CHAPTER 668
NONDEPOSITORY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Table of Contents

Sec. 36a-485. (Formerly Sec. 36-440). Definitions.
Sec. 36a-486. (Formerly Sec. 36-440a). Licenses required. Exemptions. Prohibited advertisements. Violations.
Sec. 36a-487. (Formerly Sec. 36-440b). Exemptions from licensure.
Sec. 36a-488. (Formerly Sec. 36-440c). Mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licenses. Requirements.
Sec. 36a-489. (Formerly Sec. 36-440d). Licenses: Issuances; denial; renewal; financial responsibility; withdrawal or abandonment of application.
Sec. 36a-489a. Prelicensing education, written test and annual continuing education requirements.
Sec. 36a-490. (Formerly Sec. 36-440e). License requirements. Requirements for filing information with system.
Sec. 36a-491. (Formerly Sec. 36-440f). Expiration of licenses. Applications for renewal. Fees.
Sec. 36a-492. (Formerly Sec. 36-440g). Surety bond required. Cancellation of bond. Automatic suspension of license. Notices.
Sec. 36a-493. (Formerly Sec. 36-440h). Records to be maintained by licensee.
Sec. 36a-494. (Formerly Sec. 36-440i). Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew license or taking of other action. Removal from office and from employment or retention. Temporary order to cease business. Hearings.
Sec. 36a-496. (Formerly Sec. 36-440k). Applications and referrals from unlicensed mortgage brokers or mortgage loan originators.
Sec. 36a-497. (Formerly Sec. 36-440l). Advertisements.
Sec. 36a-498. (Formerly Sec. 36-440m). Refundability of advance fees. Exceptions. Prohibited acts by mortgage lenders, correspondent lenders, brokers and loan originators re borrowers.
Sec. 36a-498a. Prepaid finance charges; restrictions. Secondary mortgage loan; demand for payment prior to maturity; liability for noncompliance; deed.
Sec. 36a-498c. Adoption of mortgage loan policy with respect to subprime mortgage loans and nontraditional mortgage loans.
Sec. 36a-498d. Unique identifier.
Sec. 36a-498e. Prohibited acts.
Sec. 36a-498f. Authority of commissioner re investigations and examinations. Prohibited acts by subjects of investigation or examination.
Sec. 36a-498g. Severability.
Sec. 36a-534b. Participation in system. Authority of commissioner to establish requirements. Reports.
Sec. 36a-537. (Formerly Sec. 36-256a). Application.
Sec. 36a-541. (Formerly Sec. 36-259a). Authority of commissioner to issue license or deny application for license. Withdrawal of application.
Sec. 36a-555. (Formerly Sec. 36-225). Loan business to be licensed.
Sec. 36a-556. (Formerly Sec. 36-226). Requirements for granting license. Authority of commissioner to deny application for license. Withdrawal of application.
Sec. 36a-557. (Formerly Sec. 36-227). Application. Withdrawal of application.
Sec. 36a-573. (Formerly Sec. 36-243). Charge of greater than legal interest. Enforcement.
Sec. 36a-581. (Formerly Sec. 36-565). License required. Application. Authority of commissioner to deny application for license.
Sec. 36a-582. (Formerly Sec. 36-566). License and location fees. Automatic suspension of license or renewal license. Notice. Opportunity for hearing. Expenses of examination.
Sec. 36a-596. (Formerly Sec. 36-531). Definitions.
Sec. 36a-597. (Formerly Sec. 36-532). License required. Penalty.
Sec. 36a-598. (Formerly Sec. 36-533). Application. Notice to commissioner required.
Sec. 36a-599. (Formerly Sec. 36-534). Investigation, license and name change fees. Term of license. Surrender of license.
Sec. 36a-600. (Formerly Sec. 36-536). Investigation of applicant. Issuance of license. Authority of commissioner to deny application for license.
Sec. 36a-602. (Formerly Sec. 36-538). Surety bond or investments required. Authority of commissioner to proceed on bond. Cancellation of surety bond. Notice of cancellation. Automatic suspension of license. Notice. Opportunity for hearing.
Sec. 36a-605. (Formerly Sec. 36-541). Examination of licensees.
Sec. 36a-607. (Formerly Sec. 36-543). Conduct of business by agent.
Sec. 36a-608. (Formerly Sec. 36-544). Enforcement powers of commissioner.
Sec. 36a-609. (Formerly Sec. 36-545). Exemptions.

PART I
MORTGAGE LENDERS, CORRESPONDENT LENDERS, BROKERS AND LOAN ORIGINATORS

(A)

LICENSES. LOANS

      Sec. 36a-485. (Formerly Sec. 36-440). Definitions. As used in this section and sections 36a-486 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Advance fee" means any consideration paid or given, directly or indirectly, to a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, and sections 36a-534a and 36a-534b, prior to the closing of a residential mortgage loan to any person, including, but not limited to, loan fees, points, broker's fees or commissions, transaction fees or similar prepaid finance charges;

      (2) "Advertise", "advertisement" or "advertising" means the use of any announcement, statement, assertion or representation that is placed before the public in a newspaper, magazine or other publication, or in the form of a notice, circular, pamphlet, letter or poster or over any radio or television station, by means of the Internet, or by other electronic means of distributing information, by personal contact, or in any other way;

      (3) "Branch office" means a location other than the main office at which a licensee or any person on behalf of a licensee acts as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker;

      (4) "Control person" means an individual that directly or indirectly exercises control over another person. Any person that (A) is a director, general partner or executive officer; (B) directly or indirectly has the right to vote ten per cent or more of a class of any voting security or has the power to sell or direct the sale of ten per cent or more of any class of voting securities; (C) in the case of a limited liability company, is a managing member; or (D) in the case of a partnership, has the right to receive upon dissolution, or has contributed, ten per cent or more of the capital, is presumed to be a control person. For purposes of this subdivision, "control" means the power, directly or indirectly, to direct the management or policies of a company, whether through ownership of securities, by contract or otherwise;

      (5) "Depository institution" has the same meaning as provided in Section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 USC 1813, and includes any Connecticut credit union, federal credit union or out-of-state credit union;

      (6) "Federal banking agency" means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller of the Currency, the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the National Credit Union Administration and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;

      (7) "First mortgage loan" means a residential mortgage loan that is secured by a first mortgage;

      (8) "Immediate family member" means a spouse, child, sibling, parent, grandparent or grandchild and includes stepparents, stepchildren, stepsiblings and adoptive relationships;

      (9) "Individual" means a natural person;

      (10) "Loan processor" or "underwriter" means an individual who performs clerical or support duties as an employee at the direction of and subject to the supervision and instruction of a person licensed or exempt from licensing under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, and sections 36a-534a and 36a-534b. The term "clerical or support duties" includes, subsequent to the receipt of an application, (A) the receipt, collection, distribution and analysis of information common for the processing or underwriting of a residential mortgage loan, and (B) communication with a consumer to obtain the information necessary for the processing or underwriting of a loan to the extent that such communication does not include offering or negotiating loan rates or terms or counseling consumers about residential mortgage loan rates or terms;

      (11) "Main office" means the main address designated on the system;

      (12) "Mortgage broker" means a person who, for compensation or gain or in the expectation of compensation or gain (A) takes a residential mortgage loan application, or (B) offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan, excluding an individual who is sponsored by another mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker;

      (13) "Mortgage correspondent lender" means a person engaged in the business of making residential mortgage loans in such person's own name where the loans are not held by such person for more than ninety days and are funded by another person through a warehouse agreement, table funding agreement or similar agreement;

      (14) "Mortgage lender" means a person engaged in the business of making residential mortgage loans in such person's own name utilizing such person's own funds or by funding loans through a warehouse agreement, table funding agreement or similar agreement;

      (15) "Mortgage loan originator" means an individual who for compensation or gain or with the expectation of compensation or gain (A) takes a residential mortgage loan application or (B) offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan. "Mortgage loan originator" does not include (i) an individual engaged solely as a loan processor or underwriter except as otherwise provided in subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of section 36a-486; (ii) a person who only performs real estate brokerage activities and is licensed in accordance with chapter 392, unless the person is compensated by a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or other mortgage loan originator or by any agent of such mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or other mortgage loan originator; (iii) a person solely involved in extensions of credit relating to timeshare plans, as that term is defined in Paragraph 53D of 11 USC 101; or (iv) any individual who solely renegotiates terms for existing mortgage loans and who does not otherwise act as a mortgage loan originator, unless the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that the S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008, 12 USC Section 5101 et seq., requires such individual to be licensed as a mortgage loan originator under state laws implementing said S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act;

      (16) "Office" means a branch office or a main office;

      (17) "Person" means a natural person, corporation, company, limited liability company, partnership or association;

      (18) "Principal amount of the loan" means the gross amount the borrower is obligated to repay including any prepaid finance charge that is financed, and any other charge that is financed;

      (19) "Real estate brokerage activity" means any activity that involves offering or providing real estate brokerage services to the public, including (A) acting as a real estate agent or real estate broker for a buyer, seller, lessor or lessee of real property; (B) bringing together parties interested in the sale, purchase, lease, rental or exchange of real property; (C) negotiating, on behalf of any party, any portion of a contract relating to the sale, purchase, lease, rental or exchange of real property, other than in connection with providing financing with respect to any such transaction; (D) engaging in any activity for which a person engaged in the activity is required to be registered or licensed as a real estate agent or real estate broker under any applicable law; and (E) offering to engage in any activity, or act in any capacity, described in this subdivision;

      (20) "Registered mortgage loan originator" means any individual who (A) meets the definition of mortgage loan originator and is an employee of a depository institution, a subsidiary that is owned and controlled by a depository institution and regulated by a federal banking agency, or an institution regulated by the Farm Credit Administration; and (B) is registered with and maintains a unique identifier through the system;

      (21) "Residential mortgage loan" means any loan primarily for personal, family or household use that is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust or other equivalent consensual security interest on a dwelling as defined in Section 103 of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 USC 1602, or residential real estate upon which is constructed or intended to be constructed a dwelling, as so defined;

      (22) "Residential real estate" means any real property located in this state, upon which is constructed or intended to be constructed a dwelling as defined in Section 103 of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 USC 1602;

      (23) "Secondary mortgage loan" means a residential mortgage loan that is secured, in whole or in part, by a mortgage, provided such property is subject to one or more prior mortgages;

      (24) "Simulated check" means a document that imitates or resembles a check but is not a negotiable instrument;

      (25) "Sponsored" means employed or retained as an independent contractor;

      (26) "System" means the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry developed and maintained by the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and the American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators for the licensing and registration of mortgage lenders, mortgage correspondent lenders, mortgage brokers and mortgage loan originators;

      (27) "Table funding agreement" means an agreement wherein a person agrees to fund mortgage loans to be made in another person's name and to purchase such loans after they are made;

      (28) "Unique identifier" means a number or other identifier assigned by protocols established by the system; and

      (29) "Warehouse agreement" means an agreement to provide credit to a person to enable the person to have funds to make residential mortgage loans and hold such loans pending sale to other persons.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 1; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 89-347, S. 9; P.A. 92-12, S. 87; 92-132, S. 3, 5; P.A. 94-122, S. 229, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 23; 99-63, S. 2; P.A. 02-111, S. 2; P.A. 04-69, S. 1; P.A. 07-91, S. 1; 07-156, S. 4; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 38; P.A. 09-209, S. 2.)

      History: (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking commissioner" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "commissioner of banking"); P.A. 89-347 added Subsec. (g) defining "mortgage broker"; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs. and made technical changes; P.A. 92-132 added Subdiv. (8) defining "advance fee"; P.A. 94-122 deleted definitions of "commissioner" and "person", alphabetized remaining definitions and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440 transferred to Sec. 36a-485 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change; P.A. 99-63 amended Subdiv. (2) to redefine "first mortgage loan", added new Subdivs. (7) and (8) defining "simulated check" and "advertise" or "advertisement", and made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 redefined "advance fee" and "mortgage lender", deleted definitions of "mortgage broker" and "principal officer" and added definitions of "first mortgage broker", "first mortgage correspondent lender", "first mortgage lender", "originator", "table funding agreement" and "warehouse agreement", renumbering Subdivs. accordingly; P.A. 04-69 substituted "36a-498a" for "36a-498" throughout; P.A. 07-91 redefined "originator" in Subdiv. (8); P.A. 07-156 redefined "advance fee" in Subdiv. (1) to delete "or registered", and redefined "originator" in Subdiv. (8) to insert "mortgage lender or first mortgage broker" re exclusion for officer, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 4, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, redefined "advertise" or "advertisement" and "mortgage lender", deleted definitions of "first mortgage broker", "first mortgage correspondent lender" and "first mortgage lender", added definitions of "branch office", "main office", "mortgage broker", "mortgage correspondent lender", "mortgage loan", "office", "principal amount of the loan", and "secondary mortgage loan", changed defined term "originator" to "mortgage loan originator" and added arrange or find mortgage loans therein, renumbered existing Subdivs. (6), (8), (9), (10), (11) and (12) as new Subdivs. (4), (10), (13), (15), (16) and (17), respectively, and made conforming and technical changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 applied definitions to other licensing provisions, redefined "advance fee" in Subdiv. (1), added reference to "advertising" in Subdiv. (2), defined "control person", "depository institution" and "federal banking agency" in new Subdivs. (4) to (6), redefined "first mortgage loan" in redesignated Subdiv. (7), defined "immediate family member", "individual" and "loan processor" or "underwriter" in new Subdivs. (8) to (10), redefined "mortgage broker", "mortgage correspondent lender" and "mortgage lender" in redesignated Subdivs. (12) to (14), deleted former Subdiv. (9) defining "mortgage loan", redefined "mortgage loan originator" in redesignated Subdiv. (15), defined "person", "real estate brokerage activity", "registered mortgage loan originator" and "residential mortgage loan" in new Subdivs. (17) and (19) to (21), deleted former Subdiv. (13) defining "residential property", defined "residential real estate" in new Subdiv. (22), redefined "secondary mortgage loan" in redesignated Subdiv. (23), defined "sponsored", "system" and "unique identifier" in new Subdivs. (25), (26) and (28), and redefined "warehouse agreement" in redesignated Subdiv. (29), effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-486. (Formerly Sec. 36-440a). Licenses required. Exemptions. Prohibited advertisements. Violations. (a) No person shall engage in the business of making residential mortgage loans or act as a mortgage broker in this state unless such person has first obtained the required license for its main office and each branch office where such business is conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b. Effective April 1, 2010, any such person who is an individual shall also obtain a mortgage loan originator license prior to conducting such business unless such individual does not engage directly in the activities of a mortgage loan originator. A person, other than a licensed mortgage loan originator acting on behalf of a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of making residential mortgage loans if such person advertises, causes to be advertised, solicits or offers to make residential mortgage loans, either directly or indirectly. A person, other than a licensed mortgage loan originator acting on behalf of a mortgage broker, shall be deemed to be acting as a mortgage broker if such person advertises or causes to be advertised that such person will negotiate, solicit, place or find a residential mortgage loan, either directly or indirectly. A mortgage correspondent lender shall not be deemed to be acting as a mortgage lender if such mortgage correspondent lender makes a loan utilizing its own funds in a situation where another person does not honor such person's commitment to fund the loan.

      (b) (1) No person licensed as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall engage the services of a mortgage loan originator unless such mortgage loan originator is licensed under section 36a-489. An individual, unless specifically exempted under subdivision (2) of this subsection, shall not engage in the business of a mortgage loan originator with respect to any dwelling, as defined in Section 103 of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 USC 1602, located in this state without first obtaining and maintaining annually a license as a mortgage loan originator under section 36a-489. Each licensed mortgage loan originator shall register with and maintain a valid unique identifier issued by the system. No individual may act as a mortgage loan originator for more than one person at the same time. The license of a mortgage loan originator is not effective during any period when such mortgage loan originator is not sponsored by a licensed mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, or during any period in which the license of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker with whom such originator is associated has been suspended. Either the mortgage loan originator or the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker may file a notification of the termination of sponsorship of a mortgage loan originator with the system.

      (2) The following are exempt from this section: (A) A registered mortgage loan originator or an employee of an institution or subsidiary described in subdivision (20) of section 36a-485, who is not required to be registered under Section 1507 of the S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008, when acting for such institution or subsidiary, (B) an individual who offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan with or on behalf of an immediate family member of such individual, (C) an individual who offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan secured by a dwelling, as defined in Section 103 of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 USC 1602, that served as the individual's residence, and (D) a licensed attorney who negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan on behalf of a client as an ancillary matter to the attorney's representation of the client, unless the attorney is compensated by a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or other mortgage loan originator or by any agent of such mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or other mortgage loan originator.

      (3) Effective July 31, 2010, a loan processor or underwriter who is an independent contractor may not engage in the activities of a loan processor or underwriter unless such independent contractor loan processor or underwriter obtains and maintains a license as a mortgage loan originator under section 36a-489. Each independent contractor loan processor or underwriter licensed as a mortgage loan originator shall have and maintain a valid unique identifier issued by the system.

      (4) An individual engaging solely in loan processor or underwriter activities shall not represent to the public, through advertising or other means of communicating or providing information, including the use of business cards, stationery, brochures, signs, rate lists or other promotional items, that such individual can or will perform any of the activities of a mortgage loan originator.

      (c) If the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that the S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008, 12 USC Section 5101 et seq., requires an individual described in subparagraph (B)(iv) of subdivision (15) of section 36a-485 to be licensed as a mortgage loan originator under state laws implementing said S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act, such individual may continue to act in such individual's current capacity, provided such individual files an application for a mortgage loan originator license not later than the date sixty days from the date of such determination by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development or a court of competent jurisdiction.

      (d) Each residential mortgage loan negotiated, solicited, arranged, placed, found or made without a license shall constitute a separate violation for purposes of section 36a-50.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 2; P.A. 89-347, S. 10; P.A. 93-32; P.A. 94-122, S. 230, 340; P.A. 96-71, S. 1, 8; 96-109, S. 10; 96-180, S. 117, 166; P.A. 02-111, S. 3; P.A. 04-69, S. 2; P.A. 07-156, S. 5; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 40; P.A. 09-208, S. 2; 09-209, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 89-347 added requirements re mortgage brokers; P.A. 93-32 made previous provision Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) imposing civil penalty for those who do not obtain the license required; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440a transferred to Sec. 36a-486 in 1995; P.A. 96-71, 96-109 and 96-180 all amended Subsec. (a) to delete "loan" before "mortgage loan business in this state", effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by rewriting provisions applicable to lenders and brokers and adding provisions re first mortgage correspondent lenders, added new Subsec. (b) re registration of originators, and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), adding "or registration" therein; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to substitute "36a-498a" for "36a-498"; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to replace registration requirement for originators with licensing requirement and to make conforming changes, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 5, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to main office and each branch office, to provide that a person, other than a mortgage loan originator, "shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of making mortgage loans if such person advertises, causes to be advertised, solicits, offers to make or makes mortgage loans, either directly or indirectly", and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to add mortgage correspondent lender, to change notification provision from "shall promptly notify the commissioner, in writing" to "may file" with Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (c) to add "arranged" and to make a conforming change, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (b) by providing that license of mortgage loan originator is not effective during any period in which license of lender, correspondent lender or broker with whom originator is associated has been suspended, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a) to apply to persons engaged in business of making residential mortgage loans and by requiring certain individuals to obtain a mortgage loan originator license, adding provision re when a person is considered to be acting as a mortgage broker, making technical changes and inserting reference to other licensing provisions, amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and amending same by requiring individuals engaged in business of mortgage loan originator with respect to a dwelling to obtain and maintain a license, and by adding Subdiv. (2) re exemptions, Subdiv. (3) re loan processors or underwriters who are independent contractors and Subdiv. (4) re advertising, added new Subsec. (c) re determinations made by U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or court, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d) and amended same by adding "residential" re mortgage loan, effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-487. (Formerly Sec. 36-440b). Exemptions from licensure. (a) The following are exempt from licensing under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b: Any bank, out-of-state bank, Connecticut credit union, federal credit union or out-of-state credit union, provided such bank or credit union is federally insured, any operating subsidiary of a federal bank or federally-chartered out-of-state bank or any wholly-owned subsidiary of a Connecticut bank or a Connecticut credit union. Each wholly-owned subsidiary of a Connecticut bank or Connecticut credit union that engages in the business of making residential mortgage loans or acts as a mortgage broker in this state shall provide written notification to the commissioner prior to engaging in such activity.

      (b) The following are exempt from licensing as a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b:

      (1) Persons making five or fewer residential mortgage loans within any period of twelve consecutive months, provided nothing herein shall relieve such persons from complying with all applicable laws;

      (2) Bona fide nonprofit corporations making residential mortgage loans to promote home ownership for the economically disadvantaged;

      (3) Agencies of the federal government, or any state or municipal government, or any quasi-governmental agency making residential mortgage loans under the specific authority of the laws of any state or the United States;

      (4) Persons licensed under sections 36a-555 to 36a-573, inclusive, when making residential mortgage loans authorized by said sections;

      (5) Persons owning real property who take back from the buyer of such property a secondary mortgage loan in lieu of any portion of the purchase price of the property;

      (6) Any corporation or its affiliate that makes residential mortgage loans exclusively for the benefit of its employees or agents;

      (7) Any corporation, licensed in accordance with section 38a-41, or its affiliate or subsidiary, that makes residential mortgage loans to promote home ownership in urban areas;

      (8) Persons acting as fiduciaries with respect to any employee pension benefit plan qualified under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, who make residential mortgage loans solely to plan participants from plan assets; and

      (9) Persons making secondary mortgage loans to individuals related to the maker by blood or marriage.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 3; P.A. 88-65, S. 37; P.A. 89-211, S. 41; P.A. 92-12, S. 88; P.A. 94-122, S. 231, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 24; P.A. 02-111, S. 4; P.A. 04-69, S. 3; P.A. 08-176, S. 41; P.A. 09-209, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 88-65 deleted a reference to industrial bank in Subsec. (a); P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs.; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440b transferred to Sec. 36a-487 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change; P.A. 02-111 amended Subdivs. (2), (3) and (4) by substituting "making" for "granting", amended Subdiv. (6) by changing "licensed lender" to "licensed mortgage lender" and amended Subdiv. (8) by substituting "makes" for "grants"; P.A. 04-69 substituted "36a-498a" for "36a-498"; P.A. 08-176 amended Subdiv. (1) to add reference to operating subsidiaries of federal banks and federally-chartered out-of-state banks, amended Subdiv. (2) to add "provided nothing herein shall relieve such persons from complying with all applicable laws", amended Subdiv. (6) to replace former provision with provision re owners who take back a secondary mortgage loan in lieu of any portion of purchase price, added Subdiv. (10) re making of secondary mortgage loans to relatives, and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 designated existing introductory clause and Subdiv. (1) as Subsec. (a), amended same by adding citations to additional licensing provisions and adding exemptions re certain financial institutions, added Subsec. (b) re exemptions from licensing as a lender or correspondent lender, redesignated existing Subdivs. (2) to (10) as Subsecs. (b)(1) to (b)(9) and added "residential" re mortgage loans throughout, effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-488. (Formerly Sec. 36-440c). Mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licenses. Requirements. (a)(1) The commissioner shall not issue a mortgage lender license, a mortgage correspondent lender license or a mortgage broker license to any person unless such person meets the following tangible net worth and experience requirements, as applicable: (A) The minimum tangible net worth requirement for a mortgage lender shall be two hundred fifty thousand dollars and the minimum tangible net worth requirement for a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker shall be (i) prior to March 2, 2009, twenty-five thousand dollars, and (ii) on and after March 2, 2009, fifty thousand dollars, and (B) a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall have, at the main office for which the license is sought, a qualified individual and, at each branch office, a branch manager who have supervisory authority over the lending or brokerage activities who have at least three years' experience in the mortgage business within the five years immediately preceding the date of the application for the license and who, effective April 1, 2010, have completed the prelicensing education requirement described in section 36a-489a and passed a written test that meets the test requirement described in section 36a-489a. As used in this subdivision, "experience in the mortgage business" means paid experience in the origination, processing or underwriting of residential mortgage loans, the marketing of such loans in the secondary market or in the supervision of such activities, or any other relevant experience as determined by the commissioner.

      (2) Each licensee shall maintain the net worth required by this subsection.

      (3) Not later than April 1, 2010, each qualified individual and branch manager shall have completed the prelicensing education requirement described in section 36a-489a and passed a written test that meets the test requirement described in section 36a-489a.

      (b) The commissioner may issue a mortgage lender license, a mortgage correspondent lender license, or a mortgage broker license. Each mortgage lender licensee may also act as a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker, and each mortgage correspondent lender licensee may also act as a mortgage broker. On and after July 1, 2008, an application for a license as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker office or renewal of such license shall be filed, in a form prescribed by the commissioner, with the system. Each such form shall contain content as set forth by instruction or procedure of the commissioner and may be changed or updated as necessary by the commissioner in order to carry out the purpose of sections 36a-21, 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b. The applicant shall, at a minimum, furnish to the system information concerning the identity of the applicant, any control person of the applicant, the qualified individual and any branch manager, including personal history and experience in a form prescribed by the system and information related to any administrative, civil or criminal findings by any governmental jurisdiction. The following supplementary information shall be filed directly with the commissioner: (1) In the case of an initial application for a license for the main office, a financial statement as of a date not more than twelve months prior to the filing of the application which reflects tangible net worth, and if such financial statement is unaudited, the proprietor, general partner, or duly authorized officer, trustee or member shall swear to its accuracy under oath before a notary public; (2) a bond as required by section 36a-492; (3) evidence that the qualified individual or branch manager meets the experience required by subsection (a) of this section; and (4) such other information pertaining to the applicant, the applicant's background, the background of its principals, employees, and mortgage loan originators, and the applicant's activities as the commissioner may require. For the purpose of this subsection, evidence of experience of the qualified individual or branch manager shall include: (A) A statement specifying the duties and responsibilities of such person's employment, the term of employment, including month and year, and the name, address and telephone number of a supervisor, employer or, if self-employed, a business reference; and (B) if required by the commissioner, copies of W-2 forms, 1099 tax forms or, if self-employed, 1120 corporate tax returns, signed letters from the employer on the employer's letterhead verifying such person's duties and responsibilities and term of employment including month and year, and if such person is unable to provide such letters, other proof satisfactory to the commissioner that such person meets the experience requirement. The commissioner may conduct a criminal history records check of the applicant, any control person of the applicant and the qualified individual or branch manager with supervisory authority at the office for which the license is sought and require the applicant to submit the fingerprints of such persons and authorization of such persons for the system and the commissioner to obtain an independent credit report from a consumer reporting agency, as described in Section 603(p) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681a, as part of the application.

      (c) (1) An application to license a person as a mortgage loan originator for a specified office or renewal of such license shall be filed, in a form prescribed by the commissioner, with the system. Each such form shall contain content as set forth by instruction or procedure of the commissioner and may be changed or updated as necessary by the commissioner in order to carry out the purpose of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b. The applicant shall, at a minimum, furnish to the system, in a form prescribed by the system, information concerning the applicant's identity, including personal history and experience and information related to any administrative, civil or criminal findings by any governmental jurisdiction. Effective April 1, 2010, each applicant for a mortgage loan originator license shall furnish to the system fingerprints for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and any governmental agency or entity authorized to receive such information for a state, national and international criminal history background check. Effective the later of July 31, 2010, or thirty days after the date the system commences accepting such authorizations for processing, each applicant shall furnish authorization for the system and the commissioner to obtain an independent credit report from a consumer reporting agency, as described in Section 603(p) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681a.

      (2) Not later than April 1, 2010, each mortgage loan originator licensee shall furnish to the system fingerprints for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and any governmental agency or entity authorized to receive such information for a state, national and international criminal history background check. By July 31, 2010, or thirty days after the system commences accepting such authorizations for processing, whichever is later, each such licensee shall furnish authorization for the system and the commissioner to obtain an independent credit report obtained from a consumer reporting agency described in Section 603(p) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681a.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 4; P.A. 89-347, S. 11; P.A. 94-122, S. 232, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 25; P.A. 02-111, S. 5; P.A. 06-45, S. 1; P.A. 07-91, S. 2; 07-156, S. 6; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 42; P.A. 09-209, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (b) by inserting new Subdiv. (4) re the applicant's status as a lender or a broker and renumbered the remaining Subdiv.; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440c transferred to Sec. 36a-488 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 02-111 replaced former Subsec. (a) with new provisions re obtaining license as first mortgage lender, first mortgage correspondent lender or first mortgage broker and re obligation to notify commissioner if net worth falls below requisite net worth, amended Subsec. (b) to reflect commissioner's authority to issue first mortgage lender license, first mortgage correspondent lender license and first mortgage broker license and to revise application requirements and added new Subsec. (c) re application for registration of originator; P.A. 06-45 added Subsec. (d) to provide that filing application for registration of originator with knowledge that application contains a material misstatement by originator shall be a violation of Sec. 36a-53a, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that filing application for renewal of registration of originator with knowledge that application contains a material misstatement by originator shall be a violation of Sec. 36a-53a; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to delete proviso re inapplicability of experience requirements to any person whose license is renewed effective October 1, 2002, amended Subsec. (b) to authorize commissioner to conduct a criminal history records check of applicants and key persons of such applicants, to require applicants to submit fingerprints of such persons, and to require filing of applications with the national mortgage licensing system, amended Subsec. (c) to authorize commissioner to conduct criminal history records check of applicant for an originator license, to require applicant to submit fingerprints as part of application, and to require filing application with such system, and deleted former Subsec. (d) and language in Subsecs. (b)(8) and (c) re registration of originator and substituted language re originator license in Subsec. (c), effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 6, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a)(1) to increase minimum tangible net worth requirement for a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker, on and after March 2, 2009, to $50,000, to add requirement for branch manager with supervisory authority at each branch office who has at least 3 years' experience in the mortgage business within the 5 years immediately preceding application for license, to define "experience in the mortgage business", and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to substitute, on and after July 1, 2008, application to Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System for application to commissioner, to delete former Subdivs. (1) to (5) re requirements for application to commissioner and to renumber existing Subdiv. (6) as new Subdiv. (1) re financial statement, to change requirement for financial statement to apply to application for license for main office or renewal of license, rather than for all licenses under section, and substitute "twelve" for "six" months, to add new Subdiv. (2) re bond, to renumber existing Subdiv. (7) as new Subdiv. (3) re evidence of experience and existing Subdiv. (8) as new Subdiv. (4) re other information, to add provision re what is included in evidence of experience of the qualified individual or branch manager, and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (c) to include reference to applications for specified offices, to substitute, on and after July 1, 2008, application to Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System for application to commissioner and to make conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by adding provision re branch manager at each branch office, establishing prelicensing education and written test requirements and adding "residential" re mortgage loans, amended Subsec. (a)(2) by deleting requirement that licensee notify commissioner if licensee's net worth falls below required net worth, added Subsec. (a)(3) re prelicensing education and written test requirements, amended Subsec. (b) by authorizing commissioner to create license application and renewal forms and specifying minimum requirements for such forms, by modifying criminal history records check provision and by authorizing commissioner to obtain independent credit report from a consumer reporting agency, amended Subsec. (c) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), by authorizing commissioner to create license application and renewal forms and specifying minimum application requirements, and by adding Subdiv. (2) re criminal history background checks and credit reports, and made conforming and technical changes throughout, effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-489. (Formerly Sec. 36-440d). Licenses: Issuances; denial; renewal; financial responsibility; withdrawal or abandonment of application. (a)(1) The commissioner shall not issue an initial license for a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker unless the commissioner, at a minimum, finds that: (A) The applicant meets the requirements of subsection (a) of section 36a-488; (B) notwithstanding the provisions of section 46a-80, the applicant, the control persons of the applicant and the qualified individual or branch manager with supervisory authority at the office for which the license is sought have not been convicted of, or pled guilty or nolo contendere to, a felony in a domestic, foreign or military court during the seven-year period preceding the date of the application for licensing or at any time preceding the date of application if such felony involved an act of fraud, dishonesty, a breach of trust or money laundering, provided any pardon of a conviction shall not be a conviction for purposes of this subdivision; (C) the applicant demonstrates that the financial responsibility, character and general fitness of the applicant, the control persons of the applicant and the qualified individual or branch manager having supervisory authority over the office for which the license is sought are such as to command the confidence of the community and to warrant a determination that the applicant will operate honestly, fairly and efficiently within the purposes of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b; (D) the applicant has met the surety bond requirement under section 36a-492; and (E) the applicant has not made a material misstatement in the application. If the commissioner fails to make such findings, the commissioner shall not issue a license, and shall notify the applicant of the denial and the reasons for such denial.

      (2) (A) The minimum standards for license renewal for a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall include the following: (i) The applicant continues to meet the minimum standards under subdivision (1) of this subsection; (ii) effective April 1, 2010, each qualified person and branch manager has completed the prelicensing education requirement described in section 36a-489a and passed a written test that meets the test requirement described in section 36a-489a, or has satisfied the annual continuing education requirements described in subsection (c) of section 36a-489a, as applicable; and (iii) the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker has paid all required fees for renewal of the license.

      (B) The license of a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker failing to satisfy the minimum standards for license renewal shall expire. The commissioner may adopt procedures for the reinstatement of expired licenses consistent with the standards established by the system.

      (b) (1) The commissioner shall not issue an initial license for a mortgage loan originator unless the commissioner, at a minimum, finds that the applicant has: (A) Never had a mortgage loan originator license revoked in any governmental jurisdiction, except that a subsequent formal vacating of such revocation shall not be deemed a revocation; (B) notwithstanding the provisions of section 46a-80, not been convicted of, or pled guilty or nolo contendere to, a felony in a domestic, foreign or military court during the seven-year period preceding the date of the application for licensing or at any time preceding such date of application if such felony involved an act of fraud, dishonesty, a breach of trust, or money laundering, provided any pardon of a conviction shall not be a conviction for purposes of this subdivision; (C) demonstrated financial responsibility, character and general fitness so as to command the confidence of the community and to warrant a determination that the mortgage loan originator will operate honestly, fairly and efficiently within the purpose of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b; (D) effective April 1, 2010, completed the prelicensing education requirement described in section 36a-489a and passed a written test that meets the test requirement described in section 36a-489a; (E) effective July 31, 2010, met the surety bond requirement under section 36a-492; and (F) not made a material misstatement in the application. If the commissioner denies an application for a mortgage loan originator license, the commissioner shall notify the applicant and may notify the sponsor or any other person the commissioner deems appropriate of the denial and the reasons for such denial.

      (2) (A) The minimum standards for license renewal for a mortgage loan originator shall include the following: (i) The mortgage loan originator continues to meet the minimum standards for license issuance under subdivision (1) of this subsection; (ii) the mortgage loan originator has satisfied the annual continuing education requirements described in subsection (c) of section 36a-489a; and (iii) the mortgage loan originator has paid all required fees for renewal of the license.

      (B) The license of a mortgage loan originator that fails to satisfy the minimum standards for license renewal shall expire. The commissioner may adopt procedures for the reinstatement of expired licenses consistent with the standards established by the system.

      (3) No later than April 1, 2010, each mortgage loan originator licensee shall have completed the prelicensing education requirement described in section 36a-489a and passed a written test that meets the test requirement described in section 36a-489a, provided a mortgage loan originator licensee who was licensed as of the enactment of public act 09-209* shall have completed such prelicensing education requirement and passed such written test not later than October 31, 2010.

      (c) For purposes of this section, a person has shown that such person is not financially responsible when such person has shown a disregard in the management of such person's own financial condition. A determination that a person has not shown financial responsibility may include, but is not limited to: (1) Current outstanding judgments, except judgments solely as a result of medical expenses; (2) current outstanding tax liens or other government liens and filings; (3) foreclosures during the three years preceding the date of application for an initial license or renewal of a license; or (4) a pattern of seriously delinquent accounts within the past three years.

      (d) Withdrawal of an application for a license filed under subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall become effective upon receipt by the commissioner of a notice of intent to withdraw such application. The commissioner may deny a license up to the date one year after the effective date of withdrawal.

      (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the commissioner may deem an application for a license as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator abandoned if the applicant fails to respond to any request for information required under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, or the regulations adopted pursuant to said sections. The commissioner shall notify the applicant in writing that if such information is not submitted within sixty days the application shall be deemed abandoned. An application filing fee paid prior to the date an application is deemed abandoned pursuant to this subsection shall not be refunded. Abandonment of an application pursuant to this subsection shall not preclude the applicant from submitting a new application for a license under said sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 5; P.A. 89-347, S. 12; P.A. 94-122, S. 233, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 26; P.A. 02-111, S. 6; P.A. 04-69, S. 4; P.A. 06-45, S. 2; P.A. 07-156, S. 7; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 43; P.A. 09-207, S. 5; 09-208, S. 3; 09-209, S. 8.)

      *Note: Public act 09-209 is entitled "An Act Concerning Implementation of the S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act, the Emergency Mortgage Assistance Program, Foreclosure Procedures and Technical Revisions to the Banking Statutes". (See Reference Table captioned "Public Acts of 2009" following the Index which lists the sections amended, created or repealed by the act.)


      History: P.A. 89-347 extended the application of the section to mortgage brokers; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440d transferred to Sec. 36a-489 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same by requiring commissioner to find that applicant meets requirements of Sec. 36a-488(a), providing that application requirements extend to "partners" in a partnership, and adding provisions re extending application requirements to "members if the applicant is a limited liability company", re denial of license application based on material misstatement in application, and re denial of application subject to provisions of Sec. 46a-80 and added Subsec. (b) re application for registration of originator; P.A. 04-69 substituted "36a-498a" for "36a-498"; P.A. 06-45 amended Subsec. (a) to require commissioner to deny application for license if commissioner finds that applicant made a material misstatement in application for registration of originator or files application for such registration with knowledge that application contains a material misstatement by originator, and amended Subsec. (b) to require commissioner to register originator named in application unless commissioner finds that originator has made a material misstatement in application and to make technical changes, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-156 replaced language re application for registration of originator and registration with language re application for originator license and license and made conforming changes, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 7, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add mortgage correspondent lender, amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add references to Secs. 36a-760a to 36a-760h and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision re license remaining in force and effect, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-207 added provisions, codified by the Revisors as Subsec. (e), re circumstances under which commissioner may consider license application to be abandoned, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-208 added provisions, codified by the Revisors as Subsec. (d), re withdrawal of license application, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 deleted former Subsecs. (a) and (b), added new Subsec. (a) re commissioner's minimum findings for issuance and renewal of mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker license, added new Subsec. (b) re commissioner's minimum findings for issuance and renewal of mortgage loan originator license, and added Subsec. (c) re determinations of financial responsibility, effective July 31, 2009 (Revisor's note: In Subsecs. (a)(2)(A)(ii) and (b)(2)(A)(ii), references to Sec. 36a-489a(d) were changed editorially by the Revisors to Sec. 36a-489a(c) for accuracy).

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      Sec. 36a-489a. Prelicensing education, written test and annual continuing education requirements. (a)(1) In order to meet the prelicensing education and testing requirement referred to in section 36a-489, an applicant shall complete at least twenty hours of education approved in accordance with subdivision (2) of this subsection, which shall include at least (A) three hours of instruction on relevant federal law and regulations; (B) three hours of ethics, including instruction on fraud, consumer protection and fair lending issues; and (C) two hours of training related to lending standards for the nontraditional mortgage product marketplace.

      (2) For purposes of subdivision (1) of this subsection, prelicensing education courses shall be reviewed and approved by the system based upon reasonable standards. Review and approval of a prelicensing education course shall include review and approval of the course provider.

      (3) Nothing in this subsection shall preclude any prelicensing education course, as approved by the system, that is provided by the sponsor of the applicant or an entity which is affiliated with the applicant by an agency contract, or any subsidiary or affiliate of such sponsor or entity.

      (4) Prelicensing education may be offered either in a classroom, online or by any other means approved by the system.

      (5) When prelicensing education requirements described in subdivision (1) of this subsection are completed in another state, such out-of-state prelicensing education requirements shall be accepted as credit towards completion of the prelicensing education requirements of this state, provided such out-of-state prelicensing education requirements are approved by the system.

      (6) A person previously licensed under section 36a-489, subsequent to the applicable effective date of the prelicensing and testing requirements referred to in section 36a-489, applying to be licensed again shall prove that such person has completed all of the continuing education requirements for the year in which the license was last held.

      (b) (1) In order to meet the written test requirement referred to in section 36a-489, an individual shall pass, in accordance with the standards established under this subsection, a qualified written test developed by the system and administered by a test provider approved by the system based upon reasonable standards.

      (2) A written test shall not be treated as a qualified written test for purposes of subdivision (1) of this subsection unless the test adequately measures the applicant's knowledge and comprehension in appropriate subject areas, including ethics, federal law and regulation pertaining to mortgage origination, state law and regulation pertaining to mortgage origination, and federal and state law and regulation, including instruction on fraud, consumer protection, the nontraditional mortgage marketplace and fair lending issues.

      (3) Nothing in this subsection shall prohibit a test provider approved by the system from providing a test at the location of the sponsor of the applicant, any subsidiary or affiliate of the sponsor of the applicant or any entity with which the applicant holds an exclusive arrangement to conduct the business of a mortgage loan originator.

      (4) (A) An individual shall not be considered to have passed a qualified written test unless the individual achieves a test score of not less than seventy-five per cent correct answers to questions.

      (B) An individual may retake a test three consecutive times with each consecutive taking occurring at least thirty days after the preceding test. After failing three consecutive tests, an individual shall wait at least six months before taking the test again.

      (C) A licensed mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator who fails to maintain a valid license for a period of five years or longer, not taking into account any time during which such individual is a registered mortgage loan originator, shall retake the test.

      (c) (1) In order to meet the annual continuing education requirements referred to in subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 36a-489, a licensed mortgage loan originator shall complete at least eight hours of education approved in accordance with subdivision (2) of this subsection. Such courses shall include at least (A) three hours of instruction on relevant federal law and regulation; (B) two hours of ethics, including instruction on fraud, consumer protection and fair lending issues; and (C) two hours of training related to lending standards for the nontraditional mortgage product marketplace.

      (2) For purposes of subdivision (1) of this subsection, continuing education courses shall be reviewed and approved by the system based upon reasonable standards. Review and approval of a continuing education course shall include review and approval of the course provider.

      (3) Nothing in this subsection shall preclude any education course approved by the system that is provided by the sponsor of the mortgage loan originator or an entity that is affiliated with the mortgage loan originator by an agency contract, or any subsidiary or affiliate of such sponsor or entity.

      (4) Continuing education may be offered either in a classroom, online or by any other means approved by the system.

      (5) Except as otherwise provided in procedures adopted under subparagraph (B) of subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 36a-489 or in regulations adopted under subdivision (9) of this subsection, a licensed mortgage loan originator may only receive credit for a continuing education course in the year in which the course is taken, and may not take the same approved course in the same or successive years to meet the annual requirements for continuing education.

      (6) A licensed mortgage loan originator who is an approved instructor of an approved continuing education course may receive credit for the licensee's own annual continuing education requirement at the rate of two hours credit for every one hour taught.

      (7) When education requirements described in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section are completed in another state, such out-of-state education requirements shall be accepted as credit towards completion of the education requirements of this state, provided such out-of-state education requirements are approved by the system.

      (8) A licensed mortgage loan originator who subsequently becomes unlicensed must complete the continuing education requirements for the last year in which the license was held prior to issuance of an initial or renewed license.

      (9) A person who meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A)(i) and (A)(iii) of subdivision (2) of subsection (a) or (b) of section 36a-489 may compensate for any deficiency in continuing education requirements pursuant to regulations adopted by the commissioner.

      (d) For purposes of this section "nontraditional mortgage product" means any mortgage product other than a thirty-year fixed rate mortgage, and "system" has the same meaning as provided in section 36a-485.

      (P.A. 09-209, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 09-209 effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-490. (Formerly Sec. 36-440e). License requirements. Requirements for filing information with system. (a) A mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker license shall not be transferable or assignable. No licensee may use any name other than its legal name or a fictitious name approved by the commissioner, provided such licensee may not use its legal name if the commissioner disapproves use of such name. Any licensee who intends to permanently cease engaging in the business of making residential mortgage loans or acting as a mortgage broker at any time during a license period for any cause, including, but not limited to, bankruptcy, license revocation or voluntary dissolution, shall file a request to surrender the license for each office at which the licensee intends to cease to do business, on the system, not later than fifteen days after the date of such cessation, provided this requirement shall not apply when a license has been suspended pursuant to section 36a-51. No surrender shall be effective until accepted by the commissioner.

      (b) A mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee may change the name of the licensee or address of the office specified on the most recent filing with the system if (1) at least thirty calendar days prior to such change, the licensee files such change with the system and provides, directly to the commissioner, a bond rider or endorsement to the surety bond on file with the commissioner that reflects the new name or address of the office, and (2) the commissioner does not disapprove such change, in writing, or request further information within such thirty-day period. The licensee shall promptly file any change in the information most recently submitted in connection with the license with the system or, if the information cannot be filed on the system, directly notify the commissioner, in writing, of such change in the information.

      (c) The mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee shall promptly file with the system or, if the information cannot be filed on the system, directly notify the commissioner, in writing, of the occurrence of any of the following developments:

      (1) Filing for bankruptcy, or the consummation of a corporate restructuring, of the licensee;

      (2) Filing of a criminal indictment against the licensee in any way related to the lending or brokerage activities of the licensee, or receiving notification of the filing of any criminal felony indictment or felony conviction of any of the licensee's officers, directors, members, partners or shareholders owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock;

      (3) Receiving notification of the institution of license denial, cease and desist, suspension or revocation procedures, or other formal or informal regulatory action by any governmental agency against the licensee and the reasons therefor;

      (4) Receiving notification of the initiation of any action by the Attorney General or the attorney general of any other state and the reasons therefor;

      (5) Receiving notification of a material adverse action with respect to any existing line of credit or warehouse credit agreement;

      (6) Suspension or termination of the licensee's status as an approved seller or servicer by the Federal National Mortgage Association, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation or Government National Mortgage Association;

      (7) Exercise of recourse rights by investors or subsequent assignees of residential mortgage loans if such loans for which the recourse rights are being exercised, in the aggregate, exceed the licensee's net worth exclusive of real property and fixed assets;

      (8) Receiving notification of filing for bankruptcy of any of the licensee's officers, directors, members, partners or shareholders owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock of the licensee; or

      (9) A decrease in the net worth required by subsection (a) of section 36a-488.

      (d) Each mortgage loan originator licensee shall promptly file with the system or, if the information cannot be filed on the system, directly notify the commissioner, in writing, of the occurrence of any of the following developments:

      (1) Filing for bankruptcy of the mortgage loan originator licensee;

      (2) Filing of a criminal indictment against the mortgage loan originator licensee;

      (3) Receiving notification of the institution of license or registration denial, cease and desist, suspension or revocation procedures, or other formal or informal regulatory action by any governmental agency against the mortgage loan originator licensee and the reasons therefor; or

      (4) Receiving notification of the initiation of any action against the mortgage loan originator licensee by the Attorney General or the attorney general of any other state and the reasons therefor.

      (e) Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker and mortgage loan originator license shall remain in force and effect until it has been surrendered, revoked, suspended or expires, or is no longer effective, in accordance with the provisions of this title.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 6; P.A. 89-347, S. 13; P.A. 94-122, S. 234, 340; P.A. 97-22, S. 1; P.A. 02-111, S. 7; P.A. 04-69, S. 5; P.A. 07-91, S. 3; 07-156, S. 8; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 44; P.A. 09-208, S. 4; 09-209, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (a) by adding the reference to a licensee acting as a mortgage broker in more than one location; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440e transferred to Sec. 36a-490 in 1995; P.A. 97-22 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by changing requirement re license from "prominently posted in each place of business of the licensee" to "maintained at the location for which the license was issued and shall be available for public inspection", by changing requirement re change of location from prior approval to prior written notice and by making technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting former notice requirements and adding provision requiring licensee to promptly notify commissioner of any change in the information provided in the application and amended Subsec. (c) by replacing reference to Sec. 36a-495 with reference to Sec. 36a-498; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute "36a-498a" for "36a-498"; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision requiring only prior written notice to commissioner for any change of location of a licensee, and amended Subsec. (b) to allow licensee to change name or location specified on its license if, at least 21 calendar days prior to change, licensee provides written notice to commissioner on a form satisfactory to commissioner and a bond rider or endorsement to surety bond on file and commissioner does not disapprove change, in writing, or request further information within such 21-day period; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a) to insert "mortgage lender and first mortgage broker" re license, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 8, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add mortgage correspondent lender, to delete provisions re business at more than one location, to substitute legal name or fictitious name approved by commissioner for name stated on license, to add provisions re licensee who ceases to engage in business and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to substitute "thirty" for "twenty-one" calendar days and "thirty-day" for "twenty-one-day" period and provide for filing with Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, added new Subsecs. (c) and (d) re notification requirements, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (e) and made conforming changes therein, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (e) by substituting "this title" for "sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive", effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 changed "mortgage loan" to "residential mortgage loan" and "Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System" to "system" throughout, amended Subsec. (a) to provide that no surrender of license is effective until accepted by commissioner, amended Subsec. (b) to reposition and revise provision re prompt filing of change in information, amended Subsec. (c) by deleting former Subdiv. (9) re notifying commissioner of change in control and adding new Subdiv. (9) re decrease in net worth, and amended Subsec. (e) by inserting reference to other licensing provisions, effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-491. (Formerly Sec. 36-440f). Expiration of licenses. Applications for renewal. Fees. (a) The expiration date of any mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker license that expires on September 30, 2008, shall be extended to the close of business on December 31, 2008. On and after July 1, 2008, each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker and mortgage loan originator license shall expire at the close of business on December thirty-first of the year in which it is approved, unless such license is renewed, and provided any such license that is approved on or after November first shall expire at the close of business on December thirty-first of the year following the year in which it is approved. An application for renewal of a license shall be filed between November first and December thirty-first of the year in which the license expires. Each applicant for an initial license or renewal of a license as a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender shall pay to the system any required fees or charges and a license fee of one thousand dollars, and each applicant for an initial or renewal license as a mortgage broker shall pay to the system any required fees or charges and a license fee of five hundred dollars, provided each mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender licensee who is a licensee on September 30, 2008, who submits a renewal application shall, at the time of making such application, pay to the system any required fees or charges and a license fee of one thousand one hundred twenty-five dollars and each mortgage broker who was a licensee on June 30, 2008, who submits a renewal application shall, at the time of making such application, pay to the system any required fees or charges and a license fee of five hundred sixty-five dollars. Effective November 1, 2009, each applicant for an initial license or renewal of a license as a mortgage loan originator shall pay to the system any required fees or charges and a license fee of three hundred dollars.

      (b) All fees paid pursuant to this section, including fees paid in connection with an application that is denied or withdrawn prior to the issuance of the license, shall be nonrefundable, provided any license fee paid by an originator for a license that is not sponsored by a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker may be refundable. No fee paid pursuant to this section shall be prorated if the license is surrendered, revoked or suspended prior to the expiration of the period for which it was approved.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 7; P.A. 88-150, S. 5; P.A. 89-347, S. 14; P.A. 92-89, S. 7, 20; P.A. 94-104, S. 5; P.A. 96-71, S. 2, 8; P.A. 99-36, S. 27; P.A. 02-111, S. 8; P.A. 04-69, S. 6; P.A. 05-46, S. 2; P.A. 06-45, S. 3; P.A. 07-156, S. 9; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 45; P.A. 09-209, S. 11; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 380.)

      History: P.A. 88-150 amended Subsec. (a) by providing that the license fee is nonrefundable and adding the provision re the expiration of licenses on September thirtieth; P.A. 89-347 added references to mortgage brokers, establishing license fee for mortgage brokers; P.A. 92-89 increased the fee applicable to lender's and combination licenses from $250 to $400 and increased the fee applicable to broker's licenses from $100 to $200; P.A. 94-104 changed the license renewal deadline from September tenth to September first and added a $100 late fee in Subsec. (a), and added Subsec. (a)(2) re applications filed by a licensee whose license expired within 60 days of his application; Sec. 36-440f transferred to Sec. 36a-491 in 1995; P.A. 96-71 clarified that all license fees required by this section are nonrefundable, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by providing for license expiration at the close of business on September thirtieth of the even-numbered year following its issuance unless renewed, adding provisions re fee of $800 for first mortgage lender and first mortgage correspondent lender licenses and fee of $400 for first mortgage broker license, adding provisions re lesser fee if application filed not earlier than one year before expiration date, making conforming and technical changes and incorporating provisions of existing Subdiv. (2) into Subdiv. (1) and adding new Subdiv. (2) re application and fees for registration of originator, and amended Subsec. (b) by adding "or registration"; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsec. (a) to change reference to each license issued pursuant to section "36a-489", in lieu of "this" section, and to substitute "36a-498a" for "36a-498" in Subdiv. (1), and add Subdiv. (3) requiring commissioner to automatically suspend license or registration if commissioner determines that a check filed to pay the license or registration fee has been dishonored and requiring commissioner to give notice of the automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with Sec. 36a-51; P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to provide that renewal application filed with commissioner after September first, accompanied by late fee, shall be deemed to be timely and sufficient for purposes of Sec. 4-182(b); P.A. 06-45 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to delete proviso re prorated registration fee of $50 for originator for application filed not earlier than one year before date license expires; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to delete requirement that applicants pay various license fees to commissioner and substitute requirement that applicants, including applicants for a first mortgage broker license, pay the required license fee and processing fee for an initial or renewal application to the national mortgage licensing system and to change date of expiration of licenses issued pursuant to Sec. 36a-489 from September 30th of even-numbered year following issuance to December 31 of year following issuance, amended Subsec. (a)(2) to delete references to registration and to substitute references to license re originators, to require applicants for originator license to pay required license and processing fees for an initial or renewal application to the national mortgage licensing system in lieu of commissioner and to provide that license shall expire on December 31 of year following issuance, deleted former Subsec. (a)(3), and amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to registration, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 9, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to expand provisions re date of expiration of licenses, add time frame for renewal of licenses and license fees and make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to add provisions allowing certain originator fees to be refundable and preventing prorating, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 changed "Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System" to "system" and "license or renewal" to "initial license or renewal" throughout, amended Subsec. (a) by deleting Subdiv. (1) designator, applying provisions to mortgage loan originator license, deleting provision re licensee filing renewal application not later than March first of year following year of expiration, replacing former Subdiv. (2) re expiration of mortgage loan originator license with provision, effective November 1, 2009, increasing license fee for originators from $100 to $300, and amended Subsec. (b) by changing "such fees" to "any license fee", effective July 31, 2009; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fees.

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      Sec. 36a-492. (Formerly Sec. 36-440g). Surety bond required. Cancellation of bond. Automatic suspension of license. Notices. (a)(1) No mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker license, and no renewal thereof, shall be granted unless the applicant has filed a bond with the commissioner written by a surety authorized to write such bonds in this state, in the sum of forty thousand dollars, the form of which shall be approved by the Attorney General. Effective July 31, 2010, the penal sum of the bond shall be maintained in an amount that reflects the dollar amount of the loans originated by the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, as determined by the commissioner.

      (2) Effective July 31, 2010, each person licensed as a mortgage loan originator shall be covered by a surety bond in accordance with this section, provided such coverage shall be provided through the bond of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker who sponsors such mortgage loan originator. The penal sum of the bond shall be maintained in an amount that reflects the dollar amount of loans originated by the mortgage loan originator, as determined by the commissioner. The commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 with respect to the requirements for such surety bonds.

      (b) The bond required by subsection (a) of this section shall be conditioned upon such licensee and, effective July 31, 2010, any mortgage loan originator who is covered by the surety bond of a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, faithfully performing any and all written agreements or commitments with or for the benefit of borrowers and prospective borrowers, truly and faithfully accounting for all funds received from a borrower or prospective borrower by the licensee in the licensee's capacity as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or a mortgage broker or, effective July 31, 2010, a mortgage loan originator, and conducting such mortgage business consistent with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b. Any borrower or prospective borrower who may be damaged by failure to perform any written agreements or commitments, or by the wrongful conversion of funds paid by a borrower or prospective borrower to a licensee, may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to recover damages. Commencing August 1, 2009, any borrower or prospective borrower who may be damaged by a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator licensee's failure to satisfy a judgment against the licensee arising from the making or brokering of a nonprime home loan, as defined in section 36a-760, may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to recover the amount of the judgment. The commissioner may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to collect any civil penalty imposed upon the licensee pursuant to subsection (a) of section 36a-50 and any unpaid costs of examination of the licensee as determined pursuant to section 36a-65. The proceeds of the bond, even if commingled with other assets of the licensee, shall be deemed by operation of law to be held in trust for the benefit of such claimants against the licensee in the event of bankruptcy of the licensee and shall be immune from attachment by creditors and judgment creditors. The bond shall run concurrently with the period of the license granted to the applicant, and the aggregate liability under the bond shall not exceed the penal sum of the bond. The licensee shall notify the commissioner of the commencement of an action on the licensee's bond. When an action is commenced on a licensee's bond, the commissioner may require the filing of a new bond and immediately on recovery on any action on the bond, the licensee shall file a new bond.

      (c) The surety company shall have the right to cancel the bond at any time by a written notice to the licensee stating the date cancellation shall take effect. Such notice shall be sent by certified mail to the licensee at least thirty days prior to the date of cancellation. A surety bond shall not be cancelled unless the surety company notifies the commissioner in writing not less than thirty days prior to the effective date of cancellation. After receipt of such notification from the surety company, the commissioner shall give written notice to the licensee of the date such bond cancellation shall take effect. The commissioner shall automatically suspend the license on such date, unless the licensee prior to such date submits a letter of reinstatement of the bond from the surety company or a new bond or the licensee has ceased business and has surrendered the license in accordance with subsection (a) of section 36a-490. After a license has been automatically suspended, the commissioner shall give the licensee notice of the automatic suspension, proceedings pursuant to section 36a-494 and an opportunity for a hearing on such action in accordance with section 36a-51 and require the licensee to take or refrain from taking such action as in the opinion of the commissioner will effectuate the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 8; P.A. 89-347, S. 15; P.A. 90-277; P.A. 94-122, S. 235, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 28; P.A. 02-111, S. 9; P.A. 04-69, S. 7; P.A. 07-156, S. 10; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 46, 47; P.A. 09-208, S. 5; 09-209, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 89-347 extended the application of the section to mortgage brokers; P.A. 90-277 reduced the required bond sum from $50,000 to $40,000; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440g transferred to Sec. 36a-492 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 added provision re performance "for the benefit" of borrowers and prospective borrowers, changed any "person" to any "borrower or perspective borrower", added provisions re commissioner to proceed on bond to collect civil penalty imposed pursuant to Sec. 36a-50(a) and re bond proceeds deemed to be held in trust and immune from attachment, and made conforming and technical changes; P.A. 04-69 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), substituting "36a-498a" for "36a-498" therein, and added Subsec. (b) giving surety company the right to cancel the bond at any time by written notice to licensee, specifying manner of notice, requiring surety company to notify commissioner in writing prior to cancellation, requiring commissioner to automatically suspend license on date cancellation takes effect, unless bond has been replaced or renewed, and requiring commissioner to give licensee notice of automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with Sec. 36a-51; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a) to insert "mortgage lender or first mortgage broker" re license, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 10, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add "mortgage correspondent lender", to increase amount of bond to $80,000 on and after August 1, 2009, to add provision, commencing August 1, 2009, for borrower or prospective borrower of nonprime home loan to proceed on bond to recover amount of judgment, to allow commissioner to proceed on bond to collect any unpaid costs of examination of licensee and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision re automatic suspension of license when bond is cancelled, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re automatic suspension of license and opportunity for hearing upon cancellation of bond; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), deleting provisions re conditions of surety bond and proceeding on bonds, adding provision re penal sum of bond reflecting dollar amount of loans originated by lender or broker as determined by commissioner and adding Subdiv. (2) re surety bonds for originators, added new Subsec. (b) re conditions of surety bond and proceeding on bonds and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-493. (Formerly Sec. 36-440h). Records to be maintained by licensee. (a) Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licensee shall maintain adequate records of each residential mortgage loan transaction at the office named in the license, or, if requested by the commissioner, shall make such records available at such office or send such records to the commissioner by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by any express delivery carrier that provides a dated delivery receipt, not later than five business days after requested by the commissioner to do so. Upon request, the commissioner may grant a licensee additional time to make such records available or send them to the commissioner. Such records shall provide the following information: (1) A copy of any disclosures required under part III of chapter 669; (2) whether the licensee acted as a mortgage lender, a mortgage correspondent lender, a mortgage broker, a mortgage lender and a mortgage broker, or a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker; (3) if the licensee is acting as a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, and retains the residential mortgage loan or receives payments thereon, an adequate loan history for those loans retained or upon which payments are received, itemizing the amount and date of each payment and the unpaid balance at all times; (4) the purpose for which the loan was made; (5) the original or an exact copy of the note, loan agreement or other evidence of indebtedness and mortgage deed; (6) a statement signed by the borrower acknowledging the receipt of such statement which discloses the full amount of any fee, commission or consideration paid to the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker for all services in connection with the origination and settlement of the residential mortgage loan; (7) the name and address of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and the mortgage broker, if any, involved in the loan transaction; (8) a copy of the initial and a copy of the final residential mortgage loan application taken from the borrower; and (9) a copy of all information used in evaluating the application.

      (b) For each loan that is made and serviced by a licensee, the licensee shall retain: (1) The records of such loan transaction for not less than two years following the final payment thereon, or the assignment of such loan, whichever occurs first, or such longer period as may be required by any other provision of law, and (2) copies of the note, HUD-1 settlement statement or other settlement statement, or such other records as are sufficient to verify the mortgage lender's or mortgage correspondent lender's compliance with section 36a-498a for not less than five years from the date of the transaction.

      (c) For each loan transaction in which a licensee acts as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker but does not service the loan, the licensee shall retain: (1) The records of such loan transaction for not less than two years from the date of the transaction or such longer period as may be required by any other provision of law, and (2) copies of the note, HUD-1 settlement statement or other settlement statement, or such other records as are sufficient to verify the mortgage lender's or mortgage correspondent lender's compliance with section 36a-498a for not less than five years from the date of the transaction.

      (d) Any person who furnishes to a licensee any records required to be maintained under this section or any information necessary to complete such records may charge a fee to the licensee in an amount not to exceed fifty dollars.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 9; P.A. 89-347, S. 16; P.A. 90-184, S. 8; P.A. 94-122, S. 236, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 10; P.A. 07-156, S. 11; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 48, 49; P.A. 09-209, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (a) by inserting new Subdiv. (2) requiring the licensee to state whether it acted as a mortgage lender, a mortgage broker or any combination thereof and renumbering the remaining subdivisions in Subsec. (a) and adding Subsec. (a)(6) re the borrower's statement, made a technical change in Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) re record retention requirements for mortgage brokers; P.A. 90-184 added Subsec. (e) authorizing a fee to be charged for records or information furnished to a licensee; P.A. 94-122 changed "commissioner or his representative" to "commissioner" and "any combination thereof" to "both" in Subsec. (a), deleted Subsec. (b) re examination of books and records of licensees, and relettered former Subsecs. (c) through (e) as Subsecs. (b) through (d), effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440h transferred to Sec. 36a-493 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) to change where records are maintained or made available from "place of business" to "location" named in the license, to replace references to "mortgage broker" with reference to "first mortgage broker", to add new Subdiv. (7) re name and address of broker and to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) to increase record retention period for licensees who make or service loans from one to two years following final payment or assignment, or such longer retention period as may be required by law, and amended Subsec. (c) by deleting reference to licensee acting as a "mortgage broker" and substituting "mortgage lender or first mortgage broker but does not service the loan" and by making technical changes; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a) to insert "mortgage lender and first mortgage broker" re licensee, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 11, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add provisions re sending records to commissioner and re granting of additional time, to add "mortgage correspondent lender", to add, in Subdiv. (5), "loan agreement or other evidence of indebtedness", to add Subdivs. (8) and (9) re copy of loan application and information used in evaluating application, and to make conforming changes, amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to designate existing provisions re records of loan transaction as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re copies of note, HUD-1 settlement statement or other settlement statement or other records, and further amended Subsec. (c) to add "mortgage correspondent lender" and make a conforming change, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a) by changing "mortgage loan" to "residential mortgage loan", effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-494. (Formerly Sec. 36-440i). Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew license or taking of other action. Removal from office and from employment or retention. Temporary order to cease business. Hearings. (a)(1) The commissioner may suspend, revoke or refuse to renew any mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker license or take any other action, in accordance with the provisions of section 36a-51, for any reason which would be sufficient grounds for the commissioner to deny an application for such license under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, or if the commissioner finds that the licensee, any control person of the licensee, the qualified individual or branch manager with supervisory authority, trustee, employee or agent of such licensee has done any of the following: (A) Made any material misstatement in the application; (B) committed any fraud, misappropriated funds or misrepresented, concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose any of the material particulars of any residential mortgage loan transaction, including disclosures required by subdivision (6) of subsection (a) of section 36a-493, or part III of chapter 669 or regulations adopted pursuant thereto, to anyone entitled to such information; (C) violated any of the provisions of this title or of any regulations adopted pursuant thereto, or any other law or regulation applicable to the conduct of its business; or (D) failed to perform any agreement with a licensee or a borrower.

      (2) The commissioner may suspend, revoke or refuse to renew any mortgage loan originator license or take any other action, in accordance with the provisions of section 36a-51, for any reason which would be sufficient grounds for the commissioner to deny an application for such license under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, or if the commissioner finds that the licensee has committed any fraud, misappropriated funds, misrepresented, concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose any of the material particulars of any residential mortgage loan transaction or has violated any of the provisions of this title or of any regulations adopted pursuant to such title or any other law or regulation applicable to the conduct of such licensee's business.

      (b) Whenever it appears to the commissioner that any person has violated, is violating or is about to violate any of the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, or any regulation adopted pursuant thereto, or any licensee has failed to perform any agreement with a borrower, committed any fraud, misappropriated funds or misrepresented, concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose any of the material particulars of any residential mortgage loan transaction, including disclosures required by subdivision (6) of subsection (a) of section 36a-493, or part III of chapter 669 or regulations adopted pursuant thereto, to anyone entitled to such information, the commissioner may take action against such person or licensee in accordance with sections 36a-50 and 36a-52.

      (c) (1) The commissioner may remove any individual conducting business under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b from office and from employment or retention as an independent contractor in the mortgage business in this state whenever the commissioner finds as the result of an investigation that such person: (A) Has violated any of said sections or any regulation or order issued thereunder; or (B) for any reason that would be sufficient grounds for the commissioner to deny a license under section 36a-489, by sending a notice to such person by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by any express delivery carrier that provides a dated delivery receipt. The notice shall be deemed received by such person on the earlier of the date of actual receipt or seven days after mailing or sending. Any such notice shall include: (i) A statement of the time, place and nature of the hearing; (ii) a statement of the legal authority and jurisdiction under which the hearing is to be held; (iii) a reference to the particular sections of the general statutes, regulations or orders alleged to have been violated; (iv) a short and plain statement of the matters asserted; and (v) a statement indicating that such person may file a written request for a hearing on the matters asserted not later than fourteen days after receipt of the notice. If the commissioner finds that the protection of borrowers requires immediate action, the commissioner may suspend any such person from office and require such person to take or refrain from taking such action as in the opinion of the commissioner will effectuate the purposes of this subsection, by incorporating a finding to that effect in such notice. The suspension or prohibition shall become effective upon receipt of such notice and, unless stayed by a court, shall remain in effect until the entry of a permanent order or the dismissal of the matters asserted.

      (2) If a hearing is requested within the time specified in the notice, the commissioner shall hold a hearing upon the matters asserted in the notice unless such person fails to appear at the hearing. After the hearing, if the commissioner finds that any of the grounds set forth in subparagraph (A) or (B), of subdivision (1) of this subsection exist with respect to such person, the commissioner may order the removal of such person from office and from any employment in the mortgage business in this state. If such person fails to appear at the hearing, the commissioner may order the removal of such person from office and from employment in the mortgage business in this state.

      (d) The commissioner may issue a temporary order to cease business under a license if the commissioner determines that such license was issued erroneously. The commissioner shall give the licensee an opportunity for a hearing on such action in accordance with section 36a-52. Such temporary order shall become effective upon receipt by the licensee and, unless set aside or modified by a court, shall remain in effect until the effective date of a permanent order or dismissal of the matters asserted in the notice.

      (P.A. 85-399, S. 10; P.A. 86-403, S. 78, 132; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-347, S. 17; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-194, S. 5, 7; P.A. 94-122, S. 237, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 29; P.A. 00-61, S. 2, 9; P.A. 02-111, S. 11; P.A. 04-69, S. 8; P.A. 05-46, S. 3; P.A. 06-45, S. 4; P.A. 07-91, S. 17; 07-156, S. 12; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 50; P.A. 09-209, S. 14.)

      History: P.A. 86-403 deleted reference to chapter 657a in Subsec. (a); P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (a) by adding failure to make disclosures required by Sec. 36-440h(a)(6) as grounds for suspending, revoking or refusing to renew a license; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-194 specified that provisions apply to persons who are not licensed as well as to licensees, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 94-122 deleted Subsec. (c) re cease and desist provisions and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440i transferred to Sec. 36a-494 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes; P.A. 00-61 amended Subsec. (b) by adding language re licensee's failure to perform an agreement with a borrower, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and, within said Subdiv., redesignating existing Subdivs. (1) to (4) as Subparas. (A) to (D), replacing "owner" with "proprietor", adding reference to misappropriated funds in Subpara. (B), replacing former statutory references with reference to "this title" in Subpara. (C) and adding reference to licensee in Subpara. (D), and by adding new Subdiv. (2) re commissioner's authority to suspend, revoke or refuse to renew registration of originator; P.A. 04-69 substituted "36a-498a" for "36a-498" throughout and amended Subsec. (b) to allow commissioner to take action against violator or licensee in accordance with Sec. 36a-52; P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (b) to allow commissioner to impose civil penalty or issue cease and desist order against licensees and registrants who commit fraud, misappropriate funds or misrepresent, conceal, suppress, intentionally omit or otherwise intentionally fail to disclose any material particulars of mortgage loan transaction to anyone entitled to such information; P.A. 06-45 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to provide that violations of title 36a or regulations or any other law applicable to conduct of registrant's business are grounds for suspension, revocation or refusal to renew registration of originator, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) to authorize commissioner to take any other action, in accordance with provisions of Sec. 36a-51, effective June 5, 2007; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to insert "mortgage lender or first mortgage broker" re license, amended Subsec. (a)(2) to substitute "license" and "licensee" for "registration" and "registrant", and amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to "registrant", effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 12, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, and amended Subsec. (a) to add "mortgage correspondent lender", make conforming changes and, in Subdiv. (2), include findings that licensee has "concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose" any material particulars, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 changed "mortgage loan" to "residential mortgage loan" throughout, amended Subsec. (a) by changing "proprietor, director, officer, member, partner, shareholder" to "any control person of the licensee, the qualified individual or branch manager with supervisory authority", added Subsec. (c) re removal from office and from employment or retention as independent contractor and opportunity for hearing, added Subsec. (d) re temporary order to cease business under license and opportunity for hearing, and inserted references to other licensing provisions throughout, effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-496. (Formerly Sec. 36-440k). Applications and referrals from unlicensed mortgage brokers or mortgage loan originators. No person engaged in the business of making residential mortgage loans in this state, whether licensed in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, or exempt from licensing, shall accept applications or referral of applicants from, or pay a fee to, any mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator who is required to be licensed under said sections but was not, as of the time of the performance of such mortgage broker's or mortgage loan originator's services in connection with loans made or to be made by the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, licensed to act as such by the commissioner, if the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender has actual knowledge that the mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator was not licensed by the commissioner.

      (P.A. 91-306, S. 2; P.A. 02-111, S. 12; P.A. 04-69, S. 9; P.A. 07-156, S. 13; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 51; P.A. 09-209, S. 15.)

      History: Sec. 36-440k transferred to Sec. 36a-496 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 extended prohibition to include accepting applications or referrals of applications from, or payment of fees to, unregistered originators and replaced references to "mortgage broker" with references to "first mortgage broker"; P.A. 04-69 substituted "36a-498a" for "36a-498"; P.A. 07-156 deleted references to "registered", effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 13, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, added language re person not licensed at the time of performance of services, added references to "mortgage correspondent lender" and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 changed "mortgage loans" to "residential mortgage loans", effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-497. (Formerly Sec. 36-440l). Advertisements. No mortgage lender licensee, mortgage correspondent lender licensee or mortgage broker licensee shall:

      (1) Advertise or cause to be advertised in this state, any residential mortgage loan in which such person intends to act only as a mortgage broker unless the advertisement includes the following statement, clearly and conspicuously expressed: MORTGAGE BROKER ONLY, NOT A MORTGAGE LENDER OR MORTGAGE CORRESPONDENT LENDER; or

      (2) In connection with an advertisement in this state, use (A) a simulated check; (B) a comparison between the loan payments under the residential mortgage loan offered and the loan payments under a hypothetical loan or extension of credit, unless the advertisement includes, with respect to both the hypothetical loan or extension of credit and the residential mortgage loan being offered, the interest rate, the loan balance, the total amount of finance charges, the total number of payments and the monthly payment amount that would be required to pay off the outstanding loan balance shown; (C) representations such as "verified as eligible", "eligible", "preapproved", "prequalified" or similar words or phrases, without also disclosing, in immediate proximity to and in similar size print, language which sets forth prerequisites to qualify for the residential mortgage loan, including, but not limited to, income verification, credit check, and property appraisal or evaluation; or (D) any words or symbols in the advertisement or on the envelope containing the advertisement that give the appearance that the mailing was sent by a government agency.

      (P.A. 91-306, S. 3; P.A. 94-122, S. 238, 340; P.A. 99-63, S. 3; P.A. 02-111, S. 13; P.A. 08-176, S. 52; P.A. 09-209, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 94-122 made a technical change, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440l transferred to Sec. 36a-497 in 1995; P.A. 99-63 designated existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), changing "in any medium" to "in this state" and making technical changes, and added Subdiv. (2) re advertising restrictions; P.A. 02-111 amended Subdiv. (1) to replace reference to "mortgage broker" with reference to "first mortgage broker"; P.A. 08-176 added references to mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licensees and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 changed "mortgage loan" to "residential mortgage loan", effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498. (Formerly Sec. 36-440m). Refundability of advance fees. Exceptions. Prohibited acts by mortgage lenders, correspondent lenders, brokers and loan originators re borrowers. (a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, every advance fee paid or given, directly or indirectly, to a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b shall be refundable.

      (b) No mortgage loan originator required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b shall accept payment of any advance fee except an advance fee on behalf of a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as prohibiting the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee from paying a mortgage loan originator all or part of an advance fee, provided such advance fee paid is not refundable under this section.

      (c) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply if: (1) The person providing the advance fee and the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker agree in writing that the advance fee shall not be refundable, in whole or in part; and (2) the written agreement complies in all respects with the provisions of subsection (d) of this section.

      (d) An agreement under subsection (c) of this section shall meet all of the following requirements to be valid and enforceable: (1) The agreement shall be dated, signed by both parties, and be executed prior to the payment of any advance fee; (2) the agreement shall expressly state the total advance fee required to be paid and any amount of the advance fee that shall not be refundable; (3) the agreement shall clearly and conspicuously state any conditions under which the advance fee will be retained by the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker; (4) the term "nonrefundable" shall be used to describe each advance fee or portion thereof to which the term is applicable, and shall appear in boldface type in the agreement each time it is used; and (5) the form of the agreement shall (A) be separate from any other forms, contracts, or applications utilized by the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, (B) contain a heading in a size equal to at least ten-point boldface type that shall title the form "AGREEMENT CONCERNING NONREFUNDABILITY OF ADVANCE FEE", (C) provide for a duplicate copy which shall be given to the person paying the advance fee at the time of payment of the advance fee, and (D) include such other specifications as the commissioner may by regulation prescribe.

      (e) An agreement under subsection (c) of this section that does not meet the requirements of subsection (d) of this section shall be voidable at the election of the person paying the advance fee.

      (f) (1) No mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b shall enter into an agreement with or otherwise require any person to pay the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker for any fee, commission or other valuable consideration lost as a result of such person failing to consummate a residential mortgage loan, provided the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker may collect such fee, commission or consideration as an advance fee subject to the requirements of this section.

      (2) No mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b shall enter into an agreement with or otherwise require any person to pay the mortgage broker any fee, commission or other valuable consideration for the prepayment of the principal of a residential mortgage loan by such person before the date on which the principal is due.

      (g) (1) For the purposes of this subsection:

      (A) "Unfair or deceptive act or practice" means (i) the failure to clearly and conspicuously state in the initial phase of the solicitation that the solicitor is not affiliated with the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker with which the consumer initially applied, (ii) the failure to clearly and conspicuously state in the initial phase of the solicitation that the solicitation is based on personal information about the consumer that was purchased, directly or indirectly, from a consumer reporting agency without the knowledge or permission of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker with which the consumer initially applied, (iii) the failure in the initial solicitation to comply with the provisions of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act relating to prescreening solicitations that use consumer reports, including the requirement to make a firm offer of credit to the consumer, or (iv) knowingly or negligently using information from a mortgage trigger lead (I) to solicit consumers who have opted out of prescreened offers of credit under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, or (II) to place telephone calls to consumers who have placed their contact information on a federal or state Do Not Call list; and

      (B) "Mortgage trigger lead" means a consumer report obtained pursuant to Section 604(c)(1)(B) of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681b, where the issuance of the report is triggered by an inquiry made with a consumer reporting agency in response to an application for credit. "Mortgage trigger lead" does not include a consumer report obtained by a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender that holds or services existing indebtedness of the applicant who is the subject of the report.

      (2) No mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator shall engage in an unfair or deceptive act or practice in soliciting an application for a residential mortgage loan when such solicitation is based, in whole or in part, on information contained in a mortgage trigger lead. Any violation of this subsection shall be deemed an unfair or deceptive trade practice under subsection (a) of section 42-110b.

      (h) No mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender shall include in a mortgage loan for which an application is received by such lender on or after October 1, 2009, a provision that increases the interest rate as a result of a default other than a failure to comply with a provision to maintain an automatic electronic payment feature where such maintenance provision has been provided in return for an interest rate reduction and the increase is no greater than such reduction.

      (P.A. 92-132, S. 4, 5; P.A. 94-122, S. 239, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 14; P.A. 04-69, S. 10; P.A. 06-45, S. 5; P.A. 07-118, S. 1; 07-156, S. 14; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 53; P.A. 09-207, S. 6; 09-209, S. 17; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 100.)

      History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440m transferred to Sec. 36a-498 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 replaced references to "mortgage broker" with references to "first mortgage broker" throughout, added new Subsec. (b) re acceptance of advance fee by originator, redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) to (d) as Subsecs. (c) to (e) and made technical changes throughout; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to substitute "36a-498a" for "36a-498"; P.A. 06-45 added Subsec. (f) to prohibit mortgage lenders and first mortgage brokers from entering into agreements with borrowers to compensate licensees for fees, commissions or other valuable consideration lost if borrowers fail to close loan unless compensation is collected as advance fee and to prohibit first mortgage brokers from imposing fees, commissions or other valuable consideration on borrowers for prepayment of principal of loan, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-118 added Subsec. (g) to define "unfair or deceptive act or practice" and "mortgage trigger lead", to prohibit mortgage lenders and first mortgage brokers from engaging in an unfair or deceptive act or practice in soliciting application for a first mortgage loan if solicitation is based in any way on a mortgage trigger lead, and to provide that violation is deemed an unfair or deceptive trade practice under Sec. 42-110b(a); P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (b) to substitute "licensed" for "registered" and to insert "mortgage lender or first mortgage broker" re licensee, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 14, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, added references to "mortgage correspondent lender" and "mortgage loan originator" and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-207 added Subsec. (h) re prohibition against mortgage loan provisions that increase interest rate as result of default other than failure to comply with provision to maintain an automatic electronic payment feature; P.A. 09-209 changed "mortgage loan" to "residential mortgage loan" in Subsecs. (f) and (g)(2) and inserted references to other licensing provisions in Subsecs. (a), (b) and (f), effective July 31, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 amended Subsec. (h) to add "for which an application is received by such lender on or after October 1, 2009", effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498a. Prepaid finance charges; restrictions. Secondary mortgage loan; demand for payment prior to maturity; liability for noncompliance; deed. (a) No mortgage lender licensee or mortgage correspondent lender licensee under section 36a-489 and no person exempt from licensure under subsection (a) and subdivisions (1), (4) and (5) of subsection (b) of section 36a-487 making a first mortgage loan may charge, impose or cause to be paid, directly or indirectly, prepaid finance charges that exceed in the aggregate, the greater of five per cent of the principal amount of the loan or two thousand dollars. If the proceeds of the loan are used to refinance an existing loan, the aggregate of the prepaid finance charges for the current refinancing and any previous financings by such licensee or exempt person or affiliate of such licensee or exempt person within two years of the current refinancing shall not exceed the greater of five per cent of the principal amount of the initial loan or two thousand dollars. The provisions of this section shall not prohibit such licensee or exempt person from charging, imposing or causing to be paid, directly or indirectly, prepaid finance charges in addition to those permitted by this section in connection with any additional proceeds received by the borrower in the refinancing, provided such prepaid finance charges on the additional proceeds shall not exceed five per cent of the additional proceeds.

      (b) (1) No mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender making a secondary mortgage loan may (A) charge, impose or cause to be paid, directly or indirectly, in connection with any secondary mortgage loan transaction, prepaid finance charges that exceed in the aggregate eight per cent of the principal amount of the loan, or (B) include in the loan agreement, under which prepaid finance charges have been assessed, any provision that permits the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender to demand payment of the entire loan balance prior to the scheduled maturity, except that such loan agreement may contain a provision that permits the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender to demand payment of the entire loan balance if any scheduled installment is in default for more than sixty days or if any condition of default set forth in the mortgage note exists.

      (2) Any mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender who fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection shall be liable to the borrower in an amount equal to the sum of: (A) The amount by which the total of all prepaid finance charges exceeds eight per cent of the principal amount of the loan; (B) eight per cent of the principal amount of the loan or two thousand five hundred dollars, whichever is less; and (C) the costs incurred by the borrower in bringing an action under this subsection, including reasonable attorney's fees, as determined by the court, provided no such mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender shall be liable for more than the amount specified in this subsection in a secondary mortgage loan transaction involving more than one borrower.

      (c) For purposes of this section, "additional proceeds" has the same meaning as provided in subdivision (3) of section 36a-746e and "prepaid finance charge" has the same meaning as provided in subdivision (7) of section 36a-746a.

      (d) Any mortgage deed to secure a secondary mortgage loan that is recorded in the land records of any town shall contain the word "Mortgage" in the heading, either in capital letters or underscored and shall contain the principal amount of the loan.

      (P.A. 01-34, S. 13; P.A. 04-69, S. 11; P.A. 06-45, S. 6: P.A. 07-156, S. 15; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 54; P.A. 09-207, S. 7; 09-209, S. 23.)

      History: P.A. 04-69 substituted Subdiv. "(7)" for "(6)" in definition of "prepaid finance charge"; P.A. 06-45 included in prohibition against lenders charging borrowers excessive prepaid finance charges, persons making five or fewer first mortgage loans within any period of 12 consecutive months, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-156 inserted "mortgage lender or first mortgage broker" re licensee, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 15, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to add "mortgage correspondent lender licensee", make a technical change and delete definitions of "additional proceeds" and "prepaid finance charge", added said definitions as Subsec. (c), added Subsec. (b) re secondary mortgage loan and added Subsec. (d) re mortgage deed to secure a secondary mortgage loan, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-207 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by deleting references to mortgage brokers and making technical changes, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a) by making a technical change, effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498c. Adoption of mortgage loan policy with respect to subprime mortgage loans and nontraditional mortgage loans. At least once a year, each mortgage lender and mortgage correspondent lender, both as defined in section 36a-485 and licensed under section 36a-489, shall adopt a mortgage loan policy with respect to subprime mortgage loans and nontraditional mortgage loans made by such mortgage lender or such mortgage correspondent lender based on and consistent with the most current version of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors, American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators and National Association of Consumer Credit Administrators Statement on Subprime Mortgage Lending, and the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators Guidance on Nontraditional Mortgage Product Risks. Such licensees shall comply with such policy and develop and implement internal controls that are reasonably designed to ensure such compliance. The mortgage loan policy and any residential mortgage loan, as defined in section 36a-485, made pursuant to the policy shall be subject to examination concerning prudent lending practices by the commissioner.

      (P.A. 08-176, S. 56; P.A. 09-209, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 08-176 effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 changed "mortgage loan" to "residential mortgage loan" and "Banking Commissioner" to "commissioner", effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498d. Unique identifier. The "unique identifier", as defined in section 36a-485, of any mortgage loan originator licensed under section 36a-489 originating a residential mortgage loan shall be clearly shown on all residential mortgage loan application forms, solicitations or advertisements, including business cards or web sites, and any other documents as established by rule, regulation or order of the Banking Commissioner.

      (P.A. 09-209, S. 21.)

      History: P.A. 09-209 effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498e. Prohibited acts. No person or individual who is required to be licensed and who is subject to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b may:

      (1) Directly or indirectly employ any scheme, device or artifice to defraud or mislead borrowers or lenders or to defraud any person;

      (2) Engage in any unfair or deceptive practice toward any person;

      (3) Obtain property by fraud or misrepresentation;

      (4) Solicit or enter into a contract with a borrower that provides in substance that such person or individual may earn a fee or commission through "best efforts" to obtain a loan even though no loan is actually obtained for the borrower;

      (5) Solicit, advertise or enter into a contract for specific interest rates, points or other financing terms unless the terms are actually available at the time of soliciting, advertising or contracting;

      (6) Conduct any business as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator without holding a valid license as required under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b or assist or aide and abet any person in the conduct of business as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator without a valid license as required under said sections;

      (7) Fail to make disclosures as required by sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b and any other applicable state or federal law including regulations thereunder;

      (8) Fail to comply with sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b or rules or regulations adopted under said sections or fail to comply with any other state or federal law, including the rules and regulations thereunder, applicable to any business authorized or conducted under said sections;

      (9) Make, in any manner, any false or deceptive statement or representation including, with regard to the rates, points or other financing terms or conditions for a residential mortgage loan, or engage in bait and switch advertising;

      (10) Negligently make any false statement or knowingly and wilfully make any omission of material fact in connection with any information or reports filed with a governmental agency or the system, as defined in section 36a-485, or in connection with any investigation conducted by the Banking Commissioner or another governmental agency;

      (11) Make any payment, threat or promise, directly or indirectly, to any person for the purposes of influencing the independent judgment of the person in connection with a residential mortgage loan as defined in section 36a-485 or make any payment, threat or promise, directly or indirectly, to any appraiser of a property, for the purposes of influencing the independent judgment of the appraiser with respect to the value of the property;

      (12) Collect, charge, attempt to collect or charge or use or propose any agreement purporting to collect or charge any fee prohibited by sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b;

      (13) Cause or require a borrower to obtain property insurance coverage in an amount that exceeds the replacement cost of the improvements as established by the property insurer; or

      (14) Fail to truthfully account for moneys belonging to a party to a residential mortgage loan transaction.

      (P.A. 09-209, S. 20; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 96.)

      History: P.A. 09-209 effective July 31, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 added "who is required to be licensed and who is" in introductory language, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498f. Authority of commissioner re investigations and examinations. Prohibited acts by subjects of investigation or examination. (a) In addition to any authority provided under this title, the Banking Commissioner shall have the authority to conduct investigations and examinations as follows:

      (1) For purposes of initial licensing, license renewal, license suspension, license conditioning, license revocation or termination, or general or specific inquiry or investigation to determine compliance with sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, the commissioner may access, receive and use any books, accounts, records, files, documents, information or evidence including, but not limited to: (A) Criminal, civil and administrative history information; (B) personal history and experience information including independent credit reports obtained from a consumer reporting agency described in Section 603(p) of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681a; and (C) any other documents, information or evidence the commissioner deems relevant to the inquiry or investigation regardless of the location, possession, control or custody of such documents, information or evidence.

      (2) For the purposes of investigating violations or complaints arising under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a or 36a-534b or for the purposes of examination, the commissioner may review, investigate or examine any licensee, individual or person subject to said sections as often as necessary in order to carry out the purposes of said sections. The commissioner may direct, subpoena or order the attendance of and examine under oath all persons whose testimony may be required about the loans or the business or subject matter of any such examination or investigation, and may direct, subpoena or order such person to produce books, accounts, records, files and any other documents the commissioner deems relevant to the inquiry.

      (b) Each licensee, individual or person subject to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b shall make or compile reports or prepare other information as directed by the commissioner in order to carry out the purposes of this section including accounting compilations, information lists and data concerning loan transactions in a format prescribed by the commissioner or such other information the commissioner deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (c) In making any examination or investigation authorized by this section, the commissioner may control access to any documents and records of the licensee or person under examination or investigation. The commissioner may take possession of the documents and records or place a person in exclusive charge of the documents and records in the place where they are usually kept. During the period of control, no individual or person shall remove or attempt to remove any of the documents and records except pursuant to a court order or with the consent of the commissioner. Unless the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe the documents or records of the licensee have been, or are at risk of being, altered or destroyed for purposes of concealing a violation of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a or 36a-534b, the licensee or owner of the documents and records shall have access to the documents or records as necessary to conduct its ordinary business affairs.

      (d) In order to carry out the purposes of this section, the commissioner may:

      (1) Retain attorneys, accountants or other professionals and specialists as examiners, auditors or investigators to conduct or assist in the conduct of examinations or investigations;

      (2) Enter into agreements or relationships with other government officials or regulatory associations in order to improve efficiencies and reduce regulatory burden by sharing resources, standardized or uniform methods or procedures, and documents, records, information or evidence obtained under this section;

      (3) Use, hire, contract or employ public or privately available analytical systems, methods or software to examine or investigate the licensee, individual or person subject to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b;

      (4) Accept and rely on examination or investigation reports made by other government officials, within or without this state; and

      (5) Accept audit reports made by an independent certified public accountant for the licensee, individual or person subject to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b in the course of that part of the examination covering the same general subject matter as the audit and may incorporate the audit report in the report of the examination, report of investigation or other writing of the commissioner.

      (e) The authority of this section shall remain in effect, whether such licensee, individual or person subject to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b acts or claims to act under any licensing or registration law of this state, or claims to act without such authority.

      (f) No licensee, individual or person subject to investigation or examination under this section may knowingly withhold, abstract, remove, mutilate, destroy or secrete any books, records, computer records or other information.

      (P.A. 09-209, S. 19.)

      History: P.A. 09-209 effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-498g. Severability. If any provision or application of section 36a-21, sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, or sections 36a-534a and 36a-534b to any person or circumstance is held invalid by a court of this state, the remainder of said sections or the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected.

      (P.A. 09-209, S. 22.)

      History: P.A. 09-209 effective July 31, 2009.

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(C)

GENERAL PROVISIONS

      Sec. 36a-534b. Participation in system. Authority of commissioner to establish requirements. Reports. (a)(1) In addition to any other duties imposed upon the Banking Commissioner by law, the commissioner shall require mortgage lenders, mortgage correspondent lenders, mortgage brokers and mortgage loan originators to be licensed and registered through the system. In order to carry out this requirement, the commissioner shall participate in the system and permit the system to process applications for mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker and mortgage loan originator licenses in this state and receive and maintain records related to such licenses that are allowed or required to be maintained by the commissioner. For this purpose, the commissioner may establish requirements as necessary for participation in the system, including: (A) Background checks for criminal history through (i) fingerprint or other databases, (ii) civil or administrative records, or (iii) credit history or any other information as deemed necessary by the system; (B) the payment of fees to apply for or renew licenses through the system; (C) the setting or resetting of renewal or reporting dates; and (D) the requirements for amending or surrendering a license or any other such activities as the commissioner deems necessary for participation in the system. For the purpose of participating in the system, the commissioner may waive or modify, in whole or in part, by regulation or order, any requirement of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b and to establish new requirements as reasonably necessary to participate in the system. For the purposes of implementing an orderly and efficient licensing process, the commissioner may adopt licensing regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, and interim procedures for licensing and acceptance of applications. For previously licensed individuals, the commissioner may establish expedited review and licensing procedures.

      (2) The commissioner shall report regularly to the system violations of and enforcement actions under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b and other relevant information.

      (3) The commissioner may establish relationships or enter into contracts with the system or other entities designated by the system to collect and maintain records and process transaction fees or other fees related to licensees or other persons subject to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b.

      (4) For the purposes of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, and to reduce the points of contact that the Federal Bureau of Investigation may have to maintain for purposes of subsections (b) and (c) of section 36a-488, the commissioner may use the system as a channeling agent for requesting information from and distributing information to the United States Department of Justice or any governmental agency.

      (5) For the purposes of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b, and to reduce the points of contact that the commissioner may have to maintain for purposes of subsections (b) and (c) of section 36a-488, the commissioner may use the system as a channeling agent for requesting and distributing information to and from any source, as directed by the commissioner.

      (6) The commissioner shall establish a process whereby mortgage lenders, mortgage correspondent lenders, mortgage brokers and mortgage loan originators may challenge information entered into the system by the commissioner.

      (b) (1) Each first mortgage lender license and secondary mortgage lender license in existence on June 30, 2008, shall be deemed on and after July 1, 2008, to be a mortgage lender license, as defined in section 36a-485; (2) each first mortgage correspondent lender license and secondary mortgage correspondent lender license in existence on June 30, 2008, shall be deemed on and after July 1, 2008, to be a mortgage correspondent lender license, as defined in section 36a-485; (3) each first mortgage broker license and secondary mortgage broker license in existence on June 30, 2008, shall be deemed on and after July 1, 2008, to be a mortgage broker license, as defined in section 36a-485; and (4) each originator registration in existence on June 30, 2008, shall be deemed on and after July 1, 2008, to be a mortgage loan originator license, as defined in section 36a-485.

      (c) (1) Each person licensed on July 1, 2008, as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator shall, prior to October 1, 2008, transition on to the system by submitting all licensing and license-related information required by the system for this state.

      (2) On and after July 1, 2008, any licensing or license-related filings shall be submitted exclusively through the system.

      (3) Any person making any filing or submission of any information on the system shall do so in accordance with the procedures and requirements of the system and pay the applicable fees or charges to the system. Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker and mortgage loan originator licensee shall submit to the system reports of condition that shall be in such form and shall contain such information as the system may require.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, any initial application for a license submitted on the system between October 1, 2008, and December 31, 2008, shall not be approved by the commissioner prior to January 1, 2009.

      (P.A. 08-176, S. 39; P.A. 09-209, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 08-176 effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and amending same to add provisions re system licensing and participation requirements for mortgage lenders, mortgage correspondent lenders, mortgage brokers and mortgage loan originators to be established by commissioner, and by adding Subdivs. (2) to (6) re collecting and sharing information and establishing process by which to challenge information entered into system, amended Subsec. (c)(3) by requiring lenders, brokers and loan originators to submit reports of condition to system, and changed "Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System" to "system" in Subsecs. (a), (c) and (d), effective July 31, 2009.

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PART II
FINANCE COMPANIES

      Sec. 36a-537. (Formerly Sec. 36-256a). Application. The application for a license as a sales finance company shall be on a form prescribed by the commissioner, in writing and under oath, together with such exhibits and other pertinent information as the commissioner may require. The application shall include (1) the history of criminal convictions for the ten-year period prior to the date of the application of the applicant; and the partners, if the applicant is a partnership; the members, if the applicant is a limited liability company or association; or the officers, directors and principal employees if the applicant is a corporation; and (2) sufficient information pertaining to the history of criminal convictions, in a form acceptable to the commissioner, on such applicant, partners, directors, members, officers, and principal employees as the commissioner deems necessary to make findings under section 36a-541.

      (1967, P.A. 631, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 161, 610; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 94-122, S. 251, 340; P.A. 09-208, S. 6; 09-209, S. 39.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced bank commissioner with banking commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking commissioner" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "commissioner of banking"); P.A. 94-122 changed "commissioner of banking" to "commissioner", effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-256a transferred to Sec. 36a-537 in 1995; P.A. 09-208 added requirements that application include a history of criminal convictions and sufficient information pertaining to such convictions, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 made technical changes, effective July 9, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-541. (Formerly Sec. 36-259a). Authority of commissioner to issue license or deny application for license. Withdrawal of application. If the commissioner finds, upon the filing of an application for a license as a sales finance company, that the financial responsibility, character, reputation, integrity and general fitness of the applicant and of the partners thereof if the applicant is a partnership, of the members if the applicant is a limited liability company or association, and of the officers, directors and principal employees if the applicant is a corporation, are such as to warrant belief that the business will be operated soundly and efficiently, in the public interest and consistent with the purposes of sections 36a-535 to 36a-546, inclusive, the commissioner may thereupon issue the applicant the license. If the commissioner fails to make such findings, or if the commissioner finds that the applicant has made any material misstatement in the application, the commissioner shall not issue a license, and shall notify the applicant of the denial and the reasons for such denial. The commissioner may deny an application if the commissioner finds that the applicant or any partner, member, officer, director or principal employee of the applicant has been convicted, during the ten-year period prior to the date of application, of any misdemeanor involving any aspect of the sales finance business, or any felony. Any denial of an application by the commissioner shall, when applicable, be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80. Withdrawal of an application for a license shall become effective upon receipt by the commissioner of a notice of intent to withdraw such application. The commissioner may deny a license up to the date one year after the date the withdrawal became effective.

      (1967, P.A. 631, S. 3; P.A. 94-122, S. 254, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 31; P.A. 09-208, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-259a transferred to Sec. 36a-541 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 replaced former Subsecs. (a) and (b) with provisions re findings, issuance of license and denial of application; P.A. 09-208 authorized commissioner to deny application based on certain criminal convictions, specified when withdrawal of application becomes effective, and provided that commissioner may deny license up to 1 year after date the withdrawal became effective, effective July 7, 2009.

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PART III
SMALL LOAN LENDERS

      Sec. 36a-555. (Formerly Sec. 36-225). Loan business to be licensed. No person shall (1) engage in the business of making loans of money or credit; (2) make, offer, broker or assist a borrower in Connecticut to obtain such a loan; or (3) in whole or in part, arrange such loans through a third party or act as an agent for a third party, regardless of whether approval, acceptance or ratification by the third party is necessary to create a legal obligation for the third party, through any method, including, but not limited to, mail, telephone, Internet or any electronic means, in the amount or to the value of fifteen thousand dollars or less for loans made under section 36a-563 or section 36a-565, and charge, contract for or receive a greater rate of interest, charge or consideration than twelve per cent per annum therefor, unless licensed to do so by the commissioner pursuant to sections 36a-555 to 36a-573, inclusive. The provisions of this section shall not apply to (A) a bank, (B) an out-of-state bank, (C) a Connecticut credit union, (D) a federal credit union, (E) an out-of-state credit union, (F) a savings and loan association wholly owned subsidiary service corporation, (G) a person to the extent that such person makes loans for agricultural, commercial, industrial or governmental use or extends credit through an open-end credit plan, as defined in subdivision (8) of subsection (a) of section 36a-676, for the retail purchase of consumer goods or services, (H) a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender licensed pursuant to section 36a-489 when making residential mortgage loans, as defined in section 36a-485, or (I) a licensed pawnbroker.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5937; 1949, S. 2753d; 1957, P.A. 439, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 175, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 242, S. 1; P.A. 77-129, S. 1; 77-183, S. 1, 2; P.A. 78-121, S. 71, 113; 78-303, S. 50, 136; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 88-65, S. 33; P.A. 89-338, S. 1; P.A. 92-12, S. 65; P.A. 94-122, S. 258, 340; P.A. 97-13, S. 1; P.A. 98-264; P.A. 02-111, S. 34; P.A. 04-69, S. 19; P.A. 08-176, S. 58; P.A. 09-208, S. 40; 09-209, S. 18.)

      History: 1963 act increased limit from $600 to $1,000 and added reference to charge or consideration in provision re 12% interest; 1969 act increased limit to $1,800 and deleted reference to loans of "goods or things in action"; P.A. 77-129 increased limit to $5,000; P.A. 77-183 authorized loans by building or savings and loan associations and wholly owned subsidiary service corporations; P.A. 78-121 included federal credit unions, deleted private bankers and referred to savings and loan associations rather than "building or" savings and loan associations in authority to make loans; P.A. 78-303 replaced banking commission with banking commissioner in keeping with requirements of P.A. 77-614 which repealed the commission; (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking commissioner" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "commissioner of banking"); P.A. 88-65 deleted a reference to industrial banks; P.A. 89-338 increased the limit from $5,000 to $10,000 for loans made under Sec. 36-233b, clarified that the section applies to out-of-state institutions and added the exception for entities making loans for agricultural, commercial, industrial or governmental use or extending credit through certain open-end credit plans; P.A. 92-12 made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-225 transferred to Sec. 36a-555 in 1995; P.A. 97-13 increased limit from $5,000 to $15,000 for loans made under Sec. 36a-563, deleted reference to limit of $10,000 for loans made under Sec. 36a-565, and made reference to limit of $15,000 applicable to loans made under Sec. 36a-565 to conform to existing provisions of Sec. 36a-565; P.A. 98-264 added exceptions for licensed nondepository first mortgage lenders and secondary mortgage lenders and made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 amended Subdiv. (8) by deleting "nondepository first" and amended Subdiv. (9) by deleting "secondary"; P.A. 04-69 made technical changes, and amended Subdiv. (8) by substituting "36a-498a" for "36a-498" and inserting "when making first mortgage loans, as defined in section 36a-485", and amended Subdiv. (9) by inserting "when making secondary mortgage loans, as defined in section 36a-510"; P.A. 08-176 added reference to "mortgage correspondent lender" in Subdiv. (8), deleted former Subdiv. (9), renumbered existing Subdiv. (10) as new Subdiv. (9) and made a technical change, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-208 inserted Subdiv. (1) designator, added Subdivs. (2) and (3) re loan prohibitions and made conforming changes; P.A. 09-209 replaced reference to Secs. 36a-485 to 36a-498a with reference to Sec. 36a-489 and changed "first mortgage loans" to "residential mortgage loans", effective July 31, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-556. (Formerly Sec. 36-226). Requirements for granting license. Authority of commissioner to deny application for license. Withdrawal of application. Upon the filing of the required application and license fee, the commissioner shall investigate the facts and, if the commissioner finds that (1) the experience, character and general fitness of the applicant, and of the members thereof if the applicant is a partnership, limited liability company or association, and of the officers and directors thereof if the applicant is a corporation, are satisfactory, (2) a license to such applicant will be for the convenience and advantage of the community in which the applicant's business is to be conducted, and (3) the applicant has the capital investment required by this section, the commissioner shall issue a license to the applicant to make loans in accordance with sections 36a-555 to 36a-573, inclusive. If the commissioner fails to make such findings or finds that the applicant made a material misstatement in the application, the commissioner shall not issue a license and shall notify the applicant of the denial and the reasons for such denial. The commissioner may deny an application if the commissioner finds that the applicant or any member, officer, or director of the applicant has been convicted, during the ten-year period prior to the date of application, of any misdemeanor involving any aspect of the small loan lender business, or any felony. Any denial of an application by the commissioner shall, when applicable, be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80. Withdrawal of an application for a license shall become effective upon receipt by the commissioner of a notice of intent to withdraw such application. The commissioner may deny a license up to the date one year after the date the withdrawal became effective. The capital investment shall be not less than twenty-five thousand dollars for each licensed location in a city or town with a population of ten thousand or more inhabitants and ten thousand dollars for each licensed location in a city or town with a smaller population. Population shall be determined according to the last United States census at the time a license is granted.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5940; 1949, S. 2756d; P.A. 78-303, S. 51, 136; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 91-357, S. 52, 78; P.A. 92-12, S. 66; P.A. 94-122, S. 259, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 35; P.A. 09-208, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 78-303 specified commissioner referred to in section as banking commissioner and substituted banking commissioner for banking commission elsewhere in section in keeping with P.A. 77-614 which repealed the banking commission; (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking commissioner" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "commissioner of banking"); P.A. 91-357 made technical changes; P.A. 92-12 made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-226 transferred to Sec. 36a-556 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 deleted provisions re public notice, added "limited liability company" in Subdiv. (1), added provisions re commissioner's authority to deny application for license, changed "place of business" to "location", and deleted provisions re maintenance of capital investment and exception; P.A. 09-208 authorized commissioner to deny application based on certain criminal convictions, specified when withdrawal of application becomes effective, and provided that commissioner may deny license up to 1 year after date the withdrawal became effective, effective July 7, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-557. (Formerly Sec. 36-227). Application. Withdrawal of application. (a) An application for such license shall be in writing, under oath and in the form prescribed by the commissioner, and shall include (1) the history of criminal convictions for the ten-year period prior to the date of the application of the applicant; the members, if the applicant is a partnership, limited liability company or association; or the officers and directors, if the applicant is a corporation, and (2) sufficient information pertaining to the history of criminal convictions, in a form acceptable to the commissioner, on such applicant, members, officers and directors as the commissioner deems necessary to make the findings under section 36a-556.

      (b) Withdrawal of an application for a license filed under subsection (a) of this section shall become effective upon receipt by the commissioner of a notice of intent to withdraw such application. The commissioner may deny a license up to the date one year after the date the withdrawal became effective.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5938; 1949, S. 2754d; P.A. 94-122 S. 260, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 36; P.A. 09-208, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-227 transferred to Sec. 36a-557 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 deleted provisions re content of application; P.A. 09-208 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), added Subdivs. (1) and (2) therein re criminal conviction information to be included in application and added Subsec. (b) specifying when withdrawal of application becomes effective and providing that commissioner may deny license up to 1 year after date the withdrawal became effective, effective July 7, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-573. (Formerly Sec. 36-243). Charge of greater than legal interest. Enforcement. (a) No person, except as authorized by the provisions of sections 36a-555 to 36a-573, inclusive, shall, directly or indirectly, charge, contract for or receive any interest, charge or consideration greater than twelve per cent per annum upon the loan, use or forbearance of money or credit of the amount or value of (1) five thousand dollars or less for any such transaction entered into before October 1, 1997, and (2) fifteen thousand dollars or less for any such transaction entered into on and after October 1, 1997. The provisions of this section shall apply to any person who, as security for any such loan, use or forbearance of money or credit, makes a pretended purchase of property from any person and permits the owner or pledgor to retain the possession thereof, or who, by any device or pretense of charging for the person's services or otherwise, seeks to obtain a greater compensation than twelve per cent per annum. No loan for which a greater rate of interest or charge than is allowed by the provisions of sections 36a-555 to 36a-573, inclusive, has been contracted for or received, wherever made, shall be enforced in this state, and any person in any way participating therein in this state shall be subject to the provisions of said sections, provided, a loan lawfully made after June 5, 1986, in compliance with a validly enacted licensed loan law of another state to a borrower who was not, at the time of the making of such loan, a resident of Connecticut but who has become a resident of Connecticut, may be acquired by a licensee and its interest provision shall be enforced in accordance with its terms.

      (b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall apply to any loan made or renewed in this state if the loan is made to a borrower who resides in or maintains a domicile in this state and such borrower (1) negotiates or agrees to the terms of the loan in person, by mail, by telephone or via the Internet while physically present in this state; (2) enters into or executes a loan agreement with the lender in person, by mail, by telephone or via the Internet while physically present in this state; or (3) makes a payment of the loan in this state. As used in this subsection, "payment of the loan" includes a debit on an account the borrower holds in a branch of a financial institution or the use of a negotiable instrument drawn on an account at a financial institution, and "financial institution" means any bank or credit union chartered or licensed under the laws of this state, any other state or the United States and having its main office or a branch office in this state.

      (c) Whenever it appears to the Banking Commissioner that any person has violated the provisions of subsection (a) of this section or offered a loan that violates the provisions of subsection (a), the commissioner may investigate, take administrative action or assess civil penalties and restitution in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-50 and 36a-52.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5952; 1949, S. 2765d; 1957, P.A. 439, S. 4; 1963, P.A. 175, S. 7; 1969, P.A. 242, S. 7; P.A. 77-129, S. 7; P.A. 86-216, S. 1, 3; P.A. 94-122, S. 268, 340; P.A. 97-13, S. 3; P.A. 09-208, S. 41.)

      History: 1963 act included "charge" in provision re 12% interest and raised applicable loan limit from $600 to $1,000; 1969 act raised limit to $1,800 and deleted reference to loan, etc. of "goods or things in action"; P.A. 77-129 raised limit to $5,000 and added proviso re loans exceeding allowed interest rate or charge; P.A. 86-216 amended section to permit a licensed small loan company to enforce an interest provision against an out of state borrower who becomes a Connecticut resident, even if the interest rate exceeds the maximum rate permitted under Connecticut law; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-243 transferred to Sec. 36a-573 in 1995; P.A. 97-13 increased limit from $5,000 to $15,000 for loan transactions entered into on and after October 1, 1997; P.A. 09-208 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re applicability to loans made or renewed in this state and enforcement of provisions.

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PART IV
CHECK CASHING SERVICES

      Sec. 36a-581. (Formerly Sec. 36-565). License required. Application. Authority of commissioner to deny application for license. (a) Except as provided for in section 36a-580, no person shall engage in the business of cashing checks, drafts or money orders for consideration without obtaining a license to operate a general facility or a license to operate a limited facility for each location where such business is to be conducted.

      (b) Each licensee of a limited facility shall continuously maintain at least one operating general facility. A licensee of a limited facility shall not pay any compensation or consideration to any employer.

      (c) An application for a check cashing license or renewal of such license shall be in writing, under oath and on a form provided by the commissioner. The application shall set forth: (1) The name and address of the applicant; (2) if the applicant is a firm or partnership, the names and addresses of each member of the firm or partnership; (3) if the applicant is a corporation, the names and addresses of each officer, director, authorized agent and each shareholder owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock of such corporation; (4) if the applicant is a limited liability company, the names and addresses of each member and authorized agent of such limited liability company; (5) (A) the history of criminal convictions for the ten-year period prior to the date of the application of the applicant; the members, if the applicant is a firm or partnership; the officers, directors, authorized agent and each shareholder owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock of the applicant, if the applicant is a corporation, and (B) sufficient information pertaining to the history of criminal convictions in a form acceptable to the commissioner on such applicant, members, officers, directors, authorized agent and shareholders as the commissioner deems necessary to make the findings under subsection (e) of this section; (6) each location where the check cashing business is to be conducted and the type of facility that will be operated at that location; (7) the business plan, which shall include the proposed days and hours of operation; (8) the amount of liquid assets available for each location which shall not be less than the amount specified in subdivision (7) of subsection (e) of this section; (9) for each limited facility, a copy of the executed contract evidencing the proposed arrangement between the applicant and the employer; and (10) any other information the commissioner may require.

      (d) A licensee shall not change the name or the location specified on its license unless, prior to such change in name or location, the licensee files an application with the commissioner accompanied by the applicable name change fee or location transfer fee specified in section 36a-582 and receives the approval of the commissioner. A licensee of a limited facility shall not change its approved days and hours of operation unless, prior to any such change, the licensee files an application with and receives the approval of the commissioner. No licensee shall use any name other than the name specified on the license issued by the commissioner.

      (e) Upon the filing of the required application and the applicable license and location fees, the commissioner shall investigate the facts and may issue a license if the commissioner finds that (1) the applicant is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, (2) if the applicant is a firm or partnership, each member of the firm or partnership is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, (3) if the applicant is a corporation, each officer, director, authorized agent and each shareholder owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock of such corporation is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, (4) if the applicant is a limited liability company, each member and authorized agent is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, (5) granting such license would not be against the public interest, (6) the applicant has a feasible plan for conducting business, and (7) the applicant has available and shall continuously maintain liquid assets of at least ten thousand dollars for each general facility location and at least two thousand five hundred dollars for each limited facility location specified in the application. The commissioner may deny an application if the commissioner finds that the applicant or any member, officer, director or authorized agent or shareholder owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock of the applicant has been convicted, during the ten-year period prior to the date of application, of any misdemeanor involving any aspect of the check cashing services business, or any felony. Any denial of an application by the commissioner shall, when applicable, be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80.

      (f) An applicant or licensee shall promptly notify the commissioner, in writing, of any change in the information provided in its initial or renewal application for licensure or most recent renewal of such license.

      (P.A. 88-200, S. 2; P.A. 89-178, S. 2, 8; P.A. 91-11, S. 1; P.A. 94-122, S. 270, 340; P.A. 95-253, S. 13, 19; P.A. 04-14, S. 1; P.A. 05-46, S. 8; 05-288, S. 223; P.A. 06-35, S. 4; P.A. 08-119, S. 8, 9; P.A. 09-208, S. 10, 12; 09-209, S. 40.)

      History: P.A. 89-178 substituted the commissioner of banking for the commissioner of consumer protection in Subsec. (a); Sec. 21-112 transferred to Sec. 36-565 in 1991; P.A. 91-11 amended Subsec. (c) to insert Subdiv. indicators, adding provisions to require the commissioner, prior to issuing a license, to find a need in the community for the services to be provided by the applicant and that the applicant has a feasible business plan; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-565 transferred to Sec. 36a-581 in 1995; P.A. 95-253 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for separate licenses for general and limited facilities, added a new Subsec. (b) to require a licensee of a limited facility to maintain at least one general facility, relettered Subsec. (b) as (c) and amended Subsec. (c) by providing for the form of application and by adding Subdivs. (4) to (7), inclusive, re the contents of the application, added a new Subsec. (d) re change in location, in type of facility or in time of operation, relettered Subsec. (c) as (e) and amended Subsec. (e) by adding new Subdivs. (2) and (3) re applications by firms, partnerships or corporations, deleting former Subdiv. (3) re need for services, renumbering Subdivs. (4) and (5) as (5) and (6), respectively, and adding a fee for each limited facility in Subdiv. (6), effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 04-14 amended Subsec. (c) to insert new Subdiv. (4) requiring application to set forth the names and addresses of each manager and authorized agent if applicant is a limited liability company and to redesignate existing Subdivs. (4) to (8) as Subdivs. (5) to (9), respectively, amended Subsec. (d) to restate provisions and require approval of the commissioner for application for change in location, to provide that licensee of limited facility shall not change approved days and hours of operation unless licensee files application with and receives approval of commissioner, and to eliminate prohibition re change in the type of facility, amended Subsec. (e) to insert new Subdiv. (4) authorizing commissioner to issue license if commissioner finds that each manager and authorized agent is in all respects properly qualified and of good character if applicant is a limited liability company and to redesignate existing Subdivs. (4) to (6) as Subdivs. (5) to (7), respectively, and added Subsec. (f) requiring applicant or licensee to notify commissioner of any change in information provided; P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (d) to prohibit licensee from changing the name specified on license unless licensee files application, pays applicable name change fee specified in Sec. 36a-582 and receives approval of commissioner; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (c)(7), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-35 amended Subsec. (d) to prohibit licensee from using any name other than the name specified on the license issued by commissioner, and amended Subsec. (e) to delete reference to application fees and to insert reference to location fees; P.A. 08-119 amended Subsec. (c)(4) and Subsec. (e)(4) by replacing "manager" with "member"; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (c) by adding new Subdiv. (5) requiring license application to include a history of criminal convictions and by redesignating existing Subdivs. (5) to (9) as Subdivs. (6) to (10), and amended Subsec. (e) by authorizing commissioner to deny application based on certain criminal convictions, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 made a technical change, effective July 9, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-582. (Formerly Sec. 36-566). License and location fees. Automatic suspension of license or renewal license. Notice. Opportunity for hearing. Expenses of examination. (a) Each applicant for a check cashing license shall pay to the commissioner a nonrefundable initial license fee of two thousand dollars and a nonrefundable location fee of two hundred dollars for each location, except that if such application is filed not earlier than one year before the date such license will expire, the applicant shall pay to the commissioner a nonrefundable initial license fee of one thousand dollars and a nonrefundable location fee of one hundred dollars for each location. Each licensee shall pay to the commissioner a nonrefundable (1) name change fee of one hundred dollars for each application to change a name, and (2) location transfer fee of one hundred dollars for each application to transfer a location. Each license issued pursuant to section 36a-581 shall expire at the close of business on September thirtieth of the odd-numbered year following its issuance unless such license is renewed, provided any license that is renewed effective July 1, 2007, shall expire on September 30, 2009, unless renewed. Each licensee shall, on or before September first of the year in which the license expires, pay to the commissioner a renewal license fee of one thousand five hundred dollars and a renewal location fee for each location of one hundred dollars for the succeeding two years, commencing October first. In the case of a license that expires on June 30, 2007, each licensee shall, on or before June 1, 2007, pay to the commissioner a renewal license fee of one thousand six hundred eighty-eight dollars and a renewal location fee of one hundred thirteen dollars. Any renewal application filed with the commissioner after September first, or in the case of a license that expires on June 30, 2007, after June 1, 2007, shall be accompanied by a one-hundred-dollar late fee and any such filing shall be deemed to be timely and sufficient for purposes of subsection (b) of section 4-182. Each licensee shall file with the commissioner, not later than September first of each even-numbered year, the information required by subdivision (8) of subsection (c) of section 36a-581.

      (b) If the commissioner determines that a check filed with the commissioner to pay a license or location fee has been dishonored, the commissioner shall automatically suspend the license or approval or a renewal license that has been issued but is not yet effective. The commissioner shall give the licensee notice of the automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew such license and an opportunity for a hearing on such actions in accordance with section 36a-51.

      (c) Each applicant or licensee shall pay the expenses of any examination or other investigation under sections 36a-580 to 36a-589, inclusive.

      (d) No abatement of the license or location fee shall be made if the license is surrendered, cancelled, revoked or suspended prior to the expiration of the period for which it was issued.

      (P.A. 88-200, S. 3; P.A. 89-178, S. 3, 8; P.A. 92-89, S. 16, 20; P.A. 94-122, S. 271, 340; P.A. 95-253, S. 14, 19; P.A. 04-14, S. 2; 04-257, S. 106; P.A. 05-46, S. 9; P.A. 06-35, S. 5; P.A. 09-208, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 89-178 substituted the commissioner of banking for the commissioner of consumer protection in Subsec. (a); Sec. 21-113 transferred to Sec. 36-566 in 1991; P.A. 92-89 increased the license fees in Subsec. (a) from $250 to $1,000; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-566 transferred to Sec. 36a-582 in 1995; P.A. 95-253 amended Subsec. (a) to change the license fee and renewal license fee and to add application and location transfer fees, and made technical changes to Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 04-14 inserted new Subsec. (b), requiring commissioner to automatically suspend license or approval or renewal license if commissioner determines that a check filed to pay an application or license fee has been dishonored and requiring commissioner to give notice of the automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with Sec. 36a-51, and providing that if commissioner determines a check filed to pay a location transfer fee has been dishonored, commissioner shall automatically suspend the location transfer approval pending revocation of such approval by commissioner and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with Sec. 36a-51, and redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c) as Subsecs. (c) and (d), respectively; P.A. 04-257 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. (1) re nonrefundable name change fee of $100 for each application to change a name and to designate provision re location transfer fee as Subdiv. (2), amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement for automatic suspension of location transfer approval if commissioner determines that check filed with commissioner to pay location transfer fee has been dishonored, and amended Subsec. (d) to delete provision re no abatement of location transfer fee; P.A. 06-35 amended Subsec. (a) to revise procedures and fees for application, renewal and expiration of licenses, changing period of validity of licenses from one to two years, deleting reference to application fee and inserting references to license and location fees, and imposing a $100 late fee for late filings of renewal applications, and amended Subsecs. (b) and (d) to delete reference to application fee and insert reference to location fee; P.A. 09-208 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 7, 2009.

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PART V
PAYMENT INSTRUMENTS. MONEY TRANSMISSION

      Sec. 36a-596. (Formerly Sec. 36-531). Definitions. As used in sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive:

      (1) "Electronic payment instrument" means a card or other tangible object for the transmission of money or monetary value or payment of money which contains a microprocessor chip, magnetic stripe, or other means for the storage of information, that is prefunded and for which the value is decremented upon each use, but does not include a card or other tangible object that is redeemable by the issuer in the issuer's goods or services.

      (2) "Holder" means a person, other than a purchaser, who is either in possession of a Connecticut payment instrument and is the named payee thereon or in possession of a Connecticut payment instrument issued or endorsed to such person or bearer or in blank. "Holder" does not include any person who is in possession of a lost, stolen or forged Connecticut payment instrument.

      (3) "Licensee" means any person licensed or required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive.

      (4) "Material litigation" means any litigation that, according to generally accepted accounting principles, is deemed significant to a person's financial health and would be required to be referenced in a person's annual audited financial statements, report to shareholders or similar documents.

      (5) "Monetary value" means a medium of exchange, whether or not redeemable in money.

      (6) "Money order" means any check, draft, money order or other payment instrument. "Money order" does not include a travelers check or electronic payment instrument.

      (7) "Money transmission" means engaging in the business of receiving money or monetary value for current or future transmission or the business of transmitting money or monetary value within the United States or to locations outside the United States by any and all means including, but not limited to, payment instrument, wire, facsimile or electronic transfer or issuing stored value.

      (8) "Net worth" means the excess of assets over liabilities as determined by generally accepted accounting principles.

      (9) "Outstanding" means, in the case of a money order, travelers check, electronic payment instrument or stored value, that: (A) It is sold or issued in the United States; (B) a report of it has been received by a licensee from its agents; and (C) it has not yet been paid by the issuer.

      (10) "Payment instrument" means a money order, travelers check or electronic payment instrument that evidences either an obligation for the transmission of money or monetary value or payment of money, or the purchase or the deposit of funds for the purchase of such money order, travelers check or electronic payment instrument. A payment instrument is a "Connecticut payment instrument" if it is sold in this state.

      (11) "Permissible investment" means: (A) Cash in United States currency; (B) time deposits, as defined in section 36a-2, or other debt instruments of a bank; (C) bills of exchange or bankers acceptances which are eligible for purchase by member banks of the Federal Reserve System; (D) commercial paper of prime quality; (E) interest-bearing bills, notes, bonds, debentures or other obligations issued or guaranteed by: (i) The United States or any of its agencies or instrumentalities, or (ii) any state, or any agency, instrumentality, political subdivision, school district or legally constituted authority of any state if such investment is of prime quality; (F) interest-bearing bills or notes, or bonds, debentures or preferred stocks, traded on any national securities exchange or on a national over-the-counter market, if such debt or equity investments are of prime quality; (G) receivables due from selling agents consisting of the proceeds of the sale of payment instruments which are not past due or doubtful of collection; (H) gold; and (I) any other investments approved by the commissioner. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, if the commissioner at any time finds that an investment of a licensee is unsatisfactory for investment purposes, the investment shall not qualify as a permissible investment.

      (12) "Prime quality" of an investment means that it is within the top four rating categories in any rating service recognized by the commissioner unless the commissioner determines for any licensee that only those investments in the top three rating categories qualify as "prime quality".

      (13) "Purchaser" means a person who buys or has bought a Connecticut payment instrument or who has given money or monetary value for current or future transmission.

      (14) "Stored value" means monetary value that is evidenced by an electronic record. For the purposes of this subdivision, "electronic record" means information that is stored in an electronic medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

      (15) "Travelers check" means a payment instrument for the payment of money that contains a provision for a specimen signature of the purchaser to be completed at the time of a purchase of the instrument and a provision for a countersignature of the purchaser to be completed at the time of negotiation.

      (16) "Unsafe or unsound practice" means a practice or conduct by a licensee or an agent of such licensee that is likely to result in a material loss, insolvency or dissipation of the licensee's assets or otherwise materially prejudice the interests of purchasers.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 2; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 92-12, S. 96; P.A. 94-122, S. 276, 340; P.A. 98-192, S. 3; 98-258, S. 4; P.A. 01-56, S. 3; P.A. 02-73, S. 84; P.A. 04-14, S. 3; 04-136, S. 43; P.A. 07-91, S. 8; P.A. 09-208, S. 13.)

      History: (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking commissioner" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "commissioner of banking"); P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs. and Subparas.; P.A. 94-122 deleted former Subdivs. (1) and (2) defining "commissioner" and "financial institution", renumbered former Subdivs. (3) through (9) as Subdivs. (1) through (7), deleted Subdiv. (10) defining "person" and renumbered former Subdivs. (11) through (13) as Subdivs. (8) through (10), effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-531 transferred to Sec. 36a-596 in 1995; (Revisor's note: In 1997 the reference in Subdiv. (7) to "... time deposits, as defined in subdivision (55) of section 36a-2 ..." was corrected editorially by the Revisors to "... time deposits, as defined in subdivision (62) of section 36a-2 ..." to reflect the current internal numbering of that section); P.A. 98-192 added new Subdiv. (1) defining "electronic payment instrument", made conforming changes and redesignated existing Subdivs. (1) to (10) as Subdivs. (2) to (11); P.A. 98-258 made a technical change in Subdiv. (7); P.A. 01-56 made technical changes in Subdiv. (2) defining "holder", deleted former Subdiv. (3) defining "instrument" and renumbered existing Subdiv. (4) as Subdiv. (3), added new Subdiv. (4) defining "material litigation", made technical changes in Subdiv. (5) defining "money order", added new Subdiv. (6) defining "money transmission" and renumbered existing Subdivs. (6) and (7) as Subdivs. (7) and (8), redefined "outstanding" in redesignated Subdiv. (8), added new Subdiv. (9) defining "payment instrument", renumbered existing Subdivs. (8) to (11) as Subdivs. (10) to (13) and made technical changes in redesignated Subdivs. (10) to (13); P.A. 02-73 amended Subdiv.(10)(B) by changing reference from Subdiv. (63) to Subdiv. (65) of Sec. 36a-2; P.A. 04-14 added definitions of "monetary value" in new Subdiv. (5) and "stored value" and "electronic record" in new Subdiv. (14), renumbering the existing Subdivs. accordingly, inserted references to "monetary value" and "current or future" transmission in definition of "money transmission", inserted references to "stored value" in definitions of "money transmission" and "outstanding" and, in Subpara. (A) of the latter definition, inserted "or issued", and made a technical change in definition of "permissible investment", effective April 16, 2004; P.A. 04-136 amended Subdiv. (10)(B) to make a technical change, effective May 12, 2004; P.A. 07-91 inserted references to transmission "of money or monetary value" in definitions of "electronic payment instrument" and "payment instrument" in Subdivs. (1) and (10) ; P.A. 09-208 redefined "licensee" in Subdiv. (3), "outstanding" in Subdiv. (9) and "purchaser" in Subdiv. (13) and defined "unsafe or unsound practice" in Subdiv. (16), effective July 7, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-597. (Formerly Sec. 36-532). License required. Penalty. (a) No person shall engage in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments, or engage in the business of money transmission, without a license issued by the commissioner as provided in section 36a-600. No person shall engage in such business or in the business of selling Connecticut payment instruments as an agent, except as an agent of a person that has been issued a license by the commissioner as provided in section 36a-600 or an entity or a person exempt under section 36a-609 and in accordance with section 36a-607. The licensee and the agent shall promptly notify the commissioner, in writing, of the termination of the contract between such licensee and agent.

      (b) Any person who knowingly engages in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments, or who knowingly engages in the business of money transmission, without obtaining a license, as provided in section 36a-600, shall be guilty of a class D felony. Each transaction in violation of the provisions of this subsection shall constitute a separate offense.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 3; P.A. 01-56, S. 4; P.A. 03-61, S. 3; P.A. 04-61, S. 1; P.A. 09-208, S. 14.)

      History: Sec. 36-532 transferred to Sec. 36a-597 in 1995; P.A. 01-56 changed "Connecticut instruments" to "Connecticut payment instruments" and reworded language re money transmission; P.A. 03-61 substituted "or an entity or a person exempt under section 36a-609 and in accordance with" for "as provided in"; P.A. 04-61 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) re criminal penalty for knowingly engaging in business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments or money transmission without a license; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (a) by removing references to "subagents" of licensees, requiring licensee and agent to notify commissioner in writing of the termination of the contract between them, and making technical changes, effective July 7, 2009.

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      Sec. 36a-598. (Formerly Sec. 36-533). Application. Notice to commissioner required. (a) Each application for an original or renewal license required under sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, shall be made in writing and under oath to the commissioner in such form as the commissioner may prescribe. The application shall include:

      (1) The exact name of the applicant and, if incorporated, the date of incorporation and the state where incorporated;

      (2) The complete address of the principal office from which the business is to be conducted and of the office where the books and records of the applicant are to be maintained;

      (3) The complete name and address of each of the applicant's branches, subsidiaries, affiliates and agents, if any, engaging in this state in the business of selling or issuing Connecticut payment instruments, or engaging in the business of money transmission;

      (4) The name, title, address and telephone number of the person to whom notice of the commissioner's approval or disapproval of the application shall be sent and to whom any inquiries by the commissioner concerning the application shall be directed;

      (5) The name and residence address of the individual, if the applicant is an individual; the partners, if the applicant is a partnership; the directors, trustees, principal officers, and any shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of its securities, if the applicant is a corporation or association; or the members, if the applicant is a limited liability company;

      (6) The most recently audited unconsolidated financial statement of the applicant, including its balance sheet and receipts and disbursements for the preceding year, prepared by an independent certified public accountant acceptable to the commissioner;

      (7) A list of the applicant's permissible investments, the book and market values of such investments, and the dollar amount of the applicant's aggregate outstanding payment instruments (A) as of the date of the financial statement filed in accordance with subdivision (6) of this subsection; and (B) as of a date no earlier than thirty business days prior to the filing of the application;

      (8) The history of material litigation for the five-year period prior to the date of the application of the individual, if the applicant is an individual; the partners, if the applicant is a partnership; the directors, trustees, principal officers and any shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of its securities, if the applicant is a corporation or association; or the members, if the applicant is a limited liability company, and sufficient information pertaining to the history of material litigation, in a form acceptable to the commissioner, on such individual or the partners, directors, trustees, principal officers, members and any shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of the applicant's securities;

      (9) (A) The history of criminal convictions for the ten-year period prior to the date of the application of the individual, if the applicant is an individual; the partners, if the applicant is a partnership; the directors, trustees, principal officers and any shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of its securities if the applicant is a corporation or association; or the members, if the applicant is a limited liability company, and (B) sufficient information pertaining to the history of criminal convictions, in a form acceptable to the commissioner, on such individual or the partners, directors, trustees, principal officers, members and any shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of the applicant's securities;

      (10) (A) The surety bond required by subsection (a) of section 36a-602, if applicable;

      (B) A list of the investments maintained in accordance with subsection (c) of section 36a-602, if applicable, and the book and market values of any such investments (i) as of the date of the financial statement filed in accordance with subdivision (6) of this subsection; and (ii) as of a date no earlier than thirty business days prior to the filing of the application;

      (11) A statement of whether the applicant will engage in the business of issuing money orders, travelers checks or electronic payment instruments or engage in the business of money transmission in this state; and

      (12) Any other information the commissioner may require.

      (b) An applicant or licensee shall promptly notify the commissioner, in writing, of any change in the information provided in the application for license or most recent renewal of such license.

      (c) A licensee shall not change the name specified on its license unless, prior to such change in name, the licensee files an application with the commissioner accompanied by the name change fee specified in subsection (a) of section 36a-599 and receives the approval of the commissioner.

      (d) A licensee shall provide a written notice to the commissioner no later than one business day after the licensee has reason to know of the occurrence of any of the following events:

      (1) The filing of a petition by or against the licensee under the United States Bankruptcy Code for bankruptcy or reorganization;

      (2) The filing of a petition by or against the licensee for receivership, the commencement of any other judicial or administrative proceeding for its dissolution or reorganization, or the making of a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors;

      (3) The commencement of a proceeding to revoke or suspend its license to engage in money transmission in another state or a foreign country, or other formal or informal regulatory action by any governmental agency against the licensee and the reasons therefor;

      (4) The commencement of any action by the Attorney General or the attorney general of any other state and the reasons therefor;

      (5) The cancellation or other impairment of the licensee's bond or other security, including notice of claims filed against the licensee's bond or other security;

      (6) A conviction of the licensee or of a partner, director, trustee, principal officer, member or shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of the licensee's securities for a misdemeanor involving the money transmission business or the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments, or a felony; or

      (7) A conviction of its agent for a felony.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 4; P.A. 92-12, S. 97; P.A. 94-122, S. 277, 340; P.A. 98-192, S. 4; P.A. 01-56, S. 5; P.A. 03-19, S. 84; P.A. 04-14, S. 4; P.A. 05-46, S. 11; P.A. 08-119, S. 11; P.A. 09-208, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs. and Subdivs.; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-533 transferred to Sec. 36a-598 in 1995; P.A. 98-192 amended Subdiv. (9) by adding reference to electronic payment instrument and making conforming changes; P.A. 01-56 amended Subdiv. (5) by changing 20% stock ownership threshold to 10% ownership of securities and required name and addresses of persons holding securities, added new Subdiv. (8) re history of material litigation and criminal convictions, renumbered existing Subdivs. (8) to (10) as Subdivs. (9) to (11), added language re money transmission in Subdivs. (3) and (10) and made technical and conforming changes throughout; P.A. 03-19 made a technical change in Subdiv. (10), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 04-14 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), and amended same by inserting in Subdivs. (5) and (8) new Subpara. (D) re managers, if applicant is a limited liability company, inserting reference to "managers" in Subdiv. (5), and making technical changes in Subdivs. (7)(A) and (9)(B), and inserted new Subsec. (b) requiring applicant or licensee to notify commissioner of any change in information provided; P.A. 05-46 added Subsec. (c) to prohibit licensee from changing the name specified on license unless licensee files application, pays name change fee specified in Sec. 36a-599(a) and receives approval of commissioner; P.A. 08-119 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change and to replace "managers" with "members" in Subdivs. (5)(D) and (8)(D) ; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision in Subdiv. (5) requiring applicants to submit sufficient information to commissioner as commissioner deems necessary to make the findings required under Sec. 36a-600, adding new Subdiv. (9) requiring applicants to submit information concerning criminal convictions, redesignating existing Subdiv. (9) as Subdiv. (10), deleting Subpara. (C) therein re commissioner to defer compliance, redesignating existing Subdivs. (10) and (11) as Subdivs. (11) and (12), and making conforming and technical changes, and added Subsec. (d) requiring licensee to provide written notice to commissioner upon the occurrence of events listed in Subdivs. (1) to (7).

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      Sec. 36a-599. (Formerly Sec. 36-534). Investigation, license and name change fees. Term of license. Surrender of license. (a) Each application for an original license shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable investigation fee of six hundred twenty-five dollars and a license fee of two thousand two hundred fifty dollars, except that if such application is filed not earlier than one year before the date such license will expire, the applicant shall pay a nonrefundable investigation fee of six hundred twenty-five dollars and a license fee of one thousand two hundred fifty dollars. Each application for a renewal license shall be accompanied by a license fee of two thousand two hundred fifty dollars, or in the case of a license that expires on June 30, 2007, a license fee of two thousand two hundred fifty dollars. The license fee shall be refunded if the application for an original license is denied, the commissioner refuses to issue a renewal license or an application for a license or renewal license is withdrawn prior to issuance of a license or renewal license by the commissioner. Each licensee shall pay to the commissioner a nonrefundable name change fee of two hundred dollars for each application to change a name. No licensee shall use any name other than the name specified on the license issued by the commissioner.

      (b) A license issued pursuant to sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, shall expire at the close of business on September thirtieth of the odd-numbered year following its issuance, unless renewed or earlier surrendered, suspended or revoked pursuant to said sections, provided any license that is renewed effective July 1, 2007, shall expire on September 30, 2009. Not later than fifteen days after a licensee ceases to engage in this state in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments or ceases to engage in the business of money transmission for any reason, including a business decision to terminate operations in this state, license revocation, bankruptcy or voluntary dissolution, such licensee shall surrender to the commissioner in person or by registered or certified mail its license for each location in which such licensee has ceased to engage in such business.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 5; P.A. 88-150, S. 8; P.A. 92-89, S. 15, 20; P.A. 98-192, S. 5; P.A. 01-56, S. 6; P.A. 05-46, S. 12; P.A. 06-35, S. 7; P.A. 08-119, S. 12; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 381.)

      History: P.A. 88-150 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing the investigation fee to $500 and increasing the license fee to $500, and deleted obsolete Subsec. (c) concerning license fees and the term of a license; P.A. 92-89 deleted the $500 investigation fee and increased the license fee from $500 to $1,000 in Subsec. (a); Sec. 36-534 transferred to Sec. 36a-599 in 1995; P.A. 98-192 amended Subsec. (a) by imposing a nonrefundable investigation fee of $500; P.A. 01-56 amended Subsec. (a) by eliminating the investigation fee for a renewal license and by making conforming language changes re renewal license fee and refund of fees; P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision re nonrefundable name change fee of $100 for each application to change a name; P.A. 06-35 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee for original license from $1,000 to $2,000, to add exception that if application is filed not earlier than one year before date the license expires, applicant shall pay nonrefundable investigation fee of $500 and license fee of $1,000, to increase license fee for renewal license from $1,000 to $2,000, to provide that if license expires on June 30, 2007, fee shall be $2,250, and to prohibit licensee from using any name other than that specified on license issued by commissioner, and amended Subsec. (b) to provide that license expires at close of business on September thirtieth of odd-numbered year following issuance, unless renewed, surrendered, suspended or revoked, except that license renewed effective July 1, 2007, expires on September 30, 2009, and to delete reference to license expiration on thirtieth day of June following date of issuance; P.A. 08-119 amended Subsec. (b) to add requirement for surrender of license when licensee ceases to engage in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments or of money transmission; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fees.

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      Sec. 36a-600. (Formerly Sec. 36-536). Investigation of applicant. Issuance of license. Authority of commissioner to deny application for license. (a) Upon the filing of an application for an original license, and the payment of the fees for investigation and license, the commissioner shall investigate the financial condition and responsibility, financial and business experience, character and general fitness of the applicant. The commissioner shall approve conditionally any application, if the commissioner finds that:

      (1) The applicant's financial condition is sound;

      (2) The applicant's business will be conducted honestly, fairly, equitably, carefully and efficiently within the purposes and intent of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, and in a manner commanding the confidence and trust of the community;

      (3) (A) If the applicant is an individual, such individual is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, (B) if the applicant is a partnership, each partner is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, (C) if the applicant is a corporation or association, each president, chairperson of the executive committee, senior officer responsible for the corporation's business, chief financial officer or any other person who performs similar functions as determined by the commissioner, director, trustee and each shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of the securities of such corporation is in all respects properly qualified and of good character, or (D) if the applicant is a limited liability company, each member is in all respects properly qualified and of good character;

      (4) The applicant is in compliance with the provisions of sections 36a-603 and 36a-604;

      (5) No person on behalf of the applicant knowingly has made any incorrect statement of a material fact in the application, or in any report or statement made pursuant to sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive; and

      (6) No person on behalf of the applicant knowingly has omitted to state any material fact necessary to give the commissioner any information lawfully required by the commissioner.

      (b) If the commissioner conditionally approves an application, the applicant shall have thirty days, which the commissioner may extend for cause, to comply with the requirements of section 36a-602. Upon such compliance, the commissioner's conditional approval shall become final, and the commissioner shall issue a license to the applicant. The commissioner shall not issue a license to any applicant unless the applicant is in compliance with all the requirements of subsection (a) of this section and section 36a-602 and has paid the investigation and license fee required under section 36a-599.

      (c) The commissioner may deny an application if the commissioner finds that the applicant or any of its partners, directors, trustees, principal officers or shareholders owning ten per cent or more of the shares of the applicant or members have been convicted, during the ten-year period prior to the date of application, of any misdemeanor involving any aspect of the money transmission business or the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments, or any felony. Any denial of an application by the commissioner shall, when applicable, be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 7; P.A. 94-122, S. 278, 340; P.A. 01-56, S. 7; P.A. 04-14, S. 5; P.A. 08-119, S. 13; P.A. 09-208, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-536 transferred to Sec. 36a-600 in 1995; P.A. 01-56 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdiv. (3) re good character of various persons as applicants and by renumbering existing Subdivs. (3) to (5) as Subdivs. (4) to (6); P.A. 04-14 amended Subsec. (b) to require that applicant pay investigation and license fee required under Sec. 36a-599; P.A. 08-119 added Subsec. (a)(3)(D) re applicant that is a limited liability company; P.A. 09-208 added Subsec. (c) authorizing commissioner to deny application based on certain convictions.

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      Sec. 36a-602. (Formerly Sec. 36-538). Surety bond or investments required. Authority of commissioner to proceed on bond. Cancellation of surety bond. Notice of cancellation. Automatic suspension of license. Notice. Opportunity for hearing. (a) As a condition for the issuance and retention of the license, applicants for a license and licensees shall file with the commissioner a surety bond, the form of which shall be approved by the Attorney General, issued by a bonding company or insurance company authorized to do business in this state. The bond shall be in favor of the commissioner, cover claims that arise during the period the license remains in full force and effect and the succeeding two years after such license has been surrendered, revoked or suspended or has expired, in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, and be in the principal sum of (1) three hundred thousand dollars for any applicant and any licensee that engages in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments with an average daily balance of outstanding Connecticut payment instruments during the two previous reporting quarters of three hundred thousand dollars or less or any licensee that engages in the business of money transmission with an average weekly amount of money or monetary value received or transmitted, whichever amount is greater, during the two previous reporting quarters of one hundred fifty thousand dollars or less; (2) five hundred thousand dollars for any licensee that engages in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments with an average daily balance of outstanding Connecticut payment instruments during the two previous reporting quarters of greater than three hundred thousand dollars but less than five hundred thousand dollars or any licensee that engages in the business of money transmission with an average weekly amount of money or monetary value received or transmitted, whichever amount is greater, during the two previous reporting quarters of greater than one hundred fifty thousand dollars but less than two hundred fifty thousand dollars; and (3) one million dollars for any licensee that engages in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments with an average daily balance of outstanding Connecticut payment instruments during the two previous reporting quarters equal to or greater than five hundred thousand dollars or any licensee that engages in the business of money transmission with an average weekly amount of money or monetary value received or transmitted, whichever amount is greater, during the two previous reporting quarters of two hundred fifty thousand dollars or greater. The proceeds of the bond, even if commingled with other assets of the licensee, shall be deemed by operation of law to be held in trust for the benefit of any claimants against the licensee to serve the faithful performance of the obligations of the licensee with respect to the receipt, handling, transmission or payment of money or monetary value in connection with the sale and issuance of Connecticut payment instruments or transmission of money or monetary value in the event of the bankruptcy of the licensee, and shall be immune from attachment by creditors or judgment creditors. The commissioner may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to collect any civil penalty imposed upon the licensee pursuant to subsection (a) of section 36a-50. In the event a license has been surrendered, revoked or suspended or has expired, in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, the commissioner, in the commissioner's discretion, may lower the required principal sum of the bond based on the licensee's level of business and outstanding Connecticut payment instruments.

      (b) The surety company may cancel the bond at any time by a written notice to the licensee, stating the date cancellation shall take effect. Such notice shall be sent by certified mail to the licensee at least thirty days prior to the date of cancellation. A surety bond shall not be cancelled unless the surety company notifies the commissioner in writing not less than thirty days prior to the effective date of cancellation. After receipt of such notification from the surety company, the commissioner shall give written notice to the licensee of the date such bond cancellation shall take effect. The commissioner shall automatically suspend the license on such date, unless the licensee, prior to such date, submits (1) a letter of reinstatement of the bond from the surety company, (2) a new bond, (3) evidence that all of the principal sum of such surety bond has been invested as provided in subsection (c) of this section, (4) a new bond that replaces the surety bond in part and evidence that the remaining part of the principal sum of such surety bond has been invested as provided in subsection (c) of this section, or (5) evidence that the licensee has ceased business and has surrendered the license. After a license has been automatically suspended, the commissioner shall give the licensee notice of the automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew such license and an opportunity for a hearing on such actions in accordance with section 36a-51 and require the licensee to take or refrain from taking such action as in the opinion of the commissioner will effectuate the purposes of this section.

      (c) In lieu of all or part of the principal sum of such surety bonds, applicants for a license and licensees may invest such sum as provided in this subsection. The book or market value, whichever is lower, of such investments shall be equal to the amount of the bond required by subsection (a) of this section less the amount of the bond filed with the commissioner by the applicant or licensee. Such applicants and licensees shall keep such investments with such banks, Connecticut credit unions or federal credit unions as such applicants or licensees may designate and the commissioner may approve, and subject to such conditions as the commissioner deems necessary for the protection of consumers and in the public interest. As used in this subsection, "investments" means: (1) Dollar deposits; and (2) interest-bearing bills, notes, bonds, debentures or other obligations issued or guaranteed by (A) the United States or any of its agencies or instrumentalities, or (B) any state, or any agency, instrumentality, political subdivision, school district or legally constituted authority of any state if such investment is of prime quality. The investments shall secure the same obligation as would a surety bond filed under this section. The investments shall be held at such banks or credit unions to cover claims during the period the license remains in full force and effect and the succeeding two years after such license has been surrendered, revoked or suspended or has expired in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive. The licensee shall be permitted to collect interest on such investments and at any time to exchange, examine and compare such investments. The investments made pursuant to this section, even if commingled with other assets of the licensee, shall be deemed by operation of law to be held in trust for the benefit of any claimants against the licensee to serve the faithful performance of the obligations of the licensee with respect to the receipt, handling, transmission or payment of money or monetary value in connection with the sale and issuance of Connecticut payment instruments or transmission of money or monetary value in the event of the bankruptcy of the licensee, and shall be immune from attachment by creditors or judgment creditors.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 9; P.A. 91-306, S. 1; P.A. 94-122, S. 280, 340; P.A. 98-192, S. 6; P.A. 01-56, S. 9; P.A. 02-111, S. 39; P.A. 03-61, S. 4; P.A. 04-14, S. 7; P.A. 06-35, S. 9; P.A. 07-91, S. 9; P.A. 09-208, S. 17.)

      History: P.A. 91-306 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting existing provisions re amount of bond and added Subdivs. (1), (2) and (3) re principal sum of bond; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-538 transferred to Sec. 36a-602 in 1995; P.A. 98-192 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re two-year time period for bond to remain in place and adding specific requirements for licensees that engage in the business of receiving money for transmitting the same; P.A. 01-56 amended Subsec. (a) by changing "Connecticut instruments" to "Connecticut payment instruments", by rewording language re money transmission and by replacing provisions re trust fund with provisions re proceeds of bond deemed to be held in trust for benefit of claimants, and amended Subsec. (c) by replacing provisions re investment maintained in trust with provisions re investments deemed to be held in trust for benefit of claimants; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re authority of commissioner to proceed on bond to collect civil penalty imposed pursuant to Sec. 36a-50(a); P.A. 03-61 changed "corporate surety bond" to "surety bond" throughout, amended Subsec. (a) by revising provisions re approval of form, coverage of bond and beginning of two-year period and by adding provision re surrendered, revoked, suspended or expired license and amended Subsec. (c) by inserting "Connecticut"; P.A. 04-14 amended Subsec. (a)(1), (2) and (3) to replace references to "equivalent thereof" with references to "monetary value received or transmitted, whichever amount is greater", and to insert references to "monetary value" in provisions re proceeds of the bond to be held in trust for benefit of claimants against licensee, added new Subsec. (b) re cancellation of surety bond and automatic suspension of license and redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c) as new Subsecs. (c) and (d), respectively, revising internal reference accordingly, effective April 16, 2004; P.A. 06-35 amended Subsec. (c) to require applicants and licensees to keep investments with such banks, Connecticut credit unions or federal credit unions as applicants or licensees designate, to require that investments be held subject to such conditions as commissioner deems necessary for protection of consumers and in the public interest and to define "investments" to include "dollar deposits" and "interest-bearing" bills, notes, bonds, debentures or other obligations, deleting former Subdiv. designators (1) and (2), reference to "in accordance with such regulations as the commissioner may adopt", and Subsec. designator (d), to add provision requiring investments to be held at banks or credit unions to cover claims during period license remains in effect and the succeeding two years after license has been surrendered, revoked or suspended or has expired, and to make conforming changes, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (a) to insert references to "Connecticut" payment instruments and transmission of "monetary value", and amended Subsec. (c) to insert references to transmission or payment of "monetary value" and to make a technical change; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (b) by requiring commissioner to give written notice to licensee of the effective date of a bond cancellation, by providing that license shall be automatically suspended unless licensee submits letter of reinstatement from the surety company or a new bond, and by making conforming and technical changes.

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      Sec. 36a-605. (Formerly Sec. 36-541). Examination of licensees. In connection with the examination of a licensee under section 36a-17, the commissioner may also examine the agents of such licensee. The commissioner, in lieu of conducting an examination, may accept the report of examination of any other state or federal supervisory agency or any organization affiliated with or representing such supervisory agency with respect to the examination or other supervision of any person subject to the provisions of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, or a report prepared by an independent accounting firm, and reports so accepted are considered for purposes of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, as an official examination report of the commissioner.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 12; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 94-122, S. 281, 340; P.A. 01-56, S. 12; P.A. 04-14, S. 10; P.A. 08-176, S. 78; P.A. 09-208, S. 18.)

      History: (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking department" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "department of banking"); P.A. 94-122 deleted language allowing authorized employees of the commissioner to examine a licensee's books and records, language allowing employees of a licensee to be examined by the commissioner and language requiring a licensee to pay the cost of such examination, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-541 transferred to Sec. 36a-605 in 1995; P.A. 01-56 deleted existing provisions re commissioner's examination of licensee, added new Subsec. (a) re examination under Sec. 36a-17 or acceptance of a report in lieu thereof and added new Subsec. (b) permitting the commissioner to enter into cooperative, coordinating and information-sharing agreements; P.A. 04-14 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that agreement may include provisions re assessment or sharing of fees for examination or supervision; P.A. 08-176 deleted former Subsec. (b) re information sharing agreements and made a technical change, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-208 removed reference to subagents of licensee.

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      Sec. 36a-607. (Formerly Sec. 36-543). Conduct of business by agent. (a) A licensee may conduct its business at one or more locations within this state as follows:

      (1) The business may be conducted by the licensee or through or by means of such agents as the licensee may periodically designate or appoint. An agent may not engage in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments or the business of money transmission on behalf of a licensee through or by means of a subagent.

      (2) No license under sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, shall be required of any agent of a licensee.

      (3) Each agent of a licensee shall, from the moment of receipt, hold the proceeds of a sale or delivery of a licensee's Connecticut payment instruments in trust for the benefit of such licensee.

      (4) A licensee shall be liable for the loss caused to any purchaser or holder of the licensee's Connecticut payment instruments by the failure of an agent of the licensee to forward to the licensee the amount due from the proceeds of a sale or delivery of the licensee's Connecticut payment instruments, or money or monetary value received for transmission.

      (5) The licensee shall enter into a contract with each of its agents that requires the agent to operate in full compliance with sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, and provides that appointment of the agent is not effective during any period when the license of the licensee has been suspended. The licensee shall provide each such agent with policies and procedures sufficient to ensure compliance with sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive.

      (6) An agent of a licensee shall remit all money owing to the licensee in accordance with the terms of the contract between the licensee and the agent.

      (7) An agent of a licensee shall not provide money transmission services outside the scope of activity permissible under the contract between the agent and the licensee.

      (b) For purposes of subsection (a) of this section, a licensee means any person that has obtained a license from the commissioner as provided in section 36a-600 and any entity or person exempt under section 36a-609.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 14; P.A. 92-12, S. 98; P.A. 01-56, S. 14; P.A. 03-61, S. 5; P.A. 07-91, S. 11; P.A. 09-208, S. 19.)

      History: P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs.; Sec. 36-543 transferred to Sec. 36a-607 in 1995; P.A. 01-56 amended Subdivs. (3) and (4) by changing "Connecticut instruments" to "Connecticut payment instruments" and amended Subdiv. (4) by adding language re money transmission; P.A. 03-61 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) providing that licensee includes entity or person exempt under Sec. 36a-609; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (a)(4) to insert reference to "monetary value"; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (a) by prohibiting agent of a licensee from engaging in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments or of money transmission on behalf of a licensee through or by means of a subagent in Subdiv. (1), by deleting references to subagents in Subdivs. (1) to (4) and making a conforming change in Subdiv. (3), and by adding Subdivs. (5) to (7) re contracts between licensees and their agents and amended Subsec. (b) by redefining "licensee".

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      Sec. 36a-608. (Formerly Sec. 36-544). Enforcement powers of commissioner. (a) The commissioner shall make such investigations and conduct such hearings as the commissioner considers necessary to determine whether any licensee or any other person has violated or is about to violate any of the provisions of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, or whether any licensee has acted in such manner as otherwise would justify the suspension or revocation of the license. The provisions of section 36a-17 shall apply to such investigation.

      (b) The commissioner may suspend or revoke a license or take any other action, in accordance with section 36a-51, on any ground on which the commissioner might refuse to issue an original license, for any violation of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, or of any regulation adopted under said sections, for noncompliance with an order that the commissioner may issue under said sections to a licensee, for failure of the licensee to pay a judgment ordered by any court within or outside this state within thirty days after the judgment becomes final or within thirty days after expiration or termination of a stay of execution of the judgment, for engaging in fraud, intentional misrepresentation or gross negligence, or for engaging in an unsafe and unsound practice.

      (c) Whenever it appears to the commissioner that any person has violated, is violating or is about to violate any provision of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, or any regulation adopted under said sections, or any licensee has failed to pay a judgment ordered by any court within or outside of this state thirty days after the date on which the judgment becomes final or thirty days after the date of the expiration or termination of a stay of execution of the judgment, or engaged in fraud, intentional misrepresentation or gross negligence, or engaged in an unsafe and unsound practice, the commissioner may take action against such person in accordance with sections 36a-50 and 36a-52.

      (d) The commissioner may order a licensee to terminate its agency relationship with any agent if the commissioner finds that: (1) The agent violated any provision of sections 36a-595 to 36a-610, inclusive, or any regulation adopted under said sections or any other law or regulation applicable to the conduct of its business; (2) the agent refused to allow an examination of its books and records regarding the business of such licensee as provided in section 36a-605; (3) the agent engaged in fraud, intentional misrepresentation, or gross negligence or misappropriated funds; (4) the agent has been convicted of a violation of a state or federal anti-money laundering statute; (5) the competence, experience, character or general fitness of the agent or a manager, partner, director, trustee, principal officer, member or shareholder owning ten per cent or more of each class of the agent's securities demonstrates that it would not be in the public interest to permit such agent to engage in the business of issuing Connecticut payment instruments or the business of money transmission on behalf of a licensee; or (6) the agent is engaging in an unsafe or unsound practice.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 15; P.A. 94-122, S. 283, 340; P.A. 01-56, S. 15; P.A. 07-91, S. 22; P.A. 09-208, S. 20.)

      History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-544 transferred to Sec. 36a-608 in 1995; P.A. 01-56 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision re person who "is about to violate", amended Subsec. (b) by eliminating requirement that violation be wilful and amended Subsec. (d) by referencing subagent; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (b) to authorize commissioner to take any other action, in accordance with Sec. 36a-51, effective June 5, 2007; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (b) by authorizing commissioner to suspend or revoke a license or to take any other authorized action if the licensee engaged in fraud, intentional misrepresentation or gross negligence, or engaged in an unsafe and unsound practice, and by making technical changes, amended Subsec. (c) to authorize commissioner to take action against any licensee who has failed to pay a judgment ordered by a court or has engaged in fraud, intentional misrepresentation or gross negligence, or engaged in an unsafe and unsound practice, and by referencing Sec. 36a-52, and amended Subsec. (d) by replacing former provisions with Subdivs. (1) to (6) authorizing commissioner to order licensee to terminate its agency relationship under certain circumstances.

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      Sec. 36a-609. (Formerly Sec. 36-545). Exemptions. The provisions of sections 36a-597 to 36a-606a, inclusive, shall not apply to:

      (1) Any federally insured federal bank, out-of-state bank, federal credit union or out-of-state credit union, provided such institution does not issue or sell Connecticut payment instruments or transmit money or monetary value through an agent which is not a federally insured bank, out-of-state bank, Connecticut credit union, federal credit union or out-of-state credit union;

      (2) Any Connecticut bank or Connecticut credit union;

      (3) The United States Postal Service; and

      (4) A person whose activity is limited to the electronic funds transfer of governmental benefits for or on behalf of a federal, state or other governmental agency, quasi-governmental agency or government sponsored enterprise.

      (P.A. 81-264, S. 16; P.A. 91-357, S. 58, 78 P.A. 92-12, S. 99; P.A. 94-122, S. 284, 340; P.A. 01-56, S. 16; P.A. 03-61, S. 6; P.A. 04-14, S. 12; P.A. 09-208, S. 21.)

      History: P.A. 91-357 deleted reference to the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation from Subsec. (a); P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs.; P.A. 94-122 changed "financial institution" to "bank", effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-545 transferred to Sec. 36a-609 in 1995; P.A. 01-56 amended Subdiv. (1) by replacing reference to banks with insurable deposits with list of specific types of financial institutions and amended Subdiv. (3) by replacing former provisions re telegraph or cable company with language re electronic funds transfer of governmental benefits; P.A. 03-61 substituted "36a-597 to 36a-606a" for "36a-595 to 36a-610", amended Subdiv. (1) by deleting "Except in its capacity as an agent of a licensee", substituting "federally insured federal bank" for "federally insured bank" and deleting "Connecticut credit union", inserted new Subdiv. (2) re exemption for any Connecticut bank or Connecticut credit union and redesignated existing Subdivs. (2) and (3) as new Subdivs. (3) and (4); P.A. 04-14 amended Subdiv. (1) to add reference to "monetary value", effective April 16, 2004; P.A. 09-208 deleted reference to subagent in Subdiv. (1).

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