CHAPTER 48
ORGANIZATION OF STATE AGENCIES

Table of Contents

Sec. 4-58a. Mutual aid fire pacts between state institutions and municipalities.
Sec. 4-61. Actions against the state on highway and public works contracts. Arbitration.
Sec. 4-61dd. Whistleblowing. Disclosure of information to Auditors of Public Accounts. Investigation by Attorney General. Proceedings re alleged retaliatory personnel actions. Report to General Assembly. Large state contractors.

      Sec. 4-58a. Mutual aid fire pacts between state institutions and municipalities. (a) The superintendent of any state institution shall have the power to enter into agreements with any town, city, borough, fire district or other governmental subdivision having the duty to extinguish fires within its limits or any volunteer fire department respecting mutual fire protection, including, but not limited to, arrangements respecting use of fire fighting equipment and the services of such personnel of such institution who are members of an institutional fire brigade.

      (b) Any employee of a state institution who is a member of its regular or volunteer fire department or institutional fire brigade who is injured or dies as a result of responding to, working at or returning from a fire outside of such institution, in accordance with an agreement entered into under subsection (a) of this section with the municipality in which the fire occurred, shall be deemed to have been injured in the course of his employment and he and his estate shall be entitled to all the benefits of title 5 and chapter 568, provided the superintendent of such institution shall have authorized his service at such fire.

      (c) The superintendent of any such institution may withhold the services of any member of the regular, volunteer or institutional fire brigade for fire fighting duty outside of such institution by reason of his assignment to regular or special duties at such institution.

      (1961, P.A. 288; P.A. 05-288, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 4-61. Actions against the state on highway and public works contracts. Arbitration.

      Arbitration proceeding under this section is not an action under Sec. 52-592. 87 CA 367.

      Subsec. (e):

      Because statute governs form of an arbitrator's findings, decision and award and contains no well-defined, explicit or clear requirement that arbitration award be consistent with findings of fact, plaintiff could not establish the elements necessary to vacate arbitration award on the ground that arbitration panel manifestly disregarded the law. 273 C. 746.

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      Sec. 4-61dd. Whistleblowing. Disclosure of information to Auditors of Public Accounts. Investigation by Attorney General. Proceedings re alleged retaliatory personnel actions. Report to General Assembly. Large state contractors. (a) Any person having knowledge of any matter involving corruption, unethical practices, violation of state laws or regulations, mismanagement, gross waste of funds, abuse of authority or danger to the public safety occurring in any state department or agency or any quasi-public agency, as defined in section 1-120, or any person having knowledge of any matter involving corruption, violation of state or federal laws or regulations, gross waste of funds, abuse of authority or danger to the public safety occurring in any large state contract, may transmit all facts and information in such person's possession concerning such matter to the Auditors of Public Accounts. The Auditors of Public Accounts shall review such matter and report their findings and any recommendations to the Attorney General. Upon receiving such a report, the Attorney General shall make such investigation as the Attorney General deems proper regarding such report and any other information that may be reasonably derived from such report. Prior to conducting an investigation of any information that may be reasonably derived from such report, the Attorney General shall consult with the Auditors of Public Accounts concerning the relationship of such additional information to the report that has been issued pursuant to this subsection. Any such subsequent investigation deemed appropriate by the Attorney General shall only be conducted with the concurrence and assistance of the Auditors of Public Accounts. At the request of the Attorney General or on their own initiative, the auditors shall assist in the investigation. The Attorney General shall have power to summon witnesses, require the production of any necessary books, papers or other documents and administer oaths to witnesses, where necessary, for the purpose of an investigation pursuant to this section. Upon the conclusion of the investigation, the Attorney General shall where necessary, report any findings to the Governor, or in matters involving criminal activity, to the Chief State's Attorney. In addition to the exempt records provision of section 1-210, the Auditors of Public Accounts and the Attorney General shall not, after receipt of any information from a person under the provisions of this section, disclose the identity of such person without such person's consent unless the Auditors of Public Accounts or the Attorney General determines that such disclosure is unavoidable, and may withhold records of such investigation, during the pendency of the investigation.

      (b) (1) No state officer or employee, as defined in section 4-141, no quasi-public agency officer or employee, no officer or employee of a large state contractor and no appointing authority shall take or threaten to take any personnel action against any state or quasi-public agency employee or any employee of a large state contractor in retaliation for such employee's or contractor's disclosure of information to an employee of (i) the Auditors of Public Accounts or the Attorney General under the provisions of subsection (a) of this section; (ii) the state agency or quasi-public agency where such state officer or employee is employed; (iii) a state agency pursuant to a mandated reporter statute; or (iv) in the case of a large state contractor, to an employee of the contracting state agency concerning information involving the large state contract.

      (2) If a state or quasi-public agency employee or an employee of a large state contractor alleges that a personnel action has been threatened or taken in violation of subdivision (1) of this subsection the employee may notify the Attorney General, who shall investigate pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (3) (A) Not later than thirty days after learning of the specific incident giving rise to a claim that a personnel action has been threatened or has occurred in violation of subdivision (1) of this subsection, a state or quasi-public agency employee, an employee of a large state contractor or the employee's attorney may file a complaint concerning such personnel action with the Chief Human Rights Referee designated under section 46a-57. The Chief Human Rights Referee shall assign the complaint to a human rights referee appointed under said section 46a-57, who shall conduct a hearing and issue a decision concerning whether the officer or employee taking or threatening to take the personnel action violated any provision of this section. If the human rights referee finds such a violation, the referee may award the aggrieved employee reinstatement to the employee's former position, back pay and reestablishment of any employee benefits to which the employee would otherwise have been eligible if such violation had not occurred, reasonable attorneys' fees, and any other damages. For the purposes of this subsection, such human rights referee shall act as an independent hearing officer. The decision of a human rights referee under this subsection may be appealed by any person who was a party at such hearing, in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183.

      (B) The Chief Human Rights Referee shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing the procedure for filing complaints and noticing and conducting hearings under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision.

      (4) As an alternative to the provisions of subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection (A) a state or quasi-public agency employee who alleges that a personnel action has been threatened or taken may file an appeal not later than thirty days after learning of the specific incident giving rise to such claim with the Employees' Review Board under section 5-202, or, in the case of a state or quasi-public agency employee covered by a collective bargaining contract, in accordance with the procedure provided by such contract, or (B) an employee of a large state contractor alleging that such action has been threatened or taken may, after exhausting all available administrative remedies, bring a civil action in accordance with the provisions of subsection (c) of section 31-51m.

      (5) In any proceeding under subdivision (2), (3) or (4) of this subsection concerning a personnel action taken or threatened against any state or quasi-public agency employee or any employee of a large state contractor, which personnel action occurs not later than one year after the employee first transmits facts and information concerning a matter under subsection (a) of this section to the Auditors of Public Accounts or the Attorney General, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the personnel action is in retaliation for the action taken by the employee under subsection (a) of this section.

      (6) If a state officer or employee, as defined in section 4-141, a quasi-public agency officer or employee, an officer or employee of a large state contractor or an appointing authority takes or threatens to take any action to impede, fail to renew or cancel a contract between a state agency and a large state contractor, or between a large state contractor and its subcontractor, in retaliation for the disclosure of information pursuant to subsection (a) of this section to any agency listed in subdivision (1) of this subsection, such affected agency, contractor or subcontractor may, not later than ninety days from learning of such action, threat or failure to renew, bring a civil action in the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to recover damages, attorney's fees and costs.

      (c) Any employee of a state or quasi-public agency or large state contractor, who is found to have knowingly and maliciously made false charges under subsection (a) of this section, shall be subject to disciplinary action by such employee's appointing authority up to and including dismissal. In the case of a state or quasi-public agency employee, such action shall be subject to appeal to the Employees' Review Board in accordance with section 5-202, or in the case of state or quasi-public agency employees included in collective bargaining contracts, the procedure provided by such contracts.

      (d) On or before September first, annually, the Auditors of Public Accounts shall submit to the clerk of each house of the General Assembly a report indicating the number of matters for which facts and information were transmitted to the auditors pursuant to this section during the preceding state fiscal year and the disposition of each such matter.

      (e) Each contract between a state or quasi-public agency and a large state contractor shall provide that, if an officer, employee or appointing authority of a large state contractor takes or threatens to take any personnel action against any employee of the contractor in retaliation for such employee's disclosure of information to any employee of the contracting state or quasi-public agency or the Auditors of Public Accounts or the Attorney General under the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the contractor shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than five thousand dollars for each offense, up to a maximum of twenty per cent of the value of the contract. Each violation shall be a separate and distinct offense and in the case of a continuing violation each calendar day's continuance of the violation shall be deemed to be a separate and distinct offense. The executive head of the state or quasi-public agency may request the Attorney General to bring a civil action in the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to seek imposition and recovery of such civil penalty.

      (f) Each large state contractor shall post a notice of the provisions of this section relating to large state contractors in a conspicuous place which is readily available for viewing by the employees of the contractor.

      (g) No person who, in good faith, discloses information to the Auditors of Public Accounts or the Attorney General in accordance with this section shall be liable for any civil damages resulting from such good faith disclosure.

      (h) As used in this section:

      (1) "Large state contract" means a contract between an entity and a state or quasi-public agency, having a value of five million dollars or more; and

      (2) "Large state contractor" means an entity that has entered into a large state contract with a state or quasi-public agency.

      (P.A. 79-599, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-232; P.A. 85-559, S. 5; P.A. 87-442, S. 1, 8; P.A. 89-81, S. 3; P.A. 97-55; P.A. 98-191, S. 1, 2; P.A. 02-91, S. 1; P.A. 04-58, S. 1, 2; P.A. 05-287, S. 47.)

      History: P.A. 83-232 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize a former state employee or state employee bargaining representative to disclose information and to require the attorney general to report to the complainant his findings and any actions taken, amended Subsec. (b) to prohibit retaliatory action by "any state officer or employee" and to provide that an employee may file an appeal if retaliatory action is threatened or taken, and added Subsec. (c) re sanctions for an employee who makes false charges; P.A. 85-559 required that state employees report to inspector general rather than to attorney general and that findings be reported in accordance with Sec. 2-104(b) rather than to governor or chief state's attorney as was previously the case; P.A. 87-442, in Subsec. (a), substituted "person" for "state employee, former state employee or state employee bargaining representative acting on behalf of any state employee or former state employee or on his own behalf", authorized any such person to transmit facts and information to auditors of public accounts, instead of to inspector general, required auditors to review matter and report to attorney general, required attorney general to make investigation and auditors to assist at his request, required attorney general, instead of inspector general, to report findings to governor or chief state's attorney, instead of to complainant, and applied provisions re nondisclosure of identity of person to auditors and attorney general instead of to inspector general and limited applicability of such provisions to receipt of information under this section, instead of this section or Subsec. (b) of Sec. 1-19 and, in Subsec. (b), substituted "auditors of public accounts or attorney general" for "inspector general" and limited applicability of provisions of Subsec. to disclosure of information under provisions of this section instead of this section and Subsec. (b) of Sec. 1-19; P.A. 89-81 added Subsec. (d) requiring annual report by auditors to general assembly on matters transmitted to them under this section; P.A. 97-55 applied section to quasi-public agencies; P.A. 98-191 applied section to large state contractors, effective July 1, 1998 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1998 session of the General Assembly, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 02-91 substantially revised Subsec. (b) procedures re alleged retaliatory personnel actions by designating existing provisions as Subdivs. (1) and (4), adding Subdivs. (2) and (3) re investigation by Attorney General and complaints to Chief Human Rights Referee, adding provision in Subdiv. (4) re existing procedure for employee appeals and civil actions as alternative to provisions of Subdivs. (2) and (3), adding Subdiv. (5) providing, in proceedings under Subdivs. (2), (3) and (4), for a rebuttable presumption that certain personnel actions are retaliatory and making conforming and technical changes, and made technical change in Subsec. (e), effective June 3, 2002; P.A. 04-58 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (c); P.A. 05-287 made technical and conforming changes throughout the section, amended Subsec. (a) to authorize the Attorney General to conduct any investigation deemed proper based on any other information that may be reasonably derived from the report, require the Attorney General to consult with the Auditors of Public Accounts re the relationship of such other information to the report and authorize the withholding of records from such investigation during the pendency of such investigation, amended Subsec. (b) to insert clause designators, include contractors in the list of protected persons and provide protection for disclosure to state agencies in Subdiv. (1), designate new Subdiv. (3)(A) re complaints by state or quasi-public agency employees and employees of large state contractors, redesignate existing Subdiv. (3) as Subdiv. (3)(B) and add Subdiv. (6) re action by a state officer or employee, quasi-public agency officer or employee, or employee or officer of a large state construction contractor to impede, fail to renew or cancel a contract, amended Subsec. (e) re disclosure to any employee of the contracting state or quasi-public agency, added new Subsec. (g) re good faith disclosures to the Auditors of Public Accounts or the Attorney General, redesignated existing Subsec. (g) as Subsec. (h) and amended same by redefining "large state contract" in Subdiv. (1), effective July 13, 2005.

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