CHAPTER 446d
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 22a-209d. Categories of materials not to be considered solid waste. Use of solids that are by-products of water treatment processes.
Sec. 22a-234a. Assessment on solid waste processed at resources recovery facility or mixed municipal solid waste landfill. Hearing and appeal.
Sec. 22a-250. (Formerly Sec. 22a-87). Littering or dumping prohibited. Orders. Procedures. Penalties.

      Sec. 22a-209d. Categories of materials not to be considered solid waste. Use of solids that are by-products of water treatment processes. The Commissioner of Environmental Protection may establish, by regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, categories of materials which, if used in accordance with standards adopted by the commissioner to protect the environment and public health, shall not be considered solid waste under section 22a-207 or subject to a permit under this chapter or chapter 446k. Notwithstanding the provisions of the regulations adopted under this section or section 22a-209, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection shall not prohibit the use of waste sand from the casting of metals as cover, road base or fill or for other purposes at a solid waste disposal area permitted under section 22a-208a, provided the concentration of toxic materials in the sand is below the level of hazardous waste under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, and any regulations promulgated to carry out said act, and further provided any person who disposes of such sand under this section shall provide certification, to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, that such sand is not hazardous. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 22a-209, a public water supply company may, by itself or in conjunction with any person or municipality, use solids that are the by-products of water treatment processes provided such use conforms to best management practices and controls described in an operations plan approved in writing by the commissioner. A public water supply company may, by itself or in conjunction with any person or municipality, use such solids in accordance with such plan until the commissioner issues a general permit to such company for the use of such solids pursuant to section 22a-209f.

      (P.A. 94-198, S. 12; P.A. 96-103, S. 3; P.A. 04-151, S. 17; P.A. 05-288, S. 105.)

      History: P.A. 96-103 added provision re adoption of regulations concerning disposal of water treatment solids; P.A. 04-151 deleted provision requiring adoption of regulations re use and disposal of solids that are by-products of water treatment processes and added provisions re use of such solids in conformance with best management practices and controls; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes, effective July 13, 2005.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 22a-234a. Assessment on solid waste processed at resources recovery facility or mixed municipal solid waste landfill. Hearing and appeal. (a) Beginning on and after July 1, 1992, and ending on June 30, 1994, there shall be paid to the Commissioner of Revenue Services by the owner of any resources recovery facility or mixed municipal solid waste landfill forty cents per ton of solid waste processed at the facility or disposed of at the landfill. Beginning on June 30, 1994, to July 1, 1995, there shall be paid to the commissioner by such owner zero cents per ton of such solid waste.

      (b) Each owner of a facility or landfill subject to the assessment as provided by this section shall submit a return quarterly to the Commissioner of Revenue Services, applicable with respect to the calendar quarter beginning July 1, 1992, and each calendar quarter thereafter, ending on June 30, 1994, on or before the last day of the month immediately following the end of each such calendar quarter, on a form prescribed by the commissioner, together with payment of the quarterly assessment determined and payable in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

      (c) Whenever such assessment is not paid when due, a penalty of ten per cent of the amount due or fifty dollars, whichever is greater, shall be added to the amount due and such penalty shall immediately accrue, and thereafter such assessment shall bear interest at the rate of one and one-half per cent per month until the same is paid. The Commissioner of Revenue Services shall cause copies of a form prescribed for submitting returns as required under this section to be distributed throughout the state. Failure to receive such form shall not be construed to relieve anyone subject to assessment under this section from the obligations of submitting a return, together with payment of such assessment within the time required.

      (d) Any person or municipality delivering solid waste to a facility or landfill whose owner is subject to the assessment imposed by subsection (a) of this section shall reimburse the owner for any assessment paid for the solid waste delivered by such person or municipality. The assessment shall be a debt from the person or municipality responsible for paying such assessment to the owner.

      (e) Any revenue collected under the provisions of this section shall be deposited in the municipal solid waste recycling trust account established under section 22a-241.

      (f) The provisions of sections 12-548 to 12-554, inclusive, and section 12-555a shall apply to the provisions of this section in the same manner and with the same force and effect as if the language of sections 12-548 to 12-554, inclusive, and section 12-555a had been incorporated in full in this section, except to the extent that any such provision is inconsistent with a provision in this section and except that the term "tax" shall be read as "solid waste assessment".

      (P.A. 89-385, S. 6; P.A. 90-235, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-293, S. 6, 9; P.A. 93-361, S. 8; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 29, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69; P.A. 05-288, S. 106.)

      History: P.A. 90-235 amended Subsec. (a) by changing the year in which the assessment begins from 1990 to 1991 and amended Subsec. (b) by changing the year to 1991; P.A. 91-293 amended section to change the effective date of the assessment to July 1, 1992, through July 1, 1994, and to change the assessment from one dollar per ton to forty cents per ton; P.A. 93-361 added Subsec. (f) incorporating by reference hearing and appeal procedures; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 in Subsec. (a) reduced tipping fee to zero cents per ton, effective June 9, 1994; (Revisor's note: In 1995 the word "fund" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "account" in reference to municipal solid waste recycling trust fund to conform section with Sec. 22a-241, as amended by P.A. 94-130); P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 but without affecting this section; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective July 13, 2005.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 22a-250. (Formerly Sec. 22a-87). Littering or dumping prohibited. Orders. Procedures. Penalties. (a) No person shall throw, scatter, spill or place or cause to be blown, scattered, spilled, thrown or placed, or otherwise dispose of any litter (1) upon any public property in the state, (2) upon any public land in the state, (3) upon any private property in this state not owned by such person, or (4) in the waters of this state, including, but not limited to, any public highway, public park, beach, campground, forest land, recreational area, mobile manufactured home park, highway, road, street or alley except: (A) When such property is designated by the state or any political subdivision thereof for the disposal of garbage and refuse, and such person is authorized to use such property for such purpose; or (B) into a litter receptacle in such a manner that the litter will be prevented from being carried away or deposited by the elements upon any part of said private or public property or waters. For the purposes of this subsection, "public land" means a state park, state forest or municipal park or any other publicly-owned land that is open to the public for active or passive recreation.

      (b) (1) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (a) of this section shall be fined not more than one hundred ninety-nine dollars. One-half of any fine collected pursuant to this subsection shall be payable to the state and one-half of such fine shall be payable to the municipality in which the arrest was made unless the arrest was made by a conservation officer, special conservation officer or patrolman appointed by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection under authority of section 26-5, in which case one-half of such fine shall be payable to the Department of Environmental Protection.

      (2) Whenever any person is convicted of a violation of subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, the court shall, in addition to imposing the fine authorized by subdivision (1) of this subsection, impose a surcharge in an amount equal to fifty per cent of such fine. Any such surcharge collected pursuant to this subdivision shall be payable to the municipality in which the arrest was made unless the arrest was made by a conservation officer, special conservation officer or patrolman appointed by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection under authority of section 26-5, in which case such surcharge shall be payable to the Department of Environmental Protection.

      (3) When any such material or substances are thrown, blown, scattered or spilled from a vehicle, the operator thereof shall be deemed prima facie to have committed such offense.

      (c) No person shall dump, as defined in subdivision (12) of section 22a-248, any material upon any public property in the state or upon private property in this state not owned by such person except when (1) such property is designated by the state or any political subdivision thereof for dumping or such property is a licensed facility for such purpose, and (2) such person is authorized to use such property. It shall not be a defense under this subsection that the dumping occurred with the permission of the property owner. The commissioner or the municipality in which such dumping occurs may, upon complaint or on their own initiative, investigate any violation of this subsection.

      (d) No person shall dump, as defined in this subsection, any material upon any public property in the state or upon private property in this state not owned by such person except when (1) such property is designated by the state or any political subdivision thereof for dumping or such property is a licensed facility for such purpose, and (2) such person is authorized to use such property. The commissioner or the municipality in which such dumping occurs may, upon complaint or on their own initiative, investigate any violation of this subsection. It shall not be a defense under this subsection that the dumping occurred with the permission of the property owner. As used in this subsection "dump" means to discard automobiles or automobile parts, large appliances, tires, bulky waste, hazardous waste, as defined in section 22a-115, or any other similar material.

      (e) If the commissioner, after investigation, finds that there has been a violation of subsection (c) or (d) of this section, he may issue an order pursuant to section 22a-225 to remove material dumped in violation of said subsection (c) or (d) to a solid waste facility approved by the commissioner.

      (f) (1) If the chief elected official of a municipality, after investigation, finds that there has been a violation of subsection (c) or (d) of this section, he may send a notice to the owner of the property where such violation has occurred by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the address of record for property tax purposes. Such notice shall include (A) a reference to the statute alleged to have been violated; (B) a short and plain statement of the matter asserted or charged; (C) a demand that such property owner remove any material dumped in violation of subsection (c) or (d) of this section to a solid waste facility approved by the commissioner; and (D) a statement that such property owner has the right to a hearing to contest the chief elected official's finding and the date, time and place for the hearing. Such hearing shall be fixed for a date not later than ten days after the notice is mailed. The hearing shall be completed within fifteen days after such hearing commences and a decision shall be rendered within ten days of the completion of such hearing.

      (2) The chief elected official or his designee shall hold a hearing upon the alleged violation unless such property owner fails to appear at the hearing. If such property owner fails to appear at the hearing or if, after the hearing, the chief elected official or his designee finds that material has been dumped on such owner's property in violation of subsection (c) or (d) of this section and such property owner has not removed such material to a solid waste facility approved by the commissioner, the official may order that such property owner within thirty days remove such material to a solid waste facility approved by the commissioner. The official shall send a copy of any order issued pursuant to this subdivision by certified mail, return receipt requested, to such property owner. The person may appeal from an order of the chief elected official of a municipality under this subdivision in accordance with the provisions of section 8-8.

      (3) If the owner fails to remove such material within thirty days from the date of the order issued by the chief elected official under subdivision (2) of this subsection, and no appeal of such order has been taken in accordance with section 8-8, the municipality may enter such property and remove such material to a solid waste facility approved by the commissioner.

      (4) The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any corporation subject to taxation under chapter 210.

      (g) No property owner shall be ordered to remove dumped material by the commissioner or the chief elected official of a municipality pursuant to subsection (e) or (f) of this section unless (1) the commissioner or the chief elected official, as the case may be, finds that the property owner has dumped such material, or knowingly allowed another person to dump such material, in violation of subsection (c) or (d) of this section or (2) the commissioner or the chief elected official, as the case may be, has determined that there is no reasonable opportunity to compel the responsible party to remove the material or pay the costs of such removal.

      (h) Any person who violates subsection (c) or (d) of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than one thousand dollars, nor more than ten thousand dollars for each day such violation continues. The Superior Court, in an action brought by the municipality or by the Attorney General on the request of the commissioner, shall have jurisdiction to issue an order to such person directing the removal of the material to a solid waste facility approved by the commissioner. If the court finds that the violation was wilful, it may impose a civil penalty equivalent to three times the cost of remediation of the violation in addition to other applicable civil penalties. The court may also order that a violator shall pay restitution to a landowner which the court finds has suffered damages as a result of the violation. All such actions shall have precedence in the order of trial as provided in section 52-191. Any such action by the Attorney General shall be brought in the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford. Any vehicle used by any person in violation of subsection (d) may be forfeited in accordance with section 22a-250a.

      (P.A. 74-262, S. 4, 7; P.A. 78-319, S. 4, 15; P.A. 83-176, S. 2; P.A. 84-546, S. 73, 173; P.A. 85-446, S. 5; 85-613, S. 65, 154; P.A. 87-531, S. 4; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; 88-320, S. 2; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-249, S. 3; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 01-204, S. 14; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 73, 131; P.A. 02-15, S. 1; P.A. 05-234, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 78-319 made violations of Subsec. (d) of Sec. 22a-27b subject to penalty provisions of Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (c) re required litter pickups as penalty for repeating offenders, effective January 1, 1980; Sec. 22a-27d transferred to Sec. 22a-87 in 1979; Sec. 22a-87 transferred to Sec. 22a-250 in 1983; P.A. 83-176 added Subsec. (d) which prohibits dumping and made any violation of the subsection an infraction; P.A. 84-546 made technical change in Subsecs. (a) and (d); P.A. 85-446 deleted previously existing penalty provisions and provided that violation of section shall be an infraction; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes to deleted provisions; P.A. 87-531 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting the penalty and adding provisions regarding investigation orders to remove material dumped in violation of the subsection and added Subsec. (d) establishing a civil penalty for violations of Subsec. (c); P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain at Hartford" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 88-320 amended Subsec. (b) to increase the penalty from an infraction to a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars, amended Subsec. (c) to provide that "dump" be defined as in Subdiv. (12) of section 22a-248 and to add an exception for dumping on property which is a licensed facility, added new provisions in Subsec. (d), prohibiting dumping as defined in said subsection and relettered former Subsec. (d) as Subsec. (e), providing that any person who violates Subsec. (d) shall be liable for a civil penalty and authorizing the forfeiture, seizure and sale of any vehicle used in violation of Subsec. (d) and an appeals procedure; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 92-249 made a number of substantive and technical changes, including amending Subsec. (b) to make littering an infraction, amending Subsecs. (c) and (d) to provide that property owner's permission is not a defense under said subsections, adding new Subsecs. (e) to (g), inclusive, re commissioner's authority to issue orders, re municipal authority to issue orders and procedures therefor and re limits on state and local powers under this section, relettering former Subsec. (e) as new Subsec. (h) and changing civil penalty provisions and deleting vehicle forfeiture provisions therein; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-204 amended Subsec. (b) to change the penalty for violating Subsec. (a) from an infraction to a fine of not more than one hundred ninety-nine dollars, half of which is payable to the state and the other half of which is payable to the enforcing municipality; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of P.A. 01-204 but without affecting this section; P.A. 02-15 made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (d); P.A. 05-234 amended Subsec. (a) to designate existing provision re littering upon any public property in the state as new Subdiv. (1), add new Subdiv. (2) re littering upon any public land in the state, designate existing provision re littering upon any private property in this state not owned by such person as Subdiv. (3), designate existing provision re littering in the waters of this state as Subdiv. (4), redesignate existing Subdivs. (1) and (2) as Subparas. (A) and (B), respectively, add definition of "public land" and make a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality and amended Subsec. (b) to designate existing provision re the amount of the fine and disposition thereof as Subdiv. (1) and amend said Subdiv. to replace provision that one-half of the fine is payable to the enforcing municipality with provision that one-half of the fine is payable to the municipality in which the arrest was made unless the arrest was made by a conservation officer, special conservation officer or patrolman appointed by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection in which case one-half of the fine is payable to the Department of Environmental Protection, add new Subdiv. (2) re the imposition of a surcharge upon conviction of a violation of Subsec. (a)(2) re littering upon public land and the disposition of such surcharge and designate existing provision re when operator of a vehicle is deemed to have committed the offense as Subdiv. (3), effective January 1, 2006.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)