CHAPTER 664b
CORPORATE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
OF CONNECTICUT BANKS

Table of Contents

Sec. 36a-70. (Formerly Sec. 36-53). Organization of Connecticut banks. Interim banks. Bankers' banks. Community banks. Community development banks. Uninsured banks.

PART I
ORGANIZATION

      Sec. 36a-70. (Formerly Sec. 36-53). Organization of Connecticut banks. Interim banks. Bankers' banks. Community banks. Community development banks. Uninsured banks. (a) One or more persons may organize a Connecticut bank.

      (b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, any such Connecticut bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least five million dollars. Any trust bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least two million dollars. Such equity capital shall be paid for in cash before any Connecticut bank commences business. For purposes of this section, nonwithdrawable accounts and pledged deposits of mutual savings banks and mutual savings and loan associations shall constitute capital of such mutual banks and associations to the extent that such accounts or deposits have no fixed maturity date, cannot be withdrawn at the option of the account holders and do not earn interest that carries over to subsequent periods.

      (c) The person or persons organizing a Connecticut bank shall execute, acknowledge and file with the commissioner an application to organize. Such application to organize shall include: (1) A proposed certificate of incorporation stating: (A) The name and type of the Connecticut bank; (B) the town in which the main office is to be located; (C) in the case of a capital stock Connecticut bank, the amount, authorized number and par value, if any, of shares of its capital stock; (D) the minimum amount of equity capital with which the Connecticut bank shall commence business, which amount may be less than its authorized capital but shall not be less than that required by subsection (b) of this section; (E) the name, occupation and residence, post office or business address of each organizer and prospective initial director of the Connecticut bank; and (2) a proposed business plan. The organizers shall separately file with the commissioner a notice of the residence of each organizer and prospective initial director whose residence address is not included in the proposed certificate of incorporation. In connection with an application to organize a Connecticut bank, the commissioner may, in the commissioner's discretion, and in accordance with section 29-17a, arrange for the fingerprinting or for conducting any other method of positive identification required by the State Police Bureau of Investigation of each organizer and prospective initial director, to be used in conducting a criminal history records check.

      (d) Within twenty days after receipt of the application to organize, the commissioner shall order, at the expense of the organizers, an independent feasibility study and an independent three-year financial forecast prepared by a certified public accounting firm or other professional firm designated by the commissioner.

      (e) Upon receipt of the feasibility study and financial forecast required by subsection (d) of this section, the commissioner shall issue an order designating a time and place for a hearing on the application. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with chapter 54 not more than thirty days from receipt of such feasibility study and financial forecast unless the commissioner determines that good cause exists to extend such time period. A copy of such feasibility study and financial forecast shall be made available to the organizers. Any exhibit or documentation submitted to the commissioner by the organizers at the time of filing or by the preparer or preparers of the feasibility study and financial forecast, other than financial statements and biographical information relating to the individual organizers, shall be available for public inspection prior to such hearing unless the commissioner determines that good cause exists to keep any such exhibit or documentation confidential.

      (f) The organizers shall cause to be published a copy of the proposed certificate of incorporation and the time and place set for the hearing for seven consecutive days not less than twenty days prior to the date of the hearing, in a newspaper designated by the commissioner published in the town where the main office of the Connecticut bank is to be located or, if there is no newspaper published in such town, in a newspaper having a circulation therein.

      (g) For applications to organize bank and trust companies and capital stock savings banks, the commissioner shall notify the State Treasurer and State Comptroller of the time and place of the hearing.

      (h) (1) The approving authority shall consider the following factors before granting a temporary certificate of authority: (A) The population of the area to be served by the proposed Connecticut bank; (B) the adequacy of existing banking facilities in the area to be served by the proposed Connecticut bank; (C) the convenience and necessity to the public of the proposed facilities; and (D) the character and experience of the proposed directors and officers. (2) The application shall be approved if the approving authority determines: (A) That the interest of the public will be served to advantage by the establishment of the proposed Connecticut bank; (B) that conditions in the locality in which the proposed bank will transact business afford reasonable promise of successful operation; and (C) that the proposed directors possess capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which they will be charged. (3) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (p), (q), (r), (s) and (t) of this section, the approving authority shall be, in the case of an application to organize a bank and trust company or a capital stock savings bank, a majority of the commissioner, State Treasurer, and State Comptroller, and, in the case of an application to organize a mutual savings bank or a mutual or capital stock savings and loan association, the commissioner acting alone.

      (i) If the application is approved by the approving authority, a temporary certificate of authority, valid for eighteen months, shall be issued to the organizers authorizing them to complete the organization of the Connecticut bank. The organizers shall thereupon file one copy of the temporary certificate of authority and one copy of the certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of the State. The commissioner may, upon the application of the organizers and after a hearing thereon, extend, for cause, the period for which the temporary certificate of authority is valid.

      (j) If the application is not approved by the approving authority, the approving authority shall, in writing, so notify the organizers. An appeal from the decision approving or disapproving the application may be taken in accordance with chapter 54.

      (k) (1) Prior to the issuance of a final certificate of authority, the organizers may (A) with the approval of the commissioner, amend the proposed certificate of incorporation to change (i) the name or the type of the Connecticut bank, (ii) the town in which the main office of the Connecticut bank is to be located, (iii) in the case of a capital stock Connecticut bank, the amount, authorized number and par value, if any, of shares of its capital stock, or (iv) the name of an organizer or prospective initial director of the Connecticut bank; (B) with the approval of the approving authority, amend a material provision of the proposed business plan, or amend the proposed certificate of incorporation to change the minimum amount of equity capital with which the Connecticut bank shall commence business, which amount may be less than its authorized capital but not less than that required by subsection (b) of this section; or (C) file notice with the commissioner to amend the proposed certificate of incorporation to change the occupation or residence, post office or business address of any organizer or prospective initial director of the Connecticut bank.

      (2) Upon receipt of an application to change the name of a Connecticut bank under subparagraph (A)(i) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the commissioner shall cause notice of the filing of such application to be published in the department's weekly bulletin. The notice shall state that written objections to such application may be made, for a period of thirty days from the date of publication of the bulletin, on the grounds that the name selected will tend to confuse the public. If, in the opinion of the commissioner, the name selected by the organizers will not tend to confuse the public and if no objection is filed, the commissioner shall approve such change of name. If, in the opinion of the commissioner, the name selected will tend to confuse the public or if an objection is filed, the commissioner shall order a hearing to be held not less than twenty or more than thirty days from the date originally set for the filing of objections to the application for change of name, and notice of such hearing shall be published in the department's weekly bulletin at least fourteen days prior to the hearing. At the hearing, the commissioner shall hear all persons desiring to be heard and shall make a ruling within fifteen days.

      (3) The organizers shall file with the Secretary of the State any approval issued pursuant to this subsection, and the approved amendment shall become effective upon such filing. In the case of an amendment notice pursuant to subparagraph (C) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the organizers shall file such amendment with the Secretary of the State, and such amendment shall become effective upon such filing.

      (l) The approving authority shall cause to be made an examination of the proposed Connecticut bank upon notice from the organizers that the following conditions have occurred: (1) The proposed bank has been fully organized according to law; (2) the State Treasurer has been paid the franchise tax and filing fee specified in subsection (o) of this section; (3) the proposed bank has raised the minimum equity capital required; and (4) in the case of a proposed capital stock Connecticut bank, a certified list of each subscriber who will own at least five per cent of any class of voting securities of the proposed bank, showing the number of shares owned by each, has been filed with the commissioner. If all provisions of law have been complied with, a final certificate of authority to commence the business for which the bank was organized shall be issued by the approving authority. One copy of the final certificate shall be filed with the Secretary of the State, one copy shall be retained by the bank, and one copy shall be retained by the commissioner.

      (m) The reasonable charges and expenses of organization or reorganization of a capital stock Connecticut bank, and the reasonable expenses of any compensation or discount for the sale, underwriting or purchase of its shares, may be paid or allowed by such bank out of the par value received by it for its shares, or in the case of shares without par value, out of the stated capital received by it for its shares, without rendering such shares not fully paid and nonassessable.

      (n) The Connecticut bank shall not commence business until: (1) A final certificate of authority has been issued in accordance with subsection (l) of this section, (2) except in the case of a trust bank, an interim Connecticut bank organized pursuant to subsection (p) of this section, or an uninsured bank organized pursuant to subsection (t) of this section, until its insurable accounts or deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency, and (3) it has complied with the requirements of subsection (u) of this section, if applicable. The acceptance of subscriptions for deposits by a mutual savings bank or mutual savings and loan association as may be necessary to obtain insurance by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency shall not be considered to be commencing business. No Connecticut bank other than a trust bank may exercise any of the fiduciary powers granted to Connecticut banks by law until express authority therefor has been given by the commissioner.

      (o) Prior to the issuance of a final certificate of authority to commence business in accordance with subsection (l) of this section, the Connecticut bank shall pay to the State Treasurer a franchise tax, together with a filing fee of twenty dollars for the required papers. The franchise tax for a mutual savings bank and mutual savings and loan association shall be thirty dollars. The franchise tax for all capital stock Connecticut banks shall be one cent per share up to and including the first ten thousand authorized shares, one-half cent per share for each authorized share in excess of ten thousand shares up to and including one hundred thousand shares, one-quarter cent per share for each authorized share in excess of one hundred thousand shares up to and including one million shares and one-fifth cent per share for each authorized share in excess of one million shares.

      (p) One or more persons may organize an interim Connecticut bank solely (1) for the acquisition of an existing bank, whether by acquisition of stock, by acquisition of assets, or by merger or consolidation, or (2) to facilitate any other corporate transaction authorized by this title in which the commissioner has determined that such transaction has adequate regulatory supervision to justify the organization of an interim Connecticut bank. Such interim Connecticut bank shall not accept deposits or otherwise commence business. Subdivision (2) of subsection (c) and subsections (d), (f), (g), (h) and (o) of this section shall not apply to the organization of an interim bank, provided the commissioner may, in the commissioner's discretion, order a hearing under subsection (e) or require that the organizers publish or mail the proposed certificate of incorporation or both. The approving authority for an interim Connecticut bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. If the approving authority determines that the organization of the interim Connecticut bank complies with applicable law, the approving authority shall issue a temporary certificate of authority conditioned on the approval by the appropriate supervisory agency of the corporate transaction for which the interim Connecticut bank is formed.

      (q) (1) As used in this subsection, "bankers' bank" means a Connecticut bank that is (A) owned exclusively by any combination of banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions having their principal office in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island or Vermont, and (B) organized to engage exclusively in providing services for, or that indirectly benefit, other banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions and their directors, officers and employees.

      (2) One or more persons may organize a bankers' bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsections (g) and (h) of this section shall not apply. The approving authority for a bankers' bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. Before granting a temporary certificate of authority in the case of an application to organize a bankers' bank, the approving authority shall consider (A) whether the proposed bankers' bank will facilitate the provision of services that such banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions would not otherwise be able to readily obtain, and (B) the character and experience of the proposed directors and officers. The application to organize a bankers' bank shall be approved if the approving authority determines that the interest of the public will be directly or indirectly served to advantage by the establishment of the proposed bankers' bank, and the proposed directors possess capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which they will be charged.

      (3) A bankers' bank shall have all of the powers of and be subject to all of the requirements applicable to a Connecticut bank under this title which are not inconsistent with this subsection, except: (A) A bankers' bank may only provide services for, or that indirectly benefit, other banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions and for the directors, officers and employees of such banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions; (B) only banks, out-of-state banks, Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions, or out-of-state credit unions having their principal office in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island or Vermont may own the capital stock of or otherwise invest in a bankers' bank; (C) upon the written request of a bankers' bank, the commissioner may waive specific requirements of this title and the regulations adopted thereunder if the commissioner finds that (i) the requirement pertains primarily to banks that provide retail or consumer banking services and is inconsistent with this subsection, and (ii) the requirement may impede the ability of the bankers' bank to compete or to provide desired services to its market provided, any such waiver and the commissioner's findings shall be in writing and shall be made available for public inspection; and (D) the commissioner may, by regulation, limit the powers that may be exercised by a bankers' bank.

      (4) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to administer the provisions of this subsection.

      (r) (1) As used in this subsection and section 36a-139, "community bank" means a Connecticut bank that is organized pursuant to this subsection and is subject to the provisions of this subsection and section 36a-139.

      (2) One or more persons may organize a community bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsection (g) of this section shall not apply. Any such community bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least three million dollars. The approving authority for a community bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. In addition to the considerations and determinations required by subsection (h) of this section, before granting a temporary certificate of authority to organize a community bank, the approving authority shall determine that (A) each of the proposed directors and proposed executive officers, as defined in subparagraph (D) of subdivision (3) of this subsection, possesses capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which such director or officer will be charged, and (B) there is satisfactory community support for the proposed community bank based on evidence of such support provided by the organizers to the approving authority. If the approving authority cannot make such determination with respect to any such proposed director or proposed executive officer, the approving authority may refuse to allow such proposed director or proposed executive officer to serve in such capacity in the proposed community bank.

      (3) A community bank shall have all of the powers of and be subject to all of the requirements and limitations applicable to a Connecticut bank under this title which are not inconsistent with this subsection, except: (A) No community bank may (i) exercise any of the fiduciary powers granted to Connecticut banks by law until express authority therefor has been given by the approving authority, (ii) establish and maintain one or more mutual funds, (iii) invest in derivative securities other than mortgage-backed securities fully guaranteed by governmental agencies or government sponsored agencies, (iv) own any real estate for the present or future use of the bank unless the approving authority finds, based on an independently prepared analysis of costs and benefits, that it would be less costly to the bank to own instead of lease such real estate, or (v) make mortgage loans secured by nonresidential real estate the aggregate amount of which, at the time of origination, exceeds ten per cent of all assets of such bank; (B) the aggregate amount of all loans made by a community bank shall not exceed eighty per cent of the total deposits held by such bank; (C) (i) the total direct or indirect liabilities of any one obligor, whether or not fully secured and however incurred, to any community bank, exclusive of such bank's investment in the investment securities of such obligor, shall not exceed at the time incurred ten per cent of the equity capital and reserves for loan and lease losses of such bank, and (ii) the limitations set forth in subsection (a) of section 36a-262 shall apply to this subparagraph; and (D) the limitations set forth in subsection (a) of section 36a-263 shall apply to all community banks, provided, a community bank may (i) make a mortgage loan to any director or executive officer secured by premises occupied or to be occupied by such director or officer as a primary residence, (ii) make an educational loan to any director or executive officer for the education of any child of such director or executive officer, and (iii) extend credit to any director or executive officer in an amount not exceeding ten thousand dollars for extensions of credit not otherwise specifically authorized in this subparagraph. The aggregate amount of all loans or extensions of credit made by a community bank pursuant to this subparagraph shall not exceed thirty-three and one-third per cent of the equity capital and reserves for loan and lease losses of such bank. As used in this subparagraph, "executive officer" means every officer of a community bank who participates or has authority to participate, other than in the capacity of a director, in major policy-making functions of the bank, regardless of whether such officer has an official title or whether such officer serves without salary or other compensation. The vice president, chief financial officer, secretary and treasurer of a community bank are presumed to be executive officers unless, by resolution of the governing board or by the bank's bylaws, any such officer is excluded from participation in major policy-making functions, other than in the capacity of a director of the bank, and such officer does not actually participate in major policy-making functions.

      (4) The audit and examination requirements set forth in section 36a-86 shall apply to each community bank.

      (5) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to administer the provisions of this subsection and section 36a-139.

      (s) (1) As used in this subsection, "community development bank" means a Connecticut bank that is organized to serve the banking needs of a well-defined neighborhood, community or other geographic area as determined by the commissioner, primarily, but not exclusively, by making commercial loans in amounts of one hundred fifty thousand dollars or less to existing businesses or to persons seeking to establish businesses located within such neighborhood, community or geographic area.

      (2) One or more persons may organize a community development bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsection (g) of this section shall not apply. The approving authority for a community development bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. Any such community development bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital determined by the commissioner to be appropriate for the proposed activities of such bank, provided, if such proposed activities include accepting deposits, such minimum equity capital shall be sufficient to enable such deposits to be insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency.

      (3) The state, acting through the State Treasurer, may be the sole organizer of a community development bank or may participate with any other person or persons in the organization of any community development bank, and may own all or a part of any capital stock of such bank. No application fee shall be required under subparagraph (H) of subdivision (1) of subsection (d) of section 36a-65 and no franchise tax shall be required under subsection (o) of this section for any community development bank organized by or in participation with the state.

      (4) In addition to the considerations and determinations required by subsection (h) of this section, before granting a temporary certificate of authority to organize a community development bank, the approving authority shall determine that (A) each of the proposed directors and proposed executive officers possesses capacity and fitness for the duties and responsibilities with which such director or officer will be charged, and (B) there is satisfactory community support for the proposed community development bank based on evidence of such support provided by the organizers to the approving authority. If the approving authority cannot make such determination with respect to any such proposed director or proposed executive officer, the approving authority may refuse to allow such proposed director or proposed executive officer to serve in such capacity in the proposed community development bank. As used in this subdivision, "executive officer" means every officer of a community development bank who participates or has authority to participate, other than in the capacity of a director, in major policy-making functions of the bank, regardless of whether such officer has an official title or whether such officer serves without salary or other compensation. The vice president, chief financial officer, secretary and treasurer of a community development bank are presumed to be executive officers unless, by resolution of the governing board or by the bank's bylaws, any such officer is excluded from participation in major policy-making functions, other than in the capacity of a director of the bank, and such officer does not actually participate in major policy-making functions.

      (5) Notwithstanding any contrary provision of this title: (A) The commissioner may limit the powers that may be exercised by a community development bank or impose conditions on the exercise by such bank of any power allowed by this title as the commissioner deems necessary in the interest of the public and for the safety and soundness of the community development bank, provided, any such limitations or conditions, or both, shall be set forth in the final certificate of authority issued in accordance with subsection (l) of this section; and (B) the commissioner may waive in writing any requirement imposed on a community development bank under this title or any regulation adopted under this title if the commissioner finds that such requirement is inconsistent with the powers that may be exercised by such community development bank under its final certificate of authority.

      (6) The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

      (t) (1) One or more persons may organize an uninsured bank in accordance with the provisions of this section, except that subsection (g) of this section shall not apply. The approving authority for an uninsured bank shall be the commissioner acting alone. Any such uninsured bank shall commence business with a minimum equity capital of at least five million dollars unless the commissioner establishes a different minimum capital requirement for such uninsured bank based upon its proposed activities.

      (2) An uninsured bank shall have all of the powers of and be subject to all of the requirements and limitations applicable to a Connecticut bank under this title which are not inconsistent with this subsection, except no uninsured bank may accept retail deposits and, notwithstanding any provision of this title, sections 36a-30 to 36a-34, inclusive, do not apply to uninsured banks.

      (3) (A) An uninsured bank shall display conspicuously, at each window or other place where deposits are usually accepted, a sign stating that deposits are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency.

      (B) An uninsured bank shall either (i) include in boldface conspicuous type on each signature card, passbook, and instrument evidencing a deposit the following statement: "This deposit is not insured by the FDIC" or (ii) require each depositor to execute a statement that acknowledges that the initial deposit and all future deposits at the uninsured bank are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency. The uninsured bank shall retain such acknowledgment as long as the depositor maintains any deposit with the uninsured bank.

      (C) An uninsured bank shall include on all of its deposit-related advertising a conspicuous statement that deposits are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor agency.

      (u) (1) Each trust bank and uninsured bank shall keep assets on deposit in the amount of at least one million dollars with such banks as the commissioner may approve, provided a trust bank or uninsured bank that received its final certificate of authority prior to May 12, 2004, shall keep assets on deposit as follows: At least two hundred fifty thousand dollars no later than one year from May 12, 2004, at least five hundred thousand dollars no later than two years from said date, at least seven hundred fifty thousand dollars no later than three years from said date and at least one million dollars no later than four years from said date. No trust bank or uninsured bank shall make a deposit pursuant to this section until the bank at which the assets are to be deposited and the trust bank or uninsured bank shall have executed a deposit agreement satisfactory to the commissioner. The value of such assets shall be based upon the principal amount or market value, whichever is lower. If the commissioner determines that an asset that otherwise qualifies under this section shall be valued at less than the amount otherwise provided in this subdivision, the commissioner shall so notify the trust bank or uninsured bank, which shall thereafter value such asset as directed by the commissioner.

      (2) As used in this subsection, "assets" means: (A) United States dollar deposits payable in the United States, other than certificates of deposit; (B) bonds, notes, debentures or other obligations of the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof, or guaranteed by the United States, or of this state or of a county, city, town, village, school district, or instrumentality of this state or guaranteed by this state; (C) bonds, notes, debentures or other obligations issued by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation and the Federal National Mortgage Corporation; (D) commercial paper payable in dollars in the United States, provided such paper is rated in one of the three highest rating categories by a rating service recognized by the commissioner. In the event that an issue of commercial paper is rated by more than one recognized rating service, it shall be rated in one of the three highest rating categories by each such rating service; (E) negotiable certificates of deposit that are payable in the United States; (F) reserves held at a federal reserve bank; and (G) such other assets as determined by the commissioner upon written application.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5778; 1953, S. 2647d; 1963, P.A. 194; 251, S. 1; 642, S. 39; February, 1965, P.A. 262; 1969, P.A. 504, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 313; P.A. 73-175; P.A. 74-254, S. 3; P.A. 75-4; P.A. 77-614, S. 161, 610; P.A. 78-43; 78-121, S. 90, 113; 78-303, S. 41, 136; P.A. 79-71, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 90-2, S. 7, 20; P.A. 92-12, S. 22; 92-54, S. 1, 6; P.A. 94-122, S. 35, 340; P.A. 95-129, S. 3; 95-244, S. 2; P.A. 97-190; 97-209, S. 3, 6; P.A. 98-260, S. 1; P.A. 99-36, S. 34; 99-158, S. 4; P.A. 00-28; P.A. 01-183, S. 2, 11; P.A. 02-21, S. 1; 02-47, S. 4; 02-89, S. 76, 77; P.A. 03-19, S. 80; 03-259, S. 7; P.A. 04-136, S. 5; P.A. 05-39, S. 3, 4; 05-288, S. 198.)

      History: 1963 acts inserted new Subdiv. (d) in Subsec. (3) requiring that articles of incorporation state minimum amount of capital and surplus required for state bank and trust company to commence business, reduced minimum par value of shares from ten to five dollars in Subsec. (2) and in Subsec. (11) replaced charter fee of one dollar per thousand dollars of authorized capital stock with franchise tax of one cent per share of stock and raised filing fee from ten to twenty dollars; 1965 act authorized commission to extend validity period of temporary certificate of authority in Subsec. (8); 1969 act reduced minimum par value of shares to one dollar in Subsec. (2); 1971 act increased minimum capital stock from one hundred thousand to five hundred thousand dollars required to commence business in towns of less than fifty thousand persons and from two hundred thousand to seven hundred fifty thousand dollars in towns of fifty thousand or more persons under Subsec. (2); P.A. 73-175 raised minimum capital stock required to commence business to one million dollars, applicable in all towns regardless of population; P.A. 74-254 deleted reference to taking appeals "in the manner provided in chapter 637" in Subsec. (10); P.A. 75-4 required that exhibits or feasibility studies be available for public inspection prior to hearings in Subsec. (4); P.A. 77-614 replaced bank commissioner with banking commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-43 replaced banking commission with references to commissioner, state treasurer and state comptroller as necessary in Subsecs. (6) to (12) and replaced provisions re notice of appeal in Subsec. (10) with provision requiring that appeal be taken in accordance with chapter 54; P.A. 78-121 allowed organization of bank and trust company by one person rather than nine persons in Subsec. (1), deleted provision in Subsec. (2) which stated minimum and maximum par values of shares, deleted provisions in Subsec. (3) which had required that articles of incorporation state town's population, which distinguished between residence and post office addresses of corporation members and which had required inclusion of names of members willing to accept responsibilities and discharge duties of a director and required that occupations of incorporators and prospective initial director be included, specified that hearings be conducted in accordance with chapter 54 in Subsec. (6) and deleted requirement that copy of certificate of authorization be filed with town clerk of town where corporation is located in Subsec. (11); P.A. 78-303 made no change; P.A. 79-71 changed period of validity for temporary certificate of authority in Subsec. (8) from twelve to eighteen months; (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking commissioner" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "commissioner of banking"); P.A. 90-2 added Subsec. (13) prohibiting, with certain exceptions, the organization of new state bank and trust companies until February 1, 1992; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs., Subdivs. and Subparas. and made technical changes; P.A. 92-54 amended Subsec. (2) to require a minimum capital and surplus of one million dollars for state bank and trust companies organized to function solely in a fiduciary capacity and two million five hundred thousand dollars for all other state bank and trust companies; P.A. 94-122 reduced the number of people needed to start a mutual or capital stock savings and loan association from nine to one in Subsec. (a), replaced "capital stock and surplus" with "equity capital" in Subsec. (b), required organizers to separately file notice of the residence of each organizer or director whose address is not included in the certificate of incorporation in Subsec. (d), allowed mutual savings banks to be organized under the statutes in Subsec. (g), made newspaper and other notice requirements consistent for all three types of banks and changed the requirement re filing the stockholder list with the state treasurer in Subsec. (k), added Subsec. (l) re expenses of organization, reorganization or sale or purchase of shares, authorized the formation of interim banks and set the franchise tax in Subsec. (o) and changed "articles of incorporation" to "certificate of incorporation" throughout, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-53 transferred to Sec. 36a-70 in 1995; P.A. 95-129 amended Subsec. (c) re feasibility study, business plan and financial forecast, amended Subsec. (d) re feasibility study or review by commissioner and re exclusion from public inspection of financial statements, biographies and other exclusions by the commissioner, added Subsec. (e) re the independent feasibility study or review by the commissioner, added Subsec. (q) re bankers' banks, and relettered Subsecs. (e) to (o), inclusive, as Subsecs. (f) to (p); P.A. 95-244 amended Subsec. (q)(3)(C) to permit waiver of a requirement only if the organizers make written request, the commissioner makes the specified finding re the requirement being waived, and the waiver and finding are in writing and available for public inspection; P.A. 97-190 amended Subsec. (p) to provide that requirements of Subdivs. (2), (3) and (4) of Subsec. (c) do not apply to organization of interim bank; P.A. 97-209 amended provisions re independent feasibility studies and independent financial forecasts in Subsecs. (c), (d) and (e), added provision re public inspection of exhibits or documentation in Subsec. (e), amended Subsec. (l) to add exception for provisions of Subdiv. (5) of Subsec. (r), added Subsec. (r) re community banks and added Subsec. (s) re community development banks, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 98-260 amended Subsec. (i) to permit temporary certificates of authority to be extended by the commissioner rather than the approving authority and to delete provision requiring an extension application before the termination of the eighteen-month period; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes in Subsec. (p); P.A. 99-158 amended Subsec. (b) by adding exception for other provisions of section and deleting exception for bank organized to function solely in a fiduciary capacity, amended Subsec. (h) by deleting "for purposes of this section" and adding exception for provisions of Subsecs. (p) to (t) in Subdiv.(3), amended Subsec. (n) by adding reference to an uninsured bank organized pursuant to Subsec. (t), and added Subsec. (t) re uninsured banks; P.A. 00-28 amended Subsec. (q) to allow a bankers' bank to be owned by or provide services to Connecticut credit unions, federal credit unions or out-of-state credit unions; P.A. 01-183 amended Subsec. (r)(2) by eliminating cap of nine and nine-tenths per cent of bank's capital stock that a person organizing such bank may hold, effective July 6, 2001; P.A. 02-21 amended Subsec. (q) by adding provisions re services that indirectly benefit other banks or credit unions in Subdivs. (1) and (3), and, in Subdiv. (3), deleting principal office location requirement from Subpara. (A), adding such requirement in Subpara. (B) and deleting provision re the organizers from Subpara. (C); P.A. 02-47 amended Subsec. (j) by adding provision of former Subsec. (k) re appeal and added new Subsec. (k) re changes and amendments prior to issuance of final certificate of authority; P.A. 02-89 amended Subsec. (l) to delete "except as provided in subdivision (5) of subsection (r) of this section" in provision re issuance of a final certificate of authority and amended Subsec. (r) to delete as obsolete former Subdiv. (5) re authority to amend an application to organize a Connecticut bank filed prior to November 1, 1996, to an application to organize a community bank and redesignate existing Subdiv. (6) as Subdiv. (5); P.A. 03-19 made a technical change in Subsec. (s)(3), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 03-259 amended Subsec. (c) to authorize commissioner to arrange for fingerprinting or other method of positive identification of each organizer and prospective initial director; P.A. 04-136 substituted "trust bank" for "Connecticut bank organized to function solely in a fiduciary capacity" in Subsecs. (b) and (n), made technical changes in Subsec. (n), provided in Subsec. (n) that Connecticut bank shall not commence business until it has complied with the requirements of Subsec. (u), if applicable, amended Subsec. (o) to require all capital stock Connecticut banks to pay a franchise tax based on a sliding scale relative to the number of authorized shares in lieu of one per cent per share of the authorized capital stock, amended Subsec. (t) to delete definitions of "uninsured bank" and "retail deposits" in Subdiv. (1), renumbering existing Subdivs. accordingly, and inserted new Subsec. (u), requiring trust banks and uninsured banks to keep assets on deposit in an amount of at least one million dollars, allowing existing banks up to four years to attain the one million dollar level, and defining "assets", effective May 12, 2004; P.A. 05-39 amended Subsec. (e) to authorize commissioner to extend, for good cause, the time period within which a hearing shall be held on an application to organize after receipt of the feasibility study and financial forecast, and amended Subsec. (f) to require that organizers publish copy of proposed certificate of incorporation and time and place set for hearing for seven consecutive days not less than twenty days before the date of the hearing, in lieu of once a week for three consecutive weeks before the date of the hearing, and to eliminate requirement that copy be sent by registered or certified mail to each bank and out-of-state bank having main office or branch in town, not less than twenty days prior to the hearing, effective May 17, 2005; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (u)(1), effective July 13, 2005.

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