Connecticut Seal

Senate Bill No. 250

Public Act No. 10-123

AN ACT CONCERNING ANATOMICAL GIFTS.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Assembly convened:

Section 1. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) Sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act, may be cited as the "Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. "

Sec. 2. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) As used in sections 2 to 23, inclusive, of this act, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) "Adult" means an individual who is at least eighteen years of age.

(2) "Agent" means an individual:

(A) Authorized to make health-care decisions on the principal's behalf by a power of attorney for health care; or

(B) Expressly authorized to make an anatomical gift on the principal's behalf by any other record signed by the principal.

(3) "Anatomical gift" means a donation of all or part of a human body to take effect after the donor's death for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education.

(4) "Decedent" means a deceased individual whose body or part is or may be the source of an anatomical gift, including a stillborn infant and, subject to restrictions imposed by law other than the provisions of sections 2 to 23, inclusive, of this act, a fetus.

(5) "Disinterested witness" (A) means a witness other than the spouse, child, parent, sibling, grandchild, grandparent or guardian of the individual who makes, amends, revokes or refuses to make an anatomical gift, or another adult who exhibited special care and concern for the individual, and (B) does not include a person to whom an anatomical gift could pass under section 11 of this act.

(6) "Document of gift" means a donor card or other record used to make an anatomical gift, including a statement or symbol on an operator's license or identification card or inclusion in a donor registry.

(7) "Donor" means an individual whose body or part is the subject of an anatomical gift.

(8) "Donor registry" means the state donor registry maintained pursuant to the provisions of section 14-42a of the general statutes, as amended by this act, and includes any other database that identifies donors and conforms with the provisions of section 20 of this act.

(9) "Eye bank" means a person that is licensed, accredited or regulated under federal or state law to engage in the recovery, screening, testing, processing, storage or distribution of human eyes or portions of human eyes.

(10) "Guardian" (A) means a person appointed by a court to make decisions regarding the support, care, education, health or welfare of an individual, and (B) does not include a guardian ad litem.

(11) "Hospital" means a facility licensed as a hospital under chapter 368v of the general statutes or the law of any other state or a facility operated as a hospital by the United States, a state or a subdivision of a state.

(12) "Identification card" means an identification card issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles.

(13) "Knows" or "knowingly" means to have actual knowledge.

(14) "Minor" means an individual who is under eighteen years of age.

(15) "Operator's license" means a license or permit issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles to operate a vehicle, whether or not conditions are attached to such license or permit.

(16) "Organ procurement organization" means a person designated by the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services as an organ procurement organization.

(17) "Parent" means a parent whose parental rights have not been terminated.

(18) "Part" (A) means an organ, an eye or tissue of a human being, and (B) does not include the whole body.

(19) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

(20) "Physician" means an individual authorized to practice medicine or osteopathy under chapter 370 of the general statutes or the law of any other state.

(21) "Procurement organization" means a person licensed, accredited or approved under federal laws or the laws of any state, as a nonprofit organ procurement organization, eye or tissue bank.

(22) "Prospective donor" means an individual, except for an individual who has made a refusal, who is dead or near death and has been determined by a procurement organization to have a part that could be medically suitable for transplantation, therapy, research or education.

(23) "Reasonably available" means able to be contacted by a procurement organization without undue effort and willing and able to act in a timely manner consistent with existing medical criteria necessary for the making of an anatomical gift.

(24) "Recipient" means an individual into whose body a decedent's part has been or is intended to be transplanted.

(25) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

(26) "Refusal" means a record created under section 7 of this act that expressly states an intent to bar other persons from making an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part.

(27) "Sign" means, with the present intent to authenticate or adopt a record:

(A) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or

(B) To attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic symbol, sound or process.

(28) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(29) "Technician" means an individual, including an enucleator, determined to be qualified to remove or process parts by an appropriate organization that is licensed, accredited or regulated under federal or state law.

(30) "Tissue" means a portion of the human body other than an organ or an eye, and excludes blood unless such blood is donated for the purpose of research or education.

(31) "Tissue bank" means a person that is licensed, accredited or regulated under federal or state law to engage in the recovery, screening, testing, processing, storage or distribution of tissue.

(32) "Transplant hospital" means a hospital that furnishes organ transplants and other medical and surgical specialty services required for the care of transplant patients.

Sec. 3. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) The provisions of sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act, and section 14-42 of the general statutes, as amended by this act, apply to an anatomical gift or amendment to, revocation of, or refusal to make an anatomical gift, whenever made.

Sec. 4. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) Subject to the provisions of section 8 of this act, an anatomical gift of a donor's body or part may be made during the life of the donor for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education in the manner provided in section 5 of this act by: (1) The donor, if the donor is an adult or if the donor is a minor and is: (A) Emancipated; or (B) authorized under state law to apply for an operator's license or identification card; (2) an agent of the donor, including, but not limited to, a health care representative appointed under section 19a-576 of the general statutes, unless the power of attorney for health care or other record prohibits the agent from making an anatomical gift; (3) a parent of the donor, if the donor is an unemancipated minor; or (4) the donor's guardian.

Sec. 5. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) A donor may make an anatomical gift: (1) By authorizing donor designation in a donor registry; (2) by means of a will; (3) during a terminal illness or injury of the donor, by any form of communication addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness; or (4) through execution of a record pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.

(b) A donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 4 of this act may make a gift by a donor card or other record signed by the donor or other person making the gift or by authorizing that a statement or symbol indicating that the donor has made an anatomical gift be included on a donor registry. If the donor or other person is physically unable to sign a record, the record may be signed by another individual at the direction of the donor or other person and shall: (1) Be witnessed by at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and (2) state that it has been signed and witnessed as provided in subdivision (1) of this subsection.

(c) Revocation, suspension, expiration or cancellation of an operator's license or identification card issued to a donor shall not invalidate an anatomical gift.

(d) An anatomical gift made by will takes effect upon the donor's death whether or not the will is probated. Invalidation of the will after the donor's death shall not invalidate the gift.

Sec. 6. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) Subject to the provisions of section 8 of this act, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 4 of this act, may amend or revoke an anatomical gift by: (1) A record signed by (A) the donor; (B) the other person; or (C) subject to subsection (b) of this section, another individual acting at the direction of the donor or the other person if the donor or other person is physically unable to sign; or (2) a subsequently executed document of gift that amends or revokes a previous anatomical gift or portion of an anatomical gift, either expressly or by inconsistency.

(b) A record signed pursuant to subparagraph (C) of subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section shall: (1) Be witnessed by at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the donor or the other person; and (2) state that such record has been signed and witnessed as provided for in subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Subject to the provisions of section 8 of this act, a donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 4 of this act may revoke an anatomical gift by the destruction or cancellation of the document of gift, or the portion of the document of gift used to make the gift, with the intent to revoke the gift.

(d) A donor may amend or revoke an anatomical gift that was not made in a will by any form of communication during a terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.

(e) A donor who makes an anatomical gift in a will may amend or revoke the gift in the manner provided for amendment or revocation of wills or as provided in subsection (a) of this section.

Sec. 7. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) An individual may refuse to make an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part by: (1) A record signed by: (A) The individual; or (B) subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, another individual acting at the direction of the individual if the individual is physically unable to sign; (2) the individual's will, whether or not the will is admitted to probate or invalidated after the individual's death; or (3) any form of communication made by the individual during the individual's terminal illness or injury addressed to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.

(b) A record signed pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section shall: (1) Be witnessed by at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness, who have signed at the request of the individual; and (2) state that such record has been signed and witnessed as provided for in subsection (a) of this section.

(c) An individual who has made a refusal may amend or revoke such refusal: (1) In the manner provided in subsection (a) of this section for making a refusal; (2) by subsequently making an anatomical gift pursuant to section 5 of this act that is inconsistent with the refusal; or (3) by destroying or canceling the record evidencing the refusal, or the portion of the record used to make the refusal, with the intent to revoke the refusal.

(d) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (g) of section 8 of this act, in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the individual set forth in the refusal, an individual's unrevoked refusal to make an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part bars all other persons from making an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part.

Sec. 8. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) Except as provided in subsection (g) of this section and subject to the provisions of subsection (f) of this section, in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor, a person other than the donor is barred from making, amending or revoking an anatomical gift of a donor's body or part if the donor made an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under section 5 of this act or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under section 6 of this act.

(b) A donor's revocation of an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under section 6 of this act is not a refusal and does not bar another person specified in section 4 or 9 of this act from making an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under section 5 or 10 of this act.

(c) If a person other than the donor makes an unrevoked anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under section 5 of this act or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under section 6 of this act, another person may not make, amend or revoke the gift of the donor's body or part under section 10 of this act.

(d) A revocation of an anatomical gift of a donor's body or part under section 6 of this act by a person other than the donor shall not preclude another person from making an anatomical gift of the body or part under section 5 or 10 of this act.

(e) In the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 4 of this act, (1) an anatomical gift of a part is neither a refusal to give another part nor a limitation on the making of an anatomical gift of another part at a later time by the donor or another person; and (2) an anatomical gift of a part for one or more of the purposes set forth in section 4 of this act is not a limitation on the making of an anatomical gift of the part for any of the other purposes by the donor or any other person under section 5 or 10 of this act.

(f) If a donor who is an unemancipated minor dies, a parent of the donor who is reasonably available may revoke or amend an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part.

(g) If an unemancipated minor who signed a refusal dies, a parent of the minor who is reasonably available may revoke the minor's refusal.

Sec. 9. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) Subject to the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section and unless precluded by section 7 or 8 of this act, an anatomical gift of a decedent's body or part for purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education may be made by any member of the following classes of persons who is reasonably available, in the order of priority listed:

(1) An agent of the decedent who could have made an anatomical gift under subdivision (2) of section 4 of this act immediately before the decedent's death;

(2) The spouse of the decedent;

(3) A person designated by the decedent pursuant to section 1-56r of the general statutes, as amended by this act;

(4) Adult children of the decedent;

(5) Parents of the decedent;

(6) Adult siblings of the decedent;

(7) Adult grandchildren of the decedent;

(8) Grandparents of the decedent;

(9) An adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent;

(10) The persons who were acting as the guardians or conservator of the person of the decedent at the time of death; and

(11) Any other person having the authority to dispose of the decedent's body.

(b) If there is more than one member of a class listed in subdivision (1), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8) or (10) of subsection (a) of this section entitled to make an anatomical gift, an anatomical gift may be made by any member of the class unless that member or a person to which the gift may pass under section 11 of this act knows of an objection by any other member of the class. If an objection is known, the gift may be made only by a majority of the members of the class who are reasonably available.

(c) A person may not make an anatomical gift if, at the time of the decedent's death, a person in a higher priority class under subsection (a) of this section is reasonably available to make or to object to the making of an anatomical gift.

Sec. 10. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) A person authorized to make an anatomical gift under section 9 of this act may make an anatomical gift by a document of gift signed by the person making the gift or by that person's oral communication that is electronically recorded or is contemporaneously reduced to a record and signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.

(b) Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, an anatomical gift by a person authorized under section 9 of this act may be amended or revoked orally or in a record by any member of a higher priority class under subsection (a) of section 9 of this act, who is reasonably available. If more than one member of such higher priority class is reasonably available, the gift made by a person authorized under section 9 of this act may be: (1) Amended, only if a majority of the reasonably available higher priority class members agree to the amending of the gift; or (2) revoked, only if a majority of the reasonably available higher priority class members agree to the revoking of the gift or they are equally divided as to whether to revoke the gift.

(c) A revocation under subsection (b) of this section is effective only if the procurement organization, transplant hospital or physician or technician knows of the revocation before an incision has been made to remove a part from the donor's body or before invasive procedures have begun to prepare the recipient.

Sec. 11. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) An anatomical gift may be made to the following persons named in the document of gift: (1) A hospital; accredited medical school, dental school, college or university; organ procurement organization; or other appropriate person, for research or education; (2) subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, a named individual designated by the person making the anatomical gift if the individual is the recipient of the part; or (3) an eye bank or tissue bank.

(b) If an anatomical gift to an individual under subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section cannot be transplanted into the individual, the part passes in accordance with the provisions of subsection (g) of this section in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the person making the anatomical gift.

(c) If an anatomical gift of one or more specific parts or of all parts is made in a document of gift that does not name a person described in subsection (a) of this section but identifies the purpose for which an anatomical gift may be used, the following provisions shall apply: (1) If the part is an eye and the gift is for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, the gift passes to the appropriate eye bank; (2) if the part is tissue and the gift is for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, the gift passes to the appropriate tissue bank; (3) if the part is an organ and the gift is for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, the gift passes to the appropriate organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ; and (4) if the part is an organ, an eye or tissue and the gift is for the purpose of research or education, the gift passes to the appropriate procurement organization.

(d) For purposes of subsection (c) of this section, if there is more than one purpose of an anatomical gift set forth in the document of gift but such purposes are not set forth in any priority, the gift shall be used for transplantation or therapy, if suitable for those purposes, if the gift cannot be used for transplantation or therapy, the gift may be used for research or education.

(e) If an anatomical gift of one or more specific parts is made in a document of gift that does not name a person described in subsection (a) of this section and does not identify the purpose of the gift, the gift passes in accordance with the provisions of subsection (g) of this section and the parts shall be used for transplantation or therapy, if suitable, and if not suitable for those purposes, may be used for research or education.

(f) If a document of gift specifies only a general intent to make an anatomical gift by words such as "donor", "organ donor" or "body donor", or by a symbol or statement of similar import, the gift passes in accordance with the provisions of subsection (g) of this section and the parts shall be used for transplantation or therapy, if suitable, and if not suitable for those purposes, may be used for research or education.

(g) In accordance with subsections (b), (e) and (f) of this section, the following provisions shall apply: (1) If the part is an eye, the gift passes to the appropriate eye bank; (2) if the part is tissue, the gift passes to the appropriate tissue bank; and (3) if the part is an organ, the gift passes to the appropriate organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.

(h) An anatomical gift of an organ for transplantation or therapy, other than an anatomical gift under subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, passes to the organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.

(i) If an anatomical gift does not pass pursuant to the provisions of subsections (a) to (h), inclusive, of this section or the decedent's body or part is not used for transplantation, therapy, research or education, custody of the body or part passes to the person under obligation to dispose of the body or part.

(j) A person may not accept an anatomical gift if the person knows that the gift was not effectively made under section 5 or 10 of this act, or if the person knows that the decedent made a refusal under section 7 of this act that was not revoked. For purposes of this subsection, if a person knows that an anatomical gift was made on a document of gift, the person is deemed to know of any amendment or revocation of the gift or any refusal to make an anatomical gift on the same document of gift.

(k) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, nothing in this section shall affect the allocation of organs for transplantation or therapy.

Sec. 12. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) The following persons shall make a reasonable search of an individual who the person reasonably believes is dead or near death for a document of gift or other information identifying the individual as a donor or as an individual who made a refusal: (1) A law enforcement officer, firefighter, paramedic or other emergency rescuer finding the individual; and (2) if no other source of the information is immediately available, a hospital, as soon as practical after the individual's arrival at the hospital.

(b) If a document of gift or a refusal to make an anatomical gift is located as a result of the search required pursuant to subsection (a) of this section and the individual or deceased individual to whom such search relates is taken to a hospital, the person responsible for conducting such search shall send the document of gift or refusal to the hospital.

(c) A person shall not be subject to criminal or civil liability for failing to discharge the duties imposed by this section, but may be subject to administrative sanctions.

Sec. 13. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) A document of gift need not be delivered during the donor's lifetime to be effective.

(b) Upon or after an individual's death, a person in possession of a document of gift or a refusal to make an anatomical gift with respect to the individual shall allow examination and copying of the document of gift or refusal by a person authorized to make or object to the making of an anatomical gift with respect to the individual or by a person to which the gift could pass under section 11 of this act.

Sec. 14. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) When a hospital refers an individual at or near death to a procurement organization, the organization shall make a reasonable search of the records of the Department of Motor Vehicles and any donor registry that it knows exists for the geographical area in which the individual resides to ascertain whether the individual has made an anatomical gift.

(b) A procurement organization shall be allowed reasonable access to information contained in records maintained by the Department of Motor Vehicles in accordance with the provisions of subsection (f) of section 14-10 of the general statutes, as amended by this act, to ascertain whether an individual at or near death is a donor.

(c) When a hospital refers an individual at or near death to a procurement organization, the organization may conduct any reasonable examination necessary to assess the medical suitability of a part that is or could be the subject of an anatomical gift for transplantation, therapy, research or education from a donor or a prospective donor. During such examination period, measures necessary to maintain the potential medical suitability of the part may not be withdrawn unless the hospital or procurement organization knows that the individual expressed a contrary intent.

(d) Unless otherwise prohibited by law, at any time after a donor's death, the person to which a part passes under section 11 of this act may conduct any reasonable examination necessary to assess the medical suitability of the body or part for its intended purpose.

(e) Unless otherwise prohibited by law, an examination undertaken pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) of this section may include an examination of all medical and dental records of the donor or prospective donor.

(f) Upon the death of a minor who was a donor or had signed a refusal, unless a procurement organization knows the minor is emancipated, the procurement organization shall conduct a reasonable search for the parents of the minor and provide the parents with an opportunity to revoke or amend the anatomical gift or revoke the refusal.

(g) Upon referral by a hospital pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, a procurement organization shall make a reasonable search for any person listed in section 9 of this act having priority to make an anatomical gift on behalf of a prospective donor. If a procurement organization receives information that an anatomical gift to any other person was made, amended or revoked, the procurement organization shall promptly advise the other person of all relevant information.

(h) Subject to the provisions of subsection (i) of section 11 of this act, the rights of any person to which a part passes under section 11 of this act shall be superior to the rights of all others with respect to the part. Such person may accept or reject an anatomical gift in whole or in part. Subject to the terms of the document of gift and sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act, a person that accepts an anatomical gift of an entire body may allow embalming, burial or cremation, and use of remains in a funeral service. If the gift is of a part, the person to which the part passes under section 11 of this act, upon the death of the donor and before embalming, burial or cremation, shall cause the part to be removed without unnecessary mutilation.

(i) Neither the physician who attends the decedent at death nor the physician who determines the time of the decedent's death may participate in the procedures for removing or transplanting a part from the decedent.

(j) A licensed physician or technician possessing the requisite skills and qualifications may remove a donated part from the body of a donor.

Sec. 15. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) Each hospital in this state shall enter into agreements or affiliations with procurement organizations for coordination of procurement and use of anatomical gifts.

Sec. 16. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a person that for valuable consideration, knowingly purchases or sells a part for transplantation or therapy if removal of a part from an individual is intended to occur after the individual's death shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(b) A person may charge a reasonable amount for the removal, processing, preservation, quality control, storage, transportation, implantation or disposal of a part.

Sec. 17. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) A person that, in order to obtain a financial gain, intentionally falsifies, forges, conceals, defaces or obliterates a document of gift, an amendment or revocation of a document of gift, or a refusal shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

Sec. 18. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) A person that acts in accordance with sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act and section 14-42 of the general statutes, as amended by this act, or with the applicable anatomical gift law of another state, or attempts in good faith to do so, shall not be liable for the act in a civil action, criminal prosecution or administrative proceeding. Following a donor's designation in a donor registry, signed statement by a donor or a donor card shall be prima facie evidence of good faith attempt by a person to conform to the donor's intent.

(b) Neither the person making an anatomical gift nor the donor's estate is liable for any injury or damage that results from the making or use of the gift.

(c) Implied warranties of merchantability and fitness shall not be applicable to human organs, tissues, eyes or human blood or blood plasma. Provision of such organs, tissues, eyes, blood, blood plasma and components, derivative or fractions thereof, shall not be considered commodities subject to sale or barter, but shall be considered as medical services.

(d) In determining whether an anatomical gift has been made, amended or revoked under the provisions of sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act and section 14-42 of the general statutes, as amended by this act, a person may rely upon representations of an individual listed in subdivisions (2) to (8), inclusive, of subsection (a) of section 9 of this act, relating to such individual's relationship to the donor or prospective donor unless the person knows that the individual's representation is untrue.

Sec. 19. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) A document of gift is valid if executed in accordance with: (1) The provisions of sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act and section 14-42 of the general statutes, as amended by this act; (2) the laws of the state or country where such document was executed; or (3) the laws of the state or country where the person making the anatomical gift was domiciled, has a place of residence or was a national at the time the document of gift was executed.

(b) If a document of gift is valid under this section, the law of this state governs the interpretation of the document of gift.

(c) A person may presume that a document of gift or amendment of an anatomical gift is valid unless that person knows that it was not validly executed or was revoked.

Sec. 20. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) (a) A donor registry shall be: (1) A database that includes individuals who have made an anatomical gift; (2) accessible to a procurement organization in order to allow such procurement organization the ability to obtain relevant information on the donor registry to determine, at or near death of the donor or a prospective donor, whether the donor or prospective donor has made an anatomical gift; and (3) accessible for the purposes of this subsection seven days a week, twenty-four hours per day. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to require the Department of Motor Vehicles to provide access to data maintained by the department under section 14-42a of the general statutes, as amended by this act, in any manner that is inconsistent with said section 14-42a.

(b) Personally identifiable information on a donor registry concerning a donor or prospective donor may not be used or disclosed without the express consent of the donor, prospective donor or person that made the anatomical gift for any purpose other than to determine whether the donor or prospective donor has made an anatomical gift.

(c) Nothing in this section shall prohibit any person from creating or maintaining a donor registry that is not established by or under contract with the state. Any such established registry shall comply with the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of this section.

Sec. 21. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) Subject to the provisions of chapter 368q of the general statutes, the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner shall cooperate with procurement organizations to maximize the opportunity to recover anatomical gifts for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research or education.

Sec. 22. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) In applying and construing the provisions of the Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act, consideration shall be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to the subject matter among states that enact said uniform act.

Sec. 23. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2010) Sections 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act, modify, limit and supersede the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC Section 7001 et seq. , but does not modify, limit or supersede Section 101(c) of that act, 15 USC Section 7001(c), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in Section 103(b) of said act, 15 USC Section 7003(b).

Sec. 24. Section 14-42 of the 2010 supplement to the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(a) An application for an operator's license or identity card shall be made on forms furnished by the commissioner. The applications shall be in such form and contain such provisions and information as the commissioner may determine.

(b) The application for an operator's license and the application for an identity card shall include the opportunity for the applicant to [register as an organ and tissue donor in the donor registry established pursuant to sections 19a-279a to 19a-279k, inclusive] make an anatomical gift through inclusion in the state donor registry maintained pursuant to section 14-42a, as amended by this act. An operator's license issued to a person who has [elected to be included in] authorized inclusion on such donor registry shall have a [designation of such person's donor status] donor symbol imprinted on such license or identity card.

Sec. 25. Subsection (a) of section 1-56r of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(a) Any person eighteen years of age or older may execute a document that designates another person eighteen years of age or older to make certain decisions on behalf of the maker of such document and have certain rights and obligations with respect to the maker of such document under section 1-1k, subsection (b) of section 14-16, subsection (b) of section 17a-543, subsection (a) of section [19a-279c] 9 of this act, section 19a-550, subsection (a) of section 19a-571, section 19a-580, subsection (b) of section 19a-578, section 31-51jj, section 54-85d, section 54-91c, section 54-126a or chapter 968.

Sec. 26. Subparagraph (K) of subdivision (2) of subsection (f) of section 14-10 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(K) Inclusion of personal information about persons who have indicated consent to become organ and tissue donors in a donor registry established by a procurement organization, as defined in section [19a-279a] 2 of this act;

Sec. 27. Subsection (b) of section 14-42a of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(b) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall include in regulations adopted pursuant to sections 14-36f and 14-78 a requirement that a description of the purposes and procedures of procurement organizations, as defined in section [19a-279a] 2 of this act, be included in driver education programs.

Sec. 28. Subsection (a) of section 19a-575a of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(a) Any person eighteen years of age or older may execute a document that contains health care instructions, the appointment of a health care representative, the designation of a conservator of the person for future incapacity and a document of anatomical gift. Any such document shall be signed and dated by the maker with at least two witnesses and may be in the substantially following form:

THESE ARE MY HEALTH CARE INSTRUCTIONS.

MY APPOINTMENT OF A HEALTH CARE REPRESENTATIVE,

THE DESIGNATION OF MY CONSERVATOR OF THE PERSON

FOR MY FUTURE INCAPACITY

AND

MY DOCUMENT OF ANATOMICAL GIFT

To any physician who is treating me: These are my health care instructions including those concerning the withholding or withdrawal of life support systems, together with the appointment of my health care representative, the designation of my conservator of the person for future incapacity and my document of anatomical gift. As my physician, you may rely on these health care instructions and any decision made by my health care representative or conservator of my person, if I am incapacitated to the point when I can no longer actively take part in decisions for my own life, and am unable to direct my physician as to my own medical care.

I, . . . . , the author of this document, request that, if my condition is deemed terminal or if I am determined to be permanently unconscious, I be allowed to die and not be kept alive through life support systems. By terminal condition, I mean that I have an incurable or irreversible medical condition which, without the administration of life support systems, will, in the opinion of my attending physician, result in death within a relatively short time. By permanently unconscious I mean that I am in a permanent coma or persistent vegetative state which is an irreversible condition in which I am at no time aware of myself or the environment and show no behavioral response to the environment. The life support systems which I do not want include, but are not limited to: Artificial respiration, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and artificial means of providing nutrition and hydration. I do want sufficient pain medication to maintain my physical comfort. I do not intend any direct taking of my life, but only that my dying not be unreasonably prolonged.

I appoint . . . . to be my health care representative. If my attending physician determines that I am unable to understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of health care decisions and unable to reach and communicate an informed decision regarding treatment, my health care representative is authorized to make any and all health care decisions for me, including (1) the decision to accept or refuse any treatment, service or procedure used to diagnose or treat my physical or mental condition, except as otherwise provided by law such as for psychosurgery or shock therapy, as defined in section 17a-540, and (2) the decision to provide, withhold or withdraw life support systems. I direct my health care representative to make decisions on my behalf in accordance with my wishes, as stated in this document or as otherwise known to my health care representative. In the event my wishes are not clear or a situation arises that I did not anticipate, my health care representative may make a decision in my best interests, based upon what is known of my wishes.

If . . . . is unwilling or unable to serve as my health care representative, I appoint . . . . to be my alternative health care representative.

If a conservator of my person should need to be appointed, I designate . . . . be appointed my conservator. If . . . . is unwilling or unable to serve as my conservator, I designate . . . . . No bond shall be required of either of them in any jurisdiction.

I hereby make this anatomical gift, if medically acceptable, to take effect upon my death.

I give: (check one)

 

…. (1) any needed organs or parts

 

…. (2) only the following organs or parts ….

to be donated for: (check one)

 

(1) …. any of the purposes stated in subsection (a) of section

 

[19a-279f of the general statutes] 11 of this act

 

(2) …. these limited purposes ….

These requests, appointments, and designations are made after careful reflection, while I am of sound mind. Any party receiving a duly executed copy or facsimile of this document may rely upon it unless such party has received actual notice of my revocation of it.

 

Date …. , 20. .

 
   

…. L. S.

This document was signed in our presence by . . . . the author of this document, who appeared to be eighteen years of age or older, of sound mind and able to understand the nature and consequences of health care decisions at the time this document was signed. The author appeared to be under no improper influence. We have subscribed this document in the author's presence and at the author's request and in the presence of each other.

 

. . . .

….

 

(Witness)

(Witness)

 

….

….

 

(Number and Street)

(Number and Street)

 

….

….

 

(City, State and Zip Code)

(City, State and Zip Code)

 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT

}

 
   

ss. . . . .

 

COUNTY OF . . . .

 

We, the subscribing witnesses, being duly sworn, say that we witnessed the execution of these health care instructions, the appointments of a health care representative, the designation of a conservator for future incapacity and a document of anatomical gift by the author of this document; that the author subscribed, published and declared the same to be the author's instructions, appointments and designation in our presence; that we thereafter subscribed the document as witnesses in the author's presence, at the author's request, and in the presence of each other; that at the time of the execution of said document the author appeared to us to be eighteen years of age or older, of sound mind, able to understand the nature and consequences of said document, and under no improper influence, and we make this affidavit at the author's request this . . . . day of . . . . 20. . .

 

….

….

 

(Witness)

(Witness)

Subscribed and sworn to before me this . . . . day of . . . . 20. .

   

. . . .

   

Commissioner of the Superior Court

   

Notary Public

   

My commission expires: . . . .

(Print or type name of all persons signing under all signatures)

Sec. 29. Subsection (a) of section 19a-583 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(a) No person who obtains confidential HIV-related information may disclose or be compelled to disclose such information, except to the following:

(1) The protected individual, his legal guardian or a person authorized to consent to health care for such individual;

(2) Any person who secures a release of confidential HIV-related information;

(3) A federal, state or local health officer when such disclosure is mandated or authorized by federal or state law;

(4) A health care provider or health facility when knowledge of the HIV-related information is necessary to provide appropriate care or treatment to the protected individual or a child of the individual or when confidential HIV-related information is already recorded in a medical chart or record and a health care provider has access to such record for the purpose of providing medical care to the protected individual;

(5) A medical examiner to assist in determining the cause or circumstances of death;

(6) Health facility staff committees or accreditation or oversight review organizations which are conducting program monitoring, program evaluation or service reviews;

(7) A health care provider or other person in cases where such provider or person in the course of his occupational duties has had a significant exposure to HIV infection, provided the following criteria are met: (A) The worker is able to document significant exposure during performance of his occupation, (B) the worker completes an incident report within forty-eight hours of exposure, identifying the parties to the exposure, witnesses, time, place and nature of the event, (C) the worker submits to a baseline HIV test within seventy-two hours of the exposure and is negative on that test for the presence of the AIDS virus, (D) the patient's or person's physician or, if the patient or person does not have a personal physician or if the patient's or person's physician is unavailable, another physician or health care provider has approached the patient or person and sought voluntary consent to disclosure and the patient or person refuses to consent to disclosure, except in an exposure where the patient or person is deceased, (E) the worker would be able to take meaningful immediate action as defined in regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-589 which could not otherwise be taken, (F) an exposure evaluation group determines that the criteria specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) of this subdivision are met and that a worker has a significant exposure to the blood of a patient or person and the patient or person or the patient's or person's legal guardian refuses to consent to release of the information. No member of the exposure evaluation group who determines that a worker has sustained a significant exposure and authorizes the disclosure of confidential HIV-related information nor the health facility, correctional facility or other institution nor any person in a health facility, correctional facility or other institution who relies in good faith on the group's determination and discloses the result shall have any liability as a result of his action carried out under this section, unless such persons acted in bad faith. If the information is not held by a health facility, correctional facility or other institution, a physician not directly involved in the exposure has certified in writing that the criteria specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) of this subdivision are met and that a significant exposure has occurred;

(8) Employees of hospitals for mental illness operated by the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services if the infection control committee of the hospital determines that the behavior of the patient poses a significant risk of transmission to another patient of the hospital. Disclosure shall only be allowed if it is likely to prevent or reduce the risk of transmission and no reasonable alternatives exist that will achieve the same goal and also preserve the confidentiality of the information. Such "reasonable alternatives" include counseling the patient concerning behaviors that pose a risk of transmission and other efforts to prevent or address the behaviors that pose a significant risk of transmission without disclosing the patient's HIV status or other confidential HIV-related information. Disclosure shall be limited to as few employees as possible and only to those employees with a direct need to receive the information to achieve the purpose authorized by this subdivision;

(9) Employees of facilities operated by the Department of Correction to provide services related to HIV infection or if the medical director and chief administrator of the facility determine that the behavior of an inmate poses significant risk of transmission to another inmate or has resulted in a significant exposure of another inmate of the facility. Such a disclosure shall only be made if it is specifically required to enable the inmate to receive such services or is likely to prevent or reduce the risk of transmission and no reasonable alternatives exist that will achieve the same goal and also preserve the confidentiality of the information. Such "reasonable alternatives" include counseling the inmate concerning behaviors that pose a risk of transmission or other efforts to prevent or address the behaviors that pose a significant risk of transmission without disclosing the patient's HIV status or other confidential HIV-related information. Disclosure shall be limited to as few employees as possible and only to those employees with a direct need to receive the information to achieve a purpose authorized by this subdivision;

(10) Any person allowed access to such information by a court order which is issued in compliance with the following provisions: (A) No court of this state shall issue such order unless the court finds a clear and imminent danger to the public health or the health of a person and that the person has demonstrated a compelling need for the test results which cannot be accommodated by other means. In assessing compelling need, the court shall weigh the need for disclosure against the privacy interest of the test subject and the public interest which may be disserved by disclosure which deters future testing or which may lead to discrimination. (B) Pleadings pertaining to disclosure of confidential HIV-related information shall substitute a pseudonym for the true name of the subject of the test. The disclosure to the parties of the subject's true name shall be communicated confidentially, in documents not filed with the court. (C) Before granting any such order, the court shall provide the individual whose test result is in question with notice and a reasonable opportunity to participate in the proceedings if he is not already a party. (D) Court proceedings as to disclosure of confidential HIV-related information shall be conducted in camera unless the subject of the test agrees to a hearing in open court or unless the court determines that a public hearing is necessary to the public interest and the proper administration of justice. (E) Upon the issuance of an order to disclose test results, the court shall impose appropriate safeguards against unauthorized disclosure, which shall specify the persons who may have access to the information, the purposes for which the information shall be used, and appropriate prohibitions on future disclosure;

(11) Life and health insurers, government payers and health care centers and their affiliates, reinsurers, and contractors, except agents and brokers, in connection with underwriting and claim activity for life, health, and disability benefits;

(12) Any health care provider specifically designated by the protected individual to receive such information received by a life or health insurer or health care center pursuant to an application for life, health or disability insurance; and

(13) A procurement organization, for the purposes of assessing donor suitability pursuant to [section 19a-279j] subsection (c) of section 14 of this act.

Sec. 30. Section 45a-318 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2010):

(a) Any person eighteen years of age or older, and of sound mind, may execute in advance of such person's death a written document, subscribed by such person and attested by two witnesses, either: (1) Directing the disposition of such person's body upon the death of such person, which document may also designate an individual to have custody and control of such person's body and to act as agent to carry out such directions; or (2) if there are no directions for disposition, designating an individual to have custody and control of the disposition of such person's body upon the death of such person. Such disposition shall include, but not be limited to, cremation, incineration, disposition of cremains, burial, method of interment and cryogenic preservation. Any such document may designate an alternate to an individual designated under subdivision (1) or (2) of this subsection.

(b) No person may challenge a funeral director's decision to carry out the directions for disposition contained in a document executed for the purposes of subsection (a) of this section if the funeral director's decision and conduct in carrying out such directions for disposition in reliance on such document was reasonable and warranted under the circumstances.

(c) In the absence of a written designation of an individual pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, or in the event that an individual and any alternate designated pursuant to subsection (a) of this section decline to act or cannot be located within forty-eight hours after the time of death or the discovery of the body, the following individuals, in the priority listed, shall have the right to custody and control of the disposition of a person's body upon the death of such person, subject to any directions for disposition made by such person pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section:

(1) The deceased person's spouse, unless such spouse abandoned the deceased person prior to the deceased person's death or has been adjudged incapable by a court of competent jurisdiction;

(2) The deceased person's surviving adult children;

(3) The deceased person's surviving parents;

(4) The deceased person's surviving siblings;

(5) Any adult person in the next degree of kinship in the order named by law to inherit the deceased person's estate, provided such adult person shall be of the third degree of kinship or higher;

(6) Such adult person as the Probate Court shall determine.

(d) A document executed by a person for the purposes of subsection (a) of this section shall revoke any document previously executed by such person for the purposes of said subsection or any prior cremation authorization or other authorization for the disposition of remains executed by such person and may be in substantially the following form, but the use of such form shall not preclude the use of any other form:

DISPOSITION OF REMAINS AND

APPOINTMENT OF AGENT

I, . . . . , of . . . . , being of sound mind, make known that upon my death my body shall be disposed of in the following manner:

(Insert desired disposition directions)

I appoint . . . . , having an address and telephone number of . . . . , to have custody and control of my body to act as my agent to carry out the disposition directions expressed in this document, and in the absence of disposition directions, to have custody and control of my body and to determine the disposition of my body. If . . . . shall decline to act or cannot be located within forty-eight hours of my death or the discovery of my body, then . . . . , having an address and telephone number of . . . . , shall act in that person's place and stead.

Executed at (insert location of execution), Connecticut on (insert date of execution).

. . . .

(Signature)

Signed in our presence by . . . . who, at the time of the execution of this document, appeared to be of sound mind and over eighteen years old.

. . . . of . . . .

. . . .

(Signature of witness)

. . . . of . . . .

. . . .

(Signature of witness)

(e) The court of probate for the district of the domicile or residence of a deceased person shall have jurisdiction to hear and decide any issue regarding the custody, control or disposition of the deceased person's body, upon the petition of any individual designated by the deceased person pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the individual entitled to custody and control under subsection (c) of this section if no designation is made pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the first selectman, chief executive officer or director of health of the town in which the deceased person's body is being held, or the funeral director or any other person or institution holding the deceased person's body, and upon such notice to interested parties as the court shall determine.

(f) This section shall not (1) apply to the disposition of the body of a deceased person under the provisions of sections 19a-270 and 54-102, (2) affect the powers and duties of the Chief Medical Examiner under the provisions of sections 19a-406 to 19a-408, inclusive, or (3) affect the making of anatomical gifts under the provisions of sections [19a-279a to 19a-279l] 1 to 23, inclusive, of this act and section 14-42, as amended by this act.

Sec. 31. Sections 19a-279a to 19a-281, inclusive, of the general statutes are repealed. (Effective October 1, 2010)

Approved June 7, 2010