CHAPTER 814e
PHYSICAL RESTRAINT, MEDICATION
AND SECLUSION OF PERSONS RECEIVING CARE,
EDUCATION OR SUPERVISION IN AN INSTITUTION OR FACILITY

Table of Contents

Sec. 46a-152. Physical restraint, seclusion and use of psychopharmacologic agents restricted. Monitoring and documentation required.

      Sec. 46a-152. Physical restraint, seclusion and use of psychopharmacologic agents restricted. Monitoring and documentation required. (a) No provider or assistant may use involuntary physical restraint on a person at risk except (1) as an emergency intervention to prevent immediate or imminent injury to the person at risk or to others, provided the restraint is not used for discipline or convenience and is not used as a substitute for a less restrictive alternative, (2) as necessary and appropriate, as determined on an individual basis by the person's treatment team and consistent with sections 17a-540 to 17a-550, inclusive, for the transportation of a person under the jurisdiction of the Whiting Forensic Division of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services.

      (b) No provider or assistant may involuntarily place a person at risk in seclusion except (1) as an emergency intervention to prevent immediate or imminent injury to the person or to others, provided the seclusion is not used for discipline or convenience and is not used as a substitute for a less restrictive alternative, or (2) as specifically provided for in an individual education plan developed pursuant to section 10-76d.

      (c) No provider or assistant may use a psychopharmacologic agent on a person at risk without that person's consent except (1) as an emergency intervention to prevent immediate or imminent injury to the person or to others, or (2) as an integral part of the person's established medical or behavioral support or educational plan, as developed consistent with section 17a-543 or, if no such plan has been developed, as part of a licensed practitioner's initial orders. The use of psychopharmacologic agents, alone or in combination, may be used only in doses that are therapeutically appropriate and not as a substitute for other appropriate treatment.

      (d) Any use of physical restraint or seclusion on a person at risk shall be documented in the person's medical or educational record. The documentation shall include (1) in the case of emergency use, the nature of the emergency and what other steps, including attempts at verbal deescalation, were taken to prevent the emergency from arising if there were indications that such an emergency was likely to arise, and (2) a detailed description of the nature of the restraint or seclusion, its duration and its effect on the person's established medical or behavioral support or educational plan.

      (e) Any person at risk who is physically restrained shall be continually monitored by a provider or assistant. Any person at risk who is involuntarily placed in seclusion shall be frequently monitored by a provider or assistant. Each person so restrained or in seclusion shall be regularly evaluated by a provider or assistant for indications of physical distress. The provider or assistant conducting the evaluation shall enter each evaluation in the person's medical or educational record. For purposes of this subsection, "monitor" means (1) direct observation, or (2) observation by way of video monitoring within physical proximity sufficient to provide aid as may be needed.

      (f) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting any rights a person may have under sections 17a-540 to 17a-550, inclusive, section 17a-566 or section 54-56d.

      (g) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the justified use of physical force by a local, state or federal law enforcement official or an employee of the Board of Pardons and Paroles or the Department of Correction responsible for the supervision of persons released on parole while in the performance of such official's or employee's duties.

      (h) (1) Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting the use of mechanical physical restraint in transporting any person (A) who is receiving services from the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services pursuant to sections 17a-513 to 17a-517, inclusive, 17a-566 to 17a-567, inclusive, 17a-582 to 17a-603, inclusive, or 54-56d, or (B) who is committed to the department by a court of competent jurisdiction and has a pending criminal charge for which bail or a bond has not been posted, from a department facility to another location and, if applicable, back to such facility. Any such use of mechanical physical restraint shall be determined on an individualized basis by the head of the facility, or by a designee of the head of the facility, to be necessary and appropriate to protect the public safety.

      (2) Any use of mechanical physical restraint under this subsection shall be documented in the medical record of the person who is transported. Such documentation shall include, but not be limited to, (A) the reason for the use of such restraint, including the risk of flight, the risk to public safety and the person's clinical condition, and (B) a detailed description of the nature of such restraint and its duration. If the use of any such restraint results in serious physical injury or death to such person, the head of the facility shall report such injury or death to the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services. The commissioner, upon receiving any such report, shall inform the director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities of such injury or death.

      (P.A. 99-210, S. 3; P.A. 00-55; P.A. 04-257, S. 117; P.A. 05-108, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 00-55 added new Subsec. (h) re use of mechanical physical restraint in transporting persons receiving services from or committed to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services; P.A. 04-257 amended Subsec. (g) to replace "an employee of the Board of Parole" with "an employee of the Department of Correction responsible for the supervision of persons released on parole", effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-108 amended Subsec. (g) to include "an employee of the Board of Pardons and Paroles" responsible for the supervision of persons released on parole, effective June 7, 2005.

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