CHAPTER 1
CONSTRUCTION OF STATUTES

Table of Contents

Sec. 1-1a. Terms relating to security in personal property.
Sec. 1-1g. "Mental retardation", defined.
Sec. 1-1h. Identity cards.
Sec. 1-2z. Plain meaning rule.

      Sec. 1-1a. Terms relating to security in personal property. Unless the context of any statute requires a different interpretation, all words and terms appearing in any statute and relating to security in personal property shall be construed to mean their counterparts in subdivision (35) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201 and chapter 748. In particular "chattel mortgage", "conditional sale contract" or "lien" on personal property, except a lien of the type to which chapter 748 does not apply under subdivision (2) of subsection (d) of section 42a-9-109, shall be construed to mean "security interest"; "mortgagor" and "conditional vendee" shall be construed to mean "debtor"; "mortgagee" and "conditional vendor" shall be construed to mean "secured party".

      (1959, P.A. 574, S. 9; P.A. 01-132, S. 152; P.A. 05-109, S. 40.)

      History: P.A. 01-132 replaced reference to Sec. 42a-9-104(c) with Sec. 42a-9-109(d)(2); P.A. 05-109 replaced reference to Sec. 42a-1-201(37) with reference to Sec. 42a-1-201(b)(35).

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      Sec. 1-1g. "Mental retardation", defined. (a) For the purposes of sections 4a-60, 17a-274, 17a-281, 38a-816, 45a-669 to 45a-684, inclusive, 46a-51, 53a-59a, 53a-60b, 53a-60c and 53a-61a, mental retardation means a significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period.

      (b) As used in subsection (a) of this section, "general intellectual functioning" means the results obtained by assessment with one or more of the individually administered general intelligence tests developed for that purpose and standardized on a significantly adequate population and administered by a person or persons formally trained in test administration; "significantly subaverage" means an intelligence quotient more than two standard deviations below the mean for the test; "adaptive behavior" means the effectiveness or degree with which an individual meets the standards of personal independence and social responsibility expected for the individual's age and cultural group; and "developmental period" means the period of time between birth and the eighteenth birthday.

      (P.A. 78-148, S. 1; P.A. 80-259, S. 3; P.A. 82-51, S. 1; P.A. 83-587, S. 1, 96; P.A. 99-122, S. 5; P.A. 05-288, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 80-259 added reference to Subdiv. (12) of Sec. 38-61; P.A. 82-51 clarified terms used in the statutory definition in new Subsec. (b) and updated list of applicable sections in prior provisions, now Subsec. (a); P.A. 83-587 made a technical amendment; P.A. 99-122 amended Subsec. (a) to make definition applicable to Secs. 53a-59a, 53a-60b, 53a-60c and 53a-61a; (Revisor's note: In 2005, a reference to Sec. "45a-668" was changed editorially by the Revisors to Sec. "45a-669" since Sec. 45a-668 was repealed by P.A. 04-54); P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 1-1h. Identity cards. (a) Any person who does not possess a valid motor vehicle operator's license may apply to the Department of Motor Vehicles for an identity card. The application for an identity card shall be accompanied by the birth certificate of the applicant or a certificate of identification of the applicant issued and authorized for such use by the Department of Correction. Such application shall include: (1) The applicant's name; (2) the applicant's address; (3) whether the address is permanent or temporary; (4) the applicant's birthdate; (5) notice to the applicant that false statements on such application are punishable under section 53a-157b; and (6) such other pertinent information as the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles deems necessary. A fee of fifteen dollars shall be paid to the department upon issuance to the applicant of an identity card which contains a picture of the applicant and specifies the applicant's height, sex and eye color. The applicant shall sign the application in the presence of an official of the department. The commissioner may waive the fifteen-dollar fee for any applicant who has voluntarily surrendered such applicant's motor vehicle operator's license or whose license has been refused by the commissioner pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection (e) of section 14-36.

      (b) An identity card shall expire within a period not exceeding four years from the date of issuance of such card. Each such card shall indicate its date of expiration. Any person who holds an identity card shall be notified by the commissioner before its expiration and may renew such card in such manner as the commissioner shall prescribe upon payment of a fee of fifteen dollars.

      (c) A distinctive identity card shall be issued to any applicant less than twenty-one years of age. The identity card shall contain a statement that it is issued subject to the same verification of the applicant's identity as required for the issuance of a motor vehicle operator's license. The card may thereafter be exhibited to establish the age and identity of the person to whom it was issued.

      (d) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in consultation with the Liquor Control Commission, shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to carry out the purposes of this section and section 30-86.

      (e) Any person who misrepresents his age or practices any other deceit in the procurement of an identity card, or uses or exhibits an identity card belonging to any other person, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both.

      (P.A. 84-478, S. 1, 5; P.A. 85-613, S. 2, 154; P.A. 87-479, S. 1, 3; P.A. 91-215, S. 3; P.A. 95-260, S. 1; P.A. 99-181, S. 36; 99-268, S. 9; P.A. 00-169, S. 22; P.A. 01-63; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4, S. 27; P.A. 05-218, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 84-478, S. 1, effective July 1, 1985; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 87-479 permitted persons who are sixteen to twenty years of age, inclusive, to apply for an identity card and required the issuance of a distinctive identity card to applicants under twenty-one; P.A. 91-215 deleted requirement that photographs submitted along with applications for identity cards be validated by the office of vital statistics of the town where the applicant resides, increased the fee for such application from four to ten dollars, required that such cards specify the holder's height, sex and eye color and required that such card contain a statement re verification of holders' identity; P.A. 95-260 divided section into Subsecs., permitted any person who does not have a valid operator's license, regardless of age, to apply for an identity card, eliminated requirement that application be accompanied by a photograph of applicant, made technical changes in Subsec. (a) and inserted as Subsec. (b) a requirement that identity card expire not later than four years from its date of issuance and that each card indicate its expiration date and provisions re renewal of card; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 99-181 amended Subsec. (a) by allowing an application for an identity card to be accompanied by a certificate of identification issued by the Department of Correction and by making technical changes re gender neutrality; P.A. 99-268 amended Subsec. (a) by adding a provision allowing for the commissioner to waive the ten-dollar fee for an applicant who has voluntarily surrendered such operator's license or whose license has been refused pursuant to Subdiv. (4) of Subsec. (e) of Sec. 14-36, making a technical change and making changes re gender neutrality; P.A. 00-169 revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; P.A. 01-63 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that a certificate of identification issued by the Department of Correction may be used to obtain an identity card if it is "authorized for such use" by said department; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to increase fee for issuance and renewal of identity card to fifteen dollars, effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (b) by adding "shall be notified by the commissioner before its expiration and", effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 1-2z. Plain meaning rule.

      Cited. 49 CS 43.

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