CHAPTER 132*
MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

      *Cited. 177 C. 749. Cited. 184 C. 51. Home Rule Act cited. 188 C. 276. Cited. 206 C. 579. Economic development projects created and implemented pursuant to this chapter that have public economic benefits of creating new jobs, increasing tax and other revenues and contributing to urban revitalization satisfy public use clauses of state and federal constitutions. 268 C. 1.

      Cited. 28 CA 622.

      Cited. 35 CS 157.


Table of Contents

Sec. 8-186. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 8-187. Definitions.
Sec. 8-188. Designation of development agency.
Sec. 8-189. Project plan. Approval. Notice. Review.
Sec. 8-190. Planning grants and special planning grants.
Sec. 8-191. Adoption of development plan.
Sec. 8-191a. Effect of commissioner's failure to make environmental evaluation.
Sec. 8-192. Bond issues. Connecticut Development Authority or its subsidiaries. Federal and state aid. Taxes. Temporary notes.
Sec. 8-192a. Allocation of taxes on real or personal property in a development project.
Sec. 8-192b. Temporary notes. Extension of time for renewal.
Sec. 8-193. Acquisition and transfer of real property. Procedure. Powers of agency. Limitations.
Sec. 8-194. Readjustment, relocation and removal of public service facilities.
Sec. 8-195. Development grants and special development grants.
Sec. 8-196. Joint projects.
Sec. 8-197. Furnishing of municipal services to other municipalities.
Sec. 8-198. Regulations.
Sec. 8-199. Action to be taken in name of municipality.
Sec. 8-200. Modification of development plan. Abandonment of plan and conveyance of property. Limitations.
Sec. 8-200a. Conversion of balance of prior loans to grants-in-aid.
Sec. 8-200b. Payment of administrative costs under prior law.

      Sec. 8-186. Declaration of policy. It is found and declared that the economic welfare of the state depends upon the continued growth of industry and business within the state; that the acquisition and improvement of unified land and water areas and vacated commercial plants to meet the needs of industry and business should be in accordance with local, regional and state planning objectives; that such acquisition and improvement often cannot be accomplished through the ordinary operations of private enterprise at competitive rates of progress and economies of cost; that permitting and assisting municipalities to acquire and improve unified land and water areas and to acquire and improve or demolish vacated commercial plants for industrial and business purposes and, in distressed municipalities, to lend funds to businesses and industries within a project area in accordance with such planning objectives are public uses and purposes for which public moneys may be expended; and that the necessity in the public interest for the provisions of this chapter is hereby declared as a matter of legislative determination.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 87, S. 1; P.A. 74-184, S. 1, 10; P.A. 75-480, S. 1, 8; P.A. 84-243, S. 1.)

      History: 1972 act included vacated commercial plants in provisions of section; P.A. 74-184 allowed demolition of vacated commercial plants as well as acquisition or improvement; P.A. 75-480 included water areas in provisions of section; P.A. 84-243 included reference to use of funds for loans in distressed municipalities.

      Cited. 184 C. 51. Cited. 206 C. 579. A unified land and water area is one that exists because of the combination of separate land parcels into a unitary development scheme and is not limited to vacant land and includes developed or occupied land. 268 C. 1.

      Cited. 35 CS 157.


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      Sec. 8-187. Definitions. As used in this chapter, (1) "municipality" means a town, city, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough; (2) "legislative body" means (A) the board of selectmen in a town that does not have a charter, special act or home rule ordinance relating to its government or (B) the council, board of aldermen, representative town meeting, board of selectmen or other elected legislative body described in a charter, special act or home rule ordinance relating to government in a city, consolidated town and city, consolidated town and borough or a town having a charter, special act, consolidation ordinance or home rule ordinance relating to its government; (3) "development agency" means the agency designated by a municipality under section 8-188 through which the municipality may exercise the powers granted under this chapter; (4) "development project" means a project conducted by a municipality for the assembly, improvement and disposition of land or buildings or both to be used principally for industrial or business purposes and includes vacated commercial plants; (5) "vacated commercial plants" means buildings formerly used principally for business or industrial purposes of which more than fifty per cent of the usable floor space is, or which it is anticipated, within eighteen months, shall be, unused or substantially underutilized; (6) "project area" means the area within which the development project is located; (7) "commissioner" means the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; (8) "planning commission" means the planning and zoning commission designated pursuant to section 8-4a or the planning commission created pursuant to section 8-19; (9) "real property" means land, subterranean or subsurface rights, structures, any and all easements, air rights and franchises and every estate, right or interest therein; and (10) "business purpose" includes, but is not limited to, any commercial, financial or retail enterprise and includes any enterprise which promotes tourism and any property that produces income.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 2; 1972, P.A. 87, S. 2; P.A. 74-184, S. 2, 10; P.A. 75-480, S. 2, 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-582, S. 2, 4; P.A. 80-18, S. 1, 3; P.A. 81-98, S. 1; P.A. 85-50, S. 1; P.A. 93-158, S. 3, 11; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 98-237, S. 13, 15.)

      History: 1972 act included buildings in definition of "development project" and defined "vacated commercial plants"; P.A. 74-184 defined "commissioner"; P.A. 75-480 included vacated commercial plants in definition of "development project", deleted requirement that space not have been used for two years in definition of "vacated commercial plants" and defined "planning commission"; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-582 required that 50% of floor space rather than 75% be unused in definition of "vacated commercial plants"; P.A. 80-18 defined "real property"; P.A. 81-98 defined "business purpose"; P.A. 85-50 added to definition of "vacated commercial plants" buildings in which more than 50% of usable floor space is substantially underutilized or is anticipated to be unused or so underutilized; P.A. 93-158 added definition of "legislative body" as Subdiv. (2), renumbering existing subdivisions as necessary, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 98-237 redefined "business purpose" to include property that produces income, effective June 8, 1998.

      See Sec. 7-380b re issuance of bonds, notes or other obligations authorized before June 23, 1993.

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      Sec. 8-188. Designation of development agency. Any municipality which has a planning commission is authorized, by vote of its legislative body, to designate the economic development commission or the redevelopment agency of such municipality or a nonprofit development corporation as its development agency and exercise through such agency the powers granted under this chapter, except that the Quinnipiac Valley Development Corporation, organized and existing by virtue of the provisions of number 625 of the special acts of 1957, may be designated as a development agency, for the purposes of this chapter, to act as such within the geographical area specified in section 2 of said special act. Any municipality may, with the approval of the commissioner, designate a separate economic development commission, redevelopment agency or nonprofit development corporation as its development agency for each development project undertaken by the municipality pursuant to this chapter.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 3; 1969, P.A. 404, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 86; P.A. 78-357, S. 10, 16; P.A. 82-55, S. 2, 3.)

      History: 1969 act allowed consideration of Quinnipiac Valley Development Corporation as development agency; 1971 act allowed municipality to designate nonprofit development corporation as its development agency; P.A. 78-357 allowed distressed municipalities to designate more than one development agency; P.A. 82-55 specified that municipality's designation of separate commissions for separate projects is contingent upon approval of the commissioner.

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      Sec. 8-189. Project plan. Approval. Notice. Review. (a) The development agency may initiate a development project by preparing a project plan in accordance with regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to section 8-198. The project plan shall meet an identified public need and include: (1) A legal description of the land within the project area; (2) a description of the present condition and uses of such land or building; (3) a description of the process utilized by the agency to prepare the plan and a description of alternative approaches considered to achieve project objectives; (4) a description of the types and locations of land uses or building uses proposed for the project area; (5) a description of the types and locations of present and proposed streets, sidewalks and sanitary, utility and other facilities and the types and locations of other proposed site improvements; (6) statements of the present and proposed zoning classification and subdivision status of the project area and the areas adjacent to the project area; (7) a plan for relocating project-area occupants; (8) a financing plan; (9) an administrative plan; (10) a marketability and proposed land-use study or building use study if required by the commissioner; (11) appraisal reports and title searches; (12) a description of the public benefits of the project including, but not limited to, (A) the number of jobs which the development agency anticipates would be created by the project; (B) the estimated property tax benefits; (C) the number and types of existing housing units in the municipality in which the project would be located, and in contiguous municipalities, which would be available to employees filling such jobs; (D) a general description of infrastructure improvements, including public access, facilities or use, that the development agency anticipates may be needed to implement the development plan; (E) a general description of the development agency's goals for blight remediation or, if known, environmental remediation; (F) a general description of any aesthetic improvements that the development agency anticipates may be generated by the project; (G) a general description of the project's intended role in increasing or sustaining market value of land in the municipality; (H) a general description of the project's intended role in assisting residents of the municipality to improve their standard of living; and (I) a general statement of the project's role in maintaining or enhancing the competitiveness of the municipality; (13) findings that (A) the land and buildings within the project area will be used principally for industrial or business purposes; (B) the plan is in accordance with the plan of conservation and development for the municipality adopted by its planning commission under section 8-23, and the plan of development of the regional planning agency adopted under section 8-35a, if any, for the region within which the municipality is located; (C) the plan was prepared giving due consideration to the state plan of conservation and development adopted under chapter 297 and any other state-wide planning program objectives of the state or state agencies as coordinated by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management; and (D) the project will contribute to the economic welfare of the municipality and the state; and that to carry out and administer the project, public action under this chapter is required; and (14) a preliminary statement describing the proposed process for acquiring each parcel of real property, including findings that (A) public benefits resulting from the development plan will outweigh any private benefits; (B) existing use of the real property cannot be feasibly integrated into the overall development plan for the project; (C) acquisition by eminent domain is reasonably necessary to successfully achieve the objectives of such development plan; and (D) the development plan is not for the primary purpose of increasing local tax revenues. Any plan that has been prepared by a redevelopment agency under chapter 130 may be submitted by the development agency to the legislative body and to the commissioner for approval in lieu of a plan initiated and prepared in accordance with this section, provided all other requirements of this chapter for obtaining the approval of the commissioner of the project plan are satisfied.

      (b) (1) The approval of a development plan shall be given by the legislative body pursuant to section 8-191.

      (2) The plan shall be effective for a period of ten years after the date of approval and may be amended in accordance with this section. The legislative body shall review the plan at least once every ten years after the initial approval, and shall reapprove the plan or an amended plan at least once every ten years after the initial approval in accordance with this section in order for the plan or amended plan to remain in effect. With respect to a development plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (3) The development agency shall cause notice of the initial approval of the plan to be published in a newspaper having general circulation in the municipality.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 4; 1969, P.A. 628, S. 14; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 2; P.A. 74-184, S. 3, 10; P.A. 75-480, S. 3, 8; 75-537, S. 48, 55; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 81-98, S. 2; P.A. 86-232, S. 1; P.A. 07-141, S. 10.)

      History: 1969 act substituted "state or state agencies as coordinated by the state planning council" for "Connecticut interregional planning program"; 1971 act substituted Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs; P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission, included building description in Subdiv. (b), building use study in Subdiv. (i) and findings concerning buildings in Subdiv. (j) and substituted planning and budgeting division, department of finance and control for state planning council; P.A. 75-480 made studies under Subdiv. (i) necessary only if required by commissioner, made appraisal reports and title searches new Subdiv. (j) and relettered former Subdiv. (j) as Subdiv. (k); P.A. 75-537 substituted department of planning and energy policy for planning and budgeting division of finance and control department; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979, and substituted secretary of [sic] the office of policy and management for department of planning and energy policy; P.A. 81-98 allowed for use of plans prepared under chapter 130; P.A. 86-232 added new Subdiv. (k) requiring statement re jobs and housing to be included in project plan and relettered remaining Subdiv. accordingly; P.A. 07-141 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to substitute "regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to section 8-198" for "regulations of the commissioner", add "meet an identified public need", insert new provisions as Subdiv. (3) re description of process utilized and alternative approaches considered, insert new provisions as Subdiv. (12) re public benefits and estimated property tax benefits and insert new provisions therein as Subparas. (D) to (I) re general descriptions and statements, substitute "plan of conservation and development" for "plan of development" and "prepared giving due consideration" for "is not inimical to" re plan in Subdiv. (13), insert new provisions as Subdiv. (14) re public benefits, integration of existing use, reasonable necessity of acquisition by eminent domain, and primary purpose of plan not being to increase tax revenue, and make technical changes, and added Subsec. (b) re approval, effective period and review, and notice of approval, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to development plans adopted on or after that date.

      Cited. 184 C. 51. Court found project plan that was hastily assembled and lacking in detail to be a pretext in trying to thwart affordable housing. 256 C. 557.

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      Sec. 8-190. Planning grants and special planning grants. The commissioner is authorized to make planning grants and special planning grants to municipalities to facilitate the planning of development projects, provided (a) no such grant shall be made in an amount in excess of fifty per cent of the estimated reasonable cost of such planning as determined by said commissioner and (b) the municipal share of such planning costs may be paid in noncash contributions, the value of such contributions to be determined by the commissioner. Planning grants and special planning grants may be made to any distressed municipality, as defined in section 32-9p, in amounts up to one hundred per cent of such planning costs if the commissioner determines that there is a substantial likelihood that the planned development project will be consummated. Special planning grants may be authorized for development projects consisting, predominantly, of industrial buildings, which it is anticipated, within eighteen months, shall have more than fifty per cent of the usable floor area unused or substantially underutilized and shall result in significant unemployment. Said commissioner may consult with and advise any development agency in the preparation of a plan for a development project.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 5; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 3; P.A. 74-184, S. 4, 10; P.A. 75-480, S. 4, 8; P.A. 76-134, S. 1; P.A. 78-357, S. 11, 16; P.A. 79-582, S. 3, 4; P.A. 85-50, S. 2.)

      History: 1971 act substituted Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs; P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission; P.A. 75-480 applied existing provisions to special planning grants and added provision concerning special planning grants for projects involving underused industrial buildings; P.A. 76-134 changed maximum amount of grant from full estimated cost to 50% of estimated cost of planning and replaced provision deducting amount of planning grant from other development grant which might be made with provision that municipal share of planning costs may be noncash contributions the value of which is to be determined by the commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-357 allowed grants for full planning costs to distressed municipalities; P.A. 79-582 changed unused floor space requirement from 75% to 50%; P.A. 85-50 made industrial buildings anticipated, within 18 months, instead of within one year, to have more than 50% of usable floor area either unused or substantially underutilized, instead of only unused, eligible for special planning grants.

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      Sec. 8-191. Adoption of development plan. (a) Before the development agency adopts a plan for a development project, (1) the planning commission of the municipality shall find that the plan is in accord with the plan of development for the municipality; and (2) the regional planning agency, if any, for the region within which such municipality is located shall find that such plan is in accord with the plan of development for such region, or if such agency fails to make a finding concerning the plan within thirty-five days of receipt of the plan by such agency, it shall be presumed that such agency does not disapprove of the plan; and (3) the development agency shall hold at least one public hearing on the plan. At least thirty-five days prior to any public hearing, the development agency shall post the plan on the Internet web site of the development agency, if any. Upon approval by the development agency, the agency shall submit the plan to the legislative body which shall vote to approve or disapprove the plan. After approval of the plan by the legislative body, the development agency shall submit the plan for approval to the commissioner. Notice of the time, place and subject of any public hearing held under this section shall be published once in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality, such publication to be made not less than one week nor more than three weeks prior to the date set for the hearing. In the event the commissioner requires a substantial modification of the project plan before giving approval, then upon the completion of such modification such plan shall first have a public hearing and then be approved by the development agency and the legislative body. Any legislative body, agency or commission in approving a plan for a development project shall specifically approve the findings made in the plan.

      (b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section with respect to submission of a development project to and approval by the commissioner shall not apply to a project for which no grant has been made under section 8-190 and no application for a grant is to be made under section 8-195.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 6; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 4; P.A. 74-184, S. 5, 10; P.A. 75-480, S. 5, 8; P.A. 77-410, S. 1, 5; P.A. 81-98, S. 3; P.A. 07-141, S. 11; 07-217, S. 34.)

      History: 1971 act substituted Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs and deleted provisions ceasing payments to municipalities not meeting deadlines for development of community development action plans; P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission; P.A. 75-480 deleted provision requiring public hearing before submission to regional planning agency, required regional agency to make finding within 35 rather than 60 days and stated that plan presumed to be not disapproved if finding not made, deleted provision that plan be submitted to legislative body after development agency commissioner's preliminary approval and required that substantial modifications be approved by development agency and legislative body after public hearing; P.A. 77-410 added Subsec. (b) excepting certain projects from provisions of Subsec. (a); P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-98 provided for a mandatory vote on the plan by the legislative body of the municipality; P.A. 07-141 amended Subsec. (a) to add requirement that agency post plan on its Internet web site, if any, at least 35 days prior to any hearing, and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to development plans adopted on or after that date; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

      Cited. 184 C. 51.

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      Sec. 8-191a. Effect of commissioner's failure to make environmental evaluation. No plan prepared and approved under sections 8-189 and 8-191, which includes the findings enumerated in subdivisions (12) and (13) of section 8-189, shall be invalid and deemed ineffective solely because of the commissioner's failure to comply with any provision of sections 22a-1a to 22a-1f, inclusive. All actions taken by the commissioner between February 1, 1975, and June 14, 1977, are validated. Nothing in this section or section 8-191, 8-193 or 8-196 shall relieve the commissioner from the commissioner's obligation to comply with sections 22a-1a to 22a-1f, inclusive, subsequent to June 14, 1977.

      (P.A. 77-410, S. 4, 5; P.A. 07-141, S. 21.)

      History: P.A. 07-141 substituted "subdivisions (12) and (13)" for "subsection (k)" re findings and made a technical change.

      Cited (as P.A. 77-410 validating act). 184 C. 51.

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      Sec. 8-192. Bond issues. Connecticut Development Authority or its subsidiaries. Federal and state aid. Taxes. Temporary notes. (a) For the purpose of carrying out or administering a development plan or other functions authorized under this chapter, a municipality, acting by and through its development agency, is authorized, subject only to the limitations and procedures set forth in this section, to issue from time to time bonds of the municipality which are payable solely from and secured by: (1) A pledge of and lien upon any or all of the income, proceeds, revenues and property of development projects, including the proceeds of grants, loans, advances or contributions from the federal government, the state or other source, including financial assistance furnished by the municipality or any other public body pursuant to this chapter; (2) taxes or payments in lieu of taxes, or both, in whole or in part, allocated to and paid into a special fund of the municipality pursuant to the provisions of section 8-192a; or (3) any combination of the methods in subdivisions (1) and (2) of this section. Any bonds payable and secured as provided in this subsection shall be authorized and the appropriation of the proceeds thereof approved by a resolution adopted by the legislative body of the municipality, notwithstanding the provisions of any other statute, local law or charter governing the authorization and issuance of bonds and the appropriation of the proceeds thereof generally by the municipality. No such resolution shall be adopted until after a public hearing has been held upon such authorization. Notice of such hearing shall be published not less than five days prior to such hearing in a newspaper having a general circulation in the municipality. Such bonds shall be issued and sold in such manner; bear interest at such rate or rates, including variable rates to be determined in such manner as set forth in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of the bonds; provide for the payment of interest on such dates, whether before or at maturity; be issued at, above or below par; mature at such time or times not exceeding forty years from their date in the case of bonds issued to finance housing and facilities related thereto or thirty years from their date in all other cases; have such rank or priority; be payable in such medium of payment; be issued in such form, including, without limitation, registered or book-entry form; carry such registration and transfer privileges and be made subject to purchase or redemption before maturity at such price or prices and under such terms and conditions, including the condition that such bonds be subject to purchase or redemption on the demand of the owner thereof; and contain such other terms and particulars as the legislative body of the municipality or the officers delegated such authority by the legislative body of the municipality shall determine. The proceedings under which bonds are authorized to be issued may, subject to the provisions of the general statutes, contain any or all of the following: (A) Provisions respecting custody of the proceeds from the sale of the bonds and any bond anticipation notes, including any requirements that such proceeds be held separate from or not be commingled with other funds of the municipality; (B) provisions for the investment and reinvestment of bond proceeds until such proceeds are used to pay project costs and for the disposition of any excess bond proceeds or investment earnings thereon; (C) provisions for the execution of reimbursement agreements, or similar agreements, in connection with credit facilities, including, but not limited to, letters of credit or policies of bond insurance, remarketing agreements and agreements for the purpose of moderating interest rate fluctuations; (D) provisions for the collection, custody, investment, reinvestment and use of the pledged revenues or other receipts, funds or moneys pledged for payment of bonds as provided in this section; (E) provisions regarding the establishment and maintenance of reserves, sinking funds and any other funds and accounts as shall be approved by the legislative body of the municipality in such amounts as may be established by the legislative body of the municipality, and the regulation and disposition thereof, including requirements that any such funds and accounts be held separate from or not be commingled with other funds of the municipality; (F) covenants for the establishment of maintenance requirements with respect to facilities and properties; (G) provisions for the issuance of additional bonds on a parity with bonds issued prior to the issuance of such additional bonds, including establishment of coverage requirements with respect to such bonds as herein provided; (H) provisions regarding the rights and remedies available in case of a default to the bond owners, note owners or any trustee under any contract, loan agreement, document, instrument or trust indenture, including the right to appoint a trustee to represent their interests upon occurrence of any event of default, as defined in any such default proceedings, provided that if any bonds or bond anticipation notes are secured by a trust indenture, the respective owners of such bonds or notes shall have no authority except as set forth in such trust indenture to appoint a separate trustee to represent them; and (I) other provisions or covenants of like or different character from the foregoing which are consistent with this section and which the legislative body of the municipality determines in such proceedings are necessary, convenient or desirable in order to better secure the bonds or bond anticipation notes, or will tend to make the bonds or bond anticipation notes more marketable, and which are in the best interests of the municipality. Any provisions which may be included in proceedings authorizing the issuance of bonds under this section may be included in an indenture of trust duly approved in accordance with this section which secures the bonds and any notes issued in anticipation thereof, and in such case the provisions of such indenture shall be deemed to be a part of such proceedings as though they were expressly included therein. Any pledge made by the municipality shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made, and any revenues or other receipts, funds or moneys so pledged and thereafter received by the municipality shall be subject immediately to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act. The lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding as against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against the municipality, irrespective of whether such parties have notice of such lien. Neither the resolution nor any other instrument by which a pledge is created need be recorded. The legislative body of the municipality may enter into a trust indenture by and between the municipality and a corporate trustee, which may be any trust company or bank having the powers of a trust company within or without the municipality. Such trust indenture may contain such provisions for protecting and enforcing the rights and remedies of the bond owners and note owners as may be reasonable and proper and not in violation of law, including covenants setting forth the duties of the municipality in relation to the exercise of its powers pursuant to this section and the custody, safeguarding and application of all moneys. The municipality may provide by such trust indenture for the payment of the pledged revenues or other receipts, funds or moneys to the trustee under such trust indenture or to any other depository, and for the method of disbursement thereof, with such safeguards and restrictions as it may determine. All expenses incurred in carrying out such trust indenture may be treated as project costs. Such bonds shall not be included in computing the aggregate indebtedness of the municipality, provided, if such bonds are made payable, in whole or in part, from funds contracted to be advanced by the municipality, the aggregate amount of such funds not yet appropriated to such purpose shall be included in computing the aggregate indebtedness of the municipality. As used in this section, "bonds" means any bonds, including refunding bonds, notes, temporary notes, interim certificates, debentures or other obligations. Temporary notes issued in accordance with this subsection in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of bond issues may be issued for a period of not more than five years and notes issued for a shorter period of time may be renewed by the issue of other notes, provided the period from the date of the original notes to the maturity of the last notes issued in renewal thereof shall not exceed five years.

      (b) For the purpose of carrying out or administering a development plan or other functions authorized under this chapter, a municipality, acting by and through its development agency, may accept grants, advances, loans or other financial assistance from the federal government, the state or other source, and may do any and all things necessary or desirable to secure such financial aid. To assist any development project located in the area in which it is authorized to act, any public body, including the state, or any city, town, borough, authority, district, subdivision or agency of the state, may, upon such terms as it determines, furnish service or facilities, provide property, lend or contribute funds, and take any other action of a character which it is authorized to perform for other purposes. To obtain funds for the temporary and definitive financing of any development project, a municipality may, in addition to other action authorized under this chapter or other law, issue its general obligation bonds, notes, temporary notes or other obligations secured by a pledge of the municipality's full faith and credit. Such bonds, notes, temporary notes and other obligations shall be authorized in accordance with the requirements for the authorization of such obligations generally by the municipality and the authorization, issuance and sale thereof shall be subject to the limitations contained in the general statutes, including provisions on the limitation of the aggregate indebtedness of the municipality. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-264, 7-378 and 7-378a, and any other public or special act or charter or bond ordinance or bond resolution which limits the issuance or renewal of temporary notes issued in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of bond issues to a period of time of less than five years from the date of the original notes or requires a reduction in the principal amount of such notes or renewal notes prior to the fifth anniversary of the date of the original notes, such temporary notes may be issued for a period of not more than five years and notes issued for a shorter period of time may be renewed by the issue of other notes, provided the period from the date of the original notes to the maturity of the last notes issued in renewal thereof shall not exceed five years.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section and any other public or special act or charter or bond ordinance or bond resolution which limits the renewal of temporary notes issued pursuant to said subsections in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of bond issues to five years or less from the date of the original notes, any municipality may renew temporary notes in accordance with the provisions of this section for an additional period of not more than four years from the end of such five-year period. The officers or board authorized to issue the bonds or determine the particulars of the bonds may adopt a resolution authorizing the renewal of temporary notes for such additional period under the following conditions: (1) All project grant payments and bond sale proceeds received shall be promptly applied toward project costs or toward payment of such temporary notes as the same shall become due and payable or shall be deposited in trust for such purposes; (2) no later than the end of each period of twelve months after the end of such five-year period a portion of such temporary notes equal to at least one-twentieth of the municipality's estimated cost of the project shall be retired from funds other than project grants or land sale proceeds or note proceeds; (3) the interest on all temporary notes renewed after such five-year period shall be paid from funds other than project grants or land sale proceeds or note proceeds; (4) the principal amount of each bond issue when sold shall be reduced by the amounts spent under subdivision (2) of this subsection, and the principal of such bonds shall be paid in annual installments commencing no later than one year from the date of issue; and (5) the maximum authorized term of the bonds when sold shall be reduced by not less than the number of months from the end of such five-year period to the date of issue. Any anticipated federal or state project grants or land sale proceeds may be used in computing the municipality's cost of the project. Any municipality in which such resolution is passed shall include in its annual budget or shall otherwise appropriate sufficient funds to make the payments required by subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection.

      (d) For the purposes of carrying out or administering a specified development plan authorized under this chapter, the Connecticut Development Authority may, upon a resolution with respect to such project adopted by the legislative body of the municipality, issue and administer bonds which are payable solely or in part from and secured by the pledge and security provided for in subsection (a) of this section subject to the general terms and provisions of law applicable to the issuance of bonds by the Connecticut Development Authority, except that the provisions of subsection (b) of section 32-23j shall not apply. For purposes of this section and section 8-192a, references to the Connecticut Development Authority shall include any subsidiary of the Connecticut Development Authority established pursuant to subsection (l) of section 32-11a.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 7; P.A. 74-319, S. 3; P.A. 76-51; P.A. 87-572, S. 3, 5; P.A. 88-233, S. 3, 5; P.A. 89-230, S. 3, 4; P.A. 93-158, S. 4, 11; P.A. 98-237, S. 3; P.A. 01-179, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 74-319 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdivs. (2) and (3) re bonds payable from and secured by taxes or by combination of taxes and lien on assets of project, by adding requirement that bonds secured by taxes or combination be approved by local legislative body and by allowing deferral of principal payments; P.A. 76-51 amended Subsec. (b) to extend limits on temporary notes and renewals from 3 to 5 years; P.A. 87-572 made extensive amendments in procedures for issuance and payment of debt; P.A. 88-233 included payments made from payments in lieu of taxes; P.A. 89-230 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for 40-year maturity limits for bonds which finance housing and related facilities; P.A. 93-158 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) adding provision re authorization of temporary notes, substituting alphabetic Subpara. indicators for numeric ones and making technical changes and added Subsec. (c) re renewal of temporary bonds, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 98-237 added new Subsec. (d) authorizing the Connecticut Development Authority to issue bonds for a specified project upon approval of the legislative body of the municipality in which the project is located; P.A. 01-179 amended Subsec. (d) by adding provisions authorizing bonds to be payable in part from and secured by pledge and security provided for in Subsec. (a) and specifying that references to the Connecticut Development Authority include its subsidiaries.

      See Sec. 7-380b re issuance of bonds, notes or other obligations authorized before June 23, 1993.

      See Sec. 8-192b re renewal of temporary notes.


      Cited. 206 C. 579.

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      Sec. 8-192a. Allocation of taxes on real or personal property in a development project. Any development plan authorized under this chapter or any proceedings authorizing the issuance of bonds under this chapter may contain a provision that taxes, if any, identified in such plan or such authorizing proceeding and levied upon taxable real or personal property, or both, in a development project each year or payments in lieu of such taxes authorized pursuant to chapter 114, or both, by or for the benefit of any one or more municipalities, districts or other public taxing agencies after adoption of the development plan as provided by section 8-191 or such authorizing proceedings, as the case may be, shall be divided as follows: (a) In each fiscal year that portion of the taxes or payments in lieu of taxes, or both, which would be produced by applying the then current tax rate of each of the taxing agencies to the total sum of the assessed value of the taxable property in the development project on the effective date of such adoption or the date of such authorizing proceedings, as the case may be, or on any date between such two dates which is identified in such proceedings, shall be allocated to and when collected shall be paid into the funds of the respective taxing agencies in the same manner as taxes by or for said taxing agencies on all other property are paid; and (b) that portion of the assessed taxes or the payments in lieu of taxes, or both, each fiscal year in excess of the amount referred to in subdivision (a) of this section shall be allocated to and when collected shall be paid into a special fund of the municipality or the Connecticut Development Authority as issuer of such bonds to be used in each fiscal year, first to pay the principal of and interest due in such fiscal year on loans, moneys advanced to, or indebtedness, whether funded, refunded, assumed, or otherwise, incurred by such municipality or the Connecticut Development Authority as issuer of such bonds to finance or refinance in whole or in part, such development project, and then, at the option of the municipality or the Connecticut Development Authority as issuer of such bonds, to purchase bonds issued for the project which has generated the tax increments or payments in lieu of taxes and then, at the option of the municipality or the Connecticut Development Authority as issuer of such bonds, to reimburse the provider of or reimbursement party with respect to any guarantee, letter of credit, policy of bond insurance, funds deposited in a debt service reserve fund, funds deposited as capitalized interest or other credit enhancement device used to secure payment of debt service on any bonds, notes or other indebtedness issued pursuant to section 8-192 to finance or refinance such development project, to the extent of any payments of debt service made therefrom. Unless and until the total assessed valuation of the taxable property in a development project exceeds the total assessed value of the taxable property in such project as shown by the last assessment list referred to in subdivision (a) of this section, all of the taxes levied and collected and all of the payments in lieu of taxes due and collected upon the taxable property in such development project shall be paid into the funds of the respective taxing agencies. When such loans, advances, and indebtedness, if any, and interest thereon, and such debt service reimbursement to the provider of or reimbursement party with respect to such credit enhancement, have been paid in full, all moneys thereafter received from taxes or payments in lieu of taxes, or both, upon the taxable property in such development project shall be paid into the funds of the respective taxing agencies in the same manner as taxes on all other property are paid.

      (P.A. 74-319, S. 4; P.A. 87-572, S. 4, 5; P.A. 88-233, S. 4, 5; P.A. 98-237, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 87-572 made extensive amendments in procedures for issuance and payment of debt; P.A. 88-233 included payments in lieu of taxes, provided for multiple jurisdiction projects and allowed for a municipally-fixed assessment date for the valuation of taxable property; P.A. 98-237 applied provisions to personal property and inserted reference to Connecticut Development Authority for consistency with other 1998 statutory changes.

      Cited. 206 C. 579.

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      Sec. 8-192b. Temporary notes. Extension of time for renewal. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of section 8-192 and any other public or special act or charter or bond ordinance or bond resolution which limits the renewal of temporary notes issued pursuant to said subsection in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of bond issues to five years from the date of the original notes, any municipality may renew temporary notes in accordance with the provisions of this section for an additional period of not more than four years from the end of such five-year period. The officers or board authorized to issue the bonds or determine the particulars of the bonds may adopt a resolution authorizing the renewal of temporary notes for such additional period under the following conditions: (a) All project grant payments and bond sale proceeds received shall be promptly applied toward project costs or toward payment of such temporary notes as the same shall become due and payable or shall be deposited in trust for such purposes; (b) no later than the end of each period of twelve months after the end of such five-year period a portion of such temporary notes equal to at least one-twentieth of the municipality's estimated net cost of the project shall be retired from funds other than project grants or land sale proceeds or note proceeds; (c) the interest on all temporary notes renewed after such five-year period shall be paid from funds other than project grants or land sale proceeds or note proceeds; (d) the principal amount of each bond issue when sold shall be reduced by the amounts spent under subdivision (b) of this section, and the principal of such bonds shall be paid in annual installments commencing no later than one year from the date of issue; and (e) the maximum authorized term of the bonds when sold shall be reduced by not less than the number of months from the end of such five-year period to the date of issue. Any anticipated federal or state project grants or land sale proceeds may be used in computing the municipality's net cost of the project. Any municipality in which such resolution is passed shall include in its annual budget or shall otherwise appropriate sufficient funds to make the payments required by subdivisions (b) and (c) of this section. In no event shall any notes renewed pursuant to the provisions of this section be due and payable later than June 30, 1988.

      (P.A. 80-320, S. 2, 4; P.A. 82-24, S. 2, 5; P.A. 84-534, S. 2, 3; P.A. 86-387, S. 2, 3.)

      History: P.A. 82-24 extended from two years to four years the period for which temporary notes may be renewed under this section following renewal for five years from the date of the original notes as allowed under Sec. 8-192(b), with the extended period of renewal subject to the same conditions as renewal for the first two years under this section and extended date by which any notes renewed under this section must be payable to June 30, 1984; P.A. 84-534 extended date by which any notes renewed under this section must be payable to June 30, 1986; P.A. 86-387 extended date by which any notes renewed under this section must be payable to June 30, 1988.

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      Sec. 8-193. Acquisition and transfer of real property. Procedure. Powers of agency. Limitations. (a) After approval of the development plan as provided in this chapter, the development agency may proceed by purchase, lease, exchange or gift with the acquisition or rental of real property within the project area and real property and interests therein for rights-of-way and other easements to and from the project area.

      (b) (1) The development agency may, with the approval of the legislative body in accordance with this subsection, and in the name of the municipality, acquire by eminent domain real property located within the project area and real property and interests therein for rights-of-way and other easements to and from the project area, in the same manner that a redevelopment agency may acquire real property under sections 8-128 to 8-133, inclusive, as if said sections specifically applied to development agencies, except that no real property may be acquired by eminent domain pursuant to this subsection for the primary purpose of increasing local tax revenue.

      (2) The development agency shall conduct a public hearing on any proposed acquisition of real property by eminent domain. The development agency shall cause notice of the time, place and subject of the hearing to be published in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the municipality not more than ten days before the date set for the hearing. Not less than ten days before the date of the hearing, the development agency shall send, by first class mail, notice of the time, place and subject of the hearing to the owners of record of the real property and to all owners of real property within one hundred feet of the real property to be acquired by eminent domain.

      (3) (A) No parcel of real property may be acquired by eminent domain under this section except by approval by vote of at least two-thirds of the members of the legislative body of the municipality or, in the case of a municipality for which the legislative body is a town meeting or a representative town meeting, the board of selectmen. Such approval shall be by (i) separate vote on each parcel of real property to be acquired, or (ii) a vote on one or more groups of such parcels, provided each parcel to be acquired is identified for the purposes of a vote on a group of such parcels under this subparagraph. The legislative body or the board of selectmen, as the case may be, shall not approve the use of eminent domain by the development agency unless the legislative body or board of selectmen has (I) considered the benefits to the public and any private entity that will result from the development project and determined that the public benefits outweigh any private benefits, (II) determined that the current use of the real property cannot be feasibly integrated into the overall development plan, and (III) determined that the acquisition of the real property by eminent domain is reasonably necessary to successfully achieve the objectives of the development plan.

      (B) The municipality shall cause notice of any approved acquisition by eminent domain under this subdivision to be published in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the municipality not more than ten days after such approval.

      (C) (i) The development agency shall acquire any property identified in the plan as property to be acquired by eminent domain by a date that is five years after the date the first property is acquired by eminent domain under the plan unless the development agency approves an extension of the time for acquisition, except that no property may be acquired by eminent domain under the plan more than ten years after the first property is acquired by eminent domain under the plan.

      (ii) With respect to a development plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subparagraph shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (4) The owner-occupant of property acquired by eminent domain under this section may file an application in the superior court for the judicial district in which the municipality is located to enjoin the acquisition of such property. The court may issue such injunction if the court finds that the development agency or municipality failed to comply with the requirements of this chapter. The filing of an application to enjoin the acquisition of property by eminent domain, in a court of competent jurisdiction, shall toll the five-year period or ten-year period set forth in subparagraph (C) of subdivision (3) of this subsection with respect to such property until the date a final judgment is entered in any such action, or any appeal thereof, whichever date is later.

      (c) (1) With respect to real property acquired by eminent domain pursuant to this section on or after June 25, 2007, if the municipality does not use the real property for the purpose for which it was acquired or for some other public use and seeks to sell the property, the municipality shall first offer the real property for sale pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection to the person from whom the real property was acquired, or heirs of the person designated pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection, if any, for a price not to exceed the lesser of (A) the amount paid by the development agency to acquire the property, or (B) the fair market value of the property at the time of any sale under this subsection. After the municipality provides notice pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection, the municipality may not sell such property to a third party unless the municipality has permitted the person or named heirs six months during which to exercise the right to purchase the property, and an additional six months to finalize the purchase if the person or named heirs provide the municipality with notice of intent to purchase the property within the initial six-month period.

      (2) For the purposes of any offer of sale pursuant to this subsection, the municipality shall provide a form to any person whose property is acquired by eminent domain pursuant to this section to permit such person to provide an address for notice of sale to be sent, or to provide the name and address of an agent to receive such notice. Such form shall be designed to permit the person to designate heirs of the person who shall be eligible to purchase such property pursuant to this subsection. The person or agent shall update information in the form in writing. If the person or agent does not provide or update the information in the form in a manner that permits the municipality to send notice of sale pursuant to this subsection, no such notice shall be required.

      (3) With respect to a development plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (d) The development agency may, with the approval of the legislative body and, of the commissioner if any grants were made by the state under section 8-190 or 8-195 for such development project, and in the name of such municipality, transfer by sale or lease at fair market value or fair rental value, as the case may be, the whole or any part of the real property in the project area to any person, in accordance with the project plan and such disposition plans as may have been determined by the commissioner.

      (e) A development agency shall have all the powers necessary or convenient to undertake and carry out development plans and development projects, including the power to clear, demolish, repair, rehabilitate, operate, or insure real property while it is in its possession, to make site improvements essential to the preparation of land for its use in accordance with the development plan, to install, construct or reconstruct streets, utilities and other improvements necessary for carrying out the objectives of the development project, and, in distressed municipalities, as defined in section 32-9p, to lend funds to businesses and industries in a manner approved by the commissioner.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 8; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 5; 1972, P.A. 87, S. 3; P.A. 74-184, S. 6, 10; P.A. 77-138, S. 2, 3; 77-410, S. 2, 5; P.A. 80-18, S. 2, 3; P.A. 84-243, S. 2; P.A. 07-141, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act amended Subsec. (a) by substituting Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs; 1972 act added power to rehabilitate real property in Subsec. (b); P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission; P.A. 77-138 amended Subsec. (a) to delete phrase which had restricted transfers of property by development agencies by allowing transfers only after completion of improvements called for in plan; P.A. 77-410 required commissioner's approval of transfers if grants were made by the state for the project in Subsec. (a); P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-18 substituted "real property" for "land" and deleted reference to acquisition of real property under Sec. 8-129; P.A. 84-243 amended Subsec. (b) to provide for loans to businesses and industries in distressed municipalities; P.A. 07-141 inserted new Subsec. designators (b) and (c) and inserted Subdiv. designators, inserted exception in Subsec. (b)(1) that no property may be acquired for primary purpose of increasing local tax revenue, inserted new provisions as Subsecs. (b)(2) to (4) re process for acquisition, inserted new provisions as Subsec. (c) re offer of sale to owner if property not used for a public purpose, designated existing provisions re transfer of property as Subsec. (d), and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (e), effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

      Cited. 177 C. 749. Cited. 184 C. 51.

      Cited. 28 CA 622.

      Prior use doctrine. Property devoted to public use by one municipality cannot be taken through eminent domain by another municipality if proposed use will either destroy existing use or so interfere with it as to destroy it, except when there is expressed or implied legislative authority. 35 CS 157.

      Subsec. (a):

      Authorization to acquire real property by eminent domain does not include or exclude any specific type of real property leading to the conclusion that the power applies to real property as broadly defined in Sec. 8-187(9). 268 C. 1.


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      Sec. 8-194. Readjustment, relocation and removal of public service facilities. As used in this section, "public service facility" includes any sewer, pipe, main, conduit, cable, wire, pole, tower, building or utility appliance owned or operated by an electric, gas, telephone, telegraph or water company. Whenever a development agency determines that the closing of any street or public right-of-way is provided for in a development plan adopted and approved in accordance with this chapter, or where the carrying out of such a development plan, including the construction of new improvements, requires the temporary or permanent readjustment, relocation or removal of a public service facility from a street or public right-of-way, the agency shall issue an appropriate order to the company owning or operating such facility, and such company shall permanently or temporarily readjust, relocate or remove the same promptly in accordance with such order, provided an equitable share of the cost of such readjustment, relocation or removal, including the cost of installing and constructing a facility of equal capacity in a new location, shall be borne by the development agency. Such equitable share shall be fifty per cent of such cost after the deduction hereinafter provided. In establishing the equitable share of the cost to be borne by the development agency, there shall be deducted from the cost of the readjusted, relocated or removed facilities a sum based on a consideration of the value of materials salvaged from existing installations, the cost of the original installation, the life expectancy of the original facility and the unexpired term of such life use. For the purposes of determining the equitable share of the cost of such readjustment, relocation or removal, the books and records of the company shall be available for the inspection of the development agency. When any facility is removed from a street or public right-of-way to a private right-of-way, the development agency shall not pay for such private right-of-way. If the development agency and the company owning or operating such facility cannot agree upon the share of the cost to be borne by the development agency, either may apply to the superior court for the judicial district within which the street or public right-of-way is situated, or, if the court is not in session, to any judge thereof, for a determination of the cost to be borne by the development agency, and such court or such judge, after causing notice of the pendency of such application to be given to the other party, shall appoint a state referee to make such determination. Such referee, having given at least ten days' notice, to the parties interested, of the time and place of the hearing, shall hear both parties, shall take such testimony as such referee may deem material and shall thereupon determine the amount of the cost to be borne by the development agency and forthwith report to the court. If the report is accepted by the court, such determination shall, subject to right of appeal as in civil actions, be conclusive upon such parties.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 9; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county".

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      Sec. 8-195. Development grants and special development grants. (a) The commissioner is authorized to make development grants to municipalities for development projects, provided (1) no such grant shall be made for any such project until said commissioner has given approval to the plan therefor and (2) no such grant shall be made for any such project in an amount exceeding fifty per cent or, in the case of grants to any distressed municipality, as defined in section 32-9p, sixty-five per cent of the net cost, excluding, except as provided in this subsection, planning costs and special planning costs of such project as determined by said commissioner, and except that when two or more towns jointly initiate such a project in accordance with the provisions of section 8-196, such grant may be in an amount not exceeding seventy-five per cent of the net cost, excluding, except as provided in this subsection, planning costs and special planning costs of such project as determined by said commissioner. In distressed municipalities, as defined in section 32-9p, the commissioner may authorize such grants to be used for loans to businesses and industries locating, constructing, expanding, renovating or operating within development projects. Said commissioner may include planning costs or special planning costs of such project if such costs have already been paid or reimbursed by the municipality. Any distressed municipality's share of the cost of development projects may, to the extent permitted by federal law, be paid entirely or partially from amounts received by the municipality under any federal capital grant program. Special development grants, as provided in subsections (b) and (c), may be made to any municipality, regardless of whether or not it is a distressed municipality, in amounts up to one hundred per cent of such costs.

      (b) The commissioner is authorized to make special development grants to municipalities to plan, install, construct or reconstruct utilities, sewerage and water lines and systems, and water towers and to acquire rights-of-way, therefore, to the boundaries of development projects. Such development grants may be made in amounts to their total costs, but not to exceed, ten per cent of the estimated physical development costs within the development project as last approved by the commissioner.

      (c) The commissioner is authorized to make special development grants to municipalities for site improvement, utility, water, roads and sewerage facilities, renovation of building space, related engineering services, and for relocation expenses for the purpose of assisting industrial and business firms to locate or expand within development projects and which, upon such location or expansion, would result in a significant increase in employment or municipal real estate tax revenue to the municipality within which such development projects are located. All relocation assistance shall be in conformance with the provisions of chapter 135. Such grants may be made in amounts to their estimated total cost.

      (d) In allocating funds available for the making of development grants, said commissioner is authorized to establish priorities among municipalities, taking into account their relative needs for development projects, the effects of proposed projects on existing housing and the extent to which particular projects are likely to advance the purposes of this chapter.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 10; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 6; P.A. 74-184, S. 7, 10; P.A. 75-109; 75-480, S. 6, 8; P.A. 76-134, S. 2; P.A. 78-357, S. 12, 16; P.A. 79-229; P.A. 83-234; P.A. 84-243, S. 3; P.A. 85-50, S. 3; P.A. 86-232, S. 2.)

      History: 1971 act substituted Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs; P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission; P.A. 75-109 allowed grants for up to 75% of net costs in project undertaken by two or more towns; P.A. 75-480 divided section into Subsecs., making former provisions Subsecs. (a) and (d) and inserting new Subsecs. (b) and (c) re special development grants; P.A. 76-134 excluded planning and special planning costs from consideration as part of net costs in determining amount of grants under Subsec. (a), reversing previous provision for their inclusion in net cost; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-357 allowed grants for up to 65% of net cost to distressed municipalities, allowed use of federal grants to pay for distressed municipalities' share of cost and clarified applicability of special development grants in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-229 allowed inclusion of planning or special planning costs in net cost when planning costs already paid by municipality in Subsec. (a); P.A. 83-234 provided that special development grants could be made for renovation of building space or for expansion within development projects; P.A. 84-243 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for the use of funds for loans to businesses and industries in distressed municipalities; P.A. 85-50 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize grants in distressed municipalities to also be used for loans to businesses and industries renovating or operating within development projects; P.A. 86-232 amended Subsec. (d) to require commissioner to take into account effects of proposed projects on existing housing.

      Cited. 184 C. 51.

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      Sec. 8-196. Joint projects. Any two or more municipalities by vote of their respective legislative bodies may, through their respective development agencies, jointly initiate a development project where the project area is to be located in one or more of such towns, and after approval by the commissioner of the project plan therefor if any state aid is to be requested under section 8-190 or 8-195, enter into, and thereafter amend, an agreement for the purposes of jointly carrying out the project plan through their respective development agencies, which agreement may include provisions for furnishing municipal services to, and sharing costs of, and revenues, including property tax and rental receipts, from, the development project. A proposed form of the agreement to be entered into by such towns shall be included as part of the project plan. In furtherance of its obligations under such an agreement, each town which is a party thereto may make appropriations and levy taxes in accordance with the provisions of the general statutes and may issue bonds in accordance with section 8-192.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 11; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 7; P.A. 74-184, S. 8, 10; P.A. 75-480, S. 7, 8; P.A. 77-410, S. 3, 5.)

      History: 1971 act substituted Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs; P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission; P.A. 75-480 deleted requirement that municipalities jointly initiating project be contiguous and simply required approval by commissioner rather than "final approval"; P.A. 77-410 required approval of commissioner "if any state aid is to be requested under section 8-190 or 8-195"; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979.

      Cited. 184 C. 51.

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      Sec. 8-197. Furnishing of municipal services to other municipalities. Any municipality by vote of its legislative body may for consideration furnish municipal services to, or have municipal services furnished to it by, one or more other municipalities. The consideration for such services may be based, in whole or in part, upon a formula which takes into account the taxes levied on so much of the real property situated in the municipality to which such services are to be furnished as, in the judgment of the legislative body thereof, will be appreciably benefited by such services.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 12.)

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      Sec. 8-198. Regulations. The commissioner is authorized to make and enforce reasonable regulations to carry out the provisions of this chapter.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 13; 1971, P.A. 505, S. 8; P.A. 74-184, S. 9, 10.)

      History: 1971 act substituted Connecticut development commission for commissioner of community affairs; P.A. 74-184 substituted commissioner of commerce for Connecticut development commission; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of economic development for commissioner of commerce, effective January 1, 1979.

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      Sec. 8-199. Action to be taken in name of municipality. Any development agency shall exercise its powers in the name of the municipality, and all bonds issued pursuant to this chapter shall be issued in the name of the municipality and title to land taken or acquired pursuant to a development plan shall be solely in the name of the municipality.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-200. Modification of development plan. Abandonment of plan and conveyance of property. Limitations. (a) A development plan may be modified at any time by the development agency, provided, if modified after the lease or sale of real property in the development project area, the modification must be consented to by the lessees or purchasers of such real property or their successor or successors in interest affected by the proposed modification. Where the proposed modification will substantially change the development plan as previously approved, the modification must be approved in the same manner as the development plan.

      (b) If after three years from the date of approval of the development plan the development agency has been unable to transfer by sale or lease at fair market value or fair rental value, as the case may be, the whole or any part of the real property acquired in the project area to any person in accordance with the project plan, and no grant has been made for such project pursuant to section 8-195, the municipality may, by vote of its legislative body, abandon the project plan and such real property may be conveyed free of any restriction, obligation or procedure imposed by the plan but shall be subject to all other local and state laws, ordinances or regulations, including, but not limited to, any offer of sale required under subsection (c) of section 8-193.

      (1967, P.A. 760, S. 16; P.A. 80-41; P.A. 81-415, S. 3, 4; P.A. 07-141, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 80-41 substituted "development" for "redevelopment"; P.A. 81-415 added Subsec. (b) authorizing municipality to abandon project plan and convey real property in the project area if, after three years from the date of the plan's approval the development agency is unable to sell or lease all or any part of the property; P.A. 07-141 amended Subsec. (b) to add "including, but not limited to, any offer of sale required under subsection (c) of section 8-193", effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-200a. Conversion of balance of prior loans to grants-in-aid. The unpaid balance of all loans made under the provisions of chapter 131 of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 1966, shall, on May 23, 1969, become state grants-in-aid under the provisions of this chapter and shall not be repaid to the state in whole or in part.

      (1969, P.A. 259, S. 1; P.A. 03-278, S. 21.)

      History: P.A. 03-278 made a technical change, effective July 9, 2003.

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      Sec. 8-200b. Payment of administrative costs under prior law. Administrative or other costs or expenses incurred by the state in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of chapter 131 of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 1966, shall be paid from the proceeds of bonds issued for grants-in-aid for industrial or research development projects from funds available for the purposes of this chapter.

      (1969, P.A. 259, S. 2; P.A. 03-278, S. 22.)

      History: P.A. 03-278 made a technical change, effective July 9, 2003.

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