CHAPTER 368d
EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

Table of Contents

Sec. 19a-175. (Formerly Sec. 19-73u). Definitions.
Sec. 19a-177. (Formerly Sec. 19-73w). Duties of commissioner.
Sec. 19a-178a. Emergency Medical Services Advisory Board established; appointment; responsibilities.
Sec. 19a-179. (Formerly Sec. 19-73aa). Regulations. Issuance of certificate for certain applicants. Application for renewal or reinstatement by certain applicants. Definitions.
Sec. 19a-179a. Scope of practice of emergency medical technicians and paramedics.
Sec. 19a-179b. Emergency medical technicians and paramedics engaged in civil preparedness duty or training. Chain of command.
Sec. 19a-179c. Requirements re ambulance used for interfacility critical care transport.
Sec. 19a-180. (Formerly Sec. 19-73bb). Licensure and certification of emergency medical service organizations. Suspension or revocation. Records. Penalties. Advertisement. Medical control by sponsor hospital. New or expanded emergency medical services.
Sec. 19a-194. (Formerly Sec. 19-73pp). Motorcycle rescue vehicles.
Sec. 19a-195a. Regulations re recertification and state-wide standardization of certification.
Sec. 19a-195b. Reinstatement of expired certification. Validity of expired certificate.
Sec. 19a-197a. Administration of epinephrine.

      Sec. 19a-175. (Formerly Sec. 19-73u). Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Emergency medical service system" means a system which provides for the arrangement of personnel, facilities and equipment for the efficient, effective and coordinated delivery of health care services under emergency conditions;

      (2) "Patient" means an injured, ill, crippled or physically handicapped person requiring assistance and transportation;

      (3) "Ambulance" means a motor vehicle specifically designed to carry patients;

      (4) "Ambulance service" means an organization which transports patients;

      (5) "Emergency medical technician" means an individual who has successfully completed the training requirements established by the commissioner and has been certified by the Department of Public Health;

      (6) "Ambulance driver" means a person whose primary function is driving an ambulance;

      (7) "Emergency medical technician instructor" means a person who is certified by the Department of Public Health to teach courses, the completion of which is required in order to become an emergency medical technician;

      (8) "Communications facility" means any facility housing the personnel and equipment for handling the emergency communications needs of a particular geographic area;

      (9) "Life saving equipment" means equipment used by emergency medical personnel for the stabilization and treatment of patients;

      (10) "Emergency medical service organization" means any organization whether public, private or voluntary which offers transportation or treatment services to patients under emergency conditions;

      (11) "Invalid coach" means a vehicle used exclusively for the transportation of nonambulatory patients, who are not confined to stretchers, to or from either a medical facility or the patient's home in nonemergency situations or utilized in emergency situations as a backup vehicle when insufficient emergency vehicles exist;

      (12) "Rescue service" means any organization, whether profit or nonprofit, whose primary purpose is to search for persons who have become lost or to render emergency service to persons who are in dangerous or perilous circumstances;

      (13) "Provider" means any person, corporation or organization, whether profit or nonprofit, whose primary purpose is to deliver medical care or services, including such related medical care services as ambulance transportation;

      (14) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health;

      (15) "Paramedic" means a person licensed pursuant to section 20-206ll;

      (16) "Commercial ambulance service" means an ambulance service which primarily operates for profit;

      (17) "Licensed ambulance service" means a commercial ambulance service or a volunteer or municipal ambulance service issued a license by the commissioner;

      (18) "Certified ambulance service" means a municipal or volunteer ambulance service issued a certificate by the commissioner;

      (19) "Management service" means an employment organization that does not own or lease ambulances or other emergency medical vehicles and that provides emergency medical technicians or paramedics to an emergency medical service organization;

      (20) "Automatic external defibrillator" means a device that: (A) Is used to administer an electric shock through the chest wall to the heart; (B) contains internal decision-making electronics, microcomputers or special software that allows it to interpret physiologic signals, make medical diagnosis and, if necessary, apply therapy; (C) guides the user through the process of using the device by audible or visual prompts; and (D) does not require the user to employ any discretion or judgment in its use;

      (21) "Mutual aid call" means a call for emergency medical services that, pursuant to the terms of a written agreement, is responded to by a secondary or alternate emergency medical services provider if the primary or designated emergency medical services provider is unable to respond because such primary or designated provider is responding to another call for emergency medical services or the ambulance or nontransport emergency vehicle operated by such primary or designated provider is out of service. For purposes of this subdivision, "nontransport emergency vehicle" means a vehicle used by emergency medical technicians or paramedics in responding to emergency calls that is not used to carry patients;

      (22) "Municipality" means the legislative body of a municipality or the board of selectmen in the case of a municipality in which the legislative body is a town meeting;

      (23) "Primary service area" means a specific geographic area to which one designated emergency medical services provider is assigned for each category of emergency medical response services;

      (24) "Primary service area responder" means an emergency medical services provider who is designated to respond to a victim of sudden illness or injury in a primary service area; and

      (25) "Interfacility critical care transport" means the interfacility transport of a patient between licensed hospitals.

      (P.A. 74-305, S. 1, 19; P.A. 75-112, S. 1, 18; P.A. 77-268, S. 1; 77-349, S. 1; 77-614, S. 323, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 81-259, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-79; 87-420, S. 2, 14; P.A. 90-172, S. 1; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-180, S. 56, 166; P.A. 97-311, S. 15; P.A. 98-62, S. 2; 98-195, S. 3; P.A. 00-151, S. 1, 14; P.A. 06-195, S. 34; P.A. 09-16, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 75-112 deleted Subdiv. (f) defining "commission", relettering remaining Subsecs. accordingly, added Subdiv. (o) defining "commissioner" and substituted commissioner of health for commission on hospitals and health care where necessary; P.A. 77-268 defined "health systems agency" rather than "comprehensive health planning agency" in Subdiv. (b); P.A. 77-349 added Subdiv. (p) defining "paramedic"; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-259 added Subdivs. (q) to (s) defining "commercial ambulance service", "licensed ambulance service" and "certified ambulance service"; Sec. 19-73u transferred to Sec. 19a-175 in 1983; P.A. 87-79 redefined "invalid coach" to specify applicability re transportation of nonambulatory patients not confined to stretchers; P.A. 87-420 deleted Subdiv. (b) defining "health systems agency", relettering remaining Subdivs. accordingly; P.A. 90-172 added the definition of "management service"; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-180 replaced alphabetic Subdiv. indicators with numeric indicators, effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 97-311 redefined "paramedic"; P.A. 98-62 added Subdiv. (20) defining "automatic external defibrillator"; P.A. 98-195 amended Subdiv. (14) by deleting "acting through the Office of Emergency Medical Services" and amended Subdivs. (17) and (18), replacing Office of Emergency Medical Services with "commissioner" (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (7) the phrase "... to teach courses, the completion of which are required ..." was changed editorially by the Revisors to "... to teach courses, the completion of which is required ..."); P.A. 00-151 made technical changes and added new Subdivs. (21) to (24) defining "mutual aid call", "municipality", "primary service area" and "primary service area responder", effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 06-195 redefined "management service" in Subdiv. (19), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-16 added Subdiv. (25) defining "interfacility critical care transport", effective April 30, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-177. (Formerly Sec. 19-73w). Duties of commissioner. The commissioner shall:

      (1) With the advice of the Office of Emergency Medical Services established pursuant to section 19a-178 and of an advisory committee on emergency medical services and with the benefit of meetings held pursuant to subsection (b) of section 19a-184, adopt every five years a state-wide plan for the coordinated delivery of emergency medical services;

      (2) License or certify the following: (A) Ambulance operations, ambulance drivers, emergency medical technicians and communications personnel; (B) emergency room facilities and communications facilities; and (C) transportation equipment, including land, sea and air vehicles used for transportation of patients to emergency facilities and periodically inspect life saving equipment, emergency facilities and emergency transportation vehicles to insure that state standards are maintained;

      (3) Annually inventory emergency medical services resources within the state, including facilities, equipment, and personnel, for the purposes of determining the need for additional services and the effectiveness of existing services;

      (4) Review and evaluate all area-wide plans developed by the emergency medical services councils pursuant to section 19a-182 in order to insure conformity with standards issued by the commissioner;

      (5) Within thirty days of their receipt, review all grant and contract applications for federal or state funds concerning emergency medical services or related activities for conformity to policy guidelines and forward such application to the appropriate agency, when required;

      (6) Establish such minimum standards and adopt such regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, as may be necessary to develop the following components of an emergency medical service system: (A) Communications, which shall include, but not be limited to, equipment, radio frequencies and operational procedures; (B) transportation services, which shall include, but not be limited to, vehicle type, design, condition and maintenance, and operational procedure; (C) training, which shall include, but not be limited to, emergency medical technicians, communications personnel, paraprofessionals associated with emergency medical services, firefighters and state and local police; and (D) emergency medical service facilities, which shall include, but not be limited to, categorization of emergency departments as to their treatment capabilities and ancillary services;

      (7) Coordinate training of all personnel related to emergency medical services;

      (8) (A) Not later than October 1, 2001, develop or cause to be developed a data collection system that will follow a patient from initial entry into the emergency medical service system through arrival at the emergency room and, within available appropriations, may expand the data collection system to include clinical treatment and patient outcome data. The commissioner shall, on a quarterly basis, collect the following information from each licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service that provides emergency medical services: (i) The total number of calls for emergency medical services received by such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service through the 9-1-1 system during the reporting period; (ii) each level of emergency medical services, as defined in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, required for each such call; (iii) the response time for each licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service during the reporting period; (iv) the number of passed calls, cancelled calls and mutual aid calls during the reporting period; and (v) for the reporting period, the prehospital data for the nonscheduled transport of patients required by regulations adopted pursuant to subdivision (6) of this section. The information required under this subdivision may be submitted in any written or electronic form selected by such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service and approved by the commissioner, provided the commissioner shall take into consideration the needs of such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service in approving such written or electronic form. The commissioner may conduct an audit of any such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service as the commissioner deems necessary in order to verify the accuracy of such reported information.

      (B) The commissioner shall prepare a report that shall include, but not be limited to, the following information: (i) The total number of calls for emergency medical services received during the reporting year by each licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service; (ii) the level of emergency medical services required for each such call; (iii) the name of the provider of each such level of emergency medical services furnished during the reporting year; (iv) the response time, by time ranges or fractile response times, for each licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service, using a common definition of response time, as provided in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179; and (v) the number of passed calls, cancelled calls and mutual aid calls during the reporting year. The commissioner shall prepare such report in a format that categorizes such information for each municipality in which the emergency medical services were provided, with each such municipality grouped according to urban, suburban and rural classifications. Not later than March 31, 2002, and annually thereafter, the commissioner shall submit such report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health, shall make such report available to the public and shall post such report on the Department of Public Health web site on the Internet.

      (C) If any licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service does not submit the information required under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision for a period of six consecutive months, or if the commissioner believes that such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service knowingly or intentionally submitted incomplete or false information, the commissioner shall issue a written order directing such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service to comply with the provisions of subparagraph (A) of this subdivision and submit all missing information or such corrected information as the commissioner may require. If such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service fails to fully comply with such order not later than three months from the date such order is issued, the commissioner (i) shall conduct a hearing, in accordance with chapter 54, at which such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service shall be required to show cause why the primary service area assignment of such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service should not be revoked, and (ii) may take such disciplinary action under section 19a-17 as the commissioner deems appropriate.

      (D) On and after October 1, 2006, the commissioner shall collect the information required by subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, in the manner provided in said subparagraph, from each person or emergency medical service organization licensed or certified under section 19a-180 that provides emergency medical services. On and after October 1, 2006, such information shall be included in the annual report prepared by the commissioner in accordance with subparagraph (B) of this subdivision and such person or emergency medical service organization shall be subject to the provisions of subparagraph (C) of this subdivision;

      (9) (A) Establish rates for the conveyance of patients by licensed ambulance services and invalid coaches and establish emergency service rates for certified ambulance services, provided (i) the present rates established for such services and vehicles shall remain in effect until such time as the commissioner establishes a new rate schedule as provided in this subdivision, and (ii) any rate increase not in excess of the Medical Care Services Consumer Price Index, as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor, for the prior year, filed in accordance with subparagraph (B)(iii) of this subdivision shall be deemed approved by the commissioner.

      (B) Adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing methods for setting rates and conditions for charging such rates. Such regulations shall include, but not be limited to, provisions requiring that on and after July 1, 2000: (i) Requests for rate increases may be filed no more frequently than once a year, except that, in any case where an agency's schedule of maximum allowable rates falls below that of the Medicare allowable rates for that agency, the commissioner shall immediately amend such schedule so that the rates are at or above the Medicare allowable rates; (ii) only licensed ambulance services and certified ambulance services that apply for a rate increase in excess of the Medical Care Services Consumer Price Index, as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor, for the prior year, and do not accept the maximum allowable rates contained in any voluntary state-wide rate schedule established by the commissioner for the rate application year shall be required to file detailed financial information with the commissioner, provided any hearing that the commissioner may hold concerning such application shall be conducted as a contested case in accordance with chapter 54; (iii) licensed ambulance services and certified ambulance services that do not apply for a rate increase in any year in excess of the Medical Care Services Consumer Price Index, as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor, for the prior year, or that accept the maximum allowable rates contained in any voluntary state-wide rate schedule established by the commissioner for the rate application year shall, not later than July fifteenth of such year, file with the commissioner a statement of emergency and nonemergency call volume, and, in the case of a licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service that is not applying for a rate increase, a written declaration by such licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service that no change in its currently approved maximum allowable rates will occur for the rate application year; and (iv) detailed financial and operational information filed by licensed ambulance services and certified ambulance services to support a request for a rate increase in excess of the Medical Care Services Consumer Price Index, as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor, for the prior year, shall cover the time period pertaining to the most recently completed fiscal year and the rate application year of the licensed ambulance service or certified ambulance service.

      (C) Establish rates for licensed ambulance services and certified ambulance services for the following services and conditions: (i) "Advanced life support assessment" and "specialty care transports", which terms shall have the meaning provided in 42 CFR 414.605; and (ii) intramunicipality mileage, which means mileage for an ambulance transport when the point of origin and final destination for a transport is within the boundaries of the same municipality. The rates established by the commissioner for each such service or condition shall be equal to (I) the ambulance service's base rate plus its established advanced life support/paramedic surcharge when advanced life support assessment services are performed; (II) two hundred twenty-five per cent of the ambulance service's established base rate for specialty care transports; and (III) "loaded mileage", as the term is defined in 42 CFR 414.605, multiplied by the ambulance service's established rate for intramunicipality mileage. Such rates shall remain in effect until such time as the commissioner establishes a new rate schedule as provided in this subdivision;

      (10) Research, develop, track and report on appropriate quantifiable outcome measures for the state's emergency medical services system and submit to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, on or before July 1, 2002, and annually thereafter, a report on the progress toward the development of such outcome measures and, after such outcome measures are developed, an analysis of emergency medical services system outcomes;

      (11) Establish primary service areas and assign in writing a primary service area responder for each primary service area;

      (12) Revoke primary services area assignments upon determination by the commissioner that it is in the best interests of patient care to do so; and

      (13) The Commissioner of Public Health shall annually issue a list of minimum equipment requirements for ambulances and rescue vehicles based upon current national standards. The commissioner shall distribute such list to all emergency medical services organizations and sponsor hospital medical directors and make such list available to other interested stakeholders. Emergency medical services organizations shall have one year from the date of issuance of such list to comply with the minimum equipment requirements.

      (P.A. 74-305, S. 3, 19; P.A. 75-112, S. 3, 18; P.A. 77-268, S. 3; P.A. 78-331, S. 12, 58; P.A. 80-480, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-420, S. 4, 14; P.A. 98-195, S. 5; P.A. 00-151, S. 2, 14; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4, S. 51, 58; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 47; P.A. 03-46, S. 1; P.A. 04-221, S. 39; P.A. 05-272, S. 17; P.A. 09-232, S. 26, 27.)

      History: P.A. 75-112 replaced "commission", i.e. commission on hospitals and health care, with "commissioner", i.e. commissioner of health; P.A. 77-268 replaced "b" agencies with "health systems" agencies and added reference to "benefit of meetings held pursuant to subsection (b) of section 19-73ee" in development and update of state-wide plan; P.A. 78-331 replaced reference to Sec. 19-73ee with reference to Sec. 19-73ff; P.A. 80-480 amended Subsec. (i) to replace conveyance "in commercial ambulance vehicles" with more specific reference to conveyance "by licensed ambulance services" and added provisions re establishment of emergency service rate for certified ambulance services and re adoption of regulations concerning rates; Sec. 19-73w transferred to Sec. 19a-177 in 1983; P.A. 87-420 substituted "emergency medical services councils" for "health systems agencies" in Subdivs. (a), (c) and (k); P.A. 98-195 changed Subsec. designations to Subdivs., amended Subdiv. (1) by adding advice of the Office of Emergency Medical Services and changing annually updated plan to one adopted every five years, deleted specified contents of the plan, added new Subdiv. (2) re licensure, certification and inspections, deleted former Subsec. (h) re education programs, deleted former Subsec. (j) re annual reports to the General Assembly and Governor and Subsec. (k) re plans for regions without an emergency medical services council and made technical changes; P.A. 00-151 made technical changes, amended Subdiv. (8) by revising and adding provisions re the collection and reporting of information, amended Subdiv. (9) by adding requirements for regulations re rate increases and schedules applicable on and after July 1, 2000, and added new Subdivs. (10) to (12) re outcome measures and the establishment, assignment and revocation of primary service areas, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4 amended Subdiv. (9) by adding provision re rate increase not in excess of the National Health Care Inflation Rate Index in Subpara. (A) and provisions re rate increase in excess of the National Health Care Inflation Rate Index and re hearing conducted as contested case in Subpara. (B), effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 amended Subdiv. (9) by replacing references to "National Health Care Inflation Rate Index" with "Medical Care Services Consumer Price Index", and added new Subpara. (C) re the establishment of rates for licensed ambulance services and certified ambulance services for "advanced life support assessment" and "specialty care transports", as defined, and intramunicipality mileage, as defined, and set out the factors to be considered by the commissioner in establishing the rates for each such service or condition and specified that the rates shall remain in effect until the commissioner establishes a new rate schedule, effective August 15, 2002; P.A. 03-46 amended Subdiv. (9)(B)(iii) by deleting requirement re submission of audited financial statement or accountant's review report by certain ambulance services; P.A. 04-221 amended Subdiv. (8)(A) by adding authority to expand data collection system to include clinical treatment and patient outcome data; P.A. 05-272 amended Subdiv. (9) by making technical changes and by amending Subpara. (B)(i) to authorize the commissioner to amend an agency's schedule of maximum allowable rates whenever such rates fall below that of the Medicare allowable rates for that agency, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 09-232 amended Subdiv. (6)(B) by deleting "life saving equipment" and added Subdiv. (13) re commissioner's issuance of annual list of minimum equipment requirements for ambulances and rescue vehicles, effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-178a. Emergency Medical Services Advisory Board established; appointment; responsibilities. (a) There is established within the Department of Public Health an Emergency Medical Services Advisory Board.

      (b) The advisory board shall consist of forty-one members, including the Commissioner of Public Health and the department's emergency medical services medical director, or their designees. The Governor shall appoint the following members: One person from each of the regional emergency medical services councils; one person from the Connecticut Association of Directors of Health; three persons from the Connecticut College of Emergency Physicians; one person from the Connecticut Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons; one person from the Connecticut Medical Advisory Committee; one person from the Emergency Department Nurses Association; one person from the Connecticut Association of Emergency Medical Services Instructors; one person from the Connecticut Hospital Association; two persons representing commercial ambulance providers; one person from the Connecticut Firefighters Association; one person from the Connecticut Fire Chiefs Association; one person from the Connecticut Chiefs of Police Association; one person from the Connecticut State Police; and one person from the Connecticut Commission on Fire Prevention and Control. An additional eighteen members shall be appointed as follows: Three by the president pro tempore of the Senate; three by the majority leader of the Senate; four by the minority leader of the Senate; three by the speaker of the House of Representatives; two by the majority leader of the House of Representatives and three by the minority leader of the House of Representatives. The appointees shall include a person with experience in municipal ambulance services; a person with experience in for-profit ambulance services; three persons with experience in volunteer ambulance services; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; an advanced emergency medical technician; three consumers and four persons from state-wide organizations with interests in emergency medical services as well as any other areas of expertise that may be deemed necessary for the proper functioning of the advisory board.

      (c) The Commissioner of Public Health shall appoint a chairperson from among the members of the advisory board who shall serve for a term of one year. The advisory board shall elect a vice-chairperson and secretary. The advisory board shall have committees made up of such members as the chairperson shall appoint and such other interested persons as the committee members shall elect to membership. The advisory board may, from time to time, appoint nonmembers to serve on such ad hoc committees as it deems necessary to assist with its functions. The advisory board shall develop bylaws. The advisory board shall establish a Connecticut Emergency Medical Services Medical Advisory Committee as a standing committee. The standing committee shall provide the commissioner, the advisory board and other ad hoc committees with advice and comment regarding the medical aspects of their projects. The standing committee may submit reports directly to the commissioner regarding medically-related concerns that have not, in the standing committee's opinion, been satisfactorily addressed by the advisory board.

      (d) The term for each appointed member of the advisory board shall be coterminous with the appointing authority. Appointees shall serve without compensation.

      (e) The advisory board, in addition to other power conferred and in addition to functioning in a general advisory capacity, shall assist in coordinating the efforts of all persons and agencies in the state concerned with the emergency medical service system, and shall render advice on the development of the emergency medical service system where needed. The advisory board shall make an annual report to the commissioner.

      (f) The advisory board shall be provided a reasonable opportunity to review and make recommendations on all regulations, medical guidelines and policies affecting emergency medical services before the department establishes such regulations, medical guidelines or policies. The advisory board shall make recommendations to the Governor and to the General Assembly concerning legislation which, in the advisory board's judgment, will improve the delivery of emergency medical services.

      (P.A. 98-195, S. 1; P.A. 09-232, S. 29.)

      History: P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (b) by substituting "department's emergency medical services medical director" for "state medical director", "paramedic" for "emergency medical technician paramedic" and "advanced emergency medical technician" for "emergency medical technician intermediate", effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-179. (Formerly Sec. 19-73aa). Regulations. Issuance of certificate for certain applicants. Application for renewal or reinstatement by certain applicants. Definitions. (a) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, concerning (1) the methods and conditions for the issuance, renewal and reinstatement of licensure and certification or recertification of emergency medical service personnel, (2) the methods and conditions for licensure and certification of the operations, facilities and equipment enumerated in section 19a-177, and (3) complaint procedures for the public and any emergency medical service organization. Such regulations shall be in conformity with the policies and standards established by the commissioner. Such regulations shall require that, as an express condition of the purchase of any business holding a primary service area, the purchaser shall agree to abide by any performance standards to which the purchased business was obligated pursuant to its agreement with the municipality.

      (b) The commissioner may issue an emergency medical technician certificate to an applicant who presents evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that the applicant (1) is currently certified as an emergency medical technician in good standing in any New England state, New York or New Jersey, (2) has completed an initial training program consistent with the United States Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration emergency medical technician curriculum, and (3) has no pending disciplinary action or unresolved complaint against him or her.

      (c) The commissioner may issue a temporary emergency medical technician certificate to an applicant who presents evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that (1) the applicant was certified by the department as an emergency medical technician prior to becoming licensed as a paramedic pursuant to section 20-206ll, and (2) the applicant's certification as an emergency medical technician has expired and the applicant's license as a paramedic has become void pursuant to section 19a-88. Such temporary certificate shall be valid for a period not to exceed one year and shall not be renewable.

      (d) An applicant who is issued a temporary emergency medical technician certificate pursuant to subsection (c) of this section may, prior to the expiration of such temporary certificate, apply to the department for:

      (1) Renewal of such person's paramedic license, giving such person's name in full, such person's residence and business address and such other information as the department requests, provided the application for license renewal is accompanied by evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that the applicant was under the medical oversight of a sponsor hospital on the date the applicant's paramedic license became void for nonrenewal; or

      (2) Recertification as an emergency medical technician, provided the application for recertification is accompanied by evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that the applicant completed emergency medical technician refresher training approved by the commissioner not later than one year after issuance of the temporary emergency medical technician certificate. The department shall recertify such person as an emergency medical technician without the examination required for initial certification specified in regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to this section.

      (e) For purposes of subsection (d) of this section, "medical oversight" means the active surveillance by physicians of mobile intensive care sufficient for the assessment of overall practice levels, as defined by state-wide protocols, and "sponsor hospital" means a hospital that has agreed to maintain staff for the provision of medical oversight, supervision and direction to an emergency medical service organization, as defined in section 19a-175, and its personnel and has been approved for such activity by the Office of Emergency Medical Services.

      (P.A. 74-305, S. 7, 8, 19; P.A. 75-112, S. 6, 18; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 98-195, S. 7; P.A. 00-151, S. 4, 14; P.A. 01-1, S. 1, 3; P.A. 04-221, S. 38; P.A. 05-55, S. 1; 05-272, S. 4; P.A. 09-232, S. 30.)

      History: P.A. 75-112 replaced commission on hospitals and health care with commissioner of health, qualified new regulations as ones "which repeal, amend or replace specific regulations" and transferred power to adopt regulations from director of office of emergency medical services to commissioner of health; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-73aa transferred to Sec. 19a-179 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-195 amended former Subsec. (a) to eliminate appointment of a director of Office of Emergency Medical Services and obsolete references to Ambulance Commission, deleted former Subsec. (b) re obsolete references to Ambulance Commission and deleted former Subsec. (c) re authority of director eliminated from Subsec. (a); P.A. 00-151 made technical changes and added provisions re condition of purchase of a business holding a primary service area, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-1 added requirement for regulations re methods and conditions for the issuance, renewal and reinstatement of licensure and certification or recertification of emergency medical service personnel and made technical changes, effective February 7, 2001; P.A. 04-221 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re issuance of certificate to applicants from New England states, New York or New Jersey, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 05-55 added Subsecs. (c) to (e), inclusive, re temporary emergency medical technician certificate, renewal of lapsed paramedic license, recertification as emergency medical technician and definition of "medical control" and "sponsor hospital"; P.A. 05-272 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by replacing "paramedic curriculum" with "emergency medical technician curriculum"; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsecs. (d)(1) and (e) by substituting "medical oversight" for "medical control", effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-179a. Scope of practice of emergency medical technicians and paramedics. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or any regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, the scope of practice of any person certified or licensed as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or a paramedic under regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179 may include treatment modalities not specified in the regulations of Connecticut state agencies, provided such treatment modalities are (1) approved by the Connecticut Emergency Medical Services Medical Advisory Committee established pursuant to section 19a-178a and the Commissioner of Public Health, and (2) administered at the medical oversight and direction of a sponsor hospital, as defined in section 28-8b.

      (P.A. 05-259, S. 5; P.A. 09-232, S. 31.)

      History: P.A. 05-259 effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 09-232 substituted "emergency medical technician" for "emergency medical technician-basic", "advanced emergency medical technician" for "emergency medical technician-intermediate", "paramedic" for "emergency medical technician-paramedic" and "medical oversight" for "medical control", effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-179b. Emergency medical technicians and paramedics engaged in civil preparedness duty or training. Chain of command. Any emergency medical technician or paramedic who is part of The Connecticut Disaster Medical Assistance Team or the Medical Reserve Corps, under the auspices of the Department of Public Health, or the Connecticut Urban Search and Rescue Team, under the auspices of the Department of Public Safety, shall be under the active surveillance, medical oversight and direction of the chief medical officer of such team or corps while engaged in officially authorized civil preparedness duty or civil preparedness training conducted by such team or corps.

      (P.A. 05-259, S. 1; P.A. 09-232, S. 32.)

      History: P.A. 05-259 effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 09-232 substituted "medical oversight" for "medical control", effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-179c. Requirements re ambulance used for interfacility critical care transport. Any ambulance used for interfacility critical care transport shall meet the requirements for a basic level ambulance, as prescribed in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, including requirements concerning medically necessary supplies and services, and may be supplemented by a licensed registered nurse, advanced practice registered nurse, physician assistant or respiratory care practitioner, provided such licensed professionals shall have current training and certification in pediatric or adult advanced life support, or from the Neonatal Resuscitation Program of the American Academy of Pediatrics, as appropriate, based on the patient's condition.

      (P.A. 09-16, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 09-16 effective April 30, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-180. (Formerly Sec. 19-73bb). Licensure and certification of emergency medical service organizations. Suspension or revocation. Records. Penalties. Advertisement. Medical control by sponsor hospital. New or expanded emergency medical services. (a) No person shall operate any ambulance service, rescue service or management service or otherwise transport in a motor vehicle a patient on a stretcher without either a license or a certificate issued by the commissioner. No person shall operate a commercial ambulance service or commercial rescue service or a management service without a license issued by the commissioner. A certificate shall be issued to any volunteer or municipal ambulance service which shows proof satisfactory to the commissioner that it meets the minimum standards of the commissioner in the areas of training, equipment and personnel. No license or certificate shall be issued to any volunteer, municipal or commercial ambulance service, rescue service or management service, as defined in subdivision (19) of section 19a-175, unless it meets the requirements of subsection (e) of section 14-100a. Applicants for a license shall use the forms prescribed by the commissioner and shall submit such application to the commissioner accompanied by an annual fee of two hundred dollars. In considering requests for approval of permits for new or expanded emergency medical services in any region, the commissioner shall consult with the Office of Emergency Medical Services and the emergency medical services council of such region and shall hold a public hearing to determine the necessity for such services. Written notice of such hearing shall be given to current providers in the geographic region where such new or expanded services would be implemented, provided, any volunteer ambulance service which elects not to levy charges for services rendered under this chapter shall be exempt from the provisions concerning requests for approval of permits for new or expanded emergency medical services set forth in this subsection. A primary service area responder that operates in the service area identified in the application shall, upon request, be granted intervenor status with opportunity for cross-examination. Each applicant for licensure shall furnish proof of financial responsibility which the commissioner deems sufficient to satisfy any claim. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to establish satisfactory kinds of coverage and limits of insurance for each applicant for either licensure or certification. Until such regulations are adopted, the following shall be the required limits for licensure: (1) For damages by reason of personal injury to, or the death of, one person on account of any accident, at least five hundred thousand dollars, and more than one person on account of any accident, at least one million dollars, (2) for damage to property at least fifty thousand dollars, and (3) for malpractice in the care of one passenger at least two hundred fifty thousand dollars, and for more than one passenger at least five hundred thousand dollars. In lieu of the limits set forth in subdivisions (1) to (3), inclusive, of this subsection, a single limit of liability shall be allowed as follows: (A) For damages by reason of personal injury to, or death of, one or more persons and damage to property, at least one million dollars; and (B) for malpractice in the care of one or more passengers, at least five hundred thousand dollars. A certificate of such proof shall be filed with the commissioner. Upon determination by the commissioner that an applicant is financially responsible, properly certified and otherwise qualified to operate a commercial ambulance service, rescue service or management service, the commissioner shall issue the appropriate license effective for one year to such applicant. If the commissioner determines that an applicant for either a certificate or license is not so qualified, the commissioner shall notify such applicant of the denial of the application with a statement of the reasons for such denial. Such applicant shall have thirty days to request a hearing on the denial of the application.

      (b) Any person, management service organization or emergency medical service organization which does not maintain standards or violates regulations adopted under any section of this chapter applicable to such person or organization may have such person's or organization's license or certification suspended or revoked or may be subject to any other disciplinary action specified in section 19a-17 after notice by certified mail to such person or organization of the facts or conduct which warrant the intended action. Such person or emergency medical service organization shall have an opportunity to show compliance with all requirements for the retention of such certificate or license. In the conduct of any investigation by the commissioner of alleged violations of the standards or regulations adopted under the provisions of this chapter, the commissioner may issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of witnesses and the production by any medical service organization or person of reports, records, tapes or other documents which concern the allegations under investigation. All records obtained by the commissioner in connection with any such investigation shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 for a period of six months from the date of the petition or other event initiating such investigation, or until such time as the investigation is terminated pursuant to a withdrawal or other informal disposition or until a hearing is convened pursuant to chapter 54, whichever is earlier. A complaint, as defined in subdivision (6) of section 19a-13, shall be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 from the time that it is served or mailed to the respondent. Records which are otherwise public records shall not be deemed confidential merely because they have been obtained in connection with an investigation under this chapter.

      (c) Any person, management service organization or emergency medical service organization aggrieved by an act or decision of the commissioner regarding certification or licensure may appeal in the manner provided by chapter 54.

      (d) Any person guilty of any of the following acts shall be fined not more than two hundred fifty dollars, or imprisoned not more than three months, or be both fined and imprisoned: (1) In any application to the commissioner or in any proceeding before or investigation made by the commissioner, knowingly making any false statement or representation, or, with knowledge of its falsity, filing or causing to be filed any false statement or representation in a required application or statement; (2) issuing, circulating or publishing or causing to be issued, circulated or published any form of advertisement or circular for the purpose of soliciting business which contains any statement that is false or misleading, or otherwise likely to deceive a reader thereof, with knowledge that it contains such false, misleading or deceptive statement; (3) giving or offering to give anything of value to any person for the purpose of promoting or securing ambulance or rescue service business or obtaining favors relating thereto; (4) administering or causing to be administered, while serving in the capacity of an employee of any licensed ambulance or rescue service, any alcoholic liquor to any patient in such employee's care, except under the supervision and direction of a licensed physician; (5) in any respect wilfully violating or failing to comply with any provision of this chapter or wilfully violating, failing, omitting or neglecting to obey or comply with any regulation, order, decision or license, or any part or provisions thereof; (6) with one or more other persons, conspiring to violate any license or order issued by the commissioner or any provision of this chapter.

      (e) No person shall place any advertisement or produce any printed matter that holds that person out to be an ambulance service unless such person is licensed or certified pursuant to this section. Any such advertisement or printed matter shall include the license or certificate number issued by the commissioner.

      (f) Each licensed or certified ambulance service shall secure and maintain medical oversight, as defined in section 19a-179, by a sponsor hospital, as defined in section 19a-179, for all its emergency medical personnel, whether such personnel are employed by the ambulance service or a management service.

      (g) Each applicant whose request for new or expanded emergency medical services is approved shall, not later than six months after the date of such approval, acquire the necessary resources, equipment and other material necessary to comply with the terms of the approval and operate in the service area identified in the application. If the applicant fails to do so, the approval for new or expanded medical services shall be void and the commissioner shall rescind the approval.

      (h) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any volunteer, hospital-based or municipal ambulance service that is licensed or certified and is a primary service area responder may apply to the commissioner to add one emergency vehicle to its existing fleet every three years, on a short form application prescribed by the commissioner. No such volunteer, hospital-based or municipal ambulance service may add more than one emergency vehicle to its existing fleet pursuant to this subsection regardless of the number of municipalities served by such volunteer, hospital-based or municipal ambulance service. Upon making such application, the applicant shall notify in writing all other primary service area responders in any municipality or abutting municipality in which the applicant proposes to add the additional emergency vehicle. Except in the case where a primary service area responder entitled to receive notification of such application objects, in writing, to the commissioner not later than fifteen calendar days after receiving such notice, the application shall be deemed approved thirty calendar days after filing. If any such primary service area responder files an objection with the commissioner within the fifteen-calendar-day time period and requests a hearing, the applicant shall be required to demonstrate need at a public hearing as required under subsection (a) of this section.

      (i) The commissioner shall develop a short form application for primary service area responders seeking to add an emergency vehicle to their existing fleets pursuant to subsection (h) of this section. The application shall require an applicant to provide such information as the commissioner deems necessary, including, but not limited to, (1) the applicant's name and address, (2) the primary service area where the additional vehicle is proposed to be used, (3) an explanation as to why the additional vehicle is necessary and its proposed use, (4) proof of insurance, (5) a list of the providers to whom notice was sent pursuant to subsection (h) of this section and proof of such notification, and (6) total call volume, response time and calls passed within the primary service area for the one-year period preceding the date of the application.

      (P.A. 74-305, S. 9, 19; P.A. 75-112, S. 7, 18; 75-140; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-480, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-259, S. 2, 3; 81-472, S. 47, 159; P.A. 85-585, S. 2; P.A. 86-59, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-172, S. 1; P.A. 90-172, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-271, S. 37; P.A. 98-195, S. 8; P.A. 00-151, S. 5, 14; P.A. 06-195, S. 35; P.A. 07-134, S. 6; 07-252, S. 10; P.A. 08-184, S. 40; P.A. 09-16, S. 1; 09-232, S. 33, 71; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 172.)

      History: P.A. 75-112 replaced commission on hospitals and health care with commissioner of health, transferred duty to establish regulations re insurance coverage and limits in Subsec. (a) and subpoena power in Subsec. (b) from office of emergency medical services to commissioner of health, exempted volunteer ambulance or rescue services from requirement of furnishing proof of financial responsibility in licensure application under Subsec. (a) and required issuance of temporary permits on or before December 1, 1975, in Subsec. (d); P.A. 75-140 inserted new Subsec. (e)(3) and (4) re gift or offer of gift of value to promote or secure ambulance or rescue service business and re administering alcoholic liquor to patient except as directed by physician and renumbered former Subdivs. (3) and (4) accordingly; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-480 added provisions in Subsec. (a) re hearing procedure requests for approval of permits for new or expanded emergency medical services; P.A. 81-259 amended Subsec. (a) to conform with the definitions contained in Subsecs. (q), (r) and (s); P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; Sec. 19-73bb transferred to Sec. 19a-180 in 1983; P.A. 85-585 added provisions in Subsec. (b) re the confidentiality of investigations by the commission; P.A. 86-59 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the required insurance limits for licensure of any commercial ambulance or rescue service as follows: (1) Personal injury, from $100,000 to $500,000 for one person, and from $300,000 to $1,000,000 for more than one person; (2) property damage, from $25,000 to $50,000; and (3) malpractice, from $100,000 to $250,000 for one person, and from $300,000 to $500,000 for more than one person and to establish single liability limits of $1,000,000 for personal injury and $500,000 for malpractice; P.A. 88-172 amended Subsec. (b) by adding the reference to "any other disciplinary action specified in Sec. 19a-17" and made technical changes; P.A. 90-172 added the references to a management service and made technical changes; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-271 added Subsec. (f) re advertisements or printed matter; P.A. 98-195 transferred from the Office of Emergency Medical Services to the Commissioner of Public Health responsibility for authority over ambulance services, made adoption of regulations discretionary rather than mandatory, deleted obsolete former Subsec. (d) relettering remaining sections accordingly and made technical changes (Revisor's note: In codifying this section, two erroneous references in Subsec. (b) to "section 1-16" were deemed by the Revisors to be "section 1-19", as they had been prior to a technical error in P.A. 98-195, and therefore codified as "section 1-210" since section 1-19 was transferred to that number in 1999); P.A. 00-151 made technical changes, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (a) by granting primary service area responder intervenor status with opportunity for cross-examination in hearing re need for new or expanded emergency medical services, adding reference to "rescue service or management service" and replacing "issue a license" with "issue the appropriate license", amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by extending their applicability to management service organization, added Subsec. (f) to require licensed or certified ambulance service to secure and maintain medical control by a sponsor hospital for all emergency medical personnel, added Subsec. (g) to establish six-month deadline for acquiring resources, equipment and other material necessary to operate approved new or expanded medical services, added Subsec. (h) to permit certain primary service area responders to add one emergency vehicle every three years under an expedited review and approval process and added Subsec. (i) re development of short form application for primary service area responders seeking to add an emergency vehicle pursuant to Subsec. (h), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-134 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re compliance with requirements of Sec. 14-100a(e); P.A. 07-252 made technical changes in Subsec. (i); P.A. 08-184 amended Subsec. (h) by adding hospital-based ambulance service; P.A. 09-16 amended Subsec. (a) by providing that no person shall "otherwise transport in a motor vehicle a patient on a stretcher" without a license or certificate issued by the commissioner; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "that operates in the service area identified in the application" for "in a municipality in which the applicant operates or proposes to operate", effective July 8, 2009, and amended Subsec. (f) by substituting "medical oversight" for "medical control", effective January 1, 2010; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase annual fee from $100 to $200.

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      Sec. 19a-194. (Formerly Sec. 19-73pp). Motorcycle rescue vehicles. (a) A motorcycle equipped to handle medical emergencies shall be deemed a rescue vehicle for the purposes of section 19a-181. The commissioner shall issue a safety certificate to such motorcycle upon examination of such vehicle and a determination that such motorcycle (1) is in satisfactory mechanical condition, (2) is as safe to operate as the average motorcycle, and (3) is equipped with such emergency medical equipment as may be required by subsection (b) of this section.

      (b) The commissioner shall annually issue a list specifying the minimum equipment that a motorcycle must carry to operate as a rescue vehicle pursuant to this section. Such equipment shall include those items that would enable an emergency medical technician, paramedic or other individual similarly trained to render to a person requiring emergency medical assistance the maximum benefit possible from the operation of such motorcycle rescue vehicle.

      (P.A. 78-156, S. 1; P.A. 98-195, S. 12; P.A. 09-232, S. 35.)

      History: Sec. 19-73pp transferred to Sec. 19a-194 in 1983; P.A. 98-195 transferred authority over motorcycle rescue vehicles from the director of the Office of Emergency Medical Services to the Commissioner of Public Health, and made regulations discretionary rather than mandatory; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing provision re regulations concerning equipment motorcycles must carry to operate as rescue vehicles with provision requiring commissioner to issue annual list concerning minimum equipment requirements for such motorcycles, effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-195a. Regulations re recertification and state-wide standardization of certification. (a) The Commissioner of Public Health shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to provide that emergency medical technicians shall be recertified every three years. For the purpose of maintaining an acceptable level of proficiency, each emergency medical services technician who is recertified for a three-year period shall complete thirty hours of refresher training approved by the commissioner, or meet such other requirements as may be prescribed by the commissioner.

      (b) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to (1) provide for state-wide standardization of certification for each class of (A) emergency medical technicians, including, but not limited to, paramedics, (B) emergency medical services instructors, and (C) medical response technicians, (2) allow course work for such certification to be taken state-wide, and (3) allow persons so certified to perform within their scope of certification state-wide.

      (P.A. 83-240; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-170; P.A. 00-135, S. 6, 21; P.A. 09-232, S. 36.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-170 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) requiring regulations re state-wide standardization of certification for "emergency medical technician-intermediate"; P.A. 00-135 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by deleting reference to emergency medical technician-intermediate and adding provisions re emergency medical technicians, including paramedics, emergency medical services instructors and medical response technicians, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring regulations to provide that all emergency medical technicians shall be recertified every 3 years, by eliminating provision re recertification every 2 years, by substituting 30 for 25 re hours of refresher training and by permitting commissioner to prescribe other requirements, effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-195b. Reinstatement of expired certification. Validity of expired certificate. (a) Any person certified as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician, emergency medical responder or emergency medical services instructor pursuant to this chapter and the regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179 whose certification has expired may apply to the Department of Public Health for reinstatement of such certification as follows: (1) If such certification expired one year or less from the date of application for reinstatement, such person shall complete the requirements for recertification specified in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, as such recertification regulations may be from time to time amended; (2) if such certification expired more than one year but less than three years from the date of application for reinstatement, such person shall complete the training required for recertification and the examination required for initial certification specified in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, as such training and examination regulations may be from time to time amended; or (3) if such certification expired three or more years from the date of application for reinstatement, such person shall complete the requirements for initial certification specified in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, as such initial certification regulations may be from time to time amended.

      (b) Any certificate issued pursuant to this chapter and the regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179 which expires on or after January 1, 2001, shall remain valid for ninety days after the expiration date of such certificate. Any such certificate shall become void upon the expiration of such ninety-day period.

      (P.A. 01-1, S. 2, 3; P.A. 09-232, S. 37.)

      History: P.A. 01-1 effective February 7, 2001; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "advanced emergency medical technician" for "emergency medical technician-intermediate" and "emergency medical responder" for "medical response technician", effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-197a. Administration of epinephrine. (a) As used in this section, "emergency medical technician" means (1) any class of emergency medical technician certified under regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, including, but not limited to, any advanced emergency medical technician, and (2) any paramedic licensed pursuant to section 20-206ll.

      (b) Any emergency medical technician who has been trained, in accordance with national standards recognized by the Commissioner of Public Health, in the administration of epinephrine using automatic prefilled cartridge injectors or similar automatic injectable equipment and who functions in accordance with written protocols and the standing orders of a licensed physician serving as an emergency department director may administer epinephrine using such injectors or equipment. All emergency medical technicians shall receive such training. All licensed or certified ambulances shall be equipped with epinephrine in such injectors or equipment which may be administered in accordance with written protocols and standing orders of a licensed physician serving as an emergency department director.

      (P.A. 00-135, S. 16, 21; P.A. 09-232, S. 38.)

      History: P.A. 00-135 effective January 1, 2001; P.A. 09-232 redefined "emergency medical technician" in Subsec. (a), effective January 1, 2010.

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