CHAPTER 379
DENTISTRY

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-107. Application for license. Graduates of foreign dental schools.
Sec. 20-108. Examination of applicants. Alternative to practical examination.
Sec. 20-112a. Dental assistants.
Sec. 20-113b. Renewal of license by person who practices dentistry for no fee.
Sec. 20-114. Disciplinary action by Dental Commission concerning dentists and dental hygienists.
Sec. 20-122. Ownership and operation of offices by unlicensed persons or by corporations. Penalty. Exception.
Sec. 20-123. Scope of practice of dentistry. Activities restricted to licensed dentists. Extended scope of practice for graduates of post-doctoral dental training programs. Penalties. Exceptions.
Sec. 20-126c. Continuing education: Definitions; contact hours; attestation; record-keeping; exemptions; waivers; reinstatement of void licenses.

      Sec. 20-107. Application for license. Graduates of foreign dental schools. (a) Each application for a license to practice dentistry shall be in writing and signed by the applicant and no license shall be issued to any person unless he or she presents a diploma or other certificate of graduation from some reputable dental college or from a department of dentistry of a medical college conferring a dental degree, or unless he or she is practicing as a legally qualified dentist in another state having requirements for admission determined by the department to be similar to or higher than the requirements of this state.

      (b) The Dental Commission may, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, determine the colleges which shall be considered reputable dental or medical colleges for the purposes of this chapter. The commission shall consult when possible with nationally recognized accrediting agencies when making such determinations.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the department may issue a license to practice dentistry to any applicant holding a diploma from a foreign dental school, provided the applicant (1) is a graduate of a dental school located outside the United States and has received the degree of doctor of dental medicine or surgery, or its equivalent; (2) has passed the written and practical examinations required in section 20-108; (3) has successfully completed not less than two years of graduate dental training as a resident dentist in a program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation; and (4) has successfully completed, at a level greater than the second postgraduate year, not less than two years of a residency or fellowship training program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation in a community or school-based health center affiliated with and under the supervision of a school of dentistry in this state, or has served as a full-time faculty member of a school of dentistry in this state pursuant to the provisions of section 20-120 for not less than three years.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4447; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 22; P.A. 79-70, S. 1; P.A. 80-484, S. 39, 176; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-213, S. 5.)

      History: 1963 act deleted provision for application by a registered unlicensed assistant dentist; P.A. 79-70 required three years' practice in another state rather than five years' practice; P.A. 80-484 replaced three years' practice requirement with requirement that applicant be currently practicing, established health services department rather than dental commission as authority for weighing equivalency of other states' requirements, required consent of health services commissioner for approval of colleges and required that commission consult with recognized accrediting agencies in determining acceptable colleges; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-213 designated existing language re application for license to practice dentistry as Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (a) by making technical changes, designated existing language re Dental Commission's authority to designate reputable dental or medical colleges as Subsec. (b), amended Subsec. (b) by deleting language re presentation of certificate from State Board of Education and making technical changes, and added Subsec. (c) allowing foreign-trained applicants who hold a doctor of dental medicine or dental surgery degree or its equivalent to obtain a dentist license under certain circumstances.

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      Sec. 20-108. Examination of applicants. Alternative to practical examination. (a) Except as provided in section 20-110 and subsection (b) of this section, each applicant for a license to practice dental medicine or dental surgery shall be examined by the Department of Public Health, under the supervision of the Dental Commission as to his or her professional knowledge and skill before such license is granted. Such examination shall be conducted in the English language. The Dental Commission may, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, accept and approve, in lieu of the written examination required by this section, the results of an examination given by the Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations, subject to such conditions as the commission may prescribe, and the Dental Commission with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, may accept and approve, in lieu of the written and practical examination required by this section, the results of regional testing agencies as to written and practical examinations, subject to such conditions as the commission, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, may prescribe. Passing scores shall be established by the department with the consent of the commission.

      (b) In lieu of the practical examination required by subsection (a) of this section, an applicant for licensure may submit evidence of having successfully completed not less than one year of graduate dental training as a resident dentist in a program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation, provided at the end of such year of graduate dental training as a resident dentist, the supervising dentist provides documentation satisfactory to the Department of Public Health attesting to the resident dentist's competency in all areas tested on the practical examination required by subsection (a) of this section. Not later than December 1, 2005, the Dental Commission, in consultation with the Department of Public Health, shall develop a form upon which such documentation shall be provided.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4448; 1957, P.A. 185; 1969, P.A. 101; P.A. 77-614, S. 397, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 40, 176; P.A. 87-114, S. 1; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 6, 95; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-213, S. 2.)

      History: 1969 act added provision allowing acceptance of regional test results in lieu of written and practical examinations; P.A. 77-614 required consent of health services commissioner for waiver of written and practical examinations and transferred examinations to jurisdiction of health services department, retaining commission in supervisory capacity, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 added provision re establishment of passing scores; P.A. 87-114 added provision re exception to obtaining a license by examination; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 substituted Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations for National Board of Dental Examiners, effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-213 designated existing language as Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (a) by making technical changes and exempting Subsec. (b) from provisions and added Subsec. (b) authorizing graduate dental training as resident dentist in lieu of practical examination required by Subsec. (a).

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      Sec. 20-112a. Dental assistants. A licensed dentist may delegate to dental assistants such dental procedures as the dentist may deem advisable, including the taking of dental x-rays if the dental assistant can demonstrate successful completion of the dental radiography portion of an examination prescribed by the Dental Assisting National Board, but such procedures shall be performed under the dentist's supervision and control and the dentist shall assume responsibility for such procedures; provided such assistants may not engage in: (1) Diagnosis for dental procedures or dental treatment; (2) the cutting or removal of any hard or soft tissue or suturing; (3) the prescribing of drugs or medications that require the written or oral order of a licensed dentist or physician; (4) the administration of local, parenteral, inhalation or general anesthetic agents in connection with any dental operative procedure; (5) the taking of any impression of the teeth or jaws or the relationship of the teeth or jaws for the purpose of fabricating any appliance or prosthesis; (6) the placing, finishing and adjustment of temporary or final restorations, capping materials and cement bases; or (7) the practice of dental hygiene as defined in section 20-126l.

      (P.A. 73-399, S. 1; P.A. 92-35, S. 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 19, 121; P.A. 05-213, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 92-35 substituted "dental" for "trained" assistants, amended Subdiv. (1) to remove reference to treatment planning or any procedures requiring professional's judgment and skill and to include dental procedures or dental treatment, amended Subdiv. (4) to remove reference to injected local anesthetic of any nature and replace it with local, parenteral, inhalation or general anesthetic agents in connection with any dental operative procedure and amended Subsec. (7) by replacing removal of calcareous deposits, accretions and stains from the surfaces of teeth or the polishing of teeth with the practice of dental hygiene as defined in Sec. 20-111; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change, effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 05-213 authorized dental assistants who pass dental radiography portion of exam prescribed by Dental Assisting National Board to take dental x-rays under supervision and control of dentist and made technical changes.

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      Sec. 20-113b. Renewal of license by person who practices dentistry for no fee. Any person who practices dentistry for no fee, for at least one hundred hours per year at a public health facility, as defined in section 20-126l, and does not otherwise engage in the practice of dentistry, shall be eligible to renew a license, as provided in subsection (a) of section 19a-88, without payment of the professional services fee specified in said subsection (a).

      (P.A. 03-124, S. 1; P.A. 05-213, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 05-213 eliminated one-hundred-dollar license renewal fee and provided exemption re professional services fee specified in Sec. 19a-88(a) for dentist who provides at least one hundred hours per year of free care at public health facility.

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      Sec. 20-114. Disciplinary action by Dental Commission concerning dentists and dental hygienists. (a) The Dental Commission may take any of the actions set forth in section 19a-17 for any of the following causes: (1) The presentation to the department of any diploma, license or certificate illegally or fraudulently obtained, or obtained from an institution that is not reputable or from an unrecognized or irregular institution or state board, or obtained by the practice of any fraud or deception; (2) proof that a practitioner has become unfit or incompetent or has been guilty of cruelty, incompetence, negligence or indecent conduct toward patients; (3) conviction of the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter by any court of criminal jurisdiction, provided no action shall be taken under section 19a-17 because of such conviction if any appeal to a higher court has been filed until the appeal has been determined by the higher court and the conviction sustained; (4) the employment of any unlicensed person for other than mechanical purposes in the practice of dental medicine or dental surgery subject to the provisions of section 20-122a; (5) the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of the regulations adopted hereunder or the refusal to comply with any of said provisions or regulations; (6) the aiding or abetting in the practice of dentistry, dental medicine or dental hygiene of a person not licensed to practice dentistry, dental medicine or dental hygiene in this state; (7) designating a limited practice, except as provided in section 20-106a; (8) engaging in fraud or material deception in the course of professional activities; (9) the effects of physical or mental illness, emotional disorder or loss of motor skill, including but not limited to, deterioration through the aging process, upon the license holder; (10) abuse or excessive use of drugs, including alcohol, narcotics or chemicals; (11) failure to comply with the continuing education requirements set forth in section 20-126c; or (12) failure of a holder of a dental anesthesia or conscious sedation permit to successfully complete an on-site evaluation conducted pursuant to subsection (c) of section 20-123b. A violation of any of the provisions of this chapter by any unlicensed employee in the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene, with the knowledge of the employer, shall be deemed a violation by the employer. The Commissioner of Public Health may order a license holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his or her physical or mental capacity to practice safely is the subject of an investigation. Said commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to section 19a-17.

      (b) For purposes of subdivision (8) of subsection (a) of this section, fraud or material deception shall include, but not be limited to, the following practices: (1) Submission of a claim form to a third party intentionally reporting incorrect treatment dates for the purpose of assisting a patient in obtaining benefits under a dental plan, which benefits would otherwise be disallowed; (2) increasing a fee to a patient for a dental procedure or dental hygiene service in excess of the fee generally charged by the dentist for such procedure or service solely because the patient has dental insurance; (3) intentionally describing a dental procedure incorrectly on a third-party claim form in order to receive a greater payment or reimbursement or intentionally misrepresenting a dental procedure not otherwise eligible for payment or reimbursement on such claim form for the purpose of receiving payment or reimbursement; and (4) intentionally accepting payment from a third party as payment in full for patient services rendered when (A) the patient has been excused from payment of any applicable deductible by the license holder, and (B) such license holder fails to notify the third party of such action.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4450; 1951, 1953, S. 2232d; 1957, P.A. 544; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 38; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 25; 1967, P.A. 219; 289; P.A. 75-75, S. 2, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 400, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 43, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 31, 71; P.A. 83-205; P.A. 84-68; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-23, S. 2; 92-35, S. 6; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-213, S. 9; 05-288, S. 82.)

      History: 1959 act updated statute to specify that department of health may be requested to cancel certificate of registration; 1963 act deleted obsolete references to unlicensed assistant dentists and Sec. 20-112; 1967 acts added provision re violation of regulations of the dental commission to Subdiv. (6) and deleted "for patronage" from description of advertising in Subdiv. (12); P.A. 75-75 added Subdiv. (16) allowing suspension or revocation of license, etc. on ground of designating a limited practice; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services and referred in Subdiv. (6) to regulations adopted under chapter rather than to regulations "of the dental commission", effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 extended applicability to disciplinary actions under Sec. 19-4s, substituted "department" for "commission" in Subdiv. (1), substituted "incompetence" for "unskillfulness" and deleted "gross" referring to negligence in Subdiv. (2), deleted grounds re conviction of crime involving moral turpitude, re misleading advertising, fee advertising, etc., and re unprofessional conduct, added grounds re fraud or material deception, re physical or mental illness, emotional disorder, etc. and re drug abuse, and added provisions requiring submission to physical or mental examination and allowing petitions to court for enforcement of orders or actions; P.A. 81-471 replaced reference to Sec. 20-111 in Subdiv. (4) with reference to Sec. 20-122a; P.A. 83-205 added Subsec. (b) to include fraudulent billing practices in the definition of fraud or material deception; P.A. 84-68 amended Subsec. (b) to add Subdiv. (4) concerning the fraudulent receipt of partial payment as payment in full by a licensed dentist; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 92-23 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. (11) concerning failure to complete on-site evaluation re anesthesia and sedation; P.A. 92-35 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to include dental hygienists in the provisions of the section; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-213 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdiv. (11) making failure to comply with continuing education requirements grounds for disciplining dentists, redesignating existing Subdiv. (11) as Subdiv. (12) and making technical changes; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 20-122. Ownership and operation of offices by unlicensed persons or by corporations. Penalty. Exception. (a) No person, except a licensed and registered dentist, and no corporation, except a professional service corporation organized and existing under chapter 594a for the purpose of rendering professional dental services, and no institution shall own or operate a dental office, or an office, laboratory or operation or consultation room in which dental medicine, dental surgery or dental hygiene is carried on as a portion of its regular business; but the provisions of this section do not apply to hospitals, community health centers, public or parochial schools, or convalescent homes, or institutions under control of an agency of the state of Connecticut, or the state or municipal board of health, or a municipal board of education; or those educational institutions treating their students, or to industrial institutions or corporations rendering treatment to their employees on a nonprofit basis, provided permission for such treatment has been granted by the State Dental Commission. Such permission may be revoked for cause after hearing by said commission.

      (b) Any licensed practitioner who provides dental services in a dental office or other location in violation of subsection (a) of this section shall be subject to disciplinary action under sections 19a-17 and 20-114.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section or chapter 594a, a professional service corporation whose capital stock is held by or under the control of a personal representative or the estate of a deceased or incompetent dentist may operate a dental office or other location for the purpose of rendering professional dental services for a reasonable period of time, not to exceed eighteen months from the date of the dentist's death or the date the dentist is lawfully determined to be incompetent, whichever is applicable.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4444, 4445; P.A. 73-206, S. 1; P.A. 87-139, S. 2; P.A. 92-35, S. 7; P.A. 05-272, S. 20.)

      History: P.A. 73-206 added exception re professional service corporations in prohibition concerning ownership of dentistry concern, deleted exception for Hartford dispensary and exempted convalescent homes where dentist provided care directly for patient rather than for home; P.A. 87-139 deleted requirement that dentist provide care directly for patient rather than home for exemption of convalescent home from the requirements of this section; P.A. 92-35 added community health centers to list of exclusions from the section; P.A. 05-272 designated existing language as Subsec. (a), made technical changes in Subsec. (a), added Subsec. (b) to subject practitioners who violate provisions of Subsec. (a) to disciplinary action and added Subsec. (c) to allow certain professional service corporations whose capital stock is held by or under the control of a personal representative or the estate of a deceased or incompetent dentist to operate a dental office or other location for the purpose or rendering professional dental services for a reasonable and limited period of time, effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 20-123. Scope of practice of dentistry. Activities restricted to licensed dentists. Extended scope of practice for graduates of post-doctoral dental training programs. Penalties. Exceptions. (a) No person shall engage in the practice of dentistry unless he or she is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. The practice of dentistry or dental medicine is defined as the diagnosis, evaluation, prevention or treatment by surgical or other means, of an injury, deformity, disease or condition of the oral cavity or its contents, or the jaws or the associated structures of the jaws. The practice of dentistry does not include: (1) The treatment of dermatologic diseases or disorders of the skin or face; (2) the performance of microvascular free tissue transfer; (3) the treatment of diseases or disorders of the eye; (4) ocular procedures; (5) the performance of cosmetic surgery or other cosmetic procedures other than those related to the oral cavity, its contents, or the jaws; or (6) nasal or sinus surgery, other than that related to the oral cavity, its contents or the jaws.

      (b) No person other than a person licensed to practice dentistry under this chapter shall:

      (1) Describe himself or herself by the word "Dentist" or letters "D.D.S." or "D.M.D.", or in other words, letters or title in connection with his or her name which in any way represents such person as engaged in the practice of dentistry;

      (2) Own or carry on a dental practice or business;

      (3) Replace lost teeth by artificial ones, or attempt to diagnose or correct malpositioned teeth;

      (4) Directly or indirectly, by any means or method, furnish, supply, construct, reproduce or repair any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance or any other structure to be worn in a person's mouth, except upon the written direction of a licensed dentist, or place such appliance or structure in a person's mouth or attempt to adjust such appliance or structure in a person's mouth, or deliver such appliance or structure to any person other than the dentist upon whose direction the work was performed;

      (5) Sell or distribute materials, except to a licensed dentist, dental laboratory or dental supply house, with instructions for an individual to construct, repair, reproduce or duplicate any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance or any other structure to be worn in a person's mouth;

      (6) Advertise to the public, by any method, to furnish, supply, construct, reproduce or repair any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance or other structure to be worn in a person's mouth;

      (7) Give estimates of the cost of dental treatment; or

      (8) Advertise or permit it to be advertised by sign, card, circular, handbill or newspaper, or otherwise indicate that such person, by contract with others or by himself or herself, will perform any of the functions specified in subdivisions (1) to (7), inclusive, of this subsection.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a person who is licensed to practice dentistry under this chapter, who has successfully completed a postdoctoral training program that is accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation or its successor organization, in the specialty area of dentistry in which such person practices may: (1) Diagnose, evaluate, prevent or treat by surgical or other means, injuries, deformities, diseases or conditions of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial area, or its adjacent or associated structures; and (2) perform any of the following procedures, provided the dentist has been granted hospital privileges to perform such procedures: (A) Surgical treatment of sleep apnea involving the jaws; (B) salivary gland surgery; (C) the harvesting of donor tissue; (D) frontal and orbital surgery and nasoethmoidal procedures to the extent that such surgery or procedures are associated with trauma.

      (d) Any person who, in practicing dentistry or dental medicine, as defined in this section, employs or permits any other person except a licensed dentist to so practice dentistry or dental medicine shall be subject to the penalties provided in section 20-126.

      (e) The provisions of this section do not apply to:

      (1) Any practicing physician or surgeon who is licensed in accordance with chapter 370;

      (2) Any regularly enrolled student in a dental school approved as provided in this chapter or a medical school approved as provided in chapter 370 receiving practical training in dentistry under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician in a dental or medical school in this state or in any hospital, infirmary, clinic or dispensary affiliated with such school;

      (3) A person who holds the degree of doctor of dental medicine or doctor of dental surgery or its equivalent and who has been issued a permit in accordance with section 20-126b and who is receiving practical training under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician in an advanced dental education program conducted by a dental or medical school in this state or by a hospital operated by the federal government or licensed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-491;

      (4) Any regularly enrolled student in or graduate of an accredited school of dental hygiene who is receiving practical training in dental hygiene in an approved school of dental hygiene in the state or in any hospital, infirmary, clinic or dispensary affiliated with such school, under the supervision of a dentist licensed pursuant to this chapter or a dental hygienist licensed pursuant to chapter 379a; or

      (5) Controlled investigations or innovative training programs related to the delivery of dental health services within accredited dental schools or schools of dental hygiene, provided such programs are (A) under the supervision of a dentist licensed pursuant to this chapter or physician licensed pursuant to chapter 370, and (B) conducted within a program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation or such other national professional accrediting body as may be recognized by the United States Department of Education.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4458; 1949, 1953, S. 2233d; 1963, P.A. 450, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 238; 1969, P.A. 102; 1971, P.A. 244; P.A. 73-183; P.A. 92-35, S. 8; P.A. 94-149, S. 22; P.A. 05-213, S. 3.)

      History: 1963 act required direction of licensed dentist in first sentence to be written; 1967 act deleted descriptive references to "the human teeth or jaws" and substituted "the mouth and surrounding and associated structures"; 1969 act required that section not be construed to prevent students or graduates from receiving training under supervision of licensed dentist or hygienist; 1971 act included as practicing dentistry one who "sells or distributes materials, except to a licensed dentist ... with instructions ... to construct, repair, reproduce or duplicate any prosthetic denture, bridge ..."; P.A. 73-183 required that section not be construed "to prevent controlled investigations or innovative training programs ... provided such programs are under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician"; P.A. 92-35 added provision requiring inclusion in a program accredited by the commission on dental accreditation or other body recognized by the U.S. Department of Education; P.A. 94-149 added provision re dentists issued a permit under Sec. 20-126v; P.A. 05-213 replaced former provisions with new Subsec. (a) re dentists' scope of practice, new Subsec. (b) specifying certain activities that may only be performed by persons licensed to practice dentistry; new Subsec. (c) authorizing graduates of post-doctoral dental training programs to engage in certain practices beyond the scope of dentistry defined in Subsec. (a), new Subsec. (d) authorizing penalties for persons who employ or permit unlicensed persons to practice dentistry or dental medicine, and new Subsec. (e) exempting certain persons, investigations and training programs from provisions of section.

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      Sec. 20-126c. Continuing education: Definitions; contact hours; attestation; record-keeping; exemptions; waivers; reinstatement of void licenses. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health;

      (2) "Contact hour" means a minimum of fifty minutes of continuing education activity;

      (3) "Department" means the Department of Public Health;

      (4) "Licensee" means any person who receives a license from the department pursuant to this chapter; and

      (5) "Registration period" means the one-year period for which a license renewed in accordance with section 19a-88 and is current and valid.

      (b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, for registration periods beginning on and after October 1, 2007, a licensee applying for license renewal shall earn a minimum of twenty-five contact hours of continuing education within the preceding twenty-four-month period. Such continuing education shall (1) be in an area of the licensee's practice; (2) reflect the professional needs of the licensee in order to meet the health care needs of the public; and (3) include at least one contact hour of training or education in infectious diseases, including, but not limited to, acquired immune deficiency syndrome and human immunodeficiency virus, access to care, risk management, care of special needs patients and domestic violence, including sexual abuse. Qualifying continuing education activities include, but are not limited to, courses, including on-line courses, offered or approved by the American Dental Association or state, district or local dental associations and societies affiliated with the American Dental Association; national, state, district or local dental specialty organizations or the American Academy of General Dentistry; a hospital or other health care institution; dental schools and other schools of higher education accredited or recognized by the Council on Dental Accreditation or a regional accrediting organization; agencies or businesses whose programs are accredited or recognized by the Council on Dental Accreditation; local, state or national medical associations; a state or local health department; or the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Eight hours of volunteer dental practice at a public health facility, as defined in section 20-126l, may be substituted for one contact hour of continuing education, up to a maximum of ten contact hours in one twenty-four-month period.

      (c) Each licensee applying for license renewal pursuant to section 19a-88 shall sign a statement attesting that he or she has satisfied the continuing education requirements of subsection (b) of this section on a form prescribed by the department. Each licensee shall retain records of attendance or certificates of completion that demonstrate compliance with the continuing education requirements of said subsection (b) for a minimum of three years following the year in which the continuing education activities were completed and shall submit such records to the department for inspection not later than forty-five days after a request by the department for such records.

      (d) A licensee applying for the first time for license renewal pursuant to section 19a-88 is exempt from the continuing education requirements of this section.

      (e) A licensee who is not engaged in active professional practice in any form during a registration period shall be exempt from the continuing education requirements of this section, provided the licensee submits to the department, prior to the expiration of the registration period, a notarized application for exemption on a form prescribed by the department and such other documentation as may be required by the department. The application for exemption pursuant to this subsection shall contain a statement that the licensee may not engage in professional practice until the licensee has met the continuing education requirements of this section.

      (f) In individual cases involving medical disability or illness, the commissioner may, in the commissioner's discretion, grant a waiver of the continuing education requirements or an extension of time within which to fulfill the continuing education requirements of this section to any licensee, provided the licensee submits to the department an application for waiver or extension of time on a form prescribed by the department, along with a certification by a licensed physician of the disability or illness and such other documentation as may be required by the commissioner. The commissioner may grant a waiver or extension for a period not to exceed one registration period, except that the commissioner may grant additional waivers or extensions if the medical disability or illness upon which a waiver or extension is granted continues beyond the period of the waiver or extension and the licensee applies for an additional waiver or extension.

      (g) Any licensee whose license has become void pursuant to section 19a-88 and who applies to the department for reinstatement of such license pursuant to section 19a-14 shall submit evidence documenting successful completion of twelve contact hours of continuing education within the one-year period immediately preceding application for reinstatement.

      (P.A. 05-213, S. 11.)

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