Topic:
STATUTES; MARRIAGE (GENERAL);
Location:
MARRIAGE;
Scope:
Connecticut laws/regulations;

OLR Research Report


February 5, 2002

2001-R-0606

(Revised)

CONNECTICUT LAWS INVOLVING MARITAL STATUS

By: Susan Price-Livingston, Associate Attorney

You asked about Connecticut statutes that refer to marital status.

SUMMARY

We conducted a computer search of the Connecticut General Statutes using keywords and word stems associated with marital status (such as “spouse,” “widow,” “next of kin,” and “marr!”). After eliminating repealed laws and those not relevant to your request (such as laws regulating family and marital therapists), we identified 588 laws codified in the 2001 General Statutes in which marital status is a factor. We grouped the results into the following subject-matter categories:

1. marriage, divorce, and support (121 laws);

2. legal notice and authority to act in matters affecting family members (80 laws);

3. property, commerce, and state-regulated activities (75 laws);

4. benefits of government officials and employees, veterans, and military personnel (74 laws);

5. wills, trusts, and estate settlements (59 laws);

6. taxation (45 laws);

7. vital records and voting procedures (37 laws);

8. financial disclosure and conflict-of-interest rules (30 laws);

9. public assistance and housing (30 laws);

10. labor and human rights (26 laws); and

11. miscellaneous (11 laws).

We describe below limitations on the methodology and summarize the types of laws included in each category. We also provide tables listing the statutes our search identified by category. (Where a law could be listed in several categories, we selected the one we thought was most directly relevant.) The laws are arranged within each table in the order that they appear in the General Statutes, identified by title, chapter, number, and “catchline” assigned by the Revisors of the General Statutes.

LIMITATIONS ON METHOD

The electronic search and classification technique we used mirrors what the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) did in 1997 to identify 1,049 laws in the United States Code in which marital status is a factor (GAO/OGC Report No. 97-16). GAO acknowledged limitations on the reliability of this methodology, such as its inability to identify statutes that incorporate marital status by using a neutral term (such as “relative”) that is defined elsewhere as including spouses. Nevertheless, the agency concluded that its electronic search was highly likely to have identified all federal programs in which marital status was a factor, and that while reading and analyzing the entire U.S. Code would produce a longer list of laws, it would not generate substantially more useful information.

We agree with the GAO's conclusion that this methodology, while not perfect, gives as complete an overview of state programs in which marital status plays some role as we can produce without reading and analyzing all 55 titles of the Connecticut General Statutes. Thus, our tables show when marital status bears some relationship to a statutory program, but do not always include all individual laws within it in which this status is relevant. They also have not captured instances where a program applies to “families” or “relatives,” for example, but leaves it to executive branch agencies or others to determine whether those terms include spouses.

Also as the GAO noted, compiling a list of laws that have some relationship to marital status may not, in and of itself, produce a meaningful result. Some of the laws identified favor married people, some disadvantage them, and some do both. Others apply equally to single and married people, while others simply proscribe procedures for maintaining marriage records.

MARRIAGE, DIVORCE, AND SUPPORT

This category includes laws governing the formation and validity of marriages and many of the financial and legal obligations imposed by law on married people. It includes provisions designating court proceedings involving such arrangements as family relations matters and specifying special procedures and court services associated with them.

It also includes grounds for separation, divorce, and annulment and legal and equitable considerations governing the division of marital property, alimony, child support, and custody obligations. These include provisions permitting family court judges to issue orders while a divorce action is pending to preserve assets, establish interim financial support obligations, and set temporary child custody and visitation schedules. They also include uniform child custody jurisdiction and support rules that make it easier to enforce and modify court orders across state lines.

Table 1—Marriage, Divorce, and Support

Title 45a—Probate Courts and Procedure

Chapter 803—Termination of Parental Rights

727a

State policy re: best interests of child; public policy re: marriage

727b

Endorsement of rights and responsibilities of unmarried persons to child subject to adoption, but not marriage or union of such persons

Chapter 803a—Children Conceived Through Artificial Insemination

771

Child born as a result of artificial insemination legitimate

772

A.I.D. Who may perform. Consent required

774

Status of child born as result of A.I.D.

776

Status of child determined by jurisdiction of birth

777

Inheritance by child conceived as a result of A.I.D.

Title 46b—Family Law

Chapter 815—Court Proceedings In Family Relations Matters

1

Family relations matters defined

3

Domestic relations officers and other employees

6

Investigations

9

Hearing by referee in action for dissolution of marriage, legal separation or annulment

Chapter 815e—Marriage

20

Definitions

21

Kindred who may not marry

Chapter 815e—Marriage - (Continued)

22

Who may join persons in marriage. Penalty for unauthorized performance

22a

Validation of marriages performed by unauthorized justice of the peace

23

Joining persons in marriage knowingly without authority

24

License required. Period of validity. Penalty

24a

Validation of marriages occurring in town other than town where license issued

25

Application for license

26

Test for venereal disease and rubella prerequisite

27

Issuance of license

28

When marriages in foreign country are valid

29

Marriage of persons under conservatorship or guardianship

30

Marriage of minors

32

Failure to make license available; penalty

33

Copy of law to applicants

34

Marriage certificate

35

Certificates prima facie evidence

36

Wife and husband property rights not affected by marriage

36a

Short title: Connecticut Premarital Agreement Act

36b

Definitions

36c

Form of premarital agreement

36d

Content or premarital agreement

36e

Effect of marriage on premarital agreement

36f

Amendment or revocation of premarital agreement after marriage

36g

Enforcement of premarital agreement

36h

Enforcement of premarital agreement when marriage void

36i

Statute of limitations re claims under premarital agreement

36j

Premarital agreements made before October 1, 1995, not affected

37

Joint duty of spouses to support family. Liability for purchases and certain expenses. Abandonment

38a

Family violence prevention and response: definitions

38b

Investigation of family violence crime by peace officer. Arrest, when. Assistance to victim. Guidelines. Education and training program

38c

Family violence response and intervention units. Local units. Duties and functions. Protective orders. Pretrial family violence education program

38d

Family violence offense report by peace officer. Compilation of statistics by Commissioner of Public Safety. Report to governor and general assembly

38f

Statistical summary of family violence cases maintained by family division. Annual report to governor and general assembly

38g

Programs for children impacted by domestic violence

38h

Designation of conviction of certain crimes as involving domestic violence for purposes of criminal history record information

Chapter 815j—Dissolution of Marriage, Legal Separation and Annulment

Part I—General Provisions

40

Grounds for dissolution of marriage; legal separation; annulment

41

Complaint includes cross-complaints or cross actions

42

Jurisdiction

43

Capacity of minor to prosecute or defend

Chapter 815j—Dissolution of Marriage, Legal Separation and Annulment

Part I—General Provisions - (Continued)

44

Residency requirement

45

Service and filing of complaint

45a

Allegation of pregnancy in pleadings. Disagreement as to paternity. Hearing

46

Notice to nonresident party. Jurisdiction over nonresident for alimony and support

47

Complaint for dissolution of marriage on ground of confinement for mental illness; procedure

48

Dissolution of marriage or annulment upon conviction of crime against chastity; procedure

49

Private hearing

50

Number of witnesses in uncontested action

51

Stipulation of parties and finding of irretrievable breakdown

52

Recrimination and condonation abolished

53

Conciliation procedures; privileged communications

53a

Mediation program for persons filing for dissolution of marriage. Privileged communications

54

Counsel for minor children. Duties

55

Attorney general as party. Paternity establishment

56

Superior court orders re: custody, care and therapy of minor children in actions for dissolution of marriage, legal separation and annulment. Access to records of minor children by noncustodial parent. Parenting education program

56a

Joint custody. Definition. Presumption. Conciliation

56b

Presumption re: best interest of child to be in custody of parent

57

Third party intervention re: custody of minor children. Preference of child

58

Custody, maintenance and education of adopted children

59

Court may grant right of visitation to any person

59a

Mediation of disputes re: enforcement of visitation rights

59b

Court may not grant visitation to parent convicted of murdering other parent. Exception

60

Orders re: children and alimony in annulment cases

61

Orders re: children where parents live separately. Commencement of proceedings

62

Orders for payment of attorney's fees in certain actions

63

Restoration of birth name or former name of spouse

64

Orders of court prior to return day of complaint

65

Filing of declaration of resumption of marital relations; dissolution of marriage after legal separation decree when no declaration is filed

66

Review of agreements; incorporation into decree

66a

Order of court re: conveyance of title to real property

67

Waiting period. Effect of decree

69

Statutes applicable to matrimonial actions

69a

Wage executions and earning assignments

69b

Parenting education programs. Required

69c

Advisory committee. Recommendations to judicial department concerning parenting education programs

Part II—Enforcement of Foreign Matrimonial Judgments

70

Foreign judgment defined

71

Filing of foreign matrimonial judgment; enforcement in this state

72

Notification of filing

73

Stay of enforcement; modifications; hearing

74

Right to action on judgment unimpaired

75

Uniformity of interpretation

Part III—Support of Child and Spouse. Transfer of Property

80

Prejudgment remedies available; lis pendens; notice; effect

81

Assignment of property and transfer of title

82

Alimony

83

Alimony, support and use of family home or other residential dwelling unit awarded pendente lite

84

Parents' obligation for maintenance of minor child. Order for health insurance coverage

85

Order for support of spouse with psychiatric disabilities

86

Modification of alimony or support orders and judgments

87

Contempt of orders

87a

Forms and instructions for application for contempt order based on violation of visitation order

Chapter 815p—Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act

Part I—General Provisions

115a

Definitions

Part II—Jurisdiction

115q

Inconvenient forum

Part III—Enforcement

115cc

Hearing and order

Chapter 815t—Juvenile Matters

Part I—General Provisions

129a

Examination by physician. Appointment of counsel and guardian ad litem

150b

Order of emancipation

150d

Effect of emancipation

Chapter 815y—Paternity Matters

160

Petition by mother or expectant mother. Venue. Continuance of case. Evidence. Jurisdiction over nonresident putative father. Personal service. Petition to include answer form, notice and application for appointment of counsel. Genetic tests. Default judgment, when

168

Genetic tests when paternity is in dispute. Assessment of costs

169

Compelling disclosure of name of putative father. Institution of action

Chapter 816—Support 

Part I—Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support

212a

Definitions

212h

Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction of Family Support Magistrate Division or Superior Court, when

212i

Enforcement and modification of support order by Family Support Magistrate Division

212m

Proceedings. Procedure

213a

Special rules of evidence and procedure

Part II—Obligation of Relatives 

215

Relatives obliged to furnish support, when. Orders

216

Support of surviving husband or wife by heirs

Part III—Family Support Magistrate's Act 

231 

Definitions. Family Support Advisory Committee. Family Support Magistrate Division. Family support magistrates; appointment, salaries, powers and duties. Orders. Appeal. Attorney General; duties re actions for support

Title 47—Land and Titles

Chapter 821—Land Titles

14g

Divorce or marriage dissolution of husband and wife joint tenants

Title 52—Civil Actions

Chapter 906—Post Judgment Procedures

362

Income withholding and unemployment compensation for support

362f

Enforcement of child support orders by income withholding

LEGAL NOTICE AND AUTHORITY TO ACT IN MATTERS AFFECTING FAMILY MEMBERS

The largest number of laws in this category involve the rights of spouses to gain access to otherwise confidential information and to make decisions affecting another person's health and well-being. These include rights of access to medical information, to private visits in hospitals and nursing homes, and to make decisions in medical emergencies or when a spouse is unable to express his wishes. In some cases, these laws give spouses decision-making rights superior to those of blood relatives. Some laws specify when divorce presumptively makes inoperative certain legal designations, such as health care agent appointments.

This category also includes laws directing courts and state agencies to give spouses notice of court proceedings involving certain mentally ill, retarded, or incapacitated people and to notify them when a person under a voluntary commitment leaves a hospital or substance abuse treatment facility.

It also includes court rules and civil claims that married people can bring when third parties harm their partners. For example, it includes the privilege of spouses to refuse to testify about their private communications in criminal and civil matters. It also includes the rights of spouses to sue people responsible for their partner's death and recover compensation when a spouse's injuries interfere with their own rights of comfort, companionship, and support (known as “loss of consortium”). Spouses of crime victims are also eligible in some cases for crime victim compensation and victim services. They are permitted to attend and express their views at various court and administrative proceedings related to the crime.

Several laws that bar spouses from seeking compensation for losses caused by the other spouse's misconduct are also included in this category. For example, husbands and wives of people engaged in insurance-related occupations cannot file such claims with the Insurance Department's Brokered Transactions Guaranty Fund; a similar bar applies to real estate brokers' spouses.

Finally, this category includes laws relating to spousal consent for adoptions and provisions giving spouses authority to act on behalf of their minor step-children in some situations.

Table 2—Notice and Authority to Act in Matters Affecting Family Members

Title 14—Motor Vehicles. Use of the Highway by Vehicles. Gasoline

Chapter 246—Motor Vehicles

Part III—Registration and Licenses

(A)—Registration of Motor Vehicles

14

Registration of motor vehicles owned by minors. Proof of financial responsibility

16

Transfer of ownership. Fees. Penalties

(B)—Operator's Licenses

36

Motor vehicle operator's license. Learner's permit. Limited license. Requirements. Penalty. Regulations

40a

Motorcycle operator's license; requirements. Examination. Penalty

Title 17a—Social and Human Services and Resources

Chapter 319—Department of Children and Families

Part I—General Provisions

1

Definitions

38

Home-based treatment programs

Part II—Commitment of Mentally Ill Children

81

Parental consent necessary for treatment. Exceptions

Chapter 319a—Child Welfare

Part I—Dependent and Neglected Children

92

Transfer of court wards to guardianship of Commissioner of Children and Families. Delegation of powers, duties and functions

93

Definitions

Chapter 319c—Council on Mental Retardation. General Provisions

274

Involuntary placements with the Department of Mental Retardation. Application. Notice and hearing. Rights of respondent. Examination by psychologist. Temporary placement. Evaluation of needs. Fraudulent or malicious applications

281

Voluntary admission to facility for persons with mental retardation. Termination of admission

Chapter 319i—Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities

Part II—Commitment. General Provisions

498

Hearing on commitment application. Notice. Rights of respondent. Examination by physician. Order of commitment. Election of voluntary status prior to adjudication. Review of confinement

Chapter 319i—Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities

Part II—Commitment. General Provisions - (Continued)

502

Commitment under emergency certificate. Examination of patient. Discharge. Rights to be explained. Hearing. Duties of hospital. Order for detention to continue. Private hospitals to notify commissioner. Immediate discharge of patient, when. Notification of next of kin

506

Voluntary admissions. Notification of next of kin. Restriction on right to leave. Commitment proceedings. Continuation of confinement. Probable cause hearings

510

Release or transfer; procedure

Part III—Patient's Rights

540

Definitions

543

Procedures governing medication, treatment, psychosurgery and shock therapy

Chapter 319j—Addiction Services

683

Police assistance for intoxicated persons. Protective custody of person incapacitated by alcohol. Medical examination. Detention and release. Notification to family. Assistance for nonadmitted person

684

Emergency treatment, grounds, application, procedure, detention and release. Rights after commitment

Title 19a—Public Health and Well-Being

Chapter 368i—Anatomical Donations

270

Bodies for anatomical purposes

279c

Classes of persons who may make an anatomical gift of all or a part of a decedent's body

282

When the delivery of bodies is prohibited

285

Consent by minor to medical, dental, health or hospital services for child

286

Autopsies: consent for. Performance or attendance by nonaffiliated physician

287

Penalty

Chapter 368j—Cemeteries

307

Sale of abandoned or unused lots

Chapter 368v—Health Care Institutions

550

Patient's bill of rights

Chapter 368w—Removal of Life Support Systems

570

Definitions

571

Liability re removal of life support system of incapacitated patient. Consideration of wishes of patient

576

Appointment of health care agent

578

Proof of living will document or document appointing health care agent out of court. Physician to make documents and oral communications re health care and withdrawal of life support systems part of medical record

579b

Revocation of appointment of spouse as health care agent upon divorce or legal separation

580

Physician to notify health care agent or next-of-kin prior to removal of life support system

Chapter 368x—AIDS Testing and Medical Information

581

Definitions

Title 20—Professional and Occupational Licensing, Certification, Title Protection and Registration. Examining Boards

Chapter 392—Real Estate Brokers and Salespersons

324e

Procedure

Title 30—Intoxicating Liquors

Chapter 545—Liquor Control Act

Part VII—Prohibited Acts, Penalties and Procedure

86

Sales to minors, intoxicated persons and drunkards. Exceptions

89

Procuring liquor by person forbidden to purchase or by false statement, public possession of liquor by minors prohibited. Exceptions

Title 36a—The Banking Law of Connecticut

Chapter 665a—Deposits

Part I—Deposits and Checks

297

Deposits of minors

Title 38a—Insurance

Chapter 704a—Insurance Guaranty Funds

Part III—Brokered Transactions Guaranty Fund

884

Procedure

Title 45a—Probate Courts and Procedure

Chapter 802h—Protected Persons and Their Property

Part II—Guardians of the Person of a Minor

604

Definitions

614

Removal of parent as guardian of a minor

Part III—Guardians of the Estate of a Minor

629

Appointment of guardian for minor's estate

631

Limitation on receipt or use of minor's property by parent, guardian or spouse. Release

Part IV—Conservators

646

Application for voluntary representation

645

Naming own conservator for future incapacity

649

Notice of hearing. Appointment of counsel

654

Appointment of temporary conservator

655

Duties of conservator of the estate. Application for distribution of gifts or income and principal from the estate

659

Conservator of nonresident's property

661

Transfer of records upon removal of person under representation

Part V—Guardians of Mentally Retarded Persons

671

Hearing—notice requirements

674

Hearing for appointment of guardian. Evidence. Report by mental retardation assessment team. Cross-examination of witnesses. Payment of fees for assessment team

677

Powers and duties of plenary or limited guardian. Report. Transfer of file

682

Application for temporary limited guardian. Notice and hearing. Appointment

Part VI—Sterilization

693

Hearing. Notice

Chapter 803—Termination of Parental Rights and Adoption

Part I—Termination and Adoption in General

707

Definitions

Part III—Adoption

724

Who may give child in adoption

Part III—Adoption – (Continued)

732

Husband and wife to join in adoption

734

Adoption of adults. Inheritance

735

Husband or wife of adopted adult to consent

Title 51—Courts

Chapter 886—Division of Criminal Justice

286d

Notification of families of certain victims of court proceedings

Title 52—Civil Actions

Chapter 896—Civil Process, Service and Time for Return

57

Manner of service upon individuals, municipalities, corporations, partnerships and voluntary associations

69

Notice to “representatives and creditors,” “widow” or “widower and heirs”

Chapter 897—Parties and Appearances

79

Joinder of husband and wife; costs

Chapter 898—Pleading

126

Action not abated on account of marriage

Chapter 899—Evidence

146

Wife as a witness against her husband

182

Presumption of family car or motor boat in operation by certain person

Chapter 900—Court Practice and Procedure

204

Recovery of expenditures by husband or parent

215

Dockets. Jury cases. Court cases

Chapter 901—Damages, Costs and Fees

259

Court fees

Chapter 925—Statutory Rights of Action and Defenses

555a

Actions for loss of consortium re death of spouse independent for determination of damages

555b

Actions for loss of consortium re death of spouse to be joined with all actions re death of spouse

555c

Statute of limitations. Actions for loss of consortium re death of spouse contingent upon proof of facts for wrongful death

572b

Alienation of affections and breach of promise actions abolished

572d

Interspousal immunity abrogated in motor vehicle negligence actions accruing out of state

Title 53—Crimes

Chapter 946—Offenses Against Public Policy

334

Unlawful disinterment

Title 54—Criminal Procedure

Chapter 961—Trial and Proceedings after Conviction

Part I—Discovery, Trial and Witnesses

84a

Privilege of spouse

Part III—Probation and Parole

131e

Requests for medical diagnosis

Chapter 968—Victim Services

201

Definitions

203

Office of Victim Services established. Powers and duties

PROPERTY, COMMERCE, AND STATE-REGULATED ACTIVITIES

Many of the laws included in this category give special status to spouses of property-owners and license-, permit-, and franchise-holders. For example, several environmental protection laws exempt private landowners and their spouses from certain hunting and fishing license requirements, and another exempts surviving spouses of commercial fishing license holders from a moratorium on the issuance of new licenses. Another law prevents a married couple from having more than four liquor permits by counting both the applicant and spouse's holdings. Other laws exempt from regulatory requirements certain financial and securities transactions involving spouses.

Another sizeable group of laws in this category permit entities with restricted membership rules (e.g., credit unions, HMOs, and private clubs) to offer benefits or services to their members' spouses. Finally, others afford a tenant's spouse protections against such events as eviction, forced relocation, or utility service disconnection under certain circumstances.

Table 3—Property, Commerce, and State-Regulated Activities

Title 3—State Elective Officers

Chapter 32—Treasurer

Part III—Escheats

62b

Property held by federal court or agency presumed abandoned, when

Title 8—Zoning, Planning, Housing, Economic and Community Development and Human Resources

Chapter 130—Department of Economic and Community Development: Redevelopment and Urban Renewal, State and Federal Aid; Community Development; Urban Homesteading

Part I—Redevelopment

129

Agency to determine compensation and file with superior court and town clerks; notice to owners and interested parties. Possession of land. Certificate of taking

Chapter 135—Department of Economic and Community Development: Uniform Relocation Assistance Act

268

Payment for displacement expenses and losses. Moving expenses and dislocation allowances. Fixed payments. Landlord's responsibility in certain cases

Title 13a—Highways and Bridges

Chapter 238—Highway Construction and Maintenance

Part IV—Land Acquisition and Disposal

73

Acquisition of real property

Title 14—Motor Vehicles. Use of the Highway by Vehicles. Gasoline

Chapter 246—Motor Vehicles

Part III—Registration and Licenses

(D)—Dealers' and Repairers' Licenses

54

Location to be approved by local authority

Chapter 250—Gasoline

325

Curb pumps

Title 16—Public Services Companies

Chapter 283—Department of Public Utility Control: Telegraph, Telephone, Illuminating, Power and Water Companies

262i

Regulations

Title 17b—Social Services

Chapter 319y—Long-Term Care

354

Requests for additional nursing home beds. Continuing care facility. Construction. Financing. Regulations

Title 19a—Public Health and Well-Being

Chapter 368a—Department of Public Health

77

“Child day care services” defined. Additional license

Chapter 368v—Health Care Institutions

493

Issuance and renewal of license. Provisional license. Scheduled and unscheduled inspections. Annual report. Change of ownership

509

Hospital and nursing home admission forms. Hospital bills. Utility charges for nursing home patients

Title 20—Professional and Occupational Licensing, Certification, Title Protection and Registration. Examining Boards

Chapter 392—Real Estate Brokers and Salespersons

327b

Residential condition reports. Exemption. Regulations

Chapter 400i—Athlete Agents

553

Definitions

Chapter 400j—Pharmacy

Part III—Practice of Pharmacy

610

Dispensing or retail sale of legend drugs, legend devices and certain other drugs by other than pharmacies and hospitals, prohibited

614

Prescriptions: form and content

Title 22a—Environmental Protection

Chapter 445—Hazardous Waste

134

Transfer of hazardous waste establishments: Definitions

Title 26—Fisheries and Game

Chapter 490—Fisheries and Game

Part II—General Provisions

3b

Rental, sale, exchange or transfer of real property and buildings in the custody or control of the commissioner. Right of first refusal

16

Public hunting and fishing lands and waters

Part III—Licenses and Permits

27

Licenses required for hunting, trapping and fishing

29c

Free private land deer permit for certain farmers

Part V—Quadrupeds

82

Killing of deer regulated. Damage permit. Jacklight permit. Penalties

86a

Game management. Deer hunting; permitted weapons, locations, bag limits. Consent forms; permits, selection process

86c

Permits to hunt deer and small game with bow and arrow. Fees. Applications. Education course requirement

Part IX—Commercial Fisheries

142b

Restriction on issuance of new licenses until December 31, 2001. Issuance to family member upon death of current licensee or relinquishment by current licensee. Transfer of active commercial fishing license for lobster until October 1, 2002

Title 30—Intoxicating Liquors

Chapter 545—Liquor Control Act

Part IV—Permits

24

Spouses of club and golf country club members

24b

Auxiliary club members

48a

Limitation of interest in retail permits

Title 36a—The Banking Law of Connecticut

Chapter 665—Powers, Loans and Investments

Part IV—Miscellaneous Powers. Limitations

285

Savings banks life insurance

Chapter 667—Credit Unions

435

Definitions

438

Field of membership. Expansion. Membership applications. Continuation of membership. Expulsion or withdrawal of member

440

Central credit union

456

Loans. Interest on loans. Authorization of interest refunds. Security. Regulations

Chapter 668—Nondepository Financial Institutions

Part I—Mortgage Lenders and Brokers

(B)—Secondary Mortgage Lenders

512

Persons exempt from license requirement

Part II—Finance Companies

541

Refusal or issuance of license. Transaction of business under other name prohibited

Part III—Small Loan Lenders

563

Charges. Loan restrictions

566

Credit life and accident and health insurance

Title 36b—Connecticut Securities Law and Business Opportunity Investment Act

Chapter 672a—Uniform Securities Act

21

Exemption of certain securities and transactions. Denial or revocation of exemption

Title 38a—Insurance

Chapter 698a—Health Care and Related Service Groups

Part I—Health Care Centers

182

Agreements with subscribers. Agreement requirements. Evidence of coverage

Part II—Hospital Service Corporations

201

Form of contract

Part III—Medical Service Corporations

217

Form of contract

Chapter 699—Insurance Contracts in General

284

Insurance contracts by minors

Chapter 700—Property and Casualty Insurance

Part II—Motor Vehicle Policies

341

Cancellation of motor vehicle liability policy: Definitions

Part III—No-Fault Motor Vehicle Insurance

363

Definitions

Chapter 700a—Title Insurance

402

Definitions

Chapter 700b—Life Insurance

Part I—Life Insurance

439

Minimum nonforfeiture benefits for life insurance policyholders who default in premium payments. Cash surrender value

Chapter 700c—Health Insurance

Part II—Individual Health Insurance

482

Form of policy

483

Standard provisions of individual health policy

488a

Mandatory coverage for the diagnosis and treatment of mental or nervous conditions. Exceptions. Benefits payable re type of provider or facility. State's claim against proceeds

497

Termination of coverage of children in individual policies

Part III—Group Health Insurance

514

Mandatory coverage for the diagnosis and treatment of mental or nervous conditions. Exceptions. Benefits payable re type of provider or facility. State's claim against proceeds

540

Duplication of coverage under group health policies

541

Group health policy to allow spouse coverage as both employee and dependent, when. Effect of collective bargaining agreements

543

Age discrimination in group insurance coverage prohibited

Part IV—Comprehensive Health Care Plans

553

Minimum standard benefits of comprehensive health care plans. Optional and excludable benefits. Managed care plans

554

Additional requirements and eligibility under group comprehensive health care plans. Continuation of benefits under group plans. Insurance Commissioner's authority to coordinate benefits

Part V—Blue Ribbon Health Care Plans

564

Definitions

567

Provisions of small employer plans and arrangements

Chapter 700d—Fraternal Benefit Societies

Part II—Benefits

631

Types of benefits authorized

Chapter 702—Licensing

Part II—Insurance Producers

782

Producer's license. Application. Examination. Authority to act as agent

783

Temporary producer's license

Title 42—Business, Selling, Trading and Collection Practices

Chapter 739—Trading Stamps, Mail Orders, Franchises, Credit Programs and Subscriptions

133l

Franchise agreements. Termination. Good cause. Notice required. Prohibited conduct. Terms

133m

Assignment of franchise. Automatic termination

133r

Definitions

Chapter 743c—Funeral Service Contracts

203

Disposition of funds held in escrow

Chapter 743f—Used Automobile Warranties

220

Definitions

Chapter 743r—Farm, Forestry, Yard and Garden Equipment Dealers and Suppliers

350

Supplier's consent to transfer of dealer's business, stock or other interest

Title 42a—Uniform Commercial Code

Article 3—Negotiable Instruments

Part 4—Liability of Parties

-3-403

Unauthorized signature

Article 8—Investment Securities

Part 1—Short Title and General Matters

-8-107

Whether endorsement, instruction or entitlement order is effective

-8-115

Securities intermediary and others not liable to adverse claimant

Title 47—Land and Land Titles

Chapter 824—Indians

64

Use of reservations; restriction of leases; escheats

Chapter 825—Condominium Act

80

Bylaws

88d

Reimbursement for moving and relocation expenses

Chapter 826—Real Estate Syndicates

91

Definitions

Chapter 828—Common Interest Ownership Act

Part V—Common Interest Communities Containing Conversion Buildings

287

Conversion tenant's right to relocation payment

Title 47A—Landlord and Tenant

Chapter 833—Summary Process

23c

Prohibition on eviction of certain tenants except for good cause

BENEFITS OF GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES, VETERANS, AND MILITARY PERSONNEL

This category includes laws relating to current and retired state constitutional officers and legislators; state, town, and public school employees; veterans; and military personnel. These laws generally specify the various health, leave, retirement, survivor, burial, and insurance benefits the state and local governments provide to such people and their spouses. The provisions relating to veterans also include provisions permitting surviving spouses to keep special-issue veterans' motor vehicle plates and giving veterans' spouses extra points on classified service examinations under some circumstances. Those relating to military personnel include special benefits for dependents, including spouses.

Property tax exemptions for veterans and certain hazardous duty workers and their spouses are listed in Table 6—Taxation. Absentee voting provisions for military personnel and their families are listed in Table 7—Vital Records and Voting Procedures.

Table 4—Benefits of Government Officials and Employees, Veterans, and Military Personnel

Title 1—Provisions of General Application

Chapter 7—Short Form Power of Attorney

53

Benefits from military service

Title 3—State Elective Officers

Chapter 31—Governor

2a

Pensions for Governors and their spouses

2b

Footstones, flags, funeral honor guards for deceased Governors and certain other state officers

Chapter 34—Comptroller

122

Relief payments under bylaws of Police Association of Connecticut

123

Relief payments under bylaws of Connecticut State Firefighters Association

Title 5—State Employees

Chapter 65—Disability Compensation and Death Benefits

142

Disability compensation

144

Death benefits for state employees, state officers and members of the General Assembly

146

Allowances for survivors of members of State Police Division within Department of Public Safety. Cost of living allowance. Effect of collective bargaining agreements. Valuation of fund by Retirement Commission

147

Payment of allowances of children

150

Survivorship benefits for beneficiaries of members of State Police Division within Department of Public Safety

151

Benefits for survivors of previously deceased police

Chapter 66—State Employees Retirement Act

Part II—Relation of Retirement to Social Security

158g

Effect on options

Part III—Basic Retirement Plan

162b

Cost of living adjustment for employees retired on or before June 30, 1975

162d

Tier I cost of living allowance for members retiring on or after July 1, 1975

162h

Cost of living adjustment

165

Optional forms of retirement income

165a

Benefit payable if member dies prior to retirement

Part V—Tier II Plan

192q

Optional forms of retirement income

192r

Spouse's allowance; preretirement death benefits

192s

Tier II cost of living adjustment

192t

Survivorship benefits

Chapter 67—State Personnel Act

224

Credits for military service on examinations held for original appointments

248a

Family and medical leave from employment

259

Hospitalization and medical and surgical insurance plan. Eligibility. Coverage for other groups under plan

Title 7—Municipalities

Chapter 104—Municipal Police and Fire Protection

Part II—Police Reserve Fund

297

Veteran reserve; retirement; death benefits

Part V—Policemen and Firemen Survivors' Benefit Fund

323e

Benefits

Chapter 113—Municipal Employees

Part II—Retirement

436

Retirement benefits for members of fund B

439g

Optional forms of retirement income. Preretirement death benefit

440

Contributions by members; interest; refunds to municipalities; payment to beneficiaries

450

Establishment of pension and retirement systems; amendment of system established by special act

450b

Cost of living allowance

459a

Survivors' benefits authorized

Title 10—Education and Culture

Chapter 167a—Teachers' Retirement System

183b

Definitions

183e

Credited service

183g

Benefit rates. Commencing and ending dates

183h

Death benefits

183t

Health insurance: Plans maintained by Teachers' Retirement Board and boards of education; state payment of premiums on behalf of members; use of one per cent voluntary contributions

183oo

Subsidy for certain members

Title 12—Taxation

Chapter 229a—Connecticut Lottery Corporation

802

Connecticut Lottery Corporation. Establishment. Board membership. Meetings. Employees

Title 14—Motor Vehicles. Use of the Highway by Vehicles. Gasoline

Chapter 246—Motor Vehicles

Part III—Registration and Licenses

(A) Registration of Motor Vehicles

20b

Number plates for veterans

21d

Prisoner of war and congressional medal of honor registration and number plate

Chapter 248—Vehicle Highway Use

254

Parking privileges of disabled veterans

Title 27—Armed Forces and Veterans

Chapter 504—Militia

Part VI—Pay, Allowances and Benefits

69

Death benefits

80

“Dependent” and “separation allowance” defined

83

Amount of separation allowances

Chapter 506—Veterans

Part I—Department of Veterans' Affairs

102l

Department of Veterans' Affairs. Veterans' Home and Hospital to be within department. Veterans' advocacy and assistance unit. Staff. Power and duties. Regulations

102m

Commissioner to investigate complaints re conduct or treatment of veterans or family members

Part Ia—General Provisions

103

Definitions

116

Weekly allowances to widows of veterans of Civil War or Spanish-American War

122b

Eligibility for burial in veterans' cemetery. Consecrated area designation

125

Temporary assistance

137

Acknowledgments by persons serving in armed forces and spouses

Part II—Soldiers, Sailors and Marines' Fund

140

Expenditure. Accounting

Part III—Bonus for Veterans of Vietnam Era

140g

Application on behalf of incapable veteran

140j

Survivors' payments

Part IIIb—Bonus for Veterans of World War I

140s

Application on behalf of incapable veteran

140v

Payment to surviving spouse

Title 36a—The Banking Law of Connecticut

Chapter 669—Regulated Activities

Part X—Other Mortgage and Loan Practices

759

Minority of veterans, spouses and widows for purposes of Servicemen's Readjustment Act

Title 45a—Probate Courts and Procedure

Chapter 801—Probate Court: Administrative Provisions

Part III—Retirement Benefits

41

Retirement allowance. Annual adjustments in retirement allowances

43

Husband and wife retirement income option

44

Retirement contributions of employees

45

Retirement contribution of judges

46

Refund of contributions after death

56

Hospitalization and medical and surgical insurance and dental insurance plan. Eligibility. Payment of premium. Election to participate in dental insurance plan

Title 46b—Family Law

Chapter 816—Support

Part III—Family Support Magistrates Act

233a

Retirement of family support magistrates. Credit for prior service. Amounts used in determining salary

Title 51—Courts

Chapter 872—Judges

49c

Cost of living allowance for surviving spouses of judges, family support magistrates and compensation commissioners who commenced service on or after January 1, 1981

49f

Determination of retirement salary of judges and allowance to surviving spouses

49g

Determination of retirement salary of compensation commissioners and allowance to surviving spouses

49h

Credit for military service

51

Pensions for surviving spouses and children of judges, family support magistrates and compensation commissioners

Chapter 883a—Reporter of Judicial Decisions

216

Salary and fees of reporter

Chapter 886—Division of Criminal Justice

287

Retirement of state's attorney

288

Pension for widow of state's attorney

Chapter 887—Public Defender Services

295a

Retirement of certain public defenders. Retirement salary. Credit for prior service. Transfer or return of contributions. Pension for surviving spouse

WILLS, TRUSTS, AND ESTATE SETTLEMENTS

This category includes probate court rules and procedures governing the distribution of a dead person's (decedent's) property. It includes special treatment for the decedent's spouse in cases where there is a will and those where the person died intestate. Provisions deal with such things as interim support for spouses while estates are being settled, including financial advances from the estate and allowing the survivor to remain in the decedent's home.

It includes laws requiring trustees to provide adequate financial support for a trust beneficiary's spouse in some circumstances. It also includes provisions dealing with the effect of divorce on wills and trusts that were created during the marriage.

Property transfer and gift tax rules involving marital trusts and estates are included in Table 6—Taxation. State agency procedures to recoup public assistance benefit payments from estates are included in Table 9—Public Assistance and Housing.

Table 5—Wills, Trusts, and Estate Settlements

Title 1—Provisions of General Application

Chapter 7—Statutory Short Form Power of Attorney

52

Personal relationships

Title 45a—Probate Courts and Procedure

Chapter 801b—Probate Court Procedures

Part I—Uniform Costs

107

Costs for settlement of decedent's estate

Chapter 802—Fiduciaries

Part III—Fiduciary Powers Act

234

Powers

Chapter 802a—Wills: Execution and Construction

Part II—Revocation, Construction of Wills

257

Revocation of will

257a

Failure of testator to provide for surviving spouse who married testator after execution of will. Determination of share of estate

257c

Marriage of testator terminated after execution of will. Provisions of will re former spouse revoked

Title 45a—Probate Courts and Procedure

Chapter 801b—Probate Court Procedures

Part I—Uniform Costs

257e

Revocation of will executed on or after October 1, 1967 and prior to January 1, 1997

258

Devise or bequest to subscribing witness

259

Reference to document creating trust

265

Gift to spouse; reference to federal provisions re estate tax and marital deduction

Chapter 802b—Decedents' Estates

Part I—Settlement of Certain Small Estates Without Letters of Administration or Probate of Will

273

Settlement of small estates without probate of will or letter of administration

274

Payment of medical or health benefits

Part II—Probate of Will

284

Opening of safe deposit boxes to search for a will

290

Administration with the will annexed and de bonis non

295

Court may annul orders passed under a revoked will. Subsequent settlement procedure

Part III—Grant of Administration of Intestate Estates

303

Jurisdiction of intestate estates. Probate costs. Issuance of letters of administration

Part V—Settlement of Decedents' Estates

318

Custody of remains of deceased persons

320

Allowance for support of surviving spouse and family. Family car

321

Custody of real property. Products and income of real property. Family may occupy homestead

329

Settlement of estate on presumption of death

Part VI—Inventory of Decedents' Estates

341

Inventory to be filed. Property included in inventory. Appraisal. Time limits. Sale of personal property. Hearing. Return of Sale

Part VII—Claims Against Decedents' Estates for Decedents Dying on or After October 1, 1987

353

Definitions

355

Notification to departments of administrative services and veterans' affairs

356

Effect of failure to present claim; exoneration of fiduciary

366

Payment of funeral and last illness of married person

383

Settlement of estate without claims procedures

Part VIII—Claims Against Decedents' Estates for Decedents Dying Prior to October 1, 1987

393

Payment of funeral and last illness expenses of married persons

394

Notice to be given when decedent or relative received aid or care from state, including the department of veterans; affairs. Effect on limitation of claims

409

Settlement of estate without commissioners

417

Commissioners disqualified; validity of acts

Part IX—Distribution

429

Contribution where estate is taken to pay debts

435

Personal property that may be set out to spouse from insolvent estate

436

Succession upon death of spouse. Statutory share

Part IX—Distribution – (Continued)

437

Intestate succession. Distribution to spouse

438

Distribution to children. Children born out of wedlock may inherit

439

Distribution when there are no children or representatives of them

440a

When deaths of husband and wife presumed simultaneous

443

Shares may be set out in real or personal property

448

Distribution of damages for causing death

450

Descent or distribution of real property to be recorded

Part X—Connecticut Uniform Disposition of Community Property Rights at Death Act

459

Application of chapter

460

Rebuttable presumptions

461

Disposition of property at death

462

Perfection of title of surviving spouse

463

Perfection of title of personal representative, heir or devisee

464

Security interest of purchaser for value or lender

465

Creditor's rights

Part XI—Uniform Transfer on Death Security Registration Act

468a

Definitions

Chapter 802c—Trusts

Part I—Trusts and Trustees in General

478

Appointment of trustee when person has disappeared. Trustee's rights and duties. Procedure if person reappears

486

Termination of inter vivos trust when settlor or spouse is an applicant for or recipient of medical assistance

487

Powers of trustees who are trust beneficiaries

Part II—Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities

494

Exclusions from statutory rule against perpetuities

Part VI—Powers in Trust Instruments Act

540

Powers in trust instruments act

Part VIII—Connecticut Uniform Principal and Income Act

542c

Trustee's power to adjust

542u

Property not productive of income

Chapter 802d—Connecticut Uniform Transfers to Minors Act

557a

Definitions

Chapter 802g—Disclaimer of Property

579

Disclaimer of property in decedent's estate. Time limitation. Effect of disclaimer

Title 47—Land and Land Titles

Chapter 821—Land Titles

33

Action to settle title to land belonging to estate of deceased person

Title 49—Mortgages and Liens

Chapter 846—Mortgages

11

Release of mortgage by executor, administrator, spouse, next of kin, guardian, conservator or other suitable person

TAXATION

This category includes property, sales, and income tax rules that make reference to the filer's marital status. It includes joint filing provisions for married people as well as tax exemptions and other rules for financial and property transfers between spouses and from decedents' estates to surviving spouses. Finally, it includes property tax exemptions for (1) married couples when one is over age 65, disabled, or a veteran and (2) the survivors of veterans or specified hazardous duty personnel.

Table 6—Taxation

Title 12—Taxation

Chapter 202—Collection of State Taxes

35f

Offset of tax refunds

39t

Suspension of statute of limitations for filing a claim for refund of taxes

Chapter 203—Property Tax Assessment

50

List may be filed by spouse, attorney or agent

63a

Taxation of mobile manufactured homes and mobile manufactured home parks

81

Exemptions

81f

Municipal option to provide additional exemption for veterans or spouses eligible for exemption under section 12-81

81g

Additional exemption from property tax for veterans. State reimbursement for related tax loss

81i

Municipal option to provide additional exemption for persons totally disabled and eligible for exemption under section 12-81

81j

Municipal option to provide additional exemption for blind persons eligible for exemption under section 12-81

81x

Municipal option to abate taxes of surviving spouse of police officers or firefighters

85

Veterans' exemptions, residence and record ownership requirements

90

Limitations on number of exemptions allowed

93

Veterans' exemptions, proof of claim

94

Exemptions of servicemen, veterans and their relatives, blind and totally disabled persons, where made. List, exemptions

Chapter 204—Local Levy and Collection of Taxes

129b

Real property tax relief for certain persons 65 years of age or over

129c

Filing of affidavit, terminal date

129n

Optional municipal property tax relief program for certain homeowners age 65 or over or permanently and totally disabled

129o

Optional property tax relief by a municipality for certain elderly persons when special tax is levied

Chapter 204a—Property Tax Relief for Elderly Homeowners and Renters and Persons with Permanent Total Disability

170aa

Tax relief for certain elderly or totally disabled homeowners. Reductions in real property taxes

170bb

Annual report concerning tax relief for elderly homeowners and grants to elderly renters. Preparation by the Office of Policy and Management

Chapter 207—Insurance Companies, Hospital and Medical Services Corporation Taxes

202a

Tax on net direct subscriber charges of health care centers. Exceptions

Chapter 216—Succession and Transfer Taxes

Part II—Rates. Exemptions

344

Rates

350

Net estate of resident transferors; deductions

Part V—Enforcement of Tax

382

Transfers prohibited prior to commissioner's written consent. Exception in case of certain payments to a beneficiary under retirement plans or contracts and transfers to surviving spouse

Chapter 219—Sales and Use Taxes

408

The sales tax

411

The use tax

431

Tax on casual sales of motor vehicles, vessels, snowmobiles and aircraft

Chapter 223—Real Estate Conveyance Tax

498

Exempt transactions

504c

Excepted transfers

Chapter 224—Dividends, Interest Income and Capital Gains Tax

505

Definitions

506

Imposition of tax on dividends, interest income and capital gains

506c

Exemptions

506f

Exemption of capital gain from sale of residence by persons 65 years of age or over

Chapter 228b—Controlling Interest Transfer Tax

638n

Transfers not subject to the use tax under section 12-638l

Chapter 228c—Gift Tax

646a

Value of farm transferred by gift

Chapter 229—Income Tax

700

Imposition of tax on income. Rate

701

Definitions

702

Exemptions

702a

Relief from joint tax liability

703

Credits based on adjusted gross income

704c

Credits for taxes paid on primary residence or motor vehicle

711

Determination of income, gain, loss and deduction derived from or connected with sources within the state

724

Special rules for certain members of the armed forces

728

Deficiency assessments. Notice. Penalty

746

Rebate

VITAL RECORDS AND VOTING PROCEDURES

This category includes laws requiring local officials to keep vital statistics, including marriage and divorce records. It also includes provisions permitting state and local recordkeepers to disclose non-public information to specified family members, including spouses.

The category also includes absentee voting provisions covering spouses and families of military personnel and other absentee ballot applicants.

Table 7—Vital Records and Voting Procedures

Title 7—Municipalities

Chapter 93—Registrars of Vital Statistics

36

Registrar of vital statistics defined

41

Returns and records

41a

Vital statistics records available for genealogical research

42

Duties

44

When copies of certificates to be filed in another town

45

Filling out and signing of certificates

46

To complete records. False entry

47

Indexes

47a

Definitions

51

Examination of birth certificates and records restricted

51a

Copies of vital records. Access to records by members of genealogical societies

52

Certification of birth registration

62a

Illegal issuance of certificates

62b

Death certificates; filing and registration; responsibilities of funeral directors and licensed embalmers; medical certification; burial of person who died from communicable disease; “presumptive” death certificate; regulations

73

Fees of registrars; marriage license surcharge

74

Fees for certification of birth registration and certified copy of vital statistics certificate

76

Fees for records relating to residents of other towns

Chapter 98—Municipal Powers

148

Scope of municipal powers

Title 9—Elections

Chapter 143—Electors: Qualifications and Admission

20

Admission of electors; procedure

20a

Proof of citizenship

25a

Definitions

26

Application of member of armed forces or related group or person temporarily residing outside of the United States who is unable to appear in person

28

Town clerk to mail forms

31b

Application form

40a

Continuance of residence in certain cases. Procedure for removal of names for failure to vote

Chapter 145—Absentee Voting

135

Absentee voting by civilians

137

Inner envelope for return of ballot; statement under false statement penalty

140

Application for and issuance of absentee ballot

140b

Return of absentee ballots. Possession of ballots and envelopes restricted

Chapter 145—Absentee Voting - (Continued)

153a

Use of federal ballot application form

153d

Mailing of ballots to persons living outside of United States, military personnel, spouses or dependents

153e

Alternate application procedure for certain military personnel

153f

Alternate application procedure and early ballot for electors residing or traveling outside United States and certain military personnel

159q

Supervised absentee voting by patients at institutions upon request of registrar, administrator. Procedure

Title 19a—Public Health and Well-Being

Chapter 368a—Department of Public Health

40

Supervision of vital statistics

42

Amendment of vital records

Chapter 368e—Municipal Health Authorities

204

Certificate of Appointment to be filed

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE AND CONFLICT-OF-INTEREST PROVISIONS

This category includes ethics and election laws requiring public officials and candidates to disclose information about their spouse's financial interests and other activities, limiting lobbyists' activities, and specifying prohibited transactions benefiting spouses of state employees and public officials. It also includes disclosure and related provisions for certain married people in the private sector, such as corporate officers and directors, pharmacy owners, and electric cooperative trustees.

Table 8—Financial Disclosure and Conflict-of-Interest Provisions

Title 1—Provisions of General Application

Chapter 7—Short Form Power of Attorney

49

Insurance transactions

Chapter 10—Codes of Ethics

Part I—Code of Ethics for Public Officials

79

Definitions

83

Statements of financial interests. Filing requirements. Ethics statements

84

Prohibited activities

85

Interest in conflict with discharge of duties

86

Procedure when discharge of duty affects official's or state employee's financial interests. Lobbyists prohibited from accepting employment with General Assembly and General Assembly members forbidden to be lobbyists

Part II—Code of Ethics for Lobbyists

91

Definitions

Title 2—General Assembly and Legislative Agencies

Chapter 16—General Assembly

16

Members as attorneys before the General Assembly

Title 7—Municipalities

Chapter 98—Municipal Powers

148h

Ethics commission; establishment and powers. Interest in conflict with discharge of duties

Title 9—Elections

Chapter 145—Absentee Voting

147c

Central counting of absentee ballots; appointment of counters and moderator. Count not to be disclosed prior to close of polls

Chapter 150—Elections: Campaign Financing

333i

Making of expenditures

333j

Statements to be filed by campaign treasurers. Treatment of surplus or deficit

333l

Expense sharing by committees. Candidate's expenditures. Use of public funds by incumbent or for promotional campaign or advertisement. Prohibitions on certain lobbyist contributions. Statements to be filed by lobbyists

Title 20—Professional and Occupational Licensing, Certification, Title Protection and Registration. Examining Boards.

Chapter 370—Medicine and Surgery

8a

Connecticut Medical Examining Board. Medical hearing panels

Chapter 400j—Pharmacy

Part II—Licensing of Pharmacists and Pharmacies. Registration of Pharmacy Interns and Pharmacy Technicians

596

Ownership of pharmacies by prescribing practitioners

Title 33—Corporations

Chapter 597—Electric Cooperative Act

225

Members

228

Board of trustees

Chapter 601—Business Corporations

Part VII—Directors and Officers

(B)—Meetings and Actions of the Board

753

Committees

(F)—Conflicting Interest Transactions

781

Definitions

Part XII—Business Combinations

840

Business combinations. Definitions

843

Business combinations. Definitions

Chapter 602—Nonstock Corporations

Part VII—Directors and Officers

(F)—Directors' Conflicting Interest Transactions

1127

Definitions

Title 38a—Insurance

Chapter 700b—Life Insurance

Part III—Viatical Settlements

465

Definitions

Title 45a—Probate Courts and Procedure

Chapter 801—Probate Court: Administrative Provisions

Part III—Probate Judges

22

Disqualification of judge and of corporation of which he is director or officer

23

Use of office or confidential information for financial gain prohibited

26

Partner or associate of probate judge not to practice law in judge's court

Part IV—Council on Probate Judicial Conduct

68

Judge to file statement of financial interests

Title 51—Courts

Chapter 872—Judges

39

Disqualification by relationship or interest. Judge or family support magistrate may act with consent of parties

39a

Use of judicial office for financial gain prohibited

46a

Statement of financial interests to be reported

PUBLIC ASSISTANCE AND HOUSING PROGRAMS

This category includes the major state health and welfare programs such as Medicaid, Temporary Family Assistance, State-Administered General Assistance, ConnPACE (prescription assistance for seniors and disabled people), and the home-care program for elders. Agencies calculate benefits based on a household's total income and assets (including spousal resources) in many of these programs. Laws in this category also establish procedures allowing the state to recoup money paid in assistance benefits from the resources or estates of a recipient's spouse (or former spouse, in the case of families receiving assistance who are owed child support).

Some provisions allow married assistance recipients to have income and property above program limits. For example, Medicaid program rules include a formula for calculating a “community spouse protected amount” and exclude this figure from the requirements that nursing home residents deplete their personal resources (“spend down”) before qualifying for Medicaid. Others prohibit the state from foreclosing on liens against a deceased recipient's home while his surviving spouse (or certain other relatives) is still living there.

Finally, some programs allow one spouse to qualify for assistance based on the other spouse's age or disability. (The circuit breaker program is one such example.) Others, such as Temporary Family Assistance, provide an exemption from mandatory work requirements for people who must remain at home to care for a disabled spouse.

Table 9—Public Assistance and Housing Programs

Title 4a—Administrative Services

Chapter 57—Department of Administrative Services

12

Collection services performed by Commissioner of Administrative Services. Referral of delinquent accounts to consumer collection agencies or attorney who practices in area of debt collection. Liable relatives defined

Title 8—Zoning, Planning, Housing, Economic and Community Development and Human Resources

Chapter 128—Department of Economic and Community Development: Municipal Housing Projects

Part I—Creation and Powers of Authority. General Provisions

39

Definitions

Part IV—Flood Relief Housing

96

Definitions

Title 12—Taxation

Chapter 204a—Property Tax Relief for Elderly Homeowners and Renters and Persons with Permanent Total Disability

170d

Partial state refund of rent and utility bills paid by certain renters age 65 or over or renters under age 65 with permanent total disability

170e

State grants to renters qualified under section 12-170d

Title 17b—Social Services

Chapter 319s—Financial Assistance

Part I—Definitions. General Provisions

79

Eligibility of person having interest in real property. Lien of state

80

Investigations. Grant of aid. Income disregard for students. Asset limits

81

Investigations of legally liable relatives by commissioner

93

Claim of state for repayment of aid. Exceptions

95

State's claim on death of beneficiary or parent of beneficiary

100

Fraudulent conveyance for purpose of obtaining assistance. Civil action by commissioner

137

Disclosure of property of recipients of state aid, care or child support enforcement services. Disclosure of property of persons liable to support recipients. Access to records. Automated data match system. High-volume automated administrative enforcement

137a

Social Security number to be recorded on license applications, certain documents and death certificate. Confidentiality

Chapter 319v—Medical Assistance

223

Support in humane institutions

224

Liability of patient for per capita cost of care

229

Liability for prior charges

230

Claim of state on death of institution patient

255

Insurance assistance for people with AIDS. Managed care insurance program for persons with AIDS

261

Eligibility. Children

285

Assignment of spousal support of an institutionalized person or person in need of institutional care

290

Definitions

Chapter 319y—Long-Term Care

342

Connecticut home-care program for the elderly

Chapter 319ff—Connecticut Pharmaceutical Assistance Contract to the Elderly and the Disabled Program

490

Definitions

492

Eligibility. Registration fee. Regulations

Chapter 319jj—Medicare Assignment

551

Eligibility

Chapter 319mm—Assistance to the Disabled

Part I—Persons with Disabilities. Assistance

597

Working persons with disabilities. Eligibility. Regulations

Chapter 319oo—Employment and Training

689

Definitions

Chapter 319rr—Child Care

745

Court order for support of persons supported by the state. Income withholding orders

Title 19a—Public Health and Well-Being

Chapter 368v—Health Care Institutions

539

Disclosure of additional costs. Enforcement of surety contracts

Title 22—Agriculture. Domestic Animals

Chapter 422—Department of Agriculture

6i

Connecticut Farmers' Market/Women, Infants and Children Program. Eligibility requirements

LABOR AND HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS

This category includes private sector family and medical leave laws and numerous provisions prohibiting discrimination based on marital status by employers, labor unions, public accommodations providers, state programs, and licensing agencies. It also includes unemployment and workers' compensation laws that provide benefits to a covered employee's dependents, including spouses, as well as a provision barring surviving spouses from suing a decedent's employer for loss of consortium if the death is covered by the workers' compensation laws. Finally, it contains a provision permitting employees to get phone calls at work when there is an emergency involving their spouse, and a law prohibiting employers from discharging widowed employees of homicide victims for attending court proceedings related to the crime.

State employee family and medical leave benefits are listed in Table 4-Benefits of Government Officials and Employees.

Table 10—Labor and Human Rights Laws

Title 31—Labor

Chapter 557—Employment Regulation

Part II—Protection of Employees

51jj

Notice to employees of incoming emergency telephone calls

51kk

Family and medical leave. Definitions

51ll

Family and medical leave. Length of leave. Eligibility

51mm

Family and medical leave. Certification

Chapter 558—Wages

Part I—Minimum Wages

68

Collection of minimum or overtime wage

Chapter 561—Labor Relations Act

101

Definitions

Chapter 567—Unemployment Compensation

222

Definitions

225a

Definitions; employers experience accounts; noncharging provisions; benefit ratio; rates of contribution; assessments to pay interest due on federal loans and to reimburse advance fund; fund balance tax rate; notice to employers; multiple employers; inspection of records

234

Dependency allowances

236

Disqualifications

Chapter 568—Workers' Compensation Act

Part A—Workers' Compensation Commission. Employers' Liability

I—Workers' Compensation Commission. Compensation Commissioners

275

Definitions

Part B—Workers' Compensation

294d

Medical and surgical aid; hospital and nursing services

306

Death resulting from accident or occupational disease. Dependents. Compensation

308

Compensation for partial incapacity

Title 46a—Human Rights

Chapter 814c

Part I—General Provisions

51

Definitions

Part II—Discriminatory Practices

60

Discriminatory employment practices prohibited

64

Discriminatory public accommodations practices prohibited. Penalty

64c

Discriminatory housing practices prohibited. Disposition of complaints. Penalty

70

Guarantee of equal employment in state agencies

71

Discriminatory practices by state agencies prohibited

72

Discrimination in job placement by state agencies prohibited

73

Discrimination in state licensing and charter procedures prohibited

75

Discrimination in educational and vocational programs prohibited

81r

Sexual orientation discrimination. Construction of statutes

Title 52—Civil Actions

Chapter 925—Statutory Rights of Action and Defenses

555d

Eligibility for workers' compensation benefits bar to action for loss of consortium against employer

Title 54—Criminal Procedure

Chapter 961—Trial and Proceedings after Conviction

Part I—Discovery, Trial and Witnesses

85d

Employer not to discharge employee who attends court as family member of homicide victim

MISCELLANEOUS

This category includes laws that do not easily fit within any of the more specific groupings. It includes a law authorizing the Commission on Uniform Legislation to examine marriage and divorce laws and a law mandating that no special rules apply to acknowledgments (i.e., the signing of legal documents in the presence of specified officials) made by married women. It also includes a law that makes in-state college tuition rates available to the spouses of people who already qualify for it.

Finally, this category includes criminal spousal rape, bigamy, and incest laws and a provision excluding sexual contact between married people from coverage under most of the sexual assault laws.

Table 11—Miscellaneous

Title 1—Provisions of General Application

Chapter 4—Oaths

24

Who may administer oaths

Chapter 6—Uniform Acknowledgment Act

33

Married women

Title 2—General Assembly and Legislative Agencies

Chapter 20—Commission on Uniform Legislation

80

Commission. Appointment, duties and expenses of members

Title 10a—State System of Higher Education

Chapter 185—Board of Governors. Department of Higher Education

Part II—Tuition Charges

26

Status of students for purposes of tuition charges

29

Determination of student status

30

Presumptions

Part IV—Independent Colleges

37

Definitions

Title 53a—Penal Code

Chapter 952—Penal Code: Offenses

Part VI—Sex Offenses

65

Definitions

70b

Sexual assault in spousal or cohabiting relationship. Class B felony

Part XVII—Bigamy and Incest

190

Bigamy: Class D felony

191

Incest: Class D felony

SP-L:ts

52