CHAPTER 104
MUNICIPAL POLICE AND FIRE PROTECTION

Table of Contents

Sec. 7-294a. Police Officer Standards and Training Council. Definitions.
Sec. 7-294d. Powers of council. Certification of police officers, police training schools and law enforcement instructors. Refusal to renew, cancellation or revocation of certification. Automatic certification. Exemptions.
Sec. 7-294aa. Reinstatement of state or municipal police officers upon return from participation in international peacekeeping operations.
Sec. 7-323r. Supplemental grant award remittance program for volunteer fire companies providing services on limited access highways or on the Berlin Turnpike or a section of Route 8.

PART I
POLICE DEPARTMENTS

      Sec. 7-294a. Police Officer Standards and Training Council. Definitions. As used in this section and sections 7-294b to 7-294e, inclusive, "academy" means the Connecticut Police Academy; "applicant" means a prospective police officer who has not commenced employment or service with a law enforcement unit; "basic training" means the minimum basic law enforcement training received by a police officer at the academy or at any other certified law enforcement training academy; "certification" means the issuance by the Police Officer Standards and Training Council to a police officer, police training school or law enforcement instructor of a signed instrument evidencing satisfaction of the certification requirements imposed by section 7-294d, and signed by the council; "council" means the Police Officer Standards and Training Council; "Governor" includes any person performing the functions of the Governor by authority of the law of this state; "review training" means training received after minimum basic law enforcement training; "law enforcement unit" means any agency, organ or department of this state or a subdivision or municipality thereof, whose primary functions include the enforcement of criminal or traffic laws, the preservation of public order, the protection of life and property, or the prevention, detection or investigation of crime; "police officer" means a sworn member of an organized local police department, an appointed constable who performs criminal law enforcement duties, a special policeman appointed under section 29-18, 29-18a or 29-19 or any member of a law enforcement unit who performs police duties; "probationary candidate" means a police officer who, having satisfied preemployment requirements, has commenced employment with a law enforcement unit but who has not satisfied the training requirements provided for in section 7-294d; and "school" means any school, college, university, academy or training program approved by the council which offers law enforcement training and includes a combination of a course curriculum, instructors and facilities.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 575, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 684; 1971, P.A. 571; 1972, P.A. 119, S. 2; P.A. 81-426, S. 2.; P.A. 82-357, S. 1, 8; P.A. 87-560, S. 1; P.A. 95-108, S. 2; P.A. 05-288, S. 41.)

      History: 1969 act included constables in definition of "police officer"; 1971 act excluded supervisory personnel from definition of "police officer"; 1972 act included members of special police force at The University of Connecticut, Storrs in definition of "police officer"; P.A. 81-426 redefined "police officer", deleted the definition of "municipality" and added the following definitions: "Academy", "applicant", "basic training", "certification", "in-service training", "law enforcement unit", "probationary candidate" and "school"; P.A. 82-357 changed "in-service training" to "review training", and redefined "police officer" to clearly distinguish between "part-time" and all other officers; P.A. 87-560 amended the definition of (1) "certification" to include the issuance of a signed instrument evidencing satisfaction of certification requirements to a police training school or a law enforcement instructor, (2) "police officer" to delete reference to performance of police duties "twenty or more hours per week", (3) "probationary candidate" to delete reference to having commenced "full-time" employment and deleted the definition of "part-time"; P.A. 95-108 renamed Municipal Police Training Council as Police Officer Standards and Training Council; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes, effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 7-294d. Powers of council. Certification of police officers, police training schools and law enforcement instructors. Refusal to renew, cancellation or revocation of certification. Automatic certification. Exemptions. (a) The Police Officer Standards and Training Council shall have the following powers:

      (1) To develop and periodically update and revise a comprehensive municipal police training plan;

      (2) To approve, or revoke the approval of, any police training school and to issue certification to such schools and to revoke such certification;

      (3) To set the minimum courses of study and attendance required and the equipment and facilities to be required of approved police training schools;

      (4) To set the minimum qualifications for law enforcement instructors and to issue appropriate certification to such instructors;

      (5) To require that all probationary candidates receive the hours of basic training deemed necessary before being eligible for certification, such basic training to be completed within one year following the appointment as a probationary candidate, unless the candidate is granted additional time to complete such basic training by the council;

      (6) To require the registration of probationary candidates with the academy within ten days of hiring for the purpose of scheduling training;

      (7) To issue appropriate certification to police officers who have satisfactorily completed minimum basic training programs;

      (8) To require that each police officer satisfactorily complete at least forty hours of certified review training every three years in order to maintain certification, unless the officer is granted additional time not to exceed one year to complete such training by the council;

      (9) To renew the certification of those police officers who have satisfactorily completed review training programs;

      (10) To establish uniform minimum educational and training standards for employment as a police officer in full-time positions, temporary or probationary positions and part-time or voluntary positions;

      (11) To visit and inspect police basic training schools and to inspect each school at least once each year;

      (12) To consult with and cooperate with universities, colleges and institutes for the development of specialized courses of study for police officers in police science and police administration;

      (13) To consult with and cooperate with departments and agencies of this state and other states and the federal government concerned with police training;

      (14) To employ an executive director and any other personnel that may be necessary in the performance of its functions;

      (15) To perform any other acts that may be necessary and appropriate to carry out the functions of the council as set forth in sections 7-294a to 7-294e, inclusive;

      (16) To accept contributions, grants, gifts, donations, services or other financial assistance from any governmental unit, public agency or the private sector;

      (17) To conduct any inspection and evaluation that may be necessary to determine if a law enforcement unit is complying with the provisions of this section;

      (18) At the request and expense of any law enforcement unit, to conduct general or specific management surveys;

      (19) To develop objective and uniform criteria for granting any waiver of regulations or procedures established by the council;

      (20) To recruit, select and appoint candidates to the position of probationary candidate, as defined in section 7-294a, and provide recruit training for candidates of the Connecticut Police Corps program in accordance with the Police Corps Act, 42 USC 14091 et seq., as amended from time to time;

      (21) To develop, adopt and revise, as necessary, comprehensive accreditation standards for the administration and management of law enforcement units, to grant accreditation to those law enforcement units that demonstrate their compliance with such standards and, at the request and expense of any law enforcement unit, to conduct such surveys as may be necessary to determine such unit's compliance with such standards;

      (22) To appoint any council training instructor, or such other person as determined by the council, to act as a special police officer throughout the state as such instructor or other person's official duties may require, provided any such instructor or other person so appointed shall be a certified police officer. Each such special police officer shall be sworn and may arrest and present before a competent authority any person for any offense committed within the officer's precinct.

      (b) No person may be employed as a police officer by any law enforcement unit for a period exceeding one year unless he has been certified under the provisions of subsection (a) of this section or has been granted an extension by the council. No person may serve as a police officer during any period when his certification has been cancelled or revoked pursuant to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section. In addition to the requirements of this subsection, the council may establish other qualifications for the employment of police officers and require evidence of fulfillment of these qualifications. The certification of any police officer who is not employed by a law enforcement unit for a period of time in excess of two years, unless such officer is on leave of absence, shall be considered lapsed. Upon reemployment as a police officer, such officer shall apply for recertification in a manner provided by the council. The council shall certify any applicant who presents evidence of satisfactory completion of a program or course of instruction in another state equivalent in content and quality to that required in this state, provided he passes an examination or evaluation as required by the council.

      (c) (1) The council may refuse to renew any certificate if the holder fails to meet the requirements for renewal of his or her certification.

      (2) The council may cancel or revoke any certificate if: (A) The certificate was issued by administrative error, (B) the certificate was obtained through misrepresentation or fraud, (C) the holder falsified any document in order to obtain or renew any certificate, (D) the holder has been convicted of a felony, (E) the holder has been found not guilty of a felony by reason of mental disease or defect pursuant to section 53a-13, (F) the holder has been convicted of a violation of subsection (c) of section 21a-279 or section 29-9, (G) the holder has been refused issuance of a certificate or similar authorization or has had his or her certificate or other authorization cancelled or revoked by another jurisdiction on grounds which would authorize cancellation or revocation under the provisions of this subdivision, (H) the holder has been found by a law enforcement unit, pursuant to procedures established by such unit, to have used a firearm in an improper manner which resulted in the death or serious physical injury of another person, or (I) the holder has been found by a law enforcement unit, pursuant to procedures established by such unit, to have committed any act that would constitute tampering with or fabricating physical evidence in violation of section 53a-155, perjury in violation of section 53a-156 or false statement in the second degree in violation of section 53a-157b. Whenever the council believes there is a reasonable basis for cancellation or revocation of the certification of a police officer, police training school or law enforcement instructor, it shall give notice and an adequate opportunity for a hearing prior to such cancellation or revocation. The council may cancel or revoke any certificate if, after a de novo review, it finds by clear and convincing evidence (i) a basis set forth in subparagraphs (A) to (G), inclusive, of this subdivision, or (ii) that the holder of the certificate committed an act set forth in subparagraph (H) or (I) of this subdivision. Any police officer or law enforcement instructor whose certification is cancelled or revoked pursuant to this section may reapply for certification no sooner than two years after the date on which the cancellation or revocation order becomes final. Any police training school whose certification is cancelled or revoked pursuant to this section may reapply for certification at any time after the date on which such order becomes final.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b), any police officer, except a probationary candidate, who is serving under full-time appointment on July 1, 1982, shall be deemed to have met all certification requirements and shall be automatically certified by the council in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 7-294e.

      (e) The provisions of this section shall apply to any person who performs police functions. As used in this subsection, "performs police functions" for a person who is not a police officer, as defined in section 7-294a, means that in the course of his official duties, such person carries a firearm and exercises arrest powers pursuant to section 54-1f or engages in the prevention, detection or investigation of crime, as defined in section 53a-24. The council shall establish criteria by which the certification process required by this section shall apply to police officers.

      (f) The provisions of this section shall not apply to (1) any state police training school or program, (2) any sworn member of the Division of State Police within the Department of Public Safety, (3) Connecticut National Guard security personnel, when acting within the scope of their National Guard duties, who have satisfactorily completed a program of police training conducted by the United States Army or Air Force, (4) employees of the Judicial Department, (5) municipal animal control officers appointed pursuant to section 22-331, or (6) fire police appointed pursuant to section 7-313a. The provisions of this section with respect to renewal of certification upon satisfactory completion of review training programs shall not apply to any chief inspector or inspector in the Division of Criminal Justice who has satisfactorily completed a program of police training conducted by the division.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 575, S. 5; 1967, P.A. 669; P.A. 77-289; P.A. 81-426, S. 3; P.A. 82-357, S. 3, 8; P.A. 87-99; 87-560, S. 2; P.A. 91-186; P.A. 92-128, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-271, S. 1, 3; 93-435, S. 1, 95; P.A. 94-44, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 10, 28; P.A. 95-108, S. 4; P.A. 00-51, S. 1, 2; P.A. 01-195, S. 13, 181; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 169; P.A. 05-200, S. 1.)

      History: 1967 act inserted new Subdiv. (k) re personnel and relettered former Subdiv. (k) as Subdiv. (l); P.A. 77-289 added Subdiv. (m) re acceptance of contributions etc.; P.A. 81-426 expanded the authority of the council to all police training programs, except the state police, and enlarged the scope of its powers to include requiring a minimum of four hundred eighty hours of basic training for all probationary candidates and setting requirements of in-service training programs and certification; P.A. 82-357 broadened the powers of the council and added provisions dealing with certification of police officers, cancellation or revocation of certificates, automatic certification and part-time police officers; P.A. 87-99 amended Subsec. (f), exempting certain Connecticut national guard security personnel from training requirements; P.A. 87-560 amended (1) Subsec. (a) to delete requirement in Subdiv. (7) re any police officer hired on a part-time basis, renumbering all remaining subdivisions; to require issuance of "certification" in lieu of "certificates of approval" or "certificates"; to clarify that each police officer complete forty hours of review training every three years "in order to maintain his certification"; to require the renewal of certification for those officers who have satisfactorily completed review training and to require the establishment of "uniform" minimum educational and training standards for all police officers; (2) Subsec. (c) to authorize council to refuse to renew any certificate if holder thereof fails to meet requirements for certification renewal; to require council to give adequate opportunity for a hearing whenever it believes there is reasonable basis for cancellation or revocation of a police training school or law enforcement instructor certification; to permit a law enforcement instructor to reapply for certification two years after date cancellation or revocation order becomes final and to permit a police training school to reapply for certification at any time after date on which order becomes final; and (3) Subsec. (e) to specifically provide that section applies to any person who performs police functions, deleting reference to "twenty or more hours per week"; P.A. 91-186 amended Subsec. (f) to exempt any chief inspector or inspector in division of criminal justice who has completed division training program from requirements re renewal of certification; P.A. 92-128 amended Subsec. (c) to authorize council to cancel or revoke any certificate if holder falsified any document in order to obtain or renew any certificate, has been found not guilty of a felony due to mental disease or defect, has been convicted of a violation of Sec. 21a-279(c) or 29-9, has been refused issuance of a certificate or has had certificate revoked by another jurisdiction or has been found to have used a firearm in an improper manner which resulted in death or serious physical injury of another person; P.A. 93-271 amended Subsec. (a) to delete requirement in Subdiv. (5) that probationary candidates receive a minimum of four hundred eighty hours of basic training and substitute requirement that such candidates receive the hours of basic training deemed necessary and to eliminate obsolete provision in Subdiv. (8) relating to police officers who have completed basic training on or before July 1, 1982, effective June 29, 1993; P.A. 93-435 made a technical change in Subdiv. (2) of Subsec. (c), effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 94-44 amended Subdiv. (8) of Subsec. (a) to authorize council to grant additional time not to exceed one year to a police officer to complete his certified review training, effective May 24, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6 amended Subsec. (f) to add the exception for employees of the judicial department, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-108 renamed Municipal Police Training Council as Police Officer Standards and Training Council, amended Subsec. (e) to add definition of "performs police functions" and amended Subsec. (f) to explicitly exempt from the section's training requirements sworn members of the state police, trained sheriffs or deputy sheriffs, municipal animal control officers and fire police; P.A. 00-51 amended Subsec. (a) to add management of Connecticut Police Corps program to powers of council and made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective May 16, 2000; P.A. 01-195 amended Subsec. (f) to delete former Subdiv. (5) re sheriffs or deputy sheriffs and renumber existing Subdivs. (6) and (7) as Subdivs. (5) and (6), effective July 11, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdivs. (21) and (22) re comprehensive accreditation standards for law enforcement units and appointment of special police officers; P.A. 05-200 amended Subsec. (c)(2) to add Subpara. (I) re commission of acts that would constitute tampering with or fabricating physical evidence, perjury or false statement as grounds for cancellation or revocation of a certificate, require the council to give "notice" prior to such cancellation or revocation and add provision authorizing the council to cancel or revoke a certificate if, after a de novo review, it finds by clear and convincing evidence a basis set forth in Subparas. (A) to (G), inclusive, or that the holder committed an act set forth in Subpara. (H) or (I), and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality in Subsec. (c).

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      Sec. 7-294aa. Reinstatement of state or municipal police officers upon return from participation in international peacekeeping operations. (a) Any sworn police officer employed by the state or a municipality who takes a leave of absence or resigns from such officer's employment on or after September 11, 2001, to volunteer for participation in international peacekeeping operations, is selected for such participation by a company which the United States Department of State has contracted with to recruit, select, equip and deploy police officers for such peacekeeping operations, and participates in such peacekeeping operations under the supervision of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe or other sponsoring organization, shall be entitled, upon return to the United States, (1) to be restored by such officer's employer to the position of employment held by the officer when the leave commenced, or (2) if the original position of employment is not available, to be restored to an equivalent position with equivalent employment benefits, pay and other terms and conditions of employment, provided not later than six months after such return such officer notifies such officer's employer of such return and such officer's desire to be restored to such officer's original position of employment or an equivalent position of employment.

      (b) The Police Officer Standards and Training Council shall not cancel or revoke the certification of a police officer during the period such officer is participating in international peacekeeping operations outside the United States in accordance with subsection (a) of this section and for a period of six months after such officer returns to the United States, except for a reason specified in subsection (c) of section 7-294d.

      (P.A. 04-241, S. 6; P.A. 05-200, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 04-241 effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 05-200 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended said Subsec. to limit provisions to an officer who takes a leave of absence or resigns "on or after September 11, 2001", provide that an officer's entitlement to employment restoration occurs "upon return to the United States" rather than "upon return from such leave" and add requirement that not later than six months after such return such officer notify such officer's employer of such return and such officer's desire to be restored to such officer's original position of employment or an equivalent position of employment and added new Subsec. (b) re time period during which the Police Officer Standards and Training Council is restricted from canceling or revoking the certification of such an officer, effective July 6, 2005.

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PART VI
COMMISSION ON FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL.
STATE FIRE ADMINISTRATION

      Sec. 7-323r. Supplemental grant award remittance program for volunteer fire companies providing services on limited access highways or on the Berlin Turnpike or a section of Route 8. The State Fire Administrator may, within available funds, administer a supplemental grant award remittance program to support local volunteer fire companies that provide emergency response services on a limited access highway, or, on a section of the highway known as the Berlin Turnpike, which begins at the end of the existing Wilbur Cross Parkway in the town of Meriden and extends northerly along Route 15 to the beginning of that section of limited access highway in the town of Wethersfield known as the South Meadows Expressway, or on that section of Route 8 in Beacon Falls which is within the boundaries of the Naugatuck State Forest. Eligible fire companies may receive direct payment of grant funds or may use the funds as credits for fee-based services provided by the Commission on Fire Prevention and Control. Any such credits shall be used during the fiscal year for which they are received.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 28.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 effective July 1, 2005.

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