CHAPTER 148
ELECTION CANVASS AND RETURNS

Table of Contents

Sec. 9-307. Certificate of check lists.
Sec. 9-308. Canvass of returns.
Sec. 9-309. Procedure for announcing result.
Sec. 9-310. Sealing of tabulator by moderator.
Sec. 9-311. Recanvass in case of discrepancy.
Sec. 9-311a. Recanvass on close vote.
Sec. 9-311b. Recanvass on tie vote.
Sec. 9-312. Declaration of result; returns to secretary.
Sec. 9-313. Forms for returns.
Sec. 9-314. Return of list of votes by moderator.
Sec. 9-315. Canvass for presidential electors, U.S. senator and members of Congress.
Sec. 9-316. Canvass in vacancy election of U.S. senator or representative.
Sec. 9-317. Certification of election of U.S. senator.
Sec. 9-318. Canvass of votes for state officers.
Sec. 9-319. Canvass of votes for state senators and representatives and judges of probate.
Sec. 9-320. Returns of municipal elections by clerks. Elected town clerk who is registrar of vital statistics ex officio.
Secs. 9-320a to 9-320e.
Sec. 9-320f. Manual audit of votes by registrars of voters or town clerk. Offices subject to audit. University of Connecticut analysis. Discrepancy recanvass. Voting machine failure to record votes. Secretary of the State investigation and report. Regulations. Definitions.
Sec. 9-321. Return by moderator of election of town clerk and registrar of vital statistics.
Sec. 9-322. Failure of moderator to make returns.
Sec. 9-322a. Clerk to file listing of returns. Certification of lists.
Sec. 9-322b. Candidate elected to two or more offices in a municipality and prohibited from holding more than one office. Determination of officeholder.

      Sec. 9-307. Certificate of check lists. Immediately after the polls are closed, the official checkers, appointed under the provisions of section 9-234, shall make and deliver to the moderator a certificate, in duplicate, stating the whole number of names on the registry list or enrollment list including, if applicable, unaffiliated electors authorized under section 9-431 to vote in the primary, and the number checked as having voted in that election or primary. For the purpose of computing the whole number of names on the registry list, the lists of persons who have applied for presidential or overseas ballots prepared in accordance with section 9-158h shall be included. Thereupon the registrars or assistant registrars, as the case may be, acting at the respective polls, shall write and sign with ink, on the list or lists so used and checked, a certificate of the whole number of names registered thereon eligible to vote in the election or primary and the number checked as having voted in that election or primary, and deposit it in the office of the municipal clerk of their town on or before the following day. The municipal clerk shall carefully preserve the same on file, with the marks on it without alteration, for public inspection, and shall immediately enter a certified copy of such certificate on the town records. Subject to the provisions of section 7-109, the municipal clerk may destroy any voting check list four years after the date upon which it was used. The moderator shall place one of the duplicate certificates which he received from the official checkers in the voting machine together with the moderator's return provided for in sections 9-259 and 9-310 and shall then lock the machine as provided in section 9-310, and he shall deposit the other of such duplicate certificates in the office of the municipal clerk on or before the following day.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1070; 1953, S. 785d; 1957, P.A. 526, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 200; February, 1965, P.A. 365; P.A. 76-295, S. 15, 18; P.A. 77-245, S. 9; P.A. 86-179, S. 44, 53; P.A. 87-509, S. 11, 24; P.A. 88-364, S. 13, 123.)

      History: 1963 act added authority to destroy check list after four years; 1965 act provided for count of whole number of names on registry list to include the list of new resident voters prepared pursuant to Sec. 9-163g; P.A. 76-295 deleted the latter provision and inserted provision for the count to include persons who applied for presidential ballots and those who applied for overseas ballots; P.A. 77-245 changed "town clerk's office" to "office of the municipal clerk" and "town" to "municipal" clerk where appearing; P.A. 86-179 made technical changes; P.A. 87-509 required certificate to also state whole number of names on enrollment list including, if applicable, unaffiliated electors authorized to vote in primary; P.A. 88-364 made a technical change.

      Not improper to combine this certificate with that required under Sec. 9-259. 116 C. 41. See annotations to Sec. 9-310.

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      Sec. 9-308. Canvass of returns. Immediately on the close of the polls, the election officials shall proceed to canvass the returns as provided in section 9-309 and shall not stop for any purpose until the canvass is completed. The room in which such canvass is made shall be clearly lighted and such canvass shall be made in plain view of the public. No person or persons, during the canvass, shall close or cause to be closed the main entrance to the room in which such canvass is conducted, in such manner as to prevent ingress or egress thereby, but, during such canvass, no person other than the election officials shall be permitted to be on the side of the guard rail where the voting machine is located.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1212; 1953, S. 786d; 1957, P.A. 526, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 9-309. Procedure for announcing result. As soon as the polls are closed, the moderator, in the presence of the other election officials, shall immediately lock the voting machine against voting and immediately open the counting compartments, giving a full view of all the counter numbers to all the election officials present. The moderator shall, in the order of the offices as their titles are arranged on the machine, read and announce in distinct tones the result as shown by the counter numbers, giving the number indicated by each counter and indicating the candidate to whom such counter belongs, and shall read the votes recorded for each office on the voting machine ballot label. He shall also, in the same manner, announce the vote on each constitutional amendment, proposition or other question voted on. The vote so announced by the moderator shall be taken down by each checker and recorded on the tally sheets. Each checker shall record the number of votes received for each candidate on the voting machine ballot label and also the number received by each person for whom write-in ballots were cast. The counter compartment of the voting machine shall remain open until the statement of canvass and all other reports have been fully completed and signed by the moderator, checkers and registrars, or assistant registrars, as the case may be. The result of the votes cast shall be publicly announced by the moderator, who shall read the name of each candidate, with the designating number and letter of his counter and the machine vote registered on such counter and the absentee vote as furnished the moderator by the absentee ballot counters; also the vote cast for and against each question submitted. While such announcement is being made, ample opportunity shall be given to any person lawfully present to compare the results so announced with the counter dials of the machine and any necessary corrections shall then and there be made by the moderator, checkers and registrars or assistant registrars, after which the doors of the voting machine shall be closed and locked. In canvassing, recording and announcing the result, the election officials shall be guided by any instructions furnished by the Secretary of the State. If the machine is equipped with a device for printing totals of candidate and question counters, and the device has been made operational at the instruction of both registrars of voters, the doors concealing the counters shall not be opened. The printed record produced by the machine shall be the official return, and the results of the votes as shown thereon shall be proclaimed in the same manner as herein provided and ample opportunity shall be given to any person lawfully present to inspect such printed records. If the moderator finds that the printed record is not clear, the doors concealing the counters shall be opened and counting shall proceed as with a machine which does not have such a device.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1213; 1953, S. 787d; 1957, P.A. 526, S. 3; February, 1965, P.A. 408, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 9, S. 1; P.A. 83-475, S. 23, 43.)

      History: 1965 act provided that where machine is equipped with device for printing totals of candidate and questions counters, concealing doors not to be opened and the printed record shall be the official return and so proclaimed with opportunity given persons lawfully present to inspect the records, however, where printed record not clear concealing doors to be opened and counting proceed as with other machines; 1969 act deleted provision for alternate to moderator to announce results of votes cast, and added provision for announcing both the machine vote registered on the counter and the absentee vote furnished to moderator by absentee ballot counters; P.A. 83-475 amended section to make use of printing device on voting machines permissive rather than mandatory.

      Cited. 116 C. 40.

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      Sec. 9-310. Sealing of tabulator by moderator. As soon as the count is completed and the moderator's return required under the provisions of section 9-259 has been executed, the moderator shall place the sealed tabulator in the tabulator bag, and so seal the bag, and the tabulator shall remain so sealed against voting or being tampered with for a period of fourteen days, except as provided in section 9-311 or pursuant to an order issued by the State Elections Enforcement Commission. If it is determined that a recanvass is required pursuant to section 9-311 or 9-311a, immediately upon such determination the tabulators, write-in ballots, absentee ballots, moderators' returns and all other notes, worksheets or written materials used at the election shall be impounded at the direction of the Secretary of the State. Such package shall be preserved for one hundred eighty days after such election and may be opened and its contents examined in accordance with section 9-311 or upon an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. At the end of one hundred eighty days, unless otherwise ordered by the court, such package and its contents may be destroyed. Any person who unlocks the voting or operating mechanism of the tabulator or the counting compartment after it has been locked as above directed or breaks or destroys or tampers with the seal after it has been affixed as above directed or changes the indication of the counters on any voting tabulator within fourteen days after the election or within any longer period during which the tabulator is kept locked as ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction or by the State Elections Enforcement Commission in any special case, except as provided in section 9-311, shall be imprisoned for not more than five years. Any tabulator may be released in less than fourteen days, for use in another election, by order of a court, if there is no disagreement as to the returns from such machine and no order directing impoundment has been issued by the State Elections Enforcement Commission.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1214; 1953, S. 788d; 1957, P.A. 526, S. 4; 1963, P.A. 318, S. 4; P.A. 77-239, S. 2; P.A. 85-514, S. 3; P.A. 86-1, S. 3, 5; P.A. 87-382, S. 35, 55; P.A. 95-88, S. 2; P.A. 07-194, S. 36.)

      History: 1963 act made technical change in language; P.A. 77-239 added provision for opening package of write-in ballots, where there is a recanvass in case of a discrepancy, to the existing provision for opening them on order of court of competent jurisdiction; P.A. 85-514 amended section to require impoundment of machines, write-in ballots, absentee ballots, moderators' returns and all other notes, worksheets or written material upon determination of a recanvass; P.A. 86-1 added references to order issued by state elections enforcement commission; P.A. 87-382 substituted "one hundred eighty days" for "six months"; P.A. 95-88 changed number of days machine remains locked from 10 to 14; P.A. 07-194 replaced provisions re locking of machines with provisions re sealing of tabulators by moderator and made conforming and technical changes.

      See Sec. 9-266 re safekeeping of voting machine keys and storage of machines after election.

      What constitutes basis for determining discrepancy; honest and reasonable judgment of canvassing official cannot be controlled by mandamus; difference between number on checkers' certificate and that recorded on machine as having voted would not necessarily show error in canvassing or in operation of machine. 116 C. 36. Cited. 216 C. 253.

      Cited. 10 CS 316. Temporary injunction granted to restrain election officials from opening voting machines after expiration of statutory period. 16 CS 32.


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      Sec. 9-311. Recanvass in case of discrepancy. (a) If, within three days after an election, it appears to the moderator that there is a discrepancy in the returns of any voting district, such moderator shall forthwith within said period summon, by written notice delivered personally, the recanvass officials, consisting of the mechanic or mechanics, at least two checkers of different political parties and at least two absentee ballot counters of different political parties who served at such election, and the registrars of voters and the clerk of the municipality in which the election was held. Such written notice shall require such clerk to bring with him the depository envelopes required by section 9-150a, the package of write-in ballots provided for in section 9-310, the absentee ballot applications, the list of absentee ballot applications, the registry list and the moderators' returns and shall require such recanvass officials to meet at a specified time not later than the fifth business day after such election to recanvass the returns of a voting machine or voting machines or absentee ballots or write-in ballots used in such district in such election. If any of such recanvass officials are unavailable at the time of the recanvass, the registrar of voters of the same political party as that of the recanvass official unable to attend shall designate another elector having previous training and experience in the conduct of elections to take his place. Before such recanvass is made, such moderator shall give notice, in writing, to the chairman of the town committee of each political party which nominated candidates for the election, and, in the case of a state election, to the Secretary of the State, of the time and place where such recanvass is to be made; and each such chairman may send two representatives to be present at such recanvass. Such representatives may observe, but no one other than a recanvass official may take part in the recanvass. If any irregularity in the recanvass procedure is noted by such a representative, he shall be permitted to present evidence of such irregularity in any contest relating to the election.

      (b) The moderator shall determine the place or places where the recanvass shall be conducted and, if such recanvass is held before the machines are boxed and collected in the manner required by section 9-266, the moderator may either require that such recanvass of such machines be conducted in each place where the machines are located, or he may require that they be removed to one central place, where such recanvass shall be conducted. All recanvassing procedures shall be open to public observation. Such recanvass officials shall, in the presence of such moderator and clerk, make a record of the number on the seal and the number on the protective counter, if one is provided, on each voting machine specified by such moderator. Such clerk in the presence of such moderator shall turn over the keys of each such machine to such recanvass officials, and such recanvass officials, in the presence of such clerk and moderator, shall immediately proceed to open the counter compartment of each such machine and, without unlocking such machine against voting, recanvass the vote cast thereon, and shall then open the package of absentee ballots and recanvass the vote cast thereon. In the course of the recanvass of the absentee ballot vote the recanvass officials shall check all outer envelopes for absentee ballots against the inner envelopes for such ballots and against the registry list to verify postmarks, addresses and registry list markings and also to determine whether the number of envelopes from which absentee ballots have been removed is the same as the number of persons checked as having voted by absentee ballot. The write-in ballots shall also be recanvassed at this time. All of the recanvass officials shall use the same forms for tallies and returns as were used at the original canvass and the absentee ballot counters shall also sign the tallies.

      (c) The votes shall be announced and recorded in the manner prescribed in section 9-309 on return forms provided by the municipal clerk and appended thereto shall be a statement signed by the moderator indicating the time and place of the recanvass and the names, addresses, titles and party affiliations of the recanvass officials. The write-in ballots shall be replaced in a properly secured sealed package. Upon the completion of such recanvass, such machine shall be locked and sealed, the keys thereof shall immediately be returned to such clerk and such machine shall remain so locked until the expiration of fourteen days after such election or for such longer period as is ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction. The absentee ballots shall be replaced in their wrappers and be resealed by the moderator in the presence of the recanvass officials. Upon the completion of such recanvass, such moderator and at least two of the recanvass officials of different political parties shall forthwith prepare and sign such return forms which shall contain a written statement giving the result of such recanvass for each machine and each package of absentee ballots whose returns were so recanvassed, setting forth whether or not the original canvass was correctly made and stating whether or not the discrepancy still remains unaccounted for. Such return forms containing such statement shall forthwith be filed by the moderator in the office of such clerk. If such recanvass reveals that the original canvass of returns was not correctly made, such return forms containing such statement so filed with the clerk shall constitute a corrected return. In the case of a state election, a recanvass return shall be made in duplicate on a form prescribed and provided by the Secretary of the State, and the moderator shall file one copy with the Secretary of the State and one copy with the town clerk not later than ten days after the election. Such recanvass return shall be substituted for the original return and shall have the same force and effect as an original return.

      (d) As used in this section, (1) "moderator" means, in the case of municipalities not divided into voting districts, the moderator of the election and, in the case of municipalities divided into voting districts, the head moderator of the election, and (2) "registrars of voters", in a municipality where there are different registrars of voters for different voting districts, means the registrars of voters in the voting district in which, at the last-preceding election, the presiding officer for the purpose of declaring the result of the vote of the whole municipality was moderator.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1214; 1953, S. 789d; 1957, P.A. 526, S. 5; 1959, P.A. 527, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 311, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 885, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 836, S. 2; P.A. 77-239, S. 1; P.A. 85-382, S. 1; P.A. 93-30, S. 9, 14; P.A. 95-88, S. 3.)

      History: 1959 act included recanvass of absentee ballots; 1963 act required duplicate of moderator's statement of recanvass in state election be sent to secretary and provided corrected return be substituted for and have effect of original; 1967 act provided for written notice of a recanvass for discrepancy to be delivered personally to recanvass officials as specified and the registrars of voters requiring recanvass officials to meet at specified time and if such officials unable to attend, registrars to designate another elector of same party to substitute, also provided for notice to secretary of the state in the case of a state election, substituted "recanvass officials" for "election officials" throughout, provided for moderator to determine where recanvass to occur, provided for votes cast by absentee ballots to be announced and recorded as prescribed in Sec. 9-309 on forms provided by municipal clerk with statement signed by moderator appended indicating time, place and particulars concerning recanvass officials, further provided that, in addition to moderator, at least two of the recanvass officials of different political parties to prepare and sign return forms, deleted provision for witnessing of the forms; where recanvass reveals original canvass of returns not correctly made, provided that return forms containing such statement filed with the clerk shall constitute a corrected return, changed provision in the case of a state election so that recanvass return made on form provided by secretary of the state and in addition to copy filed with latter and copy to be filed with town clerk, substituted "recanvass return" for "corrected return" in the provision for the return to be substituted for the original return, further provided that term "registrars of voters" in municipality having different registrars for different voting districts means the registrars in the voting district in which at the last-preceding election, the presiding officer for purposes of declaring result of vote of the whole municipality was moderator; 1971 act deleted "or chief" from "head or chief moderator" and also the proviso that where "there is no head or chief moderator, the moderator of the first district"; P.A. 77-239 included write-in votes as a part of the recanvass; P.A. 85-382 required clerk to bring absentee ballot applications, list of absentee ballot applications, registry list, moderators' returns and depository envelope for recanvass, required designated elector to have training and experience in the conduct of elections, required that no one other than recanvass official take part in recanvass, allowed representative to present evidence of any irregularity, mandated that procedures be open to public, required recanvass officials to check outer envelopes for absentee ballots against inner envelopes for such ballots and against the registry list to verify postmarks, addresses and registry list markings, required determination of whether the number of envelopes correspond with number of persons checked as voting by absentee ballot, required officials to use same forms for tallies and returns as used at original recanvass, and required absentee ballot counters to sign the tallies; P.A. 93-30 made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-88 divided section into Subsecs., amended Subsec. (a) to change time of recanvass officials' meeting from within 5 business days after election to not later than fifth business day after election, and amended Subsec. (c) to change number of days machine remains locked from 10 to 14.

      See Sec. 1-2a re construing of references to "United States mail" or "postmark" to include references to any delivery service designated by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Section 7502 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or any successor to the code, as amended, and to any date recorded or marked as described in said Section 7502 by a designated delivery service and construing of "registered or certified mail" to include any equivalent designated by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to said Section 7502.

      Cited. 231 C. 602.

      Cited. 10 CS 316.


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      Sec. 9-311a. Recanvass on close vote. For purposes of this section, state, district and municipal offices shall be as defined in section 9-372 except that the office of presidential elector shall be deemed a state office. Forthwith after a regular or special election for municipal office, or forthwith upon tabulation of the vote for state and district offices by the Secretary of the State, when at any such election the plurality of an elected candidate for an office over the vote for a defeated candidate receiving the next highest number of votes was either (1) less than a vote equivalent to one-half of one per cent of the total number of votes cast for the office but not more than two thousand votes, or (2) less than twenty votes, there shall be a recanvass of the returns of the voting machine or voting machines and absentee ballots used in such election for such office unless such defeated candidate or defeated candidates, as the case may be, for such office file a written statement waiving this right to such canvass with the municipal clerk in the case of a municipal office, or with the Secretary of the State in the case of a state or district office. In the case of state and district offices, the Secretary of the State upon tabulation of the votes for such offices shall notify the town clerks in the state or district, as the case may be, of the state and district offices which qualify for an automatic recanvass and shall also notify each candidate for any such office. When a recanvass is to be held the municipal clerk shall promptly notify the moderator, as defined in section 9-311, who shall proceed forthwith to cause a recanvass of such returns of the office in question in the same manner as is provided in said section 9-311. In addition to the notice required under section 9-311, the moderator shall before such recanvass is made give notice in writing of the time when, and place where, such recanvass is to be made to each candidate for a municipal office which qualifies for an automatic recanvass under this section. Nothing in this section shall preclude the right to judicial proceedings on behalf of a candidate under any provision of chapter 149. For the purposes of this section, "the total number of votes cast for the office" means in the case of multiple openings for the same office, the total number of electors checked as having voted in the state, district, municipality or political subdivision, as the case may be. When a recanvass of the returns for an office for which there are multiple openings is required by the provisions of this section, the returns for all candidates for all openings for the office shall be recanvassed. No one other than a recanvass official shall take part in the recanvass. If any irregularity in the recanvass procedure is noted by a candidate, he shall be permitted to present evidence of such irregularity in any contest relating to the election.

      (1963, P.A. 185, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 885, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 542, S. 1; P.A. 80-281, S. 14, 31; P.A. 84-319, S. 37, 49; P.A. 85-382, S. 2.)

      History: 1967 act provided for adding "of the office in question" to "cause a recanvass of such returns", also provided for the clerk to notify the secretary of the state upon receipt of application for a recanvass where a state election is involved; 1971 act provided that the definitions contained in Sec. 9-372 would apply for purposes of section to state, district and municipal offices but that office of presidential elector is deemed a state office, deleted provision for application for recanvass and provided that a recanvass would take place where votes were within the limits already specified, immediately, in the case of municipal elections or upon the tabulation of the vote for state and district offices by the secretary of the state, unless a written waiver is filed by defeated candidate(s); P.A. 80-281 provided, in the case of multiple openings for the same office, the total number of votes cast means the total number of electors checked as having voted and provided that a recanvass in that case will result in the returns for all candidates being recanvassed; P.A. 84-319 amended section to provide uniformity in procedures for recanvass after primaries and elections; P.A. 85-382 required only recanvass officials to take part in recanvass and permitted candidates to present evidence of irregularities noted in any contest relating to the election.

      Invoking provisions of this section does not preclude candidate from obtaining judicial review under section 9-328. 155 C. 68. Cited. 231 C. 602.

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      Sec. 9-311b. Recanvass on tie vote. If the electors fail to elect a candidate for any office by reason of an equality of votes at any election, there shall be a recanvass of the returns for such office unless, prior to the time of such recanvass, all but one of the candidates so receiving an equal number of votes dies, withdraws his name or for any reason becomes disqualified to hold such office.

      (1963, P.A. 185, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 9-312. Declaration of result; returns to secretary. In each municipality divided into voting districts, unless otherwise provided by law, the head moderator shall be the presiding officer for the purpose of declaring the result of the vote of the whole municipality and of making returns to the Secretary of the State, and the moderators in each of the voting districts shall be assistant presiding officers and shall make returns of their polls as required by law.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1059; 1953, S. 790d; 1971, P.A. 836, S. 3.)

      History: 1971 act substituted "head moderator" for "moderator of the first district" and for "moderators of the other district" substituted "moderators in each of the voting districts".

      Duty of moderator in election of selectmen. 104 C. 401. See annotations to Sec. 9-310.

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      Sec. 9-313. Forms for returns. The Secretary of the State shall transmit to the town clerk of each town, before each state election, blank forms for the returns required by this chapter, and such returns shall be made out, certified and directed according to such forms. The Secretary of the State shall cause to be printed in the several blanks, for the use of moderators and counters, such names of candidates for the several offices to be voted for as are certified to him by the chairmen of the state committees of the several political organizations in the state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1083; 1953, S. 791d.)

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      Sec. 9-314. Return of list of votes by moderator. (a) As used in this subsection, "moderator" means the moderator of each state election in each town not divided into voting districts and the head moderator in each town divided into voting districts. The moderator shall make out a duplicate list of the votes given in the moderator's town for each of the following officers: Presidential electors, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller, Attorney General, United States senator, representative in Congress, state senator, judge of probate, state representative and registrars of voters when said officers are to be chosen. Said list shall include a statement of the total number of names on the official check list of such town and the total number checked as having voted. The moderator may transmit such list to the Secretary of the State by facsimile machine or other electronic means prescribed by the Secretary of the State, not later than midnight on election day. If the moderator transmits such list by such electronic means, the moderator shall also seal and deliver one of such lists to the Secretary of the State not later than the third day after the election. If the moderator does not transmit such list by such electronic means, the moderator shall seal and deliver one of such lists by hand either (1) to the Secretary of the State not later than six o'clock p.m. of the day after the election, or (2) to the state police not later than four o'clock p.m. of the day after the election, in which case the state police shall deliver it by hand to the Secretary of the State not later than six o'clock p.m. of the day after the election. Any such moderator who fails to so deliver such list to either the Secretary of the State or the state police by the time required shall pay a late filing fee of fifty dollars. The moderator shall also deliver one of such lists to the clerk of such town on or before the day after such election. The Secretary of the State shall enter the returns in tabular form in books kept by the Secretary for that purpose and present a printed report of the same, with the name of, and the total number of votes received by, each of the candidates for said offices, to the General Assembly at its next session.

      (b) As used in this subsection, "moderator" means the moderator of each municipal election in each town not divided into voting districts, and the head moderator in each town divided into voting districts. The moderator shall forthwith transmit to the Secretary of the State the results of the vote for each office contested at such election by facsimile machine or other electronic means prescribed by the Secretary of the State, not later than midnight on election day. If the moderator transmits such list by such electronic means, the moderator shall also seal and deliver one of such lists to the Secretary of the State not later than the third day after the election. If the moderator does not transmit such list by such electronic means, the moderator shall seal and deliver one of such lists by hand either (1) to the Secretary of the State not later than six o'clock p.m. of the day after the election, or (2) to the state police not later than four o'clock p.m. of the day after the election, in which case the state police shall deliver it by hand to the Secretary of the State not later than six o'clock p.m. of the day after the election. Any such moderator who fails to so deliver such list to either the Secretary of the State or the state police by the time required shall pay a late filing fee of fifty dollars. Such moderator shall include in such return a statement of the total number of names on the official check list of such town and the total number checked as having voted. Such return shall be on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the State.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1080, 1081; 1953, S. 792d; 1963, P.A. 311, S. 2; April, 1964, P.A. 2, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 542, S. 3; 836, S. 4; P.A. 77-196, S. 2; P.A. 85-577, S. 7; P.A. 88-89; P.A. 93-384, S. 3; P.A. 95-171, S. 10, 14; P.A. 00-99, S. 30, 154; P.A. 03-112, S. 1.)

      History: 1963 act reduced the number of lists of votes to be sent to secretary from two to one; 1964 act deleted representative-at-large; 1971 acts deleted provision for mailing of list and substituted immediate hand delivery to the secretary of the state or to the state police who are required to deliver it by hand to the secretary of the state before four o'clock p.m. the day following the election, changed provision for delivery of list to the town clerk "within two days" to "on or before the day after the election", changed "moderator of first voting district" to "head moderator" and deleted "unless otherwise provided by law"; P.A. 77-196 added registrars of voters to the other offices on the list and added new Subsec. (b) providing for a report from moderator of municipal election on each contested office; P.A. 85-577 changed time frame of delivery, imposed $50 fee for late filing and required immediate transmittal of the vote for each office contested at such election; P.A. 88-89 amended Subsec. (b) to require results of municipal elections to be delivered to secretary of the state in same manner and time as provided under Subsec. (a), instead of being transmitted forthwith; P.A. 93-384 substituted "official check list" for "registry list" and amended Subsec. (b) to require moderator or head moderator to "forthwith transmit" instead of "deliver" voting results to secretary; P.A. 95-171 amended Subsec. (a) to conditionally authorize transmitting list by facsimile machine, effective October 1, 1995, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; P.A. 00-99 deleted reference to sheriff in Subsec. (a), effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 03-112 amended Subsec. (a) by defining "moderator", authorizing moderator to transmit list of votes by "other electronic means" and making conforming and technical changes, and amended Subsec. (b) by defining "moderator", requiring moderator to transmit list of votes by "facsimile machine or other electronic means", adding procedure for delivering list by hand, adding penalty for any moderator failing to deliver list by time required and making conforming changes, effective June 18, 2003.

      Statute may require more complete returns than does constitution. 61 C. 287. Cited. 116 C. 40.

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      Sec. 9-315. Canvass for presidential electors, U.S. senator and members of Congress. The votes returned as cast for a senator in Congress, representatives in Congress and presidential electors shall be publicly counted by the Treasurer, Secretary of the State and Comptroller on the last Wednesday of the month in which they were cast, and such votes shall be counted in conformity to any decision rendered by the judges of the Supreme Court as provided in section 9-323. In accordance with the count so made, they shall, on said day, declare what persons are elected senators in the Congress of the United States or representatives in Congress, and the Secretary of the State shall forthwith notify them by mail of their election; and they shall declare the proper number of persons having the greatest number of votes to be presidential electors and, in case of an equal vote for said electors, shall determine by lot from the persons having such equal number of votes the persons appointed, and the Secretary of the State shall forthwith notify them by mail of their appointment.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1112; 1953, S. 793d; P.A. 85-577, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 85-577 required that candidates for U.S. Senate and House of Representatives be notified by mail immediately of their election and abolished requirement that names of persons appointed as presidential electors be published in two Hartford newspapers.

      Cited. 231 C. 602.

      Cited. 16 CS 36.


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      Sec. 9-316. Canvass in vacancy election of U.S. senator or representative. The Treasurer, Secretary of the State and Comptroller shall, within thirty days after a vacancy election for a senator in Congress or representative in Congress, subject to the provisions of section 9-323, publicly count the votes returned, and declare what person is elected, and the Secretary of the State shall forthwith notify him by mail of his election. The Secretary of the State shall enter the returns in tabular form in books kept by him for that purpose and present a copy of the same, with the name of, and the total number of votes received by, each of the candidates for said office, to the Governor within ten days thereafter.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1111; 1953, S. 794d; P.A. 85-577, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 85-577 amended section to require notification to candidates by mail, required secretary of the state to enter returns in tabular form in books and to send a copy of the same, with the name of, and the total number of votes received by, each candidate to the governor within ten days thereafter, where previously original returns and canvass were submitted to governor.

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      Sec. 9-317. Certification of election of U.S. senator. When any senator in Congress has been elected, the Governor shall certify his election under the seal of the state to the President of the Senate of the United States, which certificate shall be countersigned by the Secretary of the State.

      (1949 Rev., S. 101; 1953, S. 795d.)

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      Sec. 9-318. Canvass of votes for state officers. The votes for Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller and Attorney General shall be canvassed by the persons authorized to receive and count the same, within thirty days next after they were cast, unless a complaint under the provisions of section 9-324 is pending, in which case such canvass shall not be made until after the third Monday of December next after they were cast. In making such canvass, the votes upon the returns made by presiding officers shall be counted in conformity to the decision of the judge of the Superior Court or of the Supreme Court, as the case may be, and such canvass shall be in conformity to such decision, and a fair list of such votes made to conform to the original returns of the presiding officers, as corrected or affected by the finding or decision of such judge, with the original returns of the presiding officers and certified copies of the decision of such judge, shall, on the first day of the session, be laid before the General Assembly, which shall declare who are elected to said offices respectively.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1108; 1953, S. 796d.)

      But see Art. 4, Sec. 3, Conn. Const., which incorporates amendment effective July 2, 1953. Compared with Secs. 9-310 and 9-311. 16 CS 37.

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      Sec. 9-319. Canvass of votes for state senators and representatives and judges of probate. The votes for state senators, state representatives and judges of probate, as returned by the moderators, shall be canvassed, during the month in which they are cast, by the Treasurer, Secretary of the State and Comptroller, and they shall declare, except in case of a tie vote, who is elected senator in each senatorial district, representative in each assembly district and judge of probate in each probate district. The Secretary of the State shall, within three days after such declaration, give notice by mail to each person chosen state senator, state representative or judge of probate of his election.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1087; 1953, S. 797d; 1967, P.A. 557, S. 6; P.A. 00-99, S. 31, 154.)

      History: 1967 act provided for application of section to state senators and state representatives; P.A. 00-99 deleted references to sheriff, effective December 1, 2000.

      Cited. 16 CS 36.

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      Sec. 9-320. Returns of municipal elections by clerks. Elected town clerk who is registrar of vital statistics ex officio. (a) The clerk of each municipality shall, within ten days after the municipal election, return to the Secretary of the State a statement of the name, post-office address and term of each person elected to office in such election. If an elected town clerk is registrar of vital statistics, ex officio, such return shall so indicate. Each municipal clerk neglecting to make such return shall be fined not more than twenty-five dollars.

      (b) The Secretary of the State shall keep a record of the names of the registrars of vital statistics and town clerks so returned. The secretary may certify that the persons named in such record are the registrars of vital statistics or the town clerks, as the case may be, of their respective towns for the period for which they were respectively elected.

      (1949 Rev., S. 523; 1953, S. 798d; P.A. 88-45, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 88-45 designated existing section as Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (a) to require return to indicate when elected town clerk is registrar of vital statistics, ex officio, and added Subsec. (b) re record and certification of registrars of vital statistics and town clerks.

      Town clerk's duty under former section mandatory, when. 18 CS 73.

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      Secs. 9-320a to 9-320e. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 9-320f. Manual audit of votes by registrars of voters or town clerk. Offices subject to audit. University of Connecticut analysis. Discrepancy recanvass. Voting machine failure to record votes. Secretary of the State investigation and report. Regulations. Definitions. (a) Not earlier than the fifteenth day after any election or primary and not later than two business days before the canvass of votes by the Secretary of the State, Treasurer and Comptroller, for any federal or state election or primary, or by the town clerk for any municipal election or primary, the registrars of voters shall conduct a manual audit of the votes recorded in not less than ten per cent of the voting districts in the state, district or municipality, whichever is applicable. Such manual audit shall be noticed in advance and be open to public observation. Any election official who participates in the administration and conduct of an audit pursuant to this section shall be compensated by the municipality at the standard rate of pay established by such municipality for elections or primaries, as the case may be.

      (b) The voting districts subject to the audit described in subsection (a) of this section shall be selected in a random drawing by the Secretary of the State and such selection process shall be open to the public. The offices subject to the audit pursuant to this section shall be, (1) in the case of an election where the office of presidential elector is on the ballot, all offices required to be audited by federal law, plus one additional office selected in a random drawing by the Secretary of the State, but in no case less than three offices, (2) in the case of an election where the office of Governor is on the ballot, all offices required to be audited by federal law, plus one additional office selected in a random drawing by the Secretary of the State, but in no case less than three offices, (3) in the case of a municipal election, three offices or twenty per cent of the number of offices on the ballot, whichever is greater, selected at random by the municipal clerk, and (4) in the case of a primary election, all offices required to be audited by federal law, plus one additional office, if any, but in no event less than twenty per cent of the offices on the ballot, selected in a random drawing by the municipal clerk.

      (c) If a selected voting district has an office that is subject to recanvass or an election or primary contest pursuant to the general statutes, the Secretary shall select an alternative district, pursuant to the process described in subsection (b) of this section.

      (d) The manual audit described in subsection (a) of this section shall consist of the manual tabulation of the paper ballots cast and counted by each voting machine subject to such audit. Once complete, the vote totals established pursuant to the manual tabulation shall be compared to the results reported by the voting machine on the day of the election or primary. The results of the manual tabulation shall be reported on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the State which shall include the total number of ballots counted, the total votes received by each candidate in question, the total votes received by each candidate in question on ballots that were properly completed by each voter and the total votes received by each candidate in question on ballots that were not properly completed by each voter. Such report shall be filed with the Secretary of the State who shall immediately forward such report to The University of Connecticut for analysis. The University of Connecticut shall file a written report with the Secretary of the State regarding such analysis that describes any discrepancies identified. After receipt of such report, the Secretary of the State shall file such report with the State Elections Enforcement Commission.

      (e) For the purposes of this section, a ballot that has not been properly completed will be deemed to be a ballot on which (1) votes have been marked by the voter outside the vote targets, (2) votes have been marked by the voter using a manual marking device that cannot be read by the voting machine, or (3) in the judgment of the registrars of voters, the voter marked the ballot in such a manner that the voting machine may not have read the marks as votes cast.

      (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 9-311, the Secretary of the State shall order a discrepancy recanvass of the returns of an election or primary for any office if a discrepancy, as defined in subsection (o) of this section, exists where the margin of victory in the race for such office is less than the amount of the discrepancy multiplied by the total number of voting districts where such race appeared on the ballot, provided in a year in which the Secretary of the State is a candidate for an office on the ballot and that office is subject to an audit as provided by this section, the State Elections Enforcement Commission shall order a discrepancy recanvass if a discrepancy, as defined by subsection (o) of this section, has occurred that could affect the outcome of the election or primary for such office.

      (g) If The University of Connecticut report described in subsection (d) of this section indicates that a voting machine failed to record votes accurately and in the manner provided by the general statutes, the Secretary of the State shall require that the voting machine be examined and recertified by the Secretary of the State, or the Secretary's designee. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit the Secretary of the State from requiring that a voting machine be examined and recertified.

      (h) The audit report filed pursuant to subsection (d) of this section shall be open to public inspection and may be used as prima facie evidence of a discrepancy in any contest arising pursuant to chapter 149 or for any other cause of action arising from such election or primary.

      (i) If the audit officials are unable to reconcile the manual count with the electronic vote tabulation and discrepancies, the Secretary of the State shall conduct such further investigation of the voting machine or tabulator malfunction as may be necessary for the purpose of reviewing whether or not to decertify the voting machine or machines in question or to order the voting machine to be examined and recertified pursuant to subsection (g) of this section. Any report produced by the Secretary of the State as a result of such investigation shall be filed with the State Elections Enforcement Commission and the commission may initiate such further investigation in accordance with subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 9-7b as may be required to determine if any violations of the general statutes concerning election law have been committed.

      (j) The individual paper ballots used at an election or primary shall be carefully preserved and returned in their designated receptacle in accordance with the requirements of section 9-266, 9-302 or 9-310, whichever is applicable.

      (k) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude any candidate or elector from seeking additional remedies pursuant to chapter 149.

      (l) After an election or primary, any voting machine may be kept locked for a period longer than that prescribed by sections 9-266, 9-310 and 9-447, if such an extended period is ordered by either a court of competent jurisdiction, the Secretary of the State or the State Elections Enforcement Commission. Either the court or the Secretary of the State may order an audit of such voting machine to be conducted by such persons as the court or the Secretary of the State may designate, provided the State Elections Enforcement Commission may order such an audit under the circumstances prescribed in subsection (f) of this section. If the machine utilized in such election or primary is an optical scan voting system, such order to lock such machine shall include the tabulator, memory card and all other components and processes utilized in the programming of such machine.

      (m) The Secretary of the State may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, as may be necessary for the conduct of the manual tabulation of the paper ballots described in subsection (a) of this section and to establish guidelines for expanded audits when there are differences between the manual and machine counts.

      (n) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the Secretary of the State shall have access to the code in any voting machine whenever any problem is discovered as a result of the audit described in subsection (a) of this section.

      (o) As used in this section, "discrepancy" means any difference in vote totals between machine and manual counts in a voting district that exceeds one-half of one per cent of the lesser amount of the vote totals between machine and manual counts where such differences cannot be resolved through an accounting of ballots that were not marked properly in accordance with subsection (e) of this section, "state election" means "state election", as defined in section 9-1, and "municipal election" means a municipal election held pursuant to section 9-164.

      (P.A. 07-194, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 07-194 effective July 5, 2007.

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      Sec. 9-321. Return by moderator of election of town clerk and registrar of vital statistics. Section 9-321 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 522; 1953, S. 799d; P.A. 88-45, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 9-322. Failure of moderator to make returns. Each moderator of an election who neglects to make any return required by law shall be fined twenty dollars.

      (1949 Rev., S. 526; 1953, S. 257d.)

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      Sec. 9-322a. Clerk to file listing of returns. Certification of lists. Not later than twenty-one days following each regular state election, the town clerk of each town divided into voting districts shall file with the Secretary of the State a consolidated listing, in tabular format, as prescribed by the Secretary of the State, of the official returns of each such voting district for all offices voted on at such election, including the total number of votes cast for each candidate, the total number of names on the registry list, and the total number of names checked as having voted, in each such district. The town clerk of such town shall certify that he or she has examined the lists transmitted under this section to determine whether there are any discrepancies between the total number of votes cast for a candidate at such election in such town, including for any recanvass conducted pursuant to section 9-311 or 9-311a, and the sum of the votes cast for the same candidate in all voting districts in such town. In the case of any such discrepancy, the town clerk shall notify the head moderator and certify that such discrepancy has been rectified. Each listing filed under this section shall be retained by the Secretary of the State not less than ten years after the date of the election for which it was filed.

      (P.A. 82-426, S. 13, 14; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 115.)

      History: Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 reduced amount of time that town clerks must submit election returns showing district results from within 60 to not later than 21 days following election, provided that results shall be presented in format prescribed by Secretary, and required town clerks to certify that they have examined lists to determine whether discrepancies exist and further certify that any such discrepancy has been rectified, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 9-322b. Candidate elected to two or more offices in a municipality and prohibited from holding more than one office. Determination of officeholder. Notwithstanding the provisions of this title, if a candidate is elected to two or more offices in a municipality at the same election and is prohibited by any provision of the general statutes, a charter or an ordinance from holding more than one such office, the candidate shall notify the registrars of voters and the municipal clerk of the office to which the candidate declines election, and the candidate for such office who receives the next highest number of votes at such election shall be deemed to have been elected to such office.

      (P.A. 05-235, S. 31.)

      History: P.A. 05-235 effective July 1, 2005.

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