CHAPTER 98
MUNICIPAL POWERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 7-148. Scope of municipal powers.
Sec. 7-148b. Creation of fair rent commission. Powers.
Sec. 7-163d. Establishment of municipal authority to develop or redevelop single parcel.
Sec. 7-169c. Recreational bingo for senior citizens. Registration. Records. Regulations.
Sec. 7-172. Qualifications for sponsorship of or participation in bazaar or raffle. Ticket sale.
Sec. 7-185a. Exceptions for certain organizations. "Fifty-fifty" coupon games. Cow-chip raffles. Teacup raffles. Duck-race raffles. Frog-race raffles.

      Sec. 7-148. Scope of municipal powers.

      Subsec. (c):

      "Public improvement" as used in Subdiv. (6)(A)(iii), is not limited to projects that either already exist or have been approved and funded by municipality. Accordingly, Subdiv. (6)(A)(iii) includes within its ambit studies intended to determine feasibility of a particular project. 274 C. 483.

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      Sec. 7-148b. Creation of fair rent commission. Powers. (a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, any town, city or borough may, through its legislative body, create a fair rent commission to make studies and investigations, conduct hearings and receive complaints relative to rental charges on housing accommodations, except those accommodations rented on a seasonal basis, within its jurisdiction, which term shall include mobile manufactured homes and mobile manufactured home park lots, in order to control and eliminate excessive rental charges on such accommodations, and to carry out the provisions of sections 7-148b to 7-148f, inclusive, section 47a-20 and subsection (b) of section 47a-23c. The commission, for such purposes, may compel the attendance of persons at hearings, issue subpoenas and administer oaths, issue orders and continue, review, amend, terminate or suspend any of its orders and decisions. The commission may be empowered to retain legal counsel to advise it.

      (b) For purposes of subsection (a) of this section, "seasonal basis" means housing accommodations rented for a period or periods aggregating not more than one hundred twenty days in any one calendar year.

      (c) Any town, city or borough in which the number of renter-occupied dwelling units is greater than five thousand, as determined by the most recent decennial census, and which does not have a fair rent commission on October 1, 1989, shall, on or before June 1, 1990, conduct a public hearing or public hearings and decide by majority vote of its legislative body whether to create a fair rent commission as provided in subsection (a) of this section. Any such town, city or borough which fails to act pursuant to the requirements of this subsection shall, not later than June 1, 1991, create such fair rent commission.

      (d) Any two or more towns, cities or boroughs not subject to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section may, through their legislative bodies, create a joint fair rent commission.

      (1969, P.A. 274, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 478, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 160, S. 1; P.A. 81-472, S. 101, 159; P.A. 82-356, S. 8, 14; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 89-289; P.A. 05-288, S. 40.)

      History: 1971 act specified applicability to housing accommodations rather than "property", including mobile homes and lots and excluding seasonal accommodations which were defined in new Subsec. (b); 1972 act added power to carry out provisions of Secs. 7-148b to 7-148e, to issue, amend, terminate, etc. orders and to retain legal counsel; P.A. 81-472 substituted reference to Sec. 47a-20 for reference to Sec. 19-375a, reflecting section's transfer; P.A. 82-356 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize a fair rent commission to carry out the provisions of Subsec. (b) of Sec. 47a-23c; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3 changed terms "mobile home" and "mobile manufactured homes" to "mobile manufactured home" and "mobile manufactured homes"; P.A. 89-289 added Subsec. (c) re creation of fair rent commissions in municipalities having more than five thousand renter-occupied dwelling units and added Subsec. (d) re creation of joint fair rent commissions; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsecs. (a), (b) and (d), effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 7-163d. Establishment of municipal authority to develop or redevelop single parcel. On or before December 31, 2005, any municipality that (1) has a population between twenty-five and thirty thousand persons as enumerated in the 2000 federal decennial census, (2) occupies a total area of not less than fifty-nine square miles, and (3) is the site of a correctional institution operated by the Department of Correction, may, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body, establish an authority to oversee development or redevelopment of a specified area or parcel of land that is located in and owned by the municipality. Such ordinance shall prescribe (A) the boundaries of the area or parcel of land within the jurisdiction of the authority; (B) the method of appointment and terms of office of members of the authority; (C) the powers and duties of the authority which shall include implementation of a master plan of development, hiring employees, building, maintaining and operating improvements to the land in accordance with such master plan and negotiating and entering into leases for any part of the land and improvements thereon, provided (i) any lease shall be subject to the approval of the executive authority of the municipality, and (ii) no master plan of development may be implemented by the authority unless there has been opportunity for public comment on such master plan of development at a properly-noticed public hearing in the municipality; (D) a schedule for reporting progress on the implementation of the master plan of development to the legislative body and other appropriate municipal officials or agencies; and (E) any other provisions deemed necessary by the legislative body.

      (P.A. 05-33, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-33 effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 7-169c. Recreational bingo for senior citizens. Registration. Records. Regulations. (a) Any organization whose membership consists of persons sixty years of age or over may operate and conduct bingo games on and after January 1, 1989, for the amusement and recreation of its members without a permit as required by section 7-169 provided (1) such organization has registered with and applied for and received an identification number from the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, (2) such organization does not charge an admission fee in excess of one dollar, (3) the prize or prizes awarded do not exceed twenty dollars in value, either in cash or merchandise, and (4) only active members of such organization assist in the operation of the bingo games without compensation. The executive director may revoke any such registration for cause.

      (b) Each such organization which operates bingo games shall keep accurate records of receipts and disbursements, which shall be available for inspection by the executive director.

      (c) Each such organization shall be exempt from the provisions of sections 7-169 and 7-169a.

      (d) The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, such regulations as are necessary effectively to carry out the provisions of this section in order to prevent fraud and protect the public, which regulations shall have the effect of law.

      (P.A. 88-363, S. 5, 7; P.A. 05-11, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-11 amended Subsec. (a)(3) to increase from five to twenty dollars the maximum value of prizes awarded, effective May 4, 2005.

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      Sec. 7-172. Qualifications for sponsorship of or participation in bazaar or raffle. Ticket sale. No bazaar or raffle may be promoted, operated or conducted in any municipality after the adoption of the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, unless it is sponsored and conducted exclusively by (1) an officially recognized organization or association of veterans of any war in which the United States has been engaged, (2) a church or religious organization, (3) a civic, service or social club, (4) a fraternal or fraternal benefit society, (5) an educational or charitable organization, (6) an officially recognized volunteer fire company, (7) a political party or town committee thereof, or (8) a municipality acting through a committee designated to conduct a celebration of the municipality's founding on its hundredth anniversary or any multiple thereof. Any such sponsoring organization, except a committee designated pursuant to subdivision (8) of this section, shall have been organized in good faith and actively functioning as a nonprofit organization within the municipality that is to issue the permit for a period of not less than six months prior to its application for a permit under the provisions of said sections. The promotion and operation of a bazaar or raffle shall be confined solely to the qualified members of the sponsoring organization, provided a committee designated pursuant to subdivision (8) of this section may promote or operate through its members and any officially appointed volunteers. No such member or officially appointed volunteer in the case of a raffle held pursuant to subdivision (8) of this section may receive remuneration in any form for time or effort devoted to the promotion or operation of the bazaar or raffle. No person under the age of eighteen years may promote, conduct, operate or work at a bazaar or raffle and no person under the age of sixteen years may sell or promote the sale of any raffle tickets, nor shall any sponsoring organization permit any person under the age of eighteen to so promote, conduct or operate any bazaar or raffle or any person under the age of sixteen to sell or promote the sale of such tickets. Any sponsoring organization having received a permit from any municipality may sell or promote the sale of such raffle tickets in that municipality and in any other town, city or borough which has adopted the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive. Such organization may accept a credit card, debit card, check or cash as payment for a raffle ticket. All funds derived from any bazaar or raffle shall be used exclusively for the purpose stated in the application of the sponsoring organization as provided in section 7-173.

      (1955, S. 293d; 1957, P.A. 284; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 9, 251; P.A. 81-73; P.A. 86-419, S. 3, 25; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 2, 59; P.A. 95-59, S. 2, 3; P.A. 03-60, S. 1; P.A. 05-37, S. 1.)

      History: 1972 acts changed age of majority to eighteen and allowed political party or town committee to conduct bazaars and raffles; P.A. 81-73 replaced the requirement that a sponsoring organization function within the state for a period of at least three years with a requirement that it function within the municipality that is to issue the permit for at least three years; P.A. 86-419 decreased the period of time a sponsoring organization shall be actively functioning as a nonprofit organization from three years to one year; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 added Subdiv. (8) to authorize a municipal founding celebration committee to sponsor and conduct a bazaar or raffle, exempted such committee from requirement that sponsoring organization be nonprofit, permitted such committee to promote or operate bazaars or raffles through its members and officially appointed volunteers and prohibited officially appointed volunteers from receiving remuneration for time devoted to operation of bazaars or raffles; P.A. 95-59 changed the length of time a sponsoring organization must be nonprofit within the municipality issuing the permit from one year to six months, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 03-60 authorized organizations to accept a credit card, debit card, check or cash as payment for a raffle ticket and made a technical change; P.A. 05-37 amended Subdiv. (3) to allow a social club to conduct bazaars and raffles, effective May 17, 2005.

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      Sec. 7-185a. Exceptions for certain organizations. "Fifty-fifty" coupon games. Cow-chip raffles. Teacup raffles. Duck-race raffles. Frog-race raffles. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the regulations adopted thereunder, any organized church, volunteer fire company or veterans organization or association conducting a bazaar or raffle, (1) may have the actual drawing of the raffle in a municipality other than the municipality which grants the permit, provided the chief executive officer of the other municipality has in writing approved such drawing; (2) may conduct the bazaar in a municipality other than the municipality which grants the permit, provided the municipality in which the bazaar is to be conducted has adopted the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the chief executive officer of such municipality has in writing approved such bazaar; (3) may be permitted to redeem prizes in cash; (4) shall be exempt from the requirement of preserving unsold raffle tickets beyond ninety days after the conclusion of the holding, operating and conducting of such bazaar or raffle and shall be permitted to dispose of unclaimed prizes after such ninety days; and (5) may file a reconciliation of expenditures and receipts signed by an officer in lieu of an accountant.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the regulations adopted thereunder, any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 and recognized as a nonprofit organization under the provisions of Section 501(c)(3) of the federal Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, may have the actual drawing of the raffle in a municipality other than the municipality which grants the permit, provided the chief executive officer of the other municipality has in writing approved such drawing.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 7-177, any organization conducting a bazaar may operate "fifty-fifty" coupon games each day of a permitted bazaar event and may award cash prizes of fifty per cent of "fifty-fifty" coupon game sales for each coupon drawing conducted. Not more than three scheduled drawings may be held on any day on which a bazaar is permitted. A "fifty-fifty" coupon game shall be operated from an authorized bazaar booth, subject to the regulation of the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue and shall allow for the sale of "fifty-fifty" coupons at a predetermined uniform price. Each "fifty-fifty" coupon shall be consecutively numbered and shall have a correspondingly numbered stub. Each sponsoring organization shall provide different colored coupons for each drawing and shall award one prize for each drawing held. Each organization conducting such games shall conspicuously post, at each bazaar booth at which such games are conducted, a notice or notices which shall include the dates, times and places of any "fifty-fifty" coupon drawings, as well as the prices and colors of coupons to be sold for each drawing. The executive director shall prescribe the form of such notice which shall contain the following statement: "Holders of coupons must be present to claim a prize." Each such organization shall account for each coupon printed and sold for each drawing and shall announce the amount of sales and the prize to be awarded immediately prior to each drawing. The sponsoring organization shall preserve all sold and unsold coupons or stubs for a period of at least one year from the date of the verified statement required pursuant to section 7-182. At the conclusion of a bazaar, each organization conducting such games, and its members who were in charge thereof, shall furnish to the chief of police of the municipality or to the first selectman, as the case may be, a verified statement, prescribed by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, in duplicate, showing (1) the total number of coupons purchased and sold for each "fifty-fifty" coupon game drawing, and (2) the total number and amount of prizes awarded and the names and addresses of the persons to whom the prizes were awarded. Such report shall be furnished during the next succeeding month. The chief of police or first selectman, as the case may be, shall forward the original copy of such report to the executive director, who shall keep it on file and available for public inspection for a period of one year thereafter. Such report shall be certified to under penalty of false statement by the three persons designated in the permit application as being responsible for the bazaar.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 7-177, any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 may operate a cow-chip raffle once a calendar year and, pursuant to a "Class No. 1", "Class No. 2" or "Class No. 4" permit, may award cash prizes in connection with participation in such a raffle, in addition to those prizes authorized pursuant to section 7-177. Such raffles shall conform to the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue. A cow-chip raffle shall allow for the sale of consecutively numbered tickets with correspondingly numbered stubs, entitling the holders of such tickets to the temporary possession of a plot of land for purposes of the conduct of the cow-chip raffle. Each organization intending to sponsor or conduct a cow-chip raffle shall furnish with its application, required pursuant to section 7-173, a cow-chip raffle plot plan displaying the land area to be utilized for such raffle and the numbered plots, each corresponding to a numbered cow-chip raffle ticket. Each such organization conducting a cow-chip raffle shall provide for a suitable land area on which the cow-chip raffle activity is to be conducted. The area shall be sufficiently enclosed so as to confine any animal utilized in the conduct of a cow-chip raffle during the period in which the animal is so utilized. The area shall be adequately marked so as to display the number of plots to be utilized, which shall correspond to the number of cow-chip raffle tickets to be sold. The manner in which winners in a cow-chip raffle are determined shall be clearly stated prior to the commencement of a cow-chip raffle drawing and each sponsoring organization shall conspicuously post an information board, prescribed by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, which shall display the consecutively numbered plots of the cow-chip raffle event. A cow-chip raffle drawing shall commence at a designated time and shall continue until all winners of authorized prizes have been determined. No person may feed, lead or handle any animal utilized in a cow-chip raffle once the animal has entered into the enclosed area from which winners will be determined. Each organization conducting a cow-chip raffle shall deposit all proceeds from the conduct of such raffle in a special checking account established and maintained by such organization which shall be subject to audit by the Division of Special Revenue. Any expense incidental to the conduct of such raffle shall be paid from the gross receipts of cow-chip raffle tickets and only by checks drawn from such checking account. All cash prizes awarded shall be paid from such checking account.

      (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the regulations adopted thereunder, any organization conducting a bazaar may operate a "teacup raffle" and may award prizes consisting of merchandise not exceeding one hundred dollars each in value through the sale of chances. No such organization may conduct more than one scheduled "teacup raffle" drawing for all prizes offered on any day on which a bazaar is permitted. A "teacup raffle" shall be operated from an authorized bazaar booth, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue. Each "teacup raffle" ticket shall be consecutively numbered and have a correspondingly numbered stub which shall include the name, address and telephone number of the purchaser. Each sponsoring organization conducting such raffle shall conspicuously post, at each bazaar booth at which such raffle is conducted, a notice or notices which shall include the date and time of any "teacup raffle" drawing. The sponsoring organization shall preserve all sold and unsold tickets or stubs for a period of at least one year from the date of the verified statement required pursuant to section 7-182.

      (f) (1) Any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 may operate a duck-race raffle once each calendar year. Such raffles shall conform to the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director. For the purpose of this subsection, "duck-race raffle" means a raffle in which artificial ducks, numbered consecutively to correspond with the number of tickets sold for such raffle, are placed in a naturally moving stream of water at a designated starting point and in which the ticket corresponding to the number of the first duck to pass a designated finishing point is the winning ticket. (2) The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, that establish procedures for the operation of duck-race raffles.

      (g) (1) Any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 may operate a frog-race raffle once each calendar year. Such raffles shall conform to the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue. For the purpose of this subsection, "frog-race raffle" means a raffle in which artificial frogs conforming to specifications approved by the executive director and numbered consecutively to correspond with the number of tickets sold for such raffle, are placed in a naturally moving stream of water at a designated starting point and in which the ticket corresponding to the number of the first frog to pass a designated finishing point is the winning ticket. (2) The executive director, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, that establish procedures for the operation of frog-race raffles.

      (P.A. 73-54; P.A. 86-6; 86-403, S. 129, 132; 86-419, S. 2; P.A. 89-211, S. 7; 89-214, S. 13, 26; 89-282, S. 4, 5; P.A. 91-35, S. 1, 5; 91-291, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-11; P.A. 95-59, S. 1, 3; Jan. 6 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1, S. 4; P.A. 05-82, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 86-6 subdivided the section, adding Subsec. (b), authorizing certain charitable and educational organizations to have actual raffle drawing in a municipality not granting the permit; P.A. 86-403 changed effective date of P.A. 86-6 from October 1, 1986, to July 1, 1986; P.A. 86-419 added Subsec. (c) to permit any volunteer fire company conducting a bazaar to award cash prizes for "money-wheel" games; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 in Subsec. (b); P.A. 89-214 amended Subsec. (c) to permit any "organization or group specified in section 7-172" conducting a bazaar to award cash prizes for "money-wheel" games, deleting specific reference to any "volunteer fire company"; P.A. 89-282 added a new Subsec. (d), permitting any organization conducting a bazaar to operate "fifty-fifty" coupon games; P.A. 91-35 added Subsec. (e) re cow-chip raffles; P.A. 91-291 added Subsec. (f) re "teacup raffles"; P.A. 94-11 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize certain charitable organization to conduct bazaar in municipality not granting the permit if the municipality has adopted Secs. 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and chief executive officer has approved bazaar in writing; P.A. 95-59 added Subsec. (g) authorizing duck-race raffles subject to regulations adopted by the executive director of Division of Special Revenue, effective May 31, 1995, and applicable to permit applications for duck-race raffles received by the Division of Special Revenue on and after the effective date of regulations adopted pursuant to this section; Jan. 6 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1 deleted existing Subsec. (c) which had authorized any organization or group specified in Sec. 7-172 to award cash prizes not exceeding twenty-five dollars each in connection with "money-wheel" games, and relettered existing Subsecs. (d) to (g) as (c) to (f), respectively, and made a technical change in new Subsec. (c), effective January 7, 2003; P.A. 05-82 added Subsec. (g) re frog-race raffles, effective June 2, 2005.

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