CHAPTER 420b
DEPENDENCY-PRODUCING DRUGS

Table of Contents

Sec. 21a-240. (Formerly Sec. 19-443). Definitions.
Sec. 21a-249. (Formerly Sec. 19-457). Prescription requirements.
Sec. 21a-262. (Formerly Sec. 19-469). Commissioner's authority and duties re controlled substances. When seizing authority may destroy. Disposal by long-term care facilities and outpatient surgical facilities.
Sec. 21a-278. (Formerly Sec. 19-480a). Penalty for illegal manufacture, distribution, sale, prescription or administration by non-drug-dependent person.
Sec. 21a-278a. Penalty for illegal manufacture, distribution, sale, prescription or administration.

PART I
GENERAL PROVISIONS

      Sec. 21a-240. (Formerly Sec. 19-443). Definitions.

      Subdiv. (50):

      Although statutory definition of "sale" is substantially broader than common dictionary definition, court concluded that term was being used, in specific instance in the case, in its ordinary meaning. 87 CA 24.

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      Sec. 21a-249. (Formerly Sec. 19-457). Prescription requirements. (a) All prescriptions for controlled drugs shall include (1) the name and address of the patient, or the name and address of the owner of an animal and the species of the animal, (2) whether the patient is an adult or a child, or his specific age, (3) the compound or preparation prescribed and the amount thereof, (4) directions for use of the medication, (5) the name and address of the prescribing practitioner, (6) the date of issuance and (7) the Federal Registry number of the practitioner. No prescription blank containing a prescription for a schedule II substance shall contain more than one prescription.

      (b) Prescriptions when written shall be written in ink or in indelible pencil or by typewriter. No duplicate, carbon or photographic copies and no printed or rubber-stamped orders shall be considered valid prescriptions within the meaning of this chapter. No prescription or order for any controlled substance issued by a practitioner to an inanimate object or thing shall be considered a valid prescription within the meaning of this chapter.

      (c) Prescriptions for schedule II substances shall be signed by the prescribing practitioner at the time of issuance and previously signed orders for such schedule II substances shall not be considered valid prescriptions within the meaning of this chapter. No practitioner shall prescribe, dispense or administer schedule II sympathomimetic amines as anorectics, except as may be authorized by regulations adopted by the Departments of Public Health and Consumer Protection acting jointly. The Department of Public Health and the Department of Consumer Protection, acting jointly, may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, allowing practitioners to prescribe, dispense or administer schedule II sympathomimetic amines as anorectics under certain specific circumstances. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to require a licensed pharmacist to determine the diagnosis of a patient prior to dispensing a prescription for such substances to a patient.

      (d) To the extent permitted by the federal Controlled Substances Act, 21 USC 801, as from time to time amended, a prescribing practitioner may issue an oral order or an electronically transmitted prescription order and, except as otherwise provided by regulations adopted pursuant to sections 21a-243 and 21a-244, such oral order or electronically transmitted prescription order shall be promptly reduced to writing on a prescription blank or a hardcopy printout shall be produced and filed by the pharmacist filling it. For the purposes of subsections (d) and (h) of this section the term "electronically transmitted" means transmitted by facsimile machine, computer modem or other similar electronic device.

      (e) To the extent permitted by the federal Controlled Substances Act, in an emergency the dispensing of schedule II substances may be made upon the oral order of a prescribing registrant known to or confirmed by the filling pharmacist who shall promptly reduce the oral order to writing on a prescription blank, provided, in such cases such oral order shall be confirmed by the proper completion and mailing or delivery of a prescription prepared by the prescribing registrant to the pharmacist filling such oral order within seventy-two hours after the oral order has been given. Such prescription of the registrant shall be affixed to the temporary prescription prepared by the pharmacist and both prescriptions shall be maintained on file as required in this chapter.

      (f) All prescriptions for controlled substances shall comply fully with any additional requirements of the federal food and drug laws, federal laws and regulations Part 306, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs-Federal Register Volume 36 No. 80 et seq., and state laws and regulations adopted under this chapter.

      (g) Repealed by P.A. 82-419, S. 46, 47.

      (h) Except when dispensed directly by a practitioner, other than a pharmacy, to an ultimate user, a controlled substance included in schedule III or IV, which is a prescription drug as determined under federal food and drug laws, shall not be dispensed without a written, electronically transmitted or oral prescription of a practitioner. The prescription shall not be filled or refilled more than six months after the date thereof or be refilled more than five times, unless renewed by the practitioner.

      (i) A controlled substance included in schedule V shall not be distributed or dispensed other than for a medical purpose.

      (j) A pharmacy may sell and dispense controlled substances upon the prescription of a prescribing practitioner, as defined in subdivision (22) of section 20-571.

      (k) Pharmacies shall file filled prescriptions for controlled substances separately from other prescriptions. All schedule II prescriptions shall be filed in a separate file. All schedule III, IV and V prescriptions shall be filed in another separate file except as otherwise provided for in regulations adopted pursuant to section 21a-244. Such controlled substance prescriptions shall, immediately upon filling, be filed chronologically and consecutively.

      (l) Any pharmacy may transfer prescriptions for controlled substances included in schedules III, IV and V to any other pharmacy in accordance with the requirements set forth in the federal Controlled Substances Act 21 USC 801 et seq. and the regulations promulgated thereunder, as from time to time amended.

      (m) A practitioner authorized to prescribe controlled substances shall not prescribe anabolic steroids for the sole purpose of enhancing a patient's athletic ability or performance.

      (1967, P.A. 555, S. 13; 1969, P.A. 161, S. 1, 2; 1972, P.A. 278, S. 5; P.A. 73-681, S. 6, 29; P.A. 77-165, S. 1; 77-277, S. 3; P.A. 78-310, S. 2, 4; P.A. 82-419, S. 37, 46, 47; P.A. 83-156; P.A. 85-613, S. 60, 154; P.A. 91-224, S. 1; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-72, S. 1; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-264, S. 58; P.A. 97-64, S. 2; P.A. 00-182, S. 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(d); P.A. 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-73, S. 2.)

      History: 1969 act deleted limiting phrase "to the extent permitted by the federal narcotic laws" in Subsec. (e) and deleted reference to compliance with "any additional requirements of federal narcotic laws" in Subsec. (f); 1972 act referred to "substances" rather than "drugs" and to "Schedule II" substances rather than to "Class A" narcotics, limited provisions of Subsec. (e) by adding "to the extent permitted by the Federal Controlled Substances Act", restated Subsec. (f) to specify compliance with "any additional requirements" of food and drug laws and to specify federal drug law and added Subsecs. (g) to (i); P.A. 73-681 added Subdiv. (7) in Subsec. (a) and prohibited issuance of prescription to "inanimate object or thing" in Subsec. (b); P.A. 77-165 referred to "federal registry" number rather than "BNDD" number in Subsec. (a)(7) and required one prescription per prescription blank; P.A. 77-277 added exception re Sec. 19-451a in Subsecs. (d) and (g); P.A. 78-310 added Subsec. (j); P.A. 82-419 amended section to allow more than one prescription on a blank except in case of schedule II substance, repealing Subsec. (g) which had required that filled prescriptions for controlled substances be filed separately, chronologically and consecutively; Sec. 19-457 transferred to Sec. 21a-249 in 1983; P.A. 83-156 added Subsec. (k) requiring filing of filled prescriptions for controlled substances separately, chronologically and consecutively; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes, deleting provision in Subsec. (j) which had required controlled substance prescriptions to be filed chronologically and consecutively; P.A. 91-224 amended Subsec. (c) to prohibit the prescription of Schedule II sympathomimetic amines as anorectics except as authorized by regulation; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-72 amended Subsecs. (d) and (h) to permit the use of electronically transmitted prescriptions; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-264 amended Subsec. (j) to change "licensed" practitioner to "prescribing" practitioner (Revisor's note: The reference in Subsec. (j) to "prescribing practitioner, as defined in subdivision (21) of ..." was changed editorially by the Revisors to "prescribing practitioner, as defined in subdivision (22) of ..."); P.A. 97-64 added new Subsec. (1) re transfer of prescriptions; P.A. 00-182 amended Subsec. (l) by replacing reference to 21 CFR 1306.26 with reference to 21 USC 801 et seq. and regulations promulgated thereunder; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Department of Consumer Protection with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-73 added Subsec. (m) re the prescribing of anabolic steroids for the sole purpose of enhancing a patient's athletic ability or performance, effective May 31, 2005.

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      Sec. 21a-262. (Formerly Sec. 19-469). Commissioner's authority and duties re controlled substances. When seizing authority may destroy. Disposal by long-term care facilities and outpatient surgical facilities. (a) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection may receive, take into custody or destroy excess or undesired controlled substances and may in his discretion deliver, upon application, to any hospital, laboratory, incorporated college, scientific institution or any state or municipal agency or institution not operated for private gain, any controlled substances that have come into his custody by authority of this section. In the case of a care-giving or correctional or juvenile training institution having an institutional pharmacy, the Commissioner of Consumer Protection shall deliver such controlled substances only to the licensed pharmacist in charge of such pharmacy. The Commissioner of Consumer Protection may receive and take into custody excess or undesired controlled substances from pharmacists, manufacturers and wholesalers or any other registrant. Said commissioner shall keep a full and complete record of all substances received and of all substances disposed of, showing the exact kinds, quantities and forms of such substances, the persons from whom received and to whom delivered, by whose authority received, delivered and destroyed, and the dates of the receipt, disposal or destruction. Controlled substances and preparations shall at all times be properly safeguarded and securely kept. Minimum security and safeguard standards for the storage, manufacture, sale or distribution of all controlled substances shall be established by regulations adopted hereunder. Controlled substances seized or held as contraband or controlled substances, the title to which cannot be resolved, which controlled substances are not held by law enforcement agencies or court officials as evidence in criminal proceedings, shall be, upon the order of the court, destroyed by the seizing authority or delivered to the Commissioner of Consumer Protection as soon as possible upon resolution of the case or upon ascertaining the status of the unclaimed substance. The agent of the Commissioner of Consumer Protection shall issue a receipt for all such substance obtained. Any loss, destruction or theft of controlled substances shall be reported by a registrant within seventy-two hours to the Commissioner of Consumer Protection as follows: (1) Where, through breakage of the container or other accident, otherwise than in transit, controlled substances are lost or destroyed, the person having title thereto shall make a signed statement as to the kinds and quantities of controlled substances lost or destroyed and the circumstances involved, and immediately forward the statement to the Commissioner of Consumer Protection. A copy of such statement shall be retained by the registrant; (2) where controlled substances are lost by theft, or otherwise lost or destroyed in transit, the consignee shall, immediately upon ascertainment of the occurrence, file with the Commissioner of Consumer Protection a signed statement of the facts, including a list of the controlled substances stolen, lost or destroyed and documentary evidence that the local authorities were notified. A copy of the statement shall be retained by the registrant. As used in this section, "care-giving institution", "correctional or juvenile training institution", "institutional pharmacy" and "pharmacist" shall have the same meaning as used in section 20-571.

      (b) For each long-term care facility, two or more of the following persons may jointly dispose of excess stock of controlled substances: A nursing home administrator, a pharmacist consultant, a director of nursing services or an assistant director of nursing services. Such facility shall maintain documentation of any such destruction and disposal for a period of three years and such documentation shall be maintained in a separate log and on a form prescribed by the department.

      (c) For each outpatient surgical facility, as defined in section 19a-493b, two or more of the following persons may jointly dispose of excess stock of controlled substances: An administrator, a clinical director or chief of staff, or a nursing supervisor. Such facility shall maintain documentation of any such destruction and disposal for a period of three years and such documentation shall be maintained in a separate log and on a form prescribed by the department.

      (1967, P.A. 555, S. 25; 1969, P.A. 593, S. 13; 1972, P.A. 278, S. 16; P.A. 73-681, S. 12, 29; P.A. 76-77, S. 6; P.A. 84-44, S. 2; P.A. 92-181, S. 1, 3; P.A. 95-264, S. 59; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-212, S. 4.)

      History: 1969 act required that controlled drugs be delivered only to licensed pharmacist where pharmacy is in care-giving, correctional or juvenile training institution; 1972 act substituted "substances" for "drugs"; P.A. 73-681 transferred powers of health commissioner to commissioner of consumer protection and added provisions re delivery of controlled substances held by law enforcement or court officials, etc. and re reports of loss, destruction or theft of controlled substances; P.A. 76-77 allowed destruction of controlled substances upon court order as alternative to delivery to commissioner of consumer protection; Sec. 19-469 transferred to Sec. 21a-262 in 1983; P.A. 84-44 deleted reference to controlled substances held by law enforcement agencies or court officials as evidence in criminal proceedings and added provision re controlled substances which are not held by law enforcement agencies or court officials as evidence in court proceedings; P.A. 92-181 provided that the commissioner could deliver controlled substances to any state or municipal agency not operated for private gain; P.A. 95-264 added definition of care-giving, correctional and juvenile training institutions, institutional pharmacy and pharmacist; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Consumer Protection with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-212 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re disposal by long-term care facilities and by outpatient surgical facilities, respectively, effective July 6, 2005.

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      Sec. 21a-278. (Formerly Sec. 19-480a). Penalty for illegal manufacture, distribution, sale, prescription or administration by non-drug-dependent person. (a) Any person who manufactures, distributes, sells, prescribes, dispenses, compounds, transports with the intent to sell or dispense, possesses with the intent to sell or dispense, offers, gives or administers to another person one or more preparations, compounds, mixtures or substances containing an aggregate weight of one ounce or more of heroin or methadone or an aggregate weight of one-half ounce or more of cocaine or one-half ounce or more of cocaine in a free-base form, or a substance containing five milligrams or more of lysergic acid diethylamide, except as authorized in this chapter, and who is not, at the time of such action, a drug-dependent person, shall be imprisoned for a minimum term of not less than five years nor more than twenty years; and, a maximum term of life imprisonment. The execution of the mandatory minimum sentence imposed by the provisions of this subsection shall not be suspended except the court may suspend the execution of such mandatory minimum sentence if at the time of the commission of the offense (1) such person was under the age of eighteen years, or (2) such person's mental capacity was significantly impaired but not so impaired as to constitute a defense to prosecution.

      (b) Any person who manufactures, distributes, sells, prescribes, dispenses, compounds, transports with the intent to sell or dispense, possesses with the intent to sell or dispense, offers, gives or administers to another person any narcotic substance, hallucinogenic substance other than marijuana, amphetamine-type substance, or one kilogram or more of a cannabis-type substance except as authorized in this chapter, and who is not at the time of such action a drug-dependent person, for a first offense shall be imprisoned not less than five years nor more than twenty years; and for each subsequent offense shall be imprisoned not less than ten years nor more than twenty-five years. The execution of the mandatory minimum sentence imposed by the provisions of this subsection shall not be suspended except the court may suspend the execution of such mandatory minimum sentence if at the time of the commission of the offense (1) such person was under the age of eighteen years, or (2) such person's mental capacity was significantly impaired but not so impaired as to constitute a defense to prosecution.

      (1971, P.A. 812, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 278, S. 25; P.A. 73-137, S. 10; P.A. 74-332, S. 1, 6; P.A. 87-373, S. 2; P.A. 01-195, S. 92, 181; P.A. 05-248, S. 8.)

      History: 1972 act substituted "substance" for "drug" and made provisions applicable to distributors and to hallucinogenic or amphetamine-type drugs; P.A. 73-137 substituted "such action" for "his arrest" and added proviso re life imprisonment penalty; P.A. 74-332 applied Subsec. (a) to substances containing specified amounts of heroin, methadone, cocaine or LSD, imposing minimum term of five to twenty years and maximum term of life imprisonment and added provisions re suspension of minimum term and added Subsec. (b) applicable to hallucinogenic, narcotic, amphetamine- or cannabis-type substances formerly dealt with in Subsec. (a), reducing minimum term for first offense from ten to five years, replacing fifteen-year minimum and thirty-year maximum for second offense and thirty-five-year sentence for third or more offenses with ten-year minimum and twenty-five-year maximum sentence for all offenses beyond the first and added provisions re suspension of minimum sentence; Sec. 19-480a transferred to Sec. 21a-278 in 1983; P.A. 87-373 amended Subsec. (a) to make provisions applicable to an aggregate weight of one-half gram or more of cocaine in a free-base form; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 05-248 amended Subsec. (a) to decrease from one ounce to one-half ounce the minimum aggregate weight of cocaine and increase from one-half gram to one-half ounce the minimum aggregate weight of cocaine in a free-base form that subjects a person to the penalties of said Subsec.

      Subsec. (b):

      Circumstantial evidence at trial provided adequate evidentiary basis for jury to find that substance at issue was LSD, which evidence included court's definition and description of LSD, defendant's statement re substance and manner of ingestion and effect of substance on person who ingested it. 85 CA 575.

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      Sec. 21a-278a. Penalty for illegal manufacture, distribution, sale, prescription or administration.

      Evidence that was sufficient to prove violation of Sec. 21a-278 was, in this case, sufficient to prove violation of this section. 85 CA 575.

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