. 41, 68; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 82, 85; P.A. 03-234, S. 1; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-228, S. 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 113.)

      History: 1959 act extended section's application to include farm machinery and removed limitation of application to assessment lists of 1957 and 1958; 1961 act extended section's application to include corporations, and added that Sec. 12-81(38), (40) and (42) shall not apply to groups of farmers; 1963 act deleted exception of fur breeders; 1971 act amended Subsec. (a) to include property held in trust; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management for Commissioner of Revenue Services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 80-393 changed maximum value exempted from $3,000 to $10,000, effective May 23, 1980, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-572 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the amount of exemption for farm machinery from a value up to $10,000 to a value up to $100,000 and Subsec. (b) by requiring that the farmer claiming the exemption submit a notarized affidavit certifying that the principal means of livelihood of such farmer is derived from such farming operation, effective July 3, 1985, and applicable in any town, city or borough for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-346 amended Subsec. (a) to allow complete exemption for any horse or pony used exclusively in farming and provided that Sec. 12-81(38), allowing exemption for farming tools to a value of $500, shall not apply to any person or organization eligible for the exemption under this section for all farm machinery to the value of $100,000, effective June 10, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 92-64 amended section to remove the requirement that the farmer's principal means of livelihood be derived from farming and inserted in lieu thereof monetary standards of $15,000 in sales or expenses, effective May 20, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 94-201 amended Subsec. (b) to change the officer responsible for its administration from the Secretary of Policy and Management to the Commissioner of Agriculture, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (b) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 added new Subsec. (b) re option for a municipality to provide an additional exemption for machinery and redesigned former Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), effective July 1, 2001, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2001; P.A. 03-234 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), added new Subsec. (c) re authority for municipalities to exempt farm buildings to the extent of assessed value of $100,000 from property tax and redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d), effective July 1, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-228 amended Subsec. (c) by giving municipalities the option to provide an additional exemption for housing for seasonal employees, effective July 11, 2005, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 changed effective date of P.A. 05-228 to October 1, 2005, effective June 30, 2005.

      Cited. 156 C. 110.

      Where principal means of livelihood of plaintiff and its shareholders was from the loam and gravel business, which court found not to be a farming operation, farm machinery was not exempt. 26 CS 163.


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      Sec. 12-92. Proofs to be filed by blind. No individual shall receive any exemption to which he is entitled by subdivision (17) of section 12-81 until he or his authorized agent or attorney has given proof satisfactory to the board of assessors that he is blind. No such blind person, not a resident of a town in which he is seeking exemption, shall receive the exemption to which he is entitled by said subdivision (17) until he has complied with the provisions of section 12-94. For the purposes of subdivision (17) of section 12-81 and this section, blindness shall be defined to mean total and permanent loss of sight in both eyes or reduction in vision so that the central visual acuity does not exceed 20/200 in the better eye with correcting lenses, or, if visual acuity is greater than 20/ 200, it is accompanied by a limitation in the fields of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle no greater than twenty degrees.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1765; 1951, S. 1059d, 1060d; 1961, P.A. 221.)

      History: 1961 act redefined blindness.

      See Sec. 12-81j re additional exemption for blind persons.

      See Sec. 12-127 re abatement or refund of taxes upon proof of exempt status.


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      Sec. 12-93. Veterans' exemptions; proof of claim. Any person who claims an exemption from taxation under the provisions of section 12-81 or 12-82 by reason of service in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States shall give notice to the town clerk of the town in which he resides that he is entitled to such exemption. Any person who has performed such service may establish his right to such exemption by exhibiting to the town clerk an honorable discharge, or a certified copy thereof, from such service or, in the absence of such discharge or copy, by appearing before the assessors for an examination under oath, supported by two affidavits of disinterested persons, showing that the claimant so served and received an honorable discharge or is serving or, if he is unable to appear by reason of such service, he may establish such right, until such time as he appears personally and exhibits his discharge or copy, by forwarding to the town clerk annually a written statement, signed by the commanding officer of his unit, ship or station or by some other appropriate officer, or where such claimant is currently serving in an active theater of war or hostilities, by the presentation of a notarized statement of a parent, guardian, spouse or legal representative of such claimant, stating that he is personally serving and is unable to appear in person by reason of such service, which statement shall be received before the assessment day of the town wherein the exemption is claimed. The assessors shall report to the town clerk all claims so established. Any person claiming exemption by reason of the service of a relative as a soldier, sailor, marine or member of the Coast Guard or Air Force may establish his right thereto by at least two affidavits of disinterested persons showing the service of such relative, his honorable discharge or death in service, and the relationship of the claimant to him; and the assessors may further require such person to be examined by them under oath concerning such facts. The town clerk of the town where the honorable discharge or certified copy thereof and each affidavit is originally presented for record shall record such discharge or certified copy or affidavits thereof in full and shall list the names of such claimants and such service shall be performed by the town clerk without remuneration therefor. Thereafter if any person entitled to such exemption changes his legal residence, the town clerk in the town of former residence and in which such honorable discharge or certified copy thereof or any such affidavit in respect to such person was originally presented for record shall, upon request and payment of a fee by such person to said town of former residence in an amount determined by the town treasurer as necessary to cover the cost of such procedure, prepare and mail to the town in which such person resides, a copy of the record of such discharge or certified copy thereof or affidavits, or he may establish his right to such exemption in the town in which he resides by exhibiting to the town clerk thereof the original discharge or a certified copy thereof or such affidavits. Said clerk shall take therefrom sufficient data to satisfy the exemption requirements of the general statutes and shall record the same and shall note the town where the original complete recording of discharge papers was made. No board of assessors or board of assessment appeals or other official shall allow any such claim for exemption unless evidence as herein specified has been filed in the office of the town clerk, provided, if any claim for exemption has been allowed by any board of assessors or board of assessment appeals prior to July 1, 1923, the provisions of this section shall not apply to such claim. Each claim granted prior to July 1, 1923, shall be recorded with those presented subsequent thereto, and a list of such names, alphabetically arranged, shall be furnished the assessors by the town clerk.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1769; 1949, 1951, 1955, June, 1955, S. 1063d; 1963, P.A. 424, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 201, S. 1; P.A. 80-413, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-283, S. 42, 68.)

      History: 1963 act changed date for filing claim; 1969 act allowed use of notarized statement of parent, guardian, spouse or legal representative in lieu of personal statement signed by commanding officer when claimant is serving in active theater of war or hostilities; P.A. 80-413 added provision re transfer of discharge by town clerk to new town of residence when exempted person moves, effective May 27, 1980, and applicable in any town to assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

      See Sec. 12-127 re abatement or refund of taxes upon proof of exempt status.

      Cited. 135 C. 231.

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      Sec. 12-93a. Allowance of veterans' property tax exemptions in relation to a residential dwelling on leased land and certain vehicles. (a) Any person entitled to an exemption from property tax in accordance with any provision of subdivisions (19) to (26), inclusive, of section 12-81 who is the owner of a residential dwelling on leased land, including any such person who is a sublessee under terms of the lease, shall be entitled to claim such exemption in respect to the assessment of the dwelling for purposes of the property tax, provided (1) the dwelling is such person's principal place of residence, (2) such lease or sublease requires that such person as the lessee or sublessee, whichever is applicable, pay all property taxes related to the dwelling and (3) such lease or sublease is recorded in the land records of the town.

      (b) Any person entitled to an exemption from property tax in accordance with the provisions of subdivisions (19) to (26), inclusive, of section 12-81 shall be entitled to claim such exemption with respect to the assessment of a motor vehicle that is leased by such person. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, any person claiming the exemption under this section for a leased motor vehicle shall be entitled to a refund of tax paid with respect to such vehicle whether such tax was paid by the lessee or by the lessor pursuant to the terms of the lease. Such refund shall equal the amount of such person's exemption multiplied by the applicable mill rate. Any such person claiming the exemption for a leased vehicle under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, not later than the thirty-first day of December next following the assessment year during which the tax for such leased vehicle has been paid, file with the assessor or board of assessors, in the town in which such motor vehicle tax has been paid, written application claiming such exemption on a form approved for such purpose by such assessor or board. Upon approving such person's exemption claim, the assessor shall certify the amount of refund to which the applicant is entitled and shall notify the tax collector of such amount. The tax collector shall refer such certification to the board of selectmen in a town or to the corresponding authority in any other municipality. Upon receipt of such certification, the selectmen or such other authority shall draw an order on the Treasurer in favor of such person for the amount of refund so certified. Failure to file such application as prescribed in this subsection with respect to any assessment year shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year.

      (P.A. 81-58, S. 1, 4; P.A. 03-269, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 81-58 effective April 28, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 03-269 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) re leased vehicles, effective October 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

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      Sec. 12-94. Exemptions of servicemen, veterans and their relatives, blind and totally disabled persons, where made. List, exemptions. The exemptions granted in sections 12-81 and 12-82 to soldiers, sailors, marines and members of the Coast Guard and Air Force, and their spouses, widows, widowers, fathers and mothers, and to blind or totally disabled persons and their spouses shall first be made in the town in which the person entitled thereto resides, and any person asking such exemption in any other town shall annually make oath before, or forward his or her affidavit to, the assessors of such town, deposing that such exemptions, except the exemption provided in subdivision (55) of section 12-81, if allowed, will not, together with any other exemptions granted under said sections, exceed the amount of exemption thereby allowed to such person. Such affidavit shall be filed with the assessors within the period the assessors have to complete their duties in the town where the exemption is claimed. The assessors of each town shall annually make a certified list of all persons who are found to be entitled to exemption under the provisions of said sections, which list shall be filed in the town clerk's office, and shall be prima facie evidence that the persons whose names appear thereon and who are not required by law to give annual proof are entitled to such exemption as long as they continue to reside in such town; but such assessors may, at any time, require any such person to appear before them for the purpose of furnishing additional evidence, provided, any person who by reason of such person's disability is unable to so appear may furnish such assessors a statement from such person's attending physician certifying that such person is totally disabled and is unable to make a personal appearance and such other evidence of total disability as such assessors may deem appropriate.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1770; 1951, 1953, S. 1064d; 1963, P.A. 424, S. 2; February, 1965, P.A. 17, S. 1; P.A. 74-123, S. 2, 4; 74-207, S. 7; P.A. 06-196, S. 86.)

      History: 1963 act changed time for filing affidavit; 1965 act required filing of affidavit within period assessors have to complete duties rather than before assessment day as previously; P.A. 74-123 included the totally disabled and made special exceptions for them re amount of exemption allowed and re personal appearance before assessors; P.A. 74-207 included widowers; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006.

      See Sec. 12-81j re additional exemption for blind persons.

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      Sec. 12-94a. State reimbursement in lieu of tax revenue from totally disabled persons. On or before July first, annually, the tax collector of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the amount of tax revenue which such municipality, except for the provisions of subdivision (55) of section 12-81, would have received, together with such supporting information as said secretary may require, except that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2003, such certification shall be made to the secretary on or before August 1, 2004. Any municipality which neglects to transmit to said secretary such claim and supporting documentation as required by this section shall forfeit two hundred fifty dollars to the state, provided said secretary may waive such forfeiture in accordance with procedures and standards adopted by regulation in accordance with chapter 54. Said secretary shall review each such claim as provided in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary's review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b. The secretary shall, on or before December fifteenth, annually, certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality under the provisions of this section, including any modification of such claim made prior to December fifteenth, and the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer on the fifth business day following and the Treasurer shall pay the amount thereof to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December following. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of this section on or after the December fifteenth following the date on which the tax collector has provided the amount of tax revenue in question, any adjustments to the amount due to any municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the Treasurer shall make to such municipality pursuant to this section. For the purposes of this section, "municipality" means a town, city, borough, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the assessment year commencing on October 1, 2002. In the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2004, and in each fiscal year thereafter, the amount of the grant payable to each municipality in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total amount of the grants payable to all municipalities exceeds the amount appropriated.

      (P.A. 74-123, S. 3, 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 85-371, S. 4, 10; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-73, S. 1, 5; 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 17, 28; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 15, 68; P.A. 96-261, S. 3, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 48, 85; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 41; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 77; P.A. 05-287, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services; P.A. 85-371 extended final date for review by secretary from November first following deadline for receipt of claims to July first following said deadline and added provisions re payments of adjustments in amounts due to municipalities resulting from modifications of claims occurring after December first, effective July 1, 1985, and applicable to any grant or claim information received by the secretary of the office of policy and management on or after that date; P.A. 90-73 added the provision for municipal forfeiture in the event of failure to submit the required documentation and the related waiver procedure; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6 added the definition of "municipality", effective June 21, 1994, and applicable to the grant-in-lieu of taxes made in the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1994, and each fiscal year thereafter; P.A. 95-283 changed location of appeal from the judicial district in which the municipality is located to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain, effective October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 96-261 repealed changes made by P.A. 95-283, effective June 10, 1996; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 replaced former provision re administrative review of claims with uniform process provided for in Sec. 12-120b and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 suspended reimbursement for the 2002 and 2003 assessment years, effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 specified the time period for the towns' certification for the 2003 assessment year and added provision re pro rata reduction of payments when the total amount due exceeds the amount appropriated, effective May 12, 2004, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2003; P.A. 05-287 replaced references to "December first" with references to "December fifteenth" and changed "or before the fifteenth day of December" to "the fifth business day", effective July 13, 2005.

      See Sec. 12-81i re additional exemption for totally disabled persons.

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      Sec. 12-94b. State payment in lieu of taxes for commercial motor vehicles and manufacturing machinery and equipment. Applicable until July 1, 2013. (a) As used in this section, "municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324, and "next succeeding" means the second such date.

      (b) On or before March fifteenth, annually, commencing March 15, 1998, the assessor or board of assessors of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the amount of exemptions approved under the provisions of subdivision (74) of section 12-81, together with such supporting information as said secretary may require including the number of taxpayers with approved claims under said subdivision (74) and the original copy of the applications filed by them. Said secretary shall review each such claim as provided in section 12-120b. Not later than December first next succeeding the conclusion of the assessment year for which the assessor approved such exemption, the secretary shall notify each claimant of the modification or denial of the claimant's exemption, in accordance with the procedure set forth in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary's review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b. With respect to property first approved for exemption under the provisions of subdivision (74) of section 12-81 for the assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000, the grant payable for such property to any municipality under the provisions of this subsection shall be equal to eighty per cent of the property taxes which, except for the exemption under the provisions of subdivision (74) of section 12-81, would have been paid. The secretary shall, on or before December fifteenth, annually, certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality under the provisions of this subsection, including any modification of such claim made prior to December first, and the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer on or before the twenty-fourth day of December following and the Treasurer shall pay the amount thereof to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December following. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of this subsection on or after the December fifteenth following the date on which the assessor has provided the amount of the exemption in question, any adjustments to the amount due to any municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the Treasurer shall make to such municipality pursuant to this subsection.

      (c) On or before March fifteenth, annually, commencing March 15, 2007, and ending March 15, 2011, the assessor or board of assessors of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the amount of exemptions approved under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81, together with such supporting information as said secretary may require including the number of taxpayers with approved claims under said subdivision (72) and the original copy of the applications filed by them. Said secretary shall review each such claim as provided in section 12-120b. Not later than December first next succeeding the conclusion of the assessment year for which the assessor approved such exemption, the secretary shall notify each claimant of the modification or denial of the claimant's exemption, in accordance with the procedure set forth in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary's review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b. With respect to property first approved for exemption under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81 for the assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000, but on or before October 1, 2010, the grant payable for such property to any municipality under the provisions of this subsection shall be equal to eighty per cent of the property taxes which, except for the exemption under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81, would have been paid. The secretary shall, on or before December fifteenth, annually, certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality under the provisions of this subsection, including any modification of such claim made prior to December first, and the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer on or before the twenty-fourth day of December following and the Treasurer shall pay the amount thereof to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December following. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of this subsection on or after the December fifteenth following the date on which the assessor has provided the amount of the exemption in question, any adjustments to the amount due to any municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the Treasurer shall make to such municipality pursuant to this subsection.

      (d) Machinery and equipment acquired between October 2, 2006, to October 1, 2010, inclusive, and approved for exemption under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81 for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, shall continue to be exempt from taxation for assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2011. The grant determined in accordance with section 12-94g shall replace the grant payable under the provisions of this section, in the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2013, and each fiscal year thereafter.

      (e) The amount of the grant payable to each municipality in any year in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section with respect to such year.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; 90-270, S. 29, 38; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-434, S. 7, 20; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 16, 68; 95-307, 3. 5, 14; P.A. 96-261, S. 3, 4; 96-265, S. 3, 5; P.A. 97-244, S. 9, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 49, 57, 85; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 184; P.A. 06-83, S. 12; P.A. 07-140, S. 1; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 90-270, S. 29 effective January 1, 1991, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 93-434 changed the time for notification by the secretary from September first to November first effective June 30, 1993, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 95-283 changed location of appeal from as provided in Sec. 12-33 to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain, effective October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1995 in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 95-307 added new Subsec. (b) concerning appeal of the decision of the secretary to deny reimbursement and designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-261 repealed changes made by P.A. 95-283, effective June 10, 1996; P.A. 96-265 amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to Sec. 12-81(74), to authorize secretary to reevaluate any vehicle included in claim when he believes valuation is inaccurate and to require secretary to notify each municipality of his denial of claim, and amended Subsec. (b) to add references to commercial motor vehicle and to substitute Sec. 12-81(72) or (74) for reference to "this section" in the first sentence, effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date (Revisor's note: Since the changes made in Subsec. (a) by P.A. 95-283 were repealed by P.A. 96-261 the Revisors editorially reversed those changes when codifying P.A. 96-265 by changing the sentence which read "Any municipality aggrieved by the action of the secretary under the provisions of this section may appeal therefrom to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain pursuant to section 12-391." back to "Any municipality aggrieved by the action of the secretary under the provisions of this section may appeal therefrom as provided in section 12-33.", that is the way the sentence read prior to the changes made by P.A. 95-283); P.A. 97-244 amended Subsec. (a) to advance the deadline for certifications from July 1 to March 15, added provisions re number of claimants and modifications and defined the term "next succeeding", and replaced existing Subsec. (b) with new provisions re administrative procedure in cases where the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management modifies or denies an exemption claim, effective July 1, 1997; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 deleted former provisions re administrative appeals, including former Subsec. (b), added provisions re appeals under this section as provided in Sec. 12-120b, changed amount of the grant to 80% of taxes which would have been paid for property first approved for exemption under Sec. 12-81(72) or (74) on or after October 1, 2001, and made technical changes for purposes of clarity and gender neutrality, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added provision re reduction in grant amount under this section in the event total of grants exceeds the amount appropriated, effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; P.A. 06-83 divided section into subsecs., repositioning existing definitions as Subsec. (a), designating remainder of existing provisions as Subsec. (b) and amending same by removing references re machinery and equipment and making technical changes, and adding Subsec. (c) re applicability to machinery and equipment limited to dates prior to March 15, 2011, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-140 made a technical change in Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) re replacement of section's grant provisions commencing July 1, 2013, effective June 19, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 repositioned provision re proportionate grant reduction from Subsec. (b) to Subsec. (e) and amended same by changing "this subsection" to "this section", effective October 5, 2009.

      See Sec. 12-94f re phase-in of one hundred per cent state payment in lieu of taxes for machinery and equipment.

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      Sec. 12-94c. Depreciation schedule for revenue loss for certain machinery and equipment to be reimbursed by the state. With respect to machinery or equipment exempt from property tax in accordance with subdivision (72) of section 12-81, for purposes of the annual valuation required with respect to the determination of tax revenue loss required under section 12-94b, the present true and actual value of such machinery or equipment shall be determined in relation to the cost of acquisition, including costs related to transportation and installation, and shall reflect depreciation in accordance with the following schedule:

Assessment Year
Following Acquisition
Depreciated Value As Percentage
Of Acquisition Cost Basis
FirstNinety per cent
SecondEighty per cent
ThirdSeventy per cent
FourthSixty per cent
FifthFifty per cent

      (P.A. 90-270, S. 30, 38; P.A. 92-193, S. 2, 8; P.A. 93-434, S. 8, 20; P.A. 96-171, S. 10, 16.)

      History: P.A. 90-270, S. 30 effective January 1, 1991, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 92-193 applied section to "newly-acquired" machinery and equipment and modified depreciation schedule by substituting 90% for 95%, 80% for 90%, 70% for 80%, and 60% for 70%, effective July 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-434 expanded application of section from newly-acquired machinery to all machinery, effective June 30, 1993; P.A. 96-171 amended the depreciation schedule by adding a fifth assessment year following acquisition wherein the depreciated value would be 50% of acquisition cost basis, effective May 31, 1996.

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      Sec. 12-94d. Payment in lieu of tax revenue from electric generation facilities. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324; and

      (2) "Next succeeding" means the second such date.

      (b) For a period of ten years beginning with the assessment year during which the value of an electric generation facility decreases as a direct result of restructuring of the electric industry, but in no event later than October 1, 2005, the municipality in which the facility is located shall be entitled, in addition to the amount of tax for which the owner of an electric generation facility is liable under this chapter with respect to such facility, to an amount as computed in subsection (c) of this section.

      (c) (1) The additional amount shall be a percentage of (A) the difference between the value of an electric generation facility as it would have been assessed were it not for said restructuring taking into account depreciation and the assessed value of such facility, (B) multiplied by the mill rate of the municipality in which the facility is located for the applicable assessment year, (C) minus the amount of any increase in property tax revenues to such municipality as a result of any increase in value of the facility or an additional electric generation facility in the municipality.

      (2) The assessor or board of assessors shall calculate the additional amount as follows: (A) For the assessment year during which the value of such facility decreased as a direct result of said restructuring, one hundred per cent of the amount computed under subdivision (1) of this subsection; and (B) for each assessment year thereafter, ten per cent less for each succeeding year until the percentage is zero.

      (d) On or before June fifteenth, annually, following the assessment date for which the value of an electric generation facility decreases as a direct result of restructuring of the electric industry, the assessor or board of assessors of a municipality in which such a facility is located shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by the secretary, the amount as computed in subsection (c) of this section together with supporting information as the secretary may require. The secretary may reevaluate any such facility when, in the secretary's judgment, the valuation is inaccurate. The secretary shall review each claim and modify the value of any facility included therein when, in the secretary's judgment, the value is inaccurate or the facility did not decrease in value as a direct result of restructuring of the electric industry. Not later than July first next succeeding the assessment date for which the amount was approved by the assessor or assessors, the secretary shall notify the municipality in which the facility is located of the modification, in accordance with the procedure set forth in subsection (e) of this section. The secretary shall, on or before July fifteenth, annually, certify to the Department of Public Utility Control the amount due the municipality under the provisions of this section, including any modification of such amount made prior to July first, and the department shall order the payment of such amount by the appropriate electric distribution company to the municipality in which the facility is located according to the following formula: Not later than five business days following the date on which the taxes are paid by the owner of an electric generation facility in July, but in no case prior to July fifteenth, the balance required to equal an amount equal to half of the amount of tax for which the owner of an electric generation facility is liable under this chapter with respect to such facility plus half of the amount calculated in subsection (c) of this section; on or before the thirty-first day of January immediately following, the balance required to equal an amount equal to half of the amount of tax for which the owner of an electric generation facility is liable under this chapter with respect to such facility plus half of the amount calculated in subsection (c) of this section. Following the payment of taxes by the owner of an electric generation facility in July, the town shall certify to the Department of Public Utility Control the amount paid by such owner of an electric generation facility. The amount paid shall be recovered by the electric distribution company through the systems benefits charge established pursuant to section 16-245l. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of this section on or after the July fifteenth following the date on which the assessor has provided the amount in question, any adjustments to the amount due to a municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the electric distribution company shall make to such municipality pursuant to this section.

      (e) If the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management modifies the amount calculated by the assessor or board of assessors pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, the secretary shall send written notice of such modification to the appropriate municipality. Not later than thirty days after the date the municipality receives such notice, the municipality may make application for a hearing before said secretary, or his designee. Such application shall be in writing and shall set forth the reasons why the amount in question should not be modified. The secretary shall grant or deny such hearing request by written notice to the municipality. If a request for hearing is denied by the secretary such notice shall contain a statement of the reason for said denial. Not later than sixty days after the date on which a hearing is held, said secretary shall send notice of his decision concerning such appeal to the municipality. If the municipality is aggrieved by the secretary's decision concerning the disposition of the municipality's appeal or the secretary's decision not to hold a hearing, such municipality may, not later than thirty days after receiving a notice related thereto from the secretary, make application in the nature of an appeal to the superior court of the judicial district in which the electric generation facility is located. Such application shall be accompanied by a citation to the secretary to appear before said court, and shall be served and returned in the same manner as is required in the case of a summons in a civil action. Said court may grant such relief as may be equitable.

      (P.A. 98-28, S. 48, 117; P.A. 00-215, S. 1, 11; P.A. 01-125, S. 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 98-28 effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 00-215 amended Subsec. (d) to change the date re payment in lieu of taxes from electric generation facilities as a result of industry restructuring to June fifteenth following the date for which the value of the facility decreases and to make technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective June 1, 2000; P.A. 01-125 amended Subsec. (c)(2)(A) to raise amount from 90% to 100% of amount computed under Subdiv. (1) and amended Subsec. (d) to change notification and certification dates from December to July and to add provisions re payment formula, effective June 20, 2001.

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      Sec. 12-94e. Municipal option to grant certain previously waived exemptions. Whenever any person claiming the exemption from property tax under the provisions of subdivision (59), (60), (70), (72) or (74) of section 12-81 has failed to file a claim with the assessor or board of assessors as required in said subdivisions and has further failed to apply for an extension of time under section 12-81k, the municipality, upon receipt of a request from such person, may, by vote of its legislative body, grant such exemption according to criteria established by the municipality, including, but not limited to, allowing for any hardship experienced by the person which may account for the failure to claim the exemption or to file for an extension of time and whether the exemption would provide a net benefit to economic development in the municipality. No payment in lieu of tax under this chapter shall be made with regard to any property exempted from tax under this section.

      (P.A. 03-269, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 03-269 effective July 9, 2003, and applicable to any assessment year.

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      Sec. 12-94f. Phase-in of one hundred per cent state payment in lieu of taxes for machinery and equipment. (a) For purposes of this section, (1) "machinery", "equipment", "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling" shall have the same meaning as in subdivision (72) of section 12-81, and (2) "municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324.

      (b) (1) A property tax exemption, at the percentage of valuation for purposes of assessment specified in this subdivision, shall be applicable to machinery or equipment described in this subsection and used for manufacturing or in connection with biotechnology: Twenty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2006, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2001; forty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2007, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2002; sixty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2008, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2003; eighty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2009, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2004; one hundred per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2005; and one hundred per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2006.

      (2) Machinery or equipment used in connection with recycling shall be exempt to the extent of one hundred per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before September 30, 2006.

      (3) Machinery or equipment used for manufacturing or in connection with biotechnology or recycling shall be exempt to the extent of one hundred per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment for assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2012, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment precedes, by not less than six years, the commencement date of any such assessment year.

      (c) In each fiscal year commencing on and after July 1, 2007, and on or before July 1, 2012, the state shall provide a payment in lieu of taxes to each municipality equal to the property tax revenue loss due to exemptions provided pursuant to this section. In each fiscal year commencing on and after July 1, 2013, the grant determined in accordance with section 12-94g shall replace said payment in lieu of taxes.

      (d) On or before March fifteenth, annually, commencing March 15, 2007, and ending on March 15, 2012, the assessor or board of assessors of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the assessed value of all machinery and equipment located in such municipality that is approved for an exemption under subsection (c) of this section, for the assessment date immediately preceding. Such certification shall be accompanied by such supporting information as said secretary may require, including, but not limited to, a copy of each exemption recipient's supplement to the personal property declaration for each such assessment date. The provisions of section 12-63 shall apply to all such machinery and equipment. The secretary may modify the amount due to a municipality to reflect a correction due to a clerical omission or mistake, or to reflect a correction that is supported by documentation provided by an assessor, and shall, annually, on or before the fifteenth day of December, commencing December 15, 2007, and ending December 15, 2012, certify to the Comptroller the amount due to each municipality under the provisions of this section. The Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer not later than the twenty-fourth day of December following, and the Treasurer shall pay such amount to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December. If said secretary modifies the amount due to a municipality subsequent to certifying payment to the Comptroller, said secretary may reflect such modification in said secretary's next certification of payment pursuant to this section, provided said secretary shall not make any modification subsequent to December 15, 2012.

      (e) All municipal valuation and enforcement procedures pursuant to chapters 203, 204 and 205 shall apply to machinery and equipment eligible for exemption under this section. A taxpayer may appeal the assessment of such machinery and equipment to the board of assessment appeals, and may appeal a determination of said board pursuant to this chapter.

      (f) The amount of the grant payable to each municipality in any year in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section with respect to such year.

      (P.A. 06-83, S. 13; 06-186, S. 85; P.A. 07-140, S. 2; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 06-83 effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2006; P.A. 06-186 amended Subsec. (c) by adding "on or prior to" in each subdiv. and amended Subsec. (d) by changing date of assessor's certification from November to March, changing date of secretary's certification to December fifteenth, changing "town" to "municipality" and making technical changes, effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to income years commencing on or after January 1, 2006 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (d), a reference to "section 12-71" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "section 12-81" for accuracy, and the word "before" in the phrase "on or before the fifteenth day of December" was reinstated editorially by the Revisors to correct a clerical error); P.A. 07-140 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to define "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling", amended Subsec. (b) to replace former provisions with new Subdivs. (1) to (3) re applicable exemption rates, amended Subsec. (c) to replace former Subdivs. (1) to (4) with new provisions re payment in lieu of taxes and grant, amended Subsec. (d) to include procedure for certification and modification thereof ending December 15, 2012, and made technical changes in Subsec. (e), effective June 19, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 added Subsec. (f) re proportionate reduction of grant amount payable to municipality, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-94g. Amount of state payment in lieu of taxes on machinery and equipment commencing July 1, 2013. (a) As used in this section, "machinery", "equipment", "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling" shall have the same meaning as in subdivision (72) of section 12-81, and "municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324.

      (b) Not later than January 1, 2013, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall determine the amount due to each municipality in the state, in accordance with this subsection, as a state grant in lieu of taxes with respect to certain machinery or equipment exempt from taxation. The grant payable to any municipality under the provisions of this section in the state fiscal year commencing July 1, 2013, and in each fiscal year thereafter, shall be equal to the sum of the following: (1) The tax loss the municipality sustains in the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2012, for exemptions approved for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011, pursuant to section 12-94f, and (2) the tax loss the municipality would have sustained in said fiscal year if the exemption pursuant to subdivision (72) of section 12-81 had been available for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011. In determining the tax loss each municipality would have sustained, the secretary shall reflect the provisions of section 12-94c by reducing the total assessment of machinery and equipment approved for exemption under said subdivision (72) for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, for machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 2, 2006, and on or before October 1, 2010, and multiplying the result by the municipality's mill rate for the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2012.

      (c) The amount of the grant payable to each municipality in any year in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section with respect to such year.

      (P.A. 06-83, S. 14; P.A. 07-140, S. 3; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 17.)

      History: P.A. 06-83 effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-140 amended Subsec. (a) by defining "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling", and amended Subsec. (b) by replacing "manufacturing machinery or equipment" with "certain machinery or equipment exempt from taxation" and former provision re grant of 100% of property taxes with new Subdivs. (1) and (2) re formula for grant, effective June 19, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2007 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (b) the repeated words "equal to" were deleted editorially by the Revisors in the phrase "shall be equal to equal to the sum of the following:"); Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 added Subsec. (c) re proportionate reduction in grant amount payable to municipality, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-95. Exemption only on submission of evidence. No individual shall receive any exemption to which he is entitled by any one of subdivisions (19), (20), (22), (23), (25), (26) and (28) of section 12-81 or section 12-82 until he has proved his right to such exemption in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-93 and 12-94, together with such further proof as is necessary under the provisions of any of said sections. Exemptions so proved by residents shall take effect on the next succeeding assessment day, provided individuals entitled to an exemption under the provisions of subdivision (20) of section 12-81 may prove such right at any time before the expiration of the time limited by law for the board of assessment appeals of the town wherein the exemption is claimed to complete its duties and such exemption shall take effect on the assessment day next preceding the date of the proof thereof. For purposes of any tax payable in accordance with the provisions of section 12-71b, any such exemption referred to in this section shall take effect on the first day of January next following the date on which the right to such exemption has been proved.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1771; June, 1955, S. 1065d; 1963, P.A. 424, S. 3; P.A. 73-505; P.A. 78-348, S. 4, 6; P.A. 95-283, S. 43, 68.)

      History: 1963 act added provision for proof of right by persons entitled to exemptions under Sec. 12-81(20); P.A. 73-505 substituted "12-93" for "12-83"; P.A. 78-348 specified date on which exemptions take effect, applicable to any motor vehicle on any town's assessment list as of October 1, 1977, and any motor vehicle registered or in use in this state thereafter; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

      Cited. 135 C. 231.

      That part of plaintiff's imported merchandise stored in original packages for resale is exempt from property tax of Connecticut. 28 CS 134. Plaintiff who imported lumber and stored it at New Haven terminal until sales of less than cargo shipment units were effected to customers in Connecticut and Massachusetts is not entitled to a claimed exemption under subsection (b). Id., 140.


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      Sec. 12-95a. Exemption of merchandise in transit in warehouses. (a) As used in this section, "public commercial storage warehouse" or "public wharf" means any warehouse, dock or port facility operated by any person engaged in the business of storing as a bailee for hire and for profit; a public commercial storage warehouse, dock or port shall be deemed to be operated by a person engaged in the business of storing as bailee for hire and for profit if such person has not fewer than three customers in such business, if he has not received from any one bailor more than seventy per cent of his gross revenue for the preceding fiscal year and if he has not utilized more than seventy per cent of his available space for the storage of merchandise of any one bailor during such preceding fiscal year.

      (b) Merchandise shipped into the state and placed in storage, in the name of or for the account of the producer or manufacturer, in the original package, in a public commercial storage warehouse or on a public wharf shall, while so in storage, be considered in transit and not subject to taxation.

      (c) Merchandise produced or manufactured in this state, when in a public commercial storage warehouse or on a public wharf in this state in the custody of the operator of such warehouse or wharf, which merchandise is intended for shipment and is shipped directly from such warehouse or wharf to a destination outside this state in the same package or container in which stored in such warehouse or such wharf, while so in storage, shall be considered in transit and exempt from personal property taxation. The operator of such commercial public warehouse or public wharf shall maintain separate records of all goods so stored which are shipped within the state and which are subject to taxes. For the purposes of this section, merchandise shall be deemed to have been shipped directly to a destination outside this state if such merchandise was transferred directly to the custody of a person who was then the operator of a commercial public storage warehouse or public wharf and was shipped directly to a destination outside this state from his custody.

      (d) No exemption shall be granted under the provisions of this section for any merchandise stored in a public commercial storage warehouse or public wharf if the owner, purchaser, consignee or consignor of such merchandise is the owner, lessee or operator of such warehouse or wharf or any portion thereof.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 603, S. 1-4.)

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      Sec. 12-96. Exemptions of tree plantations of not less than twenty-five acres. Conversion to forest land classification. Woodland or land suitable for forest planting not less than twenty-five acres in area and not exceeding in value one hundred dollars per acre exclusive of timber growing thereon may, upon application of the owner, be given special classification as forest land for purposes of taxation. Application for such classification shall be made to the State Forester, accompanied by such description of the land as the State Forester may require and by a sworn statement from the assessors of the town giving the true value of the land alone and the true value of any timber thereon. When the value of the land alone exceeds one hundred dollars per acre, it shall not be classified as forest land. When such application has been made, the State Forester shall examine the land and, if he finds the requirements herein specified have been fulfilled, he shall issue a quadruplicate certificate of classification, the original to be filed in the State Forester's office, one copy in the office of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, one copy in the assessors' office of the town in which the land is located and one copy with the owner, who shall cause it to be entered on the land records of such town. Any owner of land classified under this section may, on or after October 1, 1972, but prior to October 1, 1973, convert to the provisions of section 12-107d without penalty. Any such owner desiring such conversion shall notify the board of assessors of the town in which the land is located by registered mail.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1780; 1955, S. 1067d; 1963, P.A. 423, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 697, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47.)

      History: 1963 act increased qualification for exemption from five to twenty-five acres and from $50 to $100 per acre in value, provided for filing of the classification certificate in the assessors' rather than the town clerk's office and added requirement of recordation of the certificate by the owner; 1971 act allowed conversion to provisions of Sec. 12-107d without penalty between October 1, 1972, and before October 1, 1973, by notifying assessors of town where land located by registered mail; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980.

      See Sec. 12-107d re classification of land as forest land.

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      Sec. 12-97. Taxation of timber land of more than ten years' growth. Conversion to forest land classification. Land bearing timber of more than ten years' growth, such timber having a taxable value, may be classified as forest land as specified in section 12-96, and shall thereafter be taxed annually at the local rate, but not more than ten mills in any case, upon the true and actual value of the land and timber separately as established by the assessors at the time the classification was made. A revaluation of both land and timber separately shall be made by the assessors fifty years after the date of original classification, such revaluation to be subject to an annual tax at the local rate, but not more than ten mills, for another period of fifty years. At the end of this period, provided such classification has been continuously maintained, such land and timber shall, whenever necessary, be revalued separately by the assessors, and such new valuation shall be taxed annually thereafter at the local rate. Whenever a cutting is made on land classified under this section, except as specified in section 12-100, the material removed shall be subject to a graduated yield tax at the following rates on the value determined as provided in section 12-100: From one to ten years after the land has been classified the tax shall be two per cent of the yield; from eleven to twenty years after the land has been classified the tax shall be three per cent of the yield; from twenty-one to thirty years after the land has been classified the tax shall be four per cent of the yield; from thirty-one to forty years after the land has been classified the tax shall be five per cent of the yield; from forty-one to fifty years after the land has been classified the tax shall be six per cent of the yield; over fifty years after the land has been classified the tax shall be seven per cent of the yield. Any owner of land classified under this section may, on or after October 1, 1972, but prior to October 1, 1973, convert to the provisions of section 12-107d without penalty. Any such owner desiring such conversion shall notify the board of assessors of the town in which the land is located by registered mail.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1781; 1971, P.A. 697, S. 2.)

      History: 1971 act allowed conversion to provisions of Sec. 12-107d without penalty between October 1, 1972, and October 1, 1973, by notifying assessors of town where land located by registered mail.

      See Sec. 12-107d re classification of land as forest land.

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      Sec. 12-98. Classification of land stocked with trees not more than ten years old. Conversion to forest land classification. Land fully stocked with forest trees not more than ten years old, except scattered older trees the value of which for timber does not increase the assessed value of the property, land incompletely or partially stocked with forest trees not more than ten years old, when planted with a sufficient number of additional trees to assure a spacing of approximately eight by eight feet over the entire area, and open land planted with forest trees not less than seven hundred to the acre, provided in each case the trees planted shall be ash, chestnut, maple, oak, tulip, white pine, red pine, Scotch pine, European larch or Norway spruce, or any other kinds of trees approved by the State Forester, and provided the State Forester shall approve the manner in which the trees are planted, may be classified as forest land as specified in section 12-96, and shall thereafter be taxed annually at the local rate, but not more than ten mills in any case, on a valuation of the land alone established and reestablished by the assessors of the town as provided in section 12-97. Whenever a cutting has been made, except as specified in section 12-100, a yield tax of ten per cent shall be levied on the value of the material removed, such value to be determined as provided in section 12-100. Whenever a timber crop has been removed, either in one or several cuttings, and the land reforested, either naturally or by planting, such land may be reclassified upon application by the owner, or the existing classification may be continued and tax collected on the established valuation as hereinbefore provided for the balance of the uncompleted valuation period. If the existing classification is continued, a revaluation shall be made at the end of such uncompleted period and taxes thereafter assessed as hereinbefore provided. Any owner of land classified under this section may, on or after October 1, 1972, but prior to October 1, 1973, convert to the provisions of section 12-107d without penalty. Any such owner desiring such conversion shall notify the board of assessors of the town in which the land is located by registered mail.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1782; 1949, S. 1068d; 1971, P.A. 697, S. 3.)

      History: 1971 act allowed conversion to provisions of Sec. 12-107d without penalty between October 1, 1972, and October 1, 1973, by notifying assessors of town where land located by registered mail.

      See Sec. 12-107d re classification of land as forest land.

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      Sec. 12-99. Grounds for cancellation of classification. Taxation after cancellation. When any tract has been classified as forest land for purposes of taxation under sections 12-96 to 12-100, inclusive, the classification shall be continued as long as proper forest conditions are maintained thereon except as herein provided. Use of such land for pasture, destruction of the tree growth by fire and failure of the owner to restore forest conditions, removal of tree growth and use of land for other purposes, or any changed condition which, in the opinion of the State Forester, indicates that the requirements of said sections are not being fulfilled, shall be sufficient ground for cancellation of such classification. When requested to do so by the assessors, or whenever he deems it necessary, the State Forester shall examine classified forest land and, if he finds the provisions of said sections are not complied with, he shall forthwith cancel the classification of such land, sending notice of such cancellation to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, the assessor of the town in which the land is located and the owner of such land. Such land shall thereafter be taxed as other land. Whenever a classification has been cancelled, the assessors shall deduct the valuation of both the land and the timber thereon as established at the time of classification from the then value of such land and timber as assessed for future taxation and, on the excess value thus determined, a tax shall be collected at the rate of five mills per annum for the entire number of years that such land has been under classification. This tax shall be in addition to any annual tax or yield tax which has been paid or is collectible. The past value of timber which has been destroyed by natural agencies, or which has been cut and upon which a yield tax has been paid, shall not be considered in fixing the present assessable value.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1783; 1963, P.A. 423, S. 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47.)

      History: 1963 act provided for notice of cancellation to assessor rather than town clerk; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980.

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      Sec. 12-100. Material cut for domestic use exempted from yield tax. All products of cuttings on classified land shall be taxed with a yield tax as provided in sections 12-97 and 12-98, except material cut for domestic use, which shall be limited to fuel and the construction of fences, buildings or other improvements which tend to develop the property of the owner and increase its taxable value, when such material is used by the owner of such land, or by a tenant with the permission of such owner, upon property belonging to such owner which is taxable in the same town as the timber land from which such material was removed. If such material is sold or otherwise disposed of or transferred to the ownership of other persons, it shall be subject to a yield tax as provided in sections 12-97 and 12-98. Whenever a cutting is made, other than as excepted above, the owner of the land shall file a sworn statement with the assessors and the State Forester of the quantity and stumpage value of all timber cut, before any of it is removed from the land. If the assessors deem the quantity or value to be incorrectly stated, they may themselves determine the quantity cut and stumpage value of the same. If the owner is unwilling to accept their valuation, the matter shall be referred to a special board consisting of the first selectman of the town in which the land is located and the State Forester, and the decision of said board with regard to quantity and value shall be final. Upon the valuation thus determined, a yield tax as provided in sections 12-97 and 12-98 shall be paid by the owner of the land. If it is necessary to remove any products of a cutting before the operation is completed, the owner of the land shall deposit with the tax collector a sufficient sum to cover the estimated yield tax. When the cutting is completed, such tax shall be levied as herein provided and the balance of such deposit, if any, returned. If the products of a cutting have been unlawfully removed, the owner of the land and the owner of the timber shall be jointly liable to the town for the full value of both land and timber.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1784; P.A. 00-92, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 00-92 deleted reference to "town clerk" re matters referred to special board matters.

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      Sec. 12-101. Due date and collection of tax. All taxes levied under the provisions of sections 12-96 to 12-100, inclusive, shall be due and collectible as other town taxes and subject to the same liens and processes of collection. Classified land and timber standing thereon and timber products cut from such land shall be subject to lien for unpaid taxes levied under said sections. Any timber products unlawfully removed from such land, or upon which the full amount of yield tax has not been paid, shall be liable to seizure by the town, wherever found, and, after due notice, may be sold to satisfy such unpaid taxes and the expense of seizure and sale.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1785.)

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      Sec. 12-102. Taxing of woodland. The assessors of any town wherein woodland or land suitable for forest planting is situated, which the owner thereof seeks to have classified under the provisions of section 12-96, shall examine such land and give the owner thereof a sworn statement giving separately the value of the land and the value of the timber thereon. If such owner files written application with the assessors on or before September thirtieth in any year, such statement shall be furnished him on or before the first day of November following. Such land shall be placed in the list for such year at the value so placed upon it by the assessors, provided classification in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-96 to 12-100, inclusive, shall be granted by the State Forester prior to the completion and filing of such list by the assessors.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1786.)

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      Sec. 12-103. Appeals. The owner of such land may appeal to the superior court for the judicial district in which such property is situated, from the valuation of the assessors, both in respect to such land and the timber thereon, within the time and in the manner provided for appeals from the doings of boards of assessment appeals. If the town within which land classified by the State Forester as forest land is situated claims that such land is not intended by the owner thereof in good faith to be used for forestry purposes, such town may appeal from the decision of the State Forester so classifying such land to said court. The owner of such land may also appeal to said court from the decision of the State Forester refusing such classification. Such appeals shall be taken within thirty days after the filing of the certificate of classification in the office of the assessor of such town or the refusal of such classification, as the case may be, and shall be brought by petition in writing with proper citation, signed by competent authority, to the adverse parties, at least twelve days before the return day. Said court shall have the same powers in respect to such appeals as are provided by section 12-117a.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1787; 1963, P.A. 423, S. 3; P.A. 76-436, S. 303, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 44, 68; P.A. 99-215, S. 24, 29; P.A. 00-18, S. 2, 3.)

      History: 1963 act changed reference to filing of certificate in town clerk's office to filing in assessor's office; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas and included reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals and provided that appeals be taken to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain instead of the district in which the land is located, effective July 6, 1995 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 99-215 replaced "judicial district of Hartford" with "judicial district of New Britain", effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 00-18 provided that owner may appeal to superior court in judicial district where property is situated, effective July 1, 2000.

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      Secs. 12-104 to 12-107. Tree-growth land: Certificate by State Forester; taxation; revocation of certificate; when owner may cut wood. Sections 12-104 to 12-107, inclusive, are repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1788-1791; 1963, P.A. 490, S. 13.)

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      Sec. 12-107a. Declaration of policy. It is hereby declared (1) that it is in the public interest to encourage the preservation of farm land, forest land, open space land and maritime heritage land in order to maintain a readily available source of food and farm products close to the metropolitan areas of the state, to conserve the state's natural resources and to provide for the welfare and happiness of the inhabitants of the state, (2) that it is in the public interest to prevent the forced conversion of farm land, forest land, open space land and maritime heritage land to more intensive uses as the result of economic pressures caused by the assessment thereof for purposes of property taxation at values incompatible with their preservation as such farm land, forest land, open space land and maritime heritage land, and (3) that the necessity in the public interest of the enactment of the provisions of sections 12-107b to 12-107e, inclusive, 12-107g and 12-504f is a matter of legislative determination.

      (1963, P.A. 490, S. 1; P.A. 98-157, S. 14(b), 15; P.A. 05-190, S. 2; P.A. 07-127, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 98-157 repealed Sec. 7-131c and specifically mandated deletion of reference to that section in Sec. 12-107a, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 05-190 added reference to Sec. 12-504f and changed alphabetic designators to numeric designators, effective July 1, 2005, and applicable to sales, transfers or changes in use of land classified as farm land, forest land or open space land that occur on or after that date; P.A. 07-127 added references to maritime heritage land and reference to Sec. 12-107g, effective July 1, 2007.

      Favorable tax treatment of farm land is intended to prevent its forced conversion to more intensive uses as the result of an assessment based on its market value rather than its current use. 156 C. 107. Cited. Id., 440. Purpose of act is to aid conservation and not merely to aid food production alone. 160 C. 71. Cited. 168 C. 319; Id., 466. Cited. 173 C. 328. Cited. 174 C. 10. Cited. 178 C. 100. Cited. 195 C. 368. Cited. 199 C. 294. Cited. 212 C. 727.

      Cited. 3 CA 53.

      Loam and gravel business defeats purpose set forth in this section and land used for "loam farming" does not qualify as farm land. 26 CS 162. Intention of legislature was to grant special tax treatment privileges for land devoted for agricultural use. 28 CS 97. Cited. 34 CS 52.


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      Sec. 12-107b. Definitions. When used in sections 12-107a to 12-107e, inclusive, and 12-107g:

      (1) The term "farm land" means any tract or tracts of land, including woodland and wasteland, constituting a farm unit;

      (2) The term "forest land" means any tract or tracts of land aggregating twenty-five acres or more in area bearing tree growth that conforms to the forest stocking, distribution and condition standards established by the State Forester pursuant to subsection (a) of section 12-107d, and consisting of (A) one tract of land of twenty-five or more contiguous acres, which acres may be in contiguous municipalities, (B) two or more tracts of land aggregating twenty-five acres or more in which no single component tract shall consist of less than ten acres, or (C) any tract of land which is contiguous to a tract owned by the same owner and has been classified as forest land pursuant to this section;

      (3) The term "open space land" means any area of land, including forest land, land designated as wetland under section 22a-30 and not excluding farm land, the preservation or restriction of the use of which would (A) maintain and enhance the conservation of natural or scenic resources, (B) protect natural streams or water supply, (C) promote conservation of soils, wetlands, beaches or tidal marshes, (D) enhance the value to the public of abutting or neighboring parks, forests, wildlife preserves, nature reservations or sanctuaries or other open spaces, (E) enhance public recreation opportunities, (F) preserve historic sites, or (G) promote orderly urban or suburban development;

      (4) The word "municipality" means any town, consolidated town and city, or consolidated town and borough;

      (5) The term "planning commission" means a planning commission created pursuant to section 8-19;

      (6) The term "plan of conservation and development" means a plan of development, including any amendment thereto, prepared or adopted pursuant to section 8-23;

      (7) The term "certified forester" means a practitioner certified as a forester pursuant to section 23-65h; and

      (8) The term "maritime heritage land" means that portion of waterfront real property owned by a commercial lobster fisherman licensed pursuant to title 26, when such portion of such property is used by such fisherman for commercial lobstering purposes, provided in the tax year of the owner ending immediately prior to any assessment date with respect to which application is submitted pursuant to section 12-107g, not less than fifty per cent of the adjusted gross income of such fisherman, as determined for purposes of the federal income tax, is derived from commercial lobster fishing, subject to proof satisfactory to the assessor in the town in which such application is submitted. "Maritime heritage land" does not include buildings not used exclusively by such fisherman for commercial lobstering purposes.

      (1963, P.A. 490, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 415, S. 1; P.A. 76-278, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-335, S. 17, 26; P.A. 98-157, S. 14(b), 15; P.A. 04-115, S. 2; P.A. 07-127, S. 4.)

      History: 1971 act included land designated as wetland under definition of "open space land" in Subsec. (c); P.A. 76-278 redefined "forest land" by clarifying requirement that tract or tracts be at least twenty-five acres and providing exception for land designations made before July 1, 1976; P.A. 95-335 amended Subdiv. (f) to change "plan of development" to "plan of conservation and development", effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-157 repealed Sec. 7-131c and specifically mandated deletion of reference to that section in Sec. 12-107b, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 04-115 redefined "forest land", defined "certified forester" and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-127 added reference to Sec. 12-107g and Subdiv. (8) defining "maritime heritage land", effective July 1, 2007.

      See Sec. 12-63 re rule of valuation.

      Farm land is any tract of land including woodland and wasteland constituting farm unit and is to be classified if so used without regard to per cent of owner's income derived from it or other considerations. 156 C. 107. Cited. Id., 440. Nursery land is farm land within purview of statute. 160 C. 71, 75. Cited. 168 C. 319. Neither section 12-107b nor any other legislation pertaining to "open space land" requires that it be left in its natural state. The basic concept is that land be "open," and not that it be entirely unused, undeveloped or unimproved. Id., 466. Cited. 173 C. 328. Cited. 174 C. 10. Cited. 178 C. 100. Cited. 199 C. 294.

      Cited. 3 CA 53.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 212 C. 727.

      Subsec. (b):

      Land used for loam and gravel business does not qualify as farm land. 26 CS 162. Wooded area, detached from parcels of land used for farming, not within statutory definition of farm land. Id.

      Subsec. (c):

      Mere fact of private ownership does not disqualify land from open space classification for such ownership and use are implicit in the entire structure of open space legislation. 168 C. 466.

      Cited. 34 CS 52.


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      Sec. 12-107c. Classification of land as farm land. (a) An owner of land may apply for its classification as farm land on any grand list of a municipality by filing a written application for such classification with the assessor thereof not earlier than thirty days before or later than thirty days after the assessment date, provided in a year in which a revaluation of all real property in accordance with section 12-62 becomes effective such application may be filed not later than ninety days after such assessment date. The assessor shall determine whether such land is farm land and, if such assessor determines that it is farm land, he or she shall classify and include it as such on the grand list. In determining whether such land is farm land, such assessor shall take into account, among other things, the acreage of such land, the portion thereof in actual use for farming or agricultural operations, the productivity of such land, the gross income derived therefrom, the nature and value of the equipment used in connection therewith, and the extent to which the tracts comprising such land are contiguous.

      (b) An application for classification of land as farm land shall be made upon a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Agriculture and shall set forth a description of the land, a general description of the use to which it is being put, a statement of the potential liability for tax under the provisions of sections 12-504a to 12-504f, inclusive, and such other information as the assessor may require to aid the assessor in determining whether such land qualifies for such classification.

      (c) Failure to file an application for classification of land as farm land within the time limit prescribed in subsection (a) and in the manner and form prescribed in subsection (b) shall be considered a waiver of the right to such classification on such assessment list.

      (d) Any person aggrieved by the denial of any application for the classification of land as farm land shall have the same rights and remedies for appeal and relief as are provided in the general statutes for taxpayers claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of assessors or boards of assessment appeals.

      (1963, P.A. 490, S. 3; P.A. 73-585, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-513, S. 1, 6; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 94-201, S. 1, 7; P.A. 95-283, S. 45, 68; P.A. 00-120, S. 2, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 116, 181; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-190, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 73-585 required that application include statement of potential tax liability under Secs. 12-504a to 12-504e; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-513 allowed filing of application within 90 days after assessment date in years in which revaluations become effective, effective July 1, 1979, and applicable to sale of any land classified for first time as farm, forest or open space land on or after that date; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 94-201 amended Subsec. (b) to change the officer responsible for administration of that Subsec. from the secretary of policy and management to the commissioner of agriculture, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (d) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 00-120 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting grand list for assessment list and making technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 11, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-190 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing reference to Sec. 12-504e with reference to Sec. 12-504f, effective July 1, 2005, and applicable to sales, transfers or changes in use of land classified as farm land, forest land or open space land that occur on or after that date.

      See Sec. 12-63 re rule of valuation.

      When owner applied under this section for classification of land as farm criteria to be applied is actual use of land and it was reversible error for court to predicate classification on its highest and best use. 156 C. 107. Since plaintiffs had not applied for classification of their land as farm land hereunder, town assessors correctly valued their farm at its fair market value. Id., 437. Cited. 160 C. 71. Cited. 168 C. 319. Cited. 173 C. 328. Cited. 174 C. 10. Cited. 178 C. 100. Cited. 199 C. 294. Cited. 241 C. 382.

      Cited. 3 CA 53.

      A wooded area, detached from parcels of land used for farming, not within statutory definition of farm land. 26 CS 162. Land used for loam and gravel business does not qualify as farm land. Id. That plaintiff's major income was from a nonfarming operation on one parcel of land did not, ipso facto, deprive two other parcels of their status as farm land. Id., 163. Where plaintiff had brought a timely appeal under section 12-118 which was nonsuited, he is not entitled to rely on section 52-592 to bring a new appeal on the same course of action after the two-month limitation had run, since the proceeding, involving an appeal under this section, is not the type of action which comes within the saving protection of section 52-592. 26 CS 168. Capitalization of rentals is best method of assessment under this section. 28 CS 97.


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      Sec. 12-107d. Regulations re evaluation of land as forest land. Implementation of standards and procedures. Certification requirements. Fees. Notice of termination of forest land classification. Application for classification as forest land. Appeal. Report to State Forester. (a) Not later than June 1, 2006, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, regarding standards for forest stocking, distribution and conditions and procedures for evaluation by a certified forester of land proposed for classification as forest land. Standards and procedures regarding forest stocking, distribution and conditions and procedures for evaluation by a certified forester of land proposed for classification as forest land shall be implemented by the State Forester while the commissioner is in the process of establishing such regulations, provided notice of intent to adopt the regulations is published not later than twenty days after the date of implementation. The standards and procedures implemented by the State Forester shall be valid until June 1, 2006, or until regulations are adopted, whichever date is earlier.

      (b) A certified forester may evaluate land proposed for classification as forest land and attest to the qualifications of such land for classification as forest land, provided such certified forester has satisfactorily completed training by and obtained a certificate from the State Forester or his or her designee related to policies and standards for evaluating land proposed for classification as forest land and, in the opinion of the State Forester, the certified forester acts in conformance with such policies and standards.

      (c) An owner of land seeking classification of such land as forest land shall employ a certified forester to examine the land to determine if it conforms to forest stocking, distribution and condition standards established by the State Forester pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. If the certified forester determines that such land conforms to such standards, such forester shall issue a report to the owner of the land pursuant to subsection (g) of this section and retain one copy of the report.

      (d) Fees charged by a certified forester for services to examine land and determine if said land conforms to the standards of forest stocking, distribution and condition established by the State Forester shall not be contingent upon or otherwise influenced by the classification of the land as forest land or the failure of such land to qualify for said classification.

      (e) Upon termination of classification as forest land, the assessor of the municipality in which the land is located shall issue a notice of cancellation and provide a copy of such notice to the owner of the land and to the office of the assessor of any other municipality in which the owner's land is classified as forest land.

      (f) An owner of land may apply for its classification as forest land on any grand list of a municipality by filing a written application for such classification accompanied by a copy of the certified forester's report described in subsection (g) of this section with the assessor thereof not earlier than thirty days before or later than thirty days after the assessment date and, if the assessor determines that the use of such land as forest land has not changed as of a date at or prior to the assessment date such assessor shall classify such land as forest land and include it as such on the grand list, provided in a year in which a revaluation of all real property in accordance with section 12-62 becomes effective such application may be filed not later than ninety days after such assessment date in such year.

      (g) A report issued by a certified forester pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall be on a form prescribed by the State Forester and shall set forth a description of the land, a description of the forest growth upon the land, a description of forest management activities recommended to be undertaken to maintain the land in a state of proper forest condition and such other information as the State Forester may require as measures of forest stocking, distribution and condition and shall include the name, address and certificate number of the certified forester and a signed, sworn statement that the certified forester has determined that the land proposed for classification conforms to the standards of forest stocking, distribution and condition established by the State Forester. An application to an assessor for classification of land as forest land shall be made upon a form prescribed by such assessor and approved by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection and shall set forth a description of the land and the date of the issuance of the certified forester's report and a statement of the potential liability for tax under the provisions of sections 12-504a to 12-504e, inclusive. The certified forester's report shall be attached to and made a part of such application. No later than October first, such application shall be submitted to the assessor.

      (h) Failure to file an application for classification of land as forest land within the time limit prescribed in subsection (f) of this section and in the manner and form prescribed in subsection (g) of this section shall be considered a waiver of the right to such classification on such assessment list.

      (i) The municipality within which land proposed for classification as forest land is situated or the owner of such land may appeal to the State Forester for a review of the findings of the certified forester as issued in the certified forester's report. Such appeal shall be filed with the State Forester not later than thirty business days after the issuance of the report and shall be brought by petition in writing. The State Forester shall review the report of the certified forester and any information the certified forester relied upon in developing his or her findings and may gather additional information at his or her discretion. The State Forester shall render the results of his or her review of the certified forester's report not later than sixty calendar days after the appeal was filed.

      (j) An owner of land aggrieved by the denial of any application to the assessor of a municipality for classification of land as forest land shall have the same rights and remedies for appeal and relief as are provided in the general statutes for taxpayers claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of assessors or boards of assessment appeals.

      (k) During the month of June each year the assessor of a municipality within which land classified as forest land is situated shall report to the State Forester, in a format prescribed by the State Forester, the total number of owners of land classified as farm land, forest land or open space land as of the most recent grand list and a listing of the parcels of land so classified showing the acreage of each parcel, the total acreage of all such parcels, the number of acres of each parcel classified as farm land, forest land or open space land, and the total acreage for all such parcels.

      (1963, P.A. 490, S. 4; P.A. 73-585, S. 4; P.A. 74-187, S. 3; P.A. 76-436, S. 304, 681; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 79-513, S. 2, 6; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 95-283, S. 46, 68; 95-307, S. 6, 14; P.A. 00-120, S. 3, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 117, 181; P.A. 04-115, S. 3; P.A. 05-190, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 73-585 amended Subsec. (d) to require that application include statement of potential tax liability under Secs. 12-504a to 12-504e; P.A. 74-187 deleted provisions concerning examination or reexamination of the land itself in Subsecs. (a) and (b) by state forester; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas in Subsec. (f) and included reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 79-513 amended Subsec. (c) to allow filing within 90 days after assessment date in years in which revaluations become effective, effective July 1, 1979, and applicable to sale of any land classified for first time as farm, forest or open space land on or after that date; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsecs. (f) and (g) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 95-307, in Subsec. (d), transferred authority to approve the form from the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 00-120 amended Subsec. (c) by substituting grand list for assessment list and making technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) to (d), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 04-115 added new Subsec. (a) re adoption of regulations re standards of forest stocking, distribution and conditions and procedures for evaluation of land by certified forester and implementation of standards and procedures by State Forester, added new Subsec. (b) re certified forester to evaluate land for classification as forest land, and re training and mandated certification of certified foresters, redesignated existing Subsec. (a) as new Subsec. (c) and amended same to require owner of land to employ a certified forester, added new Subsec. (d) prohibiting certified forester contingent fees, deleted former Subsec. (b) re issuance of triplicate certificate, added new Subsec. (e) re municipal assessors to provide notice re termination of forest land classification, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as new Subsec. (f) and amended provisions therein re copy of certified forester's report and assessor's determination, deleted former Subsec. (d) re application, added new Subsec. (g) re contents of certified forester's report, deleted, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as new Subsec. (h) and made technical changes therein, added new Subsec. (i) re appeals to the State Forester, deleted former Subsec. (f) re appeals, redesignated existing Subsec. (g) as new Subsec. (j) and added new Subsec. (k) re municipal assessors to report to State Forester, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-190 amended Subsec. (g) to require that application be submitted to the assessor no later than October first, effective July 1, 2005, and applicable to sales, transfers or changes in use of land classified as farm land, forest land or open space land that occur on or after that date.

      See Sec. 12-63 re rule of valuation.

      See Sec. 12-96 et seq. re forest lands.


      Former section cited. 114 C. 724. Meriden reservoir land located in Berlin and used exclusively for Meriden cannot be classified as "forest land" because of exception created by section 12-76. 161 C. 396. Declaration after assessment date by state forester not to affect current assessment classification, when. 162 C. 562. Cited. 168 C. 319. Cited. 173 C. 328. Cited. 174 C. 10. Cited. 178 C. 100. Cited. 226 C. 407. Cited. 241 C. 382.

      Cited. 3 CA 53.

      Subsec. (c):

      Statute does not and need not specifically identify all officials, including town assessor, who may not declassify property as forest land, because it affirmatively provides that state forester is sole government official authorized to designate property as forest land and that property so designated shall be classified as forest land by the town assessor; an assessor may not deny an application to continue forest land classification unless state forester has cancelled the designation. 269 C. 120.

      Subsec. (g):

      Unnecessary for town assessor to appeal forest land designation under this statute because burden is on the aggrieved after the assessor's denial. 161 C. 396.


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      Sec. 12-107e. Classification of land as open space land. (a) The planning commission of any municipality in preparing a plan of conservation and development for such municipality may designate upon such plan areas which it recommends for preservation as areas of open space land, provided such designation is approved by a majority vote of the legislative body of such municipality. Land included in any area so designated upon such plan as finally adopted may be classified as open space land for purposes of property taxation or payments in lieu thereof if there has been no change in the use of such area which has adversely affected its essential character as an area of open space land between the date of the adoption of such plan and the date of such classification.

      (b) An owner of land included in any area designated as open space land upon any plan as finally adopted may apply for its classification as open space land on any grand list of a municipality by filing a written application for such classification with the assessor thereof not earlier than thirty days before or later than thirty days after the assessment date, provided in a year in which a revaluation of all real property in accordance with section 12-62 becomes effective such application may be filed not later than ninety days after such assessment date. The assessor shall determine whether there has been any change in the area designated as an area of open space land upon the plan of development which adversely affects its essential character as an area of open space land and, if the assessor determines that there has been no such change, said assessor shall classify such land as open space land and include it as such on the grand list. An application for classification of land as open space land shall be made upon a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Agriculture and shall set forth a description of the land, a general description of the use to which it is being put, a statement of the potential liability for tax under the provisions of section 12-504a to 12-504f, inclusive, and such other information as the assessor may require to aid in determining whether such land qualifies for such classification.

      (c) Failure to file an application for classification of land as open space land within the time limit prescribed in subsection (b) of this section and in the manner and form prescribed in said subsection (b) shall be considered a waiver of the right to such classification on such assessment list.

      (d) Any person aggrieved by the denial by an assessor of any application for the classification of land as open space land shall have the same rights and remedies for appeal and relief as are provided in the general statutes for taxpayers claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of assessors or boards of assessment appeals.

      (1963, P.A. 490, S. 5; P.A. 73-585, S. 5; 73-616, S. 10; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-513, S. 3, 6; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 94-201, S. 2, 7; P.A. 95-283, S. 47, 68; P.A. 00-120, S. 4, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 118, 181; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-190, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 73-585 amended Subsec. (b) to require that application include statement of potential tax liability under Secs. 12-504a to 12-504e; P.A. 73-616 substituted "(b)" for "(a)" in Subsec. (c) re time limit; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-513 amended Subsec. (a) to require approval of designation as open space land by legislative body of municipality and amended Subsec. (b) to allow application within 90 days after assessment date in years in which revaluation becomes effective, effective July 1, 1979, and applicable to sale of any land classified for first time as farm, forest or open space land on or after that date; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 94-201 amended Subsec. (b) to change the officer responsible for administration of that Subsec. from the secretary of policy and management to the commissioner of agriculture, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (d) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 00-120 amended Subsec. (a) to allow designation of open space land for purposes of payments in lieu of taxes and amended Subsec. (b) by substituting grand list for assessment list and making technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 11, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-190 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing reference to Sec. 12-504e with reference to Sec. 12-504f and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (c), effective July 1, 2005, and applicable to sales, transfers or changes in use of land classified as farm land, forest land or open space land that occur on or after that date.

      See Sec. 12-63 re rule of valuation.

      Cited. 168 C. 319; Id., 466. Cited. 173 C. 328. Cited. 174 C. 10. Cited. 178 C. 100; Id., 295. Cited. 241 C. 382. Property designated as open space land requires a majority vote of legislative body before the land is eligible for open space classification for tax assessment purposes; open space designation alone does not create a vested right to open space classification for tax assessment purposes, and such right only exists after a landowner applies for such classification within the statutorily prescribed time. 292 C. 817.

      Cited. 3 CA 53. Cited. 18 CA 608.

      Statute contains sufficient guidelines for planning commission and is not void for vagueness. 34 CS 52.

      Subsec. (a):

      Mere fact that airport exists on a wetlands and flood hazard plain does not, on its own, entitle applicant to open space classification. 115 CA 438.

      Subsec. (d):

      Taxpayer who alleges aggrievement by denial of application for open space classification must establish that denial resulted in overassessment of the property. 115 CA 438.


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      Sec. 12-107f. Open space land. (a) Declaration of policy encouraging preservation by tax-exempt organizations. It is hereby found and declared that it is in the public interest to encourage organizations which are tax-exempt for federal income tax purposes to hold open space land in perpetuity for educational, scientific, aesthetic or other equivalent passive uses, for the benefit of the public in general.

      (b) Improvements exempt from state and municipal assessments or taxes. Payment of assessment or taxes by municipality. Any such open space land held in perpetuity for educational, scientific, aesthetic or other equivalent passive uses, for the benefit of the public in general, and not held or used for development for any residential, industrial or commercial purpose, by any organization to which a determination letter has been issued by the Internal Revenue Service that contributions to it are deductible under the applicable sections of the Internal Revenue Code as amended, shall not be subject to state or municipal assessments or taxes for either capital or maintenance costs for improvements or betterments capable of serving the land so held, such as water lines, sidewalks, streets and sewers. The amount of such assessments or taxes which would have been charged to such organization shall be paid out of the General Fund of such municipality and shall be financed out of regular municipal taxes.

      (c) Exemption application and time limit. Determination by authority. Any owner of land who has received such a determination letter from the Internal Revenue Service may apply for exemption from any state or municipal assessment for improvements or betterments to the authority making such assessment not later than ninety days after such assessment. Said authority shall determine whether the open space land is held in perpetuity for educational, scientific, aesthetic or other equivalent passive uses, for the benefit of the public in general, and not held or used for development for any residential, industrial or commercial purpose.

      (d) Form of application. An application for exemption from state or municipal assessments for improvements or betterments shall be made upon a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Agriculture and shall set forth the current status of the determination of deductibility under the applicable sections of the Internal Revenue Code, a description of the land, a general description of the current use of such land, and such other information as said authority may require to aid in determining whether such land qualifies for such exemption.

      (e) Waiver by failure to file. Failure to file an application for exemption within the time limit prescribed in subsection (c) and in the manner and form prescribed in subsection (d) shall be considered a waiver of the right to such exemption with respect to the current such assessment.

      (f) Appeal from denial of application for exemption. Any owner of land aggrieved by the denial of any application for exemption shall have the same rights and remedies for appeal and relief as are provided in the general statutes for taxpayers claiming to be aggrieved by actions of assessors or boards of assessment appeals.

      (P.A. 73-583, S. 1-6; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 95-283, S. 48, 68; P.A. 99-89, S. 3, 10; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (f) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-89 amended Subsec. (d) by replacing Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management with Commissioner of Agriculture, effective June 3, 1999; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      See Sec. 12-63 re rule of valuation.

      Cited. 174 C. 10. Cited. 178 C. 100.

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      Sec. 12-107g. Classification of land as marine heritage land. (a) An owner of land may apply for its classification as maritime heritage land, as defined in section 12-107b, on any grand list of a municipality by filing a written application for such classification with the assessor thereof not earlier than thirty days before or later than thirty days after the assessment date, provided in a year in which a revaluation of all real property in accordance with section 12-62 becomes effective such application may be filed not later than ninety days after such assessment date. The assessor shall determine whether such land is maritime heritage land and, if such assessor determines that it is maritime heritage land, he or she shall classify and include it as such on the grand list.

      (b) An application for classification of land as maritime heritage land shall be made upon a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and shall set forth a description of the land, a general description of the use to which it is being put, a statement of the potential liability for tax under the provisions of sections 12-504a to 12-504f, inclusive, and such other information as the assessor may require to aid the assessor in determining whether such land qualifies for such classification.

      (c) Failure to file an application for classification of land as maritime heritage land within the time limit prescribed in subsection (a) of this section and in the manner and form prescribed in subsection (b) of this section shall be considered a waiver of the right to such classification on such assessment list.

      (d) Any person aggrieved by the denial of any application for the classification of land as maritime heritage land shall have the same rights and remedies for appeal and relief as are provided in the general statutes for taxpayers claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of assessors or boards of assessment appeals.

      (P.A. 07-127, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 07-127 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 12-108. Stored property as property in transit. Goods, wares and merchandise of a nonresident individual or organization not having an office or place of business in this state, shipped into this state by such nonresident individual or organization and placed in storage in the original package in a public commercial storage warehouse or on a public wharf, shall, while so in storage, be considered in transit and not subject to local property taxation, but no portion of premises, which portion is owned or leased by a consignor or consignee, shall be deemed a public warehouse.

      (1953, S. 1069d.)

      See Sec. 12-95a re exemption of merchandise in transit in warehouses.

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      Sec. 12-109. Listing and valuation of tax-exempt property. All property exempted from taxation except public highways, streets and bridges, shall be listed, valued and assessed annually by the assessor of each municipality and such valuation shall be added by the assessor to the grand list in such manner as to be separate from the valuation of property not exempted from taxation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1792; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 69; 1963, P.A. 490, S. 12; P.A. 74-233.)

      History: 1963 act added specific reference to farm land, forest land, and open space land; P.A. 74-233 replaced former provisions re valuation of property which is exempt under special act provisions and listing of such property in abstract book with provision that all tax-exempt property, except public highways, streets and bridges be listed, valued and assessed annually and added to grand list in separate category.

      Cited. 32 CS 140. Cited. 39 CS 142.

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      Sec. 12-110. Sessions of board of assessment appeals. (a) The board of assessment appeals in each town shall meet at least once in the month of September, annually, provided any meeting in the month of September shall be for the sole purpose of hearing appeals related to the assessment of motor vehicles, and shall give notice of the time and place of such meetings by posting it at least ten days before the first meeting in the office of the town clerk, and publishing it in some newspaper published therein or, if no newspaper is published in such town, in a newspaper having a general circulation in such town. Such meetings shall be held on business days, which may be Saturdays, the last not later than the last business day in the month of September, on or before which date such board shall complete the duties imposed upon it.

      (b) The board of assessment appeals in each town shall meet in the month of March to hear appeals related to the assessment of property. Any such meeting shall be held on business days, which may be Saturdays, the last not later than the last business day in the month of March, on or before which date such board shall complete the duties imposed upon it.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1793; 1949, 1951, S. 1070d; 1957, P.A. 263, S. 1; P.A. 79-412, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-146, S. 7; P.A. 95-283, S. 49, 68.)

      History: P.A. 79-412 added requirement that September meeting be held to hear appeals concerning motor vehicle assessments, effective June 12, 1979, and applicable to assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 84-146 included a reference to posting of notice on a place other than a signpost; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals effective July 6, 1995, deleted requirement for meeting in February and the requirement for posting notice of meetings on public signposts and added Subsec. (b) re required meeting during the month of March, effective July 6, 1995.

      See Sec. 12-117 re time extension for completion of duties of board of tax review.

      Failure to announce decision or return abstract till after time limited held not a failure to complete duties. 75 C. 597. Provisions of this and following sections re boards of tax review are mandatory and conditions precedent to valid assessment. 122 C. 403. Cited. 130 C. 702. Cited. 136 C. 32. Cited. 165 C. 546. Cited. 195 C. 48.

      Cited. 13 CA 584.


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      Sec. 12-111. Appeals to board of assessment appeals. (a) Any person, including any lessee of real property whose lease has been recorded as provided in section 47-19 and who is bound under the terms of a lease to pay real property taxes and any person to whom title to such property has been transferred since the assessment date, claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of the assessors of such town may appeal therefrom to the board of assessment appeals. Such appeal shall be filed, in writing, on or before February twentieth. The written appeal shall include, but is not limited to, the property owner's name, name and position of the signer, description of the property which is the subject of the appeal, name and mailing address of the party to be sent all correspondence by the board of assessment appeals, reason for the appeal, appellant's estimate of value, signature of property owner, or duly authorized agent of the property owner, and date of signature. The board shall notify each aggrieved taxpayer who filed a written appeal in the proper form and in a timely manner, no later than March first immediately following the assessment date, of the date, time and place of the appeal hearing. Such notice shall be sent no later than seven calendar days preceding the hearing date except that the board may elect not to conduct an appeal hearing for any commercial, industrial, utility or apartment property with an assessed value greater than one million dollars. The board shall, not later than March first, notify the appellant that the board has elected not to conduct an appeal hearing. An appellant whose appeal will not be heard by the board may appeal directly to the Superior Court pursuant to section 12-117a. The board shall determine all appeals for which the board conducts an appeal hearing and send written notification of the final determination of such appeals to each such person within one week after such determination has been made. Such written notification shall include information describing the property owner's right to appeal the determination of such board. Such board may equalize and adjust the grand list of such town and may increase or decrease the assessment of any taxable property or interest therein and may add an assessment for property omitted by the assessors which should be added thereto; and may add to the grand list the name of any person omitted by the assessors and owning taxable property in such town, placing therein all property liable to taxation which it has reason to believe is owned by such person, at the percentage of its actual valuation, as determined by the assessors in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-64 and 12-71, from the best information that it can obtain, and if such property should have been included in the declaration, as required by section 12-42 or 12-43, it shall add thereto twenty-five per cent of such assessment; but, before proceeding to increase the assessment of any person or to add to the grand list the name of any person so omitted, it shall mail to such person, postage paid, at least one week before making such increase or addition, a written or printed notice addressed to such person at the town in which such person resides, to appear before such board and show cause why such increase or addition should not be made. When the board increases or decreases the gross assessment of any taxable real property or interest therein, the amount of such gross assessment shall be fixed until the assessment year in which the municipality next implements a revaluation of all real property pursuant to section 12-62, unless the assessor increases or decreases the gross assessment of the property to (1) comply with an order of a court of jurisdiction, (2) reflect an addition for new construction, (3) reflect a reduction for damage or demolition, or (4) correct a factual error by issuance of a certificate of correction. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, if, prior to the next revaluation, the assessor increases or decreases a gross assessment established by the board for any other reason, the assessor shall submit a written explanation to the board setting forth the reason for such increase or decrease. The assessor shall also append the written explanation to the property card for the real estate parcel whose gross assessment was increased or decreased.

      (b) If an extension is granted to any assessor or board of assessors pursuant to section 12-117, the date by which a taxpayer shall be required to submit a written request for appeal to the board of assessment appeals shall be extended to March twentieth and said board shall conduct hearings regarding such requests during the month of April. The board shall send notification to the taxpayer of the time and date of an appeal hearing at least seven calendar days preceding the hearing date, but no later than the first day of April. If the board elects not to hear an appeal for commercial, industrial, utility or apartment property described in subsection (a) of this section, the board shall notify the taxpayer of such decision no later than the first day of April.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1794; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 9; 1963, P.A. 458; February, 1965, P.A. 65, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 50; P.A. 87-245, S. 6, 10; P.A. 95-283, S. 50, 68; P.A. 96-171, S. 11, 16; P.A. 00-120, S. 6, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 119, 181; P.A. 03-269, S. 3; P.A. 09-196, S. 1.)

      History: 1963 act added requirement of written report of decisions on appeals within one week of determination; 1965 act included appeals by lessees who, according to terms of lease, are responsible for payment of property taxes; 1967 act included appeals by persons receiving title since assessment date; P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 95-283 changed name of board of tax review to board of assessment appeals, required appeals to be filed on or before February twentieth, in writing, added requirements for the written appeal and notification requirements, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-171 required the board to "send written notification of" the final determination of all appeals, rather than "report in writing" such determination, and required the notice to include information describing the property owner's right to appeal the determination of the board, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 00-120 substituted grand list for assessment list and made technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 03-269 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) re effect on appeals of extensions of time granted to assessors, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing the assessed value of property for which the board may elect not to conduct an appeal hearing from $500,000 to $1,000,000, by providing that appellant whose appeal will not be heard by the board may appeal directly to the Superior Court and by adding language re increasing or decreasing the gross assessment of any taxable real property or interest therein.

      Requisites of valid notice of intended additions. 14 C. 72; 15 C. 447. Omissions and mistakes in assessments can only be taken advantage of by those in whose lists they occur. 15 C. 447; see also 65 C. 456. May add note, without interest, secured by mortgage. 39 C. 176. Addition without indicating property held legal. 44 C. 477. Nonresident whose personal property is wrongly assessed waives no rights by neglect to apply to board. 47 C. 477; see 87 C. 234. Board only and not inhabitants in town meeting can review work of assessors. 48 C. 145. Appearance before board waives defect of notice. 75 C. 597; 85 C. 6. Does not supplant remedy of mandamus to compel assessors to properly list property not listed by taxpayer. 104 C. 549. Acquiescence of board in erroneous action of assessors as to listing of property is not a good defense to an action of mandamus to compel assessors to make proper list. 108 C. 258. Cited. 117 C. 393; 123 C. 547; 130 C. 702; 131 C. 275. Remedy for overvaluation of property is appeal to board of tax review. 146 C. 165. Persons aggrieved by denial of application for classification of land as farm land may appeal to board of tax review for reclassification. 156 C. 107. Cited. 158 C. 148. Cited. 165 C. 546. Cited. 169 C. 454. Cited. 179 C. 712. Cited. 184 C. 326. Cited. 193 C. 342. Cited. 196 C. 487. Cited. 200 C. 697. Cited. 224 C. 110. Cited. 226 C. 407. Cited. 227 C. 826. Cited. 228 C. 23. Cited. 240 C. 192; Id., 469. Cited. 241 C. 749. Bar to action must at any time use as its initial reference point the assessment date and not the date of decennial reevaluation. 242 C. 363. Cited. Id., 727. Subsequent title holder has no greater rights to challenge prior assessment than were possessed by its immediate assignor or by any prior assignee from the owner of a property at the time of assessment. 249 C. 1.

      Cited. 8 CA 209. Cited. 21 CA 275. Cited. 26 CA 545. Cited. 29 CA 97. Cited. 42 CA 318. Cited. 44 CA 517.

      Improper to test amount of assessment in an action to collect unpaid taxes. 4 CS 391. Grounds of appeal from board of relief reviewed. 6 CS 505. Discussed. 32 CS 139. Cited. 39 CS 142. Cited. 43 CS 297.

      Subsec. (a):

      Prior notice required is a mandatory condition precedent to board's decision to increase property tax assessment; if legal notice is not provided, board's decision is illegal within meaning of Sec. 12-119. 109 CA 287.


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      Sec. 12-112. Limit of time for appeals. No appeal from the doings of the assessors in any town shall be heard or entertained by the board of assessment appeals unless referred to it at one of its meetings during the month of September in the case of an appeal related to motor vehicle assessment or unless written appeal is made on or before February twentieth in accordance with the provisions of section 12-111.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1795; 1953, S. 1072d; 1957, P.A. 263, S. 2; P.A. 79-412, S. 2, 3; P.A. 90-230, S. 18, 101; P.A. 95-283, S. 51, 68.)

      History: P.A. 79-412 included reference to September meeting for motor vehicle assessment appeals, effective June 12, 1979, and applicable to assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 90-230 made a technical correction; P.A. 95-283 changed name of board of tax review to board of assessment appeals, deleted the requirement for February meeting and added provision re written appeal by February twentieth in accordance with Sec. 12-111, effective July 6, 1995.

      Appearance by attorney, with request that board adjourn to house of ill taxpayer, considered. 90 C. 159. Negligent failure of taxpayer to use accessible means to learn of mistake precludes action to recover taxes paid. 117 C. 394. Cited. 130 C. 702; 158 C. 138. Cited. 195 C. 587. Subsequent title holder has no greater rights to challenge prior assessment than were possessed by its immediate assignor or by any prior assignee from the owner of a property at the time of assessment. 249 C. 1.

      Cited. 13 CA 584. Cited. 29 CA 97.

      Provides for speedy determination. 4 CS 391. Cited. 6 CS 505.


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      Sec. 12-113. When board of assessment appeals may reduce assessment. The board of assessment appeals may reduce the assessment of any person as reflected on the grand list by reducing the valuation, number, quantity or amount of any item of estate therein, or by deleting any item which ought not to be retained in it, provided any such reduction or deletion shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of said board. The board of assessment appeals shall not reduce the valuation or assessment of property on the grand list belonging to any person who does not appear at a hearing before the board of assessment appeals, either in person or by such person's attorney or agent, and offer or consent to be sworn before it and answer all questions touching such person's taxable property situated in the town.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1796; 1959, P.A. 436; February, 1965, P.A. 18; P.A. 79-17, S. 1, 3; P.A. 95-283, S. 52, 68; P.A. 99-189, S. 13, 20; P.A. 00-120, S. 7, 13.)

      History: 1959 act eliminated distinction between residents and nonresidents as to appearing before board; 1965 act added reference to "consent" to be sworn; P.A. 79-17 substituted deletion of item for erasure and specified how reductions and deletions to be marked on list, effective April 3, 1979, and applicable to assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 95-283 changed name of board of tax review to board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-189 made technical changes and clarified when the board of assessment appeals can reduce the assessment of a taxpayer, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-120 eliminated provision specifying how a reduction or deletion is to be made and specified that a reduction or deletion is to be recorded in the minutes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000.

      Adding property to list of one taxpayer not invalidated by fact that it is erased from list of another who did not appear. 75 C. 597. Appeal from refusal of board to take off ten per cent added by assessors upheld though appellant did not appear. 77 C. 108. Purpose of statute; board may adjourn to house of taxpayer who is ill; deputing one member to examine taxpayer. 90 C. 154. Actual appearance in person before board is contemplated. 103 C. 156. Cited. 146 C. 165. Cited. 158 C. 146. Cited. 240 C. 192.

      Cited. 29 CA 97.

      Failure of appellant from board of relief to appear and be sworn before board not sufficient to prevent hearing on appeal; may affect relief by court. 2 CS 142.


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      Sec. 12-114. Adjustment of assessment by board of assessment appeals. The board of assessment appeals may adjust the assessment of personal property belonging to any person, or the valuation, number, quantity or amount of any item of property reflected therein, even if such person has refused or unnecessarily neglected to give in such person's declaration to the assessors as prescribed by law. No such adjustment shall be made until the board receives the information necessary to substantiate such adjustment in accordance with subsection (c) of section 12-53. Any assessment adjusted by such board under the provisions of this section shall be subject to the penalties provided in section 12-41.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1798; P.A. 79-17, S. 2, 3; P.A. 95-283, S. 53, 68; P.A. 99-189, S. 14, 20; P.A. 00-120, S. 8, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 120, 181.)

      History: P.A. 79-17 substituted "delete" for "erase", effective April 3, 1979, and applicable to assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-189 made technical changes re "declaration", allowed board of assessment appeals to adjust the assessment if taxpayer did not file a declaration, required information to substantiate adjustment in accordance with Sec. 12-53(b) and subjected adjusted assessment to penalties provided in Sec. 12-41, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-120 replaced reference to Sec. 12-53(b) with reference to Sec. 12-53(c), effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made a technical change, effective July 11, 2001.

      Cited. 76 C. 671. Is mandatory as to a board of tax review. 103 C. 154. Cited. 212 C. 639.

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      Sec. 12-115. Addition to grand list by board of assessment appeals. The board of assessment appeals in any town or city may, within three months from the date prescribed by law for the completion of its duties, as set forth in section 12-111, add to the grand list of a town any taxable property which has been omitted by the assessor or board of assessors or the board of assessment appeals, which shall reflect for each owner of such property, an assessment at seventy per cent of the present true and actual value of such owner's taxable property from the best information that it can obtain, and if the owner failed to file the declaration as prescribed by law, shall add thereto twenty-five per cent of such assessment. Such board of assessment appeals shall mail to such owner at the last known address of the owner, postage paid, within one week after the completion of such supplemental additions to the grand list, a written or printed notice to appear before such board at a stated time and place and show cause why such property should not be added to such grand list. Any person aggrieved by the action of such board may, within two months from the time of such action, have the same right of appeal to the Superior Court as provided by section 12-117a. The authority designated by section 12-130 shall make and sign a rate bill for such supplemental additions to the grand list and a warrant with respect to such additions which shall be forwarded by the tax collector to such person, and such collector shall have the same powers for the collection of the tax based on such supplemental additions to such list as for the collection of other taxes.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1799; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 10; P.A. 76-436, S. 305, 681; P.A. 86-102, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-245, S. 7, 10; P.A. 95-283, S. 54, 68; P.A. 99-189, S. 15, 20.)

      History: P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 86-102 added provision that a supplemental list of taxable property omitted from the list of the owner thereof, and prepared for such owner by the board of tax review, shall be determined at 70% of present true and actual value and 10% of such value shall be added only if the owner failed to file such list; P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals and made technical changes, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-189 made technical changes re "declaration" and provided that tax collector forward rate bill for supplemental additions, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

      Performance of this duty may be compelled by mandamus. 103 C. 614. Board is not agent of town under this section; its duties are administrative. 107 C. 700. Assessors cannot defend mandamus on ground board subsequently held property left out of list not taxable. 108 C. 259. Where mandamus brought to compel board to add omitted property, it is defense that board had in exercise of honest discretion held property not taxable. 111 C. 427. Cited. 165 C. 546. Cited. 220 C. 335.

      Cited. 29 CA 97.


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      Sec. 12-116. Assessment and taxation under special acts. Wherever under the provisions of any special act relating to the assessment and taxation of real and personal property, such assessment and taxation is based on the actual valuation of such property, such assessment and taxation shall be based on such uniform percentage of such actual valuation as the assessors of the municipality determine.

      (1957, P.A. 673, S. 11.)

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      Sec. 12-117. Extension of time for completion of duties of assessors and board of assessment appeals. (a) The period prescribed by law for the completion of the duties of any assessor, board of assessors or board of assessment appeals may, for due cause shown, be extended by the chief executive officer of the town for a period not exceeding one month, and in the case of the board of assessment appeals in any town in the assessment year in which a revaluation, pursuant to section 12-62, is required to be effective, such period shall be extended by said chief executive officer for a period not exceeding two months. Not later than two weeks after granting an extension as provided under this subsection, the chief executive officer shall send written notice of the extension to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management.

      (b) If, in the assessment year in which a revaluation is required to be effective, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management determines, on the basis of information provided, in writing, by the board of assessment appeals and the chief executive officer, that the number of appeals pending before such board is such as to preclude fair and equitable consideration of such appeals within the extended period of time provided under subsection (a) of this section, the secretary may authorize a postponement of the implementation of said revaluation until the assessment day next ensuing. If the secretary authorizes such postponement, the town shall not be subject to the penalty provisions of subsection (d) of section 12-62. Upon receipt of the secretary's notice of authorization, the assessor shall revise the real property grand list for the assessment year with respect to which such postponement is applicable, to reflect assessments for such property effective in the assessment year immediately preceding. The real property grand list from which such appeals are taken shall then become the real property grand list for the assessment day next ensuing, subject only to transfers of ownership, additions for new construction, reductions for demolitions and such adjustments as are authorized by the board of assessment appeals, unless the assessor revalues all real property for said assessment day in accordance with section 12-62. The secretary shall not grant an authorization to a town, pursuant to this subsection, in consecutive years.

      (c) During any assessment year in which the provisions of subsection (b) of this section become applicable, the assessor or board of assessors shall, not later than thirty days after the date on which the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management authorizes the postponement of revaluation, complete the grand list as required by subsection (b) of this section. An increase notice shall be prepared in the manner prescribed by section 12-55, and mailed, not later than the tenth day after the completion of said grand list, to each owner whose property valuation on said grand list increased above the valuation of such property in the last-preceding assessment year. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-112, any owner may appeal such increase to the board of assessment appeals not later than thirty days after the date of such notice. If the assessor or board of assessors fails to comply with the notice requirements in this subsection, any such increase shall not take effect until the next succeeding assessment date.

      (1951, S. 1071d; 1967, P.A. 711; P.A. 77-309; 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 88-337, S. 4, 5; P.A. 95-283, S. 55, 68; P.A. 96-1, S. 2, 5; 96-171, S. 12, 16; P.A. 97-280, S. 5, 8; P.A. 98-242, S. 1, 9; P.A. 00-120, S. 9, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 121, 181; P.A. 03-269, S. 4; P.A. 06-148, S. 3.)

      History: 1967 act authorized use of prior list for assessments if appeals too numerous for equitable consideration except for transfers of ownership, additions for new construction and reductions for demolitions; P.A. 77-309 allowed two-month extension for board of tax review in year following revaluation; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 88-337 provided that a town need not revert to the list from which appeals were taken if, in the intervening time period, it has completed a revaluation; P.A. 95-283 divided section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), changed name of board of tax review to board of assessment appeals, added provision to Subsec. (a) re time period for appeal and transmission of abstract if extension is granted, and added new Subsec. (c) re notice provisions for increase of valuation and appeal requirements, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-1 amended Subsec. (a) by allowing taxpayers a time extension for filing appeals if assessor's deadline has been extended, effective March 6, 1996, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1995; P.A. 96-171 amended Subsec. (c) to replace provision requiring the notice to be delivered within the time prescribed in Sec. 12-55 with provision requiring the notice to be sent not earlier than the date on which said Secretary grants his authorization and not later than the tenth day following the date on which the assessor completes the list and to add provision that if the increase notice is sent later than the prescribed time period the increase becomes effective on the next succeeding grand list, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 97-280 added Subsec. (a)(2) re extension if town fails to adopt its budget within statutory time, limit effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 98-242 changed requirement that the Office of Policy and Management approve requests for extensions under Subsec. (a)(1) or (2) to approval by the chief executive officer of the municipality, with written notice to Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 00-120 amended Subsec. (a) to replace reference to abstract of the assessment list with reference to report of the grand list, and amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to specify references to grand list, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality in Subsec. (c), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 03-269 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provisions re extension of date to submit request for appeal, notice of time and date of hearing, notice of decision not to hear appeal and extension of time for completion of duties of assessors or board of assessment appeals in town which fails to adopt budget in time prescribed, and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 06-148 amended Subsec. (a) to clarify when extension is available and require chief executive officer to grant such extension, and replaced former Subsecs. (b) and (c) with new Subsecs. (b) and (c) re postponement by Office of Policy and Management of implementation of revaluation and town actions upon grant of such postponement, effective June 6, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006.

      The finding of due cause must be largely within the discretion of the trial judge and uncontrolled unless the circumstances show an abuse of discretion. 165 C. 546. Cited. 179 C. 712. Cited. 184 C. 326. Cited. 195 C. 48.

      Trial court did not improperly fail to consider doctrine of assemblage in determining number of usable acres and fair market value of plaintiff's property. 93 CA 120.

      Cited. 33 CS 175.


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      Sec. 12-117a. Appeals from boards of tax review or boards of assessment appeals. Any person, including any lessee of real property whose lease has been recorded as provided in section 47-19 and who is bound under the terms of his lease to pay real property taxes, claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the board of tax review or the board of assessment appeals, as the case may be, in any town or city may, within two months from the date of the mailing of notice of such action, make application, in the nature of an appeal therefrom, with respect to the assessment list for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1989, October 1, 1990, October 1, 1991, October 1, 1992, October 1, 1993, October 1, 1994, or October 1, 1995, and with respect to the assessment list for assessment years thereafter, to the superior court for the judicial district in which such town or city is situated, which shall be accompanied by a citation to such town or city to appear before said court. Such citation shall be signed by the same authority and such appeal shall be returnable at the same time and served and returned in the same manner as is required in case of a summons in a civil action. The authority issuing the citation shall take from the applicant a bond or recognizance to such town or city, with surety, to prosecute the application to effect and to comply with and conform to the orders and decrees of the court in the premises. Any such application shall be a preferred case, to be heard, unless good cause appears to the contrary, at the first session, by the court or by a committee appointed by the court. The pendency of such application shall not suspend an action by such town or city to collect not more than seventy-five per cent of the tax so assessed or not more than ninety per cent of such tax with respect to any real property for which the assessed value is five hundred thousand dollars or more, and upon which such appeal is taken. If, during the pendency of such appeal, a new assessment year begins, the applicant may amend his application as to any matter therein, including an appeal for such new year, which is affected by the inception of such new year and such applicant need not appear before the board of tax review or board of assessment appeals, as the case may be, to make such amendment effective. The court shall have power to grant such relief as to justice and equity appertains, upon such terms and in such manner and form as appear equitable, and, if the application appears to have been made without probable cause, may tax double or triple costs, as the case appears to demand; and, upon all such applications, costs may be taxed at the discretion of the court. If the assessment made by the board of tax review or board of assessment appeals, as the case may be, is reduced by said court, the applicant shall be reimbursed by the town or city for any overpayment of taxes, together with interest and any costs awarded by the court, or, at the applicant's option, shall be granted a tax credit for such overpayment, interest and any costs awarded by the court. Upon motion, said court shall, in event of such overpayment, enter judgment in favor of such applicant and against such city or town for the whole amount of such overpayment, together with interest and any costs awarded by the court. The amount to which the assessment is so reduced shall be the assessed value of such property on the grand lists for succeeding years until the tax assessor finds that the value of the applicant's property has increased or decreased.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-231, S. 4, 5; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; 90-266, S. 4, 6; P.A. 91-221, S. 4, 5; P.A. 92-254, S. 4, 6; P.A. 93-95, S. 4, 5; 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 17, 68; P.A. 96-1, S. 3-5; 96-261, S. 1, 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 90-266 extended applicability to assessment list for year commencing October 1, 1990, effective June 8, 1990, and applicable to appeals from boards of tax review for assessment years commencing October 1, 1989, and October 1, 1990; P.A. 91-221 extended applicability to assessment list for year commencing October 1, 1991, effective June 10, 1991, and applicable to appeals from boards of tax review for assessment years commencing October 1, 1989, October 1, 1990, and October 1, 1991; P.A. 92-254 extended applicability to assessment list for year commencing October 1, 1992, effective June 3, 1992, and applicable to appeals from boards of tax review for assessment years commencing October 1, 1989, October 1, 1990, October 1, 1991, and October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-95 extended applicability to assessment list for year commencing October 1, 1993, or October 1, 1994, effective June 2, 1993, and applicable to appeals from the board of tax review in any municipality for the assessment years commencing on October first in 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994; P.A. 95-283 changed location of appeal from the judicial district in which the town or city is located to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain and changed the name of the board of tax review to the board of assessment appeals, effective October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain", effective September 1, 1998). P.A. 96-1 repealed changes made by public act 95-283 and revised wording of previously existing law, effective March 6, 1996, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1995; P.A. 96-261 also repealed changes made by P.A. 95-283 and made technical change in previously existing law, effective June 10, 1996.

      Cited. 226 C. 407. P.A. 91-221, Sec. 4 cited. Id. Cited. 227 C. 826. Cited. 228 C. 23. Cited. 229 C. 618. Cited. 231 C. 731. To the extent that conditional approvals deprive taxpayers of immediate economic returns from their investment, such conditional approvals raise issues only of valuation, which properly may be addressed only by appeals under this section. 232 C. 335. Cited. Id., 392. Cited. 236 C. 710. Cited. 240 C. 192; Id., 469; Id., 475. Cited. 241 C. 382; Id., 749. Bar to action must at any time use as its initial reference point the assessment date and not the date of the decennial revaluation. 242 C. 363. Judgment of appellate court in Ireland v. Wethersfield, 41 CA 421, reversed, Id., 550. Cited. Id., 727. Subsequent title holder has no greater rights to challenge prior assessment than were possessed by its immediate assignor or by any prior assignee from the owner of a property at the time of assessment. 249 C. 1. Allegations of certain violations of public policy, such as a person's entering into an invalid contract or unauthorized practice of law, do not bar the person from a property tax appeal. 253 C. 255.

      Cited. 31 CA 115; Id., 793; judgment reversed, see 229 C. 618. P.A. 91-221, Sec 4 cited. Id. Cited. 35 CA 269. Cited. 38 CA 158; Id., 165. Cited. 40 CA 64. Cited. 41 CA 249; Id., 421. Cited. 42 CA 318. Cited. 43 CA 169. Cited. 44 CA 494; Id., 517. Cited. 46 CA 338. Assessor's method that treated plaintiff's properties as individual lots rather than one merged lot resulted in unfair treatment and a wrongful assessment, and therefore, plaintiff was aggrieved. 61 CA 834. Sec. 22a-45 does not limit property owner's remedy pursuant to this section. 80 CA 630. Plaintiff may not limit parameters of the court's valuation determination by challenging only one portion of the assessment because court determinations under this section are de novo and court must arrive at its own conclusions by weighing all the evidence regardless of any alleged judicial admission as to scope of review; Defendant town is not required to file a special defense under this section; plaintiff who attempted to limit court's review to only one portion of an assessment was not deprived due process when entire assessment was reviewed because Connecticut law has consistently held that trial court exercises de novo review. 84 CA 473. Statute allows taxpayer to challenge an illegal assessment outside prior statutorily mandated revaluation period and such appeal does not constitute impermissible request for interim revaluation. 85 CA 480. Section creates cause of action for taxpayer aggrieved by excessive and wrongful valuation of property, but there is no private right of action for taxpayer against municipal officials in individual capacities for alleged wrongdoing in tax assessment of property not owned or leased by or directly connected to taxpayer. 119 CA 453.


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      Sec. 12-118. Appeals from Connecticut Appeals Board for Property Valuation. Section 12-118 is repealed, effective July 6, 1995.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1800; February, 1965, P.A. 65, S. 2; 299; 1967, P.A. 5; 1969, P.A. 318, S. 1; P.A. 74-183, S. 189, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 165, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 79-597, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-404, S. 9, 11; P.A. 95-283, S. 67, 68.)

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      Sec. 12-118a. Validation of pending appeals. Section 12-118a is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (1969, P.A. 318, S. 2; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 12-119. Remedy when property wrongfully assessed. When it is claimed that a tax has been laid on property not taxable in the town or city in whose tax list such property was set, or that a tax laid on property was computed on an assessment which, under all the circumstances, was manifestly excessive and could not have been arrived at except by disregarding the provisions of the statutes for determining the valuation of such property, the owner thereof or any lessee thereof whose lease has been recorded as provided in section 47-19 and who is bound under the terms of his lease to pay real property taxes, prior to the payment of such tax, may, in addition to the other remedies provided by law, make application for relief to the superior court for the judicial district in which such town or city is situated. Such application may be made within one year from the date as of which the property was last evaluated for purposes of taxation and shall be served and returned in the same manner as is required in the case of a summons in a civil action, and the pendency of such application shall not suspend action upon the tax against the applicant. In all such actions, the Superior Court shall have power to grant such relief upon such terms and in such manner and form as to justice and equity appertains, and costs may be taxed at the discretion of the court. If such assessment is reduced by said court, the applicant shall be reimbursed by the town or city for any overpayment of taxes in accordance with the judgment of said court.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1801; February, 1965, P.A. 65, S. 3; P.A. 76-436, S. 306, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 81-472, S. 126, 159.)

      History: 1965 act allowed applications for relief by lessees who, according to terms of lease, are responsible for property tax payments; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas and included reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 81-472 made technical changes.

      Codifies common law rule; applies to unpaid taxes existing at time of passage even though time to appeal from doings of board had expired. 101 C. 390, 392. Methods of valuation. 122 C. 230. In action against him to collect tax taxpayer cannot contest valuation; must seek relief under this section or Sections 12-111 et seq. 123 C. 548. "Laid" means "imposed". 124 C. 407. Section is for relief against illegal tax; procedure differs from appeal to board of tax review which is designed to act directly on valuations on grand list. 128 C. 649. What constitutes "manifestly excessive"; cannot enjoin assessors from raising assessment in future. Id., 674. Mere fact of overvaluation is not ground for relief under this section; it is intended to take place of remedy in equity for illegal overvaluation and precludes resort to equity generally. 130 C. 703. Under this section function of court not limited to determining whether assessors acted illegally, arbitrarily or in abuse of discretion; statute designed to meet situations where there was misfeasance or nonfeasance, or assessment was arbitrary or so excessive or discriminatory as to show disregard for duty. 131 C. 273. Cited. 133 C. 22. "Owner" does not mean only owner on assessment date; possibility that he might become unduly enriched does not preclude right to test validity of assessment. Id., 238. State has no power to tax property of national banks under Sec. 12-59. 135 C. 191. Cited. 142 C. 634; 145 C. 375. Remedy given by this section is not alternative to appeal from board of tax review and then from it to court under Sec. 12-118. 146 C. 165. Cited. 147 C. 287. Burden of proof on question whether property acquires tax situs within certain town is on plaintiff. Id., 308. Cited. 165 C. 211. The one year limitation on application to the court of common pleas is procedural and may be waived by the town's failing to plead it. 167 C. 509. Cited. 168 C. 514. Judgment of assessor, not his employee, is focus of this section; furthermore, section does not remedy dispute over credibility of conflicting expert testimony; cited. 169 C. 663. Cited. 170 C. 67; Id., 477. Whether or not the taxpayer was required to claim his exemption before the assessor under Sec. 12-89 would have no evidential significance in the proceeding under this statute. Burden of proving the exemption is on the taxpayer. 192 C. 434. Cited. 193 C. 342. Cited. 195 C. 587. Cited. 196 C. 487. Cited. 199 C. 294. Cited. 200 C. 697. Cited. 212 C. 639. Focus of statute is whether the assessment is "illegal". 220 C. 335. Decision of court requires that a declaratory judgment action predicated on the substantive rights of the section be brought within one year of the date of assessment. 224 C. 110. Cited. 226 C. 407. Cited. 228 C. 23; Id., 375; Id., 476. Cited. 232 C. 335. Cited. 234 C. 169. Cited. 240 C. 422; Id., 475. Cited. 241 C. 749. Plaintiff's substantive claims were properly raised under section; court abandoned Cioffoletti rule requiring attacks on legislation to be brought as declaratory judgment actions. 245 C. 551. Subsequent title holder has no greater rights to challenge prior assessment than were possessed by its immediate assignor or by any prior assignee from the owner of a property at the time of assessment. 249 C. 1. Trial court's finding that floating docks and finger piers were fixtures and thus taxable property affirmed; determination re fixtures is a finding of fact and will not be overturned unless clearly erroneous. 253 C. 371. Section does not apply to a claim for reimbursement of property taxes paid by a charitable organization pursuant to Sec. 12-81b and Sec. 18-20 of the Danbury Code. Id., 531. Statute does not authorize a challenge to imposition of a conveyance tax; rather, statute clearly relates to taxes "laid on property". 260 C. 406. Claims that an assessor has misclassified property and, consequently, overvalued it, comprise a category of appeals frequently pursued under this section. 289 C. 723. Trial court's determination that assessor had illegally removed property's open space classification necessarily incorporated implicit finding that resultant assessment was manifestly excessive. Id.

      Cited. 6 CA 330. Cited. 7 CA 496. Cited. 15 CA 513; Id., 752. Cited. 21 CA 275. Cited. 26 CA 545. Cited. 35 CA 269. Cited. 40 CA 64. Cited. 43 CA 169. Cited. 44 CA 494; Id., 517. Statute applies to owners of easements including flowage rights. 53 CA 142. Declaratory judgment action predicated on this section is subject to section's one-year statute of limitations. 54 CA 284. Statute allows taxpayer to challenge illegal assessment outside prior statutorily mandated revaluation period and such appeal does not constitute impermissible request for interim revaluation. 85 CA 480. Section creates cause of action for taxpayer aggrieved by excessive and wrongful valuation of property, but there is no private right of action for taxpayer against municipal officials in individual capacities for alleged wrongdoing in tax assessment of property not owned or leased by or directly connected to taxpayer. 119 CA 453.

      Fair and actual value is not to be found at depression's bottom nor at prosperity's top. 4 CS 69. The superior court will not inquire into an assessment in an action to collect unpaid taxes. Id., 391. Assessment is the total of all the taxable items and it does not follow that it is "manifestly excessive" because a single item is overvalued. 5 CS 467. Cited. 8 CS 540. Voluntary payment during pendency of application for relief does not preclude right to refund for excess. Id., 295. Relief from assessment not precluded by payment made before application filed. 9 CS 524. Valuation other than "true and actual" is illegal. 11 CS 480. Remedy different than that under Sec. 12-118; it is directed against the collection of an illegal tax. 12 CS 382. Declaratory judgment is one of the other "remedies". 14 CS 119. Equitable remedy for overvaluation in assessment is precluded. 16 CS 48. Taxpayer claiming to be aggrieved by assessment of tax under section 12-58 may seek relief as provided by this section or section 12-118 or may pay the tax, under proper protest, and sue to recover such money as was illegally paid. He may not, in an action to collect the tax, contest the valuation placed on his property. 25 CS 467. Cited. 32 CS 82. Discussed. Id., 139. Cited. 39 CS 142. Cited. 43 CS 297.


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      Sec. 12-119a. Waiver of addition to assessments. Municipal option to reduce addition to assessments. (a) Any municipality may, by ordinance, provide that the assessor or board of assessors, in the case of any amount added to an assessment pursuant to section 12-42, 12-43 or 12-53, or the board of assessment appeals, in the case of any amount added to an assessment pursuant to section 12-111 or 12-115, may waive the addition to any assessment of the twenty-five per cent additional amount. Any such ordinance shall delineate the reasons for which such waiver may be granted and shall provide for the publication of a list of all such waivers granted.

      (b) Any municipality may, by ordinance, provide that the additional amount added to any assessment pursuant to section 12-42, 12-43, 12-53, 12-111 or 12-115 shall equal ten per cent of a taxpayer's assessment rather than the twenty-five per cent additional amount as required by said sections. Such ordinance shall specify that a ten per cent addition to any assessment shall be allowed only if (1) a taxpayer filed a personal property declaration within the time period designated in section 12-41, and (2) the declaration as filed included complete and accurate information as to the total number and types of items of property subject to taxation in the taxpayer's name. A taxpayer shall be required to establish to the satisfaction of the assessor, board of assessors or board of assessment appeals, as the case may be, that the conditions set forth in the ordinance have been met.

      (P.A. 87-245, S. 9, 10; P.A. 95-283, S. 56, 68; P.A. 99-189, S. 16, 20.)

      History: P.A. 87-245 effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-189 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), adding reference to Sec. 12-43 therein, and added new Subsec. (b) to allow municipalities by ordinance to establish a 10% penalty instead of the required 25% penalty under certain conditions, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999.

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      Sec. 12-120. Assessor or board of assessors to send abstract of assessment lists to Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. The assessor or board of assessors of each town, after the assessment lists have been examined and corrected by the board of assessment appeals, shall, on or before the first day of May, annually, transmit to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management an abstract of such lists, including the twenty-five per cent added by the assessor, board of assessors or board of assessment appeals, made in accordance with forms which shall be furnished by the secretary, at least thirty days before the date on which they are to be filed. Such form shall be designed to reduce paperwork requirements for the assessor or board of assessors. Prior to such transmittal and the making of such abstract, the assessor or board of assessors shall correct any clerical error which appears upon any such corrected assessment list. Any assessor who or board of assessors which neglects to transmit to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management an abstract of assessment lists as required by this section shall forfeit one hundred dollars to the state, provided the secretary may waive such forfeiture in accordance with procedures and standards adopted by regulation in accordance with chapter 54.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1802; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 85-385, S. 2; P.A. 87-115, S. 2, 8; 87-245, S. 8, 10; P.A. 93-434, S. 9, 20; P.A. 95-283, S. 57, 68; P.A. 96-34, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-244, S. 10, 13.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 85-385 required assessors, rather than town clerk, to correct clerical errors on assessment list prior to its transmittal and the making of an abstract; P.A. 87-115 increased the forfeiture by any town clerk who fails to file the abstract of assessment lists as required from $15 to $100 and provided for waiver of forfeiture in accordance with regulations to be adopted, effective May 11, 1987, and applicable to assessment lists to be submitted on April 1, 1988, and thereafter; P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 93-434 amended the time the secretary is required to furnish abstracts from January first to 30 days before the date they are to be filed, effective June 30, 1993; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals and changed the transmittal date for the abstract of the list to the Office of Policy and Management from April to May, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-34 transferred authority to file abstract lists from the town clerk to the assessor or board of assessors, effective May 2, 1996; P.A. 97-244 added provision re designing form to reduce paperwork, effective July 1, 1997.

      Failure of town clerk to transmit abstract does not invalidate the lists. 7 C. 556.

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      Sec. 12-120a. Annual report from Office of Policy and Management to General Assembly committee on finance, revenue and bonding concerning real and personal property tax data for towns in the state. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall, annually, not later than the fifteenth day of March, submit to the chairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committee of the General Assembly on finance, revenue and bonding, with copies for such other committee members and staff personnel as said chairpersons may designate, a report concerning certain data applicable with respect to real and personal property in each town in the state and such totals of data pertaining to all towns as may be deemed appropriate by said secretary. The submission of such report in 1997, and annually thereafter, shall include a summary of data as described in each of the subsections in this section. Each such report shall include categories of such data for purposes of property subject to taxation and separate categories for property exempt from taxation. Such report shall include state-wide trends covering a five-year period. Such report shall be organized, to the extent possible, in a manner consistent with the outline of information as described in each of the following subdivisions.

      (1) Residential, apartment, commercial and public utility real property. For purposes of taxable residential, apartment, commercial, industrial and public utility real property, such report shall include the total number of properties and the total assessed value of such properties.

      (2) Vacant land assessed according to use classification. For purposes of taxable vacant land, such report shall include the total number of acres and the total assessed value of such acres. For purposes of taxable land subject to assessment related to certain use value classifications, such report shall include the total number of such acres and the total assessed value of such acres for each of the following classifications related to use: (A) Farm, (B) forest, (C) open space, and (D) maritime heritage.

      (3) Land bearing timber. For purposes of taxable land bearing timber and subject to tax at a rate not exceeding ten mills, such report shall include the total number of acres and the assessed value of the land.

      (4) Motor vehicles, mobile homes and other taxable personal property. (A) For purposes of taxable registered motor vehicles, such report shall include the total number of motor vehicles and the total assessed value of such motor vehicles for each of the following classifications related to use: (i) Passenger, (ii) commercial, (iii) combination, (iv) farm, and (v) any other classification; (B) for purposes of taxable vehicles which are not registered and mobile manufactured homes, such report shall include the total number of such vehicles and mobile manufactured homes and the total assessed value for each such category; (C) for purposes of all other taxable personal property, such report shall include the total value of each category of such property as contained in the tax list required pursuant to sections 12-42 and 12-43.

      (5) Tax-exempt property with no state reimbursement for tax loss to towns. For purposes of exemptions from property tax with respect to which there is no state reimbursement, such report shall include the total number of such exempt properties by the exemption categories and property types deemed appropriate by the secretary, and the total assessed value of such exempt property.

      (6) Tax-exempt property with state reimbursement for tax loss. For purposes of exemptions from property tax with respect to which annual reimbursement is provided by the state, such report shall include the total assessed value of such exempt property, by the exemption categories and property types deemed appropriate by the secretary.

      (7) Exemption from property tax subject to state reimbursement. For purposes of exemptions from or reductions in property tax for certain individuals, with respect to which state reimbursement is applicable, such report shall include (A) the total number of individuals and the total amounts of each such exemption or reduction in the case of such benefits not subject to income requirements, and (B) in the case of such benefits subject to income requirements, such total number of individuals and total amounts of exemption or reduction the total assessed value of such exempt property, by the exemption categories and property types deemed appropriate by the secretary.

      (8) Exemption from property tax for certain individuals with no state reimbursement. For purposes of exemption from property tax for certain individuals, with respect to which there is no state reimbursement, such report shall include the total number of individuals and the total value of each of the following exemptions: (A) Exemptions related to veterans under subdivisions (19) to (26), inclusive, of section 12-81, and (B) exemption for blind persons under subdivision (17) of said section.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 86-261, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-94, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-6, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-217, S. 1, 5; P.A. 97-244, S. 11, 13; P.A. 07-127, S. 5.)

      History: The reference to "mobile homes" in Subsec. (e) was changed to "mobile manufactured homes" in accordance with June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3; P.A. 90-94 changed the date for submission of the report from January fifteenth to March fifteenth annually and added the requirement concerning a state-wide summary of trends over a five-year period and amended each subsec. by eliminating requirements that the report information be prepared separately with respect to each town; P.A. 93-6 amended Subsec. (e) by deleting specific property tax categories and replacing them with a general reference to personal property, effective March 31, 1993, and applicable to the report of personal property filed on or after March 1, 1991; P.A. 96-217 required 1997 and subsequent reports to include summary of data described in this section instead of all such data, amended Subsec. (a) by adding apartment and public utility real property and changing data to be reported, amended Subsec. (b) by substituting "vacant land" for "real property belonging to a public utility" and changing the data to be reported, amended Subsec. (c) by requiring report to include "the assessed value of the land", repealed Subsec. (d) re reporting of penalty for failure to report taxable land, relettered former Subsecs. (e) to (i), inclusive, as (d) to (h), inclusive, respectively, and amended relettered Subsec. (d) by substituting "total assessed value" for "total value" and deleting reporting requirement for aircraft, effective June 4, 1996; P.A. 97-244 amended Subsec. (a) to require report to include number of properties rather than buildings, units or parcels, amended Subsec. (b) to substitute reference to parcels for reference to acres, amended Subsecs. (e), (f) and (j) to require report to refer to exempt properties by exemption category and property types and made technical changes throughout the section, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 07-127 redesignated Subsecs. (a) to (h) as Subdivs. (1) to (8), made technical changes and added "maritime heritage" in Subdiv. (2)(D), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 12-120b. Uniform administrative review procedures for certain state-reimbursed property tax exemptions, credits and rebates. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Claimant" means a person, company, limited liability company, firm, association, corporation or other business entity having received approval for financial assistance from a town's assessor or a municipal official;

      (2) "Financial assistance" means a property tax exemption, property tax credit or rental rebate for which the state of Connecticut provides direct or indirect reimbursement; and

      (3) "Program" means (A) property tax exemptions under section 12-81g or subdivision (55), (59), (60), (70), (72) or (74) of section 12-81, (B) tax relief pursuant to section 12-129d or 12-170aa, and (C) rebates under section 12-170d.

      (b) A claimant negatively affected by a decision of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management with respect to any program may appeal such decision in the manner set forth in subsection (d) of this section. Any notice the secretary issues pursuant to this section shall be sent by first class United States mail to a claimant at the address entered on the application for financial assistance as filed unless, subsequent to the date of said filing, the claimant sends the secretary a written request that any correspondence regarding said financial assistance be sent to another name or address. The date of any notice sent by the secretary pursuant to this section shall be deemed to be the date the notice is delivered to the claimant.

      (c) The secretary may review any application for financial assistance submitted by a claimant in conjunction with a program. The secretary may exclude from reimbursement any property included in an application that, in the secretary's judgment, does not qualify for financial assistance or may modify the amount of any financial assistance approved by an assessor or municipal official in the event the secretary finds it to be mathematically incorrect, not supported by the application, not in conformance with law or if the secretary believes that additional information is needed to justify its approval.

      (d) (1) If the secretary modifies the amount of financial assistance approved by an assessor or municipal official under a program, or makes a preliminary determination that the claimant who filed written application for such financial assistance is ineligible therefor, the secretary shall send a written notice of preliminary modification or denial to said claimant and shall concurrently forward a copy to the office of the assessor or municipal official who approved said financial assistance. The notice shall include plain language setting forth the reason for the preliminary modification or denial, the name and telephone number of a member of the secretary's staff to whom questions regarding the notice may be addressed, a request for any additional information or documentation that the secretary believes is needed in order to justify the approval of such financial assistance, the manner by which the claimant may request reconsideration of the secretary's preliminary determination and the timeframe for doing so. Not later than ninety days after the date an assessor receives a copy of such preliminary notice, the assessor shall determine whether an increase to the taxable grand list of the town is required to be made as a result of such modification or denial, unless, in the interim, the assessor has received written notification from the secretary that a request for a hearing with respect to such financial assistance has been approved pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (2) of this subsection. If an assessment increase is warranted, the assessor shall promptly issue a certificate of correction adding the value of such property to the taxable grand list for the appropriate assessment year and shall forward a copy thereof to the tax collector, who shall, not later than thirty days following, issue a bill for the amount of the additional tax due as a result of such increase. Such additional tax shall become due and payable not later than thirty days from the date such bill is sent and shall be subject to interest for delinquent taxes as provided in section 12-146. With respect to the preliminary modification or denial of financial assistance for which a hearing is held, the assessor shall not issue a certificate of correction until the assessor receives written notice of the secretary's final determination following such hearing.

      (2) (A) Any claimant aggrieved by the secretary's notice of preliminary modification or denial of financial assistance under a program may, not later than thirty business days after receiving said notice, request a reconsideration of the secretary's decision for any factual reason, provided the claimant states the reason for the reconsideration request in writing and concurrently provides any additional information or documentation that the secretary may have requested in the preliminary notice of modification or denial. The secretary may grant an extension of the date by which a claimant's additional information or documentation must be submitted, upon receipt of proof that the claimant has requested such data from another governmental agency or if the secretary determines there is good cause for doing so.

      (B) Not later than thirty business days after receiving a claimant's request for reconsideration and any additional information or documentation the claimant has provided, the secretary shall reconsider the preliminary decision to modify or deny said financial assistance and shall send the claimant a written notice of the secretary's determination regarding such reconsideration. If aggrieved by the secretary's notice of determination with respect to the reconsideration of said financial assistance, the claimant may, not later than thirty business days after receiving said notice, make application for a hearing before said secretary, or the secretary's designee. Such application shall be in writing and shall set forth the reason why the financial assistance in question should not be modified or denied. Not later than thirty business days after receiving an application for a hearing, the secretary shall grant or deny such hearing request by written notice to the claimant. If the secretary denies the claimant's request for a hearing, such notice shall state the reason for said denial. If the secretary grants the claimant's request for a hearing, the secretary shall send written notice of the date, time and place of the hearing, which shall be held not later than thirty business days after the date of the secretary's notice granting the claimant a hearing. Such hearing may, at the secretary's discretion, be held in the judicial district in which the claimant or the claimant's property is located. Not later than thirty business days after the date on which a hearing is held, a written notice of the secretary's determination with respect to such hearing shall be sent to the claimant and a copy thereof shall be concurrently sent to the assessor or municipal official who approved the financial assistance in question.

      (3) If any claimant is aggrieved by the secretary's determination concerning the hearing regarding the claimant's financial assistance or the secretary's decision not to hold a hearing, such claimant may, not later than thirty business days after receiving the secretary's notice related thereto, appeal to the superior court of the judicial district in which the claimant resides or in which the claimant's property that is the subject of the appeal is located. Such appeal shall be accompanied by a citation to the secretary to appear before said court, and shall be served and returned in the same manner as is required in the case of a summons in a civil action. The pendency of such appeal shall not suspend any action by a municipality to collect property taxes from the applicant on the property that is the subject of the appeal. The authority issuing the citation shall take from the applicant a bond or recognizance to the state of Connecticut, with surety, to prosecute the application in effect and to comply with the orders and decrees of the court in the premises. Such applications shall be preferred cases, to be heard, unless cause appears to the contrary, at the first session, by the court or by a committee appointed by the court. Said court may grant such relief as may be equitable and, if the application is without probable cause, may tax double or triple costs, as the case demands; and, upon all applications which are denied, costs may be taxed against the applicant at the discretion of the court, but no costs shall be taxed against the state.

      (4) The secretary shall notify each claimant of the final modification or denial of financial assistance as claimed, in accordance with the procedure set forth in this subsection. A copy of the notice of final modification or denial shall be sent concurrently to the assessor or municipal official who approved such financial assistance. With respect to property tax exemptions under section 12-81g or subdivision (55), (59), (60) or (70) of section 12-81, and tax relief pursuant to section 12-129d or 12-170aa, the notice pursuant to this subdivision shall be sent not later than one year after the date claims for financial assistance for each such program are filed with the secretary. For property tax exemptions under subdivision (72) or (74) of section 12-81, such notice shall be sent not later than the date by which a final modification to the payment for such program must be reflected in the certification of the secretary to the Comptroller. For the program of rebates under section 12-170d, such notice shall be sent not later than the date by which the secretary certifies the amounts of payment to the Comptroller.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 46, 85; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 97, 131; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 78.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 amended Subsec. (d) to clarify provisions re preliminary determinations of eligibility, reconsideration of such eligibility and final determinations and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2001; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (d)(4) to delete provision re date by which secretary is required to certify payment amount to Comptroller and add provisions re notices related to certain property tax exemptions, effective July 1, 2004, and applicable to certifications by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management on and after July 1, 2001.

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      Sec. 12-121. Compensation of assessors and boards of assessment appeals. The compensation of assessors and boards of assessment appeals, except in such towns as have an incorporated city within their limits, the boundaries of which city are coterminous with the boundaries of such town and wherein the compensation of such assessors and boards of assessment appeals is fixed by a charter provision of such city, may be established by any town at any annual town meeting and, when so established, shall remain the same until altered by the town. If any town neglects to fix such compensation, the selectmen of such town shall fix the amount thereof until established by such meeting.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3632; P.A. 79-22; P.A. 95-283, S. 58, 68.)

      History: P.A. 79-22 deleted provision that part-time assessors receive at least $2.50 per work day as compensation; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

      Assessors need not join in an action to recover compensation since each assessor's compensation is individual. 24 C. 408. Cited. 103 C. 424.

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      Secs. 12-121a to 12-121d. Personal property exempt from assessment. Sections 12-121a to 12-121d, inclusive, are repealed.

      (P.A. 73-351, S. 1-4; P.A. 74-334, S. 1-5; P.A. 75-213, S. 50, 53.)

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      Sec. 12-121e. Reduction in assessment of certain rehabilitated buildings. The assessor of any municipality that has adopted an ordinance pursuant to subparagraph (H)(xv) of subdivision (7) of subsection (c) of section 7-148 may reduce the assessment of any building that has been rehabilitated in accordance with the provisions of such ordinance. The assessment shall be adjusted after the building is rehabilitated. The adjusted assessment shall reflect the value of the structure prior to rehabilitation. The adjusted assessment shall be applicable for a period determined in accordance with the provisions of the ordinance.

      (P.A. 97-320, S. 5, 11.)

      History: P.A. 97-320 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 12-121f. Validations re assessment lists. (a) An assessment list in any town, city or borough is not invalid as to the taxpayers of the taxing district as a whole because the assessor committed any one or more of the errors or omissions listed in subdivisions (1) to (15), inclusive, of this subsection unless an action contesting the validity of the assessment list is brought within four months after the assessment date and the plaintiff establishes that the assessor's error or omission will produce a substantial injustice to the taxpayers as a whole:

      (1) The assessor failed to give the legal notice required by section 12-40 that all persons liable to pay taxes in the taxing district must, when required by law, bring in written or printed lists of the taxable property belonging to them;

      (2) The assessor received a list that is either not sworn to or not signed by the person giving that list as required by section 12-49;

      (3) The assessor received a list after the deadline specified by section 12-42 but neglected to fill out a list of the property described and add to the assessment the penalty set by section 12-42 for failing to file before the deadline;

      (4) The assessor failed to give the notice required by subsection (c) of section 12-53 after adding property to the list of any person or corporation making a sworn list;

      (5) The assessor failed to give the notice required by subsection (c) of section 12-53 after making out a list for a person or corporation that was liable to pay taxes and failed to give a required list;

      (6) The assessor failed to assess and set house lots separately in lists as land as required by section 12-42;

      (7) The assessor failed to sign any assessment list, or did not sign the assessment list of a town, city or borough collectively but signed the assessment list individually for districts in the town, city or borough;

      (8) The assessor failed, as required by subsection (a) of section 12-55, to arrange an assessment list in alphabetical order, or to lodge the list in the required office on or before the day designated by law, or at all;

      (9) The assessor decreased valuations after the day on which the assessment list was lodged or was required by law to be lodged in the required office, but before the date on which the abstract of such list was transmitted or was required to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (10) The assessor failed, as required by section 12-42, to fill out a list for any person or corporation that failed to return a required list;

      (11) The assessor incorrectly made an assessment list abstract required by subsection (a) of section 12-55;

      (12) The assessor failed to compare, sign, return, date or make oath to an abstract of an assessment list of his or her town, as required by law, or omitted from an abstract any part of the list of any person;

      (13) The assessor did not take the oath required by law;

      (14) The assessor failed to return to a district clerk an assessment list of the district assessment; or

      (15) The assessor omitted from the assessment list the taxable property of any person or corporation liable to pay taxes.

      (b) An assessment list in any town, city or borough is not invalid as to the taxpayers of the taxing district as a whole because the board of assessment appeals or a member or members of the board committed any one or more of the errors or omissions listed in subdivisions (1) to (6), inclusive, of this subsection unless an action contesting the validity of the assessment list is brought within four months after the assessment date and the plaintiff establishes that the error or omission will produce a substantial injustice to the taxpayers as a whole:

      (1) A member or members of the board of assessment appeals did not take the oath required by law;

      (2) The board of assessment appeals failed to give notice of the times and places of the meetings as required by section 12-110;

      (3) The board of assessment appeals held its first meeting on some day other than the day provided by section 12-110;

      (4) The board of assessment appeals added to the list of any person or corporation any item of taxable property actually owned by the person or corporation without giving the notice required by section 12-111 or 12-115;

      (5) The board of assessment appeals increased the list of any person or corporation, or added to the assessment list the name of any person or corporation, without giving such person or corporation the notice required by section 12-111 or 12-115, and the amount of such list is not excessive or unjust; or

      (6) Any assessment list or abstract thereof is not signed by a member acting on behalf of the board of assessment appeals after having been examined and corrected by the board of assessment appeals.

      (c) A tax laid and imposed in any town, city or borough is not invalid as to the taxpayers of the taxing district as a whole because of any one or more of the errors or omissions listed in subdivisions (1) to (5), inclusive, of this subsection unless an action contesting the validity of the tax is brought within four months after the tax is imposed and the plaintiff establishes that the error or omission will produce a substantial injustice to the taxpayers as a whole:

      (1) The abstract of an assessment list was not transmitted to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management when required;

      (2) The proper authorities voted to levy a tax, but failed to fix the time when such tax should become due, and the tax collector has given notice that the taxes were to become due at a certain time;

      (3) A rate bill or a bill for taxes for the collection of any tax was not made under the hands of the proper authority according to law;

      (4) The selectmen of any town made their rate bill from an assessment list made and corrected by the assessor and board of assessment appeals and lodged in the town clerk's office and disregarded any illegal alteration in the list made after the list and abstract were completed and lodged in the town clerk's office; or

      (5) A mistake, irregularity or omission occurred in any of the steps preparatory to the issuance of a rate bill or bill for taxes for any tax, or in the preparation or issuance of such a rate bill or bill for taxes, or in the warrant for collection thereof, provided such mistake, irregularity or omission is not shown by the taxpayer to have made his or her tax materially greater and that notice of the bill has been given to the taxpayer.

      (P.A. 99-238, S. 1, 8; P.A. 00-84, S. 3, 6.)

      History: P.A. 99-238 effective July 1, 2000 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a), the phrase "subdivisions (1) through (15)" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "subdivisions (1) to (15), inclusive," for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 00-84 revised effective date of P.A. 99-238 to specify applicability of section as amended by that act to errors, irregularities and omissions occurring on or after January 1, 1999, effective July 1, 2000.

      Section does not specify who has standing to pursue claim; plaintiffs did not present facts sufficient to support allegation that alleged errors or omissions by assessor or board will produce substantial injustice to taxpayers of town as a whole, which is required to prevail under section. 119 CA 453.

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      Secs. 12-121g to 12-121z. Reserved for future use.

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