CHAPTER 212
UTILITY COMPANIES TAX

Table of Contents

Sec. 12-264. Tax on gross earnings. Registration of gas sellers. Return.

      Sec. 12-264. Tax on gross earnings. Registration of gas sellers. Return. (a) Each (1) Connecticut municipality or department or agency thereof, or Connecticut district, manufacturing, selling or distributing gas or electricity to be used for light, heat or power, in this chapter and in chapter 212a called a "municipal utility", (2) company the principal business of which is manufacturing, selling or distributing gas or steam to be used for light, heat or power, including each foreign municipal electric utility, as defined in section 12-59, and given authority to engage in business in this state pursuant to the provisions of section 16-246c*, and (3) company required to register pursuant to section 16-258a shall pay a quarterly tax upon gross earnings from such operations in this state. Gross earnings from such operations under subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection shall include (A) all income classified as operating revenues by the Department of Public Utility Control in the uniform systems of accounts prescribed by said department for operations within the taxable quarter and, with respect to each such company, (B) all income classified in said uniform systems of accounts as income from merchandising, jobbing and contract work, (C) income from nonutility operations, (D) revenues from lease of physical property not devoted to utility operation, and (E) receipts from the sale of residuals and other by-products obtained in connection with the production of gas, electricity or steam. Gross earnings from such operations under subdivision (3) of this subsection shall be gross income from the sales of natural gas, provided gross income shall not include income from the sale of natural gas to an existing combined cycle facility comprised of three gas turbines providing electric generation services, as defined in section 16-1, with a total capacity of seven hundred seventy-five megawatts, for use in the production of electricity. Gross earnings of a gas company, as defined in section 16-1, shall not include income earned in a taxable quarter commencing prior to June 30, 2008, from the sale of natural gas or propane as a fuel for a motor vehicle. No deductions shall be allowed from such gross earnings for any commission, rebate or other payment, except a refund resulting from an error or overcharge and those specifically mentioned in section 12-265. Gross earnings of a company as described in subdivision (2) of this subsection shall not include income earned in any taxable quarter commencing on or after July 1, 2000, from the sale of steam.

      (b) (1) Each such company and municipal utility shall, on or before the last day of January, April, July and October of each year, render to the Commissioner of Revenue Services a return on forms prescribed or furnished by the commissioner and signed by its treasurer or the person performing the duties of treasurer, or by an authorized agent or officer, specifying (A) the name and location of such company or municipal utility, (B) the amount of gross earnings from operations for the quarter ending with the last day of the preceding month, (C) the gross earnings from the sale or rental of appliances using water, steam, gas or electricity and the cost of such appliances sold, cost to be interpreted as net invoice price plus transportation costs of such appliances, (D) the gross earnings from all sales for resale of water, steam, gas and electricity, whether or not the purchasers are public service corporations, municipal utilities, located in the state or subject to the tax imposed by this chapter, (E) the number of miles of water or steam pipes, gas mains or electric wires operated by such company or municipal utility within this state on the first day and on the last day of the calendar year immediately preceding, and (F) the number of miles of water or steam pipes, gas mains or electric wires wherever operated by such company or municipal utility on said dates. Gas pipeline and gas transmission companies which do not manufacture or buy gas in this state for resale in this state shall be subject to the provisions of chapter 208 and shall not be subject to the provisions of this chapter and chapter 212a.

      (2) No person, firm, corporation or municipality that is chartered or authorized by this state to transmit or sell gas within a franchise area shall transmit gas for any person that sells gas to be used for light, heat or power to an end user or users located in this state, unless such seller has registered with the Department of Revenue Services for purposes of the tax imposed under this chapter. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to the transmission of gas for any seller that is a gas company, as defined in section 16-1, municipal gas utility established under chapter 101 or any other gas utility owned, leased, maintained, operated, managed or controlled by any unit of local government under any general statute or any public or special act, or a gas pipeline or gas transmission company subject to the provisions of chapter 208.

      (3) The Commissioner of Revenue Services may make public the names and addresses of each person that sells gas to be used for light, heat or power to an end user or users located in this state and has registered with the Department of Revenue Services for purposes of the tax imposed under this chapter, and that is not a gas company, as defined in section 16-1, a municipal gas utility established under chapter 101 or any other gas utility owned, leased, maintained, operated, managed or controlled by any unit of local government under any general statute or any public or special act, or a gas pipeline or gas transmission company subject to the provisions of chapter 208.

      (c) (1) Each electric distribution company, as defined in section 16-1, providing electric transmission services, as defined in said section 16-1, or electric distribution services, as defined in said section 16-1, shall pay a quarterly tax upon its gross earnings in each calendar quarter at the rate of (A) eight and one-half per cent of its gross earnings from providing electric transmission services or electric distribution services allocable to other than residential service and (B) six and eight-tenths per cent of such gross earnings from providing electric transmission services or electric distribution services allocable to residential service.

      (2) For purposes of this subsection, gross earnings from providing electric transmission services or electric distribution services shall include (A) all income classified as income from providing electric transmission services or electric distribution services by the Department of Public Utility Control in the uniform system of accounts prescribed by said department and (B) the competitive transition assessment collected pursuant to section 16-245g, other than any component of such assessment that constitutes transition property as to which an electric distribution company has no right, title or interest pursuant to subsection (a) of section 16-245h, the systems benefits charge collected pursuant to section 16-245l, and the assessments charged under sections 16-245m and 16-245n. Such gross earnings shall not include income from providing electric transmission services or electric distribution services to a company described in subsection (c) of section 12-265.

      (3) Each electric distribution company shall, on or before the last day of January, April, July and October of each year, render to the Commissioner of Revenue Services a return on forms prescribed or furnished by the commissioner and signed by its treasurer, or the person performing the duties of treasurer, or of an authorized agent or officer, with such other information as the Commissioner of Revenue Services deems necessary.

      (d) The tax imposed by this chapter is due and payable to the Commissioner of Revenue Services quarterly on or before the last day of the month next succeeding each calendar quarter.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1950; 1951, S. 1112d; 1961, P.A. 604, S. 14; 1963, P.A. 2, S. 1; P.A. 73-442, S. 7; P.A. 74-329; P.A. 75-486, S. 29, 69; P.A. 76-114, S. 11, 21; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 162, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 20, 348; P.A. 84-458, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-101, S. 1, 3; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 12, 85; P.A. 95-114, S. 2, 3, 5; 95-160, S. 64, 69; 95-172, S. 1, 2, 4; 95-359, S. 14, 15, 19; P.A. 96-205, S. 1, 3; P.A. 98-28, S. 54, 117; 98-244, S. 13, 35; P.A. 99-173, S. 43, 44, 65; P.A. 00-174, S. 27, 56, 83; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 21, 85; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-4, S. 9; P.A. 04-180, S. 5, 6; 04-231, S. 4; P.A. 05-288, S. 214.)

      *Note: Section 16-246c was repealed by section 40 of public act 05-1 of the June special session.

      History: 1961 act included municipal utilities and steam companies, and changed dates for annual return and for computing mileage of pipes, mains and wires; 1963 act specified gross earnings provision applied to all sales for resale to any public service corporation or municipal utility; P.A. 73-422 included foreign municipal electric utilities and specified "Connecticut" municipalities and districts; P.A. 74-329 made technical changes; P.A. 75-486 substituted public utilities control authority for public utilities commission; P.A. 76-114 revised section so that tax charged on quarterly rather than annual basis, effective July 1, 1976, and applicable to gross earnings in calendar quarter commencing January 1, 1977, and each calendar quarter thereafter; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner and division of public utility control within the department of business regulation for public utilities control authority, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 made division of public utility control a separate department and deleted reference to abolished department of business regulation; P.A. 84-458 added exemption for systems of water works which do not fall within the definition of water company in section 16-1, effective June 11, 1984, and applicable with respect to calendar quarters commencing July 1, 1984, and thereafter; P.A. 94-101 divided section into Subsecs. (a) and (b) and further divided Subsec. (a) into Subdivs. and added provision re sale of natural gas as a fuel for a motor vehicle, effective July 1, 1994, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on or after that date; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 deleted provision which had exempted certain companies operating water works but which are not water companies as defined in Sec. 16-1 from provisions of this chapter and chapter 212a, effective July 1, 1996, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on or after said date; P.A. 95-114 divided Subsecs. (a) and (b) into Subdivs., changing former Subdivs. of Subsec. (a) to Subparas., and adding Subdiv. (3) re companies required to register pursuant to Sec. 16-258a and amended Subsec. (b)(4), expanding sales for resale to all purchasers, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-160 changed effective date of May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 12 to July 1, 1997, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on or after that date; P.A. 95-172 excluded income earned from the sale of propane as a fuel for motor vehicles from gross earnings of a gas company prior to January 1, 2000, effective July 1, 1995, and applicable to calendar quarters on or after that date; P.A. 95-359 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that gross earnings from operations under Subdiv. (3) shall be gross income from sales of natural gas and made technical changes, effective July 13, 1995; P.A. 96-205 amended Subsec. (a) to exempt sales of steam on or after July 1, 2000, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 98-28 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by deleting reference to companies manufacturing, selling or distributing electricity, added new Subsec. (c) requiring electric distribution companies to pay gross earnings tax and added new Subsec. (d) concerning when tax is due and payable, effective January 1, 2000, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on or after January 1, 2000; P.A. 98-244 amended Subsec. (b) to eliminate notarization requirement, effective June 8, 1998, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on or after October 1, 1998; P.A. 99-173 amended Subsec. (a) to extend sunset from January 1, 2000, to January 1, 2002, effective June 23, 1999; P.A. 00-174 amended Subsec. (b) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), to add Subdiv. (2) re registration of sellers of gas and to add Subdiv. (3) re publishing of information re sellers of gas, effective July 1, 2000, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on or after that date, and amended Subsec. (c)(3) to delete requirement that return be under oath and add requirement that return be signed, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subsec. (a) to exclude from gross earnings under section earnings of a gas company from sales of propane or natural gas for use in motor vehicles for taxable quarters commencing prior to June 30, 2002, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-4 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the sunset for the deduction for sales of natural gas or propane as motor vehicle fuel to June 30, 2004, and to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 04-180 amended Subsec. (a) to add proviso re the exclusion of income from the sale of natural gas to certain combined cycle facilities, effective May 1, 2003, and amended Subsec. (c)(2) to add "other than any component of such assessment that constitutes transition property as to which an electric distribution company has no right, title or interest pursuant to subsection (a) of section 16-245h", effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-231 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the sunset date for exemption re sale of natural gas or propane as motor vehicle fuel from June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2008, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 13, 2005.

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