CHAPTER 141
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Table of Contents

Sec. 9-1. Definitions.
Sec. 9-4a. Voter guide for state elections.
Sec. 9-4b. Elections training unit.
Sec. 9-7b. (Formerly Sec. 9-368b). State Elections Enforcement Commission's duties and powers.

      Sec. 9-1. Definitions. Except as otherwise provided, the following terms, as used in this title and sections 3-124, 7-5, 7-6, 7-7, 7-17, 7-20, 7-39, 7-157, 7-214, 7-275, 7-295, 7-343, 7-407, 8-1, 8-5, 8-19, 10-219, 11-36, 13a-11, 30-10, 30-11, 45a-18, 45a-19 and 51-95 shall have the following meanings:

      (a) "Ballot label" means that portion of cardboard, paper or other material placed on the front of the voting machine, containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a proposed constitutional amendment or other question or proposition to be voted on;

      (b) "Board for admission of electors" means the board as composed under subsection (a) of section 9-15a;

      (c) "Clerical error" means any error in the registry list or enrollment list due to a mistake or an omission on the part of the printer or a mistake or omission made by the registrars or their assistants;

      (d) "Election" means any electors' meeting at which the electors choose public officials by use of voting machines or by paper ballots as provided in sections 9-271 and 9-272;

      (e) "Elector" means any person possessing the qualifications prescribed by the Constitution and duly admitted to, and entitled to exercise, the privileges of an elector in a town;

      (f) Repealed by P.A. 77-298, S. 14;

      (g) "Municipal clerk" means the clerk of a municipality;

      (h) "Municipal election" means the regularly recurring election held in a municipality at which the electors of the municipality choose public officials of such municipality;

      (i) "Municipality" means any city, borough or town within the state;

      (j) "Official ballot" means the official ballot label to be used at an election, or the official paper ballot to be used thereat in accordance with the provisions of sections 9-271 and 9-272;

      (k) "Population" means the population according to the last-completed United States census;

      (l) "Presidential electors" means persons elected to cast their ballots for President and Vice President of the United States;

      (m) "Print" means methods of duplication of words by mechanical process, but shall not include typewriting;

      (n) "Referendum" means (1) a question or proposal which is submitted to a vote of the electors or voters of a municipality at any regular or special state or municipal election, as defined in this section, (2) a question or proposal which is submitted to a vote of the electors or voters, as the case may be, of a municipality at a meeting of such electors or voters, which meeting is not an election, as defined in subsection (d) of this section, and is not a town meeting, or (3) a question or proposal which is submitted to a vote of the electors or voters, as the case may be, of a municipality at a meeting of such electors or voters pursuant to section 7-7 or pursuant to charter or special act;

      (o) "Regular election" means any state or municipal election;

      (p) "Registrars" means the registrars of voters of the municipality;

      (q) "Registry list" means the list of electors of any municipality certified by the registrars;

      (r) "Special election" means any election not a regular election;

      (s) "State election" means the election held in the state on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in the even-numbered years in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of Connecticut;

      (t) "State officers" means the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller and Attorney General;

      (u) "Voter" means a person qualified to vote at town and district meetings under the provisions of section 7-6;

      (v) "Voting district" means any municipality, or any political subdivision thereof, having not more than one polling place in a regular election;

      (w) "Voting machine" means a machine, including but not limited to, a device which operates by electronic means, for the registering and re:CHY:cording of votes cast at elections, primaries and referenda;

      (x) "Write-in ballot" means a vote cast for any person whose name does not appear on the official ballot as a candidate for the office for which his name is written in;

      (y) "The last session for admission of electors prior to an election" means the day which is the seventh day prior to an election.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1030; 1953, S. 503d; November, 1955, S. N39; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 99; 442, S. 13; March, 1958, P.A. 27, S. 34; 1961, P.A. 274, S. 2; February, 1965, P.A. 393, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 831, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 63; P.A. 73-616, S. 8; P.A. 75-567, S. 54, 80; P.A. 76-311; P.A. 77-298, S. 14; P.A. 79-189, S. 1, 9; P.A. 84-319, S. 1, 49; P.A. 88-364, S. 116, 123; P.A. 91-351, S. 22, 28; P.A. 97-192, S. 2; P.A. 05-235, S. 26.)

      History: 1961 act added reference in Subsec. (f) to list compiled under section 9-57a; 1965 act added reference in Subsec. (f) to list compiled under Sec. 9-31g; 1967 act under Subsec. (b) changed definition to "board as composed under subsection (a) of section 9-15a"; 1971 act deleted reference to Sec. 53-172 in introductory language; P.A. 73-616 deleted reference to Sec. 7-387 in introductory language; P.A. 75-567 deleted "in connection with which no question of fact was determined" in Subsec. (c); P.A. 76-311 inserted new definition for "referendum" in Subsec. (n) and relettered former Subsec. (n) and following definitions accordingly; P.A. 77-298 repealed Subsec. (f), defining "enrollment list"; P.A. 79-189 added Subsec. (x) defining "the last session for admission of electors prior to an election"; P.A. 84-319 inserted definition of "voting machine" as Subsec. (w), relettering as necessary; P.A. 88-364 amended subsection (n)(3) by adding the words "or pursuant to charter or special act"; P.A. 91-351 substituted "fourteenth" for "twenty-first" day in Subsec. (y); (Revisor's note: In 1993 an obsolete reference to repealed Sec. 53-295 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 97-192 amended definition of "referendum" by inserting "or voters" in Subdiv. (1) of Subsec. (n); P.A. 05-235 substituted "seventh" for "fourteenth" day in Subsec. (y), effective January 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 9-4a. Voter guide for state elections. (a) Not later than October first in each year in which a state election, as defined in section 9-1, is to be held, the Secretary of the State, in consultation with the State Elections Enforcement Commission and within available appropriations, shall prepare a voter guide for such state election and shall publish such voter guide on the Internet.

      (b) The voter guide shall contain:

      (1) The date of the state election and the hours the polls will be open;

      (2) The name, party affiliation and contact information of each candidate who is nominated or qualifies as a petitioning candidate for election to the office of President of the United States, Vice-President of the United States, senator in Congress, representative in Congress, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Secretary of the State, state senator or state representative at the state election. As used in this section, "contact information" means any or all of the following information received by the Secretary of the State in the course of the secretary's elections duties or by the Federal Election Commission: A candidate's campaign mailing address, telephone number, facsimile number, electronic mail address and web site. The voter guide may provide contact information for a candidate for the office of President of the United States, Vice-President of the United States, senator in Congress or representative in Congress by an electronic link to such information on the Federal Election Commission's web site;

      (3) The following three maps produced pursuant to the most recent decennial reapportionment of General Assembly and Connecticut congressional districts: One map showing the boundaries of state senatorial districts, one map showing the boundaries of state house of representatives districts and one map showing the boundaries of state congressional districts;

      (4) A description of each office to be filled at the state election;

      (5) An absentee ballot application in printable format;

      (6) Instructions regarding voting by absentee ballot;

      (7) Information on the procedure for registering to vote;

      (8) A voter registration application in printable format;

      (9) The full text of each proposed constitutional amendment that will appear on the ballot at the state election;

      (10) The explanatory text as to the content and purpose of each such proposed constitutional amendment, which is prepared by the Office of Legislative Research pursuant to section 2-30a; and

      (11) The text of the Voter's Bill of Rights set forth in section 9-236b.

      (c) The Secretary of the State, in consultation with the State Elections Enforcement Commission, may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section. Such regulations shall not authorize the inclusion of any information in the voter guide in addition to that required in subsection (b) of this section.

      (P.A. 05-188, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 05-188 effective January 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 9-4b. Elections training unit. The Secretary of the State shall establish an elections training unit to coordinate all training for registrars of voters, deputy registrars of voters, permanent assistant registrars of voters as described in section 9-192 and poll workers. Such unit shall employ at least one person having field experience in the conduct of elections.

      (P.A. 05-235, S. 23.)

      History: P.A. 05-235 effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 9-7b. (Formerly Sec. 9-368b). State Elections Enforcement Commission's duties and powers. (a) The State Elections Enforcement Commission shall have the following duties and powers:

      (1) To make investigations on its own initiative or with respect to statements filed with the commission by the Secretary of the State or any town clerk, or upon written complaint under oath by any individual, with respect to alleged violations of any provision of the general statutes relating to any election or referendum, any primary held pursuant to section 9-423, 9-425 or 9-464 or any primary held pursuant to a special act, and to hold hearings when the commission deems necessary to investigate violations of any provisions of the general statutes relating to any such election, primary or referendum, and for the purpose of such hearings the commission may administer oaths, examine witnesses and receive oral and documentary evidence, and shall have the power to subpoena witnesses under procedural rules the commission shall adopt, to compel their attendance and to require the production for examination of any books and papers which the commission deems relevant to any matter under investigation or in question. In connection with its investigation of any alleged violation of any provision of chapter 145, or of any provision of section 9-359 or section 9-359a, the commission shall also have the power to subpoena any municipal clerk and to require the production for examination of any absentee ballot, inner and outer envelope from which any such ballot has been removed, depository envelope containing any such ballot or inner or outer envelope as provided in sections 9-150a and 9-150b and any other record, form or document as provided in section 9-150b, in connection with the election, primary or referendum to which the investigation relates. In case of a refusal to comply with any subpoena issued pursuant to this subsection or to testify with respect to any matter upon which that person may be lawfully interrogated, the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford, on application of the commission, may issue an order requiring such person to comply with such subpoena and to testify; failure to obey any such order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof. In any matter under investigation which concerns the operation or inspection of or outcome recorded on any voting machine, the commission may issue an order to the municipal clerk to impound such machine until the investigation is completed;

      (2) To levy a civil penalty not to exceed (A) two thousand dollars per offense against any person the commission finds to be in violation of any provision of chapter 145, part V of chapter 146, part I of chapter 147, chapter 148, section 7-9, section 9-12, subsection (a) of section 9-17, section 9-19b, 9-19e, 9-19g, 9-19h, 9-19i, 9-20, 9-21, 9-23a, 9-23g, 9-23h, 9-23j to 9-23o, inclusive, 9-23r, 9-26, 9-31a, 9-32, 9-35, 9-35b, 9-35c, 9-40a, 9-42, 9-43, 9-50a, 9-56, 9-59, 9-168d, 9-170, 9-171, 9-172, 9-232i to 9-232o, inclusive, 9-404a to 9-404c, inclusive, 9-409, 9-410, 9-412, 9-436, 9-436a, 9-453e to 9-453h, inclusive, 9-453k or 9-453o, (B) two thousand dollars per offense against any town clerk, registrar of voters, an appointee or designee of a town clerk or registrar of voters, or any other election or primary official whom the commission finds to have failed to discharge a duty imposed by any provision of chapter 146 or 147, (C) two thousand dollars per offense against any person the commission finds to have (i) improperly voted in any election, primary or referendum, and (ii) not been legally qualified to vote in such election, primary or referendum, or (D) two thousand dollars per offense or twice the amount of any improper payment or contribution, whichever is greater, against any person the commission finds to be in violation of any provision of chapter 150 or sections 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive. The commission may levy a civil penalty against any person under subparagraph (A), (B), (C) or (D) of this subdivision only after giving the person an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive. In the case of failure to pay any such penalty levied pursuant to this subsection within thirty days of written notice sent by certified or registered mail to such person, the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford, on application of the commission, may issue an order requiring such person to pay the penalty imposed and such court costs, state marshal's fees and attorney's fees incurred by the commission as the court may determine. Any civil penalties paid, collected or recovered under subparagraph (D) of this subdivision for a violation of any provision of chapter 150 applying to the office of the Treasurer shall be deposited on a pro rata basis in any trust funds, as defined in section 3-13c, affected by such violation;

      (3) (A) To issue an order requiring any person the commission finds to have received any contribution or payment which is prohibited by any of the provisions of chapter 150, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive, to return such contribution or payment to the donor or payor, or to remit such contribution or payment to the state for deposit in the General Fund, whichever is deemed necessary to effectuate the purposes of chapter 150;

      (B) To issue an order when the commission finds that an intentional violation of any provision of chapter 150 has been committed, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive, which order may contain one or more of the following sanctions: (i) Removal of a campaign treasurer, deputy campaign treasurer or solicitor; (ii) prohibition on serving as a campaign treasurer, deputy campaign treasurer or solicitor, for a period not to exceed four years; and (iii) in the case of a party committee or a political committee, suspension of all political activities, including, but not limited to, the receipt of contributions and the making of expenditures, provided the commission may not order such a suspension unless the commission has previously ordered the removal of the campaign treasurer and notifies the officers of the committee that the commission is considering such suspension;

      (C) To issue an order revoking any person's eligibility to be appointed or serve as an election, primary or referendum official or unofficial checker or in any capacity at the polls on the day of an election, primary or referendum, when the commission finds such person has intentionally violated any provision of the general statutes relating to the conduct of an election, primary or referendum, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive;

      (D) To issue an order to enforce the provisions of the Help America Vote Act, P.L. 107-252, as amended from time to time, as the commission deems appropriate;

      (E) To issue an order following the commission's determination of the right of an individual to be or remain an elector when such determination is made (i) pursuant to an appeal taken to the commission from a decision of the registrars of voters or board of admission of electors under section 9-31l, or (ii) following the commission's investigation pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection;

      (4) To issue an order to a candidate committee that receives moneys from the Citizens' Election Fund pursuant to sections 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, to comply with the provisions of sections 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive;

      (5) To inspect or audit at any reasonable time and upon reasonable notice the accounts or records of any campaign treasurer or principal campaign treasurer, as required by chapter 150 and to audit any such election, primary or referendum held within the state; provided, (A) (i) not later than two months preceding the day of an election at which a candidate is seeking election, the commission shall complete any audit it has initiated in the absence of a complaint that involves a committee of the same candidate from a previous election, and (ii) during the two-month period preceding the day of an election at which a candidate is seeking election, the commission shall not initiate an audit in the absence of a complaint that involves a committee of the same candidate from a previous election, and (B) the commission shall not audit any caucus, as defined in subdivision (1) of section 9-372;

      (6) To attempt to secure voluntary compliance, by informal methods of conference, conciliation and persuasion, with any provision of chapters 149 to 153, inclusive, or any other provision of the general statutes relating to any such election, primary or referendum;

      (7) To consult with the Secretary of the State, the Chief State's Attorney or the Attorney General on any matter which the commission deems appropriate;

      (8) To refer to the Chief State's Attorney evidence bearing upon violation of any provision of chapters 149 to 153, inclusive, or any other provision of the general statutes pertaining to or relating to any such election, primary or referendum;

      (9) To refer to the Attorney General evidence for injunctive relief and any other ancillary equitable relief in the circumstances of subdivision (8) of this subsection. Nothing in this subdivision shall preclude a person who claims that he is aggrieved by a violation of any provision of chapter 152 or any other provision of the general statutes relating to referenda from pursuing injunctive and any other ancillary equitable relief directly from the Superior Court by the filing of a complaint;

      (10) To refer to the Attorney General evidence pertaining to any ruling which the commission finds to be in error made by election officials in connection with any election, primary or referendum. Those remedies and procedures available to parties claiming to be aggrieved under the provisions of sections 9-323, 9-324, 9-328 and 9-329a shall apply to any complaint brought by the Attorney General as a result of the provisions of this subdivision;

      (11) To consult with the United States Department of Justice and the United States Attorney for Connecticut on any investigation pertaining to a violation of this section, section 9-12, subsection (a) of section 9-17 or section 9-19b, 9-19e, 9-19g, 9-19h, 9-19i, 9-20, 9-21, 9-23a, 9-23g, 9-23h, 9-23j to 9-23o, inclusive, 9-26, 9-31a, 9-32, 9-35, 9-35b, 9-35c, 9-40a, 9-42, 9-43, 9-50a, 9-56 or 9-59 and to refer to said department and attorney evidence bearing upon any such violation for prosecution under the provisions of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993, P.L. 103-31, as amended from time to time;

      (12) To inspect reports filed with the Secretary of the State and with town clerks pursuant to chapter 150 and refer to the Chief State's Attorney evidence bearing upon any violation of law therein if such violation was committed knowingly and wilfully;

      (13) To intervene in any action brought pursuant to the provisions of sections 9-323, 9-324, 9-328 and 9-329a upon application to the court in which such action is brought when in the opinion of the court it is necessary to preserve evidence of possible criminal violation of the election laws;

      (14) To adopt and publish regulations pursuant to chapter 54 to carry out the provisions of section 9-7a, this section, chapter 150 and sections 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive; to issue upon request and publish advisory opinions in the Connecticut Law Journal upon the requirements of chapter 150, and to make recommendations to the General Assembly concerning suggested revisions of the election laws;

      (15) To the extent that the Elections Enforcement Commission is involved in the investigation of alleged or suspected criminal violations of any provision of the general statutes pertaining to or relating to any such election, primary or referendum and is engaged in such investigation for the purpose of presenting evidence to the Chief State's Attorney, the Elections Enforcement Commission shall be deemed a law enforcement agency for purposes of subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of section 1-210, provided nothing in this section shall be construed to exempt the Elections Enforcement Commission in any other respect from the requirements of the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in section 1-200;

      (16) To enter into such contractual agreements as may be necessary for the discharge of its duties, within the limits of its appropriated funds and in accordance with established procedures;

      (17) To provide the Secretary of the State with notice and copies of all decisions rendered by the commission in contested cases, advisory opinions and declaratory judgments, at the time such decisions, judgments and opinions are made or issued;

      (18) To receive and determine complaints filed under the Help America Vote Act, P.L. 107-252, as amended from time to time, by any person who believes there is a violation of any provision of Title III of P.L. 107-252, as amended. Any complaint filed under this subdivision shall be in writing, notarized and signed and sworn by the person filing the complaint. At the request of the complainant, there shall be a hearing on the record, conducted in accordance with sections 4-167e to 4-184, inclusive. The commission shall make a final determination with respect to a complaint prior to the expiration of the ninety-day period beginning on the date the complaint is filed, unless the complainant consents to a longer period for making such determination. If the commission fails to meet the applicable deadline under this subdivision with respect to a complaint, the commission shall resolve the complaint within sixty days after the expiration of such ninety-day period under an alternative dispute resolution procedure established by the commission.

      (b) In the case of a refusal to comply with an order of the commission issued pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection (a) of this section, the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford, on application of the commission, may issue a further order to comply. Failure to obey such further order may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof.

      (P.A. 74-213, S. 2, 9; P.A. 75-202; 75-571, S. 32, 34; P.A. 76-249; P.A. 78-61, S. 1-4; 78-88, S. 1, 2; 78-106; 78-280, S. 6, 127; P.A. 79-363, S. 32, 38; 79-631, S. 6, 111; P.A. 80-212, S. 1, 4; P.A. 81-359, S. 1, 2; 81-447, S. 18, 23; P.A. 82-472, S. 23, 183; P.A. 83-583, S. 1, 6; P.A. 84-319, S. 4, 49; 84-437, S. 1, 4; 84-511, S. 3, 15; P.A. 85-489, S. 1; P.A. 86-1, S. 1, 5; 86-412, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-532, S. 1, 10; P.A. 88-113; 88-230, S. 1, 12; 88-317, S. 52, 107; 88-347, S. 3, 4; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-30, S. 8, 14; 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-192, S. 1, 3; 93-386, S. 3, 5; P.A. 94-121, S. 31, 33; P.A. 95-122, S. 1; 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 97-47, S. 17; 97-107, S. 1, 2; 97-154, S. 2, 27; P.A. 00-43, S. 10, 19; P.A. 01-195, S. 15, 181; P.A. 03-223, S. 2; 03-241, S. 53, 65; P.A. 04-74, S. 4; P.A. 05-235, S. 6; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 42.)

      History: P.A. 75-202 inserted new Subsec. (c) providing for securing of voluntary compliance with election statutes and relettered former Subsec. (c) as (d) and all following Subsecs.; P.A. 75-571 made technical change; P.A. 76-249 added new Subsec. (h) providing that elections commission be deemed a law enforcement agency for certain purposes under freedom of information act, but not for other requirements of that act; in 1977 Sec. 9-368b was transferred to Sec. 9-7b; P.A. 78-61 in Subsecs. (a), (c), (d) and (h) substituted provisions relating to any election, primary or referendum where word "elections" previously occurred; P.A. 78-88 added new Subsec. (i) authorizing commission to enter into contractual agreements; P.A. 78-106 in Subsec. (d) inserted new provision authorizing consultation with secretary of the state, chief state's attorney or the attorney general, relettering former Subsec. (d) as (e) and (e) as (f), in relettered Subsec. (f) added "and any other ancillary equitable relief", added new Subsec. (g) authorizing referral to attorney general of evidence pertaining to ruling by election officials found to be in error in connection with election, primary or referendum and relettered former Subsec. (f) as (h) and following Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 78-280 replaced Hartford county with judicial district of Hartford-New Britain in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-363 in Subsec. (b) following "to inspect" added "or audit"; P.A. 79-631 made technical changes; P.A. 80-212 changed Subsec. (a) to Subdiv. (1), inserted new Subdiv. (2) providing for civil penalty not to exceed one thousand dollars and its enforcement, changed Subsec. (b) to Subdiv. (3) and remaining Subsecs. changed accordingly and in Subdiv. (9) added "if such violation was committed knowingly and wilfully"; P.A. 81-359 amended Subdiv. (2) to permit imposition of civil penalty for violation of laws pertaining to circulation of petitions and casting of absentee ballots and Subdiv. (10) to allow publication of advisory opinions in the Connecticut Law Journal; P.A. 81-447 made technical correction in Subsec. (3); P.A. 82-472 made a technical correction; P.A. 83-583 inserted new Subdiv. (10) empowering the state elections commission to intervene in certain actions upon application to the court in order to preserve evidence, renumbering former Subdivs. (10) to (12) accordingly; P.A. 84-319 added new Subdiv. requiring that copies of decisions, judgments and opinions be provided to the secretary of the state; P.A. 84-437 gave power to commission to order return of illegal contributions to donor or payor or payment into state's general fund in new Subdiv. (3), renumbering former Subdivs. (3) to (13) accordingly; P.A. 84-511 changed name of elections commission to elections enforcement commission; P.A. 85-489 amended Subdiv. (1) to empower the commission to subpoena municipal clerks and require the production of absentee ballots, records, forms or other documents to which the investigation relates; P.A. 86-1 amended Subdiv. (1) to empower commission to issue order to municipal clerk to impound voting machine; P.A. 86-412 amended Subdiv. (2) to allow commission to levy a civil penalty for violations of statutes re conduct of elections, voting machines, handicapped voters and primary officials; P.A. 87-532 amended Subdiv. (1) to make provisions applicable to all primaries instead of "any primary held for the purpose of selecting a nominee for public office"; P.A. 88-113 amended Subdiv. (8) by providing that the Subdiv. does not preclude person who claims he is aggrieved by violation of referenda statute from pursuing equitable relief directly from superior court; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 88-317 amended references to Secs. 4-177 to 4-184 in Subdivs. (2) and (3) and reference to Ch. 54 in Subdiv. (12) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; P.A. 88-347 amended Subdiv. (2) to permit imposition of civil penalty for violation of Secs. 9-23g, 9-23h and 9-23i; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-30 made technical changes in Subdivs. (1) and (2), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-192 amended Subdiv. (2) to increase maximum civil penalty from one thousand dollars to two thousand dollars, effective July 1, 1993, and applicable to violations committed on or after that date; P.A. 93-386 made a technical change in Subdiv. (2), effective January 1, 1994; P.A. 94-121 amended Subdiv. (2) by inserting "9-7b or 9-12, subsection (a) of section 9-17, section 9-19b, 9-19e, 9-19g, 9-19h, 9-19i, 9-20, 9-21, 9-23a," and "9-23j to 9-23o, inclusive, 9-26, 9-31a, 9-32, 9-35, 9-35b, 9-35c, 9-40a, 9-42, 9-43, 9-50a, 9-56, 9-59," inserted new Subdiv. (10) re duties and powers re voter registration and National Voter Registration Act of 1993 violations, and renumbered remaining Subdivs. accordingly, effective January 1, 1995; P.A. 95-122 amended Subdiv. (2) to authorize commission to levy civil penalties for violations of Ch. 148 and Secs. 9-170, 9-171 and 9-172 and to authorize court to order payment of court costs, sheriff's fees and attorney's fees; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-47 amended Subdiv. (14) by substituting "the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in Sec. 1-18a" for list of sections; P.A. 97-107 lettered existing section as Subsec. (a), amended Subdiv. (2) of Subsec. (a) to designate as Subpara. (A) language re penalties for violating a provision of the general statutes, to delete in Subpara. (A) reference to Ch. 150 and to add new Subpara. (B) re penalties for violating Ch. 150, amended Subdiv. (3) of Subsec. (a) to designate existing language as Subpara. (A) and to delete provision re failure to comply with order and insert same provision in new Subsec. (b), also amended Subdiv. (3) of Subsec. (a) to add new Subpara. (B) authorizing commission to issue orders for intentional violations and to add new Subpara. (C) authorizing commission to revoke person's eligibility to serve as official or checker, and added new Subsec. (b) re failure to comply with order, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-154 amended Subdiv. (1) by substituting "primary held pursuant to section 9-423, 9-424, 9-425 or 9-464 or any primary held pursuant to a special act" for "primary" and amended Subdiv. (9) for consistency, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 00-43 amended Subdiv. (2) to provide for deposit of penalties for violations involving Treasurer's office, effective May 3, 2000; P.A. 01-195 substituted "state marshal's" for "sheriff's" in Subsec. (a)(2), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 03-223 amended Subsec. (a)(4) by adding Subpara. (A) re completion and initiation of audits, designating existing proviso as Subpara. (B) and making a technical change, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 03-241 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by deleting reference to a repealed section and amended Subsec. (a)(2)(A) by authorizing commission to levy civil penalty for violation of Secs. 9-404a to 9-404c, inclusive, effective January 1, 2004, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date, and added Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(iii) authorizing order suspending political activities of party committee or political committee, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-74 amended Subsec. (a)(2)(A) by adding reference to Secs. 9-232i to 9-232o, inclusive, and Sec. 9-23r, amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding Subpara. (D) re duties and powers to issue an order to enforce the Help America Vote Act, made a technical change in Subsec (a)(8) and further amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdiv. (17) re duties and powers to receive and determine complaints filed under the Help America Vote Act, effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 05-235 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by adding reference to Sec. 7-9, adding new Subpara. (B) re power to levy civil penalty for failure of official to discharge a duty imposed by Ch. 146 or 147, adding new Subpara. (C) re power to levy civil penalty against a person improperly voting or not legally qualified to vote, and making conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding Subpara. (E) re power to issue order concerning right of individual to be or remain an elector, effective July 1, 2005; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 amended Subsec. (a) by adding references to Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, adding new Subdiv. (4) re order to comply with Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, redesignating existing Subdivs. (4) to (17) as Subdivs. (5) to (18), and adding reference to Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, in redesignated Subdiv. (14), effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date.

      See Sec. 9-717 re effect of court of competent jurisdiction's prohibiting or limiting the expenditure of funds from the Citizens' Election Fund established in Sec. 9-701.

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