CHAPTER 216
SUCCESSION AND TRANSFER TAXES

Table of Contents

Sec. 12-344. Rates.
Sec. 12-359. Reports of representatives of transferors.
Sec. 12-364. Certificate of release of lien. Regulations.
Sec. 12-366. Lien for taxes. Regulations.

PART II
RATES. EXEMPTIONS. DEDUCTIONS

      Sec. 12-344. Rates. (a) The tax imposed under the provisions of this chapter shall be at the following rates: Class AA, subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section with respect to the net taxable estate passing to the surviving spouse of any transferor whose death occurs on or after July 1, 1986, the net taxable estate of any transferor passing to any husband or wife, in excess of three hundred thousand dollars in value to and including four hundred thousand dollars, five per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars to and including six hundred thousand dollars, six per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars to and including one million dollars, seven per cent thereof; and on the amount in excess of one million dollars, eight per cent thereof: Class A, subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section with respect to the net taxable estate passing to any such class A beneficiary of any transferor whose death occurs on or after January 1, 1997, the net taxable estate of any transferor passing to any parent, grandparent, adoptive parent and any natural or adopted descendant, in excess of fifty thousand dollars in value to and including one hundred fifty thousand dollars, shall be three per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of one hundred fifty thousand dollars to and including two hundred fifty thousand dollars, four per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars to and including four hundred thousand dollars, five per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars to and including six hundred thousand dollars, six per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars to and including one million dollars, seven per cent thereof; and on the amount in excess of one million dollars, eight per cent thereof: Class B, subject to the provisions of subsection (d) of this section with respect to the net taxable estate passing to any such class B beneficiary of any transferor whose death occurs on or after January 1, 1999, the net taxable estate of any transferor passing to the husband or wife or widower or widow who has not remarried of any natural or adopted child of such transferor, to any stepchild, brother or sister of the full or half blood or adopted brother or sister and to any natural or adopted descendant of such brother or sister, in excess of six thousand dollars shall be subject to a tax of four per cent to and including twenty-five thousand dollars; the tax on the amount passing to relatives of this class in excess of twenty-five thousand dollars to and including one hundred fifty thousand dollars shall be five per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of one hundred fifty thousand dollars to and including two hundred fifty thousand dollars, six per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars to and including four hundred thousand dollars, seven per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars to and including six hundred thousand dollars, eight per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars to and including one million dollars, nine per cent thereof; and on the amount in excess of one million dollars, ten per cent thereof: Class C, subject to the provisions of subsection (e) of this section with respect to the net taxable estate passing to any such class C beneficiary of a transferor whose death occurs on or after January 1, 2001, the net taxable estate of any transferor passing to any person, corporation or association, not included in either Class AA, Class A or Class B, in excess of one thousand dollars, and not otherwise exempt, shall be subject to a tax of eight per cent to and including twenty-five thousand dollars; the tax on the amount passing to beneficiaries in this class, in excess of twenty-five thousand dollars to and including one hundred fifty thousand dollars, shall be nine per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of one hundred fifty thousand dollars to and including two hundred fifty thousand dollars, ten per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars to and including four hundred thousand dollars, eleven per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars to and including six hundred thousand dollars, twelve per cent thereof; on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars to and including one million dollars, thirteen per cent thereof; and on the amount in excess of one million dollars, fourteen per cent thereof. Only one exemption as provided in this section for each class shall apply to the net estate passing to all beneficiaries or distributees in such class. The value of all taxable transfers to a beneficiary or distributee shall be aggregated for the purpose of computing the tax and exemptions.

      (b) The tax under this section applicable to the net taxable estate of any transferor passing to the surviving spouse of such transferor shall, with respect to the estate of any transferor whose death occurs on or after July 1, 1986, be imposed as follows: (1) If the death of the transferor occurs on or after July 1, 1986, but prior to July 1, 1987, the net taxable estate passing to the surviving spouse of such transferor shall be subject to tax at the rate of (A) three per cent on the amount in excess of three hundred thousand dollars in value to and including four hundred thousand dollars, (B) four per cent on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (C) five per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars and (D) six per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (2) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after July 1, 1987, but prior to July 1, 1988, the net taxable estate passing to the surviving spouse of such transferor shall be subject to tax at the rate of (A) one and one-half per cent on the amount in excess of three hundred thousand dollars in value to and including four hundred thousand dollars, (B) two per cent on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (C) two and one-half per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars and (D) three per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, and (3) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after July 1, 1988, the net taxable estate passing to the surviving spouse of such transferor shall not be subject to tax under this chapter.

      (c) The tax under this section, applicable to the net taxable estate of any transferor, whose death occurs on or after January 1, 1997, passing to a class A beneficiary shall be imposed as follows: (1) If the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 1997, but prior to January 1, 1998, at the rate of (A) five per cent on the amount in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars in value to and including four hundred thousand dollars, (B) six per cent on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (C) seven per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars and (D) eight per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (2) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 1998, but prior to January 1, 1999, at the rate of (A) six per cent on the amount in excess of five hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (B) seven per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars and (C) eight per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (3) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 1999, but prior to January 1, 2000, at the rate of (A) seven per cent on the amount in excess of eight hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars and (B) eight per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (4) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2000, but prior to January 1, 2001, at the rate of eight per cent on the amount in excess of two million dollars in value and (5) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2001, the net taxable estate passing to a class A beneficiary shall not be subject to tax under this chapter.

      (d) The tax under this section applicable to the net taxable estate of any transferor, whose death occurs on or after January 1, 1999, passing to a class B beneficiary shall be imposed as follows: (1) If the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 1999, but prior to January 1, 2000, at the rate of (A) six per cent on the amount in excess of two hundred thousand dollars in value to and including two hundred fifty thousand dollars, (B) seven per cent on the amount in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars in value to and including four hundred thousand dollars, (C) eight per cent on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (D) nine per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars, and (E) ten per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (2) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2000, but prior to January 1, 2001, at the rate of (A) eight per cent on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (B) nine per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars, and (C) ten per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (3) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2001, but prior to January 1, 2005, at the rate of (A) nine per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars, and (B) ten per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (4) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2005, the net taxable estate passing to a class B beneficiary shall not be subject to tax under this chapter.

      (e) The tax under this section applicable to the net taxable estate of any transferor, whose death occurs on or after January 1, 2001, passing to a class C beneficiary shall be imposed as follows: (1) If the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2001, but prior to January 1, 2005, at the rate of (A) ten per cent on the amount in excess of two hundred thousand dollars in value to and including two hundred fifty thousand dollars, (B) eleven per cent on the amount in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars in value to and including four hundred thousand dollars, (C) twelve per cent on the amount in excess of four hundred thousand dollars in value to and including six hundred thousand dollars, (D) thirteen per cent on the amount in excess of six hundred thousand dollars in value to and including one million dollars, and (E) fourteen per cent on the amount in excess of one million dollars in value, (2) if the death of the transferor occurs on or after January 1, 2005, the net taxable estate passing to a class C beneficiary shall not be subject to tax under this chapter.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2026; 1949, S. 1143d; 1957, P.A. 555, S. 1, 2; 1959, P.A. 571, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 603; 642, S. 10; P.A. 73-309, S. 1, 2; P.A. 78-371, S. 2, 6; P.A. 85-159, S. 6, 19; 85-469, S. 4, 6; P.A. 86-397, S. 6, 10; P.A. 95-256, S. 1; Nov. 15 Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 1, 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1, S. 94; P.A. 05-251, S. 66; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 50.)

      History: 1959 act included widower or widow of child who has not remarried in Class B; 1963 acts clarified status of adopted children and their descendants and changed Class A tax rate on amounts over one hundred fifty thousand to and including two hundred fifty thousand dollars from five per cent to four per cent; P.A. 73-309 included estates passing to brother or sister of adopted brother or sister, applicable to estates of all persons dying on or after July 1, 1973 (estates of persons dying before that date are subject to succession tax laws previously applicable and continued in force for that purpose); P.A. 78-371 changed lower amount in Class AA three per cent tax rate from fifty to one hundred thousand dollars, changed lower amount in Class A two per cent tax rate from ten to twenty thousand dollars and changed lower amount in Class C tax rate from five hundred to one thousand dollars, effective July 1, 1978, and applicable to estate of any person dying on or after that date (estates of persons dying before that date are subject to succession and transfer tax laws previously applicable); P.A. 85-159 increased the minimum value of the net taxable estate subject to taxation under Class AA to three hundred thousand dollars and under Class A to fifty thousand dollars for the estate of any person dying on or after July 1, 1985; P.A. 85-469 revised effective date of P.A. 85-159 but without affecting this section; P.A. 86-397 added Subsec. (b) reducing the rates of tax applicable to the net taxable estate of any transferor passing to the surviving spouse of such transferor in the following manner: (1) The first reduction, in the amount of approximately one-third of applicable rates preceding reduction, is effective with respect to such estates of transferors whose death occurs on or after July 1, 1986, (2) the second reduction, in the amount of approximately one-half of applicable rates preceding reduction, is effective with respect to such estates of transferors whose death occurs on or after July 1, 1987, and (3) the tax is eliminated with respect to such estates of transferors whose death occurs on or after July 1, 1988, effective June 11, 1986, and applicable to the estate of any transferor whose death occurs on or after July 1, 1986; P.A. 95-256 added new Subsecs. (c), (d) and (e) to increase the exemption amount and phase out tax over a five-year period for class A, B and C beneficiaries, respectively, and made technical changes to Subsec. (a); Nov. 15 Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsecs. (d) and (e) to delay by one year the phase-out of tax after January 1, 2002, for class B and class C beneficiaries and to make technical changes, effective November 20, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1 amended Subsecs. (d) and (e) to delay the phaseout of tax under those subsections by two years, effective August 16, 2003, and applicable to transfers from estates of decedents who die on or after March 1, 2003; P.A. 05-251 amended Subsecs. (d) and (e) to remove the tax on Class B and Class C beneficiaries, effective June 30, 2005, and applicable to estates of decedents dying after January 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 changed effective date of P.A. 05-251 so as to apply to estates of decedents dying "on" January 1, 2005, as well as to those of decedents dying "after" that date, effective June 30, 2005.

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PART III
ADMINISTRATION

      Sec. 12-359. Reports of representatives of transferors. (a) Succession tax returns and amendments thereto. Except as herein provided, within six months after the death of the transferor the administrator, executor, administrator for tax purposes, administrator c.t.a. or administrator d.b.n. or administrator d.b.n., c.t.a. or, if there is no such fiduciary, any transferee of property, the transfer of which may be taxable under the provisions of section 12-341, 12-341b, 12-342, 12-343, 12-345 or sections 12-345b to 12-345e, inclusive, shall file with the court of probate for the district within which the transferor resided at the date of his or her death or, if the transferor died a nonresident of this state, with the court of probate for the district within which the real estate or tangible personal property is situated, a return, in duplicate, prescribed as to form by the Commissioner of Revenue Services and bearing notice to the effect that false statements made therein are punishable and containing all items necessary to the correct computation and assessment of the tax. Such return shall include among other things: (1) A copy of the written instrument evidencing any transfer which may be taxable under the provisions of subsection (c) or (d) of section 12-341 or 12-341b or of section 12-342, 12-343, 12-345 or sections 12-345b to 12-345e, inclusive, or, if there is no written evidence, a written statement fully disclosing the circumstances under which the transfer was made; provided, in the case of a transfer evidenced by an insurance, annuity, pension plan, profit-sharing plan or other similar contract with an insurance company, in lieu of such copy of the written instrument, a summary thereof may be so filed; (2) an appraisal by the fiduciary or transferee, at its fair market value on the date of decedent's death, of each item of property, the transfer of which may be taxable under the provisions of section 12-341, 12-341b, 12-342, 12-343, 12-345 or sections 12-345b to 12-345e, inclusive; (3) a statement as to whether, or to what extent, the reported transfers are conceded taxable; (4) all items claimed as deductions under the provisions of section 12-350 or 12-352, with an explanation of the circumstances under which each deduction is allowable; (5) a statement containing the name and relationship to the transferor of each individual, corporation, institution, society, association or trust benefiting by reason of any succession or transfer of property as set forth in sections 12-340 to 12-343, inclusive, sections 12-345 and 12-345b to 12-345e, inclusive, and the value of the estate passing to each such beneficiary; (6) such other information as the Commissioner of Revenue Services may deem necessary for the correct computation and assessment of the tax and the proper administration thereof. The fiduciary or transferee may correct any item on the succession tax return by filing with the probate court an amendment thereto in duplicate, prescribed as to form by the Commissioner of Revenue Services and bearing notice to the effect that false statements made therein are punishable and containing such changes in the return as the fiduciary desires to make, but no such amendment shall be permitted which would change the reported value of any property or withdraw a concession of taxability after a hearing has been held thereon pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section and no such amendment shall be permitted after the computation of the tax has become final. The probate court shall, within ten days of the filing of such return or an amendment thereto, forward a certified copy thereof to the Commissioner of Revenue Services.

      (b) Hearing on objections of Commissioner of Revenue Services. Within one hundred twenty days after the receipt of such return, or any amendment thereto, the Commissioner of Revenue Services shall file with the fiduciary or transferee and with such court of probate a statement in writing setting forth in detail such objections as he may have to the valuations or concessions of taxability appearing thereon. Unless such fiduciary or transferee concedes the correctness of the Commissioner of Revenue Services' opinion or the Commissioner of Revenue Services withdraws his objection, the Commissioner of Revenue Services, fiduciary or transferee may file in the court of probate for the district within which the transferor resided at the date of his death or, if the transferor died a nonresident of this state, in the court of probate for the district within which the real estate or tangible personal property is situated, an application for a hearing upon those items set out in such return as to which the Commissioner of Revenue Services objects. Such court shall assign a time and place for a hearing upon the Commissioner of Revenue Services' objections to the return or amendment thereto and shall cause a copy of the order of hearing to be sent to the Commissioner of Revenue Services, such fiduciary or transferee and all other parties in interest at least fifteen days before the time of such hearing. The commissioner or any other party in interest may appear before such court at such hearing and be heard concerning the objections of the Commissioner of Revenue Services. If there is no appearance on behalf of the commissioner and it appears to the court that his position with respect to any matter in dispute ought not to be sustained, such hearing shall be adjourned for not less than ten days and notice of the time and place of such adjourned hearing shall be given to the commissioner, who may appear and be heard thereon. At such hearing, or adjournment thereof, the court shall hear such objections and determine the fair market value of any property, the reported value of which has been objected to, and the taxability of any transfer objected to and shall enter upon its records a decree determining the fair market value of property the value of which has been objected to and the taxability of any transfer which has been objected to. The decree of such court shall be conclusive upon the state and all other parties in interest unless an appeal is taken as provided for appeals from other decrees and orders of such court. A copy of such decree shall be forwarded forthwith to the commissioner and to the fiduciary or transferee by the judge or clerk of such court. The value of the gross taxable estate as set forth in the tax return or any amendment thereof, or as altered by written agreement between the Commissioner of Revenue Services and such fiduciary or transferee or as set by the probate court upon a hearing under this subsection or under subsection (b) of section 12-367 shall be the basis for computing the succession tax.

      (c) Extension of filing time. For cause shown, the Commissioner of Revenue Services may, on the written application of the fiduciary or transferee filed with said commissioner within six months after the death of the transferor, extend the time for filing such return. Such application shall set forth the extension desired and the reasons therefor and a copy thereof shall be filed in the court of probate for the district within which the transferor resided at the date of his death or, if the transferor died a nonresident of this state, in the court of probate for the district within which the real estate or tangible personal property is situated. Unless, not later than sixty days after his receipt of such application, the Commissioner of Revenue Services files in the court of probate, a copy of his order denying or modifying the extension requested, the extension requested shall be deemed granted. If the extension request is denied or modified, the fiduciary may not later than thirty days of the receipt of such order from the Commissioner of Revenue Services, file in such court of probate an application for an extension of time to file the return setting forth the extension desired and the reasons therefor. The court of probate shall assign a time and place for a hearing upon such application not less than two nor more than four weeks after the filing thereof and shall cause a copy of the order of hearing to be sent to the commissioner and to the fiduciary or transferee at least ten days before the time of such hearing. The commissioner or any party in interest may appear before such court at such hearing and be heard concerning the requested extension. For cause shown, the court of probate may, after hearing on such application, extend the time for filing such return. Such court, after such hearing, shall forthwith send to the Commissioner of Revenue Services and the fiduciary or transferee a copy of any order extending or denying extension of the time for filing such return. Further extensions may be granted by the Commissioner of Revenue Services or probate court if the foregoing provisions are complied with and if written application for such further extension is filed before the expiration of the preceding extension. Failure on the part of any fiduciary to file such return within the time herein prescribed therefor shall be sufficient cause for the summary removal of such fiduciary upon the application of the Commissioner of Revenue Services or any interested person.

      (d) Transferee defined. As used in this chapter the word transferee shall include, but not be limited to, a donee and a beneficiary under a will, trust or power of appointment or under the laws of this state relating to descent and distribution.

      (e) Applicability. The provisions of this section shall not apply to estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 2005.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2040; 1953, S. 1147d; 1967, P.A. 558, S. 48; 1969, P.A. 676; 1971, P.A. 863, S. 5; June, 1971, P.A. 5, S. 118; 1972, P.A. 265, S. 3-5; P.A. 74-338, S. 40, 94; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 78-195, S. 1, 4; P.A. 90-148, S. 15, 34; P.A. 95-298, S. 2, 3; P.A. 00-174, S. 60, 83; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 51.)

      History: 1967 act made technical changes re appraisers in Subsec. (b); 1969 act allowed appraisal by donee, transferee or surviving joint tenant or person designated by them if no administration granted because transferor died without leaving property which could pass by will or laws of state; 1971 acts essentially rewrote and greatly expanded provisions of section, required filing of return with probate court within nine months, rather than one year, of death, inserted new Subsec. (b) re hearing on tax commissioner's objections, placed provisions re extensions for filing returns in Subsec. (c), added Subsec. (d) defining "transferee" and deleted former Subsec. (b), effective January 1, 1972, and applicable to estates of persons dying on and after that date (all estates of persons dying before January 1, 1972, are subject to succession or inheritance tax laws applicable before that date and continued in force for that purpose); 1972 act added reference to fiduciary in Subsec. (b), clarified provisions of Subsec. (c) by requiring notice of commissioner's action to fiduciary or transferee, by setting time for filing in court if commissioner fails to act and stating who may appear before court and by requiring that notice of court's decision go to fiduciary or transferee, and amended Subsec. (d) to replace "section" with "chapter", effective May 18, 1972, but retroactive to January 1, 1972, and applicable to estates of persons dying on or after that date (all estates of persons dying before January 1, 1972, are subject to succession tax laws applicable before that date and continued in force for that purpose); P.A. 74-338 replaced reference to repealed Sec. 12-345a with reference to Secs. 12-345b to 12-345e; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-195 amended Subsec. (a) to include provisions for correction of return by fiduciary or transferee, amended Subsec. (b) to change hearing procedure to allow for adjournment and amended Subsec. (c) replacing former provision for thirty-day period for commissioner to act and fifteen-day period for filing with court with provision that unless commissioner modifies or denies extension request within sixty days it is deemed granted and allowing fiduciary thirty days to file with court upon such denial or modification; P.A. 90-148 amended Subsec. (a) to require filing with the court of probate within six months after death of transferor in lieu of nine months and Subsec. (c) to require filing with the commissioner for extension within six months after death of transferor in lieu of nine months, effective July 1, 1990, and applicable to the estate of any transferor whose death occurs on or after that date; P.A. 95-298 deleted requirement that the commissioner acknowledge receipt of tax return to the Probate Court and the fiduciary of the estate, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to estates of persons dying on or after July 1, 1995; P.A. 00-174 amended Subsec. (a) to delete requirement that returns be sworn to, to add provisions re form and false statements and to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 added Subsec. (e) re applicability of section, effective June 30, 2005, and applicable to estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 12-364. Certificate of release of lien. Regulations. Any person shall, if the Commissioner of Revenue Services finds, upon evidence satisfactory to him, that a joint tenant of real property situated in this state has died and that the payment of any succession tax with respect to the interest of such deceased joint tenant in such real property is adequately assured, or that no succession tax will become due therefrom, be entitled to a certificate of release of lien reciting that the Commissioner of Revenue Services has released such real property from the operation of any lien for succession taxes with respect to the interest of such deceased joint tenant in such real property which shall be conclusive proof that such real property has been released from the operation of such lien. Such certificate of release of lien may be recorded in the office of the town clerk of the town in which such real property is situated. A finding by the commissioner that the payment of such tax is adequately assured shall be based upon the receipt by the commissioner of a bond or other security for an amount and with surety satisfactory to him, conditioned upon the full payment of all succession taxes with respect to the gross taxable estate of such deceased joint tenant or upon the payment to the commissioner of an amount satisfactory to him on account of such tax or upon the finding by the commissioner that an executor or administrator of the estate of such deceased joint tenant has been duly appointed in this state and that the official bond of such administrator or executor, or, if such administrator or executor is a corporation, its financial responsibility, furnishes adequate protection for the payment of all succession taxes. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, that prescribe the circumstances under which a judge of the probate court having jurisdiction of such estate is permitted to issue a certificate of release of lien, based on a finding by said judge that payment of any succession tax with respect to the interest of a deceased joint tenant in real property is adequately assured or that no succession tax will become due from such property. The provisions of this section shall not apply to estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 2005.

      (1953, S. 1149d; 1959, P.A. 327; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 90-30, S. 1, 3; P.A. 91-231, S. 4; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-3, S. 2, 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 52.)

      History: 1959 act provided for situation where no succession tax will become due; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 90-30 eliminated required payment of a fee to be entitled to a certificate of release of lien for succession tax; P.A. 91-231 provided for the acceptance of security other than bonds by the commissioner; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-3 replaced provision re filing of certificate in probate court with provision re re:CHY:cording of certificate in the office of the town clerk and authorized the commissioner to adopt regulations re circumstances under which probate judge may release tax lien in taxable estates and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 added provision that section is not applicable to estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 2005, effective June 30, 2005.

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      Sec. 12-366. Lien for taxes. Regulations. The tax herein imposed shall be a lien in favor of the state of Connecticut upon the real property so passing from the due date until paid, with the interest and costs that may accrue in addition thereto; provided such lien shall not be valid as against any lienor, mortgagee, judgment creditor or bona fide purchaser provided they have no notice, unless and until notice of such lien is filed or recorded in the town clerk's office or place where mortgages, liens and conveyances of such property are required by statute to be filed or recorded. The lien upon any real property transferred, or a portion thereof, may be discharged by the payment of such amount as tax thereon as the Commissioner of Revenue Services may specify or by the giving to the commissioner of a bond for such amount; or the commissioner, upon application by the fiduciary, may make an order transferring such lien to other real property of the estate or of the transferee, which order of transfer shall be recorded as above. Any person shall be entitled to a certificate that the tax upon the transfer of any real property has been paid, and such certificate may be recorded in the office of the town clerk of the town within which such real property is situated, and it shall be conclusive proof that the tax on the transfer of such real property has been paid and such lien discharged. The commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 that prescribe the circumstances under which a judge of the probate court having jurisdiction of an estate is permitted to discharge a lien by the payment of such amount as tax on such real property as the judge may specify. The provisions of this section shall not apply to estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 2005.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2043; 1963, P.A. 440; 1967, P.A. 534; P.A. 75-502, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 90-30, S. 2, 3; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-3, S. 3, 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 53.)

      History: 1963 act required commissioner to furnish corporation with certificate that no tax lien attaches to intangible personal property if requested to do so; 1967 act included in proviso re validity of lien reference to "lienor", deleted "purchaser" and replaced "bona fide purchaser" with "purchaser for value" and deleted provision that tax lien has no priority over rights created or acquired for value or over municipal lien; P.A. 75-502 replaced "purchaser for value" with "bona fide purchaser" and stated that liens not valid against lienors, mortgagees, etc. "provided they have no notice"; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 90-30 deleted required payment of a fee to be entitled to a certificate of release of lien for succession tax on real property; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-3 authorized the commissioner to adopt regulations to prescribe circumstances under which a probate judge may discharge a lien and deleted requirement for certificate of no lien, effective January 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 added provision that section is not applicable to estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 2005, effective June 30, 2005.

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